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of the ring road of St. Petersburg and the west speed diameter. The ring road of St. Petersburg is connected with the development of automobile transit : in the ring route region customs terminals networks will be constructed. All this will make it possible to increase the amount of export-import freight which undergo procedure of custom documentation in St. Petersburg. Inland water transport also has huge meaning, because the water system of the Neva and Ladoga has a big continuation. Through the system of the Svir river and Onezhskoe Lake you can get to Kareliya by water, and through the Belomoro-Baltic canal to the White Sea. Another water way, Volgo-Baltic, makes it possible to link the city with the North of Europe, Central Russia, Volgo-Vyatsky region, the Urals, Povolzhje, Caspian Sea ports; and VolgoDonsky Canal makes it possible to link the city with the North Caucasus, Priazovje, sea ports of the Black Sea. The Ports of St. Petersburg and Leningrad Region98 The Big Port of St. Petersburg The Big port St. Petersburg plays the most important role in European trading system. The Big port of St. Petersburg includes the former Sea trading port of St. Petersburg, the Wood port, berthing complexes of ship-building and ship-repairing enterprises of the city, port complexes in Lomonosov and Kronstadt, Vasileostrovskiy and Nevskiy cargo areas. The Big to port of St. Petersburg has more than 110 moorings with the general length of more than 15 kilometers, it is able to accept vessels with the draught of 11 meters and to process all kinds of cargoes. The largest stevedore companies of the Big port of St. Petersburg are: Open Stock Corporation “The Seaport of St. Petersburg ”, Joint-Stock Company “The First Container Terminal” (“Perviy Konteynerniy Terminal”), Open Stock Corporation "Petrolesport", Joint-Stock Company “Petersburg Oil Terminal” (“Peterburgskiy Neftyanoy Terminal”). The Sea Trading Port Vysotsk The Sea trading port Vysotsk specializes on coal transshipment. The port is able to accept vessels with the carrying capacity up to 25 thousand tons. The sea terminal “The distribution and transshipment complex (DTK) – Vysotsk “LUKOIL II” The sea terminal was constructed by Open Stock Corporation “LUKOIL”, the construction was completed in September 2006 by commissioning of the third turn of the object. The first turn of the DTK was commissioned in June 2004, the second one – in April 2005. The sea terminal, with the throughput of 12 million tons a year, is intended for transshipment of all kinds of mineral and crude oil. The Sea Trading Port Vyborg The port has 13 moorings (the general length is 1480.0 running meters) located along the coastal line of the Vyborg gulf. The depth at the cargo moorings is 7.5 – 9.8 m. The port specializes in transshipment of bulk and wood cargoes. The Port Primorsk The port "Primorsk" is a part of the Baltic pipeline system of the company "Transneft", the specialization of the port is the export of crude oil. The port "Primorsk", the largest oil port in Russia, was commissioned in 2001 and in seven years it 6 times increased the volumes of oil swapping to the European consumers around the transshipment states. The port is able to accept four tankers with the displacement of 100 thousand tons simultaneously.


According to the agency "PortNews". 136  

1. STATE AND MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES IN ST. PETERSBURG In St. Petersburg the system of state authorities was formed which has statutory object...