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The Tijuana Project JESSICA ABRAMSON (USA-ME ’15) •••

On Friday after dinner, busses departed from the castle to Old Town Mission Church for students to spend the evening hearing about the Mexico border study southwest studies trip, drinking hot chocolate, and watching a documentary produced by our very own Spanish teacher John Sheedy. The hot chocolate was absolutely delicious, the presentation about the border studies trip was extremely awkward and completely unrehearsed, and John’s film was strikingly pertinent. John’s film, “The Tijuana Project” is a documentary about the people who make a living by picking through the Tijuana garbage dump in Mexico near the United States border. It follows the lives of six children who live next to the dump. The film explores issues of garbage management, drug abuse, family, and education. John made the documentary partially to spread awareness about the number of people who live and work in garbage

dumps and how much garbage we’re creating. The people who work in the dump scavenging for valuable materials make significantly more money there than they could working other jobs since the minimum wage in Mexico is so low. “But there’s a little bit of hope,” John explains, “especially in the case of this story, because somebody came and built a school for these kids”. Almost thirty years ago, a man named David Lynch came and began teaching the children of Tijuana on a blue tarp on top of the garbage. Eventually, he got funding to build a school. Now, over 400 students attend the school in Tijuana. (continued from page 3)

Photo Credit: John Sheedy




Read about Amnesty’s Trip to Los Angeles and what they learned at their conference amongst other things.

Read about global happiness rankings and what they might mean for your countries.

Peruvian cuisine from a local perspective and plenty of other articles to make you miss real food!


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Photo Credit: Emily Venturi (Italy ’14)

A message from the Editors Hello readership! Thank you once again for taking time out of your evening meals to provide an audience for our dedicated staff who are bringing you the latest in news both here at UWC and around the W. I don’t know how many of you will take the time to read our little message, but I do hope that those of you who are take the time to also read through our entire paper, our writers did a knock out job this week.

Much Love, Edgar and Emily



Edgar Jaramillo USA -CA ’14

Emily Venturi Italy ’14

Jessica Abramson USA -ME ‘15

Jimena Terrazas Lozano Mexico - ‘15

Arissa Moreno Ruiz Peru - ’14

Alexander Asante Ghana ‘15

Alexander Kellog USA - NC ‘15

Carlin Ring USA - IA ’14

Subha Baniya Nepal ‘15

Shobhit Kumar USA - MD ’14

Changhao Chen China ‘15

Guyon Borgmann Netherlands - ‘15

Parris Bushong



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CAMPUS NEWS (continued from page 1)Stephen Dowdy (USAPA ’14) was one of the students who attended the evening. He skipped a studyhall to attend (a studyhall he had received from skipping a studyhall the previous week). “I was really impressed with the overall message and structure and cinematography and everything. The ideas that were explored through the film were fascinating,” Stephen described. He says that the situation was “as complicated as [he] thought it would be. These things are never very simple.”

Theatre IPs CANGHAO CHEN (CHINA ’15) •••

On November 10, 2013, Saturday evening, one week after Asmita, Lee, Stephen and Owen’s IP theatre performances, the last two IPs from Minori Fryer (Hong Kong, ’14) and Adrian Moore (Britain, ’14) were showed in the auditorium at 7:30.

John also noted that “The Tijuana Project” “stresses the importance of education. “In an environment like Tijuana, you can get stuck in a cycle, but, once you get the opportunity to go to school, you can break that cycle and have a better life.” He says that making the movie reminded him that “even a really bad day for [him] is nothing compared to living in a garbage dump”. Watching the movie as a UWC-USA student is a great opportunity to recognize our privilege of access to excellent education.

IP, known as Independent Project, is an assessment of IB Theatre students in the second year. The students are supposed to pick (or write if they want) a play to direct, while looking for actors and actresses, guiding rehearsals and arranging backdrops and music by themselves, with all the knowledge they learned the previous year. They also need to write a two-thousand-word essay after the performance to explain which form of theatre they used, how they think of the play and how they directed. Only this essay will be graded by the teacher.


Our reporter had an interview with Minori after watching their rehearsals where the actors and actresses Minori chose really showed their great enthusiasm, hard work and high efficiency. Minori was about to write an original poetry but finally decided it would be “more reliable” if she “had something that is already written”. She chose a slam poetry, which she discovered and learned about in theatre class. Slam poetry is a performance in which social and political ideas and issues behind were expressed in poetry by actors who read them with very strong emotion and usually high volume. In the actual play, all the audiences were impressed by the cast’s both elaborate and exaggerated performance.

Adrian chose the play “Attempts on her life” by Martin Crimp, a British playwright famous for the astringency of his dialogue. This play, which seemed a little weird to some audiences in its form, described an absent character called Anne who is described by her parents, friends, critics and other media types in a series of stories that, as the play’s title suggests, are both attempts to describe her - and to destroy her. Though Adrian graciously refused our reporter’s request to watch his rehearsal, he showed much confidence to his cast in the interview. He pointed out that the trust of the director to the cast is very important in directing a play.

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Montezuma’s Egnever JIMENA TERRAZAS (MEXICO’15) •••

It was a chilly Sunday morning, most students and faculty members were still enjoying the extra hour of sleep. But for the athletes, the battle for the survival of the fittest was just about to begin. The long hours of training were over, it was time to showcase their talent. Forty-nine students sped out of the soccer at the sound of the whistle for the commencement of the marathon. This was the premiere edition of the annual Montezuma's Egnever 8K/5mile fun run/ walk. The trail was well marked so that the athletes could not miss the way to the finish line. However, there were some students like Jia Chern (Malaysia ’15) who had raced on the egnever trail more than once.

Both of the plays, like the previous IP performances, were big successes, which is also the end of IP this academic year. However, the theatre students are currently preparing more plays. Our reporter will pay attention to these plays and bring our readers with latest information. ”I have participated in many runs but the egnever was the most challenging. It was cold and I could have sworn that the air was oxygen-free. I am looking forward to the next one though” Sandile


Dube(Swaziland ’15). Most students who participated in the race made it known to the Literati reporters that the weather was very cold and they virtually raced with frozen legs and lungs. Nonetheless, a lot of enthusiasm was shown by these committed athletes, and they raced hard like nobody’s business. However, in general, most of the students who started the race sprinting with the pace of Usain Bolt ended the race walking as slow as molasses. The challenges most of the athletes faced racing can never be overemphasized. “ I have Asthma, coupled with fact that it’s been a long time since I did a long distance run, made it very difficult for me” Jean-Claude( USA-CA ’15). Quite surprisingly Jean-Claude was the first runner up of the race.

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Food + ___ = Sleep SHOBHIT KUMAR (USA-MD ’14) •••

Imagine this: it’s right after check and you feel a pang of hunger run through your body. It’s typical, and of course, you reach for that go-to snack. But wait – is that food really the best to help you sleep… or will it keep you up? Insomnia is very discomforting, especially when you have school the There was a huge crowd of fans and loved- next day. Armed with the knowledge in this article, ones cheering on the soccer field waiting for the however, you can be assured that your choices of arrival of these gallant athletes. Max Sailor (USA-VT food will never promote this sleep disorder. ‘14) was the first person to complete the race, within an unprecedented time of 41minutes and three seconds. The crowd went wild, when the President himself, Thomas Oden completed the race with a very impressive and respectable time of 55 minutes 45 seconds. Thus Tom Oden secured the first place for athletes above 25years. Gillian Welch (USA-ME ’15) was the winner for the female category of the race. She was followed by Sofie Nielson (Denmark ’15) and Brooke Moree (USA-KY ’15), both placing 2nd and 3rd respectively. Conor Fox (USA-PA) was the second runner up for the Men’s category. Big-ups to the organizers of the race, especially Kris Wilson. However, most people would really love to have the next fun run on a Saturday, so that they can relax on Sunday. Kudos to the athletes, Montezuma is proud of you.

Looking at the options in the cafeteria during dinner, which would you want to consume right before bed? No, not the hot sauce. Definitely not a large entrée. The best choice may be milk, a drink that promotes the production of serotonin, a chemical in the brain that makes it easier to sleep. Having a warm glass of milk after check is definitely In general, it was a keenly contested and interesting a great idea. But, make sure that you do not go for fun run. I am looking forward to winning next year’s coffee instead. Caffeine right before bed is surely a egnever fun run, you should too. recipe for disaster, as it will most likely keep you awake.


Do be sure to bring a banana as you are leaving dinner because of their high magnesium and potassium concentration, which aid with muscle relaxation. Going for a really sugary or spicy option, though, will undoubtedly be detrimental. Sugar may lead to a brief boost of energy, but the crash afterwards will not be pleasant. In the same way, spicy food may upset your stomach. It is important to note that going for extremes is negative at night: very fatty, very salty, and very fiery foods should be substituted for more neutral options. We must all remember the important axiom that eating is necessary when hunger develops. Going to bed hungry will only serve to exacerbate the problem. You should always have a stash of some sort, for satiation, at odd hours of the night. Also, before bed, it helps to get away from a computer screen and instead focus on tasks that get you ready for bed. This means reading a book or writing a bit. As a whole, sleep is scarce on campus, and having trouble getting to dreamland in the first place can be quite a challenge. By monitoring our food choices before bed, we can enhance our abilities to get to sleep and stay there.

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WORLD NEWS suffering from malaria, tuberculosis, malnutritions, parasites, diabetes and sexually transmitted diseases."We are receiving 500 people in each trip," Bwelle said. "They are coming from 60 kilometers (37 miles) around the village, and they're coming on SUBHA BANIYA (NEPAL ’15) foot." Moreover, they also help provide people with ••• crutches, pairs of donated eyeglasses and so forth. The team also does simple surgeries of people. The team works day and night, to the last atom of their There is one doctor for every 5,000 people in strength to cure as much people as it possibly can. Cameroon, a country in the west Central Africa They have performed almost 700 surgeries in the past region. It is clear from this fact that to receive year. medication in Cameroon is difficult. In addition, widespread poverty makes it even more difficult for people to get proper treatment. George Bwelle, a resident of Cameroon, serves as the best example for this situation. Not being able to receive a good medication from anywhere, Bwelle watched his father suffer for 21 years after a car accident in 1981 that was not even severe. Jameff only had a broken arm first, but due to the lack of equipped hospitals, the infection spread to his brain creating hematoma, leading him to suffer for the rest of his life until he passed away in 2002. Most of us would have stayed cursing our fate and the government helplessly, if it had been our story. However, Bwelle was not one of Source: those people. Instead, he was one of those people CNN-Hero-Dr-Georges-Bwelle.htm determined to make a change in the world, so that others wouldn’t go through the situation he had gone Furthermore, Bwelle also works nights at a through. This mindset and determination led Bwelle to become a vascular surgeon doctor. private medical clinic around Yaounde, capital of Cameroon, on top of holding weekly clinics and Almost every Friday, Bwelle and his team working as a medical surgeon. "I'm not sure when he consisting of almost 30 members, travel into rural sleeps," said Katie O'Malley, a second-year medical areas to give free medical care. Pushing the vehicle student from Drexel University in Philadelphia and a through mud and rivers more than once isn’t a piece volunteer in Bwelle's group. "He is always either at of cake. Nevertheless, such intricacies did not hamper the hospital or trying to make money for the Bwelle’s philanthropic determination. Every weekend organization so he can go on these campaigns." his team provides a variety of medical care to people However, Bwelle never thinks of it as a workload. "I

Live, Laugh and Help


Global Happiness ALEXANDER KELLOG (USA-NC ’15) •••

It has been sung about in countless songs, portrayed in thousands of movies, and is the thing that all people, regardless of time and place, chase throughout their entire lives without knowing precisely how to attain it. The thing is happiness, that ever-elusive state of being that hangs around for awhile, yet so often disappears as quickly as it arrives. What is happiness and how can one possess it? While the answer will vary depending on who you ask, the United Nations claims that six primary factors have the greatest impact on an individual’s and nation’s overall happiness: healthy life expectancy at birth, social support (having people to trust and rely on), presence of corruption, generosity, the ability to make free individual choices, and GDP. This year, the U.N. released the World Happiness Report 2013, which goes into detail about how these and other factors contribute to or take away from a population’s happiness level as well as how a nations’ policies should be in line with what it’s citizens consider to be important. According to the report, happiness as an emotion, as well as happiness in the sense of overall satisfaction with life, were both measured. This distinction between these two forms of happiness is important since happiness as an emotion can change on a daily basis. If only emotions were measured, the report would not have accurately tracked people’s overall happiness, merely their transient feelings. The report used a 0 to 10 scale to track a nation’s happiness level, 0 being the least happy possible state of being, 10 being the most happy possible state of being. A given nation received a higher score if it scored decently well in all six categories, though some countries that received lower scores of overall

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happiness surpassed countries with higher overall scores in certain categories. Here are the scores for the twenty happiest countries in the world. If you are curious to see how your country scored, you can find it on this website: WorldHappinessReport2013_online.pdf. Top Twenty Happiest Countries and their Overall Scores: • Denmark (7.693) 11) Israel (7.301) • Norway (7.655) 12) Costa Rica (7.257) • Switzerland (7.650) 13) New Zealand (7.221) • Netherlands (7.512) 14) United Arab Emirates (7.144) • Sweden (7.480) 15) Panama (7.143) • Canada (7.477) 16) Mexico (7.088) • Finland (7.389) 17) United States (7.082) • Austria (7.369) 18) Ireland (7.076) • Iceland (7.355) 19) Luxembourg (7.054) • Australia (7.350) 20) Venezuela (7.039)

Photo credit: File:Smiley.svg


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to jail and we are expecting to show it around campus in order to raise awareness. Lhamo Tso has been living in the US since March of this year, after exiling herself to India in 2008 after the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008. Her husband, Dhondup Wangchen, a famous filmmaker, created a film called Leaving Fear Behind, where he would portray the opinion of the Tibetans about the Chinese politics taken during the Olympic Games. After some months of being released, Dhondup realized the amount of troubles that this film would bring to his family, so he sent Lhamo and his children to India, where they would live exiled for the next four years. Since her first day in exile, Lhamo started a strenuous fight against the corruption and injustices committed against her husband and lately, Amnesty International finally found her case and we are doing everything we can to help her.

According to the people from China and Tibet, if you ever see a thousand cranes, it is a symbol or a metaphor of a blessing. The first person I ever heard saying this is Lhamo Tso, a Tibetan activist fighting to free her husband who is imprisoned in China as a political prisoner. In the conference she gave for Amnesty International, she asked all the people of the place to make a thousand origami cranes and dedicate this action to her husband. At the beginning, I personally thought it was a mistake from her translator, because Lhamo does not speak English and she travels with a man who helps her to speak and understand the language, and because of this, I decided to approach her at the end of the conference The last thing Lhamo did in her conference to ask a couple of questions. was sharing a personal experience. She told us that whenever she was in her house in India, she would What first surprised me about her was her turn her back on her children and start crying hoping tenderness; the way she smiled at people when they that they wouldn’t see her weakness. One day, her wished her good luck, her positive and hopeful older daughter told her: “Mother, please don’t turn attitude and the look in her eyes, so calmed and around when you cry. Face us, because there is peaceful. Jianing (China ’15) and I told her at first nothing to be ashamed of.” After this experience, that we admired her braveness and supported her Lhamo has inspired to begin a fight that would cause. After talking for some time, we were really change her life and would inspire thousands of interested in the things that we could do with our people all over the world to know that we can actually Amnesty International group from UWC to help her change the world if we work all together. case. She asked again then for us to build a thousand cranes to her husband, as a symbol of hope and also to raise awareness among our peers. Jianing and I, really engaged in her case, have decided to actually start a couple of projects to create awareness. The first one, the crane making, will be held hopefully soon, and the second one, distributing flyers and information around Jianing’s hometown in China will be held in the summer. Jianing and I have been looking for the movie created by Lhamo’s husband, which was the actual reason for him going support/lhamo-tso-activistw i f e - o f - j a i l e d - f i l m m a ke rdhondup-wangchen-grantedpolitical-asylum-in-the-u-s/


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OPINION Hot Chocolate in Seven Variations CARLIN RING (USA-IA ’14) •••

Now that the weather is getting colder, and the layers are getting heavier, more and more students are turning to warm drinks for comfort. Of course, if you do not have a deluxe coffee maker in your dorm room or lovely loose tea leaves from your native country to provide you with a steady flow of hot liquids, the caf is your best source for reasonably priced beverages at strict hours. Unfortunately, the hot beverages in the caf are generally restricted to coffee, bag tea, and hot chocolate. While tea and coffee are lovely in their own right, hot chocolate is the most comforting option on a cold Montezuma night…if you know how to do it right. CAF HOT CHOCOLATE IN 7 VARIATIONS

4. Chocolate Syrup 5. Cinnamon 6. Caramel Syrup Any of the above, when added in any combination, will produce one of the most delectable hot chocolates known to man. (My personal recommendation is to top it with whipped cream, give it a drizzle of chocolate syrup, and sprinkle a pinch of cinnamon on top. Decadent and delicious.) 7. Now, this last one has yet to be tested by yours truly, but I have been assured it will result in a wonderful drink. Add one pat of butter to your creation. Yes, that is right. One pat of butter. Stir it in and let it melt. Let me know how that works out for you too. Of course, the most important part of any culinary confection is presentation. So get yourself a nice mug to put it in. Treat yourself. You deserve it.

1. If you are a lover of simplicity, the most obvious answer is to go to the machine in the caf labeled Hot Chocolate and press the button, but a spoonful of the powder mix in the black container (often on the salad bar or the bread rack) will boost up the chocolaty taste. 2. If you enjoy a creamier chocolate and want it to be immediately cool enough to drink (but still warm enough to serve its purpose), fill your cup up halfway with the machine chocolate (or use hot water and a few spoonfuls of mix) and fill it the rest of the way with milk. Whole or skim, it is your photo credit: choice of course. 3. Whipped Cream


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A culinary adventure ... Not always so picante ARISSA MORENO RUIZ - (PERU ’14)

the Inca Empire. It tastes similar to a buffalo’s meat or any other grazing animal. It is very delicious and healthy. The consumption of this meat is very nutritious. We should highlight its high protein, low levels of fat and cholesterol compared to other meats such as beef, sheep or pork. The number of recipes and variety of dishes that have alpaca meat as the main ingredient are countless. Just come give it a try!


We don’t hear much about Peruvian cuisine in here. And probably not many of you have had the chance to try it. It is a fact, Peruvian cuisine is reaping adherents worldwide. Proof of this is that we were recognized the best culinary destination in South America by the prestigious World Travel Awards in 2012 (the end of last year), these awards are considered like the 'Oscars' in the tourist industry and they are not a joke…they have been created since 1993 (19 years ago) and they are known by all sectors of the tourism industry in the world. The awards celebrate and reward excellence in the travel industry, tourism and hospitality; and, they have the vote of the industry members and the general public. In this category, the other Latin American countries that competed were Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela. Furthermore, Peru also beat China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Spain, Thailand and the United States, which also wanted to be the tastiest destination. Five dishes that foreigners (and Peruvians themselves) should try….

1. Carne de Alpaca The Alpaca is a camelid (they actually are very similar to Llamas) that exists since the times of

2. Lucuma I know Peru food, and Latin food is mainly stereotyped as very picante (or spicy) and also very salty. However, we also enjoyed the sweetness of our gastronomy. The lucuma is a weird looking fruit, orange or yellow on the inside and green on the outside, which is native to the native valleys of the Andes. It can be used as a condiment in some main dishes, as well as a component to a creamy ice cream. It was one referred to as the Gold of the Incas. Its tasty flavor and aroma are hard to describe or compare to any other. Some may say it tastes like caramel custard and others a bit like pumpkin. Its texture, unlike most fruits, is dry, quite starchy and with a paste-like consistency that melts in your mouth. You have to try it! 3. Anticuchos They’re popular and inexpensive dishes that originated in  Peru,  consisting of small pieces of grilled skewered meat. Anticuchos can be found on street-carts and street food stalls (anticucheras). The meat may be marinated in vinegar and spices (such ají, pepper and garlic). They often come with a boiled potato or bread on the end of the skewer. A similar dish,  shishkebab is found in Mediterranean cuisine. In Peru it is a tradition from colonial times.

4. Pollo a la Brasa


Known as Peruvian chicken  or  Blackened chicken  in the United States and Charcoal Chicken in Australia, is a common dish of  Peruvian cuisine  and one of the most consumed in Peru, along with ceviche, and Chifa. The dish originated in the city of  Lima  in the 1950s.It consists of a chicken (cooked in charcoal and marinated only with salt) served with large French fries and traditionally eaten with the fingers, without cutlery. Yumm. 5. Rocoto Relleno Or stuffed pepper. This is a dish originated in Arequipa, Peru (the city where Jorge, Class of 2013, was born). It can be filled with anything, but mostly with spices, sautéed ground beef and boiled eggs. The rocoto is served with melted cheese, prepared in an oven and served as a whole. It is not as picante as it seems. Writing about home-made just made me homesick. My mother always says when cooking, “Barriga llena corazón contento” (this translates as: full tummy, happy heart). Just come by one day to the land of the Incas, and the Peruvians will feed you.

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the FLIPSIDE In light of last week’s FlipSide worthy news, or lack thereof rather, we give you the script for the teaser to the FlipSide’s upcoming hit television series: Parris, a pseudo-documentary style program based loosely on the lives and personas of teachers at UWC-USA’s English department. Enjoy. Oh, and also Ben is hunting Curfew Breakers. For those of you who don’t know, Ben is as stealthy as a shadow in the night. Don’t bother calling security, they can’t save you… Fade In: An office with a bookshelf containing several leatherbound books. The beige painted wall can be seen in the edge of the frame. A man in later middle age (approximately 55) adjusts his microphone. He wears a polished gray suit, white dress shirt, and a patternless black tie. He sports a white “half-beard” that spreads into his neck where he hasn’t trimmed it in a few days. He wears horned metal glasses. A ponytail tied by two hair bands peaks out from behind his head when he turns to receive instructions. PARRIS: Is this mike on? Fade In: A classroom in the old stone hotel. PARRIS is on the board writing “Virtue of the WEAK.” PARRIS (From an off-screen narrative voice, reflective): I could just train them to take the IB exam, but in my experience that wouldn't make them do any better. And, it'd make these kids miss out on the chance of actually getting an education. PARRIS (from within the shot): There are a lot of empty chairs in here, kinda reminds me of my brother’s SECOND WEDDING! (Pause. Some uncomfortable or confused laughter from the students)

PARRIS: Welcome to your first English class here at UWC-USA. Savor it, live it up. As I always say: you can only experience something for the first time once! (Pause) PARRIS: How many of you think you’re lucky to be here? (Most of the class raises their hands) PARRIS: Luck (pause) is when preparation meets opportunity. You’re being here has nothing to do with some greater cosmic power, you’re here because you made it happen. I know, I’m on the US selection committee. Cut: PARRIS is in his office reading through some lines for his class on the Byronic Hero. PARRIS (From an off-screen narrative voice, reflective): This school is in the business of making minds, making people for a common cause. I try to inspire a certain kind of thinking in my class. I won’t throw a parade for any kid that can write a fiveparagraph essay. But when someone really gets it, when someone takes it to that next level, I’ll tell ’em. “That’s good, that’ll work”. Or maybe, “let me write that down.” Cut: IT center, SOPHIE is hunched over a desk doing math homework with MICHA. PARRIS is walking by. SOPHIE: (to MICHA) What the hell does it even mean? PARRIS: (turning) What, life? SOPHIE: (laughing) Ya, that too.


PARRIS: I knew it. I ask myself that question every day.

PARRIS is in his office pouring himself a cup of coffee.

(Knowing smile)

PARRIS (From an off-screen narrative voice, reflective): If you go to a comedy writer's meeting, nobody's laughing. They'll be stone faced and just say: that's good, that'll work. That’s the approach I bring to teaching.


Cut Back to Classroom:

Literati Issue 8  

UWC USA's weekly newspaper, Issue 8