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Integrated Initiative on energy efficiency & renewable energy in buildings Relevant Policy Developments Robert Nuij Directorate-General for Energy Energy Efficiency

Energy Energy

The EU 20-20-20 targets by 2020 100%



+20% 8,5%

Greenhouse gas levels

Energy efficiency Energy Energy

Renewables in energy mix

Are we getting there?

Energy Energy

Policy response: a new Energy Efficiency Directive • Officially proposed in June 2011 • Public sector to lead by example • • • • •

Procurement of high energy efficiency products, services and buildings Annual renovation rate of 3% of buildings above 250 m2 Local energy efficiency plans Introduction of energy management systems Use of Energy Performance Contracting

• Increase awareness of the benefits of improvements in EE

• Member States to create incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits • Mandatory audits for large companies • Incentives for the implementation of recommended measures

Energy Energy

A new Energy Efficiency Directive • Creating benefits for consumers • National energy efficiency obligation for utilities • Smart metering • Ensure accuracy & frequency of billing based on actual consumption • Provide appropriate information with the bill

• Energy Efficiency in transportation and distribution of energy • Network tariffs • Monitoring of efficiency levels of generation installations

Energy Energy

Why this focus on buildings? • EU 27 total

Buildings are responsible for: • ~40% of EU-Energy use • ~36% CO2-emissions • 9% of EU 27 GDP

EUBuildings sector

• 8% of EU-workforce


Energy use


CO2emmissions Energy Energy

Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) • Key elements of Directive 2002/91/EC: • A methodology to calculate and rate the energy performance • Minimum energy performance requirements for new and existing buildings that undergo major renovation • Energy performance certificates • Regular inspections of heating and air conditioning systems Energy Energy

The EPBD makes energy efficiency visible

Energy Energy

EPBD recast • Directive 2002/91/EC was revised in 2010 • Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings (recast) • Entry into force: July 2010 • Implementation by Member States two years after entry into force i.e. July 2012 (for most provisions)

Energy Energy

Key elements of the recast EPBD • Based on the same principles as Directive 2002/91/EC: • • • • • •

General framework (principle of subsidiarity) Minimum energy requirements Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) Inspection of the efficiency of heating and cooling Independent experts for certification Exemplary role of public sector

Energy Energy

Key elements of the recast EPBD • But includes a number of new elements: • Introduction of “nearly zero energy buildings” • Methodology for calculating cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements • Voluntary certification scheme for non-residential buildings • Extension of minimum requirements to all buildings • Strengthening Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) by: Independent control system for EPCs Publication of the EPCs in all commercial announcements Extension of display (>500m2, 2015>250m2)

Energy Energy

Nearly zero-energy buildings •

Article 2, Directive 2010/31/EU: • A building that has a very high energy performance whereby the nearly zero or very low amount of energy required should be covered to a very significant extent by energy from renewable sources, including RES onsite or nearby

• Art. 9 (1): Member States shall ensure, that • By 31 December 2020 all new buildings occupied are nearly zero-energy buildings and; • after 31 December 2018, new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities are nearly zero-energy buildings

Energy Energy

Nearly zero-energy buildings • Member States to draw up national plans for increasing the number of nearly zero-energy buildings, including: • Practical application of definition • Intermediate targets • Measures to promote NZEBs (also existing buildings)

• Commission to report on progress in Member States by end 2012

Energy Energy

Cost optimal methodology • Instruction on how to set minimum performance requirements • Rationale: equivalent level of ambition in Member States but no harmonisation • Aim: Shift focus from upfront investment costs to life cycle costs • Based on CEN standards (are being revised) • Member States to complete framework with national parameters and report calculations + input data to the Commission • Comparison of result with current requirements and adjust building codes if needed • Adopted by Commission on 16 January 2012 Energy Energy

Voluntary certification scheme • Currently in preparation • First discussions with Member States and stakeholders revealed a preference for a ‘best in class’ label • To be based on CEN standards, with a ‘harmonised’ calculation method • Preference to avoid a false start with negative impact on reputation of the scheme • A European Eco-label for office buildings is also under preparation (by DG Environment)

Energy Energy

Renewable Energy Sources Directive •

Sets mandatory national targets for share of RES by 2020

Energy Energy

Renewable Energy Sources Directive •

Introduction of RES in national strategies •

Introduction of measures in Member States to increase the share of RES • •

Development of NREAP

Minimum RES levels for new and existing buildings by end 2014 Public buildings to lead by example by beginning 2012

Recommendation on use of RES and district heating • •

For planning, design, building and renovation of residential and industrial areas For city infrastructure planning

Energy Energy

Thank you for your attention

Robert Nuij Tel: +32 (0)2 298 6183 Email:

Energy Energy

EE + RE in Buildings 11h15-12h30 1. DG ENER Policy IEE Info Day 24.01.2012comp