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EMILIANO MIRANDA


Dedicated to my parents, who have supported me unconditionally, to my brother who has influenced my honesty and persistence and to my family and friends, without your life examples, my work would have no meaning.


I was born in Mexico City, Mexico and started my professional studies in architecture at Universidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de MĂŠxico in 2009, in June 2011 I decided to take part of the study abroad of program of my faculty, enrolling at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia for one year. After completing my exchange program, I was awarded with an International High Achiever Scholarship, that has allowed me to continue my Masters Degree studies at the University of New South Wales. The following portfolio gathers my architectural student work in chronological order from simple spatial explorations to development of complex projects which perform at sustainable standards and try to respond adequately to contemporary climatic, social and economic necessities.

Academic Portfolio 2009-2013.

EMILIANO MIRANDA


6 8 10 12

2010 Masterplan and Indigenous Market in the Rural Town of Tilaco Development of Housing with Construction Representation Market in San Pedro de los Pinos, Mexico City

16 18 20

2011 Understanding and Representing the Principles of Housing Social Minimum Footprint Housing Re-Imagining the Old Acapulco Glenn Murcutt Regional Design Studio: Artist in Residence, Lightning Ridge

24 26 28 32

2012 Understanding Housing by Modelling Precedents Bondi Apartments Graphic Design for Architects Geographic Information Systems Rethinking Densification, Healing Architecture: Beyond Rhetoric

36 38 42 46 50

INDEX

2009 Public Space in a XVI Century Church Developing Architectural Communications Pencil Drawing Watercolours


5

2009


6

This project site is located in Meztitlรกn Hidalgo in Mexico, the aim of the project was to understand and develop skills in spatial organisation through the design of a public space in the atrium of a XVI century church. Atriums in Mexican churches built during the Spanish colonisation period, exceeded the common dimensions as indigenous people from Mexico used to practice their religious rituals outdoors and in order to perform a spiritual conquer, priests had to preach in the atriums in order to convince the indigenous people to go inside the temples. After the spiritual conquest, atriums gradually started to loose their character and today they are often abandoned, this condition opened a good opportunity to develop a first contact with architecture. My specific design was a public space which gathers all the native species of the zone which are considered to be endangered in a botanical garden, to create awareness amongst the locals, on the need of protecting these endemic plant species at the same time they are offered a space for leisure and enjoyment.


public space in a xvi century church 7


8

Paradigms of architectural representation have often been in the spotlight for debate, with the introduction of digital media, the debate has intensified. ¨House in las Arenas¨ by architect Javier Artadi, was used as case study in order to be able to develop and understand concepts of plan, section, elevation and perspective.; the techniques of representation used were hand drafting with pencil ink and oil markers; handcrafted model making, where the selection of materials, of representation and ways of assembling the model were strictly supervised ,CAD plans, sections and elevations with Photoshop editing and introduction to Sketch Up and rendering plugins to introduce the concept of perspective.


DEVELOPING ARCHITECTURAL COMMUNICATIONS. 9


10


pencil drawing. 11


12


WATERCOLOURS.

13


14


15

2010.


16

During the Spanish colonisation, a very important factor of the conquest was the spiritual conquest, to turn the indigenous locals from Mexico into Catholicism was as important as conquering them economically and politically, in order to help this purpose, a new style of architecture emerged, the Mexican Baroque, where the indigenous were allowed to add to churches and religious temples imagery of their everyday life, images that would be considered pagan in any other culture, a group of priests decided to take a path in the central mountains of Mexico building 5 churches to turn locals into Catholicism. This 5 churches, known as “Las Misiones de la Sierra Gorda” are classified as world heritage buildings, however the reality of the locations where they are set is one of abandonment. This project was a design in collaboration with 2 other students, the aim was to design a master plan to reactivate one of these towns to avoid the extinction of a town rich in history for Mexico. The design concept was to give the town an economic, recreation and entertainment centre that “grows from the land”.


After designing the master plan, individual buildings were developed by each of the group members, I was in charge of the trade market, which relied on selling products that were self cultivated with organic methods, and to give an extra capital gain, the attraction was that fruits and vegetables were produced with traditional indigenous methods in order to integrate the indigenous character of the site and reinvigorate the economy.

Masterplan and Indigenous Market in the Rural Town of Tilaco .

The master plan also serves as an excuse to use two existing water bodies, integrate them and heal them by natural procedures in order to decrease the high levels of pollution that they suffer, and at the same time function as the heart of the master plan, taking advantage of the views, and climatic control that water bodies give.

17


18

N+5.85

This small scale project was to provide an understanding of the construction methods that are commonly used in Mexico, learn how to present plans to councils, and rigorously document every aspect of construction and detailing to allow the building process to develop in a smooth way.

0.15

Pretil de tabique asentado con mortero de cemento-arena 1:4

Chaflan Entortado de mortero de cemento-arena 1:4 Relleno de tezontle.

Impremeabilizante prefabricado de 4 mm acabado con gravilla roja. 2 % de pendiente. 3

3

8

3

8

3

8

3

12

N+5.25

8 3

12

N+5.55

Cadena de cerramiento

12

12

12

12

8

8

3

3

8

8

12

12

3

8

3

8

Caseton de poliestireno.

Acabado de pintura S.M.A.

Yeso a plomo y regla.

Aplanado de mortero cemento arena 1:4 Acabado de pintura vinilica S.M.A

Acabado de pintura S.M.A. 3

3

8

8

3

3

8

8

Vidrio 3mm. Herreria Lam. Negra No. 18 2.7 Exterior

Muro de tabique rojo recocido 7x14x28 asentado con mortero cemento arena 1:5

Interior

The project requirements were a single dwelling. Research on the plot market in Mexico City was the start, where finding an ideal and economically viable site was the first task, after that analysis of services and connections were made, a layout proposal for the project and then adjustment of said project to comply with council regulations. After complying with regulations, detailed development of the project was undertaken , from foundations, structural systems, hydraulic and electric installations, to finalising a marketing campaign to sell the project.

Repison de concreto armado 3 varillas de acero 3/8''

0.3

Primer Nivel

N+2.85

Bano 3

3

3

Plafon

N+2.55

Cadena de cerramiento (Ver plano est.)

Losa maciza 8

8

8

3

3

3

8

8

8

Aplanado de mortero cemento arena 1:4

Instalaciones de 4'' diametro colgadas con abrazaderas Omega

Acabado de pintura vinilica S.M.A

Yeso a plomo y regla.

2.7

Muro de tabique rojo recocido 7x14x28 asentado con mortero cemento arena 1:5

Planta Baja

N+0.15 Marmol fiorito de 50x50x2 asentado con pega marmol.

Vestibulo

Marmol fiorito de 50x50x2 asentado con pega marmol.

3

8

3

8

3

8

8 3

8

3

12

12

12

12

12

N+0.00

Cadena de desplante

Losa reticulada 3

12

12

8

3

3

8

8

0.2

12 3

8

3

8

Caseton de poliestireno. Plafon de metal desplegado

Doble parrilla Va #4 15cm

Aplanado de mortero cemento arena 1:4

Lloradero

2.3

Muro de tabique rojo recocido 7x14x28 asentado con mortero cemento arena 1:5

Sotano

Canal sale al jardin

Loseta de ceramica

Firme de concreto armado con malla 6 6/10 10

N-2.55

Cadena de desplante

Cuarto de Servicio Firme de concreto armado con malla 6 6/10 10

Muro de Contencion Armado de Concreto

0.2

Zapata de Mamposteria.

• • •••• 0.6

• • •••• 0.6

1.6

Zapata de Mamposteria. Plantilla de concreto pobre de fc = 100 kg/cm2

Plantilla de concreto pobre de fc = 100 kg/cm2

Plantilla de concreto pobre f'c 100kg/cm2

N-2.70


5

4

6

de

ch

es

C1 (Ver Detalle)

ue

de

Hu

iza

Cadena de cerramiento

1.54

sq

E #3 @ 20 cm.

0.3500

Armado de contratrabe con varilla #4 @20cm

A

K2

K2

Bo

Armado del Dado E #3 @ 20 cm.

B

K2

Plantilla de Concreto • • • •• •••• •• • • • •• • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

K2

K2

Armado del Dado

Notas

Contratrabe

1.- CHECAR COTAS Y NIVELES EN PROYECTO ARQUITECTONICO Y EN LA OBRA DIRECTAMENTE. 2.- LAS COTAS RIGEN SOBRE EL DIBUJO . 3.- EL CONCRETO DE : LOSAS , TRABES, MUROS Y CIMENTACION CON f 'c = 200 KG / CM2 4.- EL ACERO DE : VARILLAS #3 REGIDOS POR LA NORMA ASTM36 (DONDE SE INDIQUE) VARILLAS #4 REGIDOS POR LA NORMA ASTM 36 (DONDE SE iNDIQUE) 5.- RECUBRIMIENTOS LIBRES EN : CIMENTACION = 3 CM . LOSAS = 2 CM . T R A B E S = 3 CM . 6.- LOS ANCLAJES Y TRASLAPES DE VARILLAS DEBERAN SER DE (40 ) 40 DIAMETROS COMO MINIMO. 7.- NO SE TRASLAPARA EN UNA MISMA SECCION MAS DEL 50 % DEL ACERO DE REFUERZO . 8.- VER ESPECIFICACIONES Y PROCEDIMIENTO CONSTRUCTIVO DE CIMENTACION EN EL ESTUDIO DE MECANICA DE SUELOS. 9.- LA CIMENTACION SE DEBERA DESPLANTAR SOBRE PLANTILLAS DE CONCRETO DE .05CM DE ESPESOR Y f'c=200 kg / cm2. 10.- SOLO SE COLOCARA EL REFUERZO EN MUROS DE 1/4"@60 EN AMBOS SENTIDOS EN LOS MUROS DE LOTES CABECEROS Y EN LOS MUROS DE FACHADAS. 11.- SE DEBERAN HACER AMARRES DE LOS BASTONES DE 1/4" A LAS TRABES, DALAS Y/O CONTRATRABES, ADEMAS DE AMARRAR A LA VARILLA ADICIONAL DE 3/16" EN CIMENTACION, ENTREPISO Y AZOTEA CON BASTON 1/4. 12.- EN EL PRESENTE PROYECTO SE HAN PROYECTADO ELEMENTOS (BARDAS DE COLINDANCIA) Y CABE INDICAR QUE DICHOS ELEMENTOS NO SON PROPIAMENTE ESTRUCTURALES SINO UNICAMENTE SON DE COLINDANCIA.

Armado de contratrabe con varilla #4 @20cm

K2

BC

0.05

0.80

E #3 @ 20 cm.

K2

8.09

K2

B K2

C2

CT

CT

C1

B

K1

K1

Plantilla de Concreto • • • •• •••• •• • • • •• • •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Seccion Columna 1 y Contratrabe

3.3000

K2

K1

CB

1.28

B'

K2 MC

2.61

C1 (Ver Detalle)

0.92

K2

C

K1

K1

27.63 1.66

E` F

K2

0.65

K1

K4

1.19

D E

K2

K1

K1

K1

K5

K1

K4

K1

K1

K1

K1

K1

K1

K1

K2 K2 MC

0.80

0.69

Firme

MC 3.21

K1 K3 K1

K1

K1

15

K2 K2

15

K2

MC

K1 4 varillas de acero3/8'' EST #2 @ 20cm

20

K2

MC K2

I

K2

K2

K2

K2

20

35

K3 15 4 varillas de acero 3/8'' EST #2 @ 20cm

Empotre

K5 6 varillas de acero #4 EST #2 @ 20cm

Vertices del Terreno Arboles Coladeras Coladera en Banqueta NAH Nivel de Arrastre Hidraulico Registros Luminarias Arboles 1 Ejes Linea de corte Recorte de Escaleras Nivel en Planta Nivel en Alzado A

• • •••• Base Plantilla de Concreto Pobre f'c =100 kg/m2

K4 4 varillas de acero 3/8'' EST #2 @ 20cm

Cimentacion de mampoteria.

C1 8 varillas de acero 5/8'' EST #3 @ 15cm

15

22

K2

Pendiente 15%

Simbologia 25 15

K2 4 varillas 15 de acero3/8'' EST #2 @ 20cm

20

MC

K2

Vivienda de Lujo Propietario: Fernanda Escandon

K1

1.27

6.98

0.2500

Zapata minima de 60 cm de base y 30 cm de corona.

K2

G H

Corona Cadena de desplante

Planta Contratrabe.

K1 K2

K2

N

Bosque de Cocoteros No.26 Col. Bosques de las Lomas

B K2

Ocot es

3.11

ias bil am

3.21

mg Bu

0.30

14.28 1.62

Cocotero

3

4.79

Bosq ue de

2

ue sq Bo

1

-

C2 8 varillas de acero 3/8'' EST #3 @ 15cm

22

---

Castillos y Columnas

N+5.80

K2 3.0625

3.0625 0.1620

3.0625 0.1620

0.1620

0.1620

cadena de cerramiento dentellado Muro de Tabique

Tabique rojo recocido

Planta de Cimentacion

Arronte Hirata Eva Bosch Toca Juan Carlos Miranda y Miranda Emiliano Ruiz Cardenas Ma. Teresa Tussie Nehmad Moises

3.0000

Cadena de desplante

Castillo

cadena de desplante

Acotamientos:

Estribos de alambron #2 de acero cada 15cm

Castillo (Ver detalle) Vista lateral de cimentacion de mampoteria.

Escala Grafica 0

1

2

3

5

4

Zapata corrida de mamposteria

Armado de Cadena de Desplante

Escala: 1:100 Acotacion: Metros Plantilla de Concreto Pobre f'c =100 kg/m2

H2/50*

Zapata Corrida de Mamposeria

.60

Fecha: 28/09/2010

USO DE SUELO

Empotre de Varilla a 40 cm

-Uso de suelo habitacional unifamiliar con restriccion a dos niveles de edificacion. -Se debe dejar libre el 50% del terreno *Posibilidad de construir hasta 3 niveles sin rebasar los 15metros de altura.

.60

Cimentacion de mampoteria de colindancia.

E1

Clave del Plano

E01/03

Localizacion Bo sq ue de

es ch iza Hu

2

3

6

1

2

3

4.79

1.62

3.21

3.11

1.54

4.79

13.45

1.53

0.20

A

1.62

3.11

3.07

CORTE Y-Y'

CORTE Y-Y'

N-2.70

8.09

1.54

1.- CHECAR COTAS Y NIVELES EN PROYECTO ARQUITECTONICO Y EN LA OBRA DIRECTAMENTE. 2.- LAS COTAS RIGEN SOBRE EL DIBUJO . 3.- EL CONCRETO DE : LOSAS , TRABES, MUROS Y CIMENTACION CON f 'c = 200 KG / CM2 4.- EL ACERO DE : VARILLAS #3 REGIDOS POR LA NORMA ASTM36 (DONDE SE INDIQUE) VARILLAS #4 REGIDOS POR LA NORMA ASTM 36 (DONDE SE iNDIQUE) 5.- RECUBRIMIENTOS LIBRES EN : CIMENTACION = 3 CM . LOSAS = 2 CM . T R A B E S = 3 CM . 6.- LOS ANCLAJES Y TRASLAPES DE VARILLAS DEBERAN SER DE (40 ) 40 DIAMETROS COMO MINIMO. 7.- NO SE TRASLAPARA EN UNA MISMA SECCION MAS DEL 50 % DEL ACERO DE REFUERZO . 8.- VER ESPECIFICACIONES Y PROCEDIMIENTO CONSTRUCTIVO DE CIMENTACION EN EL ESTUDIO DE MECANICA DE SUELOS. 9.- LA CIMENTACION SE DEBERA DESPLANTAR SOBRE PLANTILLAS DE CONCRETO DE .05CM DE ESPESOR Y f'c=200 kg / cm2. 10.- SOLO SE COLOCARA EL REFUERZO EN MUROS DE 1/4"@60 EN AMBOS SENTIDOS EN LOS MUROS DE LOTES CABECEROS Y EN LOS MUROS DE FACHADAS. 11.- SE DEBERAN HACER AMARRES DE LOS BASTONES DE 1/4" A LAS TRABES, DALAS Y/O CONTRATRABES, ADEMAS DE AMARRAR A LA VARILLA ADICIONAL DE 3/16" EN CIMENTACION, ENTREPISO Y AZOTEA CON BASTON 1/4. 12.- EN EL PRESENTE PROYECTO SE HAN PROYECTADO ELEMENTOS (BARDAS DE COLINDANCIA) Y CABE INDICAR QUE DICHOS ELEMENTOS NO SON PROPIAMENTE ESTRUCTURALES SINO UNICAMENTE SON DE COLINDANCIA.

N-2.70

JARDIN 7 8

6

9

5

9

11

5

11

4

12

12

2

13

1

3

13

14

B'

1 BAJA

1.281.29

ESTACIONAMIENTO

2

14

B

SUBE

N-2.55

1.28 0.08

6

10

10

4 3

B B'

es

0.21

5.66

8.09 7.54

JARDIN

8.18

Ocot ue de Bosq

Notas 3.21

6.24

0.22

N

Bosque de Cocoteros No.26 Col. Bosques de las Lomas

6

14.28

A 0.25

5

4

14.28

0.20

Bo

Planta Baja

5

4

sq

ue

de

ias

bil

am

mg

Cocotero

Bu

Planta Sotano 1

TERRAZA N+0.35

0.15

N-2.7

C' C

2.61

CUARTO DE JUEGOS BANO

1.04

Propietario: Fernanda Escandon

CAVA

E E'

N-2.35

0.69 0.15

0.69

F BANO 3.06

N+0.35

COCINA

VESTIBULO

LAVANDERIA

BANO

9 8

3.21 SUBE

C. DE SERVICIO

G

C. DE MAQUINAS

G

0.15 1.27

N+5.80

14 13 12 11 10 9 8

N-2.7

N+-0.00

5.28

Pendiente 15%

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

-

---

SUBE

H

5.32 6.98

N+.15

1

1.271.24 SUBE

14 13 12 11 10 9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

2

0.15

1.20

H

Vertices del Terreno Arboles Coladeras Coladera en Banqueta NAH Nivel de Arrastre Hidraulico Registros Luminarias Arboles 1 Ejes Linea de corte Recorte de Escaleras Nivel en Planta Nivel en Alzado A

0.15 0.65

4.40 3.21

Simbologia

COMEDOR

27.63 1.66

1.51

0.15 0.65 1.19

F

Vivienda de Lujo

CORTE X-X'

5.31 1.19

D

0.15 27.63 1.66

2.61

C

CORTE X-X'

0.15 1.19

D E E'

C'

2.61

6.98

Pendiente 15%

7 6 5 4 3 2 1

N-0.5

BAJA

1.55

N+0.15

1.55 0.20

I

I

0.20

N+-0.00

Arronte Hirata Eva Bosch Toca Juan Carlos Miranda y Miranda Emiliano Ruiz Cardenas Ma. Teresa Tussie Nehmad Moises

N-0.20

Acotamientos:

N+-0.00

N-0.20

Escala Grafica 0

1

2

3

5

4

Escala: 1:100 Acotacion: Metros Fecha: 28/09/2010

USO DE SUELO H2/50* -Uso de suelo habitacional unifamiliar con restriccion a dos niveles de edificacion. -Se debe dejar libre el 50% del terreno *Posibilidad de construir hasta 3 niveles sin rebasar los 15metros de altura.

Plantas Arquitectonicas

1

2

3

5

4

Corte Transversal

6

A01/02

Localizacion Bo ue

sq de

es

Cocotero

ias

CORTE Y-Y'

0.21

Hu iza ch

1.54

ue de

Ocot

Bo

es

sq

ue

5.66

de

3.11

0.15

3.07

bil

3.21

0.15

mg

1.62 6.24

Bu

14.28 4.79 0.20

am

Planta Alta

Clave del Plano

A01

8.09

B

B'

C

D

E

F

G

Notas

N-2.70

N+6.05

N+5.85

N+3.20

N+3.00

7.56

JARDIN 7 8

B

9

6

10

5

11

4

12

3

13

2

14

1

N+0.15

RECAMARA 3 1.281.43

N+0.00

TERRAZA

B' N-2.35

C'

2.61

N-2.7

3.65

CORTE X-X'

C

RECAMARA PRINCIPAL

1.19

D

BANO

0.15

BANO

2.16

E E' F

VACIO

SALA DE T.V.

27.64 1.66

N

I

H

Bosque de Cocoteros No.26 Col. Bosques de las Lomas

CORTE Y-Y'

0.22

Bosq

E' A

A

0.65 0.15 0.69

6

5

3

4

1.- CHECAR COTAS Y NIVELES EN PROYECTO ARQUITECTONICO Y EN LA OBRA DIRECTAMENTE. 2.- LAS COTAS RIGEN SOBRE EL DIBUJO . 3.- EL CONCRETO DE : LOSAS , TRABES, MUROS Y CIMENTACION CON f 'c = 200 KG / CM2 4.- EL ACERO DE : VARILLAS #3 REGIDOS POR LA NORMA ASTM36 (DONDE SE INDIQUE) VARILLAS #4 REGIDOS POR LA NORMA ASTM 36 (DONDE SE iNDIQUE) 5.- RECUBRIMIENTOS LIBRES EN : CIMENTACION = 3 CM . LOSAS = 2 CM . T R A B E S = 3 CM . 6.- LOS ANCLAJES Y TRASLAPES DE VARILLAS DEBERAN SER DE (40 ) 40 DIAMETROS COMO MINIMO. 7.- NO SE TRASLAPARA EN UNA MISMA SECCION MAS DEL 50 % DEL ACERO DE REFUERZO . 8.- VER ESPECIFICACIONES Y PROCEDIMIENTO CONSTRUCTIVO DE CIMENTACION EN EL ESTUDIO DE MECANICA DE SUELOS. 9.- LA CIMENTACION SE DEBERA DESPLANTAR SOBRE PLANTILLAS DE CONCRETO DE .05CM DE ESPESOR Y f'c=200 kg / cm2. 10.- SOLO SE COLOCARA EL REFUERZO EN MUROS DE 1/4"@60 EN AMBOS SENTIDOS EN LOS MUROS DE LOTES CABECEROS Y EN LOS MUROS DE FACHADAS. 11.- SE DEBERAN HACER AMARRES DE LOS BASTONES DE 1/4" A LAS TRABES, DALAS Y/O CONTRATRABES, ADEMAS DE AMARRAR A LA VARILLA ADICIONAL DE 3/16" EN CIMENTACION, ENTREPISO Y AZOTEA CON BASTON 1/4. 12.- EN EL PRESENTE PROYECTO SE HAN PROYECTADO ELEMENTOS (BARDAS DE COLINDANCIA) Y CABE INDICAR QUE DICHOS ELEMENTOS NO SON PROPIAMENTE ESTRUCTURALES SINO UNICAMENTE SON DE COLINDANCIA.

1

2

BAJA

3.75 3.21

Vivienda de Lujo

14131211109 8

RECAMARA 2

G

0.15

BANO

N+5.85

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Propietario: Fernanda Escandon N+5.65

Simbologia

N+4.75

1.27

N+4.50

H N+2.50

8.08 6.98

N+0.15

N+0.00

N-2.55

N-2.70

Vertices del Terreno Arboles Coladeras Coladera en Banqueta NAH Nivel de Arrastre Hidraulico Registros Luminarias Arboles 1 Ejes Linea de corte Recorte de Escaleras Nivel en Planta Nivel en Alzado A

-

---

0.20

BMW 007

I

N+5.80

BMW 007

Fachada Norte Corte Longitudinal

Fachada Sur 1

2

3

4

5

CORTE X-X' 6

6

5

4

3

Arronte Hirata Eva Bosch Toca Juan Carlos Miranda y Miranda Emiliano Ruiz Cardenas Ma. Teresa Tussie Nehmad Moises

1

2

Acotamientos:

N+5.85

N+5.65

N+5.10 Escala Grafica

N+4.01 0

1

2

3

4

5

N-2.30 Escala: 1:100

N+1.90

Acotacion: Metros

N+0.15

USO DE SUELO

N+0.00

Fecha: 28/09/2010

H2/50*

N-2.55 BMW 007

BMW 007

N-2.70 BMW 007

BMW 007

-Uso de suelo habitacional unifamiliar con restriccion a dos niveles de edificacion. -Se debe dejar libre el 50% del terreno *Posibilidad de construir hasta 3 niveles sin rebasar los 15metros de altura.

A02

Clave del Plano

A02/02

developing of housing with construction representation.

Localizacion Armado con 8 varillas #3

19


20

San Pedro de los Pinos, is an old neighbourhood in Mexico City, the growth of the city has caused a short circuit in the planning of the neighbourhood, where very private streets have become main ways for cars and public transportation, transforming San Pedro de los Pinos into a very noisy neighbourhood, the market in the centre of the neighbourhood is one of the last places left for neighbours to interact with each other and develop leisure and recreational activities, however the current conditions of the market and public space surrounding it are worsening and bad hygienic practices are associated with the food trade . This intervention emerges as an attempt to save the public life of the neighbourhood, re-stimulate the economy that the market involves, as well as adding services to the building that will increase the security and hygiene of the market, the project also attempts to solve some of the urban issues involving the excessive motor transit that the area suffers.


Zona cultu ral.

Parque Me rcado

Zona h煤meda. Pescade ria. Polle ria. Carniceria. Verduras. Fruta s. Abarrotes.

Zona derant sici贸n. Dulces. Semilla s.

Luz Norte

Luz Norte

Servicios administ rati vos.

Zona seca. Servicio s. Naturalista. Hierbas. Zapateria. Jugueteria. Vela s. Ropa. Hilos y estamb res.

Comercio s.

MARKET IN S SAN PEDRO DE LOS PINOS, MEXICO CITY.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

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22

MARKET IN SAN PEDRO DE LOS PINOS, MEXICO CITY.


23

2011.


24 As an introduction to more detailed planning, representation and functionality of dwelling, the “Mini House” by Atelier Bow-Wow was analysed as a precedent to understand space functionality and efficiency, the project is located in Japan, and was a response to the urban conditions of Tokyo where space is precious and plots are becoming smaller, the house was built on a small plot with a restricted building area of 40 sqm, so the way in which space was utilised became vital to the project´s success. Sections, plans, elevations and a physical model were developed to understand the principles behind this award winning project. (16th Yoshioka Prize, Gold prize of house architecture 1999 from Tokyo Architect Society.)

planta baja

nivel 1

nivel 2


understanding and REPRESENTING the principles of housing. 25


26 This project was an application of the principles of minimisation of dwelling and space efficiency, after analysing Mexico City to apply these ideas, my teammate and I decided to apply minimum footprint housing as an attempt to solve a social, economic and environmental problem in the city, illegal food stands, these stands which shut close to 3 am in the morning, expose workers to returning at very late hours to their homes when public transport is inexistent. Our project also tries to set a regularisation of services, as electricity and water are stolen, Also it would give an opportunity to rethink hygienic practices for food services, and the creation of public spaces, by cleaning these sites which are badly polluted. At the same time we try to address the problem of the housing deficit that the city is suffering.

Green spaces used as dumps.

BEFORE

Pedestrian access is obstructed.

For every 100 inhabitants in Mexico City, 4 work in the informal commerce sector.

2% of the GNP is generated by the informal commerce sector.

Public services are stolen and taxes evaded.

Lack of hygene for preparing food.


social minimum footprint housing.

AFTER

Pedestrian access and public spaces.

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28

Acapulco was once the main touristic city of Mexico, however bad planning and failure to preserve natural features of the region, have cause the city to go bankrupt and has turned the city in one of the most violent cities in Mexico. The city is divided in two areas the Old and New Acapulco, the Old part of the city has been abandoned and neighbourhoods have turned into dangerous areas full of crime and violence due to poor planning. This project deals with these problems at an urban scale with a proposal to redevelop of the whole old coast of acapulco through housing, and redesigning public and commercial spaces, with an intention to reboot the touristic character of the city. The project was formed through group discussion, where conversation with urban and architectural debate was held to bring together the best ideas to create a regenerated urban tissue and then develop individual architectural responses.


29 B

B

Nivel 11

1:400

Public. S

Semi-public. Acceso

Private.

B

B

Nivel 10

B

B

Acceso Acceso

Acceso

S

Playa.

B

Nivel 9

Comienzo del pasaje comercial.

S

Renta de bicicletas. Venta de artĂ­culos de playa, bebidas y alimentos.

Acceso

B

Acceso

B

B

1:400

Nivel 8

LG

Acceso

Acceso S

B

Acceso Acceso

S

B

Nivel 7

Acceso

B

Acceso Acceso

S

Nivel 6

Acceso

B

Acceso

B

1:400

Nivel 5 B

L1

Nivel 4

Nivel 3

Fachada Este

B

Nivel 2

1:400


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re-imagining the old a


acapulco.

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32 My first insight into Australian architecture was, under the tutoring of Pritzker Prize Winner, Glenn Murcutt. Located in the boundaries of the Australian Outback, Lighting Ridge is a small location which is known for opal mining, the brief of the project was to design an artist in residence facility, where cultural and artistic events could be held, and at the same time give artists a space for inspiration and development of their work, this within a poetic architectural discourse, however the main challenge was to respond to climatic and natural conditions of the area. The main concerns were temperatures of above 45 degrees during the day in summer, -7 at night, drought, lack of sewerage, waste management, water and electricity systems. Responding to these conditions required an understanding social and economical activities within an environmentally responsible framework that at the same time captures the essence of Lightning Ridge.


DOWN

UP

GLENN MURCUTT REGIONAL DESIGN STUDIO: ARTIST IN RESIDENCE, LIGhTNING RIDGE.

20500

DOWN

20000

UP

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34


35

2012.


36 This exercise consisted in a deep exploration of diverse discourses regarding the ideal dwelling space, analysing projects from architects of the XX and XXI centuries, in order to discuss architectural qualities and their value to us as students to develop adequate spaces for dwelling. My case study was MVRDV´s “Two Houses on Borneo Sporenburg, Amsterdam”, located in a complex with plots 5 metres wide, with no gap or space between each of the plots, MVRDV´s strategy consists in taking spatial restrictions to the limit in favour of ideal natural lighting conditions, in one of the houses the premise is more radical where all the spaces have a depth of 2.5m in order for light to penetrate the house and in the other a clever use of cantilever, allows light to travel from one end to the other of the house at the same time that connects living spaces and gives privacy to bedrooms.


understanding housing by modeling precedents. 37


38 Located in one of Sydney´s most popular suburbs, this project intends to respond to contemporary living styles and offers to the competed residential market of Bondi a proposal which aims are reinvigorating social interaction within residential buildings towards a more sustainable way of living, and at the same time offer benefits from commercial and retail spaces to give the building a better economic dynamic and viability. The project is strictly grounded in understanding the site´s natural features and positions itself to accommodate the best orientation for light, thermal comfort, natural ventilation, and visual connections to the iconic Bondi Beach. Aln exploration to rely on natural and renewable sources of energy to power the building was made at the same time that water recycle and waste management systems were introduced, a community sense was worked in the form of common terraces conditioned to grow urban vegetable roof gardens. The most distinctive feature of the building is, that all the western facing walls are turned into green walls to serve as thermal regulators to the units.


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40


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42 After completing buildings, especially those with a larger scale, way finding becomes vital for proper use and functionality; graphic design plays a main role in communicating to the user the way buildings are navigated and giving them a sense of security and confidence. This project explores the idea of giving identity to buildings through graphic design, by designing a theme for the building that will inform all aspects of way finding, from the main logo for the building to maps, signage for amenities, services, lifts, and even the development of a digital “way finding system.� Coherence between the graphic design and the use of the selected building had to be considered, as well as production values, also an interesting task was to develop a three dimensional map where users can easily identify their location and the routes that the can take within a selected building in order to arrive to their destinations.


L6

L5

L4

L3

L2

L1 M LG

B THE RED CENTRE ELEVATORS

WEST WING

STARIS

STAFF OFFICES

STUDIOS AND CATS

CIRCULATION SPACES

LG

M

L1

L2

L3

L4

L5

L6

- G A L L E RY S PAC E

- G A L L E RY S PAC E -ST U D I O S PAC E - P O STG R A D UAT E RESEARCH

-ST U D I O S PAC E - P R I N T I N G STAT I O N -ROOMS 1001- 1022 -

-STA F F O F F I C E S -COMPUTER LABS 1,2 -ROOMS 2001-2046 -

-STA F F O F F I C E S -COMPUTER LABS 3,4 -ROOMS 3001- 3050 -

-RESEARCH UNITS -INDUSTRIAL DESIGN -ST U D I O S PAC E -ROOMS 4001- 4047 -

-DEAN´S UNIT -ST U D I O S PAC E - L E C T U R E T H E AT R E -

-ST U D I O S PAC E -

graphic design for architects.

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44


graphic design for architects. 45


46 Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Royal Botanical Gardens Royal Botanical Gardens

Royal Botanical Gardens

Darling Harbour

Darling Harbour

Darling Harbour

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Central Station

Central Station

Central Station

Proximity to Vehicular Emissions

0

0.15

Kilometers 0.6

0.3

Suitability Index Parks Roads

¯

Proximity to Previous Surfaces (Parks)

Kilometers 0

0.25

0.5

1

Suitability Index 1 Worst

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 Best

Parks Roads

1 Worst

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

¯

10 Best

Incoming Solar Radiation

0

0.15

0.3

Suitability Index Parks

10 Highest Radiation

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

Kilometers 0.6

¯

1 Lowest Radiation

Roads

GIS is a powerful tool that is used mainly for urban design purposes, that involves the collection of data that can be translated into vectors and raster data, that can then be mixed and interpreted in diverse ways to make design proposals, the following projects, showcase the flexibility and depth in analysis that the tool provides. This project seeks to identify sites within the Sydney CBD to install green roofs, the considerations to find the most suitable sites included proximity to vehicular emissions so that green roof can compensate them, proximity to parks so that there is a biological continuity, incoming solar radiation to ensure proper growth of systems, storm water impact in order to be able to rely more on natural irrigation and capacity of buildings to carry water and finally property demand so those buildings that are financially in better conditions are the ones that can afford installing green roof systems. GIS combines all these considerations into one map that can be interpreted, as a result of the study Walsh Bay was selected as one of the zones where green roof systems are more viable.


Royal Botanical Gardens

Royal Botanical Gardens

Darling Harbour

Darling Harbour

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Central Station

Central Station

Stormwater Impact

0

0.15

Kilometers 0.6

0.3

Suitability Index Parks

1 Suitable

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

¯

Property Demand

0

0.15

Kilometers 0.6

0.3

Suitability Index

10 Best

Parks

Roads

1 Suitable

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

¯

10 Best

Roads

Sydney Opera House

Royal Botanical Gardens

Darling Harbour

Hyde Park

Central Station

Site Selection for Installing Green Roof Systems

0

Most Suitable Buildings Appropriate

Good

Very Suitable

Best Location

Parks Roads

0.125

0.25

Kilometers 0.5

¯

geographic information systems.

47 Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House


48

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Royal Botanical Gardens

Sydney Opera House

Royal Botanic Gardens

Darling Harbour

Darling Harbour

Royal Botanic Gardens

Darling Harbour

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Central

Central

0

Sydney CBD Landuses Commercial

Residential

Parks

110

220

440

660

880

¯

Meters

Maritime and Transport

Industrial

Hotels

BusRoutes

Embodied Energy Distribuition by Zone Embodied Energy Index Low

Central

0

110

220

440

660

880 Meters

High

BusRoutes

¯

Parks

Embodied Energy Distribuition by Zone Embodied Energy Index Zone 1 Low Medium High

Zone 2 Low Medium

Zone 3 Low

Zone 4

Zone 5 Low

Medium

Medium

Medium

High

High

High

0

110

220

440

660

880 Meters

BusRoutes

Parks

¯

On this project the idea is to map, an analysis on rental returns in the CBD to have an idea of prime locations and more affordable zones within the city, first a clear mapping of the different land uses in the CBD provides an idea of the distribution of services, residential, mixed used and commercial buildings, in this study we focused on residential developments, an insight into the embodied energy of buildings shows a sustainable approach on deciding which buildings have a better performance and planning. Proximity to parks is an important data that landlords and potential buyers can take into consideration in order to make better investments, connectivity and pubic transportation were also considered, all this factors were given different weights to get a final mapping of residential buildings that have better rental returns. As a result once again, Walsh Bay stands out and was rated very high due to having low embodied energy because of the recycled structures, at the same time that has a waterfront, connectivity with public transportation , and several green spaces within a walkable distance.


Sydney Opera House

Royal Botanical Gardens

Royal Botanical Gardens

Darling Harbour

Darling Harbour

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Central

Central

Proximity from Residences to Parks

0

110

220

440

High

Distances from Parks 400m 300m 200m 100m

BusRoutes

660

880 Meters

Accesibility to Parks Low

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Parks

¯

Proximity from Residences to Bus Routes

0

110

220

440

660

BusRoutes

Parks

Low High

880 Meters

Accesibility to Parks Distance from Bus Routes 400m 300m 200m 100m

¯

Sydney Opera House

Royal Botanical Gardens

Darling Harbour

Hyde Park

Central

0

Rental Returns Prime Locations Low

High

Peripheral Low

High

110

220

440

660

880 Meters

BusRoutes

Parks

¯

geographic information systems.

Sydney Opera House


50

1.- Analising the site´s, natural, social and economic conditions.

2.- Developing a volume to analyse the brief´s requirements in site.

4.- Water catchment wouldn´t be enough to supply drinking water necessities throughout the year.

3.- A building of the required density overshadows neighbour buildings during winter.

5.- A substraction was introduced to be able to totally supply drinking water needs with water catchment

Architecture is often in the middle of debates, which projects are considered successful? How can you distinguish a good design from a bad one? Is it because of the aesthetics, spatial organisation, planning, materiality, use of light? This studio was focused on giving tangible evidence of quality and good design with the aid of analysis tools that focus on sustainability, so energy production, waste management, water catchment, natural light and ventilation, as well as embodied energy and efficiency in construction were addressed.

Building Density Capacity

Building´s Water Supply Capacity by Rain Catchment

Wa ter Consumption in

Australia

1996 = 506 L/day = 2000 = 342 L/day 2011 = 329 L/day 2015 = 300 L/day

216 m 2 per floor minus circulation.

All these analysis tools were applied to the deign of a 5 storey mixed used building which explores contemporary formats for offices, where living and working coexist for a more efficient way of living. The ground floor was specified to be a retail space that offers to the public electric vehicles, and the brief asked for a strategy of further development for green spaces dedicated to leisure.

Retail Space = 120.22 m 2

10 m =

2

2

2

14 600 L/yr pp.

40 L drinking water a day

Building´s Capacity for Water Catchment

12 Office Space = 78 840 L/yr

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15

Housing = 583.2 m 30 m =

Retail Space = 53 735 L/yr

12

Office Space = 147.22m 10 m =

2

40

2

20

*Development of ventilation and light control systems manually operable.

15 Housing = 191 425 L/yr

13

X

216 m

2

324 000 L/y r.

Average Rainfall Annual: 1500 mm

*1134.641 m2 of Photovoltaics *Generating 25, 037.845 KWh/yr *21 % of Building´s Yearly Energy Consumption *Roofs and Terraces Catching 324 000 L/yr 100% of potable water needs.

Trees: *Coastal Tee Tree (5m)

Shrubs:

*Coastal Rosemary *Coastal Wattle *Baeckea

*108.45 m2 of terraces with native planting and compsting spaces for organic materials.

*White Corea *Dagger Hakea

Ground Covers: *Climbing Guinea Flower *Pigs Face

Grasses: *Lomandra *Paroo Lily

*Living machine, recycling 1232 075 L/yr *908 075 L of water provided by one truck of water a month for one year for the system to self sustain.


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6.- Bringing the more public conditions of the building to the ANZAC Pde end.

GROUND LEVEL

LEVEL 1

LEVEL 2

LEVEL 3

LEVEL 4

7.- The substraction was carefully performed to ensure crossed ventilation,generate terraces for offices and apartments and to admit natural light to the adjacent buildings.

8.- Two circulation cubes are provided, connecting all the spaces to ensure accesibility.

9.- Six apartments were generated with high natural light levels, plus a retail space and three office levels.


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Masterplan and Indigenous Market in the Rural Town of Tilaco

credits

Developed in collaboration with María Teresa Ruíz Cárdenas and Ramón Alejandro Martínez de la Loza.

Development of Housing with Construction Representation In collaboration with María Teresa Ruíz Cárdenas and Eva Arronte

Market in San Pedro de los Pinos, Mexico City Designed in conjunction with María Teresa Ruíz Cárdenas

Social Miimum Footprint Housing Designed in conjunction with María Teresa Ruíz Cárdenas

Re-Imagining the Old Acapulco Urban scale project in conjunction with group “Universidad Iberoamericana Spring 2011”, architectural project designed in collaboration with María Teresa Ruíz Cárdenas and Mara Martínez Rodríguez del Sobral.


EMILIANO MIRANDA

Mob: 0405 298 550 E-mail: emilianomirandaym@gmail.com


Academic Portfolio