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Raising Multilingual Kids

Kyla Kopperud Cristina Landazabal 29 May 2012


Aims of this session

• Examine how an additional language is acquired • Importance of mother-tongue development • Benefits of bilingualism and how we can develop balanced healthy bilinguals at home and school • Developing a language action plan • Question and Answer


Who are we? Cristina Landazabal Year 1 EAL Teacher Balanced Bilingual

Kyla Kopperud Year 6 EAL Teacher/ Coordinator Bilingual


Definitions Balanced bilingual • having equal proficiency in two languages across a range of contexts (social and academic)

Bilingual • having the ability to communicate naturally and fluently in more than one language in all areas of life.


Language Ice Breaker 1. Approximately how many languages are spoken in the world today? 2. How many languages have fewer than 1000 speakers? 3. What language has the most native speakers? 4. Which language is spoken more as a second or third language than as a mother-tongue? 5. What percentage of all languages are thought to be come extinct by 2050?


Answers 1. Approximately how many languages are spoken in the world today? 6500 2. How many languages have fewer than 1000 speakers? 2000 3. What language has the most native speakers? Mandarin 4. Which language is spoken more as a second or third language than as a mother-tongue? English 5. What percentage of all languages are thought to become extinct by 2050? 90 % Numbers may be out of date and not completely accurate


• Write any questions about language acquisition and bi/multilingualism that you may have. • Please stick them on the ‘car park’ on the wall.


Additional Language Acquisition

based on research of: • Krashen, Cummins, Chamot & O’Malley, Thomas & Collier


Mother Tongue(s)


500 words Mother Tongue(s)


Mother Tongue(s) 500 words

500 words


500 words

500 words

2000 words Mother Tongue(s)


2000 words Mother Tongue(s)

500 words

500 words

3000 words


3000 words

2000 words Mother Tongue/ First Language

500 words

500 words

Cognitive Language Proficiency


3000 words

2000 words Mother Tongue(s)

500 words

500 words

Cognitive Language Proficiency


Benefits of mother-tongue maintenance? • • • • •

Bilingual Biliterate Bicultural Affirm identity Achieve cognitive potential


Possible Consequences • Affect cognitive development (higher level thinking, analysis) (Thomas and Collier, 1992)

• Affect academic development (simplistic vocab, ideas not cohesive) (T&C, 1992, Carder 2007)

• Affect social development (Gallager, 2009)

• Feelings of alienation, lack of belonging, identity (Gallager, 2009)


Bilinguals in the Early Years Why? Learning literacy first in English

Unaware of using MT to make connections English becomes of higher value/discomfort factor Young children are more susceptible to losing the ability to use mothertongue


EAL in Year 1 Long-term Goal: successful balanced bilingualism Short-term: social and academic fluency

Support provided long enough for this to happen Inclusive curriculum in-class support Small group targeted skills


Home: Talk about language • What are the linguistic goals that you have for your child? • How strong is your home country connection? • What value do the language(s) have for your family? • What will/might the future hold for your family?


Mom

Dad

School

Language Plan

1

Thai

Thai

English

2

Thai

English

English

3

Bilingual: Spanish English

English

English

4

Thai

Korean

English

5

Norwegian

Russian

English

Kids: Both use MT only Family Language: Thai Kids: Mum speaks Thai Dad speaks English Family Language: English Kids: Mum speaks Spanish Dad speaks English Family Language: Spanish or English Kids: Mum speaks Thai Dad speaks Korean Family Language: English Kids: Mum speaks Norwegian Dad speaks Russian Family Language: English

Language Choice in Year 2 Thai A

Thai A

Spanish A

Choose between Thai A or Korean A – which fits into the longterm plan? School: Choose Language B Home tutor: Norwegian A or Russian A


Design a Language Action Plan • Decide what is important for you and your family. • Whatever plan you choose, remain firm and consistent with your choice. • Questioning, wondering, and feeling concerned are normal feelings. • Be good language models • Be an advocate for your language and culture!


References

Raising Bilingual Kids  

a brief presentation about the benefits of bilingualism