THE SOLAR SYSTEM CYBERHUNT 1. Complete the Solar System Jigsaw (Planet Level). List the planets in order starting with the closest to the Sun. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars ,Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune,Pluto 2. Only one spacecraft has visited Mercury. What was its name? Mariner 10 3. Why can the surface of Venus not be seen? What is the temperature on the surface? The surface of Venus is covered by lava flows. Venus surface temperature by about 400 degrees to over 740k 4. Find the Earth and click on it. How far is it from the Sun? What are the hottest and the coldest recorded temperatures? The average distance from the Earth to the Sun is 150 million km. The Hottest Temperature Table 1
Degrees Fahrenhei t
Degrees Centigrad e
El Azizia, Libya
Sept. 13, 1922
North America (US)
Death Valley, Calif.
July 10, 1913
Tirat Tsvi, Israel
June 21, 1942
Jan. 16, 1889
Aug. 4, 1881
Dec. 11, 1905
Midale and Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan, Canada
July 5, 1937
Aug. 5, 1924
Jan. 5, 1974
Dec. 27, 1978
Persian Gulf (sea-surface) Antarctica
The Coldest Temperature
Earth Science Revised Third Edition. New York. Prentice Hall, 1987: 217. World Book Encyclopedia. New York. World Book, 2000: A530.
Result (w/surrounding text)
Standardize d Result
"… the temperature in Vostok, Antarctica, dropped to nearly -89.2 °C, the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth."
"Scientists recorded the world's lowest temperature, -128.6 °F (-89.2 °C), at Vostok Station …."
Weather at the Coldest Place On Earth: Vostok Antarctica. Central Atlantic Storm Investigators (CASI), 1999.
"Vostok, Antarctica holds the world's record for coldest temperature: -129°F (7/21/83)."
McFarlan, Donald. Guinness Book of Records. New York. Guinness Publishing, 1992: 42.
"-126.9 °F. Vostok, Ant. Aug. 25, 1960"
Antarctica Weather. The Antarctic Connection, 2000.
"Antarctica has the coldest average annual temperatures, and the lowest temperature ever recorded on earth (-129 °F) was at -89.4 °C Vostok on July 21, 1983."
Pomeroy, Marc. Antarctic Facts. 1999.
"Vostok station (Russian) NEW RECORD SET IN 1997!!! This is an unconfirmed report from Vostok Station during the winter of 1997. -91 °C (-132 °F) This is colder than Dry Ice! The "official"record is also from Vostok station on July 21, 1983 -89.2 °C (-128.6 °F)"
-91 °C (unconfirmed) -89.2 °C (confirmed)
5. How heavy is Jupiter? What is the “Great red spot? Jupiter is more than twice as massive as all the other planets combined. The mass of Jupiter is 3/8 times that of Earth.”Great Red Spot “(GRS)-it is a huge, long – lasting storm in the atmosphere of the Southern Hemisphere of Jupiter. It is an anti-cyclonic (high pressure)storm ,much like a gargantuan hurricane. Its color is actually pink or orange. 6. Watch the movie about Mars (do the quiz while you wait for it to load). Why is it known as the "red planet"? What are its moons called? Mars known as ”red planet” because of reddish iron rich soil. The two moons of Mars called Phobos and Deimos. 7. Travel the Solar System with Arty the Part-Time Astronaut. Go to Saturn and click on "info" when you get there. What are Saturn's rings made of? Saturn is not heavy at all, it is very light. How light? Saturn’s rings are made of billions of pieces of ice, dust and rocks.Some of
these particles are as big as houses These are chucks of rock and ice are thought to be pieces of comets, asteroids or even moons which were torn apart by the strong gravity of Saturn before they could reach the planet. Saturn is made up only hydrogen and helium gas, which makes it very light compared to Earth. It has a density of 0.69. This light –as-a-feather planet has 30 moons more than any planet. 8. Go to the Virtual Solar System and click on Uranus. What is its most remarkable feature? How long does it take to orbit the Sun? Uranus has been revealed as a dynamic world with some of the brightest clouds in the outer solar system and 11rings.It takes 84.3years for Uranus to go around the sun once. 9. Click on Neptune. What happens to this planet every 238 years? Every 238 years, the orbits of Neptune and Pluto change making Neptune as times the farthest planet from the Sun. 10. Your weight would not be the same on other planets. How much would you weigh on Pluto? My weight on Earth is 62 pounds and my weight on Pluto is 3.2 pounds.