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ENSP INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP

The Agrotourism City February 8th to 12th 2016

Bois de Ferrières/ZAC de la Rûcherie (Bussy-Saint-Georges)/Jossigny/A4, Photo EPA 2012


GENERAL INDEX

Workshop Abstract, main objectives, site, teaching team, assessment..................................page 4 Presentation and key notions.....................................................................................................5 Students’ projects...................................................................................................................16


WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL - 2 ects

THE AGROTOURISM CITY Enseignant responsable : M. Talagrand

 m.talagrand@ecole-paysage.fr

Equipe d’enseignants : International teaching team : Joao Gomes da Silva (Portugal - Global Arquitectura Paysagista) / Peter Bosselman (US - Berkley) / Fritz van Loon (Holland - Delft University) / Plateau de Jossigny Enseignant ENSP : Marion Talagrand, assistent : Giulio Giorgi Travail personnel : 20h // Atelier encadré : 40h

Dates : 8 Fév 2016 ▶ 12 Fév 2016

This Workshop features every year internationally renowned teachers and students from differents universities, working for one week with ENSP Master level students to propose intensive design interventions and enhancements, rethinking the relationships between landscape, agriculture, suburban settlements and tourism.

Workshop description : the project question to the

Site : Jossigny village and plateau, on the east of Paris region by Marne la Vallée, sector 4 Eurodisney.

1.the relationship between agriculture, leisure and tourism (Eurodisney, Villages Natures);

Teaching language : English/French Calendar : site visit on monday 8/2/2016, intensive studio work from tuesday to thursday, oral final presentations on friday 12/2/2016.

students is to work out which kind of landscape can articulate “countryside and city” in order to develop and foster new agricultural and new leisure practices within suburban development. Students are asked to deal with four main topics:

2.the definition of urban limits and thresholds with the agricultural areas; 3.the evolution of the actual agricultural system and community; 4.the preservation and improvement of natural, historical and architectural heritage : fortified farms, castles and water supply network.

Mode d’èvaluation : Oral presentation in english in front of a jury composed by the international teaching team and

guests. Models, sketches, drawings and other communication strategies will be exhibited in the studios and presented to the jury.

Dernière mise à jour : Déc 2015


WORKSHOP PRESENTATION & KEY NOTIONS 1. Workshop Abstract, main objectives, site, teaching team, assessment (p.4) 2. Overall presentation of workshop site: history, geography, development (p.6)

2.1 History of the new town

2.2 A specific geography

2.3 New development prospects / Metropolitan clusters

2.4 What about agriculture ?

2.5 Major territory stakeholders

3. The plateau of Jossigny : context, natural resources, agriculture, leisure (p.12) 3.1 Natural and historical heritage

3.2 Agricultural activity and community

3.3 Leisure and network

3.4 Ongoing developements (residential and economic)

4. Studio work guidelines (p. 15)

International teaching staff Joao Gomes da Silva (Portugal - Global Arquitectura Paysagista) / Peter Bosselman (US - Berkley) / Fritz van Loon (Holland - Delft University) / ENSP teaching staff : Marion Talagrand, Giulio Giorgi


WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand

2. Overall presentation of « Marne la Vallée » 2.1 History of the new town  Marne la Vallée is one of the 5 New Towns created in the '60  by Général de Gaulle planned in the  Paris Region Master Plan in 1965 (SDAURP). Marne la Vallée gathers 2 communities of municipalities  (25 municipalities all in all).  2 public developers are responsible for the planning issues:   EPA MARNE was created in 1972 for the planning of the 3 first sectors – Porte de Paris, Val Maubuée et Val de Bussy;   EPA FRANCE was created in 1987 for the planning of the fourth sector – Val d’Europe – the location of the leisure park Eurodisney Paris resort.  The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

Above the 4 sectors of Marne la Vallée /// Below the SDAURP  The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand 2.2 A specific geography  The new town stretches over 20 kms on a East‐West axis, and covers more than 170 km2. It is settled  on the South bank of the river Marne, and the edge of the Brie plateau. A series of large forest zones  constitute its southern boundary. Several tributaries of the river Marne go across the town from South  to North.  The city expanded from the rural villages. Throughout decades, urban development absorbed old  castles and fortified farms. The train (RERA) and the motorway (A4) were built alongside the  development of the city, connecting to Paris.     The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

Eastern sector of SDAURP master plan of 1965 

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.


WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand 2.3 New development prospects / Metropolitan clusters  Today, there are about 300 000 inhabitants in Marne la Vallée. Sectors 1 and 2 have been completed,  and sectors 3 and 4 are still under development. By 2020, 1500 housing units, and 1.5 m2 of office and  business space should be built. Numerous residential projects, office and retails space, facilities are  planned in the Jossigny plateau and its surroundings.  The new town includes two metropolitan centers:  

The Eurodisney center, now called “touristic center” : o The amusement park opened in 1992 is one of the main destinations in France. It hosts more than 15 million visitors a year. o The touristic attraction venue was fostered by the creation of the retail center Val d’Europe opened in 2000. It is sustained by an important train interconnection and an important hotel capacity. o Tourism is a growing activity. Indeed, the Eurodisney group associated with “Pierre et vacances – Center Park” is developing a new touristic site called “Village‐Nature” which will open next year occupying more than 260 ha. o EPA Marne, French State and the municipalities support the creation of Research and Higher Education curriculum dedicated to tourism and leisure activities.

The Cité Descartes, now called the “Cluster Descartes” : o The Marne la Vallée University and prestigious colleges (“Grandes Ecoles”) are located in the Cité Descartes. o The state labeled the campus “Research and development center dedicated to the sustainable city”. New research and education departments, and innovative companies will be hosted in the future campus. o By 2024 onwards, the campus will be connected by 2 lines of the new express train (Grand Paris Express).

Left : Rendering of Cluster  Descartes  Below : Rendering of Cluster  tourisme, "Village nature"  The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand 3.4 What about agriculture?  Marne la Vallée territory encompasses large natural and agricultural areas. The ancient rural region  used to be very wealthy due to fertile soil. The patchwork of large fortified farms is now a testimony to  this history. However, these spaces are now surrounded by urban development and transportation  infrastructures.   For decades, land has been considered as constructible. But now, it is seen as part of the city. Local  authorities are willing to fit agricultural land into urban development. Municipalities and publics  developers (such as EPA MARNE and EPA FRANCE) have decided to preserve agriculture within Marne  la Vallée area :   Recently, a protection and improvement area called PPEANP* had been set up over 3700 ha by the community of municipalities CAMG (Communauté d’Agglomération de Marne et  Gondoire);   For the last years, farming activity has been sustained by the creation of new outlets such as bio‐energy, agro‐materials, local food supply etc.  * Main objectives of a PPEANP :  Preservation of agricultural land (tenure);  Endorsement of agricultural products;  Improvement of natural ecosystems;  Enhancement of natural and cultural landscape. The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand 3.5 Major territory stakeholders      

27 local municipalities and 2 communities of municipalities are sharing the territory of Marne la Vallée. Public developers EPA MARNE and EPA France are responsible for the planning issues. Eurodisney company is responsible for the development of the fourth sector, under a private‐ public partnership with EPAFRANCE. ADVANCITY is an association which supports joint projects (gathering municipalities, companies and universities) in sustainable fields. FDSE (Fédération Départementale des Syndicats d’Exploitants Agricoles) and CA (Chambre d’agriculture) are the main farmers unions.

The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

Picture Above : Jonchère farm /// Below : Génitoy farm  The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand

3. « Jossigny Plateau » and its surroundings 3.1 Natural and historical heritage  The “Jossigny plateau” is located at the edge of the Brie plateau, one of the main agricultural areas in  Paris region. 2 small rivers, tributaries of the river Marne, constitute its boundaries. It extends around  Jossigny village, which has a specific structure (2 main roads crossing in the middle of the village).  Throughout centuries, a specific water system collecting rainfall had been created, for both the  agricultural land and the castle domains. Recent urban development had also been structured by an  open air water system.    Architecture had been linked with agriculture and ancient leisure practices: fortified farms, castles  parks… privately or publicly owned. A few farms maintain a farming activity, but most of them are now  hosting leisure, commercial or residential ones. For example, in the close surroundings the Genitoy  farm now in ruins is being transformed into housing (see picture in the previous page).  Here below : Jossigny village and countryside aerial views  Below : aerial view of Jossigny village and its countryside surroundings (EPA 1998) The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand 3.2 Agricultural activity and community  Transport infrastructure such as train, motorway and high speed railtracks have unlocked a 300 ha  area which is a sort of enclave.  Agriculture features as below :  Land tenure:   In “Marne la Vallée”, situations are very diverse; La différence entre parcelles de Plateau et de Coteaux est accentuée par la géométrie des parcelles inhérente à la  In Jossigny, most of the farmers rent the land of which an important part belongs to the  topographie du territoire : en longueur sur les Coteaux et plus compacte sur le Plateau. La topographie, la nature du French state. sol favorise également certains types de culture : grande Farms:  culture sur le plateau ; maraichage, vergers, élevage sur les coteaux.  In  “Marne la Vallée”, farmers cultivate lands scattered within Marne la Vallée area;  In Jossigny, the land is a patchwork: 4 farms have their main buildings in or close to the village; other farmers from outside cultivate land as well. Cultures / products:   In “Marne la Vallée”, the main culture is cereal even if vegetables, orchards, cattle remain in some parts such as valleys;    In Jossigny, the only culture is cereals. Outlet / Market:   In “Marne la Vallée”, agricultural products are not usually sold in the city ;   In Jossigny however, a few farms sell their products on site to local consumers. Below : Agricultural plot size  map taken from  " DÉMARCHE AGRI‐URBAINE À MARNE‐LA‐VALLÉE "  report by Bres et Mariolle   La différence entre parcelles de Plateau et de Coteaux est accentuée par la géométrie des parcelles inhérente à la topographie du territoire : en longueur sur les Coteaux et plus compacte sur le Plateau. La topographie, la nature du sol favorise également certains types de culture : grande culture sur le plateau ; maraichage, vergers, élevage sur les coteaux.

The image cannot be display ed. Your computer may not hav e enough memory to open the image, or the image may hav e been corrupted. Restart y our computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, y ou may hav e to delete the image and then insert it again.

parcelles de Plateau et de Coteaux est ométrie des parcelles inhérente à la oire : en longueur sur les Coteaux et Plateau. La topographie, la nature du nt certains types de culture : grande au ; maraichage, vergers, élevage sur

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand 3.3 Leisure network  The “Jossigny plateau” is included within a network of leisure destinations. Beside Eurodisney resort,  the territory has a very complete offer of touristic destination addressed to local inhabitants and  further afield:   Cultural centers (Contemporary art center of Rentilly);  Hostels and conference centers (Guermantes castle);  Outdoors sports activities (gold / ridding). Natural (banks of the river Marne) and historical (castles and parks) heritage is the frame for these  activities.  3.4 On‐going developments (residential and economic)  The surroundings of the Jossigny plateau are being urbanized with ZAC procedures (specific legislation  for urbanization). Most of them are either residential or business oriented:   The main economic projects are located alongside the A4 motorway (in the districts of Prieuré etc.). Auchan supermarket has set up a huge distribution center in the area.    The main residential developments are located in the districts of Montévrain and Bussy‐St‐ George. Each of them covers more than a hundred hectares. Both are structured around a  park which includes farming architecture heritage and new farming activities (such as pick  your own fruits and vegetable gardening…).   The new university neighbourhood in Montévrain district includes a new hospital and university buildings. 

Aerial view of Bussy Saint Georges/Jossigny (EPA 2000)

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WORKSHOP INTERNATIONAL THE AGROTOURISM CITY February 8th to 12th 2016 Responsible ENSP teacher : Marion Talagrand

4. Studio work guidelines The project question to the students is to work out which kind of landscape can articulate  “countryside and city” in order to develop and foster new agricultural and new leisure practices within  suburban development.   Students are asked to deal with four main topics:   the relationship between agriculture, leisure and tourism ;  the definition of urban limits and thresholds with the agricultural areas;  the evolution of the actual agricultural system and community;  the preservation and improvement of natural, historical and architectural heritage (fortified farms, castles and water supply network).   Map of Workshop project area

Sources :  www.epa‐marnelavallee.fr  Brès + Mariolle , EPA Marne EPA France, Démarche agri‐urbaine à Marne la Vallée, 2011  O. Baduel et Th. Lecomte (Epa Marne) et A. Brès (Université Paris 1) (sous la direction de), L’agriculture  urbaine à Marne la Vallée, Mémoire de Master 2 – Magistère Aménagement et Urbanisme, Université  Paris 1 

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ENSP INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP 2016

Photo Frits Van Loon

WORKSHOP PROJECTS

This Workshop features every year internationally renowned teachers and students from differents universities, working for one week with ENSP Master level students to propose intensive design interventions and enhancements, rethinking the relationships between landscape, agriculture, suburban settlements and tourism.

Workshop description : the project question to the

Site : Jossigny village and plateau, on the east of Paris

1.the relationship between agriculture, leisure and tourism (Eurodisney, Villages Natures);

region by Marne la Vallée, sector 4 Eurodisney.

Teaching language : English/French Calendar : site visit on monday 8/2/2016, intensive studio work from tuesday to thursday, oral final presentations on friday 12/2/2016.

students is to work out which kind of landscape can articulate “countryside and city” in order to develop and foster new agricultural and new leisure practices within suburban development. Students are asked to deal with four main topics:

2.the definition of urban limits and thresholds with the agricultural areas; 3.the evolution of the actual agricultural system and community; 4.the preservation and improvement of natural, historical and architectural heritage : fortified farms, castles and water supply network.

Assessment : Oral presentation in english in front of a jury composed by the international teaching team and guests. Models, sketches, drawings and other communication strategies will be exhibited in the studios and presented to the jury.


INDEX 1. The Kintsugi Landscape Mnif Amina, Léger Geoffrey, Weicherding Robin, Tangapriganin Johan 2. The meeting point of two worlds Mengdi Lu, Marine Le Mao, Christina Ottaviano, Ana Petrovcic, Santuré Jean-Maxime, Nadav Joffe 3. Patterns in shades Rozman Masa, Broquin Pauline, Etchegaray Elorri, Cadoux Manon, Helene Lemadec 4. Trace the water

Ferreira De Pinho Lainie Fontanel Lisa Koukouvelou Antonia Riquet Katheleen

5. Back up the pass

Christophe de Saint Just, Louis Baudry, Alexis Guyennot, Sarem Sunderland

6. The forgotten link

Jelske Streefkerk, Charline Perrau, Marie Ravon, Xinye Tong, Corentin Bretin

7. Un passé pas dépassé

Xu Yanru, Ja Young Cho, Rosberg Ina, Ho Lisa, Honnore Yann, Kotnik Tatjana

8. Discovering meaningful spatial transformation through the language of past traces. A park system for Jossigny. Barbara Prezelj, Antoine Merrien, Marie Rougeot, Clara Loukkal

International teaching staff Joao Gomes da Silva (Portugal - Global Arquitectura Paysagista) / Peter Bosselman (US - Berkley) / Fritz van Loon (Holland - Delft University) / ENSP teaching staff : Marion Talagrand, Giulio Giorgi


1.

The Kintsugi landscape

LOCALISATION METROPOLITAINE

WORKSHOP EUROPEEN Promotion 2014-2018 Mnif Amina, Léger Geoffrey, Weicherding Robin, Tangapriganin Johan Marne-La-Vallée is a reflection in an urban mirror, a reflection of the Parisian Far western Défense, a counterpart of a globalized business area with a globalized leisure area, it is a plain carved with a rural Marne while Paris is bypassed by the urban Seine. Although its planning is a reaction, it somehow outperformed the expectations, 50 million tourists, Disney Land, Val d’Europe, and numerous estate projects. Its constructions was distributed in 4 main urban sequences: -Porte de Paris, Val Maubuée, Val de Bussy and Val d’europe. These 4 sequences were planned following a strict and often mono functional programs to answer the ever demanding Parisian urban expansion. The first masterplan took place in a relatively easy land reserve. However, by contrast with other new cities, as Cergy-Pontoise or Saint Quentin, MarneLa-Vallée is not organized around one agglomeration but in a network of urban centers connected by the RER A and the A4 highway.

Val d’Europe Val de Bussy Val Maubuée Marne-la-Vallée

La défense

Porte de Paris

Seine

Marnes

Lognes

Mirror map: Défense - Marne la Vallée Map of the woods, water, city

Seine

graphics research

Interstitial space to optimize

Potetntial high speed lane

Open fields to frame

Mon stage s’est déroulé à Marne-la-Vallée. Marne-la-Vallée est une ville nouvelle française située à l’est de Paris, dans la région Île-deFrance, sur la rive gauche (sud) de la Marne. L’emplacement du dépot se trouve plus précisément à Lognes, une des villes constitutive de Marnes-la-Vallée. MLV (Marne-La-Vallée) fait partie des villes nouvelles élaborée lors de l’aprés guerre, dans les années 1960. A cette époque on s’affaire à la mise au point du premier schéma directeur d’aménagement et d’urbanisme (SDAU) du grand Est Parisien. Ce travail est confiée à Paul Delouvrier, délégué général au District de la région de Paris de 1961 à 1969, qui a été à ce titre considéré comme le père des villes nouvelles en France. Le travail qu’effectuera Paul Delouvrier se fait sentir jusqu’aujourd’hui par ses formes urbaines exentrique et par la prépondérance du corps urbain individuel dit « les logements pavillionnaires».

Mental map

INTENTIONS Redesign the water network by connecting the main water courses, re-carving the old canals. Connect the old forest domains to the Marne Valley: with paths, water and agriculture. Carving into the circle, first by linking its shape to the blue and green network and second by allowing the agriculture lands to penetrate from the south west to the north east. Recreating wetlands that not only introduce a richer biodiversity but also cleans the water and gives more spatial quality to the living space. Connecting threads: acupunctural interventions to reconnect the dislocated roads, cut by roads, urban development and new agricultural patterns. Mapping the network of the heritage and reviving the notion of domain as provider of labour and agriculture, this will insure the maintenance of the castles and farms while introducing new agricultural patterns and production.

ecological potential in the green patches

D’abord organisées en quatre secteurs, les différentes communes composant Marne-la-Vallée se sont ensuite regroupées en différentes communautés d’agglomération. - Porte de Paris - Val Maubuée - Val de Bussy - Val d’Europe LE POINT HISTORIQUE Dans les années 1960, pour faire face au développement rapide de l’agglomération parisienne, on décida d’en maitriser l’aménagement en créant plusieurs villes nouvelles autour de Paris. La mise au point du premier Schéma directeur d’aménagement et d’urbanisme (SDAU) a été confiée à Paul Delouvrier, délégué général au District de la région de Paris de 1961 à 1969, qui a été à ce titre considéré comme le père des villes nouvelles en France.

À l’est de Paris, le choix du développement se porta sur la vallée de la rive sud de la Marne Le schéma directeur est relativement vaste, il composée de petits villages et hameaux, très Landscape mapping New water system interventions network peu urbanisés à l’époque, et qui Acupunctural disposaient, s’étend sur une vingtaine de kilomètres d’ouest en est (de Bry-sur-Marne à Bailly-Romainvilliers). donc, de vastes réserves foncières facilement mobilisables. Contrairement aux autres villes

LEGEND WATER NETWORK FOREST PATCHES GREEN CORRIDORS WETLANDS

’ bb m

o zo ’

WHAT FUTURE FOR MARNE-LA-VALLÉE? Less artefactual and more rooted in the landscape, less top down strategies and more involvement and participation, less globalized with more identity. The economic viability of Disney land has often been questioned in time, therefore we believe that there is an opportunity for development even when the first trigger disappears. We recover the name, the valley of the Marne with its meandering, its spontaneous water lines, its contours and its diversity.

pe

ACUPUNCTURE The punctual interventions on the missing connections are small scale projections of a bigger scheme. While the community gardens are running through edges in lines, the new agriculture linked to the old castles, farms and domains reintroduce the circle in a more functional aspect, with a circular permaculture. These circles mark not only heritage but food production that is both eco-friendly and participative. The domains may be or not restored but their old function as labour and food providers is re-established.

NEW DISTRICT

a’

CONNECTING THE DOTS Distances are subjective, they shorten with landmarks and layers of perception. By creating green corridors we frame the old mud roads, aim for an ecological connection and redevelop the slow lane. These connections are not arbitrary they follow 2 logics: The old roads, existent or lost are framed in green corridors, giving a sense of scale to the open fields and a spark of memory, walking on the traces of the old shaky wheels, farmers and horses…a “Kintsugi” landscape where mud morphs into a value of green. The first one is to optimize the in-between spaces and transform them into connections, these new connections are not an attempt of homogenisation, they preserve the diversity while facilitating visual connection and slow mobility. While we see value in the high connectivity in the area we don’t believe that one network can dislocate another, therefore, we follow these lines and fix their breakage, with bridges, stones on water, a paving, a crossing line…indications of possibilities, the walk shall go on.

LA MARNE

a pe cou

THE URBAN SCALE Although the urban expansion was made at the expense of the agriculture, the interstitial spaces created between the 2 fabrics leaves room for expansion in between the infrastructure and the blue lines, filling a defined space and by doing so creating more meaningful fringes between the compact urbanity and the open fields. These fringes are community gardens that establish a new relationship to the green areas and gives a more human scale to the surrounding openness. Following Kaplan and Kaplan model, we believe that by creating involvement and participation, the gardens will be more significant and have a greater impact on the inhabitants.

u co

THE WATER SCALE The Marne is a stretched line that turns its back to Marne-La-Vallée, along the agricultural and urban development, the Marne was tamed and its capillaries erased to expand fields and cities. We want to revive the old lines not only by scratching the palimpsest but also by including the new infrastructure lines and therefore connect different layers of time and networks. The new water lines penetrate cities, forests and the all mighty circle, they add spatial quality to the urban and suburban space and give meaning and consistency to the water system. These lines are ultimately connections between the fragmented landscape and urban patterns. By adding gradients of scales to the water lines we establish a blue hierarchy that structures the landscape.

MAGNY-LEHONGRE

CHANTELOUPEN-BRIE

BAILLYROMAINVILLIERS SERRIS BUSSY-SAINTGEORGES JOSSIGNY

N

MASTER PLAN

Water as armature 250m 0

Regional Forest of Ferrières

500m

1km 2 km

SCALE 1/25000


The Kintsugi landscape

WORKSHOP EUROPEEN Promotion 2014-2018 Mnif Amina, Léger Geoffrey, Weicherding Robin, Tangapriganin Johan

Hillside (South)

Marne’s Valley

Hillside (North)

TGV’s Line (after1980)

Bailly Romain-Villiers (XVIIIec)

SECTION AA’ SCALE 1/12 500

SECTION BB’

SCALE 1/12 500 green and grey corridor agricultural fields

green and blue agglomeration

restored wetlands

forest the Marne bed

Zoom axonometric section

la Marne

Edges of the city Path of Génitoy

The new wetlands district

Northern extension

Northern extension Extension on the surroundings of the hospital Green corridor

Channel and pedestrian path

N

Bird view


2. 12 - 02 - 1016

WORKSHOP

MENGDI LU // MARINE LE MAO // CHRISTINA OTTAVIANO BAURY // ANA PETROVCIC // SANTURÉ JEAN-MAXIME // NADAV JOFFE

ANALYSIS : THE MEETING POINT OF TWO WORLDS

CITY

AGRICULTURE

Marne la vallŽe Þnds itself in between two seemingly opposed entities, Urbanized space ( Paris on the West) and Agricultural lands ( Flowing on the east until Reims). Marne la VallŽeÕs sector 4 is home for a possible transition between the city and agriculture. Due to its proximity with Disneyland Paris and DescartesÕs Cluster, this area could become a model for the future of agrotourism and by extension, of agriculture. How can those two entities be combined and give birth to new, sustainable, ways of living ? How the MarneÕs plateau and its history contribute to it ?

VAL DE MARNE A LANDSCAPE OF CONNECTION

JOSSIGNY

A LAND FOR SELF-SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ?

AROUND JOSSIGNY : PRODUCTIVE SURFACES

AVERAGE SURFACE FOR CONVENTIONAL AGRICULTURE IN ÎLE DE FRANCE

The village of Jossigny Þnds itself in between bigger cities that are yet to be urbanized. It is also surrounded by agricultural Þelds.

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND JOSSIGNY

Jossigny Þnds itself in between cities that are yet to be urbanized. It is also surrounded by agricultural Þelds. On the village dimension, we still Þnd ourselves in between agriculture and urbanized areas. The demographical situation of Jossigny and the agricultural lands attached to it, in comparison with its surroundings, are characteristics that should not be left behind. Self sustainability is possible in Jossigny, but how does it happened spatially ?

WAYS OF

T R A N S I T I O N

HERITAGE

PATH PROMENADE

STREAM

FOREST

hedgerow


12 - 02 - 1016

WORKSHOP MENGDI LU // MARINE LE MAO // CHRISTINA OTTAVIANO BAURY // ANA PETROVCIC // SANTURÉ JEAN-MAXIME // NADAV JOFFE

THE « DEPARTEMENTALE » AS A BACKBONE

The regional road is used as the spine of the project. Assuming that with time it will be the home of softer circulations, this road will become the link between different cities and the agricultural areas around them. It will also be gather in one path different monuments that behold in them the plateau’s history.

A A’

N.

1/10 AA’

1/2000

EVOLUTION OF HEDGEROWS

IN 5 YEARS Porosity: SERVING LANDSCAPE

These transversal Þeld that will structure the porosity of this regional road, making a sequence of city-urban agriculture- large scale open Þeld, this would be the Þrst step to turn current hard infrastructure into a boulevard; turning its dimension to the agriculture activities scale. Then these reserved areas « «  serving land  È could be a landscape progression, they can host farmers, campus, its organisation with become un framework to oriente the future urbanisation.

RENOVATION OF THE OLD FARM :

AGROTOURISM Our idea was, to rearrange the old farm. We wanted to newly establish the system of trade with different goods, the market, hotel with a restaurant, orchard, vegetable garden and bring a few cows, chickens and other animals for tourists to see. We also wanted to show and demonstrate to the tourists how local products are made. The tourists staying in the hotel will have the chance to try local food, learn new things about the life of the locals and what life on farm is actually all about.

IN 20 YEARS

IN 50 YEARS

000

HEDGEROWS : A FLEXIBLE FRAME

Hedgerows tend to disappear from the agricultural landscape. However, they can be of big use for farmers, hydrology, but also for fauna and ßora, seeying as ecological corridors. Having in mind that around Jossigny big scale agriculture predominates, Hedgerows are not being used. The intention of our project is to see hedgerows appear as agricultural Þelds shrink, in order to respond to a more sustainable agriculture. Thus, as we see more hedgerows, we also see more parcels and more ecological corridors.


3.

PATTERNS IN SHADES Pattern’s definition

n.m. : A drawing of landscape that can be repeated, resulting of nature and human actions. Imbrications of patterns form landscape unities. Pattern’s characteristics elements are part of a composition which ensure a global atmosphere. This visual structure can support life in different ways.

Marne la vallée Chanteloup-en-brie Serris

Bussy St George Jossigny

JUXTAPOSITIONS

ATTRACTION uses Borders EDGES

Surfaces

CONNECTIONS Links Break RUPTURES DESTINATIONS Origins PERSPECTIVES direction

CROSSWAYS Intersections meetings MIX CONVERGENCE

Forêt régionale de ferrières N

SCALL 1/25000

VILLAGE AND FIELDS

The village connects with the fiels and agriculture because they are construted in a same time. So, it is a good pattern, we can improve this with some view to the landscape.

FOREST AND FIELDS

The forest and fields are connected with an strong screen that marks the different surfaces and the open view to the agriculture. It is a frank superposition as can be seen from a distance.

CITY AND FIELDS UNCULTIVATED

The city and fields are often cut with a gap, the city is focused and the edges are poor. When the fields that are uncultivated, there’s no life and it is is important to create an attractivity on this place in order to connect the city and fields.

CITY AND PARKING N

JUXTAPOSITIONS FOREST

FIELD UNCULTIVATED

SCALL 1/10000

FIELD CULTIVATED

CITY / VILLAGE

GRASS

PARKING

WATER

Sometimes there is a parking that is the only public space in this city. There is no meeting points, the shopping center and the habitations have thick edges. There is no connection visual or pedestrian. So, the intention would be to bring attractivity with moving parking to a diffrent area.

1


CONNECTIONS & CROSSWAYS CLOSE

OPEN

LAND MARK

SHADES OF PATTERNS

BRIDGE

N

N

SCALL 1/5000

MARKER

SLOW RYTHM

FAST RYTHM

OPEN SIGHT

JOINTS

WALL

WINDOW

ALLEY / ROAD

3

SCALL 1/10000

ROUNDABOUTS

CREAK INTERSECTIONS (CARS / PEDESTRIAN )

LAND MARK

LAND MARK

FARM / CASTEL

SKYLINE 2


4. TRACE the WATER A coherent path in the new cultural landscape of Marne la VallĂŠe following the water and its traces

Agricultural land and water system 1/50000 The position of the highway is in a conflict with the existing water and pedestrian system. The different flows do not coexist at the moment and that makes the area chaotic. The starting points of the rivers are hidden and the synthesis of the area is not exposing the importance of the water element. The highway is blocking the natural flow of the rivers and the ecology is influenced.

wing the water and its traces

Our design is going to expose the water system and will make it legible to the beholders. A system of pedestrian and bicycle paths will be implemented to help the exploration of the landscape. Small interventions will be added to help the coherence of the path way.

Agricultural land and water system 1/50000

Topography and water sources 1/25000

The position of the highway is in a conflict with the map existing water and pedestrian system.Conclusion The different flows do not coexist at the moment and that makes the area chaotic. The starting points of the rivers are hidden and the synthesis of the area is not exposing the importance of the water element. The highway is blocking the natural flow of the rivers and the ecology is influenced. Our design is going to expose the water system and will make it legible to the beholders. A system of pedestrian and bicycle paths will be implemented to help the exploration of the landscape. Small interventions will be added to help the coherence of the path way.


Agricultural land and water system

Agricultural land, water system, topography

1/50000

1/50000

0

500m

1000 m

1500 m

2000 m

ENSP FEBRUARY 2016 Ferreira De Pinho Lainie Fontanel Lisa Koukouvelou Antonia Riquet Katheleen

The position of the highway is in a conflict with the existing water and pedestrian system. The different flows do not coexist at the moment and that makes the area chaotic. The starting points of the rivers are hidden and the synthesis of the area is not exposing the importance of the water element. The highway is blocking the natural flow of the rivers and the ecology is influenced. Our design is going to expose the water system and will make it legible to the beholders. A system of pedestrian and bicycle paths will be implemented to help the exploration of the landscape. Small interventions will be added to help the coherence of the path way.

Agricultural land and water system Conclusion map

Agricultural land, water system, topography

1/50000

0

500m

1000 m

1500 m

2000 m

1/50000 0

500m

1000 m

1500 m

2000 m

The position of the highway is in a conflict with the existing water and pedestrian system. The different flows do not coexist at the moment and that makes the area chaotic. The starting points of the rivers are hidden and the synthesis of the area is not exposing the importance of the water element. The highway is blocking the natural flow of the rivers and the ecology is influenced. Our design is going to expose the water system and will make it legible to the beholders. A system of pedestrian and bicycle paths will be implemented to help the exploration of the landscape. Small interventions will be added to help the coherence of the path way.

BEFORE

AFTER By using gravity, we create swales that combine bigger creeks where we implemented purification plants. By using this technique, the water is travelling along ribbon swales and it gets cleaned until it arrives in the river Marne. There are two purification systems, one from North East to North West and another from South East to South. The sun and the trees (platanus, willows, and reeds) are helping with the light and shadow to the purifying procedure.

Image of an existng path and swale

Marked path and purifying wetplants in the swale

The beholders are experiencing the purifying procedure in the agricultural landscape. They can also use it as an orientation system. The agricultural landscape and the water systems become legible. By adding activities, such as paths and bridges, people will get attached and will embrace the new landscape. As a result, the cultural landscape will be preserved and will stir the urbanization around it. We do not need more urban spaces in this area but we do need public spaces with spatial quality and social meaning.

Image of a wetland

Transformation of the area with amarked path and platform

River Marne la ValĂŠe

Conclusion map 0

500m

1000 m

1500 m

Purification station

Image of a creek next to the road

Animal bridge implemented over the highway for the balance of the ecosystem

Transformation of the creek into an active space

Diagram of water circulation

Overview of the highway from a pedestrian/bicycle bridge. Belvedere. Point of orientation

Water purification by adding wetplants

Animal bridge implemented over the highway for the balance of the ecosystem

2000 m


5.

Back up the pass

Monospecific agriculture

New agriculture

New urbanisation

Forest

Old urbanisation

Wather parkway

Observation : A long agricultural corridor is defined by urbanisations and forests. Creeks take shape in the plateau and run to the Marne river.

+

The goals of the project are: - to preserve this corridor - to create accessibility betwteen parts of urbanisation that will densify - to promote dynamic forms of agriculture - to favour a riparian ecology

=

Proposition : These programmes are combined in a waterpark that follows the creeks and connects to the urban areas.

1/10000 èm

Proposition of urbanism evolution Urbanisation

Monospesific agriculture

1/3000

1/25000

New agriculture

1000 m

15 min

4 min

Hard circulation

Situation of project

1/3000

Soft circulation

1/25000

1/3000


Monospesific agriculture

New urbanisation

Forest

Old urbanisation

Wather parkway

1/25000

1/3000

1/10000 èm

New agriculture

1000 m

anism evolution 15 min

4 min

Situation of project

Hard circulation

Soft circulation

1/3000

1/3000

1000 m

15 min

1/25000

4 min

1/3000

1/3000

1/10000 èm

1/3000

1/3000

Christophe d

Ale Sare

1/3000


6. The

Jelske STREEFKERK

Charline PERRAU

forgotten

Marie RAVON

Xinye TONG

links

Corentin BRETIN

CONNECTIVITY ROAD / FIELD

FOREST / FIELD

URBAN / FIELD

URBAN / PARK

RIVER / FIELD

RIVER / FOREST


RIVER / FIELD

ENSP The

RIVER / FOREST

International workshop Agrotourism

City

Jelsk


7. marne-la-vallée HERITAGE

Un passé pas dépassé

International Workshop 2016 | XU Yanru, JA Young Cho, ROSBERG Ina, HO Lisa, HONNORE Yann, KOTNIK Tatjana

Analysis BUILDINGS

FORESTS

now

1906

1820

1800

ROADS

WATER

now

now

1906

1906

1820

1800

Conceptual diagram 1

now

1820

1800

1800

Conceptual diagram 2


Ferme du Genitoy

1824

Ferme du Château de Jossigny

1908

Masterplan 1 : 25 000 Full-time farmer met full-time tourist

Disneyland was built on Marne la Vallée in the middle of farmland. As a result, there was some changes in agriculture. Close surroundings of the Genitoy farm has ruined and some full-time farmer became part-time farmer, hosting tourists. It seems, as if the agriculture has weakened. Or, becoming multifunctional.

Cast a magic spell on the Marne la Vallée

Agriculture and Tourism can grow together. Agriculture can be dynamic and lively by attracting tourists to the farms. By offering reasonable and affordable accommodation as well as authentic and traditional french rural lifestyle, win-win is possible. To achieve the fascinating rural landscape, landscape of Marne la Vallée will be restored and enhanced. Connecting and widen the water system and enhancing and making heritage accessible will enable tourist to introduce and make the best of french culture. Additional activity, such as horse back riding, will give a illusion of extended experiences of Disneyland


8. Discovering meaningful spatial transformation through the language of past traces. A park system for Jossigny. Language and meaning

International Workshop Marne-la-Vallée_Jossigny Ecole Nationale Supérieure du Paysage de Versailles Teacher : JOAO GOMEZ DA SILVA BARBARA PREZELJ - ANTOINE MERRIEN - MARIE ROUGEOT - CLARA LOUKKAL

XVIII-XIX

1.

IXI-XX

1970’s

1990’s

2.

1. A bipartition : fields and forests 2.

Villages established between the plateau and Marne’s affluents

3. A structural axis system 4.

3.

Forest, fields, river and affluents, villages, axis : landscape structures

4.

+


Draft masterplan 1/2000

500m

+

=


8. Discovering meaningful spatial transformation through the language of past traces. A park system for Jossigny. Language and meaning

International Workshop Marne-la-Vallée_Jossigny Ecole Nationale Supérieure du Paysage de Versailles Teacher : JOAO GOMEZ DA SILVA BARBARA PREZELJ - ANTOINE MERRIEN - MARIE ROUGEOT - CLARA LOUKKAL

XVIII-XIX

IXI-XX

1970’s

1990’s

Draft masterplan 1/2000 1.

2.

1. A bipartition : fields and forests 2.

Villages established between the plateau and Marne’s affluents

3. A structural axis system 4.

3.

Forest, fields, river and affluents, villages, axis : landscape structures

4.

500m

Draft masterplan 1/2000

+

+

=

500m

+

=


Workshop students : Mnif Amina, LĂŠger Geoffrey, Weicherding Robin, Tangapriganin Johan, Mengdi Lu, Marine Le Mao, Christina Ottaviano, Ana Petrovcic, SanturĂŠ Jean-Maxime, Nadav Joffe, Rozman Masa, Broquin Pauline, Etchegaray Elorri, Cadoux Manon, Helene Lemadec, Ferreira De Pinho Lainie Fontanel Lisa Koukouvelou Antonia Riquet Katheleen, Christophe de Saint Just, Louis Baudry, Alexis Guyennot, Sarem Sunderland, Jelske Streefkerk, Charline Perrau, Marie Ravon, Xinye Tong, Corentin Bretin, Xu Yanru, Ja Young Cho, Rosberg Ina, Ho Lisa, Honnore Yann, Kotnik Tatjana, Barbara Prezelj, Antoine Merrien, Marie Rougeot, Clara Loukkal

Workshop Teachers : Joao Gomes da Silva (Portugal - Global Arquitectura Paysagista) / Peter Bosselman (US - Berkley) / Fritz van Loon (Holland - Delft University) / Marion Talagrand, Giulio Giorgi (France - ENSP)


Ensp international workshop 2016  

This Workshop features every year internationally renowned teachers and students from differents universities, working for one week with ENS...

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