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44

Houses and homes in Tredegar during the 19th century A Key Stage 2 Educational Resource Pack Part 3—Using the Census


45

What changes in people’s lives took place in the 19th century and how can we find out more about them? We can find out who lived in each house in Carpenter’s Yard from 1841 up to 1911 because of a document called the census. This was similar to a register or survey of every house in the whole country. The census was carried out every 10 years. From the evidence collected by the census, we can find out how many people lived in each house, their names, how old they were, where they were born, how they were related and what jobs they had. Later censuses provide more information than the earlier ones so we’ll start our investigation with the 1911 census.


46

At Carpenter’s Yard, the houses were built against a slope, which meant that numbers 4, 5, 6 and 7 didn’t have any doors or windows at the back! In number 8, two families lived on separate floors. In numbers 9, 10, 11 and 12, there were windows at the back but no doors because they were built on top of numbers 4, 5, 6 and 7— just like flats!

The doors were split in two halves like stable doors and the windows were very small.


47

Here is the 1911 census for number 4 Carpenter’s Yard. There is a typed copy on the next page.


48

This is the 1911 census for number 4 Carpenter’s Yard.

1

Walsall, Staffordshire

English

Walsall, Staffordshire

English

Walsall, Staffordshire

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 3

Language spoken

0

Infirmity

1

Nationality

1

Birthplace

2

Worker

Working at home

Married

Colliery Repairer (below ground)

Employer or worker

27

Industry

Total number: 3

Married

Occupation

Number of females: 1

Children who have died

Number of Males: 2

Children still living

Son

Children born alive

George Charles Higgins

Number of years married

Wife

Married

Age of males

Annie Matilda Higgins

Age of females

Relation to head of family

31

Name & surname

Lawrence Higgins Head

Signature: Lawrence Higgins Address: 4 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


49

This is the 1911 census for number 5 Carpenter’s Yard.


50

This is the 1911 census for number 5 Carpenter’s Yard.

Coal hewer

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 3

Worker

Language spoken

1

Infirmity

Total number: 4

1

Nationality

Number of females: 1

2

Birthplace

Number of Males: 3

Single

4

Worker Tredegar Iron Company

Working at home

16

Married

Colliery labourer (underground)

Employer or worker

Nephew

25

Industry

William Powell

Married

Occupation

4

Children who have died

Son

Children still living

Willie Stephen Ridley

Children born alive

Wife

Number of years married

Margaret Ridley

Married

Age of males 31

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname William Ridley

Hereford town

English

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

English

Hereford

English

English

Signature: William Ridley Address: 5 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


51

This is the 1911 census for number 6 Carpenter’s Yard.


52

This is the 1911 census for number 6 Carpenter’s Yard.

Gladys May Davies

Daughter

Mary Jones

Lodger

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

School

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

School

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

1

month

Number of Males: 3 Number of females: 4 Total number: 7

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

1

20

Single

Language spoken

2

Infirmity

Son

4

Nationality

Charley Davies

5

Birthplace

5

11

Worker

Working at home

Son

Coal hewer miner

Employer or worker

Thomas Henry Davies

Married

Industry

11

Married

Occupation

Daughter

Children who have died

Eliza Ann Davies

Children still living

29

Children born alive

Wife

Number of years married

Mary E Davies

Married

Age of males 34

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname Charles Davies

Domestic servant

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 3

Worker

Signature: Charles Davies Address: 6 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


53

This is the 1911 census for number 7 Carpenter’s Yard.


54

This is the 1911 census for number 7 Carpenter’s Yard. Language spoken

Infirmity

Total number: 7

Nationality

Number of females: 4

Birthplace

Number of Males: 3

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

3

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

2

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Married

4

3

3

0

Worker

Working at home

Daughter 10

Rhymney, Monmouthshire

27

Coal miner hewer

Employer or worker

Maggie Louisa Little

Industry

Son

Married

Occupation

William James Little

Children who have died

Son

Children still living

Thomas John Little

Children born alive

Wife

Number of years married

Sarah Ann Little

Married

Age of males 40

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname William John Little

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

month

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 3

Signature: William John Little Address: 7 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


55

This is the 1911 census for one floor at number 8 Carpenter’s Yard.


56

This is the 1911 census for one floor at number 8 Carpenter’s Yard.

2yr 5m

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire 7m

Tredegar, Monmouthshire Number of rooms in dwelling house: 2

Language spoken

0

Infirmity

2

Nationality

2

Worker

Birthplace

Total number: 4

3

Colliery

Working at home

Number of females: 2

Married

Employer or worker

Number of Males: 2

29

Collier hewer

Industry

Daughter

Married

Occupation

Sarah Ann Jenkins

Children who have died

Son

Children still living

John Alfred Jenkins

Children born alive

Wife

Number of years married

Agnes Jenkins

Married

Age of males 23

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname Alfred Jenkins

Signature: Alfred Jenkins Address: 8 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


57

This is the 1911 census for another floor at number 8 Carpenter’s Yard.


58

This is the 1911 census for another floor at number 8 Carpenter’s Yard. Language spoken

Total number: 4

Infirmity

Number of females: 1

5

Nationality

Number of Males: 3

11

City of Hereford

English

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Collier Hewer

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

School

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

6

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 2

Worker

Birthplace

9

Single

49

Ironworks

Working at home

GrandSon

Married

Iron refiner

Employer or worker

Arthur Bennet

68

Industry

22

Married

Occupation

GrandSon

Children who have died

John Price

Children still living

Wife

Children born alive

Sarah Ann Little

Number of years married

Age of males 69

Married

Relation to head of family Head

Age of females

Name & surname John Price

Signature: John Price Address: 8 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


59

This is the 1911 census for number 9 Carpenter’s Yard.


60

This is the 1911 census for number 9 Carpenter’s Yard. Language spoken

Infirmity

Nationality

Birthplace

English

Tredegar, Bedwellty, Monmouthshire

English

East Dulwich, London

English

Step-son 9

Tredegar, Llangattock, Breconshire

English

Harry Freeman

Son

6

Tredegar, Llangattock, Breconshire

English

Arthur Freeman

Son

3

Troedrhiwgwair, Tredegar,

English

6m

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

William Freeman Son

Number of Males: 5 Number of females: 2 Total number: 7

7

6

5

1

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 4

Worker

Working at home

St. Giles, Peckham, London

Married

Colliery repairer underground

Employer or worker

Harold Heesom

Industry

11

Married

Occupation

Stepdaughter

Children who have died

Doris Heesom

Children still living

36

Children born alive

Wife

Number of years married

Harriet Freeman

Married

Age of males 38

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname James Freeman

Signature: James Freeman Address: 9 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


61

This is the 1911 census for number 10 Carpenter’s Yard.


62

This is the 1911 census for number 10 Carpenter’s Yard.

Single

Walter Parry

Son

William Parry

Son

Ann Smothers

Boarder

Herbert Northeast

Son-inlaw

Number of females: 3 Total number: 8

Language spoken

17

Infirmity

Daughter

Nationality

Agnes Parry

Birthplace

Married

Lamp examiner below ground

Working at home

24

0

Employer or worker

Daughter

5

Industry

Mary Ann Parry

5

Occupation

Single

Children who have died

21

Children still living

Son

Children born alive

Thomas Parry

Number of years married

Widower

Number of Males: 5

Married

Age of males 52

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname Thomas Parry

Tredegar Worker company Colliery

Sirhowy, Monmouthshire

Both

Worker

Sirhowy, Monmouthshire

English

Sirhowy, Monmouthshire

English

Collier Hewer

<1

House keeper

At home

Sirhowy, Monmouthshire

English

14

Collier Hewer’s assistant

Worker

Tirphil, Glamorgan

English

12

School

Tirphil, Glamorgan

English

58

27

Widow

Married

<1

Licensed hawker in old clothes

Worker

Swansea, Glamorgan

Both

Collier Hewer

Worker

Woolwich, Kent

English

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 4

Signature: Thomas Parry Address: 10 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon

[I further certify that I am tenant of 10 Carpenter’s Yard which has 1 room up and 3 down]


63

This is the 1911 census for number 11 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.


64

This is the 1911 census for number 11 Carpenter’s Yard. Language spoken

Infirmity

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

4

Merthyr Vale, Glamorgan

English

Son

6m

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

Thomas Charles Ruck

Son

14 m

Alfred George Swain

Boarder

20

Single

Collier Hewer

Worker

Dowlais, Glamorgan

Both

George Swain

Boarder

68

Widower

Iron worker

Worker

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Mary Ann Matthews

Boarder

Charwoman

Worker

Dowlais, Glamorgan

English

Number of females: 2 Total number: 7

Married

5

3

2

1

Worker

Nationality

Birthplace

Working at home

English

26

Collier Hewer

Employer or worker

Industry

Llangrove, Herefordshire

Number of Males: 5

Married

Occupation

James Alfred Ruck

Children who have died

Son

Children still living

William Henry Ruck

Children born alive

Wife

Number of years married

Minnie Maud Ruck

Married

Age of males 27

Age of females

Relation to head of family Head

Name & surname Arthur Ruck

Home work

At home

1

28

Married

6

2

0

2

Merthyr Vale, Glamorgan

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 4

Signature: Arthur Ruck Address: 11 Carpenter’s Yard, Tredegar, Mon

Thomas Charles Ruck had died—he had been included on the census in error


65

This is the 1911 census for number 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.


66

This is the 1911 census for number 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Scwrfa, Tredegar, Breconshire

Both

Scwrfa, Tredegar, Breconshire

English

School

Ystrad Rhondda, Glamorgan

English

School

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

School

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English English

At home

Daughter

Edward Davies

Son

5

David Davies

Son

2

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

Reggie Davies

Son

2 wk

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

Steven Sulvan

Boarder

28

Single

Coal miner Hewer

Charles Smith

Boarder

44

Single

Rag gatherer

Thomas Green

Boarder

22

Single

Coal miner Hewer

Number of females: 3 Total number: 11

1

Language spoken Both

Hannah Jane Davies

Number of Males: 8

7

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

2

10

Infirmity

6

Nationality

8

Worker

Birthplace

16

Working at home

14

Coal miner Hewer

Employer or worker

Daughter

Married

Industry

Married

Occupation

Maggie Ann Davies

Children who have died

36

Children still living

Wife

Children born alive

Margaret E Davies

Willie Alfred Davies Son

38

Number of years married

Head

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to head of family

Name & surname Benjamin Davies

R Marine Stores

Number of rooms in dwelling house: 4

Worker

Dowlais, Glamorgan

English

Worker

Tredegar, Monmouthshire

English

Worker

Bristol, Gloucestershire

English

Signature: Benjamin Davies Address: 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard, Tredegar, Mon


67

Read the 1911 census sheets carefully. What is the average number of rooms for each house? What is the average number of people living in each house? Think about the number of rooms and people living in your home. How would you feel about living in one of the houses in Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard? Try to work out where the people in each house would have slept. Draw a bar graph to show the different places where people aged over 16 were born. Why do you think the people born outside Tredegar came here to live? Find all the places on a map and work out how far they are from Tredegar (use Google maps to do this). Draw a Venn diagram to show how many people spoke English only, both English and Welsh, and Welsh only. Investigate if the numbers of Welsh and English speakers changed in Tredegar during the 19th century. Use the Local Studies Collection in Tredegar library to help you with your research.


68

This is the 1881 census for numbers 4, 5, 6 and 7 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard. There is a typed copy on the next page.


69

This is the 1881 census for numbers 4, 5, 6 and 7 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Winefred Price

Daughter

12

Daniel Price

Son

Adeline Price

Daughter

Morgan Price

Son

Edith Price

Daughter

10

8

5

Aron Lloyd

Son

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Eliza J Lloyd

Daughter

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Naomi Lloyd

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Scholar

Scholar

15 month

Unmarried

Birthplace

Unmarried

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

14

Occupation

18

Daughter

Married

Daughter

Sarah A Lloyd

Age of females

Sarah A Price

Hereford

Age of males

Married

Relation to

37

head of family

Wife

Name &

Sarah Price

Iron worker

surname

Married

Birthplace

Head

Occupation

38

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname John Price

Scholar

Monmouthshire

Scholar

Monmouthshire

10

Scholar

Monmouthshire

Daughter

8

Scholar

Monmouthshire

Hannah Lloyd

Daughter

6

Scholar

Monmouthshire

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Emily Norris

Boarder

25

Charwoman

Monmouthshire

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Sarah J Norris

Boarderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Daughter

5

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mark Hillman

Head

12

38

Unmarried

Monmouthshire

Married

Green grocer

Somerset, Clutton

Margrate Norris

Head

45

Widow

Limestone breaker

Monmouthshire, Nantyglo

Emily Hillman

Wife

Margrate A Norris

Daughter

18

Unmarried

Limestone breaker

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Alexander Hillman

Son

Sarah Norris

Daughter

15

Unmarried

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary A Hillman

Daughter

13

Mercy Norris

Daughter

9

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Amelia S Hillman

Daughter

6

Thomas Lloyd

Head

Iron worker

Glamorganshire

William H Hillman

Son

4

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Harriett Lloyd

Wife

Pembrokeshire

Frederick Hillman

Son

11

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

52

Married

44

Married

33

14

month

Thomas D Lloyd

Son

18

Unmarried

Iron worker

Monmouthshire

Married

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Unmarried

Labourer Iron works

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Unmarried

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Key to colours : No.4 = Pink, No.5 = Yellow, No.6 = Purple, No.7 = Green


70

This is the 1881 census for numbers 8, 9 and 10 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.


71

This is the 1881 census for numbers 8, 9 and 10 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Thomas Powell

Son

12

William Powell

Son

Harriett Powell

Daughter

George Powell

Son

6m

Morgan Powell

Head

54

Breconshire, Llangynidr

Benjamin Mansell

Head

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary Mansell

Wife

46

Married

Locomotive cleaner at Iron works

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Samuel Mansell

Son

15

Unmarried

Apprentice to Iron moulder

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Stephen Extaner (?)

Lodger

28

Unmarried

Wagon carpenter at Ironworks

Dorset, Gillingham

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Thomas Harris

Lodger

28

Unmarried

Dresser at Ironworks

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Henry Reed

Lodger

19

Unmarried

Labourer at Ironworks

Dorset, Gillingham

Margrate Powell

Wife

52

Married

Elizabeth Powell

Daughter

18

Unmarried

Labourer Refinery

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

John Powell

Son

Unmarried

Iron worker

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Agnes Powell

Daughter

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

3

54

Married

Driller in fitting shop at Ironworks

14

10

Iron worker

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Gloucestershire, Winterbourne

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Married

Birthplace

Unmarried

Occupation

15

Married

Son

Age of females

Walter Powell

Age of males

Married

Relation to

43

head of family

Wife

Name &

Mary Powell

surname

Head

7

Engine fitter at Iron works

Birthplace

Married

Occupation

41

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Walter Powell

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Monmouthshire, Pontypool

Key to colours : No.8 = Pink, No.9 = Yellow, No.10 = Purple


72

This is the 1881 census for numbers 11 and 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.


73

This is the 1881 census for numbers 11 and 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Head

Ireland

Bridget McDonagle

Wife

29

15

Unmarried

Brickmaker

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Margrate McDonagle

Daughter

9

Dennis Curtins

Son

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

David McDonagle

Son

Margrate Curtins

Daughter

13

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Daniel McDonagle

Son

Mary A Curtins

Daughter

5

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Ellen McDonagle

Daughter

2

Michael Curtins

Son

2

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Ellen Jorden

Mother-inlaw

62

Nicholas Bryan

Lodger

48

Unmarried

Labourer Iron works

Ireland

Timothy Leiahy

Head

James Brown

Lodger

25

Unmarried

Labourer Iron works

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary Leiahy

Wife

Thomas Brown

Lodger

21

Unmarried

Labourer Iron works

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Dennis Curtin

Head

James Connell

Lodger

27

Unmarried

Iron worker

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary Curtin

Wife

Bartholomew Roach

Head

66

Married

Labourer Iron works

Ireland

Anstee Roach

Wife

11

60

Married

38

Married

Labourer Rail mill

Married

Birthplace

James McDonagle

Occupation

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Married

Daughter

Age of females

Ellen Curtins

Age of males

Married

Relation to

36

head of family

Wife

Name &

Anne Curtins

Iron worker

surname

Married

Birthplace

Head

Occupation

37

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname John Curtins

Ireland

Ireland

Scholar

England

7

Scholar

England

7

Scholar

England

66

England

Widow

Married

66

26

Blast furnace labourer

Married

Married

23

Ireland

Ireland

Ireland

Iron worker

Married

Ireland

Key to colours : No.11 = Grey, No.12 = Green

Monmouthshire

England


74

Read the 1881 census sheets carefully. What is the average number of people living in each house in 1881? How does answer this compare with 1911â&#x20AC;&#x201D;more or less crowded? If we take for granted that the number of rooms in each house in 1881 was the same as that in 1911, where would everyone have slept in each house in 1881? Draw a bar graph to show the different places where people aged over 16 were born. Find these places on a map and work out how far they are from Tredegar. Are there differences with your results for the 1911 census? Investigate why people left Ireland and came to places like Tredegar to live during the 19th century. Find out what incident took place in 1882 at Tredegar, which affected the Irish community. Use the Local Studies Collection at Tredegar library to help you with your research.


75

Tredegar 1864


76

This is the 1851 census for numbers 4, 5, 6 and 7 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard. There is a typed copy on next page.


77

This is the 1851 census for numbers 4, 5, 6 and 7 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Coal miner

Birthplace

82

Widower

Labourer

Breconshire

William Williams

Head

William Watkins

Son

23

Unmarried

Puddler

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Susanna Williams

Wife

33

Jane Andrews

Servant

21

Unmarried

Housekeeper

Glamorganshire

Jane Williams

Daughter

12

Ann Jones

Head

40

Widow

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Thomas Williams

Son

Evan Jones

Son

8

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Abigail Williams

Daughter

2

Thomas Jones

Son

9

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

David Williams

Brother

25

Unmarried

Coal miner

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

David Jones

Son

2

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Daniel Williams

Boarder

23

Unmarried

Coal miner

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

Ann Bonvil

Lodger

Thomas Jones

Lodger

29

Married

Occupation

Head

38

33

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Birthplace

Occupation

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Peter Watkins

Married

9

Glamorganshire, Merthyr Breconshire

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Scholar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Unmarried

Washer woman

Carmarthenshire

Mary Edwards

Head

72

Widow

Unmarried

Miner

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary Edwards

Daughter

52

Unmarried

Elizabeth Edwards

Granddaughter

13

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary Ann Edwards

Granddaughter

11

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

John Edwards

Grandson

Key to colours : No.4 = Pink, No.5 = Yellow, No.6 = Purple, No.7 = Green

5

Breconshire

Washer woman

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar


78

This is the 1851 census for numbers 8 and 9 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.


79

This is the 1851 census for numbers 8 and 9 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Plesant Morgans

Wife

53

Married

Filling mine

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Mary Morgans

Daughter

29

Unmarried

Piler Iron

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

Haulier

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Elizabeth Morgans

Daughter

24

Unmarried

Piler Iron

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

9

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

William Morgans

Son

Unmarried

Piler Iron

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

7

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Mariah Morgans

Daughter

Coal miner

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Edwin Morgans

Son

Coal miner

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

Engineer

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Rosina Morgans

Granddaughter

Coal Miner

Breconshire, Talgarth

Alfred Morgans

Grandson

Married

Margert William

Wife

31

Ann William

Daughter

15

Abraham William

Son

Mary William

Daughter

Sarah William

Daughter

Pendry (?) William

Son

1

William Evans

Lodger

19

Unmarried

John Williams

Lodger

24

Unmarried

Coal miner

Married

12

Key to colours : No.8 = Yellow, No.9 = Green

22

13

7

Puddler

Birthplace

Head

28

Married

Occupation

Robert Morgans

Head

60

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Birthplace

Occupation

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Monmouthshire, Mynyddislwyn

Thomas William

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

5

2

Glamorganshire, Merthyr

Glamorganshire, Merthyr Washer woman

Glamorganshire, Merthyr


80

This is the 1851 census for numbers 10, 11 & 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.


81

This is the 1851 census for numbers 10, 11 & 12 Carpenterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Yard.

Widower

Sawyer

Glamorganshire, Gelligaer

Richard Williams

Head

James Waren

Son-in-law

30

Married

Collier

Monmouthshire

Mary Williams

Wife

72

Married

Susanna Waren

Daughter

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Ann Williams

Daughter

24

Unmarried

Polling mine

Breconshire, Llangynidr

James Waren

Grandson

8

Monmouthshire, Tredegar

Mary Williams

Lodger

23

Unmarried

Polling mine

Monmouthshire

Edmund Waren

Grandson

1 day

John Griffith

Head

36

Mary Griffith

Wife

28

Mary Ann Griffith

Daughter

7

William Davies

Lodger

Rachel Davies

Lodger

Sarah Jones

Lodger

Scholar

Coper (?) Paper (?) Miner formerly

Birthplace

80

Married

Married

Occupation

Head

28

76

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Birthplace

Occupation

Married

Age of females

Age of males

Relation to

head of family

Name &

surname

Edmund James

Carmarthenshire, Llangyndeyrn Carmarthenshire, Llangyndeyrn

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Married

18

Haulier

Married

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Denbighshire, Tredegar

Monmouthshire, Tredegar Unmarried

Haulier

Breconshire, Llangynidr

21

Unmarried

Forge Labourer

Breconshire, Llangynidr

27

Widow

Laundry woman

Glamorganshire, Neath

Key to colours : No.10 = Pink, No.11 = Yellow, No.12 = Purple


82

Read the 1851 census sheets carefully. What is the average number of people living in each house in 1851? How does answer this compare with 1881â&#x20AC;&#x201D;more or less crowded? If we assume that the number of rooms in each house was the same in 1851 as 1911, where would everyone have slept in each house in 1851? Draw a bar graph to show the different places where people aged over 16 were born. Using Google Maps, find all these places on a map and work out how far they are from Tredegar. Are there differences with your results for 1911 & 1881? Study the maps and tables in an article by John Hilling (in the Gwent Local History Journal, 2006) about the people who moved into Tredegar during the first half of the 19th century. Use the Local Studies Collection at Tredegar library to help you with your research.


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Did the population of Tredegar change during the 19th century? The 1841 census in Great Britain was the first census that recorded every personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s name living in every house in the UK. Censuses were also carried out in 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831. Owing to the way that the census information was collected before 1841, we have to compare how the number of people living in the ancient parish of Bedwellty changed during the 19th century rather than just focusing upon Tredegar. Bedwellty Parish included the towns of Tredegar, and most of the towns of Rhymney, Ebbw Vale and Blackwood. A map of the ancient parish of Bedwellty is shown on the next page.


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Right: Map of the ancient parish of Bedwellty

Brynmawr Ebbw Vale Tredegar Rhymney Abertysswg Aberbargoed

Oakdale Blackwood

Using the census data on the next page, draw a line or bar graph to show how the population in the parish of Bedwellty changed from 1801 to 1901. What reasons can you think may help explain the shape of the graph?


85

Year

Population of Bedwellty

1801

1,132

1811

3,958

1821

5,404

1831

8,567

1841

19,929

1851

24,544

1861

28,548

1871

33,697

1881

34,685

1891

35,628

1901

40,831


Houses & homes in Tredegar Part 3 Using the Census