TAN POI TING A138519
What is a project? A project has a unique purpose and well defined objective with a unique product or services. It is a sequence of tasks which are planned from beginning to end and bounded by time, resources, and required results. It defined outcome and “deliverables”. Project contains the deadline and budget which are limits number of people, supplies, and capital. A project requires resources from various areas-people, hardware, software, other assets-collaboration not just from IT department and also from sales, marketing, and other areas of the company-to develop ideas.
What are its main attributes?
Has a unique purpose Is temporary Is developed using progressive elaboration Requires resources, often from various areas Should have a primary customer or sponsor Involves uncertainty
How is a project different from what most people do in their day-to-day jobs? Project they have focused goals and definite beginning and ending dates
Day-to-day jobs No beginning and ending dates
projects end when their objectives have been reached or when project has been terminated
Will not end in day-to-day jobs
A project can be large or small and involve one person or thousands of people and can also be done in one day or take years to complete
Day-to-day jobs involve a few people and can be done within a week or month but no take a day or years.
What other factors affect a project?
. Factors Knowledge
Preparation and Planning
Explanation Everyone involved needs to understand the basic principles and the desired outcome of the project, so it can move forward with the least amount of interruption. Always do preliminary studies of the project to make sure it is feasible, profitable and/or necessary. Every project needs a leader---someone to take charge and keep things moving, even when the going gets rough. Everyone must pull together toward a common goal to make it to the finish line--there is no room for grandstanders or solo performers Put a schedule in place with a beginning and proposed ending date, and provide a budget so the dollars assigned to the project stay within cost perimeters.