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Fish Species Identification


Fish Species Identification


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 1

Common Name: lionfish, zebrafish, firefish, turkeyfish, red lionfish, butterfly cod, ornate butterfly-cod, peacock lionfish, red firefish, scorpion volitans, devil firefish Scientific Name: Pterois volitans (red lionfish) and Pterois miles (devil firefish) Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: Primarily/originally found in the South Pacific and Indian Oceans, but now can be spotted in other areas as well. Mostly found in the warm waters of the tropics. Lionfish have been found in water depths from 1 to 1000 feet on hard bottom, mangrove, seagrass, coral, and artificial reefs (like shipwrecks). Food / Feed Strategy: Lionfish are skilled hunters, using specialized bilateral swim bladder muscles to provide exquisite control of location in the water column, allowing the fish to alter its center of gravity to better attack prey. The lionfish then spreads its large pectoral fins and swallows its prey in a single motion. Researchers have also noted that lionfish blow jets of water while approaching prey, apparently in order to disorient them. Identified prey includes: fairy basslet, bridled cardinalfish, white grunt, bicolor damselfish, wrasses, striped parrotfish, dusky blenny, Nassau grouper, and yellow tail snapper. Initial work looking at crustacean prey suggests that lionfish may also eat the juvenile spiny lobster (Panulirus argus), an important commercial fishery species in Florida, The Bahamas, Bermuda, and the Caribbean. Lionfish can also be cannibalistic.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/stories/lionfish/factsheet.html http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 2

Common Name: Clown Fish, ocellaris clownfish, anemonefish, false percula clownfish or common clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion ocellaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Tropical coral reefs. Like the lionfish, they are from the Indian, Pacific Oceans.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clown fish are omnivorous animals meaning that they eat both plants and animals. Clown fish eat a wide range of food such as algae, plankton, mollusks and small crustaceans. The diet of the clown fish is however largely dependent on the species of clown fish and what food is available in the area which they inhabit.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://a-z-animals.com/animals/clown-fish/


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 3

Common Name: Butterfly fish Scientific Name: Chaetodontidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chaetodontidae

Geography / Habitat: Butterfly fishes are found among tropical reefs around the world but are concentrated in the Indo-Pacific oceanic region.

Food / Feed Strategy: Butterfly fish are diurnal animals which means that they are feeding during the day and resting in the coral during the night. Most species of butterfly fish feed on the plankton in the water.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://a-z-animals.com/animals/butterfly-fish/ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/86689/butterfly-fish


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 4

Common Name: regal tang, palette surgeonfish, blue tang (leading to confusion with the Atlantic Acanthurus coeruleus), royal blue tang, hippo tang, flagtail surgeonfish, Pacific regal blue tang and blue surgeonfish. Scientific Name: Paracanthurus hepatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: Indo-Pacific region. Warm waters of the tropics and coral reefs.

Food / Feed Strategy: Unlike most tangs or surgeonfishes that require a steady diet of algae, the Pacific Blue Tang should also be fed meaty fares to satisfy its zooplankton dietary needs. Finely chopped fresh or frozen shrimp, mysid shrimp, brine shrimp, and preparations for herbivores are suitable foods, as well as nori (dried seaweed) is accepted.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://saltaquarium.about.com/od/tangsurgeonfishprofiles/p/pacificbluetang.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 5

Common Name: French angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus paru Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found on shallow reefs in the tropical Atlantic, Indian, and mostly western Pacific oceans.

Food / Feed Strategy: Prefer feeding on zooplankton and Centropyge and filamentous algae. Other species focus on sessile benthic invertebrates; sponges, tunicates, bryozoans, and hydroids are staples.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://a-z-animals.com/animals/angelfish/


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 6

Common Name: Ornate Cowfish Scientific Name: Aracana ornata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Aracanidae

Geography / Habitat: The Ornate Cowfish (Aracana ornata) is a species of boxfish native to the Eastern Indian Ocean. Australia (southern Western Australia to Western Victoria and Tasmania).

Food / Feed Strategy: Brine Shrimps, Coral polyps, Mysis, zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.oceanlight.com/fish.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 7

Common Name: Cockatoo waspfish Scientific Name: Ablabys taenianotus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: This species occurs in the tropical West Pacific Ocean, from Malaysia to Japan and from Indonesia to Australia. Ablabys taenianotus lives at depths from 2 to 60 ft (1 to 18 m) on sandy, silty or rubble bottoms, and also in fields of sea grass Zosteraceae.

Food / Feed Strategy: Brine Shrimps, Fish (little Fish), Krill, Mysis, zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/86_Ablabys_taenianotus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 8

Common Name: Starry Triggerfish Scientific Name: Abalistes stellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Geography / Habitat: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Persian Gulf to South Africa (also reported from West Africa), east to the western Pacific. Inhabits mud and silt sand bottoms. Adults on deep coastal slopes and usually seen swimming high above the bottom, sometimes found in estuaries. Juveniles in sheltered coastal bays and estuaries with outcrops of rubble or debris on open substrates.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clams, Crabs, Crustaceans, Fish (little Fish), Shrimps.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Abalistes-stellatus.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 9

Common Name: Blue groper Scientific Name: Achoerodus viridis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: The eastern blue groper is native to the southeastern coast of Australia. Its range extends from Caloundra in southern Queensland southwards to Wilsons Promontory in the south of Victoria, including the eastern end of the Bass Strait. Its habitat is rocky areas down to a depth of about 40 m.

Food / Feed Strategy: The eastern blue groper feeds mainly on crabs, shrimps, molluscs and echinoderms.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5766_Achoerodus_viridis.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 10

Common Name: Indian threadfish Scientific Name: Alectis indicus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Carangidae

Geography / Habitat: The Indian threadfish inhabits the tropical regions of the Indian and Western Pacific Oceans, ranging from Madagascar, east Africa and the Red Sea to India, China, South East Asia, north to Japan and south to Indonesia and northern Australia.

Food / Feed Strategy: Other fish.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/165_Alectis_indicus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 11

Common Name: African pompano, pennant-fish and threadfin trevally Scientific Name: Alectis ciliaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Carangidae

Geography / Habitat: The African pompano is distributed throughout the tropical oceans and seas of the world in a temperature range of 65 to 80 °F (18 to 27 °C), although is more often found in coastal waters. The species has been recorded from both the east and west coasts of the USA, South America and Africa, throughout the Indian Ocean and along Asia and Australia, as well as many islands in the Pacific.

Food / Feed Strategy: The African pompano is a schooling predatory fish which takes predominantly a variety of crustaceans, including decapods, carids and copepods, as well as cephalopods and small fish.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/summary/988


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 12

Common Name: Doctorfish Scientific Name: Acanthurus chirurgus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography / Habitat: The fish is typically found among rocky outcrops and coral reefs.Its distribution includes the Atlantic from Massachusetts to Brazil, and the tropical west coast of Africa. It has the largest distribution of its genus of 38 species.

Food / Feed Strategy: Algae, Brine Shrimps, Mysis, Nori-Algae.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/1926_Acanthurus_chirurgus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 13

Common Name: Green damselfish Scientific Name: Abudefduf abdominalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: The Banded damselfish is a non-migratory fish of the family Pomacentridae, located in the Eastern Central Pacific. It can grow to a maximum length of 10.3cm. They tend to live in reef-associated environments.

Food / Feed Strategy: Algae, aquatic plant, Brine Shrimps, Crustaceans, fish eggs, Fish larvae, invertebrates, Krill, Mysis, zoobenthos, zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5126_Abudefduf_abdominalis.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 14

Common Name: Redspotted hawkfish Scientific Name: Amblycirrhitus pinos Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cirrhitidae

Geography / Habitat: The redspotted hawkfish, is a species of hawkfish found at depths of from 2 to 46 m (6.6 to 150.9 ft) on tropical reefs in the Western Atlantic.

Food / Feed Strategy: Brine Shrimps, Krill, Mysis

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/282_Amblycirrhitus_pinos.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 15

Common Name: White-spotted wrasse Scientific Name: Anampses melanurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: Easter Island, Indonesia, Ryukyu Islands.

Food / Feed Strategy: Brine Shrimps.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/2263_Anampses_melanurus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 16

Common Name: Porkfish Scientific Name: Anisotremus virginicus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Haemulidae

Geography / Habitat: Porkfish, is a species of grunt native to the western Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil and the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. This nocturnal species inhabits areas of reef or with rocky substrates at depths of from 2 to 20 metres (6.6 to 65.6 ft). It can reach a length of 40.6 centimetres (16.0 in) TL though most do not exceed 25 centimetres (9.8 in).

Food / Feed Strategy: In the wild, the nocturnal Porkfish feeds chiefly on molluscs, annelids, echinoderms and crustaceans. It is however an omnivore and needs certain amounts of green food in their diet as well. Juveniles eat parasites that they remove from larger fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/131_Anisotremus_virginicus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 17

Common Name: Splitfin flashlightfish Scientific Name: Anomalops katoptron Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beryciformes

Family: Anomalopidae

Geography / Habitat: The splitfin flashlightfish is a species of flashlight fish found in the warm waters of the central and western Pacific Ocean where they are found in shallow waters in the vicinity of reefs and in deep waters from depths of 200 to 400 metres (660 to 1,310 ft).

Food / Feed Strategy: zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/3632_Anomalops_katoptron.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 18

Common Name: Deepbody boarfish Scientific Name: Antigonia capros Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Caproidae

Geography / Habitat: The deepbody boarfish is a species of boarfish, the most widespread species in the family, found at depths of 50 to 900 m (160 to 2,950 ft) in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, though it usually is found at depths of 100 to 300 m (330 to 980 ft).

Food / Feed Strategy: Feed on small mollusks and crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Antigonia-capros.html http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/6769_Antigonia_capros.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 19

Common Name: Yellowstriped cardinalfish Scientific Name: Apogon cyanosoma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Apogonidae

Geography / Habitat: Indo-West Pacific.

Food / Feed Strategy: Bosmiden, Brine Shrimps, Cyclops, Krill, Lobster Eggs, Mosquito larvae, Mysis, zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/313_Apogon_cyanosoma.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 20

Common Name: Yellow devilfish Scientific Name: Assessor flavissimus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Plesiopidae

Geography / Habitat: Western Central Pacific. It is found in the northern Great Barrier Reef.

Food / Feed Strategy: Brine Shrimps, Cyclops, Krill, Lobster Eggs, Mosquito larvae, Mysis.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/160_Assessor_flavissimus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 21

Common Name: Axilspot hogfish Scientific Name: Bodianus axillaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: This species is mainly found in the Indo-Pacific, from Red Sea to South Africa, Marshall Islands, Marquesan and Tuamoto Islands, north to Japan. Bodianus axillaris is a reef-associated species. It usually can be found in lagoons and seaward reefs, in caves or under ledges at depths between 2 and 100 m.

Food / Feed Strategy: This oviparous species mainly feeds on mollusks and crustaceans and other benthic hard-shell invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/3085_Bodianus_axillaris.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 22

Common Name: American whitespotted filefish Scientific Name: Cantherhines macrocerus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Monacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bermuda to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds mainly on sponges, gorgonians, and algae but also eats hydroids and stinging coral.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/3239_Cantherhines_macrocerus.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 23

Common Name: Shy toby Scientific Name: Canthigaster ocellicincta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Tetraodontidae

Geography / Habitat: Western Pacific: Philippines and eastern Idonesia to Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Recently recorded from Tonga.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clams, Crabs, Edible Crab.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/summary/12684 http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/6567_Canthigaster_ocellicincta.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 24

Common Name: Painted sweetlips Scientific Name: Diagramma pictum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Haemulidae

Geography / Habitat: It is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific region, Red Sea included.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clams, Crabs, Crustaceans, invertebrates, Schrimps, Small Sharks, Snails, Worms.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5157_Diagramma_pictum.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Fishes

Species # 25

Common Name: Whitetail dascyllus Scientific Name: Dascyllus aruanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Whitetail dascyllus is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific region, Red Sea included. Associated with coral reefs, most usually in groups above Acropora coral heads.

Food / Feed Strategy: Brine Shrimps, Flakes, Krill, Mysis

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/111_Dascyllus_aruanus.htm


Fish Species Identification


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 26

Common Name: American eel Scientific Name: Anguilla rostrata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Anguillidae

Geography / Habitat: The distribution of the American eel encompasses all accessible freshwater (streams and lakes), estuaries and coastal marine waters across a latitudinal range of 5 to 62 N. Their natural range includes the eastern North Atlantic Ocean coastline from Venezuela to Greenland and including Iceland). Inland, this species extends into the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. In freshwater, female American eels prefer coastal rivers and reservoirs where the males locate close to tidal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Fish, insects, worms, snails, clams and crabs.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/americaneel.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 27

Common Name: American shad Scientific Name: Alosa sapidissima Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Clupeidae

Geography / Habitat: Atlantic Ocean, but migrates up freshwater rivers to spawn in the Coastal Plain. (moves farther up than any other Alosa species).

Food / Feed Strategy: Plankton, algae, insects, microscopic crustaceans by swimming with mouths open and allowing water to enter the mouth and cross their gill rakers (function like a strainer catching food).

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/americanshad.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 28

Common Name: Atlantic sturgeon Scientific Name: Acipenser oxyrinchus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography / Habitat: Atlantic sturgeon are diadromous, spending its first few years of life in fresh or brackish water of large rivers and then migrating to the ocean to mature. In South Carolina, adult Atlantic sturgeons occur in most rivers and estuaries along the coast.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are bottom feeders feeding on aquatic insects, amphipods, isopods, shrimp, mollusks and even some fishes that live in the substrate.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/atlanticsturgeon.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 29

Common Name: Black crappie Scientific Name: Pomoxis nigromaculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The two species of crappie are found in almost all waters with the exception of mountain streams. They are more abundant in large impoundments, natural lakes and backwaters.

Food / Feed Strategy: Young crappie feed on invertebrates such as zooplankton and insects. At about 7 inches, fish become more prevalent in the diet. In large impoundments, adult crappie feed on threadfin shad and small gizzard shad throughout the year, however, they will feed extensively on mayfly nymphs during the summer months.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/blackcrappie.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 30

Common Name: Blue catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus furcatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Blue catfish prefer rivers and large creeks with moderate to swift current over rock, gravel or clean sandy bottoms; however, they also do well in large impoundments.

Food / Feed Strategy: The blue catfish feeds on a variety of organisms including clams, snails, aquatic insects, freshwater mussels, fish and plant material.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/bluecatfish.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 31

Common Name: Blueback herring Scientific Name: Alosa aestivalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Clupeidae

Geography / Habitat: Atlantic Ocean, but migrates up freshwater rivers to spawn in the Coastal Plain.

Food / Feed Strategy: Zooplankton, fish eggs and fish larvae

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/bluebackherring.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 32

Common Name: Bluegill Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Bluegills are very tolerant of many habitat types including pools of creeks and rivers, swamps, oxbow lakes, ponds, vegetated shores of impoundments, man-made lakes, ponds and retention basins. They prefer sluggish or slow-moving water.

Food / Feed Strategy: Bluegills are opportunistic carnivores feeding on a variety of prey types. They will feed on mature and immature insects, small invertebrates, crayfish, mollusks (mussels) and other fishes. They have small mouths; however, the larger the bluegill the larger the prey type they can consume. They mostly feed near the surface.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/bluegill.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 33

Common Name: Bowfin Scientific Name: Amia calva Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Amiiformes

Family: Amiidae

Geography / Habitat: Sluggish coastal rivers, backwaters, swamps, creeks, ditches and borrow pits. It can also be found in clear water but usually concealed in and near vegetation, logs, branches and other shelter.

Food / Feed Strategy: Fish, crayfish, and all other living aquatic animals.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/bowfin.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 34

Common Name: Brook trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus fontinalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: Brook trout prefer small, cool, clear mountain streams with well-oxygenated water.

Food / Feed Strategy: Aquatic insects, terrestrial insects, crayfish, salamanders, frogs and fish.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/brooktrout.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 35

Common Name: Brown trout Scientific Name: Salmo trutta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: Brown trout can tolerate warmer water temperatures (not exceeding 68 degrees Fahrenheit for any extended period) than the brook and rainbow trout. Brown trout can be found in small creeks, rivers and reservoirs. They inhabit the deeper pools and undercut banks of these habitat types seeking out areas of low light intensity. Brown trout are better competitors than rainbow and brook trout in larger streams with multiple species.

Food / Feed Strategy: Aquatic and terrestrial insects, crayfish and fish.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/browntrout.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 36

Common Name: Chain pickerel Scientific Name: Esox niger Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Esociformes

Family: Esocidae

Geography / Habitat: Chain pickerels are found in heavily vegetated areas of sluggish or slow moving rivers, streams, swamps and lakes. Food / Feed Strategy: Other fish.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/chainpickerel.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 37

Common Name: Channel catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus punctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: The channel catfish inhabits a variety of habitat types including small to large creeks, rivers, reservoirs and ponds over a range of substrates.

Food / Feed Strategy: Fish, crayfish, mollusks, immature mayflies and caddisflies, aquatic vegetation.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/channelcatfish.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 38

Common Name: Common carp Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Common carp inhabit either standing or sluggish warm water over soft mud bottoms where vegetation is found.

Food / Feed Strategy: Worms, insect larvae, crustaceans and mollusks.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/commoncarp.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 39

Common Name: Flathead catfish Scientific Name: Pylodictus olivaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: The flathead catfish prefers deep holes in sluggish or slow water in medium to large rivers in areas with good structure such as fallen trees, stumps and undercut banks. Flatheads have also done well in large reservoirs, though growth rates tend to be slower in non-river habitats.

Food / Feed Strategy: Primarily a diet of fish.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/flatheadcatfish.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 40

Common Name: Flier Scientific Name: Centrarchus macropterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The flier is commonly found in the warm and heavily vegetated waters of the coastal plain in swamps, creeks, ponds, backwaters, sloughs, roadside drainage ditches and low flowing streams.

Food / Feed Strategy: Small aquatic insects and small fishes.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/flier.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 41

Common Name: Grass carp or White amur Scientific Name: Ctenopharyngodon idella Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Grass carp prefer quiet or slow-moving water in ponds, lakes, pools and backwaters of large rivers.

Food / Feed Strategy: Young grass carp eat small invertebrates and microcrustaceans. As they become adults, they become predominantly herbivores feeding voraciously on aquatic plant species.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/grasscarp.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 42

Common Name: Green sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis cyanellus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Green sunfish prefer slow pools and backwaters of streams and rivers, but they also occur in ponds, lakes and reservoirs. They are highly tolerant of turbidity and drought conditions. Food Habits: Aquatic insects, crayfish and small fishes.

Food / Feed Strategy: Aquatic insects, crayfish and small fishes.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/greensunfish.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 43

Common Name: Hickory shad Scientific Name: Alosa mediocris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Clupeidae

Geography / Habitat: Atlantic Ocean, but migrates up freshwater rivers to spawn in the Coastal Plain.

Food / Feed Strategy: Fish, small crabs, aquatic insects, squid and fish eggs.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/hickoryshad.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 44

Common Name: Largemouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Largemouth bass can be found in slow-moving streams, pools of large rivers, natural lakes and all sizes of man-made impoundments.Largemouth bass prefer warm, moderately clear water that has no appreciable current.

Food / Feed Strategy: Newly-hatched bass feed on zooplankton, switching first to insects and then to larval and juvenile fish as they grow. Adult largemouth bass primarily consume other fish. In a large impoundment, the major prey species include threadfin and gizzard shad, while in small impoundments sunfish will predominate in the diet. Basically, the largemouth bass will consume any organism that opportunity allows.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/largemouthbass.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 45

Common Name: Longnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: Longnose gar inhabit sluggish or slow-moving waters rivers and reservoirs

Food / Feed Strategy: Other fish.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/longnosegar.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 46

Common Name: Pumpkinseed Scientific Name: Lepomis gibbosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Pumpkinseeds can survive and reproduce in a variety of habitat types including pools and backwaters or streams, rivers, ponds and reservoirs over a variety of bottoms. They prefer the vegetated areas of these habitat types.

Food / Feed Strategy: Aquatic insects, mussels, snails and crayfish.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/pumpkinseed.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 47

Common Name: Rainbow trout Scientific Name: Onchorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: The rainbow trout prefers clear and cold waters (not in excess of 68 degrees Fahrenheit) in creeks, rivers, lakes and reservoirs. This habitat exists in tailraces of large impoundments or occasionally in the deeper waters of certain reservoirs. In a normal mountain stream habitat, rainbow trout will inhabit the faster moving waters such as at the head of a pool area.

Food / Feed Strategy: Aquatic and terrestrial insects, crayfish and fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/rainbowtrout.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 48

Common Name: Redbreast sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis auritus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The redbreast sunfish can be found areas with slow-moving or sluggish water such as pools and backwaters of streams and rivers and upstream reaches of reservoirs. They can be found in areas with woody debris, stumps, undercut banks, shoreline riprap and rocky points. They prefer areas with a sandy bottom and generally avoid areas that are stagnant or heavily vegetated.

Food / Feed Strategy: The redbreast sunfish feeds predominantly on aquatic and terrestrial insects, crayfish, mollusks and other fish.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/redbreastsunfish.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 49

Common Name: Redeye bass Scientific Name: Micropterus coosae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Redeye bass occur naturally in rivers and streams with a lot of structure such as undercut banks, vegetation, boulders and submerged logs. They seem to prefer rocky areas with at least moderate current. Redeye can also be found in several upstate South Carolina reservoirs.

Food / Feed Strategy: Redeye predominantly eat terrestrial insects but will also eat aquatic insects, crayfish, salamanders and small fishes.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/redeyebass.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Fishes

Species # 50

Common Name: Redfin pickerel Scientific Name: Esox americanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Esociformes

Family: Esocidae

Geography / Habitat: Redfin pickerels inhabit heavily vegetated slow-moving streams.

Food / Feed Strategy: Other fish.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/fish/species/redfinpickerel.html


Fish Species Identification


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 51

Common Name: Goose foot starfish Scientific Name: Anseropoda placenta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Nord-Afrika, Biscaya, Sierra Leone, Marokko, Färöer-Inseln, British Isles, Canary Islands, Mediterranean, North Sea, North-Atlantic, Scandinavia, Shettland Islands. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Crustaceans, invertebrates. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/6416_Anseropoda_placenta.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 52

Common Name: Cushion Sea Star Scientific Name: Anthenea conjunges Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Bali, Indo-Pacific, Indonesia, New Zealand, Sulawesi. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Carrion, Detritus. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5069_Anthenea_conjunges.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 53

Common Name: Japan Starfish Scientific Name: Aphelasterias japonica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Nord-Pazifik, Japan. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Carrion, Clam Meat, Clams, Sea Cucumbers, sea squirts, Sea urchins, Sea-Asterisks. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/7103_Aphelasterias_japonica.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 54

Common Name: Sand Sea Star Scientific Name: Archaster angulatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Indo-Pacific. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas. Food / Feed Strategy: Detritus. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

\ Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/720_Archaster_angulatus.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 55

Common Name: Sea Star Scientific Name: Archaster typicus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Indo-Pacific, New Caledonia, Palau, Western Indian Ocean. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas. Food / Feed Strategy: Detritus. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/4580_Archaster_typicus.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 56

Common Name: Sea Star Scientific Name: Asterias rubens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Baltic Sea, East-Atlantic, European Coasts, North-Atlantic. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clam Meat, Clams, Food specialist, Food tablets, Sea urchins, Sea-Asterisks. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/2128_Asterias_rubens.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 57

Common Name: Sea Star Scientific Name: Asterina gibbosa Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Mediterranean. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Algae, Sea-Asterisks. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/719_Asterina_gibbosa.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 58

Common Name: Firebrick Seastar Scientific Name: Asterodiscides truncatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: New Zealand. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Carrion, Detritus. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5050_Asterodiscides_truncatus.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 59

Common Name: Sea Star Scientific Name: Astropecten africanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas. Food / Feed Strategy: Algae, Detritus. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5916_Astropecten_africanus.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 60

Common Name: Comb Star Scientific Name: Astropecten aranciacus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Africa, European Coasts, Mediterranean. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clam Meat, Cyclops, Detritus, Snails, Worms. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimeter wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/3133_Astropecten_aranciacus.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 61

Common Name: Sea Star Scientific Name: Astropecten bispinosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Nord-Afrika, Algerien, Ägäis, Adria, Azores, East-Atlantic, Mediterranean. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clam Meat, Clams, Detritus, predatory, Snails. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimetre wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5721_Astropecten_bispinosus.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 62

Common Name: sea star, starfish Scientific Name: Austrofromia polypora Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Australia, Indian Ocean. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas. Food / Feed Strategy: Carrion, Clam Meat, Detritus, fish eggs, Fish larvae, Lobster Eggs, oyster eggs, zoobenthos. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-ofthorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimetre wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/4976_Austrofromia_polypora.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 63

Common Name: Pentagon seastar Scientific Name: Bothriaster primigenius Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Nord-Pazifik, Australia, Florida, Guam, Indo-Pacific, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Islands. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas. Food / Feed Strategy: Food Specialist. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimetre wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/6325_Bothriaster_primigenius.htm


Fish Species Identification

Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 64

Common Name: Cushion Star Scientific Name: Ceramaster granularis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: European Coasts, North-Atlantic. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Detritus, Sponges. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-of-thorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimetre wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/5951_Ceramaster_granularis.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Saltwater / Marine Invertebrates

Species # 65

Common Name: Sun Star Scientific Name: Crossaster papposus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Asteroidea

Order: Forcipulatida

Family: Asteriidea

Geography / Habitat: Gulf of California. Echinoderms, including starfish, maintain a delicate internal electrolyte balance that is in equilibrium with sea water. This means that it is only possible for them to live in a marine environment and they are not found in any freshwater habitats. Starfish species inhabit all of the world's oceans. Habitats range from tropical coral reefs, rocky shores, tidal pools, mud, and sand to kelp forests, seagrass meadows and the deep-sea floor down to at least 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The greatest diversity of species occurs in coastal areas.

Food / Feed Strategy: Clam Meat, Food specialist, Food tablets, pellets, Sea urchins, Sea-Asterisks, Snails, Worms. Most species are generalist predators, eating microalgae, sponges, bivalves, snails and other small animals. Some species are detritivores, eating decomposing organic material and fecal matter. The crown-ofthorns starfish consumes coral polyps. The processes of feeding and capture may be aided by special parts; Pisaster brevispinus, the short-spined pisaster from the West Coast of America, can use a set of specialized tube feet to dig itself deep into the soft substrate to extract prey (usually clams). Grasping the shellfish, the starfish slowly pries open the prey's shell by wearing out its adductor muscle, and then inserts its everted stomach into the crack to digest the soft tissues. The gap between the valves need only be a fraction of a millimetre wide for the stomach to gain entry.

● ● ●

Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.reeflex.net/tiere/2127_Crossaster_papposus.htm


Fish Species Identification


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 66

Common Name: Electric Blue Crayfish, Florida Crayfish Scientific Name: Procambarus alleni Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: Florida. Its natural range is the area east of St. Johns River and all of Florida from Levy County and Marion County southwards, as well as on some of the Florida Keys.

Food / Feed Strategy: The crayfish will filter feed off the bottom as well as accept wafers and crab bites. It will snack on dead or dying fish but is generally too slow to catch fish that are still living. When molting the species will eat it own molt to regain vital nutrients that were lost.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/crayfish/electricblue.php


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 67

Common Name: red swamp crawfish, red swamp crayfish, Louisiana crawfish, Louisiana crayfish or mudbug. Scientific Name: Procambarus clarkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: Native to the Southeastern United States, but found also on other continents, where it is often an invasive pest.

Food / Feed Strategy: Although some crayfish are known to feed on vegetation, the red swamp crayfish is carnivorous, eating insect larvae, tadpoles, and snails. When traditional food sources are scarce, the crayfish eat the remains of dead animals and worms as well.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/153877/0


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 68

Common Name: Marmorkrebs, or marbled crayfish Scientific Name: Procambarus fallax Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: P. fallax is widely distributed across Florida, but no natural populations of marmorkrebs are known. Information provided by one of the original pet traders as to where the marmorkrebs originated was deemed "totally confusing and unreliable". Marmorkrebs is German for "marbled crayfish".

Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the marbled crayfish is mainly vegetarian, and it will eat most live plants found in aquariums, particularly Anacharis and Cabomba.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.tfhmagazine.com/freshwater/feature-articles/owning-clones.htm


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 69

Common Name: common yabby Scientific Name: Cherax destructor Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: Yabbies are common throughout Victoria and New South Wales, although the species also occurs in southern Queensland, South Australia and parts of the Northern Territory, making it the most widespread Australian crayfish. It has been introduced to Western Australia, where it is an invasive species and poses a threat to other Cherax crayfish species native to the region, such as gilgies (Cherax quinquecarinatus). Yabbies are found in swamps, streams, rivers, reservoirs and farm dams at low to medium elevations.

Food / Feed Strategy: Yabbies are primarily nocturnal detritivores, feeding primarily on algae and plant remains, at night, but also opportunistically feeding on any fish or animal remains they encounter at any time of day.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/4622/0


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 70

Common Name: Australian red claw crayfish, Queensland red claw, redclaw, tropical blue crayfish, freshwater blueclaw crayfish Scientific Name: Cherax quadricarinatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: Quadricarinatus is found in permanent freshwater streams, billabongs and lakes on the north coast of the Northern Territory and northeastern Queensland. Populations are also found in Papua New Guinea. Through translocation by humans, the range has spread down to southern Queensland and into the far north of West Australia. C. quadricarinatus is considered an invasive species, and has established feral populations in South Africa, Mexico, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Zambia and Singapore.

Food / Feed Strategy: This tropical crustacean is very tolerant of environmental changes, and is primarily a detritivore.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/4621/0


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 71

Common Name: Acocil Scientific Name: Cambarellus montezumae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: Mexico. This species has a relatively wide distribution across Mexico (Alvarez and Rangel 2007). It is found from Lake Chapala in Jalisco, east towards the crater lakes of Puebla.

Food / Feed Strategy: This species inhabits rivers, lakes, reservoirs and canal banks, and is associated with the roots of riparian vegetation, up to a depth of 0.5 m. It feeds on a wide variety of organisms, including macrophytes, and is predated upon by vertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/153816/0


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 72

Common Name: Cajun Dwarf Crayfish

Scientific Name: Cambarellus shufeldtii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: This species is known to occur in the Gulf Coastal Plain of the USA, which includes the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee and Texas. This species is also found in Georgia, however, this is a suspected introduction.

Food / Feed Strategy: This species inhabits swamps, ditches, lakes, ponds, oxbow lakes and sluggish streams. This species is able to burrow into the water table as water disappears from its habitat.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/154008/0


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 73

Common Name: Orange Dwarf Crayfish Scientific Name: Cambarellus patzcuarensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: This species is known from its type locality in Lake Patzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico.

Food / Feed Strategy: Crayfish are scavengers, omnivore and detrivore, they will eat whatever they find. There are many commercially avail foods for invertebrates or plain old shrimp pellets & flake food is fine. Crayfish will often eat their own molts to regain otherwise lost nutrients.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://cpo-crayfish.blogspot.com/2009/02/soon.html


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 74

Common Name: signal crayfish Scientific Name: Pacifastacus leniusculus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostrca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cambaridae

Geography / Habitat: The signal crayfish is native to North America west of the Rocky Mountains, including the Canadian province of British Columbia, and the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.

Food / Feed Strategy: The signal crayfish is an omnivore, with most of its dietary intake being detritus.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=97326


Fish Species Identification Title : Freshwater Invertebrates

Species # 75

Common Name: Asian clam, Asiatic clam, Golden Clam, Golden Freshwater Clam, prosperity clam, good luck clam. Scientific Name: Corbicula fluminea Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Bivalvia

Order: Veneroida

Family: Corbiculidae

Geography / Habitat: This clam originally occurs in Russia, Thailand, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, but also in parts of Africa.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed primarily on phytoplankton (algae), which they filter from the sandy or muddy bottom of streams, lakes, or canals.

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Body Form or Style: N/A Swim / Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Citation: http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=92


Emily Jordan's FISH ID  

Emily Jordan 2nd Semester 3rd Block 5.14.14

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