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Judicial Authority in the Russian Federation

Courts of subjects of the Russian Federation

Federal courts

Constitutional court of the Russian Federation

Supreme Court of the Russian Federation

Military Courts System

Supreme Courts of republics, territorial and regional courts, courts of cities of federal importance, courts of autonomous region and autonomous regions

District courts

Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation

Constitutional and Statute Courts of Federation Subjects

Justice of Peace

Federal arbitration courts

Arbitration appeal courts

Arbitration Courts of Federation Subjects

Violated rights and interests of entrepreneurs can be protected by Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. An application to the Constitutional Court is allowed, if the law, involving constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, was carried out or is subject to be carried out in specific trial, the hearing of which is terminated or started in court or other body, applying the law. The application to the Constitutional Court should be reasoned, it should contend indications on the subject of specific laws in whole or their particular parts nonconformance with the Constitution and with what particular provisions of the Constitution nonconformance occurred. Acts or their particular provisions, acknowledged as non constitutional by the Constitutional Court, are coming out of force. Constitutional (Statute) Court of the Subject of the Russian Federation examine the issues of conformity of the law of the Subject of the Russian Federation, normative legal acts of the 161

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1. STATE AND MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES IN ST. PETERSBURG In St. Petersburg the system of state authorities was formed which has statutory object...