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Emily Schroeder 001 917 923 9757 011 44 (0) 7952 386 941 schemily@gmail.com


STIFFKEY SHERINGHAM

Stiffkey, Sheringham, and Overstrand are three coastal villages on the North Norfolk coast of East Anglia. The sites for the design intervention lie on the Norfolk Coast Path, a 150 km (93 miles) long distance trail. The terrain dramatically changes from upland and lowland areas, with a continuous walk through remote countryside to salt marshes and naturally carved out bays to sand dunes toward and atop soft clay & chalk cliffs. These cliffs are roughly 70 million years old from the Cretaceous period. They are also the youngest known Mesozoic rocks and are the only significant outcrops of chalk of this age in Britain. This proposal extends the Norfolk Coast Path to Overstrand terminating at the location where the last land slippage occurred as the concrete promenade subsequently ends. Pathways and bridges, whether literally or symbolically, are principal unifying elements conceptually developed to ease distance off the course of their defining relationships. Materials are sequentially repeated throughout each intervention so that though in different geographical locations, the project can be read as one contiguous linear object.

OVERSTRAND

A temporal landscape bounds nature, culture, and time. Whether the landscape is either temporary in a span of time or during a longitudinal distance, the design approach attempts to frame the fleeting, atmospheric conditions of the North Norfolk coastline. I aim to convey memory, or capacity to remember sensational responses to the landscape, and the temporality of the experience and of the landscape. In this emerging body of landscape work, the ‘memory of the site’ and the fields of relations between past and present, topographical and cultural, are vital to the overall design response. As Christopher Girot writes in “Vision in Motion: Representing Landscape in Time” published in Charles Waldheim’s The Landscape Urbanism Reader (2006), “seeing the landscape has been considerably altered by the various forms of movement that we presently experience through a site.” While walking and cycling is the main mode of transportation for the Norfolk Coast Path, the transitional points, such as car parks, in which to enter the coastal path voids users of the continuous flow of directional time over the change in the landscape in which the path is meant to provide. The edge between the analogue form of transportation, walking, and the directive form, vehicular is not blurred, but a hard line created from the transformation of asphalt to salt marsh or clay-chalk cliff. Stiffkey, 1880 @1:10000 - Sheringham ,1900 @1 :10000 - Overstrand,1900 @1:2500

NORFOLK COAST PATH A walk is just one more layer, a mark. -Richard Long, 1980

JOURNEY

DESIGN INTERVENTION ON THE NORFOLK COAST PATH


Repeating design elements cohesively narrate walking the Norfolk Coast Path. Seating elements link the three sites along the coast path. Untreated Scottish larch timber boards provides a grey patina over time. This material will age suitably into the North Norforlk coastal landscape. Sustainable sawn timber supply availabe through: Falkirk Wood, Mavisbank Farm, Shieldhill Road, Falkirk, Stirlingshire FK1 2AZ

conceptual axonometric, 1:40 showing elements of construction

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2 axonometric, 1: 20 measures 440 x 6175 x 750 mm 1 section - 440 x 1310 x 750 mm, joints 16mm 2 miter cut joints, sunk 10 mm ensure joints are less likely to fail

top view, 1: 20

front elevation, 1: 20

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1 Untreated Scottish Larch timber, 140 x 560 mm 2 Lug bolts to be countersunk to give flat surface

1 Untreated Scottish Larch timer, 75 x 650 mm 2 Threaded rod, galvanized steel 3 Spacer


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gravel course course sand layer geotextile 10-30mm aggregrate laying course 20-63mm aggregrate laying course untreated Scottish larch timber threaded rod galvanized steel tubes concrete base drainage slot drain Cor-ten corrugated weathering steel

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B 1 steel wire rail; 900mm 2 Norfolk Coast Path 3 bench 4 slot drain 5 gravel path 6 untreated Scottish larch timber 7 Cor-ten corrugated weathering steel 8 shingle & flint stones 9 Calcareous Grassland 10 Limonium Mix 11 Populus tremula ‘Erecta’

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Yorkshire boarding is a typical cladding used for barns. The spacing is ideal for ventilation and light for farm animals. There are many farms in Norfolk so this makes a suitable choice blending with the working landscape vernacular. The transparency of the material due to the 50mm gaps in the cladding will take weight of the object. When the sun is heavy in the sky, the staircase will have the potential to be illuminated through the cladding.

stair profile, 1:20

stair section,1:50 stair width -4000mm railings -1150mm high 6

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gravel path substrate; rolled:

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30% - 10mm-20mm recycled crushed concrete 30% - 20-50mm limestone aggregate; Silver Bed or similar 20% - coarse sand 20% - clay

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Cor-ten weathering steel; S355J2W, corrugated Gravel course Bench, 1810 x 750 x 440mm spacing 810mm Bench, 750 x 750 x 440mm Stair, finished with untreated Scottish Larch timber, rise- 180mm; run- 280mm Landing, cladded with untreated Scottish Larch timber,

plan view, 1:100 section of stairs showing seating areas

Sustainable sawn timber supply availabe through: Falkirk Wood, Mavisbank Farm, Shieldhill Road, Falkirk, Stirlingshire FK1 2AZ Gravel courses for Construction Methods Norfolk Cement & Building Supplies, Longwater Industrial Estate, Dereham, Road, Norwich NR5 OTL Johnson Quarry, Creeton Quarry, Grantham, Lincolnshire NG33 4QG


Guideline for areas to be removed for planting pits of Populus alba. Areas of concrete to be removed by following natural fissures. At time of demolition, additional fissure lines may be created to achieve desired effect.

TWO GARDENS FOR TWO CONTEMPLATIONS OR MAYBE THE SAME CONTEMPLATION TWICE IN TWO TONALITIES TO EXPRESS LIGHT AND DARK AND BEINGNESS AND ALONENESS AND PERHAPS SUBLIME SITE HISTORY

PLANT PALETTE

CONCEPTS

CONTEXT

Aerial view, 1948

Substrate mixture: 30% concrete 15% sand 40% compost (20% biosolids / 20%green waste) 15% silt

Removed concrete to be crushed and reused on site in planting pits. Particles to be reused as part of substrate mix and for top dressing.

Augment substrate with alkaline/porous concrete, particles crushed to 5mm30mm

Agnes Martin: Writings

Top dressing for White Grove should consist of reused on-site concrete rubble crushed to 10mm15mm

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LEFT: Tree heights in maturity with desired effect of canopy shading.

WHITE GROVE

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YEW GARDEN

ABOVE: Scottish larch timber plank deck entrance at grade. Show in plan view. Timber to remain untreated to achieve silver grey finish. BELOW: Water feature and sitting area inYew Garden. In-situ poured concrete anticipated for water feature and seating cubes. C25 waterproof reinforced concrete required. Gutter should connect to catch basin outlet and recirculate rainwater collection.

The underside of the leaf Cool in the shadow Sublimely unemplathic Smiling of innocence

White Grove is densely planted white poplar grove planted into building rubble. The tree’s habit will provide a lightness under its canopy. A user will wander and way find without a formal path to singular seating cubes for contemplation and then further to Yew Garden.

BOSTON STREET

Yew Garden aims to present the community with a contemplation garden and grounds typically found in historic churchyards. With the loss of much of St. Mary’s garden grounds to modernity, a minimal design with traditional underpinnings is imposed on the Boston Street site.

BRIDGE END, LEEDS - group led exploration of experiential landscapes INTEGRATION OF SHARED SPACES, PUBLIC AMENITY PARKS + URBAN GROVES

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Bruce Mau said, “landscape will be privileged over the realm officially known as architecture,” as the landscape is not to be designed as an afterthought, but the structure for this community.

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LEFT: Cubed singular seats provide quiet contemplation in both the enclosed garden and in the open grove.

Bridge End was envisioned to create a pedestrian friendly gateway with woonerf and shared space road design. Aimed to revitalise the neighbourhood with historic preservation methods applied to contemporary interventions creating new opportunities for communitiy interactions. The blending of private, semi-private,

and public spaces created as a series of gardens and outdoor rooms. Native plants would introduce a dominant tree canopy and urban groves would provide shade, noise reducation, and aesthetic improvement. By encouraging healthier, sustainable modes of transportation, pedestrians would take priority over vehicular forms.

The frailest of stems Quivering in the light Bend and break in silence This poem...is not really about nature. It is not what is seen. It is what is known forever in the mind. Agnes Martin, Writings, p. 15

The reintroduction of the pedestrian sphere having a substanitially larger influence in the public realm would be reached within phased approach to design. Hierarchies of function and impact and about designing ownership strategies as an integral part of aiding and preserving the spatial strategies are present.


OXFORD STREET

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g a - New formal planting areas greet pedestrians upon entrance to the natural swimming area from Port Mahon Park. b - Permeable loose gravel tree planting on paths creating a softened circulation route and increased canopy cover for pedestrians. c - View shelters, café, and changing room act on site as anchors for transitional landscape interfaces. d - Raised wetlands are purposed to re-circulate and clean the water body by solar powered pumps. Wetland habit functional whilst providing a pleasing backdrop to the Ponderosa site.

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M RT PO AH R PA ON

1 - A viewing shelter is placed between the raised wetlands to allow a visitor to see the horizontally of the flat water body against the steep incline of the archeological dam structures now vegetated with a predominant upland ash woodland. Conversely a viewer could turn its back to the water and frame a view of the layers of community involvement present in the Ponderosa. Behind multistemmed Amelanchier alnifolia, a small community orchard acts as a woodland edge to the Victorian style planting with mature laurels and evergreens up to Oxford Street.

e - Improvements to existing paths. Utilising existing circulation route with few interventions, additional paths will be added. A formal timber deck boardwalk will lead visitors by formal plantings and raised wetlands to a large open no-mow fescue grass lawn with a corner nestled café.

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f - Additional trees planted. Multistemmed Amelanchier ‘Obelisk’ and native Acer campestre predominant the small tree plantings.

2 - To soften textures and to create a light canopy cover, multi- stemmed trees will be set in loose gravel the main pathway leading around the water body up toward Crookes Valley Road.

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g - Existing vegetation. Rosa arvensis and native, herbaceous, hedgerow basal flora seed mixtures will be additionally planted into the existing woodland edge layer. Acer pseudoplatanoides will be selectively removed to increase the upland ash woodland habitat diversity.

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3 - With limited intervention to existing infrastructure, paths are increased a terraced points to provide more east-west and north-south directional pedestrian traffic flow through the Ponderosa. A viewing shelter is shown in profile.

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Acer campestre

Polystichum setiferum

Cardamine Geranium heptaphylla ‘White Ness’

WETLAND SEED MIX

Molinia ‘Bergfreund’

Rosa arvensis

Filipendula ulmaris 1:400

Amelanchier ‘Obelisk’ Rosa arvensis

Clematis x jouinana ‘Praecox’

section elevation 1:100

WOODLAND GRADIENT GARDEN reflects the naturally occurring white flowering umbelifers, spring flowering woodland edge specimens and orchard trees present in The Ponderosa. The planting plan is thus designed with predominant white flowering plant species and selected ground covers to weave a contained woodland meadow like garden along the main path.

RAISED WETLAND is purposed to circulate and clean the large water body by solar pumps. With stormwater flow and a low velocity solar pump, water will keep the wetland habit functional whilst providing a pleasing backdrop to the Ponderosa site. With a predominant seed mix, the colour palette will be more varied. Tufts of Molinia should arch over the tall wetland herbs to create a softened, yet dramatic effect.

WOODLAND GARDEN Acer campestre Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Obelisk’ Clematis x jouiniana ‘Praecox’ Paeonia lactiflora ‘Jan van Leeuwen’ Rosa arvensis

WOODLAND GRADIENT MIX Actaea simplex ‘James Compton’ Anthriscus sylvestris ‘Ravenswing’ Aster divarticus Stipa tenuissima Luzula luzuloides ‘Schneehaschen

Asarum europaeum Cardamine heptaphylla Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Schottland’ Geranium macrorrhizum ‘White Ness’ Ornithogalum umbellatum Polystichum setiferum

SPRING EPHEMERAL MIX Convalaria majalis Narcissus ‘Thalia’ Ornithogalum umbellatum Tulipa ‘Spring Green’

WETLAND NATIVE SEED MIX Angelica sylvestris Carex pseudocyperis Eupatorium cannabium Galium palustre Geum rivale Iris pseudocorus Lysimachia vulgaris Mentha aquatica Scutellaria gelericulata Silaum silaus Silne flos-cuculi (Lychnis flos-cuculi)

ADDITIONAL WETLAND PLANTS Caltha palustris Filipendula ulmaria Molinia caerulea ‘Bergfreund’

Deschampsia cespitosa 'Schottland'

Paeonia lactiflora ‘Jan van Leeuwan’

Amelanchier ‘Obelisk’

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Amelanchier ‘Obelisk’

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PATH & SEATING EDGE

Asarum europaeum

Section 1 - Showing shortest neck of water body with a 4m retaining wall to path below. Pool would be structured with reinforced concrete so load bearing would not reside on core-ten steel alone.

Section 2 - With limited intervention to existing infrastructure, paths are increased a terraced points to provide more east-west and north-south directional pedestrian traffic flow through the Ponderosa. A viewing shelter is shown in profile.

Caltha palustris

WOODLAND GRADIENT MIX SPRING EPHEMERAL MIX

section elevation 1:100

The raised wetlands are purposed to treat the natural swimming area. The swimming area water is pumped by solar power into the raised wetlands for purification by a water circulation system. The clean water feed back into the larger water body via a small cut out into the stone acting as a water feature during nonseasonal periods.

Path A - Waters Edge 1:80

Path B - Woodland Walk 1:80


LEGEND entrance garden

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PRE-EXISTING ACTIVITY SPACES These areas have not been redesigned.

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Enhancement of existing native vegetation in these areas is recommended. Invasive species should be managed.

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ANNUAL MEADOW DISPLAY GARDENS Pictorial Meadows is a large component of the Manor Lodge. Their displays of annual meadow mixes are situated in areas of high use and visibility.

proposed educational centre farm cottages

work yard

NATIVE ACID GRASSLANDS & HEATHLAND Increased maintenance will improve the diversity of the naturally occurring grassland element. Nuances in flora species will depend on the existing soil substrates. WOODLAND GLADES A light canopy provides dry and wet woodland opportunities with partial shade. Open glade areas are programmed for interpretative play and passive recreation. INCREASED CANOPY AND WOOODLAND UNDERSTORY LAYERS Apropriate native species were selected to increase biodiversity and improve stormwater management.

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The species and varieties of plants found in the area were researched in the planning and designing landscape schematics.

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1:200 public right-of-way

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WET MEADOW Poor drainage due to clay enriched soils and compaction have resulted in boggy conditions on most of the northern half of the site. Plants growing in these areas will tolerate seasonally wet conditions and periodic flooding.

farm estate

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HISTORIC POND RESTORATION The restoration of the 19th century ponds with increased blue infrastructural measurements will allow for flooding during abnormal or seasonal storm events.

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SPECIES-RICH HEDGEROWS with HEDGE MEADOW FIELD MARGINS Increasing biodiversity and stormwater management opportunities, (untrimmed) hedgerows are lined with companion herbaceous perennials and tall herbs as filter strips and accompanying swales or filter drains.

agricultural field

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PATHS Low impact 2m wide paths guide users from all three major points of entry: proposed educational centre, farm shop/ estate, and the discovery centre. More narrow paths will guide adventurous visitors throught the site.

existing heathland

existing stormwater features

CONTEXT MAP display garden

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car park possible entry with stile to castle remnant site

discovery centre

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Located on the historically rich and archeological important mediaeval deer park, Manor Lodge is less than one mile from Sheffield’s city centre. It is now becoming an important green infrastructural link for the south Sheffield area and has improved the amenity parks surrounding. Improvements made to this site will further connect Manor Lodge to its past and its future.

not to scale allotments

view through improved woodland toward castle ruins

Associated with the sustainable stormwater systems, it is anticipated that there will be a an area of semipermanent wet woodland and glade in the north section of the site, nearer to the proposed educational centre.

existing heathland

existing stormwater features

main path temporary stormwater catchment

rain garden

species-rich hedgerows possible entry with stile

discovery centre

Native tree planting will be utilised to frame the site’s buildings and views from the Discovery Centre. These primary species also allow physical display beneath the canopies. access garden

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Intrepretative play and passive recreation is a focus of the northern half of the site. Catching frogs, racing after butterfles, and running through streams is a worthy child’ play reinstated into the proposed design.

"He reached the stile which led into the woods, climbed on to it and looked back. Fields and fences and hedgerows. The sun was in the sky, and the only sound was the continuous relay of bird song." A Kestrel For A Knave by Barry Hines Kes was filmed in nearby Barnsley

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TEMPORARY STORMWATER MANAGEMENT FEATURES Swales, dry streams, and detention basins follow the natural contours of the site. They are designed to provide temporary holding of excessive rain water during storm events.

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existing swale

PLANT PALETTE

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The Manor Lodge site can effectively communicate the beauty and tradition of species-rich hedgerows by committing to restoration and protection of these important and iconic landscape features. Because of their deep roots, hedgerows remove water quickly from the soil during periods of excessive rainfall, through increased evapotranspiration.

view toward city centre showing historic agricultural field boundaries with species-rich hedgerow improvements

LANDSCAPE ARCHEOLOGY

The existing hedgerows and the agricultural heritage of the site became a focus of the design for Manor Lodge. Species-rich hedgerows have thus been designed for multiple functions, including restoration and conservation. Hedgerows can regulate the rate of flow of water within catchments, reducing peak flows and increasing minimum flows. This was used as a key element during the design of the stormwater management proposals.

Hedgerows may also contribute as a significant role in reducing the rate of climate change, through carbon storage. Urban areas hedgerows contribute to services such as climate regulation, sustainable urban drainage, and providing wildlife habitat. They also improve the aesthetic appearance of the built environment.


Emily Schroeder Graduate Work Portfolio