Page 1

Melissa Toman 2007_2011

portfolio


2

Table of Contents

3 C a l - T ran s Me mo r ial B e n c h

Spr i ng 2007, Wo o dbur y Un ive rs ity

4 - 5 S a n Jo s e B ie n n ie l

Sum m er 2010, Es tudio Te ddy Cr uz

6 - 19 C ra f te d Ec o lo gie s

Spr i ng 2010, Wo o dbur y Un ive rs ity

20 - 21 E m a n a tio n Map

Fa l l 2 0 0 9, Wo o dbur y Un ive rs ity

22 - 25 N ew E ar th Tac tic s

Fa l l 2 0 0 9, Wo o dbur y Un ive rs ity

26 - 27 N e i g h bo rs

Spr i ng 2009, Wo o dbur y Un ive rs ity

28 - 31 S h a re h ous in g

Spr i ng 2009, Wo o dbur y Un ive rs ity

32 - 35 R e d i s cove r in g L an db as e

Sum m er 2009, Un ive rs ity o f Ore go n , Po r tlan d

36 C a s e S tudy A c c e s s o r y

S pr i ng 2 008, Wo o dbu r y Un ive rs ity

37 S y n e rgy H o us e

Fal l 2 0 0 7, Wo o dbu r y Un ive rs ity

38 G o l d e n Valley B rewe r y

Wi nt er 2011, RSS A rch ite ctu re


Cal-Trans Memorial Bench

3

Cal-Trans Memorial Bench

1st Prize Winner Sustainable Bench Competition

Sponsored by Woodbury University


4

San Jose Bienniel

From the Global Border to the Border Neighborhood Estudio Teddy Cruz Displayed at the 2010 San Jose Biennial

MAP 1: migration of landuse between San Diego and Tijuana


San Jose Bienniel

Movimiento de Arte y Cultura Latino Americana DISPLAY

MAP 2: non-conforming landuse in San Diego border neighborhood

5


6

Crafted Ecologies

Crafted Crafted Ecologies Ecologies:

The The Growth Growth of of Mutualistic Permanence Mutualistic Permanence Tijuana, BC, Mexico Colonia San Bernardo of Laureles Canyon in Tijuana is part of the Tijuana River Watershed, which flows into the Tijuana Estuary- an essential piece of the Pacific Flyway, a migratory route for birds extending from South America. Within San Bernardo there is currently

massive erosion and lack of affordable access to clean water and sewage due to poor planning and the urgent need for cheap shelter. This eroding soil, on which the homes of San Bernardo are built, carries

the raw sewage, trash and heavy metal contaminants into the estuary, choking this rare and imperative natural resource. Through the use of materials found on site, including tires, earth,

organic and inorganic waste, tarps and wooden pallets, and imported plants/building materials, including bamboo and water hyacinths, a network of living systems are


Crafted Ecologies

San Diego

fic ci Pa ay yw Fl Tijuana Estuary El Ca単on Los Laureles

Tijuana

created. The boundaries of the network define the new property lines, which multiply with the input of individual labor and incentive, as resources become available. As a section of the hillside is flattened and retained, homes are built within the earth. The edge of the retaining wall houses the bamboo pipes which carry waste water down to the waste water treatment facility. Once it is cleaned, the water is pumped to the top of the hill where it is distributed through the network of bamboo

,

na

ijua ,T

n pipes, which simultaneousyo an ly serve as structure for the market, park, and rope and bamboo production center. With a wide understanding of material and place, these elements are forever loaded with potential. By potentializing the conditions of the site, and systematically maintaining and improving them, a new Colonia San Bernardo sustainable human ecology Communities of Los Laureles is created. formal informal

7


tiered vegetation

pedestrain circulation

roads

retaining walls

building

organic waste organic waste

tires

bamboo

bamboo

tires

bamboo

tires

scrap metal+plastic

scrap metal+plastic

organic waste

tires

plastic bottles

tires

earth

bamboo

5° 15° 25° 35° 45°

1’

8 Crafted Ecologies

1


Crafted Ecologies

9

Cycles of Matter and Energy Organic material is harvested to be used as building materials. Earth which is extracted from a lot to achieve a level surface is saved and rammed into a wall or mixed with water and made into adobe. Bamboo is grown and harvested to be used as structural framework for homes and infrastructural elements including piping. Abundant inorganic materials which make their way into the site get trapped by the filter of humans who intend to store them and use them to build with. The locations of these materials

solar energy

greywater

constructed wetlands

human/animal excrement

inorganic waste

retaining walls

windows

plastic bales/ thermal mass LIGHT

floating-plant ponds

organic waste

compost toilet

HEAT

native vegetation

food crops

FOOD

topography chem/pathogen -free water drinking water

ground stability WATER

are directly informed by the topo- the desired effect and structural graphic conditions of the site. As abilities. Tires which form a rethe slope changes, so do the func- taining wall are used for different tions of the materials, according to

properties than the properties of the tires which act as a ground stabilizer.


UR

10

AL

Crafted Ecologies

future intrastructural future network infrastructural network

S1

P1

P3

P2

water towers towers

S1

bamboo bamboo fields fields

water water purification purification ponds pond

stage 0: potentialization

site PLAN stage 0: potentialization

site PLAN


Crafted Ecologies

11

stage 0: potentialization Stage 0: Installation

new water towers, water lines, and constructed wetland

Stage 0:0: Installation New Water Towers, Lines & Constructed Wetland Stage Installation Stage 0: Towers, Installation New Water Lines & Constructed Wetland New Water Towers, Lines & Constructed Wetland New Water Towers, Lines & Constructed Wetland

building

Building

Water Delivery Infrastructure

Constructed Topography

Stage 1: Habitation

stage 1: habitation

Stage 1:1: Habitation New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines Stage Habitation Stage 1: Habitation New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines

new topography, housing, and lot lines

Stage 0: Installation New Water Towers, Lines & Constructed Wetland

water delivery infrastructure

Water Delivery Infrastructure

Constructed Topography

Stage 2: Expansion Stage 2:2: Expansion New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines Stage Expansion Stage 2: Expansion New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines

stage 2: expansion New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines

new topography, housing, and lot lines Stage 1: Habitation New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines

Stage 3: Stabilization Constructed Topography

constructed topography

Stage 2: Expansion New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines

Stage 3:3: Stabilization New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines Stage Stabilization Stage 3: Stabilization New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines

stage 3: stabilization

New Topography, Housing, and Lot Lines new topography, housing, and lot lines

site plan plan GROWTH GROWTH SCENARIO SCENARIO site site plan GROWTH SCENARIO site plan GROWTH SCENARIO site plan GROWTH SCENARIO


12

Crafted Ecologies

Cycle of Water The initial water is collected from either the nearby natural water source (headwater, or bought from the city. Water is stored in towers at a higher elevation than the places it is used so that gravity is the force which feeds it. It travels through a series of filters (constructed wetlands and floating plant ponds) before entering the homes of residents. tire ramp / drainage DETAIL After it has been used Existing Structure and mixed with substancPersonal es and particles, it is filGarden Existing Structure tered again and stored in the home or nearby towPotential ers. Some of this water Infill is captured by the soilstabilizing vegetation and is replaced by collected water and from the headwaters. Water towers serve as public garden shelters and gathering space as Intensive Colonization well as work places for water hyacinth harvestsite SECTION ers.

Garden Unclaimed Territory

Pedestrian Infrastructure

Compos Toilet

Intensive Communal Agriculture Beds

Water Purification Ponds

Dedicated Ecological Reclaimation


Crafted Ecologies

13

water tower growth SECTIONS

water tower growth SECTIONS

bamboo connection DETAIL bamboo connection DETAIL 2” = 1’

Water Tower

Personal Garden

Pedestrian Infrastructure

Compost Toilet

Personal Garden

Intensive Communal Agriculture Beds

Park

Park

Potential Infill Potential Infill Intensive Colonization

Water Purification Ponds Dedicated Ecological Reclaimation

site SECTION

1/32” = 1’ PLAN Sectional Site Model


14

Crafted Ecologies

existing houses existing houses unit 1 unit 1 unit 2 unit 2

upper level upper level

typical dwelling PLAN typical dwelling PLAN

retail retail retail retail

compost hatch compost hatch tire ramp tire ramp

patio patio bamboo bamboo

typical dwelling PLAN typical dwelling PLANS typical dwelling PLAN

lower level lower level


Crafted Ecologies

typical dwelling SECTION

15

typical dwelling SECTION


16

Crafted Ecologies


Crafted Ecologies

17

Sectional Site Model Plan stage 3: stabilization


18

Crafted Ecologies


Crafted Ecologies

Sectional Site Model stage 3: stabilization

19


20

Emanation Map

19

16

13

9

14

10 6

17 4 8

11

1512

3 1

7 Emanation of Pollution

Mapping Environmental Impact of MilitaryIndustiralization Emanation ofonPollution in Barrio Logan Residential Community Barrio Logan, San Diego

2

18

5 10,000 school / daycare scale in miles


Emanation Map

pollution source

1. US Naval Station- North Island- Aircraft 2. National Steel and Shipbuilding (NASSCO) 3. US Naval Station- North Island

4. Southwest Marine Inc. 5. US Naval Station- 32nd St.

6. Harbor Docks 7. US Naval Amphibious Base 8. ISP Alignates 9. Railroads 10. 10th St. Shipping Terminal 11. Chevron USA Inc. 12. Pro Line Paint Co. 13. Marriott Hotel 14. Continental Maritime 15. Northstar Propellers Inc. 16. Trolley Inc. 17. Darrow Painting 18. Diego & Son Printing Inc 19. Wilson & Hampton Refinishing

pollutants emitted

21

lbs. emitted/year

Lead, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent (& compounds), Formaldehyde, Benzene, Acetaldehyde, Naphthalene, o-Xylene, Ethyl benzene, Styrene, Butadiene, Acrolein, Toluene, Propylene, Selenium Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Xylenes, Diesel engine exhaust, particulate matter, Formaldehyde, Benzo[a]pyrene, Dibenz[a,h]anthracene, Benz[a]anthracene, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, Methyl chloroform, Acetaldehyde, Methylene chloride, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl benzene, Styrene, Butadiene, Acrolein, Toluene, Phenol, Hexane, Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, Propylene, Perchloroethylene, Indenopyrene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Methyl tert-butyl ether, Ammonia, Selenium Lead, Manganese, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Fluorocarbons, Diesel engine exhaust, particulate matter, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Chloroform, Benzene, Methyl chloroform, Vinyl chloride, Methylene chloride, Carbon disulfide, Vinylidene chloride, Methyl ethyl ketone, Trichloroethylene, Naphthalene, Ethyl benzene, Butadiene, Ethylene dichloride, Acrylonitrile, Propylene glycol monomethyl ether, Toluene, Chlorobenzene, Phenol, Hexane, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, Propylene, Perchloroethylene, Indeno, xylene, Methyl tert-butyl ether, Hydrogen fluoride, Ammonia, Selenium, Hydrogen sulfide Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent , Xylene, Diesel, Formaldehyde, Benzo[a]pyrene, Dibenz[a,h]anthracene, Benz[a]anthracene, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, Acetaldehyde, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl benzene, Styrene, Butadiene, Acrolein, Toluene, Phenol, Hexane, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, Propylene, Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Methyl tert-butyl ether, Phosphorus, Selenium Lead, Manganese, Nickel, Arsenic, Beryllium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Fluorocarbons, Diesel, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, Methyl chloroform, Methylene chloride, Carbon disulfide, Propylene oxide, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl benzene, Styrene, Propylene glycol monomethyl ether, Toluene, Phenol, Hexane, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, Propylene, Perchloroethylene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Methyl tert-butyl ether Diesel, Formaldehyde, Benzene, Naphthalene, o-Xylene, Ethyl benzene, Toluene, Chlorobenzene, Hexane, Propylene Manganese, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Diesel, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, Methyl ethyl ketone, Ethyl benzene, Styrene, Ethylene glycol, Toluene, Hexane, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, Perchloroethylene, xylenes, Methyl tert-butyl ether, Ammonia Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Formaldehyde, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, Propylene oxide, Butadiene, Toluene, Hexane, Propylene, Hydrochloric acid, Selenium, Chlorine Diesel Diesel, Formaldehyde, Benzene, Naphthalene, Xylene, Ethyl benzene, Toluene, Chlorobenzene, Hexane, Propylene Benzene, Ethyl Benzene, Toulene, Hexane, Xylene, Methyl tert-butyl ether Manganese, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Methanol, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl benzene, Ethylene glycol, Propylene glycol monomethyl ether, Toluene, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, xylene, Ammonia Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Formaldehyde, Benzo[a]pyrene, Dibenz[a,h]anthracene, Benz[a]anthracene, Benzene, Acetaldehyde, Naphthalene, Ethyl benzene, Acrolein, Toluene, Hexane, Propylene, Perchloroethylene, Indeno, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, xylene, Selenium Lead, Manganese, Nickel, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, hexavalent, Diesel, Formaldehyde, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, , Methyl ethyl ketone, Styrene, Propylene glycol monomethyl ether, Toluene, Hexane, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, xylene, Phosphorus, Selenium Lead, Manganese, Nickel, Cadmium, Copper, Zinc, Diesel, Methanol, Methyl chloroform, Methylene chloride, Methyl ethyl ketone, Propylene glycol monomethyl ether, Toluene, Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, xylene Chromium, hexavalent, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Methyl chloroform, Methylene chloride, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl Benzene, Toluene, Perchloroethylene, Xylene Nickel, Zinc, Chr omium, hexavalent, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Benzene, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl Benzene, Propylene glycol monomethyl ether, Toluene, Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, Xylene Isopropyl alcohol, Methyl ethyl ketone, Naphthalene, Ethyl Benzene, Toluene, Xylene Formaldehyde, Methanol, Isopropyl alcohol, Methyl ethyl ketone, Ethyl Benzene, Toluene, Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, Xylene

172,251

103,508 62,223

38,150 43,274

19,400 14,450 13,427 13,000 12, 971 9,271 9,244 9,160 5,782 5,614 5,073 4,250 4,051 3,449


22

New Earth Tactics

Battlespace Strategy programs New Earth Tacticsagainst New Earth 1central community garden [area of of operations]. 2 Area Operations: the space in 2 Tactics which battles take place, where acThe first site to be undertaken takes on an active practical program. the farming program is run by the neighboring community college and nearby elementary and junior highschools. the members of the community interact with the outside communities through an exchange of goods created in and by barrio logan earth. visitors from outside the community come to this destination, where impressions are made and territory understood.

conflict take place. Building Community by tivites viewpoint 2 centralof base]. Forming the resources being fought ◊ F[force orceprotection Protection Base: where inUtilizing Military over into community landmarks. termediate staging and power pro3 citizen run community garden Through theStrategies tactical strategies used jection Defense [area ofoccurs. interest]. by the enemy at hand, community ◊ Home Station: the permanent loBarrio Logan, Sanparticipate Diego in citizens and businesses ties which take place at this site allow for the people to regain awareness of themselves, their environment, and their neighbors. hiking, playing, and taking in the view provide the energy and motivation needed to undertake the role of community activists. the adjecent height with the coronado bridge equalizes power between groups.

garden plots tended by residents of nearby barrio logan neighborhoods expose the residents to the conflict which exists by giving them a view of the borderline, and solidifies personal roots within the land. thewalkableviewtower on the NW corner of the site activates new relationships between neighboring community members.

4tunnel park cation which houses and provides

S2

[information environment]. the erection of mounds used as protection for the forces. battlespace stations.the tactical ◊ Area of Influence: an influenceThrough

barrio logan and NASSCO into moments of collision and mutual awareness. the neighboring trolley stop gives way for both communities to use the park, activating conversation and information exchange. the dramaticc hange in landscape makes a statement concerning new interactions and relationships.

new bay swimming pool

5 [home station]. able area by maneuver or fire. ◊ Area of Interest: the area of concern which extends the enemy remediation park into and view 6 active [information lines servesenvironment]. to focus intelligence development. owned food and wind farm where ◊ 7Icitizen nformation Environment: [area of influence]. information activities which collect, and cave/event cavedisseminate infor8 parkprocess [information environment]. mation take place.

strategies used by the enemy at hand, community members and organizations participate in the erection of mounds used as battlespace stations and forming the key conflicted sites on the landbase into community landmarks.

Lo

Irv

n

in

Ju

tio

g

lia

na

28th

3

Commercial

n ez

l

Ch

av

Na

6

intervention site plan

25th

ga

home station

sa

sb ee

on

rE

wt

ain

Ocean View

an s

ar ds

on ps m

Lo

Sa

ve EC ha Ce sa r

Ev

1

z

ga

or

wt

Na

on

tio

n

na

Logan

l

Ev a

ns

4

Ne

ar d

rb

Sic

Be

Ha

31st

M

3 0 th

De we

y

Sig

Ce

Ne

battlespace strategy

area of operations: the space in which battles take place, where activities of conflict take place. force protection base: where intermediate staging and pwer projection occurs. home station: the permanent location which houses and provides protection for the forces. area of influence: an influenceable area by maneuver or fire. area of interest: the area of concern which extends into the enemy lines serves to focus intelligence developement. information environment: where information activities which collect, process and disseminate information take place.

the cave conceals the parked cars during the day, providing a more peaceful landscape for members of both barrio logan and NASSCO groups, improving lunchtime conditions and interactions. by night, the cave is deserted, providing an outdoor space for group events, and escape from the massive ships and cranes that crowd the horizon.

22th

Commercial

PLAN

the members intersecting at this site include sailor-filled race cars, abundant fastfood drive-thrus, a freeway and it’s on- and off-ramps, along with residential homes, post office, library and junior high school. the farm intends to shift the power of influence from the car to the pedestrian citizen, welcoming walkers to move beyond the noise and danger of the automobile.

19th

or

17th

rb

a previously passive, concealed and abandoned remediation site is exposed to reveal the toxic effects on the earth caused by military presence. allowing citizens of both downtown and barrio logan communities to walk through, climb above and tangibly interact with opens new understandings of the issues surrounding them.

ley

32nd

31st

Boston

rb

or

32nd

29th

Ha

2

intervention SITE PLAN

32nd

downtown development industry US military

Main

8

2 8 th

lt

27th

26th

Be

enemies

31st

ps on

Sic a

rd

7

Boston

m

5

3 0 th

Newton

30th

National

National

Sa

Ha

water is amost precious resource to the area, of which all access has been overtaken by industrial and military infrastructure which cause pollution and sicknessof massive scales. the home station makes the first step back into the water which is rightfully to be accessed by the people of the immediately adjacent landform. swimming activates use by citizens of all ages and entire families. it is a gathering point for all community members.

area of force operations projection base area of influence area of interest information environment

rammed earth

S2


New Earth Tactics

5 5

1

S5

23

8 8

7

4

6

PLAN rammed earth

3

S8

PLAN earth-filled sandbags plaster rammed earth

16’0”

S8

0’16”

S5

8’0”

concrete railroad ties tires


24

Ne w E a r th Tactics

site model


N ew E a rth Ta c ti c s

Programs 1 CENTRAL COMMUNITY GARDEN [area of operations] The first site to be undertaken is an active practical program. The farming pgram is run by neighboring community college and nearby elementary and junior high schools. The members of the community interact with the outside communities through an exchange of goods created in and by Barrio Logan earth. Visitors from outside the community come to this destination, where impressions are made and territory understood. 2 CENTRAL VIEWPOINT [force protection base] Ties which take palce at this site allow for the people to regain awareness of themselves, their environment, and their neighbors. Hiking, playing, and taking in the view provide the energy and motivation needed to undertake the role of community activists. The adjacent height with the coronado bridge equalizes power between groups.

25

3 CITIZEN-RUN back into the water which is move beyond the noise and COMMUNITY GARDEN rightfully to be accessed by the danger of the automobile. [area of interest] people of the immediately adjaGarden plots tended by resicent landform. Swimming acti- 8 PARK CAVE / EVENT CAVE dents of nearby Barrio Logan vates use by citizens of all ages [information environment] neighborhoods expose the resiand entire families. It is a gath- The cave conceals the dents to the conflict which exists ering point for all community parked cars during the day, providing a more peaceful by giving them a view of the bormembers. landscape for the members derline, and solidifies personal of both Barrio Logan and roots with the land. The walk- 6 ACTIVE REMEDIATION PARK NASSCO groups, improving able view-tower on the NW corAND VIEW lunchtime conditions and ner of the site activates new re[information environment] lationships between neighboring A previously passive, concealed interactions. By night, the community members. and abandoned remediation site cave is deserted, providing is exposed to reveal the tox- an outdoor space for group ic effects on the earth caused events and escape from the 4 TUNNEL PARK [information environment] by military presence. Allow- massive ships and cranes Barrio Logan and NASSCO into ing citizens of both Downtown that crowd the horizon. moments of collision and mutuand Barrio Logan communities al awareness. The neighboring to walk through, climb above, trolley stop gives way for both interact with opens new uncommunities to use the park, acderstandings of the issues surtivation conversation and inforrounding them. mation exchange. The dramatic exchange in landscape makes a 7 CITIZEN OWNED FOOD AND statement concerning new interWIND FARM actions and relationships. [area of influence] The members intersecting at 5 NEW BAY SWIMMING POOL this site include sailor-filled race [home station] cars, abundant fast-food driveWater is a most precious rethrus, a freeway and it’s on- and source to the area, of which all off-ramps, along with houses, access has been overtaken by post office, library and junior industrial and military infrastruchigh school. The farm intends ture which cause pollution and to shift the power of influence sickness of massive scales. The from the car to the pedestrian home station makes the first step citizen, welcoming walkers to


26

Neighbors

Neighbors

Puzzle - Housing Relationship Study San Diego


N ei g hb o rs

a

b

27 c

a b

c


S h a r e h o u s ing

Sharehousing

Communal Urban Living Barrio Logan, San Diego

As Barrio Logan enters a period of urban transformation, it’s housing should shift to small self-sufficient urban communities which act in cooperation with it’s specific environment.

SHAREHOUSING urban communal living total height: 34’

As Barrio Logan enters a period of u housing should shift to small, self-su ties which act in cooperation with it’s As Barrio Logan enters periodfor: of ur This housing should be adesign housing should shift to small, self-suf ties which act in inhabitants cooperation with it’s _diverse This housing shouldgatherings be design for: _community _edible gardens _diverse inhabitants _animal inhabitants _community gatherings _work near home _edible _future gardens growth and modificati _animal inhabitants _affordable rent _work near home Sharehousing intendsand to meet these _future growth modificatio the community, despite the inflexible _affordable rent which would make such qualities im Sharehousing intends to meet these Through the use of shared kitchens, the andcommunity, an unpaveddespite parkingthe lot,inflexible new livi which would make such qualities im lofts and community gathering spac Through the use of shared kitchens, living units: 24 livi and an number unpavedofparking lot, new (13 by buildingspace code lofts and community gathering + 11 created after buil number of living units: 24 number of spaces” (13“parking by building code + 11 created after buil total height: 34’ number of “parking spaces” b

28

LOGAN AVE.

SAMPSON ST. SAMPSON ST. As Barrio Logan enters a period of urban transformation, it’s housing should shift to small, self-sufficient urban communities which act in cooperation with it’s specific environment. This housing should be design for:

SAMPSON ST.

I-5

Stu

8 units 375 sq.

Sharehousing intends to meet these design needs for the community, despite the inflexible building code which would make such qualities impossible to meet. Through the use of shared kitchens, double ceilings, and an unpaved parking lot, new living units, sleeping lofts and community gathering spaces are created. number of living units: 24 (13 by building code definition + 11 created after building inspection)

I-5

number of “parking spaces” by code: 13 total height: 34’

LOGAN AVE.

I-5

site plan / first floor plan

LOGAN AVE.

_diverse inhabitants _community gatherings _edible gardens _animal inhabitants _work near home _future growth and modifications _affordable rent

second floor plan

site plan / first site floor plan /plan first floor plan

Fam

6 units 710 sq.

second floor plan floor plan second


VE.

Sha reho us i ng Sharehousing fosters SHAREHOUSING • diversity in people SHAREHOUSING urban living • diversity incommunal animals urban communal living and plants • community gatherings • working near home • future modifications by residents As Barrio Logan enters a period of urban transformation, it’s housing should shift to small, self-sufficient urban communiwhich act in cooperation with it’s specific environment. • affordableties Thisrent housing should be design for: LOGAN AVE. LOGAN AVE.

SAMPSON ST.

second floor plan

second floor plan

• # of living units: 24 actual/13 by building code definition • number of “parking spaces” by code: 13 • total height: 34’

enters a period of urban transformation, it’s shift to small, self-sufficient urban communicooperation with it’s specific environment. ould be design for:

F

amily

nhabitants 6 units 710 sq. ft. nity gatherings ardens

Studio 8 units 375 sq. ft.

As Barrio Logan enters a period of urban transformation, it’s As Barrio Loganhousing enters ashould periodshift of urban transformation, it’surban communito small, self-sufficient housing should ties shiftwhich to small, communiact self-sufficient in cooperationurban with it’s specific environment. ties which act inThis cooperation it’s be specific environment. housing with should design for: This housing should be design for: _diverse inhabitants _diverse inhabitants _community gatherings _community gatherings _edible gardens 8 units _edible gardens_animal inhabitants 375 sq. ft. _animal inhabitants _work near home _work near home _future growth and modifications _future growth and modifications _affordable rent _affordable rent Sharehousing intends to meet these design needs for Sharehousing intends to meet these design needs forbuilding code the community, despite the inflexible the community, despite the inflexible building codeimpossible to meet. which would make such qualities which would make such qualities impossible to meet.double ceilings, Through the use of shared kitchens, Through the useand of shared kitchens, double an unpaved parking lot, ceilings, new living units, sleeping and an unpavedlofts parking new living units, sleeping and lot, community gathering spaces are created. lofts and community gathering spaces are created. number of living units: 24 number of living units: 24(13 by building code definition (13 by building+code definition 11 created after building inspection) 6 units + 11 created after building inspection) 294 - 577 sq. ft number of “parking spaces” by code: 13 number of “parking spaces” by code: 13

Studio

SAMPSON ST.

site plan / first floor plan

e: 13

W

site plan / first floor plan

ion nspection)

W

W

3 uni 400 s

SAMPSON ST.

_diverse inhabitants Sharehousing intends to _community gatherings _edible gardens _animal inhabitants meet Barrio Logan’s design _work near home ork _future growth and modifications _affordable rent 3 units community, needs for the 400 sq. ft. (livable area) Sharehousing intends to meet these design needs for s the community, despite the inflexible building code despite the inflexible buildwhich would make such qualities impossible to meet. Through the use of shared kitchens, double ceilings, and an unpaved parking lot, new living units, sleeping ing code which lofts and would community gathering spaces are created. ork tudio number of living units: 24 S (13imposby building code definition 3 units make such qualities 8 units + 11 created 400 sq. ft. (livable area) after building inspection) 375 sq. ft. I-5 number of “parking sible to meet. Throughspaces” by code: 13 total height: 34’ the use of shared kitchens, double ceiling and an unI-5 ansformation, it’spaved parking lot, new I-5 urban communiic environment. living units, sleeping lofts and community gathering tudio S 8 units sq. ft. created. spaces375 are

n needs for ng code e to meet. e ceilings, s, sleeping created.

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8 units

8 units 375 sq. ft.

Bridge

total height: 34’

Work

3 units 400 sq. ft. (livable area)

Bridge

6 units 294 - 577 sq. ft

Work

3 units 400 sq. ft. (livable area)

total height: 34’

Family

Bridge

6 units 294 - 577 sq. ft

6 units 710 sq. ft.

Family F

amily

6 units 710 sq. ft.

Studio

Studio

6 units 710 sq. ft.

Work

3 units 400 sq. ft. (livable area)


30

S h a r e h o u s ing

Bridge

6 units 294 - 577 sq. ft


Sha reho us i ng

31


32 99W at Dartmouth St.

Re d i s c o v e r ing L andbas e

Rediscovering Landbase City of Tigard 50-Year Redevelopment Plan University of Oregon, Portland Urban Architecture

Phase 0: Issues

automobile-driven disconnect

The City of Tigard recognizes that there are problems with the current corridor-based urban structure. They are pairing with that the world’s oil supply will reach

it’s peak in the near future, forcing citUniversity of Oregon to create soies to shift from a dependence on oil to a dependence on sustainable natural lutions. Rediscovering Landbase resources within it’s own community. is a The callresulting to dramatically rethink living pattern will be one of and cooperation. allow this the locality current living systemTowhich so shift to occur in the most natural and heavily depends on outside sourcbeneficial [to all living members of the community] process, lack of interdees for even the basicthe necessities of pendence between people and people, life.people and nature, nature and building will be addressed.

2.2 Transit Oriented Development

10 year phase Phase I: 10 years future

undam and revitalize Red Rock Creek, create connector paths, puchase and localize Costco, allow multi-family/multi-use

Existing Conditions

Phase I: 10 years future

The The 99W condition is a starpreexisting Red Rock Creek is in it’s tlingpresent, expanse ofadisconnections, di2009, series of ponds broken up by parking lots and roads. In this vision, fences and wasted resourcphase Red Rock Creek is revitalized. conditions arethe merely car-centric disconnect es. AThese bridge is built to replace portionan excessive, inefficient divisions expression of the insustainability of Dartmouth St. that breaks the creekof [a view from this instance is in the the current civilized system. Asthird the photo on the left] allowing for the natural economic system of extraction flow of water and living organisms. and 25 year phase centralized everything collapses, Phase II: 25 years future replace parking with gardens, create pedestrian paths, To combat thein congestion of thebenefit flow people living cities will of people, local access roads are built, establish local markets by becoming members of the encircling theactive the 99W / Dartmouth intersection. These are 1-2 lane roadsis natural system on which the city with parallel parking acting as a buffer The resulting human living lack of resource pooling built. between car traffic and pedestrian traffic. pattern will be one of locality and inaccessible / unused resources The regional food and retail warehouse, cooperation. To allow this shift to Costco, is a landmark in the area, and occur in the most natural and benExisting Conditions will use it’s popularity to engage the eficial [to all inliving members of the community the ways of the future by The 99W condition is a startling expanse adding a level of structured parking, community] process, the lack of of disconnections, divisions, fences and greening the roof, and buying and selling between people unused and unappreciated resources. interdependence goods from local sources. These conditions are merely an expres-and people, people and nature, na- Phase III: 50 years future 50 year phase sion of the insustainability of nature our nation’s Public green spaces appear in the resi- paths web, nature flourishes, people live/exchange locally incarcerated ture and building will be addressed. dential neighborhood, along the corridor living patterns. It has been predicted FENCES BETWEEN BUILDINGS

INACCESIBLE NATURE

FENCES BETWEEN BUILDINGS

INACCESIBLE NATURE

and expand from the existing forest.


replacements are more multi-level, multiuse buildings.

the intricate web of pedestrian roads and R ed i s c o veri ng La nd b a s e 33 mixed use roads lined with multi-story

Phase phase III urban SECTION (S-2)

(P) (S-2)

(S-1)

50 year site PLAN

Phase III: Plan Light-rail alignment alternative 2 phase III urban SECTION (S-1)


34

Re d i s c o v e r ing L andbas e

are

els e for g the

city

The rves

s and ory Phase III: Perspective (P)

team / corridor massing MODEL

50 years future ILLUSTRATION mixed use buildings. Urban farms and Phase I: 10 years future gardens are plentiful, and act as community connectors.

and pedestrian traffic. Costco, the regional food and retail warehouse, is a landmark in the area, and will use it’s popularity to engage the community in the ways of the future by adding a level of structured parking, greening the roof, and buying and selling goods from local sources. Public green spaces appear in the residential neighborhood, along the corridor and expand from the existing Costco-owned forest. New buildings begin to foster readiness for change in the form of multi-leveled, multi-use structures.

The preexisting Red Rock Creek is in it’s present a series of parking lots, disconnected from human parking lots and roads. In this desires and the needs of the earth is phase Red Rock Creek is revitalized. A bridge is built to replace Phase II: 25 years future pence: between nature and people, as green spaces come back into existence the portion of Dartmouth St. that According to a more coopand are accesible, the inate human breaks the creek [a view from the erative living based building love for nature is fed; between nature instance, in photo to the left] and buildings, for without the farms and code, new housing types forest, high density buildings would not that celebrate community allowing for the natural flow of waand self-sufficiency begin attracted by the nature; and between ter and living organisms. people who form a tightly-knit community to appear amongst the sinTo combat the congestion of the working together for one common goalgle family homes. This new their home at 99W at Dartmouth St. flow of people, local access roads way of thinking gives birth are built encircling the 99W / Dartto multiple urban farming mouth intersection. These are 1-2 which replace the Elle Toman: 99W at Dartmouthprojects St. lane roads with parallel parking actonce vast fields of parking ing as a buffer between car traffic spaces with food crops and


R ed i s c o veri ng La nd b a s e people. The other parking lot replacements are more multi-level, multi-use buildings. As more pedestrians appear, trails are created within the Red Rock Creek Forest area. A pedestrian path travels through the area as an indirect route for bicyclists and walkers to travel along the flow of the 99 corridor. PhaseIII: 50 years future Due to the increase in pedestrian traffic, and the installment of a High Capacity Transit line along 99W, car traffic will have decreased from it’s peak in 2009. The HCT stop just before Dartmouth serves as a gateway for foot traffic to spill into the incricate web of pedestrian roads and mixed use roads lined with multi-story mixed use buildings. Urban farms and gardens are plentiful, and act as community connectors. The land once filled with driving cars and parking lots, disconnected from humanity and the needs of the earth is

now a fine-webbed system of interdependence, between: • nature and people- as green space and animals come back into existence and are accessible, they are more able to feed each other; • nature and buildings- all building stainably sourced from reused materials local plants and animals, valuing natural systems and flows, while excess single purposed built space eliminated; • people who form a tightly-knit community working together for one common goal- their families, earth and homes.

35


36

Acce s s o r y Dwe lling U nit

Case Study House #23 Accessory Dwelling San Unit Diego, CA

Case Study House #23 Addition

Sanearly Diego academic

work 2006

37


Sy nerg y Ho us e

37

Synergy House

Living on a Canyon Edge San Diego


38

G o l d e n V alle y Br e we r y

Golden Valley Brewery RSS Architecture, P.C. Role: Project Manager


Go l d en V a l l ey Brewery

39


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