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Eliza’s Fish ID Project ☺


Title: Saltwater/Marine fish

Species # 1

Common Name: Tiger Fish Scientific Name: Holothuria argus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class:

Order: Aspidochurotida

Holothuroidea

Family: Curculionoidea

Geography / Habitat: Found in many rivers and lakes in Africa. They also like to hang around the banks of the rivers. Life Strategy: They have an unusual ability to lock their dorsal fin onto another object so they can’t be pulled out of a hiding spot. Food / Feed Strategy: They have sharp outward pointing teeth designed for eating sea urchins and other invertebrates.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.petplace.com/fish/top-20-saltwater-fish/page1.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tigerfish


Title : Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #2

Common Name: Box Fish/ Trunk Fish Scientific Name: Tetrosomus gibbosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Ostraciidae

Geography / Habitat: Found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and usually around middle Latitudes

Life Strategy: They release a toxin when they get frightened or aggravated. They swim in a rowing manner. Also have heavy armored scales for protection. Those scales also cause them to swim slower.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on small crustaceans and some greens.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_fish


Title : Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species # 3

Common Name: Butterfly Fish Scientific Name: Chaetodon ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chaetodontidae

Geography / Habitat: Found normally near coral reefs. Usually on the coast of the Americas.

Life Strategy: At night, butterflyfish settle into dark crevices, and their brilliant colors and markings fade to blend with the reef background

Food / Feed Strategy: They poke their snouts into the reef searching for polyps, worms, and other invertebrate.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style :Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/butterflyfish/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species # 4

Common Name: Lionfish Scientific Name: Pterois antennata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: Lionfish have been found in the Gulf of Mexico and the East Coast of the Caribbean, but are more common for aquarium trade. They like to live in reefs or other rocky areas.

Life Strategy: When they get scared or feel the need to defend themselves the Lionfish will deliver a venom from its needle like dorsal fin. Its extremely painful to humans and can cause nausea and problems breathing but it is rare for it to be fatal.

Food / Feed Strategy: The lionfish is very patient with its food. It is a carnivore so when it finds its prey it waits for the perfect time to strike and sometimes disguises itself by raising its fins on the side.

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species#5

Common Name: Blennies Scientific Name: Stephanolepis hispidus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Monacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: Can be found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and are usually around lagoons or seaweed.

Life Strategy: They have a long spine that can be locked into place. They also can use this to defend themselves.

Food / Feed Strategy: Their diet naturally consists of algae and marine polyps.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filefish


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species#6

Common Name: Grouper Scientific Name: Anyperodon leucogrammicus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: Can be found in a lot of places, one being in warm seas. Some can be also found in Florida. They tend to be in discrete areas.

Life Strategy: These fish often have large mouths. Some types of grouper are known for changing their color pattern.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed predominantly at dusk and dawn Nassau Grouper even rely on cannibalism. Some grouper spend their time being the prey instead of the predator.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Epinephelus_striatus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species#7

Common Name: Goatfish Scientific Name: Mulloidichthys vanicolensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Mullidae

Geography / Habitat: Most goatfish are found in reefs in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Ocean. Can also be found around seaweed and other rocky areas.

Life Strategy: These fish sometimes change their color pattern to blend in with other fish to hide when they feel threatened. They also like traveling in schools.

Food / Feed Strategy: Goat fish are tireless benthic eater and use their whiskers coming from their chins to go through the sediments in search of a meal

Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goatfish


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Flounder Scientific Name: Bothus lunatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Bothidae

Geography / Habitat: Found in the West Atlantic. Live in clear oceanic waters. Almost always on rocky or sandy bottoms, sometimes being found in coral reefs.

Life Strategy: Flounder usually mate right before dusk. They approach each other with their pectoral fin out, then arch their back and touch snouts.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish feed on other benthic organisms. They also feed on French grunts and Sharp nose Puffers.

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform • Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Bothus_lunatus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #:9

Common Name: Atlantic Salmon Scientific Name: Salmo salar Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: The salmon is native to the North Atlantic and can be found from anywhere from the Artic Circle to Portugal. There are many Salmon who live in freshwater for the first few years of their life then migrate to the Ocean or Seas.

Life Strategy: Reproduction for these fish happens usually around April. They always return to where they were born for their Spawning.

Food / Feed Strategy: Atlantic Salmon usually eat the larvae from aquatic insects such as black flies, stoneflies, caddie flies, and chironomids.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Salmo_salar/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #:10

Common Name: King Mackeral Scientific Name: Scomberomorus cavalla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography / Habitat: King Mackerel are found both onshore and offshore. Most times around piers but sometimes you’ll find them fairly deep in the ocean.

Life Strategy: Depending on size a female may shed from 50,000 to several million eggs over the spawning season. Fertilized eggs hatch in about 24 hours

Food / Feed Strategy: King Mackerel feed both on smaller squid and smaller fish also.

• Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_mackerel


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 11

Common Name: Sunfish Scientific Name: Mola mola Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Molidae

Geography / Habitat: Are found worldwide. Normally in the open ocean they will sometimes venture off into kelp beds and coral reefs so other fish will clean parasites and other things off of them.

Life Strategy: Not much is known about the reproduction of sunfish. It is thought to be between April and August. During that time female sunfish are estimated to lay 300 million eggs each breeding season.

Food / Feed Strategy: Sun fish feed mainly on jelly fish and zooplankton. They also are known to eat invertebrates such as mollusks.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mola_mola/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #:12

Common Name: Mahi Mahi Scientific Name: Coryphaena hippurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Coryphaenidae

Geography / Habitat: The Mahi-Mahi fish is found in off-shore temperate and tropical waters worldwide, usually in the open waters.

Life Strategy: These fish are one of the fastest growing fish in the world. They normal life span is 4-5 years. If a Mahi Mahi gets over 40 lbs its considered an exceptional fish.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Mahi-Mahi feeds on smaller fish most times flying fish. These fish feed mostly during the day time and near the surface.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.ehow.com/facts_7165085_do-mahi-mahi-fish-eat_.html


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 13

Common Name: Asian Seabass Scientific Name: Lates calcarifer Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Latidae

Geography / Habitat: these fish are native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans. These fish are born in freshwater and migrate to saltwater. They also spend most of their time not on but very close to the bottom. Life Strategy: Migrate to the saltwater for reproductive reasons. Are rather large fish growing over two meters. Usually reproduce during a full moon so the eggs wash up close to shore. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are opportunistic predators. They eat copepods and Juvenile fish under 40mm.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lates_calcarifer/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #:14

Common Name: Greenland Shark Scientific Name: Somniosus microcephalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squaliformes

Family: Somniosdae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are found in the North Atlantic and occasionally tend to go down to the south. Can be found on Canada’s East Coast and New England’s East Coast. Life Strategy: During the winter months these sharks stay in intertidal regions during the winter and go to about 180-550m during warmer months. Food / Feed Strategy: This sharks diet consist of fish, small whales and seals. They have no known predators because of their large size.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Somniosus_microcephalus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 15

Common Name: Leather Bass Scientific Name: Dermatolepis dermatolepis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: Can be found in the East Central Pacific and the South East Pacific. They are found by reefs at depths at anywhere from 4m to 40m deep. Also can be found in rocky areas Life Strategy: When they feel threatened or felt like they are about to be eaten they go find shelter in the spines of sea urchins. Leather Bass assemble to dusk mate. Also they gather by hundreds to spawn.

Food / Feed Strategy: They hover over reefs looking for food. Feeding on small benthic fish and occasionally feed on crustaceans crabs and shrimp

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Dermatolepis_dermatolepis/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species#:16

Common Name: Black Mullet Scientific Name: Mugil Cephalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Mugiliformes

Family: Mugilidae

Geography / Habitat: These fish live in highly salted waters at temperatures from 8-24 degrees Celsius. They spend majority of their time near the shore or mouth of a river. They are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Oceans and some rivers. Life Strategy: The Black Mullet form large groups at the bottom of the rivers and cause disturbance in the sand to help hide them when they feel threatened. They also spawn in saltwater but spend a lot of time in freshwater. Food / Feed Strategy: These fish consume mainly on zooplankton and dead plant matter. They also feed on detritus and have a lick like gizzard on their stomach that allows them to eat detritus.

• Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mugil_cephalus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 17

Common Name: Swell Shark Scientific Name: Cephaloscyllium ventriosum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Carcharnhiniformes

Family: Sycliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This shark is found in the Eastern Pacific. They can be found a any depths form shore all the way to 437m, but are most commonly found at the 4m-47m deep.

Life Strategy: This shark lays large eggs that hatch in 8-10 months depending on the temperature of the water. They force their way out of the egg with their sharp teeth.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on bony fish dead or alive and crustaceans. Baby sharks feed on mollusks and crustaceans. They have small sharp teeth that allow them to hold onto larger prey.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Cephaloscyllium_ventriosum/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 18

Common Name: Pacific Striped Marlin Scientific Name: Tetrapturus audax Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: Live in Pelagic waters, and their density is positively correlated their distance from shore. They are also native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Life Strategy: Striped Marlin form schools during mating season. Both male and females have multiple mating partners. Females reach maturity around 1 1/2-2 years old while males mature around 1 year old.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Striped Marlin feeds mainly on epipelagic organisms from the oceanic zones. The only known predators to these fish are great white sharks, killer whales, and humans.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Tetrapturus_audax/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 19

Common Name: Australian Remora Scientific Name: Echeneis naucrates Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Echeneidae

Geography / Habitat: Remora is found in almost all warm seas. They are found in a lot of places but most commonly the Mediterranean Sea. They are also known as shark suckers because they follow them around and attach themselves to the shark.

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs during warm season usually in spring or early summer. Egg and sperm are held in both the male and the female. The eggs are fertilized externally in a shell.

Food / Feed Strategy: A lot of the food they get is scraps from the host that they keep themselves attached too. They are very dependent on other organisms to survive.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Echeneis_naucrates/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 20

Common Name: Angel Shark Scientific Name: Squatina californica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squatiniformes

Family: Squatinidae

Geography / Habitat: Live in temperate or tropical waters. Generally found in shallow waters anywhere from 10ft to 328ft. They are Native to the Pacific and can be found all up the west coast of the Americas. Normally gliding along the sand.

Life Strategy: The Angel Shark usually reproduces annually and usually take 10 months to give birth. Most common mating months are March and April. Once the eggs are fertilized and are about to be born they hatch inside the mother just days before they are born.

Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks feed primarily on bony fish and cephalopods. The most common bony fish they eat is the croaker. The only predators they have are larger sharks like the great white and killer whales.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Squatina_californica/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 21

Common Name: Mackerel Shark Scientific Name: Lamna ditropis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks are primarily pelagic, but can also be found in coastal waters in the North Pacific. They are usually found in the surface layer. Can also be found in deeper areas though at 150m deep.

Life Strategy: Males hold onto the female and bite their dorsal fin this is their way of showing copulation. After copulation they have no other contact. They mate in northern waters during autumn and give birth approximately 9months later.

Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks feed mainly on pelagic and demersal fish. These sharks have other predators. They are the prey of many other larger sharks such as the blue shark, the great white, and sometimes even other mackerel fish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lamna_ditropis/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 22

Common Name: Whale Shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Rhincondontidae

Geography / Habitat: Can be found in various spots but majority of them are off the coast of the Philippines. They prefer waters of anywhere between 21-30 degrees Celsius. Data has been collected saying these sharks can dive to depths of 1700m deep.

Life Strategy: One male can fertilize a whole liter. This observation was made by another observation that whale sharks all sired from the same father. It is also known that the female stores sperm to fertilize the eggs when they are ready

Food / Feed Strategy: The Whale Shark is known to feed on plank tonic organisms such as krill, crab, jellyfish, small tuna, and squids. They feed by using suction ram-feeding. Once they the food in their mouth they release the water through their gills and trap the prey in their mouth

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Rhincodon_typus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 23

Common Name: Chain Cat Shark Scientific Name: Scyliorhinus retifur Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: These sharks prefer subtropical waters, and can be found in the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. They are normally pretty deep in the water at around 550m deep. They prefer rough or rocky areas. Life Strategy: These sharks will swim together for a little while. Once they have swam together for a little the male with start to bit the female on the tail. He slowly works his way up biting her until he gets back up to her and wraps himself around her. Food / Feed Strategy: These sharks don’t have a wide variety of diet. They feed on squid, fish, and crustaceans. The predator that these sharks have is larger fish and other types of sharks.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Scyliorhinus_retifer/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 24

Common Name: Cross Stripe Butterfly Scientific Name: Chaetodon auriga Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chaetodidae

Geography / Habitat: The butterfly fish is found in tropical coral reefs. They are sometimes found in areas with sparse coral too, but usually coral reefs. They live at depths fairly shallow at 10m-35m. Life Strategy: Once butterfly fish mate with their partner they keep that same partner for a few years. This is unusual as most fish have several at the same time or even are in groups. If their partner dies or somehow just disappears they will find another one and keep them for a few years

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are benthic fish that feed on mostly plankton. They also are omnivores and eat coral, shrimp and algae. They do not have many predators because they have a sharp spine and are very quick.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Chaetodon_auriga/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 25

Common Name: Atlantic Ray Scientific Name: Manta birostris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Rajiformes

Family: Myliobatidae

Geography / Habitat: Manta Rays are found in warm temperate coastal waters. Unlike most other rays, manta rays stay near the surface of the ocean. They also usually don’t go don’t farther than around 120m deep. They also stay close to shore.

Life Strategy: The manta ray reaches maturity around age five. Their most common mating season are from December to April. They like to be around rocky areas and reefs around 10-20m deep.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Manta Ray rarely leaves the shore because it can find food easier and is less likely to find a shark to eat them. They are filter feeders and usually feed on planktivores. They also swim in a vertical circle form. People have suggested that it is to keep their food in reachable distance.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Manta_birostris/


Title: Freshwater/Fishes

Species #: 26

Common Name: Green Kisser Fish Scientific Name: Helostoma temminkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinoptrygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Helostomidae

Geography / Habitat: The Green Kisser is normally found in Southeast Asia. It prefers sluggish or standing water of swamps, lakes, rivers, and ponds. During rainy seasons it likes to migrate to more shallow waters.

Life Strategy: These fish only spawn once a year. The female is actually the one who starts or tries to attract the male to her. She only has one mate each spawn year and they don’t travel in groups.

Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is an omnivore and feeds on all kinds of plankton such as phytoplankton, zooplankton and aquatic insects. As far as their predators go humans are their biggest worries as people in Southeast Asia eat them

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Helostoma_temminkii/


Title: Freshwater/Fishes

Species #: 27

Common Name: Freshwater Whipray Scientific Name: Dasyatidae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Rajiformes

Family: Dasyatidae

Geography / Habitat: This ray is found in large freshwater lakes mainly in Thailand. Normally on sandy bottoms in large lakes at anywhere from 5-30m deep. Many of the female rays can found in many estuaries

Life Strategy: Female rays use some of their senses to find some of the male rays. The male rays send out an electrical signal that will attract the females. The female can basically just pick out which one she wants based on their signal calling.

Food / Feed Strategy: This ray feeds mainly off of things that are in the sand such as benthic fish and invertebrates. Adult rays are the largest in their habitats which makes them have not many if any at all because of their size.

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Himantura_chaophraya/ Title: Freshwater/Fishes

Species #: 28

Common Name: Three-Lined Pencil Fish Scientific Name: Nannostomus trifasciatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characaiformes

Family: Lebiasinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Three-Lined Pencil Fish is a freshwater fish that is native to Guyana. They are usually found in shady grassy areas. When the rivers flood they move into inundated rainforests.

Life Strategy: When these fish spawn they try and find a cluster of leaves or something that makes it clustered. The eggs hatch in just hours no longer than a day all depending on what the temperature of the water is.

Food / Feed Strategy: They spend majority of their time up near the surface. Therefore they usually just get food floating at the surface such as plankton and detritus. As far as predators go their biggest problem is striped pike.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Nannostomus_trifasciatus/

Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 29

Common Name: African Pike Scientific Name: Hepsetus odoe Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Hepsetidae

Geography / Habitat: The African Pike is most commonly found in West African rivers. Normally found on banks of rivers and in highly vegetated areas, but can also be found in swampy environments.

Life Strategy: Where the African Pike live is what determines when they spawn. Females lay anywhere from 5,000-6,400 eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: The African Pike feeds mainly on smaller fish of its own species. They usually hide in deep vegetation areas and then attack their food. They don’t go out into open waters much because that is where they would find all there predators.

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Body Form or Style: Compresifrom Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Hepsetus_odoe/

Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 30

Common Name: South American Lungfish Scientific Name: Lepidosiren paradoxa Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Sarcopterygii

Order: Lepidosireniformes

Family: Lepidosirenidae

Geography / Habitat: Is found most commonly in Argentina and just about anywhere else in South America. They like to hide in highly vegetated areas and don’t like to come out much unless to eat. They also are usually in murky water. Life Strategy: The South American Lungfish mainly spawns during the rainy months. The average life span of the fish is anywhere from 8 years to 10 years. Food / Feed Strategy: The Lungfish eats mainly shrimp and bony fish along with some crustaceans. They also eat some algae and plants. As far as predators go they don’t have many because they live mostly in highly vegetated areas.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepidosiren_paradoxa/

Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 31

Common Name: Pugnose Shiner Scientific Name: Notropis anogenus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The pugnose shiner is most commonly found in the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. They like to stay in clear vegetated waters. They are also intolerant to turbidity

Life Strategy: The male pugnose shiner extends its fin and the female comes along and they start rubbing against each other. The female also spreads her eggs out randomly and doesn’t protect them while they are there.

Food / Feed Strategy: The pugnose shiner is an omnivore and eats algae and small plants. They are also one of the most fed on prey by a lot of bigger fish in the Great Lakes and the Mississippi.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Notropis_anogenus/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 32

Common Name: Warpaint Shiner Scientific Name: Luxilus coccogenis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Warpaint Shiner can be found almost anywhere along the East Coast of the United States. They prefer rivers and streams and cooler water. They try and avoid rapid waters also.

Life Strategy: Both male and female warpaint shiners reach maturity at two years old. They mainly spawn somewhere between May and June. This fish also only has a maximum life span up to 4 years old.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Warpaint Shiner finds almost all of its food at the surface of the rivers and streams. Their diet mainly just consists of insects and sometimes algae. Their biggest worries as a predator is the large-mouth bass.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Luxilus_coccogenis/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 33

Common Name: Blue Pike Scientific Name: Sander vitreus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: They prefer lakes and large rivers. Most commonly found in Canada and North East United States. They also prefer deep lake water but will come up to the surface for feeding purposes.

Life Strategy: The blue pike has a life span of ten to twelve years. As far as reproductive systems go there isn’t any information about their reproductive systems.

Food / Feed Strategy: As babies they eat mainly plankton and small plants but as they mature and get older they start to eat smaller fish and other small crustaceans. They don’t have any natural predators.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Sander_vitreus/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 34

Common Name: American Paddlefish Scientific Name: Polyodon spathula Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Polydonidae

Geography / Habitat: The American Paddlefish is most commonly found in the Mississippi River. It can be found elsewhere but very rarely is. They like to swim near the bottom of the river on rocky areas.

Life Strategy: The female releases hundreds of eggs and the male comes along and releases milt externally. The eggs have a sticky mucus layer on them and it helps a little against predators.

Food / Feed Strategy: The American Paddlefish eats mainly zooplankton along with some copepods and cladocerans. As for their predators they don’t have many because they are hard to eat with their paddle like nose. Their only big threat is humans.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Polyodon_spathula/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 35

Common Name: Common White Fish Scientific Name: Coregonus clupeaformis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: The Common White Fish is only found in North America and most commonly found in the Great Lakes. They swim in the open waters and like to sometimes be on banks of the lakes.

Life Strategy: The Common White Fish spawn in large groups and do it in very shallow waters. They also protect their eggs very aggressively. During their spawning months there is a lot of jumping out of the water.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Common White Fish has a small mouth so they can’t get a bigger fish in their mouth; therefore they feed on small fish and some algae. They also eat some insects that are on the surface of the water.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Coregonus_clupeaformis/

Title: Saltwater/Fish

Species #: 36

Common Name: Cardinal Tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodon axelrodi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography / Habitat: The Cardinal Tetra live mainly in South American rivers and streams mainly in Columbia and Brazil. They live out in the open of the rivers and normally don’t migrate. Life Strategy: The Cardinal Tetra spawning season is during the rainy months. The male embraces the female and the female release the eggs externally. Then the male releases the female and releases milt onto the eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: The Cardinal Tetra usually eats small crustacean’s brine shrimp and some fish eggs. They also eat some types of algae. As far as predators go they have a bright neon striped on their body which makes it hard for predators to make out the fish therefore they eat it.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Paracheirodon_axelrodi/


Title: Saltwater/Fish

Species #: 37

Common Name: Australian Bass Scientific Name: Macquaria australasica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percichthyidae

Geography / Habitat: The Australian Bass is found only in Australia. They live in rivers and streams and prefer deep rocky areas. They also prefer cool and clear water or shallow water that is flowing. Life Strategy: When the Australian Bass is in spawning season they head upstream. The travel and also spawn in groups and those groups can last for weeks. The spawning occurs in cool shallow waters and they also reproduce externally. Food / Feed Strategy: The majority of their diet consists of invertebrates such as stonefly and mayfly. They also feed on insects that are on the surface of the water during their spawning months.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carnagiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Macquaria_australasica/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 38

Common Name: Black Salmon Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: The Black Salmon is born in freshwaters but eventually, as it matures, moves to saltwater. They usually are found in streams when they are in freshwater and those streams are usually deeper than regular streams. They also like clear water.

Life Strategy: The Black salmon is born in freshwater but once they mature they move to saltwater. The salmon come back though to where they were born to spawn. They prefer cool and clean waters.

Food / Feed Strategy: When the black salmon lives in freshwater they feed mainly on plankton, algae, along with aquatic and terrestrial insects. Once they move out to saltwater they feed on some squid and mostly fish.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Oncorhynchus_tshawytscha/ Title: Saltwater/Fish

Species #: 39

Common Name: Allegheny River Pike Scientific Name: Esox masquinongy Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Escoiformes

Family: Escoidae

Geography / Habitat: The River Pike lives only in North American rivers. They also can be found in freshwater lakes and streams. Their ideal temperatures are 67-72 degrees Fahrenheit. They also prefer open waters and clear waters. Life Strategy: The River Pike lay their eggs usually on decaying or live aquatic plants. They lay them in shallow waters and the water has to be clear for them to lay the eggs otherwise they don’t. Food / Feed Strategy: The River Pike is always the most dominant predator no matter where it is. They are very aggressive and usually ambush their prey. Their main diet consists of pretty much anything it can eat. As far as predators go they don’t have any because they are the most dominant predator in their habitat.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Esox_masquinongy/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 40

Common Name: River Carpsucker Scientific Name: Carpiodes carpio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Carpsucker can be most commonly found in the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. They prefer larger and deeper rivers and swim out in the open but can sometimes be found on the bottom of the river where its rocky.

Life Strategy: The Carpsucker usually spawn in late spring early summer. They also form big groups of themselves when they spawn. The female release the eggs and the male releases the milt but when doing so the male whips its tail around to spread the eggs out. While doing that it will sometimes kill the eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: The carp sucker is a well known bottom feeder. Their main diet consists of algae and plankton. They are known as trash fish sometimes because they feed mostly off the bottom. As far as predators go their biggest concern is the Northern Pike.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carpiodes_carpio/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 41

Common Name: Brown Bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus nebulosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Siluridae

Geography / Habitat: They Brown Bullhead is native to the United States and Canada. Their main rivers are the Mississippi and the Great lakes are where they are most commonly found. They prefer the bottom of the river but will occasionally come up to the open waters for food. Life Strategy: When these fish reproduce they have multiple ways to do so. They can either grab their partners head fin or tail with his/hers mouth or they can but heads together. They also tend to lock jaws with each other.

Food / Feed Strategy: Majority of fish eat plankton or algae. They also will sometimes eat some types of aquatic insects. As far as predators go they are prey to the northern pike and some water snakes.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ameiurus_nebulosus/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 42

Common Name: Rainbow Darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma caeruleum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: The Rainbow Darter is found in North America and most commonly found in the Great Lakes and the Ohio River. They prefer fast flowing creeks or rivers and rocky bottoms or gravel.

Life Strategy: The Rainbow Darter spawns in cool waters around 18 degrees Celsius. Male fish have brighter colors than females and during mating season they try and scare of the other males by intimidating the fish. Food / Feed Strategy: The Rainbow Darter feeds on a wide variety of foods, anything from fish eggs and minnow to small snails and larvae. The only known predators that are know of the Rainbow Darter is any fish that is larger than the Rainbow Darter.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Etheostoma_caeruleum/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 43

Common Name: Bluntnose Darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma chlorosoma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: The Bluntnose Darter is most commonly found in the Mississippi River. They can sometimes even be found in the Mobile Bay and the San Antonio River. They prefer sandy, shallow, slow flowing water.

Life Strategy: The Bluntnose Darter reproduces polygynadrous which means that the female goes from male to male to reproduce more and expand her group of eggs. The male also changes color during mating season to attract its mate.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Bluntnose Darter diet mainly consists of larvae and zooplankton. During the reproducing months they are a little more color to them but during reproducing season they are a light brown with dark spots on them and that helps them camouflage in the sand.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Etheostoma_chlorosoma/ Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 44

Common Name: Yellowfin Madtom Scientific Name: Noturus flavipinnis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Siluridae

Geography / Habitat: The Yellowfin Madtom is only found in the Northern part of the Tennessee River and the Copper Creek in Virginia. They prefer to be in waters that they can hide up under leaves, tree roots, or other kinds of brush that can be found out in the water.

Life Strategy: The Yellowfin Madtom only reproduces in the early summer months in May and July. The female will build a nest to lay the eggs and then the male will protect them while they wait to hatch. The Yellowfin Madtom only lives for 3-4 years.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish feed mainly at night. They eat aquatic insects, larvae and sometimes small crustaceans. Not much is known about whether or not these fish have predators but people do know that they can express different colors sometimes to camouflage themselves.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Noturus_flavipinnis/ Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 45

Common Name: Danube Catfish Scientific Name: Silurus glanis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Siluridae

Geography / Habitat: The Danube Catfish is native to Eastern Europe and Asia. They are primarily found in large rivers near banks and/or in highly vegetated areas. They also like to stay near dams or deep waters.

Life Strategy: The Male creates the nest for the female to lay the eggs. Then the male protects the eggs until they hatch.

Food / Feed Strategy: When they are first born they just eat algae for about a year. Once they mature they begin to eat worms and small crustaceans. Their main predator is the northern pike.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Silurus_glanis/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 46

Common Name: Bull Trout Scientific Name: Slavelinus confluentus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: The Bull Trout is most commonly found in Northwestern United States and Canada. They can usually be found in medium to large sized rivers and can also be found in large lakes. They are usually found either sitting or very close to the bottom.

Life Strategy: The Bull Trout can reach full maturity anywhere from 4-10 years old. The bull trout’s spawning times usually occurs during late August or early October.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Bull Trout primarily eats aquatic invertebrates for the first year of its life. Once it matures they start to eat small fish and small crustaceans. They don’t have many predators because they are a fish that can hide itself fairly well with its habitat.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Salvelinus_confluentus/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 47

Common Name: Beaverfish Scientific Name: Amia calva Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Amiiformes

Family: Amiidae

Geography / Habitat: the beaver fish is most commonly found in the northern part of the St. Lawrence River and the Ontario. They spend most of their time in the backwaters of rivers and can sometimes be found in swamps.

Life Strategy: During spawning season for these fish some of the fish are alike and they know where to go to reproduce and all of those fish that show up is who you mate with. The female lays her eggs in many different spots. The male protects the nest but since the female spreads those out they will sometimes have more than just their mates eggs in the nest.

Food / Feed Strategy: The beaver fish is a predator and feeds on almost anything it can get its mouth on. They also are very rarely eaten by other organisms because most of the time they are one of the more dominant fish in their habitat.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Amia_calva/ Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 48

Common Name: Black Bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus melas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: The Black Bullhead is most commonly found in the Appalachian Mountain area. They can be found in small ponds, large lakes, and some rivers. They can are only found in lowly oxygenated areas and high temperature waters. Life Strategy: During spawning season for these fish the female first builds the nest and then she goes to judge males by rubbing her snout up on the male’s abdomen. Once she chooses her partner they lay side by side and the male curls his caudal fin around the female. Food / Feed Strategy: Young Bullheads usually feed on copepods and amphipods. They will also feed on some types of aquatic insects. Their main concern as a predator to them is the largemouth bass. They can sometimes protect themselves because they have a venomous spine on their back.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ameiurus_melas/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 49

Common Name: Electric Catfish Scientific Name: Malapterurus electricus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Malapteruridae

Geography / Habitat: The electric catfish is most commonly found in Africa in the Nile River and Lake Chad. They are usually found hidden between rocks or up in roots of aquatic trees.

Life Strategy: The electric catfish build deep nest for its eggs. Sometimes up to 3 meters deep. This way it makes it hard for predators to get in their along with the male protecting the nest. Food / Feed Strategy: The electric catfish uses its given abilities to capture its prey. They stun their prey by sending out and electric discharge which stuns and paralyzes its prey for just enough time for them to capture their prey and eat it. They don’t have any predators because if they are about to get eaten they send out that electric discharge.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Malapterurus_electricus/


Title: Freshwater/Fish

Species #: 50

Common Name: Florida Gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lepisostiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: The Florida Gar can be found almost anywhere in Florida. They can also be found in a lot of places all throughout the southeast of the United States. They like to hangout in low water streams canals and lakes. They spend a lot of their time on sandy or rocky bottoms.

Life Strategy: The Florida Gar has a lot of things that contribute to when and where they reproduce. Its biggest thing that decides when they reproduce is what the temperature of the water is. A female gar can have anywhere form just two mates in a life time to ten partners.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Florida Gar uses a technique called ram feeding. They go and find a fish they want to eat and sit and wait until the gar thinks the fish has forgot about it. Then they start to make their move closer and closer to the fish until it lunges at the prey. The Gar has very sharp teeth and is an aggressive predator.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepisosteus_platyrhincus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 51

Common Name: Pale Anemone Scientific Name: Aiptasia pallida Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: None

Class: Anthozoa

Order: Actiniania

Family: Aiptasiidae

Geography / Habitat: These anemones are most commonly in Southeastern United States and the Gulf Coast and the Atlantic Ocean. They are found in mangrove roots and dead coral. Life Strategy: Pale Anemones reproduce asexually by a process called pedal laceration. The pedal usually puts out a disc which puts out lobes and they reproduces Food / Feed Strategy: The Pale Anemone’s diet mainly consists of zooplankton and algae. They also can perform photosynthesis as another way to get food.

• • •

Body Form or Style: They are cylinder shaped at the bottom and have tentacles on the top Swim / Locomotion Style: They can sway back and forth Mouth Position: Supraterminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Aiptasia_pallida/ Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 52

Common Name: Common Brittlestar Scientific Name: Ophiothrix fragills Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: None

Class: Ophiuroidae

Order: Ophiurida

Family: Ophiothrichidae

Geography / Habitat: The Common Brittlestar is most commonly found off the shore of the British Isles. They also tend to live in huge groups off shore. The prefer sandy and shell bottoms.

Life Strategy: The Common Brittlestar reproduce by the female releasing her eggs and then the male releases the sperm. The male triggers the female to release her eggs by trying to show off infront of her.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Brittle Starfish is a nocturnal feeder. To feed it lifts its arms to get into cracks and crevices to gets its food. As far as predators go they are one of the most fed on organisms. They get eaten by crabs, fish and sometimes other starfishes.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This starfish has a star shaped figure in the middle and long tentacles coming off of it. Swim / Locomotion Style: They have a crawling motion Mouth Position: Subterminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ophiothrix_fragilis/ Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 53

Common Name: Florida Stone Crab Scientific Name: Menippe mercenaria Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: None

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Menippidae

Geography / Habitat: The Florida Stone Crab can be found in low tides of the coastline of the Atlantic and the coast of Florida of the Gulf of Mexico. They burrow themselves in the sand. Life Strategy: The male usually sexually matures at the age of two years old. They lay 160,000-1,000,000 eggs. They also breed between late spring or early summer. Food / Feed Strategy: As this crab ages, its diet changes too. As babies they eat mainly just zooplankton. Once they grow they use their massive claws to eat clams, barnacles and other things that are bigger than them too.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab has a hard shell with two huge claws. Swim / Locomotion Style: They have short legs to walk with Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Menippe_mercenaria/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 54

Common Name: Atlantic Ghost Crab Scientific Name: Ocypode quadrata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: None

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Ocypodidae

Geography / Habitat: The Atlantic Ghost Crab is native to the Atlantic Ocean. They live close to the shore line and spend majority of their time on the sand beaches. Life Strategy: With these crabs mating can occur at anytime throughout the year. The ghost crabs have holes throughout their body and that’s where the male releases the sperm for the female. Food / Feed Strategy: This crab is both a predator and a scavenger. It feeds at night. What they eat can also be influenced by what type of beach they are on.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab is a medium size crab with white claws. Swim / Locomotion Style: They have short legs to help them walk fast. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ocypode_quadrata/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 55

Common Name: Green Crab Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Portunidae

Geography / Habitat: This crab is native to the West Coast of Europe in the Atlantic Ocean. They are most commonly found in tidal marshes, sand flats and rocky terrains Life Strategy: The male goes and looks for a female and when he finds her he tries to impress her anyway he can. If he gets her the female has a pouch in its abdomen to hold the eggs. Food / Feed Strategy: The Green Crab eats clams, oysters, mussels and sometimes other small crabs. It’s known as a fairly aggressive predator that will eat anything it can get its claws around.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab has to small claws but a leg that points up to help for protection Swim / Locomotion Style: This crab has medium size legs to help it walk. Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Carcinus_maenas/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 56

Common Name: Dungeness Crab Scientific Name: Cancer magister Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cancridae

Geography / Habitat: This crab is most commonly found on coastal shores of California. They prefer sandy bottoms below the tidal mark. Life Strategy: When it’s time for reproducing season the male sends off a scent. Whichever female likes it will come to where the male is and they will mate. Food / Feed Strategy: This crab has a wide variety of a diet. They eat invertebrates, fish, shrimp, and some other crustaceans. As far as predators are concerned for this crab their biggest problem is seals and sea lions.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This is a medium size crab with large claws Swim / Locomotion Style: These crabs have long legs to help them defend. Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Cancer_magister/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 57

Common Name: Red-King Crab Scientific Name: Paralithodes camtschaticus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Lithodidae

Geography / Habitat: These crabs are widely distributed all throughout the Pacific Ocean. They can be found at depths of 200m deep and they prefer sandy or muddy surfaces. Life Strategy: When spawning season comes the females attract the males with a scent that they send off. Once this happens the male clasps itself onto the female until she reproduces again. Food / Feed Strategy: This crab is a carnivore and a very fierce predator. It will eat anything it can and its main diet is fish. As far as predators are concerned these crabs don’t have to worry too much because when they molt the form large groups and make it hard to get to them

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab has very long legs and a semi-circle looking body. Swim / Locomotion Style: These crabs very long legs that make them walk slow Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Paralithodes_camtschaticus/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 58

Common Name: Yellowline arrow crab Scientific Name: Stenorhynchus seticornis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Inachidae

Geography / Habitat: This crab is native to the Atlantic Ocean. They live in coral reefs at depths between 5-30m deep. Life Strategy: When spawning season comes the male finds his partner and when he finds her he grabs her and presses her against his stomach and releases sperm in her. The female will then carry the eggs under her abdomen. Food / Feed Strategy: The Yellowline arrow crab is so small that it is hard for it to eat anything big so it mainly just feeds on small worms.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab is mainly made up of its legs with a very small body Swim / Locomotion Style: this crab has a small body and long legs that let it walk fast. Mouth Position: Subterminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Stenorhynchus_seticornis/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 59

Common Name: Northern Kelp Crab Scientific Name: Pugettia Producta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Epialtidae

Geography / Habitat: This crab is found within rocky intertidal shores along the California Coast. They are most commonly found in dense kelp beds at around 40m deep. Life Strategy: These crabs undergo a molting before they reproduce. Their spawning seasons are between June and July. The female holds the eggs under her abdomen Food / Feed Strategy: This crab is a nocturnal vegetarian. It eats almost only kelp grass and sometimes phytoplankton. They will also eat barnacles and mussels.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab has a hexagon shaped body. Swim / Locomotion Style: this crab has long skinny legs that let it walk fairly fast. Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pugettia_producta/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 60

Common Name: Chinese Mitten Crab Scientific Name: Eriocheir sinesis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Varunidae

Geography / Habitat: These crabs are found off the coast of China and Japan. These crabs also live in brackish waters. They also prefer rocky bottoms. Life Strategy: These crabs reproduce during the summer. The males migrate to a specific spot and then the females come later. Once they mate they shortly die afterwards leaving the eggs unprotected. Food / Feed Strategy: When they are first born they eat mostly plants such as aquatic plants like seaweed and kelp. Once they mature and grow they begin to eat other things such as small invertebrates and some small crabs.

• • •

Body Form or Style: This crab has a oval shaped shell Swim / Locomotion Style: This crab has long legs and helps be quite agile Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Eriocheir_sinensis/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 61

Common Name: Blue Crab Scientific Name: Callinectes sapidus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Portunidae

Geography / Habitat: The Blue crab is native to the West Coast of South America in the Pacific Ocean. It has since been seen in the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico and the Indian Ocean. The blue crab is also a bottom dweller Life Strategy: the blue crab can resist all kinds of water from the saltiest water in the gulf to a freshwater river. Unlike males though when it comes to spawning season the females only mate one time in a life time. Food / Feed Strategy: The blue crab eats a wide variety of foods. It also eats fish mollusks and some aquatic worms.

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Body Form or Style: The blue crab has a oval shaped body Swim / Locomotion Style: This crab has medium sized legs that are fairly thick. Mouth Position: Subterminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Callinectes_sapidus/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 62

Common Name: Bay Ghost Shrimp Scientific Name: Neotrypaea californiensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Callianassidae

Geography / Habitat: The bay ghost shrimp is most commonly found on the American West Coast. This shrimp creates its own burrows to hide in.

Life Strategy: A male shrimp has two antennas and it goes through the water looking for a female mate. Once he finds her the male will follow and protect her from predators until she is ready to mate.

Food / Feed Strategy: This shrimp’s main diet is plankton and algae and will sometimes find particles in the sand. It will also eat some aquatic insects sometimes.

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Body Form or Style: This shrimp has a long curved body with two antennas on its head Swim / Locomotion Style: This shrimp has short legs that allow him to travel quickly Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Neotrypaea_californiensis/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 63

Common Name: Grass Shrimp Scientific Name: Palaemonetes pugio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Palaemoneidae

Geography / Habitat: These shrimp are found on the East coast of the United States. They can be found in salt marshes and connecting streams. They can also be found in ditches. Life Strategy: These shrimp reproduce annually when the water warms up. The fertilized eggs take 15-20 days to mature and hatch. Food / Feed Strategy: When the adults prey on oligochaetes, polychaetes, and harpacticoid copepods. These shrimp also get eaten by some fish and other crabs.

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Body Form or Style: This shrimp has a short but very curved body with long antennas. Swim / Locomotion Style: These shrimp have short legs and move very quickly Mouth Position: Terminal


Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Palaemonetes_pugio/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 64

Common Name: Tadpole Shrimp Scientific Name: Lepidurus packardi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: N/A

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Triopsidae

Geography / Habitat: These shrimp are native to the West coast of California. These shrimp can be found in ditches, vernal pools, clay flats and many other habitats. Life Strategy: These shrimp reproduce during the rainy seasons. Females lay the eggs in highly vegetated areas and the male comes and fertilizes them externally. Food / Feed Strategy: These shrimp are omnivores and feed on mainly aquatic plants but will also occasionally feed on fairy shrimp and other types of invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: This shrimp has a protective shell on its head. Swim / Locomotion Style: This shrimp has small legs under him that allows it to glide on the sand. Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lepidurus_packardi/


Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 65

Common Name: Chocolate Starfish

Scientific Name:

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: NA

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Found on the surface of the ocean. Life Strategy: They swim through the ocean and live on the surface. Food / Feed Strategy: eats corals, sponges

• • •

Body Form or Style:Star Swim / Locomotion Style: They swim with their arms. Mouth Position:

Citation: http://www.fishlore.com/Profiles-Crayfish.htm


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 66

Common Name: Crayfish

Scientific Name: Cambaridae Camburus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: There are many different species of crawfish all over the world. Life Strategy: They may fight with other invertebrates and they go after smaller fish. They live for about 2-5 years. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat smaller fish.

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Body Form or Style: Cresent Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishlore.com/Profiles-Crayfish.htm


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 67

Common Name: Gold Mystery Snail Scientific Name: Pomacea Bridgesii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrithyes

Order: Carcharniformes

Family: Carcharnidae

Geography / Habitat: They originate in North America and live in freshwaters.

Life Strategy: They have a shell to keep them safe from harm and they retreat into it when there is a sign of danger. They can live for many years.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat plants from their habitat.

• Body Form or Style: Swirl • Swim / Locomotion Style: walks on ground of water. • Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.petsolutions.com/C/Freshwater-Invertebrates/I/Gold-MysterySnail.aspx


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 68

Common Name: Electric blue lobster Scientific Name: Procambarus paeninsulanis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percicththyes

Geography / Habitat: They live in fresh waters. They are found most often in Florida which is their native region. Life Strategy: They use their snapping claws to warn off predators and to capture food. Food / Feed Strategy: They eat small insects and plants.

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Body Form or Style: They have small legs to move quickly and has snapping claws. Swim / Locomotion Style: They run across the surface or use their claws to swim. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Gadopsis_marmoratus/


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 69

Common Name: Neon Red Lobster Scientific Name: Procambarus clarkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Originated in the US and is found in freshwater places. Life Strategy: They have claws to grab their prey and to get predators away. Food / Feed Strategy: eat smaller insects in the water.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.petsolutions.com/C/Freshwater-Invertebrates/I/Neon-RedLobster.aspx


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 70

Common Name: Bluntnose Darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma chlorosoma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Geography / Habitat: The Bluntnose Darter is most commonly found in the Mississippi River. They can sometimes even be found in the Mobile Bay and the San Antonio River. They prefer sandy, shallow, slow flowing water.

Life Strategy: The Bluntnose Darter reproduces polygynadrous which means that the female goes from male to male to reproduce more and expand her group of eggs. The male also changes color during mating season to attract its mate.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Bluntnose Darter diet mainly consists of larvae and zooplankton. During the reproducing months they are a little more color to them but during reproducing season they are a light brown with dark spots on them and that helps them camouflage in the sand.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Etheostoma_chlorosoma/


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 71

Common Name: Freshwater Eel Scientific Name: Anguilla Anguilla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Anguillidae

Geography / Habitat: Where the eels can be found is all based on how old the eel is. He could be in freshwater, marine or brackish waters. Usually the eel can be found at depths as far down as 700m. They also like to hide in highly covered spaces.

Life Strategy: While the eel spends majority of its time in freshwater it does go to saltwater to spawn and also die there. These eels also lay 2,000,000-10,000,000 million eggs when they lay them but they also die shortly after.

Food / Feed Strategy: The common eel has a fairly unknown diet. They do know they will eat things like larvae, dead fish, and small crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Anguilla_anguilla/


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 72

Common Name: Flower Shrimp Scientific Name: Pimephales notatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: They originate in Asia which is where they are mostly found. They live in freshwaters. Life Strategy: It doesn’t have claws but will be aggressive if it senses danger. Food / Feed Strategy:They eat small particles floating in the ocean or small plants because their teeth are too small to chew any kind of organism.

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Body Form or Style: Hard outer shall and small legs that it uses to move. Swim / Locomotion Style:They swim with their legs or run across surface. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.petsolutions.com/C/Freshwater-Shrimp/I/Flower-Shrimp.aspx


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 73

Common Name: Eel Sucker Scientific Name: Petromyzon marinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Petromyzontiformes

Family:Petromyzontidae

Geography / Habitat: Based on the temperature of the water is what decides whether or not the eel goes to salt or freshwater. They spend most of their time in freshwater rivers and in rocky or grassy areas.

Life Strategy: The male eel has an acid that it releases while the female is ovulating to attract her. This acid can be distinguished by other female eels from long distances away. The female eel also digs a deep hole to lay her eggs in once they are fertilized.

Food / Feed Strategy: Baby eel suckers eat algae, detritus, and other organic matter that is on the bottom of the rivers. This eel also can attach itself to other larger organisms and that’s another way they feed.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal

Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Petromyzon_marinus/


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 74

Common Name: Blue Mystery Snail Scientific Name: Pomacea Bridgesii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Hepsetidae

Geography / Habitat: Originated in North America and usually found torwards the surface of freshwater. Life Strategy: They like peaceful temperatures and are about 2.5 inches. They use their shell to shelter them from predators.

Food / Feed Strategy: Eat small things floats or insects smaller than them.

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Body Form or Style: Their shells are spiral. Swim / Locomotion Style: They walk across surface. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.petsolutions.com/C/Freshwater-Invertebrates/I/Blue-MysterySnail.aspx


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 75

Common Name: Cherry Red Shrimp Scientific Name: Neocaridina denticulata sinensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: NA

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Percopsidae

Geography / Habitat: Their native Region is Indonesia and are found along the surface and sometimes swim. Life Strategy: They live in plants. The males are brightly colored and when they are stressed it takes longer for the color to fully develop. Food / Feed Strategy: They omnivores and whatever food they can find.

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Body Form or Style: Hard outer shell and long antennas. Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.petsolutions.com/C/Freshwater-Invertebrates/I/Cherry-RedShrimp.aspx


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