ADSI DICTIONARY A Algorithm: A set of well-defined rules for solving a problem. A software program is the transcript programming language, an algorithm. ASCII: (American Standard Code for Information Interchange, American normed Code for Information Interchange) character set, letters and symbols used in all computer systems of any country and language. Allows a common basis for communication. Includes normal Spanish alphabet letters, except for the accented letter 単 and all.
B Backup: It becomes possible to prevent loss of information. Banner: Commercial Notice that occupies part of a Web page, usually located on the top center part. By clicking on it, the rider can reach the advertiser's site. BIOS: Basic Input / Output System: Basic system entry / exit data. Set of procedures that controls the flow of data between the operating system and devices such as hard disk, video card, keyboard, mouse and printer. Bit: Abbreviation for binary digit (bit). The bit is the smallest storage in a binary system within a computer unit. Boot (booting): load the operating system of a computer. Bps: bits per second. Buffer: An area of memory used to store data temporarily during a working session Boolean: symbolic logic that is used to express the relationship between mathematical terms. Its rationale can be extended to analyze the relationship between words and phrases. The two most common symbols are AND (y) and OR (or). Browser: A program for exploring the World Wide Web. Some of the best known are Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Explorer. Bus: common bond; common conductor; via interconnect. Method of interconnecting devices using a single shared line. In a bus topology each node is connected to a common cable. Hub is required on a network with bus topology. Byte: A unit of information used by computers. Each byte is composed of eight bits.
C Cache: a browser, the cache stores copies of frequently accessed documents, so that in the future appear more quickly.
CD-ROM: Compact Disk - Read Only Memory. Compact disc read-only. It has a storage capacity of up to 650 megabytes, much larger than a diskette. Chat: Internet service that allows two or more users to chat online through the keyboard.... Command: statement that a user gives the operating system the computer to perform a certain task. Cookie: small text file that a Web site places on the hard drive of a computer that visits. At the same time, collects information about the user. Accelerates site navigation. Their use is controversial because it threatens the privacy of users. CPU: Central Processing Unit Central Processing Unit. It is the processor that contains the logic circuits that perform the instructions on the computer. C#: Pronounced "see sharp." C# is an object-oriented language for programming applications based on the Microsoft.NET platform. C# supports XML and SOAP. C++: C++ is a widely used, complex, object-oriented programming language that is an extension of the C language. . CSS: Cascading Stylesheets (CSS) is a W3C recommendation for adding style to Web documents. When a CCS is attached to a document, it defines how the document is displayed or printed.
D Database: A collection of data organized in such a way that is easy to access, manage and update. Data: entry Process input data to a computer for processing. Debugging: correction of errors or bugs. Directory: group of related files are stored under one name. Disk Cache: small portion of RAM that stores recently read data, which speeds up future access to the same data. Download: Transfer of information from the Internet to a computer.
Dynamic HTML: variant of HTML (Hyper TextMark-up Language) that allows create animated web pages.
E Emulation: reconciliation process between computers using a software. Encrypt: expressing protect content files in an encrypted language. Single encrypted languages ??consist, for example, replacement of letters with numbers. Ethernet: Ethernet was developed at PARC involving 3Com founder Robert Metcalfe is a set of standars for network infrastructure. In addition to defining the physical media and Ethernet connections define how data is transmitted. Extranet: part of an intranet access available to customers and other users outside the company.
F FAQ: The most common (and answered) questions about the main theme of a website. Firewall: A computer that runs special software used to prevent unauthorized access to the network users. All network traffic must first go through the firewall computer. FTP: The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is used for exchanging files over the Internet.
G Gateway: A device used to connect different types of operating environments. Typically used to connect LANs to minicomputers or mainframes. GIF: Graphic Interchange Format. Widely used graphic format on the WWW.
H Hard Drive: rotating storage media in the form of circular plate coated with a magnetic film. Data is recorded in concentric tracks on film. Hosting: Service offered by some providers that offer their customers (individuals or companies) a space on their server for hosting a website. Hypertext: texts linked together. Clicking the mouse the user moves from one text to another, linked to above.
HTML: The HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a programming language used to display hypertext content on the World Wide Web. HTML makes use of markup symbols inserted in a file that tell a Web browser how to display the data and images in the file. HTTP: The HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a protocol for transferring files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the World Wide Web; a Web browser acts as an HTTP client to request files from a Web server. HTTP runs on top of the TCP/IP suite of Internet protocols.
I Interface: transition element or connection that facilitates the exchange of data. The keyboard, for example, is an interface between the user and the computer. Internet: is generally defined as the worldwide web. Networks that are part of this network can communicate with each other through a protocol called TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol). It was conceived in the late 1960s by the Department of Defense of the United States; more precisely, by the ARPA. Arpanet was called first and was designed to meet research functions. Its use became popular after the creation of the WWW. It is now a public space used by millions of people around the world as a tool for communication and information. Intranet: Intranets are corporate networks that use Internet protocols and tools. Its appearance is similar to the websites. If this network is in turn connected to the Internet, is generally protected by firewalls. IP: Internet Protocol. ISO: The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a network of standards institutes from 148 countries with the goal of promoting international standards for business, government, and society. ISP: Internet Service Provider.
L LAN: Local Area Network: This is a data communication network geographically limited, for example, a company. Link: image or highlighted text, by underlining or color, which leads to another section of the document or another website.
M MPEG: The Moving Pictures Expert Group develops standards for digital video and audio compression. It is sponsored by the ISO.
N Network: A computer network is a data communication system that interconnects computer systems located in different places. It may be composed of different combinations of different types of networks.
O Online: State found a computer when connected directly to the network through a device such as a modem. Operating system: program that manages all other programs on a computer OSI: (Open Systems Interconnection) standard for universal communication protocols.
P PDF: Portable Document Format. File format a printed document that captures and reproduces in its original appearance. The PDF files created with Acrobat. Pixel: A combination of "picture" and "element". Minimum graphic element that composing images on a computer screen. Plug-in: A program that can be installed and used as part of navegador.Un example is Macromedia's Shockwave, which enables play sounds and animations.
Portal: web site that serves as a starting point for browsing the Internet. Portals offer a wide range of services: list of web sites, news, email, weather, chat, newsgroups (discussion groups) and electronic commerce. In many cases the user can customize the portal. Some of the best known are Altavista, Yahoo!, Netscape and Microsoft. Programming language: writing system for the accurate description of algorithms or software. Protocol: A set of formal rules describing how data is transmitted, especially through the network. Low level protocols define the electrical and physical standards to be observed, whereas higher level protocols define
R Resolution: maximum number of pixels that you see on a screen. Two examples:. 800 x 600 and 640 x 480 / On a printer, resolution is the quality of the reproduced image and is measured in dpi. Router: A device that directs traffic between networks and is able to determine the most efficient paths, ensuring high performance.
S Search (Search Engine, search engine): A tool that allows you to place content on the Web, looking fit through Boolean keyword. Server: a central computer network system that provides services and programs to other connected computers. System that provides resources (eg, file servers, name servers). In Internet this term is used very often to describe those systems that provide information to users of the network. Software: General term for the various kinds of programs used in computing. Spam: unsolicited email. It is considered unethical because the recipient pays for being connected to the Internet. Speech recognition: ability of a program to interpret words spoken aloud or execute a verbal command. SQL: The Structured Query Language (SQL) is a language for querying a relational database to search for and process information. SSL: Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is the ubiquitous transport security mechanism that permits private communications between a browser and a Web server. The standard leverages public/private key encryption for an initial "handshake" that positively identifies the server using
a digital certificate and passing a shared secret key used to encrypt the rest of the communications between client and server.
T TCP / IP: Transfer Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. It is the protocol used on the Internet Topology: The "form" of the network. Three predominant types of technologies: Bus, Star and Ring.
U UML: The Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a software industry standard for graphically visualizing, designing, constructing, and documenting software systems. The UML specification is maintained by the Object Management Group (OMG). Use case: A use case is a Unified Modeling Language (UML) diagram type designed to capture the interaction of any person or external device with the system under design. Use cases are frequently developed in collaborations between software developers and other project stakeholders who will not go on to participate in the actual coding, such as users of the proposed system.
W W3C: According to their Web site, "The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was created to lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its interoperability. W3C has around 400 Member organizations from all over the world and has earned international recognition for its contributions to the growth of the Web." WAP: (Wireless Access Protocol) is a protocol used to enable Internet access on small wireless devices such as mobile phones. WAP uses WML (Wireless Markup Language) instead of HTML.
Website: one of the pages that make up a WWW site. A website brings together a set of related pages. A home page is called "home page". WML: The Wireless Markup Language (WML) is an XML-based markup language used by WAP (Wireless Access Protocol) to allow Internet connectivity on wireless devices such as mobile phones. World Wide Web: The multimedia part of the Internet, which involves the insertion of hypertext and graphics. Ie resources created in HTML and its derivatives. Is global information system developed in 1990 by Robert Cailliau and Tim Berners-Lee at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) which was the basis for the explosive popularity of Internet since 1993.
X XHTML: Xtensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) reformulates HTML 4.0 as an XML 1.0 application and is predicted to be the successor of HTML. XHTML is similar to HTML 4.0 and will be easy for current HTML developers to learn and use. Unlike HTML pages, XHTML pages display in all kinds of browsers including those on non-PC platforms such as mobile phones, palm devices, automobiles, etc. XMI: (XML Metadata Interchange) is a part of the UML specification maintained by the OMG that describes a method for software tools to save UML models in a common format, enabling users to share models even if they do not all use the same UML applications. XML: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) is a platform-, software- and hardwareindependent tool for storing, carrying, and exchanging information. A simplified version of SGML, XML is a meta-language, i.e., a language for defining other languages, which programmers can use to develop a language suited to the unique needs of a particular industry, application, etc. XML and HTML complement each other in that XML describes data and HTML displays data.