Page 1

Emily Anne King master of architecture + master of landscape architecture


MILBANK

TEGNA

Hudson Yards Law Offices

4-7

8-13

Media Company Offices

ARCHITECTURE

2018

2017

2016

14-27

LANDSCAPE + URBAN DESIGN BIONIC WILDERNESS

28-33

Ecological Retrofit

FOREST SPRAWL

Urban Design Competition


AJN + BIG

FIBROUS ENOLOGY

LIFE IN THE FLOW Residential Park

SWA

River Revitalization

Hybrid Housing

76-85 2013

56-67

2014

54-55

34-45

2015

TRIBECA HOTEL

Parametric Study

68-75

46-53

Institutional & Offices

SOIL SHIFT

Landscape Intervention

2012


CONSOLIDATION TEGNA’s move to a new space is part of their larger consolidation plan. Since they are looking to decrease the square footage of what they have in their current space by over 50%, efficiency was prioritized as well as increased employee interaction and more open office space.

Roof

Level 20

Level 19


RECEPTION /BOARDROOM RENDERING 1 Tegna Media Broadcasting Office Space in McLean, VA 2 story Interior Build-out _ SD/DD/CD/CA phases LSM Studio TEGNA is a company that was looking to move to a new space that reflects its identity as a national broadcasting company. As a spin-off company from the Gannett Company split in 2015, it was important to TEGNA that their new office space reflect their new identity. LSM Studio has designed an office space that prioritizes creative use of media and employee interactions through strategic AV coordination in key gathering spaces. CAFE / CONFERENCE RENDERING

N

13

09.05.17

5

N

11

09.05.17


atrium sections 1/16” = 1’-0”


(images provided by the artist)

The 2.5 story atrium wall provided an opportunity for TEGNA to brand their HQ and name with a unique art piece. Working with our art consultant to advise TEGNA on art procurement, Lucia Koch was selected to fill the wall with a back-lit gradient piece and correlating color draperies on adjacent conference rooms. Following the art selection, I worked closely with our carpet manufacturer to customize our selected pattern to relate to the art draperies. All fabrics and finishes in the surrounding area were revised to correlate with the artwork. curtains curtains

curtains

DRAPERIES

klit panel backlit - option panel backlit 2 - option panel 2 - option 2

curtains facing curtains interior facing curtains interior curtains facing interior facing curtains exterior facing curtains exterior facing exterior

BRANDING THE SPACE

wood vinyl border ceramic tile

kstation Typical 4-Pack]

lounge seating

reception & boardroom upholstery open office carpet

OFFICE

fabric panels

executive suite finishes seat cushions

MPR & CONFERENCE CARPET

workstation finishes

WORKSTATION

Grade 2 - TBD

furniture mockup

7


STACKING DIAGRAM STACKING DIAGRAM STACKING DIAGRAM

Lawyer Office Spaces in Hudson Yards, NYC 29,033 RSFRSF 29,033 10 story Interior Build-out _ DD/CD phases 29,033 RSFRSF 29,033 LSM Studio 29,033 RSFRSF 29,033 Milbank is moving from its current financial district 29,033 RSFRSF 29,033 location to KPF’s 55 Hudson Yards. As the only building 29,033 RSFRSF 29,033 tenants with two outdoor terraces on the same levels, 29,033 RSFRSF 29,033 it was highly important to have these two floors give 29,053 RSFRSF 29,053 the image of the firm. The reception, conferencing, and 27,615RSFRSF 27,615 dining were placed and programmed around the terrace 27,714RSFRSF 27,714 and the details were focuses on the unique ring-beam 28,010 RSFRSF 28,010 structure. TOTAL TOTAL

286,590 RSFRSF 286,590

R OR FLO LOEO ETFIC ICC

39 39PRACPTRA ROOR FLOEOFL 38 38PRACPTRICACETIC ENCE ERCE NFEN COER 37 37 CONF CE CE CONFE RENREN 36 36 CONFE PRACTICE FLOOR PRACTICE FLOOR 35 35 PRACTIC E FLOOR PRACTICE FLOOR 34 34 PR AC EOR FLOOR 33 33PRACTICETIC FLO PR A PR 32 C TI 32 ACTICE FLCOEOFLROOR 31 31PRACPRTIACCETIFLCOEOFLOOR R 3030ADMAIND.MIN. TERRACE

Milbank

TERRACE

2

SOU SOU T TH ELEEVLEVH ATIO ATIO N N

(diagram by others)

TERTER RACRAC E E

T EASETASNON TI IO A T V A E V ELEEL

9


LEVELS 36 & 37 12 16

6

16

6 MICRO-

STORAGE

DINING 118

12

STORAGE

MULTI-PURPOSE ROOM 1 WAVE

114

5 DOWN TO LVL 35

11

9

5

14

COPY

21

MULTI-PURPOSE ROOM 2

SECTION AT RECEPTION DINING

MEN

DISHROOMCOPY

RIVER TERRACE

GARDEN TERRACE

37

WOMEN

RIVER TERRACE

RECEPTION

GARDEN TERRACE

RECEPTION

RESTAURANT

SERVERY

COFFEE BAR

6 KITCHEN

24 EXHAUST

15

20

Conference Levels 36-37

N

36 N

8

PRODUCTION KITCHEN PANTRY

9

21

37 N

46

05.25.17

9


RECEPTION + SERVERY Working closely with our food service consultant, I designed the servery so the layout of the islands reflected the structural corner condition in which it is located - the islands and circulation routes maintain the angle of the ring beam. The island were detailed so they would appear as furniture pieces.


servery plan 1/16” = 1’-0”

11


SINGLE

OFFICE STUDIES Milbank expressed interest in potentially increasing the workspace in the associate offices for future hoteling. I explored different options on the storage and workspace solutions for single and double use spaces.

Option 1

Option 2

DOUBLE


15

15

all details scaled to 3/32” = 1’-0”

COLUMN DETAILS

16 / A-541 1 1/2 ” = 1’-0”

In addition to the mirror application to emphasize the building’s unique structure at the ring beam, each column on the conferencing floors was specifically detailed for the various floor, ceiling, and mullion conditions. I created various details for the structural elements to appear that they blend seamlessly.

13


3

The Bionic Wilderness Ecological Industrial Retrofit LARP Design Studio IV _ Spring 16 Instructors, Ellen Neises + Keith Bowers & Chris Streb A second skin application to active industrial sites which enables them to perform ecologically and provide habitat. The bioindustrial wilderness negotiates “the made” [city] with “the born” [nature] at the industrial waterfront where the two conditions meet. “The realm of the born-- all that is nature-- and the realm of the made-- all that is humanly constructed-- are becoming one. Machines are becoming biological and the biological is becoming engineered.” — Kevin Kelly, The Made and the Born

15


Biomimicry Study

Skin’s Resiliency

Resiliency efforts were first informed by indepth studies of organisms using the Biomimicry 3.8 model to understand the strategies, mechanisms, and applications of natural adaptation. [help from Biohabitats]

0:00 5min

30min

70min

Skin was studied because it’s an extremely adaptive organ that has threshold point where it alters its strategy based on condition. Models were made from abstracting the functions of skin.

smooth

valleys establish (white lines thicken)

ridges expand (black areas thicken)

Secretion

Maceration

Insulation

Stored energy is released in order for the system to stay in balance when internal or external temperature rises.

Folded surfaces provide increased friction and diffusion of services.

Air barrier is created to prevent heat/ energy from escaping.

Glands

Outer Tissue

Hair Follicles

When the body overheats, the cells in the dermis secrete a fluid that travels from the coiled portion of the glands upwards to the ducts.

When the stratum corneum is submerges in water for long periods, the dead keratin cells absorb the water and cause the skin to swell. Since this skin layer is tightly attached to the living tissue, the skin wrinkles to compensate for the increased surface area.

The body recognizes potential loss of heat and releases adrenaline, telling the muscles at the base of the hair follicle to contract; causing the hair to go from a horizontal to a vertical position.

Sweat

Furrows & Ridges

Goosebumps


Skin’s Interface with Water

natural oil produced by sebum glands repels water from getting absorbed until a threshold at which the dead skin cells absorb the water

Scab scaffold, fibers - Tissues as strands

Abstraction

- Weaved strands allow biomass accumulation at gathering areas

Mechanism

Solid scaffold - minimal surface of fiber model - attractor points give form my creating tension

Goosebumps, hairs

Strategy

- Rigid structure that allows minimal movement with connective membrane cause hairs to move uniformly - Potential water aeration (magnifies subtle movement) - Shafts puncture through tissue to interconnect them

L ayers

Glands, shafts - Flexible structure that allows greater movement, allowing shafts to gather in concentration and separate - Hollow tubes allows water and species passage - Shafts puncture through tissue to interconnect them

Material application

Material & Connections

- Folded forms - Porous membranes that allow flow throughout the form - Liquid latex reinforced with casted grid

Dynamic spaces - springs and folded systems can serves as elements between layers — habitat rooms that alter to wave surges - Bands reinforce forms and allow layers to converge

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Regional Analysis

N former estuary waters

FORMER ECOLOGIES

former wetlands

former sandy beach

former marine rocks

industrial/manufacturing building

armoured shoreline

Industrial and manufacturing buildings built on former wetlands and beaches; now subject to flooding. Focus area is confluence with The Bronx Kill that was former beach area and now protected with different shoreline reinforcements. (research from Eric Sanderson’s 1609 Mannahatta Project)


Site Conditions

a. Water Exchange shoreline as membrane The East River has a semi-durnal 7.4’ tidal flow. However, it often goes unnoted as the armored, vertical seawalls minimally register tidal times. The first areas to get flooded during a surge event are the street dead-ends. These area are without seawalls.

b. Industry & Waterfront Access

N

a.

b.

c.

d.

N

Though most of the industry along the shoreline of the South Bronx is not maritime based, the waterfront remains mostly inaccessible to people. Castle Oil, which distributes heat oil via trucks and tankers, still uses it’s waterfront for active transport. However, the other industrial waterfront sites transport on-land; perhaps potential public usage.

c. Edges 4 types of shoreline edges along the South Bronx: vertical bulkhead, relieving platform, and rip rap with and without vegetation. The industry protection efforts have resulted in a flat, non-productive shoreline.

d. Public Space & Accessibility Public space suitability analyzed based on industry operational behavior, type of establishment and likeliness of acquisition.

N

N

19


strategy: bioremediation

Ecosystem Services Industrial bi-products + site conditions make certain areas more adapt to lending themselves to certain ecosystem services. The proposed remediation strategy is determined by considering the site’s chemical bi-products along with the physical characteristics of the site.

condition

bioremediation issue

method/remediation [strategy] no.2 heating oil energy supplier

mycoremediation [fungi]

cso outflow point

waste treatment [bacteria + grasses]

air particulates power plant

sequestering canopy [forest trees]

water runoff direct drainage

rhizofiltration [grasses]

flattened shoreline dredging & bulkheads

reef reconstruction [tissues]


EcoTypes & Habitat Spaces

2nd Skin Retrofit of industrial area via reskinning techniques: analyzing the composition of the site (elements it is secreting, conditions and defenses), and applying new, bioactive skin, porous skin, and layering or thickening.

Habitat spaces have been designated based on existing site conditions and suitability. The different habitats evolve from the planting program of each ecosystem service. [small-scale testing grounds whose impact is global in scale]

impact 1” = 100’ area comparison

skin solution

action

cleans oil (73,877 sqft)

(32,940 sqft)

96,637 sqft floor a fungi mycoremediation 98,687 sqft

100’ comparison

106,817 sqft

55,107 sqft

b marsh waste treatment

c

40,774 sqft

3,861 sqft

38,730 sqft

canopy d forest carbon sequestration

meadows rhizofiltration

Fungi Floor BIOACTIVE SKIN 10,050 sqft

e reef altered shoreline

treats effluent

73,877 sqft (73,877 sqft)

(32,940 sqft)

98,687 sqft

ungi floor mycoremediation

32,940 sqft b marsh waste treatment 106,817 sqft

55,107 sqft

c

40,774 sqft

3,861 sqft

38,730 sqft

canopy d forest carbon sequestration

meadows rhizofiltration

10,050 sqft

Marsh EXPOSED SKIN

e reef altered shoreline

traps particulates

t

40,774 sqft

3,861 sqft

38,730 sqft

Forest GRAFTED SKIN

10,050 sqft

40,774 36,730 sqft e reef canopy d forest carbon sequestration altered shoreline

ws tration

absorbs water

(73,877 sqft)

Meadow CALLUSED SKIN

(32,940 sqft)

106,817 sqft

arsh ste treatment

55,107 sqft c meadows rhizofiltration 55,107 sqft

40,774 sqft

3,861 sqft

38,730 sqft

canopy d forest carbon sequestration

10,050 sqft

e reef altered shoreline

dissipates waves

3,861 sqft

38,730 sqft

canopy n sequestration

10,050 sqft

e reef 10,050 sqft altered shoreline

Reef LAYERED SKIN 21


Performance Criteria leaks from tanks and pipes; spills associated with transporting and delivering fuel dark, narrow spaces active maritime waterfront

The Fungi Floor

office buildings [existing initiative for relocation] historic gantry dolphins- deteriorating piles from piers used for gantry

The BeachHead

peaker power plant CO2 emissions + dust, dirt, and soot particulates presence of hydrocarbons and heavy metals

access limited access no access

- arrests the spread of plume from oil leaks & spills - increases pervious surface - removes toxins in soil - maximizes water use (keeps it high for redistribution)

- diverts a portion of CSO effluent for treatment - treatment via series of bacteria and grass beds - experimental ground for treatment material and filters - separates toxins in water - restores shoreline slope - provides habitat for marsh species

The Forest Canopy - captures industrial bi-product particulates - shade regulates climate and decreases buildings’ thermal gains - increases air quality: detoxification of gas emissions and reduces carbon footprint - creates an adaptable landscape: harvest and replace - provides nesting habitat for birds

water runoff from direct drainage system

The Meadow Reserve

energy industry offices

- filters streetwater and direct drainage from industry through a mass of roots to remove toxic substances - holds the land fallow for potential future use - captures and holds stormwater - renews soil fertility - removes toxins in water - increases percolation to restore the area’s former sand and soil properties

relieving platform [~30ft covered cantilever] steep bathymetry [dredged for industrial maritime activity] high energy from East River

The Restoration Reef - dissipates wave energy - habitat spaces of various sizes provides shelter and calm waters for juvenile fish - attempts to remediate seabed from effects of dredging and maritime use - increases shoreline surface


Planting Program mushroom species flourish in dark, damp environments canopy structures diffuse direct sunlight carbon source that keeps substrate nitrogen deprived to arrest ecological succession [wood chips]

Oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus

White rot Trametes pubescens

Potential Populations The remediation strategy does not lend itself to a habitat with significant wildlife, but various insects and amphibians will likely find shelter here.

Turkey tail Trametes versicolor experiment program buildings gantry frames marsh dolphins restored to support a boardwalk + program common reed beds or grasses for the removal of xenobiotics and treatment of saline waste streams [sedges, algae, bacteria beds]

Smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora

Woodchuck Marmota monax

Snakeweed Gutierrezia sarothrae

Great egret Ardea alba

Indian mustard Brassica juncea

American black duck Anas rubripes

Eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides

Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis

Tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera

Eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus

Black poplar Populus nigra

Barn swallow Hirundo rustica

Switchgrass Panicum virgatum

Red spotted newt Notophthalmus viridescens

Big blue stem Andropogon gerardii

Painted lady butterfly Vanessa cardui

Beach plum Prunus maritima

Northern cricket frog Acris crepitans

Red algae Gracilaria

Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus

Red beard sponge Microciona prolifera

Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix

Bladder wrack Fucus spiralis

Blue mussel Mytilus

P-n-P nursery: hardwoods with minimal maintenance Poplars, dominate planting— fastest growing in Northeast [therefore most efficient in quickly absorbing soil contaminates]

furrow and ridge microtopography creates an underlying surface that directs water into grass plantings prairie grasses for thick root systems & hardy natives that can take abuse

perforated fiberglass [to deflect light] sheets suspended from platform and moored into seabed glass paver inserts allow light penetration into seabed

23


VIEWING PORTALS

The Bionic Wilderness maintains its essence as a true wilderness in that there are many areas that are only accessible for the occasional maintenance activities. The design gives visitors portals to view rather than disturb the productive landscape.

PNP NURSERY

pot-in-pot production system [tree rotation every 5-10yrs]

BUFFER

concrete rumble walk limited access, for maintenance

PNP NURSERY

root system remediates metal toxins in soil

The Forest Canopy POWER PLANT | GRAFTED SKIN

dust, dirt, soot, and CO2 from industrial activity entrapped by canopy


fibermat suspend between anchor points [pipe line truss system, tank buttresses]

tensile canopies direct rainwater into holding cisterns and diffuse light to maintain dark, damp environment

line pipes colonized by moss growth

elevated boardwalk limited access, for maintenance

wood chip substrate

water distributed to misters

The Fungi Floor OIL ENERGY SUPPLIER | BIOACTIVE SKIN 25


FUNGI FLOOR

MARSH

FOREST

MEADOW

Pot ‘n pot nursery

SITE DESIGN

swale

The second skin landscaping techniques revive industrial areas once viewed as ecologically wasted. The bionic nature of these remediation efforts encourage programs in the arts, technology, and sciences. Experimentation based programing occurs at the epicenter where office once stood and where the ecotypes meet.

PROGRAMS science

art

action

Biotech companies Ecological researchers Fabrication studios Material research labs Ecological education Environmental groups

Exposed Skin | Wastewater Treatment

Ecotype Diagram

REEF

plant beds

bacteria beds

Treatment Train power plant

poplar buffer

primary bed [wetland weir]

sluice

secondary bed [bacteria tank]

trail

marsh observation deck

stepped seating

boardwalk


trails narrow walks [rubble + dirt] decking wide walks [wood] viewing portals

parking

sp ac

y terr

cell 3 cell 4

renovated dolphins

The Boardwalk

ace gantry

displa

e

w

op s or k sh

she d

gantry

cell 1 cell 2

colab

load

o ck ing d

breakwaters

Maintenance

Locust ave

Innovator’s Shed

20’

40’

80’

132nd st

27


4

Forest Sprawl ULI Design Competition 2016 Advisor: David Governeur Team: Wesley Chiang, Alyssa Garcia, Juan JacobusAvila, Jieping Wang Awarded Honorable Mention Participation in the 2016 Urban Land Institute Hines student competition

29


PUBLIC AMENITIES community garden bioswales bioretention areas bike lanes

4th St.

P

A1

A2 A3

BUILDING

TYPE

A1 Georgia Tech facility

Office

A2 GT hoop houses

Office/Agriculture

A3 The Greenhouse

Office

A4 The Gully

Park

B1 GT agriculture classrooms

Office

B2 Midtown Gardens

Affordable Rental

B3 GT hoop houses

Office/Agriculture

C1 3rd St. Flats

Market Rate Rental

C2 The Market

Retail

C3 Greenway Heights

Market Rate Rental

C4 The Greenway Plaza

Park/Plaza

C5 Spring Ave. Apartments

Affordable Rental

C6 The Porch

Park/Plaza

C7 West Peach St. Flats

Market Rate Rental

D1 Community Garden

Park/Agriculture

D2 Varsity Village

Market Rate Rental

E1 MARTA Plaza

Park/Plaza

E2 MARTA Tower

Affordable Rental

F1 Bank of America Plaza

Park/Plaza

3rd St 3rd St

A4

C1

C2 C3

C4 C5 C6 B1 B2

B3

P

P

C7

P

Ponce De Leon Ave D1 P

D2

E1

North Ave

Spring St

West Peach St

North Ave

N

E2

F1

600’

1800’

2400’


Forest in the City: Infrastructure as Catalyst for Forest Sprawl Awarded Honorable Mention Forest in the City is designed to transform the perception of place in Midtown Atlanta, creating a vibrant, productive, healthy, and cohesive neighborhood. This catalytic site lies at the nexus of some of Atlanta’s most innovative and thriving areas; Georgia Institute of Technology, Tech Square, Commercial Corridors, and Downtown. However, the site is constrained by a 14-lane downtown connector highway, vast amounts of surface parking, and auto-oriented development. Atlanta’s growing population highlights the needs for this area to function as a model of resilient and responsible living that reacts to social, economic, and environmental challenges while influencing its surroundings. This opportune area is nestled within some of Atlanta’s most diverse land uses. Threats of a heavy storm surge, paired with immense amounts of impervious surface and inadequate drainage systems speaks to a dire need for ecological remediation strategies that serve as economic and social stimuli. The strategy is to activate this area and neighborhoods around it, while staying true to the culture of Atlanta and to serve as an example of how to retrofit some of the chronic challenges seen in the city today.

transportation

connectivity

land use

water management

DOWNTOWN

ECTOR

MIDTOWN

WN CONN

DOWNTO

TECH SQUARE

1,200 FT

800 FT

400 FT MARTA STATION

GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

final

Regional Connectors Tech Square Downtown Connector Site Georgia Institute of Technology

EXISTING

Phasing existing

PHASE 2

p02: growth

MARTA Line Bike Lane Pedestrian-Oriented

Mixed-Use Retail Office Parking Market-Rate & Affordable Rental

Bioretention Greenroof

Water Flow Bioswale

PHASE 1

p01: taking root

TOTAL BUILDOUT = 1,979,605 SQFT

PHASE 3

p03: roots

47%

12%

market-rate rental affordable rental

16%

8%

office retail

18%

parking

31


proposal

XISTING

green infrastructure

existing conditions LACK OF STORMWATER INFRASTRUCTURE

STORMWATER MANAGEMENT POLLUTION MITIGATION

IMPERVIOUS SURFACE

GREEN ROOFS

BIORETENTION

COMMUNITY GARDEN

POOR DRAINAGE

HEAT ISLAND EFFECT

SPRING STREET

GREEN HOUSE LAB

COMMUNITY GARDEN

GREEN SQUARE

WEST-PEACHTREE

AT&T PLAZA

RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL

RETAIL SIDEWALK BIKE TRAIL

PARKING

GREYWATER

SIDEWALK

SIDEWALK

BIKE TRAIL SIDEWALK

RETAIL GREYWATER

RES

RESIDENTIAL

GREY


ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES

A pervasive and underlying civic landscape threads its way across and through the neighborhoods, tying them together and permeating the context of the site. This civic infrastructure is made up of bioswales, plazas, lawns, retention ponds, and forested areas that create a flexible framework that can grow and adapt via multi-scalar interventions that run along the armature of public spaces. This civic infrastructure is the vital tissue of the project that connects the disparate urban patches and corridors through the impervious collage of Midtown, Atlanta.

Bands transport stormwater into the block. The shifted striated design allows for gaps which introduce the urban forest. Changes in height allow for seating.

site condition

typical design

project proposal

USE

TREAT

Water the gets delivered to greenhouses and gardens for irrigation.

Treatment basins are located at the tips of each building block.

TRANSPORT

The bands converge and work as a system of gullies to bring water off the street into the block.

CAPTURE

Capture urban run-off from block corners.

G. TECH CAMPUS

DOWNTOWN CONNECTOR

HIGHWAY BUFFER

COMMUNITY GARDEN

RESIDENTIAL

SIDENTIAL

YWATER

RETAIL

RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL GREYWATER

EDUCATION EDUCATION GREYWATER

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5

Life in the Flow Landscape/Urban Design LARP Design Studio III _ Fall 15 Instructor, Todd Montgomery The appalachian area known as ‘The Slate Belt’ was once America’s largest producer of slate. This era of extensive mining left a crater-like landscape of vast slag piles and quarry lakes. Located in a scenic and convenient location to the major cities in the northeast corridor, interest and development in the region has grown. Pressure to fill-in the quarries and rid of the piles has risen as many view housing as better use of the land. Life in the Flow proposes a solution by offering a lifestyle that marries an urban expansion strategy with flood alleviation and landscape preservation.

35


SUBSURFACE SURFACE HYDROLOGY

The Slate Belt has a long history of puncturing its surface, drilling holes everywhere. This excessive water extraction has yet to halt despite the overflow of surface water and increasing number of floods. Using annual well data reports from the Pennsylvania GroundWater Information System for Northampton County, the aquifer level, bedrock, and areas with higher water yield were mapped and trends shown over time.

37


The region between Bangor and East Bangor is both geologically and hydrologically significant. The bedrock contains some of the most valuable slate, and has thus been heavily mined, leaving a crater-like landscape. The major altercations to the landscape amplify the hydric problems that already exist in the flood-prone areas. The area was selected because of it’s great concentration of former quarries, major flooding problems, and developmental pressures.

NO SLAG SLAG 1:50 model Comparative models demonstrate how the slag piles from the quarries in the region completely alter the topography and hydrology. This area between Bangor and East Bangor has the greatest concentration of quarries and is at major risk of them getting filled in due to development pressures.


39


flood zones sewer outflow

To keep quarries dry, East Bangor Dam was constructed with an underground pipeline that connects the dam to downtown Bangor. The effect of the pipeline’s outflow in an existing flood zone amplifies a hazardous condition in downtown Bangor.

41


DNR

Do Not Resuscitate. The area for intervention was chosen after a thorough analysis of hydric and spatial conditions. The places on the site that were already ‘working’ (historic or other significance) were considered off limits. This gave the area directly adjacent to East Bangor and immediately after the dam as the most suitable.


Base

Pour 1

HYDRIC HOUSING BANDS

Pour 2

Positioning housing at the base of the slag piles allows the development to become a part of the hydric cycle. The back yard captures the water runoff and uses it for non-potable domestic uses, then cycles it out the front yard whose vegetated swales connect to the daylit pipeline.

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04

Overview of park system

02 08

01-08 _ Lookout points

01 03

05

07 06

rail xing

01

07

08


N. ad

Bro St. Highway 512

LIVING IN THE FLOW

balance of preservation [historic] with revitalization [ecological] Living in an area defined by its mosaic of different vegetation types that both integrate with and celebrate the historic and cultural remnants [quarry lake to meadows to woodlands to piles to swamps]. Applied on a small scale too it means defining your backyard by choice hydric conditions.

45


6

AJN + BIG Work Experience 2014 - 2015 From August 2014-2015, I worked at Ateliers Jean Nouvel and Bjarke Ingels Group. At AJN, I was part of the 3D team where I predominantly modeled massing studies in SD and design iterations in DD on various projects. At BIG I was part of a team collaborating with Heatherwick Studio in the early design phases of Google London HQ. During these experiences, I gained greater insight into how certain typologies and timelines merit different design methods and approaches.

47


ATELIERS JEAN NOUVEL

Amsterdam Court House

During my time on the 3D architects team at AJN, I assisted in preparing models for renders, drawings, and physical model production. My work included design development of a garden development in Qing Dao, a court house competition in Amsterdam, a forum center competition in Chicago, and a mixed use tower competition in Taipei.


BJARKE INGELS GROUP

As an intern at BIG, my main responsibilities included volumetric sketching, model making, diagrams, and drawings. I served on teams for Google London Headquarters 90,000m2; Metz Omniturm office/residential tower 65,000m2; Hualien Marble Hotel Facade 30,000m2 and Hualien Residence and Showroom 120,000m2.

Metz Omniturm Tower

Google London Headquarters

133

81

49


10% 10%

90% 90%

COMMUTER/OFFICE COMMUTER/OFFICEDEMAND DEMAND

OFFICE TYPOLOGY OFFICE TYPOLOGY

As a basic principle the site is asymmetrically disposed to the south. 90% of the As a basic principle the site is asymmetrically disposed to the south. 90% of the commuters will come from King’s Cross station and the Underground entrances commuters will come from King’s Cross station and the Underground entrances attached. A minority of people will come from the north. attached. A minority of people will come from the north.

A perimeter block is placed on the site. In order to create more usable and day lit A perimeter block is placed on the site. In order to create more usable and day lit space there is a central light well but it is minimized for area efficiency. space there is a central light well but it is minimized for area efficiency.

95

CUT AND LIFT

LIGHT CONE TILT

By cutting the south end and gently placing it on top of the other arm, we maximize

Tilting the west arm inwa

the occupiable volume while and double the public realm by creating a circulation

into the light cone to abo

loop that can take advantage of the roof scape.

entrance larger and circu

96

95

LIGHT CONE TILT

NORTH LIFT NORTH LIFT

BIKE FLOW BIKE FLOW

Tilting the west arm inwards allows the building form to reduce the mass’s imposition into the light cone to about 20% of its length while at the same time making the main entrance larger and circulation more connected.

Lifting the north end gives a lightness heaviest part building. It allows Lifting the north end gives a lightness to to thethe heaviest part of of thethe building. It allows forfor a continuous circulation flow under the building and automatically creates the perfect a continuous circulation flow under the building and automatically creates the perfect

Googlers that arrive bike travel straight to one 4 cores upon arrival. Where Googlers that arrive by by bike cancan travel straight to one of 4ofcores upon arrival. Where bike path intersects a vertical cores there a concentration of bike parking as well thethe bike path intersects a vertical cores there is aisconcentration of bike parking as well as shower and changing facilities. as shower and changing facilities.

location event center. location forfor thethe event center.

97 97

CONTINUOUS PATH CONTINUOUS PATH

COMPLETING THE LOOP COMPLETING THE LOOP

PROGRAM

RETAIL

Vertical atriums in the south ends of the building complete thethe circulation loop. Vertical atriums in the south ends of the building complete circulation loop.

Large ticket programs are tied to the public path. The path provides a street with address and allows for easy way finding and building orientation.

The retail program is com and covered market-insp

The building allows for afor continuous circulation route to the top top on the building The building allows a continuous circulation route to very the very on the building that forms the basis for the buildings wayfinding and organisational principles that forms the basis for the buildings wayfinding and organisational principles

98 98

RETAIL

PUBLIC FACING PUBLIC FACING

FACADE FACADE

The retail program is comprised of two parts. A permanent back bone along the street and covered market-inspired, outdoor portion that is highly flexible and adaptable.

proposal offers several major exposures be activated - the southern TheThe proposal offers several major exposures thatthat cancan be activated - the southern elevation facing Battlebridge square, the northern elevation facing Granary Square, the elevation facing Battlebridge square, the northern elevation facing Granary Square, the Market lifted Auditorium. Market HallHall andand thethe lifted Auditorium.

facade is thought of aasstructural a structural shell with an open face. form is wrapped TheThe facade is thought of as shell with an open face. TheThe form is wrapped around itself allowing open face to look inwards. around itself allowing thethe open face to look inwards.

99

100100


GOOGLE HQ LONDON

Google HQ was in schematic design and provided an opportunity to research and develop the future of office typology in the UK. Working in Copenhagen and London (Heatherwick Studio), many design charrettes allowed our team to make several iterations on massing and deliver a broad scope of work.

THE BUILDING’S CENTRAL CIRCULATION ROUTE 72

HE CIRCULATION ROUTE AS PROGRAMMABLE SPACE

HE CIRCULATION ROUTE AS PROGRAMMABLE SPACE

51


SHORTY

After quite a few solution proved

Lifting one arm the other allows the interior path orthogonal floo

SHORTY SHORTY After quite a few iterations, the simplest After quite a few iterations, the simplest solution proved to be the most elegant. solution proved to that be the mostperfectly elegant. on Lifting one arm so it rests Lifting one arm so it rests perfectlyofon the other allows forthat a clean expression the interior other allows a clean expression of the path for while allowing for rational the interior path while allowing for rational orthogonal floor plates. orthogonal floor plates.

120

REVERSE

The reverse was maximize area b

However, doing gesture of the c

REVERSE REVERSE The reverse was another way of trying to The reverse was another way of trying to maximize area by flipping the geometry. maximize area by flipping the geometry. However, doing this loses the public However, this loses the public gesture ofdoing the covered market space. gesture of the covered market space.

SHORTY

ZIGGURAT 90

118

After quite a few iterations, the simplest solution proved to be the most elegant. Lifting one arm so that it rests perfectly on

The ziggurat loo entire building Unfortunately,

the other allows for a clean expression of the interior path while allowing for rational orthogonal floor plates.

dominating wh disruptive.

SHORTY SHORTY After quite a few iterations, the simplest solution proved to be the most elegant.

ZIGGURAT 90 90

ZIGGURAT The ziggurat looked at connecting the entire building with a 1:20 bikable slope. Unfortunately, the path became too The ziggurat looked at connecting the dominating while being repetitive and entire building with a 1:20 bikable slope.

Lifting one arm so that it rests perfectly on After quite a few iterations, the simplest the otherproved allows to forbe a clean expression solution the most elegant.of the interior pathso while for rational Lifting one arm thatallowing it rests perfectly on orthogonal floor plates. the other allows for a clean expression of

disruptive. Unfortunately, the path became too dominating while being repetitive and

the interior path while allowing for rational orthogonal floor plates.

disruptive.

121

REVERSE

CARVED

The reverse was another way of trying to maximize area by flipping the geometry. However, doing this loses the public gesture of the covered market space.

The carved see envelope by sh to the east. Unf expression in th minimized.

REVERSE

CARVED

REVERSE The reverse was another way of trying to maximize area by flipping the geometry. However, doing losesway the of public The reverse was this another trying to

CARVED The carved seeks to fully maximize the envelope by shifting some of the mass to the east. seeks Unfortunately, the path the The carved to fully maximize

gesture of the covered market space. maximize area by flipping the geometry. However, doing this loses the public

expression inshifting this option started get envelope by some of theto mass minimized. to the east. Unfortunately, the path

gesture of the covered market space.

expression in this option started to get minimized.

122

90


Massing iterations and sectional studies

N 28.9

19.5

16.2

21.0

21.0

21.0

21.0

21.0

21.0

21.3

21.3

21.3

19.0

+51.5M 2.0

2.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

POOL DECK

4.0

+29.0M

4.0

BIKE RAMP

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4M

4.0

TYPICAL FLOOR TO FLOOR HEIGHT

4.0 9.0 4.0 4.0 4.1

CANAL

GOODS WAY

ZONE A BUILDING

L1 +0M T.O.C. (0.0M)

BATTLE BRIDGE PLACE

155

18.9

21.2

21.2

21.2

21.2

21.2

21.2

21.2

21.2

21.2

27.9

35.9

+51.5M

2.0

2.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

BIKE PATH

4.0

4.0

ROOFTOP POOL AND CAFE

TYPICAL FLOOR TO FLOOR HEIGHT

4M

4.0

4.0

+29.0M

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

4.0

+6.4M

5.0

4.0

4.9

L1 +0M T.O.C. (0.0M)

BATTLE BRIDGE PLACE

ACCESS RAMP

ZONE A BUILDING

GOODS WAY

53 157


The active wheels create different adjacent habitat niches. The sedimentation over time builds up natural levees. Taylor Yards site conditions

CONVERGE +REDIRECT Gear system that celebrates rainfall in L.A. and enables the distribution of water


capture and direct stormwater runoff into site

Plan Intervention 262’

7

525’

1,050’

N

Taylor yards | LA River + Stormwater

SWA Intern Project Summer 2014 Taylor Yards is a former rail yard along the Los Angeles River and the site for the 2014 SWA Summer Intern Program. After an in-depth analysis of the ecological factors that effect the area, an intervention was proposed that would encourage the revitalization of the L.A. River. The ‘water shaping land’ concept is developed through a gear system. The water cuts into land to encourage sedimentation buildup to form levees. Gears distribute water to irrigate surrounding land, forming habitat niches. This system also provides an opportunity to harness hydraulic power to power the grid during surges.

55


8

Soil Shift Landscape Traverse + Intervention LARP Design Studio I _ Fall 13 Instructor, Anu Mathur America’s oldest botanical garden is located along the banks of Philadelphia’s Schuylkill River, and served as the site for the 501 studio landscape transverses, investigations, and interventions. Through triangulations, photoworks, sections, and plot analyses, an informed intervention was designed for the wetland area of Bartram’s Garden. Analysis methods played into the peformative aspect of the intervention and the site played into research aspect of the design.

57


TIDAL SCHUYLKILL Observations were made regarding the semi-diurnal tidal behavior of the Schuykill River at the Bartram’s Garden waterfront through measurements taken every hour for water level line and ground line. This watershaping-land analysis is what spurred the performative design of the intervention.


59


LAND SURVEY | WATER LEVELS Historically, the bed and banks of the Schuykill River have been measured in section through water levels. Similarly, the wetland area of Bartram’s garden was sectionally measured through incremental tidal level depths. The current landform of the wetland area was sectionally constructed and analyzed by hourly measuring the various depths at different tidal heights; 1’ and 1.5’ below current tidal level. This method of analysis led to an exploration in the relationship between water movement and soil/sand formation.

61


SOIL SHIFT MODELS

To test the idea of a responsive landscape driven by water’s movement, a device was constructed which enabled segments of land to be pulled and pushed to see how the others respond in a gradient shift. To understand how the concept would effect soil levels, the outer edges of the first model were used as the frames of the second model. Wax was poured intermittently and later sectioned through to see the reordering of strata that resulted from the shifted frames.

Track | allows back & forth movement to target specific areas

Crane | different levels achieve many tidal heights Anchor | areas that do not need to be disturbed are anchored in place

00 Beeswax [installation]

01

MAHOGANY dye [1-2 yrs]


prep

activate

analyze

model 1: responsive land

model 2: strata shift

02

CINNAMON spice [2-3 yrs]

03

SAGE dye [3-5 yrs]

04

PAPRIKA spice [5+ yrs]

63


Anchor | hold consistent tidal level

Upper frame Bungee | interconnected system Lower frame

Rake | empty; complete drainage

Filter| semipermeable geotextile; moderate drainage Container| impermeable surface; no drainage

The soil shift restructures the land in a variety of methods; anchoring the frames in place at a specified tidal level to control the amount of water the frame receives, and using the frame as a rake, filter, or container to control how long the frame retains water. A variety of different types of ecosystems can be achieved with how the frames are moved- the drier soil found in the Piedmont can be brought down to the wetlands; thereby, creating different ecosystems in the frames.


65


04

Vary growing conditions and species

03

Maintain and encourage growth

02

Introduce vegetation varieties

ECOLOGICAL IMPACT

01

establish initial strata

Creating different soil conditions and types through controlled crane movements lends individual frames to having unique ecosystems.


5+ yrs

2-4 yrs

1-2 yrs

0 yrs Container | Anchored dry, rocky soil

Filter | Geotextile moist soil

R ake | Open saturated soil

Container | Shifting dry, cracked soil

67


9

Fibrous Enology Center Parametric Exploration ARCH Design Studio IV _ Spring 13 Instructor, Matias Del Campo In collaboration with Katelin Kutchko An attraction-repulsion system shapes carbon fibers in an enology center located on the corner of 8th Avenue and 34th Street in New York City. Programs serve as repulsors, with repulsion strength as an indicator of size and visitor frequency. Two elevator cores serve as attractors, bundling the fibers. With a radial cull-out from the cores, the fibers separate toward the facade.

69


Tasting Room

repulsor_range:

Fiber Bundle Behavior 9

Sommelier

repulsor_range:

Core | Main

attractor_range:

3

2/flr

Classrooms

repulsor_range:

Lobby

repulsor_range:

Cellar

repulsor_range:

7

9

6

Core | Secondary

attractor_range:

6

Program Diagram _ elevator cores serve as attractor points- fibers bundle together for structure. Programmatic areas serve as repulsion points- fibers separate for program.

A conceptual attraction study, consisting of tuning guitar strings and magnets, model the bundling behavior of fiber networks.

repulsor_range:

Auditorium

Bundling microfilament networks

2/flr


R2

R1

Tasting Room

18

17

16

15

14

13

Auditorium 12

Classrooms 11

10

09

Sommelier Residence Laboratories

08

07

06

05

04

Core | Main 03

02

Lobby Cellar G

B

73


10

Tribeca Hotel + Residential Mixed housing ARCH Design Studio III _ Fall 12 Instructor, Hina Jamelle The mixed residential-hotel housing structure is located in the Tribeca area of New York City. The building’s interior is reflected on its envelope as visual evidence of the public program moving from the corner entrance to a performance area and lounge on higher levels. The public program carves out interstitial spaces and thus separates the residents from the hotel guests.

77


PLEATING BEHAVIOR

The parameter of pleating informs how the living units nest together and are arranged into the overall formation. Their angled alignment is response to the building’s circulation. Through bifurcation of the pleats, public space is introduced as it separates the residential from the hotel units, as registered on the facade. Program Diagram: Circulation through performance areas informs the facade of its overall convergence/divergence behavior.

radial, outward colonization angled response to current forces

PROGRAM DIAGRAM | circulation through performance areas informs the facade of its overall convergence-divergence behavior

Beach Street Varick Street circ

ula

10

tion

Performance_Auditory.Lounge

9 8 Performance_Kinetic

7 6

STUDIO_vocal

5

STUDIO_instrumental

Performance_Rehersal Space

4

STUDIO_stage

3

STUDIO_dance

Cafe

2 Entrance. Lobby

G Hotel

Public Program

Residential


79


PLEATED SURFACES

The formal language of pleating partitions spaces throughout the building. Through various intensities of hard and soft crease edges, surfaces bifurcate and fold to create pleats that serve different functions such as stairs, seating and counters.


N

10’

5’

20’

Typical Floor Plan

1’=3/64”

01 02 03

04 05 06

Hotel Guest Egress Residential Egress Freight Elevator

Residential Units Hotel Units Lounge

07 08 09

Lobby/Observation Room Studio A Studio B

01

02

07

08 03

09 05

06 04 02

01 07 04

03

05

06

08

Ground Floor Plan 04 05 06

Offices + Concierge 07 Retail A 08 Retail B

Atrium Loading Dock


83


Emily King - Portfolio  

Professional + academic works

Emily King - Portfolio  

Professional + academic works

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