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Useful links. Use these internet links below to find out more about mining history: www.cmhrc.co.uk

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THE WIND ROAD BOYS Book & Lyrics Paul D Flynn.

www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/victorian_ britain/children_in_coal_mines/ www.mylearning.org/coal-mining-and-thevictorians/p-2070/ http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/2191/ http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/coal_mines_ industrial_revolution.htm

EDUCATIONAL WORKBOOK Name: _____________________________ School name: _______________________ For The Wind Road Boys visit

www.entercic.org/wrb | Facebook.com/TheWindRoadBoys | Twitter.com/windroadboys

For Enter CIC visit

www.entercic.org | info@entercic.org | 01740 655437 Facebook.com/entercic | Twitter.com/entercic


About The Wind Road Boys The Wind Road Boys is a brand new musical about the life of an exminer called George Turner. The story follows the life of George as he tries to save the town he loves from being destroyed by a supermarket company that wants to build a new supermarket on top of the old mine where George used to work. George grew up and worked in a town called Langton Colliery. It is a place that is very close to his heart, so he fights really hard to tell his story to the people who can help save his community from forgetting about the past. George goes on a journey through time and shows James (the only one with the power to stop the supermarket from being built) how life used to be for George and his family. James, with a little help from Helen soon realises that the community would be forgotten if the memories of George and The Wind Road Boys were not kept alive. The story uses true facts from real miners who used to work in the mining communities that you may be growing up in now. Do you know any interesting facts about your home town or village?

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-Since records began, 23 children have lost their lives in mining accidents who were all aged 6.

-1924; Robert Jones of Shildon, fell down a stonecrusher chute and was killed. He was 18. He was being shown around, having started on his very first day at work only 5 minutes earlier. -95 men and boys died in the Haswell Pit gas explosion of 1844. The rescue was slow. Rescuers eventually found 20 perished young putters huddled together clasping hands. -On 17th September, 1889 little Joseph Birtley took great pride in delivering the bait to the colliery that his father had forgotten that morning. On entering the works he was sadly crushed by wagons carrying heavy loads of coal. He was 7 years old.

-August 5th 2010, 33 Chilean Miners were stranded 2000ft underground after an explosion. It took 17 days for the outside world to learn that they were even alive. For those 17 days they ate just two teaspoons of tuna and one biscuit every two days, washing down their “meals� with a small sip of milk.

-On October 3rd 1929, a George Turner died in the Easington Colliery. He was 15. Although not connected, George Turner is the namesake of the main character in The Wind Road Boys. October 3rd is the birthday of the writer of The Wind Road Boys.

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Real life mining history

What will you learn from The Wind Road Boys?

Below are some stories and facts from mining history. The Wind Road Boys is a tribute to all the men and boys who lost their lives working in the mines.

Today you will see a story about pride, love, loss and the importance of remembering how life used to be before you were born.

-25% of miners who lost their lives at Mainsforth Colliery were teenagers.

The show celebrates our North East mining heritage and will take you on a tour through the ages from the year 1842 to the present day. You will be able to see what life was like for children who lived

-1852, Hebburn Colliery. 22 men and boys lost their lives in an explosion. One of these men, Allan Brooksbank, 26, had married a widow 3 months before; she had 3 children. She had been married 4 times and lost 3 of her husbands to mine explosions.

-The 19th Century saw many improvements for miners including Acts of Parliament, unions and compensation. Queen Victoria was instrumental in improving conditions for miners. She was crowned queen at the age of 19.

-The colliery in North Seaton was sunk (started) in 1859, the same year as the school was built in nearby Seghill Colliery. The school, teachers’ wages and books were funded by the colliery workers. Mine workers over 18 would contribute sixpence a fortnight; those under 18 would contribute threepence. -In 1842, The Mines Act came into force which meant that only males aged 10 and above were able to work underground. However, this was poorly regulated so many mine owners would continue to employ girls and women underground because they were cheaper! The alternative was reduced income for their family and extreme hardship.

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in these times and how different their lives were working down the mines. Did you know that children as young as 5 years old used to work down the mines. That could of been you! The young people performing in today’s show are from local mining villages and towns. They have been learning a lot about their heritage and the communities they live in. Ask your family members if they remember the mines, or if any of them worked in mining?

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TAKE THE WIND ROAD BOYS QUIZ!

Test your knowledge of the show. The questions below are about the story of The Wind Road Boys. Watch and listen to the story carefully and then try to answer as many questions as possible. The school with the most correct answers will win a free workshop about The Wind Road Boys.

THE WIND ROAD BOYS WORDSEARCH

ACT 1 1. How do the miners feel about going to work? A. Excited B. Happy C. Proud D. Sad 2. How old is George Turner? A. 94 B. 95 C. 96 D. 97 3. What is the name of the company wanting to build the Enormastore? __________________________________________________________________ 4. What are Mr Turners solicitors called? _________________________________ 5. How much did George buy Langton for? A. £1 B. £2 C. £3 D. £4 6. What is the topic of the children’s next lesson? ___________________________ 7. How many shafts are mines ventilated by? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

Find the words below in the wordsearch: Colliery Community Gala Theatre Heritage Mining Pits The Wind Road Boys Trappers www.entercic.org/wrb


COLOUR IN THE MINER

8. What is another name for a trapper? __________________________________ 9. How many children were killed in mine work in 1899? A. 904 B. 905 C. 906 D. 907 10. What are Harry and Tommy getting accused of? A. Riding their bikes B. Riding their scooters C. Riding the ponies D. Riding the horses 11. What did Mr Walker hit the two boys with? A. A chalking on stick B. A baseball bat C. A cricket bat D. A tennis racket 12. How old was Harry when he had his photo taken down the mine? A. 13 B. 14 C. 15 D. 16

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ACT 2 1. In the opening song what do they call Langton? A. The pits B. The dump C. The mine D. The town 2. What is Helen dressed as when she wakes James up? ________________________________________________________ 3. What type of shoe is George wearing? A. Trainer B. School Shoes C. Steel Capped Boots D. Black Boots 4. What instrument does george play when singing Please Come Back? _________________________________________________ 5. What does Kenner time mean? A. End of the day B. End of the shift C. End of dinner D End of break 6. What does the child give to Mr Waltham? A. A teddy B. A doll C. A sweet D. A hug


DRESS THE MINER What do you think miners should have worn whilst working down the mines? Use the figure on the right to draw your own miner. Take a look at our very own mining characters below and our cast on stage for ideas on how to dress your miner. Be creative and even give your miner a name!

7. Who is the primary school named after? A. Harry Turner B. George Turner C. Mary Turner D. James Waltham 8. What is James’ great grandad called? A. Bill Waltham B. Albert Waltham C. James Waltham D. Harry Waltham 9. In the final song what is shining on? A. The dark B. The sun C. The moon D. The Light

How did you do? Ask your teacher to mark your answers

Score ______________


DRAW A MINING BANNER FOR YOUR SCHOOL

BROKEN BONES

Why not have a go at creating your own version of a mining banner for your school. It could be for your whole school or just your class.

Arm fractures could be rest easily by one person (remember, there’s no pain relief!) If the leg was broken, a reset may require two people If the bone had been shattered such as from a blast (like the one in The Wind Road Boys) the limb would be amputated (without pain relief) to prevent infection.

Use the template on the next page to create your masterpiece. Think of a title to go in here. Mining banners traditionally had ‘NATIONAL UNION OF MINEWORKERS’ but you can write anything. In this space mining banners had the area where the mine was. This could be ‘DURHAM AREA’ Here is where the name of the mine would go. This could be your school name or class name.

I need an operation… TOUGH In the middle you can put a picture of you and your friends? or your favourite activity you like to do at school, or what about a picture of your teacher? it’s up to you! Make your design bright and colourful, how about adding some patterns around the edge?

Traditionally this is where a saying would go. For example ‘WE ARE ONE’ or ‘YESTERDAY BUILDS TOMORROW’, try and think of something about your school, do you have a school saying?

In this time, surgery was considered incredibly risky. The doctors were dirty and so were the hospitals, making it likely you would get an infection or blood poisoning. Internal operations could certainly not be done due to a lack of pain relief and increased infection risk.

The Doctor A typical doctor of the time was almost always a man! Women simply used to give advice to members of their family but it was rare they got educated to medical level. A typical doctor also tended to only treat the rich, acting more as a pharmacist and selling drugs. Poor people didn’t have enough money to pay!


Blood, guts and gore! During the time of The Wind Road Boys, there was not much medicine but an awful lot of injuries! Here’s some ideas of how to treat a few of the common injuries.

How to treat a‌.. BURN Burns required one of the following treatments-Apply egg whites to the area -Boil some chestnut leaves and pour on the water -Apply butter (this actually made the wounds worse as it sealed in heat and began to cook the tissues!)

PAIN -Before 1853- rely on the patient fainting from pain as a method of relief -Use ice -Drink Alcohol -Hypnotise

BLEEDING -Use LEECHES. Leeches were used in the treatments of almost anything. They were thought to take the bad blood out of you.


Delivering Dance Education as part of the PE National Curriculum for 25 years

Physical Education National Curriculum compliant

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Enter CIC working in partnership with Dance In Education Services

Educating youth through the Arts For Schools: Physical Education & Dance | Dance Workshops | Curriculum Dance | After School Clubs | Dance Projects | Holiday Programmes Dance CPD | Arts Awards | All Artistic Disciplines | Healthy Lifestyle Workshops | Ofsted Compliant | Dance Resources At Enter CIC we provide opportunities in all aspects of performing arts Dance | Speech & Drama | Music | Drumming | Guitar | Singing | Keyboard | Art | Media | Examinations Study with us LAMDA | Arts Awards | London College of Music | Trinity Guildhall | Guildford School of Acting | Rock School Enter CIC, 2 Chapel Terrace, Ferryhill, County Durham, DL17 8JL www.entercic.org | info@entercic.org | 01740 655437 | Facebook.com/entercic | Twitter.com/entercic @entercic


Teacher Answer Sheet

Teacher Answer Sheet

ACT 1 Answers

ACT 1 Answers

1. C. Proud 2. A. 94 3. SuperCo 4. Salt and Corrigan 5. A. £1 6. Ventilation of mines 7. B. 2 8. A Wind Road Boy 9. C. 906 10. C. Riding the ponies 11. A. A chalking on stick 12. B. 14 ACT 2 Answers:

1. C. Proud 2. A. 94 3. SuperCo 4. Salt and Corrigan 5. A. £1 6. Ventilation of mines 7. B. 2 8. A Wind Road Boy 9. C. 906 10. C. Riding the ponies 11. A. A chalking on stick 12. B. 14 ACT 2 Answers:

1. A. The pits 2. Ninja 3. C. Steel Capped Boots 4. Guitar 5. B. End of the shift 6. A. A teddy 7. A. Harry Turner 8. B. Albert Waltham 9. D. The Light

1. A. The pits 2. Ninja 3. C. Steel Capped Boots 4. Guitar 5. B. End of the shift 6. A. A teddy 7. A. Harry Turner 8. B. Albert Waltham 9. D. The Light


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