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The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology Director: Dr. Luis A. Portal-Queirolo, Psy.D.

October 2012 No.1 Monthly Edition

WELCOME Dear and honorable fellow colleagues it is with great pleasure and satisfaction present to you this new monthly edition bilingual newspaper with where you will be able to find the latest news in Psychology and related topics in a way that we can be in contact together with colleagues a round the world, The United Sta- tes Of America and Latino - America sha- ring our thoughts, opinions, culture, researches and presenting some dis- cussion regarding actual topics related to our field. We would like to say that we will have the privilege to have you as one of our readers as well as one of our sponsors We thank you for that. We can say that this is the First Bilingual Newspaper dedicated to expand the knowledge of Psychology around the world and in the Americas. Thus we would like to have the opportunity to invite you to participate with your comments and opinions by mail or by the Web. In addition, we would like to hear from you if you would like to publish an article related to our field, if so please send your article in PDF format with a recent photo in passport size that will allow you to be known your ideas, knowledge as well as your experience in our field that will help others to understand the human being and the nature of their problems and their

friendship with a better quality of life for everybody. Finally, we would like to say thank you to those who believed in us, who believed in our philosophy of life and our expertise in this wonderful field, and to The United States Of America. Dr. Luis A. Portal-Queirolo, Psy.D. Director

In this number: Bienvenidos suffering in this world, an understanding of people’s deep emotions, thinking and behaviors and helping them to alleviate their suffering. We are ambitious and we want to be your voice, the voice of all our fellow psychologists offering an instrument to express your point of view and theoretical position in a way that we will help others to understand the important role Psychology has in the world. In the El Psicólogo you will find a good friends and good colleagues whom will extend their hands to help you to expand the knowledge of Psychology and together give the best of us to our field in the 21st Century as advocates, educators and scientific people in mental health therefore we will be able to help humans to have a better bonding , more authentic, more genuine and more long lasting

p. 2 Abusing the system: Borderline female p. 3 El síndrome de Münchausen p. 4 Research p. 6 Events p. 7 SUSBCRIBE TODAY SEND YOUR ARTICLE OR PUT YOUR AD WITH US P.O. Box 1279 Tustin CA 92781


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El Psicólogo

The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology

Bienvenidos

October 2012

Bienvenidos

Queridos y apreciados colegas es de inmensa satisfacción presentarles este periódico mensual para que Ustedes se enteren de las últimas noticias en Psicología y temas afines así podremos estar en contacto con todos nuestros colegas alrededor de los Estados Unidos de América, Hispano América y el resto del mundo y compartiendo comentarios, opiniones, e investigaciones como algunas discusiones de temas actuales que afectan nuestra especialidad, por ello nuestro periódico se honra en tenerlos y también agradecer a nuestros anunciantes, auspiciadores. Este es el primer Periódico Bilingüe en la historia de la Psicología y por ello nos

sentimos muy orgullosos. Aprovechamos también para invitarlos a participar con sus comentarios y opiniones ya sea por correo o por la Web. Si desean publicar algunos de sus artículos por favor no dejen de hacerlo y envíelos a nuestra dirección de correo en formato de PDF y con una foto reciente suya de tamaño pasaporte eso hará que el mundo de la Psicología y en general los demás colegas alrededor del mundo los conozcan y sepan de sus logros profesionales y de los avances que a través de los años han logrado en ayudar a la humanidad en comprender la naturaleza del sufrimiento humano, su forma de pensar, su conducta y sus

emociones íntimas aliviando el dolor de los pacientes. Queremos que este periódico sea la voz de las Américas y que todos nuestros colegas puedan tener la oportunidad de expresar sus puntos de vista científica y seriamente así como sus orientaciones teóricas para entender el papel que tiene la Psicología en el mundo de hoy. Por ello, les reiteramos que en este periódico tendrán a unos amigos y colegas que les darán la mano para que podamos juntos darle el lugar a nuestra especialidad en la historia como verdaderos defensores, educadores y científicos de la salud mental, así lograremos a través del tiempo una unión más autentica, genuina y duradera entre los seres humanos con una mejor calidad de vida. Esperamos que nos visiten siempre Gracias!!!!

Do you Have an article? Send it to us

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(714) 488-9869

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October 2012

El Psicólogo

The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology

Borderline

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Abusing the system: Borderline Personality disorder Women with BPD do not like psychologists because they believe that they know better than a psychologist and, second, they do not want any records kept by anyone about their mental status. They like to manipulate doctors to obtain medications even if they do not even need them; they like to selfprescribe. Some women believe that because they read the Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR™), they know what to do better than medical doctors. They know how to use the system very well, and they are the most costly patients in mental health cli-nics due to their inconsistency with treatment for themselves or for their children. In other words, they like to demand treatment but do not follow the rules or advice offered by doctors. They change doctors and medication very fast. They like to irritate or provoke their own children, make them angry, and confuse them with ambivalent messages. This is especially so if they have mental or behavioral problems so that they can continue using the mental health system and justify hospitalizations in some cases. The behavior of the mother contributes to making the children more emotionally unstable. Some women with BPD who are struggling

financially get involved in “monkey business” without any notion that they can be in danger or are putting themselves outside the law. For example, they may “rent out” their Social Security number to others to create corporations with fictitious names. In return, they can receive big checks from the “business managers” as compensation for using their Social Security number and identity. Other women with BPD may request money from Social Services but at the same time buy a home for a great deal of money. Then when they buy a large property, some like to subdivide rooms so that they can accommodate other people in the house as renters. Mothers with BPD have problems with boundaries and limits. Their principles, morals, and values are very low, even though they may attend church and pretend to be good Christians or

what-ever their faith is. Some women with BPD who are mothers exhibit poor parenting skills and always have problems with school districts about their children’s behavior. They feel that they can beat the school system through manipulation based on their “rights.” For example, they may support their own children in using drugs and/or stealing from stores. They are artists at avoiding child protective services so as not to be charged with child neglect and child abuse. .The children of these mothers always live in constant fear of their mother’s anger. Family life is a disaster with pathological boundaries: “Be careful evil is out there.” At times these women can develop depression and cope with it by using drugs and/or alcohol. Women with BPD sometimes lose touch with reality and develop hallucinations or delusions (e.g.,

grandiose, paranoid, religious). It is not unusual for them to involve themselves illegal activities. For instance, sometimes they have the idea that they can beat the system by passing bad checks or committing fraud with insurance companies, Medicare, or MediCal. The idea is that nobody can catch them because they think they are the top of the world and better than anyone else. In 1997, De La Fuente et al. found that borderline individuals present metabolic disturbances in the brain (i.e., low levels of glucose in the prefrontal areas). Soloff et al. (2003) noted that prefrontal hypoperfusion and decreased glucose uptake in the prefrontal cortex are found in violent criminal offenders, murderers, and aggressive psychiatric patients. These abnormalities may be independent of a diagnosis and associated with impulsivity -aggression as a personality trait. Impulsivity-aggression is “a clinical characteristic of borderline personality disorder (BPD), where it is associated with assaultive and suicidal behaviors. Therefore everybody in the psychological field agrees that BPD can be categorized by problems surrounding three major areas: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral.


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El Psicólogo

The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology

Münchausen

October 2012

Síndrome de Münchausen Historia El Barón Hieronymus Karl Friedrich Von Münchausen fue un aristócrata alemán mercenario del siglo XVIII. En una presentación en el Hospital de Niños de la ciudad de Cincinnati, Ohio el Dr. Robert Allan Shapiro hablando sobre el síndrome de Münchausen por aproximación nos decía que en 1785 un individuo llamado Eric Raspe estando necesitado de dinero escribió un libro a cerca de los viajes del Baron: Original Travels and Surprising Adventures of Baron Von Münchausen las historias fueron maravillosas pero inciertas, falsas y que nunca tuvo. Richard Asher en 1951 le pu- so el nombre a un síndrome en honor a la historia del Barón en un libro describiendo pacientes que presentaban una historia psicosocial con ciertas características como el dramatismo de los síntomas, de los síntomas, la cautivación y la llamada de atención por otros y sobre todo la falsedad de los síntomas sin un origen biológico o físico que lo comprueben. Mas recientemente en 1977 se publico un libro por Roy Meadows titulado: Münchausen Syndrome by Proxy: The Hinderland of Child Abuse donde describía a muchos niños que fueron hospitalizados, examinados y tratados por enfermedades falsas que fueron creadas por sus propias madres. En otras palabras éste síndrome es una enfermedad psicológica donde el que la sufre o padece crea historias a cerca de estar enfermo y peor aun el mismo o un familiar se inducen una enfermedad, así pueden confundir y manipular a los médi-

cos cuando les aplican un tratamiento y este no responde a las expectativas medicas. Mucha gente que lo padece rehúsan aceptar que tienen el síndrome y por supuesto rechazan cualquier forma de tratamiento psiquiátrico y por ello se tiene poca información, sin embargo podemos atar cabos con la información

ción o simpatía a través de la enfermedad de sus hijos para el abusador.

disponible hasta el momento. Definición Este síndrome es un desorden psiquiátrico donde el individuo in venta artificialmente síntomas psicológicos o algún trauma de la misma naturaleza, con la in - tención de llamar la atención o simpatía hacia ellos mismos a través de una enfermedad ficticia. Algunas veces se le conoce como adicción a los hospitales. Otros los consideran como una forma de desorden somático, lo central es que ésta gente es consciente de llamar la atención hacia ellos mismos. Este síndrome esta relacionado con lo que se llama en psiquiatría el síndrome de Münchausen por aproximación el cual se refiere al abuso de otro ser humano hacia otro mas indefenso que típicamente son los niños con el propósito de obtener aten-

ces mujeres que tienen algún conocimiento sobre medicina, también se ha encontrado a hombres solteros blancos entre la edad de 30 a 50 años hasta el momento es claro por qué esto sucede. Sin embargo existen dos grandes teorías al respecto: La primera, se refiere a la posibilidad de un trauma durante la infancia posiblemente por abandono o negligencia durante la infancia posiblemente por abandono o negligencia de los padres. Traumas no resueltos en esa etapa llevan al individuo hacia el masoquismo, como la compulsión de castigarse hacia asimismo, al forzarse estar enfermo (a), o haber sido encerrados después de alguna experiencia hospitalaria desarrollando la fantasía que el mejor lugar para estar es el hospital. La segunda teoría respecto a la

Causas-Origen. La causa exacta que origina este desorden es desconocida y se ha encontrado que la mayoría afectada por este síndrome son mujeres de 20 a 40 años de edad y algunas ve-

causa de éste síndrome es que existe en el individuo que lo padece un trastorno de personalidad lo que implica la presencia de un patrón distorsionado de pensamientos como creencias cerca de ellos mismos como con los demás y que por lo general la gente lo considera anormal y perturbador, son expertos de convencer a los doctores que están enfermos. Se ha visto que esto podría estar relacionado con madres abusadoras de niños, algunas sabiendo que sus hijos padecen de ADHD, un desorden de conducta o desorden bipolar y con claros indicios de carecer patrones claros de como criar a sus hijos de tal forma que actúan con ellos algunas veces de forma seductora con los pro-fesionales para evitar ser sancionadas por abusar de sus hijos. Ocurre que estas madres abusan del sistema llevándolos a las clínicas de salud mental para que traten a sus hijos mientras que por otro lado en la casa exacerban los síntomas de los hijos hasta el punto de ser agresivas físicamente y dejar que sus hijos consuman drogas así justifican su llamado de auxilio a las autoridades y quedan limpias de responsabilidad co mo madres, pero dándose el gusto de torturar y abusar de sus hijos. Los síntomas básicamente mente pretender o provocar tener problemas psicológicos, físicos y buscar activamente hacerse enfermos o a sus seres queridos y en vez de mejorar siempre empeoran. Seguimiento psiquiátrico y psicoterapia ayudan mucho.


October 2012

El Psicólogo

The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology

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Director: Dr. Luis A. Portal-Queirolo, Psy.D. Director / CEO El Psicólogo Bilingual Newspaper© 2012 All rights reserved Without any authorization from our newspaper it is against the law to reproduce any material by any method and use or abuse of its contents. El Psicólogo is not responsible for the contents and opinions in the articles by our associates. Their point of view it doesn’t represent the point of view of El Psicólogo. El Psicólogo reserve their right to reject any ad or article that goes against philosophy of the newspaper. All the pictures submitted to our newspaper we will keep it in our archives.

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El Psicólogo

The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology

Research

October 2012

Research Revista de Psicologia de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú Vol. 30 No.1 2012 pp 19-46 Abuso sexual : tratamientos y atención Álvaro Roberto Vallejo Samudio, Martha Isabel Córdoba Arévalo El abuso sexual afecta fundamentalmente a niños de cualquier género y mujeres, dejando graves secuelas en las víctimas, y en su medio familiar y social. Este artículo rastrea las publicaciones disponibles en materia de acciones encaminadas al apoyo de sobrevivientes de abuso sexual, por parte de los sistemas de salud pública en algunos países, y los tratamientos de origen psicológico más recomendados para la reparación de la salud mental de las víctimas. El abuso sexual en países en desarrollo debe ser un asunto de seguridad pública, más aun en Colombia, donde la violación de mujeres es una arma de guerra usada por los actores de la violencia sociopolítica. Science 5 October 2012: Vol. 338 no. 6103 pp. 6872DOI:10.1126/science.1222939 Synaptic Dysfunction in Depression: Potential Therapeutic Targets

Journal of Clinical Psychology John Rosegrant Narcissism and Sadomasochistic Relationships Volume 68, Issue 8, pages 935–942, August 2012

Basic and clinical studies demonstrate that depression is associated with reduced size of brain regions that regulate mood and cognition, including the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus, and decreased neuronal synapses in these areas. Antidepressants can block or reverse these neuronal deficits, although typical antidepressants have limited efficacy and delayed response times of weeks to months. A notable recent discovery shows that ketamine, a N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, produces rapid (within hours) antidepressant responses in patients who are resistant to typical antidepressants. Basic studies show that ketamine rapidly induces synaptogenesis and reverses the synaptic deficits caused by chronic stress. These findings highlight the central importance of homeostatic control of mood circuit connections and form the basis of a synaptogenic hypothesis of depression and treatment re-

People with narcissistic vulnerabilities often relate to others sadomasochistically—either exerting power, or submitting to others, or both—in order to manage their vulnerabilities and protect themselves from feelings of abandonment. Sadomasochistic experience often involves concrete thinking and limited playfulness or ability to use metaphor. In therapy, these difficulties are often actualized in the patient-therapist relationship so that usual verbal interpretations may be of limited value, and the therapist needs to work to maintain a mutually respectful relationship even as the patient tries to draw him/her into sadomasochistic interactions. Because these difficulties have roots in early childhood and are repeatedly reinforced by later experience, long-term treatment that provides ongoing opportunities for new experience and understanding will be most helpful. These ideas are illustrat-

Amygdala Response to Preattentive Masked Fear in Children With Conduct Problems: The Role of Callous-Unemotional Traits Essi Viding, Ph.D.; Catherine L. Sebastian, Ph. D. et al. . Am J Psychiatry 2012;169:1109-1116. 10.1176 / appi.ajp.2012.12020191 Objective In children with conduct problems, high levels of callous-unemotional traits are associated with amygdala hypoactivity to consciously perceived fear, while low levels of callous-unemotional traits may be associated with amygdala hyperactivity. Behavioral data suggest that fear processing deficits in children with high callous-unemotional traits may extend to stimuli presented below conscious awareness (preattentively). The authors investigated the neural basis of this effect. Amygdala involvement was predicted on the basis of its role in preattentive affective processing in healthy adults and its dysfunction in previous studies of conduct problems. Results In the right amygdala, a greater amygdala response was seen in boys with conduct problems and low callous-unemotional traits than in those with high callous-unemotional traits. The findings were not explained by symptom levels of conduct disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, or depression. Conclusions These data demonstrate differential amygdala activity to preattentively presented fear in children with conduct problems grouped by callous-unemotional traits, with high levels associated with lower amygdala reactivity. The study’s findings complement increasing evidence suggesting that callous-unemotional traits are an important specifier in the classification of children with conduct problems.


October 2012

El Psic贸logo

The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology

EVENTS

Events Biofeedback 17th Annual conference Biofeedback Foundation of Europe (BFE) Venice Italy 11-14-2014 Conference Inquiries BFE Contact: Carina Ruf at

conferences@bfe.org

Forensic Psychology The 2013 Annual Conference of the American Psychology-Law Society will be held at the Hilton Portland & Executive Tower in Portland, Oregon on March 7-9, 2013. The Conference will begin the morning of Thursday, March 7th and will run through Saturday, March 9th, 2013

Cognitive Psychology 2nd Annual International Conference on Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology (CBP 2013) Date: 25 - 26 February 2013, Venue: Hotel Fort Canning, Singapore Fax: +65 6327 0162 / E-mail: info@cognitive-behavior.org

Personality Personality Psychological foundation 1st World Conference on Personality 19-23 Maarch 2013 Spier Conference Centre R310 Stellenbosch Stellenbosch 7600 South Africa Tel: +27 21 809 1100 ext 2 Fax +27 21 809 1109 Web: http://www.spier.co.za 13th European Congress Of Psychology Stockholm Sweden July 9-12 2013 Swedish Psychological Association Attn: 13th European Congress of Psychology (ECP 2013) P.O. Box 3287 SE-103 65 Stockholm Sweden Telephone: +46 8 567 06 400 General issues and practical matters Email: 013@psykologforbundet.se Abstract submission Email: ecp2013.scientific@congrex.com Registration/hotel Email: ecp2013.registration@congrex.com

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The First Bilingual Newspaper for Psychology P.O. Box 1279 Tustin CA 92781 USA

OCTOBER 2012  

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