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‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻭﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫‪No:143‬‬

‫‪chamedan@jamejamonline.ir‬‬

‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪93/02/9‬‬ ‫‪JameJam‬‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫‪Travel & Tourism‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﮕﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﺟﺎﻡﺟﻢ‬

‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ‪3‬‬


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‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ‬

‫ﺩﺭﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻧﺪﮔﺎﻧﻲﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥﺩﺭﻳﻎ ﻧﺸﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ 32‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻛﺒﻚ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﺎﺭﭼﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺨﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺳﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺭﻫﺎﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺷﺪ‪ /.‬ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‬

‫ﺟﻨﺒﺸﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﻛــﻪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﻴــﻦ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻲ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘــﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺟﻤﻌــﻲ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜــﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻫــﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌــﻲ‬

‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﭘﻮﻳﺶﻫــﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﺪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺸﻨﺎﻝ ﺟﺌﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣــﻲ ﻣﺠﻌﻮﻝ ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓــﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘــﺮﺍﺽ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻧــﺎﻡ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻧﺸﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺸــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﺵ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺧﺮﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﺮﺯﺑﺎﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻴﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﺒﺸــﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻱ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺗــﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻱ ﺟﻨﺒﺸــﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ‬

‫ﻟُﺮﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺳﺮﻱﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺟﻨﺒﺸــﻲ ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻲﺷــﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺸــﺘﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧــﺎﻡ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻨﺘﻲﺷــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻟﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺖ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻡﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﻟُﺮﻱ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫» ُﮔﻠ َﻮﻧــﻲ« ﻧﺎﻣﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻧــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻟﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻤﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﻟﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﺳﺮﻱ ﻟﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ُﮔﻠ َﻮﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻱ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ‬

‫ﻟﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺴــﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺮﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺳﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕﻫﺎﻱ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻄــﺎ ﺣﺴــﻦﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﻛﺎﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ‪-‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﻛﺎﻭﺵ ﭘﺮﺳﺮﻭﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻌﻪ ﮔﻮﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺳــﻴﻤﺮﻩ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ -‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ »ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ«‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﺒﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗــﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫــﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦﭼﻨﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴــﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺳــﻲ‪.‬ﺍﻥ‪.‬ﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻲ‪.‬ﺑﻲ‪.‬ﺳــﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺧﻮﺩﺟﻮﺵ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﻳﺶ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻱ ﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫــﺎﻱ ﻣﻐﻔــﻮﻝ ﻣﺎﻧــﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺎﺷﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﻣﻴﺰ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺨﺼﻲﺷــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﮔﻠﻮﻧــﻲ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸــﻪ ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺳــﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﻟُﺮﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺧﺎﻧﻲ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻫﺮﻭﺩﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻫﺨﺎﻣﻨﺸﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟــﺰﺍﻱ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻲﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﻳﺎﻛﻮﻧﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺯﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺗﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺩﻫــﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻟُــﺮﻱﺍﺵ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺮ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺵ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﻢ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳﺖﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻄﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺱ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺳﺮﺑﻨﺪﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺸﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻻ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻛﺴــﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ »ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ«‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻧﻪﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻴﻒ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴﺮﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺩ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﻤﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺠﻼﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺘﺎﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺵ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺧﻼﺻﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺷــﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﭼﺎپ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪﺍﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﻌﺎﺻــﺮ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎپ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻴﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻔﻬــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻱ ﮔﺎﻣﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻲﻛﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﺩﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻳﺪ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﻮﺩﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻧﻪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻲﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﺻﺮﻓﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺟﺎﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫــﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻧﻤﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺍﻏﺮﺍﻕ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻴﻮﺳــﻚﻫﺎ ﻧﺎﺍ���ﻴﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﺷــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻲﻫﺎ ﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻤﻲﺭﺳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪.‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﻭﻟﻲ ﻛﻤﺎﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻲﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛــﻢ ﻭ ﻛﻴــﻒ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳــﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﺷﻨﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳــﺘﻲ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻲ‬

‫ ﺁﺭﺵ ﻧﻮﺭﺁﻗﺎﻳﻲ‬

‫ﭘﻴﺸﺨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺕ ﻭ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻧﮋﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻮﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻋﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮﺩ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻡﻣﺮﺩﻡﺍﺯﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺑﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﺵﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ‬

‫ﻃﺒﻘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻫﺮ ﻗﻮﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻲ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﮔﻨﺠﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ‬

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‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﮕﺮﺩﻱ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬

‫ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ ﻣﻴﺜﻢ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻲ‬

‫ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺸﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺎﻧﺘﺰﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻱ ﺳﺒﻘﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺻﺪ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﻟﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺠﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭﻣﻲﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﮔﻮﺟﻪﻓﺮﻧﮕﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻣﻤﻠﻮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻱ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﻛﻼﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺮﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻭﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺩﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﺎﻟﻴﻮﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﺷــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺳــﻌﻲ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﻢ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻱ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﻢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﻟﻪﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﻣﻲﺑﻨﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺮﺳﻪﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﮔﺸﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﻛﻲ ﻭ ﺻﺎﻓﻲ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺳﻮﺳﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﮔﺎﻩ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﺫﻫﻨﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻳــﺪ ﭘﺎﻙ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺎﻙ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻈﺮﺗﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷــﻲ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻗــﺪﻡ ﻣﻲﮔﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻮﺳــﻴﻘﻲ ﻣﻼﻳﻢ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭﻳﺘــﺎﻥ ﻣﻴــﺰ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻲ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺮﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺒﻜﻲ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﭼﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﮔﻮﺷﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺑﺮﭘﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠــﺶ ﭘﻠﻪﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﭘﻴﭽــﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻣﻲﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭﻳﺘــﺎﻥ )ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ( ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻱ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﺑﺎﺩﻱ ﺭﻧﮕﻲ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻮﺩﻙ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺒﻘــﻪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔــﺎﻭﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻲﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻫﻨﺮﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻳﻚ‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻲ ﭘﺎﻧﺼﺪ ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺘــﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔــﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫)ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺁﺑﺎﻥ( ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻓﻘﻂ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭﻱ ﻧﺎﺷــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣــﻼﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺗــﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﻧﺸــﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔﻮﺭﺕ ‪ 7000‬ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ‪ 286‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻛﻠﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻛﻠﻜﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ (1355) 1976‬ﻫﺮ ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷ��ـﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻔﻮﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻏﻴﺮﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻛﻠﻜﺘﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺁﺳــﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻠﻜﺘﻪ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟــﻲ ﻛﺘــﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻜﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻏﺘﻲ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺕﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻛﻠﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ )ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ( ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻲ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﺭﻧﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻠــﻲ ﻧﻘﺎﺷــﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻳــﻮﺍﺭ‪ .‬ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺑﻔﺮﺳﺘﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺗﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻴﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺸﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺖ ﭼﭗ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺨﺮﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﻮﺷﻤﺰﻩ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻤﺖ ﭼﭗ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻲﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻨﺸــﻴﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻣﻨﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻴﻚﻫﺎﻱ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻱﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﻣﻨﻮﺵﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻼ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻨﺶ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻲﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﻣﻨﻮﺷﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ؟‬

‫ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻱﺑﻮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﺗﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺳــﻨﻲ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﺗﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ؛ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻫﻨﺮﻱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺳــﻴﻘﻲ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺴﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺩﻙ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻠﻲ‬

‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻋﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤــﻞ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛﺘــﺎﺏ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻠﻮﻍ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻋﺎﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﻟﺒﻮﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻲ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ )‪ 37‬ﺷﻌﺒﻪ( ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺶ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﺰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ!‬


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‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ‬

‫ﺣﻴﺮﺕﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎ‬

‫ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺟﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﮕﻔﺖﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬

‫ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺤﺰﻭﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻏﺮﺍﻕ ﺗﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫»ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﮕﻔﺘﻲﻫﺎﺳﺖ«‪» ،‬ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻴﺮﺕﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻧﺪ« ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﻠﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﻼﺕ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﮕﻔﺘﻲﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻩ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻲﺁﻥﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻬﻮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺣﻴﺮﺕ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻋﻠﻢ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺳﺮﺑﺮﺍﻓﺮﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﺎﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﻫﻨﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺣﺘﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﻛﺸﻒ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻛﺴﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺯ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺮﻭﺭ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻭﻳﻨﺴﻨﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﺰ« ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺗﺮﺧﺖ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻩﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺑﻪﻓﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺎﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻮگﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻏﺮﺍﻕﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻜﻮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻟﺬﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻳﺶ ﺻﺪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﻱ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 11‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﺷﺎﻩﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺎﻩ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺩﺭ ‪ 30‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻗﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺷﺎﻩ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺮ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺖ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺵ ﺳﺮﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻤﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ‪ /‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﺷﻪ ﭼﺸﻤﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﮕﻔﺘﻲ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻭ ﻧﻬﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻨﺴﻨﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﺰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪ ﻫﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭘﻲ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪ 11‬ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 11‬ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴــﻦ ﮔﻨﺒــﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺋﻮﺱ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴــﺎﻭﻱ ﺯﻭﺝ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 11‬ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻲ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷﻴﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 11‬ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻳﻚ ﮔﻨﺒﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﻚ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺎﻩ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻔﻮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺒﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻫﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻲﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 11‬ﻭ ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﺑﺠﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ »ﻫﻮ« ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ »ﺍﷲ« ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻩ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺍﷲ ﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﺧﻼﺹ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﺭﻑ‪ ،‬ﮔﻨﺒﺪﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 840‬ﻫﺠﺮﻱ ﻗﻤﺮﻱ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻴــﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺸــﻲ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ؛‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﺯﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺎﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻣﻼ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻙ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ‬

‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺻﺪ ﺗﺨﺘﺨﻮﺍﺑــﻲ ﺭﻧﻮﻭﻳﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺣﺸﺘﻨﺎﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺎﺗﻬــﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺭﺍﻧــﺪﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﺑﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻙ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍ��� ﻳــﻚ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺭﻣــﺰ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻧﻮﻭﻳﻚ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻲ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﻲ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺷــﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻚ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸــﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺐﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺑﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻍ ﻓﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻍ ﻓﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺷــﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻪ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻮﮔﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻬﻨﺴــﺎﻟﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻲﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻲ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺧﺸﻚ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻩ ﺷــﮕﻔﺖﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺩﻟﮕﺸﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻓﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻍﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺁﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪﺍﻱ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻓﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻬﺶ ﺁﺏ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺷﺒﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﻱﻫﺎ ﺁﺏ ﻓﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺪﺭﻭﻟﻴﻚ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻨﺒﻮﺷــﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺳــﻔﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻓﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻫﻢ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺁﺏ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻗﻮﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﻲﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴﺎﺙﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺦ ﺑﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻍ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﭼﺸــﻤﻪ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻍ ﻓﻴﻦ ﻃﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﺰﺍﺭﻉ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻍﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﻓﻴﻦ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻓﻴﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻃﻲ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻮﻫﭙﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﻔﻪ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﺎ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺁﺏ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﻱ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﻜﺘﻴﺶ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﭙــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻱ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻛﻨﻲ ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﺗﻠﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻲ ﭘﻨﺞ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘــﻲ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫــﺮﺍﻡ ﺛﻼﺛﻪ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﺭﺍﺯﺁﻟــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ‬

‫ﺍﻭﺭﻛﺎﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﻳﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺳــﻠﺘﻴﻚﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﻜﺘﻴﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴــﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺳﻜﻮﻧﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺳــﻠﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻧــﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺁﺳــﻴﺒﻲ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺳﺮﭘﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺳــﻜﻮﻧﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺳــﺎﻛﻨﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺳﻜﻨﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻤﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺣﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱﭘﻴﺶﺍﺯﺳﻔﺮﻣﻲﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕﺑﺮﺍﻱﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﻣﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸـﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻻﻥ ﻭﻳﻠﭽﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺗﺴﻠﻂ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻭﺍژﻩﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲﻛﻪﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻢ»ﺑﺒﺨﺸﻴﺪ«ﺑﻮﺩ!ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲﻣﻦﺍﻳﻦﺑﻮﺩﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﻧﺴﺘﻦ ﺯﺑﺎﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷـﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥﺭﻭﻱﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱﺷـﻬﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩﻣﻲﺷـﻮﺩﻭﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﺪﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥﺯﻳﺎﺩﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺍﻣﺎﺳﻄﺢﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﺗﻤﻴﺰﺍﺳﺖﻭﺁﺏﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻟﺺﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺖ‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻋﻜﺴـﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺍﺭﻡ ﺷـﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ‪ 900‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻃﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢﻭﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍﺑﻪﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﻭﺷﻬﺮﻱﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻴﻢﻛﻪﺑﻪﺷﻬﺮﻋﺸﻖﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯﻳﻚﺷﻬﺮﺗﻮﺭﻳﺴﺘﻲﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱﻣﺴﺠﺪﻫﺎﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ‪،‬ﭼﺎﻳﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻍ ﺍﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺎﻋﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻭ ﺳﻌﺪﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺶﻧﺨ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻲ ﭼﺮﺧﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ‪ :‬ﺁﻳﺴﺎ ﺍﺳﺪﻱ‬

‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻠﺨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻲﺗﻮﺟﻬﻲ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﻲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻧﺒﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﺪﺍﻛﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺸﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻦ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻫﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﻴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥﺑﺪﻝ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﻛﻮ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﺳــﻮﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻨﻮﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ (1381) 2002‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺟﺎﻟﺒﻲ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺎﻩﻋﺴﻠﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻫﻤﺴﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻮﻣــﺎﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﭙﺮﻱ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺮﻛﻮ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻝ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻲ ﭼﺮﺧﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﻧﺸــﻴﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺠــﺎ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﮔﺰﻳﺪﻩﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻭﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫***‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺭﻣﺰﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻣﻨﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻲﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﻣﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻻﻥ ﻭﻳﻠﭽﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻠﻂ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻢ‬ ‫»ﺑﺒﺨﺸــﻴﺪ« ﺑــﻮﺩ! ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧــﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﻧﺴﺘﻦ ﺯﺑﺎﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﻋﺴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴــﺮﻡ ﺗﺼﻤﻴــﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻋﺴــﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﭙﺮﻱ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻡ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻲ ﻓﻮﻣﻴﭽﻴﻨﻮ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺴــﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻮﻣــﺎﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺳــﺮﻱ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻫﻦ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺁﺳﺘﻴﻦﺩﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 4/5‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﺮﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻳﻢ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻭﺣﺸــﺘﻨﺎﻙ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﮕﻲ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﺴﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺑﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺳــﺮﻳﻌﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻲﺷﺪﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜــﺎﻝ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻣﭗ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﻱ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﺍﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻮﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻱ ﺩﻝﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻱ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺎﻣــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻥﻧﻮﺍﺯ ﻓﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪» .‬ﻓﺴﻨﺠﺎﻥ« ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻍ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮپﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﻭ ﺳــﺒﺰﻳﺠﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫»ﻛﻮﻓﺘﻪ«‪» ،‬ﺑﺴــﺘﻨﻲ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ« ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻄﺮ ﮔﻞ ﺭﺯ )ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﮔﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ( ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪» ،‬ﻛﺒﺎﺏ« ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻟﺬﻳﺬ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺘﻲ ﻓﺴﺖﻓﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻳﺬﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺣﺠﻴﻢﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻓﺴــﺖﻓﻮﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺖﻓﻮﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻲ ﭼﺮﺧﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻢ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﺪﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻜﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻫــﻮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﻤﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸــﻲ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﺺﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸــﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻐﻞﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﺒﺐ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻮﺍﻥﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﻮﻳﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﺳﺖ!‬

‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻣﺪﺭﻧﻲ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﺑﺰﺭگ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﺗﺮ ﺳــﻔﺮﻩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻗﻠﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳــﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻃﻌﻢﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺳــﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻠﻮ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ!‬ ‫ﺷﺐ ﺟﻤﻌﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺳــﻨﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻥﻛﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻼﻧﺸــﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﺳــﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻇﻬﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺐ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻛﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﺑﺮﺷﻬﺮﺑﻮﺩﻧﺶ‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺯﺩﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥﺭﺍﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒﻧﻤﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻋﻜﺲ‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻋﻜﺴﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺍﺭﻡ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪ 900‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻃــﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻋﺸﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺴــﺘﻲ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻫﺎﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎﻳﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻍ ﺍﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺎﻋﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻭ ﺳﻌﺪﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﺴﻲﻫﺎﻳﺶ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺳﭙﻮﻟﻴﺲ ﺭﻓﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺥ ﺗﺎﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺷــﺎﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﭙﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻱ ﻫﺨﺎﻣﻨﺸــﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺥﻫﺎ »ﺁﭘﺎﺩﺍﻧﺎ« ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ؛‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺧــﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻮﺵ ﺑــﺰﺭگ )ﺍﻭﻝ( ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺎﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻲﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺗﺨﺖﺟﻤﺸــﻴﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻬﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﭙﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻟﻘﺐ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺩﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳﺎﺭﮔﺎﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﺳﺎﺭﮔﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﺭﺵ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺳﻠﺴــﻠﻪ ﻫﺨﺎﻣﻨﺸــﻲ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﻮﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﺪﻳﺶ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺸــﻮﺭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺎﺭﮔﺎﺩ ﺷﻜﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﺗﺨﺖ ﺟﻤﺸــﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻓﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳﺎﺭﮔﺎﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺘﻠﻲ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 20‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻴﺰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻢ ﺷﺶ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺑﺴﺨﺘﻲ ﮔﺬﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵﻧﺸﺪﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪www.geocities.ws :‬‬ ‫‪www.globalaccessnews.com‬‬


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‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫ﮔﺸﺖﻭﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬

‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮ ﻣﻲﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‬ ‫ ﺁﺫﺭ ﻛﻤﺎﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻮﺳﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮ ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺯﻻﻝﺗﺮ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻙﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻜﺮﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻱ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺍﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺼﺪ ﮔﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﭘﺮﺗﻐﺎﻟﻲﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺷﻴﻄﻨﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻧﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺶ‪.‬‬

‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻧﺎﻣﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬

‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺎﺧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣــﺪﺭﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻱ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻨﻈــﺮ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻱ ﻏﻨﻲ ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻱ ﻋﻤﺎﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ���ﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺷﻨﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬

‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﻧﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳــﻲ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷــﻨﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻂ ﺳــﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﺪ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻴــﺰﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﺗــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﻮﺍﺻﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﺮﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﻳﻖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺟﻠﻮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭﺧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴﺎﺯﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﺎ ﺁﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟــﺎﻱ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘــﻦ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴــﺐ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻣﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻓﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟــﺎﻱ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻭ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛــﻪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻭ ﺧﺸــﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻲﺁﺑﻲ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻫــﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﻭﺭﺯﺵﻫــﺎﻱ ﺁﺑــﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺘــﻲ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺣﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭﻳــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺛــﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪﻱ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﺴــﻢ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻲﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺱﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﺷــﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﻏﺪﻏــﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺑﺨﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺳــﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺼــﻮﺹ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻲ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺳــﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻛﻠﻮپﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﻮﺍﺻﻲ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻱ ﻭﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺑﻲ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﻬﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻓﻲ )ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﻛﺸــﺘﻲﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﻲ( ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﻣﺮﺟﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪ ﺧﻠﻴــﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫــﺎﻱ ﺣﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﮕــﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺍﻳﺮ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‪. ...‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻲ‬

‫ﭘﻨﺞ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨــﺪ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺳــﻨﺘﻲ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻠﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻣﺘﺤﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺗﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﻫﻢ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺳــﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﮔﺸﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻲﺷﺎﻥ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻲ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﻧﺸــﺮﻳﻪ ﻧﺸــﻨﺎﻝ ﺟﺌﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ؛ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺧﻼﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻲ ﻣﺮﺗﻜﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﻨﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻲ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﻳﭽﺎﺭﺩ ﻓــﺮﺍﻱ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻴﻠﻲﻫﺎ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﻣﻲﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﺪ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﭽﺎﺭﺩ ﻓﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺫﻫــﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﺛﻴﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ـ ﺳــﺎﺣﻞ ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ؛ ﺳــﺎﺣﻞ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻙﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻃﻲ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻲﺳــﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﺬﻳﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺑﻬﻤﻨﺸﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻲ ﺯﺧﻢﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻠﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻧﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺄﺱ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﻋﺴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺩﺭﺍﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺨﺼﻲ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻧﺎﺷــﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳــﺎﺣﻞ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺿﻊ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﺭﺍ ﻃﻲ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭﻱ ‪ 20‬ﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻱ ﺧﺰﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﮔﻨﺎﻭﻩ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺟﻨﮕﻠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺗﭙﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻨﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳﻪﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻱ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺗﻞﭼﻴﺘﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻮﺩﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻠﺪﻭﺯﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﭼﻤﺨﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺎﻭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﭼﻤﺨﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﻨﮕﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﺣﺴﻦﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﺑﻊ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺰﻟﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺍﺿــﻲ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗــﺪﺭﻱ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﭘﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳــﺎﺣﻞ ﻟﻨﮕــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻟﻨﮕــﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﺧﻤﻴــﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺒــﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻜــﺮ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻛﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﻡ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻠــﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﺮﺍﺑــﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳــﺾ‬ ‫ﺟــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠــﺖ ﭘﺮﺧﻄــﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺶ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

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‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻛﻪﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻱ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻱ »ﺳﻮﻛﺎﺳﻮﺍﺳﺘﻲ« ﺳﻔﻴﺮ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ ﻋﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﺰﺗﻲ‬

‫ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺣﺎﻻ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﺻﺪ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻗﻲ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻴﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺵﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﺑﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻟﺒﺨﻨﺪ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺨﻨــﺪ« ﻣﻌــﺮﻭﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣــﺪﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻳــﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣﻬﺮﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱﺍﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2013‬ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻱ ‪ 27‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺎﺯﻱ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻧﺶ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻟﭙﺬﻳﺮ‬

‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻥ »ﺁﺩﻳﺴﻮﺭﻧﺪﺝ ﺳﻮﻛﺎﺳﻮﺍﺳﺘﻲ« ﺳﻔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺷﮕﻔﺘﻲﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﭘﻨﺞ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔــﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ژﺍﭘﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺳﻔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺶ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻱﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺪ‬

‫ﻧﻮﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻧﻜﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ‬

‫ﺑﺎﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺧﺎﺻﺶ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ‪400‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻗﻤﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﻱ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻲ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻦﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻧﺶ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻱﻫﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻱﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻗﺒﻼ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃــﻮﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺴــﻲ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻮ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺟﺸﻦ ﺑﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ‪-‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ -‬ﺑﺴﺎﺯﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺸــﻦ ﻫﺮﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺷــﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺗﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺴــﺮﻡ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﺮﺳﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺳﭙﺮﻱ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻧﺶ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﮔﺎﻩ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻡ‬

‫ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ؛ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﻁ ﻭ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻢ؛ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺭﺍﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﻔﻮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳــﻠﻄﻨﺘﻲ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣــﻦ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﻡ ﻣﻲﺯﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﺼﻮﻳــﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺘﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻙﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧــﻢ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻭﻃﻨﻢ ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻥﻧﻮﺍﺯﻱ ﺷــﻬﺮﺕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻥﻧﻮﺍﺯﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻃﻦ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳــﻌﻲ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﻁ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻛﻨﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻧﺸــﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮﻙ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻫﻮﺵ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﺯﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻳﻦﻛــﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻫﺮﻳــﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﺳﺎﻃﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻤﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺷﻬﺪﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺑﺪ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﮕﻪﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﻛﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻔﻴﺮ‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﻏﺬﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ‬

‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻫﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺻﺪﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱﺟﻬﺎﻥﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪﺑﺎﺗﻮﺟﻪﺑﻪﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲﺍﺵ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺑﮕﺸﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃــﻮﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻲ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻔﺰﺍﻳﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻬﻴﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻲ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺩﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼــﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻫــﺎﻱ ﺣﻼﻝ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻲ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻟﺬﻳﺬ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷﻤﺰﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻋﻜﺲ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ 9‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ 93‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪143‬‬

‫ﺳﺮﺯﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺪﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺁﻟﺒﻮﻡ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬

‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺟﺰ ﺣﺴﺮﺕ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﻱ ﻧﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻃﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺻﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺪﻣﺘﺶ ﻣﻲﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﻪ ﭘﺮ ﻏﺼﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ »ﮔﺮﻳﻪ ﻛﻦ« ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ!‬

‫ﺭﻭﻳﺎﻱ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻜﺲ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﭘﺴﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻧﻪ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻱ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺑﺨﺸــﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻜﺎﺱ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺫﻭﻗﺶ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﻟﻌﺎﺏ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﻧﻮﺍﺯ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﺎ ﺁﺑﮕﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 60‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺳــﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺎﺳﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪ 5‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻴﺎﺳﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻜﻰ‬ ‫ ﻫﺴﺘﻰﻳﺰﺩﺍﻥﭘﻨﺎﻩ‬

‫ﺳــﻔﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻏﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺧﺴــﺘﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻣــﺮﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﮔــﺬﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻴﻤــﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻢ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺷــﺎﺩﺍﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﻫﺮ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻲﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﺷــﺪﻧﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬

‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻧﻴﻤﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﻣﻴﻮﻩﻫـﺎﻯ ﻟﻄﻴﻒ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺳـﺖ ﻧـﺎﺯﻙ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻮﺳــﺖ ﻧﺎﺯﻛﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺯﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺳﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺗﻘﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻰ ﺿﺨﻴﻢﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﻧﻮﺷـﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﻤــﻮﻻ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻞ ﮔﺮﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﻭ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬

‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻮﺷﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭼﺴﺒﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎﻳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻤﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻍﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺳﺲ ﻣﺎﻳﻮﻧﺰ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﻣﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﺩ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺳﺲ ﻣﺎﻳﻮﻧﺰ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﺎﺷﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺁﺑﻠﻴﻤﻮ‪ ،‬ﺁﺑﻐﻮﺭﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺮﻛﻪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻀﻢ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻫﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﻻﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺳــﺎﻻﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻛﺎﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻲﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺴﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﺗﺨﻢﻣﺮﻍ‪ :‬ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻭﻳﭻ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻢﻣﺮﻍ ﻫﻢ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﻘﻮﻯ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻢﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺗﺨﻢﻣﺮﻍ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺴﺎﺩﺵ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺒﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ـ ﻣـﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺳـﺮﺥ ﺷـﺪﻩ‪ :‬ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺳــﺮﺥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﻚﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻲﻫﺎ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺳــﺮﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻲﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺴﺎﺩﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﻣﺴــﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻲ‪:‬‬

‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﺮﺩﺍﻣﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﺐ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﻳﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺎﻡﺟﻢ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺴﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫"‪ chamedan@jamejamonline.ir‬ﺑﻔﺮﺳﺘﻴﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪ 300011223‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ‬

‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎ‬

‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﻪ »ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪ ‪ «28‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺘﺎﻟﮋﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﻲ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﭼﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻛﻲﺍﺵ ﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﭼﺮﺧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺐ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻧﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻴﺮﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﺑﭽﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻢ ﺳــﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﭘﺪﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﻫــﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﻡ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﺬﺕ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻮﻡ ﻭ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫــﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤــﻮﻻ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻮﻡ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺻﻮﺭﺕﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻠﻴﺸــﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻠﻲ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻳﻴــﻦ ﻓﺘﻮﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩﻱ ﻣﺮﺳــﻮﻡ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻲ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺩﻡﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘــﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺭﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﺕ‪ .‬ﺁﺩﻡﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﺍ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺣﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺁﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺱﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﭼﺸﻢﭘﻮﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻄﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩﻱ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻤﻲﺩﺍﻧﻢ‬ ‫ﭼــﺮﺍ ﺁﺩﻡﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳــﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻭ ﺧﺸــﻚ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺻﻔﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻤــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺷــﻮﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺁﺑــﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺳﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻳﻚﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺎﻟﻘﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻱ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺘــﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﺒﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷــﻮﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻃﺎﻟﻘــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺑﺸــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﮕﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﻢ؟ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺒﺘﺸﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﻮﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻡ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﮕﻲ ﺍﻳﻨﻬــﺎ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺎﻟﻘﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻔﺮﺗﺎﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻲﺩﺍﻧﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻋﺠﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﻔﺮﻱ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍ���ﻤــﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻗﻠﻨﺪﺍﺭﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻠــﺦ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺑــﻲ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﻳــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺜــﻼ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘﻲ ﻗﺪﻡ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻧﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﮔﺮﮔــﻮﻥ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺳــﻔﺮﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻧﻤﺎﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺰ ﻃﺎﻟﻘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻱ ﻃﺎﻟﻘﺎﻥ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺘﺶ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳــﺪﻩﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻴــﺰﻱ ﺟﺰ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳــﻲ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻫﺘﻞ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﮕﻔﺘﻲ ﺧﻠﻘﺖ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﻛﺸﻒ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻮﻟﻪﺑﺎﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻢﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻲ ﺳــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻠﻮﺕ ﻟﺬﺕ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﻴﺪ‪.‬‬


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