Page 1

Inhabiting the Informal City: CairoZabbaleen

| G1

2011-2012


Project Partners Umeรฅ School of Architecture Unesco The Locus Foundation

Local Project Partners Coptic Church Institut Franรงais Environmental Quality International - EQI Association for the Protection of the Environment - API


Faculty Mette Harder Jana Revedin Sepideh Karami Alberto Altés Mark Ochel Roemer van Toorn Ellen Skånberg

Student Group Jacob Everhed Nathalie Jonsson Emili Norén Karin Olsson Sofia Sjölin Johan Uddén

Project Report Group report of the process and outcome of the 5th term Bachelor at UMA as developed during the Autumn term of the 2011-2012 academic year in and around the case study of Cairo’s Garbage City - Zabbaleen.

UmeåSchoolofArchitecture,UmeåUniversity-2011-2012


chapter 1 - M2 - Case Study - Zabaleen

page 001

| 1A - Public Space in the Megalopolis | 1B - Hard Mapping | 1C - Soft Mapping | 1D - Relations

page 002 page 003 page 004 page 005

chapter2-TheoryCourse-CatchingtheMultitudewhereitisatwork chapter 3 - M3 - Reflection, Analysis and Program chapter 4 - Planning Course chapter 5 - M4 - Strategic Intervention chapter 6 - Theory Course - Text chapter 7 - History Course

page 006 page 007 page 008 page 009 page 010 page 011

Table of Contents

2011-2012


Case Study: Cairo Zabbaleen . M2 | 1


Cairo Contested: Making or Shaking the State Urban boundaries of state control and popular appropriation in Sayyida Zaynab Model Park The Egyptian architect Abdel Halim won in 1982 the competition for designing the new Cultural Park for Children in Cairo. The history of this park, from the planning process to the current use, is a struggle between the architect’s ambitions of a united community and the authority’s need of control.

7

One might say it’s a history about the government’s lack of reliance to its people, and how good intentions can end up in a question about power and what is really common or not.

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . PUBLIC SPACE IN THE MEGALOPOLIS . 1A

1_A

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


Cairo Contested: governance, urban space and global modernity

Making or Shaking the State -Urban boundaries of state control and popular appropriation in Sayyida Zaynab Model Park author: Khaled Adham Cairo : New York : American University in Cairo Press [2009]

The site for the park was set to the historical garden of al-Hud al-Marsud; an oasis of the past that transformed into a wasteland of drug dealing and criminality. With locating the new national Culture Park for Children in the area, the Ministry of Culture, hoped to organize the community and influence the public culture of the inhabitants. In the park program for the competition, the regulation measurements for the surrounding wall was already set to 3 meters and made of brick, to control vandalism and enable the institution control the boundary to the community. Abdel Halim was of the opinion that a clear border like a solid brick wall would be of no good for the neighboring area relations. His aim was instead to: “produce a design where the barrier is smart and sensitive enough to the issues of community.” To achieve this he thought of a design where the barrier itself was the link between the community and the park. He designed thick walls where he imagined various activities to be placed, each with double openings – one towards the park and the other to the alley on the other side. He also extended his design into the alley where he created a structure of stair-like levels, to prevent car traffic and make the alley correlate to the park interior, making the border less significant.

The construction of the park began in 1987, and the opening ceremony was held in November 1990. What was supposed to be a cheerful celebration ended in chaos when children climbed the wall and the guards responded with violence. The Ministry of Culture’s need to control continued and the gates towards the alley never opened. The result of further regulations made the park only accessible to wealthy kids. The disappointment from the locals made criminality and gangs rise in the alley. The Ministry of Culture response to the critic was that the park failed to fulfill its security requirements, and the community felt like the park “turned its back” to its members. Abdel Halim started the Abu al-Dahab Group (ADG) to manage, control and maintain the street and the locals started their own workshops and activities that lead into a “street festival”. Abdel Halim and the ADG hoped that this change of the alley would show the Ministry of Culture the intense form of collective productive area in the community and hoped to convince the state that the local community was capable of creating these spaces, and therefore the park should open up to the alley – as initially planned.

8

Instead, spikes have been attached to the wall to prevent people from climbing in and the gates still remains sealed to the alley.

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . PUBLIC SPACE IN THE MEGALOPOLIS . 1A

1_A

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


9

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . PUBLIC SPACE IN THE MEGALOPOLIS . 1A

1_A

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


Initial thoughts on Zabbaleen Mapping of functions

10

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . PUBLIC SPACE IN THE MEGALOPOLIS . 1A

1_A

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


Zabbaleen: Hard Mapping The hard mapping can be seen as an introduction to our site. We use the week to get to know our street throughout many aspects to get a general idea about what this place was about. Collecting data about activity, traffic, aesthetics, relations and history we found that our street, locate parallel to the main street, is a relatively quiet with a lot of plastic and paper industry mixed with shops, barbers and a breakfast restaurant.

11

The work is often located on the ground floor in the dwelling houses and also partly out on the streets. The garbage is storage both on the street and inside people’s homes. The street has become more densified during the lastdecades and is now expanding vertically.

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . HARD MAPPING . 1B

1_B

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


12

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . HARD MAPPING . 1B

1_B

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


PLAN SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

13

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . HARD MAPPING . 1B

1_B

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


14

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . HARD MAPPING . 1B

1_B

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


VALUES: Values can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of actions or outcomes. As such, values reflect a persons sense of right and wrong. Values tend to influence attitude and behavior. CAPITALISM: Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit, usually in a competative market.

Zabbaleen: Soft Mapping The soft mapping started off in a discussion about Zabaleen as a locked capitalist system where the profit desperation surpasses the social responsibility and sense of community. 15

The business competition excludes the social relationships. These notions lead to an investigation about values and priorities.

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . SOFT MAPPING . 1C

1_C

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


16

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . SOFT MAPPING . 1C

1_C

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


17

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . SOFT MAPPING . 1C

1_C

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


The presence of each value in the households we investigated. The bigger the circle, the more importance a certain value has. Depending on where the value is placed in the diagram there is a relationship between the geographical placement and the importance it has.

18

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . SOFT MAPPING . 1C

1_C

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


19

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . RELATIONS . 1D

1_D

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


Target: Finding incentives for positive change in Moqattam Village, by better understanding the Zabaleen’s Value System. By values we mean; Principles or standards of behaviour; one’s judgement of what is important in life. As such, values reflect a person’s sense of right and wrong and influence his/her attitude and behavior.

Our methods for investigating this value system have mainly consisted of interviews and graphical test, where people in the community have ranked aspects against each other in order of importance and enjoyment. The two final coordinate systems with all the categories so that you can see how they relate to each other.

All the answers we got is assembled and made into an average dot. One for each category with a colored field showing the spread of all answers within that category.

20

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . RELATIONS . 1D

1_D

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


21

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . RELATIONS . 1D

1_D

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


22

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . RELATIONS . 1D

1_D

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


23

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 . RELATIONS . 1D

1_D

Jacob Everhed/Nathalie Jonsson/Emili Norén/Karin Olsson/Sofia Sjölin/Johan Uddén

2011-2012


Question for investigation The garbage economy has trapped the people in their current situation. Many of the inhabitants works for a daily wage which puts them in a vulnerable situation.

88

Most of the people we interviewed expressed a will to transform their situation but they seem to be unaware that the change has to come from within. In order to change, they have to change. The village has a lot of traditions, with its origins in Upper Egypt, that limits the possibilities of developement. But the people does not only seem to be restricted in their traditions and their culture but also in their way of approaching difficulties. By introduce a new kind of activity, diconnected to the garbage economy, can one expose the positive sides of collaboration and trigger creative thinking that can kick-start the process of transformation that the people living in Mokattam is in great need of?

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 QUESTION FOR INVESTIGATION

1_F 2011-2012


89

Can the intervention kick-start the process of getting the to wheel spinn? It is much easier to bike ones the wheel in spinning. By exposing the intervention in the streets of Mokattan can one trigger a riple effect that can inspire the people to keep on pushin the pedals?

. CASE STUDY: CAIRO ZABBALEEN . M2 QUESTION FOR INVESTIGATION

1_F 2011-2012


Strategic intervention|M4

3


97

The Marimba Project. The idea of the project is to introduce an activitiy which can stimulate creative thinking and encourage the inhabitants to explore new fields. To introduce such an activity which, at least in a short term perspective, has nothing to do with the improvement of ones economic situation seems to be quiet difficult. No profits equals no interest. By exposing the activity in the chaotic streetscape one might be able to reach people that, for different reasons, would not participate or notice it otherwise. The Marimba project is about the creation of sounds and how that can stimulate creativity and transform into a collective investigation of the art of collaboration. Even though music can be played alone, it can create connections to other people interested inthe same or similar field. Music collects people of all ages. It is a very seductive tool in that sense that it raises curiosity and starts an exploration process, that we think is needed in the settlement, without being too radical and too offensive. And above all, music is a lot of fun and can triggers the mind.

2011-2012


98

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili Norén & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


99

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili Norén & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


100 How to introduce music in the Mokattam village? The strategy to introduce music within the Mokattam setllement is to focus on the children. Kids are curios and eager to try out new things. They have not yet reached the age where activities becomes unappropriate in the same sense as for the adults. The kids are the future.

The purpose of the project is not only to create a playground for the kids to stimulate creative thinking but also to create a tool for teaching the kids how to read and to count. Being located in the middle of two schools and one kindergarden offers opportunities to use the structure as a classroom for pedagogical teaching. The method of using music as a tool for teaching the children is aldready an etasblished method in the kindergardens in Mokattam Settlement.

The marimba is an instument made of wooden pieces which you hit with a stick. The instrument is played preferrable in a great number of people, which can teach the kids how to collaborate in a larger group. The marimba can also be used as a tool for teaching reading and counting. By using intruments which can be hit by a stick or a hand one can avoid haing the troubble of hitting the bad notes. It is impossible to play wrong.

By attaching numbers or letters on the instrument, the kids can start of by playing their name in letters, then by playng a famous song by numbers and ďŹ nally writing their own songs.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


103 Describing the site The chosen site is located in the middle of a gils school, a kindergarted and a private school. The project sits on the border between the calm park area and the chaotic street. The structure climbs over the 3 meter high wall, creating a connection between the two sides. The park was, some years ago, a composting plant but at the moment a large part of the park remains unused, exept for some plants. The upper part is uses by the kids of the kin-

dergarten which is situated in the park area. The street side of the structure is a junction of three bigger streets. The trafic situation in this area is not as chaotic as in the rest of Mokattam settlement. But occupying space from the still very busy streets in not an option. Therefore the structure hangs over the wall, without interferring the ground of the street. Instead, the structure has its base on the parkside where the atmomsphere is a lot calmer. As shown in the large picture above the-

re is a small hill at the end of the street which create a theater like situation. The surrounding houses, with its balconies offers a goog view for those hwo cannot leave the house for different reasons.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


105 The program of the structure The structure constists of two main parts; the instrumental area (blue) and the pedagogical area (yellow). The instrumental area connects the park with the street by its foldable stairs. The pedagogical area is placed in the park side in order to escape visual contact with the street but also for a acustical reasons.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


108

Marimba instrument in scale 1:1 An important aspect of the project is the transformation of ordinary material into something spectacular. By using your creativity and collecting knowledge from inventative people you could build instruments from almost any material, without being an expert. In order to investigate the potential of sound in different materals we tried out some examples in scale 1:1. The small Marimba consists of a frame that the strings are attached to which the bars rest on. The bars of wood is cut out in

the middle with different diameters of circles. This affects the sound. By being presize you can tune the Marimba. Both the material of the bars, prefarable hard wood as birch, and the dimensions in thickness and lenght affects the sound outcome. Underneath the bars sits a resonance box which amplifies the sound. The most common way to create renonators is to use plastic or alluminium pipes which resonates the sound of each bar. This method demands much more presicion than the box but creates a more powerful sound.

To hit the bars you could use practically everything but the hardness of the sticks affects the sound. Softer mallettas, as they are called, works better with the smaller bars, while the bigger bars could be hit with both soft and hard ones. The reason for working with the Marimba instrument is because the instument is easy to play and impossible to hit a bad note.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


109

The plastic pipe instrument in scale 1:1 The pipes are creating some of the railings in the structure. This instrument is made out of plastic pipes approximately 1 to 2 meter long, but the longer pipes the deeper the sound. The pipes are cut in variating lengths which creates different tones.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


110

The cajon drum in scale 1:2 In the structure the drum is used as steps in the stair. The idea is that by just running up the stair you create music. The wooden box consist of five sides of 150 mm thick plywood. The upper part is made out of 5 mm thick plywood and is attached with screws to the rest of the box. On the opposite side a hole is cut

out in order to create a better resonance. Different resonance depending on the top material and the size of the box creates different sounds. The drum boxes can also be used as seatings. By tipping the box a bit one can create different sounds by hitting the different sides.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


111

The marimba is the main instrument as well as the pedagogical tool. Integrated within the structure are drums, guitar strings and plastic pipes. The drums are creating the stairs and the seatings, the pipes and the strings the railings. These elements are made both to show them different, simple ways to create musical instruments, but also trigger creativity and curiosity in creating sounds. Just by walking in the stair you are part of the music making.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


112

Scenarios 1: School class The structure is made to be used in different ways depending on the activity taking place. The pedagogical area works both as a classroom for teaching the kids the instrument during school hours but also as a “back stage� situation while performances are taking place in the evenings. The Pedagogical part of the structure is located in the park, where the 3 meter high wall prevents sounds from the street to disturb the lessons. Before starting the class the children gathers in the

pedagogical part inside the park side where the techer can co through the instrumnets. After that a smaller group of kids can walk upstairs into the main instrument space to try out themselves, while the rest of the class continues the lesson downstairs.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


113

Scenario 2. Concert The structure can be used as a concert hall for performances. These occasions can be held during the evenings where the traffic os not as busy as usual. The structure can be lit by colorful lamps to contrast the concert situations from the pedagogical situations. The concerts can be view from the street and the park but also from the balconies, for women that are not aloud to leave their home.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


114

Scenarion 3: Sundays During sundays, when almost everybody is off, the structure will be held open for the public to try out the instruments.This is a important part of the project. By focusing on the kids you might also be able to reach their parents. Music is an ageless activity and a very effective way to raise curiosity since the sound can travel far.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION M4.

1_Y

Emili NorĂŠn & Sara Zetterlund

2011-2012


The Cairo project  

This is collected material from a four week study of Mokattam village, the garbage collectors Zabaleen neighborhood, in Cairo. It shows the...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you