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Seasonal charcuterie must-haves
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Picture this... T
he crackling sounds of a fireplace fills the air, you are sipping on a delicious cup of hot chocolate under your favorite fuzzy blanket as you sink into the soft cushions on your couch to read Emerald Valley Magaize. Pure comfort. Isn’t that what everyone needs right now, comfort? There’s no doubt our world has been turned upside down in many ways since the pandemic emerged in spring 2020. Suddenly, we were all “remote” employees, juggling a packed house while video conferencing with colleagues. Our children faced a sudden end to the school year and missed out on traditions and extracurricular endeavors. We were thrown into a new normal that involved a lot of solidarity and quite frankly, a lot of stress. I say, we could all use some self-care as we continue to try and navigate this new way of living. That is where the ideas for the Pure Comfort issue of EVM came from. Together, our team has worked to create a guidebook to serenity and sanity. If you are anything like me, your busy house makes it hard to find a space to relax amidst the chaos, "Sacred Space" by Dana Marryday (pg. XX) helped me create the perfect spot in my home to truly unwind. Serenity doesn't just end at creating the perfect space, which is why we have unique tips from local authors to help you dive deeper into relaxation. Joey Blum guides you through his meditiation habits (pg. XX) and Emma Routley takes you on a journey into the beneficial world of CBD (pg. XX). Learn the ins-and-outs of unique hobbies from author, Aliya Hall, who introduces Willamette Valley's army of quilters (pg. XX) and Don Williams who paves the railroad for model trains (pg. XX). And what's comfort without the food? We’ve gathered mouth-watering recipes that will warm your body and soul, all easily made with locally sourced ingredients, from local cooks. So, get comfy, grab that cup of hot chocolate, coffee or tea and enjoy discovering all of the ways you can achieve Pure Comfort!
Chelsea Aleesha Greenway General manager of EVM Creative director of The Chronicle
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32 22 Contents Staying busy
09 Behind the Seams A quilt is more that just a decorative piece or a cozy addition to your bed.
20 Chugging Along Learn all about model trains from a long-time builder & collector.
Health & Wellness
09 Sacred Space
Create the perfect spot in your home to relax and unwind.
20 Satisfied Mind A guide to meditiation & the impor tance of a calm mind.
09 Acorn Squash Soup
'Tis the season for delicious warm soups paired with soft bread.
20 Seasonal Charcuterie The seasonal must-haves for the perfect charcuterie board.
34 Pumpkin Pie
The comfor t food of the season.
ON THE COVER PHOTO Emma Routley STYLING Chelsea Greenway LOCATION Realtory Nancy Zenke
1 2 3 4 5
8 MUST-HAVE Health & Wellness
Presented by Creswell Wellness Center
Essential Electrolytes are designed to help promote electrical impulse function when taken before or after light to intense athletic activity. Essential Electrolytes help restore minerals that are lost and utilized during or after exercise and promote a quicker recovery. This electrolyte supplement also aids in reducing or eliminating headaches that can be caused by the Keto diet.
Magnesium is an important mineral for a healthy lifestyle and an active life. Nevertheless, we typically do not get the amount of magnesium that our bodies need. Using magnesium topically is the easiest and quickest way to correct any deficiency. OSI Magnesium is made using the purest magnesium oil from the Zechstein Sea. Creswell Wellness Center carries OSIMagnesium lotions with added MSM, Melatonin or D3!
Mullein leaves in tincture form can be used as a powerful painkiller, sleep aid and clears warts—however, it is most commonly utilized as a powerful natural decongestant. It is useful for controlling and treating asthma, bronchitis, earaches, hay fever and more respiratory conditions. At Creswell Wellness Center, we carry locally owned Wise Woman Herbals Mullein tincture as well as Solaray brand capsules. *contains alcohol
One of the first comprehensive blends of nutrients in one immune boosting product—Wellness Formula is a bio-available collection of over 30 vitamins, antioxidants and herbs. This amazing product supports cleansing and clearing mucous membranes, boosts our bodies’ overall response to stress and offers up a powerful antioxidant defense. Our environment can be filled with danger, but you have an option to utilize the gifts of nature to strengthen your immune system to fight for you!
Stone Breaker is a comprehensive tincture from Oregon’s own Herb Pharm. It contains a blend of herbs and roots such as Chanca Piedra, hydrangea root and celery seed that have proven to reduce the effects of kidney stones and the presence of uric acid. This amazing herbal tincture is beneficial for promoting urinary tract and kidney health.
Carlson Omega 3’s
Cod Liver Oil & The Very Finest Fish Oil provide the important omega-3s: EPA and DHA, which support heart, brain, vision, and joint health. Omega 3’s are an important part of any supplement regimine—and Carlson brand among the most recognized for their purity and efficacy.
This incredible plant boasts many volatile oils that boast antibiotic, anti-fungal and anti-viral properties. With proper dosing, this incredible herb can help in treating fungal and bacterial infections as well as providing antioxidant properties to boost immunity. At Creswell Wellness Center, we offer Oregano Oil in capsule, liquid or essential oil form.
Skin Care by Derma-E
This incredible plant boasts many volatile oils that boast antibiotic, anti-fungal and anti-viral properties. With proper dosing, this incredible herb can help in treating fungal and bacterial infections as well as providing antioxidant properties to boost immunity. At Creswell Wellness Center, we offer Oregano Oil in capsule, liquid or essential oil form.
All products can be found at The Creswell Wellness Center located at 24 W Oregon Ave, Creswell, Oregon. Visit www.creswellwellness.com or call (541) 895-4464 for more product informaion.
H E A LTH Y NOT HIGH Emma Routley
This season, find comfort and relief with some high-quality CBD. CBD is short for Cannabidiol, which is an active ingredient extracted from a hemp plant, designed to help treat aches, anxiety, inflammation, insomnia and more. There are multiple different ways to use CBD, allowing for you to be creative in finding which ever way works for you. CBD can come in many forms - edibles, vapes, and creams are just a few options. To maximize the options, CBD can also be purchased in a tincture form. A tincture allows you to use CBD oil in a variety of different ways with just one product: you can apply the oil directly to your skin, put a few drops under your tongue, or mix it with your favorite beverages and foods. It is not psychoactive, making CBD safe for those wishing to avoid the marijuana stigma and find relief without feeling the alternating effects of getting ‘high.’ There are two types of cannabis plants, industrial hemp plants and cannabis plants that have over 0.3% THC. THC is the component in cannabis that makes the user ‘high,’ or ‘stoned.’ If altering your mind and body is not your goal, steer clear of products that have over 0.3% THC. These products do not qualify as industrial hemp and may have a stronger effect than just relief from everyday aches and pains, anxiety or insomnia. CBD oil qualifies as a hemp product, as long as the ratio of THC in any product is less than 0.3%. With CBD oil, the THC is stripped from the industrial hemp and thus the user can feel all the great benefits of the cannabidiol without the altering effects that THC can cause.
Conveniently, industrial hemp CBD products can be purchased in everyday places such as a grocery store, meaning you don’t need to venture into a dispensary to buy them. Something to be aware of, however, is to ensure that the CBD product you buy is of the utmost quality. When purchasing CBD products outside of a dispensary, the product may have more ingredients in it than just pure CBD oil. Be sure to check the ingredients, and aim to purchase from local Oregon farms to ensure the best quality product. Gretl Gauthier and Jon Cook have been local Emerald Valley residents for more than two decades. They are partners in both life and business, and with their business partner Max Sassenfeld, the three created Resonance Farm. Resonance Farm has provided the community with CBD specific products from their local hemp farm since 2016. This year will be their fourth harvest. The Resonance Farm CBD tincture line is made from two simple ingredients, hemp extract from organic hemp plants and organic coconut oil. Their products have blow 0.3% THC, so there is no need to go into a dispensary to find them. Resonance Farm CBD tinctures can be found at local grocery stores, and occasionally at the Lane County Farmers Market on Saturdays. Gauthier said that they found a lot of people prefer the option to avoid dispensaries, and CBD doesn’t have to have the same stigma that marijuana has. “You can just go to the store and pick some up,” Gauthier said. “They don’t want that altering effect that THC products have. They want the anti-inflammatory, they want the benefits, but they don’t want that mind altering intoxication. So it’s a win-win.” Gauthier said she’d always been a cannabis user, and was well aware of the benefits of cannabis. She has a background in herbal medicine, and cannabis was “another tool in the tool kit.”
“There are multiple different ways to use CBD, allowing for you to be creative in finding which ever way works for you.”
“For me with CBD, I really came into power with it when I started having issues. I work with my hands a lot. I started having issues with my hands, with numbness and tingling,” Gauthier said. Before Resonance Farm, Gauthier said she was trying to run a business and be a single mom simultaneously, so she wasn’t in a place where she wanted to use THC cannabis products all day long because of the altering effects. “That’s one of the hashtags we use all the time, ‘#healthynothigh.’ That’s a big component of why we do what we do.” Gauthier said she also wanted to avoid Western Medicine and anti-inflammatories like Advil and Tylenol because they’re not good for your liver. “But I needed some sort of pain relief. I was coming into it from a perspective of wanting something natural for my own inflammation related issues. When Jon, Max and I all got together and started doing this, I felt I had a connection to the plant itself.” Cook said he puts CBD oil drops under his tongue on a regular basis, the fastest way to kick the CBD into action. But, he also uses CBD oil as an aftershave. “It’s so good on my skin. During my self care routine, I’ll just put a little dropper on my hand and just sort of rup it all over my face and on my neck and beard area after I shave. It makes my skin so soft.” Cook said the purity of Resonance Farms CBD oil has no flavoring nor additives, which makes the product versatile. The possibilities are endless with a tincture of pure CBD, it provides a new spin as a base ingredient for CBD bath bombs, CBD lotions, CBD chocolates, CBD soda - you name it. It is well worth taking the time to research the specific CBD product in mind to make sure that the ingredients are purposeful and to understand what effects cannabidiol might have on your body. There are a variety of different ways CBD might benefit your day-to-day life, but taking research into your own hands and understanding the science behind the plant could help you understand which product might be right for your interests. Once you know that CBD consumption is comfortable for you, the opportunities are endless. It’s time to get crafty - make your own CBD products. Whether you want to try adding CBD oil as a special something to a recipe, or just apply it directly to pain, CBD is a natural alternative to help find potential relief from everyday ailments.
BY YAAKOV LEVINE
all harvest time is always exciting and can be a great distraction during times of stress. Whether you reap the garden bounty from your garden, farmers’ market or the grocery store it’s great to have the opportunity to enjoy nutrient density into the winter. Some of my favorite and the most nutritious veggies are winter squash, such as delicata butternut, hubbard, blue hokkaido, and spaghetti, to name a few. Here is a guide from OSU Extension for storing your harvest: • All pumpkins and hard-shelled winter squash (not delicata) may be stored at the end of the growing season for use well into the new year. For best results, store sound, well-cured fruit at 50 to 55°F in a 50 to 70% relative humidity. Squash and pumpkin deteriorate rapidly if stored at temperatures below 50°F. • Length of storage life varies according to variety and type of squash or pumpkin. Table Queen and other acorn-type squash can be stored satisfactorily for 1 to 2 months. With longer storage, the skin begins to turn yellow and the squash becomes stringy. • Cure squash and pumpkin for 10 days at temperatures of 80 to 85°F and a relative humidity of 80 to 85 degrees. Use a small cabinet heated by a thermostatically controlled electric heater or a corner of the garage partitioned off with plastic for a curing chamber. A small fan will maintain good circulation and uniform distribution of heat. • Keep the surface of the squash dry to prevent or retard growth of decay fungi and bacteria. Air circulation helps to prevent moisture from forming on the surfaces of the fruit. • Provide shelves for storage of pumpkin and squash. Do not store on cold concrete floors. Promptly discard any that show signs of decay. Some of the more durable squash may be stacked on top of each other if adequate room is provided for air circulation.
Acorn Squash Soup Yields 8 Prep time: 25 mins Cook time: 1 hr
INGREDIENTS 3 lbs. unpeeled acorn squash 2 large onions 2 large carrot sticks (scrubbed) 2 celery sticks 3 c. chicken broth 1/2 – 1 c. unfiltered apple juice 1/4 c. olive oil 1/2 c. heavy whipping cream 1 Tbsp. ground curry powder 1/2 tsp. salt 1/4 tsp. pepper
Recipes by Denise Nash Photography by Emma Routley
DIRECTIONS Preheat oven to 350. Arrange the squash and carrots in a rectangle baking pan and drizzle about a Tablespoon of olive oil over squash and sprinkle with some salt. Roast for an hour or until the skin is soft. Meanwhile, roughly chop onions and celery and saute in the remaining olive oil in a 6-quart pot until transparent or tender. Add 1/2 the broth and the apple juice and let simmer on low heat. Slice the cooled squash in half and gently scoop out the seed. Remove the peel from the squash and cut into chunks. Add to the broth, curry, and let simmer until very tender. Slightly cool, and puree in small batches in a blender until smooth; transfer into a large saucepan and add the rest of the broth and cream. Heat through (do not boil) add apple juice if the soup is too thick. Garnish with a dollop of sour cream and sprinkle with pumpkin seeds.
Simple Flatbread Prep time: 2 hrs Active time: 10 mins Rising time: 5 hrs Total time 7 hr 10 mins.
INGREDIENTS 1/4 oz. packet of dry yeast 1 1/2 c. warm water 1/4 tsp. honey Kosher salt 2 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil 3 c. of bread flour
DIRECTIONS Stir the yeast, honey, and warm water in a bowl. Let sit until foamy, about 5 minutes. Whisk the flour and 1 1/2 tsp salt in a large bowl. Add the yeast mixture and olive oil and mix with your hands into a smooth dough. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap; set aside in a warm place until the dough doubles in size, a 1 hr. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and knead until slightly elastic, dusting with more flour if needed, about 5 mins. Return the dough to the bowl, cover, and set aside again until doubled in size, about 1 hr.
Brush 2 inverted baking sheets with olive oil. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and knead until smooth and elastic, dusting with more flour if needed. Cut the dough in half and form into 2 balls. Roll out each ball into a 12x3 inch rectangle, about 1/2 inch thick. Transfer each dough rectangle to one of the prepared baking sheets and let rest, uncovered, until a dry crust forms on top, 1 hr, 30 mins. - 2 hrs. Meanwhile, position racks in the middle and lower thirds of the oven. Place an inverted baking sheet on the bottom rack and preheat to 475 degrees, for at least 40 mins. Press your fingertips through the dry crust on top of the dough to create a spotted pattern. Gently stretch each piece of dough into a 14x4 inch rectangle, then brush the tops with olive oil and sprinkle with salt. Put one sheet of dough on the inverted baking sheet until the bottom of the bread is golden brown, about 7 mins. Transfer to the middle rack and bake until golden all over, about 5 more minutes. Remove from the oven and immediately brush the tip of the bread with olive oil and sprinkle with salt; let cool on the baking sheet on a rack. Repeat with the remaining dough.
All For The Love of a T
he Friendly City of Creswell is many things, but few think of the gentle town occupying the center of the world. Not so for Lisa Kelly Simmons and her parents, Kathy and Jeff Kelly, who have brought the attention of a world to their work devoted to the history and perpetuation of the noble Lipizzan horse. The Simmons-Kelly love of horses starts with mother Kathy. “I have always loved horses. My childhood neighbor was a retired cowboy who shared his string of horses with the local youth. We all learned bits and pieces of horse lore as we had wonderful trail rides and shared caring for the horses. Later, as an adult, my first horse was a yearling Appaloosa colt that I learned from a book how to develop into a good trail horse. “That ‘Scrappy Appy’ led me into the dressage ring and soon enough our daughters joined the Pony Club. It was at a Pony
H or se
Club fundraiser that I saw my first Lipizzan.” Kathy passed her love of horses to her children and Lisa said she literally was on horseback before she could walk The Lipizzan breed derives its name from the town of Lipica (pronounced Lip-itz-a) in modern day Slovenia that once sat in the midst of the Austro-Hungarian, Hapsburg Empire. Born dark, most Lipizzans develop their distinctive white by the time they are six to 10 years old. Occasionally, recessive genes combine and a Lipizzan will maintain their birth color. They have an intellect, gentle disposition, and aerial prowess familiar to many from equestrian spectacles. The Hapsburgs first developed the breed for military purposes, and it would be difficult to find a more recognizable symbol of feudal aristocratic status than a Lipizzan horse with a uniformed rider atop its back. Lipizzan development coincided with an array of social, economic, and
military forces and the horses were key parts of military forces concerned with challenges from the Turkish Ottomans. Keen to maintain their strategic advantage over the Ottomans, The Hapsburgs relied on having superior horses. Lisa was first introduced to Lipizzans in the 1990s. At that time, Lipizzans were thought of as something most horse owners might never have. “In 2001, with the encouragement of my daughter Lisa, and my husband Jeff, we acquired two young Lipizzans, a mare and a gelding and later a broodmare from White Horse Vale Ranch in Goldendale, Washington.” Before long, with a desire to “conscientiously propagate the breed,” Lisa, Kathy and Jeff began searching for a stallion that would complement their mare.
Th e Road to
In 2003, they visited Tracey Weiss, an equestrian living in Lorane, who owned a Lipizzan stallion, Maestoso Contessa-58. Weiss at one time aspired to be an Olympic equestrian, but when she discovered the enchanting Lipizzan, it altered her life’s trajectory. With her husband Greg she constructed a timber-framed arena replicating the dimensions of Austria’s famed Spanish Riding School, and subsequently traveled to Austria and acquired Lipizzans. Riders soon gathered in Weiss’ arena for instruction with Karl Mikolka, a renowned horseman trained in the formal traditions of classical dressage at The Spanish Riding School in Vienna, the epicenter for Lipizzan horses for almost 300 years. Before leaving to share his talents around the world, Mikolka spent 13 years at the school, rising to the level of Oberreiter (Chief Rider). Under Mikolka’s tutelage, clinics were both legendary and instructive with riders and horses learning about each other, the techniques of classical dressage and fostering an appreciation for the traditions and skills of Lipizzan equestrian.
• • • • • • • • Kathy said, “Tracey invited us to participate in a ‘Karl Clinic.’ It was a long commute from our home in Washington but our lives changed as we became committed to supporting the breed.”Adds Lisa, “We put our horse, Alsea, into training with Tracey for a few months around the same time I married my husband, and she ended up staying for five years. “On our honeymoon, Jase and I started playing the game of if we could live anywhere, where would that be. After a two-year search, the family found a ranch near Creswell (St. Cloud) to continue their lessons, and began a joint venture to pursue their passion. Since moving to their “St
The first Lipizzans imported to North America were gifts to opera singer Maria Jeritz. Jeritz was given two stallions and two mares after singing at the Vienna Opera House in 1935. The four horses became five, as one mare gave birth during passage around the tip of South America to Hollywood in 1937.
Cloud Ranch” in Creswell, the family has bred and raised several Lipizzan foals. Here the story takes a different turn. You might fairly ask, what does the state of a single breed of horse matter? This question draws a passionate response from those who admire the Lipizzan for its unique beauty and character, and explains how knowledge, scientific curiosity and passionate devotion to the breed made Creswell the North American center for the Lipizzan. “When we developed an interest in breeding, sale horses were often advertised as ‘Coming from a rare bloodline.’ Much of that was sales-pitch jargon, a way of touting something special,” said Lisa. But being scientifically astute, she asked the question, “What does rare bloodline mean.” This led her to research bloodlines to discern what was “truly underrepresented” in the genetic history of the horses and what was not. What began as a curiosity evolved into a comprehensive genealogical record of the breed in the St. Cloud Research Database that today includes records for close to 13,000 individual horses and dates back to the 1700s. “As this database became better known, various ‘stud books’ from different countries would be shared with my dad and he would meticulously enter the pedigrees; always documenting where the information came from in case a question arose or conflicting information was found.” A second database belongs to the United States Lipizzan Federation, and the family has been intricately involved with this organization for over a decade. Lisa, in addition to her engineering career, is starting her fifth year as the USLF president and her seventh year as a director. She is an ad-hoc member of all committees, while actively serving on the USLF Registration and Quarterly Magazine committees. She also manages the USLF office, coordinates and runs the monthly board meetings and serves as liaison to the Lipizzan International Federation, the international
organization made up of historic state studs and national private-breeding organizations. Keeping track of genetics requires expertise from a scientific mind, as well as the intuition and observational abilities of a Sherlock Holmes. That describes Jeff, a retired science professor from The Evergreen State College in Olympia, Wash. Imagine doing a family genealogy when members keep moving and changing names. Even with meticulous record-keeping, bloodlines can be murky from horses having their names changed multiple times. Tracking lineages is a demanding chore of sorting, sifting and decoding centuries of records, often with confusing lineages, sloppy records and overblown claims of genetic singularity. Objective record keeping is an arduous task and well suited to Jeff, who developed the original St. Cloud Ranch Research database and modeled it after the structure of his family genealogy. It has evolved over the years and at one time utilized a similar database used for dog pedigrees, with newborn foals listed as litters.
Kar K a rll Mik M i k oolk lkaa Karl Mikolka, b. 8/21/1935, Vienna, Austria d. 5/12/2019 Gloucester, MA. Events during that era in Europe, such as the Nazi occupation of Austria, Karl's father being drafted into the German Army, and the arrival in May 1945 of Russia troops in Vienna, forced young Karl and his mother to live on the run amidst bombing and gunfire, hiding in bunkers and basements. They also hid and cared for a Jewish woman in their basement for two years, an act which would have resulted in instant execution had they been discovered. Before and after the war, Karl also had pleasant childhood memories of riding in a neighbor's horse-drawn wagon, delivering produce to customers. He loved the scent of horses and the feel of leather reins in his hands and often stopped on his way to school to feed treats to tethered working horses, risking reprimands from his teacher for being late for classes. A weekend job exercising harness race horses plus encouragement from a riding instructor further fueled Karl's desire to pursue a life with horses. Following graduation in 1954 from the Humanistisches Gymnasium, he applied to and was accepted by the prestigious Spanish Riding School in Vienna for the royal Lipizzan stallions of the Hapsburg dynasty.
Breeding practices and history lead to questions about the significance of genetic purity. Jeff said, “There is a philosophical issue of whether the Lipizzan breed is a fixed set of genetic traits or a combination of genetics and other utilitarian and performance qualities that influenced the development of the breed for hundreds of years.” There are examples of genetically qualified Lipizzans with the requisite genetic purity, but that otherwise lack the aesthetic or practical qualities that make the horse so unique. An example of this is “Noblesse,” the regal stature of a majestic horse that is a defining quality of the breed. A horse might be a pure-bred Lipizzan but lack Noblesse. There are examples of a genetically qualified Lipizzan horse with the requisite genetic verification to be considered pure, but the individual animal lacks the “aesthetic or practical qualities that make the horse so unique.” Pure genetics does not necessarily make for a good horse. Lisa, Kathy and Jeff are all clear that there is more to maintaining the breed than tracking genetics. The Lipizzan was developed for its fine qualities before the world had knowledge of genetics. Discovery of DNA would come more than 200 years later. Despite that, horse breeders understood how to create a sound animal. Contrast that time with today, where genomes are well understood but breeder fixation on genetic purity might not accomplish what less-knowledgeable people did for hundreds of years: produce a “good horse.” Much the same as the fabled horses of the American Pony Express did years later, Lipizzans, possessing great stamina, once pulled mail carriages between Vienna and Budapest, the two most significant cultural centers of the Hapsburg Empire. Lisa says a balance must be struck. “The Lipizzan did not come out of thin air, but evolved from common knowledge about breeds and qualities known in European commerce from the use of horses for farming and transport. Some breeders want a traditional working horse, others a regal Spanish Riding School-style horse, and others a combination. One approach does not work for everything, but a systematic accounting of the various horses allows for knowledgeable practices. Breed standards protect the qualities of a particular line of animals, but standards must be flexible enough to allow for needed variation. Standards must also protect against watering down or altering the breed so much that the best qualities are lost.” It isn’t simply a matter of selecting for one gene or another as the process is influenced by different ideas and motivations by breeders.
industry statistics show that most private horse owners are women over 40. A recent survey of USLF’s membership showed that the majority of members were aged 60 and over. In the 400 years since Lipizzan breeding began, the breed’s numbers have risen and fallen in parallel with historical events from wars to famines, and even into economic downturns. In North America, numbers went from a pre-downturn average of 50 or 60 purebred Lipizzan foals being born each year, to below 20 ever since. Currently, there are less than 1,000 purebreds in all of North America, with less than 100 potential breeding animals aged 11 and under (most of the existing population was born before 2008).
An important factor in Lipizzan genetics and breed perpetuation is the role of stud farms. Stud farms initially bred horses for military purposes, as horses were a significant part of the Hapsburg military arsenal. Early studs may be likened to tank, aircraft or munitions factories. State-run studs for Lipizzan breeding exist in Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Italy, Croatia, Romania and Serbia. State-run stud farms are similar to agricultural seed banks, whose mission is to preserve pure strains of fruits and vegetables. Such an approach might preserve original fruits, but overlook a delicious peach or nectarine. Private studs also can effectively gather and breed for a horse's qualities, but can differ in evaluating genetic qualifications of a given breed. Over hundreds of years and changing geopolitical environments, studs were located and relocated to keep the horses from enemy hands, and an ironic but uncomfortable truth, Adolph Hitler saw the Lipizzan as a personal trophy to be cherished. It was Hitler who saw that the Spanish Riding School was outfitted with chandeliers to light its regal displays of haute ecole (the high school of) dressage. Horse numbers are plunging across all of the equine breeds since 2008, a reflection of changing tastes and economic realities. Horse
The Lipizzan International Federation tracks the worldwide population. At the end of 2019, there were approximately 11,500 purebred Lipizzans worldwide. Just over 2,100 of these individuals are in one of 11 state-run stud farms in Europe. The rest are privately owned with the highest concentrations in Hungary and Croatia (with almost 2,000 individuals in both). Lisa cites “a combination of factors” leading to the decline in Lipizzan numbers in North America: the overall absence of demand from a younger generation, long-time Lipizzan breeders aging out, and the rising costs of keeping a horse in North America. Lipizzan breeders today don’t make a profit from breeding, raising and selling horses. Those who are breeding are passionate about this unique breed and have dedicated their time, energy and fiscal resources to preserving, protecting and promoting the breed. History and the Lipizzans are interwoven. “My involvement with Lipizzans has expanded my geographical and historical knowledge of the world. The more I learned about the horses, the more I came to appreciate how much the story of the horse intersects with historical events. An example is the event that triggered the start of World War 1, the assassination of Hapsburg Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, Sofia. The two Hapsburg royals were killed while riding in a motorized open-air automobile. Not long before the rise of the automobile, a royal procession would have included a
Duke Ferdinand, whose assassination in 1917 was the catalyst for WW1 and a reshaping of global politics for the following hundred years, was a member of the Hapsburg Royal Family. Traditionally, he would have ridden in a Lipizzan-drawn carriage during parades and ceremonies, but on this fateful day, the Archduke and his wife, Sofia, rode in a large and clumsy automobile. When the assassination unfolded, instead of evasive maneuvers by a well-trained and responsive team of horses, the hulking ceremonial limousine performed an awkward and slow three-point turn, ensuring an assassination that would catalyze “The War to End All Wars.”
Duke D u kFerdinand e Fe r d i n a n d
carriage drawn by Lipizzans, or their closely related larger cousins, the Klaudruber. Horses and a driver would have been skillfully practiced in quick reaction and evasive maneuvers. This was not the case on that fateful day when the assassins took aim at the royals riding in an ungainly car that had to perform a slow and awkward three-point turn to change direction. The assassins fulfilled their purpose and catalyzed ‘The War to End All Wars’ that would and redraw the borders and balance of power of 20th-century Europe and the world.” The end of the Hapsburg monarchy also ushered in a new era for the Lipizzans. For Lisa, Kathy and Jeff, work with the registry takes them to annual meetings with other Lipizzan organizations around the world, representing over 20 countries, which gather to assess and evaluate the state of the noble horse that gives purpose, pleasure, knowledge and exploration to their lives. And it is serendipity and fate that brought both horses and admirers to the Friendly City of Creswell.
• • • • • • • •
For more information about their work, contact Lisa Simmons at firstname.lastname@example.org If you are interested in learning more about and supporting the work of preserving the Lipizzan breed, the USLF offers an Enthusiast Membership that includes their quarterly magazine: uslipizzan.org
Full-body wellness through the Creswell Wellness Center
o you haven’t been feeling up to snuff? Thinking that you could use a full-body tune-up? But you’re not sure where to go? You might want to check out the Creswell Wellness Center. “All of our practitioners here function on a one-shop wellness mentality,” said Chelsea Pisani, who owns the facility and is a licenced massage therapist. “With many of our patients, as we look to address their injuries, reduce their pain and help them heal from injury-specific problems, we’ll work together as a team to see what works best for each client.” One client may want a chiropractic adjustment. The next customer might prefer an acupuncture treatment. A massage always sounds like a marvelous idea. And Creswell Wellness offers a wide array of natural herbs and supplements to keep everyone healthy and happy. Pisani said she’s glad to see so many people migrating away from traditional medicine. “We’re seeing an upward trend of people fed up with Western medicine, fed up with taking pills all the time,” Pisani said, “and it’s really neat to help someone on their wellness journey and educate them on how they can replace those pills with a plant-based medicine diet. “When they realize they’re in control of their own care, they take control of the driver’s seat.” Pisani is a big fan of Marco Caturegli, her licensed acupuncturist. “If you ever want to experience pure relaxation, a Marco treatment is where it’s at,” she said. Caturegli uses a variety of modalities -- including tui na, fire cupping, and moxibustion -- to pinpoint problem areas. “The system has been around for 5,000 years,” he said. “People try everything. Eventually, they decide to try acupuncture and see how well it works.” To say that Dr. Blair Wilkinson, the office chiropractor, is family-friendly would be understating the matter. “I do treat whole families but definitely wish I saw more,”
By Ron Hartman
Wilkinson said. “Infants and children adjustments are a little different than adult adjustments. The pressure I use to adjust an infant is about the amount of pressure you would use to check the ripeness of a tomato. There is no neck turning or twisting involved. “Infants usually benefit from chiropractic care due to the stresses of the birthing process. There is a lot of tension on the head and neck traveling through the birthing canal or being pulled during cesarean. Toddlers and children fall A LOT and can create imbalances that may not be painful but can create postural issues down the road. “Modern-day life stresses have been amplified this year with so many people working from home with improper ergonomics and poor posture. These people are coming in with neck and mid-back pain and stiffness. There is also just in general more sitting and less activity due to quarantining.” Pisani said she also feels blessed to have Kaitlynn Davis on board working the front desk. “She’s such a good herbalist, finding the right tools to fight stress and anxiety,” Pisani said. “She has directed so many people in the right direction.” Like a good poker player, Davis tries to spot a customer’s “tells,” the common signs that stand out when we’re vulnerable. “When you see someone with stress and anxiety, Skullcap works well,” Davis said of the popular supplement. “We can’t keep it on the shelf. I try to see how their hydration levels are. … There’s quite a magnesium deficiency in the U.S., and that causes cramping and diabetes.” Pisani said that by getting clients on proper diets -- oftentimes eliminating or cutting back on dairy, sugar and gluten -- they’ve been able to achieve many health goals, and a few women have even been able to conceive after years of trying. “Some people just say forget it when you tell them to cut out sugar,” she said. “But sometimes it really is as simple as that to get pregnant for some women.” At Creswell Wellness Center, they have just about all the answers.
'There's no rules to this': Jessie Chaput sews traditional with new.
WORDS: Aliya Hall IMAGES: Emma Routley
aving fabric is like a big box of crayons, according to local quilter and H teacher Jessie Chaput. Chaput has been quilting for over 30 years and enjoys “making something different” with her quilts. Chaput describes her quilting style as “high contrast and high impact.” She doesn’t stick to one type of pattern, and likes to experiment with everything from traditional to modern. Color and texture are her signatures, but everything else is up to determination. “My style is all over the place,” she said. “It’s just what I feel like making that day or who inspired me that day. What did I take from today? It’s a very simple process for me: just sit down, and create stuff.” Chaput was six years old when she first sat down in front of a sewing machine. Her mom was the one that taught her and by age 17 she made her first quilt — a bright rainbow block quilt for her boyfriend who was going away to school. “I didn’t want him to forget about me,” she explained. “And he lived in a dorm and didn’t have anything, there were no blankets.” From there, her passion for quilting blossomed. The next quilt she made she said was “with the hardest pattern,” creating a log cabin quilt out of one inch strips of flannel. “It was the first quilt I made for myself,” she said. “If you can make that, you can do anything.” Chaput was gifted her first sewing machine when she was 20, which she still uses today. It’s a Bernina 440 Quilters Edition. Although sewing machines range in prices, Chaput said that they can be as expensive or affordable as the quilter wants them to be. She recommends new quilters to get a cheaper machine, pick out two fabrics from a fabric shop and then go to GoodWill and look for fabric that matches. In one year, Chaput has made up to 17 quilts. She likes to juggle two to three different projects at once and will gravitate towards whatever she’s drawn to in that moment. With each project also being so incredibly different from the other, Chaput doesn’t get bored.
'the fabrics of life.'
hen a quilter gives someone the gift of a handmade quilt, although it might be tempting to tuck it away for safekeeping and never using it, Cottage Grove quilter Rhonda Chambers said that she would much rather have them bring it out and use them. “That makes us the happiest in the world,” she said. “They come from the heart, they really do. You put your love into every one that you make and you pass it onto that loved one . . . knowing that it’s loved as much as the love you put into it, that right there gives you that warm fuzzy feeling.” Traditionally, quilts can be used to mark a significant event in someone’s lives, whether it’s a marriage or birth of a child to an illness or death. With the latter being known as “comfort quilts,” these elaborately designed and sewn blankets do more than create warmth, they foster community. “There’s comfort on both ends,” Faye McGough, a local quilter who is part of three quilting groups in both Cottage Grove and Springfield. “It’s a comfort for us to make them, but then there’s the person who gets them.” Cottage Grove quilter Verlean McCoy said quilts themselves give comfort to people. She has quilts her mom made that still provide comfort to her and “to know she’s done that for me, and we do it
for others and hope they feel that way.” Sandie Moniz, another Cottage Grove quilter, made a quilt for her granddaughter who got married this year and became emotional describing how touched she was by her granddaughter’s response to the quilt. “Quilts are an important part of our life.” Beyond the quilts themselves, it’s also the act of quilting and the community that is created when quilters come together that is therapeutic itself. For McGough her quilting group “saves her life.” “I’m stuck at home with a disabled husband and if I didn’t have the quilting group when I need human contact, if I didn’t have an outlet I’d lose my mind,” she said. “I find myself get angry and anxious and it isn’t fair to him, he can’t help that his mind is gone. (But) it really is a life saver.” Over the years, McGough’s quilting groups have come together to uplift one another during tumultuous times. Quilter Janette Deill said her group got her through cancer. “(It was) the only thing that kept me sane, I think,” she said. “That and when my husband died. You have something else to think about.” Multiple women in her quilter’s group have lost their husband and have been sup-
ported and comforted by the community they built over this hobby. Karen Thomas, a quilting teacher at Lane Community College, said that her group had been through a lot of life events together. “I don’t know what I’d do without everybody,” she said. Even during the pandemic, Moniz said they had to continue to meet again, even if it was outside in a park without sewing machines because “it was such a comfort to us” to see one another. Despite the hard times, quilting is something that continuously ties people together. “It’s the fabric of life, I guess,” Deill said. “The good with the bad.”
Some of the projects she’s working on now includes a traditional lone star that features bright, solid colors, a gradient rainbow block quilt, or a sawtooth star quilt made with untraditional colors and fabrics. “Quilting can be whatever your imagination, whatever you want it to be,” she explained. “There’s no rules to this.” That said, Chaput still has an appreciation for super traditional quilt making because “there was a time and place where it was a necessity to have that quilt.”
“It’s communal,” she explained. “It’s not, ‘Here’s what I’m doing’ it’s ‘What are you doing?’ There’s an appreciation. It’s always like, ‘Wow that’s amazing, I want to do that too.’ I’ve met a lot of interesting people and they all talk the same language when sewing. It always comes from the same place of kindness.” Many people have asked her over the years if she sells her quilts, but that’s not something Chaput has any interest in. She likes to give them away because, “I never want to look at my hobby as work. It’s better that way. No pressure.”
Her unique twist on tradition also makes her popular among other quilters. Chaput said she was in a fabric store when some woman in her sixties started to chat with Chaput about the projects they were both working on. When Chaput shared some photos she said the woman “was like, ‘can we be friends?’ She was wanting to know how to do that. Anyone who tells me they want to do something like this, I’ll run with it.”
The biggest challenge that Chaput will have with quilting is deciding what she wants to do next.
Having gotten into the hobby at a young age, it was common for Chaput to quilt with women older than herself.
WHAT YOU NEED TO GET STARTED: • A sewing machine • A pattern that you want to quilt • Fabric for the quilt • Scissors or rotary cutters
“I’ll be like, ‘Why don’t we put bright orange with that’ and they’re mind blown. I’m a 20 something around 60 year olds and they were like, ‘What colors do you use?’” She said. This has also gotten Chaput multiple teaching opportunities over the years, although she doesn’t do paid lessons. She said that she “genuinely likes people” and she knows that “everyone can do it if they want to.” She’s more than willing to help people get this skill in their repertoire and help share what she does with others.
“I have so many ideas in my head, what do I want to start
now,” she explained. As she’s gotten older, she’s said that she has carved out the time for quilting. She describes it as her self care and has improved at spending more of her time doing things that makes her feel good. “Doing something for myself or making something for someone, I make time for it now,” she explained. “In this time right now, it’s very important and comforting knowing I have an outlet so I can dive into something and feel better.” She said quilts are comfort. Currently, she has two quilts that she sleeps with and whenever she’s not feeling well it makes it all the better to wrap herself up in. “I’ve made it and stitched it. I know how long it took and it’s comforting to be under something like that,” she said. Chaput still has quilts from her grandmas that are comforting for her just to have because it makes her think of them. She said that it’s rewarding to give a gift that will last forever and be made with care, and no one can put a price on something that is one of a kind because there’s nothing like it in the world. Each piece of fabric has its own background along with the time it took for the quilter to make. “It all has a story,” she said.
TIPS • Information always helps too, whether it's through the internet, a class or a quilting group. Finding someone who can share their knowledge and advice makes a difference. • Remember that you don’t need to be a perfectionist
Sacred Space Creating a cozy area inside or outside your home can provide spiritual, mental and emotional support, especially through the winter days.
he pandemic has thrown a wrench into everyone’s life, some more than others. With schools on a strange schedule and many folks working from home, if at all, these unprecedented times have put a lot of strain on many families. Suddenly parents are juggling childcare, online schooling, reduced incomes, and everybody crammed together while trying to preserve one’s sanity. It’s enough to drive anyone mad. Personal space is at a premium. In case you haven’t been dragged out of your house in a straight jacket and have survived thus far, I would like to suggest how to create a special place for just you. No matter what your living conditions are there are ways to make a special refuge to renew your soul when the going gets rough. A spot just to remind you to take a moment, breathe, pause, then carry on renewed. I had the luxury of being an only child until age five, when that boon existence vaporized on the arrival of my brother. It wasn’t so much that I resented his drain of my parents’ attention but when he became mobile that he began to mess with my “stuff.” Plastic models, carefully assembled, were broken, knick-knacks disappeared, and other violations of space caused me to make complaints to my folks who gave them polite attention, but no real satisfaction. That experience made me crave a place that I could call my own. To carve out that for yourself, start by surveying your dwelling and seeing
BY: DANA MERRYDAY
what is available. If you have the luxury of an underused room that could be repurposed, great! Is there a shop space, man-cave, or she-shed on the horizon that you can develop? If not, don’t despair, there is room in any situation to create a special spot just for you. Boundaries are important, the lesson my brother didn’t understand. If there are toddlers, small children, or rambunctious pets around, ground level or places easily accessible, those might not be a good choice for your special space. After you have assessed your house and sussed out what you can pull off, next comes the question how to claim it? Assuming that you don’t have the luxury of having a separate room available to turn into your own, you have to define your area in some way. If you can stake out a corner or part of a room, then use curtains, screens, tall plants, or furniture to block it off. If such a space is not available, a spot such as the top of your dresser, window sill, or shelf could work as a place to set up an “altared space.” If space is very limited, you might want to consider a wall display. You could fill a shadow box with special things or arrange them into a montage on a wall to be your “spot.” After you have picked a place, decide how to make it best serve your needs. Colors are important. If you can get away with changing the paint shade to one that causes you to feel restful and inspired, consider that. If not, maybe a cloth wall hanging or tapestry in those colors could help change the feel of the space. Choosing what to include in your special spot will, of course, be a personal experience. Recommendations that come to mind include: childhood mementos, a rock or natural object from a trip or special place, a photograph of a beloved family member or friend, an inspirational quote or poem, an image of one of your heroes, an award you’re especially proud of, or whatever is special and inspiring to you. If you have a spiritual practice, something that connects you to that belief might be a good choice. Again, it is what speaks to you. If there is a way to include a sitting area, then add a comfortable chair, a cushion, stool, or spot rug, to your scene. Another setting you might want to consider is outside. Is there a place in the yard that you could set up as a refuge? Placing a bench under a tree or by a nice flower bed, or fish pond. Rocks, interesting limbs or driftwood, garden figurines, and the like are some ideas to add to the spot as are wind chimes, banners, streamers and wind-driven kinetic doo-dads. Again what
is it that makes you feel good? With the Oregon fall and winter seasons, an outside spot might not be as usable as inside. Is there a shelter or shed available that may be a possibility to use as your retreat? Or an all-weather tent, tarp, or easy-up might be pressed into service to allow you to be outside when the elements aren’t so inviting. If it is not possible to use your outside shrine as a sitting place you could still set it up so that you could see it from a window as your special place of retreat. A window into a peaceful world. A few minutes gazing out onto your created space could be just what you need to clear your mind and give you a fresh start. Another consideration for spaces inside or outside are living plants. There is quite a variety of colors, shapes, and light requirements for indoor plants, so your plant choice should be a compromise between what you like and what will flourish where you plan on placing it. Besides bringing living green energy, a nice house plant can be a buddy for you. You have to dedicate some time to its care and that can build an affinity between you and make you take time to observe and assess its needs and changes. Watching something grow is always rewarding. The old idea of talking to your plants is a good one, as early as 1848, Gustav Fechner, a German professor, was considering that plants had a mental life. He published a book called “Nanna, or the soul life of plants” and postulated that talking to them helped promote their growth and health. A more controversial book, “The Secret Lives of Plants” in 1973 by Peter Thompkins and Christopher Bird, makes similar claims but has been labeled “pseudo-scientific” due to some of the authors’ claims. But what is beyond doubt is if you pay attention to your plant friends they will respond with growth and vitality. They will let you know what they need through your observations. If you are not sure what the plant is trying to tell you, some of our local plant technicians might help you through consultations. And speaking of plants and books, did you know that Cottage Grove has three independent bookstores? Books are one article I hadn’t included in creating a space, but is a great addition. It might be an old favorite that will let you escape the world for a bit, a collection of inspirational quotes, poems, or thoughts, or maybe just reading can be your personal space. Lost in the pages of a good book.
'Nesting' Resources Don’t let the Covid conditions dictate your life beyond sensible safety precautions. Create a retreat for you to be safe, whole, and at peace for well-deserved timeout. Here are local businesses that might have something to add to your retreat: Books • Books on Main • Kalapuya Books • Bookmine Interior plants • The Flower Basket & Gift Boutique •Tree House Nursery Deco • 5 Flying Monkeys • Apple Pie Antiques • Crafty Mercantile • Rogers Fine Antiques •Coast Fork Feed Store • Cottage Moon Craft & New Age • Main Street Galleria • Ambrose Collectibles • T & K Creations • Imagine it Framed
ne day my father-in-law asked me who I thought the richest man in the world was, and I mentioned some names. He said, you're wrong; it is the man with a satisfied mind. Red Hayes explaining the origin of his famous song, Satisfied Mind. Consider the human mind – powerful, imaginative and evolved to hear, touch, smell, taste, see, and intuit. Even while we sleep our brain works. Yet, the same mind that protects us can spin out of control, leaving us yearning for calm. Buddhism uses the term “monkey mind” to describe that restlessness. Learning to quiet the monkey mind helps us feel content, creative, and joyful. There are many ways humans find calm; one is through meditation. While specific techniques vary, the goal of most meditation is to reduce anxiety or tension and channel our energy into effective performance without wasting energy on fear or unnecessary reaction. Meditation helps us experience life with poise and calm, a universal need embraced by most religions and spiritual practices. My personal experience of mediation taught me a beautiful paradox that in order to react well, we must learn not to react. I began exploring meditation as a teenager. Without instruction or knowledge of technique, I made my first attempts at “sitting.” It wasn’t until I learned the meditative practice of focusing on your breath that sitting yielded results. Something as basic as paying attention to your breathing seems easy, but
closed in silence; my mind constantly distracted me with chatter. I kept thinking of the Beatles lyric, Everybody’s Got Something to Hide Except for Me and My Monkey until each passing day, the chatter faded and the By J o ey Blu m ability to focus grew stronger. After the third day, guided instruction in Vipassana techthat monkey mind is skillful at distraction, nique began teaching students how to reand sitting is not so simple as it sounds. In ceive all sensations without reaction. It is the my early forties I spent two years learning lack of reactivity that lets you focus and see meditation with a teacher who often rethe world as it really is. The goal is to develop minded students that, “meditation is hard.” a mind that is poised and balanced. Thankfully, like any exercise, it gets easier The foremost lay teacher of Vipassana, Satya the more you do it. It was during this time Narayan Goenka, (d. 2013) said, “It’s easy that I first learned of Vipassana meditation to meditate when people attend to all your courses. needs and there is no phone, family, radio, Though the very word, Vipassana conjures Internet, work, television, no need to cook or up religious and mystical notions, it is not have contact with the outside world.” In one a religious practice, but one of India's most of the course’s taped evening lectures, Goenancient techniques of meditation. Vipassana ka reminds students that when you return to has been taught for more than 2,500 years as normal life it will be difficult to maintain the a remedy for the torments that all humans same focus. Once you complete a ten-day share. We are fortunate to have The Northcourse, you are considered an “Old Student” west Vipassana Center not far from here. and are encouraged to continue your mediAlso known as Dhamma Kuñja, the Center tation practice each day. While many will not sits on fifty rural acres near the town of Ondo so, the benefits stay with you as you have alaska, Washington, ninety minutes north a tool to bring even brief moments of calm of Portland. Established in August 1991, into your daily life. it is one of over 120 international centers Vipassana tradition is that the practice should where Vipassana meditation is taught and be available to all. Therefore, courses are enpracticed. Ten-day courses are offered every tirely free of charge, which includes room month for new and returning students. and board. There are no strings attached to In 2014, I attended my first course. Upon that, and while donations are welcome, the hearing that I planned to spend ten days best donation one can offer is to volunteer sitting in silence, the people in my life were for a future course and help others have the skeptical, “You, not speaking for ten days? same opportunity as others gave you. No way!” As it turned out, silence was a genWhat do you get from ten days tle comfort, and even though of silent meditation? You demeditation is hard work, the velop the ability to find calm time spent in the course was even amidst the most chalfind a welcome refuge from everylenging provocations. You day life. learn to stop the monkey mind During a ten-day course, stu- even admidst long enough to embrace the dents spend 10½ hours each the challenges of life from a place day in guided meditation sesof calm sions lasting no longer than Returning from my first course two hours. There are breaks cha llenging (I’ve done two) my wife, who p rovo cat i on s . for meals, rest, and sleep. is often skeptical about my • • • • • • • • While it may be physically participation in “alternative things,” gave me challenging to sit for long periods of time, the once-over then declared, “I’m not sure the goal is not to sit like a perfect Buddha, what you did, but I want some of it!” A few but to find what works for you, and the staff months later she enrolled in her own course.” helps you find what works. Because I have a While I don’t meditate every day, my pracback condition that makes it difficult for me tice continues. Rarely a day passes without to sit on the floor, staff provided me with a me consciously drawing on things I learned chair and found other accommodations for in the course. Given the choice between ten people in need. There is an impressive coldays at a tropical resort or another ten-day lection of cushions, pillows, kneelers and sit, the decision will be easy. Having a way to blankets available for use. bring calm amidst the storm is a great comThe first three days sharpen your mind’s fort. A ten-day course in Vipassana may be focus by awareness of breathing. The most free, but ten days of silence is priceless! surprising realization during this period was how loud my inner voice is. Even with eyes For information about Vipassana Meditation, visit the
Dhamma Kunja website at https://kunja.dhamma.org/
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RAILROADS PROVIDE THE IDEAL INDOOR HOBBY BY DON WILLIAMS
As the days shorten, the weather cools and we are spending more time at home because of the pandemic, it forces us to consider how we’re using our time. Crossword puzzles. Television. Reading. Painting. These are certainly things that help get through the days and are, in most cases, educational. One hobby that we might think about in this day and age is model railroading. I had my first train set Christmas morning 1941. It was a little Marks clockwork windup with a key replica of a steam engine. It had a small tank car, box car, and caboose. For its day, it was a deluxe set, because in the front, under the smoke stack, was a flint device that made sparks to replicate sparks from the steam boiler. Then, in 1946, set up around the tree on Christmas morning was the prized Lionel electric steam engine, a 2020. It was O2 7 gauge, which meant it made a circle in 27 inches. A 2020 was a replica of a Pennsylvania turbine steam locomotive. The set came with a log car, a tank car, a railroad wrecker crane, and the matching wrecker caboose with toolboxes. Through the late 1940s, that set received a great deal of use. My friends would bring their trains and we would run them in our front room. In those years, I never had a permanent layout. We would set up the trains, run them for a while, then take them down, put them in a box, and store them away. So it was – until we went into high school. These activities are put on the back burner and stored away in the attic or closet. Eventually, with marriage and a family, and the happiness of moving to a larger house with a full basement, my son Matthew and I set up a 4x8-foot set of plywood in the basement and put down a permanent track layout for the 2020. Pictured here is the Shay locomotive, the most widely used geared steam locomotive. Photo: Leonard G.
Being a frugal family, Jean always cut our hair. Needing a new pair of clippers, after work one evening I set in my chair looking through the JCPenny catalog. While looking for hair clippers, I found Lionel Electric Trains. There was a beautiful Santa Fe AA Diesel set. We ordered the second set. On its arrival, we had to add a second sheet of plywood, making a larger layout of 8x8 feet. We soon added a third sheet of 4x8-foot plywood. One evening while the three of us were working on this hodgepodge layout – Jean asked, “Why don’t you move the washer, dryer, and hot water tank, and put in a real train layout over on the west end of the basement?” So that is what we set out to do. The family worked for a year building a beautiful railroad pike. In model RR terms, a layout with mountains, towns, and more is called a pike. The main layout measured 26x11 feet, with an arm coming down, three-feet wide and 18-feet long. Then another sheet of 3x18 bringing it around and back to the main layout, around the furnace. So we had a complete circle.
There are many ways to go in designing a model railroad pike. It can be a logging design, downtown design with passenger stations, or a combination. Our pike was oil fields on one end with three pumping oil derricks. A Lionel pumping oil derrick is a bubbling tube-like item – a great deal like the old Christmas tree lights that bubble. It sits on the base of an oil derrick that is about 14 inches high. There is a mechanical rocker arm that pumps up and down. In the center of our pike was a sawmill and freight warehouse area. The Lionel sawmill required a siding whereby you would pull a log car up by the loading deck and sawmill and dump the logs from the car onto the log deck. A conveyor belt would take the log into the mill, out of sight, and at the far end, a preloaded stack of lumber would come out, one piece at a time. Then the lumber would be loaded by a remote forklift onto a lumber car parked on the same siding. Adjacent to the sawmill is an icing station where little cubes of plastic ice were pushed into the top of the refrigerated Lionel car. In today’s market, Lionel has for sale entire circuses and carnivals, with ferris wheels, merry-go rounds, etc. It has two men, automated, pulling a crosscut saw. It is almost unlimited, what you can do in model railroading. There are beautiful reproductions of the Shey Logging Locomotives. As mentioned you could have a railroad pike representing a circus, a carnival, and a railroad station. All in your mind’s eye. Our pike had the full 26 feet of the back, with mountains, forest areas, and in the corner ... a trestle that was about 10 inches above the main pike on a curve around the waterfall that was in the corner. Mountains and waterfalls are all made with plaster of paris overdoor screen and painted. Jean built and painted the scenery. The trestle was 8½-feet long, end to end. It was built out of quarter-inch doweling for the pilings, and the flat, wooden sticks came from popsicles, completing the trestle. Most of these pieces were hot-glued together and spray-painted black.
There are different gauges of model railroading. The smallest is the Z gauge, and then comes N gauge, and a very popular HO gauge. It is half O gauge. Next is O27. As mentioned earlier, it forms a circle in 27 inches. Then it is O gauge, which forms a circle in 34 or 36 inches. O27 trains all run on O gauge track. Some O gauge trains will not negotiate the tighter corner on an O27. The track gauge is the same. The most popular today is the HO. We chose the O gauge because of such a wide variety of operating accessories. Remote-control switches – there is so much more you can do with the Lionel O gauge track.
Happy hobbies to you and yours!
Example of a 072 curve and turnout track
The O gauge trains run on what is called the O72. This is a much larger circle, of 72 inches, and is used on larger pikes. As you can tell, our family thoroughly enjoyed model railroading in our basement in Everett. When transferred to Cottage Grove, that all came to an end, and the trains were disposed of not because of a lack of interest, but a lack of space in our new home. We soon took up photography as a hobby. For 12 years we had a complete color photography darkroom, wherein we processed slide color film, cut and mounted, processed and printed up to 18x24-inch enlargements, and developed our own 8mm motion-picture film. That hobby, also, is now gone, as it is replaced with all digital photography equipment, and the computer and printer has replaced the enlarger and developing trays of a darkroom. These hobbies were wonderful pastimes and brought a great deal of family togetherness. Model railroading required the sharing of activities. Matthew, in summertime, would meet with TV, cable and phone linemen in the city park in Everett at lunchtime and as they converted office phone systems to modern technology. He was able to salvage a lot of relays and learn how to use them from the linemen. Plus, he had an active mind for that type of electrical and mechanical equipment. On our layout in the basement in Everett, were three main lines that ran all the way around the pike, with several sidings, remote switches, and more. In each of these main lines, Matthew had relays to where you could run three trains on one track, and the fast train would never overtake a slow train, as the fast train would be in a separate block and be stopped until the slow train cleared the upcoming block. Happy hobbies to you and yours.
Don Williams, a longtime Rotary International member, lives in Cottage Grove, Ore.
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