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RESOLUTION BOOKLET

SINT-NIKLAAS 2019 REGIONAL CONFERENCE


TABLE OF CONTENTS Procedure of the General Assembly ...................................................................................2 Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Environment, Public Health, and Food Safety I (ENVI I).................................................................................................................3 Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs (LIBE) ................................................................................................................................5 Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) .....................7 Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) ...................9 Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Environment, Public Health, and Food Safety II (ENVI II) ....................................................................................................................... 11 Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Agricultural and Rural Development (AGRI) ...................................................................................................................................... 13


PROCEDURE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY General rules The wish to speak is indicated by raising the Committee placard. The authority of the Board is absolute. Procedure and time settings 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

The Board reads out the topic of debate Silent reading of the resolution (2 minutes) Defence Speech (3 minutes) 1-2 Attack Speeches (2 minutes per speech) Response to the Attack Speech (2 minutes) 3-4 Rounds of Open Debate Summation Speech (3 minutes) Voting Announcement of the results

A Point of Personal Privilege is a request to repeat a point that was inaudible. A Point of Order is used when a Delegate feels the Board has not properly followed the procedure. Each Committee may use the Direct Response placard twice per debate. Should a Committee member raise the Committee placard and the Direct Response sign, the Board recognises the Committee immediately. The Direct Response is used to answer the point made directly beforehand.

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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH, AND FOOD SAFETY I (ENVI I) With the 2018 report of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warning about the catastrophic consequences of not sufficiently decreasing global greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, what should the EU, as a global actor, do in order to support and oblige its Member States in meeting the Paris Agreement targets?

Submitted by:

Lies Audenaert (BE), Wassim Azzaknouni (BE), Manno Cocquyt (BE), Matijs Geerts (BE), Zoey Kennis (BE), Tessa Vonck (BE), Catarina Costa Cardoso (Chairperson, PT)

The European Youth Parliament,

A) Fully alarmed by the catastrophic consequences of an increase in global temperature higher than 1.5ºC1, B) Fully aware of the urgency to take measures against climate change, C) Noting with deep concern that people from poor and developing countries are more susceptible to suffer from the negative effects of climate change 2, D) Expressing its satisfaction with the signing of the Paris Agreement and the global action plan it promotes, E) Praising the efforts of the Commissioner for Climate Action in pursuing the EU’s climate targets, F) Viewing with appreciation the efforts of non-governmental organisations in promoting environmentally sustainable practices, G) Disappointed by the lack of cooperation of Member States such as Poland, Hungary, and the

Courtney Lindwall: The IPCC Climate Change Report and Why It Matters to Everyone in the Planet , NRDC, 2018. 2 Jenny Vaughan: How climate change affects people living in poverty, 2019. 1

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Czech Republic in reaching the net-zero emissions goal of the EU for 20503, H) Deeply concerned that coal continues to be the primary source of energy within the EU 4, I)

Bearing in mind the lack of effectiveness and sustainability of negative emission technologies5;

1. Calls upon Member States to expand media campaigns and school programmes raising awareness about the negative consequences of climate change; 2. Recommends Member States to invest funds from environmental taxation6 in sustainable public services such as public transportation; 3. Further recommends Member States to provide financial support to citizens and companies that promote and implement sustainable energy use; 4. Urges Member States to implement stricter laws preventing deforestation; 5. Expresses its appreciation of the global stocktakes7 established under Article 14 of the Paris Agreement; 6. Requests the European Commission to support developing countries according to the Human Development Index (HDI) in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement by expanding the LIFE programme8; 7. Further requests National Ministries of Environment to subsidise Europe-wide research in negative emission technologies and other sustainable sources of energy.

Jennifer Rankin: Central European Countries block EU moves towards 2050 zero-carbon goal, The Guardian, 2019. 4 Eurostat: Where does our energy comes from?, retrieved October 18, 2019. 5 Richard Martin: The Dubious Promise of Bioenergy Plus Carbon Capture, Technology Review, 2016. 6 Environmental taxation: economic instruments used to address environmental problems that are designed to internalize environmental costs and provide economic incentives for people and businesses to promote ecologically sustainable activities. 7 Global stocktakes: a five-year process for taking stock of collective progress toward achieving the purpose of the Paris Agreement and its long-term goals. 8 LIFE programme: EU’s funding instrument for the environment and climate action created in 1992. 3

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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON CIVIL LIBERTIES, JUSTICE, AND HOME AFFAIRS (LIBE) Taking into account the high number of migrants still coming into the EU and the unequal distribution of the problem across Member States, how should the EU tackle the issue and support its most targeted Member States?

Submitted by:

Noah Commers (BE), Emma Cornelis (BE), Kasper Feremans (BE), Donia Jemaa (BE), Violeta Petrosyan (BE), Nelle Van der Herten (BE), Chrysanthos Bouroutzoglou (Chairperson, GR)

The European Youth Parliament,

A) Guided by the principle of non-refoulement of asylum seekers as set down by the Geneva Convention9, B) Noting with satisfaction the drop10 in irregular and dangerous crossings into the EU after the establishment of the EU-Turkey Statement11, C) Envisaging a more competent Dublin System that shares the responsibility of examining asylum applications more proportionately amongst Member States, D) Expressing appreciation for the already completed programmes of: E) relocation of asylum seekers, F) resettlement of asylum seekers, G) Deeply concerned about certain Member States having to examine a disproportionate amount of asylum applications12, H) Disappointed by Member states not delivering on their legal responsibilities regarding

United Nations: Convention relating to the status of refugees,1951 European Commission: EU-Turkey Statement, Three years on, 2019 11 An agreement on cooperation between Turkey and the Member States in uprooting the smuggling trade, preventing the opening of new illegal migration channels as well as better managing migrational flows. 12 Eurostat: Asylum Statistics, 2018 9

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emergency relocation schemes13;

1. Recommends the European Commission reform the Dublin Regulation by: a) establishing a minimum and maximum amount for asylum applicant’s intake for every Member State, b) allocating refugees from Member States close to reaching the maximum intake to those which have not yet reached the minimum; 2. Affirms the creation of spaces where the basic needs of asylum applicants are met until their applications have been examined; 3. Calls upon Member States to create a common naval entry point operated by Frontex14; 4. Trusts Intergovernmental Organisations (IOs) such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) to provide information to refugees about safe alternatives to irregular passage through cooperation with transit countries; 5. Encourages IOs such as the UNHCR and the IOM to raise funding for rescue operations in the Mediterranean.

Cases: C-718/17, C-719/17, C-715/17 The European Border and Coast Guard Agency is an agency of the European Union tasked with border control of the European Schengen Area, in coordination with the border and coast guards of Schengen Area Member States. 13 14

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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS (AFCO) Despite the higher voter turnout for the EU elections than in the last 20 years, there is still a perceived democratic gap between the election results and the formation of the Commission. What can the EU do to bridge this democratic gap and increase the legitimacy of the Commissioners?

Submitted by:

Kaan Akkoyan (BE), Elza Bastiaens (BE), Anton van Belleghan (BE), Jordy de Boeck (BE), Elisa de Rop (BE), Thomas Rollier (BE), Constanze Sendler (Chairperson, DE)

The European Youth Parliament,

A) Noting with deep concern that only 43 per cent of EU citizens trust the European Commission15, B) Observing that the perceived EU democratic gap concerns the selection of both the Commission President and the Commissioners16, C) Disappointed by the lack of public awareness about the European Commission formation procedure, D) Taking into account that Commissioners are not directly elected by EU citizens, E) Deeply disturbed by the lack of transparency in the Commission selection process 17, F) Further noting that the current number of 28 Commissioners is frequently considered redundant18, G) Keeping in mind that the “Spitzenkandidat� system has no legal basis in existing EU treaties,

Eurostat: Population with confidence in EU institutions by institution, 2019. Sophia Russack: EU parliamentary democracy: how representative?, 2019. 17 Euronews: Juncker says EU top jobs nomination process 'was not very transparent', 2019. 18 Georgi Gotev: Juncker: Not enough work to keep 28 Commissioners busy, Euractiv, 2019. 15 16

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H) Disturbed by the public mistrust in the Spitzenkandidat system following the 2019 European Parliament elections19;

1. Recommends Member States to expand EU political education in secondary school curricula; 2. Requests the Education, Audio-visual, and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) to hire a marketing agency for YouTube advertisements and social media campaigns on EU institutions; 3. Urges the European Council to implement the strictly equal rotation system stipulated in Article 17 of the Treaty of Lisbon20 reducing the number of Commissioners from 28 to 19; 4. Calls upon the European Parliament to adopt a transnational lists system for the European Parliament elections; 5. Invites the Member States to amend the Lisbon Treaty to: a) enable a direct citizen vote for the European Commission President in the European elections, b) establish a legal basis for the Spitzenkandidat system; 6. Urges the European Parliament to confirm the Spitzenkandidat who received the majority of the votes in the European elections through a vote; 7. Recommends Member States to conduct a financial and political vetting of European Commission candidates; 8. Requests the Commissioner candidates to publish a manifesto outlining their vision for the portfolio.

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Charlemagne: Ursula von der Leyen is elected Commission President, The Economist, 2019. Treaty of Lisbon, Art. 17ยง5

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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORT AND TOURISM (TRAN) The creation of low-cost airlines and overall drop in airplane ticket prices has led to an increase in travelling by airplane, as opposed to more sustainable means of transportation. What can the EU do to balance out the aviation industry against other transport sectors?

Submitted by:

Hazal Akin (BE), Jolien Cerpentier (BE), Kevin Van den bergh (BE), Emily Van Schependom (BE), Joba De Weerdt (BE), Victor Verheyden (Chairperson, BE)

The European Youth Parliament,

A) Aware of the Paris Agreement which aims to hold global temperatures well below 2°C above preindustrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C21, B) Having studied that in 2015 aviation produced 781 mega tons of carbon dioxide (CO 2) which is approximately 2 per cent of anthropogenic carbon emissions, C) Having studied that the demand for aviation has continued to increase and is forecast to do so in the future22, D) Fully aware that the main environmental and sustainability challenges faced by the sector are climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, air quality, noise, and health, E) Asserting that aviation delivers social and economic benefits to European citizens and people across the world through economic growth, F) Recognising the so called ‘Greta-effect’23 which evokes a rising use of trains especially amongst youth, G) Noting with regret the consumers’ lack of awareness about the impact of planes and their contribution to the problem caused by intransparency and greenwashing,

The Paris Agreement art. 2, UNTS European Commission, Annual analyses of the EU Air Transport Market 2016, Mott Macdonald, 2017. 23 SBB: Freude über Greta-Effekt bei Andreas, Andreas Meyer, 2019. 21 22

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H) Welcoming the courage and confidence of investors in ecological aircraft despite the difficult progress, I)

Taking into account the absence of an EU-wide kerosene tax;

1. Endorses the launch of an online platform by the European Commission that provides consumers with different means of transportation and carriers based on CO 2-output; 2. Designates the European Commission to create a media campaign about more sustainable alternatives for plane travel; 3. Expresses its hope that Member States encourage their transport companies to set climate goals; 4. Further designates the European Commission to create a fund specified in innovative transport infrastructure; 5. Trusts the European Commission to invest in research and development for new planes made with more sustainable materials and engines which would be quieter and emit less CO 2; 6. Recommends Member States to warn potential investors through a report from a high-level expert group about the potential greenwashing of transport companies; 7. Calls upon the European Commission to form an expert group to: a) investigate all aviation companies on their sustainability, including any nonsustainable investments, b) compile a public sustainability record; 8. Urges each Member State to implement a tax on kerosene; 9. Encourages Member States to conduct lower taxation for more sustainable transport companies.

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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH, AND FOOD SAFETY II (ENVI II) With the increase in anti-vaccination movements and the recent outbreak of deadly epidemics, how can the EU prevent a mass infection and uphold the percentage of vaccinations needed for proper population immunity while still protecting patients’ rights?

Submitted by:

Enisa Aydinli (BE), Iman El Kajouai Manatiche (BE), Tessa Luwel (BE), Carolien Peeters (BE), Bente Presse (Chairperson, DE)

The European Youth Parliament,

A) Aware of the patients’ rights to self-determination with regards to medical treatment, B) Fully alarmed that only five Member States reached the EU-wide minimum national coverage rate of 95 per cent for measles vaccinations24, C) Noting with regret the lack of reliable and comparable vaccination coverage data across Member States, D) Deeply concerned by the negative impact of out-of-pockets payments25 on low income citizens’ vaccination uptake26, E) Recognising the positive relationship between health professionals’ vaccine confidence and the confidence of the general public27, F) Observing that scientific research on reasons for low vaccine confidence of health professionals is scarce,

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC): Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report - September 2019, 2019. 25 Out-of-pocket payments refer to direct payments made by individuals to health care providers at the time of service, net of any reimbursements. 26 European Commission: The organisation and delivery of vaccination services in the European Union, 2018. 27 Vaccine confidence describes one’s trust in the effectiveness and safety of vaccines and the healthcare system that provides them. 24

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G) Realising that misinformation and scientifically unsupported beliefs reduce patients’ vaccine uptake28, H) Expressing its appreciation on the efforts of the European Commission about: i.

establishing a European Vaccination Information Sharing System29,

ii.

evaluating the feasibility of a common vaccination card for all EU citizens;

1. Encourages the current effort of the European Commission to establish a core EU vaccination schedule; 2. Further requests Member States to introduce mandatory uptake for the most important vaccinations which are to be defined by the EMA; 3. Recommends the European Commission to financially support the performance of these mandatory vaccinations through the Joint Action on Vaccination programme; 4. Urges the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to conduct surveys amongst General Practitioners regarding their vaccine confidence to further enable targeted measures; 5. Invites all Member States to offer vaccinations for children in schools following the informed consent of parents; 6. Requests Member States and their Ministries of Health to introduce open consultation hours at hospitals where citizens can receive more information regarding vaccinations; 7. Calls upon the Directorate General for Communication in cooperation with the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to produce informational videos about the risks and benefits of the most common vaccinations; 8. Endorses the effort of NGOs in advertising regular vaccination uptake and fighting misbeliefs regarding harms of vaccinations.

European Commission: The organisation and delivery of vaccination services in the European Union, 2018. The European Vaccination Information Sharing System is a project by the European Commission for gathering knowledge and developing guidelines for a core EU vaccination schedule and collecting vaccination coverage data at EU level. 28 29

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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT (AGRI) With the food production industry accounting for a majority of CO 2 emissions, urban farming rises as an option for affordable, more environment-friendly nourishment. How can cities accommodate for this development and redesign the urban landscape?

Submitted by:

Marwan Basri (BE), Emma Delodder (BE), Raven Swinnen (BE), Fien Verbelen (BE), François Dejaegere (Chairperson, BE)

The European Youth Parliament,

A) Taking into account that it is projected that 68 per cent of the world population will be living in urban areas by 205030, B) Recognising urban farmers tend to lack knowledge and skills in agriculture, C) Noting with satisfaction recent innovations in farming methods, D) Bearing in mind that urban agriculture (UA) can hardly compete with large-scale rural farms and therefore heavily relies on public funding and volunteering, E) Observing the difficulties UA faces with the rising price of land within cities, F) Alarmed by the potential impact of urban pollution on urban-grown food, G) Taking into account that the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) does not encompass UA;

1. Calls upon the European Commission to create an online helping platform where farmers can share knowledge and techniques among themselves and plan meetings; 2. Asks Member States to advise farmers through conferences a) on the use of hydroponics and aquaponics 31,

United Nations: 68 per cent of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, says UN, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2018. 31 Hydroponics makes use of nutrient-rich water instead of soil, whereas aquaponics refers to a hydroponic system where water is made rich in nutrients through farming fish. 30

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b) on crops less affected by air and soil pollution; 3. Encourages Member States to include in their third year of high school a) classes and workshops about UA as part of the geography program, b) urban farms visits; 4. Requests the European Commission to create a label for urban-grown products; 5. Invites Members States to subsidise new urban farmers with a start-up capital; 6. Further asks Member States to create national websites on which owners of empty buildings and rooftops can sign up their spaces to be used for UA while getting a part of the sales’ profit; 7. Suggests Member States to promote the aforementioned websites through television advertisements; 8. Calls for the European Commission to fund research on pollution-filtering technology for greenhouses; 9. Urges the European Commission to allocate part of the budget of the CAP to: a) protection of urban farmers against natural disasters and crop fails, b) production-based subsidies.

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Sint-Niklaas Regional Conference 2019 Resolution Booklet  

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