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CONTENT PAGE. Overview of Studio: George Town, Penang has been chosen as the case study in this urban design studio. It is to investigates ways of meeting the demand for environmental sustainability while focusing dominantly to the lived experience of cities engaging with research that informs the design process and product, and the design that informs and be informed by the practice. The exploration in strategic design issues and complexity in problems of development, urban space and form, focusing on a holistic design development through design theories, technologies and guidelines. Project 1A: Finding the Opportunities To investigate the values of Good Urban Design through stakeholders’ perspectives. The spatial analysis comes from identifying urban opportunities through the given tool of assessment and identifying urban distinctiveness of place making and identity. Project 1B: Promoting the Opportunities To explore various theories and concepts in the design phase of urbanism to promote the opportunities in the case study. Exploration of theories such as collage city, legible city, intelligent city and so on has been explored to execute the design development. Project 1C: Sustaining the Opportunities To evaluate the opportunities through chosen theories and bringing forward the development design in the final stage. A chosen site is explored to investiage the ideas from previous projects.


PROJECT 1A.

Finding the Opportunities.


PROJECT 1A.

1.Urban Morphology. George Town Project 1A: Finding the Opportunities To investigate the values of Good Urban Design through stakeholders’ perspectives. The spatial analysis comes from identifying urban opportunities through the given tool of assessment and identifying urban distinctiveness of place making and identity. Research Question: What are the possibilities to achieve Good Urban Design in the context of George Town? Aim: To explore rooms of opportunities to achieve Good Urban Design in George Town Objectives: To fill in the gaps towards Good Urban Design: - To investiage the values of Good Urban Design through stakeholders’ perspective. - To identify urban distinctiveness of place making and identity

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George Town Site Urban Morphology

- To arrive at a user orientated and social cultural based on design solutation with public realm in the context of George Town.


PROJECT 1A.

2. Guiding Principles and Design Criteria

Site Analysis 1: Deteriorated Building Mapping Site Analysis 2: Activities Nodes Diagram 3: 60 Degree Vision of Road Width Diagram 4: 60 Degree Vision of Road Width SPATIAL ISSUES SOCIAL ISSUES

BUILT FORM

MOVEMENT PATTERN

USE / ACTIVITY

Gentrification • Out migration & evacuation of the inner city • Vacant / deteriorated buildings

Deconstruction of public space Dissolution of functionality • Privatisation of walkways caused • Lack connections between activity informal pedestrian movement nodes direction & flow

Contradiction between historical form & contemporary functions • Scale of road widths contradict with building plot

Lack of public realm • Insufficient connectivity

Gentrification • Lack diversity of building & land use

Deconstruction of public space • Extension & discontinuity of walkways

Lack of public realm • Lack of transportation drop-off point • Details - tactility

Issues

Social

Spatial

1. Diversity

• Open Space • Function/Use

• Permeability (node) • Land use

• Tactility of Urbanism • Age Group

• Gentrification

2. Community

3. Public Realm

• Permeability (back lane) • Harmony (themes) • Infrastructure

4. Character

• • • • • •

5. Adaptability

Built Form Harmony Flexible Urban Design Cultural Needs Technology Innovations

• • • •

Accessibility (public transport) Building Typology Open Space Safe City

Comments: This section seeks social and spatial issues raised by the local stakeholders and professional authorities which was done through questionnaires and interviews in George Town, Penang. It was then being done through the design criteria as stated in the tables. Issues and opportunies are checked through the guiding principles.


traffic direction. It affects the human view across the street with 60 degree angle.

Section Diagram A-A Section Diagram B-B Issue can be seen on the 5’Foot pedestrian walkway. Extension on the walkway was done on the exisisting road only allowing one car and one traffic direction. Extension of the road affected the human view from one street to another through the 60 degree angle.

DECONSTRUCTION SECTION A-A

CAR PARKING

CAR MOVING

Road Typology: Extension of Road

DECONSTRUCTION SECTION B-B Road Typology: Discontinuity of Walkway

60 Degree full viewable vision

In Lorong Hutong, there is discontinuity on the 5’Foot walkway. People cannot walk continuously on a straight walkway as it is blocked effectively. This has affected the 30 meters radius for human to interact from across the street effectively.

Section Diagram A-A: Extension of Walkway

Existing walkway Extended walkway

60 Degree viewable vision affected

DECONSTRUCTION SECTION B-B Road Typology: Discontinuity of Walkway

Interaction connected

Existing walkway Blocked walkway

CAR PARKING

CAR MOVING

CAR MOVING

Interaction disconnected

Section Diagram B-B: Discontinuity of Walkway


PROJECT 1A. 3. Social Issues

Comments: Social issues from the site observation were gentrification of buildings, contradication in built form and function, deconstruction of public spaces, lack of public realm and dissolution of functionality. These issues are explored through diagrams and drawings to understand the issues further and seek opportunities to another level.


disabled walkway for people to walk properly.

Section Diagram C-C Section Diagram D-D Issues on deconstruction of public space can be seen on existing site where the structure and form of many buildings are not linear to each other. These buildings are offset out and in of the site which caused the walkway for the pedestrian to be discontinued; with these unintentional deconstructions create irregular and random spaces on the walkway. DECONSTRUCTION SECTION C-C Building Typology: Different Walkway Height

DECONSTRUCTION SECTION D-D Building Typology: Privatisation of Walkway

Section Diagram C-C: Different Height of Walkway

Ceiling height and walkway height varies

Pedestrian Walkway

Privatisation of walkway caused discontinuity of pedestrian walkway direction. In existing site, many owners privatised walkway with gates, fences plants and many more. This caused an obstruction of blockage on the pedestrian walkway. Unfriendly continuous walkway

DECONSTRUCTION SECTION D-D Building Typology: Privatisation of Walkway

Continuous walkway

Privatisation causes discontinuity

Section Diagram D-D: Privatisation of Walkway

Gated Walkway


PROJECT 1A. 4. Spatial Issues

Comments: Spatial issues can be seen mostly in the deconstruction of public spaces where local community privatised public spaces and created deconstruction unintentionally. This create a parameter grid deconstruction in George Town. Building typology, linear typology and road tylogy are explored within this deconstruction of spaces in the site.


DECONSTRUCTION MASS DIAGRAM Linear Typology: Informal Walkway Incidental Spaces

Mass Diagram:

Privatisation of the buildings such as buildings being setback or offset caused an informal walkway pedestrian where people cannot walk directly on a straight direction. Incidental spaces are also created due to offset. Existing built form Pedestrian walkway Pedestrian direction

Linear direction

Informal direction

Incidental spaces


PROJECT 1A. 5. Conclusion

DESIGN CRITERIA

DESIGN PROPOSAL

DIVERSITY -

Built form

Connect place to place

-

Movement pattern

Connect people to place

-

-

Activity uses

Connect people to people

GUIDING PRINCIPLES PUBLIC REALM

Different open spaces introduced such as a multipurpose square, parks, and gardens on the proposed sites connecting from one space linking to another space as a journey of spaces. A series of connection pods between activities to connect people to the functions such as bus stops at certain linking points. Bicycles parking spaces will be provided along the proposed bicycle lane.

-

-

-

-

-

Different forms and functions in activities to slow down movement of people to allow interactions. (Different rates of speed and different modes of movement)

COMMUNITY

Design strategies to inform different programs in site. Forms of programs such as height of form, shape of form, scale of form to create more interactive outer and inner spaces.

Programs such as multipurpose square, educational centre, retail and food spaces in the proposed site. To allow community to gather in site due to programs.

Material of forms such as textures, colours, transparency in materials to connect. Different fabric to differentiate and define programs and spaces. Street lighting such as lamp posts along the connection pods. Different multifunctional activities like day nodes and night’s nodes in site. More shaded areas like sheltered space, trees and plants to create intimacy.

Information of signage, routes and bus timetables to allow community for better navigation.

Creating events and competitions for community participations of all ages. Certain spaces for community to express art, music and history.

Comments: Social and spatial issues identified as opportunities to be brought forward to the next project where design proposals and theories are explored to help enhance the inner living environment in George Town Penang. Connected City as a theory concept is chosen to help bridge these opportunies together while incorporating the guiding principles.


PROJECT 1B.

Promoting the Opportunities.


PROJECT 1B.

1. Connected City Concept

connecting People to People connecting People to People USE/ ACTIVITY connecting People to People USE/ DiverseACTIVITY in use of land & buildings USE/ ACTIVITY programmes & activities gather people Diverse in use of landto & buildings Diverse in use of landto & buildings programmes & activities gather people programmes & activities to gather people

connecting People to Places connecting People to Places MOVEMENT PATTERN connecting People to Places MOVEMENT PATTERN Ease of movement & accessibility MOVEMENT PATTERN streets, spaces linkage Ease ofpathways, movement & accessibility Ease movement & accessibility streets,ofpathways, spaces linkage streets, pathways, spaces linkage

connecting Places to Places connecting Places to Places BUILT FORM connecting Places to Places BUILT Views + FORM Infrastructures BUILT FORM staggered views + signage, pavements, material & Views + Infrastructures

Project 1B: Promoting the Opportunities To explore various theories and concepts in the design phase of urbanism to help the issues and opportunities stated from project 1A to project 1B in George Town Penang. Aim: To reactivate the buffer zone by connecting the new to the old. Objectives: - Connecting People to People Connecting People to People through activities uses. This is promoted by introducing diverse programs to bring people together. New programs are introduced and old programs are regenerated at places to connect people together. - Connecting People to Places Connecting People to Place through movement pattern. This is explored through the connectivity of the ease in movement and accessiblity. Streets, pathways and spaces linkages are to be incorporated in this concept. - Connecting Places to Places Connecting Places to Places through built form. This is incorporated through visuals, views and infrastructures done by staggered views, signages, pavements, materials and textures.


PROJECT 1B.

2. Macro Scale: Site Analysis

3.2 SITE ANALYSIS: PHASE PROPOSAL

Hierarchy in Diverse Activities Hierarchy in Transporation Hierarchy in Visual Connections LEVEL 1: Primary Vehicular Access LEVEL 2: Seconday Vehicular Access LEVEL 3: Pedestrian Access LEVEL 4: Programs and Activities Connecting people to people through programs from one place to another; through these programs, people are connected to place through bus stops at every 250m; connecting place through differentiation of pavements, materials and staggered forms.

Comment: Analysis is done at a macro scale to micro scale to explore George Town through a hierarchy of connectivity; hierarchy in diverse activities, hierarchy in transporations and hierarchy in visual connections.


1. WATER TAXI STOP 2. EDUCATION CENTRE TRANSPORTATION HUB RETAIL/ RESTAURANT

P P

5. PEDESTRIAN PLATFORM EDUCATION GALLERY TUITION CENTRE HAWKER STALLS

S S

6. HISTORICAL GALLERY

3.CULTURAL GARDEN 4. HIDDEN COURTYARD PLAYGROUND SPACE ROOFTOP BAR/CINEMA

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NEW NODE NEW NODE

PROJECT 1B.

Proposed New Node: Proposed New Node: At the corner of At the corner of Transfer Road and Transfer Road Penang Road toand bring Penang Road to bring people from the people from the existing Komtar Node. existing Komtar Node.

3. Micro Scale: Site Analysis

LEVEL 1: ACCESS LEVEL 1: ACCESS Primary vehicular access: Primary vehicular access: Private and public Private and public transportation accessibility. transportation accessibility. LEVEL 2: ACCESS LEVEL 2: ACCESS

Secondary vehicular access: Secondary vehicular access: Bicycle and trishaw Bicycle and trishaw accessibility route. accessibility route. LEVEL 3: ACCESS LEVEL 3: ACCESS Pedestrian access: Pedestrian access: Only for walking. Only for walking. LEVEL 4 : PROGRAMS LEVEL 4 : PROGRAMS

Proposed new programs: Proposed new programs: New activities and places will New activities and places will be placed in between. be placed in between.

KOMTAR NODE KOMTAR NODE Existing Main Node: Existing Node: Komtar isMain one of the Komtar is one of dominant node the in dominant node in George Town currently. George Town currently.

Hierarchy in Diverse Activities Hierarchy in Transporation Hierarchy in Visual Connections LEVEL 1: Primary Vehicular Access LEVEL 2: Seconday Vehicular Access LEVEL 3: Pedestrian Access LEVEL 4: Programs and Activities

Comment: Analysis is done at a macro scale to micro scale to explore George Town through a hierarchy of connectivity; hierarchy in diverse activities, hierarchy in transporations and hierarchy in visual connections.


PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY EXTENSION

BICYLE PARKING STOP

BICYCLE LANEWAY EXTENSION

BUS STOP

REDUCED ROAD WIDTH

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY EXTENSION REDUCED ROAD WIDTH


PROJECT 1B.

4. Hierarchy of Transportation

SITTING AREA TREES DIVISION STREET LAMP DIVISION

Comment: Diagrams and sections show the hierarchy of transportation in different levels; this is done at Penang Road and Transfer Road in the chosen site. A pedestrinised street is designed in Lebuh Clarke as a connectivity from Penang Road to Transfer Road which served as a street for food and education culture in George Town Penang.


NEW PROGRAMS BICYLE LANEWAY EXTENSION PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY EXTENSION

NEW PROGRAMS REDUCED ROAD WIDTH BICYCLE LANEWAY EXTENSION PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY EXTENSION


PROJECT 1B.

5. Hierarchy of Visual Connections

Comment: Hierarchy of visual connections and hierarchy of diverse activities are done at Jalan Argyll and Lebuh Clarke as shown in the section diagrams. New activities are incorporated like a rooftop bar, rooftop cinema, tuition centres and so on to give a diverse community in the site; whereas old activities like mamak stalls are still incorporated.


HOW TO CONNECT AXIS TOWARDS EXISTING NODES? AXIS TOWARDS PENANG HILL AXIS TOWARDS FUTURE DEVELOPMENT.

AXIS TOWARDS BAR AND RESTAURANT NODE. AXIS TOWARDS EXISTING CEMETERY SITE. AXIS TOWARDS EXISTING CHURCH SITE.


PROJECT 1B.

WHAT IS STAGGERING?

1 STEP ONE

STEP TWO

2

6. Conceptual Planning

STEP THREE

WHAT IS MASSING?

STEP ONE

STEP TWO

STEP THREE

Education Centre

3

Connection

Semi-Public

Schools/Learning Centre

Transportation hub

Management office

 Tuition Centre  E-Library  Kindergarten  Art Academy  Performing Art School

WHAT IS CONNECTIVITY?

STEP ONE

Public

STEP TWO

STEP THREE

Squares/Open spaces  Stage / Venue for performing arts/ events  Sitting /resting /eating / reading / running spaces (public realm)  Mobile vendors  Themed markets (e.g. Sunday market, art market)

Pedestrian Bridge

4

WHAT IS PUBLIC SPACE? TO HAVE A WIDE DISTANCE BETWEEN EACH PUBLIC SPACE TO WELCOME PEOPLE IN.

STEP ONE

STEP TWO

STEP THREE

5

TO HAVE A NARROWER DISTANCE BETWEEN EACH SPACE TO REDUCE PUBLICITY.

STEP ONE

STEP TWO

STEP THREE

Information Centre

General office

 Office spaces  Meeting rooms  Multipurpose rooms

School office  Office spaces  Meeting rooms  Multipurpose rooms  Classrooms  Computer labs  Counseling labs

Pedestrian Bridge

Pedestrian Bridge

Bicycle Elevator Bridge

Bicycle Elevator Bridge

Bicycle Elevator Bridge Gallery Retail Spaces  Food & Beverage  Convenient stores  Pharmacy  Bookstores  Bicycle retail & repair  Fashion shops

WHAT IS SEMI-PUBLIC SPACE?

 Bus terminal  Water taxi terminal  Taxi stop  Bicycle stop  Car park

Comment: Programs and activities are divided into public and semi-public as shown in the colour coding diagram shown on the above. This is to determine the masterplanning of dividing the site into public and semi-pubic programmatically with the hierarchy of diverse activities. It is connected with a connection of transportation hub and information centre.


HOW TO CONNECT THE WHOLE BUILDING TOGETHER?

CORE FIVE CORE FOUR CORE THREE CORE TWO NODE CORE: TRANSPORTATION HUB


HOW TO CREATE PUBLIC OPEN GREEN SPACES? COMMERCIAL SQUARE -OPEN MARKET - NIGHT MARKET

PROJECT 1B.

RECREATIONAL SQUARE - SPORTS ACTIVITIES - GAMES & PLAY FESTIVE SQUARE - WATERFRONT SPACE - GEORGE TOWN FESTIVALS

HOW TO PLACE PUBLIC PROGRAMS INTO THE SITE?

6. Masterplan: Proposal Site

Conceptual Planning 1

WATER TAXI STOP

RETAIL SPACES

EDUCATION CENTRE

GALLERY

HOW TO PLACE SEMI-PUBLIC PROGRAMS IN?

Conceptual Planning 2

MANAGEMENT OFFICE

SCHOOL OFFICE

HOW TO PLACE PUBLIC PROGRAMS INTO THE SITE? EDUCATION CENTRE

ART PERFORMING CENTRE

E-LIBRARY

Comment: Staggering at conceptual planning in plan and elevation is incorporated to give a hierarchy of visual connection in the proposed education centre. This will enhanced the diverse activities and public realm in the site to another level of connectivity. Public programs are placed completed at the ground floor but connected with the transportation.


CONNECTED CITY: EDUCATION CENTRE


PROJECT 1B. 7. Conclusion

DESIGN CRITERIA

DESIGN PROPOSAL

DIVERSITY -

Built form

Connect place to place

-

Movement pattern

Connect people to place

-

-

Activity uses

Connect people to people

GUIDING PRINCIPLES PUBLIC REALM

Different open spaces introduced such as a multipurpose square, parks, and gardens on the proposed sites connecting from one space linking to another space as a journey of spaces. A series of connection pods between activities to connect people to the functions such as bus stops at certain linking points. Bicycles parking spaces will be provided along the proposed bicycle lane.

-

-

-

-

-

Different forms and functions in activities to slow down movement of people to allow interactions. (Different rates of speed and different modes of movement)

COMMUNITY

Design strategies to inform different programs in site. Forms of programs such as height of form, shape of form, scale of form to create more interactive outer and inner spaces.

Programs such as multipurpose square, educational centre, retail and food spaces in the proposed site. To allow community to gather in site due to programs.

Material of forms such as textures, colours, transparency in materials to connect. Different fabric to differentiate and define programs and spaces. Street lighting such as lamp posts along the connection pods. Different multifunctional activities like day nodes and night’s nodes in site. More shaded areas like sheltered space, trees and plants to create intimacy.

Information of signage, routes and bus timetables to allow community for better navigation.

Creating events and competitions for community participations of all ages. Certain spaces for community to express art, music and history.

Comment: To bring forward the idea of connectivity through the levels of hierarchy in terms of diverse activities, transportation and visual connections; from a larger scale to a smaller scale; thus, striking the balance within the old and new – “localization to globalization” in order to achieve a better inner living city environment in George Town Penang.


PROJECT 1C.

Sustaining the Opportunities.


SUBTRACTION 3

SUBTRACTION 4

ADDITION 4

SUBTRACTION 2

ADDITION 2

ADDITION 3

SUBTRACTION 1

ADDITION 1

TRANSPORTATION HUB


CONNECT PEOPLE TO PEOPLE

CONNECT PLACE TO PLACE

CONNECT PLACE TO PLACE

PROJECT 1C.

1. Connected City Concept Project 1C: Sustaining the Opportunities To bring forward the connected city concept in the proposed site in a much smaller scale. This can be done by understanding the hierarchy of space, movement and time among people and place.

Oh. I would like to meet friends in this space!

Built Form

I use this space to move from one place to another!

Movement Pattern

I love having my own space whenever I want.

Objectives: - Connecting People to People Connecting People to People through activities uses. This is promoted by introducing diverse programs to bring people together. New programs are introduced and old programs are regenerated at places to connect people together.

Program and Activities

-A place should be adjacent to the context surroundings with good design-

-A place should have accessibility to allow people to move through these spaces-

-A place should have flexibility in allowing diverse uses for people-

Connect people to people

Connect people to place

Connect place to place

-Creating places to allow a connectivity from one to another through built forms.

-Creating a directional movement to allow people to move from one to another-

Aim: To reactivate the buffer zone by connecting the new to the old.

-Creating a space to allow diverse activities according to what people want and need-

- Connecting People to Places Connecting People to Place through movement pattern. This is explored through the connectivity of the ease in movement and accessiblity. Streets, pathways and spaces linkages are to be incorporated in this concept. - Connecting Places to Places Connecting Places to Places through built form. This is incorporated through visuals, views and infrastructures done by staggered views, signages, pavements, materials and textures.

Space

-Hierarchy of Noise-

Movement

-Hierarchy of Speed-

Time

-Hierarchy of Visual-


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SULTA

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NSF

ER R OAD

JALAN

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GROUND FLOOR PLAN

LEVEL


TRANSPORTATION HUB PUBLIC PROGRAMS SEMI- PUBLIC PROGRAMS

PROJECT 1C.

2. Deconstruction Public Spaces -Addition-Substraction-

FESTIVE SQUARE MARKET SQUARE RECREATIONAL SQUARE

JALAN

SULTA

N AHM

AD SH

AH

- Connecting People to People Connecting through the hierarchy of noise. This is done through the function of squares which are the festive square, market square and recreational square. These squares serve different programs which will enhance the hierarchy of noise. - Connecting People to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of speed. This is done through the different level of transportation which are the level one vehicular access, level two vehicular access and level three pedestrian access. Pedestrian access is the main priority. DECONSTRUCTION DIAGRAM 1: SUBSTRACTION

FOUR PLAN DECONSTRUCTION DIAGRAM 2: ADDITION

- Connecting Places to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of visual . This is explored through the deconstruction of spaces which is through staggering of programs, activities and sights at plans and sections.


TRANSPORTATION HUB PUBLIC PROGRAMS SEMI- PUBLIC PROGRAMS FESTIVE SQUARE MARKET SQUARE RECREATIONAL SQUARE

GROUND FLOOR PLAN SECTION A-A

JALAN TRANSFER

LEVEL FOUR PLAN


FESTIVE SQUARE

MARKET SQUARE

PROJECT 1C.

3. Hierarchy of Noise -Festive Square-Market Square-Recreational Square-

- Connecting People to People Connecting through the hierarchy of noise. This is done through the function of squares which are the festive square, market square and recreational square. These squares serve different programs which will enhance the hierarchy of noise. - Connecting People to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of speed. This is done through the different level of transportation which are the level one vehicular access, level two vehicular access and level three pedestrian access. Pedestrian access is the main priority. - Connecting Places to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of visual . This is explored through the deconstruction of spaces which is through staggering of programs, activities and sights at plans and sections.


SPACE BETWEEN SEMI-PUBLIC

SPACE BETWEEN PUBLIC

GROUND FLOOR PLAN SECTION B-B


TRANSPORTATION HUB PUBLIC PROGRAMS SEMI- PUBLIC PROGRAMS

PROJECT 1C.

4. Hierarchy of Speed -Level 1 Vehicular Access-Level 2 Vehicular Access-Level 3 Pedestrian Access-

FESTIVE SQUARE MARKET SQUARE RECREATIONAL SQUARE

LEVEL FOUR PLAN

- Connecting People to People Connecting through the hierarchy of noise. This is done through the function of squares which are the festive square, market square and recreational square. These squares serve different programs which will enhance the hierarchy of noise. - Connecting People to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of speed. This is done through the different level of transportation which are the level one vehicular access, level two vehicular access and level three pedestrian access. Pedestrian access is the main priority. - Connecting Places to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of visual . This is explored through the deconstruction of spaces which is through staggering of programs, activities and sights at plans and sections.


1

3

2

4

1

2

4

3

SECTION DIAGRAM


DIAGRAM 1: PUBLIC SPACE To create a public space using double louver facade which will intentionally slow down the speed and movement of the community; this will enhance the inner living environment in the education centre and transporation hub.

PROJECT 1C.

5. Hierarchy of Visual -Volume-Height-Texture-

DIAGRAM 2: SEMI-PUBLIC SPACE To create a semi-public space with inversed double louver facade to enhance the interior spaces in the building. This will also effect the hierachy of speed, visual and noise from outside of the building towards the inside working spaces.

- Connecting People to People Connecting through the hierarchy of noise. This is done through the function of squares which are the festive square, market square and recreational square. These squares serve different programs which will enhance the hierarchy of noise. - Connecting People to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of speed. This is done through the different level of transportation which are the level one vehicular access, level two vehicular access and level three pedestrian access. Pedestrian access is the main priority. - Connecting Places to Places Connecting through the hierarchy of visual . This is explored through the deconstruction of spaces which is through staggering of programs, activities and sights at plans and sections.


URBANITY IN GEORGE.TOWN EMMELYN.CHUA PEI MIN 0315690.SEMESTER 1 2013 URBAN DESIGN STUDIO.ARC7119 CONNECTED CITY

Portfolio_Urban Design Studio 2013  

Connected City: Urbanity in George Town Penang