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The middle Ages What was that? First: It occurred in Britain Second. Started with the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest. Third: It is the period between the decline of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance witch we are talking about in the next article.

Fourth: The middle Ages are divided in 2; the Early Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages.

Let’s talk about the religion in the middle Ages. The religion that the population followed or practiced was Christianity. This included different activities such as Festivals, the life of the monks, etc. The religion was also divided in 2. The Byzantine church witch was the first one and the Orthodox Church, the update of the first one. They differed in language, practices, and liturgy from the western Church, which became the Catholic Church. The Eastern Church had Greek instead of the Latin. Political differences emerged. In conclusion of both churches, they had more differences than similarities.


The renaissance Did you know? They were the rulers of the society. They were just a few percentage of the population in the majority of the countries but they were the ones who had contact with the King.

The Word means rebirth.


As we all know, the renaissance occurred in Europe specifically in Italy. The year when this event started was in 1500. Here in this article, we are focusing in the Renaissance Society. We begin this structure with the nobility. This society group retained their lands and titles.


After the nobility, we continue with the Peasants and the Townspeople. The Peasants were basically the third state. They represented from 85 to 90 percent of the European population. The townspeople represented the rest of the European population.

The next group is the Marriage and Family. It was a great protection for the kids. The father was the head of the family. His power was absolute over his children until he died or gave freedom to them.

Protestant Reformation When? It occurred during the 16th century along Europe. Main Character: Martin Luther. He created a document called the 95 Theses. They were Latin propositions against in to the asking of indulgences. In consequence to his disagreement, he created his own church or religion; the Lutheran church. He translated the bible to the


German and they didn’t ask for indulgences. He just believed in the Baptism and Eucharist. But, what were the indulgences. Well, the indulgences were kind of taxes that you could give to the church in order to be free or without any sins.

Absolutism FYI‌ Absolutism consists in the control of only one person, called the monarch. One disadvantage in the absolutism was that there was no division of powers. All the citizens were obligated to obey the King. Here we have an exclusive interview with a bourgeoisie that is in disagreement with the absolutism power: Why do you disagree with this form of government? Because we cannot act if we disagree with the monarch. He can make whatever he wants. Was your social class the dominant?


NO NO NO! The highest social class was the nobility, and I don’t like to talk many about that, because they were the ones that have many privileges and they own the majority of lands. We are also wealthy but not the highest social class. Can you tell me the advantages of the absolutism? Yes, there is a centralized power, the formation of a centralized state military, that the monarch has a limitless power, the control of the church, representative bodies. Who was your ruler or governor?

Louis XVI, the Sun King, all the power is concentrated in him, he govern by divine right. What do you mean with the divine right? That the King can only answer to God, not to the subjects. What did Louis XVI do? He had firm control over the church hierarchy, built the strongest army in Europe and used it to enforce his policies; he is making to France the strongest state in Europe, also he built the Palace of Versailles.


The Age of Exploration Now in the XV century, a few days ago (bad joke) the Europeans traveled the world by sea, in every direction, to conquer the found land. They said that they’ll go to Asia, America, and Europe & Africa. They have the feeling of adventure & curiosity and the consolidation of financial systems. They were supported by the nautical technology. In this expedition, we have important explorers such as Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Bartolomeu Dias. We suppose that after this exploration: 1. The consolidation of monarchy had been established 2. The consolidation of long distance trade 3. The consolidation of the Bourgeoisie 

The Industrial Revolution Absolutely Amazing! During this period, Great Britain evolved in many aspects; in the agriculture, in the mineral resources, the capital for investment increase, markets. The major inventions during this period were: a) The Cotton Industry b) The Steam Engine (for the coal) c) The Iron Industry d) The Invention of the Railroad e) The Spinning Jenny But here comes the bad news: 1. Adulteration of food 2. Periodic overproduction and unemployment 3. Consumption 4. Women works. 5. Child labors


As we see everything this evolution process had bad consequences.

The Enlightenment

Watch an exclusive view to the personal life of Adam Smith: Ok so the first thing you need to know is the period in which I live my life, “the Enlightenment” The most important cultural movement in the 18th century. It was characterized by the new revolutionary ideas of what thinkers thought. My name is Adam Smith; I was born the 5 of June 1723 in a little town named Kirkcaldy, in Scotland. At the beginning my life was not easy. My dad died basically 2 months before I was born so I lived alone


with my mother and my brothers. I remember that she encourage me to study and to be someone of intellectual power. I entered the university at an age of 14 and studied moral philosophy. At this age I realized that my passion for life was liberty and speech. My career was to be teacher but then I realized that my thoughts where really important to society, so I decided to publish some books, I didn’t think it was going to be a great hit, but in the future they would use it as base of economics and free market.

“The wealth of nations” a book written by Adam Smith (me) in the year 1776 during the pick of the Enlightenment , these one would encourage other authors to write more about Economics and Market.


I finally died in July 17 1790; I did lots of contributions to the enlightenment and to history in general because they would use my book in the 20th and 21th centuries. I came to earth just to have this interview (the gods authorized me to come here).



The Independence of the 13th Colonies During this period the colonists founded 13 colonies in the Eastern Part of North America. The bourgeoisie was the highest social class. The causes of this independence were: a) England was at war with France for territories in Canada that was called Terranova. b) Each part asks help to the Indians. c) They tell them that would let them live in the lands. d) New taxes were applied e) Colonies can’t entry to the new territories. f) The Treaty of Paris ( France gave Great Britain the southeastern territories) So the English government sent troops to the colonies. Also 3 ships that have tea felt into the sea (Boston Tea Party). Congresses in Philadelphia: 1. Boycott English products 2. George Washington joined and created a colonial army 3. Declaration of the Independence The War was between France, Spain and colonist vs. Great Britain, and in this battle Great Britain is defeated after the 5 years of war. In the Independence George Washington became the first president.


The French revolution

My name is “France” I am located in Europe, at the west of Italy and Switzerland, 843 years before Crist was born a monarchy started in me… At the 18th century, a king named Louis XIV had the divine power over me. He ruled in a form of in which all my cousins (countries) had jealousy and anger. Some years passed out and a new king went to power: Louis XVI.


He had many economic problems such as: wasting money in fancy things and didn’t care about anything the country was asking for. He didn’t care about my other children (3rd state), so I sent him to the guillotine. Days passed and a new leader was in charge, Maximilien Robespierre. He was selfish and an embarrassing leader for my people. We killed hundreds of innocents in the guillotine, everyone that was against his thought was condoned to death. So I decide to send more of my children to kill him with their own weapon. We are exhausted and angry. Suddenly a commander of my armies went into an absolute power; Napoleon Bonaparte, he restored peace in the country. But at the end it was still the same an absolute power ruling the country.

The congress of Vienna The main kingdoms that defeated the French empire had a great idea, they make a congress in 1814 in Vienna, they call all the delegates of Europe to Vienna, and here is my part of the history… I am Castlereagh (Great Britain delegate) head of the negotiations in great Britain, in November of 1814 they told me if I could go to Vienna a beautiful city in witch a congress was taking place, all the delegates of Europe where there, we where talking about the main problem Europe was passing by, “the issues the French revolutions had” and “the Napoleonic conquest in Europe”. So I decide to go and represent my kingdom. The first week was really boring we where just talking and screaming there was no order, days pass by and the congress started to make sense they where discussing that the borders Europe where really bad planed so they decide to move some little things, nobody could start a war that’s why they wanted to rearrange the territory’s, for example the Netherlands and the Italian kingdom of piedmont were created they where new kingdoms.


Then it was my turn, my kingdom was waiting my response of how where we arrange, they take us off some territories for example the island of Malta it is located south what some years later was Sicily and Helgoland a little island north Germany, they where not really important so we had a good time there. at the end of the congress in June 1815 we all went home, and there where no more wars until WWI , these was a grate thing made by the kingdoms of Europe.




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