elspreso - evropis iurist studentTa asociacia saqarTvelos Jurnali
N.1 - I.2014
First step of ELSA in Georgia
Challenges of ELSA Georgia
People vs Larry Flynt
Ketevan Aleksidze p. 7
Zurab Bezhashvili p. 14
Nutsa Chalauri p. 34
6 Years For ELSA
The association The European Law Students’ Association, ELSA, is an international, independent, non-political and non-proﬁt-making organisation comprised and run by and for law students and young lawyers. Founded in 1981 by law students from Austria, Hungary, Poland and West Germany, ELSA is today the world’s largest independent law student’s association.
“A JUST WORLD IN WHICH THERE IS RESPECT FOR HUMAN DIGNITY AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY”
ELSA’s Members ELSA’s members are internationally minded individuals who have interest for foreign legal systems and practices. Through our activities such as seminars, conferences, law schools, moot court competitions, legal writing, legal research and the Student Trainee Exchange Programme, our members acquire a boarder cultural understanding and legal experience.
Our Special Status ELSA has gained a special status with several international institutions. in 2000, ELSA was granted Participatory Status with the Council of Europe. ELSA has Consultative Status with several United Nations bodies; UN ECOSOC, UNCITRAL, UNESCO &WIPO.
ELSA is presented in 42 countries Albania, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, The United Kingdom.
elsas Sesaxeb asociacia evropis iurist studentTa asociacia, elsa, aris saerTaSoriso, damoukidebeli, apolitikuri da arasamewarmeo organizacia Seqmnili axalgazrda da iuristi studentebisaTvis. daarsda 1981 wels iuristi studentebis mier avstriidan, ungreTidan, poloneTidan da dasavleT germaniidan. elsa dRes msoflios udidesi damoukidebeli iurist studentTa asociaciaa.
elsas lokaluri jgufebi
elsas erovnuli jgufebi
sadac aris adamianis Rirsebisa da xedva â€œsamyaro kulturuli mravalferovnebis pativiscemaâ€?
wevrebi Eelsas studentebi arian saerTaSorisod moazrovne individebi romlebsac ainteresebT ucxouri samarTlebrivi sistemebi da praqtika. Cveni proeqtebis saSualebiT rogorebicaa - seminarebi, konferenciebi, samarTlis skolebi, imitirebuli sasamarTlo procesebi, samarTlebrivi wera, samarTlebrivi kvlevebi da studentTa gacvliTi programebi Cven wevrebs saSualeba eZlevaT gaecnon ucxour kulturul Sexedulebebs da samarTlebriv sistemebs.
elsas statusi Eelsam moipova gamorCeuli statusi saerTaSoriso instituciebSi. 2000 wels elsam miiRo monawilis statusi evropis sabWoSi. E e lsas aqvs konsultantis statusi gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciis organoebSi:UN ECOSOC, UNCITRAL, UNESCO &WIPO.
elsa warmodgenilia 42 qveyanaSi albaneTi, avstria, azerbaijani, belgia, bosnia da hercogovina, bulgareTi, xorvatia, kviprosi, CexeTis respublika, dania, estoneTi, fineTi, safrangeTi, saqarTvelo, germania, saberZneTi, ungreTi, italia, islandia, irlandia, latvia, litva, yazaxeTi, luqsemburgi, malta, montenegro, makedoniis respublika, holandia, norvegia, poloneTi, portugalia, rumineTi, ruseTis federacia, serbeTi, slovakeTis respublika, slovenia, espaneTi, SvedeTi, Sveicaria, TurqeTi, ukraina, gaerTianebuli samefo.
Zvirfaso elselo megobrebo,
Ye a r s Fo r ELSA
Everything is preceded by some event, some fact or p a r ticula r in ten t. Frankly speaking, the idea of making this journal emerged long time before me, but I was honored to be the ﬁrst and bring to the reality the will of creation of the journal that would Privilege ELSA members to overview 6 year history of our organization and to know what is ELSA today. That's why the headline of this issue is “6 years for ELSA.”
ra Tqma unda, yvelafers raime movlena uZRvis win. raRac faqti, an konkretuli Canafiqri. gulwrfelad rom vTqva, am Jurnalis Seqmis idea Irakli Karkashadze Vice-President for Marketing Cemamde didi xniT adre gaCnda, magram ELSA Georgia swored, me mergo pativi vyofiliyavi pirveli da realobad meqcia Jurnalis Seqmnis survili, romelic saSualebas miscemda elsas wevrebs Tvali gadaevI would like to use the opportunity and express my loT elsas istoriis 6 wlisaTvis da gaegoT gratitude to the team that did invaluable work for the elsas dRevandeloba. swored, aqedan gaﬁrst edition of Georgian ELSA magazine and on the momdinareobs am gamocemis saTauric - „6 weli behalf of the team hope that elspresso will occupy a elsasTvis“. minda visargeblo SemTxveviT da udidesi madliereba gamovxato im gundis mimarT, romelmac fasdaudebeli Sroma gaswia elspresos pirveli nomris gamosacemad da mTeli gundis saxeliT imeds vitoveb, rom momavalSi elspreso Rirseul adgils daikavebs elsas wevrebis yoveldRiur cxovrebaSi. cota xnis win mkiTxes Tu ra aris CemTvis elsa. xSirad vxumrob xolme, rom es organizacia lurji narkotikia, romelsac verc erTi narkotesti ver aRiqvams da janmrTelobas zians ar ayenebs. elsa arc ubralo asociaciaa da arc studentebis gaerTianeba, elsa aris cxovrebis axali gza, sruliad axali samyaro da xedva samyaros axali sivrceebisa, romelsac rigiTi Tvali verasdros dainaxavs. elsa saukeTeso adgilia, sadac sasargeblos vuTavsebT sasiamovnos da es yvelaferi erTianobaSi qmnis megobrobis udides sivrces.
worthy place in everyday life of ELSA Georgian members. Recently I was asked, what is ELSA for me. It's a hard question, I often joke that ELSA is like a blue drug which could not be found by any tests, but it's ok. ELSA is not a regular association or a unity of students, ELSA is way of life, opening totally new world and world new spaces, which are not visible for everyone. ELSA is a best place where is mix of useful and the pleasant which makes perfect ﬁeld for making new friends. As my friends often say „ELSA always creates extraordinary things, because for ordinary things there are other organizations“.
r o go r c Ce mi me go br e bi ambo be n „e l sa yovelTvis qmnis gansakuTrebuls, Cveulebrivi ideebisaTvis ki arseboben sxva organizaciebi“.
sarCevi/ CONTENTS redaqtoris werili
Redactors letter elsa saqarTvelos istoria
History of ELSA Georgia elsas pirveli nabijebi saqarTveloSi
First step of ELSA in Georgia elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
New life of ELSA Georgia elsa saqarTvelos gamowvevebi
Chalenges of ELSA Georgia beqa ZamaSvilis gamosvla X erovnul saerTo krebaze
Beka Dzamashvili - speech at X National Council Meeting “fsiqologia iuristebisaTvis” - elsas yvelaze warmatebuli proeqti
Psychology for lawyers - the most successful project of ELSA elsa saqarTvelos gamgeoba
Board of ELSA Georgia ra momca elsam
What did ELSA give me me elsas ganebivrebuli wevri var
I am indulged member of ELSA samarTlis ganviTarebadi dargi
Developing ﬁeld of law saavtoro uflebebis dacva internet sivrceSi
Copyright Protection on the Internet portreti
Portrait mahaTma gandi
Mahatma Gandhi filmis analizi
Analysis of the ﬁlm xalxi lari flintis winaaRmdeg
People VS Larry print uCveulo sasamarTlo precedentebi
Strange law practice elsas blogi
ELSA blog warmatebul adamianebs arasdros uTqvamT...
Successful people never say ...
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
elsas pirveli nabijebi saqarTveloSi
First Steps of ELSA in Georgia
CEO LLC "United Airports Georgia"
Cemi urTierToba ELSA– E sTan daaxloebiT 16 wlis win daiwyo, rodesac axalgazrda iuristTa ascociasiis wevrTa garkveulma jgufma gadawyvita ELSA saqarTvelos Camoyalibeba. aqtiurad ELSA saqarTvelos saqmianobaSi ICM Malta–is mere daviwye, kerZod seminarebis da konferenciebis vice-preidentis Tanamdebobaze. sa-qaTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociacias udi-desi wvlili miuZRvis maSindeli ELSA saqarT-velos CamoyalibebaSi. pirvelad ICM-ze viyavi orazundSi, 2000 wels da iqidan saqarTveloSi bevri siaxliT davbrundiT. im dros evropeli studentebisaTvis saqarTvelo Zalian Sor perspeqtivas warmoadgenda. maTTvis SeuZlebeli iyo saqarTeloSi Camosvla da raime saerTaSoriso RonisZiebis Catareba, radgan es did xarjebTan iyo dakavSirebuli. meore ICM Catarda venaSi da swored am ICM-ze amirCies saerTaSoriso gamgeobaSi. elsa safrangeTis mier moxda Cemi nominireba da elsa dania iyo mxardamWeri. im periodSi ELSA saqarTvelos mTavar, sirTules warmoadgenda is, rom yvelas Zalian bevri saqme gvqonda. ELSA–s garda vswavlobdiT, CarTulebi viyaviT saias saqmianobaSi, aseve bevri Cvengani im periodSi muSaobda. rodesac saerTaSoriso gamgeobaSi vimyofebodi elsa saqarTvelom funqcionireba TiTqmis Sewyvita. saqarTveloSi dabrunebis Semdeg elsa Tavidan Camovayalibe da viyavi elsa saqarTvelos prezidenti. am periodSi
My relation with ELSA started 16 years ago, when the group of young lawyers decided to establish ELSA Georgia. I became actively involved in the activities of ELSA after ICM Malta, as a VP of S&C (seminars and conferences). Georgian Young lawyers association contributed greatly to formation of ELSA in those days. My ﬁrst ICM in Oresund, in year 2000 and came back to Georgia with many new ideas and full of ELSA spirit. Second ICM was held in Vienna and I was elected as VP S&C of ELSA International. I was nominated by ELSA France and seconded ELSA Denmark. At that time main problem of ELSA Georgia was our lack of free time. In addition to ELSA we were studying, we were involved in activities of GYLA and many of us were working. When I was in International Board ELSA Georgia almost ceased functioning. After coming back to Georgia I reestablished ELSA Georgia again and became president of ELSA Georgia. Right about that time small local groups were formed in Tbilisi, Batumi and Kutaisi. It should be mentioned that in Tbilisi, students were active not only from Tbilisi state university but also from Georgian technical university. I was already ﬁnishing my studies at the university and started to work, accordingly I did not have enough time for ELSA. Other members of ELSA were still working in organization, but in the end it seemed impossible to preserve the stability and continuity of ELSA Georgia. After some time irakli samkharadze contacted me with the idea about reviving of ELSA. During the presidency
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
Camoyalibda patara lokaluri jgufebi TbilisSi, baTumsa da quTaisSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom TbilisSi aqtiurobdnen ara mxolod ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis stundentebi, aramed saqarTvelos teqnikuri universitetis studentebic. ukve universitets vamTavrebdi da muSaoba daviwye, amitom elsasTvis dro faqtobrivad aRar mrCeboda. elsas sxva wevrebi ganagrZobdnen organizaciaSi muSaobas, Tumca saboloo jamSi elsas gangrZobadobisa da stabilurobis SenarCuneba ver moxerxda. garkveuli periodis Semdeg damikavSirda irakli samxaraZe, ELSA saqarTvelos ganaxlebis ideebiT. swored iraklis prezidentobis periodSi daiwyo ELSA saqarTvelos axali etapi. minda aRvniSno, rom organizaciaSi mxolod ZiriTadi gundi ar unda iyos aqtiuri. mTavaria yvelaferi gakeTdes imisaTvis, rom wevrebi ganviTardnen da maT imis ambicia gauCndeT, rom es organizacia ukeTesi gaxdes. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi organizacia gaqreba. SeiZleba ZiriTadi nawili aqtiuri iyos, Tumca is mudmivad ver imuSavebs. CemTvis ELSA yovelTvis iyo grZnoba da Tu gaigeb rogoria es grZnoba SeuZlebelia, rom es organizacia ar Segiyvardes. elsa aris erTi didi ojaxi. am organizaciidan Zalian bevri viswavle. elsas mizani aris evropis iurist studenTa gaerTianeba saerTo miznis da xedvis garSemo „samaTliani msoflio sadac pativs scemen adamianur Rirsebas da kulturul gancxvavebulobas“ es organizacia sruliad ucxo adamianebs akavSirebs erTmaneTs samudamod. mas Semdeg, rac
of irakli new era of ELSA Georgia started. I would like to point out that not only national and local board members in the organization has to be active. It’s important that everything is done so that members develop and have ambition to make the organization better, otherwise ELSA will disappear. Main team may be active but it will not work forever.
For me ELSA always was a feeling and if you sense that feeling, it’s impossible not to fall in love with it. ELSA is one big family. I’ve learned a lot from this organization.
ELSA’s main goal is to unite European students around common objective and vision “A just world in which there is respect for human dignity and cultural diversity”. This organization connects strangers to each other forever. After ﬁnishing my career in ELSA, while vis iti ng dif fer
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
elsaSi moRvaweoba davasrule, Cavsulvar evropis sxvadasxva qveynebSi da rodesac miTqvams, rom elsas wevri viyavi, Cveni damokidebuleba absoluturad icvleboda. elsas xedva, misi Rirseba da yvelaze didi Zala mravalferovnebaa, me vigrZeni misi didi Sedegi. vfiqrob, rom ar aris aucilebeli, saerTaSoriso an erovnuli bordis wevri iyo, elsas TiToeul wevrs SeuZlia organizaciaSi Tavisi adgili daimkvidros da igrZnos misi Sedegi. swored es aris organizaciis warmatebis mizezi. didi siamovnebiT, viqnebodi elsas wevri, Tumca, dRemde elsas sapatio wevri var rac Zalian mixaria. rac Seexeba imas, Sevcvlidi Tu ara rames elsaSi, aRvniSnav, rom arafers ar Sevcvlidi, radgan organizacia im saxiT ra saxiTac is dRes arsebobs sakmaod kargia. ubralod, erovnul da saerTaSoriso donezec ufro meti yuradReba unda daeTmos wevrTa inkluziurobas. swored es mogcemT imis SesaZleblobas, rom gangrZobiTobis SenarCuneba SeZloT.
ent countries in Europe after telling them about the fact that I was ELSA member, our attitude was changing radically. ELSA vision, dignity and the biggest power is its diversity, I have experienced that many times. I think that it is not necessary to be a member of international or national board, every member of ELSA can establish him/herself and feel the impact of it. This is the main reason for the success of the organization, I would be a member of ELSA With a great pleasure, but presently I am an honorary member of ELSA and that makes me very happy.
As of the question if I would change anything in ELSA, I note that I would change nothing, because organization is great. But still, more attention should be paid to the engagement of the members. This will allow you to keep the organization functioning.
ELSA incorporates very big professionalism and great fun at the same time.
elsa erTmaneTSi aerTianebs Zalian did profesionalizms da amave dros Zalian did xaliss. vfiqrob, rom Zalian dasafasebelia, rodesac organizaciaSi arsebobs, megobroba sixalise... vamayob, rom elsa Cemi cxovrebis nawilia da dRemde Zalian maRali donis Sexvedrebzec ki vambob, rom me elsas prezidenti viyavi. Zalian bevri viswavle da yovelTvis vfiqrobdi, rom elsa mogcemT imdens, ramdensac misgan aiRebT. SegiZliaT, rom elsadan waiRoT Zalian didi codna da kontaqtebi.
I think that it’s very valuable, when there is friendship and fun in the organization… I am proud that ELSA is a part of my life. I’ve learned a lot and always thought that ELSA would give you as much as you want to get from it. You can use ELSA for acquisition of knowledge and contacts.
2008 wels omis periodSi, Zalian didi siTbo vigrZeni rodesac vropis TiTqmis yvela qveynidan momivida werilebi. zogi produqts mTvazobda, zogi maTTan sacxovreblad gadasvals. erT-erTma isic ki miTxra colad mogiyvan da moqalaqeobas mogcemo. dRemde maqvs kavSiri im adamianebTan vinc maSin gavicani. es yvelaferi CemTvis Zalian Tbil mogonebebTan aris dakavSirebuli. erT-erTi qarTveli xorvatiaSi swalobda da rom Camovida damikavSirda TqvenTan Sexvedra mindao. Turme, xorvatiaSi swavlis dros,
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
elsa xorvatiis wevrebma gaiges, rom es adamiani saqarTvelodan iyo da kiTxes qeTis Tu icnobo. eubnebodnen, „You are from Kate’s Georgia“-o da damainteresa qeTi vin iyoo. rac Seexeba 2013 wels baTumSi Catarebul ICM-s Zalian didi siamovneba miviRe. Cemi elsaSi moRvaweobis periodSi bevr, erTmaneTisagan gansxvavebul, ICM-ze vyofilvar. kopenhagenSi RonisZieba skolaSi Catarda da 2 varskvlavian sastumroSi vcxovrobdiT, venaSi ki RonisZieba sakmaod maRal doneze iyo organizebuli. bolos minda vusurvo ELSA saqarTvelos winsvla da ganviTareba.
In 2008 I felt huge warmth when I received letter from almost every European country, some were offering products, and some were even offering to move to their place. I still keep in touch with the people I met back then. To me all this is associated to very warm memories. One of the Georgians was studying in Croatia and after coming back to Georgia he/she contacted me and told me he/she wanted to meet me. as it turned out when he/she was in Croatia , when members of ELSA Croatia heard that he/she was from Georgia they asked if he/she knew Kate. he/she said: “that they were saying - “you are from Kate’s Georgia” and I was interested who this Kate was.” As for 2010 ICM held in Batumi I enjoyed it very much. During the membership of ELSA I have been at many different ICMs. In Copenhagen the event was held in 2 star hotel, but in Vienna ICM was held on very high level. In the end I would like to wish development and progress to ELSA Georgia.
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
vifiqreT, moviZieT, davgegmeT da ganvaxorcieleT!
We thought about it, we searched for it, we planned it and we made it!
The idea of creating ELSA arose on the Irakli Samkharadze basis of Tbilisi State Erasmus University Rotterdam, University in 2008, Student when the university's dean gave us the information about the existence of ELSA and promised his support for the establishment in Georgia. At ﬁrst, it seemed very difﬁcult, but with great determination and enthusiasm we achieved that Georgia has not only joined the biggest union of European Law students, but it has a decent status in the national groups. It gained conﬁdence, popularity and which is the most important love, the clear example of this is the number of internatiraime guliT gwadia onal events which samyaro dagexmareba were held in recent years, by ELSA Geormis SesrulebaSi gia.
elsas Seqmnis idea 2008 wlis Semodgomaze Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis bazaze gaCnda, rodesac iuridiuli fakultetis maSindelma dekanma mogvawoda informacia elsas arsebobis Sesaxeb da sruli mxardaWera aRgviTqva misi saqarTveloSi dafuZnebis sakiTxSi. Tavdapirvelad, Zalian rTuli mogveCvena es yvelaferi, Tumca, mizandasaxulobiT mivaRwieT imas, rom saqarTvelo aramarto SeuerTda iurist studentTa yvelaze did gaerTianebas msoflioSi, aramed Zalian Rirseuli statusic moipova saerTaSoriso qselSi, TandaTan moixveWa ndoba, popularoba da xalxis siyvaruli. amas mowmobs bolo wlebSi elsa saqarTvelos mier gamarTul araerT saerTaSoriso RonisZiebaTuki ze Cveni evropeli kolegebis farTomasStabiani monawileoba. mTeli ras gamovarCevdi?
“” If you desire something by heart, the whole world will help you to make it.
upirvelesad, elsa SesaZleblobaa, romelic gaZlevs saSualebas ipovo sakuTari Tavi da moaxdino Seni unarebis realizeba. elsa gTavazobs saqmianobis ramdenime ganzomilebas da Tu sworad mihyvebi mas, mixvdebi, rom uamravi praqtikuli, cxovrebiseuli aspeqti aqvs. igi gaZlevs ganviTarebis mravalprofilur SesaZleblobas. ase, rom mihyevi mas! imavdroulad, elsa Zalian Tanadrouli da saerTaSorisoa, radgan orientirebulia Tanamedrove gamowvevebsa da novatorul midgomebze. elsas farglebSi geZleva sakuTari azrovnebisa da arealis gafarTovebis Zalian didi Sansi, ase, rom gamoiyene is! da bolos, elsa kulturulad mravalferovania, rac saSualebas gaZlevs ara mxolod aRmoaCino gansxvavebuli kultura, romelic SenTvis cotaTi ucxoa, aramed Tavad iyo am yvelafris nawili. ase, rom gamoscade igi!
The secret of success is a great enthusiasm and friendship. We believed that “If you desire something by heart, the whole world will help you to make it”.
The ELSA is the opportunity, which gives you the chance to ﬁnd yourself and to realize your skills. ELSA offers several dimensions of work, and if you follow it correctly, you will ﬁnd out that it has a lot of practical aspects of life and it gives you various abilities. So follow it!
At the same time ELSA is very contemporary and international, as it is focused on contemporary challenges and innovative approach. ELSA gives you the opportunity of development in multi proﬁle dimension. So use it!
ELSA is culturally diverse which allows you not only to discover the culture which is not typical for you, but to be the part of all this. So try it!
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
mTavari faqtori, ramac megobrebs elsas saqarTveloSi Camoyalibeba gadagvawyvetina, am organizaciis saerTaSoriso xasiaTi iyo. mogexsenebaT, dRes adamiani ver Sedgeba maRali donis profesionalad, Tu mas ar aqvs saTanado saerTaSoriso kontaqtebi. elsa gvTavazobs Sanss, rom pirdapiri kavSiri davamyaroT Cvens Tanatol iurist studentebTan mTeli evropis masStabiT. erTmaneTs gavuziaroT codna, gamocdileba, kultura, tradiciebi da movipovoT mniSvnelovani saerTaSoriso kontaqtebi axalgazrda, perspeqtiul profesionalebTan.
Archil Tsertsvadze Civil Society Institute, Legal Advisor
dafuZnebis procesSi, elsaSi, iseve rogorc yvela axalgazrdul organizaciSi, iyo e.w. „intrigebis xlarTva“. zogi Segnebulad, zogic - gaufrTxileblobiT. gvqonda mozRvavebuli ambiciebi. Tavis gamoCenis mizniT, gauTavebeli da cxare diskusiebi. iyo xSiri guliswyromac erTmaneTze. Tumca, yovelive amis miuxedavad, elsam gagvaerTiana es „ambiciuri“ axalgazrdebi da im uamrav saintereso ideas Seasxa xorci, romelic Cveni da Cveni megobrebis gonebaSi daibada. elsam, mniSvnelovani zegavlena moaxdina Cveni msoflmxedvelobis Camoyalibebaze.
„A just world, in which there is respect for human dignity and cultural diversity“ es aris fraza, romelic gamoxatavs elsas filosofiasa da TiToeuli elselis valdebulebaa aRniSnuli gzavnili gauziaros mis Tanatols, megobarsa Tu Tanamoazres.
The main factor, which made us to form ELSA Georgia, was the international character of organization. As you know, today it is difﬁcult to become the high-level professional, if you don't have any international contacts. ELSA gives you the chance to have a direct contact with law students across Europe. Exchange knowledge, experience, culture, tradition and gain valuable international contacts with young and perspective professionals.
In the process of ELSA formations, as well as in all other youth organizations, there were so called “intrigues” , some were consciously, others unconsciously, we had widespread Tornike Revishvili ambitions to express Queen Mary University of London, ourselves, there were Student heated discussions, was an anger on each other, but ELSA made the union of this ambitious people and embodied our ideas, which were born in the minds of our friends. ELSA had a great inﬂuence on the process of formation of our ideas. „A just world in which there is respect for human dignity and cultural diversity“ this is the phrase which expresses the philosophy of ELSA and every person from ELSA must share this message with their friends.
elsa saqarTvelos istoria
elsa yovelTvis gansxvavebuls, siaxles unda sTavazobdes sazogadoebas, Cveulebrivi, rigiTi ideebisTvis sxva gaerTianebebic arseboben. elsa saqarTvelos pirveli oficialuri proeqti Sromis samarTlis konferencia iyo, romelic pirveli mowvevis gamgeobis uflebamosilebis dasawyisSive ganvaxorcieleT. ra Tqma unda, dRevandeli gadasaxedidan, proeqtis masStabi sakmaod mokrZalebuli iyo, Tumca, im periodSi, rodesac asociacia saqmianobas iwyebda, sazogadoeba msgavsi proeqtebiT ganebivrebuli ar gaxldaT. rac Seexeba pirvel triumfs, es imitirebuli procesebis Cempionati „nafici msajuli“ iyo, romlis meore sezoni ganvaxorcieleT ukve elsa saqarTvelos saxeliT. proeqtis pirveli sezoni, faqtobrivad, im sainiciativo jgufma CavatareT, romlebmac SemdgomSi elsa saqarTvelo SevqmeniT. meore sezonma sruliad saqarTvelo moicva da aman, Tavis mxriv, gazarda elsas popularoba regionebSic.
ELSA must always be different with its extraordinary propositions to the society, for the ordinary ideas there are other organizations. Elsa's ﬁrst ofﬁcial project was labor law conference. From today's point of view, the project was very modest, but in that period when the activities were started, society was not indulged with such kind of projects.
Dimitry Gegenava East European University, Assistant Professor
The ﬁrst triumph was moot court competition “The Juror”. The second season of this project was held by the name of ELSA Georgia. The ﬁrst season, was carried by initiative group and then we created ELSA Georgia. The second season covered whole Georgia and that increased the popularly of ELSA in the whole country.
elsa CemTvis aris saukeTeso megobrebi, cxovrebiseuli da profesiuli gamocdileba da dauviwyari studentoba.
Elsa for me is my best friends, professional and life experience and unforgettable student years.
Zinaida Chkhaidze LEPL Environmental Information and Education Center Lawyer
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
elsa saqarTvelos gamowvevebi
Challenges of ELSA Georgia 2008 wlidan, mas Semdeg, rac gaCnda elsa saqarTvelos Seqmnis idea, mudmivad icvleboda elsas gamowvevebi. iyo periodi, rodesac vibrZodiT elsas, rogorc axali brendis damkvidrebisTvis, oTaxisTvis, wevrebisTvis da ubralod imisTvis, rom organizacias minimaluri pirobebi hqonoda arsebobisaTvis. elsa saqarTvelom SeZlo da Zalian male megobrebis gaerTianebidan safakulteto organizaciad gadaiqca da iuridiuli fakultetis studentebi moicva. gaizarda elsaSi gawevrianebis survili da proeqtebi maTive partniorebTan erTad momravlda. Seicvala miswrafebebi, gaCnda ambicia, rom elsa gamxdariyo erovnuli organizacia. miznad davisaxeT, pirvel rigSi, mogvecva Tbilisis, Semdgom ki saqarTvelos yvela universiteti. es ki swori muSaobis Sedegad maleve SevZeliT. Seiqmna Tbilisisa da quTaisis lokaluri jgufebi. mimdinareobs baTumis lokaluri jgufis formireba da elsa ukve warmodgenilia saqarTvelos TiTqmis yvela umaRles saswavlebelSi, romlebsac samarTlis fakulteti aqvT. gaCnda saerTaSoriso proeqtebis maspinZlobis ambicia da miuxedavad qveynisTvis gardamavali periodisa, elsa saqarTvelom SeZlo Rirseulad emaspinZla sami saerTaSoriso RonisZiebisa da maT farglebSi 350-mde saerTaSoriso stumrisTvis.
Since 2008, after the idea about the creation of ELSA Georgia was born, our challenges were constantly changing. There was a period Zurab Bezhashvili when we fought for President of ElSA Georgia inculcation of ELSA as a new brand, for the room, for new members and for having minimum condition for functioning of the organization. In very short time ELSA Georgia managed to transform from the union of few friends to faculty organization and united many the students of law faculty. So grew the desire of becoming member of ELSA and also grew the number of our projects and partners. Aspiration was also changed and appeared ambition about ELSA being national organization. We set the goal to cover Tbilisi in the ďŹ rst place and after that every university of Georgia. We managed to achieve these goals as a result of well planned, hard work. Tbilisi and Kutaisi local groups were formed, formation of Batumi local group is still in progress. ELSA is represented in almost every university of Georgia that has law faculty. Appeared the ambition of hosting international events and despite of transitional period of our country ELSA Georgia managed to honorably host 3 international events and almost 350 international guests.
2014 wels elsa sruliad axali da aranakleb rTuli gamowvevebis winaSe dadga. Sevecdebi gamovyo ramdenime maTgani:
Today in 2014, ELSA faces new and not less complicated challenges. I'll try to highlight few, most important ones.
saerTaSoriso brend proeqti mas Semdeg, rac elsa saqarTvelo organizaciulad mniSvnelovnad gaZlierda da SeZlo stabilur, iurist studentTa yvelaze Zlier da popularul organizaciad Camoyalibeba, aucilebeli gaxda saerTaSoriso doneze Tavis damkvidreba.
International brand project ELSA Georgia gained signiďŹ cant strength and managed to become the most stable and powerful law student association. After national group gained enough experience of hosting international events if became necessar y to establish our self at the international level. Every powerful local group of Elsa has its own annual brand project, which has one and the
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
elsas yvela Zlier erovnul jgufs aqvs sakuTari, yovelwliuri brend proeqti. masSi monawileoben yvela qveynis iuristi studentebi. imisTvis, rom elsa saqarTvelom, rogorc erT-erTma Zlierma erovnulma jgufma, saerTaSoriso doneze daimkvidros Tavi, aucilebelia msgavsi brend proeqtis saqarTveloSi Catareba da damkvidreba. erovnuli proeqtebis masStabi elsa saqarTvelos lokaluri jgufebi mniSvnelovnad ganviTardnen da imdenad xSirad sTavazoben iurist studentebs maRali xarisxis proeqtebs, rom maT profesiuli modunebis saSualebas ar aZleven. yovelive aman ganapiroba is, rom elsa saqarTvelo gaTavisuflda lokaluri proeqtebis Catarebis valdebulebisagan da aucilebeli gaxda iseTi erovnuli proeqtebis ganxorcieleba, romlebic gamorCeuli iqneboda aqamde Catarebuli proeqtebisagan Tavisi masStabebiT da maTSi yvela regionis Tanabrad CarTulobis SesaZleblobiT. bolo wlebSi aSkarad SeiniSneba elsa saqarTvelos proeqtebis xarisxisa da studentTa interesis zrda. Tumca, aucilebelia, rom elsa saqarTvelos proeqtebSi CarTulobis Tanabari Sansi hqondeT, rogorc Tbilisis, ise quTaisisa da baTumis umaRlesi saswavleblebis studentebs. TaobaTa cvla elsa sxva organizaciebisagan imiTac gamoirCeva, rom aq mudmivad aris TaobaTa cvla. asociaciaSi ar aris sistema, sadac wlebis ganmavlobaSi saTaveSi dganan erTidaigive pirebi, xolo qveda safexurebze Taobebi mudmivad icvlebian. elsaSi erTsa da imave Tanamdebobaze piri SeiZleba airCion maqsimum orjer, erT wliani vadiT. aqedan gamomdinare, yovel wels mmarTvel Tanamdebobebs organizaciaSi moRvawe warmatebuli studentebi ikaveben da sakuTari damsaxurebiT dawyebuli saqmis samarTalmemkvidreni xdebian. 2008 wels, elsas Seqmnis periodSi, masSi Tavi moiyares, im studentebma, romlebic sauniversiteto wreebSi gamoirCeodnen TavianTi akademiuri moswrebiTa da maRali
same theme every year, where participants come from every country. For ELSA Georgia to establish itself as a powerful national group it's necessary to have branded project like that, that will take place and establish in Georgia. The scale of the projects Local groups of Elsa Georgia developed a lot and offer high quality projects so frequently that they don't allow the students to slacken professionally. As a result Elsa Georgia lost the responsibility of organizing local projects and it became necessary to carry out national projects, that would be different from the projects held before, with its scale and participation of every region evenly. In last years the increasement of the quality and the interest of students to ELSA Georgia projects is noticeable. But it's necessary that students from Tbilisi, Kutaisi and Batumi have equal chances of participating in the projects. Changing of generations Elsa differs from other organizations by permanently changing generations. In Elsa there is not such system where there is a limited group of people on the top level and generations only change on the lower levels. In Elsa every board member can be chosen only twice, each time for 1 year. That's why generations change every year in Elsa. Annually successful Elsa members occupy leading positions and according to their merit they become successors of the organization. When Elsa was formed students with exceptional academic performance and high intellect were gathered. That led to sharp increase of the image of Elsa. Today only two people, who were ELSA members during the foundation of the organization, continues to work and to struggle for the idea of ELSA. In addition the change of generation enters the turning phase, when organization must maintain the interest of successful students. If Elsa looses the name of academic organization, according to the fact of the organization being on the top of its success, the regress of the organization will take place and that process will eventually become irreversible. That's why it important to maintain common strateg y of training new generation and performing well planned staff policy. ELSA in every city ELSA Georgia is now represented in three cities Tbilisi, Kutaisi and Batumi. Despite that organization still has the perspective to expand. Students from Akhaltsike and Gori universities contacted to us and expressed their desire to form local groups. This year Batumi local group formation process will end. And it
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
inteleqtiT. aman ganapiroba organizaciis imijis mkveTri zrda. dRes, pirveli Taobis elselebisagan organizaciaSi arcerTi araa SemorCenili. aqedan gamomdinare TaobaTa cvla gardamtex fazaSi Sedis. organziaciam unda SeZlos SeinarCunos maRali akademiuri moswrebis studenebis organizaciis saqmianobiT daintereseba. Tu elsa dakargavs akademiuri organizaciis saxels, misi mwvervalze yofnis faqtis gaTvaliswinebiT daiwyeba oraganizaciis ukusvla, romelic Seuqcevadi procesi gaxdeba. amitom mniSnelovania TaobaTa aRzrdis erTiani strategiis SenarCuneba da swori sakadro politikis ganxorcieleba. elsa yvela qalaqSi dRes, elsa saqarTvelo warmodgenilia sam qalaqSi - TbilisSi, quTaissa da baTumSi. miuxedavad amisa, organizacias kvlav aqvs gafarToebis didi peqspeqtiva. elsa saqarTvelos daukavSirdnen axalcixisa da goris universitetebi da adgilobrivi warmomadgenlobebis Camoyalibebis didi survili gamoTqves. wels, baTumis lokaluri jgufis formireba sruldeba. aqedan gamomdinare, aucilebelia, organizacia ar gaCerdes da axali lokaluri jgufebis Seqmnaze muSaoba gaagrZelos. dRes, elsa, saqarTveloSi yvelaze didi iurist studentTa gaerTianebaa. miuxedavad amisa gamowvevebi kvlavac mniSvnelovania. vimedovneb, rom ramdenime weliwadSi, rodesac elsas aqtiuri wevri aRar viqnebi da gavecnobi elsas gamowvevebis Sesaxeb elspresoSi dabeWdil elsa saqarTvelos prezidentis statias, bednieri da amayi mSvidad SevZleb cxovrebiseuli moRvaweobis gagrZelebas elspresos momdevno gamocemis molodinSi.
is important for the organization not to stop and keep on working about creating of new local groups. ELSA Georgia is the biggest union of law students in Georgia, yet challenges are still signiďŹ cant. I hope that in few years, when I will not be an active member of ELSA and I will read the article in Elspresso, about the challenges for this association that will be so big that I'll be happy and proud to continue my work waiting for new issue of the magazine.
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
Tu guliT moindomeb, SeuZlebeli araferia!
Nothing is impossible to willing by heart!
Ministry of Justice of Georgia, Deputy Head of the Public International Law Department
minda, Zalian mokled Sevajamo Cemi saqmianoba elsaSi da Sevexo im sakiTxebs, romelTa gamoc Zalian amayi da bednieri var. pirvel rigSi bednieri var imitom, rom saqarTveloSi elsa namdvilad Sedga! 5 wlis win, rodesac muSaobas viwyebdiT, Zalian bevri gamowvevis winaSe videqiT. Tavis damkvidreba didi problema iyo bevri garemoebis gamo, Tumca, dRes ukve sakmarisia mxolod asociaciis saxelis xseneba da amiT yvelaferi naTqvamia. Zalian amayi var imiT, rom saqarTvelos realobaSi SevZeliT iseTi organizaciis Camoyalibeba, romelic calkeul pirovnebebze ar aris damokidebuli da asociaciis yvela wevrs Tavis warmoCenis, ganviTarebisa da sakuTari SesaZleblobebis dafiqsirebis Tanabari SesaZleblobebi aqvs. bednieri var TiToeuli im proeqtiTa da warmatebiT, romelic elsam, Tundac, iuridiuli fakultetis erT students SesZina. agreTve, minda gavixseno is ramdenime, yvelaze rTuli epizodi, romelmac gadamwyveti roli iTamaSa elsas iseT Zlier organizaciad CamoyalibebaSi, rogoric dRes aris. pirvel rigSi, minda Sevexo ormxriv saswavlo vizits elsa CexeTTan. es iyo pirveli gamowveva elsa saqarTvelosTvis, romelmac miiRo damkvirveblis statusi. sruli wevrobis misaRebad unda gveCvenebina, rom, garda imisa, rom erovnul doneze Zalian bevr saqmes vakeTebdiT, saerTaSoriso donezec SegveZlo
I want to sum up my work in ELSA very brieﬂy and survey of the issues, for which I am proud and happy. First of all, I am happy because ELSA Georgia has been materialized! 5 years ago, when we were starting our work, we were facing many challenges. -For newly established organization it was extremely hard to “settle down” because of many reasons. But today just the name of association is self-telling. I am very proud of the fact, that in Georgia, we managed to set up such organization, which does not depend on any person and all members of association are able to promote, develop, and express their own abilities. I am happy for each project and success, which ELSA provided law faculty students with. In addition, I want to recall some of the most difﬁcult episodes, which made ELSA such a strong organization, as it stands now. Firstly, I want to mention bilateral study visit with ELSA Czech Republic. This was the ﬁrst challenge of ELSA Georgia under the status of observer member. Aiming at full membership we had to show that we were able to do something at the international level in addition to lots of work doing at the national level. The main problem was absence of ﬁnances. We asked almost all companies for funding, but all answers were the same: “You are very good young people, but we do not have allocated money in our budget for funding your project”. We all were disappointed for this standard response, and we all knew that the real reason was the lack of information about ELSA. In this situation, we had two options: cancelling the study visit, or ﬁnding solution until the
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
raRacis keTeba. umTavresi problema, cxadia, finansebis ar arseboba iyo. TiTqmis yvela kompaniaSi viyaviT dafinansebis saTxovnelad, Tumca pasuxi yvelgan erTi da igive iyo: „Zalian kargi axalgazrdebi xarT, Tumca, biujetSi Tqveni proeqtis dafinansebisTvis Tanxebi gaTvaliswinebuli ar gvaqvs“. Zalian gvwydeboda guli am standartuli pasuxis gamo da vxvdebodiT, rom realuri mizezi elsas naklebi cnobadoba iyo. am situaciaSi Cven an uari unda gveTqva Cexi stumrebisTvis maspinZlobaze, an bolo wuTamde unda gvepova gamosavali. cxadia, meore gza avirCieT da RonisZiebamde ori dRiT adre zizis (CxaiZe) meSveobiT gamoCnda biznesmeni, romlis kompaniis interesebSi agreTve ar jdeboda Cveni proeqtis dafinanseba, magram mxolod imitom, rom „karg saqmes vemsaxurebodiT, romelic qveynis momavlisaTvis aucilebeli iyo“ imaze meti daxmareba aRmogviCina, vidre im wuTas Cven gvWirdeboda.
last moment. Of course, we chose the latter. Two days before the event, with the help of Zizi Chkaidze we found a businessman, whose company also did not allocate money for such projects, but just because we were doing a good job, which was necessary for the future of our country, he helped us in a way that was more than necessary. Next signiﬁcant challenge was the participation of ELSA Georgia's board in ICM Sinaia, where our full membership was likely to be decided. After standard refuse for ﬁnancial support, we again faced the problem, but another miracle happened, this time thanks to Keti Vardosanidze. At that time President's Administration announced a scholarship program, but we did not have contact information. Keti sent the letter to number of email addresses using all possible combinations of the name and surname of the head of Administration.. She sent almost hundred letters, from which only one letter came to the addressee and we received ﬁnances. Certainly, I have to recall ICM Batumi. This time the
Semdegi mniSnelovani gamowveva iyo rumineTis qalaq sinaiaSi elsa saqarTvelos gamWadrakis dafaze yvelaze saintereso figura geobis monawileoba saerTo krebaze, sadac Cveni sruli wevrobis sakiTxi unda swored paikia, radgan yvela sxva figurisagan gadawyvetiliyo. finansur daxmarebaze standartuli uarebis Semdeg kvlav dile- gansxvavebiT, mis mier gadadgmuli yoveli nabiji mis winaSe aRmovCndiT, rodesac kidev erwinmimarTulia Ti patara saswauli moxda, amjerad qeTis (vardosaniZe) meSveobiT. im dros prezidentis administracias gamocxadebuli hqonda stipendiebis programa, Tumca, Cven ar gvqonda sakontaqto informacia. qeTim Seadgina werili da administraciis ufrosis saxelis da gvaris yvela kombinaciis gamoyenebiT daaxloebiT asamde eleqtronuli werili gaagzavna yvela SesaZlo eleqrtonuli fostis misamarTze, romlidanac erT-erTi mivida adresatTan da Cven scale was considerably larger. We were waiting for 400 dafinanseba miviReT. students. We had almost achieved the biggest goal within
The most interesting ﬁgure on the chessboard is pawn, because unlike all the other ﬁgures, its every step is forward and goal-oriented.
aucileblad unda gavixseno ICM baTumi. am SemTxvevaSi masStabebi gansakuTrebiT gazrdili iyo. velodebodiT oTxasamde students. asociaciis farglebSi yvelaze didi mizani TiTqmis Sesrulebuli gvqonda, Tumca, RonisZiebamde sami kviriT adre vigebT, rom Cveni biujetis 2/3-s veRar miviRebdiT. am SemTxvevaSic far-xmali ar dagviyria, yvelam erTad bolo wuTamde vibrZoleT, Cveni SesaZleblobis maqsimumi gavakeTeT da dRemde ver vxvdebi rogor, magram CavatareT es ICM da sabolood, elsac Sedga saqarTveloSi. es yvelaferi imitom gavixsene, rom momaval elselebs sirTuleebis arasdros SegeSindeT
the framework of association, but suddenly three weeks before the event we found out, that we could not get 2/3 of our budget. Despite this hardship, we did not give up and stood together until the last minute, We have done our best and still cannot understand how, but International Council Meeting has happened and ELSA had ﬁnal coronation in Georgia.
I recalled all these episodes for the future members of ELSA to show that you should never be afraid of difﬁculties and keep in mind that “Nothing is Impossible to a Willing Heart”!
I want to thank to each personwho were supporting us. No matter how great initiative, motivation and enthusiasm you have, everyone needs support and help
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
da gaxsovdeT, rom Tu Zalian moindomeb saswaulebic moxdeba! minda, Zalian didi madloba gadavuxado TiToeul im adamians, Cvens megobrebsa da mxardamWerebs, romlebic gverdSi gvedgnen. rac ar unda didi iniciativa, motivacia da SemarTeba gqondes miznis misaRwevad, daxmareba yovelTvis saWiroa. aseve, Zalian didi madloba minda gadavuxado yvela im kompanias, romelic dafinansebaze uars gveubneboda, radgan Cven yvela im uarze vacnobierebdiT Cven Secdomebs. vxvdebodiT ra SeiZleboda ukeT gakeTebuliyo da es ufro met gamocdilebas gvZenda. dRes minda, agreTve, ramdenime adamians simboluri saCuqari gadavce. irakli qarqaSaZe elsas saqmianobaSi 2010 wlidan CaerTo da bolo Tveebamde is elsaSi arawevris statusiT saqmianobda. is mTeli Tavisi energiiTa da SemarTebiT yovelgvari sanacvlo regaliebis miRebis gareSe elsasTvis akeTebda im saqmes, romelic mas uyvarda. darwmunebuli var, rom rodesac irakli elsaSi modioda is verc warmoidgenda, rom ramdenime welSi elsa saqarTvelos vice-prezidenti gaxdeboda. mas simbolurad gadavcem suraTs, romelzec gamosaxulia Wadrakis dafa. mis erT mxares moTavsebulia yvela figura, meoreze ki mxolod erTi paiki. Cemi azriT, Wadrakis dafaze yvelaze saintereso figura, swored paikia, radgan yvela sxva figurisagan gansxvavebiT, mis mier gadadgmuli yoveli nabiji winmimarTulia. amasTan, paiki erTaderTi figuraa, romelsac ganviTarebis SesaZlebloba aqvs, sxva figurebi ki mxolod „arsebul Tanamdebobebs inarCuneben“. irakli elsaSi swored erTi paikis saxiT Semovida, romelmac SeZlo gasuliyo boloSi da vice-prezidenti gamxdariyo. minda, rom TiToeuli TqvenganisTvis es iyos magaliTi, rom Tu guliT moindomeb, SeuZlebeli araferia!
to achieve big goals. I Also want to thank all those companies, who refused us, because every negative answer made us understand our mistakes, realize what could have been done better and that gave us more experience. Today I want to give symbolic gifts to several people. Irakli Karkashadze has been involved in activates of ELSA since 2010 year and he had been working here with non-member status of ELSA. He devoted all his energy and enthusiasm and without receiving any regalia, he was doing the work, which he loved. I am sure, when Irakli came to ELSA, he could never imagine, that in the next few years he would become vice-president of ELSA. I would like to hereby give him a symbolic picture of chessboard, where all ﬁgures are placed on one side of the board and the pawn stands alone on the other.. To my mind, the most interesting ﬁgure on the chessboard is pawn, because unlike all the other ﬁgures, its every step is forward and goaloriented. In addition, pawn is the only ﬁgure which has ability to develop, other ﬁgures just “maintain existing positions”. Irakli joined ELSA just like a pawn, who was able to reach the top and become vice-president. This should be an example for everybody that, nothing is impossible. Everything starts with inception of a good idea. If not Irakli Samkharadze this community would not be here. I want to give him a sand clock with logo of ELSA on it. Irakli was the person who ﬁrst overturned the sand clock of ELSA and run the time, which is still going on.
yvelaferi iwyeba ideiT da ideisTvis xorcis SesxmiT. rom ara irakli samxaraZe, dRes es sazogadoeba aq ar iqneboda. minda, simbolurad mas gadavce qviSis saaTi elsas logoTi, radgan irakli iyo is adamiani, romelmac elsas qviSis saaTi pirvelad amoatriala da daZra is dro, romelic dRemde mimdi-
elsa saqarTvelos axali etapi
nareobs. qviSis saaTs aqvs erTi funqcia, raRac etapze es qviSa Tavdeba. cxovrebaSi Cvenc xSirad dagvidgeba etapi, rodesac qviSis saaTs xelaxla sWirdeba amotrialeba imisaTvis, rom cxovrebis axal etapze gadavideT. gisurvebdi, rom yovelTvis, rodesac raRac etapze warmatebas miaRwev, gaixsene elsa, es qviSis saaTi xelaxla amoatriale da daiwye Seni cxovrebis axali etapi. damswre sazodadoebam dRes zuka beJaSvils Zalian didi funqcia daakisra, radgan dReidan is unda gauZRves asociacias da unda gaagrZelos is kursi, rac aqamde iyo dawyebuli. is dReidan faqtobrivad elsas „mZRolia“ da amitom minda mas gadavce elsas marTvis mowmoba, romelic amas ufro legalurs gaxdis. aseve, minda rom simbolurad elsas burTze gavakeTo pirveli avtografi da yvela im pirs, romelic elsas gamgeobaSi yofila an iqneba vTxovo, sakuTari xelmowera datovos masze. dRes sazodadoebam Tqven agirCiaT elsas gamgeobis wevrebad da moedani mogcaT imisaTvis, rom moRvaweoba gaagrZeloT. me minda, es burTi gadmogigdoT da axla yvelaferi Tqvenzea damokidebuli. burTic da moedanic Tqvens xelSia !!!
beqa ZamaSvili evropis iurist studentTa asociacia saqarTvelos X saerTo kreba daxurviTi plenaruli sxdoma gamosamSvidobebeli sityva bakurani 24.06.2013
Sand clock has one function, at some point sand runs out. We o f t e n h a d moments, when the sand clock needs to be overturned once again in order to move on to a new stage of life. Wish you, that every time you achieve your goals, remember ELSA, turn over this sand clock and start new chapter of your life. Society imposed very big responsibility on Zuka Bejashvili, because now he must lead the association and should continue the course as it was before. It can be said that he is the “driver” of ELSA and that is why I want to give him a symbolic driver's license of ELSA. I'd like to do the ﬁrst signature on the symbolizing ball of ELSA and I ask every person who was or will be in the board of ELSA, to leave their signature on the ball. Today society elected you as the board members of ELSA and gave the playground for continuing work. I will throw this ball to you and now everything depends on you!!!
Beka Dzamashvili 10th National Council Meeting of The European Law Student's Association Final Plenary Final Speech Bakuriani, 24.06.2013
fsiqologia iuristebisaTviselsa saqarTvelos yvelaze warmatebuli proeqti
Psychology for lawyers – the most successful project of ELSA Georgia Ketevan vardosanidze LLC "United Airports Georgia", Human Resources Manager
elsas seminarebisa da konferenciebis mimarTulebis ZiriTadi interesia dagegmos da ganaxorcielos sxvadasxva RonisZieba iseT Temebze, romlebic ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli umaRlesi saswavleblebis kurikulumebiT. swored, amis SesaniSnavi magaliTia proeqti “fsiqologia iuristebisaTvis”. iuristisTvis adamianis fsiqologiis codna saintereso da garkveulwilad, aucilebelia, vinaidan es maT sazogadoebasTan urTierTobaSi exmareba.
The main interest of ELSA's seminars and conferences is to plan and execute various events on themes that are not foreseen by the high education curriculums. Perfect example of this is the project – psychology for lawyers. In general, psychology is interesting and at the same time important for lawyers. It helps them to have the effective, personal, and professional contact with people.
The theme of the project was chosen by students' interests. However, not only correct selection of the theme was the reason of project's success, but also the correct selection of format, elsa aris Sansi, romelic pp rao rg rt anme ar ns d. to its aucileblad unda gamoiyeno cAccording o n t e n t , theoretical and p r a c t i c a l component the format of this project was a law school.
proeqtisaTvis Tema swored studentTa interesidan gamomdinare avarCieT, Tumca, RonisZiebis warmateba ganapiroba ara mxolod Temis, aramed formatis, programisa da partnioris sworad SerCevam. Tavisi Sinaarsidan, aseve Teoriuli da praqtikuli komponentebidan gamomdinare, proeqti samarTlis skolis formatiT ganxorcielda. programa morgebuli iyo iuristebze, xolo ZiriTadi Tema iyo ara ubralod Sesavali fsiqologiaSi, aramed es iyo fsiqologiis is nawili, romelic sainteresoa iuristebisaTvis, maTi profesiuli ganviTarebisTvis. elsas proeqtis ganxorcielebisas partnioroba gauwia iusticiis saswavlo centrma, romelmac samarTlis skola kvalificiuri trenerebiTa, saleqcio auditoriiT, marketinguli da sxva masalebiT uzrunvelyo.
ELSA - the chance,
you should use
studentebis interesi proeqtisadmi im droisaTvis, elsasTvis uprecendento iyo. isini mixvdnen, rom elsa aris SesaZlebloba, gza warmatebisken, Sansi, romelic auci-
This was not just an introduction of psychology, but it was the part of psychology, which is important for lawyers. The partner of ELSA during the project was Training Center of Justice, which provided the project with necessary materials and skilled trainers.
The interest of students, at that time, was unprecedented for ELSA. Students have realized that ELSA is an opportunity… it is the way of success… the chance, you should use… From the moment of announcement of this project, 8000 students expressed their wish to attend the presentation of the project and the number of the students who wanted participation was about 500. Only 25 students were chosen from
elsa sagarTvelos gamgeoba 2013-2014
The Board of ELSA Georgia 2013-2014
leblad unda gamoiyenon... daanonsebis dRidan 800-mde studentma gamoTqva survili daswreboda proeqtis prezentacias, xolo proeqtSi monawileobis miReba ki 500-mde aplikantma gamoTqva. gasaubrebis Sedegad SeirCa 25 monawile saqarTvelos sxvadasxva qalaqis umaRlesi saswavleblidan. dasasruls, monawileTa mier proeqtis pozitiurma Sefasebam cxadyo proeqtis organizebulobis maRali xarisxi. elsasTvis warmatebuli proeqtebis seriaSi samarTlis skola - “fsiqologia iuristebisaTvis” ar aris arc pirveli da arc ukanaskneli. sakmaod aqtiurad vadevneb Tvals elsas amJamindel saqmianobas da SemiZlia Tamamad vTqva, rom is elsas miznisa da xedvis Sesabamisia, rac mas aseT mniSnelovansa da mimzidvels xdis evropis 42 qveyanaSi.
the number of the students who wanted participation was about 500. Only 25 students were chosen from different universities of Georgia, form different towns. Positive form of estimation by students shows high degree of organization. The students liked project not only for its conceptual side but also for its high degree of organization. Within the series of successful projects of ELSA's Psychology For Lawyers is not ﬁrst nor the last project. I am intensively observing the current projects of ELSA and I can say that their appropriation for the standard make ELSA's visions and goals attractive and important for 42 European countries.
ra momca elsam
me elsas ganebivrebuli wevri jer iyo da eseebis konkursis gamarLinkﬂuence, jvebuli gavxdi da Digital Media Analyst CMS-is parizis ofisSi „CMS* Bureau Francis Lefebvre“-Si 2010 wels erT Tviani staJireba gaviare. erTi wlis Semdeg STEP-is broSuraSi EDRi*-is (European Digital Rights) vakansia aRmovaCine da maSinve mivxvdi, rom es staJireba, swored, CemTvis iyo Seqmnili. saswrafod mivwere Cems elsel megobrebs da gavarkvie, rom mqonda ufleba elsa Tbilisis saxeliT gamegzavna sabuTebi, miuxedavad imisa, rom TbilisSi ukve aRar vswavlobdi. pasuxs mouTmenlad velodi da es iraklis da zinas* yoveldRiur Sewuxebas gulisxmobda. kargi ambavi iraklim piradad Sematyobina da mec operatiulad, ramdenime dReSi parizibriuselis matarebelSi vijeqi.
staJireba or Tviani iyo, magram, mcire drois miuxedavad, sakmaod nayofieri aRmoCnda CemTvisac da organizaciisTvisac. am ori Tvis ganmavlobaSi yiraze dadga Cemi warmodgena internetze, saavtoro uflebebsa da, zogadad, inteleqtuqlur samarTalze. Cemma ufrosma, ganumeorebelma jom, momando broSuris - „How The Internet Works“ teqnikuri teqstebis vulgarizeba, Sesabamisi ilustaciebis mofiqreba da broSuris erT-erTi Tavis - „Social Media“-s dawera. broSura gankuTvnili iyo evroparlamentisa da sxva qveynebis sakanonmdeblo organoebis wevrTaTvis, imisaTvis, rom maT swori warmodgena SeqmnodaT internetis Sesaxeb da mniSvnelovani normebis miRebisas gaeTvaliswinebinaT cifruli samyaros specifika. broSura gamoqveynebis dRes saSualod yovel or
CMS „CMS Bureau Francis Lefebvre“ EDRi ევროპული ციფრული უფლებების დამცველი არასამთავრობო ორგანიზაციაა, რომელიც ადამიანის უფლებებს იცავს ციფრულ სამყაროში. ირაკლი სამხარაძე და ზინაიდა ჩხაიძე
I am indulged member of ELSA var
First I become the winner of essay contest and in CMS – the Paris ofﬁce of the “CMS Bureau Francis Lefebvre“ – in 2010, I worked on probation for one month. After a year, in the STE brochure I found the vacancy of EDRI (european digital rights) and I understand that this internship was for me. I immediately wrote to my ELSA friends and I found out that I had the right to send documents by the name of elsa Tbilisi, even thoug I was no longer the student of tbilisi elsa. I was impatiently waiting for the answer. I was calling Irakli and Zina every day. Irakly personally told me the good news and after few days I set in Parisi-Bruseel train. Internship last two months. But it was very effective for me and for the organization too. During this two mothes my imaginations abot the internet, copyright and intelectual low have absolutely changed. The incredible Jho, the head of organization, asked to think about the illustration of brochures and write the one chapcher of the brochure, named “Socail Media”. The brochure was intended for the members of Europian parlament and other legislative members, for having the right ideas the internet and take into consideration digital sources in the process of important norm taking. When the brochure was posted it was uploaded in every two seconds by the readers and after few months the number of uploads was 60 000. After the work in EDRI, I realized that beside the law I was interested in the technological side of the digital universe. To satisfy my interes I went back in Paris and continued working in the organizaton which had connection with EDRI. To enrich the practice with theoritical knowladgeI passed on the faculty of information and knowladge management. I will always be thankfull to ELSA and all its members , because my professional life is so interesting and successful.
CMS „CMS Bureau Francis Lefebvre“ European Digital Rights protecting non-governmental organization, that protects copyright in digital world. Irakli Samkharadze and Zinaida Chkhaidze
ra momca elsam
wamSi erTxel itvirTeboda mkiTxvelebis mier da ramdenime TveSi am CamotvirTvaTa raodenobam 60 aTass miaRwia. EDRi-Si muSaobis Semdeg mivxvdi, rom samarTlis garda Zalian mainteresebda cifruli samyaros teqnologiuri mxare. am interesis dasakmayofileblad parizSi dabrunebulma muSaoba ganvagrZe EDRi-is megobar arasamTavrobo organizaciaSi, xolo am praqtikis Teoriuli codniT gasamdidreblad Cavabare informaciisa da codnis menejmentis fakultetze. Cemi profesiuli cxovrebis ase sainteresod, warmatebulad da mravalferovnad ganviTarebisaTvis yovelTvis elsas da misi wevrebis madlobeli viqnebi.
samarTlis ganviTarebadi dargi
saavtoro uflebebis dacva internet sivrceSi
Copyright Protection on the Internet saavtoro uflebebis dacvas arc ise didi istoria aqvs saqarTveloSi, misi dacva ki gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania qveynis, ekonomikis, kulturis, ganviTrebisa da Rirebulebebze orientirebuli sazogadoebis CamoyalibebisTvis. 21-e saukuneSi, Tanamedrove teqnologiebis ganviTarebasTan erTad, kidev ufro gamoikveTa misi dacvis mniSvneloba da efeqturi meqanizmebis arsebobis saWiroeba. gansakuTrebiT ki maSin, roca interneti gaxda sazogadoebis yoveldRiurobis nawili. mis uamrav dadebiT maxasiaTebelTan erTad, arsebobs uaryofiTic, ramac SeiZleba daRupvamde miiyvanos adamianis inteleqtualuri Sromis Sedegad miRebuli nawarmoebi da motivacia daakargvinos avtors, iyos SemoqmedebiTi Ziebis procesSi. internetma yvela da yvelaferi moicva, aseve gaaCina problemebi saavtoro uflebebis dacvasTan dakavSirebiT. 1. interneti, rogorc globaluri sainformacio sivrce da misi samarTlebrivi mowesrigeba interneti aris erTmaneTze mierTebuli kompiuterebis sajarod xelmisawvdomi qseli. maT SeiZleba gaugzavnon, an miiRon nebismieri saxis informacia. 2012 wlis monacemebiT internetis momxmarebelTa ricxvi 2.27 miliardi iyo, rac warmoadgens gaormagebul raodenobas 2007 wlis monacemebTan SedarebiT. saavtoro uflebebis TvalsazrisiT, mniSvnelovania aRiniSnos, rom interneti misi sazogadoebrivi aspeqtidan gamomdinare (Word Wide Web) aris sistema, romelic mowyobilia informaciis aslebis saxiT „danawilebisTvis.“1 2. samarTlebrivi mowesrigeba ZiriTadi kanoni, romliTac dResdReobiT internetsivrce kontroldeba aris Digital Millenium Copyright Act-I (DMCA). „usafrTxo navsadguris“ principi, romelic aRniSnul aqtSia mocemuli icavs serveris provaiders
Georgian legislation regarding copyright protection does not have a long history. Though, it is essentially important for the economical and cultural development of the country as well as for the creation of the democratic society.
Mariam Grigalashvili Tbilisi State University, Student
Due to the development of the digital technology, the importance of copyright law is increasing simultaneously. Modern progress has further highlighted the value of the protection and the need for the effective security mechanisms for the authors' rights. Since the Internet has placed essential part of everyday life the importance of this issue increases simultaneously. Apart from many positive features of Internet, it might also have negative impact on the intellectual creation of the author – violation of copyright rights might have not only negative legal effect on the copyright property, but can also cause loss of creativity motivation of authors. Hence, covering all aspects of everyday life Internet extensivity has raised concerns regarding the copyright protection.
1. Internet as a global information space and its legal regulation Internet should be described as the public network of computers connected to each other, having capacity of sending and receiving any type of information. According to the data from 2012, the number of Internet users was 2.27 billion, meaning the enlargement of the data of 2007 twice. As for the Copyright rights it is important to note that the Internet, due to its social aspect (Word Wide Web), should be considered as a system which is designed for the “separation” of the informative copies.
1. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ﬁles/28696/11513329261panethiere_en.pdf/panethiere_en.pdf gv. 7, [10,12,13]. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ﬁles/28696/11513329261panethiere_en.pdf/panethiere_en.pdf p. 7, [10,12,13].
samarTlis ganviTarebadi dargi
qonebrivi zaralisgan, romelic SeiZleba gamowveuli iyos misi momxmareblebis an sxva mesame pirebis qmedebiT. serveris provaideri „usafrTxo navsadguris“ farglebSi eqceva Tu icavs DMCA-s 512 (C) normebs. maT Soris „notice and takedown”, rac niSnavs imas, rom Setyobinebis SemTxvevaSi provaiderma unda waSalos is nawarmoebi, romelzec saCivari Sevida saavtoro uflebebis darRvevasTan dakavSirebiT. saqarTveloSi ar arsebobs kanoni, romelic msgavs urTierTobebs daaregulirebs. qarT u l i v i d e o p o r t a l i M y v i d e o. g e - s s a m o m x mareblo SeTanxmeba aregulirebs am sakiTxs mxolod misi serverisTvis, rac ar SeiZleba sakmarisad miviCnioT da, aucilebelia, misi sakanonmdeblo doneze mowesrigeba. 3. „interneti ar aris veluri dasavleTi“ anu saavtoro uflebebis dacva internet sivrceSi gulisxmobs Tu ara saavtoro uflebebis daculoba mis dacvas internet sivrceSi? pasuxi calsaxaa - saavtoro uflebebis dacva vrceldeba internet sivrcezec, Tumca, saqarTveloSi ar arsebobs kanoni da arc “saavtoro da momijnave uflebebis Sesaxeb“ kanoni awesrigebs specialurad am sferos. internetis momxmarebelTa zrdam zegavlena moaxdina inteleqtualuri sakuTrebis mflobelTa uflebebze. rodesac adamiani aqveynebs im films, simReras, statiasa Tu wigns romelTa gadmowera advilad xelmisawvdomia an amisTvis minimaluri gadasaxadia dawesebuli, ar niSnavs imas, rom es samarTlebrivad „sworia“ da ar irRveva uflebebi, gansakuTrebiT maSin, rodesac es exeba im adamianebs, romlebsac ar gaaCniaT saavtoro uflebebi aRniSnul nawarmoebebze. 4. saavtoro uflebebis darRveva da dacvis saSualebebi internetSi zogadi gagebiT, saavtoro da momijnave uflebebis darRvevad iTvleba nebismieri iseTi qmedebis TviTneburad ganxorcieleba, romelzec uflebis mflobelis nebarTva an Tanxmobaa saWiro. saqarTvelos kanonSi „saavtoro da momijnave uflebebis Sesaxeb“ mocemuli saavtoro da momijnave gansakuTrebuli uflebebis unebarTvo gamoyeneba ganixileba qonebrivi uflebebis darRvevad.2 „mekobreoba“ igive piratoba yvelaze metad gavrcelebuli darRvevaa internetSi. es saavtoro uflebis mflobelis nebarTvis gareSe nawarmoebis egzemplaris komerciuli
2. დ. ძამუკაშვილი, „ინტელექტუალური საკუთრების სამართალი“, 2002 წ., გვ. 87. Dzamukashvili D, “Intellectual Property Law”, 2002, p. 87.
2. Legal regulation Basic Law, by which the Internet is controlled, is the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, (DMCA). "Safe harbor" principle, which is included in this act, protects the server provider for the property damages, caused by its customers or by third parties. Server Provider may refer to the provisions of the “safe harbor” in the scope of the standards of DMCA 512 (C) including the "notice and takedown", meaning that in case of any comply regarding the copyright infringement, provider is obliged to remove all the data regarding this production. Georgia has no legislation regulating abovementioned relations. The only portal in Georgia regulating those relations under User Agreement is Georgian web-site Myvideo.ge. However, there is no sufﬁcient regulation of this issue on the legislative level and there is a great need for the state regulation. 3. "The Internet is not the Wild west" - the copyright protection on the Internet Does the term copyright protection itself uphold the protection of copyright through internet? The answer is clear that the protection applies on the internet as well, although there is no law in Georgia regulating this issue, nor Georgian copyright legislation regulates this area. The increase of the Internet users has inﬂuenced on the rights of the intellectual property owners. Since downloading of the ﬁlms, songs, articles, books are available for free or instead of minimal amount of money, without any permission of author, these acts should be considered as the tough violation of copyright rights. 4. Violation of copyright rights and the ways of protection on the Internet Generally, violation of copyright rights is deﬁned as any type of willful infringement of the intellectual property without any kind of permissions from the rights holder, requiring such permission or approval. Georgian legislation regulates these infringements in the scope of the property rights. "Piracy" is the most widespread violation through Internet. Piracy is an unauthorized use of intellectual property for commercial purposes. Internet piracy is mostly committed for commercial advantage or any other beneﬁt. Distribution of unauthorized copies inﬂuences on the creative industry, as well as violates the interests of the copyright holders worldwide. Any unlawful action against the copyright holder is considered as theft. Copyright infringement can virtually always be described as theft. Georgian legislation establishes criminal responsibility under Article 189 of
samarTlis ganviTarebadi dargi
miznebisTvis reproducirebisa da am egzemplarebiT unebarTvo vaWrobis aqts warmoadgens.3 internet mekobreoba ZiriTadad Cadenilia komerciuli upiratesobis an sxva saxis sargeblis miRebis mizniT. unebarTvo aslebis gavrceleba mTel msoflioSi gavlenas axdens SemoqmedebiT industriaze da aseve uflebis mflobelTa interesebze.4 saavtoro an momijnave uflebaTa mflobelis nebis sawinaaRmdegod ganxorcielebuli qmedeba ganixileba, rogorc qurdoba. saavtoro uflebaTa darRveva praqtikulad yovelTvis SeiZleba Sefasdes, rogorc qurdoba. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 189-e muxliT dadgenilia sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba. administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 157-e prima muxli iTvaliswinebs jarimis dakisrebas samarTaldamrRvevze. aseve „saavtoro da mo-mijnave uflebebis Sesaxeb“ saqarTcvelos kanonis 59-e muxli iTvaliswinebs uflebis dacvis samoqalaqo-samarTlebriv saSualebebs. miuxedavad aRniSnuli sakanonmdeblo nor-mebis arsebobisa, saqarTveloSi es mainc araa sakmarisi am sferos mosawesrigeblad, sasa-marTlo praqtika internetSi saavtoro uf-lebis dacvis kuTxiT ar arsebobs.
the Criminal Code of Georgia. Article 157 of the Code of Administrative Law of Georgia provides the imposition of a ﬁne for the offender, as well as Article 59 of the Georgian Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights provides the guarantees for the protection of civil rights of these authors. Despite the existence of law regulating concer ning issues in Georgia, the contemporary legislation is not sufﬁcient for the complex regulation of copyright rights on Internet. Advanced involvement of the State agencies, the copyright management organizations, the authors and the society should be considered as the only way for the solution of this problem. Otherwise, lack of active and target oriented steps may cause immeasurable harm to the country's culture, economy, society and human rights.
am rTuli mdgomareobis mowesrigebis erTaderTi gamosavali saxelmwifo struqturebis, saavtoro uflebebis koleqtiur safuZvelze mmarTveli organizaciis, Tavad avtorebisa da sazogadoebis gaaqtiureba iqneba. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, aman SeiZleba didi ziani miayenos qveynis kulturas, ekonomikas, sazogadoebasa da adamianis ZiriTad uflebebs.
3. დ.ძამუკაშვილი, „ინტელექტუალური საკუთრების სამართალი“, 2002 წ., გვ. 89. Dzamukashvili D, “Intellectual Property Law”, 2002, p. 89 4. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ﬁles/28696/11513329261panethiere_en.pdf/panethiere_en.pdf, გვ 2, [10,12,13]. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ﬁles/28696/11513329261panethiere_en.pdf/panethiere_en.pdf, p. 2, [10,12,13].
mahaTma gandi -
indoeTis sulieri lideri
Mahatma gandhiGvantsa Koiava
spiritual leader of India
ELSA Georgia, Head of Marketing Department
rubrikaSi „portreti“ warmogidgenT adamianebs, romlebmac didi wvlili Seitanes samarTlis ganviTarebaSi, an sulac TavianTi moRvaweobiT Secvales kacobriobis istoria. am adamianebs erTi ram aerTianebdaT - isini yvelani iuristebi iyvnen. Cven SevecdebiT davxatoT maTi portreti, mogiyveT maTi istoria da mogawodoT informacia maT ganvlil cxovrebaze. am nomerSi warmogidgenT indoeTis sulieri da politikuri lideris - mahaTma gandis portrets. zogs is winaswarmetyvelad miaCnda, sxvebs meocnebe utopistad. Tavad gandi ki sakuTar Tavs ase axasiaTebda - „me ubralod adamiani var, iseve rogorc yoveli Tqvengani“. mas indoelebma „didi suli“ Searqves, radgan igi siyvarulisa da humanizmis mociquli iyo. „winaaRmdegi var yovelgvari Zalismieri meTodebis, ragind keTilSobilur miznebsac ar unda emsaxurebodes igi.“ - aseTi iyo gandis cxovrebiseuli kredo, romlisTvisac arasd-ros uRalatia. mohandas karamCand gandi gujaratis Statis qalaq porbandarSi 1869 wlis 2 oqtombers SeZlebul ojaxSi daibada. igi bavSvobidan gamoirCeoda patiosnebiT, gonebamaxvilobiTa da morcxvi xasiaTiT. induri tradiciis mixedviT, cameti wlis asakSi colad SerTes gogona saxelad kasturbani, romelic Semdgom misi erTguli megobari da Tanamoazre gaxda. gandi dawyebiT ganaTlebas indoeTSi iRebs, Semdeg ki inglisSi miemgzavreba umaRlesi ganaTlebis misaRebad. igi iuridiul fakultetze iricxeba. studentobis periodSi, sakmaod, aqtiur moRvaweobas eweva - ecnoba sxvadasxva filosofossa da re-
Under the topic “Portrait” we will present the people who have contributed to the development of the law or their activities have changed the human history. And the thing that unites them all is that – they all were lawyers. We'll try to draw their portrait, tell their story and give information about their lives. In this topic we present the Indian spiritual and political leader - Mahatma Gandhi's portrait. Some believed that Mahatma was a prophet; others believed that he was a visionary utopian. But Mahatma was telling about himself: “I am just a human creature, like each one of you”. Mahatma was called a “Great soul”, because he was the apostle of love and non-violence: “I am against any kind of violence, no matter how noble objectives it serves”.- this words were Gandhi's life credo, which he never betrayed.
ligiis warmomadgenels, TanamSromlobs Jurnal „vegetarianelTan“. 1891 wels igi warmatebiT amTavrebs univesitets da samuSaod samxreT afrikaSi miemgzavreba. swored, aqedan iwyeba misi politikuri kariera, brZola iq mcxovrebi indoelebis uflebebis dasacavad. igi kargad xvdeba Tavisi misiis sirTules, Tumca, miznamimarTulad da Seudreklad miiwevs win - samarTlianobisa da Tanasworobis dasamkvidreblad. „Tavidan Tqven ver gamCneven, Semdeg dagcinian, mere gebrZvian, da bolos imarjvebT.“- wers igi. samxreT afrikaSi Casuli, pirvelsave dRes did usamarTlobas awydeba. igi Zalis gamoyenebiT gadmoaTries pirveli klasis vagonidan da ar misces mgzavrobis ufleba. swored amis Semdeg daisaxavs igi miznad, afrikaSi mcxovrebi indoelebis cxovreba, rogorme Seamsubuqos da amisTvis wlebis ganmavlobaSi muxlCauxrelad muSaobs. sabolood, mas 1902 wels natalis regionSi (samxreT afrikaSi) q. iohanesburgSi indoelTa kongresze miiwveven da umaRlesi sasamarTlos kolegiis wevrad irCeven. paralelurad gandi aqtiur sazogadoebriv moRvaweobas iwyebs: megobarTan erTad yidulobs miwas, romelsac lev tolstois pativsacemad „tolstois fermas“ uwodebs. miRebuli Semosavali mTlianad xmardeba umweo mosaxleobas. fermis teritoriaze aSenebs skolas da sxvadasxva saamqros, riTac saSualeba eZleva gaWirvebul mosaxleobas, ufasod miiRos dawyebiTi ganaTleba da imuSaos.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, nd Gujarat, in North West India, on 2 October, 1869, into the wealthy family. He was the child with shy nature, honesty and smart mind. According to the Indian traditions Mohandas was married to Kasturbai, who later become his faithful friend and ally. Gandhi got primary education in India, and then he travelled to London, where he studied law. He was very active person- he met various philosophers and religious representatives. Also he was collaborated with the magazine named “Vegetarian”.
In 1891 Gandhi successfully graduated university and travelled to South Africa to work there. From this iyavi cvlileba, romlis moment began his political career the danaxvac gsurs samyaroSi battle toandprotect the right of Indians who lived there. He was well aware how complex his aim was, but he was deliberately moving forward to promote justice and equality.
“” You must be the change you want to see in the world
„iyavi cvlileba, romlis danaxvac gsurs samyaroSi“ - am deviziT cxovrobda igi da cdilobda msoflio ukeTesobisken Seecvala. am mizniT qmnis igi politikuri brZolis axal meTods „satiagrahas“ . am meTodis gamoyenebiT gandi ayalibebs araZaladobrivi winaaRmdegobis ideas. mTavari mizania mowinaaRmdegis megobrad qceva, mtris gonierebaze da sindisze zemoqmedebis mixedviT. 1919 wels gandi mTels indoeTSi mogzaurobs, sadac awydeba mosaxleobis sxvadasxva problemasa Tu gasaWirs. nelnela igi iwyebs indoelebisTvis erovnuli TviTSegnebis gaRviZebas, mouwodebs ar iTanamSromlon britaneTis xelisuflebasTan da ayalibebs mSvidobiani brZolis xerxebs. iwyeba brZola damoukideblobisTvis. Tavidan britanelebi gandis dascinodnen, Tumca, am masobrivma
“First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they ﬁght you, then you win”. - He writes. Arrived in south Africa he faced the great injustice, he was forcefully thrown from ﬁrs-class train carriage and was not allowed to travel. This event was a turning point in Gandhi's life, he decided to protect the rights of Indians lived in Africa and he worked hard to achieve his aim. In 1902 he was invited in Natal Indian Congress, where he was elected as a board member of Supreme Court. Gandhi is active in social life. With friends he bought the land, and in honors of Leo Tolstoy he named the land “Tolstoy's farm”, income was spent for helpless people. In the territory of farm he built school and several factories, this gave opportunity to the people a job and get primary education.
“You must be the change you want to see in the world”he had been living according to this words and tried to change the world for the better. To achieve his aim he created a method of political struggle called “Satyagraha”. With the help of this method Gandhi formed the idea of non-violence. The main aim is to make enemy as a friend, for this we must have inﬂuence on enemy's intelligence and conscience.
protestma maTSi didi Soki gamoiwvia, rasac represiebi mohyva. britaneTis mTavrobas ar surda indoeTis damoukideblobis aRiareba, Tumca, gandi ar apirebda danebebas. misma saprotesto aqciebma msoflio sazogadoebisa da presis yuradReba miipyro. 1931 wlis agvistoSi londonSi gaimarTa konferencia, sadac indoeTis bedi unda gadawyvetiliyo. indoeTidan mahaTma gandi mcire delegaciiT gaemgzavra, sadac didi pativiT miiRes. igi mefe-dedoflis vaxSamze miiwvies. indoeTisTvis am uaRresad mniSvnelovan Sexvedraze igi welze Semoxveuli dhotiT gamocxadda, riTac kidev erTxel xazi gausva sakuTar erovnebas. am faqtiT gaRizianebulma britanelma Jurnalistma wveulebis damTavrebisas gandis hkiTxa: „ratom ar ifiqreT, ufro ukeT gcmodaT wveulebaze?“ gandi ar daibna da Tamamad upasuxa: „ra saWiro iyo, yvelas samyofi xom mefededofals ecva“. miuxedavad gandis Zalisxmevisa, konferenciam uSedegod Caiara. magram gandi mainc ar wyvets brZolas. „sikvdili an sicocxle“- misi es lozungi mTelma indoeTma aitaca. xalxSi erovnulma suliskveTebam gaiRviZa da brZolis unari gauRviva. es brZola wlebis ganmavlobaSi mimdinareobda. am periodSi mahaTma gandi, rogorc indoelTa politikuri lideri, britaneTis mTavrobam xuTjer daapatimra, man samjer gamoacxada SimSiloba, raTa samarTlianobisTvis, mSvidobisTvis, damoukideblobisTvis mieRwia. „me visurvebdi sicocxleSi movswrebodi indoeTis Tavisuflebas, magram Tu amas RmerTi ar maRirsebda, SevebrZolebodi ara RmerTs, aramed sakuTar Tavs.“ - ambobda igi. man SeZlo Tavisi miznisTvis mieRwia. 1947 wlis 15 agvistos indoeTi damoukidebel saxelmwifod gamocxadda. magram gandi amiT ar gaCerebula. 78 wlis asakSi is kanonebis weras Seudga. emzadeboda damoukidebeli indoeTis axali cxovrebisTvis. Tumca, mas didi xnis sicocxle aRar ewera. 1948 wlis 30 ianvars, rodesac mahaTma gandi Tavis or SviliSvilTan erTad taZrisken miemarTeboda, masTan axalgazrda hindu miiWra. moulodnelad man iaraRi amoiRo da samjer gaisrola. moxuci gandi adgilzeve gardaicvala. igi induri Cveulebisamebr mdinaris piras dawves da misi ferfli 11 Tebervals jamunasa da gandis SesarTavTan okeanis dinebas misces. gavrcelebuli informaciiT, igi muslimanTa mimarT loialurobis gamo mokles. mahaTma gandi mTeli cxovreba ibrZoda ada-
In 1919 Gandhi, traveled across India, there he faced various problems and discrimination of people. He decided to awaken Indian people and asked not to cooperate with British authorities and developed methods of peaceful str ug gle, str ug gle for independence. At ﬁrst British people ridiculed Gandhi, but then the mass protests caused a great shock within them. The British government did not want to recognize Indian independence. But Gandhi did not give up and his protest became an object of interest for media and word organizations. In August 1931 Gandhi was invited to attend the conference in London, where the fortune of India would be solved. Gandhi was invited to the royal diner with queen and king. He was in his national dress to underline his nationality. Irritated by the fact, at the end of the meeting British journalist asked Gandhi: “Why did not you think about the better dress for meeting?” Gandhi replied – “Was it necessary? King and Queen were dressed enough for everyone”. The conference was a disappointment to Gandhi, but this fact did not stop him. “Death or Life”- Gandhi's this slogan was taken up by Indians. National aspirations were woken up among people and struggle for rights was going on for years.
mianis uflebaTa dasacavad, Tavisi qveynis damoukideblobisTvis, Tumca, yovelTvis axsovda, rom erTaderTi swori gza miznis misaRwevad mSvidobiani Tanaarseboba da humanuri mopyrobaa. swored, amisken mouwodebda igi mudam xalxs. „rodesac sasowarkveTas mivecemi, maxsendeba, rom istoriaSi simarTlisa da siyvarulis gza yovelTvis imarjvebda. arsebobdnen mkvlelebi da tiranebi, romelnic daumarcxeblad SeiZleboda migveCnia, Tumca, sabolood yvela maTgani marcxdeboda. ifiqreT amaze.“ gveubneboda igi da Tavisi cxovrebiT mogvca magaliTi imisa, rom gverwmuna - simarTliT da siyvaruliT marTlac SeiZleba gaimarjvo.
During this time, Mahatma Gandhi, as the Indian political leader, was arrested ﬁve times by British government. And three times he began hunger strike for justice, peace and independence. “I wish to see Indian freedom in my life, but if god doesn't let me see it, I'll ﬁght not with God, but myself.”th – He said. He was able to achieve his goal. On 15 august, 1947, India became an independent state, but this was not enough for Mahatma. At the age of 78, he began writing the laws, he was preparing for the new life of independent India. But this did not last for a long th time. On 30 January, 1948, whilst Gandhi, with his two children, was on his way to a prayer meeting, the young Hindu get closer enough and shoot him three times and old Mahatma Gandhi fell to the ground dead. According to the traditions of India he was cremated and his ashes were taken away for immersion at the spot where the Jammu joins Ganges. As it is known he was killed for loyalty with Muslims. Mahatma Gandhi was protecting human right all his life. He was ﬁghting for his country independent, but he never forgot, that the only way to achieve the goals was non-violent co-existence of humanity. “When I despair, I remember that throughout the history the ways of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants, and murders, and for a time they can seem invincible, but in the end they always fall. Think of it - always”. He gave us a perfect example how truth and love can really win.
xalxi lari flintis winaaRmdeg
People vs Larr y Flynt lari flints, filmis mTavar gmirs, arc Tu ise sasiamovno bavSvoba hqonda. xelmomWirne Nutsa Chalauri ojaxi, loTi mama da Tbilisi State University, Student mudmivi Sroma. aseT pirobebSi cxovreba aravis unda da swored ubedurebagamovlili adamianebi arian xolme yvelaze metad brZolisunarianebi. laric gaizarda da fulis Sovnis gzasac miagno - jer striptiz bari, Semdeg ki pornografiuli xasiaTis skandaluri Jurnali, romelic cnobili SiSveli Jaklin kenedis fotoebiT gaxda. man gverdi auara kanonebs, JurnalSi gogonebis gamosaxuleba arRvevda yvela arsebul normas da amoralurobamde midioda. ase iyo Tu ise, gavleniani adamianebis interesic ki daimsaxura da gazeTis jixurebis rigSi politikuri pirebic SeniSnes. aq iwyeba filmis erT-erTi Tema - sazogadoeba da yalbi faseulobebi. qalaqis zneobaze mzrunvelni saswrafod ikribebian da eZeben gzas, Tu rogor ixsnan keTilSobili sulebi sacdurisgan. Sekrebili adamianebi ki, Jurnalebs - nivTmtkicebebs ise staceben erTmaneTs xelidan, rom maT saqcielSi aRSfoTebisgan cota gansxvavebuli Jini igrZnoba. lari flints brals sdeben sazogadoebis garyvnasa da organizebul danaSaulSi. iwyeba procesebi savse paTetikiT, oratorobiT, faqtebiT, yvelaferi es ki mimarTulia nafici msajulebis moxibvlisaken. sazogadoeba yovelTvis mkacria CarCoebs gacdenili adamianebis mimarT, imisgan damoukideblad, dedamiwis brunvas amtkiceben isini, Tu, SiSvel suraTebs avrceleben. maSin ki, roca laris gmiroba arc Tavisuflebis momtani iyo, arc erTaderTi WeSmaritebis RaRadebisken mimarTuli da mxolod sxvaTa siamovnebiT fulis miRebas exeboda saqme, mosamarTlec ki ar iyo miukerZoebeli. yvelam moirgo mkacri msajulis mantia da moisurva „uzneos“ dasja.
Larry Flynt, main character of the movie, did not have pleasant childhood. Thrifty family, alcoholic father and constant work. No one wants to live in that condition and that people who met so many difﬁculties in their life are most efﬁcient and capable. Larry grew up and found the way to earn money - ﬁrst way was the striptease bar and then scandalous pornographic magazine, which became famous with the help of Jacquelyn Kennedy's naked photos. He circumvented the law. Images of girls in the magazine were breaking all norms and it was “immoral.” In any case, he deserved the interest of inﬂuential people and politicians were noticed in the queues of newspaper kiosks. Here begins one of the main themes of the ﬁlmsociety and false values. People who worry about moral, immediately gathered and began discussing hew to save noble souls from temptation. Magazine - the evidence goes from hand to hand of the gathered people; there you can see a little different passion in their behavior, which is caused by indignation. Larry Flynt was accused for organized crime and for lewdnessing of the society. Starting processes, which is full of pathetic, facts, orate and all of this are directed toward jury, in order to fascinate them. Society is always strict toward the people who are out of the frame, it does not matter what they are asserting. When, Larry's heroism was neither generating freedom nor speaking the truth, but it was to get opportunity to earn money through other people's pleasure, in this case judge was not impartial. Everyone adjust strict judge mantle and wanted to punish “immoral.” “Does the society have the rights to determine their standards?”- asks plaintiff. – “No. it is disgusted censorship”- answers Larry. The ﬁlm's strong side is its trials, which is very interesting, but at the same time very serious, it is easy to perceive the situation. Spectators, depending on whose speech it is, moves from one point to another, and it became difﬁcult to deﬁne, what is freedom and moral, what is right and what wrong. Larry Flynt's lawyer, who is played by the talented actor Edward Norton, in his ﬁrst speech says: “I also don't like
„sazogadoebas aqvs ufleba daadginos sakuTari standartebi?“ – kiTxulobs mosarCele, razec lari pasuxobs: „ara, es cenzuris SeniRbvaa.“ filmis Zlieri mxarea sasamarTlo procesebi, romlebic imdenad saintereso, Tumca, sakmaod seriozulia, rom situaciis realurad aRqma advili xdeba, mayurebeli imis mixedviT, romeli mxaris sityvaa, gadadis erTi azridan meoreze da Zneli xdeba mkafiod imis gansazRvra, ra aris Tavisufleba, morali, swori da araswori. lari flintis advokati, romelsac ganasaxierebs uniWieresi msaxiobi edvard nortoni, Tavis pirvelive gamosvlaSi ambobs: „arc me momwons is, rasac lari flinti akeTebs, magram mixaria, rom vcxovrob qveyanaSi, sadac Tuki momindeba, SemiZlia viyido Jurnali „hastleri“ da wavikiTxo anda sanagveSi gadavagdo, Tuki mimaCnia, rom misi adgili iq aris“. swored, am sityvebiT is gaxda advokatis ideali CemTvis - is erTdroulad aris gulwrfeli, magram mainc demagogi. is eTanxmeba mosarCeles, magram sawinaaRmdego azrs axvevs Tavs nafic msajulebs. amonaridebi advokatis sityvidan: „TavisuflebisTvis arsebobs safasuri, romelic Cvengan moTminebas moiTxovs.“ „Tu Cven kedlebs aRvmarTavT yvelaferi imis mimarT, rac uxamsad gveCveneba, erT dRes aRmovaCenT, rom yvelgan kedlebia. es ki ukve aRar aris Tavisufleba“ maS ase, sasamarTlo procesis gamarTvis mizezi iyo pornografiul JurnalSi Tamami fotoebis dabeWdva da Semdeg maTi gayidva yvelasaTvs xelmisawvdom maRaziebSi. erTi mxriv, marTlac, xom ar SeiZleba avkrZaloT yvelaferi, rac potenciurad safrTxis Semcvelia sazogadoebis jansaRi ganviTarebisaTvis? meore mxriv, ki, jer is unda davadginoT, ra aris Tavisufleba da rogoria jansaRi cxovreba. SeiZleba, rom Tavad Tavisufleba zRvardadebuli iyos, Tu, marTalia, flinti, rodesac amas farul cenzuras uwodebs? ar viqnebi trivialuri da ar ganvmartav ra aris Tavisufleba, magram vityvi, rom ar momwons yvelafris am safarvelSi gaxveva. filosofosTa (da ara marto) umravlesoba Tanxmdeba im azrze, rom adamianis buneba Sorsaa wmindanobisgan, rom is savsea mankierebebiT da kanonebic, swored, maT mosaTokad gaxda saWiro. diax, yovelgvari sazogadoebrivi SeTanxmeba Tu standarti cenzuraa, xan faruli, xanac TvalnaTeli. filmi rom momabezrebeli sizustiT ar aRvwero, gadaval pirdapir im fragmentze, rodesac cixidan axlad daxsnili lari sityviT gamodis Tavisufali presis dasacavad. is iwyebs qadagebas, Tu ra safrTxis momtania adamianisaTvis omi, ra
what Larry does, but I am happy, that I am free country and according to my wish I can buy the m a g a z i n e “Hustler” and then read it or throw it in the trash, if I believe its place is there.” Because of this words, he is the ideal lawyer for me. At the same time, he is sincere, but still demagogue. He agrees with the plaintiff, but imposes the jury with the opposite opinion. Extracts from the lawyer's words: 'there is price for freedom, which requires patience from us.' “if we build walls toward everything, which appear indecent, one day we will ﬁnd out that everywhere are walls. And that is not freedom.” Therefore, the reason for trials was, the publication of bold pictures in the pornographic magazine and after this, the magazine was sold in the stores, which was accessible for everyone. On the one hand, is it possible to ban everything, which is potentially dangerous for the development of society. we must determine what is freedom and what is healthy life. Is it possible, that freedom has its own border or Flynt is right, when he calls it covert censorship? I will not be trivial and will not explain what freedom is, but I will say: I do not like that everything is shield in this shelter. Philosophers (and not only philosophers) agree with the major opinion, that human nature I s far from saint and it is full of fallaciousness, so law became necessary to retain them. Yes, every agreement and standard of society is censorship, sometimes it is hidden, and sometimes it is visible. The accurate description of ﬁlm will be boring, so I will move directly to the fragment, when newly released Larry gives the speech to defend free press. He begins preaching, how much damage the war may bring to the people, what a disgusting act is man killing and in comparison with all this, how blameless is the human desire for sex an erotic. This is of course demagogy, the rough abrogate of debates, the comparison of two radically different notions and proving your own truth this way. What you can say about pornographic
magazines, when so many terrorist attacks happen? amazrzeni qmedebaa kacis kvla da ra umwikvlobaa Maybe Larry is still true: how can we declare it immoral, am yvelaferTan SedarebiT kacobriobis surwhen it is nature for whole world, no matter the language, vili seqsisa da erotikis mimarT. es, ra Tqma sex and religion…? However, the most important fact is unda, demagogiaa, debatebis uxeSi darRveva – that everyone has doubt toward the person with high Seadaro erTmaneTs ori radikalurad gansxmorality. It is important what your protest is, but the most vavebuli cneba da am gziT sakuTari simarTle important is who protest it. At last, people who oppose daamtkico. ra saxsenebelia pornografiuli Larry are the people who cannot allow themselves to be Jurnali, roca amdeni teraqti xdeba?! da mainc, bold and show their hidden desires. iqneb marTalia lari, rogor SeiZleba amoralurad gamovacxadoT is, rac bunebrivia mTeli The second interesting aspect of the ﬁlm is religion. The msofliosTvis, ganurCevlad enisa, sqesisa, represident's sister connects to Larry – this inﬂuential ligiisa... yvelaze mniSvnelovani ki isaa, rom znemaRal adamianTa ubiwoebaSi eWvi yvelas epareba. erTia, rodesac raRacas aprotesteb da meorea, vin aprotestebs. Tu Cven kedlebs aRvmarTavT bolos da bolos, laris is adamianebi ewinaaRmdegebian, vinc ver bedavs mayvelaferi imis mimarT, rac uxamsad gveCveneba, saviT Tamami iyos da sakuTar farul erT dRes aRmovaCenT, rom yvelgan kedlebia. survilebs farda axados.
filmis meore saintereso aspeqtia religia. lari flints ukavSirdeba prezidentis da – gavleniani morwmune qali, romelic gadawyvets, rom is rac sasamarTlom ver SeZlo iZulebiT, man moaxerxos fsiqologiuri zegavleniT. qals surs, rom intimuri presiT movaWre WeSmarit evangelistad aqcios. rodesac isini erTad sadiloben, rud karteri (RvTismosavi milioneri) laris amcnobs, rom mas aqvs raRac zebunebrivi unari, uSvelos gzasacdenil sulebs, razec pornoJurnalis redaqtoris xumroba mohyveba: „me ki megona, rom Tqvenc bazris im SarlatanTagani xarT, bavSvebs rom Sxamiani gvelebiT aSineben da iwyevlebian“. es uwyinari xumroba, sruliad gamoxatavs misi warmomTqmelis Sexedulebas eligiaze. da, marTlac, riT gansxvavdeba sulebis mkurnali bazris Sarlatanisgan? is ambobs erT Zalian saintereso winadadebas: „lari, me da Sen vgavarT erTmaneTs, Cven orive vcdilobT adamianebi seqsualuri emociebis Sekavebisgan gavaTavisufloT.“
es ki ukve aRar aris Tavisufleba.
If we build walls toward everything, which appear indecent, one day we will ﬁnd out that everywhere are walls. And that is not freedom.
rud karterma moaxerxa, rom lari moenaTla, Tumca, es misTvis Jurnalis axali STagonebis wyaro ufro iyo, vidre monaniebis saSualeba. gaCnda axali fotoebi, romelzec SiSveli sxeulebi inspirirebuli iyo bibliuri elementebiT. aq ukve saqme gvaqvs mkrexelobasTan, risTvisac mas kidev erTxel mouwia sasamarTlos winaSe wardgoma. Tumca, larisTvis es ar iyo mwvalebloba. is Sepyrobili iyo ideiT, rom pornografia da religia erTianobaSi moeyvana – fizikuri mSveniereba RmerTis Seqmnilia, ratomac ar unda SevuwyoT xeli mis gamomziurebas?! yvelafers rom Tavi davaneboT, rwmena xom in-
religious woman wants to make that, what court cannot, with the help of psychological inﬂuences. The women wants change the intimate press seller into a true evangelist. When they were dinning together, Rudd Carter (pious millionaire) announces Lary, that he has a supernatural ability to help prodigal souls. Larry jokes about this and says: “I thought you were one of the charlatans from market, who frightened children with a poisonous snakes.” this harmless joke fully expresses the speaker's opinion.
Ant really, what is difference between spirit healer and charlatans from markets? He says one very interesting sentence: “Larry, you and I are alike; we both try to liberate people from retention of sexual emotions”
Rudd Carter manages to baptize Larry. However, this fact was the source of new inspiration for pictures, for Larry, rather than opportunity to repent. There appear new photos in the magazine, where naked bodies were inspired by the biblical elements. Here we are dealing with blasphemy, for which he had once again standing before the court. However, it was not heresy for Larry, he was obsessed with the idea to make unity of pornography and religious - God created a natural beauty and why should
dividualuria, Tuki laris mier religiuri pornografia sulac ar iyo groteski da mas marTlac swamda sakuTari simarTlis, gana ar hqonda ufleba, Tavisuflad gamoexata sakuTari azri? magram, cnobili gamoTqmaa: „Seni Tavisiufleba mTavrdeba iq, sadac Cemi iwyeba“. Sesabamisad, miuxedavad laris gulwrfeli emociebisa, jvarze gakruli SiSveli qali, an sqesobrivi aqtiT dakavebuli adami da eva samoTxis baRSi, marTlac, Seuracxyofa iyo sazogadoebis garkveuli nawilisaTvis. porno-anglikaneri samoqalaqo sasjelis msxverpli gaxda – tyvia zurgSi da samudamo invalidoba. misi RvTiuri sxivic maSinve qreba, misTvis RmerTi aRar arsebobs. lari flintis personaJi, romelic, sxvaTa Soris, sulac ar aris mwerlis fantaziis nayofi, formanis sxva gmirebiviT eqscentriulia da raRaciT Tavad reJisors hgavs. is yovelTvis ambobda, rom surda popularoba da ar hqonda mniSvneloba amas ra gziT moaxerxebda. laric yvelafers akeTebs, rom Secvalos is, rac miuReblad miaCnia, riTac daimkvidrebs adgils. lari flinti, erTi mxriv, yvela normis winaaRmdeg mebrZoli, sasamarTlos mimarT nihilisturad ganwyobili, swored imave sasamarTlos meSveobiT cdilobs daamsxvrios stereotipebi. am yvelafers gansakuTrebul xibls ki swored is sZens, rom mas SeuZlia daamkvidros precedenti, romliTac SemdgomSi sxvebi ixelmZRvaneleben. mister aizermanis – advokatis monologebi sasamarTloSi imdenad sainteresoa, rom mayureblis TvalSi realoba gardaiqmneba filmad, ver wydeba mas da mTlianad misi gaanalizebiTaa moculi, lari flintis araadeqvaturi saqcielebi ki ise moqmedebs sazogadoebaze, rogorc civi wyali. vudi harelsoni namdvlivi virtuozia, man iseTi epoqaluri gmiri Seqmna, rom erTxel naxvis Semdegac ki warmoudgenelia misi mimikebis, frazebis gonebidan amoSla. mTavrdeba filmi da mainc ver gagvirkvevia, Cvens raime qmedebas rodemde vamarTlebT TviTgamoxatvis TavisuflebiT, an vis aqvs ufleba win aRudges sxvaTa amoralizms? viTom yvelaferi gasagebi, sabolood mainc kiTxvis niSnebs tovebs. ra moigo lari flintma?
not we support to promote it? Despite all, the belief is individual. If the religious pornography was not grotesque for Larry and believed his truth, did not he have the right to express his opinions freely. However, the well-known expression says: “your freedom ends, where my begins” consequently, despite the heartfelt emotions of Larry the naked women on the cross or Adam and Eva's sexual act in the garden of Paradise, was truly insulting for the one part of society. Porn-anglicize became the victim of civil penalty- this was bullet in his back and permanent disability. His divine immediately disappeared, for him there is no god. The character of Larry Flynt, which is not the result of writer's imagination, like Forman's other characters he is eccentric and has something similar with the producer. He said that he wanted to become popular and it has no matter how he would achieve the goal. Larry does his best to change everything, which is unacceptable for him to settle, his place. Larry Flynt, on the one hand is ﬁghting against all norms, nihilistic attitude toward the court and with the help of the same court, he is trying to destroy stereotypes. The fact, that he can establish a precedent, that others will follow, makes all of this more charming. The lawyer's (Mr. Aizerman) monologue in court is so interesting, that ﬁlm transforms into reality in the eyes of viewers. Flint's inappropriate behavior effects society like the cold water. Woody Haralson is the virtuous. He created such an epochal character, that it is difﬁcult to forget his expressions and phrases. The ﬁlm ends and we still cannot understand, how long will we justify our actions with the expression of freedom or who has a right to stand against others “immorality”? It seems that everything is clear, but it still leaves question: What Larry Flynt won?
1.uSno Svilis gaCenisTvis qmarma cols sasamarTloSi uCivla. CineTSi mamakakacma cols sasamarTloSi imis gamo uCivla, rom man uSno bavSvi gaaCina. Tavdapirvelad, Jan fengma meuRles Ralatic ki daabrala, magram DNA-testis Catarebis Semdeg misi mamoba sabolood dadasturda. rogorc aRmoCnda, sanam Jan fengi da misi meuRle erTmaneTs Sexvdebodnen, qalma plastikuri qirurgis momsaxurebaSi $100,000 daxarja. mas Semdeg, rac bavSvis simaxinjesTan dakavSirebiT simarTle gairkva, mamakaci gaeyara meuRles da Seitana sarCeli sasamarTloSi, romliTac moraluri zianis sanacvlod $120,000-s iTxovda. procesze Janma aRiara, rom siyvaruliT daqorwinda meuRleze, magram pirveli qaliSvilis siuSnovem didi gavlena moaxdina da sasamarTloSi sarCeli Seitana meuRlis winaaRmdeg. mamakaci apelirebda, rom misi coli Seecada moetyuebina meuRle da am gziT daqorwinebuliyo masze, amasTan erTad, damala yvela is foto, romelic plastikuri operaciis wina periods asaxavda.
2. viqtor vitmili Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. filmSi The Hangover Part II, stiu praisi, stomatologi, romlis rolic msaxiobma ed helmsma iTamaSa, bankogSi saxeze tatuirebiT iRviZebs. am filmSi praisisa da cnobili mokrive - maikl taisonis tatuireba identuria. taisonis tatuirebis avtorma, s. viqtor vitmilma, filmis premieramde ramdenime kviriT adre Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc.-is winaaaRmdeg s a r C e l i a R Z r a . Wa r n e r B r o s. - i s w a r m o m a d g e n lebma ganacxades, rom es iyo parodia da, Sesabamisad, keTilsindisieri gamoyenebis WrilSi eqceoda.
1.Husband sued wife for the birth of an ugly child! In china, husband ﬁlled a lawsuit against his wife because she gave birth to an ugly child. At ﬁrst, he was blaming the woman in betrayal, but after conducting DNA test ﬁnally he was sure about his paternity. As it turned out, that woman spent $100.00 in plastic surgery before they met each other. He made announcement about divorce and ﬁled a lawsuit for moral damages and asked $120,000. Chzan admitted that he loved his wife, but their daughters' ugliness played a great role in their divorce. He told that his wife tried to fraud the husband and married to him in this way. Also she hid all photos which were taken before the plastic surgery.
2. S. Victor Vitmil Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. In ﬁlm “The Hangover” part II suit Price, a dentist, who is played by an actor Ed Helms, waking up with the tattoo on the face in Bangkok. In this ﬁlm Frays and Mike Tyson's tattoos are identical. Victor Vitm ﬁled a law suit against the Warner Bros, Entertainment Inc. before the ﬁlm premiere. The representations of Warner Bros announced, that it was a parody and, therefore, there was nothing annoying. On 24th may, 2011, the court did not satisfy Vitmil's claim to ban ﬁlm publication. Warner Bros, in June announced that they will treat the ﬁlm with the help of digital sources and will change the tattoo. The litigation ends with agreement but the conditions are unknown.
2011 wlis 24 maiss sasamarTlom ar daakmayofila vitmilis moTxovna filmis gamocemis akrZalvis Taobaze. Warner Bros.-ma ki ivnisSi ganacxada, rom cifrulad films ise daamuSavebda, rom tatuireba Secvliliyo. dava sabolood morigebiT damTavrda, Tumca, misi pirobebi yvelasTvis ucnobia.
3. es saqme, rogorc kazusi, wlebis ganmavlobaSi iswavleboda iuridiul fakultetze. zamTris periodSi usaxlkaro adamianma saerTo sacxovreblis pirvel sarTulze meqanikuri zemoqmedebis gziT SeaRwia sxva moqalaqis binaSi da moipara videomagnitofoni, magram binidan gamosvlisas policiam daakava (romelic mezoblebma gamoiZaxes). gaqurduli saxlis sastumro oTaxSi, sadac videomagnitofoni ido, qurdma 10 maneTi datova. dakavebulis ganmartebiT, mas Sescivda da misTvis ucnobi adamianebis binaSi mxolod imisTvis Sevida, rom ar gayinuliyo. gaTbobis procesSi SeamCnia ucnobi videomagnitofoni, moewona da gadawyvita misi waReba. damnaSavis SefasebiT nivTis Rirebuleba 10 maneTze meti ar unda yofiliyo. swored amitom datova man aRniSnuli odenobis Tanxa qurdobis adgilas. binis patronma daadastura, rom sastumro oTaxSi aRmoCenili 10 maneTi mas ar ekuTvnoda. ssrk-s uzenaesma sasamarTlom ar CaTvala damtkicebulad qurdobis faqti da gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni gamoitana, misca ra momxdars samoqalaqo samarTlebrivi Sefaseba da nacvlad sisxlis samarTlis danaSaulisa, aRniSnuli moqmedeba arasworad Catarebul yidva-gayidvis aqtad Seafasa. Tumca, gansasjelis mier darRveuli iyo samoqalaqo kodeqsis moTxovna nasyidobis xelSerulebasTan dakavSirebiT, rac yidva-gayidvisas orive mxaris Tanxmobas saWiroebs. nivTis mepatronis Tanxmoba ki am nivTis gasxvisebisas saxeze ar iyo.
4. amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi, erTma serfingistma uCivla meore serfinginsts imis gamo, rom am meorem icura mis talRaze. ra Tqma unda, sasamarTlom ar daakmayofila misi moTxovna.
3. Novosibirsk municipal court decision pass the verdict of guilty, was left unchanged by District Court, but Supreme Court of the Soviet Union – passed a nonguilty verdict, which overturned the both court's decision. This matter was taught as a case study in law faculties. During the winter period, a homeless person used mechanical effects to enter the other citizen's home without permission and stole VCR. Police which was called by neighbors arrested him as soon as he left the house. Thief left 10 rubles, in the living room, on the place where the VCR was. The thief explained that it was cold outside and the only reason he entered into stranger's house was the fair not to be froze. In the process of heating he noticed a video recorder; he liked it and decided to take it. As he thought, the prices of VCR was no more than 10 ruble and he left money there. The owner conﬁrmed his words, that in the living room really were ten rubles, that were not there before. The supreme court of the Soviet Union didn't consider it as the robbery and pass non-guilty sentence. The fact was announced as an incorrect trade agreement. But, the thief violated the rules of civil code, which related to the form of purchase, as this code foresees mutual agreement between parties. The agreement of the VCR owner on this “contract” was not present.
4. In the USA, one surfer sued another surfer for swimming on his wave. Of course, the court denied his request.
warmatebul adamianebs arasdros uTqvamT...
Successful people never say… sityva aris Zala. xSirad ar vfiqrobT imaze, Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovania TiToeuli sityva, vinaidan maT Jano Verdzadze SeuZliaT udidesi Tbilisi State University, Student gavlena moaxdinon, rogorc sakuTar Tavze, aseve sxvebze. arsebobs frazebi, romlebsac warmatebuli adamianebi araTu ar amboben, aramed gonebaSic ki ar ivleben. es ki maTi warmatebis erT-erTi safuZvelia. „Cemi miznebi da ocnebebi moiTmenen“ – imisaTvis, rom srulyofilebaSi moiyvano esa Tu is saqme, ara mxolod unda imoqmedo, aramed iocnebo, gwamdes, iyo pozitiurad moazrovne, pozitiuri motivatori, produqtiulad moqmedi. arasdros ar unda daiviwyo, rom aucilebelia Seni enTuziazmi gaavrcelo irgvliv. cxovreba aris mokle. namdvilad ar aris sapatio, rodesac mTeli cxovrebis manZilze xar „damwyebi“. dauSvebelia, adamiani gardaicvalos ise, rom mTlianad ver dainaxos sakuTari siZliere da potenciali. iyavi guladi, raTa mousmino sakuTar guls da iyavi Zlieri, raTa gaxado Seni cxovreba iseTi, rogoric yovelTvis warmogedgina. daiwye dardi sakuTar Tavze manamde, sanam daiwyeb dards imaze, Tu ras fiqroben sxvebi Senze.
Word is the power. I do not often think, how important each word is, because they may have the greatest inﬂuence on you and on other people. There are phrases, which successful people never say, moreover, they do not think about them and this is one of the main factors of their success. “My goals and dreams will wait” – if you want to be perfect in any case, you must not only act, you must dream, be a positive thinker, positive motivator and productively active. We must never forget that it is necessary to spread your enthusiasm around you. Life is short. It is not forgivable to be a “beginner” whole life. In no case should a man die, not seen his own strength and potential. Be brave! Listen to your own heart and be strong enough to make your life so, as you think the life is. Start worry about yourself before you start worry what other people think about you.
“Perhaps they are right and I am wrong” – never allow others confuse your mind. Never allow others to make choice instead of you! Because we all know, what is good and right for us. Never allow others to kill your es Seni cxovrebaa, inner voice. When you believe something, you m ust be strong, mieci mas forma! otherwise you can achieve nothing. Which is right for you, may be wrong for others and vice versa. The world is so, as you see it and not as others see it. Never be afraid to turn aside the way, which is million times beaten „albaT, isini marTlebi arian, me araswori var“ – be others. arasodes misce neba sxvas agirios goneba. ar-
“” I t i s yo u r l i f e, give it a shape!
asodes misce neba sxvas gaakeTos arCevani Sen magivrad, vinaidan gulis siRrmeSi yvelam viciT, Tu ra aris swori CvenTvis. aravis misce neba CaaxSos Seni sakuTari Sinagani xma. rodesac raRacis gwams, orive fexze myarad unda idge, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi verafers miaRwev. is, rac SenTvis sworia, SesaZlebelia sxvebisTvis araswori iyos da piriqiT. samyaro aris iseTi, rogorsac xedav Sen da sxva nebismieri adamiani.
“I hate you” – Martin Luther King pointed out that darkness cannot banish darkness, only light can do this. Hate cannot defeat hate, only love can do this. If you want to throw somebody from your mind, do not hate him, life goes on and forget about it. We often forgive people not because they deserve it, because they need it and we need it too. We cannot go forward, because it liberates us from negative emotions.
arasodes SegeSindes gadauxvio im gzas, im biliks, romelic milionjer aris datkepnili sxvebis mier. „mezizRebi“ – martin luTer kingi sworad aRniSnavda, rom sibneles ar SeuZlia gamodevnos sibnele, mxolod sinaTles SeuZlia es. siZulvils siZulvili ver daamarcxebs. daamarcxebs mxolod siyvaruli. Tu gsurs, rom viRac amoSalo Seni gonebidan, ar SeizizRo, gaagrZele cxovreba da daiviwye. xSirad, Cven vpatiobT adamianebs ara imis gamo, rom imsaxureben, aramed imis gamo, rom maT sWirdebaT es, Cven gvWirdeba es. Cven ver wavalT win, vinaidan es gvaTavisuflebs uaryofiTi emociisagan. „ar SemiZlia” – SegiZlia!!! Sen SeiZleba Tavi igrZno gadaRlilad, Tavi igrZno mowyenilad; SeiZleba iyo avad, iyo ganqorwinebuli an umuSevari da a.S., magram amiT cxovreba ar mTavrdeba, Sen kvlavac cocxali xar. Seni mogzauroba kvlavac grZeldeba. daiviwye is, Tu rogori unda yofiliyo cxovreba. Tu raRac, rasac elodi saerTod ar gamogivida, an ar gamogivida ise swrafad, ar gulisxmobs imas, rom mcdelobas SeeSva. „Cemi Sansi gavuSvi“ – araferi aris maradiuli am samyaroSi, arc warumatebloba, arc Secdoma, arc dabrkoleba. aravis SeuZlia dabrundes ukan da cxovreba Tavidan daiwyos, Tumca, yvelas SeuZlia Seqmnas axali dasasruli. es Seni cxovrebaa, mieci mas forma. Seni siZliere Cans ara mxolod imaSi Tu rogor SegiZlia warmarTo raRac, aramed imaSic, rom saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi SegeZlos Tavidan dawyeba. ganagrZe swavla, adaptireba, gazrda. SeiZleba ukve „iq“ ar xar, magram xar ufro axlos, vidre guSin iyavi.
“I cannot do it” – You can! You may think that you are tired and bored, you may be ill, may be divorced or unemployed and etc… but this is not the end of life, you are still alive. Your journey still goes on. Forget, what the way of life was. If something you have been waiting for have not became as fast as you were thinking, it does not mean that you should give up. “I lose a chance” – nothing lasts forever in this world, not failure, not mistakes and obstacles. No one can go back and start a new life, but everyone can create new ending. It is your life, let give it a shape. Your strength can not only be seen how you can rule something, but also how you can start from the new list, when it is necessary. Go on reading, adaptation and growing. May be you are far from the destination, but you are closer than you were yesterday. “Forget… it is not important” - In the world the cause of disaster may be something you did not say, but you think it was necessary. I have often worried about the sentences which I sad without thinking, but the worry about it is less than the worry about things, which I left unsaid. Do not hide your thoughts and feelings. Especially, when you are able to change something. Be brave! Say what you want to say. There is no greatest misfortune when you based upon the words and phrases, which you have never said before.
„daiviwye... ar aris mniSvnelovani“ – samyaroSi ubedurebis mizezia, Tundac is, rom ar Tqvi raRac, rac saTqmelad aucileblad migaCnda. me piradad xSirad minania dafiqrebis gareSe wamosrolili winadadebebis gamo, magram ara imdenad, ramdenadac minania uTqmelad datovebuli azrebisTvis. amoiRe xma! ar damalo Seni fiqrebi da grZnobebi, miTumetes maSin, rodesac SegiZlia cvlileba moaxdino. iyavi mamaci! Tqvi, rac aucileblad unda iTqvas. ar arsebobs imaze ufro didi sacodaoba, rodesac eyrdnobi im sityvebs da frazebs, romelTa TqmisTvisac arasodes gqonia simamace.
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Vako Tchilashvili ELSA Georgia Director for Marketing, member of editorial board.
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