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E L I T E FEATURES Jesse Cook | 10 by Tricia Dobrev

Handsome Guitarist, Composer Extraordinaire. His music has been a journey.

Auto | 22 by Ted Jones

Porsche 911 Targa & Targa GTS Classic Handles Like a Dream.

Ryan Goslin | 32 by Tricia Dobrev

Oh Ryan He sing! He dances star of La LA Land what next for this handsome actor.

Travel | 39 by Robert Moss

Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Paradise Found, Easy to Reach Hard to Leave.



Classic Actor | 47 by Liz Wherman

Robert Ryan. Lifetime of roles too small for his big talent. ON THE COVER Jesse Cook




ON THE COVER Dr. Andrew Kay

Beauty | 8 by Patti Smith

Your 5 Minute Make-up Out the Door.

Gourmet | 16 by Cindy Kay

Let them Eat Cake Classic Decadent Desserts.

Dr. Andrew Kay | 20 by Ann Jenson

Yonge Eglinton Periodontics.

Meleni David Law Office | 29 by Eva Klien

Scarborough’s Premier Boutique Personal Injury Law Firm.



E & Hair In The City | 31 by Ted Jones

Elegant, Relaxed Atmosphere Making You Beautiful.

Fashion | 50 by Sharon Eames

After eight attire, finishing touches, your moment in time.

Interiors | 53 by Debbie Brown

Decorating your home in a neutral theme.

Culture | 56 by Janet Heath

Northwest Coast First Nations Art.

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EDITOR Tricia Dobrev ART DIRECTOR Liz Wherman ACCOUNT MANAGER Tanveer Khan Jeff Haas COPY EDITOR Tim Haas PRODUCTION MANAGER Patrick Werner WRITERS Debbie Brown Eva Klien Sharon Eames Ann Jenson Ted Jones Cindy Kay Patti Smith Liv Dean Liz Wherman Tye Dano Betty Glowe Robert Moss Janet Heath

ADVERTISING INQUIRIES (416) 367-3131 Elite Magazine is published by L.W. Media, 33 Harbour Square, Toronto, Ontario, M5J 2L4, (416) 367-3131. Elite Magazine is published four times a year. Copyright 2016. Contents may not be reprinted either in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher. The publisher assumes no responsibility for omission in Elite Magazine. All manuscripts submitted must be accompanied by a self-addressed envelope and sufficient postage. While the publisher will take all reasonable care, we will not be responsible for the loss of any manuscript, illustrations or photographs. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and and the persons quoted Spring 2017.

Elite Magazine may be obtained through subscription and at Chapters and Indigo.

SUBSCRIPTION 12 issues - $70.00 8 issues - $55.00 4 issues - $30.00 Call or Email us at 416.367.3131 ISSN 1198-4287

To know spring is to know nature, to be drawn to the scent of a leaf, to feel warmth on the neck from the sun, and to let tendrils of your hair drift in the wind. Spring is the season of growth and development, for us as well as nature. Take a leisurely walk when you are beckoned by the scent of the earth, a sea of grass, the tender new leaves, the mood-elevating afternoon light. It is spring, a time to decorate, renovate work in the garden. Enjoy the face of spring, for each season has its own. Be open to change, let the outside in, make this season your own. This issue of our magazine is full of exciting articles. Juno award-winning guitar phenomenon Jesse Cook brings his One World studio album to us. Global T.V. anchor Kris Reyes has a passion for the news. Nostalgia isn’t just for muscle cars. It’s also a useful tool for luxury brands like Porsche, who prefer to use nomenclature like ‘heritage’ when describing models like the Porsche 911 Targa 4. Make no mistake, however: the 911 Targa 4 GTS, with its retractable fabric roof panel, a clear

nod to the 1965 911 Targa that made the name famous is definitely intended to stir memories encoded deep within the DNA of Porsche-philes. As Marie Antoinette once said to the French people “Let them eat cake.” We have for you “Let them eat dessert.” An abundance of your favorite desserts. Pristine white sand beaches shaded by swaying coconut palms with rugged shorelines. Punta Cana Dominican Republic is paradise found. Easy to reach, hard to leave. Your 5 minute makeup out the door. You can apply your makeup in five minutes… and still have time to get that cup of coffee. You will look polished and put together, despite the lack of time. We hope you continue to find Elite Magazine informative, a pleasure to read and a valuable reference all year long. Advertisers in our magazine are progressive businesses providing to you the reader. We urge you to support them.

Warmest Regards!

Tricia Dobrev




5 I


By Patti Smith

t is morning time, and your are almost late for work. If you’re like most women, you would rather use those few minutes before work to get your cappuccino than use them to apply your makeup. You just don’t have time to put your face on before running out the door. You can apply your makeup in five minutes… and still have time to get that cup of coffee. You will look polished and put together, despite the lack of time. For an easy daytime look, sometimes minimal makeup that puts your natural beauty in the spotlight is the way to go. You look fabulous and better yet, get out the door in just 5 minutes:

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Approx. 30 seconds


Even out your skin tone, disguise blemishes and protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays with a do-it-all BB Cream. Christian Dior DiorSnow UV Shield BB Creme UV SPF 50 or Rimmel BB Cream SPF 25.

Approx: 1 minute


You’ll want to start with a good foundation to ensure the skin looks its best, foundation can easily do double duty as concealer to spot-treat redness, under eye circles, or any other imperfections. “Remember, you don’t have to apply foundation all over the face. Only apply it on an as-needed basis, which will also save time Maybelline Fit Me Shine-Free Foundation Stick Lightly does the job if you are on a budget. Smashbox Camera Ready BB Cream for Eyes below your eyes and at the inner corners of your eyes to hide dark circles and make your eyes look instantly wide awake.

Approx: 30 seconds


A good, quality cream or powder blusher Bobbi Brown’s Pot Rouge they have the widest range of shades to suit everyone. To apply your blusher perfectly, draw a line directly downwards from the centre of your pupil to find where to begin applying your blusher – apply at this point then blend outwards and slightly upwards, towards your

temple. Also or Estée Lauder ‘Pure Color’ Powder Blush works well too.

Approx: 1 minute


Rimmel Scandal Eyes Waterproof Kohl Eyeliner. Apply eyeliner to the outer area corner of the eyes and use an uptick. Bobbi Brown’s Gel Liner and their trusty eye liner brush does a great wing tip. Groom Your SHISEIDO™ Natural Eyebrow Pencil or NYX Auto Eyebrow Pencil. A fabulous brow Pencil Great looking eyebrows add prominence and frame your face. As a finishing touch, simply brush through your brows with the comb for a polished look. You can also use the tip of your mascara over your eye brows if you have no other choice. from the hairdryer on it before gently curling your lashes, followed by mascara.

Approx: 1 to 1.5 minutes


Chanel Le Volume De Chanel or Cover Girl Covergirl Clump Crusher Mascara. If you have extra time, heat up your lash curlers by directing a quick burst of warm air

Approx: 30 seconds to 1 minute


Finish with a lip balm, gloss or lipstick. Smith’s Rosebud Salve or Viva Glam Lipstick, other contenders: Elizabeth Arden 8 Hour Cream, Clarins Instant Light Lip Perfector. A quick and easy makeup routine that will have you looking pretty and polished in five minutes. Please do let me know if you try Your 5 Minutes Make up Out The Door, or if you have any other quick beauty tips!

Celebrity FOR




(Exclusive video interview with Jesse Cook can be seen on or YouTube)

Handsome Canadian guitarist, composer and producer Jesse (Arnaud) Cook is widely considered one of the most influential figures in the “nuevo flamenco” music world today.


By Tricia Dobrev

ncorporating elements of flamenco rumba, jazz, & many forms of world music into his work. A Juno Award winner, Acoustic Guitar magazine honoured him with the Silver Player’s Choice Award in the Flamenco Category, and three-time winner of the Canadian Smooth Jazz award in the Guitarist of the Year category. Cook has sold over 1.5 million records worldwide. Born in Paris to photographer and filmmaker John Cook and television director and producer Heather Cook, and nephew to artist Arnaud Maggs, Jesse Cook spent the first few years of his life moving between Paris, Southern France and Barcelona. As a child he was fascinated by the guitar and tried to emulate the sound he heard coming from his parents’ recordings of Manitas de Plata, a famous Gypsy guitarist from the region of Southern France known as the Camargue. After his parents separated, Cook and his sister went back to Canada where she was born. Recognizing the musical aptitude of her son, Cook’s mother arranged for him to take lessons at Toronto’s Eli Kassner Guitar Academy. The 1995 Catalina Jazz Festival was a turning point in Cook career. His debut album

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FOR JESSE COOK, MUSIC has been a journey. Sonically and literally. “Over the years, I’ve taken my music and tried to cross-pollinate it with music from different parts of the world.”

career. His debut album Tempest had been independently released in Canada. Within a month, a deal with American company Narada allowed them to be booked at the Catalina Jazz festival which was a success. Shortly afterwards, Tempest entered the American Billboard charts at No. 14. His music has been featured on several episodes of Sex and The City, The Chris Isaak Show and at several Olympic Games. At the 2006 Winter Olympics, Irina Slutskaya of Russia won a bronze medal skating to Cook’s composition “Mario Takes a Walk”. “For the (2003) album Nomad, I went to Cairo and recorded with musicians there. On my (2009) record The Rumba Foundation, I went to Colombia, and worked with musicians from Cuba as well. On (1998’s) Vertigo, I went down to Lafayette, La., and recorded with Buckwheat Zydeco. For me, the question has always been: Where did you go? Where did you take your guitar?” The short answer this time? Nowhere. And everywhere.


fter two decades of criss-crossing the world in restless pursuit of inspiration, innovation and collaboration, the Paris-born, Toronto-raised Cook changed course for his ninth studio album One World, was release by eOne Music Canada. Instead of exotic locales, he stayed home in his studio. Instead of a foreign legion of performers, he relied on his own devices. And instead of exploring cul de sacs of music, flamenco, classical, rumba, world beat, pop, blues or jazz , he united them. “On this record, it’s not really about going someplace,” he says of the album, whose cover depicts a vast, ancient tree. “The idea is that there really is just one world. If you pull your focus back far enough, you start to see all music as being branches of the same tree. They’re all connected to the same trunk from way back. “For example, my strange way of playing guitar is a hybrid of styles. I was a classical guitarist as a kid, and I studied flamenco and then I studied jazz. So there are three musical and guitar traditions in my background. And one of the forms I use, rumba flamenco, is itself a hybrid created in the 1800s when sailors were coming back to Spain from Cuba, having heard these Cuban rhythms. And here I am, 150 years later, taking it and mixing it back with modern music and seeing where it takes me. Music is a constantly evolving thing.” As is Cook’s creative approach.

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Despite its humble homemade origins, One World begins another chapter in the multi-tasking artist, composer and producer’s quest. His destination: The digital realm. To create the disc’s emotive melodies, fluid grooves and rich sonic tapestries, he incorporated technology more than ever before. What results is the most sonically diverse and distinctive disc in Cook’s vast and varied catalogue, which has earned 11 Juno nominations and one win for 2000’s Free Fall. On these 11 instrumentals, programmed beats and dusty electronic textures are interwoven with syncopated handclaps, deep dubby basslines and popping percussion. Sitars and violin share the space with synthesizers and sound effects. Notes and rhythms dance playfully back and forth between speakers. Naturally, Cook’s masterful guitar work commands centre stage with its elegant balance of subtlety, in-themoment honesty and blazing technical prowess. But here, it also pivots between worlds ,past and future, familiar and fresh, acoustic and electronic — redefined by technology like every element of modern life. “We’re all involved with our computers in a big way, though we malign them,” laughs Cook. “People complain social media is ruining communication and that people just text instead of call. But love and romance and imagination and art also happen through computers. People fall in love online. People talk to loved ones on Skype. People write great love letters on the computer, create great works of art, great compositions. It has become this integral part of human expression and I wanted to give it a voice in what I was doing.” And in doing so, the artist who hadn’t planned to travel for this album found himself in the most exotic locale imaginable. “I wanted to make what I was doing feel like Constantinople (Istanbul), the ancient city that existed between the East and the West. It was the meeting point of all these great cultures, Africa, Europe, Asia, India. I want my music to be that place: The Constantinople of sound. A place where ancient sounds meet with modern ones and pass though that port.” The journey continues.  


Let Them Eat


Classic Decadent By Cindy Kay


essert is like a feel-good song and the best ones make you dance. In other words, everyone gets to have their cake and eat it, too. Baking is a great way to bring friends and family together. After all who doesn’t get excited when looking at a tray of freshly baked dessert? We have Chocolate lava cakes (a.k.a. molten cakes) proved that fame can be damaging. The liquid-centered cakes, popularized by Chef Jean-Georges Vongerichten in the late ‘80s, went viral for more than a decade. For chocolate-lovers, the dessert remains the apex, the acme, the epitome. If recipes could accept Hollywood stars, we’d give this one. Instead it will have to accept a permanent spot in our recipe box.

This delightful Apple Frangipane Pie combines buttery crisp pastry with a sweet almond cream and lightly sweetened apples. This dessert is lovely in the fall when newly harvested apples are available at farmer’s markets. Serve warm from the oven or at room temperature, with vanilla ice cream. This beautiful rustic dessert offers the complementary flavours of apples on a base of sweet-and-nutty almond paste known as frangipane. Pies today are world-spanning treats. No matter how you slice it, Strawberry cheesecake is truly a dessert that has stood the test of time. From its earliest recorded beginnings on Samos over 4,000 years ago to its current iconic status around the world this creamy cake remains a favourite for sweet tooths of all ages. This cheesecake will earn praise from both cheesecake lovers and strawberry fans alike. It’s smooth and rich perfection! For a dessert that looks as great as it tastes, this one can’t be beat! Layers of rich pound cake, luscious cream and sweet strawberries make this treat very inviting. This creamy strawberry cheesecake is perfect for any special occasion! Whether for a party, the holidays or just to treat yourself, enjoy these delicious, classic desserts with your family and friends.

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Warm Chocolate Lava Cake with Banana Ice Cream Warm Chocolate Lava Cake Ingredients: • • • • • •

8 oz butter 240 g chocolate 4 eggs 100 g sugar 40 g flour 40 g corn starch


1. Melt chocolate and butter over double broiler. 2. In a separate bowl, mix eggs, yolks and sugar. Combine chocolate and egg mixture. Fold in sifted starch and flour. 3. Allow mixture to set overnight in the fridge. 4. Portion into individual cakes and bake at 350° fahrenheit for 8-12 minutes.

Banana Ice Cream Ingredients: • • • • • •

2 cups milk 6 large egg yolks 1 cup sugar 2 cups cold heavy cream 1 ripe banana (puree) 1 oz banana liquor


1. Scald milk with 2 tbsp of sugar. 2. Combine remaining sugar and whisk into yolks until light and fluffy. 3. Return mixture to heat and while stirring with a wooden spoon, heat until 175° fahrenheit. Immediately add cold cream, add banana puree and liquor. 4. Cool in fridge, churn or ice cream maker according to manufacturers specifications.

Best Apple Frangipane Pie Frangipane Ingredients: • • • • •

6 tbsp butter 1/4 cup icing sugar 3/4 cup ground blanched almonds 2 tbsp all purpose four 1 egg slightly beaten


1. Beat butter and icing sugar until smooth, add ground almond and flour mixing well. 2. Slowly add egg and mix until well incorporated. 3. Refrigerate until ready to use.

Pie Ingredients:

• 2 Granny Smith apples peeled and cored • 1 sheet puff pastry • 2 tbsp melted butter • 2 tbsp granulated sugar • 1 tbsp ground cinnamon


1. Preheat oven to 400° fahrenheit 2. Cut puff pastry with a large cookie cutter (4 - 5 inches) use a small round cutter to imprint a guideline for apples leaving a 1/2 inch border. 3. Slice apples thinly, about 1/8 inch wide 4. Place 1 tbsp Frangipane in the middle of puff pastry, round and press gently to even top. Carefully place apple slices around in a fan pattern. Drizzle melted butter over apples, being careful not to let butter melt over side of puff pastry. Sprinkle with a mixture of sugar and cinnamon. 5. Serve right away topped with caramel or premium vanilla ice cream.

Serves 8

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DR. ANDREW KAY Yo n g e E g l i n t o n P e r i o d o n t i c s


By Ann Jenson

r. Andrew Kay of Yonge Eglinton Periodontics has developed a sterling reputation during his 13 years in practice. His clientele can attest to their promise of exceeding your expectations. Providing the highest quality of periodontal service available, Dr. Andrew Kay is held in such high regard that he gets referrals from patients and dentists delighted with treatment. He is located in Toronto in the chic and convenient area of Yonge and Eglinton. Periodontics is the branch of dentistry con-

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cerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the supporting and surrounding structures of the teeth. Essentially, it is the foundation for the teeth. Periodontal disease typically refers to gum infections caused by bacteria (plaque) that destroy the gums and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. “At Yonge Eglinton Periodontics we take pride not only in what we do, which is to provide exceptional healthcare, but also in the way we deliver this service. We dedicate ourselves to providing the sincere compassion and sensitivity to our patients. this service. We dedicate ourselves to providing We understand that people coming into the office are usually very anxious about the treatment that they are going to be receiving,� adds Dr Kay.he clinic has a tranquil calmness that makes your visit an enjoyable

the sincere compassion and sensitivity to our patients. We understand that people coming into the office are usually very anxious about the treatment that they are going to be receiving,” adds Dr Kay. The clinic has a tranquil calmness that makes your visit an enjoyable experience. The warm and charming administrative staff of Michelle and Susan, and Dr. Kay’s assistants, Carmen and Eluna will advise and assist you through every step of the way. Patients are educated about their procedures in easy to understand terms. You will find that personal relationships will develop quickly that will make you feel right at home. Yonge Eglinton Periodontics is equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology including, digital radiography and laser technology, all of which are utilized as required to make the patients’ experience as successful and stress free as possible. They are dedicated to providing the very bestdeliver this service. We dedicate ourselves to providing the sincere compassion and sensitivity to our patients. We understand that people coming into the office are usually very receiving,” adds Dr Kay.

anxious about the treatment that they are going to be The clinic has a tranquil calmness that makes your visit an enjoyable experience. The warm and charming administrative staff of Michelle and Susan, and Dr. Kay’s assistants, Carmen and Eluna will advise and assist you through every step of the way. Patients are educated about their procedures in easy to understand terms. You will find that personal relationships will develop quickly that will make you feel right at home. Yonge Eglinton Periodontics is equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology including, digital radiography and laser technology, all of which are utilized as required to make the patients’ experience as successful and stress free as possible. They are dedicated to providing the very best treatment to those suffering from periodontal disease and needing oral reconstruction with dental implants. Treatments provided range from the treatment of periodontal (gum) disease to dental implants, bone reconstruction, cosmetic periodontal surgery, gum grafting and crown lengthening. “We pride ourselves in working with the best dentists and other specialists, and providing a personal approach to fulfilling your treatment needs,” says Dr. Kay. Dr. Andrew Kay has embraced advances in dental technology, incorporating them into his periodontal practice. “Surgical techniques developed in the 1970s to the 1990s used to dominate,” Dr. Kay says. “But over the last 15 years, ground breaking, less invasive surgical and nonsurgical technologies have resulted in less extensive procedures, requiring shorter recovery times, with more predictable outcomes. For example, in many graft cases, we are now able to avoid getting gum tissue from the palate. The biggest complaint from patients about grafting is when the palate is used, but with newer techniques, this can now be avoided.” From the standpoint of surgically replacing diseased teeth with dental implants, Dr. Kay explains, “We can perform specialized surgical procedures with a degree of precision and predictability unattainable 10 years ago.” Dr. Kay and his dedicated staff pride themselves on limiting surgery to absolutely necessary cases and on treating the early stages of periodontitis with the ultimate goal of creating a healthy and beautiful smile. Yonge Eglinton Periodontics is passionate about dental care and putting the patient at the heart of everything they do. “My practice is in the field of periutilize the latest technology in a balance of minimally invasive techniques and maximizing effective surgical treatments. “With compassion, honesty and our dedication to oral health, we are making Toronto smile one patient at a time. When not seeing patients, Dr. Andrew Kay enjoys travel, biking, music, exercise, and spending time with his family. He is an avid runner and cyclist and uses these passions toward different charity fundraisers. For more information contact 416.481.1179, 2300 Yonge St #706 Toronto, ON M4P 1E4






teeped in racing heritage, this modern version of Porsche’s 911 Targa 4 & Targa 4 GTS offers to delivers a perfect combination of power, handling, combining the classic Targa concept with state-of-the-art technology. The word “targa” has several meanings in Italian. It’s a tablet, a ceremonial shield or plaque, and also what Italians call their license plates. And most relevant to us, it’s in the name of Italy’s second-most-celebrated road race, the Targa Florio, which Porsche dominated in the 1960s before a rapidly rising body count finally ended it. When Porsche produced its first opentop 911 at the 1965 Frankfurt motor show, it bore the name Targa as a tribute to the company’s Targa Florio victories.Few high-end automobiles do nostalgia as well as the Porsche 911. Of

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course, the current 911 is a technological tour-de-force, brimming with multifunction display screens and computer-controlled systems. But when you’re charging down your favourite back road, hands at 9 and 3 on the upright steering wheel, with those five round gauges in front of you and the rear-mounted engine at full song, the 911 is pure mechanical harmony. You just don’t get the same car-anddriver connection in other premium sports cars.

Remarkably, Porsche has managed to preserve the 911’s unique character while adding new technologies and new configurations that broaden its appeal. If you’ve ever been in an old air-

The whole operation takes 19 seconds to open or close, cooled 911, you know that these cars used to be raw performance machines, with minimal concessions to comfort and convenience. The current model, however, boasts an exquisitely trimmed cabin with all the accoutrements of a luxury car. The ride, too, is pretty civilized ranging from tolerable on gritty surfaces to downright compliant (for a sports car, at least) on well-maintained roads. As with the predecessor model, the Targa generation comes in two versions available exclusively with all-wheel drive. The 911 Targa 4 is powered by a 3.4-litre, 350 hp (257 kW) flat engine. Equipped with the Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) and Sport Chrono package, this model accelerates from zero to tion figures are between 9.5 and 8.7 litres/100 km, depending on transmission, which corresponds to a CO2 emissions level 26 | ELITE

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PORSCHE 911 TARGA 4 GTS of between 223 and 204 g/km. between 223 and 204 g/km. The top model is the 911 Targa 4S, which delivers 400 hp (294 kW) from a displacement of 3.8 litres. This model reaches a top speed of 296 km/h and, with the PDK and Sport Chrono package fitted, accelerates in 4.4 seconds. Its fuel consumption fluctuates between 10.0 and 9.2 litres per 100 km, depending on transmission, which corresponds to a CO2 level of between 237 and 214 g/km. When you want to open the sunroof, it’s like a scene from the Thunderbirds (Scott Tracy was my favourite Thunderbird he was First Responder as they said in the show “Thunderbirds Are Go”....... so is the Targa 4 GTS. The show first air the same year as the Targa in 1965. The whole car splits in

Targa 4 GTS classic with its timeless beauty and style make it easily one of the most desirable. half, palm trees lie flat, swimming pools fold away and after a little while everthing goes back together. The whole operation takes 19 seconds to open or close, but it can only be operated when the car is at a standstill. Both Targa models are the ultimate version of the open-top sports car. The Targa model starts at $106.700 and the Targa 4 GTS is $111,100. If you want the best wind-in-the-hair 911 experience you won’t regret it, especially if you ever get the chance to drive the route that gave it its name. It’s a rare glimpse of Porsche letting its hair down with an overtly pastiche, retro design. For many it will offer the perfect halfway house between the coupe and convertible. 28 | ELITE

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The whole car splits in half, palm trees lie flat, swimming pools fold away and after a little while everthing goes back together. Hardcore track fans will be satisfied with its power delivery and handling, especially given that it can be wrung out a bit on public roads without having to worry too much about losing your license. The Porsche 911 is assuredly among the best all-around cars Porsche makes.

Sporty, stylish, and super-fast and it handles like a dream. The Porsche 911 Targa and Targa 4 GTS is a high-quality, innovative classic with its timeless beauty and style make it easily one of the most desirable.

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The Law Office of

Meleni DAVID

Scarborough’s Premier Boutique Personal Injury Law Firm By Eva Klien


he Law Office of Meleni David is one of Scarborough’s premier boutique personal injury law firms and is dedicated to helping people who have been injured and families who have lost loved ones through the negligence of others. Combining an aggressive and progressive approach to the practice of law, the firm utilizes today’s newest technologies to assist its many clients, who have suffered complex and life-altering injuries. With a team of experts who have gained extensive knowledge in handling thousands of personal injury cases throughout the years, The Law Offices of Meleni David offers professional and ethical legal services for almost all forms of personal injury including, Motor vehicle accidents, Slip and fall accidents as well as injuries due to negligence. “When people are involved in an accident, they don’t know what to do, who to turn to for legal advice, it’s very scary, and it’s very overwhelming. Your whole life is altered,” adds David. “We invest our resources to ensure our clients receive the justice they deserve for the wrong they have suffered. David says…my role is to provide quality legal services for my clients while maintaining the highest level of professionalism and ethical standards. My experience and enthusiasm include delivering

high quality, efficient service in a cost effective manner, and offering

practical solutions to clients’ legal concerns. The youngest of three children, David had a passion to become a

lawyer from an early age. This interest stemmed from the fact that her Uncle and Aunt were both successful Lawyers and inspired her greatly. David obtained an undergraduate degree in Psychology from York University and an LLB degree from Osgoode Hall Law School. She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2005. Immediately following her call she opened her own civil litigation firm and provided opportunities to many new immigrants to enter the Canadian work force. She runs a very successful law practice with over 5 lawyers, 3 articling students, and 30 legal assistants. Her areas of practice include: slips and falls, motor vehicle accidents, pedestrian accidents; wrongful death; brain injuries; spinal injuries and personal injury claims. “The most disheartening part of my job is assigning a monetary value to my client’s pain and suffering. I don’t see a multi-figure result as a measure of my skill or as if I had won the lottery for someone. The lives of these individuals will never again be the same and no monetary amount will ever replace what they have lost. There are many cases wherein the other side minimizes the client’s injury, claims the injury existed before the accident, or that the client themselves are responsible for their injuries. From the moment you are retained on a case, The Law Office of Meleni David’s attorneys are dedicated to realizing their mission of

providing clients with their personal attention and care for their demand. “We emphasize close client relationships that endure beyond the conclusion of a client’s case. We want

our clients to know that we are here for them now and will be here for them in the future.” says David. Meleni David is the recipient of several awards in appreciation of her contribution to the growth and wellbeing of the community. She is one among the proud winner of the Top 25 Immigrant Award 2012. Apart from receiving the National Ethnic Press and Media Council of Canada Award from the Lieutenant Governor in 2013, her Law firm was also awarded the Gold Award for the Best Law Firm — Readers Choice by the Scarborough Mirror. The Law Office of Meleni David acquired Canadian Negligence Claims Law Firm of the Year — award by Acquisition International Award. Meleni David had the honor of delivering the Key Note speech at York University Graduation in Toronto to a graduating class of the University’s Bridging Program for International Education Professionals (IEPs) of 2014. Meleni David gives her time to numerous local charities and social organizations, including the South Asian Autism Awareness Center (SAAAC) and is Director of this board, Canadian Diabetes Association Alzheimer Society of Canada. “The truest measure of our success is when our clients leave our office in a better position than when they came in and the joy we get in securing a better future for our clients is what continues to fuel our drive.” observes David. When not seeing clients Meleni David enjoys music, dancing, travel and spending time with her two daughters. For more information contact 416.430.0044, 885 Progress Ave. # 110, Scarb. M1H 3G3 Email:melenid@ Web:

E & HAIR IN THE CITY Unisex Hair Salon & Spa By Ted Jones

Elegant, Relaxed Atmosphere Making You Beautiful


milia Bochkov has a glowing reputation of operating one of the top salons in Burlington. Bochkov is the owner of E & Hair In The City Unisex Hair Salon & Spa, with over 20 years of experience in the industry. “What we offer here” says Emilia “is a very elegant, relaxed atmosphere where clients become our friends”. She creates a welcoming family environment providing exquisite client care. Recently renovated the salon reveals an ambience that reflects Emilia’s passion for hair and skin care, while providing an elite, uniquely personalized level of service to every client. She will make you feel right at home with light refreshments if you wish to take the edge off and relax. E & Hair In The City Hair Salon & Spa clientele can attest to her promise to exceed your expectations. Located on Walkers Line in a quaint upscale area of Burlington. Her philosophy is to create a look that will not only suit you and your personality, but create a look that is easy to maintain at home. “A hair style is not a trend for the season but a wearable part of fashion to suit the individual” says Emilia. Emilia believes working together with you in keeping your hair and skin healthy is key to looking and feeling great each day. Emilia states, “people today want to keep up to the latest trends seen in magazines or TV but we

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take that and work towards creating a statement about reflecting ones personality and lifestyle”. E & Hair In The City Salon & Spa philosophy is about styling hair that’s realistic and beautiful. Be it natural, tousled, or sleek and sexy. It’s always stunning to look at and easy to manage. With hair as an integral part of our personal identity, our goal at E & Hair In The City “is to create successful haircuts that work for the individual” adds Emilia. Looking to always improve and maintain its status in the industry E & Hair In The City Hair Salon & Spa is one of the few full-functioning natural salon and spas in the area with professional products, such us Schwarzkopf, VITALITY’s, Oligo, Mon Platin, OPI and CND. These products include ammonia free hair colour, formaldehyde free nail polish and chemical free skin care for the face and body. “This is a full-service hair salon and spa for both women and men that specializes in number of areas of the aesthetics industry such as Facial, Makeup, Anti-Aging Treatments, Manicure and Pedicure”. Also provide unique medically developed and clinically proven hair loss treatment as BIOSCAL. Grey hair has unique characteristics that require specific technical knowledge when colouring and styling. When colouring, the choice of colour must be carefully considered in order to ensure a natural match to your skin tone.

The texture and composition of grey hair also poses some unique technical challenges for creating long-lasting colour. Emilia has many clients with grey hair and possesses the essential experience required for this unique hair type. Whether you want a modern or sophisticated style that brings the best out of your natural colour, or you simply want a stylish colour and cut, you’ll find many possibilities with E & Hair In The City. When not seeing clients Emilia enjoys music, nature walks, hiking, reading, travel and spending time with her family. Don’t miss your chance to be beautiful CALL NOW E & Hair In The City Unisex Hair Salon & Spa welcomes you with an open mind and comforting arms to enjoy a day at the spa. 3113 Walkers Line Burlington L7M 0E1 905.319.7373 EMAIL:


SALES REPRESENTATIVE $1000 + 30% COMMISSION per month   EXPERIENCE preferred SALES REPRESENTATIVES to join our sales team. The successful candidate will have a proven track record with new business development, generating new clients by cold calling and networking. A motivated self-starter with discipline to work independently to achieve sales targets and strong telephone communication skills will thrive in our environment SEND RESUME TO

rg Celebrity

By Tricia Dobrev

Oh Ryan He Sing! He Dance and his the star of the movie La La Land what next for this handsome actor. Ryan Thomas Gosling was born in London Ontario November 12, 1980 best known for his film roles in ‘The Notebook,’ ‘Half Nelson’ and ‘Crazy, Stupid, Love.’ Ryan Gosling was nominated for an Oscar for Best Actor for his work in La La Land. He said in a statement: ‘I’m very grateful to the Academy for recognizing my work in La La Land. It was a true collaboration, so to see everyone else’s wonderful work on the filmcknowledged so generously makes it even more specara cknowledged so generously makes it even more

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Photos by HFPA & Liongate


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ith his handsome good looks and sincere talent, Academy Award® nominated actor, Ryan Goslin has claimed his role as one of Hollywood’s most sought out actor. Landing the controversial lead role in the film The Believer was a career breakthrough for RYAN GOSLING [Sebastian]. After his performance garnered rave reviews and industry-wide attention. Gosling’s performance won the Grand Jury prize at the 2001 Sundance Film Festival®. He also received Best Actor nominations from the Film Independent Spirit Awards and the London Film Critics’ Circle. Gosling received strong critical praise for his follow-up performances in both the independent feature The Slaughter Rule, opposite David Morse, and the psychological thriller Murder by Numbers, opposite Sandra Bullock. His penchant for taking on challenging and complex characters led him to take the title role in The United States of Leland, opposite Kevin Spacey and Don Cheadle. Subsequently, he starred in the blockbuster romantic drama The Notebook, and the New Line thriller Fracture, opposite Anthony Hopkins. In 2004, he was lauded as ShoWest’s Male Star of Tomorrow. In 2007, Gosling reGosling received an Academy Award® nomination for Best Actor for his role in Half


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In 2007, Gosling received an Academy Award® nomination for Best Actor for his role in Half Nelson as ‘Dan’, a drug-addicted inner city junior high school teacher. He also garnered Best Actor nominations from the Screen Actors GuildTM, the Broadcast Film Critics Association, the Film Independent Spirit Awards, the Chicago Film Critics Association, the Online Film Critics’ Society, the Toronto Film Critics Association, and the Satellite Awards. He received the Male Breakthrough Performance Award from the National Board of Review and won Best Actor Awards from both the Seattle and Stockholm International Film Festivals. The following year Gosling was honored again with both a Golden Globe® and Screen Actors GuildTM Actor nomination for his work in Lars and The Real Girl, and once more by the HFPA in 2011 for the drama Blue Valentine, opposite Michelle Williams. In 2011 Gosling starred alongside Steve Carell and Julianne Moore in the marital crisis comedy Crazy, Stupid, Love. That same year he starred in Drive, an action film directed by Nicolas Winding Refn, and George Clooney’s The Ides of March. Gosling was noticed as “one of the most exciting actors of his generation,” by Manohla Dargis, critic for The New York Times. In 2012, Gosling teamed up again with director Derek Cianfrance in Place Beyond the Pines,

alongside Bradley Cooper and Eva Mendes. Gosling was also seen in Warner Bros’ Gangster Squad, directed by Ruben Fleischer, also starring Emma Stone, Sean Penn and Josh Brolin. He worked with director Nicolas Winding Refn for the second time in Only God Forgives. Gosling’s directorial debut Lost River was released April 2015. Later that year, he starred alongside Christian Bale, Steve Carell and Brad Pitt in the Paramount film The Big Short, written and directed by Adam McKay. Gosling can last be seen in Shane Black’s directed, Warner Brother’s film The Nice Guys, alongside Russell Crowe, which premiered at the 2016 Cannes International Film Festival. Despite its modern setting, the film is a throwback to old musicals, and Ryan says he was initially worried about looking ‘ridiculous’ while tap dancing his way across LA. ‘If you’re going to take yourself out of your comfort zone and challenge yourself, you risk looking ridiculous for doing that,’ he told GQ magazine. ‘But it also felt worth it.’ It looks as though his risk has paid off though, with Ryan having now been given a second shot at Oscars success. Gosling can be seen next in the Terrence Malick film Weightless. He is currently in production on Denis Villeneuve’s Blade Runner taht will be out in the Fall of 2017. 38 | ELITE

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Punta Cana


Paradise Found By Robert Moss

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he Punta Cana area has an estimated population of 100,023. To the north, it borders the area Bávaro and El Cortecito beaches. The nearest town, Higüey, is 45 km away. Europeans, particularly Spanish, tend to own the resorts of Punta Cana. Resort architects have been likely to make a nod to Spain or colonial Mexico. North to South the main beaches are: Playa de Arena Gorda, Playa Bávaro, Playa Ubero Alto, Playa Macao, Playa de El Cortecito, Cabeza de Toro, Cabo Engaño, Punta Cana and Juanillo. Bavaro is a village developed in cooperation with the resorts of Punta Cana, and has become a centre for services. Punta Cana has one of the busiest and best connected airports in the region (Punta Cana International Airport), serving approximately two million tourists per year. The Punta Cana destination is made up of the areas (going from south to north) of Juanillo, Punta Cana, Cabeza de Toro, Bavaro, El Cortecito, Macao and Uvero Alto. Today, the East Coast beach strip is one of the best choices for those seeking the perfect beach and R&R (rest and relaxation) vacation. Bill and Hillary Clinton chose Punta Cana for their first sojourn after leaving the White House. Punta Cana is that perfect place for a honeymoon – first or second. This is a place for relaxing…miles of silky-fine white sand, deserted beaches with coconut palms. Punta Cana is made up almost completely of large all-inclusive resorts populated mostly by couples or families. Some resorts in the area cater to sports-minded people, others are couples only. But most resorts focus on family entertainment.

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This is a place for relaxing… miles of silkyfine white sand, deserted beaches with coconut palms.

HOTELS According to the

Dominican Republic’s Ministry of Tourism, there are more than 35,000 hotel rooms in the Punta Cana region. is a 658-room resort. Eight room categories are available, including ocean-view, ocean-front, one-bedroom and presidential suites. is slightly higher-end than the Iberostar Dominicana next door, and offers nearly 600 Junior suites (the only room type) spread out in 75 bungalow-style buildings. Out of the four Princess properties in Punta Cana, this 263room all-inclusive is the pricier, adults-only option. It is a bit more upscale than the other three, though honeymooners should go for one of the seven Honeymoon Suites for more romantic amenities. Sometimes the resort can feel like an adult party, especially considering the afternoon pool scene, lobby entertainment, and 24-hour beach bar. This upscale resort sits on a pretty white-sand beach that is filled with fun water sports and sans annoying crowds. Perhaps due to slightly higher rates, the Dreams lacks a raucous spring break crowd and instead attracts families and couples with its large, pristine pool, lovely spa, kids’ club, and daily entertainment. Punta Cana has 21 miles of beaches, many of which are public and some that are clothing-optional. Punta Cana has become the most popular tourist area on the island due to its acres of white sand and aqua-blue water. Last year Punta Cana received over 5.9 million passengers, making it the busiest airport in the Caribbean. It is a wonderful place for a vacation Easy to Reach Hard to Leave. 

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$1000 + 25% COMMISSION per month EXPERIENCE preferred SALES REPRESENTATIVES to join our sales team. The successful candidate will have a proven track record with new business development, generating new clients by cold calling and networking. A motivated selfstarter with discipline to work independently to achieve sales targets and strong telephone communication skills will thrive in our environment SEND RESUME TO elitemag@yandex. com

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Classic Actor


RYANLifetime Of Roles By Liz Wherman

Too Small For His Big Talent Robert Ryan in The Set Up (1949)


obert Ryan is best described as dependable. He was not a shimmering glowing cinema star but belongs in a category unique to himself (or almost, Van Heffin would belong to this category and perhaps Arthur Kennedy), the second-billed leading man. Ryan was a contemporary of Burt Lancaster, Kirk Douglas and William Holden but romantic lead alluded him. He has remained a star, never a supporting player but usually as the hero’s friend or the heavy. Few actors of his stature have cared to risk unsympathetic parts but he was really best as a villain. John Houseman called him “a disturbing mixture of anger and tenderness who had reached stardom by playing mostly brutal neurotic roles that here of complete variance with his true nature”. Houseman produced On Dangerous Ground (47) directed by Nicholas Ray. This is a very unusual, remake because of its mix of anger and tenderness that comprises the neurosis of character Jim Wilson. Robert Ryan was born in Chicago on November 11, 1909 where his father Tim Ryan was an executive of the Ryan Construction Company. As a child he was taught boxing. He studied at Chicago’s Loyola Academy then at Darmouth, where he excelled in sports and for four years held the college’s

heavyweight boxing championships. He majored in dramatic literature and planned to go into journalism. But these were the depression years and he refused to go into his father’s business. After graduating he worked at a variety of odd jobs, debt collector, salesman and modeling. He became interested in amateur drama, his oil investment enabled him to go to Hollywood to join the Max Reinhardt’s Theatrical Workshop. He married Jessica Cadwalader a classmate in 1939, she gave up acting and published some children’s books and articles. They had there first son Timothy Ryan in 1946, two other children followed, Jessica and Cheyney. After graduating he got a job in a local musical Too Many Husbands based on Somerset Maugham play, and that resulted in a Paramount contract worth $75.00 a week. He had bit parts in Golden Gloves (40) directed by Edward Dmytryk as a boxer; Queen of The Mom; North West Mounted Police and Texas Rangers Ride Again (41) Paramount dropped him. Ryan’s career began taking shape after his return from WWII service with the marines when he returned to RKO where he signed for $600 a week back in 1942. He played some of his best roles in the late 1940s and early 1950s. His best role to date was

a mixed-up coast guard egged on by Joan Bennett to murder her husband Charles Bickford. His next role also advanced his career, Crossfire (47) directed by Edward Dmytryk and based on the novel by Richard Brooks (whom Ryan had known in the marines). It is about three army buddies, one of whom murders a homosexual. In the film the victim became Jewish and the film was praised as an attack on Antisemitism. It benefited, rather, from the new, post war realism but today is considered a thriller. Ryan was mean and ugly as the murderer. There’s a low angle shot of Ryan’s character, Monty near the end of Crossfire, as he judges the proposal meant to set him up, where his jaw fidgets in doubt and worry and then sets in the jut of superiority. You can call that great acting. But you can’t separate the film making from the cold day of Ryan’s face. Max Ophuls directed Ryan in Caught (49). He was a multi-millionaire given to tantrums and locked in a loveless marriage with Barbara Bel Geddes (Miss Elle from Dallas). Ryan’s character Smith Ohlrig, whether he was being Howard Hughes or not or Hughes coached him - you want more of the sardonic Ohlrig in the film. The Set Up (49) brought him the most acclaim and repeating his stage role, as a washed up boxer who latches on to integrity in his comeback fight; Robert Wise directed and it’s still the best film on the

fight game. In 1950 he did losing Joan Fontaine to Mel Ferrer, (51), C (52), (56), e (54). The majority of critics applauds his performance and his attempt to move in a different direction. “Possibly Ryan’s most complex and most successful screen charact relizarion... a performance of rare depth and beauty... his playing met the flood of Shirley Booth entrenched pitch head on to make for an entertainment of singular charm”, (John Cutts, Films and Filming, July 1954). He freelanced and played the same sort of parts but only some of them happen to have a bigger budget. Ryan was able to manage to come up with excellent performances, either as hero or villain in such films as (54), (58), (60), (62), (69), (71), (73). In contrast with vicious bigots, unbending heroes he often played on the screen. Ryan was a modest, low keyed man in his private life and a committed activist for such liberal groups as SANE and ACLU and was among the founders of the UCLA Theatre group. He died of cancer, on July 11, 1973. His ashes were spread on the ground of a New Jersey farm pear tree to mingle with his wife Jessica who also died a year earlier of cancer. In Newsweek Paul Zimmerman wrote, “It is Robert Ryan, his face a wreck of smashed dreams, who provides the tragic dimension that makes this “The Iceman Cometh” a moving, unforgettable experience. Ryan died before it played. Ryan played his part in the shadow of his own death. He died leaving behind a lifetime of roles too small for his talent.

Robert Ryan in Caught (1949) 50 | ELITE 50 | ELITE

Your Boutique Firm

On Dangerous Ground 1951 film noir directed by Nicholas Ray with Robert Ryan and Ida Lupino. Ryan plays Jim Wilson, a tough police detective embittered by years of dealing with low-life urban scum. Jim is assigned to a case far from the city to find the killer of a young girl. In the first decade of her career Nita Tablot played “slick chicks� at the bar with Ryan.


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La Touche Finale (The Final Touch )

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Bon Vivant (One who lives well)

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YOUR HOME In A Neutral Theme

The power of texture here intrigues the eye into appreciating the fine architectural detail of the cabinetry. Lighting is used wisely whether under pot or overhead each holds its identity in highlighting these textures favorably. Although the island is a vibrant colour in contrast to the kitchen cabinetry using warmer colours for foreground and subtle colours as your background enhance the perception of depth. A neutral colour scheme makes this space calm and inviting. The variety of textures and lighting levels create interest in this beautiful kitchen.

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Contemporary but, with a traditional twist. This stately room shows symmetry and a balance of shades that are welcoming to the eye and mind. The neutral walls allow colour to do their own thing. Sateen combined with velvet convey luxury and sensuousness. The sienna coffee and buff palettes make this generous bed show off all its tones and textures. Traditional charm is also used in the selection of a striped window dressing. Although small in scale it blends well with the picture above the bed. The rich colour of the mahogany bed , picture frame, and lamp base all lend itself beautifully to a colour pallet of fig, almond, and oxford red.


uccessful decorationg relies on understanding the main principles of space, light, color, texture and then applying them to a given space. Deciding on a color scheme is the most tangible commitment to our idea of a particular room using its style and mood to perceive an even temperature. Color has the ability to effect the greatest transformation of a space because it is so powerful. Thus, many of us prefer to adhere to familiar neutrals. Taking this route provides us with its own challenges which are relatively easy to overcome once you adhere to certain principles. You only have to look around the room you are in to realize the extent to which materials shape and define our living spaces. When a space is based on a neutral scheme, we must recognize the power of texture and pattern. Natural materials such as marble, granite and wood can be shown as polished, tumbled, antiqued, texturized, or honed to create a certain look and style. These materials can also be assembled in a way that creates repetition, contrast and pattern. Iron, for instance, is a hard material that is cold and somewhat uninviting; however, once coaxed into sinuous and curvy shapes, it has an organic, romantic expression which does not require much furniture or detail.

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hen you are creating details in a space, various collectibles, accessories objects and art can be used to create a style or to portray a theme. Applying principles of repetition, consistency and contrast in a neutral scheme using accessories such as candles, flowers, frames, sculptures, can create interest and detail for the eye. Placement is important to consider when dealing with accessories and collectibles. One must consider the scale of items. For example, white flowers in a clear vase are a beautiful simple sight within the neutral landscape, but still intricate and complex by

Flowers are a simple and inexpensive way to add personality and luxury to any space in the home.

nature. A bowl full of balls is more effective than each ball scattered about the house. A collection of figurines is better off confined to a display box where they make a strong statement in unity rather than divided and scattered throughout the house. Just as a beauiful necklace accentuates the neck of a woman, a properly placed item can feature a lovely fireplace, armoire, contertop or bookshelf. Accessories, with their variety of colors, shapes, meanings, and inherent nature, can be cleverly used to pull the eye from the threshold and around the room to create an invitation to enter and enjoy the space. It could be called ‘merchandising for the home’. Creating vignettes, scenes, or captions around the house tell a story about the homeowners, the home and the style being expressed. Nothing brings more interest to a placement of objects than varying their heights. Putting books or magazines under items, even lamps, elevates their importance. Placing items on a mirror creates a reflection of that object and sparkles light around it as well. Bowls and plates can be a great tool for containing objects such as those previously mentioned balls, candies, stones, and marbles, anything that fits, though they must be ‘like’ objects. That same bowl can sit alone to create a bullseye on a table surface and perhaps an introduction of color in the neutral scheme. A neutral scheme does not have to be a boring venture in decorating. Though color is the strongest tool in decorating, creating interest, mood and style are easily accomplished while following some basic design principles which always have to be considered whether there is color involved or not. If you take ‘neutral’ as a scheme, be consistent and stick to it. Bring in a variety of textures that nature offers; create repetition; consider scale; and above all, edit so that there is no clutter to detract the eye from the beauty of your interior space.  

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First Nations Art


By Janet Heath

verlooking the vast horizon of the Pacific Ocean, atop the cliffs of Point Grey on the campus of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, you will find the finest collection of Northwest Coast (First Nations) art in the world. Totem poles, freestanding sculptures carved from red cedar trees indigenous to the dense forests of the Northwest Coast region, are found nowhere else on the North American continent. They are, indeed, unique in world culture. In terms of the artistic subtlety of design, the high level of imaginative achievement and especially the superb quality of wood carving, it is generally accepted that, at their best, these works of art are likely unsurpassed in the world.

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art are likely unsurpassed in the world. n addition, just as there are a great many different First Nations peoples in the region, there is also a wide range of styles in the depicted imagery. The images are highly stylized, abstract and muscular in form. Huge eyes, exaggerated beaks of birds and wings of ravens, over sized noses, mouths and nostrils, great log-like limbs – this is the stuff of this art. In the main, the images are restricted to figures of human, animals and shamans. They were designed, one atop the other, to portray stars and social relationships and especially the histories of the families who owned them. Myths and legends, too, were all a part of the mix. Although the figures were never intended to tell a story, they are presented as family emblems or crests: fore example, the family of the Raven or the Beaver, etc. The most distinctive stylistic feature of all these works is the peculiar way in which the figures transform themselves. By this we mean the animals and humans transform into other animals. The entire repertory of animal forms – ravens, beavers, eagles, turtles, whales, frogs and wolves – appear partly human, suggesting their ability to transform into other forms. The artist is free to pick and choose different features – for example, animal ears, human eyes, bird’s beak, human mouth and nostrils and combines them to develop dramatic decorative pattern, always emphasizing strong graphic rhythms. Although most scholars agree we really don’t understand what these creatures mean, they are a part of native mythology and were believe ed to represent the normal state of affairs in the beginning, at the dawn if time when all was fluid and in flux. In this context, it can be understood that these images have an independent significance in and of themselves, in much the same way that the story of Genesis or the pictorial tradition of the classical nude has a unique and independent meaning, in and of itself, in Western culture. ontact with Europeans was, predictable, a mixed blessing. On the one hand, new and more efficient iron carving tools became available. (The natives did not practice metallurgy prior to European contact). A vast array of new pigments also arrived. On the other hand, Marjorie M. Halpin, curator of ethnography at the Museum of Anthropology and writing in ‘Totem Poles’, paints a more complete and more tragic picture. “The elements of Northwest Coast culture… received their most spectacular artistic expression in totem poles carved during the early and middle years of the 1ast trade



Red cedar posts, Kwagiutl culture, Museum of Anthropology, U.B.C.,

Easy trade with the Europeans brought sudden 19th century and large increase in wealth; as a result, status rivalries… also increased, and as a consequence, artistic production flourished. More and taller totems we’re set in place on the beaches, especially during the first half of the 19th century, and masks and other ritual objects were in constant demand. his brilliant outburst of art and culture, for which the Northwest Coast has become widely known, was not to last very long. Trade in furs declined, but not before the Indians had become dependent on a monetary economy and exposed to the white man’s diseases (such as small pox). Death and poverty reduced the population to a quarter of its original size within a span of a hundred years or less. By the 1880’s many coastal villages were deserted, their few survivors collected around missions, trading posts, or centers of employment. Stately poles left behind to rot and decay, or to be looted by whites; other possessions were burned, sold or lost. Ironically, this devastation of Northwest Coast art and culture was brought about by the same forces let loose by the conning of the Europeans that had earlier contributed to the short and brilliant efflorescence.” n short, the Northwest Coast art and culture came very close to extinction. Move over, the dignity and morale of the people were further eroded by European



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missionary zeal. As a result of attempts to convert Natives to Christianity, the totem poles, considered as idols, were especially targeted for destruction. Hence, very little work of any quality was produced between the latte 1880’s and the early years of the twentieth century. And the works that were produced were little more than curios for tourists and of a decidedly inferior quality of carving. There is a very fortunate and not unimportant footnote to this history. Emily Carr (1871-1945), one of the finest artists Canada has ever produced and a native of Victoria, British Columbia, was hugely inspired by the art and culture of the Northwest First Nations. The dense forest landscape was also a tremendous importance to her and she

found a spiritual connection between the two. appily, the First Nations population gradually stabilized and a new generation of Native artists emerged in the 1950’s creating new styles based upon old traditions. Contemporary artists such as Mungo Martin, Bill Reid, Douglas Cranmer, Robert Davidson and Walter Harris have each created a body of work incorporating traditional image-forms. At the same time they have also developed a new and expanded vocabulary of innovative forms. While these new works have a profound relationship with the works of the past, they also present a new art that conveys a new and different cultural dimension.  








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Spring 2018  
Spring 2018