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• If you are having sex always carry a condom or femidom... use with water-based lubricant... avoid

based lubricant... it erodes condoms... increasing risks of getting a sexually transmitted infection... STI

• Sharing sex toys is risky... wash between users... or perhaps cover with a clean condom • It is possible to get HIV through oral sex... experts disagree about how risky this is... the most risky oral sex is sucking on the penis of someone with HIV infection... oral sex does carry known risks for other infections such as Hepatitis B or C

• Be careful with open wounds or sores... HIV passes from one body fluid to another


• HIV is the virus linked to AIDS... acquired immune deficiency syndrome • It is found in body fluids... such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk • Drug users can easily contract HIV through sharing injection equipment... the tiniest drop of blood is enough to cause infection... avoid sharing needles, syringes, mixing water and cups, spoons or filters

• The test for HIV is a simple blood test... it’s important to get any treatment needed early on • Make sure you always have safe sex...use a condom... someone with HIV infection might not look ill



• Drugs and alcohol misuse can often lead to risky sexual behaviour... sexually transmitted infections, or STI’s, can lead to reduced fertility, impaired sexual performance, unwanted pregancy, miscarriage

• Genital warts... small lumps that develop on the genitals and/or the anus... people can be a carrier of the virus without realising... treatment options include applying chemicals or freezing the warts

• Chlamydia... is the most common STI in the UK... there might be no symptoms but they can include

genital discharge... people can be infected for years without realising... complications can develop if left untreated ... pelvic infection, infertility in women... a short course of an antibiotic usually clears chlamydia

• Genital herpes... stays for life but can lie dormant with no symptoms... if symptoms occur they can range from a mild soreness to painful blisters on the vulva or penis... eased by anti-viral medication

• Gonorrhoea... symptoms can include discharge from vagina or penis... some people do not develop

symptoms... infection can still be passed on... a short course of an antibiotic usually clears gonorrhoea

• Pubic lice... crabs... tiny insects about 1-2 mm long... eggs hatch into lice after seven days... they do

not wash or brush off with normal cleaning... cause itching... treatment with a lotion usually clears the lice

• Syphilis... if not treated this can spread in the bloodstream to cause a range of symptoms and problems in different parts of the body over many years... a short course of antibiotics can clear it up if caught soon enough... but it can be fatal

• Trichomonas... a germ similar to bacteria... causes an infection that is not

normally serious but discharges can be unpleasant... can be no symptoms... antibiotics usually clears trichomonas vaginalis

• HIV see p136 and Hepatitis B and C see p134... are also STI’s


The Drugs Book  
The Drugs Book  

The Drugs Book is an advice and help guide to the misuse of drugs aimed at teenagers and other educational providers