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E:?BEHLH?ĂŁ: =>ERH@NB â&#x20AC;&#x153;El yoga es sĂłlo unoâ&#x20AC;?, dice Luis Pernigotti, quien actualmente se dedica a la enseĂąanza de la tĂŠcnica. Pero aunque sĂłlo es uno, hay diferentes formas de verlo, lo que lleva a distintos estilos, pero al final, la idea de la prĂĄctica, mĂĄs una filosofĂ­a que una religiĂłn, es â&#x20AC;&#x153;sĂłlo unaâ&#x20AC;?: llevar a la conexiĂłn del individuo con â&#x20AC;&#x153;el ser superiorâ&#x20AC;?. â&#x20AC;&#x153;O sea, al ser individual con el ser cĂłsmico, pero claro que hay muchos mĂŠtodos diferentes, algunos se enfocan mĂĄs a las posturas, otros en la meditaciĂłn, e incluso los que se enfocan en las posturas tambiĂŠn tienen diferentes estilos; los que se enfocan en la meditaciĂłn tambiĂŠn trabajan diferentes formasâ&#x20AC;?, explica Pernigotti. Luis practica el yoga de Iyegar (India, 1918), que establece que no te puedes liberar de lo fĂ­sico ni separar lo fĂ­sico de lo mental y de lo espiritual: â&#x20AC;&#x153;A veces se queda uno en lo superficial, pero la idea es tratar de profundizar en las posturas, y profundizar en las posturas es profundizar en la conciencia. Sobre todo, el yoga es un ejercicio de concienciaâ&#x20AC;?. Iyengar se enfocĂł mucho en las posturas y con ĂŠstas viene el despertar la conciencia corporal, de hacer que la conciencia vaya desde afuera del cuerpo hacia adentro y desde adentro hacia afuera. â&#x20AC;&#x153;En el yoga existen diferentes pasos, tal como lo describe Patanjali (siglo III a.C.) que escribiĂł un tratado del yoga que se llamĂł Los yoga sutras. Ă&#x2030;l describe el yoga en ocho pasos consecutivos y los tres Ăşltimos pasos son la concentraciĂłn, la meditaciĂłn y la fusiĂłn con el serâ&#x20AC;?. Para llegar a esto tienes que lograr los cinco pasos anteriores, â&#x20AC;&#x153;entre esos estĂĄn las posturas, la respiraciĂłn, las reglas de moralidad o de conducta que debe tener un yoguiâ&#x20AC;?. Para Iyengar, â&#x20AC;&#x153;si tĂş quieres lograr la concentraciĂłn, es muy difĂ­cil a veces sentarse y lograrla, pero puedes lograr la concentraciĂłn en una postura si aprendes a trabajarla desde ahĂ­, y ahĂ­ empiezas a trabajar en la meditaciĂłn; la meditaciĂłn es como la conciencia que fluye continuamente hacia un punto determinado. Entonces lo logras a travĂŠs de las acciones que realizas en las posturas. De hecho el yoga es una filosofĂ­a, no puedes separar el yoga de la filosofĂ­a que viene detrĂĄsâ&#x20AC;?. Y aunque la prĂĄctica de esta filosofĂ­a estĂĄ lejos de ser una religiĂłn, como ĂŠsta pretende una conexiĂłn con Dios o con el cosmos o con el ser superior, pero desde uno mismo. â&#x20AC;&#x153;En el yoga se habla del macrocosmos y del microcosmos, o sea, uno tambiĂŠn es un microcosmos y por dentro tiene todo lo que existe por fuera, entonces, si vas hacia adentro tambiĂŠn puedes encontrar al ser superior, pero dentro tuyo, porque la conciencia pura finalmente es la misma, es una sola. Entonces el camino del yoga es un poco diferente en ese sentido, que no estĂĄ solamente en un ritual externo, puede tener ciertas cosas ritualĂ­sticas, pero el yoga es un camino de ir hacia el interior para saber quĂŠ es uno y cuando uno llega al interior descubre que es la conciencia pura y el todoâ&#x20AC;?.


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50."/05" 1BSBMBQSÈDUJDB WVirya, estudio de Yoga & props D: San Miguel 4733, colonia Ciudad de los Niños (Zapopan) T: 3122-9912.

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L><K>MHLK>O>E:=HLIHKE:<B>G<B: El meteorito de la tรญa Rosa tiene mucho que a revelarle nuevas pistas de cรณmo funciona el universo a la comunidad cientรญfica. โ€œ(El objeto que cayรณ en) Ardรณn es una maravilla de meteorito, es un testigo, como todas las condritas, de los procesos de agregaciรณn primordial de materia en el Sistema Solarโ€, explica el investigador Josep Marรญa Trigo, experto en Meteoritos del Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio (CSIC) y del Instituto de Estudios Espaciales de Cataluรฑa. El objeto pertenece a una familia de condritas que serรญan fragmentos del asteroide mil 272 Gefion y, hoy en dรญa, llegan a la Tierra desde el cinturรณn de as-

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teroides que estรก entre Marte y Jรบpiter. Esta roca leonesa (antes estelar) es muy porosa, nunca se calentรณ mรกs de 800 grados centรญgrados, continรบa Trigo, โ€œpor lo que no sufriรณ las transformaciones quรญmicas y fรญsicas de un planeta como la Tierra. De ahรญ su importancia para saber cรณmo eran los sรณlidos primordiales del Sistema Solarโ€. El 73% de todos los meteoritos conocidos que han llegado al suelo son condritas. Pero cada uno guarda una historia fascinante que espera ser descubierta. El de Ardรณn โ€œen su composiciรณn mayoritaria hay silicatos, sulfuros y metales, componentes cuyas caracterรญsti-

cas isotรณpicas indican que participaron en la formaciรณn de nuestro Sistema Solarโ€™, explica el investigador. Lo interesante del pequeรฑo cuerpo celeste que cayรณ a la Tierra puede no encontrarse a simple vista, pero ha maravillado a los cientรญficos que lo han analizado. โ€œEl meteorito de Ardรณn preservรณ en su textura pequeรฑas esfรฉrulas vรญtreas denominadas cรณndrulos y granos metรกlicos que giraban alrededor del Sol hace unos cuatro mil 565 millones de aรฑos. Eran los primeros componentes sรณlidos del Sistema Solarโ€, remata Trigo. La ciencia sigue mirando al cielo en busca de respuestas.


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