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Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

ARC48_550

Adaptive Transformation


R301- Design criteria As stipulated in R301.3 of the 2009 International Residential Code the residence shall comply with part 3, that the masonry walls must be at a maximum height of 12 feet plus a height of floor framing to not exceed 16 inches. An additional 8 feet is permitted for gable and end walls. The primary residence meets section R301.3 as the floor to ceiling heights have been lowered to 8 feet in recent renovations.

R303.7 Required glazed openings As stipulated in R303.7 of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC2009), glazing under code requirements must open directly to a street, public alley, a yard, or a court. The residence meets this condition as the glazing opens up to the street on the Southeast face, the side yard along the East and the neighboring lot on the West.

>40% of Porch Exterior open =Sunroom

12’ MAX.

(CLEAR HEIGHT)

>7’ Height

EXIT

16” MAX.

(FLOOR HEIGHT)

R303.1 Habitable rooms As stipulated in section 303.1 of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC2009), all occupying rooms must have glazing area of more than 8 percent of the floor area of the room. Rooms shall be naturally ventilated through windows, doors, louvers or other approved openings to natural air. Openings either should perform as access or be controllable by the occupants. The area of operable openings must be at least 4 percent of the ventilated floor area. The listed exception of section R303.1 pertains to a sunroom addition which is defined as a one-story structure attached to a dwelling with a glazing area in excess of 40 percent of the gross area of the structure’s exterior walls and roof. Sunroom additions are allowed for natural ventilation if in excess of 40 percent of the exterior sunroom walls are open or enclosed only by insect screening.

ELEVATION

GLAZING AREA > 8% OF FLOOR AREA

The proposed condition of the alteration to the residence discussed in this project will meet section 303.1 as the glazing will total % of the floor area of the room. The operable openings total % of the floor area.

OPERABLE GLAZING AREA > 4% OF FLOOR AREA

FLOOR AREA

8% OF FLOOR AREA 4% OF FLOOR AREA

PLAN

CA1.00

CODE ANALYSIS


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

R304 Minimum Room Areas As stipulated in section R304 of the 2009 International Residential Code there should be a minimum of one habitable room in every home of at least 120 square feet of gross floor area. The area of other habitable rooms must be larger than 70 square feet, except for kitchens. Every wall shall be wider than 7 feet. The residence meets this condition as the porch extension is 105 square feet, which is larger than the 70 sqaure feet minimum requirement for habitable area. 310.1- Residential Group R As stipulated in section 310.1 of the 2009 International Building Code the occupancy classification of the residences discussed in this project meet an R-3 classification as a primarily permanent residence in nature. The residential occupancy does not meet group R-1, R-2, or R-4 classification as they are either transient in nature or contain multiple housing units.

Must have at least 1 habitable room that is greater than 120sqft.

ARC48_550

Zoning classification: r-1 As stipulated in the zoning classification listed in the Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009 the primary residence is located in an R1-AH high density residential area of Lawrenceville and the secondary home is located in an R1A-VH zone for a very high dense residential area. As stipulated in the Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009 the zoning requirements of a residence located in R1-AH are as follows: Min Lot Size 1,200 s.f. Min Lot Size per Unit 400 s.f. Min Front Setback 5 ft Min Rear Setback 15 ft Min Exterior Sideyard Setback 5 ft Min Interior Sideyard Setback 10 ft Max Height 40 ft (not to exceed 3 stories) Zoning Classifications Continued As stipulated in the Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009 the zoning requirements of a residence located in R1A-VH are as follows: Min Lot Size 1,200 s.f. Min Lot Size per Unit 400 s.f. Min Front Setback 5 ft Other habitable rooms Min Rear Setback 15 ft

(excluding >120fqft. room) must be greater than 70sqft.

>120sqft.

>70sqft. 7’ MIN

7’ MIN.

The primary residence located on 4627 Bancroft Street located in a R1-AH area meets the Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009 for minimum lot size, and rear and side setbacks. This residence does not meet the front lot setback as stated in the Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009. The minimum lot coverage is met as the lot is 3000 square feet total. The residence meets the requirements for rear setback as it is 50 feet. The interior sideyard setback is met as it is currently 10 feet. The front setback does not meet the zoning code as it is only 2 feet setback from the sidewalk, the minimum requirement is a 15 foot setback. The residence 148 43rd Street situated in an R1A-VH meets Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009 for minimum lot size, and front and rear setbacks but does not meet code for the interior sideyard setback. The residence meets the minimum lot coverage as it is 2400 square feet total. The front setback of the home is 10 feet which meets the minimum front setback of 5 ft. The rear setback is 20 feet which meets the minimum requirement of 15 feet. The side setback on the interior side is 5 feet which does not meet the minimum requirement for interior sideyard of 10 feet.

CODE ANALYSIS

CA1.01


Zoning Classification Continued No. 39-2009. The minimum lot coverage is met as the lot is 3000 square feet total. The residence meets the requirements for rear setback as it is 50 feet. The interior sideyard setback is met as it is currently 10 feet. The front setback does not meet the zoning code as it is only 2 feet setback from the sidewalk, the minimum requirement is a 15 foot setback. The residence 148 43rd Street situated in an R1A-VH meets Code of Ordinances for the City of Pittsburgh Ord. No. 39-2009 for minimum lot size, and front and rear setbacks but does not meet code for the interior sideyard setback. The residence meets the minimum lot coverage as it is 2400 square feet total. The front setback of the home is 10 feet which meets the minimum front setback of 5 ft. The rear setback is 20 feet which meets the minimum requirement of 15 feet. The side setback on the interior side is 5 feet which does not meet the minimum requirement for interior sideyard of 10 feet. AJ601.2 Wall and ceiling finish As stipulated in AJ601.2 of the 2009 International Building Code (IBC2009), the interior finish of walls must satisfy R302.8 Flame Spread index and Smoke-developed Index. R302.8 states that wall and ceiling finishes must have a flame index of less than 200 and smoke-developed index number of less than 450. Interior finishes must be tested with either ASTM E 84(test for surface burning characteristics of building materials) or UL23.4 (test for surface burning characteristics of flooring, floor covering, and miscellaneous materials). The existing condition of the home includes a double wythe masonry wall of a flame index of 0 which meets code AJ601.2. The modification of the residences mentioned in this project will include 5/8” gypsum board finishing material on walls and ceilings that will gain insulation. The flame index of 5/8” gypsum board is 15, which meets code AJ601.2

Exterior door

Ext.

Min. 36” landing

Int.

Section 602.3 As stipulated in 602.3 of the 2009 International Building Code Section the residences discussed in this project follow Type III building classification. The exterior of the building must be constructed of masonry walls which are noncombustible and the interior of the building must meet code. The fire-rating of the exterior baring walls must be at least 2 hours. The construction has to follow a brick and joist structure that has masonry load bearing walls. The floors and other structural framework are made of wood or of another combustible material. The residences meet section 602.3 as the exterior construction is noncombustible masonry with a fire-rating of at least two hours. The interior construction is composed of lumber joists and studs. As stipulated in section 602 of the International Building Code the fire rating resistance is classified as “B” since all the structural member are un-protected and have no additional fire rated coating of cover. The residences are classified as “B” construction due to the lack of fire rating cover on interior structural members. R311- Means of egress As stipulated in R311.1 of the 2009 International Residential Code all stairways, ramps, and exits shall comply with criteria governing means of egress for the projects described in this document. A continuous and unobstructed path of vertical and horizontal egress travel from the interior to the exterior of the dwelling must be provided. As stipulated in section R311.2 of the 2009 International Residential Code at least one egress door is provided in the existing residences as described in this document. The door complies with a side-hinged that provides a minimum clear width of 32 inches. The door opens 90 degrees and is at least 78 inches in height from the top of the threshold to the bottom. As written in section R311.3 the residence complies with proper floor landings at exterior doors provided that the landing is a flat slope and is 36 inches in the direction of travel.

Min. 36” landing

Continuous and unobstructed circulation between ext. and int. throughout the house

Porch

Living Room

Kitchen

Dining Room Half fBBath

CA1.02

CODE ANALYSIS


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

R311.8.1 Means of Egress- Ramp As stipulated in section R311.8.1 of the 2009 International Residential Code, the maximum slope of a ramp shall be 1 vertical to 12 horizontal units (8.3 percent slope).

HANDRAIL DIAMETER 1.25” < x < 2”

The ramp defined between the living room extension and the existing living room with a height differential of 4” meets code R311.8.1 as it slopes 4 vertical inches over 48 horizontal inches which is calculated at 8.3 percent slope. R311.7.7.3 Means of Egress- Grip Size As stipulated in section R311.7.7.3 of the 2009 International Residential Code a handrail must meet the graspability requirements in either a circular or non-circular form. A circular cross section shall have an outside diameter between the dimensions of 11/4 inches (32 mm) and 2 inches (51 mm). A non-circular railing shall have a perimeter dimension between 4 inches (102 mm) and 61/4 inches (160 mm) with a maximum cross section of dimension of 21/4 inches (57 mm). The railing provided in the residence meets section R311.7.7.3 as it is 2” x .5” rectalinear. R 312.2 Guard- height As stipulated in Section R312.2 of the 2009 International Residential Code, a guard is required along an open-sided walking surface such as a stairway, ramp, or landing that is located more than 30 inches (762 mm) measured in the vertical direction.

ARC48_550

x

a a+b+c+d = y b PERIMETER 4” < y < 6.25” d c

N1101.4 Building thermal envelope insulation As stipulated in N1101.4 of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC2009), for insulation pieces that have a width larger than 12 inches (305mm) shall have R-value identification mark indicated by the manufacturer. The insulation installer should indicate certification, manufacturer type, and R-values of the installations, and he/she must sign, date, and post the certificate at the installation site. The addition of insulation within the homes specified in this project include Owens Corning Pink 12 in. x 16-1/4 in. x 4 ft. R38 Fiberglass Insulation and Super Tuff R13 2 in. 4 ft. x 8 ft. Polyisocyanurate Rigid Foam Insulation are clearly marked on the product. The installer of the insulation will sign the certificated required of code N1101.4 upon installation of the product in the residences mentioned in this project.

A guard will be provided along the 4” vertical ramp located between the addition and existing living room of the residence discussed in this project at 36” above the finished surface. Along the front entrance step sequence of the residence a guard will be constructed 36” above the finished surface in order to meet section R312.2.

N1102.1 Insulation and fenestration criteria As stipulated in N1102.1 of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC2009), the building thermal envelope shall meet the requirements of Table N1102.1 based on the climate zone specified in this table. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is within climate zone 5 and requires insulation values of U value .35 for fenestration and U value of .60 for skylights. The ceiling must be at least R38 and the masonry walls must meet an R13 insulation value.

R312.3 Guard- Opening limitations. As stipulated in section R312.3 of the 2009 International Residential Code guards shall not have any openings that allow a 4 inch diameter sphere to pass through.

The existing conditions of the homes discussed in this project do not meet the floor and wall insulation requirements stated in code N1102.1. The proposed adaptation of the specified homes and addition of insulation of R13 2” rigid foam insulation to the walls and R38 12” fiberglass insulation to the basement ceiling and the second floor ceiling will meet code N1102.1

Exceptions: 1. The triangular openings at the open side of a stair, formed by the riser, tread and bottom rail of a guard, shall not allow passage of a sphere 6 inches (153 mm) in diameter.

x

Climate Zone 5 Fenestration U Factor: .35 Skylight U Factor: .60 Ceiling R Value: 38 Wood Frame Wall R Value: 19 or 13 + 5 Mass Wall R Value: 13 Floor R Value: 30t Basement Wall R Value: 10/13 Slab R Value and Depth: 10, 2ft Crawl Space Wall R Value: 10/13

36”

12

1

1:12 OR 8.3% SLOPE

CODE ANALYSIS

CA1.03


02 SITE CONSTRUCTION

06110-06 2”x 12”x 4’7” Lumber Quantity 4 to be used in awning sub-frame (Material Product information same as 06110-05)

04 MASONRY

06110-07 2”x 12”x 4’4 3/16” Lumber Quantity 2 to be used for awning sub-frame (Material Product information same as 06110-05)

02250 - Shoring and Underpinning 02250-01 Shoring for brick façade 04060 - Masonry Mortar 04080 - Masonry Anchorage and Reinforcement 04081 - Masonry Anchorage

05 METALS

05120 - Structural Steel 05120-01 Steel lintel

06 WOODS AND PLASTICS 06110 - Wood Framing 06110-01

4”x 4”x 7’8” Lumber Quantity 4 to be used for columns in porch framing system Can be purchased from big box store Manufacturer: Millstead Wood Species: Southern Yellow Loblolly Pine Actual Depth/Thickness : 3.5 in Assembled Depth (in.) : 144 in Assembled Height (in.) : 4 in Assembled Width (in.) : 4 in Item Weight : 54.4 lb Paint Type Recommended : Oil Based & Latex Plywood Type : Plywood Sheathing Pressure Treated : Yes MFG Model # : 258132 MFG Part # : 258132

06110-02 4”x 4”x 5’6” Lumber Quantity 3 to be used for columns on top of the 2.5’of brick (Material Product information same as 06110-01) 06110-03 4”x 4”x 14’ Lumber Quantity 2 to be used for beam in porch framing system (Material Product information same as 06110-01) 06110-04 4” x 4”x 7’ 3 ½” Lumber Quantity 2 to be used for beam in porch framing system (Material Product information same as 06110-01) 06110-05 2”x 12” x 10’ Lumber Quantity 4 to be used in awning main frame Can be purchased from big box store Manufacturer: Millstead Wood Species: Spruce and Lodgepole Pine Actual Depth/Thickness : 1.5 in Assembled Depth (in.) : 192 in Assembled Height (in.) : 1.5 in Assembled Width (in.) : 11.25 in Item Weight : 52.1 lb Paint Type Recommended : Oil Based & Latex Pressure Treated : No MFG Model # : 212SE.16 MFG Part # : 212SE.16

SP1.00

06110-08 2” x 6” x 4’7” Lumber Quantity 10 to be used for awning sub frame Can be purchased from big box store Manufacturer: Millstead Actual Depth/Thickness : 1.5 in Assembled Depth (in.) : 1.5 in Assembled Height (in.) : 5.5 in Assembled Width (in.) : 5.5 in Nominal Length : 120 in Item Weight : 18.33 lb Paint Type Recommended : Oil Based & Latex Pressure Treated : No MFG Model # : 161721 MFG Part # : 161721 06110-09 2” x 6” x 4’4 3/16” Lumber Quantity 5 to be used for awning sub frame (Material Product information same as 06110-08) 06110-10 2” x 6” x 6’8½” Lumber Quantity 4 for window frame along western face of porch (Material Product information same as 06110-08) 06110-11 2” x 6” x 5’5 Lumber Quantity 6 for window frame along western face of porch (Material Product information same as 06110-08) 06110-12 2” x 6” x 4’11” Lumber Quantity 2 for window frame along eastern face of porch (Material Product information same as 06110-08) 06110-13 2” x 6” x 4’6” Lumber Quantity 2 for window frame along eastern face of porch (Material Product information same as 06110-08) 06110-14 2” x 4” x 16’ Lumber Quantity 16 for trellis structure on porch Can be purchased from big box store Manufacturer: Millstead Actual Depth/Thickness : 1.5 in Assembled Depth (in.) : 1.5 in Assembled Height (in.) : 3.5 in Nominal Length : 192 in Item Weight : 29.328 lb Paint Type Recommended : Oil Based & Latex Pressure Treated : No MFG Model # : 161683 MFG Part # : 161683

SPECIFICATIONS: CSI DESIGNATED MATERIAL ANNOTATION LEGEND


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

06110-15 2” x 4” x 7’8” Lumber Quantity 6 for outswing door frame Can be purchased from big box store Manufacturer: Millstead Actual Depth/Thickness : 1.5 in Assembled Depth (in.) : 1.5 in Assembled Height (in.) : 3.5 in Nominal Length : 120 in Item Weight : 18.33 lb Paint Type Recommended : Oil Based & Latex Pressure Treated : No MFG Model # : 161659 MFG Part # : 161659 06110-16 2” x 4” x 10’ 7 3/4” Lumber Quantity 1 for porch railing Can be purchased from Home Depot in East Liberty Manufacturer: Millstead Actual Depth/Thickness : 1.5 in Assembled Depth (in.) : 1.5 in Assembled Height (in.) : 3.5 in Nominal Length : 144 in Item Weight : 22.0 lb Paint Type Recommended : Oil Based & Latex Pressure Treated : No MFG Model # : 161667 MFG Part # : 161667 06110-17 2” x 4” x 4.4’ Lumber Quantity 1 for porch railing (Material Product information same as 06110-15) 06110-18 2” x 4” 4.8’ Lumber Quantity 1 for porch railing (Material Product information same as 06110-15) 06110-19 2”x 4” x 2.6’ Lumber Quantity 1 for porch railing (Material Product information same as 06110-15) 06110-20 2” x 4” x 3’ Lumber Quantity 1 for porch railing (Material Product information same as 06110-15) 06110-21 .5” x .5”’ x 1.9’ Lumber Quantity 34 for post railing 06110-22 4” x 4” x 2.4’ Lumber Quantity 3 for post railing (Material Product information same as 06110-01) 06110-23 2” x 4” x 7’11 1/2” Lumber For spacer between the brick and insulation (Material Product information same as 06110-15) 06110-24 2” x 4” x 5’6” Sidelight glazing frame

ARC48_550

07 THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION

07210 - Building Insulation 07210-01 2” Polyurethane Rigid Foam Insulation QUANTITY Can be purchased from Home Depot in East Liberty Manufacturer: Super Tuff Assembled Depth (in.) : 2 in Assembled Height (in.) : 96 in Assembled Width (in.) : 48 in Coverage Area (sq. ft.) : 32 ft² R Value : 13.0 MFG Model # : 1361 MFG Part # : 1361 07210-02

12 in. x 24 in. x 4 ft. R38 Batt Fiberglass Insulation Can be purchased from Home Depot in East Liberty 64 sq. ft. coverage area Assembled Depth (in.) : 48 in Assembled Height (in.) : 12 in Item Weight : 36 lb Vapor Retardent : Yes MFG Model # : 488462 MFG Part # : E57

07240 - Exterior Insulation and Finish System 07240-01 DAP 10.1 oz. Alex Plus All-Purpose Caulk (12-Pack) Can be purchased from Home Depot in East Liberty Latex and silicone formulation accommodates seasonal expansion and contraction Can be used inside or outdoors on a variety of surfaces Can be painted or stained Mold- and mildew resistant Applies easily with a standard caulking gun Cleans easily with soap and water MFG Model # : 7079818656 MFG Part # : 7079818656 07715 - Gutter and Downspout Accessories 07715-01 Amerimax 16 ft. Aluminum Gutter Can be purchased from Home Depot in East Liberty Heavy-weight, rust-free aluminum construction for durability low maintenance Assembled Depth (in.) : 192 in Assembled Height (in.) : 3.5 in Assembled Width (in.) : 5 in Item Weight : 3.92 lb MFG Model # : 2600200192 MFG Part # : 2600200192 07715-02 Water bottle rainwater collector 07715-03 Metal channel clip to attach gutter to brick

SITE CONTEXT: EXISTNG ASSESTS AND LIABILITIES

SC1.01


08 DOORS AND WINDOWS

08210 - Wood Frames 08210-01 3’ 1-5/8” W x 6’ 10” Architectural Rectangle Hinged Door H-400 Quantity 1 for front elevation 08350 - Folding Doors and Grilles 08350-01 3’-2 ¼” x 6’ 10” Anderson Outswing Folding Door Two Panel 2L Quantity 1 for front elevation 8350-02 3’-2 ¼” x 6’ 10” Anderson Outswing Folding Door Two Panel 2R Quantity 1 for front elevation 08550 - Wood Windows 08550-01 5’-4 13/16” x 4’ Andersen casement window 400c255 Quantity 2 for west elevation 08550-02 5’ -4 13/16” x 2’ -4 3/8”Andersen casement window 400cw155 Quantity 2 for west elevation 08550-03 4’- 4 13/16” x 2’ – 4 3/8” Anderson casement window 400cw145 Quantity 2 for east elevation 08550-04 1’ x 4’4 13/16” Anderson casement picture window 400Ptr 4510 Quantity 6 along roof of porch 08550-05 1’8 ½” x 4’ 4 13/16” Anderson awning window 400an451 Quantity 6 along roof of porch 08870- Plastic Glazing 08870-01 5’- 4 1/2” x 8 7/8” Sidelight glazing Quantity 2 08870-02 3’-1 1/4” x 8 7/16” Transom glazing above front door Quantity 2

09 FINISHES

09250 - Gypsum Board 09250-01 Gold Bond® 8 ft. x 4 ft. x 5/8 in. Fire Shield Gypsum Board Can be purchased from Home Depot in East Liberty Assembled Depth (in.) : 96 in Assembled Height (in.) : .625 in Assembled Width (in.) : 48 in Item Weight : 70.46 lb Type x core for fire resistance Durable and easy to repair Easy to paint over, add texture to or wallpaper GREENGUARD Children & Schools Certified MFG Model # : GB99500800 MFG Part # : GB99500800

SP1.02

SPECIFICATIONS: CSI DESIGNATED MATERIAL ANNOTATION LEGEND

09051-Fasteners 09051-01 8 x 3/4 The Hillman Group Flat Phillips Wood Screws Item #: 57231 | Model #: 490012 09051-02 8 x 1/2 The Hillman Group Flat Phillips Wood Screws 09051-03 Stanley-National Hardware Double Wide Corner Brace Item #: 66938 | Model #: MP121BC 09051-04 Jamb clip flat Quantity 34 09051-05 Andersen auxiliary casing 09051-06 Andersen aluminum reinforced join Quantity 3 09051-07 Andersen exterior trim strip Quantity 3 09051-08 Andersen casing Quantity 3 09051- 09 1/4” X 1- 3/8” The Hillman Group Flat Head Sleeve Anchor 09051-10 5 x 1-1/2 The Hillman Group Flat Head Phillips Wood Screws


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

ARC48_550

EXISTING SITE CONDITIONS 1

2

3

1. Large South-facing windows maximize sun exposure in winter months 1. Porch oriented for optimal solar access 2. Neighboring home blocks West / South-west winds in winter 3. Large roof area for rainwater catchment

+ ASSETS

4

5

4. Poor insulation causes high heat bills in winter 5. Building is shaded by neighboring home along Western facade 5. Roof of porch blocks sunlight in winter months

- LIABILITIES

+3 +3

+1

-5

+1

SITE CONTEXT: EXISTNG ASSESTS AND LIABILITIES

SC1.00


SUN STUDIES OF ADAPTIVE TRANSFORMATION

Using the available sun along the existing southwest porch our adaptive transformation allows sun to penetrate to the living area. By encasing the porch in glass the living space can be extended to the front of the home and can integrate the porch culture year round. Passive heating strategies can be utilized through the winter to lower heating costs and maxmize daylight. These series of sun studies show the sun and shading conditions through various months of the year at 9am, 12pm, and 3pm. In the winter months the living space can maximize the available sunlight and in the summer months the living space is shaded through the trellis structure and plantings.

SC1.01

SITE CONTEXT: SUN STUDIES


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

ARC48_550

PROPOSAL: RAIN MANAGEMENT FRONT ROOF Rainwater shed: 10.720 gallons / year

BACK ROOF Rainwater shed: 13,080 gallons / year

22

?

15

11 F

T

FT

6S

16

T QF

15

? Total area of roof: 1,010 sq.ft. Pittsburgh annual rainfall: 37.86â&#x20AC;? TOTAL WATER COLLECTION 23,800 gallons / year 22 waterbottles x 20oz ea. = 440oz = 3.4 gallons

FT

The current situation and materials used on the site do not allow for effective rain water management. The concrete driveway and backyard make it impossible to manage rain water. Adding a rain garden in the backyard will minimize the water runoff during a storm and allows for better infiltration. Using a bottle rain gutter collector will allow the resident to collect water that can be used for upkeep fo the front garden.

SITE CONTEXT: GENERAL SITE MODIFICATIONS

SC1.02


RAIN GARGEN The rain garden will help to manage rainwater run off by increasing the amount of water that infiltrates into the ground on the lot. It will also serve to enhance the visual appeal of the immediate outdoor environment

downspout

BERN 10â&#x20AC;&#x2122; away from foundation

SOIL TEST It is important to know the soil type exists in the lot becasue different soil takes different amount of time to aborb water. The 3 types are sandy, silty or clayey: sandy soil has the fastest infiltration; clayey soil has the slowest.

Size of Rain Garden relative to roof area for different soil types Sand Silt Clay % of Roof Area

SC1.03

20%

SITE CONTEXT: GENERAL SITE MODIFICATIONS

30%

60%


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

ARC48_550

RAIN GARDEN SIZE & PLACEMENT Determine the rain garden size base on the size of the drainage area. In doring so, residents will have to opproximate the size of their roof. We have situated the rain garden in the back of the house, since two third of the rain will be feeding the back downspout. And we have estimated that the roof area ia 666 sf. Requirements include that the garden must be placed at least ten feet from the foundation. The rain garden area is based on both the soil type and depth of the rain garden basin. The garden will be 3”-5” (required for silty soil as found ont he site). It will be placed fifteen feet back from the house and have a total area of 166 sq.ft.

BERN LOT SLOPE IS LESS THAN 4%, RAIN GARDEN NEEDS TO BE 3-5” DEEP

<30’ from downspout but 10’ away from foundation

SITE CONTEXT: GENERAL SITE MODIFICATIONS

SC1.04


PLANT TYPES Native planting types options for shaded conditions in western Pennsylvania include: Blue Eyed Grass, Marginal Wood Fern, Rosebay, Silky Dogwood, Bur Sedge and Virginia Wild Rye.

$

SC1.04

COST Creating a rain garden can potentially cost very minimally if the resident invite their friends and relatives to help the construction of it. It could ptentially be a fun bonding activitiy.

SITE CONTEXT: GENERAL SITE MODIFICATIONS

Construction Design Planting Plants Total Cost

$3 / sq. fit. $1 / sq. fit. $3-4 / sq. fit. $2.5 - 4.5 / sq. ft. $11-13 / sq. ft.


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

ARC48_550

RAINDROPS SYSTEM The Raindrop gutter water bottle system is an affordable way to collect rainwater using standard water bottles. Bottles can be attached and detached as needed the UV rays from the run helps eliminate pathogenic microorganisms that cause disease, allowing the collected water to be used for washing hands and watering plants. There are two types of caps that can be interchangable, one to water plants or wash hands and the other to allow the bottle to be attached to the gutter system.

RAINWATER

UV PLASTIC WATER BOTTLE GUTTER

07715-01 RECYCLED PLASTIC WATER BOTTLE

CAP AND ATTACHMENT OPTIONS

SITE CONTEXT: GENERAL SITE MODIFICATIONS

SC1.05


SITE MODIFICATION

Selecitve excavaton of site for plaement of rain garden system

SD1.00

SELECTIVE DEMOLITION: DIAGRAMS


Pittsburgh Program for the Adaptive Transformation of Community Housing

ARC48_550

Shingle

Underlayment Sheathing

Joist Fascia

Exterior Brick Wall

Double Brick Wall

Facade

Exterior Brick Wall

PORCH MODIFICATION

Selective demolition of existing structure for insertion of proposed design

Steps

Concrete Pavement Exterior Brick Wall

SELECTIVE DEMOLITION: DIAGRAMS

SD1.01


Design