Issuu on Google+

GwcÖj 2016 el© 01, msL¨v 04

Ô`ªæZZg mg‡q cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq cÖ_g KvZv‡i Avm‡Z Pvq PÆMÖvg e›`iÕ we‡kl mvÿvZKv‡i e›`i †Pqvig¨vb

evsjv‡`‡k mgy`ª A_©bxwZi P¨v‡jÄ I m¤¢vebv

gnvmgy‡`ªi mybxj Rjivwki AšÍiv‡j wbwnZ Adzivb m¤ú‡`i fvÐvi

2013-2043 wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii AvMvgxi w`K wb‡`©kbv


Bb‡dvMÖvwd·

iƒcKí-2021 I iƒcKí-2041 AR©‡bi j‡ÿ¨ PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv

56 jÿ 1,47,570 eM© wK‡jvwgUvi

AvqZb RbmsL¨v

29 jÿ

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v

15 jÿ

2013 mv‡j wQj 1.5 wgwjqb wUBBD| 2020 mv‡j DbœxZ n‡e 2.9 wgwjqb wUBBD| .. GKB avivevwnKZvq 2036 mv‡j DbœxZ n‡e 5.6 wgwjqb wUBBD|

16 †KvwU

6% weMZ GK `k‡K Mo cÖe„w×

Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs av‡c av‡c mvg_©¨e„w× 2036 †_‡K Pvjy n‡q hv‡e †mvbvw`qv Mfxi mgy`ª e›`i| 2036-2043 mv‡ji g‡a¨ Kb‡UBbvi evRv‡ii 50 kZvsk wbqš¿Y Ki‡e †mvbvw`qv| (5.1 wgwjqb wUBBD) 2043 mv‡j PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Pvwn`v †b‡g Avm‡e 5.0 wgwjqb wUBBD||

PÆMÖvg e›`i evsjv‡`‡ki gyL¨ mgy`ªe›`i| Avg`vwb-idZvwbi 92 kZvsk †gvU mgy`ª evwY‡R¨i 90 kZvsk Kb‡UBbvi evwY‡R¨i 98 kZvsk mgvav nq GB e›`‡ii gva¨‡g|

45%

20%

100%

†e Uvwg©bvj: fwel¨r PÆMÖvg e›`i 1g Ask [4 ev_©+1000 wgUvi Kx †js_] Pvjy n‡”Q 2023 mv‡j 2q Ask [2 ev_©+1000 wgUvi Kx †js_] Pvjy n‡”Q 2028 mv‡j †gvU AvqZb 250 †n±i †gvU ˆ`N©¨ 6.5 wKwg GKB mg‡q 50wU RvnvR evw_©s Ki‡Z cvi‡e| (eZ©gvb e›`‡i GKm‡½ 16wU RvnvR) w`bivZ 24 N›Uv Acv‡ikbvj †js_ IfviAj: Avbwjwg‡UW WªvdU: 11 wgUvi (eZ©gv‡b 9.5 wgUvi)


PÆMÖvg e›`i 2043

ewa©Z Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs cwien‡b cÖ‡qvRbxq AeKvVv‡gv ˆZwii j‡ÿ¨ cÖKí cÖ¯Íve: XvKvi KvQvKvwQ axivkÖ‡g AvBwmwW wbg©vY wmwRwcIqvB-G AdWK Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj wbg©vY 55

03

U 01

CIS CISU

CIS CISU

01035

5 CISU

CISU

55

U 01

CIS CISU

MAX GR TAPE NET

01035

MAX GR TAPE NET

MAX GR TAPE NET

01035 5 CISU

MAX GR TAPE NET

CISU

55

CISU

MAX GR TAPE NET

01035 5

CISU

55

03

U 01

CIS

CISU

5

MAX GR TAPE NET

MAX GR TAPE NET

C

01035 5 CISU

01035

CISU

01035

5

55

03

U 01

01035

55

03

CIS

55

03

U 01

5 CISU

01035

5

55

03

U 01

55

03

U 01

CIS

01035

55

MAX GR TAPE NET

CIS

5

01035

MAX GR TAPE NET

CIS CISU

Lvbcyi AvBwmwU wbg©vY

5

55

03

U 01

CIS

CISU

55

01035

03

U 01

5

55

MAX GR TAPE NET

55

MAX GR TAPE NET

MAX GR TAPE NET

03

U 01

CIS

MAX GR TAPE NET

03

U 01

CIS

CISU

CIS

CIS

01035

55

5

01035 5 CISU

5

03

01 ISU

03

U 01

CIS

01035

U 01

03

U 01

CIS

01035 5 CISU

MAX GR TAPE NET

5

03

55

03

U 01

CIS

01035

55

03

U 01

AvLvDov-jvKmvg †ijI‡q AskUzKz Wvej-Uª¨v‡K DbœxZ Kiv

MAX GR TAPE NET

5

55

03

U 01

CIS

MAX GR TAPE NET

01035 5

MAX GR TAPE NET

cÖ‡ekvwaKvi wbqwš¿Z XvKv-wPUvMvs G•‡cÖmI‡q

MAX GR TAPE NET

Uvwg©bv‡j AwZwi³ mvg_©¨ †RvMv‡bi †ÿ‡Î e›`‡ii mvg_©¨ e„w×i `ªæZZg c_ wRwmweÕi GKwU Ask‡K c~Y©v½ Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡j iƒcvšÍi Ges Zv‡K †emiKvwi Acv‡iU‡ii nv‡Z Zz‡j †`qv| G¸wj n‡Z n‡e 10-11-12-13 bs ev_© wb‡q (KY©dzwj Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj, †KwmwU1)| Gi mvg_©¨ n‡e 770,000 wUBBD| NvUwZ we‡køl‡Yi wfwˇZ, †KwmwU1 †K 2020 mv‡ji g‡a¨ c~Y©v½ Pvjy n‡Z n‡e| GiB mgvšÍiv‡j Awej‡¤^ ïiæ Ki‡Z n‡e †e Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi KvR, 2.8 wgwjqb wUBBD Kb‡UBbvi Pvwn`vi Kvi‡Y 2023 mv‡ji g‡a¨ hv n‡q DV‡e Acwinvh©| AvMvgx‡Z mvaviY Kv‡M©v Ges †eªK-evé Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs Kvh©µg cwiPvjbvi j‡ÿ¨ bZzb GKwU gvwë cvicvR Uvwg©bvj (GgwcwU) wbg©vY Ki‡Z n‡e| G Uvwg©bv‡ji 2043 mvj ch©šÍ 4.7 wgwjqb Ub bb-Kb‡UBbvivBRW Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs‡qi mvg_©¨ _vK‡Z n‡e|


GwcÖj 2016 el© 1 msL¨v 4 e›`ievZ©v PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ-Gi gvwmK gyLcÎ

m¤úv`Kxq †MŠi‡ei 129 eQi †cwi‡q...

cÖavb c„ô‡cvlK

wiqvi GWwgivj Gg Lv‡j` BKevj weGmwc, GbwWwm, wcGmwm, weGb m¤úv`K

Rvdi Avjg m¤úv`bv cl©`

ig¨ iwng †PŠayix mv‡`Kv †eMg †gv. Igi dviæK gvneye †gvi‡k` †PŠayix wbe©vnx m¤úv`K

ZvRyj nK

mn‡hvMx m¤úv`K

wgjUb †gvjjv cÖ`vqK

Gbvgyj Kwig KvRx †givR DwÏb Avwid jyebv Ph©v †ejv‡qZ †nv‡mb e¨e¯’vcbv m¤úv`K

gwbi Lvb wkgyj Rbms‡hvM

G Gb Gg Iqvwn` wkK`vi †gvnv¤§` AvwRRyj gIjv †gv. kwdDj AvRg Lvb Av‡jvKwPÎx

Gm Gg kvgmyj û`v ibb iwng †PŠayix wkí wb‡`©kK

kvgxg †PŠayix †j-AvDU I †gK-Avc

D¾j Avn‡g` e¨e¯’vcbv

nvweev Bqvmwgb gy`ªY e¨e¯’vcbv

gwbiæj Bmjvg, mvwKe Be‡b mvBd cÖKvkK PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ-Gi c‡ÿ

mvwe©K ZË¡veavb, cÖYqY, gy`ªY I cÖKvkb: GbjvB‡Ub fvBem evwo-4, moK-7/we, †m±i-3 DËiv, XvKv-1230 †dvb: 01709 371 981 B‡gBj: enlightenvibes@gmail.com

GwcÖj gv‡mi 25 ZvwiL PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii AvbyôvwbK Rb¥w`b| †iIqvR Abymv‡i w`bwU Avgiv D`hvcb Kwi Ôe›`i w`emÕ wnmv‡e| fve‡Z †M‡j Me© jv‡M g‡b, †g‡N †g‡N K‡Zv †ejv n‡jv, PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii eqm wKš‘ Kg nj bv| K¨v‡jÛv‡ii cvZvq 129 eQi| ZviI Av‡M Av‡Q cÖvq AvovB nvRvi eQ‡ii BwZnvm, Avie, Pxbv Avi gvjqx bvwe‡Ki AwZ bw›`Z †cvZvkÖq n‡q| Gfv‡e A‡bK nvZ Ny‡i Dwbk kZ‡K weªwU‡ki nv‡Z c‡o †Lvjm e`jv‡jv Zvi| 1888 mv‡ji 25 GwcÖj †cvU© Kwgkbvim A¨v± Kvh©Ki Kivi ga¨ w`‡q ïiæ nj AvaywbK hy‡Mi e›`i wnmv‡e Zvi AvbyôvwbK hvÎv| evsjv‡`‡ki †MŠie PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii 129 e›`i w`em D`hvc‡bi GB Avb›`Nb gyn~‡Z© Avcbv‡`i mevB‡K A‡bK Awfb›`b Avi ï‡f”Qv| GB e›`i Avgv‡`i mevi, GB Rbc‡`i A_©‰bwZK ür¯ú›`b| e›`‡ii GB AMÖhvÎv Avgv‡`i R‡b¨ cig Avb‡›`i, cvnvomg †MŠi‡ei| GKwU †`k h‡ZvUv GwM‡q hvq Z‡ZvUvB evo‡Z _v‡K Zvi R¡vjvwb Pvwn`v| weMZ mg‡qi Dbœq‡bi avivq evsjv‡`‡ki R¡vjvwb Pvwn`vI †e‡o‡Q wظY, wZb¸‡Yi †ewk| †Kbbv, bZzb bZzb wkí Kj KviLvbvi cÖwZôv gv‡bB bZzb R¡vjvwb Pvwn`v ˆZwi nIqv| Avi Drcv`b e„w× Z¡ivwš^Z K‡i †`k I RvwZi A_©‰bwZK mg„w×| ¯^vaxbZvi Aa©kZ‡K cÖvq k~b¨ †_‡K Qq Gi N‡i cÖe„w× DbœxZ K‡i‡Q evsjv‡`k| eZ©gv‡b R¡vjvwb Pvwn`vi e„nËg †RvMvb Avm‡Q M¨vm †_‡K| wkMwMiB Zv dzwi‡q hvevi Avk¼v †_‡K bxwZ wba©viKiv fve‡Qb Kqjvi K_v| †`‡k gRyZ Kqjvi cvkvcvwk we‡`k †_‡K Avg`vwb Kiv n‡e GB Kqjvi GKUv Ask| g‡nkLvwj‡Z ˆZwi Kiv n‡”Q fvmgvb GjGbwR Uvwg©bvj| gvZvievwo‡Z KqjvPvwjZ we`y¨r Drcv`b‡K›`ª wbg©vYKvR †kl n‡e 2022 mv‡j| cvqiv mgy`ªe›`i Pvjy n‡q hv‡e 2023 mvj bvMv`| iƒcKí-2021 Avi iƒcKí-2041 AR©‡b G ai‡bi eûwea `~i`k©x cwiKíbv wb‡q GwM‡q hv‡”Q evsjv‡`k| PÆMÖvg e›`i evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavb †MUI‡q| †`‡ki Avg`vwb-idZvwbi cÖvq kZfvM Pvc GKvB mvgvj w`‡q P‡j‡Q GB e›`i| weMZ GK `k‡K Gi Kb‡UBbvi cÖe„w× 12-13 kZv‡ki N‡i| RvZxq cÖe„w×i wظY nv‡i evo‡Q GB e›`i| G Kvi‡Y Avgv‡`i GLbB LwZ‡q †`Lvi mgq, GB avivevwnKZv a‡i ivLvi Rb¨, AvMvgx w`‡bi µgea©gvb Kb‡UBbvi e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ Avek¨K mycwimi AeKvVv‡gv, AvaywbK hš¿cvwZi myweav Ges `ÿ e¨e¯’vcbvi K‡ZvUzKz i‡q‡Q GB e›`‡ii? †mB j‡ÿ¨ GB cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv cÖYqb K‡i‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ| `yB wgwjqb Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi gvBjdjK Qvwo‡qwQ Avgiv| 2020 mv‡j GB Pvwn`v †cuŠQv‡e wZb wgwjq‡b Avi 2036 mv‡j Zv Qvwo‡q hv‡e cuvP wgwjqb| evowZ Pvwn`v Abymv‡i e›`i‡mev w`‡Z n‡j Avgv‡`i bZzb Uvwg©bvj cÖ‡qvRb| G Kvi‡Y KY©dzwj Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (†KwmwU) Ges †e Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (wewmwU) wbg©v‡Yi †Rvi mycvwik Kiv n‡q‡Q †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvq| wcÖq cvVK, PjwZ msL¨vi cÖavb iPbvq Avgiv †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvi GKwU mve©Rbxb Qwe Zz‡j aivi †Póv K‡iwQ| AvMvgx wÎk eQ‡i e›`‡i Pvwn`v Ges NvUwZÕi we‡kølY Kiv n‡q‡Q †mLv‡b| Gme Kvh©µ‡gi wbqwgZ AMÖMwZi msev` Avcbviv avivevwnKfv‡e cv‡eb e›`ievZ©vÕq| DcK‚jxq †hvMv‡hvM cÖwZôvi j‡ÿ¨ B‡Zvg‡a¨ fvi‡Zi GKvwaK e›`‡ii m‡½ RvnvR PjvPj ïiæ n‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i| Pxb, _vBj¨vÛ, gvqvbgvi Avi kÖxj¼vI i‡q‡Q G ZvwjKvq| G welqK AviI msev` _vK‡Q gyLi e›`i wefv‡M| cvkvcvwk, GK`v PÆMÖv‡gi RvnvR wbg©vY wk‡íi AZzj †MŠi‡ei PgKcÖ` Kvwnbx Rvb‡Z cvi‡eb wbqwgZ wefvM †L‡iv LvZvÕq| e›`‡ii cÖwZwU mvdj¨ wcÖq GB †`kwU‡K AviI GKUz M‡o †Zvjvi c‡_ bZzb GKwU c`‡ÿc| PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii cÖwZw`‡bi c_Pjvi AviI LeivLei wbqwgZ †c‡Z Avgv‡`i m‡½B _vKzb| m„Rbkxj _vKzb| Rxe‡bi RqMv‡b gyLi _vKzb mvivÿY|

m¤úv`Kxq †hvMv‡hvM:

e›`ievZ©v PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ e›`ifeb, 3q Zjv, PÆMÖvg| †dvb: 031-2510869 gvP©bandarbarta@gmail.com 2016 B‡gBj:

04

GwcÖj 2016

Rvdi Avjg m¤úv`K


1 jvL 47 nvRvi 570 eM© wK‡jvwgUvi AvqZ‡bi evsjv‡`‡k RbmsL¨v 16 †KvwU| cÖwZ eM© wK‡jvwgUv‡i 1 nvRvi 33 Rb †jv‡Ki evm| weMZ GK `k‡K Avgv‡`i Mo cÖe„w× 6 kZvsk| A_©‰bwZK G AMÖMwZi cwiYwZ‡Z N‡U‡Q e¨emv‡qi m¤úªmviY| AviI eo n‡q‡Q evwY‡R¨i cwiwa| Avi Gme cÖe„w×i Kvi‡Y cY¨ cwien‡bi evowZ Pvc ˆZwi n‡q‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Ici| PÆMÖvg e›`i evsjv‡`‡ki gyL¨ mgy`ªe›`i| Avg`vwb-idZvwbi 92 kZvsk cwievwnZ n‡q _v‡K GB e›`‡ii gva¨‡g| mg‡qi m‡½ m‡½ e¨vcK A`j-e`j N‡U‡Q e›`‡ii AeKvVv‡gv-DcwiKvVv‡gv Dfq †ÿ‡Î| †Rbv‡ij Kv‡M©v †_‡K µgk Kb‡UBbvigyLx n‡q D‡V‡Q Zvi PvwiΨ| mxwgZ n‡q c‡o‡Q †eªK-evé Ges evé Kv‡M©v cwien‡bi cwimi| d‡j Gme Lv‡Z e›`i m¤úªmvi‡Yi m¤¢vebvgq †ÿÎ ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| Av‡iKwU w`K n‡”Q, wn›Uvij¨vÛ ev Af¨šÍi cÖ‡`‡ki m‡½ e›`‡ii †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv| A¯^xKvi Kivi Dcvq bvB †h, eZ©gv‡b †h cwigvY cY¨ cwienb Kiv n‡”Q PÆMÖvg-XvKv moKc_ Ges †ijc‡_i gva¨‡g, Zvi AwZwi³ cY¨ cwien‡bi mvg_©¨ †bB G Lv‡Z weivRgvb AeKvVv‡gv‡Z| AvMvgx w`‡bi P¨v‡jÄ †gvKv‡ejvq PÆMÖvg e›`i‡K mvg‡_©¨i †Kvb gvÎvq DbœxZ Ki‡Z n‡e †m cÖm‡½ hvevi Av‡M Avgv‡`i we‡ePbvq ivL‡Z n‡e evsjv‡`‡ki mvgwMÖK A_©bxwZi Rb¨ Kx cwigvY ¸iæZ¡ enb K‡i PÆMÖvg e›`i, †mB K_vwU| Z‡e mevi Av‡M e‡j †bqv hvK, †Kb Avgiv PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Rb¨ Giƒc GKwU gnvcwiKíbv cÖYq‡Yi e¨vcv‡i D‡`¨vMx njvg?

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv

CCT NCT

AvMvgxi w`K wb‡`©kbv... PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ (PeK)| cÖ‡qvRbxq M‡elYv‡k‡l 2015 mv‡ji †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡m XvKvq GKwU RvZxq ch©v‡qi Kg©kvjvq G wel‡q P‚ovšÍ cÖwZ‡e`b `vwLj, Ges djvdj I mycvwikgvjv Zz‡j a‡ib civgk©Kiv| gnvcwiKíbvi cÖv_wgK we‡ePbv Ges KZ©e¨mg~n:

gnvcwiKíbv cÖYq‡Yi c~e©‡cÖwÿZ g~jZ B‡Zvc~‡e©Kvi me¸‡jv gnvcwiKíbvi †gqv` dzwi‡q hvevi †cÖwÿ‡ZB bZzb GKwU gnvcwiKíbvi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Abyfe KiwQjvg Avgiv| me‡kl gnvcwiKíbvi †gqv` wQj 2010 mvj Aewa| G ch©v‡q PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ bZzb GKwU gnvcwiKíbv cÖYq‡Yi Aby‡iva Rvwb‡q Gkxq Dbœqb e¨vsK ev GwWweÕi kiYvcbœ nq evsjv‡`k miKvi| D‡Ïk¨, PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii mvg_©¨ evov‡bv| Ges GgbB n‡Z n‡e Zvi cÖK…wZ hv‡Z †mwU n‡Z cv‡i evsjv‡`‡ki Pjgvb cÖe„w×i Rb¨ mnvqK Ges †UKmB| 2013 mv‡ji RyjvB gv‡m GwWweÕi A_©vq‡b gnvcwiKíbv cÖYq‡Yi Rb¨- GBPwcwm nvgeyM© †cvU© KbmvjwUs wRGgweGBP (wjW), †mjnb© Bb‡Rwbqvi‡R‡kjdU GmweGBP (DfqB Rvg©vb †Kv¤úvwb) Ges evsjv‡`‡ki †K Gg KbmvjU¨v›Um wjwg‡UW- GB wZb †hŠ_ Askx`v‡ii Ici `vwqZ¡ b¨¯Í K‡i

06

GwcÖj 2016

GCB

Kqjvi Avg`vwb evov‡bvi †Kv‡bv weKí †bB AvcvZZ Avgv‡`i nv‡Z| †`‡k gRyZ M¨vm cy‡ivcywi dzwi‡q †h‡Z mgq jvM‡e AviI `k eQi| myZivs ZLb R¦vjvwb Pvwn`v c~i‡Yi Ab¨Zg weKí n‡e GjGbwR Avg`vwb|

1. wn›Uvij¨vÛ ev †`‡ki Af¨šÍi cÖ‡`‡ki m‡½ e›`‡ii eZ©gvb †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv we‡kølY 2. e›`‡ii AZxZ I eZ©gvb Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs‡qi AvqZb we‡kølY 3. Kv‡M©v cwienb Lv‡Z fwel¨r cÖ‡ÿcY 4. e›`‡ii weivRgvb AeKvVv‡gv mvg_©¨ Ges Kvh©µ‡gi `ÿZv I MwZkxjZv wbiƒcY 5. e›`‡ii AeKvVv‡gv myweavi Dbœq‡b weKí c_ wba©viY, G msµvšÍ wewb‡qvM cwiKíbv Ges Zvi Avw_©K cÖ‡ÿcY 6. f‚wg-e¨envi cwiKíbvmn AvMvgx 25-30 eQ‡i e›`i Dbœqb Kvh©µ‡gi Rb¨ GKvwaK Ô¯ÍiÕ wba©viY 7. e›`‡ii wbivcËv cwiw¯’wZ, e›`i KZ…©c‡ÿi cÖvwZôvwbK Ges cÖkvmwbK mvg‡_©¨i g~j¨vqb 8. Rbej Pvwn`vi ch©v‡jvPbv Ges AvBwb ms¯‹v‡ii cÖ‡qvRbxqZv g~j¨vqb 9. KY©dzwj b`xi nvBWªwjK Ges nvB‡WªvjwRK M‡elYvi ÔUvg©m Ae †idv‡iÝÕ cÖYqY Ges cÖ¯Ívebvi mvgwMÖK g~j¨vqb 10. M‡elYv Kvh©µ‡gi AMÖMwZi Z`viwK Ges e›`i m¤úªmvi‡Yi m¤¢vebvgq †ÿÎmg~n wPwnèZKiY 11. gnvcwiKíbv ev¯Íevq‡bi †ÿ‡Î A_©‰bwZK Bmy¨msµvšÍ mnvqZv 12. cieZ©x mnvqZvi †ÿÎ wba©viY|

GLb Avgiv †`Le PÆMÖvg e›`‡i Kb‡UBbvi cwien‡bi fwel¨r cÖ‡ÿcY, weivRgvb AeKvVv‡gv myweav I mvgwMÖK Kvh©µ‡gi aib, µgea©gvb Pvwn`vi †cÖwÿ‡Z wbKU fwel¨‡Zi cÖ‡ÿcY, Pvwn`v c~i‡Y M„nxZ Avw_©K cÖKí, Af¨šÍixY cÖ‡`‡ki †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv, Ges cwi‡e‡ki Ici Gme D‡`¨v‡Mi Kx cÖfve co‡Z cv‡i †m welqK Av‡jvPbv| gnvcwiKíbv cÖYq‡Yi welqwU D‡V Av‡m g~jZ †gŠwjK KZK¸‡jv cÖ‡kœi DËi LuyR‡Z wM‡q| cÖkœ¸‡jv n‡”Q, PjwZ cÖe„w× Abymv‡i AvMvgx eQi¸‡jvq PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v †Kv_vq wM‡q `uvov‡e? Gme Pvwn`v c~i‡Y cÖ‡qvRbxq AeKvVv‡gvi K‡ZvUzKz PÆMÖvg e›`‡i eZ©gv‡b i‡q‡Q? G‡ÿ‡Î NvUwZ i‡q‡Q K‡ZvUzKz Ges †m¸‡jv †Kvb †Kvb Lv‡Z? Gme NvUwZ c~i‡Y Kx Kx c`‡ÿc B‡Zvg‡a¨B wb‡qwQ, wKsev wkMwMiB wb‡Z hvw”Q Avgiv? me‡k‡l Gme c`‡ÿc ev¯Íevq‡bi cwiYwZ‡Z Kx ai‡bi mydj †c‡Z hvw”Q Avgiv?

e›`‡ii cwienb Pvwn`v e„w× AvMvgx w`‡bi PÆMÖvg e›`‡i cwienb Pvwn`v e„w×i h_vh_ cÖ‡ÿcYB eZ©gvb gnvcwiKíbv cÖYq‡Yi g~jwfwË| weMZ kZ‡Ki mËi `kK †_‡K Avgiv evRvigyLx bxwZgvjv AbymiY K‡i AvmwQ| †m avivevwnKZvq G gyn~‡Z© evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii mvg‡b †hme


75

kZvsk R¡vjvwb

eZ©gv‡b Avm‡Q cÖvK…wZK M¨v‡mi gRyZ †_‡K

P¨v‡jÄ i‡q‡Q †m¸‡jv n‡”Q, `vwi`ª we‡gvPb, RvZxq ch©v‡q we`y¨r Drcv`b mvg_©¨ evov‡bv Ges evRvi w¯’wZkxjZv eRvq ivLv| cÖvK…wZK wech©q, R¦vjvwb I Lv`¨`ªe¨g~j¨ Ges wek^‡Rvov A_©‰bwZK wech©q m‡Ë¡I MZ GK `kK a‡iB Qq-Gi N‡i cÖe„w× a‡i †i‡L‡Q evsjv‡`k| Avgv‡`i idZvwb-c‡Y¨i 80 kZvskB ˆZwi †cvkvK| Zvici i‡q‡Q wngvwqZ Lv`¨mvgMÖx, cvU Ges PvgovRvZ cY¨mvgMÖx| Ab¨w`‡K Avgv‡`i Rb¨ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Avg`vwbc‡Y¨i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q †c‡UªvwjqvgRvZ cY¨, †fvR¨ †Zj, Zzjv, hš¿cvwZ Ges LyPiv hš¿vsk| GQvov cÖavb idZvwbc‡Y¨i Rb¨ AwZ cÖ‡qvRbxq KuvPvgvj wnmv‡e we‡`k †_‡K Avg`vwb Kiv nq wecyj cwigvY e¯¿ Ges myZv| GKwU †`‡ki Dbœq‡bi MwZ mivmwi †m †`‡ki R¦vjvwb Pvwn`vi m‡½ mgvbycvwZK| wkí Drcv`b Avi K…wl Drcv`b evovi mv‡_ mv‡_ evo‡Z _v‡K mvgwMÖK R¦vjvwb Pvwn`v|

eZ©gv‡b R¦vjvwb Pvwn`v c~iY Kiv nq †hfv‡eAvgv‡`i R¦vjvwb Pvwn`vi 75 kZvsk eZ©gv‡b †RvMvb †`qv n‡”Q cÖvK…wZK M¨v‡mi gRyZ †_‡K| Gw`‡K 2030 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †RvMv‡bi †ÿθ‡jv we‡K›`ªxKi‡Yi cwiKíbv Ki‡Q miKvi| †m wnmv‡e IB eQibvMv` †`‡k weivwRZ R¦vjvwb Pvwn`vi 50 kZvs‡ki †RvMvb †`qv n‡e Kqjv †_‡K| G Kqjvi eo AskUvB n‡e †`‡k Drcvw`Z| cÖvK…wZK M¨v‡mi gRyZ †_‡K Avm‡e R¦vjvwbi 25 kZvsk (†`kxq Drcv`b 20 kZvsk Ges GjGbwR, ev, wjKzBdvBW b¨vPvivj M¨vm 5 kZvsk)| R¦vjvwb Pvwn`vi Aewkó 25 kZvsk c~iY Kiv n‡e Ab¨vb¨ Drm, †hgb, †Zj Avg`vwbi gva¨‡g, AviI 5 kZvsk Avm‡e Rjwe`y¨r Ges bevqb‡hvM¨ kw³i Ab¨vb¨ Drm †_‡K| G K_v mwZ¨, ¸YMZ gv‡bi wecyj cwigvY Kqjvi gRyZ Avwe®‹vi n‡q‡Q †`‡k| hw`I

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv

Lwb †_‡K Zv D‡Ëvj‡bi †ÿ‡Î weivRgvb AeKvVv‡gv NvUwZi †cÖwÿ‡Z aviYv Kiv n‡”Q, Kqjvi Avg`vwb evov‡bvi †Kv‡bv weKí †bB AvcvZZ Avgv‡`i nv‡Z| †`‡k gRyZ M¨vm cy‡ivcywi dzwi‡q †h‡Z mgq jvM‡e AviI `k eQi| myZivs ZLb R¦vjvwb Pvwn`v c~i‡Yi Ab¨Zg weKí n‡e GjGbwR Avg`vwb| eZ©gv‡b evB‡i †_‡K Acwi‡kvwaZ †Zj Avg`vwb K‡i _v‡K evsjv‡`k| G¸‡jv cwi‡kva‡bi Rb¨ GKwUgvÎ ÔwidvBbvwiÕ i‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i| widvBbvwii msL¨vwU wkMwMiB evov‡bvi cwiKíbv Ki‡Q miKvi| ¯^fveZB ZLb AwZwi³ widvBbvwii ÔKuvPvgvjÕ wnmv‡e wecyj cwigv‡Y evo‡e Acwi‡kvwaZ †Z‡ji Avg`vwb| PÆMÖvg e›`‡i 2002 mv‡j Avg`vwb idZvwbi mgMÖ cwigvY wQj 19.2 wgwjqb| GK `kK ci 2012 mv‡j †mwU DbœxZ nq 41.9 wgwjqb Ges c‡ii eQiB 44.2 wgwjq‡b| A_©¨vr IB mg‡q G Lv‡Z cÖe„w× N‡U‡Q 8 kZvsk| c„_Kfv‡e G mg‡q Kb‡UBbv‡i cÖe„w× 11 Ges Kv‡M©v cÖe„w× 7 Gi N‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i| 2012 mv‡j Avgv‡`i †gvU idZvwbi 93 kZvskB wQj Kb‡UBbvivwqZ| Aek¨ Avg`vwbK…Z c‡Y¨i g‡a¨ Kb‡UBbvivwqZ n‡q Av‡m gvÎ 25.6 kZvsk|

evsjv‡`‡k Kqjv Ges M¨v‡mi gRyZ i‡q‡Q Gme GjvKvq

KvR K‡i| UªvbwRU wKsev Uªvbwkc‡g›U Zvi cÖavb Bmy¨ bq| GB e›`‡ii cÖwZØ›Øx wn‡m‡e wkMwMi D‡V Avm‡Z cv‡i hviv Zviv n‡”Q evsjv‡`‡ki cvqiv e›`i Ges †mvbvw`qvq Mfxi mgy`ª e›`i, Ab¨w`‡K i‡q‡Q gvqvbgv‡ii wmZ‡e e›`i| Gme e›`‡ii Kvh©µg Pvjy nevi ¯^í Ges `xN©‡gqv`x cÖfve G‡m co‡e PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Ici|

myweavRbK †fŠMwjK Ae¯’vb

G we‡ePbv †_‡K ejv P‡j, †mvbvw`qv Mfxi mgy`ª e›`i Kvh©µg cy‡ivcywi Pvjy nevi AvM ch©šÍ †Zgb †Kv‡bv k³ cÖwZØ›Øxi gy‡L co‡Z hv‡”Q bv PÆMÖvg e›`i| ZvQvov XvKv †_‡K h‡_ó `~ieZ©x †mvbvw`qvi m‡½ Ôwn›Uvij¨v‡ÛiÕ †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv M‡o †ZvjvUvI †ek mgqmv‡cÿ GKwU KvR| AZGe ga¨eZ©x GB mg‡q µgea©gvb Avg`vwb-idZvwb Kvh©µg †`Lv‡kvbvi KvRwUI Ki‡Z n‡e PÆMÖvg e›`i‡K| Ges †mB j‡ÿ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq AvaywbK AeKvVv‡gv‡Z wb‡R‡K mvwR‡q Zzj‡Z n‡e GLbB|

¸iæZ¡ we‡ePbvq mvg_©¨ Avi †hvM¨Zvi wePv‡i wbKU cÖwZ‡hvMx‡`i Zzjbvq AMÖeZ©x Ae¯’v‡b i‡q‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`i| evsjv‡`‡ki mgMÖ ˆe‡`wkK evwY‡R¨i 90 kZvskB mgvav nq G e›`i gvidZ| Avi mgMÖ Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi 98 kZvskB m¤úbœ nq GLv‡b| Zzjbvg~jK ÿz`ª GKUv Ask cwievwnZ nq gsjv e›`i gvidZ| GKBfv‡e †fŠMwjKfv‡e myweavRbK Ae¯’v‡b _vKvi myev‡` fvi‡Zi KjKvZvi mv‡_ cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi †ÿÎ eoB mxwgZ| ZvQvov, PÆMÖvg e›`i RvZxq ch©v‡qi Avg`vwb-idZvwb Kvh©µg we‡ePbvq †i‡L

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii eZ©gvb Ges Avï cÖwZØ›Øx

†fŠMwjKfv‡e myweavRbK Ae¯’v‡b _vKvi myev‡` fvi‡Zi KjKvZvi mv‡_ cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi †ÿÎ eoB mxwgZ| ZvQvov, PÆMÖvg e›`i RvZxq ch©v‡qi Avg`vwb-idZvwb Kvh©µg we‡ePbvq †i‡L KvR K‡i| UªvbwRU wKsev Uªvbwkc‡g›U Zvi cÖavb Bmy¨ bq|

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wÎk eQ‡ii cÖ‡ÿc‡Y †`Lv hv‡”Q, 2012 mv‡j e›`‡ii 4.2 wgwjqb Ub †_‡K Pvwn`v 2043 mv‡j wM‡q DbœxZ n‡e 124 wgwjqb U‡b|

Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡q eZ©gvb ev¯ÍeZv 2013 mv‡j Kb‡UBbv‡ii cwigvYwU wQj 1.5 wgwjqb wUBBD Ges 2020 mv‡j Zv DbœxZ n‡e 2.9 wgwjqb wUBBD| GKB avivevwnKZvq 2036 mvj bvMv` Pvwn`v DbœxZ n‡e 5.6 wgwjqb wUBBD| Gw`‡K IB eQi †_‡KB Pvjy n‡q hv‡e †mvbvw`qv Mfxi mgy`ª e›`i| IB mgq †_‡K 2043 mv‡ji g‡a¨ Kb‡UBbvi evRv‡ii A‡a©K wbqš¿Y Ki‡e †mvbvw`qv| eQ‡i Zviv n¨vÛj Ki‡e 5.1 wgwjqb wUBBD Kb‡UBbvi| cÿvšÍ‡i 2043 mvj bvMv` PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v †b‡g Avm‡e 5.0 wgwjqb wUBBD|

GwcÖj 2016

07


19

kZvsk Kb‡UBbvi

P‡j hvq AdWK wW‡cv‡Z

WªvB-evé cY¨Lv‡Z 2043 mv‡j wM‡qI Ae¨vnZ MwZ‡Z Avg`vwb c‡Y¨i kx‡l© _vK‡e wm‡g›U wK¬¼vi| mwZ¨ ej‡Z, IB mgqKvi †gvU Avg`vwbi A‡a©KUvB n‡e wm‡g›U wK¬¼vi| G †_‡K †evSv hv‡”Q AvMvgx w`b¸‡jv‡ZI Dbœq‡bi aviv Ae¨vnZ ivL‡e evsjv‡`‡ki wbg©vYwkí| GQvov, R¦vjvwb Lv‡Zi Pvwn`v †gUv‡Z gnv¸iæZ¡c~Y© Ab¨ †h cY¨wU †`‡k Avg`vwb Kiv n‡e Zvi bvg Kqjv| Zij c‡Y¨i †ÿ‡Î cwi‡kvab‡ÿÎ e„w×i `iæY evo‡e Acwi‡kvwaZ †Z‡ji Avg`vwb| Ges GKB Kvi‡Y K‡g hv‡e †c‡UªvwjqvgRvZ c‡Y¨i Avg`vwb|

e›`‡ii AeKvVv‡gv mvg_©¨ Ges Kvh©µg cwiPvjb cÖYvjx fwel¨r cwiKíbvi cÖv_wgK wfwË GKw`‡K e›`‡ii eZ©gvb AeKvVv‡gv Ges DcwiKvVv‡gv, Ab¨w`‡K e›`‡ii mvsMVwbK `ÿZv I Kvh©µg cwiPvjb cÖYvjx| DËi †_‡K `wÿ‡Y Qwo‡q hvIqv gyL¨ e›`i GjvKvi g‡a¨B Aew¯’Z RvnvR evw_©s d¨vwmwjwUR, ZrmsjMœ BqvW© Ges cY¨ msiÿ‡Yi Rb¨ ¸`vg| cvkvcvwk i‡q‡Q Ôwn›Uvij¨v‡ÛiÕ m‡½ cÖ‡qvRbxq †ij I moKc‡_ †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv| †Rbv‡ij Kv‡M©v ev_©, ev, wRwmwe: 1954 †_‡K 1979 mv‡ji g‡a¨ wbwg©Z cici mvRv‡bv 13wU ev_©| Gi †gvU ˆ`N©¨ `yB wK‡jvwgUv‡ii mvgvb¨ †ewk| wewfbœ cÖKvi Kv‡M©v msiÿ‡Yi Rb¨ GLv‡b i‡q‡Q 21wU †kW Ges Aq¨vinvDm| gnvcwiKíbvi mycvwik n‡”Q wRwmweÕi mgMÖ As‡kiB ms®‹vi Ges Dbœqb Avek¨K| PÆMÖvg Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj, ev, wmwmwU: mv‡o Pvi kÕ wgUvi Kx Iqvj i‡q‡Q Gi| GmwUGm, ev, wkc-Uz-†kvi †µ‡bi gva¨‡g GLv‡b Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛj Kiv nq| wbDgywis Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj, ev, GbwmwU: 2007 mv‡j GK nvRvi wgUvi `xN© Kx Iqvj wewkó G Uvwg©bvjwU wbg©vY Kiv nq| GLv‡b †Kv‡bv †kW ev ¸`vg †bB| PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii eZ©gvb Kvh©µg †_‡K cwijwÿZ, g~jZ G wZbwU c‡q‡›UB PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii mg¯Í Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛj Kiv n‡”Q| Gi g‡a¨ wRwmwe cÖvq 50 kZvsk, wmwmwU 30 kZvsk, Ges GbwmwU 20 kZvsk|

R¦vjvwb Lv‡Zi Pvwn`v †gUv‡Z gnv¸iæZ¡c~Y© Ab¨ †h cY¨wU †`‡k Av‡iKwU ch©v‡jvPbv †_‡K cÖKvk, cÖ‡ÿwcZ Avg`vwb Kiv n‡e mvg_©¨ Abymv‡i 510,000 wUBBD-i PvB‡Z Zvi bvg Kqjv| A‡bK Kg Kv‡M©v n¨vÛj Kiv n‡”Q GLv‡b| Zij c‡Y¨i †ÿ‡Î GQvov, Ab¨vb¨ mxgve×Zvi g‡a¨ wmwmwUÕi cwi‡kvab‡ÿÎ cwimi mxwgZ| GbwmwU‡Z i‡q‡Q hš¿cvwZ e„w×i `iæY evo‡e ms‡hvRb Pvwn`v| PÆMÖv‡g Avmv mKj RvnvR Acwi‡kvwaZ wfo‡Z cvi‡Q bv e›`‡i| eZ©gv‡b m‡e©v”P †Z‡ji Avg`vwb| 190 wgUvi ˆ`N©¨ Ges 9.5 wgUvi Wªvd‡Ui Ges GKB Kvi‡Y RvnvR hvZvqZ Ki‡Z cvi‡Q G e›`‡i| K‡g hv‡e e›`‡i RvnvR Avmvi ci Avg`vwb cY¨ cÖ_‡g †c‡UªvwjqvgRvZ †µ‡bi gva¨‡g Lvjvm K‡i ivLv nq wba©vwiZ c‡Y¨i Avg`vwb| 08

GwcÖj 2016

Bqv‡W©| GLvb †_‡K †gvU Kb‡UBbv‡ii 19 kZvsk P‡j hvq AdWK wW‡cv‡Z| 6-8 kZvsk hvq cÖvc‡Ki Avw½bvq| 3-4 kZvsk †ijc‡_ XvKv, 10 kZvsk hvq Kv÷gm B݇úKk‡b Ges Aewkó 60-63 kZvsk Kb‡UBbvi e›`‡iB †Lvjv Ges gvjvgvj Lvjv‡mi ci wPivPwiZ wbq‡g A‡cÿgvb Uªv‡K †evSvB Kiv nq †m¸‡jv|

AvMvgx‡Z Kx ai‡bi mvg_©¨ cÖ‡qvRb : NvUwZ we‡kølY AvMvgx w`‡b PÆMÖvg e›`‡i Kx ai‡bi mvg_©¨ cÖ‡qvRb n‡e, weivRgvb mvg‡_©¨i mv‡_ fwel¨r cÖ‡ÿc‡Yi NvUwZ we‡køl‡Yi gva¨‡g Zv wbiƒcY Kiv nq| e›`‡ii ÿgZv AvcvZ Dbœq‡bi j‡ÿ¨ †ek K‡qKwU ¯^í †gqv`x c`‡ÿc nv‡Z †bqv n‡q‡Q| G¸‡jv ev¯Íevq‡bi ÔwjW UvBgÕ Ges Avek¨K wewb‡qvM Zzjbvg~jK Kg| Gme cwiKíbv ev¯Íevq‡bi gva¨‡g idZvwbcY¨fwZ© Kb‡UBbvi Rvnv‡R †Zvjvi Av‡M Bqv‡W© msiÿY Kiv m¤¢e n‡e| Zvi Av‡M Avgv‡`i Bqv‡W©i aviYÿgZv AviI evov‡Z n‡e| ¯^í‡gqv`x cwiKíbv¸‡jv GLv‡b Zz‡j aiv n‡”Q| Z‡e jÿ¨ ivLv DwPZ, `xN©‡gqv‡` e›`i Dbœqb cwiKíbv ev¯Íevq‡bi †ÿ‡ÎI cÖv_wgK wfwË wnmv‡e KvR Ki‡e G¸‡jv| GbwmwU: QqwU GmwUGm †µb Ges QqwU AviwUwR µq, Kb‡UBbvi wkwcs‡qi ¯’vb wbe©vPb, †eówb ˆZwi Kiv, †MU wbg©vY Ges Uvwg©bvj Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi mv‡_ Gi †hvMv‡hvM cÖwZôv, e›`‡i U¨vwi‡di D`vixKiY BZ¨vw`| wmwmwU: idZvwb Kb‡UBbvi ivLvi Rb¨ Bqv‡W©i AvqZb evov‡bv, dUK GjvKvi cybwe©b¨vm, Af¨šÍixY cwien‡bi Ici wbqš¿Y cÖwZôv, AwZwi³ AviwUwR µq, wmwmwU Acv‡iU‡ii m‡½ Uvwg©bvj †MU-Gi mgš^q, mgMÖ Uvwg©bvj GjvKvq †eówb wbg©vY| wRwmwe: AeKvVv‡gv nvjbvMv`Ki‡Yi

cwie‡Z© G‡K GKwU AvaywbK Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj Ges gvjwUcvicvR Uvwg©bv‡j iƒcvšÍ‡ii cÖ¯Ívebv i‡q‡Q| 2015/16 Gi NvUwZ mgš^q weivRgvb KvVv‡gvi AvIZvi g‡a¨B Ki‡Z n‡e| hw`I 2019 mv‡ji ci †mUvI Avi Kvh©Ki †Kv‡bv dj w`‡Z cvi‡e bv| IB mgq e›`‡ii Kvh©µg Zvi mvg‡_©¨i P‚ovšÍ we›`y‡Z wM‡q †cuŠQv‡e| e›`‡ii gva¨‡g AviI †ewk Kb‡UBbvi cwien‡bi Pvc mvgvj w`‡Z wM‡q `ÿZvq NvUwZ †`Lv †`‡e| Gme Kvi‡Y A‡nZzK †e‡o hv‡e cwienb e¨q| AZGe h‡Zv `ªæZ m¤¢e Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs mvg_©¨ evwo‡q Zzj‡Z n‡e Avgv‡`i| ¯^íZg mg‡q mvg_©¨ evov‡bvi GKwU Dcvq wRwmweÕi GKwU Ask‡K c~Y©v½ Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡j iƒcvšÍi| GLv‡b Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs Kvh©µg Ae¨vnZ ivLvi ¯^v‡_© cÖ_gZ 10-13 bs ev_©‡K wb‡q 2018-19 mv‡j wbg©vY Kiv n‡e KY©dzwj Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (†KwmwU-1)| m¤ú~Y© bZzb K‡i evbv‡Z n‡e Kx Iqvj, hv‡Z †mwU cÖ‡qvRbxq WªvdU myweav cÖ`vb Ges GmwUGm †µ‡bi IRb enb Ki‡Z mÿg nq| Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi Pvwn`v evovi †e Uvwg©bv‡ji m‡½ cÖ¯ÍvweZ moK I †ijI‡q †bUIqvK©


250

†n±i

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv

RvqMvRy‡o †e Uvwg©bvj

cvkvcvwk mvaviY Kv‡M©v Ges evé Kv‡M©vi Avg`vwb Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e| 2043 mvj ch©šÍ bb-Kb‡UBbvivBRW cY¨ Avg`vwbi Rb¨ GKwU gvwëcvicvR Uvwg©bvj (GgwcwU) wbg©vY Kiv n‡e| wRwmwe †_‡K GgwUweÕ‡Z iƒcvšÍ‡ii j‡ÿ¨ cÖwZwU 245 wgUvi ˆ`‡N©¨i QqwU ev_© wb‡q cÖvq †`o wK‡jvwgUvi `xN© Kx Iqvj wbg©vY Kiv n‡e| G‡Z Kx mvB‡W †gvevBj nvievi †µ‡bi mvnv‡h¨ Kv‡M©v n¨vÛj Kiv n‡e| GB ev‡_©i †cQ‡b 42 †n±i RvqMv i‡q‡Q †hwU‡K mvaviY Kv‡M©v Ges evé Kv‡M©vi †÷v‡iR wn‡m‡e e¨envi Kiv m¤¢e| ¯^í‡gqv`x Gme c`‡ÿc ev¯Íevqb n‡jI 2043 mv‡ji Av‡M AwR©Z mvg‡_©¨i gva¨‡g cÖ‡ÿwcZ Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v c~iY m¤¢e n‡e bv| Gme NvUwZ Kgv‡Z †hme ev¯ÍeZv Abygvb Kiv n‡”Q1. Dbœqb Kvh©µ‡gi gva¨‡g eZ©gvb 520,000 wUBBD †_‡K cÖwZeQi GK kZvsk nv‡i mvg_©¨ evov‡e wmwmwU|

Gme Kvi‡YB †gvnbv †_‡K 8-10 gvBj Dˇi mgy`ªZxieZ©x myweavRbK †jv‡Kk‡b †cvU©wjsK †iv‡Wi cv‡kB cÖvq 250 †n±i RvqMv wb‡q †e Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (wewmwU) wbg©v‡Yi cÖ¯Ívebv Kiv n‡q‡Q| wbKU w`‡qB P‡j †M‡Q XvKv-PÆMÖvg †ijjvBb| GB Uvwg©bv‡j Rvnv‡Ri WªvdU mxgve×Zv KvwU‡q IVv m¤¢e n‡e| GjIG ev ˆ`‡N©¨i †ÿ‡Î _vK‡e bv †Kv‡bv mxgve×Zv| AvU eQ‡i `yB av‡c m¤úbœ n‡e Gi wbg©vYKvR| cÖ_g av‡c 1000 wgUv‡ii †ewk Kx ˆ`N©¨ Ges 340 wgUv‡ii evw_©s wb‡q 2023 mv‡j Acv‡ik‡b Avm‡e Uvwg©bvj| wØZxq av‡c evé d¨vwmwjwU mg„× AviI 500 wgUvi Kx-Iqvj wb‡q Uvwg©bvj Pvjy n‡e 2028 mv‡j wM‡q|

jvfevb n‡eb KZ…©cÿ| Rvnv‡Ri A‡cÿvi, Ges †mev cÖ`v‡bi Kvj K‡g Avm‡e| Av‡Mi Zzjbvq K‡g Avm‡e †d«BU †iU| cvkvcvwk Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs‡qi `ÿZv evo‡e `viæYfv‡e| Dciš‘ Gme cÖKí ev¯Íevq‡bi KvR ïiæ n‡j wecyj cwigvY Kg©ms¯’v‡bi my‡hvM m„wó n‡e| PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv ev¯Íevqb n‡j cwien‡bi mgq Ges LiP K‡g Avmvi Kvi‡Y Avg`vwbcY¨ Ges idZvwbcY¨ Dfq †ÿ‡Î c‡Y¨i `vg Kg ivLv m¤¢e n‡e| d‡j cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq myweavRbK Ae¯’v‡b P‡j Avm‡e evsjv‡`k|

wn›Uvij¨vÛ wjsK, †`‡ki Af¨šÍigyLx †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv e›`‡ii cÖe„w×i `iæY †`‡ki Af¨šÍigyLx †hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gvi m¤úªmviY NUv‡bv Avek¨K| mgš^‡qi NvUwZ weivR Ki‡Q weivRgvb cwienb †bUIqv‡K©| d‡j ÿwZMÖ¯Í n‡”Q e¨e¯’vcbv, n«vm cv‡”Q `ÿZv| Ab¨w`‡K PÆMÖvg wmwU K‡c©v‡ik‡bi (wmwmwm) AvIZvfz³ PÆMÖvg e›`i| GLv‡b cÖ‡e‡ki iv¯Ív¸‡jv meB wmwU K‡c©v‡ik‡bi AvIZvaxb| Avevi RvZxq gnvmoK¸‡jv †`Lv‡kvbv K‡i †ivWm A¨vÛ nvBI‡qm wWcvU©‡g›U (AviGBPwW), ev moK I Rbc_ Awa`dZi| G Kvi‡Y wmwmwm Ges AviGBPwWÕi mgwš^Z D‡`¨v‡M moK Dbœqb Kvh©µg nv‡Z †bqv Avek¨K|

eZ©gvb Uvwg©bv‡ji ewa©ZKiY Ges wRwmweÕi iƒcvšÍ‡ii KvR †kl nevi ciI 2022 mv‡j Avgv‡`i NvUwZi cwigvY _vK‡e 750,000 wUBBD| G NvUwZ wbim‡bi Rb¨ 2024 mv‡ji g‡a¨ c~Y©v½iƒ‡c Pvjy n‡q hv‡e †e Uvwg©bvj| AwZwi³ mvg_©¨ wbwðZ Ki‡Z

†hvMv‡hvM AeKvVv‡gv ch©v‡jvPbv Ki‡Z wM‡q wb‡Pi mgm¨v¸‡jv wPwnèZ n‡q‡Q1. PÆMÖvg e›`i GjvKvq cÖ‡ek Ges cÖ¯’vbgy‡L hvbRU 2. wPUvMvs wmwU evBcvm †iv‡Wi AcÖZzj e¨envi 3. hvbevnb e¨e¯’vcbv Kvh©µ‡gi NvUwZ 4. XvKv-PÆMÖvg RvZxq gnvmo‡K cÖ‡ek Ges cÖ¯’vbwe›`y‡Z mvg‡_©¨i NvUwZ

PÆMÖvg e›`‡i wÎk eQ‡ii Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v

2. GbwmwUÕi †ÿ‡Î eZ©gvb 400,000 wUBBD †_‡K 2017 mv‡j GbwmwU1 wbg©vYKvR †kl nevi †cÖwÿ‡Z mvg_©¨ DbœxZ n‡e 700,000 wUBBD‡Z| Ges cÖwZeQi GK kZvsk nv‡i evo‡e Zvi mvg_©¨| 2017 mv‡ji ci †_‡K GbwmwU2-Gi gva¨‡g AviI 300,000 wUBBD †e‡o hv‡e evwl©K Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs mvg_©¨| Dbœqb Kvh©µ‡gi ga¨ w`‡q cÖwZeQi GK kZvsk nv‡i evo‡e Zvi mvg_©¨| 3. wRwmwe Zvi eZ©gvb 850,000 wUBBD n¨vÛwjs mvg_©¨ a‡i ivL‡e 2017 mvj ch©šÍ| Gici 2020 mv‡j †KwmwU1 Gi Kvi‡Y GwU †b‡g Avm‡e 300,000 wUBBD‡Z| Dc‡ii wnmve †_‡K my¯úó †h Pvwn`v Ges mvg‡_©¨i NvUwZ evo‡Z evo‡Z Ggb GK ch©v‡q DcbxZ n‡”Q †hLv‡b NvUwZ mvgvj †`evi Rb¨ GKwU bZzb Uvwg©bvj cÖ‡qvRb Ges †mwUI 2023 mv‡ji Av‡MB| NvUwZ m‡e©v”P we›`y‡Z †cuŠQv‡e 2033 Ges 2037 mv‡ji gvSvgvwS hLb AwZwi³ 2.8 wgwjqb Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi Pvwn`v weivR Ki‡e GLv‡b| wVK G NvUwZ †gUv‡bvi g‡Zv mvg_©¨ wb‡qB Acv‡ik‡b Avm‡Z n‡e GKwU bZzb Uvwg©bvv‡ji|

weivRgvb `ywU weKí- †KwmwU1 Ges wewmwUwb‡qB Kvh©µg GwM‡q wb‡Z n‡e|

Avw_©K I A_©‰bwZK g~j¨vqb Avw_©K g~j¨vq‡b †cÖv‡gvUvi Ges wewb‡qvMKvix‡`i ¯^v‡_© †KwmwU1, GgwcwU Ges wewmwUÕi m¤¢ve¨Zvi cvkvcvwk Gi A_©‰bwZK g~j¨vq‡b mvgwMÖK mgvR Ges Uvwg©bvj e¨enviKvix‡`i e¨q Ges gybvdv Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| Avw_©K m¤¢ve¨Zv hvPvB‡qi †ÿ‡Î Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi c~Z©e¨q Gfs hš¿cvwZ QvovI 2043 mvj ch©šÍ Gi cwiPvjb e¨q Ges Avq we‡ePbvq †bqv n‡q‡Q| G‡Z †`Lv hv‡”Q wZbwU Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi KvRwU †h †Kej mvg_©¨ Avi `ÿZv e„w×i Rb¨B Riæwi Zv bq, GwU jvfRbKI e‡U| Gme cÖK‡íi Avw_©K we‡kølY †h †Kv‡bv †emiKvix D‡`¨v³vi Rb¨ AZ¨šÍ AvKl©Yxq| Ab¨w`‡K Gi A_©‰bwZK we‡køl‡Y †`Lv hv‡”Q, Gme cÖK‡í wewb‡qv‡Mi Zzjbvq gybvdv AvkvZxZ| Uvwg©bvj¸‡jv cy‡ivcywi Pvjy n‡q †M‡j Gi AšÍM©Z wewfbœ LvZ †_‡K

1947 mv‡j, wgUvi‡MR I eªW‡M‡R, weªwUk-BwÛqvb †ijI‡qi GKwU ÿz`ª AskB DËivwaKvim~‡Î eZ©gv‡b evsjv‡`k †ijI‡q| †ijI‡q †bUIqv‡K©i 76 fvM †gvU Kb‡UBbv‡ii wgUvi †M‡Ri gva¨‡g mivmwi e›`‡ii mv‡_ 19 kZvsk P‡j hvq mshy³| †ijI‡qi NvUwZ i‡q‡Q AdWK wW‡cv‡Z| †jv‡Kv‡gvwUf, hvÎxewM, h_vh_ †d«BU 6-8 kZvsk hvq IqvMb, we‡klZ Kb‡UBbvi †d«BU cÖvc‡Ki Avw½bvq| IqvM‡bi †ÿ‡Î| hvÎx Ges gvjvgvj 3-4 kZvsk cwien‡bi eo PvcUvB enb K‡i †ijc‡_ XvKv, 10 XvKv-PÆMÖvg †ijI‡q Kwi‡Wvi| eZ©gv‡b kZvsk hvq Kv÷gm PÆMÖvg e›`i †_‡K XvKvq Kgjvcyi AvBwmwW ch©šÍ cÖwZw`b `yB †Rvov Kb‡UBbvi †Uªb Bbm‡úKk‡b Ges hvZvqZ Ki‡Q| G‡ÿ‡Î †ijc‡_ Aewkó 60-63 kZvsk Kb‡UBbvi Kb‡UBbvi cwienb e„w×i eo ai‡bi e›`‡iB †Lvjv Ges m¤¢vebv i‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i| Kgjvcyi AvBwmwW m¤úªmvi‡Yi weKí wnmv‡e h‡Zv `ªæZ m¤¢e gvjvgvj Lvjv‡mi axivkÖ‡g GKwU AvBwmwW M‡o †Zvjvi ci wPivPwiZ cwiKíbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| wbq‡g A‡cÿgvb

Uªv‡K †evSvB Kiv nq †m¸‡jv|

†KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvq moK, †ij, †bŠc_ Ges Kv‡M©v cwienb Kvh©µ‡gi GKwU GwcÖj 2016

09


4.4

kZvsk Kb‡UBbvi

mgwš^Z cwiKíbvi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| AvMvgx w`‡bi Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs‡qi Rb¨ AviI KZK¸‡jv cÖKí cÖ¯Íve Kiv n‡q‡Q| G¸‡jv n‡”Q, 1. XvKvi KvQvKvwQ axivkÖ‡g AvBwmwW wbg©vY 2. wmwRwcIqvB-G AdWK Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj wbg©vY 3. Lvbcyi AvBwmwU wbg©vY 4. cvbMuvI AvBwmwWÕi Kvh©µg ïiæ Kiv 5. AvLvDov-jvKmvg †ijI‡q AskUzKz Wvej-Uª¨v‡K DbœxZ Kiv 6. cÖ‡ekvwaKvi wbqwš¿Z XvKv-wPUvMvs G·‡cÖmI‡q 7. †e Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡ji (wewmwU) m‡½ DËg moK I †ij ms‡hvM

cwienb nq †ijI‡qi gva¨‡g

KY©dzwj Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj

gvjwUcvicvR Uvwg©bvj

Gme KvR ev¯Íevq‡bi Av‡M evsjv‡`k †ijI‡q, moK I Rbc_ Awa`dZi Ges evsjv‡`k Af¨šÍixY †bŠ-cwienb KZ…©c‡ÿi †hŠ_ Ges mgwš^Z D‡`¨vM Avek¨K| e›`‡i Avmv Kb‡UBbv‡ii 70 fvM †h XvKvq hvq Zvi g‡a¨ 95.6 kZvskB hvq moKc‡_| †ijI‡qi gva¨‡g cwienb nq 4.4 kZvsk Kb‡UBbvi| aviYv Kiv n‡”Q, Pvi †jbwewkó XvKv-PÆMÖvg nvBI‡qi mvg_©¨ Zvi m‡e©v”P we›`y‡Z †cuŠQv‡e 2025 mv‡j| †bŠc‡_ AvBwmwU Ges AvBwmwWÕi mvg_©¨ _vK‡e 0.24 wgwjqb wUBBD Ges GwUI m‡e©v”P mvg_©¨mxgvq †cuŠQv‡e 2025 mv‡j| G Kvi‡Y miKvi Ges D‡`¨v³v‡`i AvMÖ‡n G‡ÿ‡Î †ijI‡qi Askx`vwiZ¡ evov‡bvi Kvh©µ‡g nvZ w`‡Z n‡e GLbB|

GKwU Gbfvib‡g›Uvj g¨v‡bR‡g›U A¨vÛ gwbUwis †mj (BGgGgwm) MVb Ki‡e PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ|

mycvwikgvjv PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvq e›`‡ii Dbœq‡bi wewfbœ †ÿ‡Îmg~n wPwnèZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Gi g‡a¨ c‡o‡Q PeK Gi eZ©gvb msMV‡bi g‡a¨ m~wPZ cwieZ©b, Z_¨cÖhyw³i cÖ‡qvM, Kv÷gm KZ…©c‡ÿi mn‡hvwMZv, Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs Kvh©vejx, bZzb Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi cwiKíbv Ges Zvi ev¯Íevqb, m‡e©vcwi moK, †ij I †bŠc‡_ Kv‡M©v cwienb Kvh©vejxi mgš^q mvab|

†KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvq cÖ¯ÍvweZ m¤úªmviY cÖKí ev¯Íevq‡bi c‡_ A‡bK AvevwmK Ges evwYwR¨K ¯’vcbv miv‡Z n‡e, †h¸‡jv, we‡klZ jvjw`qv Ges †e Uvwg©bvj GjvKvq Rbgvby‡li Rxeb I RxweKvi Ici cÖfve cwi‡ek I mvgvwRK g~j¨vqb ˆZwi Ki‡e| ïay jvjw`qv †_‡KB mvZ kZvwaK evm¯’vb Ges †`vKvbcvU mwi‡q PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvi wb‡Z n‡e Ab¨Î| †e Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi cÖ¯ÍvweZ cÖKímg~n ev¯Íevqb Kvh©µ‡gi PeK eZ©gvb msMV‡bi g‡a¨Kvi New Port –Termina Areas – Considered Development Alternatives cÖfve co‡e IB GjvKvq cyKz‡i grmPvl Z`viwK Kiv n‡e evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii ¯^ í ‡gqv`x Dbœqb Kvh©µg cÖK‡íi Ici wbf©ikxj †ckvRxexi Ici| cwi‡ek wewagvjv, wbqgvejx, bxwZgvjv Ges Gme RwUjZv wbim‡b RwicKvR cwiPvjbv, cwiKíbv wefv‡M, cÖ(re‡KŠkj, A_©bxwZ Ges AvBwb KvVv‡gvi AvIZvq| µ‡gi (too close to the airport, LaldiaKvh© Char height restrictions, social■implications mswkøó‡`i m‡½ `jMZ ˆeVK Ges Ab¨vb¨ cwimsL¨vb wel‡q AwfÁ Rbej wb‡q Gi cÖwZwU av‡c ¸W B›Uvib¨vkbvj BÛvw÷ª settlement)) Kvh©µg cwiPvjbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| AwaK ÿgZvqb Ki‡Z n‡e| cÖ¨vKwUm (wRAvBAvBwc)-Gi mv‡_ m½wZ Pvwn`v Ges ■ cyi‡KŠkj wefv‡Mi k~b¨c‡` Awej‡¤^ ivLv n‡e| †h ai‡bi wbg©vYKv‡R cwi‡e‡ki side of Karnaphuli River (completely lack of infrastructure) mvg‡_©¨i NvUwZ Ici cÖfve ˆZwiRiver n‡Z cv‡iTerminal, †m¸‡jv n‡”Q, opposite evo‡Z evo‡Z Ggb KY©dzwj b`x I †e Uvwg©bvj 1. b`x‡Z LbbKvR Ges Gi d‡j D‡ËvwjZ Bay Container Terminal (BCT) eR©¨ ¯‘cxK…Z Kiv, emwZ AcmviY, Aebgb, GK ch©v‡q DcbxZ n‡”Q †hLv‡b NvUwZ b`xi cvwbi ¸YMZ gvb n«vm cvIqv mvgvj †`evi Rb¨ 2. †RwU wbg©vY GKwU bZzb Uvwg©bvj 3. ZxieZ©x f‚wg‡Z DbœqbKvR, emwZ cÖ‡qvRb Ges ¯’vbvšÍi, cybtemwZ ¯’vcb, RxweKv nviv‡bv, †mwUI 2023 e¨emv‡K›`ª ¯’vbvšÍi mv‡ji Av‡MB|

Proposed Improvement & Expansion Measures

cwiKíbv ev¯ÍevqbKv‡j cwiek Ges mvgvwRK Bmy¨mg~‡ni myôz e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ my¯úó †KŠkj Ges cwiKíbv Avek¨K| G Kvi‡Y cÖvwZôvwbK mvg_©¨ e„w× Ges e›`‡ii cwi‡ek e¨e¯’vcbvi j‡ÿ¨ GKwU Kvh©Ki Gbfvib‡g›Uvj g¨v‡bR‡g›U cø¨vb (BGgGm) ev cwi‡ek e¨e¯’vcbv c×wZ AbymiY Kiv Riæwi| G j‡ÿ¨ cwi‡ekwe`, M‡elYv KvwiMi Ges Ab¨vb¨‡`i wb‡q e›`i fe‡b

NvUwZ m‡e©v”P we›`y‡Z †cuŠQv‡e 2033 Ges 2037 mv‡ji gvSvgvwS hLb AwZwi³ 2.8 wgwjqb Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi Pvwn`v weivR Ki‡e GLv‡b|

Strategic Master Plan Chittagong Port - Workshop 2, Dhaka, 06 September 2015

10

GwcÖj 2016

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH

33


770

nvRvi wUBBD n¨vÛwjs

IVvb ‡UBbvi ‡ii Kb MÖvg e›`

vg

o vUvB M‡ ew„ × Ki ¨ © _ g v vi m

wb‡qvM cÖ`v‡bi gva¨‡g G‡K AviI Kvh©Ki Ki‡Z n‡e| ■ cwienb wefv‡Mi Rbej, Kv‡Ri Pv‡ci †cÖwÿ‡Z, AviI evov‡Z n‡e| ■ m¤úwË kvLvwU‡K ÿgZvq‡bi gva¨‡g AviI Kvh©Ki Ki‡Z n‡e| ■ cÖwkÿY Bbw÷wUDUwU‡K e¨e¯’vcbv, ev‡RU Ges AeKvVv‡gv myweav we‡ePbvq AviI mg„× Ki‡Z n‡e| ■ Kj¨vYg~jK Kvh©µg Bmy¨‡Z PeK-Gi Ici †_‡K `vwqZ¡fvi Kwg‡q Avb‡Z n‡e ch©vqµ‡g| KZ…©c‡ÿi g~j KvR n‡e evwYwR¨K Ges †ckv`vix wfwˇZ e›`‡i †mevcÖ`vb Kvh©µg cwiPvjbv Kiv|

PeK-Gi mvsMVwbK Ges Kg©`ÿZv evov‡Z cÖ¯Ívebv e›`i KZ…©cÿ‡K Rbej wb‡qvM, wbg©vY wKsev ms®‹v‡i, U¨vwid wba©vi‡Y wKsev ev‡RU eiv‡Ïi †ÿ‡Î cy‡ivcywi ¯^vqZ¡kvwmZ n‡Z n‡e| GKgvÎ ZLbB evRvi Pvwn`vi wfwˇZ e›`‡ii Dbœqb Ges m¤úªmvi‡Yi wel‡q Kvh©Ki wm×všÍ wb‡Z mÿg n‡e KZ…©cÿ| ■ PeK µgvš^‡q GKwU j¨vÛjW© †cvU© wnmv‡e iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i| ■

PÆMÖvg e›`‡i Z_¨cÖhyw³ e¨e¯’vcbvq mgš^‡qi NvUwZ Z_¨cÖhyw³ AeKvVv‡gv †_‡K m‡e©v”P myweav Av`vq Ki‡Z n‡j c„_K Kvh©µg¸‡jv‡K PeK-Gi Aax‡b wPd Bbdi‡gkb Awdmvi (wmAvBI) ev, GKRb cÖavb Z_¨ Kg©KZ©vi †bZ…‡Z¡ GKwU †K›`ªxq wbqš¿Y e¨e¯’vi AvIZvq Avb‡Z n‡e| ■ idZvwb Kb‡UBbv‡ii AvMvg Z_¨ bv _vKvi `iæY e›`‡i m~wPZ Kb‡UBbvi UªvwdK g¨v‡bR‡g›U wm‡÷g (wmwUGgGm) GLb Aewa cy‡ivcywi KvR Ki‡Z Amg_©| ■ wmwUGgGm-Gi mvf©vi nvW©Aq¨vi ch©vß kw³kvwj bq| GmwKDGj WvUv‡eR ■

AvMvgx wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv

mvg_©¨ _vK‡e †KwmwU1-Gi

†`‡e AvMvgxw`‡bi D

Uvwg©bv‡j AwZwi³ mvg_©¨ †RvMv‡bi †ÿ‡Î

bqœ ‡bi g nx‡mvcvb

■ e›`‡ii mvg_©¨ e„w×i `ªæZZg c_ wRwmweÕi GKwU Ask‡K c~Y©v½ Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡j iƒcvšÍi Ges Zv‡K †emiKvwi Acv‡iU‡ii nv‡Z Zz‡j †`qv| G¸wj n‡Z n‡e 10-11-12-13 bs ev_© wb‡q (KY©dzwj Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj, †KwmwU1)| Gi mvg_©¨ n‡e 770,000 wUBBD| ■ NvUwZ we‡køl‡Yi wfwˇZ, †KwmwU1 †K 2020 mv‡ji g‡a¨ c~Y©v½ Pvjy n‡Z n‡e| ■ GiB mgvšÍiv‡j Awej‡¤^ ïiæ Ki‡Z n‡e †e Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi KvR, 2.8 wgwjqb wUBBD Kb‡UBbvi Pvwn`vi Kvi‡Y 2023 mv‡ji g‡a¨ hv n‡q DV‡e Acwinvh©| ■ AvMvgx‡Z mvaviY Kv‡M©v Ges †eªK-evé Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs Kvh©µg cwiPvjbvi j‡ÿ¨ bZzb GKwU gvwë cvicvR Uvwg©bvj (GgwcwU) wbg©vY Ki‡Z n‡e| G Uvwg©bv‡ji 2043 mvj ch©šÍ 4.7 wgwjqb Ub bb-Kb‡UBbvivBRW Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs‡qi mvg_©¨ _vK‡Z n‡e|

IivKj-G iƒcvšÍi Ki‡Z n‡e| ZvQvov eZ©gv‡b Pjgvb wmwUGgGm-Gi mdUAq¨viwU †ek cyi‡bv, AZGe, G‡KI Avc‡MÖW Ki‡Z n‡e|

me‡k‡l K_v, evsjv‡`‡ki mvgwMÖK A_©bxwZi cÖwZ‡hvwMZv a‡i ivL‡Z cÖwZwbqZ wecyj Ae`vb †i‡L Avm‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii mvg_©¨ Avi `ÿZv| AZGe PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv ev¯Íevq‡bi KvR Avgv‡`i ïiæ Ki‡Z n‡e AvRB, GLbB|

Z_¨cÖhyw³i m‡½ cÖwZwU †MU-Gi Kvh©vejxi KvwiMwi mgš^q NUv‡Z n‡e| Ab¨_vq, AvMvgx‡Z cwien‡bi Pvc evo‡j AviI AebwZ NU‡e eZ©gvb cwiw¯’wZi| ■

■ AvMvgx w`‡b †M‡Ui Ici evowZ Pvc mvgvj w`‡Z UªvK A¨vbvD݇g›U, wcÖ‡MU K¬¨vwiwd‡Kkb, B‡jKUªwbK A¨vK‡mm Kb‡Uªvj Ges wmwUGgGm-Gi mgš^q NUv‡Z n‡e| Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj GjvKvq dzj-Kb‡UBbvi-Acv‡ikb Ges Kv‡M©v-Acv‡ik‡bi c„_KxKiY Ki‡Z n‡e|

wmwUGgGm-Gi nvjbvMv`Ki‡Yi ci AwaK `ÿZv AR©‡bi j‡ÿ¨ bb-Kb‡UBbvivBRW c‡Y¨i †ÿ‡ÎI G wm‡÷‡gi cÖ‡qv‡Mi m~Pbv Ki‡Z n‡e| ■

we`¨gvb Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡ji Kg©Kv‡Ð k„•Ljv m~Pbvi j‡ÿ¨ hv hv Ki‡Z n‡e ■ †cvU© U¨vwid Kgv‡bvi cvkvcvwk ev_© A¨vmvBb‡g›U PP©v †iva Ki‡Z n‡e hv‡Z cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi mylg †ÿÎ ˆZwi n‡Z cv‡i| ■ wbDgywis Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡j (GbwmwU) GmwUGm M¨vw›Uª †µ‡bi cÖeZ©b Ki‡Z n‡e| mvg_©¨ Ges `ÿZv evov‡Z cÖ_g e¨v‡Pi QqwU GmwUGm M¨vw›Uª †µb Awej‡¤^ msMÖn Kiv Avek¨K| ■ wmwmwU Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bv‡j ÷¨vwKs K¨vcvwmwU ev, aviY ÿgZv evov‡Z n‡e| ■ Af¨šÍixY †bŠc‡_ Avmv †bŠhv‡bi Rb¨ †gvevBj nvievi †µb Ges 187 wgUvi Kx †js_ wewkó GKwU evw_©s e¨e¯’v cÖwZôv Kiv †hLv‡b AšÍZ `y‡Uv †bŠhvb evw_©s Ki‡Z cv‡i|

m~Î: GMwRwKDwUf mvgvwi -/GmGgwc

Z_¨weåvU ms‡kvabx 1

†ijI‡qi NvUwZ i‡q‡Q †jv‡Kv‡gvwUf, hvÎxewM, h_vh_ †d«BU IqvMb, we‡klZ Kb‡UBbvi †d«BU IqvM‡bi †ÿ‡Î| hvÎx Ges gvjvgvj cwien‡bi eo PvcUvB enb K‡i XvKv-PÆMÖvg †ijI‡q Kwi‡Wvi| eZ©gv‡b PÆMÖvg e›`i †_‡K XvKvq Kgjvcyi AvBwmwW ch©šÍ cÖwZw`b `yB †Rvov Kb‡UBbvi †Uªb hvZvqZ Ki‡Q| G‡ÿ‡Î †ijc‡_ Kb‡UBbvi cwienb e„w×i eo ai‡bi m¤¢vebv i‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i|

wcÖq cvVK, e›`ievZ©v, gvP© 2016 msL¨vi cÖavb iPbv ÔPÆMÖvg e›`i 1971Õ G ÎæwUekZt GKvˇi PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wPd †gwW‡Kj Awdmvi wnmv‡e Kg©iZ Wv. Kvgvj G Lvb hy×PjvKvjxb cvwK¯Ívwb evwnbxi nv‡Z wbnZ nb e‡j D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q| cÖK…Z Z_¨ n‡”Q, hy‡×i ïiæ‡Z e›`‡ii Av‡›`vjb-msMÖv‡g †bZ…¯’vbxq f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡jI cieZ©x mg‡q wZwb gywRebMi miKv‡ii Aax‡b bqvw`jøx‡Z evsjv‡`k wgk‡bi ms¯‹…wZ I wPwKrmv msµvšÍ wjqv‡Ruv Awdmv‡ii `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ nb| 1971 mv‡j e›`‡i wPwKrm‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi cvkvcvwk wZwb wQ‡jb PÆMÖv‡g cvwK¯Ívb †gwW‡Kj A¨v‡mvwm‡qk‡bi hyM¥mwPe| Aa¨vcK Aveyj dR‡ji †bZ…‡Z¡ PÆMÖv‡g wkíx-eyw×Rxex‡`i wb‡q M‡o †Zvjv msMÖvg cwil‡`i hyM¥ AvnŸvqK Ges †mvqvZ RvnvR †_‡K A¯¿ Lvjvm cÖwZ‡iv‡a PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Kg©KZ©v Avi kÖwgK‡`i wb‡q MwVZ msMÖvg cwil‡`i AvnŸvqK| wPd †gwW‡Kj Awdmvi n‡qI ¯^vaxbZvi msMÖv‡g Rwo‡q covi ÔAciv‡aÕ cvwK¯Ívwb KZ…©cÿ Zvi Nievwo m¤úwË `Lj K‡i| Zvi mnKg©x †WcywU KbRvi‡fUi Rbve KvwR, cÖavb cÖ‡KŠkjx Rbve Rvgvb Ges wbe©vnx cÖ‡KŠkjx b~i †nv‡mb‡K wbg©gfv‡e nZ¨v K‡i cvwK¯Ívwb †mbviv| hy‡×i ci w`jøx wgk‡bi `vwqZ¡ †Q‡o PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wPd †gwW‡Kj Awdmvi wnmv‡e †hvM †`b wZwb| 1983 mv‡j Aemi †bb KvR †_‡K| 2003 mv‡j PÆMÖvg †gwW‡Kj nvmcvZv‡j wZwb gviv hvb| Zuvi cyÎ, eZ©gv‡b PÆMÖvg wek¦we`¨vj‡q A_©bxwZ wel‡qi Aa¨vcK, Bikv` Lvb-Gi wbKU †_‡K cvIqv c‡Îi wfwˇZ GB Z_¨ Avgv‡`i †MvPixf~Z n‡jv| fzjwU awi‡q †`qvi Rb¨ Zuvi Kv‡Q Avgiv Mfxi K…ZÁ| wbf©i‡hvM¨ m~‡Îi mvÿvZKv‡ii wfwˇZ iPbvwU cÖYxZ| wKš‘ 45 eQi Av‡MKvi NUbvi eqv‡b m~‡Îi AbvKvw•LZ ¯§„wZweåv‡Ui `iæY Giƒc cÖgv` N‡U‡Q| AbvKvw•LZ G ÎæwUi Rb¨ Avgiv AvšÍwiKfv‡e `ytwLZ|

GwcÖj 2016

11


e›`‡ii Pjgvb Kvh©µg, Dbœqb cwiKíbv wKsev ¯’vcbv welqK wbqwgZ msev`

e›`ievZ©v‡K e‡jb, e›`‡ii g~j PË¡i †_‡K Gme Kb‡UBbvi mwi‡q †bqv n‡j e›`‡ii cwiPvjbv Kvh©µg AviI kw³kvwj n‡e| e›`i e¨enviKvixivI Gi mydj cv‡eb| Kg©KZ©viv Rvbvb, cÖv_wgKfv‡e 11wU Kb‡UBbvi e›`i †_‡K wmwmwUwmGj-Gi wW‡cv‡Z †bIqvi QvocÎ w`‡q‡Q Kv÷gm KZ…©cÿ| Gi g‡a¨ 7wU Kb‡UBbvi wW‡cv‡Z ¯’vbvšÍi Kiv n‡q‡Q| av‡c av‡c evwK me Kb‡UBbvi mwi‡q †bqv n‡e| Gme Kb‡UBbvi †_‡K Avg`vwbKviKiv h_vmg‡q cY¨ Lvjvm bv Kivq Zv wbjv‡g †Zvjv n‡qwQj| wKš‘ wewµ Kiv hvqwb| wbqg Abyhvqx e›`‡i bvgv‡bvi ci 30 w`‡bi g‡a¨ †hme Kb‡UBbvi Lvjvm nq bv, †m¸‡jv wbjv‡g †Zvjvi Rb¨ Kv÷gm KZ…©c‡ÿi Kv‡Q n¯ÍvšÍi K‡i e›`i KZ…©cÿ| HwZnvwmK DcK~jxq †hvMv‡hvM ïiæi D‡Øvabx Av‡qvR‡b †bŠ-cwienb gš¿x kvRvnvb Lvb, Ggwc

evsjv‡`k-fviZ DcK‚jxq †bŠ-cwienb ïiæ PÆMÖvg Qvoj cÖ_g cY¨evnx RvnvR e›`ievZ©v †W¯‹: evsjv‡`k †_‡K fvi‡Z

cY¨evnx Rvnv‡Ri hvÎv ïiæ n‡q‡Q| evsjv‡`k-fviZ DcK‚jxq †bŠ-cwienb Pzw³i AvIZvq MZ 16 gvP© PÆMÖvg e›`i †_‡K 176wU Kb‡UBbvi wb‡q †`kxq gvwjKvbvaxb Kb‡UBbvi RvnvR Ggwf nvievi-1 fvi‡Zi AÜ«cÖ‡`k iv‡R¨i K…òcvUbvg e›`‡ii D‡Ï‡k¨ iIbv nq| Gi Av‡M e›`‡ii GbwmwUÕ‡Z Av‡qvwRZ D‡Øvabx Abyôv‡b cÖavb AwZw_ wn‡m‡e Dcw¯’Z †_‡K Kvh©µ‡gi D‡Øvab K‡ib †bŠ-cwienbgš¿x kvRvnvb Lvb| wdZv †K‡U I †ejyb Dwo‡q †bŠcwienb D‡Øvab Kiv nq| †bŠ-cwienb gš¿x G mgq e‡jb, DcK‚jxq RvnvR PjvPj Pzw³i AvIZvq ïiæ‡Z Aí Kb‡UBbvi cwienb Kiv n‡jI GKw`b GwU RbwcÖq n‡e| 1974 mv‡j RvwZi wcZv e½eÜz fvi‡Zi cÖavbgš¿x kÖgwZ Bw›`iv MvÜxi m‡½ ˆgÎx Pzw³ K‡ib| Pwjøk eQi ci cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbv fvi‡Zi m‡½ mgy`ªmxgv we‡iv‡ai wb®úwË K‡i‡Qb| DcK‚jxq RvnvR PjvP‡ji gva¨‡g evsjv‡`k-fviZ†bcvj-f‚Uvb Dc-AvÂwjK †Rv‡Ui aviYv iƒc †c‡Z hv‡”Q| †dbx b`xi Ici †mZz wbg©vY n‡j evsjv‡`k I wÎcyivi g‡a¨ moK †hvMv‡hvM ¯’vwcZ n‡e| Gi ga¨ w`‡q fvi‡Zi Ab¨vb¨ iv‡R¨i mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvM cÖwZôv Ges evsjv‡`k-fviZ-†bcvj-f‚Uv‡b cY¨ cwienb m¤¢e n‡e|

12

GwcÖj 2016

Pzw³i AvIZvq cY¨ cwien‡bi Rb¨ B‡Zvg‡a¨B `yB †`‡ki †bŠ-KZ…©c‡ÿi Aby‡gv`b †c‡q‡Q Ggwf nvievi-1| cÖvq 25 †KvwU UvKv e¨‡q PÆMÖv‡gi I‡q÷vb© †gwib wkcBqv‡W© evbv‡bv nq G RvnvR| MZ eQi 6 Ryb fviZxq cÖavbgš¿x b‡i›`ª †gvw`i evsjv‡`k md‡ii mgq `yB †`‡ki g‡a¨ DcK‚jxq RvnvR PjvPj Pzw³ nq| cÖwZ‡ewk G `ywU †`‡ki mgy`ª e›`‡ii g‡a¨Kvi `~iZ¡ 350-500 gvB‡ji g‡Zv| A_P cY¨ Avg`vwb-idZvwbi Rb¨ G‡ZvKvj RvnvR‡K wm½vcyi e›`i Ny‡i `yB nvRvi gvB‡ji Ici cvwo w`‡Z n‡Zv| fvi‡Zi mv‡_ †bŠ-PjvPj ïiæ nevi Kvi‡Y me‡P‡q †ewk DcK…Z n‡e †`‡ki ˆZwi †cvkvK I e¯¿ e¨emvqx LvZ| c~‡e©i Zzjbvq LiP I mgq †eu‡P hv‡e `yB Z…Zxqvsk| Pzw³i AvIZvq fvi‡Zi c~e©v‡ji mvZwU DcK‚jxq e›`i, †hgb, KjKvZv, njw`qv, †civØxc, wekvLvcvUbvg, KvwKbv`v, K…òcvUbvg I †PbœvB Ges evsjv‡`‡ki PÆMÖvg, cvbMuvI AvBwmwU, bvivqYMÄ, AvïMÄ, cvqiv, Lyjbv I gsjvq RvnvR PjvPj Ki‡e| evsjv‡`‡ki ˆZwi †cvkv‡Ki KuvPvgvj Zzjv g~jZ fviZ †_‡K Av‡m| Gme gvjvgvj moK I †bŠc‡_ evsjv‡`‡k Avm‡Z 15/20 w`b mgq †j‡M †h‡Z G‡ZvKvj| wKš‘ GLb G‡Z mgq jvM‡e gvÎ wZbw`b| cvkvcvwk fvi‡Zi mvZ A½iv‡R¨ mvMic‡_ myj‡f cY¨ cwien‡bi my‡hvM m„wó n‡e| Abyôv‡b fviZxq nvB Kwgk‡bi dv÷© †m‡µUvwi iv‡Kk ingvb e‡jb, GB cwien‡bi gva¨‡g `yB †`‡ki

A_©‰bwZK mg„w× NU‡e| cÖv_wgKfv‡e 7wU RvnvR PjvPj Ki‡jI wkMwMiB 700 RvnvR PjvPj Ki‡e GB c‡_|

e›`‡i wbjvg c‡Y¨i bZzb wVKvbv e›`ievZ©v †W¯‹: PÆMÖvg e›`‡i 38 eQi ci bZzb RvqMvq Kb‡UBbvi-fwZ© wbjvg-cY¨ ivLvi e¨e¯’v n‡”Q| G ai‡bi Kb‡UBbv‡ii msL¨v †e‡o e›`i cwiPvjbv Kvh©µ‡g e¨vNvZ NU‡Z _vKvq KZ…©cÿ wm×všÍwU wb‡q‡Q| e›`i †÷wWqv‡gi cv‡k †emiKvwi Kb‡UBbvi wW‡cv wPUvMvs Kb‡UBbvi Uªv݇cv‡U©kb †Kv¤úvwb wjwg‡U‡W (wmwmwUwmGj) wbjvgc‡Y¨i Gme Kb‡UBbvi ivLv n‡e|

e›`i †_‡K Rwg wjR wb‡q G wW‡cv M‡o †Zv‡jb †emiKvwi D‡`¨v³viv| †h Kvi‡Y Kb‡UBbvi fwZ© wbjvg cY¨ ivL‡Z GB wW‡cv‡KB †e‡Q †bqv n‡q‡Q| G e¨vcv‡i e›`‡ii cwiPvjK (cwienb) †Mvjvg QiIqvi

e›`‡ii Kb‡UBbvi cwiw¯’wZ cÖwZ‡e`‡b †`Lv hvq, g~j PË¡‡i Avg`vwb cY¨ fwZ© 26 nvRvi 857 wU Kb‡UBbvi ivLvi RvqMv Av‡Q| Gi g‡a¨ cY¨fwZ© Avg`vwb Kb‡UBbvi i‡q‡Q 23 nvRvi 376 wU| Z‡e g~j PË¡‡i †gvU RvqMvi 12 †_‡K 13 kZvsk Ry‡o wbjvgc‡Y¨i Kb‡UBbvi eQ‡ii ci eQi a‡i c‡o Av‡Q| G ai‡bi Kb‡UBbv‡ii msL¨v me©‡kl `uvwo‡q‡Q 3 nvRvi 391wU| Gi Av‡M, 2011 mv‡j e›`‡ii GK cÖwZ‡e`‡b ejv nq, wbjv‡gi cY¨ c‡o _vKvq †h cwigvY RvqMv bó n‡”Q GKB cwigvY RvqMvq eQ‡i 77 nvRvi 500 GKK Kb‡UBbvi IVvbvgv Kiv m¤¢e| cPbkxj cY¨ c‡o _vKvq Zv cwi‡e‡ki Rb¨I SuywKc~Y©| d‡j e›`‡ii mvgwMÖK cwiPvjb Kvh©µg, we‡kl K‡i Kb‡UBbvi IVvbvgvi KvR e¨vnZ n‡”Q e‡j IB cÖwZ‡e`‡b D‡jøL Kiv nq|

e›`‡i AvaywbK Kvi †k‡Wi D‡Øvab Ki‡jb †bŠ-cwienb gš¿x kvRvnvb Lvb, Ggwc


38

eQi ci

e›`‡i wbjvg c‡Y¨i bZzb wVKvbv

PÆMÖvg e›`i åvg¨gvY Av`vj‡Zi Awfhv‡b... KY©dzwj b`xi Zxi †_‡K `ywU A‰ea †RwU D‡”Q` e›`ievZ©v †W¯‹: MZ gv‡mi cÖ_g mßv‡n GK Awfhv‡b b`xi `wÿY Zx‡i cyi‡bv Pi cv_iNvUv GjvKv †_‡K †RwU `ywU D‡”Q` Kiv nq| m~‡Î Rvbv hvq, ¯’vbxq †gveviK I nvq`vi bv‡g `yB e¨w³ A‰ea Gme †RwU wbg©vY K‡i cY¨ IVvbvgvi KvR K‡i AvmwQ‡jb| †RwU `ywU‡Z jvBUv‡iR RvnvR wfwo‡q cY¨ Lvjv‡mi KvR Kiv n‡Zv| åvg¨gvY Av`vjZ cwiPvjbvKvix e›`‡ii wbe©vnx g¨vwR‡÷ªU gyn¤§` Aveyj nv‡kg e‡jb, evwji e¯Ív I KvV w`‡q †RwU `ywU evbv‡bv n‡qwQj| †RwU cwiPvjbv msµvšÍ †Kv‡bv AbygwZcÎ bv _vKvq G mgq Zv‡`i Awdm wmjMvjv K‡i †`qv nq| GKB Awfhv‡b †RwUmsjMœ miKvwi GjvKvq msiwÿZ wecyj cwigvY cv_i I Kqjv Rã Kiv n‡q‡Q|

10 Rvnv‡Ri Rwigvbv cÖPwjZ wbqgKvby‡bi †Zvqv°v bv K‡i PjvP‡ji Aciv‡a MZ gv‡mi wØZxq mßv‡ni Awfhv‡b 10wU jvBUv‡iR RvnvR AvUK K‡i mv‡o wZb jvL UvKv Rwigvbv Kiv nq| g¨vwR‡÷ªU gyn¤§` Aveyj nv‡kg Rvbvb, AwZwi³ cY¨ †evSvB, Rvnv‡Ri gv÷vi I Pvj‡Ki mb` bv _vKvmn wewfbœ Aciv‡a 10wU RvnvR‡K wZb jvL 50 nvRvi UvKv Rwigvbv Kiv nq| Gme RvnvR n‡”Q GdwfGmAviGj, Gdwf ÷vi-1, Gdwf kvn e`i-1, Ggwf UvBMvi Ae B÷ †e½j-5, Ggwf mvw`qv A¨vÛ Avwgiv, Ggwf I‡qw÷b, Ggwf nvmvb (Avb‡jvwWs †WªRvi), IwU nRiZ e`i kvn, Ggwf bI‡ivR Ges Ggwf mvMi-1| GQvov A‰eafv‡e †RwU‡Z RvnvR †i‡L eid wewµi Aciv‡a evsjv‡`k AvBm wjwg‡UW‡K 20 nvRvi UvKv Rwigvbv Kiv nq| B÷ K‡jvwbi A‰ea ¯’vcbv D‡”Q` PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii B÷ K‡jvwb‡Z A‰eafv‡e M‡o IVv 40wU ¯’vcbv D‡”Q` K‡i‡Qb e›`‡ii åvg¨gvY Av`vjZ| Rvbv hvq, PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©c‡ÿi wewfbœ wefv‡M Kg©iZ Z…Zxq I PZz_© †kÖYxi Kg©KZ©v-Kg©Pvwiiv G K‡jvwb‡Z emevm Ki‡Qb| G‡`i GKwU Ask A‰eafv‡e ewnivMZ‡`i fvov †`qvmn evwYwR¨K ¯’vcbv wbg©vY K‡i cÖwZ gv‡m †gvUv UvKv Avq K‡i AvmwQ‡jb| wbqgewnf©~Zfv‡e ewnivMZ‡`i emev‡mi `iæY K‡jvwbi cwi‡ek wewNœZ nevi cvkvcvwk AvBbk„•Ljv cwiw¯’wZi AebwZ N‡U|

100

†KvwU UvKv

g~jab wb‡q ïiæ n‡”Q †ijI‡q Kb‡UBbvi mvwf©m

GK ch©v‡q e›`‡ii wbR¯^ Avbmvi evwnbx, †g‡UªvcwjUvb cywjk Ges e›`i _vbvi mn‡hvwMZvq G D‡”Q` Awfhvb cwiPvjbv K‡i åvg¨gvY Av`vjZ|

†ijI‡qi Avq evov‡Z wkMwMi Avm‡Q †ijI‡q Kb‡UBbvi mvwf©m K‡c©v‡ikb

1

e›`ievZ©v †W¯‹: Kb‡UBbvi I cY¨ cwien‡bi gva¨‡g †ijI‡qi Avq 10 ¸Y evov‡bvi bZzb D‡`¨vM †bqv n‡q‡Q| GRb¨ Ô†ijI‡q Kb‡UBbvi mvwf©m K‡c©v‡ikbÕ bv‡g bZzb GKwU †Kv¤úvwb MV‡bi cÖwµqv P‚ovšÍ Kiv n‡q‡Q| gš¿Yvjq m~Î Rvbvq, bZzb †Kv¤úvwbi Aby‡gvw`Z g~jab 100 †KvwU UvKv aiv n‡q‡Q| welqwU wkMwMiB gš¿xcwil‡`i ˆeV‡K DÌvcb Kiv n‡e|

†ijc_ gš¿Yvj‡qi mwPe wd‡ivR mvjvnDwÏb G e¨vcv‡i e›`ievZ©v‡K Rvbvb, †Kv¤úvwb MV‡bi cÖwµqv P‚ovšÍ Kiv n‡q‡Q| AvBwb I A_© gš¿Yvj‡qi Aby‡gv`b cvIqv †M‡Q| wZwb Avkv cÖKvk K‡i e‡jb, †Kv¤úvwbi Kvh©µg ïiæ nevi ci †ijc‡_ Kb‡UBbvi cwienb A‡bK †e‡o hv‡e| G‡Z gnvmo‡Ki Ici fvwi Mvwoi Pvc Kg‡e Ges moK Kg ÿwZMÖ¯Í n‡e| GKB m‡½ †e‡o hv‡e †i‡ji Avq| m~Î Rvbvq, e›`i †_‡K XvKvq Avg`vwb-idZvwbi Rb¨ 1987 mv‡j Kgjvcy‡i AvBwmwW wbg©vY Kiv nq| GRb¨ †ijI‡qi cuvPwU †iK (BwÄb I 30 wU IqvMb wb‡q ˆZwi nq GKwU †iK) e¨envi Kiv n‡”Q| Gw`‡K †Kv¤úvwb MVb cÖwµqv‡K ¯^vMZ Rvwb‡q moK cwienb I gnvmoK wefv‡Mi mwPe GgGGb wmwÏK e‡jb, wkMwMiB †MvgZx I †gNbv †mZzi Kv‡Q cY¨evnx Mvwoi IRb cwigv‡ci Rb¨ wWwRUvj G‡·j †jvW K‡›Uªvj hš¿ emv‡bv n‡e| G‡Z AwZwi³ cY¨evnx Mvwoi Ici wbqš¿Y Av‡ivc Kiv hv‡e| d‡j †ij I †bŠc‡_ cY¨ cwienb Avevi †e‡o hv‡e| m~Î Rvbvq, 2007-08 A_©eQ‡i m‡e©v”P 81 nvRvi 930wU Kb‡UBbvi PÆMÖvg e›`i †_‡K XvKvi AvBwmwW‡Z cwienb Kiv nq| c‡i Bwćbi msKUmn bvbv Kvi‡Y †ijc‡_ Kb‡UBbvi cwienb Kg‡Z _v‡K| Kg©KZ©viv Rvbvb, cÖvq Pvi nvRvi †KvwU UvKv LiP K‡i XvKv-PÆMÖvg †ijc‡_i †ewkifvM AskB GLb Wvej jvB‡b iƒcvšÍi Kiv n‡”Q| G‡Z †ijc‡_i m‡e©v”P e¨env‡ii Ici ¸iæZ¡ w`‡”Q †ijI‡q KZ…©cÿ|

2

1. e›`i †¯úvU©m Kg‡cø· cÖv½‡Y 17 gvP© 2016 RvZxq wkï w`em D`hvcb 2. gvbbxq †bŠ-cwienb gš¿x Rbve kvRvnvb Lvb, Ggwc KZ©„K PÆMÖvg WªvB WK cwi`k©b 3. PÆMÖvg e›`i cÖwk¶Y †K‡›`ª gvwK©b `~Zvevm KZ©„K †cvU© Bb‡fw÷‡MwUf †UKwbKm †Uªwbs welqK cÖwk¶Y †Kv‡m©i mb`cÎ weZiY Abyôvb 4. Ad WK †bZ„e„‡›`i mv‡_ fvicÖvß †Pqvig¨vb, PeK Gi gZwewbgq mfv

3

4

GwcÖj 2016

13


26 gvP© gnvb ¯^vaxbZv w`e‡m PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii knx` ¯§„wZ‡mŠ‡a cy®úvN©¨ mn‡hv‡M kÖ×v wb‡e`b

d‡UvwdPvi

K‡ib e›`‡ii Kg©KZ©v, Kg©Pvwi, kÖwgK, ¯‹zj-K‡j‡Ri wkÿv_©x, ¯‹vDU I Mvj© MvBW, mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK msMVbmn me©¯Í‡ii RbMY

2

3

1

4

5

6

8 9

7

12 10

11

13

14

GwcÖj 2016

14

15


†K wZwb?

1 1 I 2. e›`i evwjKv D”P we`¨vj‡q evwl©K cyi¯‹vi weZiY I mvs¯‹…wZK Abyôvb 2016

2

Ic‡ii Qwei GB gvbylwU, ga¨hy‡Mi c„w_exi e„nËg bZzb gnv‡`k Avwe®‹viK| Aek¨ cÖ_‡g wZwb †f‡ewQ‡jb wZwb ÔfviZel©Õ Avwe®‹vi K‡i †d‡j‡Qb| BZvwji †R‡bvqv kn‡i GK Mwie Dj-e¨emvqxi N‡i Rb¥| ˆkk‡e ¯^cœ wQj mvM‡i fvmvi| 23 eQi eq‡m bvweK n‡q bvg‡jb f‚ga¨mvM‡i| `yB eQi ci Rxe‡b cÖ_g wb‡Ri †Pv‡L †`L‡jb AvUjvw›UK gnvmvMi| Gici cZz©Mv‡j w_Zz n‡jb| GK ch©v‡q, fviZe‡l© Avmvi c_ AbymÜv‡b AZz¨rmvnx †¯ú‡bi ivRv-ivYx‡K ivwR Kwi‡q mvšÍv gvwiqv, wb‡bv Avi wc›Uv bv‡g wZbLvwb Zix wb‡q cvj Zz‡j w`‡jb A‰_ mvM‡i... †K wZwb?

kãRU- 4

3 3 I 4. e›`i c~e© AvevwmK GjvKv cÖv_wgK we`¨vj‡q evwl©K cyi¯‹vi weZiY I mvs¯‹…wZK Abyôvb 2016

4

cvkvcvwk 1. ZvRgnj M‡o wZwb n‡jb BwZnvm 4. avc 6. weevn 7. †nv‡gv †mwd‡qbm 9. Ki` 11. KvM‡Ri cwigvY wbiƒc‡Yi GKKwe‡kl 12. PÆMÖvg e›`i †_‡K XvKvq †bŠc‡_ cY¨ Avbv‡bqvi j‡ÿ¨ bvivqYM‡Äi GB ¯’v‡b wbwg©Z GKwU Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj 15. †¯ªvZw¯^bx KY©dzwji Avw`evwo 18. cqv‡i K_v e‡jb whwb 19. bv¯Ívbvey` 20. Bwb b`x Lbb K‡ib 21. nv½vgv

5

5 I 6. e›`i DËi AvevwmK GjvKv cÖv_wgK we`¨vj‡q evwl©K cyi¯‹vi weZiY I mvs¯‹…wZK Abyôvb 2016

6

Dci-wbP 1. Av‡gwiKv Awfhv‡b wµ‡¯Ívdvi Kj¤^v‡mi †bŠen‡i cÖ_g Rvnv‡Ri bvg 2. wcÖqRb 3. m`¨ 4. m¤ªvU dKiæwÏb †gveviK kv‡ni Avg‡j GUvB wQj ¯^vaxb evsjvi ivRavbx 5. big cÖK…wZ 8. mvjvg 9. GK †`k †_‡K Ab¨ †`‡k cY¨ cwien‡bi Rb¨ myiwÿZ Avaviwe‡kl 10. aviv‡jv nvwZqviwe‡kl 13. Nvwb Nywi‡q †Zj Drcv`bKvix †ckvRxex (Aaybv cÖvq-wejyß) 14. Mevw`cïi Lv`¨we‡kl 16. cwiYZiƒc 17. †`‡ki Rb¨ jvfRbK GKwU grm cÖKí i‡q‡Q GLv‡b 18. KwYKv [†K wZwb Ges kãRU-4 Gi mgvavb wgwj‡q wbb 23 bs cvZvq]

GwcÖj 2016

15


wiqvi GWwgivj Lv‡j` BKevj, PeK †Pqvig¨vb

PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii µgea©gvb MwZkxjZv a‡i ivL‡Z PvB‡j me©v‡MÖ wbwðZ Ki‡Z n‡e e›`i e¨e¯’vcbv Ges e›`i e¨enviKvix †_‡K ïiæ K‡i Gi m‡½ mswkøó me ai‡bi mn‡hvMx Ges Askx`vi c‡ÿi GB j‡ÿ¨i m‡½ GKvZ¥Zv Ges jÿ¨ AR©‡bi c‡_ me©vZ¥K mn‡hvwMZv| e›`‡ii bZzb †Pqvig¨vb wnmv‡e `vwqZ¡ MÖn‡Yi ci GKmv‡_ c_ Pjvi GB cÖksmbxq g‡bvfve wb‡q Kg©Zrci n‡q‡Qb wiqvi GWwgivj Gg Lv‡j` BKevj| AvMvgx w`‡bi cwiw¯’wZ †gvKv‡ejvq e›`‡ii m¤úªmviY GK Awbevh© ev¯ÍeZv| †Kbbv, RvZxq cÖe„w×i mgvšÍiv‡j MwZkxj e›`‡ii µgea©gvb Pvwn`vi †cÖwÿ‡Z `ªæZZg mg‡q Gi m¤úªmviY, ÿgZvqb Avi †e‡o IVvi weKí †bB †Kv‡bv| Gme cÖm½ QvovI miKv‡ii iƒcKí-2021 Ges iƒcKí-2041 AR©‡bi j‡ÿ¨ PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii wÎk eQ‡ii †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbvi Av‡jv‡K e›`‡ii AvaywbKvq‡b bvbvwea Kg©KvÐ I cwiKíbvi K_v mwe¯Ív‡i D‡V G‡m‡Q e›`ievZ©vÕi m‡½ Zvi GB GKvšÍ mvÿvZKv‡i-

Ô`ªæZZg mg‡q cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq cÖ_g mvwi‡Z Avm‡Z Pvq PÆMÖvg e›`iÕ Rxebxms‡ÿc: wiqvi GWwgivj Gg Lv‡j` BKevj, weGmwc, GbwWwm, wcGmwm PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©c‡ÿi (PeK) †Pqvig¨vb wnmv‡e †hvM †`b 29 gvP©, 2016 Zvwi‡L| 1981 mv‡ji Rvbyqvwi gv‡m †bŠevwnbx‡Z †hvM w`‡q 1983 mv‡ji 1 Ryb Kwgkb jvf K‡ib| e›`‡i †hvM`v‡bi Av‡M wZwb †bŠevwnbxi KgvÛvi weGb wd¬U wnmv‡e Kg©iZ wQ‡jb| 1981-1985 BZvwjqvb †bfvj GKv‡Wwg †_‡K Pvi eQi †gqv`x K¨v‡WU, wgWwkcg¨vb I mve-†jd‡Ub¨v›U †Kvm© m¤úbœ K‡ib| 1996 mv‡j XvKv wW‡dÝ K‡jR Ges 1997 mv‡j fvi‡Zi ÷vd K‡jR †_‡K wW‡dÝ mvwf©‡mm †Kvm© K…wZ‡Z¡i mv‡_ †kl K‡ib| 1999 mv‡j A‡÷ªwjqvi wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K †gwiUvBg jÕ Gb‡dvm©‡g›U †Kvm© m¤úbœ K‡ib| 2013 mv‡j fviZ †_‡K b¨vkbvj wW‡dÝ K‡jR †Kvm© (GbwWwm) †kl K‡ib| RvZxq wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wW‡dÝ ÷vwWR-G gv÷vm© Ges gv`ªvR wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wW‡dÝ A¨vÛ ÷ª¨v‡UwRm-G gv÷vm© Ges c‡i GKB wel‡q Ggwdj wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| wiqvi GWwgivj Lv‡j` BKevj `xN© PvKzwiRxe‡b ¸iæZ¡c~Y© KgvÛ, ÷vd I cÖwkÿ‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| wW‡dÝ mvwf©‡mm KgvÛ A¨vÛ ÷vd K‡jR, XvKvq cÖvq wZb eQi cÖwkÿ‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| 2007 mv‡j evsjv‡`k †bfvj GKv‡Wwgi KgvÛ¨v›U c‡` AwawôZ nb| evsjv‡`k †bŠevwnbxi me ai‡bi hy×Rvnv‡R AZ¨šÍ `ÿZvi mv‡_ KgvÛ K‡i‡Qb wZwb| †bŠ-cvi`wk©Zv, mvnwmKZv Ges †ckv`vwi `ÿZvi Rb¨ evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii Ôwewkó †mev c`K (weGmwc)Õ AR©b K‡ib wZwb| †bŠ-m`‡i wewfbœ mg‡q WvB‡i±i †bfvj †Uªwbs A¨vÛ WvB‡i±i cvi‡mv‡bj mvwf©‡mm Gi gZ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© `vwqZ¡ cvjb Kiv QvovI 2006 mv‡j AvBfwi †Kv‡÷ RvwZmsN kvwšÍiÿv wgk‡b Ask †bb wZwb| wgwjUvwi AeRvifvi `‡ji cÖavb wnmv‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib Avwe`Rv‡b|

16

GwcÖj 2016

e›`ievZ©v: eo ai‡bi cwieZ©‡bi Kvj cvi n‡”Q PÆMÖvg e›`i| me©¯Í‡i wWwRUvB‡Rkb Ges Kb‡UBbvi IVvbvgvi mv¤úªwZK mvd‡j¨ cÖwZdwjZ i‡q‡Q Zvi MwZkxjZv| AvMvgx‡Z G‡K †Kv_vq wb‡q †h‡Z Pvb? AviI wbw`©ó K‡i, we‡klZt AvMvgx cuvP eQ‡ii Rb¨ e›`i wN‡i Kx ai‡bi bZzb ms‡hvRb Ges Dbœqb cwiKíbv i‡q‡Q Avcbvi? †Pqvig¨vb: GKwU cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi g‡a¨ wKš‘

mvivÿYB Ae¯’vb Ki‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`i| GKw`‡K cÖwZw`‡bi Avg`vwb-idZvwbi Pvc mvgvj w`‡”Q †`‡ki wfZi| cÖe„w× AR©‡b Ae`vb ivL‡Q| Ab¨w`‡K wU‡K _vKvi cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq cÖwZØw›ØZv Ki‡Z n‡”Q Dbœqbkxj Ab¨vb¨ e›`‡ii m‡½| PÆMÖvg evsjv‡`‡ki gyL¨ e›`i| Gi cÖavb `vwqZ¡ n‡”Q mgy`ªevwnZ Avg`vwb-idZvwb cY¨ n¨vÛwjs‡q Avek¨K AeKvVv‡gv myweav I `ÿ †mev cÖ`vb Kiv| MZ kZ‡Ki Avwki `k‡K D`vixKiY bxwZi Kvi‡Y ˆewk¦K wewbgq Ges †mevcÖ`v‡bi cwiwa †e‡o †M‡Q `viæYfv‡e| Dbœqbkxj †`k¸‡jv wb‡R‡`i g¨vbyd¨vKPvwis AeKvVv‡gv AviI eo Ki‡Z Pv‡”Q| e¨emv-evwY‡R¨i †ÿ‡Î †Møvevj wjs‡KR evov‡bvi gva¨‡g PvB‡Q A_©bxwZ‡K AviI MwZkxj K‡i Zzj‡Z| cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi †ÿÎ evo‡Q me©‡ÿ‡Î| ¯^fveZB PÆMÖvg e›`iI PvB‡Q `ªæZZg mg‡q cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi cÖ_g KvZv‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i wb‡Z| G ai‡bi GKwU ev¯ÍeZvq `uvwo‡q, G gyn~‡Z© cieZ©x cuvP eQ‡ii Rb¨ g~jZ Pvi †_‡K cuvPwU dv÷-Uª¨vK cÖKí wb‡q KvR Ki‡Z hv‡”Q e›`i KZ…©cÿ| G¸‡jv n‡”Q1. †RwUi msL¨v evov‡bv| wbDgywis Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (GbwmwU), c‡Z½v Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (wcwmwU), KY©dzwj Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (†KwmwU), jvjw`qv gvwëcvicvR Uvwg©bvj Ges †e Uvwg©bv‡j bZzb mvwf©m †RwU wbg©vY| cvkvcvwk we`¨gvb †RwU¸‡jviI ms¯‹vi Kiv n‡”Q| 2. BqvW© GjvKv m¤úªmviY| wcwmwUÕ‡Z

GKwU Ifvi‡d¬v BqvW© Ges KY©dzwj G·‡cvU© cÖ‡mwms †Rv‡b (Bwc‡RW) GKwU BqvW© wbg©vY KiwQ Avgiv| GQvov, AviI GKwU AdWK BqvW© wbg©vY Kiv n‡”Q †e Uvwg©bv‡j| 3. e›`‡i AZ¨vaywbK hš¿cvwZi ms‡hvRb| †hgb, wkc-Uz-†kvi (GmwUGm) M¨vw›Uª †µb, ivevi Uvqvi M¨vw›Uª †µb (AviwUwR), ÷ª¨vWj K¨vwiqvi (Gmwm), dK©wjdU BZ¨vw`| GQvov mvwf©m †f‡mj, †hgb, nvBcvIqvi UvM‡evU, cvBjU †evU BZ¨vw` hy³ n‡”Q e›`‡i| 4. e›`‡i Rjevqy SzuwK wbiƒc‡Y GKwU M‡elYv cwiPvjbv Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡ÿc MÖnY| 5. GKwU wMÖb †cvU© wn‡m‡e PÆMÖvg e›`i‡K M‡o †Zvjvi j‡ÿ¨ KiYxq mKj c`‡ÿc MÖnY| e›`ievZ©v: cÖwZeQiB PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Ici cwienb Pvc evo‡Q| GwU mvgvj w`‡Z e›`i m¤úªmvi‡Y D‡`¨vMx n‡q‡Qb KZ…©cÿ| GB cÖ_g wÎk eQi †gqv`x †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv cÖYqY Kiv n‡q‡Q PeK-Gi wb‡R‡`i D‡`¨v‡M| †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv Abymv‡i e›`i Kvh©µ‡gi `ÿZv Z¡wir e„w×i Rb¨ Kx ai‡bi c`‡ÿc wb‡”Qb? †Pqvig¨vb: G‡Z †Kv‡bv m‡›`n †bB †`‡ki

evwYR¨jÿ¨ AR©b Ki‡Z n‡j Avgv‡`i †gwiUvBg †MUI‡qi `ÿZv AviI evov‡Z n‡e| Avg`vwbKviK, idZvwbKviK Avi K¨vwiqvi¸‡jvi Pvwn`v †gUv‡Z AviI Zrci f‚wgKvq AeZxY© n‡Z n‡e| µgkt †e‡o Pjv RvZxq cÖe„w×i m‡½ Zvj wgwj‡q e›`‡ii mÿgZv evov‡Z 2013 mv‡j wÎk eQ‡ii Rb¨ GKwU †KŠkjMZ gnvcwiKíbv cÖYqY K‡i PÆMÖvg e›`i| mviveQi, w`bivZ PweŸk N›Uv, e›`i mPj ivLvi j‡ÿ¨ weivRgvb mgm¨v¸‡jv wPwnèZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Gi g‡a¨ †h¸‡jv Awej‡¤^ wbimb Ki‡Z n‡e, †m¸‡jv n‡”Q1. 15 kZvsk cÖe„w× a‡i †i‡L fwel¨r cwiKíbv Abymv‡i e›`‡ii AvaywbKvqb 2. `ÿ, AwfÁ Ges cÖ‡Yvw`Z GKwU Kg©xevwnbx M‡o †Zvjv


wiqvi GWwgivj Lv‡j` BKevj, PeK †Pqvig¨vb

3. †RwU Ges evw_©s myweavi m¤úªmviY Ges Rvnv‡Ri Uvb©-A¨vivDÛ-UvBg Kwg‡q Avbv 4. wbivc` †bŠPjvP‡ji Rb¨ P¨v‡b‡ji myMgZv eRvq ivLv 5. Kvh©Ki †WªwRs‡qi gva¨‡g KY©dzwji †Wª‡bR wm‡÷g-Gi Dbœqb| GKB mv‡_ 9.5 wgUv‡ii †ewk Wªvd‡Ui RvnvR hv‡Z mn‡RB P¨v‡b‡j XzK‡Z cv‡i Ges †RwU‡Z mivmwi wfo‡Z cv‡i Zvi Rb¨ we`¨gvb myweavi cÖ‡qvRbxq AvaywbKvqb 6. †`‡ki Af¨šÍixY GjvKvi m‡½ wjs‡KR evov‡bv| †ij Ges moK ms‡hv‡Mi cvkvcvwk †bŠ‡hvMv‡hv‡Mi m~Pbv NUv‡bv 7. Z_¨cÖhyw³ cÖeZ©‡bi gva¨‡g mKj ¯Í‡i e›`‡ii Kg©`ÿZv e„w× Kiv 8. cwi‡ekevÜe e›`i cwiPvjbvi j‡ÿ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡ÿc MÖnY e›`ievZ©v: PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii Kb‡UBbvi

n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v Zvi mvg‡_©¨i m‡e©v”P we›`y‡Z DcbxZ n‡q‡Q| G gyn~‡Z© Kxfv‡e mvgvj w`‡”Qb? weivRgvb mvg_©¨ e„w×i j‡ÿ¨ AviI Kx fve‡Qb? †Pqvig¨vb: cwimsL¨v‡bi w`‡K ZvKv‡j †`Lv

hv‡e, avivevwnKZv eRvq †i‡LB µgea©gvb nv‡i evo‡Q e›`‡ii Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs Pvwn`v| hv‡K mvgvj w`‡Z n‡j bZzb GKwU Uvwg©bvj `iKvi Ges †mwUI Acv‡ikbvj ¯Í‡i Avm‡Z n‡e 2023 mv‡ji Av‡MB| KZ…©c‡ÿi wnmv‡e Pvwn`v Ges †RvMv‡bi NvUwZ m‡e©v”P we›`y‡Z †cuŠQv‡e 2033 †_‡K 2037 mv‡ji g‡a¨ hLb Pvwn`v †cuŠQv‡e evwl©K 2.8 wgwjqb wUBBD‡m| bZzb Uvwg©bvj GB M¨vcwU c~i‡Yi Rb¨B Acwinvh©| Gme Kvi‡YB c‡Z½vi mgy`ª DcK‚‡j 900 GKi RvqMv wb‡q †e-Kb‡UBbvi Uvwg©bvj (wewmwU)-Gi g‡Zv wekvjvqZb cÖKí ev¯Íevq‡bi cwiKíbv K‡i‡Q

PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ| GLb †hme RvnvR e›`‡i wfo‡Z cvi‡Q bv, †js_ I WªvdU wjwg‡Ui Kvi‡Y, †m¸‡jv Abvqv‡m wfo‡Z cvi‡e me©vaywbK my‡hvMmyweav mg„× GB Uvwg©bv‡j| GwU Pvjy n‡j cwienb e¨q K‡g Avm‡e AvkvZxZ cwigv‡Y| Zvi Ici, b¨vPvivj †eªKIqvUvi wm‡÷g, ¸W P¨v‡bj, DbœZ moK Ges †ij ms‡hv‡Mi myweav _vK‡e †e Uvwg©bv‡j| e›`ievZ©v: fvi‡Zi m‡½ DcK‚jxq †hvMv‡hvM ïiæ n‡q‡Q| Pxb, _vBj¨vÛ, kÖxj¼vmn AvÂwjK cÖwZ‡ewk †`k¸‡jvi m‡½ DcK‚jxq †hvMv‡hvM cÖwZôvi Av‡qvRb Pj‡Q| DcK‚jxq cwienb †hvMv‡hvM wVK Kx ai‡bi A_©‰bwZK m¤¢vebv ˆZwi Ki‡Q evsjv‡`‡ki Rb¨? †Pqvig¨vb: AvMvgx w`b¸‡jvq moK I

†ijc‡_ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi mxgve×Zv we‡ePbvq wb‡j eyS‡Z Amyweav nevi K_v bq †h, AvMvgx‡Z mwZ¨B Kx cwigvY DcK…Z n‡Z hv‡”Q †`k- mv¤úªwZK Pvjy nIqv GB DcK‚jxq †hvMv‡hvM †_‡K| cÖwZ‡ewk †`k¸‡jvi e›`‡ii m‡½ Avgv‡`i Mo `~iZ¡ mv‡o wZb kÕ †_‡K cuvP kÕ gvB‡ji g‡Zv| A_P mivmwi †hvMv‡hvM bv _vKvi Kvi‡Y G‡ZvKvj wm½vcyi n‡q hvZvqZ Ki‡Zv RvnvR| cvwo w`‡Z n‡Zv `yB nvRvi gvB‡ji Ici mvMic_| G‡Z mgq jvM‡Zv 15 †_‡K 20 w`b| A_P GLb G‡Z mgq jvM‡e M‡o cuvP w`‡bi g‡Zv| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB LiPI †eu‡P hv‡e cÖvq `yB Z…Zxqvsk| Gw`‡K †bŠc‡_ bvivqYM‡Äi cvbMuvI‡q Uvwg©bvj wbg©v‡Yi cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ moK I †ijc‡_i Ici †_‡K Pvc Kwg‡q cÖvq 40 kZvsk mvkÖqx e¨‡q PÆMÖvg I

wiqvi GWwgivj Gg Lv‡j` BKevj, weGmwc, GbwWwm, wcGmwm PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©c‡ÿi (PeK) †Pqvig¨vb wnmv‡e †hvM w`‡jb MZ 29 gvP©, 2016 Zvwi‡L| Gi Av‡M wZwb PÆMÖv‡g evsjv‡`k †bŠevwnbxi weGb wd¬‡Ui KgvÛv‡ii `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| PvKzwiRxe‡b †ckvMZ DrK‡l© wewfbœ ai‡bi hy×Rvnv‡R wZwb cÖwkÿY MÖnY Ges D”PZi wWwMÖ AR©b K‡i‡Qb|

gsjv †_‡K XvKvq cY¨ cwien‡bi myweav cÖ`vb Kiv| PƪMvg e›`‡ii Ici †_‡KI Pvc Kg‡e Gi Kvi‡Y| ZLb AviI †ewk Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi my‡hvM cv‡e GB e›`i| Ab¨w`‡K, †bŠc‡_ cY¨ cwienb m~Pbvi Kvi‡Y gnvmo‡K hvbevn‡bi hvZvqZ n«vm cv‡e| d‡j K‡g Avm‡e cwi‡e‡ki c‡ÿ ÿwZKi Kve©b `~l‡Yi gvÎv| e›`ievZ©v: e›`i wnmv‡e weMZ mg‡q `xN© c_ cvwo w`‡q‡Q PÆMÖvg| 25 GwcÖj e›`‡ii 129 Zg e›`i w`em| HwZnvwmK GB mvd‡j¨ Avcbvi Kx Abyf‚wZ? †Pqvig¨vb: 25 GwcÖj e›`i w`em, PÆMÖvg

e›`‡ii 129 Zg Rb¥w`b, welqwU Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKcÖKvi Me©wgwkÖZ Avb‡›`i| `xN© GKUv c_ †cwi‡q G‡m‡Q e›`i| Avi wVK GB gyn~‡Z© Pj‡Q GB e›`‡ii m¤úªmviY, Dbœqb Avi AMÖMwZi ¯^Y©hyM| GLv‡b Avwg e›`‡ii BwZnvmUv GKUz e‡j wb‡Z PvB| weªwUk-fvi‡Z, ZrKvjxb Dcgnv‡`‡ki DËi-c~e© A‡ji cÖavb †MUI‡q wnmv‡e Awbevh© n‡q I‡V PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii cÖwZôv| 1887 mv‡j weªwUk miKv‡ii †cvU© Kwgkbvim A¨v± †NvlYvi gva¨‡g PÆMÖvg e›`i cwiPvjbvq cÖ_‡g GKwU Uªv÷ MVb Kiv nq| Aa¨v‡`kwU ev¯Í‡e Kvh©Ki nq 1888 mv‡ji 25 GwcÖj| †mB †_‡K, cÖwZeQi 25 GwcÖj w`bwU‡K, †cvU© †W ev, e›`i w`em wnmv‡e D`hvcb K‡i G‡mwQ Avgiv| IB mgq e›`‡ii cÖkvmwbK Kvh©µg cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ wQ‡jb GKRb †gv‡U Kg©KZ©v| †cvU© Awdmvi Ges Kv÷gm Kv‡j±i, GKnv‡Z `ywU KvRB Ki‡Z n‡Zv Zv‡K| †Kv‡bv †RwU wQj bv †mw`‡bi e›`‡i| b`xi gv‡SB RvnvR †bv½i Kiv n‡Zv| †bŠKv wKsev †ev‡U Zv‡Z Kv‡M©v †evSvB, wKsev Lvjvm Kiv n‡Zv| G¸‡jvi ga¨ w`‡qB µgvš^‡q mvgvb¨ †cvZvkÖq †_‡K m¤¢vebvgq GKwU e›`i wnmv‡e weKwkZ n‡Z Avi¤¢ K‡i PÆMÖvg| AZx‡Z bvbvwea w`‡q e›`i|

cwieZ©‡bi ga¨ GwM‡q‡Q PÆMÖvg GB mg‡q mviv `ywbqv‡Z e¨emv-evwY‡R¨i aib †hgb e`‡j‡Q, cvkvcvwk cwien‡bi Pvwn`vI †e‡o‡Q e›`‡ii| Ges eivei, mKj wecwË KvwU‡q cwieZ©‡bi avivi

GwcÖj 2016

17


Af¨_©bv m‡½ m½wZ †i‡L cÖwZwbqZ wb‡R‡K †hvM¨ Avi mg_© cÖgvY K‡i‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`i| AZ¨šÍ M‡e©i welq, 2015 mv‡j, wba©vwiZ mg‡qi A‡bK Av‡MB, `yB wgwjqb Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi jÿ¨gvÎv AwZµg K‡iwQ Avgiv| cwimsL¨vb ej‡Q, wW‡m¤^i 2015 Aewa PÆMÖvg e›`i n¨vÛj K‡i‡Q 20,24,000 wUBBDm Kb‡UBbvi| 2007 †_‡K 2015 mv‡ji g‡a¨ wظ‡YiI †ewk †e‡o‡Q Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡qi cwigvY| mg‡qi nvZ a‡i µgkt Gfv‡eB eo n‡q D‡V‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`i| e›`i w`em D`hvc‡bi GB Zvrch©c~Y© j‡Mœ Avwg wbwðZ e›`‡ii AMÖMwZi GB avivevwnKZv Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e AvMvgx‡ZI| e›`ievZ©v: AvšÍR©vwZK bxwZwba©viYx ch©vq †_‡K ïiæ K‡i †`‡ki miKvi, A_©bxwZwe` Ges we‡klÁmn mKj gn‡j †Rv‡i‡kv‡i eøy B‡Kvbwg, ev mgy`ª A_©bxwZ wb‡q K_vevZ©v n‡”Q| m¤úªwZ wekvj mgy`ª GjvKvi Ici mve©‡fŠg gvwjKvbv AR©bKvix, e‡½vcmvM‡ii DcK‚jeZ©x evsjv‡`‡ki †cÖwÿ‡Z eøy B‡Kvbwg, ev, mgy`ª A_©bxwZi mgm¨v I m¤¢vebvi g~j¨vqb Kiæb| †Pqvig¨vb: mnR fvlvq, eøy B‡Kvbwg K_vUvi

A_© n‡jv mgy`ª A_©bxwZ| evsjv‡`‡ki g‡Zv DcK‚jxq GKwU †`‡ki A_©bxwZi †cÖÿvc‡U GLb mg‡qi `vwe‡Z cwiYZ n‡q‡Q welqwU| †`‡ki Amxg mgy`ª m¤ú`, †hgb, wdkvwiR, AvKzqvKvjPvi, bevqb‡hvM¨ eøy GbvwR©, †Zj, M¨vm, mgy`ªZj‡`‡k LbbKvR Ges mgy`ªevwnZ evwY‡R¨i h_vh_ mبenv‡ii ga¨ w`‡q wecyj AMÖMwZi my‡hvM ˆZwi n‡q‡Q evsjv‡`‡ki mvg‡b| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii AeKvVv‡gv myweavi AviI Dbœqb NUv‡bvi gva¨‡g mgy`ª A_©bxwZi GB m¤¢vebvi m¤úªmviY NUv‡bv m¤¢e| GQvov, wiwRIbvj nve n‡q IVvi c‡_ AvMvgxi P¨v‡jÄ †gvKv‡ejvq e›`‡ii `ÿZve„w×i †Kv‡bv weKí †bB| Rvnv‡Ri cvkvcvwk Kv‡M©v Avi Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡q avivevwnK mvdj¨ AR©‡bi ga¨ w`‡q Abb¨ cÖe„w× a‡i †i‡L‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`i| GLb mviv `ywbqv‡ZB †eªKev‡éi cwie‡Z© cY¨ cwien‡bi †ÿ‡Î Kb‡UBbvivB‡Rk‡bi cÖeYZv e„w× cv‡”Q| Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs‡q Abe`¨ gvBjdjK AwZµg Kijvg wKQzw`b Av‡MB| Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q GB aviv| GK K_vq, mgy`ª A_©bxwZi m‡e©v”P myweav Av`v‡q Awbevh© cwic~iK kw³ wnmv‡e wb‡R‡`i cÖ¯‘wZi g‡a¨ w`‡qB hvw”Q Avgiv, cÖwZgyn~‡Z©B| e›`ievZ©v: Avcbvi g~j¨evb mgq Avgv‡`i †`qvi Rb¨ Avcbv‡K AmsL¨ ab¨ev`| fv‡jv _vK‡eb| †Pqvig¨vb: PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii m‡½ _vKvi Rb¨

e›`ievZ©vÕi mKj cvV‡Ki cÖwZI Avgvi ï‡f”Qv I Awfb›`b| fv‡jv _vK‡eb mevB|

18

GwcÖj 2016

cÖwZ‡ewk †`k¸‡jvi e›`‡ii m‡½ Avgv‡`i `~iZ¡ mv‡o wZb kÕ †_‡K cuvP kÕ gvB‡ji g‡Zv| A_P mivmwi †hvMv‡hvM bv _vKvi Kvi‡Y G‡ZvKvj wm½vcyi n‡q hvZvqZ Ki‡Zv RvnvR| d‡j Avgv‡`i cY¨evnx RvnvR¸‡jv‡K cvwo w`‡Z n‡Zv `yB nvRvi gvB‡ji Ici mvMic_| G‡Z mgq jvM‡Zv 15 †_‡K 20 w`b| A_P GLb G‡Z mgq jvM‡e M‡o cuvP w`‡bi g‡Zv| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB LiPI †eu‡P hv‡e cÖvq `yB Z…Zxqvsk|

e›`i gwnjv msN-Gi bZzb mfvcwZ †eMg Awb BKevj‡K e›`i †i÷nvDm mw¤§jbK‡ÿ †KK †K‡U I dz‡jj ï‡f”Qv mn‡hv‡M eiY K‡i †bqv nq| G mgq gwnjv ms‡Ni m`m¨e„›` Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb|


BbmvBU

e›`i cwiPq

Ôeyø-B‡KvbwgÕi we¯Ívi, mgy`ª-m¤¢vebv Aa¨qb, cÖKvkbv I we‡klÁ gZvgZ

Avgiv b`x‡K euvwP‡q ivL‡j b`xI Avgv‡`i euvwP‡q ivL‡e

KY©dzwj b`x‡Z K¨vwcUvj †WªwRs †Kb Riæwi? gvngy` nvmvb

PÆMÖvg e›`i we‡k¦i GKgvÎ cÖK…wZMZ e›`i †hLv‡b b`xi K‚‡j †RwU wbg©vY K‡i cY¨ IVvbvgv Kiv nq| we‡k¦i cÖvq me e›`‡i †RwU myweav MÖnY Kiv n‡q _v‡K K…wÎgfv‡e †ewmb ˆZwii gva¨‡g| GB †cÖÿvc‡U KY©dzwj b`xi ZxieZ©x G e›`i †Kej evsjv‡`‡ki bq, fviZ Dcgnv‡`‡ki Rb¨ cÖK…wZi Avkxe©v`¯^iƒc| KY©dzwj b`xi †Rvqvi-fvUvi Ici wbf©i K‡iB P‡j G e›`‡ii Kg©KvÐ| e›`i‡K Kb‡UBbvievnx RvnvR †bv½i Kivi Dc‡hvMx ivLv Ges Zzjbvg~jK eo RvnvR hv‡Z PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii †RwU‡Z wbwe©‡Nœ †cŠuQv‡Z cv‡i †mRb¨ KY©dzwj b`xi bve¨Zv a‡i ivLv LyeB Riæwi| †Rvqvi-fvUv n‡jv cÖevngvb b`xi GKwU ¯^vfvweK cÖwµqv| Z‡e fvUvi mgq cwj R‡g Pi c‡o e‡j b`xi ¯^vfvweK MwZcÖevn evavMÖ¯Í nq| ZvB b`xi bve¨Zv eRvq ivLvi cvkvcvwk †bŠhvb PjvPj Ae¨vnZ ivL‡Z b`xLbb ev †WªwRs-Gi †Kv‡bv weKí †bB| KY©dzwj P¨v‡b‡j †W«wRs-Gi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ ¯úU¸wj‡K K‡qKwU evi-G wef³ Kiv nqÑ Bbvi evi, AvDUvi evi I ¸ß evi| evi¸wj‡Z wbqwgZ †WªwRs-Gi Rb¨ 1989 mv‡j ÔGgwW LbKÕ bv‡g †`kxq GKwU RvnvR msMÖn K‡i PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ|

wbg©v‡Yi ci cwj R‡g m`iNvU †RwU‡Z APjve¯’vi m„wó n‡qwQj| GQvov KY©dzwj b`x‡Z Z…Zxq †mZz wbg©v‡Yi ci P¨v‡b‡ji bve¨Zv `ªæZ Kg‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQj| Ae¯’vi DbœwZK‡í PeK m`iNvU †RwU †_‡K Z…Zxq KY©dzwj †mZz ch©šÍ P¨v‡bj GjvKv †WªwRs-Gi Rb¨ 2012 mv‡j ÔK¨vwcUvj †W«wRsÕ cÖKí nv‡Z †bq| cÖKíwU wZbwU As‡k wef³ Kiv nq- †RwU wbg©vY, Zxii¶v eva wbg©vY I †WªwRs| cÖK‡íi AvIZvq GiB g‡a¨ jvBUv‡iR Rvnv‡Ri Rb¨ 400 wgUvi `xN© I 15 wgUvi cÖk¯Í GKwU †RwU wbg©v‡Yi KvR †kl n‡q‡Q| e›`‡i GLb 9.5 wgUvi Mfxi Ges 190 wgUvi `xN© RvnvR cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z cv‡i| b`x Zxii¶v eva wbg©v‡Yi KvRI cÖvq 80 kZvsk †kl| Rjve×Zv †iv‡a Lbb Kiv n‡q‡Q AvUwU Rjvavi| P¨v‡bj †W«wRs‡qi KvR †kl n‡q‡Q 62 kZvsk|

†cvU© Ae jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm, hy³ivóª

1542 mv‡ji w`‡K cÖ_g BD‡ivcxq wnmv‡e GLv‡b c`vc©Y K‡ib cZz©wMR Avwe®‹viK ûqvb iWwi¸‡qR Kvweª‡jv| cÖvK…wZKfv‡eB †cvZvkÖ‡qi mKj myweav wb‡q weivRgvb GjvKvwUi bvg wZwb iv‡Lb †e-Ae-†¯§vKm, ev, †auvqvi DcmvMi| wbKUeZ©x cvnvwo GjvKvq †iW-BwÛqvb Kzu‡o †_‡K me©ÿY Do‡Z _vKv †auvqvi Kvi‡YB Zvi G‡nb bvgKiY| mf¨Zv weewR©Z wbR©b GjvKvwU Ae¨eüZ Ae¯’vq KvwU‡q †`q AviI eû eQi| 1769 mv‡ji w`‡K †¯úbxq ivRKg©Pvwi Avi wgkbvwi cvw`ªe„›` nVvr wm×všÍ wb‡jb Av‡gwiKvi cwðg DcK‚‡j wb‡R‡`i Dcwb‡ek ¯’vcb Ki‡Z n‡e| cwiYwZ‡Z 1800 mvj bvMv` e¨¯Í n‡q DVj †cvZvkÖq| Aek¨ cÖ_g w`‡K GLv‡b GKgvÎ †¯úb Qvov Ab¨ Kv‡iv m‡½ evwY‡R¨i Ici Av‡ivwcZ e›`i GjvKvq wQj K‡Vvi wb‡lavÁv| 1822 mv‡j ¯^vaxb bZzb bZzb wkí †gw·‡Kv miKvi G wb‡lavÁv evwZj K‡i| wek kZ‡Ki ïiæ‡Z jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm kn‡i KviLvbv ¯’vc‡bi d‡j emwZ Movi j‡ÿ¨ e¨vcK gvby‡li Avbv‡Mvbv m„ó evq~`~lY I ïiæ nq| 1907 mv‡j GKwU cwiPvjbv †evW© MV‡bi ga¨ w`‡q AvbyôvwbK Rb¥jvf Ges `ªæZ Rjve×Zv, cÖe„w×i c‡_ hvÎv ïiæ K‡i †cvU© Ae jm Rjevq~ A¨v‡Ä‡jm| ïiæ‡Z cwiw¯’wZ †hgb †Zgb DØv¯‘‡`i n‡jI 1950 Gi ci wek¦e¨vcx Pvjy n‡q hvIqv µgea©gvb msL¨v BZ¨vw` ÔKb‡UBbvivB‡RkbÕ c×wZi AvIZvq Afvebxq `ªæZZvq Dbœqb N‡U GB e›`‡ii| G e›`‡ii gyn~‡Z© Kb‡UBbvi Ges Kv‡M©v n¨vÛwjs Dfq cwi‡ek‡K wePv‡iB (2015 mv‡j 81 jvL wUBBDm K‡i Zzj‡Z Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs) †MvUv hy³iv‡óª e„nËg cv‡i e›`i GB †cvU© Ae jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm|

msKUgq|

Z‡e wVKv`vwi cÖwZôv‡bi m‡½ cÖKí wb‡q RwUjZvi Kvi‡Y KvR wKQzw`b AvU‡K _vK‡jI e›`i KZ…©cÿ wkMwMiB wbR D‡`¨v‡M AveviI †WªwRs ïiæ Ki‡Z hv‡”Q| gvngy` nvmvb, DcmnKvix cÖ‡KŠkjx B/3, cÖ‡KŠkj wefvM, PÆMÖvg e›`i KZ…©cÿ cwi”Qbœ wQgQvg †cvU© Ae jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm

†WªwRs-Gi d‡j b`xi bve¨Zv evo‡jI K‡g cÖk¯ÍZv| Z‡e G‡Z wZb ai‡bi jvf nqcÖ_gZ, b`xi fv½b n‡Z Zxi iÿv cvq; wØZxqZ, ¯’jfv‡Mi cwigvY e„w× cvq Ges Z…ZxqZ, b`x Kb‡UBbvievnx eo RvnvR PjvP‡ji Dc‡hvMx nq| Z‡e †Lqvj ivLv Riæwi, †WªwRs Pjvi mgq Lyu‡o †Zvjv gvwU †hb †Kv‡bvfv‡eB b`xZx‡i ivLv bv nq| GB gvwU `~‡i †Kv_vI mwi‡q wb‡Z nq hv‡Z Zv †Kv‡bvfv‡eB b`x‡Z G‡m bv c‡o Ges AveviI bve¨Zv m¼U ˆZwi bv nq| cÖvK…wZKfv‡e m„ó e›`‡ii KY©dzwj P¨v‡bjwU 9.5 bwUK¨vj gvBj `xN© I 500 wgUvi cÖk¯Í| †WªwRs-Gi Av‡M G P¨v‡b‡j m‡e©v”P 9.2 wgUvi Mfxi I 188 wgUvi `xN© RvnvR PjvPj Ki‡Z cvi‡Zv| Z‡e 1990 mv‡j kvn AvgvbZ †mZz GwcÖj 2016

19


130

wewjqb Wjvi Avgv‡`i wRwWwc

†`‡ki wZb †KvwU †jv‡Ki Rxeb-RxweKvi cÖZ¨ÿ-c‡ivÿ †RvMvb`vi wPiPÂjv e‡½vcmvMi

evsjv‡`‡k mgy`ª A_©bxwZi P¨v‡jÄ I m¤¢vebv Aa¨vcK W. †gv. g. gviæd †nv‡mb mgy`ª A_©bxwZi cÖe³v‡`i g‡a¨ AMÖYx f‚wgKvq i‡q‡Q e¯‘Z Dbœqbkxj DcK‚jxq †`k Ges Øxciv󪸇jv| e¯‘Z ZvivB cÖ_g Dcjwä K‡i gvbeRvwZi fwel¨r wba©vi‡Y Kx weivU Ae`vb ivL‡Z mÿg Avgv‡`i gnvmgy`ª¸‡jv| AZGe †UKmB Dbœqb Ges `vwi`ª¨ we‡gvP‡bi †cÖwÿ‡Z mgy`ª A_©bxwZ‡K Avgv‡`i †`L‡Z n‡e m¤¢eci †UKmB Dbœqb AR©‡bi c‡_ GK kw³kvwj nvwZqvi wnmv‡e|2

eøy-B‡Kvbwg, evsjvq hv‡K Avgiv ejwQ mgy`ª A_©bxwZ, aviYvwUi cÖ_g cÖeZ©K ¸›Uvi cwj, 2010 mv‡j| gnvmgy‡`ªi mybxj Rjivwki AšÍiv‡j wbwnZ wecyj A_©‰bwZK m¤¢vebv Gi cÖavb welq| Z‡e Zvi mv‡_ AšÍfz©w³ _vK‡Z n‡e e„nËi mgv‡Ri| msiÿY Ki‡Z n‡e cwi‡e‡ki weï×Zv| m~Pbv NUv‡Z n‡e D™¢vebx Ges MwZkxj e¨emvwqK aviYvi| mgy`ª A_©bxwZ Ges †UKmB Dbœqb 2012 mv‡ji wiI wW †Rwb‡iv‡Z †UKmB Dbœqb kxl©K RvwZmsN m‡¤§j‡b cÖ_g DÌvwcZ Ôeøy-B‡KvbwgÕ kxl©K aviYv w`‡q †evSv‡bv nq, AvMvgxw`‡bi Rb¨ GKwU gnvmgy`ª wfwËK A_©bxwZ M‡o †Zvjvi K_v, hvi D‡Ïk¨ n‡e Ôgvby‡li Rxebgvb Dbœqb Ges mvgvwRK mvg¨ cÖwZôvi cvkvcvwk cwi‡ekMZ ÿwZi SuywK Kwg‡q Avbv|Õ mgy`ª A_©bxwZi K_v ej‡Z wM‡q †Kej mgy`ª A_©bxwZi Dbœqb ej‡j e¨vcviUv Am¤ú~Y© †_‡K hv‡e| GKBm‡½ ej‡Z n‡e mgy`ª A_©bxwZi †UKmB Dbœq‡bi cÖm½wUI| mgy`ª A_©bxwZ Avi †UKmB Dbœqb GKxf‚Z GKwU aviYv| G `y‡qi GK †_‡K Ac‡ii wew”QbœZv Am¤¢e| †Zv Gevi †`Lv hvK, †UKmB Dbœqb ej‡Z Kx eywS Avgiv? Gi me©Rb¯^xK…Z GKwU AvšÍR©vwZK msÁv Abymv‡i, †UKmB Dbœqb n‡”Q g~jZ †mB ai‡bi Dbœqb hv weivRgvb m¤ú‡`i mبenv‡ii gva¨‡g eZ©gv‡bi Pvwn`v †gUv‡e, A_P Zv Kivi Kvi‡Y †Kv‡bv cÖKvi fwel¨r SzuwKi gy‡L co‡Z n‡e bv AvMvgx cÖRb¥‡K|1 20

GwcÖj 2016

2012 mv‡ji wiI wW †Rwb‡iv‡Z †UKmB Dbœqb kxl©K RvwZmsN m‡¤§j‡b cÖ_g DÌvwcZ Ôeøy-B‡KvbwgÕ kxl©K aviYv w`‡q †evSv‡bv nq AvMvgxw`‡bi Rb¨ GKwU gnvmgy`ª wfwËK A_©bxwZ M‡o †Zvjvi K_v, hvi D‡Ïk¨ n‡e Ôgvby‡li Rxebgvb Dbœqb Ges mvgvwRK mvg¨ cÖwZôvi cvkvcvwk cwi‡ekMZ SuywK Ges cÖwZ‡ewkK wejywß Kwg‡q Avbv|Õ

evsjv‡`‡k Avgv‡`i A_©‰bwZK Kvh©µ‡gi eo AskUvB mgy`ªevwnZ| 130 wewjqb Wjv‡ii wRwWwc wb‡q we‡k^ Avgv‡`i A_©bxwZi Ae¯’vb 44 Zg| Abygvb, †`‡ki wZb †KvwU †jv‡Ki RxweKv mivmwi mgy`ªwbf©i A_©bxwZ, †hgb, gvQ aiv wKsev evwYwR¨K cwien‡bi mv‡_ m¤úwK©Z| mgy`ª A_©bxwZ welqK K_vevZ©v evsjv‡`‡k †Rv‡i‡kv‡i Avi¤¢ nq g~jZ 2012 mv‡j gvqvbgvi Ges 2014 mv‡j fvi‡Zi m‡½ mgy`ªmxgv msµvšÍ we‡iva wb®úwËi ci †_‡KB| IB NUbvq GZ`v‡ji mgy`ªm¤ú` mبenv‡ii gva¨‡g †UKmB A_©‰bwZK Dbœq‡bi mywekvj m¤¢vebv D‡¤§vwPZ n‡q hvq evsjv‡`‡ki mvg‡b|

mgy`ª A_©bxwZ : evsjv‡`‡ki m¤¢vebv evsjv‡`‡ki cÖPwjZ Ges weKvkgvb Dfq cÖKvi Lv‡Zi mvg‡b †UKmB, wbS©ÅvU Ges mgZvwfwËK mvgyw`ªK cÖe„w×i A‡bK¸‡jv m¤¢vebv G‡b nvwRi K‡i‡Q mgy`ª A_©bxwZ| hw`I Gme m¤¢vebv Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi welqwU wbf©i Ki‡Q A‡bK¸‡jv ¯^í Ges `xN©‡gqv`x cÖK‡íi gva¨‡g 1. †bŠcwienb I e›`i AeKvVv‡gv 2. mgy`ªc‡_i evwYR¨ 3. grmRxweKv 4. DcK‚jxq cwienb 5. AvKzqvKvjPvi (mvgyw`ªK Dw™¢` Pvlvev` wKsev cÖvYxi Lvgvi) 6. bevqb‡hvM¨ eøy-GbvwR© (b`xi cvwb I mvM‡ii cvwbi wgkÖYcÖwµqvq

we`y¨r Drcv`b) 7. ev‡qv‡UK‡bvjwR, ev, cÖvYcÖhyw³ 8. mgy`ª Zj‡`‡k LbbKvR BZ¨vw` Lv‡Z m¤ú‡`i †UKmB Ges we‡ePK e¨envi, bevqb‡hvM¨ kw³i Adzivb m¤¢vebv wb‡q A‡cÿgvb Avgv‡`i gnvmgy`ª¸‡jv †_‡K- evqycÖevn, mgy`ªZi½, †¯ªvZkw³AYyRxe I ZvcgvÎvi ZviZg¨ Kv‡R jvwM‡q we`y¨r Drcv`b, jeYv³Zvi gvÎv‡f` Kv‡R jvwM‡q kw³ Drcv`b BZ¨vw` wel‡qi Ici| M‡elK Ges ch©v‡jvPKiv mgy`ªmsµvšÍ m¤¢vebvgq Lv‡Zi g‡a¨ Abyiƒc A‡bK¸‡jv Lv‡Zi K_v wb‡`©k K‡i‡Qb †h¸‡jv ch©vß Ae`vb ivL‡Z mÿg RvZxq A_©bxwZ‡Z| wKš‘ evsjv‡`‡ki †ÿ‡Î GLv‡Z m‡e©v”P myweav wbwðZ Ki‡Z PvB‡j mevi Av‡M hv cÖ‡qvRb Zv n‡”Q wb‡Ri mvg‡_©¨i Dbœqb Ges mgy`ª A_©bxwZi AšÍfz©³ Gme Lv‡Zi m¤¢vebv Avwe®‹v‡ii avivevwnK AwfÁZv|

†UKmB grm AvniY I cÖwZ‡ek eZ©gvb `ywbqvi 35 †KvwU †jvK mivmwi mgy‡`ª grm Avni‡Yi gva¨‡g RxweKv wbe©vn Ki‡Q| G‡`i g‡a¨ Avevi 90 kZvs‡kiB evm Dbœqbkxj †`k¸‡jvq| evsjv‡`‡k †gvU grm Drcv`‡bi 20 kZvsk Av‡m mgy`ª †_‡K| †`‡ki AšÍZ cuvP jvL †jvK cÖZ¨ÿ G Lv‡Zi Ici wbf©ikxj| 2009-2015 †gqv‡` e‡½vcmvMi‡Kw›`ªK jvR© †gwiUvBg B‡Kvwm‡÷g cÖ‡R± (weIweGjGgB) Abymv‡i, cÖwZeQi e‡½vcmvMi †_‡K MocoZv 60 jvL Ub grm AvniY Kiv n‡”Q| GwU `ywbqv‡Rvov grm Drcv`‡bi 16 kZvsk| Abyiƒc A‡bK cÖKvi Dw™¢R I cÖvwYR emwZi myiÿv cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡K Alyawk‡íi KuvPvgv‡ji Adzivb fvÐvi


40

wUªwjqb NbdzU (wUwmGd)

M¨vm cvIqv m¤¢e e‡½vcmvM‡ii Zj‡`‡k

e‡½vcmvM‡ii jvR© †gwiUvBg B‡Kvwm‡÷g cÖKí| †hgb, g¨vb‡MÖvf AÂj (we‡k^i †gvU g¨vb‡MÖv‡fi 12 kZvsk), cÖevj cÖvPxi (we‡k^i †gvU cÖevj cÖvPx‡ii 8 kZvsk) Ges Nvmmg„× mgy`ª Zj‡`k| DuPzgvÎvi cÖvYx‰ewP‡Î¨ mg„× AÂj GwU| Zvi g‡a¨ †ek K‡qwU cÖRvwZ Ae¯’vb Ki‡Q wejywßi ûgwK‡Z| mgy‡`ªi cÖvwYR m¤ú` DcK���jxq GjvKvq emevmKvix Pig `wi`ª RbRxe‡bi Kv‡Q mxgvnxb ¸iæZ¡c~Y©, we‡klZ cwiev‡ii Avnv‡h©i gyL¨ †RvMvb`vi wnmv‡e| B‡Zvg‡a¨ gvby‡li h‡_”Q e¨env‡ii Kvi‡Y wecyj cwigvY n«vm †c‡q‡Q mgy‡`ªi Drcv`bkxjZv| Rjevqy cwieZ©‡bi Kvi‡YI ˆZwi n‡q‡Q bvbvwea NvUwZ, †hgb, mgy`ªc„‡ôi D”PZve„w× Ges †Lvjv mgy‡`ª cywówgkÖ‡Yi cwigvY n«vm cvIqv|

PÆMÖvg mgy`ª e›`i Ges †UKmB Dbœqb †bŠcwienb Ges e›`i AeKvVv‡gv myweav A_© we‡ePbvq 70 kZvsk Ges AvqZb we‡ePbvq 80 kZvsk ˆewk^K evwYR¨ mgvav n‡q _v‡K mgy`ªc‡_ Ges wewfbœ e›`‡ii gva¨‡g| 2013 mv‡ji Av¼Uv‡Wi †gwiUvBg Uªv݇cvU© wiwfD Abymv‡i, `ywbqv‡Rvov A_©‰bwZK wech©q m‡Ë¡I mgy`ªevwYR¨ 4.3 kZvsk †e‡o 2012 mv‡j cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv DbœxZ n‡q‡Q bq wewjqb U‡b| evsjv‡`‡ki †ÿ‡Î, DcK‚jxq †`k¸‡jvi g‡a¨ ˆewk^K mgy`ªevwY‡R¨i gva¨‡g mgy`ª A_©bxwZi Dbœqb NUv‡Z n‡j, †mvbvw`qv‡Z Mfxi mgy`ª e›`‡ii K_v we‡ePbvi cvkvcvwk PÆMÖvg e›`i, gsjv e›`i Ges cvqiv e›`i‡K kw³kvwj UªvbwRU c‡q›U wnmv‡e M‡o Zzj‡Z n‡e| µgea©gvb GB evwYR¨ †_‡K m‡e©v”P myweav †c‡Z PvB‡j DcK‚jxq †`k¸‡jv‡K cÖ_‡gB wb‡R‡`i AeKvVv‡gv myweav Ges mvg_©¨ Abymv‡i †KŠkjMZ Ae¯’vb wba©viY K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| G‡ÿ‡Î gvjvgvj cwien‡bi Rb¨ †bŠcwienb LvZB me©v‡cÿv myiwÿZ, me‡P‡q wbivc`, m‡e©v”P `ÿ Ges me©vwaK cwi‡ekevÜe| †Kbbv GB Lv‡Z AvkvZxZ K‡g G‡m‡Q `yN©Ubvi msL¨v, k~‡b¨i †KvVvq †b‡g G‡m‡Q mš¿vmx nvgjvi NUbv, Afvebxq DbœwZ N‡U‡Q Uvb©A¨vivDÛ UvB‡gi †ÿ‡Î, we¯§qKi Rxe‰ewP‡Î¨i AvKi AZjvwšÍK cvZvjcyix

Ôeyø-B‡KvbwgÕi we¯Ívi, mgy`ª-m¤¢vebv Aa¨qb, cÖKvkbv I we‡klÁ gZvgZ

`viæYfv‡e n«vm †c‡q‡Q mvM‡i wKsev evZv‡m eR©¨ wb®‹vk‡bi gvÎv| we‡klÁiv g‡b K‡ib, weivRgvb myweav AvaywbKvqb/ms¯‹v‡ii gva¨‡g wek^gv‡bi mgy`ªe›`i ch©v‡q DbœxZ Kiv †M‡j cÖfvekvjx GKwU AvÂwjK cÖvY‡K›`ª wnmv‡e Avwef©ve NU‡e PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii| Avgv‡`i hv Ki‡Z n‡e Zv n‡”Q, Rvnv‡Ri Uvb©A¨vivDÛ UvBg Kgv‡bv QvovI Kb‡UBbvi/Kv‡M©v IVvbvgvi †ÿ‡Î e¨e¯’vcbv I `ÿZvi Dbœqb NUv‡bv, Kg©xk„•Ljv eRvq ivLv Ges Aw¯’iZv cÖkgb, BZ¨vw`|

40 wUªwjqb NbdzU M¨v‡mi gRyZ e‡½vcmvMi

cÖvq 40 wUªwjqb NbdzU (wUwmGd) M¨vm cvIqv m¤¢e|3

Dbœq‡bi c‡_ P¨v‡jÄ Ges SzuwKmg~n

A‡bK m¤¢vebv B‡Zvg‡a¨ †UvKv w`‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii m¤¢vebvi `‡ivRvq| Ae¯’vwbK we‡ePbvq †KŠkjMZ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Ae¯’v‡b _vKv G e›`i ¯’j‡ewóZ †bcvj I f‚Uv‡bi cvkvcvwk evg©v, Pxb I fvi‡Zi wbKU-cÖwZ‡ewk Ges A_©‰bwZK gnvkw³ wn‡m‡e D`xqgvb fviZI PvB‡Q Zvi DËi-c~e©vÂjxq mvZwU A½iv‡óª cY¨ cwien‡b PÆMÖvg e›`i‡K e¨envi Ki‡Z| Gi d‡j Zv‡`i mgq Ges A_© `y‡UviB mvkÖq NU‡e| Gfv‡e cÖwZ‡ewk †`k¸‡jv‡K e›`i-mn‡hvwMZv cÖ`v‡bi gva¨‡g wecyj cwigvY ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡i evsjv‡`k|

`vwi`ª¨ we‡gvPb, Lv`¨ Drcv`‡b ¯^wbf©iZv AR©b, cwi‡ek fvimvg¨ eRvq ivLv, Rjevqy cwieZ©‡bi ÿwZKi cÖfve †gvKv‡ejvi cvkvcvwk eûgvwÎK A_©‰bwZK m¤¢vebv Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi †ÿ‡Î wecyj Ae`vb ivL‡Z mÿg Avgv‡`i mgy`ªm¤ú`| Z‡e Gi mv‡_ g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e m¤¢ve¨ P¨v‡j‡Äi K_vI| †hme †ÿ‡Î P¨v‡jÄ ˆZwi n‡Z cv‡i †m¸‡jv n‡”Q: 1. mgMÖ DcK‚jxq A‡j mve©‡fŠgZ¡ wbwðZ Kiv 2. A_©‰bwZK A‡j (BB‡RW) wbivcËv eRvq ivLv 3. mgy`ª ch©U‡bi j‡ÿ¨ cwi‡ekevÜe mvgyw`ªK AeKvVv‡gv wbg©vY 4. AvšÍR©vwZK †PvivKvievix, gv`K, gvbe Ges A¯¿ cvPviKvix, grm`my¨Zv Ges gv`Kmš¿vmxi DrcvZ †_‡K Mfxi mgy`ª Ges BB‡RW GjvKvi myiÿv cÖ`vb 5. AwR©Z GjvKvq wewb‡qvMevÜe cwi‡ek eRvq ivLv 6. cÖvYx‰ewP‡Î¨i †UKmB e¨e¯’vcbv 7. mgy‡`ªi Ges DcK‚jxq cwi‡ek fvimvg¨ eRvq ivLv 8. g¨vb‡MÖvf Ges mvgyw`ªK Nv‡mi myiÿv 9. Rjevqy cwieZ©b Ges Kve©b wbtmi‡Yi myôz e¨e¯’vcbv 10. mgy`ªc„‡ôi D”PZv eRvq ivLv Ges cÖevj R¦‡jcy‡o hvevi Kvi‡Y cwi‡e‡k ZvcgvÎvi ZviZg¨ e¨e¯’vcbv 11. mgy‡`ªi A¤øvqb Ges mgy`ª Kve©b Bmy¨ 12. mgy`ª‡K `~lY Ges eR©¨gy³ ivLv Ges 13. RbmsL¨vi µge„w× Ges K…wli Nbvqb|

†Zj I M¨vm‡ÿ‡Îi m¤¢vebv: 2009 mv‡j Mfxi mgy‡`ª ¯’vwcZ †Zj ev M¨vm D‡Ëvjb †ÿÎmg~n †_‡K we‡k^i †gvU Acwi‡kvwaZ †Z‡ji 32 kZvsk AvniY Kiv n‡q‡Q| 2025 mv‡j GwU DbœxZ n‡e 34 kZvs‡k| Ges µgk evo‡ZB _vK‡e GwU| Avgv‡`i MÖ‡ni D‡Ëvjb‡hvM¨ †Z‡ji A‡a©‡Ki †ewk gRyZ i‡q‡Q Mfxi mgy‡`ª ¯’vwcZ Gme †ÿ‡Î, Ges GiI wmwKfvM i‡q‡Q Mwnb R‡ji wb‡P| Gme Z_¨ we‡ePbvq wb‡j Abyaveb Kiv m¤¢e †h, mwZ¨Kvi A‡_©B GKwU D‡jøL‡hvM¨ AMÖMwZ NU‡Z hv‡”Q Avgv‡`i A_©‰bwZK †ÿ‡Î| UªvBeybv‡ji iv‡qi ci e‡½vcmvM‡i fvi‡Zi nv‡Z _vKv 10wU M¨vm eø‡Ki g‡a¨ 8wU Ges gvqvbgv‡ii nv‡Z _vKv 18wU M¨vm eø‡Ki g‡a¨ 13wUi gvwjKvbv wd‡i †c‡q‡Q evsjv‡`k| BDGmwRGm5 Gi cÖwZ‡e`b Abymv‡i Dc‡ivwjøwLZ Gme M¨vm eøK †_‡K

UªvBeybv‡ji iv‡qi ci e‡½vcmvM‡i fvi‡Zi nv‡Z _vKv 10wU M¨vm eø‡Ki g‡a¨ 8wU Ges gvqvbgv‡ii nv‡Z _vKv 18wU M¨vm eø‡Ki g‡a¨ 13wUi gvwjKvbv wd‡i †c‡q‡Q evsjv‡`k| BDGmwRGm5 Gi cÖwZ‡e`b Abymv‡i Dc‡ivwjøwLZ Gme M¨vm eøK †_‡K cÖvq 40 wUªwjqb NbdzU (wUwmGd) M¨vm cvIqv m¤¢e|

me©v‡MÖ cÖ‡qvRb GKwU mgwš^Z mgy`ªbxwZ evsjv‡`‡ki Rb¨ G gyn~‡Z© mevi Av‡M hv cÖ‡qvRb Zv n‡”Q mgwš^Z GKwU †gwiUvBg cwjwm, ev, mgy`ª bxwZ cÖYqY Kiv| G‡Z g~jZ bRi w`‡Z n‡e mgy`ª wbivcËv, mgy`ª`~lY, mgy‡`ªi cÖvwYR-AcÖvwYR m¤ú‡`i myiÿv I msiÿY, mgy`ªweÁvb I M‡elYv, cÖhyw³i ms‡hvRb, mgy`ª cwi‡ek myiÿv, ˆewk^K Rjevqy cwieZ©b BZ¨vw` cÖ‡kœi †gvKv‡ejvq wb‡R‡`i mvg_©¨ evov‡bv Ges cÖwkwÿZ Rbej M‡o †Zvjvi cÖm½mg~n| Aa¨vcK W. †gv. g. gviæd †nv‡mb Bbw÷wUDU Ae †gwib mvB‡Ým A¨vÛ wdkvwiR PÆMÖvg wek^we`¨vjq, evsjv‡`k B‡gBj: marufimsfcu@gamil.com m~Î: 1.http://www.sustainable-development.gov.uk/what/p rinciples.htm 2. Para 56, The future we want, UNCSD 2012

3. ˆ`wbK evsjv‡`k cÖwZw`b, 2014

GwcÖj 2016

21


PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii weMZ AvovB nvRvi eQ‡ii c_Pjvi BwZnvm

ZLb wbqgUv wQj Ggb, †bŠhy‡× kw³gvb nZ hviv, ZvivB kvmb KiZ `ywbqv| cÂ`k kZK bvMv` BD‡ivc-Gwkqvi wekvj GjvKv Ry‡o wb‡R‡`i mv¤ªvR¨ cÖwZôv K‡i †d‡j A‡Uvgvb, ev ZzwK© mvjZvbvZ| ZLbKvi civµgkvjx †mB A‡Uvgvb †bŠen‡ii †miv hy×RvnvR¸‡jv wKš‘ ˆZwi n‡q †h‡Zv GB PÆMÖvg e›`i †_‡KB| AZGe †`Lv hv‡”Q, Avgv‡`i GLvbKvi RvnvR wbg©vYwk‡íi cÖwmw×i K_v IBKv‡jB Kx e¨vcKfv‡e Qwo‡qwQj `ywbqve¨vcx| Dwbk kZ‡Ki ïiæ‡ZI weªwUkiv‡Ri weL¨vZ UªvdvjMvi hy‡×i R‡b¨ Avek¨K hy×RvnvR¸‡jv Zviv ˆZwi K‡i wb‡q †M‡Q GB PÆMÖvg †_‡K| cwiZv‡ci welq, ivR‰bwZK `~i`wk©Zvi Afv‡e kvmKc‡ÿi e¨emvwqK loh‡š¿ G mgqKv‡jB wKQzUv ¯’wei n‡q hvq, IB mgqB GK nvRvi Ubx wekvj RvnvR wbg©v‡Yi mvg_©¨ AR©bKvix, PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii RMwØL¨vZ RvnvR wbg©vYwk‡íi AMÖhvÎv| 1824 mv‡j KjKvZv e›`‡ii GK mviwY Abymv‡i, e›`‡ii gvwjKvbvaxb Rvnv‡Ri g‡a¨ 11wU ÔBswjkÕ RvnvR Ges 8wU cvj‡Zvjv RvnvR ˆZwi n‡q‡Q PÆMÖv‡g| hw`I G mg‡qi Aí wKQzw`‡bi g‡a¨B ivRvbyMÖ‡ni Afv‡e mg„w×i Aebgb N‡U Zvi| G‡Z cÖZ¨ÿ f‚wgKv iv‡L Z`vbxšÍb fviZ kvmK B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwb| IB mgq mgMÖ fvi‡Z Zv‡`i wQj GK‡PwUqv evwYR¨| Avi Gme e¨emv-evwY‡R¨ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi cÖavb gva¨g wQj RvnvR| fvi‡Zi RvnvR wbg©vY wkíLv‡Zi weivRgvb my‡hvM-myweav †`‡L Z`vbxšÍb Mfb©i †Rbv‡ij jW© I‡q‡jmwj ¯^‡`kx Bs‡iR ewYK‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ AvnŸvb Rvbv‡jb fviZe‡l© G‡m A‡bK m¯Ívq gvbm¤úbœ RvnvR ˆZwii Rb¨| wKš‘ Zvi AvnŸv‡bi weiæ‡× cÖej we‡ivwaZv ˆZwi Kij †Kv¤úvwbi cwiPvjbv †evW©| hw`I Zv‡`i mZK©evYx‡Z KvR nj bv †Zgb| Mfb©i I‡q‡jmwj weªwUk ¯^v‡_©B Ggb Kx G cÖ¯ÍveI Ki‡jb †h, weªwUk †bŠevwnbxi iYZix Ges weªwUk ewY‡Ki evwYR¨ZixI fviZe‡l©B wbg©vY Kiv DwPZ| Zvi g‡bvfve cQ›` Kij bv cwiPvjbv †ev‡W©i m`m¨iv| †Kbbv, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ A‡b‡KiB wQj wbR¯^ evwYR¨Zixi eni, Kv‡iv Kv‡iv wb‡RiB wQj RvnvR wbg©vY KviLvbv| I‡q‡jmwji weiæ×vPi‡Yi Rb¨ A‡Rq Gme A‡Uvgvb RvnvR ˆZwi n‡Zv evsjvq

22

GwcÖj 2016

A‡Uvgvb myjZv‡bi hy×RvnvR wbg©vY KiZ PÆMÖvg e›`i HwZnvwmK wgmevnDwÏb Lvb-Gi Ôwn÷wi Ae `¨ †cvU© Ae wPUvMvsÕ Abymi‡Y PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii c_Pjvi avivevwnK BwZnv‡m AvR Rvbe PÆMÖvg e›`‡i RvnvR wbg©vY wk‡íi †mvbvwj w`‡bi Mí|

Av‡jKRvw›`ªqvi e`‡j PÆMÖv‡gi †bŠ-KvwiM‡ii Ici AwaK fimv ivL‡jb A‡Uvgvb myjZvb

weªwUk cvj©v‡g›U †NvlYv †`q, fvi‡Zi bvweKiv weªwUkiv‡Ri cÖRv nIqv m‡Ë¡I Zv‡`i Av‡`Š weªwUk bvweK wnmv‡e MY¨ Kiv n‡e bv| Dciš‘ weª‡U‡b wbewÜZ †h †Kv‡bv GK kÕ Ubx Rvnv‡R Kgc‡ÿ Pvi fv‡Mi wZb fvM bvweK weªwUk es‡kv™¢‚Z bv n‡q _vK‡j †m RvnvR ev‡Rqvß MY¨ n‡e| m‡e©vcwi, Rvnv‡Ri K¨v‡Þb weªwUk bvMwiK bv n‡j jÛ‡bi e›`‡i fviZxq †Kv‡bv RvnvR XzK‡Z †`qv n‡e bv|

weªwUk cvj©v‡g‡›U †Rvi Z`wei Avi¤¢ Ki‡jb Zviv| fviZxq RvnvR wbg©vYwk‡íi DbœwZi GK ch©v‡q weª‡U‡bi RvnvR KviLvbvq Rvnv‡Ri msL¨v Avk¼vRbK K‡g Av‡m| cvj©v‡g‡›Ui wb‡`©‡k ZLb fvi‡Zi RvnvR wbg©vYwkí m¤ú‡K© Z`šÍ ïiæ K‡i KZ…©cÿ| Z`šÍ cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ nvDm Ae Kgb‡m m¨vi ievU© wcj‡K †Pqvig¨vb K‡i GKwU evQvB KwgwU MVb nq| KwgwU fvi‡Z RvnvR ˆZwii wewfbœ w`K m¤ú‡K© bvbvwea Z_¨ msMÖn K‡i| G¸‡jv cvj©v‡g‡›U Rgv †`qv nq 1814 mv‡j | Gme cÖwZ‡e`‡bi mycvwik Abymv‡i weªwUk cvj©v‡g›U †NvlYv †`q, fvi‡Zi bvweKiv KvM‡R-Kj‡g weªwUkiv‡Ri cÖRv nIqv m‡Ë¡I Zv‡`i Av‡`Š weªwUk bvweK wnmv‡e MY¨ Kiv n‡e bv| Dciš‘ weª‡U‡b wbewÜZ †h †Kv‡bv GK kÕ Ubx Rvnv‡R Kgc‡ÿ Pvi fv‡Mi wZb fvM bvweK weªwUk es‡kv™¢‚Z bv n‡q _vK‡j †m RvnvR ev‡Rqvß MY¨ n‡e| GLv‡bB †kl bq, Rvnv‡Ri K¨v‡Þb weªwUk bvMwiK bv n‡j jÛ‡bi e›`‡i fviZxq †Kv‡bv RvnvR XzK‡Z †`qv n‡e bv| cvkvcvwk, B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwb‡K Rvwb‡q †`qv nq, 1814 mv‡ji 1 AvM÷ ch©šÍ fvi‡Z ˆZwi RvnvR e¨envi Ki‡Z cvi‡e Zviv| cieZ©x‡Z Aek¨ †gqv`wU AviI GK eQ‡ii Rb¨ evov‡bv nq| GiI Av‡M, 1811 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki †dvU© DBwjqvg KZ…©cÿ `yiwfmwÜg~jK D‡Ïk¨ †_‡K weªwUk I A-weªwUk Rvnv‡Ri Rb¨ c„_K ïénvi wba©viY K‡i †`q| G‡Z weªwUk Rvnv‡Ri Rb¨ GKiKg Ges A-weªwUk Rvnv‡Ri (†hgb, fviZxq, WvP, divwm BZ¨vw`) Rb¨ Av‡iKiKg ïé wba©vwiZ nq|

Gfv‡e VvÐv gv_vq c`‡ÿc †bqv nq fviZxq RvnvR wbg©vY wkí‡K ewne©vwYR¨ †_‡K cy‡ivcywi weZvo‡bi| †dvU© DBwjqv‡gi c`v¼ AbymiY K‡i 1812 mv‡j gv`ªv‡Ri †dvU© †mB›U RR© Ges †ev‡¤^i †dvU© †mB›U †WwfWI Abyiƒc wb‡`©kbv Rvwi K‡i| cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q DaŸ©nv‡ii G ïé WvP, divwm Ges Ab¨vb¨ AweªwUk †h †Kv‡bv Rvnv‡Ri †ÿ‡ÎB cÖ‡hvR¨ wQj| wKš‘ cieZ©x‡Z d«vÝ I nj¨v‡Ûi m‡½ wewfbœ ai‡bi Jcwb‡ewkK hy‡× wjß nq weªwUkiv Ges Gm‡ei cwiYwZ‡Z Zv‡`i m‡½ bZzb Pzw³ m¤úv`‡b eva¨ nq| Gfv‡eB evowZ ïénvi †_‡K †invB †c‡q hvq divwm Ges WvPmn Ab¨vb¨ BD‡ivcxq RvnvR| Ges GKZidv fviZxq RvnvR¸‡jvB wkKvi nq G ewa©Z ï‡éi| weªwUkiv‡Ri G‡Zvme evavwecwË m‡Ë¡I RvnvR wbg©v‡Y D‡`¨vMx nb PÆMÖv‡gi †cvU© Kwgkbviiv| 1888 mv‡j e›`‡ii AvbyôvwbK hvÎvi cÖ_g eQiB 594 U‡bi cuvPwU †bŠhvb ˆZwi K‡ib Zviv| 1889 mv‡jI 373 U‡bi `yÕwU †bŠhvb ˆZwi nq GLv‡b| e›`‡ii IqvK©kc AvaywbKxKi‡Yi D‡`¨vM †bqv nq 1896 mv‡j| ZLb e›`‡ii †bŠhvb, eqv, gywis BZ¨vw`i cvkvcvwk Ab¨vb¨ miKvwi `dZi wKsev cÖwZôv‡biI Abyiƒc hš¿cvwZ msiÿY I †givg‡Zi KvR Kiv n‡Zv GLv‡b| GKB mg‡q AvivKv‡bi jymvB cvnv‡o †mbvevwnbx †cÖi‡Yi D‡`¨vM †bq weªwUk miKvi| ZLb Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvRbxq †bŠhvb ˆZwi Ges iÿYv‡eÿ‡Yi Kv‡RI ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Ae`vb iv‡L GB IqvK©kc| m~Î: wn÷wi Ae `¨ †cvU© Ae wPUvMvs, wgmevnDwÏb Lvb


LwZqvb

e›`‡ii Avq-e¨q, Kb‡UBbvi IVvbvgvi gvwmK cwimsL¨vb

Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs

2015 I 2016 mv‡ji gvP© gv‡mi Zzjbvg~jK wPÎ STATUS WISE IMPORT CONT. NO OF CONT. S,VESL

FCL 20'

LCL 40'

20'

I M P O R T CONTAINERS WITH M/TONS

EMPTY

40'

20'

STATUS WISE EXPORT CONT.

FCL 40'

20'

40'

EMPTY

HANDLING

CONTAINERS WITH M/TONS

( IMPORT + EXPORT )

20'

40'

MAR'16

106

33641 26787 223 1289

27 482 62449

91007 1312723 6835 19736 0

0

26206

9747

62524 92007 490245

124973 183014 1802968

MAR'15

103

29219 21675 216

1 1770 53843

78250 1179902 6915 18677 0

0

19949

6720

52261 77658 453494

106104 155908 1633396

962

40' BOXES TEUS M/TONS 20'

LCL

E X P O R T

BOXES TEUS M/TONS BOXES TEUS M/TONS

17.39% 10.38%

JUTE JUTE GOODS

March'15

LEATHER

March'16

R. GARMENTS FROZEN GOODS CONT. OTHERS CONT. EXP. TOTAL NAPTHA/F.OIL/G.OIL AMMONIA BULK OTHERS BULK EXP. TOTAL TOTAL EXPORT

cY¨Iqvwi Avg`vwb Kv‡M©v(†gwUªK U‡b)

0

100000

200000

300000

400000

500000

600000

Food grain C Clinker

March'15

Fertilizer

March'16

†K wZwb? Gi mgvavb: wµ‡óvdvi Kj¤^vm

cY¨Iqvwi idZvwb Kv‡M©v (†gwUªK U‡b)

%GROWTH

Coal Salt Sugar Edible oil Petrolium Oil Bulk others Bulk Imp toal Cont Imp Cargo

kãRU-4 mgvavb

TOTAL IMPORT

Avw_©K cÖwZ‡e`b

0

1000000

2000000

3000000

4000000

CORPORATE INCOME TAX

(COLLECTED FROM SUPPLIERS, CONTRACTORS)

VAT (COLLECTED

FROM SUPPLIERS, CONTRACTORS)

VAT FROM AUTHORITIES INCOME

INCOME TAX

FINANCIAL YEAR

REVENUE REVENUE REVENUE INCOME EXPENDITURE SURPLUS

AvMvgx msL¨vq _vK‡Q

5000000

March 2015

150.06

77.63

72.43

50.00

2.59

3.24

15.08

March 2016

176.84

91.91

84.93

25.00

2.45

2.82

18.92

wcÖq cvVK, e›`ievZ©vq AvMvgx msL¨vi cÖavb iPbv wn‡m‡e _vK‡Q PÆMÖvg e›`‡i Kb‡UBbvi n¨vÛwjs-Gi we`¨gvb AeKvVv‡gv, e¨eüZ wewfbœ cÖKvi †µb I Uvwg©bv‡ji cwiwPwZ wb‡q we¯ÍvwiZ cwi‡ekbv| cvkvcvwk, HwZnvwmK †gmevnDwÏb Lv‡bi Ô†iKW©m Ae `¨ Kwgkbvim Ae `¨ †cvU© Ae wPUvMvsÕ MÖš’ Aej¤^‡b †L‡iv LvZvÕq Zz‡j aiv n‡e PÆMÖvg e›`‡ii ïiæi w`b¸‡jvi K_v| GQvov, e›`‡ii A›`‡i, gyLi e›`i Ges LwZqvbmn Ab¨vb¨ wbqwgZ wefvM †Zv _vK‡QB|

GwcÖj 2016

23


April 2016

4


BandarBarta_April 2016