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Manipulating the Laws of Nature Research & Development By Emily Gutteridge

This project is about the manipulation of the natural world and how it can be done so easily through digital software changing it’s movements, forms and shapes. Looking into the control humans have within nature and what is done to make create something new.


Initial Research To begin this project I split up the areas of nature, which is something I’m interested in, I began by looking into the current issues happening around woodlands and different types of trees. This led me onto what is natural and what can be controlled through garden and landscape designers.

01 TED talk - Richard Preston on Redwood trees 02 TED talk - Willie Smits on Restoring a rainforest 03 TED talk - Jason Glay - Brands and biodiversity

Through these Ted talks I began my research into the current issues such as biodiversity, land growth and rebuilding and sustainability through businesses. I found these incredibly interesting and more so of Richard Preston who talks about the redwood trees and the ways that they grow differently and larger.


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Interview with Landscape Gardener

I was able to get in contact with a professional landscape gardener who has had experience at the Hampton Court Flower show in 2010 winning a silver medal for his design of a small show garden. With him I discussed what his opinion of the relationship between man and nature is and if he believes its made a big impact of the gardening world.


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Lanscape gardening The first image is a photograph of John Gutteridge’s ‘Fire Pit’ garden at the Hampton Court Flower show, he mixes the use of natural and man made materials, it has a modern and elegant look; his concept behind this garden was to use man made materials that were recycled and re-used to raise the issue of being environmentally friendly and encouraging other garden designers and public that you can still have a great looking garden along side environmentally friendly materials.

01 John Gutteridge - Fire Pit Garden 02 Unknown Designer - Hampton Court Flower Show 03 Unknown Designer - Hampton Court Flower Show 04 Unknown Designer - Hampton Court Flower Show 05 Unknown Designer - Hampton Court Flower Show 06 Unknown Designer - Hampton Court Flower Show

These other examples are also from the Hampton Court Flower show, the designers all show a balance between control within the design, man made materials as well as control through growth of the plants. The way in which the plants can be cut and formed into different shapes is something I’ve become quite interested in through this topic and would like to put my own twist on this concept through digital editing.


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Romantic Era in Poetry

Researching into the Romantic Era of poetry I could analyse how the natural world was seen by the artists at the time, William Wordsworth poems describe beautiful imagery of the natural world and what he sees around him, as well as William Blake who has a lot of short poems however they still describe beautiful scenes and the comparison of life in a city to nature.


Jan Blencowe - Evening Solitude

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Wild - Jay Griffiths

I expanded my research through other academic writings such as Jay Griffith’s book ‘Wild’, she describes her journeys through the wilderness and natural world in detail and depth of her surroundings and adventures, also discussing the adventurous routes she’s taken and challenges she had come across, facing danger and happiness and how she believes people do not appreciate the world as it is and what you can do in it, the way Jay discusses every aspect and relates it to her emotions I found really interesting.


Jay Griffiths - Wild

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This is Not a Pipe

During the talk with Cornford and Cross I was reminded of the image ‘Ce n’est past une pipe’ it’s something that always interests me and I believe if i use this inspiration from this piece of art correctly I could come up with a creative piece and question for my FMP These ideas would be looking into the use of eco friendly energy and concepts around the city and offices, digital arts using the idea of natural concepts and creations but aren’t actually natural because they are man made, so I could link this idea with the issue of man vs nature. What is natural and what isn’t, something seeming natural but actually isn’t it is just what it appears to be or it is used as a natural substance however isn’t purely natural.


René Magritte - ‘Ceci N’est Past Une Pipe’

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Cornford and Cross

In a talk with Cornford and cross, I found one of their exhibition ideas particularly interesting and helpful to my project. They spoke about the use of a gallery room that was purely industrial and they wanted to include a natural element to the room, it’s different and served a purpose. By placing a pile of coal as a sculpture in the room and switching off all the energy in the gallery they demonstrated the issue of wasted energy and ways to stop it. By also allowing the local people to take the coal home after the exhibition was finished they could heat their homes have a recycled element to it.


Cornford and Cross - The Lion and the Unicorn

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The Digital with the Natural

Another variation of man made materials matched together with a natural for in this case plants combined with technology. Sensing the touch, movement and sound of the user interacting with the physical plant, creating designs, sounds and productivity from these interactions to the digital screens.


“BOTANICUS INTERACTICUS”: Interactive Plant Technology

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Eiko Ojala

While researching from the two books ‘Tangible’ and ‘Tactile’ I could discover various artists working physically with paper, card and other made made materials to create some really interesting and creative pieces of work, a lot of what inspired me were the most complex and well made imagery through paper cutting and folding. This piece caught my attention however because of the simple modern cuts but also it’s layering giving it a sort of complex look, the colours and shapes work well and fit together well.


Eiko Ojala - Paper Landscape

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Etinne Diquet 01 Digital Display 02 XiYiTang

This studio is very interesting and useful to look at for my project as they mostly work with origami but create it in ways that can appear digital with the use of colour shapes they create, not only this but alongside other projects they look into architecture and coding


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Pierre Vanni

In this studio they have created a number of paper structures, mixed with nature. For example a film combined with stop motion animation creating the movement of nature and the way flowers burst out into a bloom advertising an environmentally friendly source of fuel. Another for of this variation in their work is by the use of man made materials placed into a natural environment.


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Peter Callenssen 01 Distant Wish, 2006 02 The Roots of Heaven, 2009

His paper art is incredibly intricate and beautiful, I was encouraged by the work of natural imagery and sculptures and the delicate cutting of paper. In my experiments with paper I began simple and then further into more fragile complex paper cuttings.


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Shaz Mandi & Aoyama Hina The majority of Shaz Mandi’s work is very graphics based and this influence can be seen in this paper cut piece, the simplicity and layering similar to Eiko Ojala is again aesthetically pleasing.

01 Artisitic Paper - Saz Madi 02 The Roots of Heaven, 2009 - Aoyama Hina

Aoyama’s paper cuttings are particularly inspiring as she works with tiny scissors to cut out the shapes, involving a lot of concentration and patients to get such intricate cuts without tearing the paper or design and being able to clean off the rough edges at the end.


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Paper Scultpures 01 Jyu-Kon - Hiroko Ohmori 02 Objekten - Ferry Steverman 03 Kiyoshi Kuroda

What intrigued me most about these pieces were the ideas of taking the paper and card materials away from flat 2D images to 3D sculptures and play around with visualisations. The first piece pops up and folds back down when the page is turn, the second works well with interior design and modern houses and rooms to create sleek decorations and finally the last is very editorial creating a beautiful aspect to this fashion photography image.


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Samuel Francois & Krystian “Truth“ Czaplicki Samuel’s work is a mix media of paper combined in natural woodland sceneries on trees, the colourful material is a contrast to the dim earthy colours of nature, as well as the texture of the different materials which both draw your eye around the forest.

01 Samuel Francois 02 Krystian “Truth“ Czaplicki

I looked at Krystian “Truth” Czaplicki in comparison, because of the different sceneries and what they do with the environment they work in, for example the use of materials is similar but what they do with it is to portray a natural growth, either mushrooms growing on a wall or icicles hanging from a roof. Their work is really simple and sleek and the concepts interesting and clear, like Samuel they both work with materials and the outdoors experimenting with natural forms and changing them in a man made way.


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Paper Experiments

Through my paper cutting experiments I began with different ways of cutting, then including folding into this; as I was cutting I realised I could create three dimensional natural shapes by taping and curling the objects.


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Gerda Steiner & Jorg Lenzlingar 01 Giardino calante 02 Tapete

I mostly looked into he editing effects they got with the second image, I really liked the mirrored digital manipulation it shows a whole new image and abstract form from the original. The other works they’ve made are interesting with the concept of having natural objects in a traditional looking building and hanging with with wire giving it a technological aspect.


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Photo Manipulation

Inspired by Gerda Steiner & Jorg Lenzlingar I wanted to experiment with different effects I could use on my own photographs of a scene with a mix of natural and man made objects, I tried layer and layering the images together to get these unusual images that no longer look like the original photograph.


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Kurtis Houghs 01 Warm Earth, Which I’ve Been Told 02 Toyland

Moving on from static photography I began looking into effects in film, Kurtis has created a set of short films that are very experimental and abstract. He tends to use layering and spheres as well as time lapses to show the gradual changed in his environments. From this I took inspiration from both the sphere and mirroring effects from the photo experiments and combined it in my own footage.


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Film Manipulation

The film experiments really boosted the idea for my final, I enjoyed filming the outdoors and began with the mix of a natural garden that had man made objects in I was able to play around with this in my editing more as well. However what I enjoyed the most was manipulating the imagery and creating something completely different to the original footage. From the garden I moved onto purely natural environments so I could then combine the relationship of nature and man made manipulations digitally of the surroundings.


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Glitch

Similar to the way I worked with my film editing experiments I began with photographs for the Glitch effect, first off to understand how it works and what I could get out of it. I found it highly interesting and much easier than I’d expected, personally I had always just glanced at Glitch work and thought it to be hugely complex, however once I’d experienced it and worked with it I quite enjoyed it. I began by using a relatively small image as I found any big file would not work, I open up the image in a text editor and messed around with the code; it creates some really interesting effects and found the further down the code I went the further down the image created a Glitch.


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Glitch Experiments

Here are the Glitch experiments I created I found with each experiment I made I understood it much better and could go further to try different ways of messing with the code to get different effects, I felt the more I made the more I improved my skills.


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Datamoshing

Again with the Data Moshing experiments I found once I learnt how it worked I got better with each experiment I produced. These are the programs I used to create my Data Moshing, it simply worked as putting together your footage and saving it to then play with pixels flowing into each new scene. I found that the more movement in a video the more pixelated the films would be.


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Datamoshing Experiments

Throughout these experiments I could gradually build up more footage in one film to get multiple different Data Moshes in one video, I really enjoyed the effects I got from this and found that the more I worked on the effect I improved each time.


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Slit Scan Experiements

I began by downloading a slit scan app on my phone, however I didn’t want to have these experiments only in photographs so I also learnt how to do it through after effects, like the two last effects I managed to find the experiments quite easy to do once I understood how it worked, which meant I was then able to explore the settings more and create the imagery to how I wanted it to be.


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Slit Scan Film Experiments

From these film experiments I realised it would work well at the end of my final outcome to have this effect run through the footage, then coming back to it’s natural state. This effect is great for this since it can morph out of shape and back again which I found great to use and experiment with in after effects.


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Storyboarding

The structure of my film was to demonstrate the gradual build up of manipulations and effects, I began with natural scenes as they were untouched, going into slow, basic mirror effects; then changing into more complex mirrored and spherical imagery. As the music develops and additional sounds have come into it the effects become glitched playing out into slit scan footage to the end where everything is back to normal.


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Final Screenshots Evaluating my final I feel that I have learnt various different skills in effects and how to use them, a lot of the scenes that gradually build up the film I’m quite pleased with and I am happy with how it has turned out. I used a song that worked well with a natural scene and glitch effects, this I felt also helped better the editing and improve the look of the final artifact.

The plan for my final was to create an experimental short film of different effects demonstrating the digital manipulation that can be made to the natural scene and change their original laws of natural, the way in which a tree grows and is formed is changed, the shapes that are made from a plant are more complex and the layering of glitches completely distort the original natural scenes. The beginning of the film starts with untouched scenes completely natural, gradually developing into different effects that become more and more complicated and abstract, while ending again with natural peaceful scenes.


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Bibliorgraphy Nature http://www.nature.org/ http://www.thefreedictionary.com/nature http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nature Natural History Museum http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/environmental-change/what-is-climate-change/ climate-change-causes/index.html http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/british-natural-history/urban-tree-survey/index.html BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/news/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/21011428 http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/20425468 http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/20464917 http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/20511235 Laws of Nature Einstein, Polanyi, and the laws of nature Jaeger, Lydia. http://ucca.ent.sirsidynix.net.uk/client/default/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ ILS$002f357$002fSD_ILS:357581/ada?qu=laws+of+nature&te=ILS Laws of men and laws of nature Golan, Tal. http://ucca.ent.sirsidynix.net.uk/client/default/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ ILS$002f337$002fSD_ILS:337898/ada?qu=laws+of+nature&te=ILS Natural law and laws of nature in early modern Europe Daston, Lorraine, 1951- Stolleis, Michael


http://ucca.ent.sirsidynix.net.uk/client/default/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ ILS$002f295$002fSD_ILS:295514/ada?qu=laws+of+nature&te=ILS Laws of seeing - Metzger, Wolfgang http://ucca.ent.sirsidynix.net.uk/client/default/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ ILS$002f345$002fSD_ILS:345689/ada?qu=laws+of+nature&rw=12&te=ILS Nature design : from inspiration to innovation http://ucca.ent.sirsidynix.net.uk/client/default/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ ILS$002f160$002fSD_ILS:160304/ada?qu=laws+of+nature&rw=24&te=ILS http://www.iep.utm.edu/lawofnat/ Marc Lange Could the Laws of Nature Change? http://philosophy.unc.edu/people/faculty/marc-lange/587823.pdf Laws and Lawmakers:Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature Jay Griffiths Wild: An Elemental Journey http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QwMIGx1gOHEC&printsec=frontcover&source=g bs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false TED Talks http://www.ted.com/talks/jason_clay_how_big_brands_can_save_biodiversity.html http://www.ted.com/talks/willie_smits_restores_a_rainforest.html http://www.ted.com/talks/richard_preston_on_the_giant_trees.html

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Final Major Project Research Book