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OBAMA: PROTECTING AMERICA DEMANDS ONGOING SACRIFICE - PG. 2 NATIONAL NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION

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COLLEGE GRADS HIT BY RECESSION

A new survey of college graduates from the last five years and leaving half of them expecting less financial success finds that the Great Recession has hit them hard, forcing than their parents. them into low-paying jobs often unrelated to their educations SEE PAGE 3.

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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

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NEWS BRIEFS Obama: Protecting America demands ongoing sacrifice JURORS BEGIN DELIBERATIONS IN NYPD RAPE TRIAL Jurors began deliberations yesterday in the rape trial of two city police officers. The judge has told the panel not to rush, and deliberate as long as necessary. The judge also told jurors to look at Officer Kenneth Moreno and Franklin Mata separately. In her closing arguments, Manhattan Assistant District Attorney Coleen Balbert said Moreno may not have believed that having sex with the drunk woman was rape. However, she said it was a crime of opportunity because the woman was physically helpless. Balbert said Moreno’s partner, Franklin Mata, should have intervened and that he acted like a lookout in a robbery. The defense argues Moreno did not have sex with the woman. They say she’s motivated by a $57 million lawsuit against the officers and the city. Defense lawyers admit the two men returned to the woman’s apartment several times, but they say it was only to check on her. The two officers each face up to 25 years in prison if convicted. COMPTROLLER: DOE SCHOOL REPORT CARDS NEED IMPROVEMENT City Comptroller John Liu gave the Department of Education a “needs improvement” on school report cards. Liu said an audit by his office shows the school grading system does a poor job of comparing a given school from year to year. The system gives high schools a grade from “A” to “F,” based on progress. Liu says the DOE tweaks its formula annually, making it difficult to get a clear picture of the school’s yearly progress. The audit did show that data collected is accurate, and the system does a good job of comparing schools against each other in a given year. The DOE says it publicly announces when changes are made to the grading system, which helps determine which schools are closed for poor performance. STATE TO LAYOFF HUNDREDS OF COURT WORKERS More than two dozen court employees in the city are being handed pink slips. 28 workers are among 367 workers statewide who are being laid off as of June 1st. The chief judge with the state court of appeals says several hundred other workers will also be reassigned to new positions and work locations. The judicial system is grappling with a $170 million deficit, which has forced courts to reduce overtime pay and call fewer jurors to duty. The state’s chief judge calls the layoffs painful, but unavoidable.

By ALISTER BULL NEW LONDON, Connecticut — President Barack Obama reminded America yesterday that the fight to protect the country would demand continued sacrifice, despite the killing of al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. “We will never waver in the defense of the country we love,” Obama said in a commencement speech at the United States Coast Guard Academy for 229 graduating cadets. His safeguarding of national security will be a vital part of Obama’s re-election campaign message in 2012, and it has been significantly enhanced by the killing of Bin Laden by U.S. commandos in Pakistan earlier this month. But his administration has taken pains to stress that the country remains at risk and cannot relax its vigilance. “The hard work of protecting our country — the hard work goes on, securing our homeland and guarding our shores,” the president told the graduating class of the smallest wing of the U.S. armed services. Obama got a big lift in public opinion polls since the news of Bin Laden’s death, although Americans remain wary about a fragile U.S. economic recovery and high gasoline prices. The president received a huge cheer from his audience when he praised the secret U.S. strike team

President Barack Obama (R) prays before the beginning of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy commencement exercises in Leamy Hall Auditorium in New London, Connecticut. that carried our the raid. “Every American can be proud of our great military and intelligence personnel, who made sure the terrorist leader who attacked us on 9/11 will never threaten America again,” Obama said. Although the killing may help Obama promote his national security record, it has strained U.S. relations with Pakistan and created other policy questions. Bin Laden’s death has prompted calls for a review of the U.S. war strategy in Afghanistan, which Washington invaded in response to the September 11 attacks. Some U.S. lawmakers say the

country can pull troops out at a faster pace than planned beginning in July to help cut the multibillion dollar costs of the war at a time of extremely tight budget conditions back home. Obama made the defeat of al Qaeda his top goal when he rolled out a revamped strategy for the Afghanistan war in 2009 and ordered a 30,000-troop increase. However, the administration has been careful to lean against hopes for a faster Afghan draw-down, stressing that the fight against al Qaeda goes on despite the death of its leader and to expect revenge attacks in the future.

Fuming over gas prices? Don’t count on a tax break By MICHAEL GORMLEY ALBANY — How would you like a 33-cent drop in the price of a gallon of gas? “Hell, yes!” says Su Ramgoolam, a 34-year-old mechanic from Schenectady, N.Y. Not so fast. Whenever gas prices get near a rounder and more punishing number — $2, $3, $4 a gallon — there is talk of temporarily easing state gas taxes or lifting them altogether for a time, even if it might cost a state desperately needed tax revenue. Lawmakers in at least four states are bringing it up again as this year’s summer travel season approaches. Ramgoolam’s all for it. “For me, I’m not making that much,” he said recently, standing under a blue Mobil sign offering gas at $4.07 a gallon. “You can feel it.” But there’s no definitive body of evidence that a “gas tax holiday” helps or hurts either drivers or state coffers. “It’s a teeny drop at the pump,” said Patrick DeHaan, senior petroleum analyst for GasBuddy.com, a watchdog and research site on gas prices. “There is a greater risk to the state than there would be a likelihood of prompting people to go on vacation.” Politicians in New York, Indiana, New Hampshire and Illinois are talking about suspending part or all of the state and local taxes that can add

14 cents to nearly 50 cents to a gallon of gas, on top of the 18.4 cent federal tax. It’s been done before. Florida in August 2004 nipped its share of the gas tax as prices lurked around $2 a gallon, up from about $1.50 in late 2003. Indiana lifted its state tax from July to October 2000, Illinois from July through December of that year. For a month in 2005, right after Hurricane Katrina scattered evacuees across the South, Georgia suspended its share of the gasoline tax. New York’s bill, proposed by Assemblyman James Tedisco and Sen. Greg Ball, both Republicans, would create a gas-tax holiday for 12 days around Memorial Day, Independence Day and Labor Day — some of the heaviest travel days of the year. The sponsors and the National Federation of Independent Business said it would give taxpayers a break, encourage vacation spending and could even draw out-of-state dollars from tourists and those in nearby states seeking to fill up. But in these days of tattered state budgets, it’s harder even to propose the holiday as states try to protect already flat — or falling — tax revenues, and the fallout of another midyear deficit would force still more spending cuts that could trump any political payoff. All states charge a fixed excise tax per gallon of gas that doesn’t change the revenue regardless of the price of gasoline. Four states — Indiana,

Michigan, California and Illinois — also charge a percentage sales tax on the total purchase of gasoline. In Indiana, Democratic Gov. Frank O’Bannon suspended the gasoline sales tax in 2000 when prices reached about $1.80 per gallon, a painful bite at the time despite the nostalgia it stirs now. It saved motorists $46 million but cost the state the same amount of lost revenue as the economy was slowing and Indiana’s budget surplus was dwindling. Gas tax holidays are easy pickings for politics: Supporters can tell voters they’re looking out for the little guy while opponents, even at the highest level of government, can criticize it as a feel-good, do-nothing stunt. This year, when House Minority Leader Patrick Bauer, D-South Bend, proposed suspending the sales tax and state excise tax on gasoline, Republicans quickly shot down the idea, saying it would cost the state too much. Supporters acknowledged it could cost the state $200 million while the state’s budget office and opponents said the cost would top $300 million. “The real problem is not our tax,” said Rep. Jeff Espich, R-Uniondale. “It wouldn’t make much difference.” Nadine Brown, a 53-year-old phlebotomist at Memorial Hospital in South Bend, Ind., said she thinks lawmakers there should have suspended the tax when it came up this legislative session.


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

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Poll finds recent college grads hit by recession By GEOFF MULVIHILL A new survey of college graduates from the last five years finds that the Great Recession has hit them hard, forcing them into low-paying jobs often unrelated to their educations and leaving half of them expecting less financial success than their parents. Don’t blame a spoiled generation, says Cliff Zukin, a Rutgers University political science and public policy professor who was co-author of the study. “Eighty-three percent of them worked when they were in college,” he said. “They’re making sacrifices to go through with this and they’re coming out without a great job and with debt. That’s not a great situation.” What’s so disheartening for Zukin is that only about one-fourth of U.S. adults are graduates of four-year colleges. If the most educated are facing such difficulties, it shows just how sluggish the labor market was during the recession — and remains now. Zukin has previously studied unemployed older workers, many of whom are giving up on ever finding meaningful work again. Put it together, and it gives a dismal view of a broad span of the workforce. The median starting salary for those who graduated between 2006 and 2008 was $30,000. For the 2009 and 2010 grads, it dipped to $27,000. And women graduates continued to make less than men. Zukin said that with future salaries dependent on the initial one, it could mean the recent grads will have lower earnings throughout their careers. Nearly half the graduates say they’re working at jobs that don’t require a college education. And many of those who left those first jobs didn’t find a better situation. Seven in 10 said their educational background had some relationship to their first job. But for those who are now working elsewhere, only about 6 in 10 say their work is in the field they studied. In other words, not all computer science graduates are going from baristas to programmers. Many are going to jobs in coffee shops. And graduates are reliant on their parents financially.

Nearly half say they’re subsidized in some way by their parents or other family members, including more than 1 in 5 who live with relatives. While 85 percent have health insurance coverage, only half have it through work. Nearly one-fourth are covered by a relative’s plan. Alex Shephard, 23, graduated from Ohio’s Oberlin College two years ago with a degree in English. He hasn’t had what he calls a real job since then. He used money he made as a camp counselor the first summer after graduation to spend the fall with his girlfriend, who was on a fellowship in Berlin. “I remember part of the thinking behind that thinking was that when I come back, then the recession will be over,” he said. After returning to the U.S., he still couldn’t find a full-time job. The Elmira, N.Y., native crashed with friends in Buffalo and looked futilely for work there. Then, he borrowed money from his parents to move to Philadelphia for a year, where he sometimes found freelance work like editing technical manuals for companies. He’s now living in New York City, babysitting, tending to a literary website he and other underemployed friends founded and doing some freelance writing and editing. Over two years, he’s applied for scores of jobs and landed only a few interviews. His highest monthly earnings have totaled around $3,000, but he has experienced more months in which only a few hundred dollars

Census: 70 percent have been married WASHINGTON — Fifty-five percent of U.S. residents over 15 have been married once and 15 percent twice or more, the U.S. Census Bureau reported yesterday. The figures derive from the study “Number, Timing and Duration of Marriages and Divorces: 2009,” the agency said. Most currently married couples (55 percent) had been wed for at least 15 years, while 35 percent had reached their 25th anniversary. Six percent had marked their 50th. These percentages had risen slightly since a 1996 survey, a sign of plateauing divorce rates and higher life expectancy.

For 72 percent of couples, both spouses were in their first marriage, while 6 percent included a wife in her second marriage, 8 percent a husband in his second and 8 percent both spouses in their second marriage. Among other findings, first marriages that ended in divorce lasted a median of eight years, and half the people who remarried after divorce did so within about four years. A majority of women had married by age 25, and most men by 30. Among people 70 and over, 23 percent of men and 51 percent of women had been widowed, and most had not remarried.

has trickled in. He’s now on his parents’ health insurance, but there was a stretch when he lacked any coverage. “I’m still optimistic about my employability,” Shephard said. “Despite all evidence to the contrary.” But Shephard is not optimistic that he’ll make the kind of money his

father, a history professor, has made. The Rutgers poll finds that he’s not alone in having a dreary financial outlook. The nation’s hope — most often delivered, historically — is that each generation does better than the last. That optimism isn’t there for the recent graduates. About half say they personally don’t expect to do as well as their parents. And 56 percent say their generation won’t do as well as their parents’ generation. The poll was conducted March 15April 5 by Knowledge Networks for the John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development at Rutgers, in New Brunswick, N.J. Knowledge Networks used traditional telephone and mail sampling methods to randomly recruit respondents. People selected who had no Internet access were given it for free. The nationwide study polled 571 people in their 20s who graduated from of public and private four-year colleges between 2006 and 2010. The sampling error is plus or minus 4 percentage points.

Walcott: UFT lawsuit to keep bad schools open is ‘shameful’

Schools Chancellor Dennis Walcott is firing back at a teachers’ union lawsuit aimed at blocking the closure of nearly two dozen public schools. The United Federation of Teachers is suing the city to keep open 22 schools on the Department of Education chopping block. Included in the list are 15 schools that were kept open by a similiar UFT lawsuit last year. In a strongly worded statement, Schools Chancellor Dennis Walcott said, in part, “It is outrageous that the UFT has today taken steps to try to keep students in failing schools and block families from access to better options in the fall. This shameful lawsuit is about one thing — protecting jobs for adults at the

expense of what is best for our children.” Meanwhile, the teachers union, NAACP and other critics of the city say the DOE has walked away from all promises. “The school system in a school building, should not be a lesson in what inequality is and that is clearly what we have now,” said UFT President Michael Mulgrew. “Today we find it appropiate that just one day after the 57th anniversary of Brown versus Board of Education, the landmark return to file suit in a similar fashion,” said Ken Cohen of the NAACP. The groups are also hoping to halt the co-location or expansion of charter schools in standing public school buildings.


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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

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Are Freedom Rider seeds bearing fruit? By JULIANNE MALVEAUX THOMAS H. WATKINS

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Fifty years ago this month, the Freedom Rides began. While the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in interstate commerce, including bus terminals, was illegal, the laws were not being enforced. Because the law failed to act, people of conscience, courage, and determination acted instead. Resistance to desegregation was such that those who got on buses risked their lives. The Freedom Riders, who were both African American and White, were arrested and attacked on the bus route. Anniston, Alabama was an especially violent site of attack, where the local Klan and other residents, some still dressed in their church-going finest, were allowed to beat Freedom Fighters without police interference. The plan seemed to be that there would be an initial attack in Anniston, and a second attack in Birmingham. Someone attempted to burn or bomb the bus that transported Freedom Riders. As Freedom Riders became injured or delayed, often being denied hospitalization for extreme injuries, others kept coming, kept coming, kept coming. If they could get past Alabama and make it to Mississippi, they were often jailed in Jackson. Some were sent to the notoriously brutal Parchman prison, where they were treated with notable inhumanity. But, they kept riding until the walls of segregation came tumbling down. Some of their names are household words. Congressman John Lewis (D-GA), Dianne Nash, James Farmer, Ruby Doris Smith, Hank Thomas, Stokely Carmichael. Others are less well known, but no less impactful. Their sheer determi-

nation, and willingness to sacrifice, literally changed history. This month, there are many celebrations of the Freedom Riders, including a celebration at the new Freedom Riders Museum in Montgomery, Alabama, and at a Freedom Riders Reunion and Conference in Jackson, Mississippi. There will be time for reminiscing, reflecting, and reconnecting. From honors bestowed on Congressman John Lewis at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Dinner in Washington, D.C., earlier this month, to an Oprah show featuring the Freedom Riders, to these celebrations and reunions, the contribution of the Freedom Riders will be recognized, honored, celebrated. It is notable that so many of these Freedom Riders were quite young when they got on buses to risk their lives. What will young people risk their lives for these days? Many of the Freedom Riders were middle-aged, making the Freedom Rides a testimony to intergenerational activism and advocacy. Are there many such examples today? What will it take to galvanize people of conscience in this country? Many suggest that the mass incarceration of African Americans (see Michelle Alexander’s book, The New Jim Crow) might galvanize people to act, but the unfortunate fact is that too many people are simply indifferent to the plight of the incarcerated. Some suggest that budget cuts and economic despair might galvanize people, but too many are celebrating economic recovery, no matter how spotty or uneven, for there to be mass action around economic issues. Fifty years ago, Freedom Riders were determined to challenge the status quo. Now the status quo includes unequal education, unequal treatment in the labor

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market, and unequal treatment in the criminal just-us system, a rancid economy, a crumbling infrastructure, a challenged environment, and many other issues. Who will challenge this status quo? What are the fruits of the Freedom Rides? Thanks to Freedom Riders, legal segregation crumbled. In November 1961, months after the beatings in Anniston, Alabama, the federal government began to enforce a 1955 Interstate Commerce Commission Ruling, and a 1960 Supreme Court ruling. One might argue that the sit-in movement and the Freedom Rides led to the March on Washington, the Voting Rights Act, and other revolutionary changes in our society. Why did we stop there? And, where are today’s Freedom Riders? Today’s young people face as many internal as external challenges. Too many first generation college students do not enjoy the parental or community support that first generation college students enjoyed in the days of Freedom Rides. Then, college students were considered the proud fruit of their communities. Now, many are indifferent, even hostile, to their achievement. We can’t expect young people to be Freedom Riders unless we raise them as Freedom Riders. But, we can’t raise them up as Freedom Riders unless we are willing to challenge the status quo for freedom ourselves. Our society changed because of the Freedom Riders, and those Freedom Rides represent the possibility of social change. When will we pick the fruit from the trees that our beloved Freedom Riders planted?

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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

Black History is the real reality TV By LINDA TARRANT-REID Special to the NNPA from The Westchester County Press I turned on Oprah the other day, more as background, not intending to watch, but certainly to listen as I went about my business. There she was, the media mogul, counting down the last days of her 25 years as the “Talk Queen” on her Wednesday, May 4th program. Looking at Oprah standing in the middle of the darkened studio introducing the guests, I could sense that something was different; there was a reverence to her tone which caught my attention. I immediately sat down and focused on each word that she spoke in that authoritative Oprah voice. “Today on the 50th anniversary of the Freedom Rides, we honor the 436 brave and determined people who risked their lives to change our nation. As an African American woman, born in Mississippi in 1954 and raised in the South, I owe a deep debt of gratitude to the Freedom Riders as do we all. Ladies and Gentlemen, I stand among heroes.” Just as she said those words, the studio lights came up to reveal the Freedom Riders, amid the applause she continued in an emotion-choked voice. “Join me in welcoming 178 survivors of the 1961 Freedom Rides.” The camera panned to a close-up of Oprah wiping a tear from her eye. The faces of the Freedom Riders,

the once young, eager Black and white, men and women crusaders who embarked on a journey to change America, were different from the Black and white mug shots of them in their 20s and 30s that flashed across the screen. They were now in their late 60s and 70s, with graying hair, faces lined with experience and some were even in wheelchairs, but nonetheless the strength, courage, and pride in a mission that changed history was still visible on their expressive faces. Oprah was promoting the PBS documentary “Freedom Riders”, which aired on affiliates across the country on May 16th. Now, that’s the kind of reality TV I’m talking about. We, as parents, should make it our job to watch programs like this with our kids to help them understand the life and death struggle that individuals endured to secure our equal rights. This revolution happened right here in America, before Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Bahrain, and Yemen. The documentary of the young people who traveled through the South by bus and rail from May to November in 1961 integrating interstate travel facilities is the reality TV we should be watching, not the Real Housewives franchise where women act badly in response to manufactured situations that cause conflict or Dumb Trump and his boardroom shenanigans where contestants survive artificial challenges so they won’t be fired. Give me a break!

Bring on the stories of the real people, who are still around today recounting their extraordinary experiences. They will have you hanging on every word, sitting on the edge of your seat, and enrapt by the dramatic outcome – the triumph of human rights and civil liberties for all. John Lewis was a 19-year-old student when he joined the Freedom Riders. Already an activist in the Civil Rights Movement, Lewis would go on to become the chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), a speaker at the March on Washington, in Washington, D.C., in 1963, and an organizer of the Selma to Montgomery March, in Alabama in 1965. He was elected to Congress in 1986 and is serving his 12th term as the U.S. Representative of Georgia’s Fifth Congressional District. I’ve noticed recently that African American history is no longer confined to February. Hallelujah! It’s about time the shackles that limit programs about African American history to 28 or 29 days in the wintertime are falling away. PBS’ American Experience series, the History Channel, and other networks have boldly programmed where other programmers have dared to go. Just this past month, TV viewers were able to watch not only the Freedom Riders, but also Roads to Memphis, focusing on the movements of MLK’s assassin James Earl Ray and Soundtrack for a Revolution, the history of the civil rights movement through its music.

In April and May, historian Skip Gates hosted a four-part series, “Black In Latin America”, in which he explored the history and culture of Haiti and the Dominican Republic, Cuba; Brazil, Mexico, and Peru. The great news about all of these programs is that they aired on PBS, which often reruns its shows, so check your local TV listings for possible encore airdates in your area. Much of its African American programming is accompanied by online resources including primary source materials, lesson plans, teacher’s guides, reading lists, interactive media, as well as downloadable films or trailers of the documentaries. Reality TV means different things to different people. You can either be entertained by brain-numbing antics of people seeking their 15 minutes of fame or learn about people and events that have made our future better. I think it’s really important to be aware of our viewing options, especially for our children. There are many opportunities for us as parents and mentors to share historical events in a medium that is accessible and informative. Knowing and understanding our history certainly builds selfesteem, but it can also be a springboard that launches our young people on the path to success.

— Linda Tarrant-Reid is an author, historian and photographer. Her book Discovering Black America: From the Age of Exploration to the Twenty-First Century will be published in 2012. Send your comments to Linda TarrantReid, C/O The Westchester County Press, Post Office Box 152, White Plains, New York 10602.

Consumer financial protection bureau under assault By CHARLENE CROWELL Less than a year ago, President Barack Obama signed into law the bipartisan Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), a cornerstone of this historic law, was created to streamline financial consumer protection regulations and prevent financial crises like the Great Recession from recurring. CFPB is a single new agency whose sole purpose is to protect consumers from the types of abusive, unfair lending practices that sparked the current financial crisis. Now, as the new agency prepares to begin operating this July, some on Capitol Hill are working to undermine it. The House and Senate are considering a variety of bills that together would fundamentally weaken the integrity and independence of the CFPB. These bills would do the following: Allow bank regulators the ability to veto the legislation, if banks complain about cutting into fees and other revenue sources. These are the same offices that failed to provide the consumer protections in the past and

could have averted the mortgage crisis; Remove the agency’s independent funding potentially giving big bank lobbyists the ability to hamstring the CFPB through the annual Congressional appropriations process; Replace the single, accountable director as the head of the agency with a weaker five-person commission - where no one individual would be responsible for the agency’s decisions; and delay implementation of the bureau when the nation has waited long enough already! In response, the Center for Responsible Lending and other consumer advocates and allies are urging Congress to reject the new proposals. Recently, more than 65 national and state organizations together advised Congress that the bills, “ignore the lessons that have been learned about the regulatory failures that triggered a housing and economic crisis and caused extraordinary pain for millions of Americans.” It would be wise for Capitol Hill to heed these pro-consumer voices. Has Congress so soon forgotten the reasons CFPB was created? It was the absence of consumer protections that led to millions of foreclosures and a public bailout of the institutions that

operated with ill-advised practices and only short-term profit perspectives. After taxpayer dollars bailed out taxpayer dollars bailed out these lenders, doesn’t the public deserve protection too? It was not that long ago that the financial services industry dedicated billions of dollars for efforts to deny the nation financial reform – more than any other industry lobbying expenditures during the past decade. That translates into $1.4 million a day and includes 1,726 registered federal lobbyists paid to woo 100 U.S. Senators and 455 Members of Congress, according to the Center for Responsive Politics. At best, the proposed bills are premature, as the agency will not even come into existence until July 2011. At worst, they are a brazen attempt to preserve privilege and profits for large lenders at the expense of everyday citizens.

For communities of color, the stakes are high in ensuring that reforms remain strong and meaningful. The financial crisis has widened the racial wealth gap and ongoing foreclosures are hitting minority communities the hardest. According to CRL’s research, more than $350 billion in wealth has been lost to AfricanAmerican and Latino communities. Consumer protection and bank safety should go hand in hand. Restoring this balanced approach assures us a more safe and sound financial system, and with it a more sustainable economy. It’s time to allow the CFPB to do its job.

— Charlene Crowell is the Center for Responsible Lending’s communications manager for state policy and outreach. She can be reached at: Charlene.crowell@responsiblelending.org.


6

DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

Postmaster: U.S. Postal Service in dire financial straits WASHINGTON — The U.S. Postal Service is in such bad financial condition that it may not be able to make a payment for future retiree health benefits due September 30, Postmaster General Patrick Donahoe said on Tuesday. In testimony to a Senate subcommittee, Donahoe said that without Congressional action, the service would default on its payments. “As things stand, we do not have the cash to make a $5.5 billion prepayment for future retiree health benefits due September 30,” Donahoe said. “Despite our significant role in the American economy and our aggressive cost cutting and revenue generating

A U.S. Postal Service vehicle navigates amid the stormdamaged Alberta community near Tuscaloosa, Alabama. efforts, I regret to say we are in a serious financial predicament today,” he said in a statement. Donahoe’s remarks came on the same day that the Gov-

ernment Accountability Office issued a report focusing on the need to update an aging fleet of vehicles for mail delivery. It also highlighted recent news of a $2.2

billion loss after the first half of the fiscal year and potential insolvency by September. “USPS’s financial condition has deteriorated significantly since fiscal year 2006,” GAO Director of Physical Infrastructure Issues Phillip Herr said in remarks prepared for the committee hearing.. “And its financial outlook is grim in both the short and long term,” he said. In March, the service announced that it would cut 7,500 jobs and close 2,000 post offices. The U.S. agency has lost business to electronic mail and to private sector competitors like FedEx and the United Parcel Service. The report focuses on the world’s largest civilian fleet which is approaching its

designed life span of 24 years and is accruing significant costs in unexpected maintenance. Presenting the GAO’s findings, Herr emphasized that the strategy to upgrade the fleet should be a part of a larger plan to make the mail carrier financially viable. Herr suggested that Congress modify the service’s payment for retiree benefits and eventually loosen restrictions on closing facilities as it develops a strategy. Senator Tom Carper of Delaware has introduced legislation to address these issues by allowing a transition to a five-day delivery schedule, which supporters say could save $3.1 billion annually.

Susquehanna tops list of nation’s most endangered rivers By DAVE WARNER PHILADELPHIA — A national conservation group on Tuesday declared the 444mile Susquehanna River in New York, Pennsylvania and Maryland to be the nation’s most endangered due to use of a gas drilling method known as hydraulic fracturing in the region. The so-called fracking process extracts natural gas trapped in shale formations by blasting a mix of water, sand and chemicals into the rock. The subject of intense debate, fracking is feared by critics as contaminating water supplies. Second on the list of endangered waterways, compiled by American Rivers, was Alaska’s Bristol Bay, threatened by copper and gold mining, followed by the Roanoke River in Virginia and North Carolina, threatened by uranium mining, it said. The Susquehanna River, which originates near Cooperstown, New York and flows south to the Chesapeake Bay, passes through parts of New York and Pennsylvania where the gas industry is tapping into shale formations. “Fracking (as the method is known) poses one of the greatest risks our nation’s rivers have faced in decades,” said Andrew Fahlund, senior vice president of American Rivers. “We are taking a major gamble on the clean drinking water for millions of Americans.” Some 6.2 million people depend on the Susquehanna for drinking water, according to an estimate by the attorney

general of Maryland. Kathryn Klaber, president of the industry group called the Marcellus Shale Coalition, said American Rivers “is seeking nothing more than to undercut the responsible development of clean-burning, job-creating natural gas.” Commenting on the American Rivers report, a spokesman for the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection said: “There has been no evidence of frac water entering the Susquehanna. “Additionally, sampling across the state, including the Susquehanna, has shown no levels of concern for radioactivity and other contaminants,” said the statement issued by DEP press aide Kevin Sunday. Jessie Thomas-Blate, manager of the endangered rivers

project for American Rivers, said being on the list does not necessarily mean a river is heavily polluted but that it is under threat. On Tuesday, the Pennsylvania DEP said it was fining major natural gas producer Chesapeake Energy more than $1 million for contamination of ground water and for a tank fire. Also on the list was the Chicago River in Illinois, threatened by sewage pollution; the Yuba River in California, threatened by hydropower dams and the Green River in Washington, threatened by exploratory drilling and mine development, the group said. Rounding out the list was the Hoback River in Wyoming, threatened by natural gas extraction, the Black Warrior River in Alabama, threatened by coal mining,

Birds are seen along the shore of the Susquehanna River near the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant, where the U.S. suffered its most serious nuclear accident in 1979, in Middletown, Pennsylvania. the St. Croix River in Minnesota and Wisconsin, threatened by rollback of protections and the Ozark National Scenic Riverways in Missouri, threatened by overuse and

poor management, it said. The group also gave a special mention to the Mississippi River, saying it was threatened by outdated flood management.

Yale punishes fraternity for sexist chanting By ZACH HOWARD GREENFIELD, Massachusetts — Yale University has penalized a fraternity that counts former President George W. Bush among its members after complaints of sexual hostility toward women, including chanting about rape. The Ivy League school, currently the subject of a federal investigation into sexual harassment, on Tuesday found Delta Kappa Epsilon (DKE) fraternity had “threatened and intimidated” others, said Mary Miller, Dean of

Yale College. The fraternity drew complaints after new members marched across the New Haven, Connecticut, campus in October chanting phrases about sex acts as part of their initiation. Videos of the event — including the chant “No Means Yes! Yes Means Anal!” were posted online and quickly prompted outrage on campus and beyond. The “Dekes” were prohibited for five years from oncampus recruiting or other frat activities, communicating with Yale students and using Yale’s name in connec-

tion with the fraternity. Yale also asked the DKE national organization to suspend the chapter for five years. Miller said she took the unusual step of making public an internal summary of disciplinary actions taken by the school’s executive committee in an effort to deliver a clear message that sexual harassment is not tolerated at Yale. “It is my hope that this will not only shed some light on a matter of public concern but also provide notice of the outcomes to all those who may have been affected by sexual harassment and, according-

ly, educate our community,” Miller said. This spring, the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights began investigating a complaint by 16 current and former students saying Yale breached the U.S. gender-equality law known as Title IX, by failing to stamp out sexual harassment on campus. The complaint cited the October incident. “Greek life,” as fraternity membership is known, has long been a Yale tradition. Delta Kappa Epsilon was founded at the university in 1855.


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

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AFRICAN SCENE

88

DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

South Africa’s ANC expected to win local polls By DONNA BRYSON JOHANNESBURG clerk Accounting Events Ranenyine rose in his tiny room on the northern outskirts of Johannesburg yesterday, washed in a basin of water he had collected the day before from the faucet down a rutted dirt street, and then picked his way past piles of trash to his polling station - a tent set up in the yard of a tin-shack church. Yesterday’s local government vote comes less than 20 years after South Africa’s first multiracial election, and could start a shift toward a more robust multiparty system. The dominant African National Congress party, which has controlled the country since 1994, faced its strongest challenge yet

amid accusations that it has not done enough to alleviate poverty and provide services. But Ranenyine, 29, who said he voted for the ANC, said he believes the party that defeated apartheid deserves one more chance. Ranenyine said he waited two hours to vote in the last local elections, in 2006. Yesterday, he waited only 40 minutes. He said many of his neighbors had chosen to stay home because they did not want to vote for the ANC, but also did not have faith in other parties. “They’re tired,” he said of his neighbors. “They’re so very tired of being lied to.” The ANC is expected to win in the overwhelming majority of the country’s 278 municipalities. But the party is accused of

Egypt’s transition tested by security breakdown CAIRO - When Peter Matta went to check crops on his land on the outskirts of the Egyptian capital in the aftermath of an uprising that threw Hosni Mubarak from power, he was met by five strangers with guns. “What are you doing on our land?” said one of the group of trespassers who had seized his property, poking a rifle at him. That was in March. Like many Egyptians, Matta hoped this was an ugly but temporary problem, the result of a security vacuum from the withdrawal of police from duty after they lost control of the streets in the unrest that ousted Mubarak on February 11. The police are back but Matta has yet to get control of his land. When he secured an eviction order, the group demanded 6 million Egyptian pounds ($1 million) and threatened his family. When police pushed the group off, they just moved back later. “We are devastated by the power that these thugs have over the land as we watch helplessly, but even more alarmed at the lack of national security,” Matta told Reuters. Matta’s may be an extreme example of the security breakdown. But it is not wholly unique. Others living on Cairo’s outskirts have reported marauding armed gangs. Prisoners have staged jail breaks and reports of armed crimes in the city are on the rise. Some Egyptians are buying guns, legally or otherwise, for protection and some are even reminiscing fondly about Mubarak’s police state. As Egyptians grapple with establishing a democracy after ejecting an autocratic ruler, they are struggling to restore order and confidence in an economy that was hammered after tourists packed their bags and investors fled. - Dina Zayed & Isabel Coles

A voter cast her vote during the local municielections at the Zanspruit in pal Johannesburg, South Africa, yesterday. South Africans were voting across the country in local elections that have national implications. The African National Congress, which governs at the national level, is expected to win in most municipalities, though the party has seen its popularity slip amid complaints it's riddled by corruption and failing to keep up with the demand for houses, schools, running water and other basics. Photo/Themba Hadebe being riddled with corruption and failing to keep up with the demand for decent housing, schools, running water and other basics. That could be an opportunity for the main opposition Democratic Alliance, known as the DA, which has its roots in a white liberal antiapartheid party, and

has been hobbled by an inability to attract black voters. The DA is seen as pro-business, and boasts it has run an efficient administration in Cape Town, South Africa’s main tourist city. Already, a chastened ANC has made changes, giving local communities more of a say in picking candidates. President Jacob

Zuma also has promised that his national government will ensure that local governments perform. R a n e n y i n e ’ s Zandspruit is a neighborhood crammed with tiny shacks. Gladys Tshombo, 70, lives alone in one, with no electricity or running water. She said rats are a problem, and that she’s seen no improvements since moving here soon after the 1994 election that ended apartheid. She voted for the ANC because she idolized its leader, Nelson Mandela, in 1994. She voted for the party again yesterday. “I love ANC,” she said. “As time goes on, things might improve.” Zandspruit has seen violent protests in recent months by people who say the ANC has been slow to meet their needs. Yesterday, Ranenyine said the protests were as important as voting in getting politicians’ attention. “We have to fight, so they come to hear our struggle,” he said. “We

need more change.” A pre-election survey by South Africa’s Human Sciences Research Council found 45 percent of South African voters are dissatisfied with their local councils’ performances. But it also found that 37 percent would give the party they voted for last time another chance. Only 25 percent said they would change parties - and 19 percent said they would stay home. In some ways, the ANC is a victim of its own success. Some 18 percent of South Africans live in statebuilt or -subsidized housing under a program the ANC started in 1994. Since 1994, access to electricity has increased from 36 percent of households to 84 percent, and the government has brought clean water to 6 million households. For some South Africans, seeing their neighbors lifted out of poverty has brought hope they will be next. For others, it has sparked resentment and impatience.

Africa to be ‘next investment destination’ LAGOS - Resourcerich Africa is set to be the world’s next investment destination thanks to an array of reforms sweeping across many previously troubled countries, a former Nigerian leader said yesterday. Olusegun Obasanjo, in office in Nigeria for eight years until 2007, said that after many years of stagnation the continent’s economies

saw a sharp growth in the past decade. Real GDP increased by 5.2 percent annually, compared with 2.3 percent in the 1990s. “Thus with political and social issues properly settled and put behind us, Africa is all set to become the next big investment destination,” Obasanjo told an international investment conference here. “Africa’s growth

story is not only about its natural resources, but about reforms, including restructuring of regulatory frameworks, and policy amendments that have brought a fundamental change in the business environment, earning Africa a permanent place on every major investor’s map.” Many governments still have a long way to go in terms of reforms,

Obasanjo said, but the growth rates recorded so far are important first steps that have set the pace for economic growth by attracting foreign investment. Africa’s collective GDP, at 1.7 trillion dollars in 2010, is now roughly equal to Brazil’s or Russia’s, putting the continent among the world’s most rapidly growing regions, he said.

Sudan ‘stages new Darfur air strikes’ U N I T E D NATIONS Sudanese government warplanes have staged new air strikes in Darfur, prompting the United Nations to halt flights in the stricken region, UN officials said yester-

day. The UN mission in Darfur, UNAMID, said in a statement that warplanes on Tuesday hit the village of Sukamir, which is near Kuma, about 100 kilometers (60 miles) north of the main Darfur city of El Fasher. That air attack came

two days after a strike in the south of the conflictstricken region, where the United Nations says more than 300,000 people have died since an uprising started in 2003. “The team will attempt to collect information on possible casualties and newly displaced persons,” accord-

ing to the statement, which said UNAMID peacekeepers were trying to get Sukamir. UN flights to the regions of Shangil Tobaya, Fanga Suk and neighboring regions in North Darfur have been suspended “due to government officials citing security concerns,” said the mission.


D CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011 DAILY

COMMUNITY AFFAIRS

9

“Heart Gallery” honors National Foster Care Month

A part of the 50 photos of foster children on display at the Long Island Rail Road’s Atlantic Terminal. Photo By Lem Peterkin A photo exhibit President Marty showing 50 of the city’s Markowitz declared “hardest to place” foster “Heart Gallery NYC children opened yester- Day” in the borough in day with officials hop- honor of National ing the images will help Foster Care Month. them find “forever The exhibit is at the homes” for the young- Long Island Rail Road’s sters. Atlantic Terminal and The exhibit, “Heart will be on view through Gallery NYC,” opened June 15. as Brooklyn Borough

Celebrity chef Rozanne Gold was among supporters present for the opening of the “Heart Gallery NYC” exhibit. Here she shows off her cookbook for children. Photo By Lem Peterkin

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1 10

CARIBBEAN NEWS DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

CARIBBEAN BRIEFS ONE FAMILY.

Whether West Indian, African or African American. One God, One Aim, One Destiny.

Boy stabbed to death at school KINGSTON, Jamaica - A 16-year-old boy is dead and some of his schoolmates in police custody after a fight at a rural school yesterday. Fourth-form student Haig Williams was reportedly attacked by three male students in a classroom during the lunch break at the Cross Keys High School in Manchester. Police say the boy who delivered the fatal stabs has already admitted to his crime. “During the fight a knife was used to stab one of the students in his side and his leg. He was taken to the Mandeville Hospital by teachers and on arrival he was pronounced dead,” Divisional Commander for the Manchester Police D i v i s i o n , Superintendent Lascelles Taylor, told Radio Jamaica yesterday. “An investigation was carried out and three male students, all from the same class, were taken into custody...One has confessed to doing the stabbing.” The senior officer said that the boy would be charged. Principal Ralph Nelson told the Jamaica Gleaner newspaper that the students had been involved in a dispute in their community the previous day. He said that many of the pupils at Cross Keys High School came from volatile communities in Mandeville and were rejected by schools closer to home because they were violent and undisciplined.

Student, counsellor on kidnapping charges KINGSTON, Jamaica - Exactly two weeks

after a three-year-old boy was kidnapped from his school in Montego Bay, four people, including a 16year-old student and a guidance counsellor, have been charged in connection with the crime. The teenager, 27year-old guidance counsellor Jenise Regisford who was listed as having a local and US address, 21-year-old barber Trevon Tomlinson and 23-yearold labourer Jonathan Mitchell appeared in court yesterday. They’re charged with kidnapping, conspiracy to kidnap and conspiracy to extort. The four were allegedly involved in taking the boy, the son of a businessman, from the Mount Alvernia Preparatory and Kindergarten School on May 3. When his mother showed up at the school to collect him just after 1:30 pm, she was told a man had already picked him up. When she said she had not authorized anyone to get her son, police were called in. In the early hours of the following day, the young child was found asleep in a house in Manchester. He was unharmed.

Parliament to discuss Manning’s fate PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad - The House of Representatives is set to discuss what punishment to impose on former prime minister Patrick Manning. This is after the Privileges Committee found the San Fernando East MP guilty of contempt of Parliament following statements he made about the acquisition of funding for the construction of Prime Minister Kamla PersadBissessar’s home in South Trinidad.

Homophobia in the Caribbean varies widely By DALIA ACOSTA

HAVANA, Cuba - While homosexuality is punishable by law in nine Caribbean island nations, gay activism is increasingly taking root in countries like Cuba. “The situation in the Caribbean today is one of contrasts,” Gloria Careaga, co-secretary general of the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), founded in 1978 and with close to 700 member groups in over 110 countries, told IPS. Differences are greatest between the Spanish-speaking and English-speaking areas of the Caribbean, Careaga, a Mexican psychologist who is also in charge of the Latin American and Caribbean region (ILGA-LAC), said by email on the occasion of International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia, Tuesday May 17. Careaga said “clear” signs of progress were the work of Cuban institutions in favour of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people and of strengthening their groups, the growing presence of studies on sexual diversity in Puerto Rican universities, and the emergence of lesbian organisations in the Dominican Republic. However, “the English-speaking Caribbean seems to be unable to shake off the influence of Victorian morality, and not only maintains laws that criminalise gays and lesbians, but also argues the case for homophobia, for instance in Jamaica,” she said. A national survey carried out in Jamaica by the University of the West Indies in 2010 found that 89 percent of respondents were homophobic. The study polled 1,007 adults from 231 communities in the island nation. Jamaican courts often sentence men who have sex with men (MSM) to prison terms with hard labour. Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago ban relations between same-sex couples, especially men. Penalties for this crime vary between 10 and 50 years, depending on the laws of each country.

While homosexuality is punishable by law in nine Caribbean island nations, gay activism is increasingly taking root in countries like Cuba. Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Jamaica and Saint Lucia only punish male homosexuality while allowing, or simply making no pronouncement on, lesbianism. Since 1976, Trinidad and Tobago has even forbidden homosexual persons from entering its territory. Institutionalised homophobia is also a health problem. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) indicates that penalisation of homosexuality in the Caribbean is one of the main obstacles to controlling the epidemic that affects some 240,000 people in the Greater and Lesser Antilles. Against that backdrop, the few groups and individuals fighting for social acceptance of sexual diversity come up against a high degree of homophobia and the risk of hate crimes. They can even be accused of illegality, even though the constitution defends the universal right to free association. Wilfred Labiosa, a Puerto Rican activist who lives in the United States and is visiting Cuba to take part in the Fourth Cuban Day Against Homophobia, told IPS that the region’s major challenge is to consolidate unity among people struggling for respect for freely chosen sexual orientation and gender identity. In socialist Cuba, which lived through several decades of institutionalised homophobia, outstanding efforts have been made by institutions and civil society sectors to raise public awareness in favour of the rights of all persons, regardless of their sexual

orientation or gender identity. “We want a new society,” said Mariela Castro, daughter of Cuban President Raúl Castro and head of the state National Centre for Sex Education (CENESEX), during a May 10 conference on “Why a Cuban campaign against homophobia?” Fighting this problem is part of the struggle against all kinds of discrimination, she emphasised. The experiences of Cuba and Puerto Rico, which hold around four Gay Pride parades, including educational activities, every year, should be disseminated throughout the Caribbean LGBTI community, Labiosa, a leader of Unid@s, the National Latino/a LGBT Human Rights Organisation in the United States, suggested. But factors like the criminalisation of homosexuality in nine English-speaking Caribbean island nations, and Belize and Guyana, and the lack of historical links between the region’s peoples mean that sexual rights activists remain dispersed in the region, he said. Labiosa, a psychologist, said that so far, exchanges between civil society organisations in the island nations of the Caribbean and other countries have been “informal and personal.” In his view, this form of contact is more effective than institutional links in terms of building concrete action in favour of the LGBT community. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) bloc hosts the Regional Meeting of LGBT activists from member countries, a space where proposals for sexual rights and HIV prevention can be made.


D CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011 DAILY

INTERNATIONAL

11

Yemen transition deal falls through at last minute By MOHAMMED GHOBARI & MOHAMED SUDAM SANAA - A deal on a transition of power in Yemen fell through at the last minute yesterday, even as Washington stepped up pressure on President Ali Abdullah Saleh to sign a Gulf-brokered agreement to ease him out of office. Heavy diplomatic wrangling by Western and Gulf diplomats keen to resolve the three-month standoff had secured an agreement in principle that would see Saleh, a shrewd political survivor, resign within a month, an opposition official said. But in a familiar twist, last-minute snags over details derailed the deal that would have granted Saleh immunity from prosecution, allowing him a dignified exit from power in the Arabian Peninsula

state he has ruled for nearly 33 years. A government official told Reuters a deal remained possible. “There is still a glimmer of hope,” he said. But the leader of a bloc of Yemen’s wealthy oil-exporting Gulf neighbors who has been trying to breathe life into the deal left Sanaa without securing an agreement, in a move that suggests the sides remained significantly at odds. The United States and oil giant Saudi Arabia, both targets of foiled attacks from al Qaeda’s Yemen-based wing, are keen to see an end to the political stalemate, fearing continued chaos could give the militant group more room to operate freely. The White House urged Saleh to sign and implement a transition deal so Yemen could “move forward immediately” with political reform. It said John Brennan, an adviser to President Barack Obama, called Saleh earlier in the day. “Brennan noted that this transfer of power represents the best path forward for Yemen to

become a more secure, unified, and prosperous nation and for the Yemeni people to realize their aspirations for peace and political reform,” the statement said. Some political anahad doubted lysts whether the deal, which would help end antiSaleh street protests that have paralysed Yemen’s economy, would actually be carried out. Two previous near-deals also fell through at the last minute. “I won’t believe it until I see it, that’s what we learned in Yemen ... Everyone thought that the deal was done a few weeks ago but Saleh found a way to back out in the final hours and days.” said Shadi Hamid, analyst at the Brookings Doha Center. “Saleh is notoriously stubborn. If he signs, maybe we’ll actually see a conclusion to the crisis in Yemen and that’s what people have been waiting for.” MINOR CHANGES TO DEAL Saleh, who has outlasted previous attempts to challenge

his power, indicated in April he would sign the Gulf-brokered deal, but refused to put his name to it in the final hours. He said at the time he would only sign in his capacity as ruling party leader, not as president. The opposition, including Islamists and leftists, said the deal tentatively agreed yesterday contained minor changes to the April deal, on who would sign and in what capacity. “The president will sign for the government in his capacity as president of the republic and as head of the ruling party,” opposition official Yahya Abu Usbua had said. The deal broke down after a dispute on who would sign for the opposition. Saleh wanted the rotating head of the coalition, Yassin Noman, a leftist, to sign. The opposition preferred Mohammed Basindwa, tipped as a possible interim prime minister, sources close to the talks said. The opposition agreed to have Noman as the first opposition signatory, but also wanted Basindwa to be

Al Qaeda names Adel as interim chief: Al Jazeera By SARA ANABTAWI DUBAI - Al Qaeda has appointed an Egyptian militant as temporary leader and named a new head of operations following the killing of Osama bin Laden by U.S. commandos, al Jazeera said yesterday, citing Pakistani security sources. The Arab satellite channel said Saif alAdel was named interim leader and Mohammed Mustafa alYemeni, whose surname hints he is from Yemen, would direct operations . “According to the sources, the decision (on the appointments) was made at a meeting

on May 10 on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border,” said the channel, which was the main conduit for bin Laden to release messages to the media. U.S. special forces shot dead Al Qaeda leader bin Laden in his hideout outside the capital of Pakistan on May 2, almost 10 years after he ordered the September 11 attacks of 2001 that killed around 3,000 people in the United States. “I think it’s more for show than anything else. It is to illustrate to the world that they have a temporary leader,” Dubai-based security analyst Theodore Karasik said of Adel. “Adel clearly has operational experience but he does not have the intellectual or charismatic side that bin Laden had.”

Adnan al-Khairi alMasri was named al Qaeda’s general command head, while Mohammed Nasser alWahshi would be Africa chief, Mohammed Adam Khan, an Afghan, would be in charge in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and Fahd al-Iraqi would be responsible for the Afghan-Pakistani border region, Al Jazeera added. U.S. prosecutors say Adel is one of al Qaeda’s leading military commanders and helped plan the 1998 bomb attacks on the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. They also say he set up al Qaeda training camps in Sudan and Afghanistan in the 1990s. But reports have suggested Adel viewed the September 11 attacks as a mistake and criticized bin Laden

over them. Mustafa Alani, a political analyst based in Dubai, said he doubted Adel had taken on a temporary leadership role, citing past disputes between Adel and the charismatic Saudi leader. “This man was an opponent of bin Laden and the September 11 attacks. He criticized bin Laden personally, describing him as a dictator who took decisions without referring to his colleagues,” he said. Alani also said bin Laden was a symbolic leader who did not need to be replaced. “I am questioning the credibility of the need to replace him. Osama bin Laden is not a leader, he’s an ideologist. The idea of replacing bin Laden as a manager, it doesn’t work this way,” he said.

on a list of signatories. Saleh refused and the deal fell through, the sources said. Protesters, frustrated that their daily rallies have failed to dislodge Saleh, want the 69-year-old leader out immediately and have said they will step up their campaign by marching on government buildings, a move that brought new bloodshed last week as security forces fired to stop them. “This agreement will annihilate the revolution because Saleh will not implement it,” Sanaa activist Meshaal Mujahid said of the new deal, before it fell apart. Yemeni political analyst Abdul-Ghani al-

Iryani said a deal now would reduce tension that could erupt into clashes between military units loyal to Saleh and those backing the protesters. “What is important about it is that it allows the opportunity to diffuse the military tension,” he said. Protesters blocked the entrance of the Red Sea port of Hudaida, Yemen’s second largest port, blocking traffic from entering or leaving, protesters said. The cities of Ibb, Taiz and Hadramout were brought to a standstill as most workers complied with a strike aimed at pressuring Saleh to leave.

No sign Pakistan knew bin Laden whereabouts: U.S. WASHINGTON - Top U.S. defense officials said yesterday there was no evidence Pakistan’s leadership was aware that Osama bin Laden was in their country before a U.S. military raid killed him, and they cautioned against punitive action against Islamabad over the incident. Defense Secretary Robert Gates told a Pentagon news conference he had seen “no evidence at all” that the senior Pakistani leadership knew the al Qaeda leader’s whereabouts before the raid and “in fact, I’ve seen some evidence to the contrary.” Bin Laden was killed earlier this month in a compound in Abbottabad, a garrison town near the Pakistani capital. The incident deeply embarrassed Pakistan’s military and spy agencies and led to calls by members of the U.S. Congress for a tougher approach toward the country. But Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the U.S. military’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, cautioned against taking action that could worsen relations and interrupt the flow of U.S. aid to Pakistan. “I think we have to proceed with some caution,” he told reporters. “We do have significant interests in Pakistan. I think that my own view would be that ... we need to continue the assistance that we have provided, the benefits to the Pakistani people.” Gates noted Pakistan had already paid a significant price in embarrassment and damage to its reputation as a result of the raid. “If I were in Pakistani shoes, I would say I’ve already paid a price. I’ve been humiliated. I’ve been shown that the Americans can come in here and do this with impunity,” he said. “And I think we have to ... recognize that they see a cost in that and a price that has been paid.” Gates also said Pakistanis had indicated a willingness to go after al Qaeda or Afghan insurgent leaders, and it was important to give them an opportunity to do that. “The Pakistanis over the last couple of weeks have ... expressed the view that they are willing to go after some of these people and ... we should not repeat the bin Laden operation because ... they will undertake this themselves,” he said.


New American

The

12

DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

One Thought - One Humanity

For the conclusions of these stories check out the May 19th - May 25th, 2011 issue of The New American, which hits newsstands every Thursday Brandy, Tatyana Ali, Bledsoe, Tempestt Danielle Fishel and more are going naked for the Style network’s Skin Cancer PSA titled “Naked.” In the 30-second spot, each woman poses nude on a rooftop proclaiming that they participated in everyday activities such as driving, shopping and walking the dog... naked. Though each girl appears in her birthday suit, they are actually likening nudity to a lack of sunscreen, not clothes. “Don’t be one of 20 people who will die today from skin cancer,” the ad proclaims. “If you leave the house without sunscreen, you might as well be naked.” M-Bone -- one the of the members of the rap group Cali Swag District -- died last night ... TMZ has confirmed. Earlier this morning, the group’s leader, Smoove -- posted a Tweet saying, “Ma life changed drastically in the. Blink of an eye rip mbone.” So far, it’s unclear how M-Bone died. Cali Swag District shot to stardom with their hit, “Teach Me How to Dougie.” Da Brat and Jermaine Dupri ready a mixtape to release later this month, after Brat’s tumultuous few years in prison. After a few years in lockdown, Da Brat is back in the studio working with her mentor and longtime partner in music, Jermaine Dupri. The So So Def camp released a video blog this week, one that features the two working together. In it, there is an announcement of a Brat mixtape that will be released later this month. The vlog features Dupri working on a beat for a few minutes, a silent, blackand-white look at the beatsmith in the studio. There is also footage of Da Brat writing on a

notepad, scribbling her thoughts down. The video captures a brief conversation between the two where Dupri asks Brat to announce her mixtape’s release date. “Memorial Day weekend,” she says, before repping for the label. “So So Def in the building.” Dupri also let fans know of his work with Brat by sending a message out to the world via Twitter. Is Laila Ali going to be a singer? We don’t know where this came from, but we’re hearing that Muhammad Ali’s daughter and super boxer is about to embark on a career as a singer. We wonder what sort of singer she will be should this be true? We think she should try for the soul market or something. Kanye West debuted his new girlfriend at the Cannes Film Festival in France by publicly kissing the teenager on a hotel balcony. The Stronger hitmaker last year ended his high-profile relationship with model Amber Rose, who has since moved on with rising hip-hop star Wiz Khalifa. West was rumoured to be dating 18-year-old underwear model Kate Upton after they were spotted leaving a party together in Los Angeles last month. Now the rapper, 33, has seemingly made his new relationship public after pulling Upton in close for a passionate kiss on his hotel balcony in full view of passers-by and photographers. Jennifer Lopez was heartbroken when her beloved fashion line failed, insisting it remains one of her biggest career disappointments. The pop star-turned “American Idol” judge was forced to retire her Sweetface brand in 2009 after

neglecting to connect with bargain hunting shoppers, and she now admits the failed business venture was devastating. She tells the New York Times, “That was sad for me. I just felt like I never got a fair chance to do it right. And on top of it, I felt like I was trapped in a situation I couldn’t get out of, and my name was stamped on things that I didn’t believe in... (I) didn’t understand the business well enough.” But the hitmaker is giving it another chance she’s teaming up with husband Marc Anthony to launch a lifestyle brand with Kohl’s department stores - and she’s determined to get it right this time. Tommy Hilfiger, who worked with Lopez on the new partnership, says, “The difference this time around is Jennifer is fully engaged with a company that is professionally staffed to really develop anything she wants from towels to knee-high suede boots.” Love is in the air and we have the “Jumping The Broom” film to credit. T.D. Jakes has tapped several R&B stars for the forthcoming second installment of his Sacred Love Songs series compilation album. Inspired by his newly produced film “Jumping The Broom,” Sacred Love Songs 2 will be instores May 31 and features romantic love songs that pair the best talent in gospel and R&B/Pop music-performing classic hits as well as new recordings. ‘Sacred Love Songs 2’ is lead by the Joe featured track “Closer.” The set also features songs from T.D. Jakes, Ledisi, Karen Clark Sheard and Kirk Whalum; El DeBarge, Bishop Paul Morton, Fred Hammond, Micah Stampley, Crystal Aikin and more.

Heather Victoria representing new Hip Hop Soul Many artists are lost before they start because they do not know what direction to take but Heather Victoria does not have that problem. She plans on merging on the grit of Hip Hop production and the soul of R&B that was reminiscent in the early 90’s. Heather Victoria signed with music producer 9th Wonder’s IWW Music Group; now they are working on capturing her Hip Hop Soul vision. Working With Professor and Label Boss... “It is really helpful working with somebody who is not just a beat maker. With 9th [Wonder] being the boss man and with him being somebody who is really educated, who will pop in, he is not just someone who thinks he knows what he is talking about all the like storytelling is definitely a part time. It is really helpful. He is of Hip Hop and when you tell stories always good with guidance. If there in your music you tend to grab the is anything I don’t understand he is listener a little bit more and get a litthere to lay it out and help me out a tle bit more personal with it. That is little bit.” where I am going for with my A Different Path... “Particularly, I music; to really reach out to the lisfeel that though people aren’t quite tener. I want people to really be able understanding the sound I am pro- to relate to what I am saying, I don’t ducing, it is capturing people want them to scan through the song because it is something that they are and say “she has a nice little voice.” not use to hearing. I am trying to I want them to say “Wow, she is realcreate my own lane. I am trying to ly talking about something.” set myself apart from what is Rapping Was Secondary... “I tried already out there.” to rap and it didn’t work out. I can Mary J. Blige A Role Model... “The write but I don’t think I have the whole album ‘What’s The 411?’ and voice for it. It’s just not me. I don’t “You Remind Me” all those songs want to be that. I’m scared I’ll do it that is what made me become a die and people like it and there going to hard Mary J. fan. Even when I was want more.” young, ever since then I kind of Top 5 Hip Hop MCs Right Now... latched to her and her sound.” “Jay-Z, Nas, J. Cole, Lupe Fiasco, Grabbing A Persons Ear... “I feel Talib Kweli” - Full Story In This Week’s New American Newspaper -

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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

14

Hollywood stars turn out for farewell Oprah show By MATTHEW LEWIS CHICAGO — Oprah Winfrey neared the end of her quarter-century reign on national television on Tuesday night with a star-studded send-off featuring Beyonce, Madonna, Aretha Franklin, Tom Cruise, Michael Jordan and many others who honored the talk show queen’s efforts to boost education and fight poverty. “She’s a self-made woman who’s been at the top of her game for over 25 years — and she’s still kicking ass,” Madonna told a delighted audience of about 13,000 in a Chicago arena. Wearing a purple gown, the pony-tailed Winfrey basked in the night of tributes from A-list celebrities and friends. Billed as “Surprise Oprah! A Farewell Spectacular” because Winfrey was kept in the dark about the guest list, the show will air in two parts on May 23 and 24. Winfrey’s final original

Aretha Franklin and Oprah Winfrey acknowledge fans during a star-studded double-taping of ‘Surprise Oprah! A Farewell Spectacular’ in Chicago. “Oprah Winfrey Show”, whose contents are still under wraps, will air on May 25, bringing to a close 25 years of the most-watched daytime talk show on U.S. television. “Your show has turned surprise into an art form,” actor Tom Hanks told Winfrey on Tuesday. “Oprah Winfrey, today you are surrounded by nothing but love.

Your studio was not big enough to hold it all, so here we are,” Hanks said, gesturing around the glittering basketball arena and concert venue. Madonna praised Winfrey for her courage. “It’s no secret that millions of people are inspired by Oprah,” she said. “I am one of those people ... She fights for things she believes in, even if it

Chris Brown leads BET Awards nominations By GIL KAUFMAN Chris Brown’s career reboot hit a new high on Tuesday, when he was nominated for a field-leading six 2011 BET Awards for his F.A.M.E. album. Brown, who scored his first #1 album earlier this year, was followed by Lil Wayne with five nods and Kanye West, Drake and the singer’s ex, Rihanna, with four. Brown, who plead guilty to felony assault on Rihanna in June 2009, will face off with his former flame in two categories, Viewers’ Choice and Best Collaboration, which will pit his “Look at Me Now” against her collabo with Drake on “What’s My Name.” The Best Female R&B Artist race will feature Rihanna against Beyoncé, Jennifer Hudson, Keri Hilson and Marsha Ambrosius, while the male category will have Brown facing Cee Lo Green, Bruno Mars, Trey Songz and Usher. Just days after rapper MBone was killed in a drive-by shooting, his group, Cali Swag District, was nominated in the Best Group catego-

ry alongside Diddy-Dirty Money, N.E.R.D., New Boyz and Travis Porter. In addition to Rihanna, Brown is up against himself in the Best Collaboration race, which also includes B.o.B featuring Hayley Williams, “Airplanes”; Brown featuring Lil Wayne & Busta Rhymes, “Look at Me Now”; Brown featuring Tyga & Kevin McCall, “Deuces”; Waka Flocka Flame featuring Roscoe Dash & Wale, “No Hands”; Rihanna featuring Drake, “What’s My Name”; and Kanye West featuring Rihanna, “All of the Lights.” West will battle B.o.B, Drake, Weezy and Rick Ross for the Best Male Hip-Hop Artist crown, while Nicki Minaj leads the female cate-

gory. Tween Willow Smith is in the Video of the Year mix with her breakthrough hit, “Whip My Hair,” which will vie against Marsha Ambrosius’ “Far Away,” B.o.B’s “Airplanes,” Brown’s “Look at Me Now,” Hilson’s “Pretty Girl Rock” and West’s “Runaway.” Willow is also up for Best New Artist against J. Cole, Bruno Mars, Miguel and Wiz Khalifa. She and her brother, Jaden, are taking their sibling career rivalry to the YoungStars Award category, where they face another famous kid, Diggy Simmons. In one of the more surprising bids, Brown landed a Best Actor nomination for his work in “Takers,” in which he’ll face such veterans as Jamie Foxx, Idris Elba and Don Cheadle. Joining Brown and Rihanna in the Viewers’ Choice slot are Lil Wayne featuring Cory Gunz, “6 Foot 7 Foot”; Mindless Behavior, “My Girl”; Nicki Minaj featuring Drake, “Moment 4 Life”; and Trey Songz featuring Nicki Minaj, “Bottoms Up.” The show airs live on June 26 from Los Angeles’ Shrine Auditorium.

makes her unpopular.” A slimmed-down Aretha Franklin, now recovered from major surgery six months ago, sang “Amazing Grace” to a stunned Winfrey. Beyonce, who performed her new single “Run the World (Girls),” said that because of her “women everywhere have graduated to a new level of understanding of what we are, who we are, and who we can be.” Maria Shriver, whose estranged husband Arnold Schwarzenegger on Tuesday admitted fathering a child in an adulterous relationship, also came to Chicago to pay tribute to her 30-year friendship with Winfrey. “You’ve given me love, support, wisdom, and most of all, the truth,” Shriver said. A beaming Cruise told Winfrey it was an honor to have been on her show 12 times since 1988. Referring to his first appearance on the show 23 years ago, Winfrey quipped, “You looked like you were 10.” The special also included

appearances by Will Smith, Oscar-winning actress Halle Berry, singer-actress Queen Latifah, Josh Groban, Patti LaBelle, Jerry Seinfeld, John Legend, broadcaster Diane Sawyer and basketball star Michael Jordan. Winfrey, regarded as the most influential woman on U.S. television, is wrapping the final season of her syndicated Chicago-based show to devote more energy to her fledgling OWN cable network, which launched in January. On a night of both performances and tributes, Jamie Foxx and Stevie Wonder serenaded Winfrey with “Isn’t She Lovely” and country band Rascal Flatts sang “I Won’t Let Go”. R&B star Usher closed the evening by singing the rousing spiritual “Oh Happy Day” and was joined by Winfrey and many of the other celebrities, clapping and singing. Overcome by emotion, Winfrey declared, “I feel the love, and I thank you for it.”

Tamar Braxton confesses to nose job By now reality television fans are into Tamar Braxton for her sassy attitude and lovely on screen finesse. But we can’t help but notice her lovely nose job. Rumors have flown around about her physical appearance, including bleaching her skin. And you know the Internet is a fierce place where opinions are shared without regard to feelings or care. So far she’s had the hardest time with just that. Well, the reality TV star confessed to the NecoleBitchie.com blog about her appearance. “I had a nose job. But not for the reason everybody thinks. I was born with no cartilage in my nose, and it made breathing very difficult. And the SNORING? Oh My God! So I’ve had a couple surgeries – the first time they put an implant in and I had to have it removed – so eventually they took some cartilage from my ear and put it in my nose. Oh and that HURT! They want me to

have a third procedure but I’m trying not to have it. But this is something that runs in our family. My father had the same thing done, and so did Toni.” And like a lot of other folks in the public eye, she has issues with how blogs cover her. “Vince (her husband) keeps telling me not to read the blogs and the comments but it’s hard. Everyone has something to say and how they perceive you is based off of one hour of television a week. And the rumors – did I bleach my skin? Did I have plastic surgery.”


NEW JERSEY

DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

15

Newark woman charged in fatal beating of her 5-year-old daughter pleads not guilty By ALEXI FRIEDMAN NEWARK - A Newark woman charged in the beating death of her 5year-old daughter pleaded not guilty yesterday to murder and three counts of child endangerment in a brief appearance in Superior Court. The woman, 24-yearold Bianca Young, was charged on May 10, two days after her daughter, Charlize Young, died. In a separate court appearance also yesterday, Ahmed Thakur, her live-in boyfriend, pleaded not guilty to three counts of child endangerment. Thakur, 27, is not facing murder charges

and is not Charlize’s father. But Essex Assistant County Prosecutor Cheryl Cucinello said the investigation is ongoing and detectives continue to conduct interviews. Young and Thakur were represented in court by John McMahon, a state public defender. He would not comment on the case. Young’s bail was continued at $400,000, while Thakur’s was continued at $100,000. He was also ordered to surrender his passport. Young is accused of beating Charlize days earlier in their Newark home, the Essex County Prosecutor’s Office said. The child stopped breathing inside the home on Mother’s Day, May 8, and died that night at University Hospital.

Bianca Young pleaded not guilty yesterday to charges she killed her 5 year-old daughter. A recently-released Outside the court- child.” In an interview autopsy showed room, Bianca’s mother, last week, she said Charlize died from Bonita Young, said her Charlize’s death may “multiple blunt impact daughter “would never have had something to injuries,” Cucinello do this in a million do with what the girl said. years. I know my ate at a fast-food restau-

rant, because she had been complaining of stomach pains. The girl was buried on Monday. Her father, Sherriff Simpson, who is serving four years in prison, was state allowed to attend. Bianca Young said little during her court appearance, which attracted two television news cameras and a newspaper photographer. The proceeding was delayed while Bonita Young bought a shirt for her daughter to wear over the jail uniform. The defendant, who is pregnant, also has a 4-year-old daughter, who is now in the state’s custody. Acting Essex County Prosecutor Carolyn Murray, who attended the hearing, called Charlize’s death “a tragedy and a blow to the community.”

Hamilton extends janitorial contract Alleged motorcycle thieves arrested By ERIN DUFFY HAMILTON — The township has expanded its partnership with Arc Mercer, approving a two-year contract with the organization for janitorial services. “I think this is an outstanding project and I’m glad to see it continued,” said Councilman Ed Gore. Arc, which serves 1,000 residents with developmental disabilities, entered into a

pilot program with Hamilton last year that allows Arc clients to clean two township buildings after hours. As part of its job training and placement program, the organization contracts with companies who hire Arc clients to clean more than 900,000 square feet of office space a day. Last year, four Arc clients began cleaning the Bromley Civic Center and John O. Wilson Neighborhood Service Center on a

trial basis. Calling the program a success, council in August approved a $126,000 contract authorizing nine Arc workers to clean more township buildings, including the municipal building and senior center. Last night’s new $168,000 contract continues the janitorial services provided at the Bromley and John O. Wilson centers for two years. The funds will come out of public works budgets for 2011, 2012 and 2013.

BORDENTOWN TOWNSHIP — Two Trenton men were arrested Monday morning following a twohour manhunt through the Sylvan Glen development after the duo allegedly stole motorcycles from a garage in the neighborhood. The township’s police department and two K-9 officers led the hunt along with the state police’s marine unit, Bordentown City police and the Mission Fire Company. Officers were sent to Cedar Avenue around

11:50 a.m. when residents reported two men pushing motorcycles down the street toward Route 206. When police arrived, they saw the men wheeling the motorcycles into a wooded area across from Cedar Avenue. Noticing the officers, the men dropped the bikes and fled into the woods, police said. The officers found that one of the garage’s windows had been forced open and two Yamaha motorcycles valued at nearly $3,000 were gone. The subsequent hunt

and pursuit led police to a wooded marshy area behind West Edgewood Avenue where Jaquan Reddick, 25, and Kevin Wesley, 25, were taken into custody. Both men are documented Bloods gang members, police said. Reddick and Wesley were charged with burglary, theft and resisting arrest, along with trespassing in connection with a May 10 incident. They could not post bail of $25,000 each and were taken to the Burlington County Jail. - Alex Zdan

Rainy weather disrupts Montclair State University graduation schedule MONTCLAIR This week’s rainy weather is wreaking havoc with Montclair State University’s graduation schedule and may result in some students losing their chance to cross a stage to pick up their degrees, campus officials said. The outdoor convocation ceremonies for three of

Montclair State’s largest schools - the College of Education and Human Services, the College of Humanities and Social Services and the Graduate School - were scheduled to be held over the last three days on campus. All three were canceled due to rain, said Diane Reed, a university spokeswoman.

The convocations were rescheduled for today in back-to-back ceremonies on Sprague Field at 10 a.m., 2 p.m. and 7 p.m. If it rains again, they will be permanently canceled, campus officials said. That means students from the three schools will lose their last opportunity to have their names read, walk

across a stage and collect their degrees. Under Montclair State’s system, students attend convocations with their individual schools to receive their degrees. Then, they attend a larger commencement ceremony at the Izod Center in East Rutherford to celebrate their graduation with the entire university.

Whether or not the convocations are canceled, Montclair State officials encouraged all 3,931 graduates to attend tomorrow’s commencement. Each school and department will be recognized at the ceremony. But students will not have their names read, school officials said. - KELLY HEYBOER


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

16

Scientists find ‘master switch’ gene for obesity LONDON — Scientists have found that a gene linked to diabetes and cholesterol is a “master switch” that controls other genes found in fat in the body, and say it should help in the search for treatments for obesity-related diseases. In a study published in the journal Nature Genetics, the British researchers said that since fat plays an important role in peoples’ susceptibility to metabolic diseases like obesity, heart disease and diabetes, the regulating gene could be target for drugs to treat such illnesses.

“This is the first major study that shows how small changes in one master regulator gene can cause a cascade of other metabolic effects in other genes,” said Tim Spector of King’s College London, who led the study. More than half a billion people, or one in 10 adults worldwide, are obese and the numbers have doubled since the 1980s as the obesity epidemic has spilled over from wealthy into poorer nations. In the United States, obesity-related diseases already account for nearly 10 percent of medical spending —

an estimated $147 billion a year. Type 2 diabetes, which is often linked to poor diet and lack of exercise, is also reaching epidemic levels worldwide as rates of obesity rise. Scientists have already identified a gene called KLF14 as being linked to type 2 diabetes and cholesterol levels, but until now they did know what role it played. Spector’s team analyzed more than 20,000 genes in fat samples taken from under the skin of 800 British

female twin volunteers. They found a link between the KLF14 gene and the levels of many other distant genes found in fat tissue, showing that KLF14 acts as a master switch to control these genes. They then confirmed their findings in 600 fat samples from a separate group of people from Iceland. In a report of their study, the researchers explained that other genes found to be controlled by KLF14 are linked to a range of metabolic traits, including body mass index, obesity, choles-

terol, insulin and glucose levels. “KLF14 seems to act as a master switch controlling processes that connect changes in the behavior of subcutaneous fat to disturbances in muscle and liver that contribute to diabetes and other conditions,” said Mark McCarthy from Britain’s Oxford University, who also worked on the study. “We are working hard...to understand these processes and how we can use this information to improve treatment of these conditions.”

Generics seen slashing global drug sales growth By RANSDELL PIERSON Global sales growth of prescription drugs could be cut in half over the next five years as lucrative brands lose patent protection and cheaper generics and emerging markets become the only significant growth drivers, according to IMS Health “Past patterns of spending offer few clues about the level of expected growth through 2015,” said Murray Aitken, an IMS Health executive whose division conducted the study. “There are unprecedented dynamics at play, which are driving rapid shifts in the mix of spending by patients and payers between branded products and generics,” said Aitken, whose company tracks prescription drug sales and trends. Average annual sales are expected to grow 3 to 6 percent during the period, reaching nearly $1.1 trillion by 2015. But the trend reflects a slowdown from annual growth of 6.2 percent seen during the past five years, the report said. U.S. sales will grow only 0 to 3 percent a year over the period, while sales in Europe will rise 1 to 4 percent. Spending on branded drugs is expected to be little changed in such developed markets in 2015, with growth coming instead from higher demand for cheaper generics. A wave of new generics is approaching as an unprecedented number of big drugs lose U.S. patent protection by 2015, including Pfizer Inc’s $10 billion-a-year cholesterol fighter Lipitor, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co’s Plavix blood clot

preventer and Eli Lilly and Co’s Zyprexa for schizophrenia. Aitken said too few novel drugs are being approved to greatly offset lost sales of those facing the generic onslaught. “We continue to be disappointed by the number of new

chemical entities and biologics entering the market,” he said. All told, cheaper generic formulations of the maturing drugs will produce $98 billion in net savings to insurers in developed countries through 2015. “The U.S. share of global

spending will decline from 41 percent in 2005 to 31 percent in 2015, while the share of spending from the top 5 European countries will decline from 20 percent to 13 percent,” the report said. Meanwhile, it said spending will likely double over the next five years in emerging

Can selenium lower cholesterol? By GENEVRA PITTMAN Taking high doses of selenium may help slightly lower cholesterol levels — but it’s still not recommended in the United States, where most people get plenty of the mineral, according to the authors of a new study. Still, the finding is “reassuring” because previous research had linked high selenium with higher cholesterol levels, said study author Dr. Eliseo Guallar, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. The picture of selenium’s

health benefits — or possible health risks — has been anything but clear. Last week, a review of prior studies suggested that selenium probably doesn’t help prevent cancer, but might be linked to an increased diabetes risk at high doses. “We don’t really know where we are,” Guallar told Reuters Health. “In a sense it’s a necessary micronutrient and we need it, but we might be (in) a situation where we have enough — we might even have too much.” Selenium is found in meat, bread, and some nuts. It’s also available in supplement form, and costs about $2 for a month’s supply.

The Institute of Medicine recommends U.S. adults consume 55 micrograms of selenium per day. Guallar and his colleagues wanted to look specifically at the link between selenium and cholesterol. They recruited about 500 older adults in the UK to take one of three different doses of selenium daily — 100, 200, or 300 micrograms — or a placebo pill with no selenium. Researchers measured participants’ cholesterol levels at the beginning of the study and after six months on the selenium supplements or placebo. Their results are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

markets, to between $285 million and $315 million a year — approaching U.S. levels. “Seventeen high growth emerging markets, led by China, will contribute 28 percent of total spending by 2015, up from only 12 percent in 2005,” the report said. It noted that growth will come primarily from generics. Global spending on cancer drugs is expected to reach $75 billion by 2015, rising at a much slower rate than in the past five years because many newer and costly biotech treatments are already being widely used in developed markets. But annual spending on diabetes medicines is expected to grow 4 to 7 percent through 2015, due largely to changing diets and lifestyles in developing countries that will increase the prevalence of Type II diabetes. Participants had an average starting cholesterol of about 230 milligrams per deciliter of blood. A healthy cholesterol level is less than 200 mg/dL, according to the American Heart Association, while 200 to 239 mg/dL is considered “borderline high.” In the groups taking 100 and 200 micrograms of selenium daily, total cholesterol dropped an average of 8.5 mg/dL and 9.7 mg/dL, respectively, compared to the group taking a placebo pill. Taking the highest dose of selenium was not linked to decreases in total cholesterol — but it was the only dose associated with an increase in HDL (“good”) cholesterol. The authors reported no serious side effects associated with selenium during the study.


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

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Study: Coffee cuts risk of lethal prostate cancer WASHINGTON — More is better when it comes to drinking coffee to ward off the risk of deadly prostate cancer, according to a major US study released Tuesday by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health. Men who drank six or more cups per day had a 60 percent lower risk of developing the most lethal type of prostate cancer and a 20 percent lower risk of forming any type of prostate cancer compared to men who did not drink coffee, it said. Even just one to three cups per day was linked to a 30 percent lower risk of developing lethal prostate cancer. “Few studies have specifically studied the association of coffee intake and the risk

of lethal prostate cancer, the form of the disease that is the most critical to prevent,” said Harvard associate professor and senior author Lorelei Mucci. “Our study is the largest to date to examine whether coffee could lower the risk of lethal prostate cancer,” she said. The effects were the same whether the coffee was caffeinated or decaffeinated, leading researchers to believe the lower risk could be linked to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits of coffee. Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer in US men, but it is not always deadly. A blood test can detect it early, and the cancer can be

graded on what is known as a Gleason score; the higher the score the more likely the cancer is to spread. There are 16 million survivors of prostate cancer worldwide, and one in six men in the United States will get prostate cancer during their lifetime. Risk factors are typically linked to Western high-fat diets, heredity, alcohol and exposure to chemicals. The study examined 47,911 US men who reported on how much coffee they drank every four years from 1986 to 2008. Over the course of the study, a total of 5,035 cases of prostate cancer were reported, including 642 fatal, or metastatic, cases. The lower risk seen in cof-

ER crisis a result of market forces By FREDERIK JOELVING The number of emergency rooms has dropped by more than a quarter over the past two decades, while patient visits have kept rising, researchers said Tuesday. The result is overcrowded ERs that can’t provide optimal care for their patients, according to the new findings, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. “This is a continuously deteriorating situation,” said Dr. Renee Hsia, an

emergency physician at the University of California, San Francisco, who worked on the study. “It’s a threat to everyone’s care.” In the first study of its kind, Hsia and her colleagues used data from the American Hospital Association to track which hospitals closed or opened ERs across the nation. From 1990 through 2009, they saw a drop from 2,446 to 1,779 urban ERs, corresponding to 27 percent. “That’s a huge number,” Hsia told Reuters Health. “When you look at ER visits over the same time period, there was a 35-percent

increase.” ERs are the only part of the U.S. healthcare system required to treat all patients, regardless of whether they can pay. But hospitals aren’t required to have an ER, Hsia said, so that is a natural place to look for savings when the economy is tight. Linking the ER closures to individual hospitals’ financial information and their patient mix, the researchers found that several factors were tied to ER closure. For instance, for-profit hospitals were more like to shut down their ERs, compared to non-profit and gov-

fee drinkers remained even after researchers allowed for other factors that typically boost risk and were more

often seen in coffee drinkers than in abstainers, such as smoking and failure to exercise.

ernment hospitals. The data showed that 26 percent of the closed ERs were at forprofit hospitals, compared to only 16 percent of those than stayed open. Hospitals that closed their ERs were also more likely to have low profit margins. ERs that were shut down also tended to be located in highly competitive markets and serve a higher proportion of poor people. “This shows that the market forces very much are at play in our healthcare system,” said Hsia. “My opinion is that when we rely on a market-based approach, we can’t expect resources to be distributed in an equitable fashion.” With a rising demand and a diminishing supply, the

remaining ERs become increasingly crowded, producing nationwide repercussions. “There are very good studies to show that crowding definitely does affect how well people do,” said Hsia. “When we leave things up to the market these are the effects that we see.” However, fixing the problem is much harder than spotting it. Hsia said the situation is approaching an emergency and calls for bold policy changes. “Some of the issues this raises is how do we pay for healthcare and especially emergency care, because that’s a service that our country has decided we want to pay for,” she told Reuters Health.

When pregnant mom smokes, baby’s DNA may change Women who smoke during pregnancy may be putting their unborn children at increased risk for a DNA change, a new study suggests. The change, called DNA methylation, can change a gene’s usual function. The researchers argue that the altered genes, which can be passed from parent to child, may explain why some children are more likely than others to develop certain diseases, such as childhood asthma. The study, which was to be presented Wednesday at an American Thoracic Society conference in Denver, analyzed questionnaires completed by the mothers and grandmothers of 173 children that assessed their smoking habits during pregnancy. DNA samples from cheek cells of moth-

ers and children were also collected and evaluated. The researchers found that DNA methylation of the AXL gene, a gene that plays an important role in many human cancers and immune response, occurred more than twice as often in children whose mothers had smoked while carrying them in the womb. They noted a stronger asso-

ciation in girls than in boys, and they found no significant tie between a grandmother’s smoking and DNA methylation of AXL in either the mother or her child. “Imprinted genes appear to be particularly susceptible to these exposures since they come from one parent and only a single copy from one chromosome in DNA is active,” study author Carrie

Breton, an assistant professor of preventive medicine at the University of Southern California said in a American Thoracic Society news release. “Any environmentally induced epigenetic changes will have greater impact on gene expression and function. In utero and early life exposures are likely to be important, given what we know about timing during development when epigenetic marks are established.” Investigating the effects of environmental exposures on epigenetics, or changes in gene function or expression that occur as the result of mechanisms other than changes to the underlying DNA sequence, is a largely unexplored area of research that holds great promise for understanding the biological

mechanisms that underlie exposure-disease associations, Breton added. “We are interested in further characterizing the pattern of epigenetic marks across this gene and whether there is a widespread response to both maternal smoking exposure and air pollution exposure in utero,” she said. “We hope to also evaluate timing of effects of exposure during trimester by increasing the number of samples we evaluated in a manner that will let us compare trimester-specific exposures.” Experts note that research presented at meetings should be considered preliminary because it has not been subjected to the rigorous scrutiny given to research published in medical journals.


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

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Sony defends response time to hacker By LIANA B. BAKER Sony Corp’s CEO was unapologetic about the company’s delay in informing owners of more than 100 million accounts of its networked services whose information was stolen by hackers last month. In a stark departure from the remorseful tone struck just two weeks ago, when senior executives including heir apparent Kazuo Hirai bowed in apology in Tokyo, Sony Chief Executive Howard Stringer fired back at critics who say the company was too slow to notify consumers once the attack was known. “This was an unprecedented situation,” Stringer told reporters on Tuesday,

speaking publicly for the first time since the April breach. “Most of these breaches go unreported by companies. Fortythree percent (of companies) notify victims within a month. We reported in a week. You’re telling me my week wasn’t fast enough?” The attack, considered the biggest in Internet history, prompted the Japanese electronics giant to shut down its PlayStation Network and other services for close to a month. Critics slammed the company for waiting up to a week before telling its customers of the attack and the possible theft of credit card information, prompting lawmakers and state attorneys general to

launch investigations. Two members of the U.S. House of Representatives sent a letter to Sony on Tuesday, urging it to respond to questions about its security strategy and reveal more details about the data breach. In the letter, Representatives Mary Bono Mack of California and G.K. Butterfield of North Carolina said they had contacted Sony on April 29 but all of their questions had not been answered by the company. The lawmakers asked Sony to respond to questions by May 25. Sony said it expected to face monetary charges from the breakin but was still assessing the damage. “There’s a charge for the system being down ... a charge for identity

theft insurance,” Stringer said. “The charges mount up, but they don’t add up to a number we can quantify just yet.” One expert estimated that costs from the break-in could reach as high as $2 billion. Addressing a report that said hackers had used Amazon.com’s servers to launch the attack on Sony, Sony executives said it saw no evidence this was the case. Sony began restoring parts of the network last weekend in the United States and expects a full recovery in all countries by the end of May. The handling of the crisis, the worst Sony has faced in years, has been a big test of Hirai, who has led the recovery operations as president and group chief

executive of Sony Computer Entertainment. Stringer reiterated his support for Hirai. “I think his leadership has been very helpful and very demonstrative and I’m endorsing him,” Stringer said. Although Stringer has been in daily contact with Hirai, he thought it best to have Hirai take the lead. “This is his environment, his people, his intimate relationships with PlayStation subscribers and they like him.” What has bothered some of its customers and made Sony a big target in the hacking world is its practice of clamping down on customers who meddle with its systems. Sony sued a famed hacker, George Hotz, this year for copyright infringement and cir-

cumventing PlayStation 3’s protection schemes. Hotz, who is well known for “jailbreaking,” or unlocking Apple Inc’s iPhone, said on his blog he was not involved in the break-in. The company settled the charges against Hotz on April 11. About a week later, Sony’s systems were hacked. Mark Harding, a Maxim Group analyst, said Sony could have employed less severe methods to protect itself from copyright infringement. “There were probably better ways Sony could have done it without being heavy handed,” he said. Stringer said the attack was likely related to its suit against Hotz but defended Sony’s actions. “An act was done that was dangerous to Sony, dangerous to PlayStation and we thought it was a criminal act and we had to protect ourselves.”

Geithner: U.S. must deal with budget woes or pay more WASHINGTON — Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said on Tuesday the country’s debt situation was so severe that Congress must deal with it or face the risk the country will be charged much higher interest rates to borrow. “There is no way of knowing how long financial markets will

give the American political system to get ahead of this problem,” Geithner said in prepared remarks for delivery to the Harvard Club in New York. “When confidence turns, it can turn with brutal force and with a momentum that is very difficult and costly to arrest.” Geithner, who is in the midst of intense

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negotiations with congressional Republicans over a budget, said a Republican-backed version in the House of Representatives “will not pass the Congress, now or in the future.” He urged lawmakers on both sides to work on a plan that will bring deficits down “gradually but dramatically” over a three-tofive-year period. The intent would be to get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

the budget deficit down to below 3 percent of GDP from the current level of about 10 percent. “If we put our deficits on a path to get them below 3 percent of GDP by 2015 and hold them there, with reforms that politi-

cians commit to sustain, then the federal debt held by the public will peak in the range of 70 to 80 percent of GDP, and then start to fall,” Geithner said. He said “debt caps” were needed to force politicians to take the actions needed for the

country to begin living within its means. “To do this, we are working to negotiate a multiyear framework of debt caps and targets, with a substantial down payment of specific cuts and policy reforms,” Geithner added.

Study: Netflix video ‘king’ of U.S. Internet traffic SAN FRANCISCO — Films and television shows streamed online by Netflix amount to nearly 30 percent of the content racing downstream on the U.S. Internet during peak periods, according to a study. “Netflix is now the undisputed bandwidth king of the Internet in North America,” Canadian networking gear company Sandvine concluded in a Global Internet Phenomena Report. “Subscribers have clearly embraced the Netflix streaming service, fundamentally altering the Internet landscape,” the firm

continued in its findings. “Furthermore, the success of Netflix’s expansion into Canada suggests that it is not a phenomenon localized to the United States.” Netflix expanded from the United States to Canada in September with the addition of a streaming online movie rental service in that country. Subscribers

pay monthly fees to watch films or television show episodes. In its most recent earnings figures, Netflix claimed to have 23.6 million subscribers, 800,000 of which were in Canada. The bulk of Netflix shows were watched using videogame consoles or personal computers, according to Sandvine.


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

19

Mobile hacking sets off security gold rush By LEILA ABBOUD and MARIE MAWAD PARIS — Hackers are increasingly aiming attacks at smartphones, touching off a race among software giants, startups and telecom operators seeking to cash in on ways to help consumers protect themselves. As the previously fragmented smartphone market coalesces around big operating systems like Apple’s iPhone and Google’s Android, it has become a more attractive target for hackers seeking to maximize damage with one hit. That’s creating a big business opportunity for everyone from traditional antivirus players like Intel’s McAfee to mobile operators like France Telecom and handset makers like Nokia. Market research firm Infonetics forecasts sales of mobile security software will grow 50 percent a year

through 2014 to hit $2 billion. “The mobile security market will one day be bigger than that of computers,” Neil Rimer, co-founder of Geneva-based fund Index Ventures, said at the Reuters Global Technology Summit. “It’s a no-brainer that people will pay to protect their devices, and the market will not be owned by one big player.” Rimer’s fund has invested in three-yearold startup Lookout Mobile Security, which has racked up more than 2 million users by selling its software on Google’s Android Market and via partnerships with operators like Verizon. Hackers attack mobiles in a myriad of ways. They can force phones to send hundreds of texts to paying services, steal account information when a person uses their bank website, or make fake phone calls to long distance numbers. The “app’ craze in

which people download small bits of software to do everything from play games to search movie times has also opened up new opportunities for cyber-criminals to infect phones. Unlike Apple, which reviews and approves all the offerings on its App Store, Google’s Android Market allows developers to post their apps directly. That more open approach could leave Android more vulnerable to attack, according to security experts. The first significant security breach hit the Android Market in March when hackers added malicious code, known as a Trojan, to 58 popular apps and quickly infected 250,000 phones. According to a blog post from Google’s Android security head, the company was forced to use its ‘kill switch’ to remotely erase the apps from users’ phones and issued an update to its Android Market to patch the hole the hack-

ers exploited. A recent study by telecom gear maker Juniper Networks found a fourfold increase in malware targeted at Android’s operating system from June last year through January, while overall mobile attacks more than doubled. “We’ve seen issues on all platforms, Nokia’s Symbian, Apple’s iOS and Android,” said John Hering, Lookout’s founder. Some industry executives believe that the creators of operating systems bear much of the responsibility to safeguard smartphones. “The platform itself needs to provide a sufficient level of security then we can help with software,” said Florian Seiche, who heads the European region for Taiwanese smartphone maker HTC. Meanwhile telecom operators are also trying to take a piece of the mobile security pie. Some 40 telecom operators including Voda-

Uptick in foreigners’ U.S. travel spending in 2010 WASHINGTON — Foreign visitors spent $134.4 billion “experiencing” the United States in 2010, or nearly 12 percent more than the $120.3 billion they spent the year before, the U.S. Department of Commerce said. “Experiencing” the United States includes fares purchased from U.S. carriers by foreign visitors, which were up by more than 18 percent year-on-year to $31.3 billion, and purchases made in the United States of travel- and tourism-related goods and services, which rose 10 percent to $103.1 billion. The biggest increase in foreign visitor spending came from the Chinese, who spent 39 percent more in the United States last year than in 2009. Visitors from Singapore and South Korea increased their tourismrelated spending in the United States by 31 per-

fone and TeliaSonera have signed deals with mobile security specialist F-Secure to offer anti-virus software and anti-theft protections to smartphone customers. “Operators are very interested in offering security as a service to their customers as a way to generate revenue and promote customer retention,” explained Sean Obrey, F-Secure’s head of operator business development. These packages can cost anywhere from 5 to 10 euros a month, said Obrey. Eric Edelstein, head of Internet and mobile security at France Telecom said the group was tailoring its mobile security products and services to its different markets. The group, which markets its services under the brand name Orange, pre-packages security software on

some smartphones in Britain, sends text messages to users with infected phones in Poland, and offers security services to its French customers for 3 to 9 euros a month. But some think it will take a major virus or worm on mobiles before consumers will be willing to pay extra for security protection on their phones as they do on their personal computers. “When you start asking them what’s your willingness to pay for a solution, if they’re not a little frightened, their willingness to pay is nothing,” said John Stankey, the head of AT&T’s enterprise business. AT&T plans to start marketing a security offering to consumers next year, Stankey said at the Reuters summit. “It’ll take a little time for this to go mass market.”

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, pursuant to Title 5, Chapter 3, Subchapter 3 of the Administrative Code of the City of New York, a public hearing will be held at 22 Reade Street, Borough of Manhattan on Tuesday, June 14, 2011, at 10:00 am on the following: REAL PROPERTY PUBLIC HEARING in the matter of the acquisition by the City of New York of fee simple interests on the following real estate in the County of Orange for the purposes of operating and maintaining the water supply of the City of New York: Municipality Tax Lot ID Acres (+/-) Town of Newburgh 8.-1-15.2 & 19.1 23.43 8.-1-16 & 17 7.50 A copy of the Mayor’s Preliminary Certificate of Adoption and maps of the real estate to be acquired are available for public inspection upon request. Please call (845) 340-7810. Caswell F. Holloway Commissioner

Michael R. Bloomberg Mayor

Contractors will be required to comply with EEO, D/M/WBE and other federal and state procurement laws, regulations and Executive Orders.

MTA NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT (NYCT)

RFQ #: 4345, Due Date: 6/14/11 Title: Repair of Industrial Motors and Pumps. RFQ#: 7012, Due Date: 6/15/11 Title: W-32686R: VHF Radio System Upgrade in the Boroughs of Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and The Bronx

A tourist takes in the view from the ‘Top of the Rock’ observation deck with the Empire State building in the background. cent and 30 percent respectively, helping to boost U.S. travel and tourism exports to the Asia/Pacific region by 18 percent last year, the largest increase for any world region. Brazilian and Canadian visitors spent around 30 percent more “experiencing” the United States in 2010 than they did the previous year, and double-digit percentage increases in spending were also seen among Australian, Indi-

an and Japanese visitors to the United States, the study says. “In fact, every single country and region reported gains in total travel and tourism-related spending in the United States in 2010, except France and Belgium/Luxembourg,” the report says, without giving reasons for the decline. In a report released last week, U.S. travel industry leaders said the United States could help

to double exports within five years and create 1.3 million new jobs by 2020 by increasing the number of foreign visitors to the country. A key first step towards achieving that would be to scrap the “burdensome” U.S. visitor visa system, which often sees a Chinese or Brazilian businessman or tourist wait six months or longer for authorization to come to the United States, that report said.

BIDS: Opening Date: 6/7/11, #6659, Plate, rail fastener; #6695, Motor; #6758, Oil; #7024, Lamp; #7102, Kit, repair, oil separator bowl; #7116, Potentiometer; #7130, Retainer, seal. Opening Date: 6/8/11, #7009, Shock absorber assy; link, stabilizer, bar; #7038, Cord, extension; #7133, Rail, track; #7156, Frog, track; #7192, Battery terminal corrosion compound; #7197, Sealant; #7202, Graffiti remover. Opening Date: 6/9/11, #7066, Gloves; #7256, Trane AC parts; #7277, Cleaner; #7279, Cleaner; #7282, Cleaner; #7283, Sanitizer, hand; #7285, Inhibiter, corrosion; #7333, Tyrap. More detailed info & the MTA-NYCT contact for the above solicitations can be found on our website at www.mta.info/nyct/procure/nyctproc.htm

MTA- NYCT SOLE SOURCE PROCUREMENT (S)

NYCT intends to purchase the following item(s) without competitive bidding from the only known source(s). Any other firm may assert its potential to supply the item(s) by notifying the designated NYCT Contact in writing within 5 business days of this notice. Contract #: R-000YA097, Desc: Relay, Tamper Proof Mfg/Supplier Part #: Vapor Shine Rail System #3733054070 NYCT Contact: C. Barnes, MTA –NYCT, 2 Broadway, 19th Flr, New York, NY 10004, Ph: (646) 252-6028 Earliest Award Date: 6/6/11 Contract #: RFQ 6877, Desc: Bracket, side assy, oil cooler to CAC for cooling module 96-79-2004 Mfg/Supplier Part #: Orion G0803587AG NYCT Contact: J. McNeil, MTA –NYCT, 2 Broadway, 19th Flr, New York, NY 10004, Ph: (646) 252-6086 Earliest Award Date: 6/6/11

MTA METRO-NORTH RAILROAD (MNR)

MNR will receive sealed bids for the following. Bids must be submitted on inquiry forms provided by MNR by the specified date and time. Bid documents are available at the Procurement & Material Management Department, 347 Madison Ave, NY, NY 10017, 212-340-3223. INQUIRY #, DESCRIPTION, (DUE DATE, TIME, CONTACT): INQ#: 1000004114, 3 Year Blanket Purchase Order for Husqvarna Chainsaw Parts (5/26/11, 3:00 PM, Irene Gallante, 212-340-2616); INQ#: 1000002877, Printing and Delivery Services - Operations Manuals Updates and Employee Crew Book Timetables, (6/17/11, 3:00 PM, Nina Laney Boyd); INQ#: 8681-A, Filter 19-1/2 In. X 9-1/2 In. X 1-3/4 In. Class-2 For Fresh Air & Return Air M7 Only, (6/1/11, 2:30 PM, Theresa M Valentine); INQ#: 1000003912, Purchase of 4,000lb and 6,000lb Forklifts, (6/1/11, 2:30 PM, Irene Gallante, 212-340-2616); INQ#: 1000002577, Purchase of a Crawler Dozer, (6/7/11, 3:00 PM, Irene Gallante, 212-340-2616); INQ#: 1-3672, MTA Agency Wide Pest Control Services, (6/21/11, 2:00 PM, Tara Bugg, (212) 340-2417); INQ#: 1000003240, Bar Car Refurbishment as per MNR specifications, (5/31/11, 3:00 PM, M. Tocci); INQ#: 8682-A, STRIP, WEAR, CARB. PANTO. SHOE END and CEN. SEC, Mfgs: Morganite/SchunkGraph, or Approved Equal. (6/20/11, 2:30 PM, R. S. Snowfield); INQ#: 8683-A, FILTER, EVAP. RET., AIR, 16X20X2", PER MNR SPEC, Mfgs: AirGuard/FarrCo/Purolator, or Approved Equal. (6/20/11, 3:00 PM, R. S. Snowfield); INQ#: 8684-A, THRESH. S. DOOR W/ INT. 450W 110 and 220VAC HEAT.; Mfgs: Cox&Co/SafeTMetal, or Approved Equal, (6/20/11, 3:30 PM, R. S. Snowfield); INQ#: 8685-A, FILTER, AIR COND., EVAP. RETURN, Mfgs; AirGuard/CustomAir/FarrCo/Purolator, or Approved Equal. (6/20/11, 2:00 PM, R. S. Snowfield).


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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011 "

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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

DAILY CHALLENGE

21

SPORTS

NFL players not concerned about loss of unity By BARRY WILNER NEW YORK - After a key victory in court by NFL owners, the players say they aren’t panicking. Unity remains their motto. How long they can remain unified is the question being asked just about everywhere else. “I don’t see that as an issue at all,” Jets fullback Tony Richardson said. “We have kept saying throughout this process that the players are stronger than ever. That hasn’t changed. “As disappointing as this process is, we’ve got to go through this on both sides to get to an agreement.” Richardson and Giants defensive lineman Chris Canty were surrounded by dozens of fans as the players were honored Tuesday night at the United Way’s Gridiron Gala. Talk centered on their charity work - each was selected a 2011 Hometown Hero for their efforts in the community - and not on the

labor impasse now in its third month. Everyone concentrated on the $2 million the dinner raised, not on the $9 billion the owners and players can’t figure out how to split. N a t u r a l l y , Richardson and Canty were aware that a 2-1 decision Monday by an 8th Circuit Court appeals panel to maintain the lockout until the league’s full appeal is heard beginning June 3 is a huge win for the owners. The wording in that ruling by the majority strongly favored the NFL’s argument. The judges indicated they find a great deal of merit in the NFL’s claim that lifting the lockout without a new contract with the players would cause chaos and be harmful to the sport. When asked if a crack in the players’ solidarity could result from the likelihood the lockout will last long enough to disrupt the beginning of training camps, Canty said to expect the opposite. “DeMaurice Smith

and the trade association have done a great job of keeping us unified and we’ll stay that way,” Canty said. “Ultimately, you have to be patient, hold your position and trust the people on your side to get this worked out. We have the leadership to handle the business side of it and we’re sticking together, no doubt.” Ah, but there are doubts, the seeds of which have been planted by the league’s first significant court victory since the lockout began March 12. “I think this decision says the NFL really controls the game board here,” said Robert Boland, professor of sports management at New York University’s Tisch Center. “It is a big turn of fortune because the NFL controls the timing, they can control the clock. This allows the owners to put greater pressure on the players. If the injunction had gone into effect, it would have put the players in control of the game of leverage.”

The players still believe they can prove in court that the lockout is illegal. In the meantime - and we’re probably talking a month or more before the St. Louis court makes its decision eyes will focus on how unified the players remain. Mike Vrabel, like Richardson a member’s of the NFLPA’s executive committee before it dissolved in March, stresses the need for his peers to go about their business. The players must be prepared to go back to work at any time. “I certainly understand that the closer you get to training camp and the dates as players we’re used to reporting for training camp and playing preseason games and playing regular-season games, this thing becomes a lot more real for everybody involved,” the Chiefs linebacker said. “The players aren’t out there doing the work they’d normally be doing they’re doing it on their own and they’re taking

a lot of risk. I think that people appreciate the fact that guys are still preparing for a season.” Boland says the players are in “uncharted territory.” “The players don’t have a lot of options now,” he added. “Certainly there is enough litigation remaining and they could win. They could have a game changer from their case in front of the NLRB, but there’s no indication when a decision might come there. “So their best bet is keep negotiating.” Others will argue that the latest victory for the owners is not a fumble recovery deep in the players’ territory. But after several wins for them - and with another expected soon from Judge David Doty on what to do with TV money promised to the league even if no games are played - Monday was a hard hit for the NFLPA. “The law is on the players’ side if they can survive,” said agent/attorney Ralph Cindrich, who has been

through every labor dispute between players and owners dating to the 1970s and the NFLPA’s infancy. “This is not a game changer for the owners, but it is a serious gain. The TV revenue (decision) in Judge Doty’s courtroom is critical now.” If Doty awards the players the $707 million in damages they are seeking, as well as making the rest of the estimated $4 billion from the networks unavailable to the NFL, it would be a setback for the owners. But they could argue that because the NFLPA decertified as a union when CBA talks collapsed in March, it is not entitled to those damages. Regardless, the spotlight will be on the courts, not the fields, for quite some time. “Essentially the NFL does want and need to play, but there’s really no incentive from a financial and technical perspective to rush that,” Boland said. “They can allow the players to come back to them.”

Kye Allums no longer playing for GW Forbes: Tiger Woods top sports name WASHINGTON — The openly transgender member of the George Washington women’s basketball team, whose groundbreaking season was cut short by a pair of concussions, says he won’t play in his senior year. The school announced that Kye Allums “has decided that it is in his best interest to no longer participate in intercollegiate athletics.” Kye Allums “decided that it is in his best interest to no longer participate in intercollegiate athletics,” GW said. “I alone came to this conclusion,” Allums said in a statement released by the university, “and I thank the ath-

letic department for respecting my wishes.” The statement offered no further details, although GW said Allums has enrolled in classes for the fall semester. Allums did not immediately respond to an email request for an interview yesterday. Allums made international headlines when he announced before the start of the season in November that he preferred to be known as a man. He said he was putting off hormone treatments and gender-changing surgery so that he could continue to play for the women’s team. The disclosure made Allums an instant role model for transgender

people. He received messages from those who said they were proud of him and inspired by him. His presence on the court throughout the season would raise his profile even more and would by itself help tell his story. But he suffered two concussions early in the season and played in only eight games. He told The Associated Press in March that he has had suffered a total of eight concussions, that he was having memory problems and that he was unsure whether he would be cleared medically to play his senior season. He said doctors told him that were he a football player, his playing days would certainly be over.

Tiger Woods has not finished a tournament atop the leaderboard in 18 m o n t h s . Nonetheless, Forbes says the world’s former No. 1 golfer remains the biggest celebrity in the sports world. Woods is No. 6 on Forbes’ annual “Celebrity 100” compilation of the most powerful people or groups in the entertainment business, the highest rank of any of the 19 athletes who made the list. Miami Heat star LeBron James is 10th, up 18 spots from a year ago, and the Los Angeles Lakers’ Kobe

Bryant was at No. 14 for the second straight year. Lady Gaga tops Forbes’ overall rankings, followed by Oprah Winfrey, Justin Bieber, U2 and Elton John. Forbes said its formula includes pretax income for the year ending May 1, media visibility and social media power through Facebook and Twitter. Woods will fall out of the top 10 in golf’s world ranking next week, the first time he’ll be 11th or lower since 1997. His last tournament win was at the 2009 Australian Masters. His star power apparently remains nearly as bright as ever, though.

Woods was No. 5 on Forbes’ list in 2010, when the magazine estimated his annual earnings at $105 million. His estimated earnings for the past 12 months total $75 million. Even after taking major endorsement hits following the scandal that ended his marriage, Woods still made $22 million more than Bryant in the past year, Forbes said. Forbes listed James’ earnings at $48 million, up $5 million from the previous year, and ranked him No. 2 behind only Winfrey in terms of media visibility. Tennis star Roger Federer was 25th on the list, placing him fourth among athletes.


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DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

SPORTS BRIEFS Cavaliers roll lucky pair, win NBA lottery

CLEVELAND - While construction on his casino stalled, Cavaliers owner Dan Gilbert’s other downtown project made major progress. Thanks to a little luck, and a big assist from one of Gilbert’s sons, the Cavs have new life. They won the NBA’s lottery yesterday night, giving them the No. 1 and No. 4 overall picks in next months’s draft. They’re hoping the selections will get them back to the playoffs and finally heal pain LeBron James caused last summer when he took his game to Miami. Gilbert’s 14-year-old son, Nick, was the team’s lucky charm at the lottery. Nick, who has battled a rare disease since birth, represented the Cavs on stage when Cleveland became the first team since Houston in 1984 to land two of the draft’s top four picks. James, whose relationship with Gilbert soured when he left, said he was happy for the Cavs. “I think it’s great for their team, great for the franchise, and great for the fans,” he said while preparing for Game 2 of the conference finals in Chicago. “That’s all I can really say about them. I got more to worry about right now than being worried about the lottery. “But you know, I think it’s a good step for them.” - TOM WITHERS

Leonard says in book he was abused by coach NEW YORK - Sugar Ray Leonard says in his upcoming autobiography that he was sexually abused by a coach as a young boxer in the early 1970s. In “The Big Fight: My Life In and Out of the Ring,” the Hall of Famer writes than an unnamed “prominent Olympic boxing coach,” who has since died, assaulted him in a car in a deserted parking lot across the street from a rec center after praising his bright future. Leonard, who turned 55 on Tuesday, won a gold medal at the 1976 Games then went on to capture five world titles in five weight classes. He writes: “I do know that I was in a lot of pain as I chased my dream of winning the gold.” The book, written with Michael Arkush, is due out next month. The account of abuse was first reported by The New York Times on Tuesday.

Sugar Bowl CEO pulled in around $600,000 in ‘09 WASHINGTON - A new IRS filing by the Sugar Bowl shows it paid its CEO just under $600,000 in 2009. Paul Hoolahan pulled in $594,000 that year, down from $645,000 in 2008. That’s because Hoolahan got a much bigger bonus in 2008, when the Sugar Bowl hosted the national championship game. Hoolahan got a $140,000 bonus in 2008, and an $80,000 bonus in 2009. Last year, a group called Playoff PAC filed a complaint with the IRS against the Sugar, Fiesta and Orange Bowls, claiming they violated their taxexempt status. It called Hoolahan’s compensation excessive. The three bowls along with the Rose Bowl rotate hosting the BCS national title game. Playoff PAC wants the BCS replaced with a championship playoff system. - FREDERIC J. FROMMER

DAILY CHALLENGE

SPORTS

Bonds’ post-trial conference delayed until June 17 SAN FRANCISCO - Barry Bonds’ post-trial hearing was postponed from tomorrow to June 17, giving prosecutors more time to consider whether to retry the home run king and allowing the former player’s lawyers another month to sharpen their arguments for throwing out the lone conviction. The seven-time NL MVP was convicted of one count of obstruction of justice April 13 for giving an evasive answer in 2003 to a grand jury investigating the distribution of performance-enhancing drugs. The federal court jury, which deliberated for four days, deadlocked on three counts charging the former San Francisco Giants star with making false statements when he denied knowingly using performance-enhancing drugs and when he said only his doctors injected him. Bonds’ lawyers and federal prosecutors announced an agreement on the delay yesterday. The deadline for Bonds’ motions asking U.S. District Judge Susan Illston to overrule the jury and find him not guilty on the obstruction count or alternatively - to order a new trial also was reset to June 17. Prosecutors have not said whether they will retry Bonds on the three counts on which the jury deadlocked. In a filing to the court, prosecutors said both sides agreed on the delay “to evaluate the basis and need for post-trial motions, to evaluate witness availability in the event of a retrial, and to ensure counsel has the time necessary for effective preparation of post-trial and pretrial motions in

the event of a possible retrial.” On the obstruction count, rather than say “yes” or “no” to whether he received drugs that required a syringe, Bonds gave a rambling response to a grand jury, stating: “I became a celebrity child with a famous father.” However, Bonds answered a similar question later during his December 2003 testimony to a grand jury investigating the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative steroids ring (BALCO). Bonds’ lawyers maintain that because he eventually did answer the question, the obstruction conviction should be overturned. The jury’s final votes were 8-4 to acquit Bonds of lying about taking steroids and 9-3 to acquit him on lying about HGH use. The panel voted 11-1 to convict him of

getting an injection from someone other than his doctor. Bonds, now 46, faces up to 10 years in prison on the obstruction conviction, but federal guidelines call for 15-21 months. For similar offenses, Illston sentenced cyclist Tammy Thomas to six months of home confinement and track coach Trevor Graham to one year of home confinement. Bonds is the 11th person - and fourth athlete - who either was convicted or pleaded guilty in cases developing from the an investigation into the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative. Other athletes include Thomas, NFL defensive lineman Dana Stubblefield and Olympic track gold medalist Marion Jones, who also pleaded guilty in a checkfraud scheme.

Hopkins set to dethrone Foreman as oldest champ By DAN GELSTON PHILADELPHIA - Bernard Hopkins clearly has a future as a broadcaster. He’s known as much for his bluster as the decade he spent methodically devouring the middleweight division. Maybe his future is in fulltime boxing promotion. He can sell a fight, give tips to rising stars on healthy eating and frugal saving, and still earn a nice

living in the sport he loves. But all of that can wait. At an age where most athletes are retired, coaching or lining their wallets signing autographs at the local mall, boxing’s golden oldie is one knockout from history. Again. If the 46-year-old Hopkins defeats WBC light heavyweight champion Jean Pascal on Saturday in Montreal, he’ll dethrone George Foreman as the

oldest boxer to win a world title. Hopkins, who boasts the motor skills and drive needed to compete, turned 46 on Jan. 15. Foreman was 45 years, 10 months when he knocked out heavyweight champion Michael Moorer in 1994. Hopkins will be 46 years, four months and six days old in his rematch with Pascal. “You’re dealing with the guy that’s not the norm,” Hopkins said.


DAILY CHALLENGE THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

DAILY CHALLENGE

23

SPORTS

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar feels ‘slighted’ Marquez, Pacquiao Hall of Famer Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who won five world championships as a Los Angeles Laker and remains the NBA’s all-time leading scorer, believes the franchise owes him a statue outside Staples Center and feels “slighted” that it hasn’t already happened. With a statue of his likeness yet to grace the outside of Staples, Kareem AbdulJabbar says “it’s either an oversight” or the Lakers are “taking me for granted.” There are five statues outside the arena recognizing Magic Johnson, Jerry West, Chick Hearn, Wayne Gretzky and Oscar De La Hoya. AbdulJabbar believes it’s high time the Lakers do the right thing and make him the sixth athlete so honored. “I don’t understand (it). It’s either an oversight or they’re taking me for granted,” Abdul-Jabbar told The Sporting News in a recent interview. “I’m not going to try to read people’s minds, but it doesn’t make me happy. It’s definitely a slight. I feel

slighted.” The six-time NBA MVP sounded even more offended in a statement released subsequently by his business manager. “I am highly offended by the total lack of acknowledgement of my contribution to Laker success,” Abdul-Jabbar was quoted as saying. “I guess being the lynchpin for five world championships is not considered significant enough in terms of being part of Laker history.” Abdul-Jabbar won six NBA

titles in all and was part of three NCAA championship teams during his reign of greatness at UCLA. His accomplishments also include selection to a record 19 NBA All-Star teams (he played in 18). Lakers spokesman John Black indicated to The Sporting News that AbdulJabbar is next in line to get a statue outside Staples Center. “We’ve been at Staples Center 11 years and have two ex-players (Johnson and West) who have statues now,” Black said, according to TSN. “It’s not like we do it every year; we have no timetable. Whenever we do the next statue of the third Los Angeles Lakers player, it (will be) Kareem — and he has been told that. “Again, we didn’t say when that was going to be. It could be next year, the year after or several years from now.” Several weeks ago, the Boston Celtics announced that Hall of Fame center Bill Russell will be honored with a statue in the city of Boston — more than 40 years after his playing days for the Celtics ended.

Ex-Wake players cleared, attorney says By ANDY KATZ Wake Forest president Nathan Hatch sent a letter to the university’s community acknowledging that an NBC “Today Show” segment airing this morning will feature a former student who alleged that two former basketball players at the school sexually assaulted her in 2009. Hatch said that the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) would prevent the university from discussing the specifics of the case. But, he added, “I can assure you the university takes these issues seriously, has a well-established Code of Conduct and has procedures for hearing alleged violations of that Code of Conduct. In addition, Wake Forest offers significant resources to support our students in times of need.” The attorney for the two

former Wake players said Tuesday night both of his clients were cleared of any wrongdoing by a school hearing and an investigation by the Miami police department into the alleged assault hours after the Demon Deacons were upset by Cleveland State on March 20, 2009, in the first round of the NCAA tournament in Miami. Winston-Salem attorney Mike Grace told ESPN.com he represented former players Jeff Teague, now a member of the Atlanta Hawks, and Gary Clark, in the case that was adjudicated two years ago but is now coming to light again when the accuser appears on the “Today Show”. Grace said Teague’s agent, Mike Conley, has endorsed Grace speaking on the matter. According to the police report, the female student said in a statement that she was headed back to her hotel room when she ran into Clark and Teague, and that the two were “asking her

questions about performing oral sex.” After entering the bathroom, she was asked to perform oral sex on Clark. She initially refused, but later performed the act because “she was afraid not to,” according to the report, which said that Teague walked her back to her room and “hugged” and “kissed” her before he left. The report said she didn’t tell anyone about the incident while she was in Miami, but told Wake Forest campus police a few days later after a friend urged her to do it. Wake Forest police gathered statements from Clark and Teague and forwarded them to the Miami police department after the accuser filed a complaint in May 2009. Prosecutor Laura Adams decided against filing criminal charges due to the lack of physical evidence in addition to the delay in reporting the incident, the player’s denial and no corroborating witnesses.

may have third fight By DAN RAFAEL It looks like Juan Manuel Marquez will get his long-awaited third fight with poundfor-pound king Manny Pacquiao. Top Rank promoter Bob Arum told ESPN.com that he made a deal with Marquez on Tuesday in Los Angeles for the lightweight champion to move up in weight to challenge Pacquiao for his welterweight title on Nov. 12. Arum, however, still needs to make a deal with Pacquiao — considered a formality — before the fight is official. If the fight is finalized, they would meet at a contract weight of 144 pounds, Arum said. Although the weight is three pounds below the welterweight division limit of 147, that isn’t an issue. “Manny has to eat extra meals just to weigh even 145 pounds,” Arum said. Pacquiao regularly weighs below 147 for his fights, and Marquez would be moving up from the 135pound division. In 2009, in his only other welterweight fight, Marquez lost a lopsided decision to Floyd Mayweather Jr., who most would like to see Pacquiao face. Most believe it would be the biggest money fight in boxing history, but Mayweather has repeatedly declined the fight. Barring a gargantuan offer elsewhere, PacquiaoMarquez Round III will be at Las Vegas’ MGM Grand, where Pacquiao-Marquez Round I took place and where Pacquiao scored an easy decision against Shane Mosley on May 7. With the Pacquiao fight on the line, Arum said Marquez plans to take a tune-up against faded former lightweight titlist David Diaz (36-3-1, 17 KOs) on July 2 in Mexico City. Diaz lost his title to Pacquiao via a lopsided ninth-round knockout in 2008. Marquez’s own promotional company will put the card on, although Arum said Top Rank would help if needed.

Arum said Marquez’s deal for the Pacquiao bout permitted him an interim fight as long as it takes place by July 17. “He’s going to do that fight, and if he loses, he’s out,” Arum said. Pacquiao (53-3-2, 38 KOs) and Marquez (52-5-1, 38 KOs) have a rich history, battling twice in action-packed fights that ended in controversial decisions. In 2004, Pacquiao dropped Marquez three times in the first round of their featherweight championship fight, but Marquez battled back to claim a draw that many believed he won. In 2008, they met again for the junior lightweight championship, and Pacquiao won a similarly controversial split decision. “It’s the same old story — styles make fights, and, for some reason, I believe if we fight Marquez 10 times, we will have controversy 10 times because he’s figured something out about Manny that no other fighter can do,” Michael Koncz, Pacquiao’s adviser, told ESPN.com. “We’ve had him down three times, but he’s able to adapt and adjust. I think it will be a very close fight again if we decide to pick that fight. The question is, what is Manny’s monetary reward?” Mexico’s Marquez, 37, has wanted a third fight with Pacquiao for years and is poised to land it because Golden Boy, his longtime promoter, declined to match Top Rank’s offer. Marquez’s deal with Golden Boy expired earlier this year, but it retained the right to match any offer through February 2012. Top Rank and Golden Boy, involved in various lawsuits, are bitter rivals. Their bad blood stems from a legal fight over Pacquiao’s promotional contract, which Top Rank now controls. Arum said Golden Boy declined to match his offer to Marquez on Monday during a face-to-face meeting in Los Angeles that included Arum, Top Rank president Todd duBoef and Golden Boy CEO Richard Schaefer.


DAILY CHALLENGE

S SP PO OR RT TS S THURSDAY, MAY 19, 2011

NFL P LAY ERS NOT CONCERNED ABOUT LOSS OF UNITY

KAREEM ABDULJABBAR FEELS ‘SLIGHTED’

S EE PA GE 23

BONDS’ POSTTRIAL CONFERENCE DELAYED SE E PAGE 21

S EE PA GE 22


Vol 40 No 58, Thursday May 19, 2011