Article: A message or posting to a newsgroup. Some newsreader programs can filter out old articles you may have already read.
Authorization: A process that verifies whether or not an individual or organization who has requested an action actually has the right to make the request. Requiring a password to modify a domain name's registration information is an example of authorization.
Attachment: A file (or group of files) that is included (or "attached") with an e-‐ mail message. You can attach files through almost any popular e-‐mail program, such as Eudora or Outlook Express. Usually, this is accomplished by simply clicking the "attach file" button and then browsing through your computer system to find and select the desired file or image. Be careful with attachments, however, as they stay on your computer unless you go into your attachments folder and delete them. The best thing to do if you want to save an attachment is to open it, do a "save as," and put it in a folder on your computer. That way, you can routinely go into your attachments folder and delete them all without worrying about losing one you want. Never open any attachment you receive from someone you do not know; it may contain a virus.
Animal: Someone that make bad things to affect someone or damage people without reason.
Assimilate: To make or copy traditions or ways of leaving.
B BlackBerry: A leading wireless e-‐mail solution, it is a totally integrated package that includes software, airtime, and a choice of wireless handheld devices. It provides easy access to e-‐mail wherever you happen to be. Perfect for road warriors. Created by RIM (Research in Motion) other companies such as Dell began reselling the BlackBerry device in late 1999. Hewlett Packard also resells the device under its iPaq brand name. At technology conferences, the clicking of Blackberry keyboards can be heard as a constant background noise throughout many keynote speeches, and because of its addictive qualities, the device has garnered the nickname CrackBerry.
Blog: A Web site (or section of a Web site) where users can post a chronological, up-‐to-‐date e-‐journal entry of their thoughts. Each post usually contains a Web link. Basically, it is an open forum communication tool that, depending on the Web site, is either very individualistic or performs a crucial function for an organization or company. There are three basic varieties of blogs: those that post links to other sources, those that compile news and articles, and those that provide a forum for opinions and commentary.
Body: Body can mean one of several things. For example, it is the part of an e-‐mail message that contains the actual message itself (without the address and server information). In HTML, a "body tag" designates the section of a Web page that contains the text and graphics you see in a browser window. Generally, "body" refers to the content within a document, as in, the "body of text."
Bear: An adjective to describe someone that is fat or huggable because of affection. BBQ: A sweet sauce use to add flavor on food.
C Cell phone: A mobile telephone that uses wireless technology, it is considered indispensable for road warriors, modern mothers, teenagers, and those who work in the industry. Also known as a handy (short for handheld), many cell phones are now capable of receiving text-‐based messages (such as e-‐mail or SMS) in addition to incoming calls. A friend may say to you, “Call me on my cell.” Note: A pager is not the same as a cell phone ;-‐)
Channel: Primarily thought of as the path or data line that carries information between two computers (or communication devices). It can be a physical pathway, such as coaxial cable; in wireless communications, it can refer to a specific carrier frequency. It is also thought of as a high-‐speed pathway (for example, fiber-‐optic) between a mainframe (or other high-‐end computer) and the control units of peripheral devices. For example, a 10 channel computer can transmit 10 separate streams of data to and from the CPU simultaneously. Additionally, a channel refers to a virtual area where IRC users communicate in real time. There are thousands of these channels located on the Internet.
Computer: A device that runs programs for displaying and manipulating text, graphics, symbols, audio, video, and numbers. A computer accepts information in the form of digital data. Complex computers also include the means for storing data (including software programs). A program may be built into the computer (in the logic circuitry, located on the microprocessors), or may be loaded into the computer’s storage and then started by an administrator or user. Today’s computers have both kinds of programming.
Cat: To insult someone that flirts with a lot of boys. Carrot: An orange vegetable that rabbits typically eat.
D Desktop: A personal computer (PC) or professional workstation that’s designed to fit on a desk. This term also describes what you see on your computer screen when no applications are running.
Directory: Best thought of as the “table of contents” of a computer disk, hard drive, or server. A directory, sometimes called a folder, often lists the following information about its contents: file name, file size, creation date and time, file type, and author name. It can also refer to a search directory.
Docs: Located in the home directory on a Web server, the docs directory is the folder that contains a Web site’s HTML and image files.
Destiny: What is written to happen on the future. Darts: Artefacts use to play or to hurt someone.
E E-‐mall: A virtual shopping mall on the Web where you can browse and buy products online. Electronic: This refers to electrical devices or machines that “can be plugged in” and make use of actual electrons (such as hardware). It also refers to that which is digital and makes use of binary numbers (such as software).
Export: To format data so that it can be read and used by another application, thereby allowing multiple programs to share the same data. Data can be exported and imported between word processing programs, different types of graphics programs, or different types of applications altogether (such as a database program and a spreadsheet program). The export feature is under the File menu in most programs; go to it from within the program you want to export out of and you’ll find a list of supported programs or file formats for exporting.
English: The world wide language specially used by American people. End: The last thing that happen.
F Facebook: Facebook is a website (referred to as a “social utility”) that connects people with friends and others who work, study, and live around them. People use Facebook to keep up with friends, upload an unlimited number of photos, share links and videos, and learn more about the people they meet. It is considered a social networking site because people it contains profiles, semi-‐persistent public commentary on the profile, and a traversable publicly articulated social network displayed in relation to the profile (which basically means you can view information about a person, make comments to them, and see who their friends are).
Firefox: Firefox is an open source browser organized by the folks at Mozilla that empowers users to browse faster, more safely and more efficiently than other browsers.
Font: The type and style of text letters and characters you see in documents, Web pages, and graphical images of words (images that look like they’re typed or written). There are many font choices available to choose from (for example, Helvetica, Arial, and Times New Roman). Fonts make text look different, and some people use funky fonts to express themselves.
Future: What will happen, after present. Father: used to name someone that you respect, is bigger, or is your friend.
G GN: Good Night, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, Google: Founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two Stanford Ph.D. candidates who developed a technologically advanced method for finding information on the Internet, its most famous product is a hybrid search engine that ranks the popularity of results that match your keyword search. It has an index of billions of Web pages. Google focuses primarily on delivering the best search experience on the Web, by providing a search site and by licensing its search technology to commercial sites. Ultimately, Web sites are now allowed to freely using Google technology on their own sites, such as Google Local and Google Maps.these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Googlonymous: A nickname for using a proxy server to search Google anonymously. Many people don’t realize that when you do a search on Google, your IP address, the time, and the keywords you entered are stored in their database permanently. This information can be used in a court of law against you and to date, Google willingly allows authorities to consult their database.
Gossipgirl: A teenage series about the gossips on highschool. Government: The authority that controls and give laws to population.
H Header: The header is the name for the part of an e-‐mail message that precedes the body and contains, among other things, the message originator, the date and time, and the subject line. It also refers to the portion of a packet that contains error-‐checking information, the source and destination addresses, and other information.
History: Slang for “in the past.” For example, “That technology is history, dude. Where have you been hiding?” Hotmail: Hotmail is a free, Web-‐based e-‐mail system (see: Webmail) based on the premise that e-‐mail access should be easy and possible from any computer connected to the World Wide Web. By adhering to the universal HTTP standard, Hotmail eliminates all the disparities that exist in different e-‐mail systems. So, you can send and receive e-‐mail using Hotmail in a way that’s similar to browsing the Web. By using a Web browser as your e-‐mail program, Hotmail brings your personal e-‐mail to you in a globally retrievable form (great for road warriors).
High: when people drink more that what they can and become happy. Heart: to name someone that you love or like.
I I<3 U: I Love You, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, it is spelled in all lowercase because it’s also considered a form of leetspeak.
I h8 it: I hate it, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, it is spelled in all lowercase because it’s also considered a form of leetspeak.
Icon: A graphical representation of a specific item (or situation). The small images located on your desktop or Web browser, which you click on to activate a program or a link, are icons. For example, “Put the Netscape icon directly on your desktop so in the future all you have to do is point-‐and-‐click to access the Web.”
Important: what is significant for someone. Ice: cold water in a solid state.
J J2LYK: Just To Let You Know, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings. J4F:Just For Fun,Text message shorthand used primarily in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings. JK: Just Kidding, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings.
Judge: To make justice for an unfair action. Join: To connect two or more things.
K Key: A long binary number used to encrypt data. To unlock encrypted content, you must find the precise mathematical combination that makes up the key (for example, two prime numbers that when multiplied produce the key). The longer the key, the more bits it has and therefore the more possible combinations of bits. This makes it more difficult for someone to guess the right combination. Key length alone does not make encryption invincible; an algorithm also makes it difficult for a hacker to discover and exploit any patterns in the encryption.
Keyboard: The peripheral used to input information into a computer or some other form of digital device. It provides a set of alphabetic, numeric, punctuation, symbol, and control keys. When a character is pressed, it sends a coded input to the computer, which then displays a character on the screen. When you hear the term “numeric keypad,” it refers to the set of numbers on the right-‐hand side of some keyboards (not the numbers in the top row, above the letters). Numeric keypads also refer to the numbers (and corresponding letters) on a cell phone.
Keyword: On a search engine, for example, it’s the term or phrase you type in order to begin an online search. In HTML, keywords appear in the meta tags for a Web page, where they help search engines readily identify and better index the Web site.
Karma: When someone makes something bad and a bad thing is return. Key: An object that open a door.
L L8R: Later, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, it is spelled in all lowercase because it’s also considered a form of leetspeak.
Laptop: A portable computer that is smaller than a desktop computer. It weighs less and is easier to carry around, you can work on it on your lap. LOL: Laughing Out Loud –or-‐ Lots Of Love Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Library: A silent place were people read, buy, or rent books. Laud: to have a strong voice.
M M4C: Meet for Coffee, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings. Mobile: The ability to move around, it also refers to anything that can be moved around (or transported) and still functioning properly. It usually describes handheld devices, such as PDAs and cell phones (that is, mobile phones), but it can also refer to laptops or other portable devices.
MSN: The Microsoft Network, Launched in 1995 along with Windows 95, it is an online service provider (OSP) comprised of various Web sites and Web pages that are operated by Microsoft or its affiliates.
Monkey: A nickname use for someone that is not so pretty. Mad: Angry or furious.
N Nerd: Similar to a geek (a person who knows a lot about the Internet), but this is more of a brainy person who knows everything there is to know about computers. People used to make fun of those who were considered to be nerds, but now the moniker is considered a badge of honor (especially when the wealthiest man in America is a full-‐fledged nerd ;-‐)
Netbook: A small, very light, and inexpensive laptop computer with limited memory, “netbooks” are best suited for general computing and accessing web-‐based applications. Basically they are nothing more than smaller, cheaper laptops.
NG: New Game, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings.
Nickname: A name use to mention someone without his or her real name because of affection. Night: When the son goes away and the moon arrives.
O OK: All Correct, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings.
OML: Oh My Lord, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings.
OTL: Out To Lunch, An acronym or text message used in online chat, IM, e-‐mail, blogs, or newsgroup postings.
Old: something antique or ancient. Out: the antonym for in.
P Password: A combination of letters and other symbols needed to login to a computer system or program. It is a good idea to make your passwords as cryptic as possible to keep unauthorized users out of your personal or business files. It is also a good idea to change your passwords at least every six of months.
Photoshop: A graphics software program created by Adobe. Photoshop is a powerful image-‐viewing, editing, and graphical conversion program that supports many image formats and contains a variety of drawing and painting tools. Known as a professional image editing or “paint” program, it has become the standard by which all other image editing programs are measured. Photoshop is primarily used for image retouching, scanning, color correction, photo-‐compositing (combining multiple images) and resizing images. It is also used to create images for print and video, and it works with layer-‐based graphics, meaning the images can be layered on top of one another (like the ingredients in a sandwich). This allows Web designers and reprographic artists to make changes to the image at any time.
PPP: Point-‐to-‐Point Protocol, A communication protocol used over a serial line as a method of connecting a computer to the Internet. PPP is more stable than the (older) SLIP protocol and provides more features, such as error-‐checking.
Power: to have control of the situation or for people. Poor: Lack of money.
Q QL: Quit Laughing, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Quarantine: A term used to isolate spam e-‐mail messages, it is often seen in anti-‐ spam software. Once you quarantine the suspect messages, you must then delete them.
QuickTime: A multi-‐platform standard for multimedia applications. Developed by Apple, QuickTime is a software program that handles video, sound, animation, graphics, text, music, and 360-‐degree virtual reality (VR) scenes. It is a gateway for rich media, including images, music, MIDI, MP3, and streaming audio. QuickTime lets you experience more than 200 kinds of digital media with your Mac or PC. It allows users to experience virtual reality on a desktop without any special equipment and to view 3-‐D photographic (or rendered) representations of any person, place, or thing. (You can use your mouse and keyboard to rotate objects, zoom in and out of a scene, look around 360 degrees, and navigate from one scene to another.) QuickTime file name extensions include .qt and .mov.
Quality: To have excellence or superiority. Question: A problem or doubt.
R R U there?: Are you there?, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Ringtones: A ringtone is the sound made by a cell phone when it rings and it specifically refers to the customized sounds one selects on his or her mobile device. In telecommunication jargon, cell phones (also called wireless phones, mobile phones, and handheld phones) are a mobile communication system that applies a mix of radio wave transmission and common telephone switching to enable telephone communication to and from mobile users within a specified area. The “ringtone” facility was provided so that people would be able to determine when their phone was ringing when in the company of other mobile phone owners.
RU: Are You?, Online jargon, also known as [[text message|text message]] shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, [[e-‐mail or email|email]], blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Red: a primary color that is bright. Room: A small place.
S Screen: The area on a monitor or any other computer device (including handhelds, PDAs, laptops, cell phones, pagers, etc.) that you look at, it is the area which displays text and graphical information (similar to a television screen). Acronyms and smileys are used to convey information and emotion as “screens” get smaller and smaller. You may hear someone say “he spends all of his time in front of that darn screen.”
Search: The process of locating information on the Internet, whether it is to be found on a Web site, a newsgroup, or in an archive. In order to do a search, users often begin at search engines, search directories, or portals.
Sign off: To close network applications or a network connection as part of the shut down process.
School: a place where students learn information about different themes. Shirt: piece of feather use to control cold.
T Tag: In Web programming languages, it is the code that describes a command or instruction so that a Web browser will be able to interpret and display it. In order to link an image or word on a Web page, you must put specific tags around the image or word in the code. This is known as basic HTML and it’s pretty easy. Look up the HTML definition for more info.
Team player: Sarcastically, it’s an engineer with no backbone, who just says yes to everything at a design meeting. More sincerely, a team player is someone who gets in early and makes coffee for everyone else.
Technology: The application of science in industry or commerce, it considered by many to be “the great equalizer.”
Teddy bear: A huggable artifact in a little bear shape. Torah: A biblical book that God gave it to Moshe and Moshe transmitted to the Jews. There are the 10 commandments and part of the ancient history.
U U2: You Too, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Upload: to copy a file from your local computer to a server or host system; the reverse process of download.
URL: Uniform Resource Locator, An acronym/term that describes the location and access method of a resource on the Internet; for example, the URL “http://www.netlingo.com” describes the type of access method being used (http-‐ the protocol) and the server location that hosts the Web site (www.netlingo.com-‐the address). All Web sites have URLs.
Up: The antonym of down. Umbrella: An artifact use to cover from rain in different sizes and colors.
V Video: Visual images displayed by a device (such as a VCR) as opposed to audio signals transmitted by a device (like a radio). Homemade videos (known as viral videos) have become very popular on the Web due to the fact that they are cheap, easy to make and easy to distribute.
VIP: Very Important Person, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Virus: A software program that replicates on computer systems by incorporating itself into shared programs. Viruses range from harmless pranks that merely display an annoying message to programs that can destroy files or disable a computer altogether. Whether they’re considered malicious or malevolent, all viruses spread rapidly. For example, from one computer to millions of others around the world, infecting machines and causing them to crash. Some well-‐known examples include the “I Love You” virus, code red, and NIMDA.
Violent: To stop having control of your body and can cause damaging people. Voice: What makes people communicate with others with sounds.
W W3: World Wide Web, The World Wide Web is the universe of network-‐accessible information viewed through a browser. A free, online encyclopedia that anyone can edit.
Word: word up, Unlike book (which is often used in texting to mean cool because it comes up when people try to type cool using predictive text), word (and the phrase “word up”) also means cool, that’s right, or damn straight. It is online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings.
Wall Street: The epicenter of the financial community, it is an actual street in lower Manhattan (at the southern tip of Silicon Alley). It is home to the New York Stock Exchange (with the Nasdaq around the corner), as well as a high percentage of the world’s banks, investment firms, analyst firms, and dot-‐com companies.
Window: Big rectangles glass that make people look outside. Woman: A female person.
X Xmas: Christmas, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, it is used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, it is spelled in all lowercase because it’s also considered a form of leetspeak.
XOXO: Hugs and Kisses, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Xtian: Christian, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, it is used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, it is spelled in all lowercase because it’s also considered a form of leetspeak.
X-‐girlfriend: the past girlfriend. X-‐effect: An MTV program about being with your x-‐ girlfriend proving your resent girlfriend.
Y Yahoo!: It’s been said that “Yahoo” stands for “Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle,” but then again, many things have been said about this company. Based on the Web site created by David Filo and Jerry Yang of the Department of Computer Science at Stanford University, Yahoo! Is one of the Web’s most popular destinations and is considered the poster child of the first generation of the Internet. With a keen eye for the popular as well as the useful, Filo and Yang created a directory of Web resources that now performs literally millions of searches on the Web each day.
YBS: You’ll Be Sorry, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
YouTube: Founded in February 2005, YouTube is the world’s most popular online video community, allowing millions of people to watch and share user-‐generated videos. YouTube provides a forum for people to connect, inform, and inspire others across the globe and acts as a distribution platform for original content creators and advertisers large and small.
Year: A measure of time with 12 months. Yellow: A bright color, like the sun.
Z Zapping: Considered to be the lowest form of software programming known to mankind, it involves altering the assembly code in hex format after it has been output from a complier or assembler. Typically done when there is a compiler bug, the proper data is not being generated, or the original source code was lost.
Zombie: zombie network, Originally it referred to an abandoned Web site that remains online (such as a ghost site or an orphan annie). The definition of “zombie” has been extended to include a PC that has received either a virus or a Trojan program which causes it to be used as a spam generator without the user’s knowledge. For example, in June of 2007 a 27-‐year-‐old man, Robert Alan Soloway, described as one of the world’s most prolific spammers was arrested and federal authorities said computer users across the Web could notice a decrease in the amount of junk e-‐mail. He was accused of using networks of compromised “zombie” computers to send out millions upon millions of spam e-‐mails.
ZZZ: Sleeping, Bored, Tired, Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Zoo: A place where all the animals leave and people can see them. Zebra: An animal, like a house, with white and black colors.
SYMBOLS @: At, used to put the place where you are. &: And, used to put more than one substantive. <3: Heart, to show love. J: Happy, to show that you are happy and things are good. ;): Wink, to make a message, signal, or suggestion. :S: Worried, when something is bad or have an anxiety. ?: Question mark, when you put a question or have a doubt. :o: Surprise, when you can’t believe something. %: Percentage, a number as a fraction. L: Sad, when there is something bad. :D: Laugh, when something is funny.
This activity was funny because normally, we make paragraphs with the information
given. But this time, things were different. We made a dictionary to extend our vocabulary learning new words and interesting phrases. Using Netlingo is very motivating because its not a common dictionary were you can find definitions. There are word based on technology, or words used by society that are not on a basic dictionary. There are lots of abbreviations, words, and symbols that people adapted because it’s easier and faster. I learned lots of words that have more than one meaning on our language and technology. With this activity, I learned that language is always changing and adapting to society. When a group of people starts modifying language for their benefits, it changes. Also, when people send abbreviations and symbols by texting, there is a moment when everyone starts using it.