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ROME


Rome is the capital of Italy and one of the most historic cities in Europe.

It has been given the tittle ‘’Enternal City’’ because of the remarkable offerings in science, culture and arts as well as for its numerous monuments and exquisite beauty.


Location •

Rome is located in central Italy and runs from the Tiber River. The historic city is built east of the river on seven hills. These hills are the Palatine, the Kyrinalios, the Capitoline, the Viminalios, the Eskylinos, Kelly and Aventinos. The urban area reaches the shores of the Tyrrhenian Sea.


Sights

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The Colosseum is the most impressive building of the Roman Empire. Its construction began in 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD. Races organized by the emperors were held at the Coliseum with free admission,.

gladiators took part in duels to death and also fights with wild animals. Many Christians were killed in the Coliseum after Romans order. Today it is one of the most popular tourist attractions of modern Rome.


PANTHEON Built over 1800 years ago, the magnificent Pantheon still stands as a reminder of the great Roman Empire. • The cupola is 43 meters It is a temple dedicated and on the top of the to the Olympian gods. dome, there is a large The temple was opening, which was the erected by Marcus only source of light. Agrippa Vimanios. At first, it was a temple for all pagan temples, but then turned into a church.


CATACOMBS •

The Catacombs of Rome are an integral part of the city, and Christianity.

The Catacombs of St.Kallistos is considered as the most important of Rome and is located in the south side of town. …..Although it is a cemetery, the current visitor receives from them in a mysterious way a thunderous message of life!!!

More than 60 catacombs have been discovered in Rome, dating from the 2nd century. They were used as cemeteries and places of worship.


ROMAN FORUM •

The Roman Forum was the center of daily life in imperial Rome, as highlighted by the many ruins, triumphal arches, temples and basilicas. It was the center of political, commercial and judicial activities of ancient Rome. Basilicas were the oldest buildings. At that time the area was full of "lawyers and litigants, bankers and brokers, shopkeepers and prostitutes, unworthy awaiting to get alms from the rich.

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With the increase of the population of Rome, the Roman Forum was too small. Today it is known as the Forum Romanum. It might look like a disorderly collection of ruins for the uninitiated, but with a little imagination one can see the Roman empire to life in front of him.


Trevi Fountain

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Trevi Fountain is the most famous and arguably the most beautiful fountain in Rome. It is one of the newest monuments of Rome, lives only 248 years, but it is a unique historical baroque attraction encountered in the center of Rome. The tradition wants guests to turn their backs and throw a coin into "Trevi Fountain“ making the wish to come back to Rome in future. Both, the central performance of "Trevi Fountain" and the other statues which flank with great dignity, were inspired by Greek mythology, which is found everywhere into the culture of Romans. It is one of the most impressive sights of Rome.


VATICAN

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The State of the Vatican City. Therein lies the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and of course the current Pope. The smallest independent state has about 1,000 residents who work in shops and various services. The establishment of the papal church was in the seventh century by Pope Gregory A. The Vatican Museums, the Popes have collected artifacts and valuable treasures ranging from the Etruscan era to modern art.


SPORTS • •

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Rome hosted the Summer Olympics of 1960. The main stage was the Olympia. At this stage, the final match of the 1990 World Cup took place. Today it is the headquarters of two top football clubs of Rome, Roma and Lazio. The national sport in Italy is football, which dominates in the social, political and aesthetic life of the country. Hooliganism is something rare in Rome. The people of Rome do not miss the chance to organize various events and activities.


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HISTORY According to mythology Romulus founded Rome on the Palatine hill on April 21 753p.Ch. Then he killed his twin brother Remus and became the first king. Archaeological findings confirm the existence of settlements in the area since the 8th century BC Rome was the capital consecutively in Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire eventually. In the heyday of its influence extended throughout most of Europe and the Mediterranean coast.

With the transition to Christianity acquired religious significance and became the seat of the Catholic Church. In 1871 it became the capital of unified Italy.


KITCHEN • •

Italian cuisine has managed to conquer the world, and even national cuisines.. It is rich in flavors and many of the meals in Greece.

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Triptych "pizza-pasta-risotto” stars everywhere, certainly Dishes like Saltimpoka, Boukatin ala amaritsiana are well known in Italy.

Ancient Rome was the first civilization in the entire Western world, which has created a real gastronomy, it is true, of course, that it drew inspiration and influences from Greece and Asia Minor.


LANGUAGE •

The native language of the Romans was Latin. The alphabet was based on that of the Etruscans, which in turn was based on the Greek alphabet. Although Latin remained the official written language of the Roman Empire, Greek became the language eventually spoken by the educated elite. The eastern half of the Empire, which later became known as the Byzantine Empire, the Latin never managed to replace the Greek language. The expansion of the Roman Empire spread Latin throughout Europe.


RELIGION IN ANCIENT ROME •

With increasing contact with Greek culture, the old gods were associated strongly with the Greek ones.

Beginning with the reign of water, the official attitude of the Romans towards Christianity was negative, and sometimes being a Christian simply brought the punishment of death. Under Diocletian, the persecution of Christians reached their apex. However, the emperor Constantine supported Christianity which later became very popular. All religions except Christianity were prohibited in 391 by order of Theodosius'.

The Roman gods also adopted the properties and characteristics of the respective Greek gods.

ROME  

Rome- Project by A' class

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