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Strooping the Colour


STROOPING THE COLOUR

How colour and language can trick your brain

Eleanor Maclure


Introduction

Virtually unique to the relationship between colour and language, the Stroop Effect is a psychological phenomenon that is remarkably simple to demonstrate. First published in England in 1935, by John Ridley Stroop, the effect has since been replicated hundreds of times under controlled conditions, reinforcing it’s validity as a recognised occurrence and making the original paper one of the most cited in the history of experimental psychology. In simple terms, the Stroop Effect refers to the identification of a delay in naming the colour a word is printed in, if the word itself denotes a different colour. This is in comparison to the speed of naming, if the colour of the word is the same as it’s meaning. So it is easier to name the colour of a word printed in red, if the word itself also says ‘red’. Although a relatively easy concept to grasp, the true explanation of the Stroop Effect remains contentious. It is understood to occur because we are required to override interference in our brains from the comprehension of a word, in order to correctly identify the colour it is depicted in. The standard explanation put forward for this, is that words are read automatically and can be recognised faster than colours can be named. However, experiments exploring the Reverse Stroop Effect, which can be demonstrated through colour matching rather than verbalisation, have brought these two theories into question. The aim of this book is not only to illustrate the Stroop Effect, but to examine how the use of more or less complex colour terms, and the presentation of these terms might influence the effect. If a colour term is obscure and unfamiliar does that interfere with the processing of a colour in the same way that it does with a basic colour term? At the heart of the Stroop Effect lies a unique phenomenon that encapsulates the complex relationship colour has with language.


Strooping the Colour


BASIC COLOUR TERMS


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

pink


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

red


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

orange


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

yellow


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

green


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

blue


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

purple


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

brown


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

grey


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC TERMS – CORRECT COLOURS

white


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

orange


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

green


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

pink


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

blue


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

red


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

yellow


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

grey


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

white


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

purple


TYPES OF TERMS

BASIC COLOUR TERMS

brown


SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

beige


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

cream


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

indigo


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

lilac


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

lime


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

magenta


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

maroon


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

salmon


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

turquoise


TYPES OF TERMS

SOPHISTICATED COLOUR TERMS

violet


OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

gamboge


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

loden


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

cerulean


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

porphyry


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

bice


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

adobe


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

greige


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

alizarin


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

celadon


TYPES OF TERMS

OBSCURE COLOUR TERMS

ianthine


NON COLOUR TERMS


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

fruit


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

house


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

flower


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

table


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

cat


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

bottle


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

glass


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

button


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

coat


TYPES OF TERMS

NON-COLOUR TERMS

money


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

PINK

pink

pink

pink

pink

pink

pink

pink

pink

pink

pink


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

RED

red

red

red

red

red

red

red

red

red

red


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

ORANGE

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

YELLOW

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

GREEN

green

green

green

green

green

green

green

green

green

green


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

BLUE

blue

blue

blue

blue

blue

blue

blue

blue

blue

blue


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

PURPLE

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

BROWN

brown

brown

brown

brown

brown

brown

brown

brown

brown

brown


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

GREY

grey

grey

grey

grey

grey

grey

grey

grey

grey

grey


COLOUR AND TERM COMBINATIONS

WHITE

white

white

white

white

white

white

white

white

white

white


COLOURED SURROUND


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

orange


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

green


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

pink


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

blue


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

red


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

yellow


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

grey


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

white


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND

purple


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED SURROUND


COLOURED BACKGROUND


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

orange


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

green


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

pink


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

91

blue


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

red


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

yellow


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

grey


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

white


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND

purple


PRESENTATION METHODS

COLOURED BACKGROUND


Strooping the Colour  

A study of the Stroop Effect and how different types of colour terms might influence the strength of the effect.

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