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12 Angry Men Elsa Guakil Tarrab 10ยบB


INDEX: 1. COURTROOM DICTIONARY 2. COURTROOM EXPRESSIONS 3. STAGES OF A CRIMINAL CASE 4. CHARACTER ANALYSIS 5. PLOT ANALYSIS


Courtroom Dictionary


COURTROOM VOCABULARY WORDS: Acquittal: A legal determination that a person who has been charged with a crime is innocent. Adjudicate: To decide judicially in court. Appeal: A request for a higher court to review a decision made by a lower court. Arraignment: When the accused is brought before the court to hear the charges against him or her. They plead guilty or not guilty at this time. Bail: Security (usually money) to insure that the accused person appear at trial. Conviction: The result of a criminal trial in which a person is found guilty. Cross-examination: The questioning of a witness by the lawyer for the opposing side. Direct-examination: The first questioning in a trial of a witness by the lawyer who called that witness. Docket: A written list of all important acts done in court with regard to an individual case from the beginning to end. Ex Parte: By, or for, or on the request of one party only, without notice to any other party. Hearing: A court proceeding before or after the trial of a lawsuit. Indictment: An accusation of a crime, made against a person by a grand jury upon the request of a prosecutor. Information: An accusation of a crime, made against a person by the prosecutor. Judgment: The decision of a court of law. Mistrial: A trial that becomes invalid, is essentially canceled, because of a mistake in procedure.


Motion: How a lawyer asks the judge to make a decision. Oath: A declaration of a statement's truth, which renders one willfully asserting an untrue statement punishable for perjury. Objection: The opposing side finds fault with the question being asked the witness. Overruled: The judge, following an objection, decides the questions may continue. Parole: Conditional release from prison before the end of a sentence. Perjury: A deliberate lie said under oath.Plaintiff v Defendant: This is the way a case is always set up in writing. The name of the person or organization filing a lawsuit goes first; the name of the person or organization being charged goes last. The “v” is an abbreviation for the word “versus.” Plead: To answer an allegation. Proceeding: Any hearing or court appearance related to the adjudication of a case. Remand: To send a case back to the court from which it came for further proceedings. Reverse: To set aside a judgment on appeal or proceedings in error. Sustained: The judge, following an objection, agrees that the line of questioning should not continue. Verdict: A verdict of guilty or not guilty is handed down by the jury. Sentence: The punishment given to a person who has been convicted of a crime. Warrant: A written order from a judge or magistrate that allows the police to arrest a person or to conduct a search. Your Honor: The way a judge is addressed in a courtroom.


COURTROOM EXPRESSIONS: As jurors you are not to be swayed by sympathy. Bail should be continued. Call your next witness. Can you tell the jury … ? Could you briefly describe … ? Could you describe the appearance of (a package, etc.)? Counsel, lay a foundation. Defendant will be remanded. Don’t belabor the point counselor. Don’t discuss the case. Don’t volunteer explanations of your answers. I direct the jury to disregard the statement that … Jurors may be excused. Keep your voice up. Keep your own counsel, don’t talk about the case. Let’s have the charge conference. Make your application to Judge ( … ) . May the record reflect … May I have it? Members of the jury, you are instructed to disregard … Mr. X will reduce the decibel level. Please proceed. Please raise your right hand. Please remain standing. Please resume your seat. Poll the jury. Remember, you are under oath. Rephrase the question. See if you recognize it. Speak into the microphone. State your full name for the record. The following prospective jurors are excused. The witness will resume the stand. Use your common sense. Will the defendant please rise. Will the prospective jurors please stand. Will the people in the well of the courtroom please stand. Will the record reflect that the witness has identified the defendant. Will you call the first (next) case, Mr. (X)? Would you raise your right hand?


Would you indicate … ? Would you describe … ? Would you point (someone) out? Would you look at … ? Would you state for the record … ? Would you label that as (car, building, etc.)? Would you mark that with an “x”? You are excused. You can proceed, Mr. (X). You can resume your seat. You can answer the question. You have exhausted that subject, please move on. You may answer the question. You may be seated. You may cross-examine, counsel. You may inquire, Mr. X. You may proceed. You may step down.


Stages of a criminal case


Arrest: is when you take someone’s liberty.

Booking: is when the police takes the case of the criminal and reports it, they also save it in their documents.

Bail: is when you pay for someone´s liberty, to get them out of jail.

Arrangement: a negotiation or a pact people make.

Plea barging: when in the judgment the criminal accepts his guilt and they reduce the charges.

Trail: when the judge checks the case and studies it.

Sentence: the punishment a criminal gets.

Appeal (not guilty verdict or acquittal/guilty verdict or conviction): it is when someone makes an urgent request.

The previous information was taken from the following sources: http://criminal.findlaw.com/crimes/criminal_stages/ http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/trial


Character Analysis


Juror #: 8 Name: Davis Occupation: Architect Brief Description: This juror is really quiet; he remains calm in any situation even if they are in a discussion. What this juror thinks (words, actions): Juror # 8 is not sure if the kid is guilty or not. He is really firm about his decision he made. He thinks that no one should be prejudged and they need to have some discussion to decide their sentence. He is a very quiet man and does not go with the decision of others. What other juror’s think (say about him): The other jurors think he is a silly man. They say that he is not right in what he is saying, that he does not know anything about the case and he is relating to the boy. They think he is taking the case personal so he does not see that the boy was guilty. His role in the case/novel (evidence, explain): His role in the novel is to convince the other 11 juror´s that the boy is not guilty. He is trying to prove with all the evidence, which is wrong, that they have not seen the right way the case. And that they studied the evidence wrong. He made a really good job in this, because he had all the proof he needed to defend the boy and give the reasons why he was not guilty. What his vote was (guilty not guilty): Juror #8 vote was not guilty. He voted this way because he said that everyone should get some talking in they trial, discus about it. Not just say prejudge the one being discussed. He said everyone needs to be judged equally and fair. What would have happened if he voted differently? If juror number 8 had voted guilty, there would be no story at all. The kid would have been called into the char and have a death sentence. If it were you what would your vote be? If it were I, I would vote not guilty. In my opinion juror 8 was right in what he said because we can´t prejudge anyone. Before any decision made, it needs to be


discussed. And in this case it needed to be discussed because this could cause a 16-18 year old boy his life. For me, sending someone to die to the chair, which was not guilty and didn’t know the truth, would be very bad. So I would of vote not guilty.


Plot Analysis


Exposition

Conflict

Rising Action Climax

Falling Action

Resolution

Outcome

The jury room of New York Court of Law Time in 1957. It was a very hot summer afternoon. The main characters are 12 jury’s, the protagonist is Jury #8.The rest of the jury´s are dynamic characters. Internal conflict: -Man vs. self is when Juror # 3 has a strong issue as all this reminds him about his son. External conflicts: -Man vs. man is when Juror # 8 and Juror # 3 are going to get into a fight because they cant agree on the number of time the boy had to run. -Man vs. society is when the 16-yearold boy is being accused by society of killing his dad. They all are angry with him. -Man vs. nature is when Juror # 10is sick. And blows his nose every time. Also the old man that is the whiteness has trouble walking. The rising action occurs when 11 jurors vote guilty and only Juror # 8 votes not guilty. The Climax is when after many discussion and more voting’s the jurors vote against and 6 jurors are in favor of guilty and 6 vote not guilty. After discussing more time the jurors have voted not guilty but juror # 3 so starts convincing all the jurors except # 8. The resolution begins when juror # 3 was left alone voting guilty because of his prejudice of his son and he realizes he is being prejudged and votes not guilty. When all the jurors come to a final verdict that the accused is not guilty.


COMPARISSON BOOK-MOVIE Similarities 1. In both, all jurors deliberate in a close isolated room. 2. In the both, movie and the book Juror 7 had tickets to a baseball game. 3. In the both it starts to rain. 4. Juror number 3 is the last one to vote not guilty. 5. They both end the jury at 7 o´clock. 6. Juror number 10 is sick and blows his nose really often. 7. Juror number 3 starts screaming at other jurors for changing their vote. 8. In the both Juror number 8 is the one voting not guilty first. 9. The book and the movie start in the jury room. 10. Juror 8 had the same knife as the murder knife.

Differences 1. The boy is 16 in the book, while in the movie he is 18. 2. Juror 3 in the book he does not tear up the picture of his son, and in the movie he does. 3. In the movie Juror 3 ends up crying and on the book he stays really mad. 4. In the book, the kid says the knife was for a friend and on the movie he does not. 5. Juror 5 on the movie is very quiet and scared to give his opinion but in the book he isn’t. 6. In the book, they don’t describe the boy and we do not know how he is, while in the movie he appears in the beginning. 7. In the movie the jurors were showing more emotions while in the book you could not see them a lot. 8. In the book, no names are mentioned. In the movie juror 8 and juror 9 tell their names to each other. 9. In the movie the jurors are sweating a lot and in the book they don’t tell us anything of that. 10. At the end of the case in the movie you can see the outside of the jury and in the book it ends in the room where they discussed.


12 Angry Men