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Watch Out London

r a p t u o All ab

! s c i p alym


INDEX

Índex

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Facts

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Lee´s story

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Lora´s story

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Mexico in London Paralympics

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Paralympics Flame

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Paralympics Disciplines

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Credits

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Paralympic Facts 1.-The Paralympic Games is the world’s second largest major international multi-sport event – after the Olympic Games, of course. 2.London 2012 goes down as being the most accessible Games ever. Train platforms were widened, buses were made wheelchair-accessible, and river piers have been given ramps. More than 8000 London buses were fitted with the new iBus system, as well as an automatic radio and display announcement system for the visually- and hearing-impaired. 3.Trischa Zorn of the USA is the most decorated Paralympian in the history of the Games. Her Paralympic career spanned 24 years from 1980 to 2004. She competed in the blind swimming events in 7 Paralympic Games, winning a total of 55 medals – 41 of which

“The world’s second largest major international multi-sport event “

were gold 4.The sighted guides for athletes with visual impairment are such an integral part of the competition that the visually-impaired athlete and guide are considered a team, with both athletes being medal candidates. 5.Of the 20 sports at the Paralympic Games, only 4 are NOT competed in at the regular Olympic Games. These are Goal Ball – a team sport played by visually-impaired athletes who throw or roll a ball with a bell inside it across the end line; Boccia - a sport played in teams of pairs by athletes with cerebral palsy, which is similar to lawn bowls; Wheelchair Rugby – played by primarily low-level quadriplegics; and Powerlifting - similar to weightlifting, but using the upper body only.


Paralympic Facts 6.The first ever Paralympic Games was held in London in 1948 at the same time as the Summer Olympics, when German neurologist, Sir Ludwig Guttmann, organised a sports event for soldiers injured in the war. A small group of British World War II veterans took part. Then, in 1952, Dutch athletes participated too, and so the first international games for athletes with disabilities took place. 7.The Paralympic Games were initially open only to athletes in wheelchairs. All that changed in 1976 when athletes with different disabilities were included for the first time. 8.Today there are six disability groups in the Paralympic Games: Amputee, Cerebral Palsy, Spinal Cord Injuries, Intellectual Disability, Visual Impairment and ‘Les Autres’, which means “the others” and includes all those who don’t fit into the other groups – for instance dwarfism, multiple sclerosis, and congenital disorders. 9.The first athlete with a disability to compete in the able-bodied Games was German American gymnast George Eyser. He competed in 1904 with one artificial leg and earned six medals in one day: three gold medals, two silvers and one bronze. 10.In 2008, South African distance swimmer Natalie Du Toit was the second person to compete in both Games. She also carried her country’s flag at both the Paralympics’ and Summer Olympics’ opening ceremonies, making her the first athlete to ever do so.


Lee & Lora “They

Around the world, thousands of athletes are gearing up for this year’s Olympic and Paralympic Games. Among them are two young British hopefuls, Lee Greatbatch and Lora Turnham. While they won’t know whether they have been selected to represent their country for several more weeks, both are training hard. Helping them achieve their dreams are two very special four legged friends – their guide dogs Darby and Libby.

won’t know whether they have been selected to represent their Lee’s story country “

Lee plays blind football, and with over 50 caps representing his country internationally, including the Blind Football World Cup, European Championships and the Beijing Paralympic Games, he is a seasoned professional. Blind football is played with a team of four blind players and a sighted goalkeeper. The ball contains ball bearings and a sighted ‘guide keeper’ calls to the players so that they know the rough direction of the goal. “Most of the game is played inside your head,” Lee explains. “Before the match you walk around the pitch to get the dimensions and you keep in your mind the diamond-shape formation of the team. Communication is very important – we call to each other when we have the ball or are going to tackle – and you need good spatial awareness too.” As well as fitness training, Lee is currently doing football training two or three times a week, and plays for West Bromwich in the Blind Football League. “My guide dog Darby plays a really important part in my training.


Lee & Lora With him I can travel by bus rather than having to pay for taxis,” Lee says. “But I don’t take him to the matches as he’s still young and I have this fear he’ll steal everyone’s football boots from the changing rooms!” Lee describes waiting to hear whether he has been selected for the Paralympics as “a bit like waiting for exam results” but adds: “It’s a tough call but I think I’m more excited about the birth of our first baby in April!”

Lora’s story Lora comes from an illustrious family of guide dog owners – her mother and two brothers have the same eye condition, and all have guide dogs. Lora has had her guide dog, Libby, since she was 17, and finds her a great support, not just in terms of helping her travel to her six-times-a-week training sessions, but also emotionally. “She’s very calming when you’re nervous so it helps having her around. I don’t take her when I’m competing abroad but I really miss her, and I don’t have the same freedom.” Their relationship is such a special one that they were shortlisted for this year’s Kennel Club ‘Friend for Life’ competition. Lora is relatively new to the sport of para-cycling, where she rides tandem with a sighted pilot in both road racing and track events. “I was tired of athletics, which I’d done at school, and discovered para-cycling through a friend. I had a ride on a bike and it felt very natural – and within three months I was at the Para-cycling World Championships in Italy, where we won a bronze in the road race!” The pilot plays an essential role, as Lora explains: “The pilot trains as hard as we do and I have to rely on her to do all the steering. I have to relax and respond to the movements of the bike, and if she digs in, I know I have to pedal faster too.”


Mexico in London Paralympics Mexican Athletes in London 2012 Paralympic Games, won 21 medals exceeded the expectation, of the 20 medals of Beijing 2008. The grate Swimmer Gustavo Sanchez have become the most representative athlete of the Paralympics London 2012,with four medals, two gold, one silver and one bronze he is just 18 years old, and he won 4 medals, that’s impressive, Mexico is proud of him, On Friday he won the gold in the 200 m freestyle with record 2'58 .09 ", beating Frenchman David Smetanine and also Richard Oribe Spanish world and Paralympic record 3'01 .62 ". when he won that medal, the Mexican Paralympic medal number 20, said "I feel happy, I feel proud, I feel incredible," In London, he reached the six possible finals and in four of them won a medal. He is amazing In order to participate in the Paralympic games, previously, he won his first gold in the 100m free, a silver medal in the 150 m combined and a bronze in the 50. "I am immensely proud to hear the National Anthem, this is for all Mexico” he concludes. Gustavo is planning to won 6 from 6 gold medals in Rio de Janeiro, "we will be ready, we'll be prepared, and hopefully return with 6 medals". He said

“Gustavo Sanchez have become the most representative athlete of the Paralympics London 2012 ”


Mexico in London Paralympics Maria de los Angeles Ortiz confirmed again to be the best in shot put in London to be the best in shot put.

“ Maria de los Angeles Ortiz confirmed again to Luis Alberto Zepeda, in category javelin wheelchair, threw the javelin 28.07 mebe the best in shot put on ters, winning the gold and leaving the silto Russian Alexey Kuznetsov. Zepeda in London to be the best ver won his second and third Paralympic gold medal in his 26 years career since Paralymin shot put. “ pics Greece. "It was a great day for Mexico. Now I'm going to Rio and would be my last competitions, would be my fourth participation and I retire, "he said. the last medal was a bronze medal retrieve to Salvador Hernandez. He gave Mexico medal number 21, he was the one that surpass the mark of 20 medals in Beijing 2008.


Paralympics Flame 16-year old Erica from London, 14-year old Anthony from Trinidad & Tobago and 16-year old Mary Tarimo from Tanzania were among the chosen to carry the Paralympic Flame from Stoke Mandeville to the Olympic Stadium in east London. They also met the International Inspiration Ambassador Oscar Pistorius, Paralympic gold medallist and world record holder, who praised them for reflecting the Paralympic values of courage, determination, inspiration and equality. Each of them was nominated and selected for their dedication or commitment to inspiring young people in their communities through the power of sport, or for the personal challenges they have

Three Young people from London 20012’s International Inspiration Kids run with the Paralympics

overcome in their lives. Erica Kouassi has challenged inequality to create opportunities for young people of all abilities to access sport and play in her school and community; Anthony Kipps was born with Right Primary Focal Femoral Dysplasia, which resulted in his right leg being much shorter than his left, but he has never let this keep him down and is currently training to volunteer at the first National Paralympic Games in Trinidad later this year; finally, Mary regularly gives up her time to assist young disabled children at a local primary school in sports and games sessions. Oscar Pistorius said: 'As an Ambassador for International Inspiration it is fantastic to see how the programme has touched these young people’s lives, bringing them closer together and encouraging them to look beyond personal challenges. It’s a fabulous legacy for the London 2012 Games and one I am proud to represent.'


They were the lucky ones


Paralympic’s Disciplines Here we are about to show you some of the disciplines played in Paralympics in which participants do the best here they are: Archery In to shoot arrows accurately at a target with a diameter of 122cm marked with 10 concentric rings. These rings increase in points value the smaller and the closer they get to the centre, so a hit in the outermost zone is worth one point while a hit in the centre, the ‘gold’, is worth 10 points. Athletics the winner is the fastest athlete to complete the distance of the race. The gold medal will go to the athlete with the most number of points at the end of the competition. There are many classifications In Athletics Classes 11, 12 and 13 cover the different levels of visual impairment,athletes with a learning disability, with different levels of cerebral palsy - both wheelchair users , with different levels of amputations and other impairments, those who have dwarfism, others with different levels of spinal injuries and amputations who compete in wheelchairs. Boccia The idea of the game is simple. One side has six red balls and the other six blue balls. The aim is to get your balls closer to the white target ball, the 'jack', than your opponent. A match consists of a set number of ends, four in Individual and Pairs events and six in the Team game. Once all ends have been played the side with the highest score is the winner  Cycling This discipline varies depending on the track events such as: - 1km Time Trial, Tandem Sprint, Team Sprint, 3km and 4km Individual Pursuit (two events). Road events consists in different number of laps ranging from 6km to 15km in distance like the Road Race and the Time Trial. Equestrian Men and women compete against each other equally within their specific grades, with riders competing on their own horses as opposed to horses provided by the organisers.


Paralympic’s Disciplines Football 5-a-side the game uses a special ball with a bell inside that makes a noise as it moves to guide the players. Matches are played between two teams, each with four athletes who have a B1 level of visual impairment and one goalkeeper who can be sighted or visually impaired. Football 7-a-side Players are allocated a number between five and eight depending on their degree of impairment. Competition is in the form of a group round-robin, after which the top two ranked teams from each group progress to the knock-out stages of competition. Goalball Teams consist of six players, with no more than three from each side on the pitch at one time. All players must have a visual impairment, but to ensure that there is a level playing field, all athletes must wear black-out masks so that no player can see. Judo Each competition is based on weight divisions – there are seven for men and six for women. Men’s events are -60kg, -66kg, -73kg, -81kg, -90kg, -100kg, +100kg. Events for women are -48kg, -52kg, -57kg, -63kg, -70kg, +70kg. The rules are the same as in Olympic Judo, only the two judokas start gripping each other rather than apart. Powerlifting Athletes may make three lifts during the competition and must increase the weight attempted by at least 1kg following a successful lift. Each athlete has three attempts at each lift. A fourth lift may also be attempted for a record, but this does not count towards the final result of the competition.


Paralympic’s Disciplines Swimming Swimming comprises medal events in Freestyle, Backstroke, Butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from 50m to 400m. Wheelchair Basketball Played by two teams of five, the rules of the game are broadly similar to those of Olympic Basketball, with the same size court and basket height. Wheelchair Fencing The competition takes place in the form of pool stages followed by direct elimination rounds. During a contest the fencers’ wheelchairs are fastened into medal frames on the floor, allowing freedom of the upper body only. The winner is the first to score 15 hits, or the highest scorer at the completion of the contest. Wheelchair Rugby Wheelchair Rugby is played indoors on a regulation-size basketball court by teams of four, using a white ball that is identical in size and shape to a volleyball. Teams are mixed, with men and women competing equally in the same team.


Credits Editors

Alfredo Gamboa Francisco Ayala

Publishing Daniela Gonzalez

Photography Diana Almaraz

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