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El is ee


“Every day I discover more and more beautiful things. It’s enough to drive one mad. I have such a desire to do everything, my head is bursting with it.”

— Claude Monet

Contents The Laugh Track 4 NYC For Kids 6 A History of Serial Killers


Paper Trail


Discover New York City


How to D.I.Y.


D.I.Y. Jewelry


Atlantic Records


“Pulp Fiction”


The Laugh Track: Revival in Situation Comedy as Seen Through the Past OBJECTIVE:

Excerpt from final paper on a comedy topic for No Joke: Comedy as a Commentary.


Explores the rise of the laugh track in situation comedies. throughout history and the neccessity of it now.

COMPETENCIES: Researching. Writing.



he laugh track, laughter that is previously recorded and added to television or radio, is most often associated with its inclusion in situation comedy shows. Situation comedy shows, or sitcoms, are one of the most popular types of comedy that dominates television networks today and the laugh track has arisen in popularity in sitcoms again. Through a look at how socioeconomic conditions affect the laugh track in situation comedy, I will argue why it has risen in popularity and the necessity of it. In 1950, Charles Rolland Douglass created the Laff Box, which was an organ-like machine that would produce a distinct laugh depending on which keys were selected. The Laff Box became especially useful when used with a live audience to ‘sweeten’ the laughter of the audience in the editing room. For example, if the laughter of the audience was too long or the audience’s response was weak due to seeing the same take repeatedly, the Laff Box allowed for the audience’s laughter to be enhanced and edited. Furthermore, the invention of television removed the atmosphere of experiencing entertainment with a group of people thus; the laugh track brought the group atmosphere into the home. The invention of the laugh track allowed for more sitcoms to appear on television.

favorite stars in the various situation comedies that were on television. People would also mimic their lifestyle based on the characters on sitcoms as well since the scenarios were partly relatable. The situation comedies were not only becoming a source of entertainment but also a place for people to get inspiration for their own lives. The laugh track elevated the experience of the situation comedies by making the shows more enjoyable. The television was still fairly new in households as they were just beginning to be adopted by American households thus, the implementation of the laugh track helped adjust audiences into watching entertainment out of a box. Then in 1954, the release of color television further enhanced the television experience and made the television come even more alive when sitcoms were on the air. The television became an experience in itself providing the much needed entertainment and laughter to follow a war. As the years progressed, the laugh track became more accessible which led to sitcoms such as Hogan’s Heroes to get rid of the live audience and only incorporate the laugh track into the show. Moreover, the laugh track had more benefits compared to the use of the live audience. It cost less for the studios and it allowed for them to shoot off location. Not only did the accessibility and the affordability of the laugh track contribute to its wide use but also many studios did not want to risk fail

“ The television became an experience in itself providing the much needed entertainment and laughter to follow a war. ” The laugh track first appeared on the NBC sitcom, The Hank McCune Show in 1950 and other sitcoms followed suit. Most of the 1940s decade was consumed with the events that surrounded World War II such as the Holocaust. After the war ended, the world had been affected by the war so, it was no surprise that the situation comedies began to dot the television landscape. The silly antics provided distraction from the war that had just occurred the decade before. In addition, the television started to become the dominant mass media in American households in the 1950s. As a result, the number of people watching television continually increased and thousands of viewers were tuning in to watch their

ure of their shows. They assumed that it would not resonate with audiences if the sitcom were without a laugh track, which further emphasized the increasing use and popularity of the laugh track in the situation comedies through the 1960s. During the end of 1970s, the industry began to revert back to reliance on live audiences to create laughs. The return of the live audience is reflected in the events that occurred in the decade before, the 1960s, where many cultural changes took place. The 1960s were when the baby boomers generation began to enter their teenage and young adult years. The baby boomers wanted revolutionary change and this was evident from the events that took place. The 1960s were faced with the assassinations of well-known figures such as John


New York, NY 10013

Perfect for all kids with a menu featuring 18 items to choose from such as green eggs and ham to the classic PB&J.

3:00 PM American Museum of Natural History 79 Street And Central Park West New York, NY 10024 

Spend the day exploring real dinosaur fossils and going back in history.

9:00 AM Central Park Zoo 5th Ave at E 64th St  New York, 10065

Interact with a variety of animals and don’t forget to visit the popular  Penguin House! 

2:30 PM Sweets at Dylan’s Candy Bar  1011 Third Ave. at E. 60 St Manhattan, NY 10021

Walk a few blocks down and enjoy some sweet treats that will bound to  satisfy kids of all ages.

9:30 AM Children's Museum of the Arts 182 Lafayette Street New York, NY 10013 

Start the day with fun craft projects at this interactive museum!

2:00 PM Dine at Kelley & Ping

127 Greene St between Prince and W Houston Sts New York, NY 10012

Stop at this place that has a kid’s menu full of delightfully named items for  some pan-asian lunch.

2:00 PM South Street Seaport 12-14 Fulton Street between. Water & South St Pier 17, New York, NY 10038

Enjoy a day here shopping, eating and visiting the living museum full of   ship models and paintings that kids will be awed by.

NYC for Kids

1:00 PM Lunch at Landmarc 179 West Broadway between Leonard and Worth Sts

1-3 PM Sony Wonder Technology Lab  550 Madison Ave between 55th Street and 56th Street New York, NY 10022

Create your own creepy critter at the sci-tech workshop event!

6:30 PM See The Lion King The Minskoff Theatre 1515 Broadway New York, NY 10036

Finish your trip in New York City with a Broadway show perfect for the  whole family.

1:30 PM Eat at Fatty Crab 2170 Broadway at 76th St New York, NY 10024

Indulge in some Malaysian food with food for the kids such as “fish fry in a  box” and other delicious offerings.

2:00 PM Rose Center for Earth and Space Central Park West at 79th Street New York, NY, 10024-5192 Kaufmann Theater, first floor

Catch the interactive show Planetary Vacation that lets kids do hands-on  activities and learn about the universe.

9:45 AM FAO Schwarz 767 Fifth Ave at E. 58th St Manhattan, NY 10153

Start off the day with some fun in the city’s oldest and most famous toy  store that has sections all kids will love.

1:30 PM Central Park 59th St at Fifth Ave  New York, NY 10019 

Stroll and have fun with kids in the many playgrounds located in the park!  Also, don’t forget to try a NYC hot dog & a pretzel from one of the many  stands scattered throughout the park for a quick bite.

6:30 PM Top of the Rock Observation Deck 30 Rockefeller Plaza between W. 49th and W. 50th Sts Manhattan, NY 10111

End the day by seeing the spectacular view of the city from this place.



Design a 7 day NYC neighborhood event calendar using only Helevetica Neue family set for the text and no images.


Foldable brochure that is easy to carry around on the person. Bright colors for a playful feel.


Organizing Data. Layout Design.


A History of serial killers OBJECTIVE:

To explore how to visually graph a vast amount of data by creating an infographic based upon concrete data.


Created Excel sheet with research data compiled. First tab: Timeline of when each killer began to kill. Second tab: Offers how many killed, type killed, by what method & for how long.

COMPETENCIES: Researching. Organizing Data. Layout Design.



Ed Gein



Ted Bundy



Murder Preferences Middle age women, dead people to create 1906 keepsakes Hitch hikers , middle class white 1946 females

David Berkowitz



1943 Random

John Wayne Gacy M


1942 Young Men

Jeffrey Dahmer






DraftM Gary Ridgway Belle Sorenson Gunness

Charles Manson

Albert Fish Herman Webster Mudgett




Serial Killers







Carl Eugene Watts M Andrew Cunanan M Richard Ramirez M

Andrei Chikatilo

USA USA USA Russian Federation


Carlton Gary M Dean Arnold Corll M

USA 1500

Elizabeth Báthory F Unknown M Richard Trenton Chase

Hungary UK

Date of Birth Name of Serial Killer # killed (rumored  &  confirmed)

killing preferences

kill method

years spent 

1870 children killing random ,young 1861 woman random



USA 1600



South Africa

Elizabeth Báthory



before 1900s 1800

Herman Webster Mudgett

17 M

Rape, Strangulation

Belle Sorenson  Gunness 1900 Albert Fish

Life in prison/ respirartory + heart failure




cannibalism,rape evisceration, suffocation drown, stab, strangulation

before 1900s 1700

Children, runaways, Evisceration, prostitutes, shoot arson stab strangle 1936 homeless females slash, stab Rape, 1800 strangulation, 1952 Elderly women torture

33 Killer Clown Monster, The Milwaukee Cannibal


Lethal Injection

40 Hell's Belle 1900 Helter Skelter, Elizabeth Báthory 9 Manson Family life in prison Gray Man, 80 Brooklyn Vampire, The Boogeyman, Nannie  20 Doss YRS the Werewolf ofEd  Wysteria, Gein 1859 100* Belle Sorenson GunnessHam and Eggs electric chair Bruno  Lüdke execution by 27 Dr. Holmes hanging 40 Coral, The Sunday 812 Morning Slasher prostate cancer 8 - VERSACE YRS The Night Stalker 1861



16 8 1

8 6 8

Herman Webster Mudgett

27 6 YRS

Belle Sorenson  Herman Webster Gunness Mudgett

1560 young females prostitutes

arson, mutilation, Albert Fish starvation, torture cut throat 1560

1950 random

neglect, rape, shoot

1955 young females


1964 random

rape, strangulation


20 YRS 1560

Elizabeth Báthory 1859 Belle Sorenson Gunness

20 YRS 8 YRS

Butcher of Rostov,'The Red Ripper'

Execution (gunshot to head)

The Stocking 7 Strangler Death Sentence The Candyman The Bloody 100 80 Countess solitary refinement 8 Jack the Ripper 1946 YRS The Dracula Killer, Ted Bundy The Vampire of 6 Sacramento suicide by OD 26 The Happy Face 8 Killer The ABC 4 Murderer, The YRS South African 38 Strangler The Monster of 1946 Dusseldorf Ted Bundy 1949 Long Island Killer Gary Ridgway 1870 Albert Fish

26 48

1949 Gary Ridgway

1861 Herman Webster Mudgett

1950 Richard Trenton Chase



1861 Herman Webster Mudgett 1870

12 1 20

1 5


4 YRS 16 YRS

1859 Belle Sorenson Gunness


3 4


Elizabeth Báthory

Experience (years)

26 The Campus Killer Electric Chair Son of Sam, .44 6 Caliber Kiler Life in Prison

48 Green River Killer Life in prison

Arson, burn

children females males elderly women

Death By

The Butcher of 15 Plainfield

Blunt/sharp object Strangulation

Belle Sorenson  Gunness 1700 Albert Fish


Evisceration Mutilation

80 40


Herman Webster Mudgett


Elizabeth Báthory

USA finalM close-up

Peter Kürten Unknown

Key 1934 families

Killing Methods

Shoot Rape, Strangulation

Prostitutes, 1949 runaway Family members, 1859 lovers

Elizabeth Báthory

Keith Jesperson

Moses Sithole

Year of Birth

48 6

16 YRS 1 YRS

1950 Richard Trenton Chase



l a i r e S rs

A History of

Albert Fish

Belle Sorenson  Gunness



Ed Gein


Bruno Lüdke

Nannie Doss


before 1900s

Herman Webster Mudgett



Elizabeth Báthory








Ed Gein


Nannie Doss



1870 Albert Fish


1861 Herman Webster Mudgett


1859 Belle Sorenson Gunness

16 YRS





1956 Javed Iqbal


1953 Carl Eugene Watts


1952 Carlton Gray


1950 Richard Trenton Chase


1949 Gary Ridgway



80 20 YRS

1946 Ted Bundy

1560 Elizabeth Báthory

l l i K

Ellis Lee 

Design 4 

Final Project

sources: ( ( ( (


Javed Iqbal

Moses Sithole

Jeffrey Dahmer

Carlton Gary


Gary Ridgway

David Berkowitz

Andrei Chikatilo


Richard Ramirez

Wayne Williams

Aileen Wuornos


Carl Eugene Watts

Richard Trenton  Chase

Ted Bundy

John Wayne  Gacy


Charles Manson


15 YRS



38 6

13 YRS 1964 Moses Sithole



1960 Richard Ramirez

13 YRS

1943 David Berkowitz


1942 John Wayne Gacy

12 YRS





1960 Jeffrey Dahmer


1 YRS 1958 Wayne Williams


1956 Aileen Wuornos

.5 YRS

1936 Andrei Chikatilo


Charles Manson


Bruno Lüdke



Paper trail OBJECTIVE:

Create an infographic displaying the usage of something considered waste or trash to see how much trash either we, as an individual or as a whole, waste.


Create Excel sheet with data from my own receipts. Research more information about waste from receipts.



Researching & Analyzing Data. Organizing data. Layout Design.

research Store Rite Aid Rite Aid

Length (in) Width (in) White Space (in) Lines 14 3.125 4.75 34/44 16 3.125 4.1875 34/59

Trader Joe's


0-5: 1in 6-10: 10in 11-15: 20in 16+: 30

7 11 1 1

Draft Bank of America (2/9)

Bank of America (2/10) Bank of America (2/14) Telegraphe Restaurant Billy's Bakery Chelsea Thai Starbucks Murray's Bagel The Dish

Sephora Macys AE Utrecht Sephora Sephora Supplement MTA Post Office


0.4375 22/26

4.375 4.5 4.5

3.125 3.125 3.125

1.125 12 out of 14 1.375 12 out of 14 1.4375 12 out of 14

6.75 3.5 3.5 6.5 6.25 6.75

3.125 3.125 1.75 3 3 3

2.75 1.375 1 2.5 0.5 0.5

9.5 6 9.1875 9.625 9.625 7.5

3.1875 3.125 3.125 3.125 3.125 3.125

1.1875 1.125 1.75 1 2 2.75

3.5 5.375

3.3125 3.125

15/20 12 out of 14 11 out of 13 15/22 16/22 20/30

26/33 18/19 30/47 26/35 30/35 9 out of 23

0 16/21 0.125 18/30

Paper receipts account for 640,000 tons of paper used in the US each year. That’s 9,600,000 trees.




Discover new york city OBJECTIVE:

To explore how to visually graph a vast amount of data by creating an infographic based upon concrete data.


Created Excel sheet with research data compiled. First tab: Timeline of when each killer began to kill. Second tab: Offers how many killed, type killed, by what method & for how long.

COMPETENCIES: Researching. Organizing Data. Layout Design. Website:


site diagram 3.0 Homepage 

3.1Tourist Guide 

3.1.1 Discounts 

3.1.2 Most  Popular 

3.2 Insider's  Guide 

3.2.1 Event of  the Week 

3.2.2 Resident  Tourist 

3.3 Free  Events 

3.2.3 Regular  NYC Activities 

3.3.1 Spotlight 

3.4 Eat Food 

3.4.1 Delicious &  Cheap 

3.4.2 Spotlight 

3.5 Shop 'til  You Drop 

3.5.1 Deals 

3.6 About Us 

3.7 Contact Us 

3.5.2 Spotlight 

Ellis Lee Site Specification

site specs

Domain Name 

(Working) Domain Name:

Overview of Web Site Requirement 

“This site will be a way for people to find information easily about what they are interested in doing in New York City for a person living here and it will not be the typical site filled with “Things to Do in NYC.”

Search Engine Optimization 

The site should be easily accessible through search engine sites by having good search engine optimization.

List of Pages 3.1 Home Page 

The homepage will just give the basic information and the up-to-date information that is relevant including notes of if a particular content has been updated.

3.2 NYC Tourist Sights  

design comp

This page will include events and activities that are considered ‘tourist’ attractions but ones that worth checking out while living in NYC – even ones that might be worth the revisit. It will include a particular focus on a place someone might recommend with the reason why it’s a must-go.

3.3 The “Other” Sights  

This page will be dedicated to the kinds of events and attractions geared towards the New Yorker - the places that are not known for being tourist attractions but worth checking out. Home Tourist Guide Insider's Guide Free Events Eat Food Shop 'til You Drop About Us Contact Us It will include a particular focus on a place someone might recommend with the reason why it’s a must-go.

new york uncovered

3.5 Eat Food  

Subsection Links

tourist guide

The cheap eats to the more upscale restaurants – the ones that are worth it and -contentones that are not. also design comp for: It will include a particular place of interest every insider’s weekguidedepending on either free events district of city or cuisine. (Categorized by the section of the city) eat food shop ‘til you drop

3.5 Shopping  

& subsections

This page will include places to shop divided up by different parts of the city similar to the other pages. It will include a particular focus on a place someone might recommend with the reason why it’s a must-go.




How to D.i.Y. : flash game OBJECTIVE:

Interactive presentation where viewer is instructed on some aspect of Earth.

EXECUTION: Created a storyboard of idea. Designed and coded based on idea.

COMPETENCIES: Flash coding. Graphics. Layout design.



Earth Style (sound) Start


Welcome to Earth, friend!


Measure out 22 inches.

Get started

Now add 5 (pink) beads onto the string.

Attach two silver clasps.





Diy jewelry: just because OBJECTIVE:

Created jewelry for fun and to occassionally sell online.

COMPETENCIES: Jewelry DIY. Design.





atlantic records: e-commerce internship OBJECTIVE:

Fall 2012 internship in e-commerce which included updating Atlantic merch modules and artists’ webstores with product descriptions and masked images.

COMPETENCIES: Photoshop. Writing. Organizing data.



[ Updating the homepage with the latest releases in the merch modules. ]

holiday banner

[ Created stocking stuffer banner below & placed on specified holiday sale items. ]

product descriptions

[ Wrote descriptions for merchandise on artists’ webstores & WMG store.]

Wiz Khalifa Webstore: O.N.I.F.C. Deluxe Pack

Cody Simpson Webstore: Regulate Zip Fleece Hoodie


“pulp fiction” : the success formula OBJECTIVE:

Excerpt from a final paper that addresses issues of the art and industry of a film or group of films.

EXECUTION: How the success of “Pulp Fiction” was achieved through the style and historical context as well as the marketing and distribution.

COMPETENCIES: Researching. Writing.


“Pulp Fiction” is a film released in 1994 that is written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. It became a hit with both the critics and the audiences in theaters. The film won the Palme d’Or at Cannes Film Festival and received seven Academy Award nominations and made over 100 million dollars in theaters. The success of “Pulp Fiction” was ultimately achieved not only through the style and historical context of the film but the marketing and distribution as well. The aesthetics of “Pulp Fiction” can be aligned with what defines Quentin Tarantino’s signature style. His style consists of “talky, often with long, rambling, roundabout conversations full of old pop-culture references and hipster philosophy that somehow feel natural while still containing dialogue no normal person would ever speak.” In addition, “Pulp Fiction” is set in a nonlinear format and uses a circular structure that connects the prologue with the epilogue. As a result, the robbers of the diner in the beginning who the viewers may have thought had nothing to do with the story become acquainted with Vincent and Jules in the end at the same diner the film opened with. The story comes around full circle with characters that seem to be unrelated suddenly being integrated into one another’s life. Therefore, the unconventional methods mixed with the eclectic content of the film achieved a style that drove flocks of moviegoers to see it. “Pulp Fiction” is chock filled with pop culture references that keep the film cool and relevant. Furthermore, the film touches upon a variety of familiar topics including sensitive issues such as religion or race and manages to poke fun at it. The film is not afraid to broach topics that may be controversial which further adds to the cool factor of the film that helped it succeed in theaters. The viewers are usually brought to the middle of the many of the pop culture laden conversations that take place in “Pulp Fiction” forcing the viewers to play catch up. The conversations are almost always random and only pertain to what is going on in the film right before it leads up to it. This can be seen in the scene with Vincent and Jules when they are going to threaten some guys for their boss. However, their conversation leading up to the event range from topics of foot massages to hash bars in Amsterdam. The eclectic conversation with no real relevance to the film made “Pulp Fiction” a hit because it was different that it made it cool.

In the scene that occurs right after the credits, the viewers are introduced to two characters, Vincent Vega and Jules Winnfield. Vincent is relating his recent trip to Europe with Jules while they are driving. Popular culture is referenced in this dialogue when he compares the differences between European and American fast food. Vincent brings up McDonald’s well-known Quarter Pounder and Big Mac and how the burgers are referred to by different names in Paris. Lines such as these from the film made its own memorable mark in pop culture further proving the point of its success. Other popular culture references are depicted with a waitress dressed up as Marilyn Monroe and a waiter as Buddy Holly in a restaurant that is hosted by an Ed Sullivan impersonator. The pop culture references allows the film to be relatable to viewers by incorporating familiarity into a film while still being different driving the success of the film. Another aspect of Tarantino’s style that is evident is the abrupt speed of the scenes throughout the film and the air of casualness that integrates the violence with the dialogue as if it were an

“By smoothly slipping in and out of various

film genres, “Pulp Fiction” is a film that does not mold to one specific genre and can garner appeal from a wider range.” everyday occurrence. The dialogue also seems more important than it really is with conversations about mundane ideas becoming serious debates and almost philosophical. For example, take the scene that opens the film. After the definition of pulp, the film opens on a couple seated in a diner. The couple is discussing the implications that come with robbing various locations such as a bank or liquor store. It circles back to the diner that the two are sitting in having their meal when they conclude that restaurants would be the ideal place to rob and decide to rob the one that they are currently in. This conversation is riveting not only for the sharp dialogue but because the two engage in a manner that makes viewers feel as if they are discussing the most important and interesting subject in the world. Suddenly, the two are screaming threats at everyone in the restaurant and thrusting their guns in all directions to initiate a robbery. One minute, the duo is having a calm conversation in a booth


Final Portfolio  

final portfolio