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Press: Ezgi Matbaacýlýk Çobançeþme Mh. Sanayi Cad. Altay Sokak No.10 (A Blok) Yenibosna-Bahçelievler/Ýstanbul Tel: (0212) 6549418

LABOUR PARTY Millet Caddesi Gülsen Apartmani No: 19 Daire: 1 Fatih – ISTANBUL - Turkey Tel: +90 539 3281323 (Mobile) Fax: +90 (212) 587 56 86 E-mail: international@emep.org Web: en.emep.org (English) es.emep.org (Spanish)


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Working clas struggle in Turkey and the Labour party (EMEP) Capitalism in Turkey has developed under the domination of imperialism. The first capitalist enterprises in the Ottoman Empire were established by European capitalists who were just reaching an imperialist stage. In the early 20th century; workers were mainly employed by such enterprises as mines, railway companies, docks, tobacco companies and enterprises which were mostly foreign-capitalised. Consequently, the first groups to start modern capitalist exploitation in the heart of feudalism and establish the relations which brought the working class into being were colonist and imperialist Westerners. The first leaders of the modern working class of Turkey were formed in these enterprises which were established with Western capital before Turkish and Muslim capitalists had come into being in the Ottoman Empire. Those who have built railroads and giant ports, who have taken out rich mines from the underground, who have shed the sweat of their brow in the first weapon factories, who have blown life into iron and earth; in short, those who have played a determining role in the history of Turkey with their creative labour when there was no bourgeoisie as yet, are workers and labourers. As of the last eighty years of the Ottoman Empire, the workers and the labourers have been the first to oppose the exploitation in the country as well as all the economic and political injustices. Since the last eighty years of the Ottoman Empire, workers and labourers have been the first to oppose all economical and political injustices in the country. In response to this; the Ottoman Empire, beginning with


Labour Party (EMEP)

the 1845 dated “Police Regulations Act” which forbade workers the right to strike and the right to establish societies, made the most oppressive and cruel laws against the workers. The first workers organisation was founded in 1894 under the name of “Ottoman Labourers’ Society”. However, under the heavy oppressive conditions of Sultan Abdulhamid; the society could survive only for a year. It was again in this period that the people’s movement began in many regions of Anatolia, along with the workers’ activities. Among the social and political conditions that prepared the 1908 Revolution, which was the first bourgeios revolution in Turkey, workers’ demonstrations and the people’s rebellions had a special impact. The working class and the labourer people have been the first in beginning all the struggles for democracy and independence in Turkey and have always shouldered all the burden of progress. Similarly; the working class have fought in the first rows of the independence and democracy struggle of the Anatolian people against the imperialist occupiers and against the Ottoman Dynasty which was, itself, a servant of imperialism. It was the brave sons and daughters of the working class who beseiged the occupiers with the strikes and street fights which they organized in occupied Istanbul. Again it was the working class who raided the warehouse of the imperialists and carried the weapons and ammunition to Anatolia. It was, once again, the workers and labourers who fought barefooted, hungry and unarmed in the front rows against the imperialist enemies of Anatolia. The working class that continued the struggle for justice

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and freedom after the Turkish War of Independence has been the pioneer and sentry of every advanced step and has fought against the extreme conservatism of the bourgeiosie and against fascism and imperialism. The capital which settled itself comfortably into a position of power at the expense of the workers and labourers; converted the already weak anti-imperialist revolution into an attack against the workers and labourers and their interests. While the system was in the process of becoming firmly established; “national interests” was set up against the interests of workers and labourers and all kinds of labourers’ rights were rejected in the name of “national interests”. Especially in the beginning, nationalist propaganda played a role in tranquillizing the labourers. However the conditions of exploitation which recognized no justice and no law, lost no time in raising the discontentment of the working class and the labourers. Reactions were put down with oppression and cruelty. Socialist ideas began to become prevalent among the intellectuals together with the working class movement. In the beginning of the 20th century and especially in the provinces with developed industries, various journals of socialist content as well as small organisations started to be formed. The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP)* (* Today’s TKP has no organic ties with the TKP mentioned here) was established in September 1920. TKP was oppressed and persecuted by the bourgeoisie as of the first days of its establishment. Many party members, particularly the members of the Central Committee, were killed or were sentenced to long years of imprisonment.


Labour Party (EMEP)

In the aftermath of the oppressed strikes and popular movements; the working class and the labourers endured the poverty, misery and the ration queues of the World War II period. During these years the TKP was rendered nonfunctional and was almost purged. The late ‘40’s witnessed the widespread trade union movement. This movement became the reason for the recognition of the “right to a union” and in 1952, with the establishment of TURK-IS “from above”; the government tried to keep the movement under supervision. Period beginning with the 1961 Military Coup Together with the impact of the quantitative and qualitative development within the workers’ movement and the developments on a world scale, the demonstration of 200 thousand workers in Saraçhane, Istanbul was predominant in determining “the right to strike” entering the 1961 Constitution as a constitutional right. Faced with the unavoidable workers demonstrations, the capital was forced to recognize the “right to strike and collective bargaining” as a legal right in 1963. During the sixties, while the working class movement spread throughout all the regions of the country, the strikes and resistances which brought the main mass of the class into action reached such an extent that they were able to determine the agenda of the nation. The unionist movement, with the direct participation of the workers, advanced by defusing the anti-democratic union-laws. Even though different groups claiming to be TKP were active both in and out of the country; in essence these groups were organisations under the influence of revisionism and reformism, affected by Kemalism and of a “Turkish nationalist” political line in terms of the Kurdish issue.

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The strikes and factory occupations such as Kavel, Demirdöküm and Sungurlar, around which class solidarity became widespread; also formed the foundation of democratic gains. These became the examples upon which the understanding of taking one’s fair share by worker’s method of struggle was developed. The attack of the capital against the right to a union was repelled by the two answering days of action, 15-16 June (1970), which are the honour of the workers movement. Once again, the passionate uprising of the workers could only be suppressed by a declaration of martial law. The 12 th March Military Coup was staged against the workers’ and youth movement In order to oppress the rising workers’ movement as well as the revolutionary youth movement; the collaborationist bourgeoisie staged a military coup on 12th March 1971. Many trade unionists and leaders of the workers’ movement were jailed. The youth movement with a radical attitude against reformism and which was particularly effective among the masses of the university youth and gravitating towards Marxism was suppressed. Young revolutionaries Deniz Gezmi?, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin ?nan were executed. There was an attempt to purge the revolutionary movement by killing some of the revolutionaries with the bullets of the soldiers and the police. As of the middle of the seventies, breaking out in revolt against reformism and revisionism; the revolutionary worker, youth and intellectual movement became inclined towards Marxism-Leninism. This movement built connections with the international Marxist-Leninist movement. Although the military administration which actualized the


Labour Party (EMEP)

coup d’etat of 12 March (1971) put forward the insufficiency of the Demirel government and the parliament, showing “terrorism” as a pretext; they firstly attacked the working class and their gained rights. The workers movement which recovered and began its ascent in a comparatively short time, continued and spread its progress that pierced the darkness caused by the coup d’etat, beginning with the “Ülker Resistance”. Besides the strikes and resistances, to which at times, ten thousands of workers participated; since 1976, May Day -the day of unity, solidarity and struggle- has been celebrated by hundreds and thousands of workers and labourers, in a style befitting to its historical meaning and content. Our working class has always been a model in the awakening, organisation and struggle of the labourer strata. The peasantry, the small tradesmen and craftsmen have learnt from the struggles of the working class, have taken their organisation as an example and have always found the working class always by their side in the struggles that they have given for their own rights and interests. Throughout the 1960’s and ‘70’s; land occupations of the peasantry, the unionising movement of public servants and the mass struggle of the university youth, have all advanced along the path opened by the working class. For this reason, in its every assault, the bourgeois conservatism has firstly attacked the working class; its unions and political organizations. The target of all laws of oppression, violations of justice and political limitations have always been primarily the working class. The bourgeoisie knows very well that seizing control of the working class means taking over the rest of the people. It was due to this reason also that the main target of the

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military coup of 12 September was the working class. The coup of 1980 turned the union laws into a mangle, arrested the workers’ leaders and an important part of the militant unionists and tried to block all the ways in which workers could intervene in social and political life. In this aspect, the coup was mainly successful and drove the working class back from the advanced position that the workers had acquired as a result of many years of fierce struggles. THE CREATER OF THE LABOUR PARTY IS THE WORKING CLASS It took many years after the military coup for the working class to recover itself and start its struggle in order to obtain their previous positions. After 1985; under conditions which was evaluated by the representatives of capital as “laws which make it impossible for strike and resistance”; workers demonstrations was on the agenda once more. During the days when the supporters of the “New World Order” declared that “the historical mission of working class was now over”; the working class of Turkey displayed a boldness which shattered the darkness of 12 September and the ideological siege of international capital. The late ‘80’s proved to be the years in which the working class of Turkey manifested that it was the hope and guide of all the oppressed. This struggle moved the main mass of the working class into action, supplied the class with new leaders and secured the strengthening of the advanced workers. The working class of Turkey made headway in putting itself forward as an independent class and reached the political maturity necessary in order to create its own party. In 1987, the actions triggered by the metal workers in or-


Labour Party (EMEP)

der to pierce the dark and oppressing conditions of 12 September, flourished and became widely spread. The 1988 actions, followed by the Spring demonstrations of 1989, the May Day celebrations which became more and more massive, the strikes and resistances of Pasabahçe (Glass Manufacturing Complexes), Erdemir (Steel and Iron Factories) alongside with hundreds of great and small other resistances became the peak of the struggle that was promoted by the workers and labourers with the aim of regaining their rights which were usurped by the military regime. The demonstration of the Zonguldak miners -synchronous with the great strike of approxiamately a hundred thousand metal workers- began towards the end of 1990 and resulted with the great Ankara March of 1991 and took the place it deserved in the history of class struggle. Strengthened by the working class the public sector labourers took action The impact of the 1989 Spring Demonstration also moved the public service labourers into action. Masses of public service labourers started to take an active part in social life. In this process, they moved out to the streets by tens of thousands against all the inhibitions which surroundered them and entered into the struggle for their rights and freedoms by getting organized in the unions which they rapidly established. Similar to the way in which the strong movement of the workers and labourers, between 1987 and 1991 had caused the collapse of the ANAP -a liberal party which has initiated privatisation in Turkey- government; so the end of the consequently formed DYP - SHP (CHP) -the coalition of a central right party and a “social democraticâ€? party- government was determined by the workers demonstrations.

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Throughout this whole period, the workers’ actions acquired the qualifications which moved the main body of the class into action. The polarization between capital and labour laid the foundation for the speedy rupture of the worker and labourer masses from the bourgeois parties. The working class obtained new positions which it actually utilized, broadened its area of movement and increased its opportunities. The workers’ movement proved its worth, both in the eyes of the capital owners and the other masses of labourers. Within the same movement, the working class created a mass of unionists and advanced workers who could organize and direct the class movement and carry the movement ahead against union bureaucracy and the attacks of the bourgeois governments. This period of struggle, which materialized just when it was declared that “the role of labour had ended”, made all the other classes accept the social role of the working class. The workers movement has encouraged the other working strata and has urged them to take part in the social opposition movement. Local strikes and resistances -as the examples of Zonguldak, Pasabahçe, Erdemir, Metal and Petkim (a petroleum complex) have demonstrated- gained characteristics which moved the local community into action. The mass struggle of the workers brought to light the ability of the class in getting organised and in organising as well as presenting all social groups and political currents the opportunity of learning from the workers. The movement of the public service labourers who have received a lot of support from the workers’ movement and who are close allies of the class; has broken the narrowness


Labour Party (EMEP)

it inhibited before 1991 and has increased in importance and has become widespread, taking the shape of a mass movement. The movement of the public service labourers, many of whom are workers, has presented a significant opportunity from the perspective of the workers’ movement and its political party. Learning from the class struggle the youth and women’s movement is advancing The voices rising from the factories and work-places, the suburbs and districts; mainly in the industrial cities, have been the first signs of the dissatisfaction and the stirring amongst the labourer women. Hundreds and thousands of labourer women and young girls have declared with their activities in factories and work-places that they have decided to take their destinies in their own hands from today. The university youth; with their struggle against the fee system -which forces the students to pay a large part of the university expenditures in public universities- and against the extremely conservative education system; have contributed greatly to the struggle for democracy and have shown that they possess the necessary foundation in order to shoulder and further advance the tradition of the revolutionary youth. The labourer youth movement of the industrial regions, where hundreds and thousands of young labourers are gathered in the great industrial cities has been fermented with the tremendous energy contributed to the movement in the factories and work-places by the young members of the working class. The worker and labourer demonstrations witnessed in such industrial regions as Merter, ?mes, Siteler, Ostim and Ăœnald?, have accelerated the progress of young workers and labourers along the path of struggle concerning

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their political demands. On the other hand; the struggle of workers, public service labourers, women and of the youth has tended to broaden from an economical struggle to being a political one. The tendency of political expansion in the movement, has also opened the way for the working class to create its own independent political party. The Labour Party has stemmed from the accumulation of all these historical processes, the great struggles of the last decade and has risen from the unity of the principal forces which represent the future of Turkey. The main forces which have created the Labour Party are: - The organizers of the worker and labourer struggles in the last decade and the advanced proletariat who have been trained within these struggles, - The trade unionists who have developed and represented “class unionism” in opposition to “yellow unionism”, within the worker and labourer movement, - The women who are aware that women’s liberation is dependent on the liberation of the working class and who have been the creators and organisers of the labourer women’s movement, - The vanguard section of the youth; who, longing for a new world are adamant about unifying their struggle against capitalism and extreme conservatism with the struggle of the workers and labourers, - The revolutionary intellectuals who have been devoted to socialism with their struggles and their lives -even under extreme conservative conditions whereupon it was declared that the revolutionary mission of the working class in history had come to an end- and who have shown no hesitation in joining the ranks of the advanced workers,


Labour Party (EMEP)

and the revolutionaries struggling for decades along the direction of the political line of the international Marxist-Leninist movement that has gained a foothold within these developments. The Labour Party as a necessity of the working class The worker and labourer movement which, beginning with the mid-eighties, has shown a rising and broadening in terms of the amount of people who have been participating in the movement, has reached its peak point in the history of Turkey. This openly declared workers movement, has at the same time brought forth the necessity of building a political party that would be fitting to the manner of the class and that could also struggle with the aim of placing labour in power. However, none of the existing political parties could meet this necessity. To briefly mention the fundamental perspectives that form the basis of the establishment and development of the Labour Party; The working class and labourers have no need for parties or groups that have totally opposite interests than the interests of the class. The working class and labourers have no need for parties or groups that try to insist on principles which have been invented behind closed doors in order to tailor the class movement into a specific pattern. The working class and labourers have no need for parties or groups that claim to be the vanguards of the class despite the fact that they have been established outside of the class. The working class and labourers have no need for separatist parties or groups that tells them to get organised on the basis of nationality and who, above all, calls them to uni-

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te with the representatives of the sovereign classes according to this basis. The working class and labourers want a party that unites their struggles and that helps the masses along the path of a regular and continuous struggle. The working class and labourers want a party that represents their own interests - only- throughout all the stages which must be overcome in the struggle against capitalism and extreme conservatism. The working class and labourers want a party that takes into consideration the differences of nationality, religion, language, race, denomination and gender but that is also a part of the unity and struggle of all the world’s working classes against the capital system. The workers and labourers movement has now reached the stage of organising itself as a revolutionary party which carries these characteristics. The Labour Party has dawned out of these demands and this searching. The Labour Party is not a party “in favour of labour”, but labour’s own party. To be labour’s own party means defending labour’s interests against capital and giving the struggle of re-shaping the world in favour of labour. To be labour’s own party means being on the side of the oppressed and exploited in the struggle between the oppressor and the oppressed and -likewise- in the struggle between the exploiter and the exploited. To be labour’s own party means protecting the people’s interests and defending independency against imperialism. To be labour’s own party means helping the working and labourer classes in getting organised to enter into and con-


Labour Party (EMEP)

tinue with the struggle for justice and power without being a substitute for the capital and the classes in between. The Labour Party and socialism The political view of the Labour Party is scientific socialism. The Labour Party is the party of the working class and struggles for the final salvation of labour from the clutches of capital. Another important difference of the Labour Party from the other parties is its way of organising which is adopted in correlation with its political view and according to the characteristic of the class it is based on. The Labour Party has come into being as a party getting organised in factories and manufacturing places, not in offices or bureaus. The Labour Party regards factories and places of employment, where the class ability and energy to struggle and to get organised becomes evident and where the method of struggle, action and organisation is formed and the class solidarity and consciousness is fermented; as the foundation of the party’s own organisation. The Labour Party rejects parliamentarism and relies on the strength and power of the working class EMEP attaches importance to parliamentarian struggle but rejects parliamentarism. For parliamentarism views entering the parliament and taking power (forming the government) by constituting the majority after entering the parliament as the “ultimate aim” and molds the activities in all the other fields in order to serve this particular aim. This is the attitude of the “saviour parties”. EMEP is not of such an understanding. For EMEP parliamentarian struggle is important in terms of benefitting from the extensive opportunities it presents for the organisation of the people in gaining power, the labourers overcoming the effect of the bourgeoisie poli-

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tical parties and in terms of gaining ground. Entering and working within the parliament is important because it helps this aim of the working class and labourers preparing for their own political power. In parliamentarian struggle the labourers have broad opportunities to not only find the means of getting to know the bourgeois parties and learn how to struggle against their games but also to learn the art of running the country. Furthermore to the extent that the labourers are a force in the parliament they will also enhance their unity and basis of their struggle and increase their possibilities for marching towards power. For this reason parliamentarian struggle and the elections as an expression of this struggle, entering the parliament and the local governments is never a field that should be underestimated; on the contrary it is of the utmost importance. However parliamentarism, as an understanding that regards reaching these as an aim is one that is alien to EMEP. The Labour Party rejects a socialism that does not rely on the working class The most fundamental difference between Marxist socialism and all the other previous forms of socialism is the fact that Marxism regards the emancipation of the working class “in the arms of the class itself”. Consequently the “socialism projects” before Marx that were going to save the workers have been termed as utopic (impossible to become true, imaginary) socialism. EMEP has been established as a party rigidly attached to the principle of; “the power that will emancipate the working class lies in the arms of the workers” and has continued its activities until today committed to this fundamental principle. What distinguishes EMEP from the other political parties is not that it is a “saviour” party but the task of awakening, organising and mobilising in order to


Labour Party (EMEP)

obtain the political power for the working class; the class that will save itself. Therefore what is of the essence for EMEP is the organisation of the working class; to lend assistance so that it will embark on a struggle for its own demands and to work in order for it to rise to the level of consciousness and organisation necessary for it to finally overthrow capitalism. For the force that will destroy the outdated and build the new is neither the army nor this or that party nor any other mysterious centres. It will be the class that will come into power not the party and the party will have a role as the organisation of the vanguard forces of the class. This differentiation is very important and throughout the history of socialism has been one of the fundamental differences between the Marxists and its opponents. One of the disputes between Stalin and the Trotskyists in the 1920’s and 30’s has been; “Is the political power of the proletariat the power of the working class or the power of the party?”. EMEP is not a “saviour party” but the “liberation party” of the working class and the labourers There is an unbreakable bond between the liberation of the working class from exploitation; i.e. the act of building a world free from class, exploitation, oppression and wars. This, in part is EMEP’s programme and in part, it is the task of educating the people, beginning with the working class that will carry out this programme and their mobilisation. However EMEP is not a political party that states; “Look my programme is going to save you; so why don’t then come and vote for this programme? Bring me into power so that I can save you”. On the contrary EMEP, in order for this programme to be understood and become concrete, organises by establishing its party units within factories, public service institutions, neighbourhoods, among the women and youth

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masses and everywhere that the workers and labourers are situated collectively. EMEP aims to build up a force by organising the masses and mobilising them for their own current demands on the one hand and along the direction of the urgent demands of Turkey’s struggle for independence and democracy on the other. And finally EMEP works knowing that steps will be taken for the liberation of the class to the extent that the class is drawn into a struggle along the party’s political line, the targets of the party’s programme become widespread as the targets of the class and the class organisations are united along this direction. To put it more briefly; EMEP’s programme is the programme for the liberation of the working class and the labourers, as a matter of fact, of all humanity from capitalist exploitation and all forms of reactionism and oppression and this programme will become the concrete liberation programme of a class to the extent that it penetrates the working class, the labourers as well as their class and mass organisations. EMEP will become the party of liberation to the extent that it is able to play its own role at this point. Hence it will be more accurate to define EMEP not as a “saviour party” but the “liberation party” of the working class and the labourers. In fact when the issue is dealt with in terms of its utmost programme to state; “EMEP is the political party of humanity’s liberation” would be a more accurate expression of the truth. Because the working class cannot liberate itself without liberating all of humanity from capitalist oppression and exploitation! EMEP regards the factories and workplaces as the foundation of its organisation The Party which is being organised -personally- by the workers themselves is emerging upon the foundations of factories and work-places befitting to the nature of its orga-


Labour Party (EMEP)

nisers. With this particular characteristic, The Labour Party will be able to; - make politics a part of every day life, - directly defend the interests of workers and labourers in all the fields of its existence, - make the necessary interventions to various developments aptly and in time, - help workers and labourers in organising their struggles. As a democratic centralist party EMEP is a unity of will and action that does not agree with the existence of wings, factions or lack of discipline. The organisation principle of the Labour Party is democratic centralism which means the emergence of the will of the workers and the materialisation of the unity of action. EMEP is a unity of will and action that does not agree with the existence of wings, factions or lack of discipline. In the carrying out of the party policies and the fulfilment of the party tasks; the minority is subject to the majority, the lower levels to the senior ones and all the Party to the General Executive Committee. Supervision in the party is simultaneously conducted from above and below. All instruments befitting the interests of the workers and the party will be used in order to ensure the flow of information within the party. In the Labour Party, discussion within the party is the tool for developing the creative initiative and action of the workers and labourers. The party is a tool for struggle. The authorised committees and councils in the party are formed by elections. Dismissals and appointments are re-

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sorted to only in situations of force majeure. The selecting member or delegates have the right to recall those they have chosen to the administrative organs; this right is exercised via the organs. All members of the party are equal and have equal rights. As a tool for sorting out mistakes and overcoming inadequacies, criticism and self-criticism is not a matter of personality. Not only is it an educational activity over the grasping of the party programme and policies as well as the correction of mistakes but it also serves the development of the party programme and policies, the enhancement of the power and determination to struggle, the advancement and taking root of the party’s theoretical and practical unity, unity of the party with the class and the unity of labour itself as well as the progress of the workers’ and labourers’ actions. EMEP forms union of forces and action along the direction of the interests of the working class and laboures In line with the interests of the working class and the labourers; the Labour Party will form union of forces and actions, in spite of all its differences and criticisms. The Labour Party will support all revolutionary movements everywhere that are against the existing social and political order. It will perform its duty of criticism and warning so that these movements feature the big contradiction between labour and capital as the pivotal question. The Labour Party will work, not only in the country but also on an international scale, to maintain unity among all the revolutionary and democratic movements of all countries against imperialism and monopolist capitalism and reactionism. EMEP’S PROGRAMME AND TARGETS The near objective of The Labour Party, which aims to create a world in which there are no classes and no exploi-


Labour Party (EMEP)

tation and where human beings live in freedom and fraternity; is to eliminate imperialism, monopolist capitalism and the remains of feudalism. In order to achieve this; The Labour Party regards a democratic people’s power as obligatory. As can be seen from this expression; EMEP has two programmes that are both intertwined and yet at the same “separate” from each other. The first of these is the programme, also termed in socialist literature as the minimum programme of the working class party, aiming for “Turkey becoming an independent and democratic country”. The second, also termed as the maximum programme of the working class party, is the programme to build a society of humanity without exploitation, oppression and at peace. The aim of the independence and democracy programme, that is EMEP’s minimum programme is for the democratisation of Turkey and for Turkey to get up on its own feet as an independent country. What is intended from a democratic Turkey here includes all kinds of “democratic tasks” ranging from the democratic solution of the Kurdish issue to Turkey becoming a country in which all people are able to live as brothers and sisters, from a country in which genuine secularism is prevalent to removing obstacles in front of the freedom of press and expression as well as the people’s participation to politics and to the elimination of all feudal remnants. Today the struggle for independence is shaped as the struggle against imperialism. The equivalent of this in practice is shaped as struggle against globalisation policies as well as the struggle against the efforts of the USA, the EU and all the other imperialist focuses of power to renew the world hegemony and the assaults these forces are undertaking in order to make this a reality. Naturally a struggle against the US intervention to the Middle East and one that

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corresponds to the axis of building a common line of struggle of the people of the region and the world against this intervention. On the other hand; struggle against the strategy of the ruling forces of Turkey to become integrated to the EU and to world capitalism via the EU is also at the forefront of the struggle against imperialism as a part of the same hot agenda. Undoubtedly this field also gains meaning and is shaped directly as the defense of labour and the gained rights of the workers and labourers together with the struggle against imperialist policies as an external and domestic problem in terms of the connections it has with Turkey’s relations with its neighbours, the interventions of the imperialists into the region as well as Turkey’s NATO membership and EU candidacy and all the links that exist between the imperialist pacts. The democratic people’s power shall perform the services and take the precautions that are stated below and are the demands of the millions of oppressed people. A) In the political field: 1) All the economical, military and political relations of dependence which tie Turkey to imperialism and international capital shall be terminated. - The US military bases and such military units as the Hammer Force in ?ncirlik, which -not only destroy the independence of Turkey- but also threaten the other countries in the region, shall be expelled from the country. - All the bilateral and multilateral secret agreements, made with the imperialists, shall be divulged and annulled immediately; NATO and EU memberships will be annulled. 2) Turkey’s relations with all other countries shall be developed on the basis of “no interference” in their domestic af-


Labour Party (EMEP)

fairs, of respect to their territorial integrity, of living together in peace and of reciprocal nonaggression. - Foreign policy shall be based on; being on terms of solidarity with peoples who are struggling against imperialism and with democratic countries, taking an anti-imperialistic stand and peace. - A peaceful foreign policy that is against boosting the armament expenditures, chemical and nuclear armament and regional military groupings, shall be followed; war provocations shall be forbidden. 3) The Constitution of 12th of September, the anti-democratic laws and all institutions and devices that are based on these concepts shall be abrogated. - A democratic constitution that guarantees to yield the sovereignty and power to the people shall be made. - A democratic people’s state that is built on power organs which are organised in factories, work-places, areas of settlement and in social organizations shall be established. - This manner of power organization will provide no opportunities for any other power organ and as a principle shall acknowledge the right of the electors to remove their representatives from office when necessary. 4) All organs and organizations -manifest or secret, military or civilian- that constitute obstacles in the way of the people’s sovereignty shall be annulled; secret funds shall be forbidden and the army shall be democratized, based on the people. 5) All legal and institutional obstacles that impede the freedom of the class and strata of people to organise trade union and political struggles shall be removed. - Deunionization attempts and lockout shall be forbidden; the right to collective bargaining, the right to strike, to go on

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rights strike, solidarity strike, general strike and political strike shall be acknowledged unconditionally to all labourers. 6) Conservative and fascist organising shall be forbidden; the freedom of the people shall be under assurance against coup d’etat threats that may appear from inside or outside the country and against provocations. - A general amnesty shall be declared for all prisoners except for the enemies of the people. 7) The Kurdish problem shall be solved in a democratic and populist manner. 8) Municipalities shall be extricated from being centres of speculation, rentier (unearned income), bribery and nepotism. - Local administrations shall be strengthened as units of the people’s administration and shall be organised as organs where all sorts of social services can be conducted under the supervision of the people. - All local administrations shall be under the inspection of people’s councils that are organised in production units, in districts, in neighbourhoods, and in the smallest settlement units. B) In the economical and social field: 1) Economic concessions given to imperialist monopolies, the IMF, the Custom Union and the World Bank shall be repealed; foreign debt payments to imperialists shall be stopped and invalidated. - Privatizations and enterprise liquidations shall be stopped and beginning with the industry sector; foreign trade, banking, mining, agriculture, transportation and communication sectors, all enterprises held by the imperialists and their collaborators shall be nationalized and handed over to the supervision of the workers and the people.


Labour Party (EMEP)

- The wealth under -and above- the ground; such as mines and forests, shall be nationalized. - State farms and large capitalist agricultural enterprises shall be operated as collective farms under the control of the workers and the direction of the people. - The establishment of cooperatives shall be encouraged by the transference of semi-feudal lands to rural corporations. 2) A general minimum wage, calculated according to the needs of a family of four, shall be determined for all wage workers. - Compulsory overtime shall be forbidden and a workday of less than eight hours and a workweek of less than forty hours shall be secured without making any deductions in the wages. - “Flexible working�, which destroys the gains of the working class and intensifies exploitation shall definitely be abolished and all kinds of forced labour and unpaid leave applications shall be prohibited. - Regardless of age and gender, the principle of equal wage for equal work shall be prevalent. - Subcontract working, dismissals from work and usurpation of rights shall be inhibited. - Unemployment shall be prevented and work guarantee shall be secured. - Privatizations in social security institutions shall be stopped; unemployment, old age and general health insurance system shall be brought without any payments of supplementary shares. - The employment of workers without a trade union and insurance shall be forbidden. - A new labour legislation; which will change the work discip-

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Labour Party (EMEP)

line committees in favour of the workers, protect their gained rights and which secures the improvement of working conditions and guarantees the insurance system, shall be made. 3) A just wage system shall be established for the public service labourers and their right to a trade union, collective bargaining and to go on strike shall be recognized. - The banishments and injustices shall be stopped and all the damages caused by these actions shall be compensated. - The secret register system and arbitrary despotic appointments along with the system of promotion shall be terminated. - The work conditions shall be democratized; the political inhibitions on the public service labourers shall be removed and their freedom of political struggle shall be acknowledged. 4) The peasants’ debts to bankers and usurers shall be called off. - All sorts of mortgages on lands shall be abrogated and the exploitation and oppression of international and local monopolies on the peasantry shall be broken. - Low cost credit support shall be provided for small producers and peasants with little land. - The obstacles put forward in order to prevent the unionization of producers shall be removed. - The ceiling price application shall be abolished and a bottom price policy, in which unions of producers and rural corporations also have a say, shall be put into practice. - Employment and complimentary land shall be given to the peasants with little or no land. - Peasantry shall obtain land and freedom with the expulsion of feudal and semi- feudal relations. 5) No increases shall be made to basic consumption go-


Labour Party (EMEP)

ods and to means of public transport. 6) All indirect taxes, beginning with the value-added-tax (VAT) shall be cancelled. - The minimum wage will be exempt from tax. - Profits of capitalist business enterprises shall be taken under control; luxurious consumption goods shall be taxed and a tax system which will increase in proportion with the amount of the income shall be put into effect. - The funds which legitimize poverty and degrade the individual shall be repealed. 7) Residences suited to everybody’s needs and homes for the homeless shall be provided in the urban and rural areas. 8) Indispensable precautions shall be taken against insufficient nourishment and hunger. - The protective health system shall be taken as the foundation of public health. Mother-child health, nutrition, environmental health and health education shall be integrated, protective health services shall be widely spread and the over loading on treatment services shall be lightened. - Beginning with the smallest settlement units, a widespread and extensive network of health stations shall be set up and free health services shall be given at every stage. - Health service units of the first degree shall be extended and strengthened in terms of infrastructure, workforce and equipments. - A health system which, in every stage of the health services -from its planning to its application- is open to the participation of the people and the labourers of the health sector shall be established. - A social welfare system that will include all the people shall be adapted and the public resources which feed this system shall be open to the supervision of the workers and

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Labour Party (EMEP)

labourers at all times. - All the people shall benefit from the health and age insurance. - All the health expenses, hospital and medicine expenditures of the workers and labourers shall be covered by the state. - The arbitrary price adjustments of the medicine monopolies shall be ended and plundering over health shall definitely be prevented. - The medical education system shall be of a nature that gives priority to the fundamental health problems of the community and that follows the scientific developments closely. C) In the field of culture, art, sport and environmental health: I. Culture and art 1) The imperialist and conservative monopoly of the capital on the life of culture, science and art shall be ended and all legal and institutional restrictions shall be removed. 2) The imperialist,conservative and degenerate cultural and artistic blockade shall be destroyed along with the monopoly of the capital that manipulates culture, science and art as a means of narcotizing propaganda and as a commercial market. - The necessary means shall be developed so that all of the people will be able to benefit from the cultural and artistic wealth and creative activities shall become the natural right of all. 3) Special programs shall be put into effect so that the historical cultural accumulation of humanity, progressive culture and scientific and artistic achievements may be claimed and supported by all of the community. - In order to obliterate all the backwardness settled by the


Labour Party (EMEP)

bourgeois-feudal culture and education system and by the degeneration in the scientific and cultural circles, from the cultural and social life; a prevalent, continuous and effective system of scientific and artistic education -that will also include adults- shall be developed. - Libraries, museums, concert and exhibition halls shall become widespread and all cultural services shall be free for the people. - Itinerant culture teams, bookstands, cinema and theatre units shall be set up in all production and settlement units so that all of the people are provided with the opportunity of benefitting from cultural and artistic activities to benefit from cultural and artistic activities 4) A particular support shall be given to the recognition of international proletarian and national democratic cultural and artistic heritage and to the shaping of the spiritual life of the class and the people on the basis of this heritage as well as the development of science, culture and art. 5) The heritage surviving till today and left to us from all the civilizations that have been established on the lands of this country, since the beginning of humanity, shall be protected and our values which have been plundered shall be obtained once again. - The denial of the cultural accummulation represented by all the different peoples who have lived upon these lands throughout history shall be prevented and this cultural accumulation shall be dedicated to the people as the historical foundation and an essential element of the development of the advanced and democratic culture. 6) The material and spiritual cultural values of the people shall be protected, developed and the necessary precautions shall be taken so that they may be transferred to the fu-

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Labour Party (EMEP)

ture generations. 7) As a personal matter of belief; religion shall be separated from affairs of government, completely and in the real sense of the word. - The financial support of the government to religious institutions shall be stopped. - Manipulation of religion for political purposes through such means as the Ministry of Religious Affairs and other “religious” foundations shall be ended. - Exploitation of faith and worship as an implement of politics shall be prevented and freedom of religion, conscience and worship shall be guaranteed for all. II. Education, sports and environment 1) Provisions shall be made for every individual, who is at a suitable age for education, to receive free, equal, democratic and liberated education in consistence with the social and economical conditions of the country. - The education system of today, which has become one of the mainstays and a part of the sovereignty of the capital, shall be removed. 2) All kinds of supplementary shares and school fees shall be abolished; privatizations in schools and educational institutions shall be stopped and equal opportunities shall be presented to children and the youth. - The education system shall be democratic, scientific and free throughout primary, secondary and university. 3) Institutions and applications such as YÖK (Institution of Higher Education) and exams for university shall be repealed and an autonomous and democratic system of higher education shall be established. - The freedom of the students to demand their rights, to establish organizations and participate in the political environ-


Labour Party (EMEP)

ment shall be secured completely. 4) The manipulation of sport to narcotize the youth; to legitimize local and international hostilities, primitive and chauvinist attitudes as well as individualist rivalry amongst the people and as a commercial sector of exploitation shall be prevented. - Opportunites shall be created so that leisure time may be used productively and possibilities shall be broadened in order to improve the conditions of physical education. - Programs that seek to take care of the public’s health and that have the aim of protecting and improving the health conditions of the masses shall be put into effect. 5) The pollution of the sea, the rivers, the forests, the land and the atmosphere as well as the destruction of the nature caused by the capitalist greed for profit and by the monopolist competition shall be stopped immediately. - Technology shall be taken out of the decree of “profit drive� and shall be utilised to conserve the nature and environment health as much as for the increase of production. - The conservation of nature and environmental health shall be considered as essential as public health. - In opposition to capital, which disregards humanity and its problems; the environment question shall be made the problem of the advanced class that represents humanity and of the people. D) On women, children and the youth: 1) Equality of all rights shall be acknowledged completely for the female gender against men. The participation of women in the social and political arena shall be supported. - The manipulation of the female body as a merchandise and the degradation of woman in tenms of her sexuality shall be prevented.

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Labour Party (EMEP)

- The equality of women labour with that of men shall be ensured and the employment of women in work-places which are harmful to women’s heath shall be forbidden. - Working women shall be given sufficient leave before and after birth; child-care rooms in work-places shall be provided and free day nursuries and kindergardens shall be opened in districts and neighbourhoods. - Birth and child-care aid shall be provided for house-wives as well as the acknowledgement of their right to free general health and old age care insurance. 2) The employment of children under 16 shall be forbidden. The care and education of homeless children shall be under assurance. - The work day for young workers shall be 6 hours. The employment of young workers under health damaging conditions and to work at nights shall be prohibited. - The semi-feudal exploitation on young workers and apprentices shall be abolished; all kinds of forced labour, apprenticeships and work without insurance shall be forbidden. 3) Youth over 18 shall be given the right to vote and those over the age of 21, the right to be elected. - All sorts of personal inequality and oppressions, such as beating, existing on the military youth shall be abolished; the military environment shall be democratized and compulsory military service shall be shortened. - The right to establish organizations shall be recognized for privates and non- commissioned officers. In order to keep its promises; The Labour Party, shall -always and under all conditions- only rely on the yearning of the workers and labourers to create a new world and observe no other interest except the interests of the struggle for the total salvation of humanity.

ingilizce-emep-brosur  

Millet Caddesi Gülsen Apartmani No: 19 Daire: 1 Fatih – ISTANBUL - Turkey Tel: +90 539 3281323 (Mobile) Fax: +90 (212) 587 56 86 E-mail: int...

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