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fall 2014

the mit press • fall 2014

the mit press


CONTENTS

Photographs by Ryan Field, from Surf Craft.

Distributed by the MIT Press Afterall Books 36 Semiotext(e) 37-41 Zone Books 42-44

architecture 15-17 art 11-15, 19-21, 36, 39 bioethics 71-72 business 1, 5, 66-67 cognitive science 49-53 computational biology 47 computer science and intelligent systems 84-89 cultural studies 2, 39, 42, 44 current affairs 10, 32 dance 18 design 4, 69 economics/finance 6-7, 33, 73-79 education 25-26, 28, 63-65 engineering 45-46 environment 8, 32-33, 82-83 fiction 38, 41 game studies 29, 70-71 health, healthcare 31, 46 history of science 61 history of technology 57-58, 59-60 information science 70 international security 84 linguistics 55-57 machine learning 89-90 media, media studies 2, 5, 61 memoir 40 music 11, 62 neuroscience 23, 47-49 new media 67-69 parenting 9 philosophy 2, 24, 26, 37, 43-44, 53-55 politics, political science 8,10 psychology 31, 48-49 science 3, 24, 26, 45, 62 science, technology, and society 58, 60 sociology 34 technology 3, 28, 30 urban studies 80-81 Paperback Reprints 91-103 Journals 104-106 The Digital MIT Press 107 Order Information 108-111 Index 112-114 Recent Highlights 115-116 Backlist Highlights Inside Back Cover


TRADE business/innovation

The Innovator’s hypothesis How Cheap Experiments Are Worth More Than Good Ideas Michael Schrage What is the best way for a company to innovate? That’s exactly the wrong question. The better question: How can organizations get the maximum possible value from their innovation investments? Advice recommending “innovation vacations” and the luxury of failure may be wonderful for organizations with time to spend and money to waste. But this book addresses the innovation priorities of companies that live in the real world of limits. They want fast, frugal, and high impact innovations. They don’t just seek superior innovation, they want superior innovators. In The Innovator’s Hypothesis, innovation expert Michael Schrage advocates a cultural and strategic shift: small teams, collaboratively—and competitively—crafting business experiments that make top management sit up and take notice. Creativity within constraints—clear deadlines and clear deliverables—is what serious innovation cultures do. Schrage introduces the 5X5 framework: giving diverse teams of five people up to five days to come up with portfolios of five business experiments costing no more than $5,000 each and taking no longer than five weeks to run. The book describes multiple portfolios of 5X5 experiments drawn from Schrage’s advisory work and innovation workshops worldwide. These include financial service approaches for improving customer service and addressing security challenges; a pharmaceutical company’s hypotheses for boosting regulatory compliance; and a diaper divisions’ efforts to give babies and parents alike better “diapering experiences” with glow-in-the-dark adhesives, diagnostic capability, and bundled wipes. Schrage’s 5X5 is enterprise innovation gone viral: Successful 5X5s make people more effective innovators, and more effective innovators mean more effective innovations.

Achieving faster, better, cheaper, and more creative innovation outcomes with the 5X5 framework: 5 people, 5 days, 5 experiments, $5,000, and 5 weeks. November 6 x 9, 224 pp. $21.95T/£15.95 cloth 978-0-262-02836-3

Michael Schrage is a Research Fellow at the Center for Digital Business at MIT Sloan School of Management. A sought-after consultant on business innovation, he is the author of Serious Play: How the World’s Best Companies Simulate to Innovate and Who Do You Want Your Customers to Become? • • • •

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TRADE media/cultural studies

The Imaginary App edited by Paul D. Miller and Svitlana Matviyenko

The mobile app as technique and imaginary tool, offering a shortcut to instantaneous connection and entertainment. September 6 x 9, 320 pp. 18 color plates, 40 black & white illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02748-9 Software Studies series Also available Rhythm Science Paul D. Miller 2004, 978-0-262-63287-4 $39.95T/£27.95 paper

Mobile apps promise to deliver (h)appiness to our devices at the touch of a finger or two. Apps offer gratifyingly immediate access to connection and entertainment. The array of apps downloadable from the app store may come from the cloud, but they attach themselves firmly to our individual movement from location to location on earth. In The Imaginary App, writers, theorists, and artists—including Stephen Wolfram (in conversation with Paul Miller) and Lev Manovich—explore the cultural and technological shifts that have accompanied the emergence of the mobile app. These contributors and interviewees see apps variously as “a machine of transcendence,” “a hulking wound in our nervous system,” or “a promise of new possibilities.” They ask whether the app is an object or a relation, and if it could be a “metamedium” that supersedes all other artistic media. They consider the control and power exercised by software architecture; the app’s prosthetic ability to enhance certain human capacities, in reality or in imagination; the app economy, and the divergent possibilities it offers of making a living or making a fortune; and the app as medium and remediator of reality. Also included (and documented in color) are selected projects by artists asked to design truly imaginary apps, “icons of the impossible.” These include a female sexual arousal graph using Doppler images; “The Ultimate App,” which accepts a payment and then closes, without providing information or functionality; and “iLuck,” which uses GPS technology and four-leaf-clover icons to mark places where luck might be found. Paul D. Miller, aka DJ Spooky, That Subliminal Kid, is a composer, multimedia artist, and writer. He is the author of Rhythm Science and Sound Unbound, both published by the MIT Press. Svitlana Matviyenko is a Lecturer in Media Studies at the University of Western Ontario. Contributors Christian Ulrik Andersen, Thierry Bardini, Nandita Biswas Mellamphy, Benjamin H. Bratton, Drew S. Burk, Patricia Ticineto Clough, Robbie Cormier, Dock Currie, Dal Yong Jin, Nick Dyer-Witheford, Ryan and Hays Holladay, Atle Mikkola Kjøsen, Eric Kluitenberg, Lev Manovich, Vincent Manzerolle, Svitlana Matviyenko, Dan Mellamphy, Paul D. Miller aka DJ Spooky That Subliminal Kid, Steven Millward, Anna Munster, Søren Bro Pold, Chris Richards, Scott Snibbe, Nick Srnicek, Stephen Wolfram • National Publicity Campaign • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Technology and Culture, IEEE Technology and Society, Leonardo, New Media and Society, New York Review of Books, The Atlantic, Harper’s, Design Issues, Bookforum • Website Feature • Individual Email Campaign

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TRADE science/techology

Reality Mining Using Big Data to Engineer a Better World Nathan Eagle and Kate Greene Big Data is made up of lots of little data: numbers entered into cell phones, addresses entered into GPS devices, visits to websites, online purchases, ATM transactions, and any other activity that leaves a digital trail. Although the abuse of Big Data—surveillance, spying, hacking—has made headlines, it shouldn’t overshadow the abundant positive applications of Big Data. In Reality Mining, Nathan Eagle and Kate Greene cut through the hype and the headlines to explore the positive potential of Big Data, showing the ways in which the analysis of Big Data (“Reality Mining”) can be used to improve human systems as varied as political polling and disease tracking, while considering user privacy. Eagle, a recognized expert in the field, and Greene, an experienced technology journalist, describe Reality Mining at five different levels: the individual, the neighborhood and organization, the city, the nation, and the world. For each level, they first offer a nontechnical explanation of data collection methods and then describe applications and systems that have been or could be built. These include a mobile app that helps smokers quit smoking; a workplace “knowledge system”; the use of GPS, Wi-Fi, and mobile phone data to manage and predict traffic flows; and the analysis of social media to track the spread of disease. Eagle and Greene argue that Big Data, used respectfully and responsibly, can help people live better, healthier, and happier lives.

A look at how Big Data can be put to positive use, from helping users break bad habits to tracking the global spread of disease. September 5 3/8 x 8, 208 pp. $24.95T/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02768-7

Nathan Eagle, one of the “50 people who will change the world” on the 2012 Wired Smart List, is the cofounder and CEO of Jana, a company that helps global brands reach customers in emerging markets via mobile airtime. He holds faculty positions at Harvard and Northeastern Universities. Kate Greene is a freelance science and technology journalist based in San Francisco whose work has appeared in The Economist, Discover, and U.S. News & World Report, among other publications. • National Publicity Campaign • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: MIT Technology Review, American Scientist, IEEE Technology and Society, Technology and Culture, ACM Interactions, Harper’s, The Atlantic, New York Review of Books • Individual Email Campaign

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TRADE design

Surf Craft Design and the Culture of Board Riding Richard Kenvin photographs by Ryan Field

The evolution of the surfboard, from traditional Hawaiian folk designs to masterpieces of mathematical engineering to mass-produced fiberglass. September 10 x 11, 176 pp. 150 color illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02760-1 Copublished with Mingei International Museum, San Diego Exhibition Mingei International Museum, San Diego June 21, 2014–January 11, 2015

Surfboards were once made of wood and shaped by hand, objects of both cultural and recreational significance. Today most surfboards are massproduced with fiberglass and a stew of petrochemicals, moving (or floating) billboards for athletes and their brands, emphasizing the commercial rather than the cultural. Surf Craft maps this evolution, examining surfboard design and craft with 150 color images and an insightful text. From the ancient Hawaiian alaia, the traditional board of the common people, to the unadorned boards designed with mathematical precision (but built by hand) by Bob Simmons, to the store-bought longboards popularized by the 1959 surf-exploitation movie Gidget, board design reflects both aesthetics and history. The decline of traditional alaia board riding is not only an example of a lost art but also a metaphor for the disintegration of traditional culture after the Republic of Hawaii was overthrown and annexed in the 1890s. In his text, Richard Kenvin looks at the craft and design of surfboards from a historical and cultural perspective. He views board design as an exemplary model of mingei, or art of the people, and the craft philosophy of Soetsu Yanagi. Yanagi believed that a design’s true beauty and purpose are revealed when it is put to its intended use. In its purest form, the craft of board building, along with the act of surfing itself, exemplifies mingei. Surf Craft pays particular attention to Bob Simmons’s boards, which are striking examples of this kind of functional design, mirroring the work of postwar modern California designers. Surf Craft is published in conjunction with an exhibition at San Diego’s Mingei International Museum. Richard Kenvin is Director of the Hydrodynamica Project. He writes for The Surfer’s Journal and is the guest curator of the Surf Craft exhibition. • • • •

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TRADE media/business

The Marketplace of Attention How Audiences Take Shape in a Digital Age James G. Webster Feature films, television shows, homemade videos, tweets, blogs, and breaking news: digital media offer an always-accessible, apparently inexhaustible supply of entertainment and information. Although choices seem endless, public attention is not. How do digital media find the audiences they need in an era of infinite choice? In The Marketplace of Attention, James Webster explains how audiences take shape in the digital age. Webster describes the factors that create audiences, including the preferences and habits of media users, the role of social networks, the resources and strategies of media providers, and the growing impact of media measures—from ratings to user recommendations. He incorporates these factors into one comprehensive framework: the marketplace of attention. In doing so, he shows that the marketplace works in ways that belie our greatest hopes and fears about digital media. Some observers claim that digital media empower a new participatory culture; others fear that digital media encourage users to retreat to isolated enclaves. Webster shows that public attention is at once diverse and concentrated—that users move across a variety of outlets, producing high levels of audience overlap. So although audiences are fragmented in ways that would astonish midcentury broadcasting executives, Webster argues that this doesn’t signal polarization. He questions whether our preferences are immune from media influence, and he describes how our encounters with media might change our tastes. In the digital era’s marketplace of attention, Webster claims, we typically encounter ideas that cut across our predispositions. In the process, we will remake the marketplace of ideas and reshape the twenty-first century public sphere.

How do media find an audience when there is an endless supply of content but a limited supply of public attention? September 6 x 9, 366 pp. 17 illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02786-1

James G. Webster is Professor in the School of Communication at Northwestern University. • • • •

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FALL 2014

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TRADE economics

Keynes Useful Economics for the World Economy Peter Temin and David Vines

Why Keynes is relevant to today’s global economic crisis, and how Keynesian ideas can point the way to renewed economic growth. October 6 x 9, 134 pp. 15 illus. $24.95T/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02831-8

As the global economic crisis continues to cause damage, some policy makers have called for a more Keynesian approach to current economic problems. In this book, the economists Peter Temin and David Vines provide an accessible introduction to Keynesian ideas that connects Keynes’s insights to today’s global economy and offers readers a way to understand current policy debates. John Maynard Keynes (1883–1946) created the branch of economics now known as macroeconomics. He played a major role in the reconstruction of Europe and the world economy after the Second World War. Keynesian economics came to be identified with efforts to mitigate the Great Depression and with postwar economic policies that helped power a golden age of economic growth. Temin and Vines argue that Keynes also provided a way to understand the interactions among nations, and therein lies his relevance for today’s global crisis. Temin and Vines survey economic thinking before Keynes and explain how difficult it was for Keynes to escape from conventional wisdom. They set out the Keynesian analysis of a closed economy and expand the analysis to the international economy, using a few simple graphs to present Keynes’s formal analyses in an accessible way. They discuss problems of today’s world economy, showcasing the usefulness of a simple Keynesian approach to current economic policy choices. Keynesian ideas, they argue, can lay the basis for a return to economic growth. Peter Temin is Elisha Gray II Professor Emeritus of Economics at MIT and the author of Lessons from the Great Depression (MIT Press) and other books. David Vines is Professor of Economics and Fellow of Balliol College at the University of Oxford, and joint editor of a number of books on global economic governance. Temin and Vines are coauthors of The Leaderless Economy: Why the World Economic System Fell Apart and How to Fix It. • National Publicity Campaign • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Review of Keynesian Economics, Times Literary Supplement, London Review of Books, American Economic Review, Journal of Economic Literature, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Facebook Ad campaign, Google AdWords Campaign • Grassroots Marketing Campaign • Individual Email Campaign

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TRADE finance

Managing Equity Portfolios Putting Behavioral Finance to Work Michael A. Ervolini foreword by Terrance Odean Portfolio management is a tough business. Each day, managers face the challenges of an ever-changing and unforgiving market, where strategies and processes that worked yesterday may not work today, or tomorrow. The usual advice for improving portfolio performance—refining your strategy, staying within your style, doing better research, trading more efficiently—is important, but doesn’t seem to affect outcomes sufficiently. This book, by an experienced advisor to institutional money managers, goes beyond conventional thinking to offer a new analytic framework that enables investors to improve their performance confidently, deliberately, and simply, by applying the principles of behavioral finance. W. Edwards Deming observed that you can’t improve what you don’t measure. Active portfolio management lacks methods for measuring key inputs to management success like skills, process, and behavioral tendencies. Michael Ervolini offers a conceptually straightforward and well-tested framework that does just that, with evidence of how it helps managers enhance self-awareness and become better investors. In a series of short, accessible chapters, Ervolini investigates a range of topics from psychology and neuroscience, describing their relevance to the challenges of portfolio management. Finally, Ervolini offers seven ideas for improving performance. These range from maintaining an investment diary to performing rudimentary calculations that quantify basic skills; each idea, or “project,” helps managers gain a deeper understanding of their strengths and shortcomings and how to use this knowledge to improve investment performance.

A groundbreaking framework for improving portfolio performance that goes beyond traditional analytics, offering new ways to understand investment skills, process, and behaviors. November 6 x 9, 280 pp. 7 illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02834-9

Michael A. Ervolini is CEO of Cabot Research, a global software company that provides innovative analytics to money managers to help them improve portfolio performance.

Seven ideas for improving performance • Embracing the Scientific Method • Maintaining a Diary • Accounting for Skill • Learning about Buying Skill • Measuring Your Sell Effectiveness • Calibrating Sizing • Using Checklists

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TRADE energy/politics/environment

Cheap and Clean How Americans Think about Energy in the Age of Global Warming Stephen Ansolabehere and David M. Konisky

How Americans make energy choices, why they think locally (not globally), and how this can shape U.S. energy and climate change policy. September 6 x 9, 272 pp. 21 illus. $27.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-0-262-02762-5

How do Americans think about energy? Is the debate over fossil fuels highly partisan and ideological? Does public opinion about fossil fuels and alternative energies divide along the fault between red states and blue states? And how much do concerns about climate change weigh on their opinions? In Cheap and Clean, Stephen Ansolabehere and David Konisky show that Americans are more pragmatic than ideological in their opinions about energy alternatives, more unified than divided about their main concerns, and more local than global in their approach to energy. Drawing on extensive surveys they designed and conducted over the course of a decade (in conjunction with MIT’s Energy Initiative), Ansolabehere and Konisky report that beliefs about the costs and environmental harms associated with particular fuels drive public opinions about energy. People approach energy choices as consumers, and what is most important to them is simply that energy be cheap and clean. Most of us want energy at low economic cost and with little social cost (that is, minimal health risk from pollution). The authors also find that although environmental concerns weigh heavily in people’s energy preferences, these concerns are local and not global. Worries about global warming are less pressing to most than worries about their own city’s smog and toxic waste. With this in mind, Ansolabehere and Konisky argue for policies that target both local pollutants and carbon emissions (the main source of global warming). The local and immediate nature of people’s energy concerns can be the starting point for a new approach to energy and climate change policy. Stephen Ansolabehere is Professor of Government at Harvard University and coauthor of The End of Inequality and other books. David M. Konisky is Associate Professor of Public Policy at Georgetown University and the coauthor of Superfund’s Future: What Will It Cost? • National Publicity Campaign • National Broadcast Campaign • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: American Scientist, The Progressive, New York Review of Books, Mother Jones, E Magazine, In These Times, Environment and Behavior, Environment, The Nation, The New Republic, Boston Review • Individual Email Campaign

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TRADE parenting/language development

Late-Talking Children A Symptom or a Stage? Stephen M. Camarata When children are late in hitting developmental milestones, parents worry. And no delay causes more parental anxiety than late talking, which is associated in many parents’ minds with such serious conditions as autism and severe intellectual disability. In fact, as children’s speech expert Stephen Camarata points out in this enlightening book, children are late in beginning to talk for a wide variety of reasons. For some children, late talking may be a symptom of other, more serious, problems; for many others, however, it may simply be a stage with no long-term complications. Camarata describes in accessible language what science knows about the characteristics and causes of late talking. He explains that today’s greater awareness of autism, as well as the expanded definition of autism as a “spectrum” of symptoms, has increased the chances that a late-talking child will be diagnosed—or misdiagnosed—with autism. But, he reminds us, late talking is only one of a constellation of autism symptoms. Although all autistic children are late talkers, not all late-talking children are autistic. Camarata draws on more than twenty-five years of professional experience diagnosing and treating late talkers—and on his personal experience of being a late talker himself and having a late-talking son. Camarata offers parents valuable guidance on seeking treatment, advising them to get second and third opinions if necessary, and warning them against false diagnoses, unqualified practitioners, and ineffective therapies. He provides information that will help parents navigate the maze of doctors, speech therapists, early childhood services, and special education; and he describes the effect that late talking may have on children’s post-talking learning styles.

What parents need to know about the causes and treatment of children’s late talking: how to avoid misdiagnoses, navigate the educational system, and more. September 5 3/8 x 8, 248 pp. $19.95T/£13.95 cloth 978-0-262-02779-3

Stephen M. Camarata is Professor in the Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences at Vanderbilt School of Medicine. “Among the many anguishes of parenthood is having a child who remains silent long past the age at which his or her age-mates are talking a blue streak. Their deep distress makes them easy prey for hucksters and quacks who are all too happy to multiply their anxiety with dire diagnoses and to sell them on expensive but worthless remedies. In Late-Talking Children, the world’s expert on the syndrome offers good sense, humane advice, and the latest science to such parents—while reminding his fellow scientists that it raises fascinating questions for our understanding of language, genetics, development, and the organization of the human brain.” —Steven Pinker, Johnstone Professor of Psychology, Harvard University, and author of The Language Instinct and How the Mind Works • National Publicity Campaign • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Parenting Magazine, Parents Magazine, Psychology Today, ASHA.org, Facebook Ad Campaign, Google AdWords Campaign, • Grassroots Marketing Campaign

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TRADE current affairs/politics

No Future for You Salvos from The Baffler edited by John Summers, Chris Lehmann, and Thomas Frank

A new collection on carnival hokum and magical thinking in post-apocalypse America—brought to you by The Baffler. September 5 1/2 x 8 1/4, 392 pp. $27.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-0-262-02833-2 Copublished with The Baffler

There’s never been a better time to be outside the consensus—and if you don’t believe it, then peer into these genre-defining essays from The Baffler, the magazine that’s been blunting the cutting edge of American culture and politics for a quarter of a century. Here’s Thomas Frank on the upwardfalling cult of expertise in Washington, D.C., where belonging means getting the major events of our era wrong. Here’s Rick Perlstein on the roots of right-wing lying in a long running direct mail scam. Here’s John Summers on the illiberal uses of innovation in liberal Cambridge, Massachusetts. And here’s David Graeber sensing our disappointment in new technology; we expected teleportation pods, antigravity sleds, and immortality drugs. Instead we got a web of networking sites like LinkedIn, which, as Ann Friedman writes here, is an Escher staircase masquerading as a career ladder. Packed with hilarious, scabrous criticism, refusing to adapt to a postdemocratic country where the future is determined by “venture philanthropists” and “activist investors,” No Future For You debunks “positive thinking,” the de facto ideology of the leadership class. Susan Faludi tells the truth about Facebook executive Sheryl Sandberg’s feminist handbook, Lean In. Evgeny Morozov wrestles “open source” and “Web 2.0” and other pseudorevolutionary meme-making down to the ground, Heather Havrilesky reads Fifty Shades of Grey, and Jim Newell investigates the strange and typical case of Adam Wheeler, the student fraud who fooled Harvard, and, unlike the real culprits of the age, went to jail. No Future for You offers the counternarrative you’ve been missing, proof that dissent is alive and well in America. Please be warned, however. The writing that follows is polemical in nature. It may seek to persuade you of something. John Summers, Chris Lehmann, and Thomas Frank are editors of The Baffler. Contributors Chris Bray, Mark Dancey, Barbara Ehrenreich, Susan Faludi, Thomas Frank, Ann Friedman, James Griffioen, David Graeber, A. S. Hamrah, Heather Havrilesky, Chris Lehmann, Rhonda Lieberman, Anne Elizabeth Moore, Evgeny Morozov, Jim Newell, Rick Perlstein, John Summers, Maureen Tkacik “Beautifully discontented prose written by people who’d rather be out scrapping. Quite right, too.” —The Guardian “Every age has a magazine that matters. For our age, it’s The Baffler. Feeling left behind? Here’s your chance to catch up.” —Andrew J. Bacevich, Professor of History and International Relations, Boston University • National Publicity Campaign • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: New York Review of Books, Harper’s, The Atlantic, Mother Jones, The Nation, The Baffler, Bookforum, Boston Review, Facebook Ad Campaign • Individual Email Campaign

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TRADE art/music/biography

Topless Cellist The Improbable Life of Charlotte Moorman Joan Rothfuss foreword by Yoko Ono The Juilliard-trained cellist Charlotte Moorman sat nude behind a cello of carved ice, performed while dangling from helium-filled balloons, and deployed an array of instruments on The Mike Douglas Show that included her cello, a whistle, a cap gun, a gong, and a belch. She did a striptease while playing Bach in Nam June Paik’s Sonata for Adults Only. In the 1960s, Moorman (1933–1991) became famous for her madcap (and often unclothed) performance antics; less famous but more significant is Moorman’s transformative influence on contemporary performance practice—and her dedication to the idea that avant-garde art should reach the widest possible audience. In Topless Cellist, the first book to explore Moorman’s life and work, Joan Rothfuss rediscovers, and recovers, the legacy of an extraordinary American artist. Moorman’s arrest in 1967 for performing topless made her a watercooler conversation-starter, but before her tabloid fame she was a star of the avant-garde performance circuit, with a repertoire of pieces by, among others, Yoko Ono, Joseph Beuys, John Cage, and Paik, her main artistic partner. Moorman invented a new mode of performance that combined classical rigor, jazz improvisation, and avant-garde experiment—informed by intuition, daring, and love of spectacle. Moorman’s annual festival of the avant-garde offered the public a lively sampler of contemporary art in performance, music, dance, poetry, film, and other media. Rothfuss chronicles Moorman’s life from her youth in Little Rock, Arkansas (where she was “Miss City Beautiful” of 1952) through her career in New York’s avant-garde to her death from breast cancer in 1991. (Typically, she approached her treatment as if it were a performance.) Deeply researched and profusely illustrated, Topless Cellist offers a fascinating, sometimes heartbreaking, often hilarious story of an artist whose importance was more than the sum of her performances.

The first book to explore the extraordinary career of musician and performance artist Charlotte Moorman, whose work combined classical rigor, avant-garde experiment, and madcap daring. September 7 x 9, 448 pp. 100 illus. $34.95T/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02750-2

Joan Rothfuss is an independent writer and curator based in Minneapolis. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: The Strad, Bookforum/Artforum, New York Review of Books, Times Literary Supplement, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, Performing Arts Journal, The Atlantic, Harper’s

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TRADE art/politics

global aCtIVISm Art and Conflict in the 21st Century Documenting and describing the emerging “performative democracy,” the first new art form of the twenty-first century. October 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, 600 pp. 600 color illus. $55.00T/£37.95 paper 978-0-262-52689-0 Copublished with ZKM | Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe Also available Molecular Aesthetics edited by Peter Weibel and Ljiljana Fruk 2013, 978-0-262-01878-4 $55.00T/£37.95 cloth The Global Contemporary and the Rise of New Art Worlds edited by Hans Belting, Andrea Buddensieg, and Peter Weibel 2013, 978-0-262-51834-5 $50.00T/£34.95 paper

edited by Peter Weibel Today political protest often takes the form of spontaneous, noninstitutional, mass action. Mass protests during the Arab Spring showed that established systems of power—in that case, the reciprocal support among Arab dictators and Western democracies—can be interrupted, at least for a short moment in history. These new activist movements often use online media to spread their message. Mass demonstrations from Tahrir Square in Cairo to Taksim Square in Istanbul show the power of networked communication to fuel “performative democracy”—at the center of which stands the global citizen. Art is emerging as a public space in which the individual can claim the promises of constitutional and state democracy. Activism may be the first new art form of the twenty-first century. global aCtIVISm (the capitalized letters form the Latin word civis, emphasizing the power of citizens) describes and documents politically inspired art—global art practices that draw attention to grievances and demand the transformation of existing conditions through actions, demonstrations, and performances in public space. Essays by leading thinkers—including Noam Chomsky, Antonio Negri, Peter Sloterdijk, and Slavoj Žižek—consider the emerging role of the citizen in the new performative democracy. The essays are followed by images of art objects, photographs, illustrations, and other material (first shown in an exhibition at ZKM Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe) as well as case studies by artists and activists. Peter Weibel is Chairman and CEO of the ZKM | Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe. He coedited the recent ZKM/MIT Press volumes Molecular Aesthetics and The Global Contemporary and the Rise of New Art Worlds. Essays by Giorgio Agamben, Noam Chomsky, Thomas Hauschild, Stéphane Hessel, Bruno Latour, Maurizio Lazzarato, André Mesquita, Antonio Negri, Suely Rolnik, Peter Sloterdijk, Nassim Taleb, Slavoj Žižek • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Bookforum/Artforum, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, October

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TRADE art/literature/biography

TaTa Dada The Real Life and Celestial Adventures of Tristan Tzara Marius Hentea Tristan Tzara, one of the most important figures in the twentieth century’s most famous avant-garde movements, was born Samuel Rosenstock (or Samueli Rosenstok) in a provincial Romanian town, on April 16 (or 17, or 14, or 28) in 1896. Tzara became Tzara twenty years later at the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich, when he and others (including Marcel Janco, Hugo Ball, Richard Huelsenbeck, and Hans Arp) invented Dada with a series of chaotic performances including multilingual (and nonlingual) shouting, music, drumming, and calisthenics. Within a few years, Dada (largely driven by Tzara) became an international artistic movement, a rallying point for young artists in Paris, New York, Barcelona, Berlin, and Buenos Aires. With TaTa Dada, Marius Hentea offers the first English-language biography of this influential artist. As the leader of Dada, Tzara created “the moment art changed forever.” But, Hentea shows, Tzara and Dada were not coterminous. Tzara went on to publish more than fifty books; he wrote one of the great poems of surrealism; he became a recognized expert on primitive art; he was an active antifascist, a communist, and (after the Soviet repression of the Hungarian Revolution) a former communist. Hentea offers a detailed exploration of Tzara’s early life in Romania, neglected by other scholars; a scrupulous assessment of the Dada years; and an original examination of Tzara’s life and works after Dada. The one thing that remained constant through all of Tzara’s artistic and political metamorphoses, Hentea tells us, was a desire to unlock the secrets and mysteries of language.

The first biography in English of Tristan Tzara, a founder of Dada and one of the most important figures in the European avant-garde. September 7 x 9, 360 pp. 60 illus. $34.95T/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-02754-0

Marius Hentea, a Romanian-born literary scholar, teaches in the Department of Literary Studies at Ghent University. He is the author of Henry Green at the Limits of Modernism. “Tristan Tzara, the daddy of Dada, the French communist, and the involuntary Kabbalist, emerge reconciled in this well-researched and engaging biography. An adult scholar has written with sympathetic integrity about the Enfant Terrible of the 20th century, and has revealed the golden thread linking the many faces of Tzara: poetry. Marius Hentea’s attention to poetry compellingly places Tzara in the company of the greatest French poets.” —Andrei Codrescu, author of The Posthuman Dada Guide: Tzara & Lenin Play Chess • National Publicity Campaign • Author Podcast • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Bookforum/ Artforum, New York Review of Books, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, The Atlantic, Harper’s, Rain Taxi, Boston Review, Facebook Ad Campaign

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TRADE art

Interplay Neo-Geo Neoconceptual Art of the 1980s Amy L. Brandt

The first in-depth study of a group of artists known for their irony, their theoretical impulses, and their market success in the 1980s. October 8 x 9, 240 pp. 6 color illus., 58 black & white illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02753-3

Emerging from New York’s East Village art scene of the 1980s, the socalled neo-geo artists were a loosely associated group that included the painters Ashley Bickerton, Peter Halley, Sherrie Levine, Allan McCollum, Philip Taaffe, and Meyer Vaisman and the sculptors Jeff Koons and Haim Steinbach. Labeled neo-geo for the abstract geometric motifs that characterized only some of their work, the movement was also known variously as simulationism, neoconceptualism, neo-pop, neominimalism, and postabstraction. In this, the first in-depth study of the group, Amy Brandt argues that neoconceptualism is the most precise name for their work. Brandt sees it as an art about art history, characterized by ironic adaptations of past artistic movements and styles, a tendency toward visual interplay, and a theoretical impulse driven by postmodern concerns with intertextuality, deconstruction, and poststructuralism. Brandt investigates the East Village art scene of the 1980s and argues that the neoconceptualists’ theoretical orientation distinguished them from other artists of the era. She traces the divergence in art critics’ responses to the group’s work and charts their market success. Brandt examines in detail the references to art history found in the work; she explores the group’s formal connections to pop, minimalism, and conceptualism; and she investigates the relationships between the neoconceptual artists and another loosely connected group of artists, the Pictures generation. Amy L. Brandt is McKinnon Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art at the Chrysler Museum of Art in Norfolk, Virginia. She received a PhD from The Graduate Center, City University of New York; an MA from Tufts University; and a License in art history from the University of Paris, Sorbonne. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Bookforum/ Artforum, New York Review of Books, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, October, Art Bulletin

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TRADE art/architecture

Retracing the Expanded Field Encounters between Art and Architecture edited by Spyros Papapetros and Julian Rose Expansion, convergence, adjacency, projection, rapport, and intersection are a few of the terms used to redraw the boundaries between art and architecture during the last thirty-five years. If modernists invented the model of an ostensible “synthesis of the arts,” their postmodern progeny promoted the semblance of pluralist fusion. In 1979, reacting against contemporary art’s transformation of modernist medium-specificity into postmodernist medium multiplicity, the art historian Rosalind Krauss published an essay, “Sculpture in the Expanded Field,” that laid out in a precise diagram the structural parameters of sculpture, architecture, and landscape art. Krauss tried to clarify what these art practices were, what they were not, and what they could become if logically combined. The essay soon assumed a canonical status and affected subsequent developments in all three fields. Retracing the Expanded Field revisits Krauss’s hugely influential text and maps the ensuing interactions between art and architecture. Responding to Krauss and revisiting the milieu from which her text emerged, artists, architects, and art historians of different generations offer their perspectives on the legacy of “Sculpture in the Expanded Field.” Krauss herself takes part in a roundtable discussion (moderated by Hal Foster). A selection of historical documents, including Krauss’s essay, presented as it appeared in October, accompanies the main text. Neither eulogy nor hagiography, Retracing the Expanded Field documents the groundbreaking nature of Krauss’s authoritative text and reveals the complex interchanges between art and architecture that increasingly shape both fields.

Scholars and artists revisit a hugely influential essay by Rosalind Krauss and map the interactions between art and architecture over the last thirty-five years. September 8 x 9, 272 pp. 2 color illus., 103 black & white illus. $34.95T/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02759-5

Spyros Papapetros is Associate Professor of History and Theory and a member of the Executive Committees of the Program in European Cultural Studies and the Program in Media and Modernity at Princeton University. Julian Rose is Senior Editor of Artforum and a Founding Principal of the design studio Formlessfinder. Contributors Stan Allen, George Baker, Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin Buchloh, Beatriz Colomina, Penelope Curtis, Sam Durant, Edward Eigen, Kurt W. Forster, Hal Foster, Kenneth Frampton, Branden W. Joseph, Rosalind Krauss, Miwon Kwon, Sylvia Lavin, Sandro Marpillero, Josiah McElheny, Eve Meltzer, Michael Meredith, Mary Miss, Sarah Oppenheimer, Matthew Ritchie, Julia Robinson, Joe Scanlan, Emily Eliza Scott, Philip Ursprung, Anthony Vidler • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Art Journal, Art Bulletin, Log, Cabinet, Grey Room, Journal of Architectural Education, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, October

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TRADE architecture/history of technology

The Architecture of Error Matter, Measure, and the Misadventures of Precision Francesca Hughes

Why the rise of redundant precision in architecture and the accompanying fear of error are key to understanding the discipline’s needs, anxieties, and desires. November 7 x 10, 304 pp. 17 color illus., 94 black & white illus. $34.95T/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-52636-4

When architects draw even brick walls to six decimal places with software designed to cut lenses, it is clear that the logic that once organized relations between precision and material error in construction has unraveled. Precision, already a promiscuous term, seems now to have been uncoupled from its contract with truthfulness. Meanwhile error, and the always-political space of its dissent, has reconfigured itself. In The Architecture of Error Francesca Hughes argues that behind the architect’s acute fetishization of redundant precision lies a special fear of physical error. What if we were to consider the pivotal cultural and technological transformations of modernism to have been driven not so much by the causes its narratives declare, she asks, as by an unspoken horror of loss of control over error, material life, and everything that matter stands for? Hughes traces the rising intolerance of material vagaries—from the removal of ornament to digitalized fabrication—that produced the blind rejection of organic materials, the proliferation of material testing, and the rhetorical obstacles that blighted cybernetics. Why is it, she asks, that the more we cornered physical error, the more we feared it? Hughes’s analysis of redundant precision exposes an architecture of fear whose politics must be called into question. Proposing error as a new category for architectural thought, Hughes draws on other disciplines and practices that have interrogated precision and failure, citing the work of scientists Nancy Cartwright and Evelyn Fox Keller and visual artists Gordon Matta-Clark, Barbara Hepworth, Rachel Whiteread, and others. These non-architect practitioners, she argues, show that error need not be excluded and precision can be made accountable. Francesca Hughes lives and works in London, where she taught at the Bartlett School of Architecture and the Architectural Association for many years. She is the editor of The Architect: Reconstructing Her Practice (MIT Press) and Drawings That Count. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Log, Grey Room, Journal of Architectural Education, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, New York Review of Books, Harvard Design Magazine

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TRADE architecture

Perspecta 47 Money The Yale Architectural Journal edited by James Andrachuk, Christos C. Bolos, Avi Forman, and Marcus Addison Hooks Money plays a paradoxical role in the creation of architecture. Formless itself, money is a fundamental form giver. At all scales, and across different epochs, architecture is a product of the financial environment in which it is conceived, for better or worse. Yet despite its ubiquity, money is often disregarded as a factor in conceptual design and is persistently avoided by architectural academia as a serious field of inquiry. It is time to break these habits. In the contemporary world, in which economies are increasingly connected, architects must creatively harness the financial logics behind architecture in order to contribute meaningfully to the development of the built environment. This issue of Perspecta—the oldest and most distinguished student-edited architectural journal in America—examines the ways in which money intersects with architectural discourse, design practice, and urban form, in order to encourage a productive relationship between money and the discipline. Contributions from a diverse group of scholars, practitioners, and artists create a dialogue about money’s ambiguous position in architecture, reflecting on topics that range from the aesthetics of austerity to the underwriting of large-scale art projects to the economic implications of building information modeling.

Investigating money’s ambiguous position in architecture, with reflections on topics that range from the aesthetics of austerity to the underwriting of large-scale art projects. September 9 x 12, 240 pp. 47 color illus., 120 black & white illus. $29.95T/£20.95 paper 978-0-262-52688-3

James Andrachuk, Christos C. Bolos, Avi Forman, and Marcus Addison Hooks are graduates of the Yale School of Architecture. Contributors The AOC, Philip Bernstein, Mario Carpo, Christo, Peggy Deamer, Keller Easterling, Peter Eisenman, Mark Foster Gage, Frank Gehry, Peter Gluck, Kevin D. Gray, Charles Holland, C. Hastings Johnson & Jerrold Lea, Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Mira Locher, Vivian Loftness, Michael Meredith, Gregg Pasquarelli, César Pelli & Fred Clarke, Nina Rappaport, Todd Reisz, Brent Ryan, Michelangelo Sabatino, David Scheer, Robert Shiller, Robert A. M. Stern, Elisabetta Terragni, Kazys Varnelis, Andrew Waugh & Michael Green, Jay Wickersham & Chris Milford, Alejandro Zaera-Polo • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Log, Grey Room, Journal of Architectural Education, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Harvard Design Magazine

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TRADE dance

The Choreographic Jenn Joy

An investigation of dance and choreography that views them not only as artistic strategies but also as intrinsically theoretical and critical practices. October 7 x 9, 248 pp. 43 illus., color throughout $24.95T/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-52635-7

The choreographic stages a conversation in which artwork is not only looked at but looks back; it is about contact that touches even across distance. The choreographic moves between the corporeal and cerebral to tell the stories of these encounters as dance trespasses into the discourse and disciplines of visual art and philosophy through a series of stutters, steps, trembles, and spasms. In The Choreographic, Jenn Joy examines dance and choreography not only as artistic strategies and disciplines but also as intrinsically theoretical and critical practices. She investigates artists in dialogue with philosophy, describing a movement of conceptual choreography that flourishes in New York and on the festival circuit. Joy offers close readings of a series of experimental works, arguing for the choreographic as an alternative model of aesthetics. She explores constellations of works, artists, writers, philosophers, and dancers, in conversation with theories of gesture, language, desire, and history. She choreographs a revelatory narrative in which Walter Benjamin, Pina Bausch, Francis Alÿs, and Cormac McCarthy dance together; she traces the feminist and queer force toward desire through the choreography of DD Dorvillier, Heather Kravas, Meg Stuart, La Ribot, Miguel Gutierrez, luciana achugar, and others; she maps new forms of communicability and pedagogy; and she casts science fiction writers Samuel R. Delany and Kim Stanley Robinson as perceptual avatars and dance partners for Ralph Lemon, Marianne Vitali, James Foster, and Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller. Constructing an expanded notion of the choreographic, Joy explores how choreography as critical concept and practice attunes us to a more productively uncertain, precarious, and ecstatic understanding of aesthetics and art making. Jenn Joy is a New York-based writer, lecturer, and scholar. She is a Lecturer at Rhode Island School of Design and Scholar-in-Residence at Danspace Project in Manhattan. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Performing Arts Journal, Art in America, Art Journal, Bookforum/Artforum, Art Papers, The Drama Review, BOMB

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TRADE art

ON&BY Christian Marclay edited by Jean-Pierre Criqui Influencing a generation of artists, musicians and theorists, Christian Marclay has explored the interplay between sound, audio cultures, and art across a diversity of media: performance, sculpture, photography, collage, musical composition, film, video, and installation. Born in 1955, Marclay first became internationally known in the 1980s for sculptures and reassembled readymades generated from such evocative materials as fragmented vinyl records and album covers. His ambitious multi-screen installations Video Quartet (2002), Crossfire (2007), and The Clock (2010) inspire viewers to contemplate the complexities of time and narrative and the role of sound in experience and representation. Marclay has also collaborated musically with Shelley Hirsch, the Kronos Quartet, Zeena Parkins, Elliott Sharp, Sonic Youth, and John Zorn, among many others. Edited by curator and critic Jean-Pierre Criqui, this volume brings together the artist’s statements and conversations with Bice Curiger, Jan Estep, Russell Ferguson, Kim Gordon, Douglas Kahn, Frances Richard, Philip Sherburne, Michael Snow, Lars Söderkvist, David Toop, and Philip von Zweck. Writings on all aspects of Marclay’s work follow, by Clément Chéroux, Dennis Cooper, Christoph Cox, Jean-Pierre Criqui, Noam M. Elcott, Russell Ferguson, Douglas Kahn, Rahma Khazam, Wayne Koestenbaum, Rosalind Krauss, Thomas Y. Levin, Tom Morton, Ingrid Schaffner, Zadie Smith, David Toop, and Rob Young. Christian Marclay, born in California and raised in Geneva, lives and works in New York and London. He has had solo exhibitions at San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2001), Tate Modern, London (2004), Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain, Geneva (2008), Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, and Los Angeles County Museum of Art (2011). He was awarded the Golden Lion at the 2011 Venice Biennale. Jean-Pierre Criqui is an art historian, critic and curator, and editor-in-chief of Les Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne at the Centre Pompidou, Paris.

The artist Christian Marclay’s ideas and practice, in his own words and those of the foremost writers engaged with his work. September 5 3/4 x 8 1/4, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-52661-6 On & By series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the UK and Europe

• Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Bookforum/Artforum, New York Review of Books, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, October Also available in this series

$24.95T paper 978-0-262-52539-8

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TRADE art

Sexuality edited by Amelia Jones

Tracing the identification of art with sexual expression or repression, from the era of the rights movements to the present. September 5 3/4 x 8 1/4, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-52657-9 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the UK and Europe

It has been argued, most notably in psychoanalytic and modernist art discourse, that the production of works of art is fundamentally driven by sexual desire. It has been further argued, particularly since the early 1970s, that sexual drives and desires also condition the distribution, display and reception of art. This anthology traces how and why this identification of art with sexual expression or repression arose and how the terms have shifted in tandem with artistic and theoretical debates, from the era of the rights movements to the present. Among the subjects it discusses are abjection and the “informe,” or formless; pornography and the obscene; the performativity of gender and sexuality; and the role of sexuality in forging radical art or curatorial practices in response to such issues as state-sponsored repression and anti-feminism in the broader social realm. Amelia Jones is Grierson Chair in Art History and Communication Studies at McGill University. Her books include Irrational Modernism: A Neurasthenic History of New York Dada (MIT Press), Self/Image: Technology, Representation, and the Contemporary Subject, and Seeing Differently: A History and Theory of Identification in the Visual Arts. Artists surveyed include Vito Acconci, Assume Vivid Astro Focus, Lynda Benglis, Louise Bourgeois, Gerard Byrne, George Chakravarthi, Judy Chicago, Vaginal Davis, Wim Delvoye, Elmgreen & Dragset, Valie Export, Félix González-Torres, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Harmony Hammond, Claudette Johnson, Mary Kelly, Yayoi Kusama, Robert Legorreta, Lee Lozano, Paul McCarthy, Sarah Maple, Shirin Neshat, Lorraine O’Grady, Yoko Ono, Catherine Opie, Orlan, William Pope.L, Miriam Schapiro, Carolee Schneemann, Joan Semmel, Barbara Smith, Annie Sprinkle, Alina Szapocznikow, Del LaGrace Volcano, Hannah Wilke, David Wojnarowicz, Ming Wong Writers include Malek Alloula, Norman O. Brown, Judith Butler, Douglas Crimp, Angela Dimitrakaki, Michel Foucault, Daniel Guérin, Eleanor Heartney, Jonathan D. Katz, Rosalind Krauss, Julia Kristeva, Paweł Leszkowicz, Herbert Marcuse, Kobena Mercer, Laura Mulvey, Lawrence Rinder, Jacqueline Rose, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Susan Sontag, Trinh T. Minh-ha, Stephen Whittle • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Bookforum/Artforum, New York Review of Books, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, October, Art Bulletin

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TRADE art

Exhibition edited by Lucy Steeds This anthology provides a multivocal critique of the exhibition of contemporary art, bringing together the writings of artists, curators, and theorists. Collectively these diverse perspectives are united by the notion that although the focus for modernist discussion was individual works of art, it is the exhibition that is the prime cultural carrier of contemporaneity. The texts encompass exhibition design and form; exhibitions that are object-based, live, or discursive; projects that no longer rely on a physical space to be visited in person; artists’ responses to being curated and their reflections on the potential of acting curatorially. Set against the rise of the curator as an influential force in the contemporary art world, this volume underlines the crucial role of artists in questioning and shaping the phenomenon of the exhibition. Lucy Steeds is Pathway Leader in Exhibition Studies at Central Saint Martins, University of the Arts, London. Artists surveyed include Rasheed Araeen, Keith Arnatt, Art & Language, Martin Beck, AA Bronson, Daniel Buren, Graciela Carnevale, Andrea Fraser, Piero Gilardi, Liam Gillick, Hans Haacke, Huang Rui, IRWIN, Ilya Kabakov, Louise Lawler, Glenn Ligon, Matsuzawa Yutaka, Palle Nielsen, Hélio Oiticica, Philippe Parreno, Raqs Media Collective, Ruangrupa, Katsuhiro Yamaguchi Writers include Lawrence Alloway, Catherine David, Alexander Dorner, Charles Esche, Patricia Falguières, Elena Filipovic, Maria Gough, Boris Groys, Hou Hanru, Lars Bang Larsen, Lucy R. Lippard, Miguel A. Lopéz, Stuart Morgan, Brian O’Doherty, Moira Roth, Seth Siegelaub, Wan-kyung Sung, Peter Wollen, Yozo Ukita

A multivocal critique that emphasizes the crucial role of artists in questioning and shaping the phenomenon of the exhibition. September 5 3/4 x 8 1/4, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-52658-6 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the UK and Europe

• Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Bookforum/Artforum, New York Review of Books, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, October, Art Bulletin

Also available in this series

$24.95T paper 978-0-262-52576-3

$24.95T paper 978-0-262-52575-6

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TRADE philosophy/literature

All for Nothing Hamlet’s Negativity Andrew Cutrofello

A specter is haunting philosophy—the specter of Hamlet. Why is this? Wherefore? What should we do? September 6 x 9, 240 pp. $22.95T/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-52634-0 Short Circuits series, edited by Slavoj Žižek, Mladen Dolar, and Alenka Zupančič

Entering from stage left: the philosopher’s Hamlet. The philosopher’s Hamlet is a conceptual character, played by philosophers rather than actors. He performs not on the stage but in the space of philosophical positions. In All for Nothing, Andrew Cutrofello critically examines the performance history of this unique role by looking closely at what philosophers have said about Hamlet. The philosopher’s Hamlet, Cutrofello tells us, personifies negativity. In Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet’s speech and action are characteristically negative; he is the melancholy Dane. Most would agree that he has nothing to be cheerful about. Philosophers have taken Hamlet to embody specific forms of negativity that first came into view in modernity. What the figure of the Sophist represented for Plato, Cutrofello argues, Hamlet has represented for modern philosophers. Mirroring both the five-act structure of the play and the history of modern philosophy, All for Nothing examines five aspects of Hamlet’s negativity in turn: Hamlet’s melancholy, Hamlet’s negative faith, Hamlet’s nihilism, Hamlet’s tarrying (which Cutrofello distinguishes from “delaying”), and Hamlet’s nonexistence. Along the way, we meet Hamlet in the texts of Kant, Coleridge, Hegel, Marx, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Freud, Russell, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Benjamin, Arendt, Schmitt, Lacan, Deleuze, Foucault, Derrida, Badiou, Žižek, and other philosophers. Whirling across a kingdom of infinite space, the philosopher’s Hamlet is nothing if not thought-provoking. Andrew Cutrofello is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago. He is the author of Continental Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction and other books. “In this fascinating and challenging study, Andrew Cutrofello asks what can happen if we compare ways in which great philosophers like Descartes, Kant, Hume, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kirkegaard, Nietzsche, Russell, Heidegger, Arendt, Benjamin, and Derrida ‘perform’ Hamlet, in much the same way that stage historians study how Garrick, Kean, Bernhard, Olivier, Gielgud, and Branagh have performed the play’s title character in the theater.” —David Bevington, Phyllis Fay Horton Distinguished Service Professor in the Humanities, University of Chicago, and author of Murder Most Foul: Hamlet Through the Ages • National Publicity Campaign • Author Podcast • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Rain Taxi, New York Review of Books, London Review of Books, Times Literary Supplement, Bookforum, PMLA, Harper’s, The Atlantic, Cultural Critique, Journal of Philosophy, Philosophical Review, Shakespeare Quarterly, Boston Review

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TRADE Buddhism/neuroscience

Zen-Brain Horizons Toward a Living Zen James H. Austin, M.D. In Zen-Brain Horizons, James Austin draws on his decades of experience as a neurologist and Zen practitioner to clarify the benefits of meditative training. Austin integrates classical Buddhist literature with modern brain research, exploring the horizons of a living, neural Zen. When viewed in the light of today, the timeless wisdom of some Zen masters seems almost to have anticipated recent research in the neurosciences. The keen attentiveness and awareness that we cultivate during meditative practices becomes the leading edge of our subsequent mental processing. Austin explains how our covert, involuntary functions can make crucial contributions to the subtle ways we learn, intuit, and engage in creative activities. Austin begins by looking back at ancient Buddhist narratives. He then weaves together the major themes of self, attention, emotion, language, and insight. He goes on to examine Zen and psychology as cultural developments, including recent information about how a clear, calm awareness can change the meditating brain. He considers the pathways through which intuitions develop on their way to becoming realized, exploring the phenomena of the spontaneous color imagery that arises during meditation. Looking out even further into the future, Austin discusses the universal themes of creativity, happiness, openness, and selflessness. Along the way, he bows in homage to William James, explores “Buddhist Botany” and “Avian Zen,” demonstrates why living Zen means much more than sitting quietly indoors on a cushion, and provides simplified advice that helps guide readers to the most important points.

A neurologist and Zen practitioner clarifies the benefits of meditative training, drawing on classical Buddhist literature and modern brain research. September 5 3/8 x 8, 280 pp. 5 color plates, 15 black & white illus. $27.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-0-262-02756-4 Also available Zen and the Brain Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness James H. Austin, M.D. 1999, 978-0-262-51109-4 $41.95T/£28.95 paper Meditating Selflessly Practical Neural Zen James H. Austin, M. D. 2013, 978-0-262-52519-0 $14.95T/£10.95

James H. Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner for more than three decades, is Professor Emeritus of Neurology at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center and Courtesy Professor of Neurology at the University of Florida College of Medicine. He is the author of Zen and the Brain, Chase, Chance, and Creativity, Zen-Brain Reflections, Selfless Insight, and Meditating Selflessly, all published by the MIT Press. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Tricycle Magazine, Parabola, Cognitive Science, New York Review of Books, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Hsi Lai Journal of Humanistic Buddhism, Facebook Ad Campaign • Individual Email Campaign

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The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

TRADE

science/philosophy

The Conscious Mind Zoltan Torey

An account of the emergence of the mind: how the brain acquired self-awareness, functional autonomy, the ability to think, and the power of speech. September 5 x 7, 208 pp. $13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52710-1 The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

How did the human mind emerge from the collection of neurons that makes up the brain? How did the brain acquire self-awareness, functional autonomy, language, and the ability to think, to understand itself and the world? In this volume in the Essential Knowledge series, Zoltan Torey offers an accessible and concise description of the evolutionary breakthrough that created the human mind. Drawing on insights from evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and linguistics, Torey reconstructs the sequence of events by which Homo erectus became Homo sapiens. He describes the augmented functioning that underpins the emergent mind—a new (“off-line”) internal response system with which the brain accesses itself and then forms a selection mechanism for mentally generated behavior options. This functional breakthrough, Torey argues, explains how the animal brain’s “awareness” became selfaccessible and reflective—that is, how the human brain acquired a conscious mind. Consciousness, unlike animal awareness, is not a unitary phenomenon but a composite process. Torey’s account shows how protolanguage evolved into language, how a brain subsystem for the emergent mind was built, and why these developments are opaque to introspection. We experience the brain’s functional autonomy, he argues, as free will. Torey proposes that once life began, consciousness had to emerge— because consciousness is the informational source of the brain’s behavioral response. Consciousness, he argues, is not a newly acquired “quality,” “cosmic principle,” “circuitry arrangement,” or “epiphenomenon,” as others have argued, but an indispensable working component of the living system’s manner of functioning. The late Zoltan Torey was a clinical psychologist and independent scholar and the author of The Crucible of Consciousness: An Integrated Theory of Mind and Brain (MIT Press). • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Harper’s, The Atlantic, New York Review of Books, Times Literary Supplement, Skeptic Magazine, American Scientist, Bookforum, Cognitive Science, Boston Review, Journal of Consciousness Studies • Essential Knowledge Series Email Campaign

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The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

TRADE

education

MOOCs Jonathan Haber The New York Times declared 2012 to be “The Year of the MOOC” as millions of students enrolled in massive open online courses (known as MOOCs), millions of investment dollars flowed to the companies making them, and the media declared MOOCs to be earth-shaking game-changers in higher education. During the inevitable backlash that followed, critics highlighted MOOCs’ high dropout rate, the low chance of earning back initial investments, and the potential for any earth-shaking game change to make things worse instead of better. In this volume in the Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber offers an account of MOOCs that avoids both hype and doomsaying. Instead, he provides an engaging, straightforward explanation of a rare phenomenon: an education innovation that captures the imagination of the public while moving at the speed of an Internet startup. Haber explains the origins of MOOCs, what they consist of, the controversies surrounding them, and their possible future role in education. He proposes a new definition of MOOCs based on the culture of experimentation from which they emerged, and adds a student perspective—missing in most MOOC discussion. Haber’s unique Degree of Freedom experiment, during which he attempted to learn the equivalent of a four-year liberal arts degree in one year using only MOOCs and other forms of free education, informs his discussion. Haber urges us to avoid the fallacy of thinking that because MOOCs cannot solve all educational challenges they are not worth pursuing, and he helps us understand what MOOCs—despite their limitations—still offer the world. His book is required reading for anyone trying to sort out the competing claims, aspirations, and accusations that color the MOOC debate.

Everything you always wanted to know about MOOCs: an account of massive open online courses and what they might mean for the future of higher education. October 5 x 7, 216 pp. 1 illus. $13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52691-3 The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

Jonathan Haber is a writer and researcher who has worked extensively in the field of education technology. His website degreeoffreedom.org chronicles his year-long odyssey through MOOCs and other free educational resources. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Insiderhighered.com, Chronicle of Higher Education/ Chronicle Review, The Atlantic, Journal of Education, Harvard Educational Review, New York Review of Books, Google AdWords Campaign, • Essential Knowledge Series Email Campaign

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The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

TRADE

science/philosophy

Understanding Beliefs Nils J. Nilsson

What beliefs are, what they do for us, how we come to hold them, and how to evaluate them. August 5 x 7, 168 pp. 5 illus. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52643-2 The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

Our beliefs constitute a large part of our knowledge of the world. We have beliefs about objects, about culture, about the past, and about the future. We have beliefs about other people, and we believe that they have beliefs as well. We use beliefs to predict, to explain, to create, to console, to entertain. Some of our beliefs we call theories, and we are extraordinarily creative at constructing them. Theories of quantum mechanics, evolution, and relativity are examples. But so are theories about astrology, alien abduction, guardian angels, and reincarnation. All are products (with varying degrees of credibility) of fertile minds trying to find explanations for observed phenomena. In this book, Nils Nilsson examines beliefs: what they do for us, how we come to hold them, and how to evaluate them. We should evaluate our beliefs carefully, Nilsson points out, because they influence so many of our actions and decisions. Some of our beliefs are more strongly held than others, but all should be considered tentative and changeable. Nilsson shows that beliefs can be quantified by probability, and he describes networks of beliefs in which the probabilities of some beliefs affect the probabilities of others. He argues that we can evaluate our beliefs by adapting some of the practices of the scientific method and by consulting expert opinion. And he warns us about “belief traps”—holding onto beliefs that wouldn’t survive critical evaluation. The best way to escape belief traps, he writes, is to expose our beliefs to the reasoned criticism of others. Nils J. Nilsson is Kumagai Professor of Engineering, Emeritus, in the Department of Computer Science at Stanford University. He is the author of The Quest for Artificial Intelligence: A History of Ideas and Achievements and other books. He lives in Oregon. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: AI Magazine, IEEE, Skeptic Magazine, Harper’s, The Atlantic, American Scientist, Cognitive Science, Philosophical Review, Journal of Philosophy, New York Review of Books, Psychology Today • Grassroots Marketing Campaign • Essential Knowledge Series Email Campaign

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The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series

TRADE

Accessible guides to important topics, written by experts.

$12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51679-2

$12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51641-9

$13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51767-6

$13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51763-8

$13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51823-9

$12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51847-5

$13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52543-5

$12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52579-4

$13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52549-7

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TRADE technology/education

Disconnected Youth, New Media, and the Ethics Gap Carrie James foreword by Henry Jenkins

How young people think about the moral and ethical dilemmas they encounter when they share and use online content and participate in online communities. October 6 x 9, 184 pp. $24.95T/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02806-6 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

Fresh from a party, a teen posts a photo on Facebook of a friend drinking a beer. A college student repurposes an article from Wikipedia for a paper. A group of players in a multiplayer online game routinely cheat new players by selling them worthless virtual accessories for high prices. In Disconnected, Carrie James examines how young people and the adults in their lives think about these sorts of online dilemmas, describing ethical blind spots and disconnects. Drawing on extensive interviews with young people between the ages of 10 and 25, James describes the nature of their thinking about privacy, property, and participation online. She identifies three ways that young people approach online activities. A teen might practice self-focused thinking, concerned mostly about consequences for herself; moral thinking, concerned about the consequences for people he knows; or ethical thinking, concerned about unknown individuals and larger communities. James finds, among other things, that youth are often blind to moral or ethical concerns about privacy; that attitudes toward property range from “what’s theirs is theirs” to “free for all”; that hostile speech can be met with a belief that online content is “just a joke”; and that adults who are consulted about such dilemmas often emphasize personal safety issues over online ethics and citizenship. Considering ways to address the digital ethics gap, James offers a vision of conscientious connectivity, which involves ethical thinking skills but, perhaps more important, is marked by sensitivity to the dilemmas posed by online life, a motivation to wrestle with them, and a sense of moral agency that supports socially positive online actions. Carrie James is a sociologist and Principal Investigator at Project Zero at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She was codirector (with Howard Gardner) of the Good Play Project, which collected the data that inform Disconnected. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Mother Jones, New York Review of Books, New Media and Society, Harvard Educational Review, Journal of Communication, Journal of the American Society for Information, Science, and Technology

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TRADE game studies

Play Matters Miguel Sicart What do we think about when we think about play? A pastime? Games? Childish activities? The opposite of work? Think again: If we are happy and well rested, we may approach even our daily tasks in a playful way, taking the attitude of play without the activity of play. So what, then, is play? In Play Matters, Miguel Sicart argues that to play is to be in the world; playing is a form of understanding what surrounds us and a way of engaging with others. Play goes beyond games; it is a mode of being human. We play games, but we also play with toys, on playgrounds, with technologies and design. Sicart proposes a theory of play that doesn’t derive from a particular object or activity but is a portable tool for being—not tied to objects but brought by people to the complex interactions that form their daily lives. It is not separated from reality; it is part of it. It is pleasurable, but not necessarily fun. Play can be dangerous, addictive, and destructive. Along the way, Sicart considers playfulness, the capacity to use play outside the context of play; toys, the materialization of play—instruments but also play pals; playgrounds, play spaces that enable all kinds of play; beauty, the aesthetics of play through action; political play—from Maradona’s goal against England in the 1986 World Cup to the hactivist activities of Anonymous; the political, aesthetic, and moral activity of game design; and why play and computers get along so well. Miguel Sicart is Associate Professor at the Center for Computer Game Research at IT University Copenhagen. He is the author of The Ethics of Computer Games and Beyond Choices: The Design of Ethical Gameplay, both published by the MIT Press.

Why play is a productive, expressive way of being, a form of understanding, and a fundamental part of our well-being. September 5 3/8 x 8, 176 pp. 11 illus. $19.95T/£13.95 cloth 978-0-262-02792-2 Playful Thinking series Also available in this series Uncertainty in Games Greg Costikyan 2013, 978-0-262-01896-8 $19.95T/£13.95 cloth The Art of Failure An Essay on the Pain of Playing Video Games Jesper Juul 2013, 978-0-262-01905-7 $19.95T/£13.95 cloth

• Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Kill Screen Daily, Leonardo, Design Issues, Game Studies, Games and Culture, Edge Magazine, Rhizome • Grassroots Marketing Campaign

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TRADE technology

Flash How Flash rose and fell as the world’s most ubiquitous yet divisive software platform, enabling the development and distribution of a world of creative content. September 6 x 9, 200 pp. 8 illus. $24.95T/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02802-8 Platform Studies series Also available in this series The Future Was Here The Commodore Amiga Jimmy Maher 2012, 978-0-262-01720-6 $27.95T/£19.95 cloth Codename Revolution The Nintendo Wii Platform Steven E. Jones and George K. Thiruvathukal 2012, 978-0-262-01680-3 $24.95T/£17.95 cloth

Building the Interactive Web Anastasia Salter and John Murray Adobe Flash began as a simple animation tool and grew into a multimedia platform that offered a generation of creators and innovators an astonishing range of opportunities to develop and distribute new kinds of digital content. For the better part of a decade, Flash was the de facto standard for dynamic online media, empowering amateur and professional developers to shape the future of the interactive Web. In this book, Anastasia Salter and John Murray trace the evolution of Flash into one of the engines of participatory culture. Salter and Murray investigate Flash as both a fundamental force that shaped perceptions of the web and a key technology that enabled innovative interactive experiences and new forms of gaming. They examine a series of works that exemplify Flash’s role in shaping the experience and expectations of web multimedia. Topics include Flash as a platform for developing animation (and the “Flashimation” aesthetic); its capacities for scripting and interactive design; games and genres enabled by the reconstruction of the browser as a games portal; forms and genres of media art that use Flash; and Flash’s stance on openness and standards—including its platform-defining battle over the ability to participate in Apple’s own proprietary platforms. Flash’s exit from the mobile environment in 2011 led some to declare that Flash was dead. But, as Salter and Murray show, not only does Flash live, but its role as a definitive cross-platform tool continues to influence web experience. Anastasia Salter is Assistant Professor of Information Arts and Technologies at the University of Baltimore. John Murray is a PhD student at the Expressive Intelligence Studio at the University of California, Santa Cruz. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Gamasutra, Game Studies, Leonardo, Rhizome, New Media and Society

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TRADE psychology/health

Touch Second Edition

Tiffany Field Although the therapeutic benefits of touch have become increasingly clear, American society, claims Tiffany Field, is dangerously touch-deprived. Many schools have “no touch” policies; the isolating effects of Internetdriven work and life can leave us hungry for tactile experience. In this book Field explains why we may need a daily dose of touch. The first sensory input in life comes from the sense of touch while a baby is still in the womb, and touch continues to be the primary means of learning about the world throughout infancy and well into childhood. Touch is critical, too, for adults’ physical and mental health. Field describes studies showing that touch therapy can benefit everyone, from premature infants to children with asthma to patients with conditions that range from cancer to eating disorders. This second edition of Touch, revised and updated with the latest research, reports on new studies that show the role of touch in early development, in communication (including the reading of others’ emotions), in personal relationships, and even in sports. It describes the physiological and biological effects of touch, including areas of the brain affected by touch, and the effects of massage therapy on prematurity, attentiveness, depression, pain, and immune functions. Touch has been shown to have positive effects on growth, brain waves, breathing, and heart rate, and to decrease stress and anxiety. As Field makes clear, we enforce our society’s touch taboo at our peril.

Why we need a daily dose of touch: an investigation of the effects of touch on our physical and mental well-being. November 5 3/8 x 8, 280 pp. 28 illus. $19.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52659-3 A Bradford Book

Tiffany Field is Director of the Touch Research Institute and a Professor in the Departments of Pediatrics, Psychology, and Psychiatry at the University of Miami School of Medicine. Praise for the first edition “In the hands of Tiffany Field, touch, the ‘mother of the senses,’ finds its muse.” —Lewis Leavitt, Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Director, Waisman Center on Human Development and Mental Retardation, University of Wisconsin–Madison “What a great addition to our understanding of the biology of touch.” —Marshall Klaus, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, coauthor of Your Amazing Newborn and Mothering the Mother “A highly readable tribute to the richness of the touch experience.” —Choice • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Psychology Today, New York Review of Books, Philosophical Review, Nous, Journal of Neuroscience, Philosophical Forum, Cognitive Psychology • Grassroots Marketing Campaign

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TRADE environment/current affairs

Collision Course Endless Growth on a Finite Planet Kerryn Higgs

The story behind the reckless promotion of economic growth despite its disastrous consequences for life on the planet. September 6 x 9, 408 pp. 6 illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02773-1

The notion of ever-expanding economic growth has been promoted so relentlessly that “growth” is now entrenched as the natural objective of collective human effort. The public has been convinced that growth is the natural solution to virtually all social problems—poverty, debt, unemployment, and even the environmental degradation caused by the determined pursuit of growth. Meanwhile, warnings by scientists that we live on a finite planet that cannot sustain infinite economic expansion are ignored or even scorned. In Collision Course, Kerryn Higgs examines how society’s commitment to growth has marginalized scientific findings on the limits of growth, casting them as bogus predictions of imminent doom. Higgs tells how in 1972, The Limits to Growth—written by MIT researchers Donella Meadows, Dennis Meadows, Jørgen Randers, and William Behrens III—found that unimpeded economic growth was likely to collide with the realities of a finite planet within a century. Although the book’s arguments received positive responses initially, before long the dominant narrative of growth as panacea took over. Higgs explores the resistance to ideas about limits, tracing the propagandizing of “free enterprise,” the elevation of growth as the central objective of policy makers, the celebration of “the magic of the market,” and the ever-widening influence of corporate-funded think tanks—a parallel academic universe dedicated to the dissemination of neoliberal principles and to the denial of health and environmental dangers from the effects of tobacco to global warming. More than forty years after The Limits to Growth, the idea that growth is essential continues to hold sway, despite the mounting evidence of its costs—climate destabilization, pollution, intensification of gross global inequalities, and depletion of the resources on which the modern economic edifice depends. Kerryn Higgs is an Australian writer. She received her PhD in Geography and Environmental Studies from the University of Tasmania. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, American Sociological Review, Boston Review, E: The Environmental Magazine, Environment, Mother Jones, In These Times, Annals of American Geographers, Ecological Economics, Global Environmental Politics

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TRADE environment/economics

Greening the Global Economy Robert Pollin In order to control climate change, the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that greenhouse gas emissions will need to fall by about forty percent by 2030. Achieving the target goals will be highly challenging. Yet in Greening the Global Economy, economist Robert Pollin shows that they are attainable through steady, large-scale investments—totaling about 1.5 percent of global GDP on an annual basis—in both energy efficiency and clean renewable energy sources. Not only that: Pollin argues that with the right investments, these efforts will expand employment and drive economic growth. Drawing on years of research, Pollin explores all aspects of the problem: how much energy will be needed in a range of industrialized and developing economies; what efficiency targets should be; and what kinds of industrial policy will maximize investment and support private and public partnerships in green growth so that a clean energy transformation can unfold without broad subsidies. All too frequently, inaction on climate change is blamed on its potential harm to the economy. Pollin shows greening the economy is not only possible but necessary: global economic growth depends on it. Robert Pollin is Professor of Economics and Codirector of the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He has served as a consultant on energy and the economy for a wide range of organizations and institutions, including the U.S. Department of Energy, the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Industrial Development Program (UNIDO), and numerous non-governmental organizations. He is the author of Back to Full Employment (MIT Press), also in the Boston Review series, and Contours of Descent: U.S. Economic Fractures and the Landscape of Austerity.

A program for building a global clean energy economy while expanding job opportunities and economic well-being. October 4 1/2 x 7, 304 pp. $17.95T/£12.95 cloth 978-0-262-02823-3 A Boston Review Book

• Print and Online Advertising Campaign: The Nation, New Republic, New York Review of Books, Boston Review, Times Literary Supplement, Ecological Economics, Environment, Mother Jones, Global Environmental Politics

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TRADE sociology

Lurching Toward happiness in America Claude Fischer

Amid confusing and alarmist media claims about our changing culture, Claude Fischer sets the record straight on social trends in America. September 4 1/2 x 7, 208 pp. $16.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-02824-0 A Boston Review Book

The promise of America has long been conceived as the promise of happiness. Being American is all about the opportunity to pursue one’s own bliss. But what is the good life, and are we getting closer to its attainment? In the cacophony of competing conceptions of the good, technological interventions that claim to help us achieve it, and rancorous debate over government’s role in securing it for us, every step toward happiness seems to come with at least one step back. In Lurching toward Happiness in America, acclaimed sociologist Claude Fischer explores the data, the myths, and history to understand how far America has come in delivering on its promise. Are Americans getting lonelier? Is the gender revolution over? Does income shape the way Americans see their life prospects? In the end, Fischer paints a broad picture of what Americans say they want. And, as he considers how close they are to achieving that goal, he also suggests what might finally get them there. Claude Fischer is Professor of Sociology at University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Made in America: A Social History of American Culture and Character, and, most recently, Still Connected: Family and Friends in America Since 1970. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Mother Jones, New York Review of Books, The Atlantic, Harper’s, American Sociological Review, Annual Review of Sociology, Boston Review

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TRADE

$17.95T/£12.95 cloth 978-0-262-02683-3

$16.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01982-8

$16.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01989-7

$15.95T/£10.95 cloth 978-0-262-01913-2

$16.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01840-1

$15.95T/£10.95 cloth 978-0-262-01843-2

$15.95T/£10.95 cloth 978-0-262-01841-8

$16.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01757-2

$15.95T/£10.95 cloth 978-0-262-01758-9

$16.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01667-4

$14.95T/£10.95 cloth 978-0-262-01570-7

$15.95T/£10.95 cloth 978-0-262-01488-5

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TRADE art

Thomas hirschhorn Deleuze Monument Anna Dezeuze

An illustrated examination of one of Hirschhorn’s “precarious” monuments, now dismantled. October 6 x 8 1/2, 120 pp. 32 color illus. $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-143-0 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-144-7 One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books

Part-text, part-sculpture, part-architecture, part-junk heap, Thomas Hirschhorn’s often monumental but precarious works offer a commentary on the spectacle of late-capitalist consumerism and the global proliferation of commodities. Made from ephemeral materials—cardboard, foil, plastic bags, and packing tape—that the artist describes as “universal, economic, inclusive, and [without] any plus-value,” these works also engage issues of justice, power, and moral responsibility. Hirschhorn (born in Switzerland in 1957) often chooses to place his work in non-art settings, saying that he wants it to “fight for its own existence.” In this book, Anna Dezeuze offers a generously illustrated examination of Hirschhorn’s Deleuze Monument (2000), the second in his series of four Monuments. Deleuze Monument—a sculpture, an altar, and a library dedicated to Gilles Deleuze—was conceived as a work open to visitors twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Part of the exhibition “La Beauté” in Avignon, Deleuze Monument was controversial from the start, and it was dismantled two months before the end of the exhibition after being vandalized. Dezeuze describes the chronology of the project, including negotiations with local residents; the dynamic between affirmation and vulnerability in Hirschhorn’s work; failure and “scatter art” in the 1990s; participatory practices; and problems of presence, maintenance, and appearance, raised by Hirschhorn’s acknowledgement of “error” in his discontinuous presence on site following the installation of Deleuze Monument. Anna Dezeuze, is the editor of The ‘Do-it-yourself’ Artwork: Participation from Fluxus to New Media and coeditor, with Julia Kelly, of Found Sculpture and Photography from Surrealism to Contemporary Art. Her writing has appeared in Oxford Art Journal, Women & Performance, Performance Research, Mute, and Art Monthly. She is a Lecturer in Art History at the Ecole Supérieure d’Art et de Design Marseille Méditerranée. • Print and Online Advertising Campaign: Times Literary Supplement, Bookforum/Artforum, BOMB, Cabinet, Art in America, Art Journal, ARTMargins, Art Papers, October, Art Bulletin Also available in this series

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$16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-133-1

$16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-131-7


TRADE philosophy

Globes Spheres II Macrospherology Peter Sloterdijk translated by Wieland Hoban All history is the history of struggles for spheric expansion. —from Globes

In Globes—the second, and longest, volume in Peter Sloterdijk’s celebrated magnum opus Spheres trilogy—the author attempts nothing less than to uncover the philosophical foundations of the political history—the history of humanity—of the last two thousand years. The first, well-received volume of the author’s Spheres trilogy, Bubbles, dealt with microspheres: the fact that individuals, from the fetal stage to childhood, are never alone, because they always incorporate the Other into themselves and align themselves with it. With Globes, Sloterdijk opens up a history of the political world using the morphological models of the orb and the globe, and argues that all previous statements about globalization have suffered from shortsightedness. For him, globalization begins with the ancient Greeks, who represented the whole world through the shape of the orb. With the discovery of America and the first circumnavigations of the earth, the orb was replaced by the globe. This second globalization is currently giving way to the third, which we are living through today, as the general virtuality of all conditions leads to a growing spatial crisis. Peter Sloterdijk here tells the true story of globalization: from the geometrization of the sky in Plato and Aristotle to the circumnavigation of the last orb—the earth—by ships, capital, and signals.

The second, and longest, volume in Peter Sloterdijk’s celebrated Spheres trilogy, on the world history and philosophy of globalization. November 6 x 9, 1,048 pp. 283 illus. $39.95T/£27.95 cloth 978-1-58435-160-3 Foreign Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Peter Sloterdijk (b. 1947) is one of the best known and widely read German intellectuals writing today. His 1983 publication of Critique of Cynical Reason (published in English in 1988) became the best-selling German book of philosophy since World War II. He became president of the State Academy of Design at the Center for Art and Media in Karlsruhe in 2001. He has been cohost of a discussion program, Das Philosophische Quartett (Philosophical Quartet) on German television since 2002. Also available

$34.95T/£24.95 cloth 978-1-58435-104-7

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TRADE fiction

Fantomas Versus the Multinational Vampires An Attainable Utopia Julio Cortázar translated by David Kurnick The first translation of Julio Cortázar’s genre-jumping meta-comic/novella, featuring Cortázar himself, Susan Sontag, and Octavio Paz in a race to prevent international bibliocide. February 5 1/2 x 8, 88 pp. 12 color illus., 17 black & white illus. $14.95T/£10.95 paper 978-1-58435-134-4 Distributed for Semiotext(e) Also available from Semiotext(e) The Sad Passions Veronica Gonzalez Peña 2013, 978-1-58435-120-7 $17.95T/£12.95 paper

Octavio Paz: “If you love art, do something, Fantomas!” Fantomas: “I will, you can depend on it.”

First published in Spanish in 1975 and previously untranslated, Fantomas versus the Multinational Vampires is Julio Cortázar’s genre-jumping mash-up of his participation in the Second Russell Tribunal on human rights abuses in Latin America and his cameo appearance in issue number 201 of the Mexican comic book series Fantomas: The Elegant Menace. With his characteristic narrative inventiveness, Cortázar offers a quixotic meta-comic/ novella that challenges not only the form of the novel but its political weight in contemporary cultural life. Needing something to read on the train from Brussels (where he had attended the ineffectual tribunal meeting), our hero (Julio Cortázar) picks up the latest issue of the Fantomas comic. He grows increasingly absorbed by the comic book’s tale of bibliocide (a sinister bibliophobic plot to obliterate every book from the archives of humanity), especially when he sees the character Fantomas embark upon a series of telephone conversations with literary figures, starting with “The Great Argentine Writer” himself, Julio Cortázar (and also including Octavio Paz and a tough-talking Susan Sontag). Soon, Cortázar begins to erase the thin line between real-life atrocities and fictional mayhem in an attempt to bring attention to the human rights violations taking place with impunity in the country from which he was exiled. One of the most influential literary figures to emerge from Argentina in the twentieth century, Julio Cortázar is best remembered for his experimental 1963 counter-novel Hopscotch (Rayuela) and for his short story “Blow-Up,” on which the 1966 film by Michelangelo Antonioni was based. Cortázar was officially exiled by the Argentine junta in the 1970s and spent the rest of his life in France, where he died in 1984.

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TRADE cultural studies/art/literature

The Missing Pieces Henri Lefebvre translated by David L. Sweet • A boarder for two years following a national funeral, Mirabeau is removed from the Pantheon and transferred to the cemetery of Clamart when his pornographic novels are discovered • A photograph taken by Hessling on Christmas night, 1943, of a young woman nailed alive to the village gate of Novimgorod; Hessling asks his friend Wolfgang Borchert to develop the film, look at the photograph, and destroy it • The Beautiful Gardener, a picture by Max Ernst, burned by the Nazis —from The Missing Pieces

The Missing Pieces is an incantatory text, a catalog of what has been lost over time and what in some cases never existed. Through a lengthy chain of brief, laconic citations, Henri Lefebvre evokes the history of what is no more and what never was: the artworks, films, screenplays, negatives, poems, symphonies, buildings, letters, concepts, and lives that cannot be seen, heard, read, inhabited, or known about. It is a literary vanitas of sorts, but one that confers an almost mythical quality on the enigmatic creations it recounts—rather than reminding us of the death that inhabits everything humans create. Lefebvre’s list includes Marcel Duchamp’s (accidentally destroyed) film of Man Ray shaving off the Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven’s pubic hair; the page written by Balzac on his deathbed (lost); Spinoza’s Treatise on the Rainbow (thrown into a fire); the final seven meters of Kerouac’s original typescript for On the Road (eaten by a dog); the chalk drawings of Francis Picabia (erased before an audience); and the one moment in André Malraux’s life in which he exclaimed “I believe, for a minute, I was thinking nothing.” The Missing Pieces offers a treasure trove of cultural and artistic detail and will entertain even those readers not enamored of the void.

A catalog of cultural artifacts either lost to time or never realized. October 5 1/2 x 8, 88 pp. $13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-159-7 Distributed for Semiotext(e) Also available from Semiotext(e) how I became one of the Invisible David Rattray 1992, 978-0-936756-98-1 $13.95T/£9.95 paper

henri Lefebvre, born in 1959 in Salon-de-Provence, lives and works in Paris. He founded and directs Les Cahiers de la Seine, a publishing house devoted to contemporary poetry.

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TRADE memoir

I, Little Asylum Emmanuelle Guattari translated by E. C. Belli A moment later, Lacan is chattering with me, and giving me some crayons to draw with. —from I, Little Asylum A lyrical account of a childhood spent in a castle disguised as a psychiatric clinic, written by the daughter of Félix Guattari. October 5 3/8 x 8, 88 pp. 1 illus. $13.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-137-5 Distributed for Semiotext(e) Also available from Semiotext(e) Chaosophy Texts and Interviews, 1972–1977 Félix Guattari 2008, 978-1-58435-060-6 $18.95T/£13.95 paper

Founded in 1951 and renowned in the world of psychiatry, the experimental psychiatric clinic of La Borde sought to break with the traditional internment of the mentally ill and to have them participate in the material organization of collective life. The clinic owed much of its approach to psychoanalyst and philosopher Félix Guattari, who was its codirector with Jean Oury until 1992. In this lyrical chronicle of a childhood at La Borde, Félix Guattari’s daughter Emanuelle Guattari offers a series of impressionistic vignettes drawn from her own experiences. As a child whose parents worked in the clinic, Emanuelle Guattari (“Manou”) experienced La Borde—which is housed in a castle in the middle of a spacious park—as a place not of confinement but of imagination and play. She evokes a landscape that is surreal but also mundane, describing the fat monkey named Boubou her father kept at the clinic, interactions between the “La Borde kids” and the “Residents” (aka, the “Insane,” feared by the locals), the ever fascinating rainbow-hued “shit pit” on the grounds, and prank-calls to the clinic switchboard. And, of course, there is Félix Guattari himself, at the dinner table, battling a rat, and in his daughter’s dreams. Emmanuelle Guattari’s tale of childlike wonder offers a poetic counterpoint to the writings of her father and his intellectual circle. Emmanuelle Guattari, born in 1964, daughter of Félix Guattari, grew up at La Borde psychiatric clinic (CourCheverny dans le Loir-et-Cher), where her parents worked their entire careers. I, Little Asylum is her first book, and one of two autobiographical accounts of her time spent at La Borde.

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TRADE fiction

In the Deep Pierre Guyotat translated by Noura Wedell I believe that destiny is the hesitation between whorehouse writing and poetry, Evil and Good. In my body almost deadened to stupidity by its growing length, I am carrying that destiny. —from In the Deep

A hypnotic account of three days and nights plucked from the summer of 1955, In the Deep maps the origins, development, and meaning of Pierre Guyotat’s creative vocation. To read it is to inhabit the life of an adolescent boy who is just discovering his calling to write, while also tormented by the questions left unanswered by his Catholic upbringing. Faced with his faith’s failure, he feels the need to invent another one—one much darker and conflicted—which he believes will be his destiny. In the Deep leads us through the foundations of Guyotat’s infamous “beat-sheet”: the masturbatory writing practice that caused a scandal in the 1970s when he first disclosed it, and which—although he has since disowned it—remains fundamental to any understanding of Guyotat’s oeuvre. Unlike Guyotat’s other works, which deploy the sustained and taxing invention of an altogether other language—and another reality beyond any notion of morality—In the Deep is written in an almost classical language, borrowing its timeless rhythmic prose from Latin syntax, and riddled with interrogatives that are part of a French tradition harking back to Rabelais. Nonetheless, as a contemporary De Rerum Natura, at once comic and profound, this narrative explores the same issues that run through all of Guyotat’s writing: the always precarious grounding to sex, humanity, ethics, and God.

An autobiographical incantation of adolescent shame, religious masturbation, and the salvation embodied in the creative act. November 6 x 9, 344 pp. $17.95T/£12.95 paper 978-1-58435-161-0 Native Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e) Also available from Semiotext(e) Coma Pierre Guyotat 2010, 978-1-58435-089-7 $17.95T/£12.95 paper

Pierre Guyotat (born in 1940) has been a source of French literary scandal since the 1967 publication of Tomb for 500,000 Soldiers. The French government banned his novel Eden Eden Eden from being publicized, advertised on posters, or sold to anyone under the age of 18 from the time of its publication in 1970 until 1981. “This is one of the best books I have read in the last ten years. Guyotat is one of the very few geniuses of our day.” —Edmund White

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TRADE

ZONE BOOKS cultural studies/gender studies

Pornotopia

An Essay on Playboy’s Architecture and Biopolitics Beatriz Preciado

Design objects, bachelor pads, and multimedia rotating beds as expressions of the relationships among architecture, gender, and sexuality. November 6 x 9, 288 pp. 8 color illus., 25 black & white illus. $29.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-1-935408-48-2 Distributed for Zone Books

Published for the first time in 1953, Playboy became not only the first pornographic popular magazine in America, but also came to embody an entirely new lifestyle that took place in a series of utopian multimedia spaces, from the fictional Playboy’s Penthouse of 1956 to the Playboy Mansion of 1959 and the Playboy Clubs of the 1960s. At the same time, the invention of the contraceptive pill offered access to a biochemical technique able to separate (hetero)sexuality and reproduction, troubling the traditional relationships between gender, sexuality, power, and space. In Pornotopia, Beatriz Preciado examines popular culture and pornographic spaces as sites of architectural production. Combining historical perspectives with insights from critical theory, gender studies, queer theory, porn studies, and the history of technology, and drawing from a range of primary transdisciplinary sources—treatises on sexuality, medical and pharmaceutical handbooks, architecture journals, erotic magazines, building manuals, and novels—Preciado traces the strategic relationships among architecture, gender, and sexuality through popular sites related to the production and consumption of pornography: design objects, bachelor pads, and multimedia rotating beds. Largely relegated to the margins of traditional histories of architecture, these sites are not mere spaces but a series of overlapping systems of representation. They are understood here not as inherently or naturally sexual, nor as perverted or queer, but rather as biopolitical techniques for governing sexual reproduction and the production of gender in modernity. Beatriz Preciado is Professor of the Political History of the Body, Gender Theory, and the History of Performance at Paris VIII; the director of the Independent Studies Program of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Barcelona; and the author of Testo Junkie: Sex, Drugs, and Biopolitics in the Pharmacopornographic Era and The Contrasexual Manifesto.

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TRADE

ZONE BOOKS political theory/philosophy

History and Obstinacy Alexander Kluge and Oskar Negt translated by Richard Langston with Cyrus Shahan, Martin Brady, Helen Hughes, and Joel Golb edited and with an introduction by Devin Fore If Marx’s opus Capital provided the foundational account of the forces of production in all of their objective, machine formats, what happens when the concepts of political economy are applied not to dead labor, but to its living counterpart, the human subject? The result is Alexander Kluge and Oskar Negt’s History and Obstinacy, a groundbreaking archaeology of the labor power that has been cultivated in the human body over the last two thousand years. Supplementing classical political economy with the insights of fields ranging from psychoanalysis and phenomenology to evolutionary anthropology and systems theory, History and Obstinacy reaches down into the deepest strata of unconscious thought, genetic memory, and cellular life to examine the complex ecology of expropriation and resistance. First published in German in 1981 and never before translated into English, this epochal collaboration between Kluge and Negt has now been edited, expanded, and updated by the authors in response to global developments of the last decade to create an entirely new analysis of “the capitalism within us.” Alexander Kluge is an author and filmmaker, known for launching the New German Cinema in the early 1960s. Oskar Negt is Professor of Sociology at the Universität Hannover. Early in his career, he was a student of Theodor Adorno and assistant to Jürgen Habermas. Devin Fore is Associate Professor of German at Princeton University, author of Realism after Modernism (MIT Press), and an editor of the journal October.

An epochal archaeology of the labor power that has been cultivated in the human body over the last two thousand years. October 6 x 9, 576 pp. 90 illus. $39.95T/£27.95 cloth 978-1-935408-46-8 Distributed for Zone Books

“This book is an impressive document of the cooperation of two unique authors, each outstanding in his field. It is the manifestation of an improbable constellation of a great writer and filmmaker and an important social philosopher. They combine the production sources of two rare minds who mutually complement one another. Readers will enjoy the illuminating insights and surprising discoveries from revealing assemblage of ideas, arguments, and imaginations.” —Jürgen Habermas

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TRADE

ZONE BOOKS philosophy/cultural studies now in paper

Reason and Resonance A History of Modern Aurality Veit Erlmann

How the ear came to play a central role in modern culture and rationality. September 6 x 9, 424 pp. 25 illus. $24.95T/£17.95 paper 978-1-935408-05-5 cloth 978-1-935408-04-8 Distributed for Zone Books

Hearing has traditionally been regarded as the second sense—as somehow less rational and less modern than the first sense, sight. Reason and Resonance explodes this myth by reconstructing the process through which the ear came to play a central role in modern culture and rationality. For the past four hundred years, hearing has been understood as involving the sympathetic resonance between the vibrating air and various parts of the inner ear. But the emergence of resonance as the centerpiece of modern aurality also coincides with the triumph of a new type of epistemology in which the absence of resonance is the very condition of thought. Our mind’s relationship to the world is said to rest on distance or, as the very synonym for reason suggests, reflection. Reason and Resonance traces the genealogy of this “intimate animosity” between reason and resonance through a series of interrelated case studies involving a varied cast of otologists, philosophers, physiologists, pamphleteers, and music theorists. Among them are the seventeenth-century architect-zoologist Claude Perrault, who refuted Cartesianism in a book on sound and hearing; the Sturm und Drang poet Wilhelm Heinse and his friend the anatomist Samuel Sömmerring, who believed the ventricular fluid to be the interface between the soul and the auditory nerve; the renowned physiologist Johannes Müller, who invented the concept of “sense energies”; and Müller’s most important student, Hermann von Helmholtz, author of the magisterial Sensations of Tone. Erlmann also discusses key twentiethcentury thinkers of aurality, including Ernst Mach; the communications engineer and proponent of the first nonresonant wave theory of hearing, Georg von Békésy; political activist and philosopher Günther Anders; and Martin Heidegger. Veit Erlmann holds the Endowed Chair of Music History at the University of Texas at Austin’s Butler School of Music.

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SCIENCE/ENGINEERING TRADE science/engineering

The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering Mastering Complexity Sanjoy Mahajan In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision. Precision can overwhelm us with information, whereas insight connects seemingly disparate pieces of information into a simple picture. Unlike computers, humans depend on insight. Based on the author’s fifteen years of teaching at MIT, Cambridge University, and Olin College, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering shows us how to build insight and find understanding, giving readers tools to help them solve any problem in science and engineering. To master complexity, we can organize it or discard it. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering first teaches the tools for organizing complexity, then distinguishes the two paths for discarding complexity: with and without loss of information. Questions and problems throughout the text help readers master and apply these groups of tools. Armed with this three-part toolchest, and without complicated mathematics, readers can estimate the flight range of birds and planes and the strength of chemical bonds, understand the physics of pianos and xylophones, and explain why skies are blue and sunsets are red. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Tools to make hard problems easier to solve. August 7 x 9, 336 pp. $30.00S/£20.95 paper 978-0-262-52654-8

Sanjoy Mahajan is Associate Professor of Applied Science and Engineering at Olin College of Engineering and Visiting Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. He was a Marshall Scholar at Oxford University and a Fellow of Corpus Christi College in the University of Cambridge, where he was a member of the physics faculty. He is the author of Street-Fighting Mathematics: The Art of Educated Guessing and Opportunistic Problem Solving (MIT Press).

Also available

$26.00X/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-51429-3

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FALL 2014

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ENGINEERING/HEALTHCARE

ENGINEERING

engineering/healthcare

engineering

Understanding and Managing the Complexity of Healthcare

The Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines

William B. Rouse and Nicoleta Serban Breakthroughs in medical science, innovations in medical technologies, and improvements in clinical practices occur today An argument that underat an increasingly rapid standing healthcare delivery rate. Yet because of a as a complex adaptive fragmented healthcare system will help us design delivery system, many a system that yields better Americans are unable health outcomes. to benefit from these developments. How can we design a system that can provide high-quality, affordable healthcare for everyone? In this book, William Rouse and Nicoleta Serban introduce concepts, principles, models, and methods for understanding, and improving, healthcare delivery. Approaching the topic from the perspectives of engineering and statistics, they argue that understanding healthcare delivery as a complex adaptive system will help us design a system that is more efficient, effective, and equitable. The authors use multilevel simulation models as a quantitative tool for evaluating alternate ways of organizing healthcare delivery. They employ this approach, for example, in their discussions of affordability, a prevention and wellness program, chronic disease management, and primary care accessibility for children in the Medicaid program. They also consider possible benefits from a range of technologies, including electronic health records and telemedicine; data mining as an alternative to randomized trials; conceptual and analytical methodologies that address the complexity of the healthcare system; and how these principles, models, and methods can enable transformational change. William B. Rouse is Humphreys Chair in Economics of Engineering in the School of Systems and Enterprises at Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey, and Professor Emeritus of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. Nicoleta Serban is Associate Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. August — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 47 illus.

Engineering Systems series

FALL 2014

David Gordon Wilson and Theodosios Korakianitis This comprehensive textbook is unique in its designfocused approach to turbomachinery and gas turbines. It offers students and The second edition of practicing engineers a comprehensive textbook methods for configurthat introduces turbomaing these machines to chinery and gas turbines perform with the highest through design methods possible efficiency. and examples. Examples and problems are based on the actual design of turbomachinery and turbines. After an introductory chapter that outlines the goals of the book and provides definitions of terms and parts, the book offers a brief review of the basic principles of thermodynamics and efficiency definitions. The rest of the book is devoted to the analysis and design of real turbomachinery configurations and gas turbines, based on a consistent application of thermodynamic theory and a more empirical treatment of fluid dynamics that relies on the extensive use of design charts. Topics include turbine power cycles, diffusion and diffusers, the analysis and design of three-dimensional free-stream flow, and combustion systems and combustion calculations. The second edition updates every chapter, adding material on subjects that include flow correlations, energy transfer in turbomachines, and three-dimensional design. A solutions manual is available for instructors. This new MIT Press edition makes a popular text available again, with corrections and some updates, to a wide audience of students, professors, and professionals. David Gordon Wilson is Professor of Mechanical Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He is the author of Bicycling Science (MIT Press). Theodosios Korakianitis is Dean of the Parks College of Engineering, Aviation, and Technology; Professor of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering; and Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Saint Louis University. August — 7 x 9, 632 pp. — 347 illus.

$35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02751-9

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Second Edition, with a new preface

mitpress.mit.edu

$60.00X/£41.95 paper 978-0-262-52668-5


COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY

NEUROSCIENCE

computational biology/mathematics

vision/neuroscience

ReCombinatorics

Scene Vision

The Algorithmics of Ancestral Recombination Graphs and Explicit Phylogenetic Networks

Making Sense of What We See

Dan Gusfield

For many years, researchers have studied visual recognition with objects—single, clean, clear, and isolated objects, presented to Cutting-edge research subjects at the center of on the visual cognition of the screen. In our real scenes, covering issues environment, however, that include spatial vision, objects do not appear so context, emotion, attenneatly. Our visual world tion, memory, and neural is a stimulating scenery mechanisms underlying mess; fragments, colors, scene representation. occlusions, motions, eye movements, context, and distraction all affect perception. In this volume, pioneering researchers address the visual cognition of scenes from neuroimaging, psychology, modeling, electrophysiology, and computer vision perspectives. Building on past research—and accepting the challenge of applying what we have learned from the study of object recognition to the visual cognition of scenes—these leading scholars consider issues of spatial vision, context, rapid perception, emotion, attention, memory, and the neural mechanisms underlying scene representation. Taken together, their contributions offer a snapshot of our current knowledge of how we understand scenes and the visual world around us.

In this book, Dan Gusfield examines combinatorial algorithms to construct genealogical and exact phylogenetic networks, Combinatorial structure particularly ancestral and algorithms for deducing recombination graphs genetic recombination (ARGs). The algorithms history, represented by produce networks (or ancestral recombination information about netgraphs and other networks. works) that serve as hypotheses about the true genealogical history of observed biological sequences and can be applied to practical biological problems. Phylogenetic trees have been the traditional means to represent evolutionary history, but there is a growing realization that networks rather than trees are often needed, most notably for recent human history. This has led to the development of ARGs in population genetics and, more broadly, to phylogenetic networks. ReCombinatorics offers an in-depth, rigorous examination of current research on the combinatorial, graphtheoretic structure of ARGs and explicit phylogenetic networks, and algorithms to reconstruct or deduce information about those networks. ReCombinatorics, a groundbreaking contribution to the emerging field of phylogenetic networks, connects and unifies topics in population genetics and phylogenetics that have traditionally been discussed separately and considered to be unrelated. It covers the necessary combinatorial and algorithmic background material; the various biological phenomena; the mathematical, population genetic, and phylogenetic models that capture the essential elements of these phenomena; the combinatorial and algorithmic problems that derive from these models; the theoretical results that have been obtained; related software that has been developed; and some empirical testing of the software on simulated and real biological data. Dan Gusfield is Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Davis. He is the coauthor of The Stable Marriage Problem: Structure and Algorithms (MIT Press) and author of Algorithms on Strings, Trees, and Sequences. August — 7 x 9, 448 pp. — 171 illus. $60.00S/£41.95 cloth 978-0-262-02752-6

edited by Kestutis Kveraga and Moshe Bar

Kestutis Kveraga is Instructor in Radiology at Harvard Medical School and on the faculty of the Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital. Moshe Bar is Director of the Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and Director of the Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center at Bar-Ilan University. Contributors Elissa M. Aminoff, Moshe Bar, Margaret Bradley, Daniel I. Brooks, Marvin M. Chun, Ritendra Datta, Russell A. Epstein, Michèle Fabre-Thorpe, Elena Fedorovskaya, Jack L. Gallant, Helene Intraub, Dhiraj Joshi, Kestutis Kveraga, Peter J. Lang, Jia Li, Xin Lu, Jiebo Luo, Quang-Tuan Luong, George L. Malcolm, Shahin Nasr, Soojin Park, Mary C. Potter, Reza Rajimehr, Dean Sabatinelli, Philippe G. Schyns, David L. Sheinberg, Heida Maria Sigurdardottir, Dustin Stansbury, Simon Thorpe, Roger Tootell, James Z. Wang November — 7 x 9, 328 pp. 32 color illus., 31 black & white illus. $60.00S/£41.95 cloth 978-0-262-02785-4

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NEUROSCIENCE

PSYCHOLOGY

cognitive science/neuroscience

psychology/child development

After Phrenology

Pathways to Peace

How to Study the Brain

The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Michael L. Anderson The computer analogy of the mind has been as widely adopted in contemporary cognitive neuroscience as was the analogy of the A proposal for a fully brain as a collection of post-phrenological organs in phrenology. neuroscience that details Just as the phrenologist the evolutionary roots of would insist that each functional diversity in brain organ must have its regions and networks. particular function, so contemporary cognitive neuroscience is committed to the notion that each brain region must have its fundamental computation. In After Phrenology, Michael Anderson argues that to achieve a fully post-phrenological science of the brain, we need to reassess this commitment and devise an alternate, neuroscientifically grounded taxonomy of mental function. Anderson contends that the cognitive roles played by each region of the brain are highly various, reflecting different neural partnerships established under different circumstances. He proposes quantifying the functional properties of neural assemblies in terms of their dispositional tendencies rather than their computational or information-processing operations. Exploring larger-scale issues, and drawing on evidence from embodied cognition, Anderson develops a picture of thinking rooted in the exploitation and extension of our early-evolving capacity for iterated interaction with the world. He argues that the multidimensional approach to the brain he describes offers a much better fit for these findings, and a more promising road toward a unified science of minded organisms.

edited by James F. Leckman, Catherine Painter-Brick, and Rima Salah Can more peaceful childhoods promote a culture of peace? Increasing evidence from a broad range of disciplines shows that how Experts investigate the we raise our children role of child development affects the propensity for in promoting a culture of conflict and the potential peace, reporting on research for peace within a given in biology, neuroscience, community. In this book, genetics, and psychology. experts from a range of disciplines examine the biological and social underpinnings of child development and the importance of strengthening families to build harmonious and equitable relations across generations. They explore the relevance to the pursuit of peace in the world, highlight directions for future research, and propose novel approaches to translate knowledge into concrete action. The contributors describe findings from research in biology, neuroscience, evolution, genetics, and psychology. They report empirical evidence on children living in violent conditions, resilience in youth, and successful interventions. Their contributions show that the creation of sustainable partnerships with government agencies, community leaders, policy makers, funders, and service providers is a key ingredient for success. Taken together, they suggest possible novel approaches to translate knowledge into concrete action.

Michael L. Anderson is Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

James F. Leckman is Neison Harris Professor of Child Psychiatry, Psychology, and Pediatrics at Yale University. Catherine Painter-Brick is Professor of Anthropology, Health, and Global Affairs at Yale University. Rima Salah, formerly the Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF, is Assistant Clinical Professor at the Yale Child Study Center.

January — 6 x 9, 432 pp. 7 color illus., 26 black & white illus.

December— 6 x 9, 400 pp. 2 color illus., 13 black & white illus.

$45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02810-3

$40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02798-4

A Bradford Book

Strüngmann Forum Reports

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PSYCHOLOGY/NEUROSCIENCE

COGNITIVE SCIENCE

psychology/neuroscience

cognitive science/psychology

The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Categorizing Cognition

edited by Stephanie D. Preston, Morten L. Kringelbach, and Brian Knutson foreword by Peter Whybrow Our drive to consume—our desire for food, clothing, smart phones, and megahomes—evolved from our ancestors’ drive to Scholars from psychology, survive. But the psyneuroscience, economics, chological and neural animal behavior, and processes that originally evolution describe the evolved to guide mamlatest research on the mals toward resources causes and consequences that are necessary but of overconsumption. scarce may mislead us in modern conditions of material abundance. Such phenomena as obesity, financial bubbles, hoarding, and shopping sprees suggest a mismatch between our instinct to consume and our current environment. This volume brings together research from psychology, neuroscience, economics, marketing, animal behavior, and evolution to explore the causes and consequences of consumption. Contributors consider such topics as how animal food-storing informs human consumption; the downside of evolved “fast and frugal” rules for eating; how future discounting and the draw toward immediate rewards influence food consumption, addiction, and our ability to save; overconsumption as social display; and the policy implications of consumption science. Taken together, the chapters make the case for an emerging interdisciplinary science of consumption that reflects commonalities across species, domains, and fields of inquiry. By carefully comparing mechanisms that underlie seemingly disparate outcomes, we can achieve a unified understanding of consumption that could benefit both science and society. Stephanie D. Preston is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Michigan. Morten L. Kringelbach is Professor of Neuroscience at Aarhus University and Oxford University. Brian Knutson is Associate Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Stanford University. September — 6 x 9, 344 pp. 5 color illus., 9 black & white illus. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02767-0

Toward Conceptual Coherence in the Foundations of Psychology Graeme S. Halford, William H. Wilson, Glenda Andrews, and Steven Phillips All sciences need ways to classify the phenomena they investigate; chemistry has the periodic table and biology a taxonomic A proposal for a system for classifying life categorization of cognition forms. These classificabased on core properties tion schemes depend on of the constituent processes conceptual coherence, that integrates theory demonstrated correand empirical findings spondences across paraacross domains. digms. This conceptual coherence has proved elusive in psychology, although recent advances have brought the field to the point at which it is possible to define the type of classificatory system needed. This book proposes a categorization of cognition based on core properties of constituent processes, recognizing correspondences between cognitive processes with similar underlying structure but different surface properties. These correspondences are verified mathematically and shown not to be merely coincidental. The proposed formulation leads to general principles that transcend domains and paradigms and facilitate the interpretation of empirical findings. It covers human and nonhuman cognition and human cognition in all age ranges. Just as the periodic table classifies elements and not compounds, this system classifies relatively basic versions of cognitive tasks but allows for complexity. The book shows that a more integrated, coherent account of cognition would have many benefits. It would reduce the conceptual fragmentation of psychology; offer defined criteria by which to categorize new empirical results; and lead to fruitful hypotheses for the acquisition of higher cognition. Graeme S. Halford is Emeritus Professor in the School of Psychology at the University of Queensland. William H. Wilson is Associate Professor in the School of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of New South Wales. Glenda Andrews is Senior Lecturer in Psychology at Griffith University, Queensland. Steven Phillips is Chief Scientist at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan. January — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 46 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02807-3

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COGNITIVE SCIENCE cognitive neuroscience

The Cognitive Neurosciences V edited by Michael S. Gazzaniga and George R. Mangun

The fifth edition of a work that defines the field of cognitive neuroscience, with entirely new material that reflects recent advances in the field. November 8 1/2 x 11, 1,144 pp. 87 color illus., 183 black & white illus. $195.00X/£134.95 cloth 978-0-262-02777-9

Each edition of this classic reference has proved to be a benchmark in the developing field of cognitive neuroscience. The fifth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biological underpinnings of complex cognition—the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. It offers entirely new material, reflecting recent advances in the field. Many of the developments in cognitive neuroscience have been shaped by the introduction of novel tools and methodologies, and a new section is devoted to methods that promise to guide the field into the future—from sophisticated models of causality in brain function to the application of network theory to massive data sets. Another new section treats neuroscience and society, considering some of the moral and political quandaries posed by current neuroscientific methods. Other sections describe, among other things, new research that draws on developmental imaging to study the changing structure and function of the brain over the lifespan; progress in establishing increasingly precise models of memory; research that confirms the study of emotion and social cognition as a core area in cognitive neuroscience; and new findings that cast doubt on the so-called neural correlates of consciousness. Michael S. Gazzaniga is Professor of Psychology and Director of the SAGE Center for the Study of Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Codirector of the Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience, and President of the Cognitive Neuroscience Institute. George R. Mangun is Professor of Psychology and Neurology and Dean of Social Sciences at the University of California, Davis, and Director of the Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience. Praise for earlier editions “A hugely impressive volume. . . . a breathtaking achievement.” —The Times Higher Education Supplement “This new edition reinforces the work’s position as the benchmark resource for the cognitive neurosciences. . . . Highly recommended.” —Choice

Contents I Developmental and Evolutionary Cognitive Science II Plasticity and Learning III Visual Attention IV Sensation and Perception V Motor Action and Systems VI Memory VII Language and Abstract Thought VIII Social Neuroscience and Emotions IX Consciousness

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X Advances in Methodology

FALL 2014

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COGNITIVE SCIENCE philosophy/cognitive science

cognitive science/philosophy

Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness

Unifying the Mind

edited by David J. Bennett and Christopher S. Hill In this volume, cognitive scientists and philosophers examine two closely related aspects of mind and mental functioning: the Philosophers and cognitive relationships among the scientists address the various senses and the relationships among the links that connect differsenses and the connections ent conscious experibetween conscious ences to form unified experiences that form wholes. The contributors unified wholes. address a range of questions concerning how information from one sense influences the processing of information from the other senses and how unified states of consciousness emerge from the bonds that tie conscious experiences together. Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness is the first book to address both of these topics, integrating scientific and philosophical concerns. A flood of recent work in both philosophy and perception science has challenged traditional conceptions of the sensory systems as operating in isolation. Contributors to the volume consider the ways in which perceptual contact with the world is or may be “multisensory,” discussing such subjects as the modeling of multisensory integration and philosophical aspects of sensory modalities. Recent years have seen a similar surge of interest in unity of consciousness. Contributors explore a range of questions on this topic, including the nature of that unity, the degree to which conscious experiences are unified, and the relationship between unified consciousness and the self. David J. Bennett is Visiting Scholar at Brown University. Christopher S. Hill is Professor of Philosophy at Brown University. Contributors Tim Bayne, David J. Bennett, Berit Brogaard, Barry Dainton, Ophelia Deroy, Frédérique de Vignemont, Marc Ernst, Richard Held, Christopher S. Hill, Geoffrey Lee, Kristan Marlow, Farid Masrour, Jennifer Matey, Casey O’Callaghan, Cesare V. Parise, Kevin Rice, Elizabeth Schechter, Pawan Sinha, Julia Trommershaeuser, Loes C. J. van Dam, Jonathan Vogel, James Van Cleve, Robert Van Gulick, Jonas Wulff

Cognitive Representations as Graphical Models David Danks Our ordinary, everyday thinking requires an astonishing range of cognitive activities, yet our cognition seems to take place A novel proposal that seamlessly. We move the unified nature of our between cognitive cognition can be partially processes with ease, explained by a cognitive and different types of architecture based on cognition seem to share graphical models. information readily. In this book, David Danks proposes a novel cognitive architecture that can partially explain two aspects of human cognition: its relatively integrated nature and our effortless ability to focus on the relevant factors in any particular situation. Danks argues that both of these features of cognition are naturally explained if many of our cognitive representations are understood to be structured like graphical models. The computational framework of graphical models is widely used in machine learning, but Danks is the first to offer a book-length account of its use to analyze multiple areas of cognition. Danks demonstrates the usefulness of this approach by reinterpreting a variety of cognitive theories in terms of graphical models. He shows how we can understand much of our cognition—in particular causal learning, cognition involving concepts, and decision making—through the lens of graphical models, thus clarifying a range of data from experiments and introspection. Moreover, Danks demonstrates the important role that cognitive representations play in a unified understanding of cognition, arguing that much of our cognition can be explained in terms of different cognitive processes operating on a shared collection of cognitive representations. Danks’s account is mathematically accessible, focusing on the qualitative aspects of graphical models and separating the formal mathematical details in the text. David Danks is Professor of Philosophy and Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University. November — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 24 illus. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02799-1

November — 6 x 9, 416 pp. — 36 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02778-6

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COGNITIVE SCIENCE cognitive science/education/game studies

cognitive science/education

Computer Games for Learning

Space in Mind

An Evidence-Based Approach

Concepts for Spatial Learning and Education

Richard E. Mayer

edited by Daniel R. Montello, Karl Grossner, and Donald G. Janelle

Many strong claims are made for the educational value of computer games, but there is a need for systematic examination of the A comprehensive and research evidence that up-to-date investigation might support such of what research shows claims. This book fills about the educational that need by providing, value of computer games a comprehensive and for learning. up-to-date investigation of what research shows about learning with computer games. Computer Games for Learning describes three genres of game research: the value-added approach, which compares the learning outcomes of students who learn with a base version of a game to those of students who learn with the base version plus an additional feature; the cognitive consequences approach, which compares learning outcomes of students who play an off-the-shelf computer game for extended periods to those of students who do not; and the media comparative approach, which compares the learning outcomes of students who learn material by playing a game to those of students who learn the same material using conventional media. After introductory chapters that describe the rationale and goals of learning game research as well as the relevance of cognitive science to learning with games, the book offers examples of research in all three genres conducted by the author and his colleagues at the University of California, Santa Barbara; meta-analyses of published research; and suggestions for future research in the field. The book is essential reading for researchers and students of educational games, instructional designers, learning-game developers, and anyone who wants to know what the research has to say about the educational effectiveness of computer games. Richard E. Mayer is Professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is the author or editor of more than twenty-five books, including Applying the Science of Learning and Multimedia Learning. August — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 29 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02757-1

The current “spatial turn” in many disciplines reflects an emerging scholarly interest in space and spatiality as central components Leading researchers in understanding the offer a range of disciplinary natural and cultural perspectives on the worlds. In Space in Mind, implications of spatial leading researchers from thinking and reasoning for a range of disciplines education and learning. examine the implications of research on spatial thinking and reasoning for education and learning. Their contributions suggest ways in which recent work in such fields as spatial cognition, geographic information systems, linguistics, artificial intelligence, architecture, and data visualization can inform spatial approaches to learning and education. After addressing the conceptual foundations of spatial thinking for education and learning, the book considers visualization, both external (for example, diagrams and maps) and internal (imagery and other mental spatial representations); embodied cognition and spatial understanding; and the development of specific spatial curricula and literacies. Daniel R. Montello is Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Karl Grossner is a geographer and Digital Humanities Research Developer at Stanford University. Donald G. Janelle is former Program Director of the Center for Spatial Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he is now Researcher Emeritus; he is also Professor Emeritus at the University of Western Ontario. Contributors Kinnari Atit, John Bateman, Ruth Conroy Dalton, Ghislain Deslongchamps, Bonnie Dixon, Roger M. Downs, Daniel R. Montello, Christian Freksa, Michael F. Goodchild, Karl Grossner, Mary Hegarty, Scott R. Hinze, Christoph Hölscher, Alycia M. Hund, Donald G. Janelle, Sander Lestrade, Evie Malaia, Nora S. Newcombe, David N. Rapp, Thomas F. Shipley, Holger Schultheis, Mary Jane Shultz, Diana Sinton, Mike Stieff, Thora Tenbrink, Basil Tikoff, Dido Tsigaridi, David Waller, Ranxiao Frances Wang, Ronnie Wilbur, Kenneth C. Williamson, Vickie M. Williamson December — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 36 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02829-5

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COGNITIVE SCIENCE

PHILOSOPHY

cognitive science/education

philosophy/psychology

Processing Inaccurate Information

The Measure of Madness

Theoretical and Applied Perspectives from Cognitive Science and the Educational Sciences edited by David N. Rapp and Jason L. G. Braasch Our lives revolve around the acquisition of information. Sometimes the information we acquire—from other people, from books, or Interdisciplinary approaches from the media—is to identifying, understandwrong. Studies show ing, and remediating that people rely on such people’s reliance on misinformation, someinaccurate information. times even when they are aware that the information is inaccurate or invalid. And yet investigations of learning and knowledge acquisition largely ignore encounters with this sort of problematic material. This volume fills the gap, offering theoretical and empirical perspectives on the processing of misinformation and its consequences. The contributors, from cognitive science and education science, describe the behavioral consequences of relying on misinformation and outline possible remediations; discuss the cognitive activities that underlie encounters with inaccuracies, investigating why reliance occurs so readily; present theoretical and philosophical considerations of the nature of inaccuracies; and offer formal, empirically driven frameworks that detail when and how inaccuracies will lead to comprehension difficulties. David N. Rapp is Associate Professor of Cognitive Psychology at Northwestern University. Jason L. G. Braasch is Assistant Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the University of Memphis. Contributors Peter Afflerbach, Patricia A. Alexander, Jessica J. Andrews, Peter Baggetta, Jason L. G. Braasch, Ivar Bråten, M. Anne Britt, Rainer Bromme, Luke A. Buckland, Clark A. Chinn, Byeong-Young Cho, Sidney K. D’Mello, Andrea A. diSessa, Ullrich K. H. Ecker, Arthur C. Graesser, Douglas J. Hacker, Brenda Hannon, Xiangen Hu, Maj-Britt Isberner, Koto Ishiwa, Matthew E. Jacovina, Panayiota Kendeou, Jong-Yun Kim, Stephan Lewandowsky, Elizabeth J. Marsh, Ruth Mayo, Keith K. Millis, Edward J. O’Brien, Herre van Oostendorp, José Otero, David N. Rapp, Tobias Richter, Ronald W. Rinehart, Yaacov Schul, Colleen M. Seifert, Marc Stadtler, Brent Steffens, Helge I. Strømsø, Briony Swire, Sharda Umanath October — 7 x 9, 480 pp. — 23 illus. $50.00S/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02758-8

Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought Philip Gerrans In The Measure of Madness, Philip Gerrans offers a novel explanation of delusion. Over the last two decades, philosophers and cogniDrawing on the latest work tive scientists have invesin cognitive neuroscience, tigated explanations of a philosopher proposes delusion that interweave that delusions are narrative philosophical questions models that accommodate about the nature of beanomalous experiences. lief and rationality with findings from cognitive science and neurobiology. Gerrans argues that once we fully describe the computational and neural mechanisms that produce delusion and the way in which conscious experience and thought depend on them, the concept of delusional belief retains only a heuristic role in the explanation of delusion. Gerrans proposes that delusions are narrative models that accommodate anomalous experiences. He argues that delusions represent the operation of the Default Mode Network (DMN—the cognitive system that provides the raw material for humans’ inbuilt tendency to provide a subjectively compelling narrative context for anomalous or highly salient experiences—without the “supervision” of higher cognitive processes present in the nondelusional mind. This explanation illuminates the relationship among delusions, dreams, imaginative states, and irrational beliefs that have perplexed philosophers and psychologists for over a century. Going beyond the purely conceptual and the phenomenological, Gerrans brings together findings from different disciplines to trace the flow of information through the cognitive system, and applies these to case studies of typical schizophrenic delusions: misidentification, alien control, and thought insertion. Drawing on the interventionist model of causal explanation in philosophy of science and the predictive coding approach to the mind influential in computational neuroscience, Gerrans provides a model for integrative theorizing about the mind. Philip Gerrans is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Adelaide. August — 5 3/8 x 8, 296 pp. — 3 illus. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02755-7 Life and Mind series A Bradford Book

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PHILOSOPHY philosophy/cognitive science

philosophy

Minds without Meaning An Essay on the Content of Concepts

The Life of Reason or The Phases of Human Progress

Jerry A. Fodor and Zenon W. Pylyshyn

Volume VII, Book Three: Reason in Religion

In cognitive science, conceptual content is frequently understood as the “meaning” of a mental representation. This position Two prominent thinkers raises largely empirical argue for the possibility questions about what of a theory of concepts concepts are, what form that takes reference to they take in mental be concepts’ sole processes, and how semantic property. they connect to the world they are about. In Minds without Meaning, Jerry Fodor and Zenon Pylyshyn review some of the proposals put forward to answer these questions and find that none of them is remotely defensible. Fodor and Pylyshyn determine that all of these proposals share a commitment to a two-factor theory of conceptual content, which holds that the content of a concept consists of its sense together with its reference. Fodor and Pylyshyn argue instead that there is no conclusive case against the possibility of a theory of concepts that takes reference as their sole semantic property. Such a theory, if correct, would provide for the naturalistic account of content that cognitive science lacks—and badly needs. Fodor and Pylyshyn offer a sketch of how this theory might be developed into an account of perceptual reference that is broadly compatible with empirical findings and with the view that the mental processes effecting perceptual reference are largely preconceptual, modular, and encapsulated. Jerry A. Fodor is State of New Jersey Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University. He is the author of The Mind Doesn’t Work That Way: The Scope and Limits of Computational Psychology (MIT Press) and other books. Zenon W. Pylyshyn is Board of Governors Professor of Cognitive Science at Rutgers University. He is the author of Things and Places: How the Mind Connects with the World (MIT Press) and other books. August — 5 3/8 x 8, 216 pp. — 13 illus. $30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02790-8

Critical Edition

George Santayana edited by Marianne S. Wokeck and Martin A. Coleman introduction by James Gouinlock Santayana’s Life of Reason, published in five books from 1905 to 1906, ranks as one of the greatest works in modern philosophical The third of five books in naturalism. Acknowledgone of the greatest works ing the natural material in modern philosophical bases of human life, naturalism. Santayana traces the development of the human capacity for appreciating and cultivating the ideal. It is a capacity he exhibits as he articulates a continuity running through animal impulse, practical intelligence, and ideal harmony in reason, society, art, religion, and science. The work is an exquisitely rendered vision of human life lived sanely. In this third book, Santayana offers a naturalistic interpretation of religion. He believes that religion is ignoble if regarded as a truthful depiction of real beings and events; but regarded as poetry, it might be the greatest source of wisdom. Santayana analyzes four characteristic religious concerns: piety, spirituality, charity, and immortality. He is at his most profound in his discussion of immortality, arguing for an ideal immortality that does not eradicate the fear of death but offers a way for mortal man to share in immortal things and live in a manner that will bestow on his successors the imprint of his soul. This critical edition, volume VII of The Works of George Santayana, includes notes, textual commentary, lists of variants and emendations, bibliography, and other tools useful to Santayana scholars. The other four books of the volume include Reason in Common Sense, Reason in Society, Reason in Art, and Reason in Science. George Santayana (1863–1952) was a philosopher, poet, critic, and novelist. He is the author of The Last Puritan (MIT Press) and many other works. The MIT Press has published The Letters of George Santayana in eight books. August — 6 x 9, 400 pp. $75.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-02832-5 The Works of George Santayana, Volume VII

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PHILOSOPHY

PHILOSOPHY/LINGUISTICS

philosophy/psychiatry

philosophy/linguistics

Being Amoral

Ostension

Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

edited by Thomas Schramme

Chad Engelland

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely Investigations of specific unresolved. This volume moral dysfunctions or approaches psychopathy deficits that shed light on by considering the questhe capacities required for tion of what psychopaths moral agency. lack. The contributors investigate specific moral dysfunctions or deficits, shedding light on the capacities people need to be moral by examining cases of real people who seem to lack those capacities. The volume proceeds from the basic assumption that psychopathy is not characterized by a single deficit—for example, the lack of empathy, as some philosophers have proposed—but by a range of them. Thus contributors address specific deficits that include impairments in rationality, language, fellow-feeling, volition, evaluation, and sympathy. They also consider such issues in moral psychology as moral motivation, moral emotions, and moral character; and they examine social aspects of psychopathic behavior, including ascriptions of moral responsibility, justification of moral blame, and social and legal responses to people perceived to be dangerous. As this volume demonstrates, philosophers will be better equipped to determine what they mean by “the moral point of view” when they connect debates in moral philosophy to the psychiatric notion of psychopathy, which provides some guidance on what humans need in order be able to feel the normative pull of morality. And the empirical work done by psychiatrists and researchers in psychopathy can benefit from the conceptual clarifications offered by philosophy.

Ostension is bodily movement that manifests our engagement with things, whether we wish it to or not. Gestures, glances, facial An examination of the expressions: all betray role of ostension—the our interest in somebodily manifestation of thing. Ostension enables intention—in word learning, our first word learning, and an investigation of providing infants with the philosophical puzzles a prelinguistic way it poses. to grasp the meaning of words. Ostension is philosophically puzzling; it cuts across domains seemingly unbridgeable—public–private, inner–outer, mind–body. In this book, Chad Engelland offers a philosophical investigation of ostension and its role in word learning by infants. Engelland discusses ostension (distinguishing it from ostensive definition) in contemporary philosophy, examining accounts by Quine, Davidson, and Gadamer, and he explores relevant empirical findings in psychology, evolutionary anthropology, and neuroscience. He offers original studies of four representative historical thinkers whose work enriches the understanding of ostension: Wittgenstein, Merleau-Ponty, Augustine, and Aristotle. And, building on these philosophical and empirical foundations, Engelland offers a meticulous analysis of the philosophical issues raised by ostension. He examines the phenomenological problem of whether embodied intentions are manifest or inferred; the problem of what concept of mind allows ostensive cues to be intersubjectively available; the epistemological problem of how ostensive cues, notoriously ambiguous, can be correctly understood; and the metaphysical problem of the ultimate status of the key terms in his argument: animate movement, language, and mind. Finally, he argues for the centrality of manifestation in philosophy. Taking ostension seriously, he proposes, has far-reaching implications for thinking about language and the practice of philosophy.

Thomas Schramme is Professor of Philosophy at Hamburg University. Contributors Gwen Adshead, Piers Benn, John Deigh, Alan Felthous, Kerrin Jacobs, Heidi Maibom, Eric Matthews, Henning Sass, Thomas Schramme, Susie Scott, David Shoemaker, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Matthew Talbert September — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 1 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02791-5

Chad Engelland is Adjunct Assistant Professor of Philosophy at John Carroll University, Ohio. November — 6 x 9, 328 pp. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02809-7

Philosophical Psychopathology series

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55


LINGUISTICS linguistics

linguistics

Voice and v

Agreement and Its Failures

Lessons from Acehnese

Omer Preminger

Julie Anne Legate In Voice and v, Julie Anne Legate investigates the syntactic structure of voice, using Acehnese as the empirical starting point. An investigation of the A central claim is that syntactic structure of voice voice is encoded in a and v, using Acehnese functional projection, (Malayo-Polynesian) as the VoiceP, which is distinct empirical starting point. from, and higher than, vP. Legate further claims that VoiceP may be associated with phi-features that semantically restrict the external argument position but do not saturate it. Through minor variations in the properties of VoiceP, Legate explains a wide range of non-canonical voice constructions, including: agent-agreeing passives, grammatical object passives, impersonals, object voice constructions, and applicative voice in causatives. Her analysis draws on data from a typologically diverse set of languages, not only Malayo-Polynesian, but also Celtic, Scandinavian, and Slavic. Voice and v provides a detailed investigation into the syntactic structure of an understudied MalayoPolynesian language, and thereby reveals important insights for the theoretical analysis of voice and the verb phrase. Moreover, the work applies and broadens these insights to a range of related passive-like constructions crosslinguistically. Voice and v thus joins a handful of model volumes that enlist typological depth and breadth to further our development of modern linguistic theory. Julie Anne Legate is Associate Professor and Chair of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania. November — 6 x 9, 160 pp.

In this book, Omer Preminger investigates how the obligatory nature of predicate-argument agreement is enforced by the A novel proposal regarding grammar. Preminger predicate-argument argues that an empiriagreement that combines cally adequate theory detailed empirical investiga- of predicate-argument tion with rigorous agreement requires theoretical discussion. recourse to an operation, whose obligatoriness is a grammatical primitive not reducible to representational properties, but whose successful culmination is not enforced by the grammar. Preminger’s argument counters contemporary approaches that find the obligatoriness of predicateargument agreement enforced through representational means. The most prominent of these is Chomsky’s “interpretability”-based proposal, in which the obligatoriness of predicate-argument agreement is enforced through derivational time bombs. Preminger presents an empirical argument against contemporary approaches that seek to derive the obligatory nature of predicate-argument agreement exclusively from derivational time bombs. He offers instead an alternative account based on the notion of obligatory operations better suited to the facts. The crucial data involves utterances that inescapably involve attempted-but-failed agreement and are nonetheless fully grammatical. Preminger combines a detailed empirical investigation of agreement phenomena in the Kichean (Mayan) languages, Zulu (Bantu), Basque, Icelandic, and French with an extensive and rigorous theoretical exploration of the far-reaching consequences of these data. The result is a novel proposal that has profound implications for the formalism that the theory of grammar uses to derive obligatory processes and properties.

$30.00S/£20.95 paper 978-0-262-52660-9

Omer Preminger is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at Syracuse University.

$60.00S/£41.95 cloth 978-0-262-02814-1

September — 6 x 9, 320 pp.

Linguistic Inquiry Monographs series

$35.00S/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-52617-3 $70.00S/£48.95 cloth 978-0-262-02740-3 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs series

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LINGUISTICS

HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY

linguistics/cognitive science

history of technology/media

Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Low Power to the People

edited by Jeff MacSwan Codeswitching is the alternate use of two or more languages among bilingual interlocutors. It is distinct from borrowing, which Theoretically significant involves the phonologiwork on the grammar cal and morphological of codeswitching by the integration of a word leading researchers in from one language into the field. another. Codeswitching involves the mixing of phonologically distinctive elements into a single utterance: Mi hermano bought some ice cream. This volume examines the grammatical properties of languages mixed in this way, focusing on cases of language mixing within a sentence. It considers the grammar of codeswitching from a variety of perspectives, offering a collection of theoretically significant work by the leading researchers in the field. Each contribution investigates a particular grammatical phenomenon as it relates to bilingual codeswitching data, mostly from a Minimalist perspective. The contributors first offer detailed grammatical accounts of codeswitching, then consider phonological and morphological issues that arise from the question of whether codeswitching is permitted within words. Contributors additionally investigate the semantics and syntax of codeswitching and psycholinguistic issues in bilingual language processing. The data analyzed include codeswitching in Spanish–English, Korean–English, German–Spanish, Hindi–English, and Amerindian languages. Jeff MacSwan is Professor of Applied Linguistics in the Program in Language, Literacy, and Social Inquiry and of Language and Speech in the Program in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science at the University of Maryland. Contributors Shoba Bandi-Rao, Rakesh M. Bhatt, Sonia Colina, Marcel den Dikken, Anna Maria Di Sciullo, Daniel L. Finer, Kay E. González-Vilbazo, Sílvia Milian Hita, Jeff MacSwan, Pieter Muysken, Monica Moro Quintanilla, Erin O’Rourke, Ana Teresa Pérez-Leroux, Edward P. Stabler Jr., Gretchen Sunderman, Almeida Jacqueline Toribio

Pirates, Protest, and Politics in FM Radio Activism Christina Dunbar-Hester The United States ushered in a new era of small-scale broadcasting in 2000 when it began issuing low-power FM (LPFM) licenses for An examination of how noncommercial radio activists combine political stations around the advocacy and technical country. Over the next practice in their promodecade, several hundred tion of the emancipatory of these newly created potential of local low-power low-wattage stations FM radio. took to the airwaves. In Low Power to the People, Christina Dunbar-Hester describes the practices of an activist organization focused on LPFM during this era. Despite its origins as a pirate broadcasting collective, the group eventually shifted toward building and expanding regulatory access to new, licensed stations. These radio activists consciously cast radio as an alternative to digital utopianism, promoting an understanding of electronic media that emphasizes the local community rather than a global audience of Internet users. Dunbar-Hester focuses on how these radio activists impute emancipatory politics to the “old” medium of radio technology by promoting the idea that “microradio” broadcasting holds the potential to empower ordinary people at the local community level. The group’s methods combine political advocacy with a rare commitment to hands-on technical work with radio hardware, although the activists’ hands-on, inclusive ethos was hampered by persistent issues of race, class, and gender. Dunbar-Hester’s study of activism around an “old” medium offers broader lessons about how political beliefs are expressed through engagement with specific technologies. It also offers insight into contemporary issues in media policy that is particularly timely as the FCC issues a new round of LPFM licenses. Christina Dunbar-Hester teaches in Journalism and Media Studies in the School of Communication and Information at Rutgers University, where she is also affiliated faculty in Women’s and Gender Studies.

December — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 15 illus.

November — 6 x 9, 320 pp. — 25 illus.

$50.00S/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02789-2

$36.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02812-7 Inside Technology series

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HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY

SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY

history of technology/Latin American studies

science, technology, and society/game studies

Beyond Imported Magic

Developer’s Dilemma

Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

The Secret World of Videogame Creators

edited by Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes foreword by Marcos Cueto The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They chalStudies challenging the lenge the view that idea that technology and scientific ideas and science flow only from technology travel global North to South. unchanged from the global North to the global South—the view of technology as “imported magic.” They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors’ explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present. The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile. Eden Medina is Associate Professor of Informatics and Computing at Indiana University Bloomington and the author of Cybernetic Revolutionaries: Technology and Politics in Allende’s Chile. Ivan da Costa Marques is Associate Professor in the graduate school of História das Ciências e das Técnicas e Epistemologia (HCTE) at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Christina Holmes is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia.

Casey O’Donnell Rank-and-file game developers bring videogames from concept to product, and yet their work is almost invisible, hidden behind An examination of work, the famous names of the organization of work, publishers, executives, and the market forces that or console manufactursurround it, through the lens ers. In this book, Casey of the collaborative practice O’Donnell examines the of game development. creative collaborative practice of typical game developers. His investigation of why game developers work the way they do sheds light on our understanding of work, the organization of work, and the market forces that shape (and are shaped by) media industries. O’Donnell shows that the ability to play with the underlying systems—technical, conceptual, and social— is at the core of creative and collaborative practice, which is central to the New Economy. When access to underlying systems is undermined, so too is creative collaborative process. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in game studios in the United States and India, O’Donnell stakes out new territory empirically, conceptually, and methodologically. Mimicking the structure of videogames, the book is divided into worlds, within which are levels; and each world ends with a boss fight, a “rant” about lessons learned and tools mastered. O’Donnell describes the process of videogame development from pre-production through production, considering such aspects as experimental systems, “socially mandatory” overtime, and the perpetual startup machine that exhausts young, initially enthusiastic workers. He links work practice to broader systems of publishing, manufacturing, and distribution; introduces the concept of a privileged “actor-intra-internetwork”; and describes patent and copyright enforcement by industry and the state. Casey O’Donnell is Assistant Professor in the Department of Media and Information in the College of Communication Arts and Sciences at Michigan State University.

September — 7 x 9, 408 pp. — 24 illus.

November — 6 x 9, 320 pp. — 18 illus.

$35.00S/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-52620-3

$32.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-02819-6

$70.00S/£48.95 cloth 978-0-262-02745-8

Inside Technology series

Inside Technology series

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HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY history of technology/environment

Beyond the Big Ditch Politics, Ecology, and Infrastructure at the Panama Canal Ashley Carse In this innovative book, Ashley Carse traces the water that flows into and out from the Panama Canal to explain how global shipping is entangled with Panama’s cultural and physical landscapes. By following container ships as they travel downstream along maritime routes and tracing rivers upstream across the populated watershed that feeds the canal, he explores the politics of environmental management around a waterway that links faraway ports and markets to nearby farms, forests, cities, and rural communities. Carse draws on a wide range of ethnographic and archival material to show the social and ecological implications of transportation across Panama. The Canal moves ships over an aquatic staircase of locks that demand an enormous amount of fresh water from the surrounding region. Each passing ship drains 52 million gallons out to sea—a volume comparable to the daily water use of half a million Panamanians. Infrastructures like the Panama Canal, Carse argues, do not simply conquer nature; they rework ecologies in ways that serve specific political and economic priorities. Interweaving histories that range from the depopulation of the U.S. Canal Zone a century ago to road construction conflicts and water hyacinth invasions in canal waters, the book illuminates the human and nonhuman actors that have come together at the margins of the famous trade route. 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of the Panama Canal. Beyond the Big Ditch calls us to consider how infrastructures are materially embedded in place, producing environments with winners and losers.

A historical and ethnographic study of the conflict between global transportation and rural development as the two intersect at the Panama Canal. November 6 x 9, 288 pp. 65 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02811-0 Infrastructures series

Ashley Carse, an anthropologist, is currently a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Virginia.

Also available in this series

$60.00S/£41.95 cloth 978-0-262-02716-8

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HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY

SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY

history of technology/Soviet studies

science, technology, and society/environment

Producing Power

The Politics of Invisibility

The Pre-Chernobyl History of the Soviet Nuclear Industry

Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl

Sonja D. Schmid

Olga Kuchinskaya

The Chernobyl disaster has been variously ascribed to human error, reactor design flaws, and industry mismanagement. Six An examination of how former Chernobyl emthe technical choices, ployees were convicted social hierarchies, economic of criminal negligence; structures, and political they defended themdynamics shaped the Soviet selves by pointing to nuclear industry leading up reactor design issues. to Chernobyl. Other observers blamed the Soviet style of ideologically driven economic and industrial management. In Producing Power, Sonja Schmid draws on interviews with veterans of the Soviet nuclear industry and extensive research in Russian archives as she examines these alternate accounts. Rather than pursue one “definitive” explanation, she investigates how each of these narratives makes sense in its own way and demonstrates that each implies adherence to a particular set of ideas—about high-risk technologies, human-machine interactions, organizational methods for ensuring safety and productivity, and even about the legitimacy of the Soviet state. She also shows how these attitudes shaped, and were shaped by, the Soviet nuclear industry from its very beginnings. Schmid explains that Soviet experts established nuclear power as a driving force of social, not just technical, progress. She examines the Soviet nuclear industry’s dual origins in weapons and electrification programs, and she traces the emergence of nuclear power experts as a professional community. Schmid also fundamentally reassesses the design choices for nuclear power reactors in the shadow of the Cold War’s arms race. Schmid’s account helps us understand how and why a complex sociotechnical system broke down. Chernobyl, while unique and specific to the Soviet experience, can also provide valuable lessons for contemporary nuclear projects.

Before Fukushima, the most notorious large-scale nuclear accident the world had seen was Chernobyl in 1986. The fallout from Lessons from the massive Chernobyl covered vast Chernobyl nuclear accident areas in the Northern about how we deal with Hemisphere, especially modern hazards that are in Europe. Belarus, at largely imperceptible. the time a Soviet republic, suffered heavily: nearly a quarter of its territory was covered with long-lasting radionuclides. Yet the damage from the massive fallout was largely imperceptible; contaminated communities looked exactly like noncontaminated ones. It could be known only through constructed representations of it. In The Politics of Invisibility, Olga Kuchinskaya explores how we know what we know about Chernobyl, describing how the consequences of a nuclear accident were made invisible. Her analysis sheds valuable light on how we deal with other modern hazards—toxins or global warming—that are largely imperceptible to the human senses. Kuchinskaya describes the production of invisibility of Chernobyl’s consequences in Belarus—practices that limit public attention to radiation and make its health effects impossible to observe. Just as mitigating radiological contamination requires infrastructural solutions, she argues, the production and propagation of invisibility also involves infrastructural efforts, from redefining the scope and nature of the accident’s consequences to reshaping research and protection practices. Kuchinskaya finds vast fluctuations in recognition, tracing varyingly successful efforts to conceal or reveal Chernobyl’s consequences at different levels—among affected populations, scientists, government, media, and international organizations. The production of invisibility, she argues, is a function of power relations. Olga Kuchinskaya is Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Pittsburgh.

Sonja D. Schmid is Assistant Professor in the Department of Science and Technology in Society at Virginia Tech.

September — 6 x 9, 248 pp. — 6 illus

February — 6 x 9, 384 pp. — 15 illus.

$28.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-0-262-02769-4

$38.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-02827-1

Infrastructures series

Inside Technology series

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FALL 2014

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HISTORY OF SCIENCE

MEDIA STUDIES

history of science/Cold War studies

media studies/communications/sociology

Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets!

edited by Naomi Oreskes and John Krige

Transmedia Organizing and the Immigrant Rights Movement

The Cold War period saw a dramatic expansion of state-funded science and technology research. Government and military Investigations of how the patronage shaped global Cold War shaped Cold War technosciennational scientific and tific practices, impostechnological practices ing methods that were in fields from biomedicine project oriented, team to rocket science. based, and subject to national-security restrictions. These changes affected not just the arms race and the space race but also research in agriculture, biomedicine, computer science, ecology, meteorology, and other fields. This volume examines science and technology in the context of the Cold War, considering whether the new institutions and institutional arrangements that emerged globally constrained technoscientific inquiry or offered greater opportunities for it. The contributors find that whatever the particular science, and whatever the political system in which that science was operating, the knowledge that was produced bore some relation to the goals of the nation-state. These goals varied from nation to nation; weapons research was emphasized in the United States and the Soviet Union, for example, but in France and China scientific independence and self-reliance dominated. The contributors also consider to what extent the changes to science and technology practices in this era were produced by the specific politics, anxieties, and aspirations of the Cold War. Naomi Oreskes is Professor of the History of Science and Affiliated Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University. John Krige is Kranzberg Professor in the School of History, Technology, and Society at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Contributors Elena Aronova, Erik M. Conway, Angela N. H. Creager, David E. Kaiser, John Krige, Naomi Oreskes, George Reisch, Sigrid Schmalzer, Sonja D. Schmid, Matthew Shindell, Asif A. Siddiqi, Zuoyue Wang, Benjamin Wilson January — 7 x 9, 464 pp. — 23 illus.

Sasha Costanza-Chock foreword by Manuel Castells For decades, social movements vied for attention from the mainstream mass media—newspapers, radio, and television. Today, some An exploration of social say that social media movement media practices power social movements, in an increasingly complex from Iran’s so-called media ecology, through “Twitter revolution” to richly detailed cases of the supposed beginnings immigrant rights activism. of the Egyptian revolution on a Facebook page. Yet, as Sasha Costanza-Chock reports, activists and organizers agree that social media enhances, rather than replaces, face-to-face organizing. The revolution will be tweeted, but tweets alone do not the revolution make. In Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets! CostanzaChock traces a broader social movement media ecology. Through a richly detailed account of daily media practices in the immigrant rights movement, he argues that social movements engage in transmedia organizing. Despite the current spotlight on digital media, he finds, social movement media practices tend to be cross-platform, participatory, and linked to action. Immigrant rights organizers leverage social media creatively, alongside a range of tools from posters and street theater to Spanish-language radio, print, and television. Drawing on extensive interviews, workshops, and media organizing projects, Costanza-Chock presents case studies of transmedia organizing in the immigrant rights movement between 2006 and 2012. Chapters focus on the mass protests against the anti-immigrant Sensenbrenner Bill; coverage of police brutality against peaceful activists; efforts to widen access to digital media tools and skills for low-wage immigrant workers; paths to participation in DREAM activism; and the implications of professionalism for transmedia organizing. These cases show us how transmedia organizing helps strengthen movement identity, win political and economic victories, and transform broader consciousness.

$37.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-52653-1

Sasha Costanza-Chock is Assistant Professor of Civic Media in the Comparative Media Studies/Writing Department at MIT.

$74.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-02795-3

November — 6 x 9, 264 pp. — 16 illus.

Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology

$30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02820-2

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SCIENCE/MUSIC music/science

Music and the Making of Modern Science Peter Pesic

A wide-ranging exploration of how music has influenced science through the ages, from fifteenth-century cosmology to twentieth-century string theory. August 8 x 9, 360 pp. 143 illus. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02727-4

In the natural science of ancient Greece, music formed the meeting place between numbers and perception; for the next two millennia, Peter Pesic tells us in Music and the Making of Modern Science, “liberal education” connected music with arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy within a fourfold study, the quadrivium. Pesic argues provocatively that music has had a formative effect on the development of modern science—that music has been not just a charming accompaniment to thought but a conceptual force in its own right. Pesic explores a series of episodes in which music influenced science, moments in which prior developments in music arguably affected subsequent aspects of natural science. He describes encounters between harmony and fifteenth-century cosmological controversies, between musical initiatives and irrational numbers, between vibrating bodies and emergent electromagnetism. He offers lively accounts of how Newton applied the musical scale to define the colors in the spectrum; how Euler and others applied musical ideas to develop the wave theory of light; and how a harmonium prepared Max Planck to find a quantum theory that reengaged the mathematics of vibration. Taken together, these cases document the peculiar power of music—its autonomous force as a stream of experience, capable of stimulating insights different from those mediated by the verbal and the visual. An innovative e-book edition available for iOS devices will allow sound examples to be played by a touch and shows the score in a moving line. Peter Pesic is Tutor and Musician-inResidence at St. John’s College, Santa Fe. He is the author of Labyrinth: A Search for the Hidden Meaning of Science; Seeing Double: Shared Identities in Physics, Philosophy, and Literature; Abel’s Proof: An Essay on the Sources and Meaning of Mathematical Unsolvability; and Sky in a Bottle, all published by the MIT Press. “This is a deeply learned and splendidly written book, which stakes out an exciting path through the history of science. With unique erudition and breadth of vision, Peter Pesic uncovers the extent to which modern physics has been guided by the ancient idea of a world harmony governed by mathematics. Here sound and musical consonance—all too often treated as minor areas of study—emerge as crucial phenomena driving science toward major discoveries.” —Daniel Heller-Roazen, Arthur W. Marks ’19 Professor of Comparative Literature and the Council of the Humanities, Princeton University, and author of The Fifth Hammer: Pythagoras and the Disharmony of the World

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EDUCATION education/computer science

media/education

Connected Code

We Used to Wait

Why Children Need to Learn Programming Yasmin B. Kafai and Quinn Burke foreword by Mitchel Resnick Coding, once considered an arcane craft practiced by solitary techies, is now recognized by educators and theorists as a Why every child needs crucial skill, even a to learn to code: the shift new literacy, for all from “computational children. Programming thinking” to computational is often promoted in participation. K–12 schools as a way to encourage “computational thinking”—which has now become the umbrella term for understanding what computer science has to contribute to reasoning and communicating in an ever-increasingly digital world. In Connected Code, Yasmin Kafai and Quinn Burke argue that although computational thinking represents an excellent starting point, the broader conception of “computational participation” better captures the twenty-first-century reality. Computational participation moves beyond the individual to focus on wider social networks and a DIY culture of digital “making.” Kafai and Burke describe contemporary examples of computational participation: students who code not for the sake of coding but to create games, stories, and animations to share; the emergence of youth programming communities; the practices and ethical challenges of remixing (rather than starting from scratch); and the move beyond stationary screens to programmable toys, tools, and textiles. Yasmin Kafai is Professor of Learning Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education. She is the coauthor of Connected Play: Tweens in a Virtual World and the lead editor of Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat: New Perspectives on Gender and Gaming, both published by the MIT Press, and The Computer Clubhouse: Constructionism and Creativity in Youth Communities. Quinn Burke is Assistant Professor in the Department of Teacher Education at the College of Charleston. August — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 24 illus. $25.00S/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02775-5

Music Videos and Creative Literacy Rebecca Kinskey Music videos were once something broadcast by MTV and received on our TV screens. Today, music videos are searched for, downAn investigation of loaded, and viewed on music videos as a form, a our computer screens— practice, and a literacy. or produced in our living rooms and uploaded to social media. In We Used to Wait, Rebecca Kinskey examines this shift. She investigates music video as a form, originally a product created by professionals to be consumed by nonprofessionals; as a practice, increasingly taken up by amateurs; and as a literacy, to be experimented with and mastered. Kinskey offers a short history of the music video as a communicative, cultural form, describing the rise and fall of MTV’s Total Request Live and the music video’s resurgence on YouTube. She examines recent shifts in viewing and production practice, tracing the trajectory of music video director Hiro Murai from film student and dedicated amateur in the 1990s to music video professional in the 2000s. Investigating music video as a literacy, she looks at OMG! Cameras Everywhere, a nonprofit filmmaking summer camp run by a group of young music video directors. The OMG! campers and counselors provide a case study in how cultural producers across several generations have blurred the line between professional and amateur. Their everyday practices remake the notion of literacy, not only by their collaborative and often informal efforts to impart and achieve literacy but also by expanding the definition of what is considered a valuable activity, worthy of dedicated, pleasurable pursuit. Rebecca Kinskey is a writer and video producer in Los Angeles. November — 5 3/8 x 8, 120 pp. — 8 illus. $14.00S/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52692-0 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

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The Interconnections Collection

The In te r connecti ons Collecti on In an era of increasing interconnectedness, knowledge—and power—belongs to those who understand the nature of the interdependent systems that organize the world—and have the skills to change those systems. The books in the Interconnections collection offer K–12 educators a curriculum toolkit for supporting systems thinking with a design-based approach to learning that aligns with current Common Core standards and is relevant to youth interests in digital culture. Each book teaches systems thinking concepts and skills in the context of a specific digital media platform and includes an average of six design challenges or learning projects. (To complete all the challenges in one book takes between 24 and 40+ hours.) This innovative, design-based approach was developed collaboratively by designers and educators from Indiana University’s Creativity Labs, Institute of Play, the Digital Youth Network, and the National Writing Project.

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education education/digital media

Short Circuits

Script Changers

Crafting e-Puppets with DIY Electronics

Digital Storytelling with Scratch

Kylie Peppler, Katie Salen Tekinbaş, Melissa Gresalfi, and Rafi Santo

Kylie Peppler, Rafi Santo, Melissa Gresalfi, and Katie Salen Tekinbaş

Short Circuits offers students opportunities to undertake physical computing projects, providing tools and methods for creating electronic puppets. Students learn how to incorporate microprocessors into everyday materials and program them with Modkit, an accessible DIY electronics toolkit.

Script Changers shows the ways that stories offer a lens for seeing the world as a series of systems. It provides opportunities for students to create interactive and animated stories about creating positive change in their communities. These projects utilize the Scratch visual programming environment.

September — 8 x 9, 432 pp. — 243 color illus., 18 tables

September — 8 x 9, 368 pp. — 260 color illus.

$30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02783-0

$30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02782-3

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

Soft Circuits

Gaming the System

Crafting e-Fashion with DIY Electronics

Designing with Gamestar Mechanic

Kylie Peppler, Melissa Gresalfi, Katie Salen Tekinbaş, and Rafi Santo

Katie Salen Tekinbaş, Melissa Gresalfi, Kylie Peppler, and Rafi Santo

Soft Circuits introduces students to the world of wearable technology. Using Modkit, an accessible DIY electronics toolkit, students learn to create e-textile cuffs, “electrici-tee” shirts, and solar-powered backpacks. Students also learn the importance of one component to the whole—how, for example, changing the structure of LED connections immediately affects the number of LEDs that light up.

Gaming the System demonstrates the nature of games as systems, how game designers need to think in terms of complex interactions of game elements and rules, and how to identify systems concepts in the design process. The activities use Gamestar Mechanic, an online game design environment with a systems thinking focus. September — 8 x 9, 288 pp. — 130 color illus.

September — 8 x 9, 464 pp. — 291 color illus.

$30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02781-6

$30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02784-7

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

Kylie Peppler is Assistant Professor in the Learning Sciences Program and Director of the Creativity Labs at Indiana University Bloomington. Melissa Gresalfi is Associate Professor of Mathematics Education and Learning Sciences at Vanderbilt University. Katie Salen Tekinbaş is Professor in the School of Computing and Digital Media at DePaul University and Executive Director of Institute of Play. Rafi Santo is a doctoral student in the Learning Sciences Program at Indiana University Bloomington.

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BUSINESS public policy/business/big data

Traversing Digital Babel Information, E-Government, and Exchange Alon Peled

A groundbreaking approach to information sharing among government agencies: using selective incentives to “nudge” them to exchange information assets. September 6 x 9, 272 pp. 9 color illus., 2 black & white illus. $30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02787-8 Information Policy series

The computer systems of government agencies are notoriously complex. New technologies are piled on older technologies, creating layers that call to mind an archaeological dig. Obsolete programming languages and closed mainframe designs offer barriers to integration with other agency systems. Worldwide, these unwieldy systems waste billions of dollars, keep citizens from receiving services, and even—as seen in interoperability failures on 9/11 and during Hurricane Katrina—cost lives. In this book, Alon Peled offers a groundbreaking approach for enabling information sharing among public sector agencies: using selective incentives to “nudge” agencies to exchange information assets. Peled proposes the establishment of a Public Sector Information Exchange (PSIE), through which agencies would trade information. After describing public sector information sharing failures and the advantages of incentivized sharing, Peled examines the U.S. Open Data program, and the gap between its rhetoric and results. He offers examples of creative public sector information sharing in the United States, Australia, Brazil, the Netherlands, and Iceland. Peled argues that information is a contested commodity, and draws lessons from the trade histories of other contested commodities—including cadavers for anatomical dissection in nineteenth-century Britain. He explains how agencies can exchange information as a contested commodity through a PSIE program tailored to an individual country’s needs, and he describes the legal, economic, and technical foundations of such a program. Touching on issues from data ownership to freedom of information, Peled offers pragmatic advice to politicians, bureaucrats, technologists, and citizens for revitalizing critical information flows. Alon Peled is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Contents The Information Sharing Crisis That Does Not Go Away Coerce, Consent, and Coax—Existing Information Sharing Approaches Why Open Data Finds Closed Agencies’ Doors How Data Trade Opens Agencies’ Closed Doors Public Sector Data as a Contested Commodity The Public Sector Information Exchange (PSIE) Four PSIE Challenges A Political Strategy to Promote PSIE

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BUSINESS

NEW MEDIA

law/business

new media/sound/philosophy

The Microsoft Antitrust Cases

The Rhythmic Event

Competition Policy for the Twenty-first Century

Art, Media, and the Sonic

Andrew I. Gavil and Harry First For more than two decades, the U.S. Department of Justice, various states, the European Commission, and many private litigants A comprehensive account pursued antitrust actions of the decades-long, against the tech giant multiple antitrust actions Microsoft. In investigatagainst Microsoft and an ing and prosecuting assessment of the Microsoft, federal and effectiveness of antitrust state prosecutors were law in the digital age. playing their traditional role of reining in a corporate power intent on eliminating competition. Seen from another perspective, however, the government’s prosecution of Microsoft—in which it deployed the century-old Sherman Antitrust Act in the volatile and evolving global business environment of the digital era—was unprecedented. In this book, two experts on competition policy offer a comprehensive account of the multiple antitrust actions against Microsoft—from beginning to end— and an assessment of the effectiveness of antitrust law in the twenty-first century. Gavil and First describe in detail the cases that the Department of Justice and the states initiated in 1998, accusing Microsoft of obstructing browser competition and perpetuating its Windows monopoly. They cover the private litigation that followed, and the European Commission cases decided in 2004 and 2009. They also consider broader issues of competition policy in the age of globalization, addressing the adequacy of today’s antitrust laws, their enforcement by multiple parties around the world, and the difficulty of obtaining effective remedies—all lessons learned from the Microsoft cases. Andrew I. Gavil is currently Director of the Office of Policy Planning at the Federal Trade Commission, on leave from Howard University Law School, where he is Professor of Law. Harry First is Charles L. Denison Professor of Law at New York University School of Law and Director of its Competition, Innovation, and Information Law Program. November — 6 x 9, 480 pp.

Eleni Ikoniadou The sonic has come to occupy center stage in the arts and humanities. In the age of computational media, sound and its An investigation into subcultures can offer the affective modes of more dynamic ways of perception, temporality, accounting for bodies, and experience enabled movements, and events. by experimental new In The Rhythmic Event, media sonic art. Eleni Ikoniadou explores traces and potentialities prompted by the sonic but leading to contingent and unknowable forces outside the periphery of sound. She investigates the ways in which recent digital art experiments that mostly engage with the virtual dimensions of sound suggest alternate modes of perception, temporality, and experience. Ikoniadou draws on media theory, digital art, and philosophical and technoscientific ideas to work toward the articulation of a media philosophy that rethinks the media event as abstract and affective. The Rhythmic Event seeks to define the digital media artwork as an assemblage of sensations that outlive the space, time, and bodies that constitute and experience it. Ikoniadou proposes that the notion of rhythm— detached, however, from the idea of counting and regularity—can unlock the imperceptible, aesthetic potential enveloping the artwork. She speculates that addressing the event on the level of rhythm affords us a glimpse into the nonhuman modalities of thought proper to the digital and hidden in the gaps between strict definitions (e.g., human/sonic/digital) and false dichotomies (e.g., virtual/real). Operating at the margins of perception, the rhythmic artwork summons an obscure zone of sonic thought, which considers the event according to its power to become. Eleni Ikoniadou is a Lecturer in Media in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Kingston University, London. August — 6 x 9, 136 pp. — 10 illus. $25.00S/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02764-9 Technologies of Lived Abstraction series

$50.00S/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02776-2

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NEW MEDIA new media/art

new media/sound studies

The Practice of Light

The Tone of Our Times

A Genealogy of Visual Technologies from Prints to Pixels

Sound, Sense, Economy, and Ecology

Sean Cubitt Light is the condition of all vision, and the visual media are our most important explorations of this condition. The history An account of Western of visual technologies visual technologies since the reveals a centuries-long Renaissance traces a history project aimed at controlof the increasing control of ling light. In this book, light’s intrinsic excess. Sean Cubitt traces a genealogy of the dominant visual media of the twenty-first century—digital video, film, and photography—through a history of materials and practices that begins with the inventions of intaglio printing and oil painting. Attending to the specificities of inks and pigments, cathode ray tubes, color film, lenses, screens, and chips, Cubitt argues that we have moved from a hierarchical visual culture focused on semantic values to a more democratic but value-free numerical commodity. Cubitt begins with the invisibility of black, then builds from line to surface to volume and space. He describes Rembrandt’s attempts to achieve pure black by tricking the viewer and the rise of geometry as a governing principle in visual technology, seen in Dürer, Hogarth, and Disney, among others. He finds the origins of central features of digital imaging in nineteenth-century printmaking; examines the clash between the physics and psychology of color; explores the representation of space in shadows, layers, and projection; discusses modes of temporal order in still photography, cinema, television, and digital video; and considers the implications of a political aesthetics of visual technology. Sean Cubitt is Professor of Film and Television at Goldsmiths, University of London. He is the author of The Cinema Effect and the coeditor of Relive: Media Art Histories, both published by the MIT Press. October — 7 x 9, 328 pp. 11 color plates, 28 black & white illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02765-6

Frances Dyson In this wide-ranging book, Frances Dyson examines the role of sound in the development of economic and ecological systems that Sound, tone, music, voice, are today in crisis. Conand noise as forms of necting early theories sonority through which of harmony, cosmology, our current economic and and theological doctrine ecological crises can be to contemporary media understood. and governance, Dyson uses sound, tone, music, voice, and noise as forms of sonority through which the crises of “eco” can be read. The sonic environment, Dyson argues, is fundamental to both sense and sensibility, and its delimitation has contributed to the “senselessness” of a world now caught between spiraling debt and environmental degradation. Dyson draws on scenes, historical moments, artworks, and artistic and theoretical practice to situate the reverberative atmosphere that surrounds and sustains us. From Pythagoras’s hammer and the transmutation of music into mathematics, to John Cage’s famous experience in the anechoic chamber, to the relocation of the stock market from the street to the computer screen, to Occupy Wall Street’s “people’s microphone”: Dyson finds policies and practices of exclusion. The sound of Pythagoras’s forge and the rabble of the market have been muted, rearticulated, and transformed, Dyson argues, through the monotones of media, the racket of financialization, and the gibberish of political speech. Informed by contemporary sound art, philosophy, media and sociopolitical theory, The Tone of Our Times offers insights into present crises that are relevant to a broader understanding of how space, the aural, and listening have shaped and continue to shape the world we live in. Frances Dyson is Emeritus Professor of Cinema and Technocultural Studies at the University of California, Davis, and Visiting Professorial Fellow at the National Institute for Experimental Arts, University of New South Wales. November — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 4 illus.

A Leonardo Book

$35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02808-0 A Leonardo Book

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NEW MEDIA

DESIGN

new media/visual culture

design/innovation

Biopolitical Screens

Making Futures

Image, Power, and the Neoliberal Brain

Marginal Notes on Innovation, Design, and Democracy

Pasi Väliaho In Biopolitical Screens, Pasi Väliaho charts and conceptualizes the imagery that composes our affective and conceptual reality under An investigation of the twenty-first-century aesthetics and politics of capitalism. Väliaho new visual media under investigates the role twenty-first-century capital- screen media play in ism, from console games the networks that today to virtual reality to video harness human minds installation art. and bodies—the ways that images animated on console game platforms, virtual reality technologies, and computer screens capture human potential by plugging it into arrangements of finance, war, and the consumption of entertainment. Drawing on current neuroscience and political and economic thought, Väliaho argues that these images work to shape the atomistic individuals who populate the neoliberal world of accumulation and war. Väliaho bases his argument on a broad notion of the image as something both visible and sayable, detectable in various screen platforms but also in scientific perception and theoretical ideas. After laying out the conceptual foundations of the book, Väliaho offers focused and detailed investigations of the current visual economy. He considers the imagery of firstperson shooter video games as tools of “neuropower”; explores the design and construction of virtual reality technologies to treat post-traumatic stress disorder in veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan; and examines three instances of video installation art that have the power to disrupt the dominant regime of sensibility rather than reinforce it. Pasi Väliaho is Senior Lecturer in Film and Screen Studies at Goldsmiths, University of London. He is the author of Mapping the Moving Image: Gesture, Thought, and Cinema circa 1900. August — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 16 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02747-2 A Leonardo Book

edited by Pelle Ehn, Elisabet Nilsson, and Richard Topgaard Innovation and design need not be about the search for a killer app. Innovation and design can start in people’s everyday Experiments in innovation, activities. They can design, and democracy that encompass local services, search not for a killer app cultural production, but for a collaboratively arenas for public discreated sustainable future. course, or technological platforms. The approach is participatory, collaborative, and engaging, with users and consumers acting as producers and creators. It is concerned less with making new things than with making a socially sustainable future. This book describes experiments in innovation, design, and democracy, undertaken largely by grassroots organizations, non-governmental organizations, and multi-ethnic working-class neighborhoods. These stories challenge the dominant perception of what constitutes successful innovations. They recount efforts at social innovation, opening the production process, challenging the creative class, and expanding the public sphere. The wide range of cases considered include a collective of immigrant women who perform collaborative services, the development of an open-hardware movement, grassroots journalism, and hip-hop performances on city buses. They point to the possibility of democratized innovation that goes beyond solo entrepreneurship and crowdsourcing in the service of corporations to include multiple futures imagined and made locally by often-marginalized publics. Pelle Ehn has been a member of the participatory design research community for many years. He is a coauthor of Work-Oriented Design of Computer Artifacts, Design Things (MIT Press), and other books. Elisabet Nilsson is a media, games, and learning researcher. Richard Topgaard is a digital media strategist. Topgaard and Nilsson coedited Prototyping Futures. Ehn, Topgaard, and Nilsson are part of Malmö University’s “digital Bauhaus.” December — 7 x 9, 352 pp. — 65 illus. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02793-9

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INFORMATION SCIENCE

GAME STUDIES

information science/library science

game studies

Indexing It All

The Gameful World

The Subject in the Age of Documentation, Information, and Data

Approaches, Issues, Applications

Ronald E. Day In this book, Ronald Day offers a critical history of the modern tradition of documentation. Focusing on the documentary A critical history of the index (understood as a modern tradition of mode of social positiondocumentation, tracing ing), and drawing on the representation of the work of the French individuals and groups in documentalist Suzanne the form of documents, Briet, Day explores information, and data. the understanding and uses of indexicality. He examines the transition as indexes went from being explicit professional structures that mediated users and documents to being implicit infrastructural devices used in everyday information and communication acts. Doing so, he also traces three epistemic eras in the representation of individuals and groups, first in the forms of documents, then information, then data. Day investigates five cases from the modern tradition of documentation. He considers the sociotechnical instrumentalism of Paul Otlet, “the father of European documentation” (contrasting it to the hermeneutic perspective of Martin Heidegger); the shift from documentation to information science and the accompanying transformation of persons and texts into users and information; social media’s use of algorithms, further subsuming persons and texts; attempts to build android robots—to embody human agency within an information system that resembles a human being; and social “big data” as a technique of neoliberal governance that employs indexing and analytics for purposes of surveillance. Finally, Day considers the status of critique and judgment at a time when people and their rights of judgment are increasingly mediated, displaced, and replaced by modern documentary techniques. Ronald E. Day is Associate Professor in the Department of Information and Library Science in the School of Informatics and Computing at Indiana University Bloomington. October — 6 x 9, 184 pp. — 1 illus. $30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02821-9 History and Foundations of Information Science series

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edited by Steffen P. Walz and Sebastian Deterding What if our whole life were turned into a game? What sounds like the premise of a science fiction novel is today becoming reality as What if every part of our “gamification.” As more everyday life was turned into and more organizations, a game? The implications practices, products, and of “gamification.” services are infused with elements from games and play to make them more engaging, we are witnessing a veritable ludification of culture. Yet while some celebrate gamification as a possible answer to mankind’s toughest challenges and others condemn it as a marketing ruse, the question remains: what are the ramifications of this “gameful world”? Can game design energize society and individuals, or will algorithmic incentive systems become our new robot overlords? In this book, more than fifty luminaries from academia and industry examine the key challenges of gamification and the ludification of culture—including Ian Bogost, John M. Carroll, Bernie deKoven, Bill Gaver, Jane McGonigal, Frank Lantz, Jesse Schell, Kevin Slavin, McKenzie Wark, and Eric Zimmerman. They outline major disciplinary approaches, including rhetorics, economics, psychology, and aesthetics; tackle issues like exploitation and privacy; and survey main application domains such as health, education, design, sustainability and social media. Steffen P. Walz is an Associate Professor and Director of the Games and Experimental Entertainment Laboratory (GEElab) in the School of Communication at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, and Director of RMIT’s GEElab Europe in Karlsruhe, Germany. Sebastian Deterding is Visiting Professor at the Interactive Games and Media Program and MAGIC Center at Rochester Institute of Technology, and associate at the international design agency Hubbub. January — 7 x 9, 728 pp. — 82 illus. $50.00S/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02800-4


GAME STUDIES

BIOETHICS

game studies/philosophy

bioethics/law

Values at Play in Digital Games

Human Subjects Research Regulation

Mary Flanagan and Helen Nissenbaum All games express and embody human values, providing a compelling arena in which we play out beliefs and ideas. “Big ideas” A theoretical and practical such as justice, equity, guide to integrating human honesty, and cooperavalues into the conception tion—as well as other and design of digital games. kinds of ideas, including violence, exploitation, and greed—may emerge in games whether designers intend them or not. In this book, Mary Flanagan and Helen Nissenbaum present Values at Play, a theoretical and practical framework for identifying socially recognized moral and political values in digital games. Values at Play can also serve as a guide to designers who seek to implement values in the conception and design of their games. After developing a theoretical foundation for their proposal, Flanagan and Nissenbaum provide detailed examinations of selected games, demonstrating the many ways in which values are embedded in them. They introduce the Values at Play heuristic, a systematic approach for incorporating values into the game design process. Interspersed among the book’s chapters are texts by designers who have put Values at Play into practice by accepting values as a design constraint like any other, offering a real-world perspective on the design challenges involved. Mary Flanagan is Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Professor in Digital Humanities, Director of the Tiltfactor game research laboratory, and Professor in the Department of Film and Media Studies at Dartmouth College. She is the author of Critical Play: Radical Game Design (MIT Press). Helen Nissenbaum is Professor of Media, Culture, and Communication and Computer Science at New York University, where she is Director of the Information Law Institute. She is the author of Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life. September — 6 x 9, 224 pp. — 56 illus. $25.00S/£17.95 cloth 978-0-262-02766-3

Perspectives on the Future edited by I. Glenn Cohen and Holly Fernandez Lynch The current framework for the regulation of human subjects research emerged largely in reaction to the horrors of Nazi human Experts from different experimentation, redisciplines offer novel ideas vealed at the Nuremburg for improving research trials, and the Tuskegee oversight and protection syphilis study, conducted of human subjects. by U.S. government researchers from 1932 to 1972. This framework, combining elements of paternalism with efforts to preserve individual autonomy, has remained fundamentally unchanged for decades. Yet, as this book documents, it has significant flaws—including its potential to burden important research, overprotect some subjects and inadequately protect others, generate inconsistent results, and lag behind developments in how research is conducted. Invigorated by the U.S. government’s first steps toward change in over twenty years, Human Subjects Research Regulation brings together the leading thinkers in this field from ethics, law, medicine, and public policy to discuss how to make the system better. The result is a collection of novel ideas—some incremental, some radical—for the future of research oversight and human subject protection. After reviewing the history of U.S. research regulations, the contributors consider such topics as risk-based regulation; research involving vulnerable populations (including military personnel, children, and prisoners); the relationships among subjects, investigators, sponsors, and institutional review boards; privacy, especially regarding biospecimens and tissue banking; and the possibility of fundamental paradigm shifts. I. Glenn Cohen is Professor at Harvard Law School, where he is also Faculty Codirector of the Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics. Holly Fernandez Lynch is Executive Director of the Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics and author of Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care: An Institutional Compromise (MIT Press). September — 6 x 9, 392 pp. $33.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-52621-0 $66.00S/£45.95 cloth 978-0-262-02746-5 Basic Bioethics series

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BIOETHICS bioethics/health policy

Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word Setting Limits on Healthcare Philip M. Rosoff

A provocative argument that the best way to deliver high-quality healthcare to Americans is to institute a comprehensive and fair system of rationing. August 6 x 9, 336 pp. 2 illus. $34.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-02749-6 Basic Bioethics series

Most people would agree that the healthcare system in the United States is a mess. Healthcare accounts for a larger percentage of gross domestic product in the United States than in any other industrialized nation, but health outcomes do not reflect this enormous investment. In this book, Philip Rosoff offers a provocative proposal for providing quality healthcare to all Americans and controlling the out-of-control costs that threaten the economy. He argues that rationing—often associated in the public’s mind with such negatives as unplugging ventilators, death panels, and socialized medicine—is not a dirty word. A comprehensive, centralized, and fair system of rationing is the best way to distribute the benefits of modern medicine equitably while achieving significant cost savings. Rosoff points out that certain forms of rationing already exist when resources are scarce and demand high: the organ transplant system, for example, and the distribution of drugs during a shortage. He argues that if we incorporate certain key features from these systems, healthcare rationing would be fair—and acceptable politically. Rosoff considers such topics as fairness, decisions about which benefits should be subject to rationing, and whether to compensate those who are denied scarce resources. Finally, he offers a detailed discussion of what an effective and equitable healthcare rationing system would look like. Philip M. Rosoff, a practicing physician, is Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine at Duke University Medical Center, where he is also a member scholar of the Trent Center for Bioethics, Humanities, and History of Medicine, and Director of Clinical Ethics at Duke University Hospital “Dr. Philip M. Rosoff has taken on one of the most confused and difficult issues in healthcare, that of rationing. He knows that it is coming and will be necessary, and he sets out a thoughtful and imaginative way of doing so. His way will not be easy, but then no way will be. But his book offers great help and insight in helping us get there.” —Daniel Callahan, President Emeritus, The Hastings Center

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ECONOMICS/FINANCE finance

economics/policy

Perspectives on Dodd–Frank and Finance

Pathways to Fiscal Reform in the United States

edited by Paul H. Schultz

edited by John W. Diamond and George R. Zodrow

The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, passed by Congress in 2010 largely in response to the fiExperts debate the nancial crisis, created possible consequences the Financial Stability of the Dodd–Frank Act, Oversight Council and discussing such topics the Consumer Finanas banking regulation, cial Protection Bureau; derivatives, the Volcker rule, among other provisions, and mortgage reform. it limits proprietary trading by banks, changes the way swaps are traded, and curtails the use of credit ratings. The effects of Dodd–Frank remain a matter for speculation; more than half of the regulatory rulemaking called for in the bill has yet to be completed. In this book, experts on Dodd–Frank and financial regulation—academics, regulators, and practitioners— discuss the ways that the law is likely to succeed and the ways it is likely to come up short. Placing their discussion in the broader context of regulatory issues, the contributors consider banking reform; the regulation of derivatives; the Volcker Rule, and whether or not banks should be forced to stop proprietary trading; the establishment of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and possible flaws in its conception; the law and “too-big-to-fail” institutions; mortgage reform, including qualification requirements and securitization; and new disclosure requirements regarding CEO compensation and conflict minerals. Paul H. Schultz is John W. and Maude Clarke Professor of Finance at the University of Notre Dame. Contributors James R. Barth, Jeff Bloch, Mark A. Calabria, Charles W. Calomiris, Shane Corwin, Cem Demiroglu, John Dearie, Amy K. Edwards, Raymond P. H. Fishe, Priyank Gandhi, Thomas M. Hoenig, Christopher M. James, Anil K Kashyap, Robert McDonald, James Overdahl, Craig Pirrong, Matthew Richardson, Paul H. Schultz, David Skeel, Chester Spatt, Anjan Thakor, John Walsh, Lawrence J. White, Arthur Wilmarth, Todd J. Zywicki November — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 1 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02803-5

The United States and other advanced economies in the Eurozone and elsewhere face severe fiscal problems. The United States is Experts discuss fiscal on an unsustainable reforms intended to address dynamic path; absent the U.S. debt problem, corrective fiscal policies, examining entitlements, federal deficits and debts federal budgetary relative to gross domestic processes, and individual product will continue to and corporate income taxes. increase dramatically. In this book, experts consider possible fiscal reforms aimed at addressing the debt problem, focusing on entitlement programs, budgetary issues and processes, and individual and corporate income tax reform. The contributors address such topics as the interaction of rising health care costs and the level of federal expenditures; alternative methods for evaluating the fiscal health and sustainability of Social Security; the effectiveness of budgetary constraints imposed on the states, including balanced budget amendments and debt ceilings; approaches to curtailing individual tax expenditures and methods for increasing the progressivity of the tax system; and the effects of traditional base-broadening, rate-reducing corporate income tax reforms. John W. Diamond is Edward A. and Hermena Hancock Kelly Fellow in Public Finance at Rice University’s James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy. George R. Zodrow is Allyn R. and Gladys M. Cline Chair of Economics and Rice Scholar, Baker Institute for Public Policy, at Rice University. Contributors Henry J. Aaron, James Alm, Rosanne Altshuler, Daniel Baneman, Joe Barnes, Robert J. Carroll, Ruud A. de Mooij, John W. Diamond, Jagadeesh Gokhale, Jane G. Gravelle, Peter R. Hartley, Vivian Ho, John Kitchen, Edward D. Kleinbard, John Mutti, Thomas S. Neubig, Mark V. Pauly, Rudolph G. Penner, Andrew J. Rettenmaier, Shanna Rose, Joseph Rosenberg, Daniel Smith, Eric Toder, Alan D. Viard, Roberton Williams, George R. Zodrow January — 6 x 9, 432 pp. — 45 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02830-1

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ECONOMICS/FINANCE economics

Labor Economics Second Edition

Pierre Cahuc, Stéphane Carcillo, and André Zylberberg

The new edition of a widely used, comprehensive graduate-level text and professional reference covering all aspects of labor economics, with substantial new material. September 8 x 9, 1,072 pp. 207 illus. $125.00X/£59.95 cloth 978-0-262-02770-0

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This landmark graduate-level text combines depth and breadth of coverage with recent, cutting-edge work in all the major areas of modern labor economics. Its command of the literature and its coverage of the latest theoretical, methodological, and empirical developments make it also a valuable resource for practicing labor economists. This second edition has been substantially updated and augmented. It incorporates examples drawn from many countries, and it presents empirical methods using contributions that have proved to be milestones in labor economics. The data and codes of these research publications, as well as numerous tables and figures describing the functioning of labor markets, are all available on a dedicated website (www.labor-economics.org), along with slides that can be used as course aids and a discussion forum. This edition devotes more space to the analysis of public policy and the levers available to policy makers, with new chapters on such topics as discrimination, globalization, income redistribution, employment protection, and the minimum wage or labor market programs for the unemployed. Theories are explained on the basis of the simplest possible models, which are in turn related to empirical results. Mathematical appendixes provide a toolkit for understanding the models. Pierre Cahuc is Professor of Economics at École Polytechnique, Director of the Macroeconomic Laboratory at CREST-ENSAE, Program Director at IZA, Research Fellow at CEPR and member of the Council of Economic Analysis of the Prime Minister. Stéphane Carcillo is Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Paris 1, PanthéonSorbonne, a Senior Economist in the Directorate for Employment, Labor, and Social Affairs at the OECD, and a Research Fellow in the Department of Economics at Sciences Po (Paris) and at IZA Bonn. André Zylberberg is Research Director at CNRS, Professor of Economics at École Polytechnique, and Research Fellow at EUREQua-University of Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne.

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ECONOMICS/FINANCE economics/education

economics/finance

The Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled

Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector

Implications for Education Financing and Economic Policy

edited by Ruud de Mooij and Gaëtan Nicodème

edited by Marcel Gérard and Silke Uebelmesser The mobility of students in developed countries has dramatically increased over the last fifty years. Students do not necessarily Analyses of the interrelated remain in their countries mobility of students and the of origin for higher highly skilled that consider education and work; its implications for fiscal they might be born in policy, higher education one country, attend financing, and economic university in a second, development. and find employment in a third. In this book, contributors from Europe, North America, and Australia examine the interrelated mobility of university students and the highly skilled, and its consequences— in the country of origin, in the host country during studies, and in the work destination country—for fiscal policies, the financing of higher education, and economic growth. Taking a variety of approaches, including formal modeling and econometric analysis, the contributors first examine evidence of the interrelationship between the mobility of students and graduates, especially researchers; investigate free-riding problems associated with mobility, including the provision and funding of public higher education; and address the effects of education policy on human capital accumulation and economic development, offering recommendations for well-designed innovation policies in the presence of migration of talents. Marcel Gérard is Professor of Economics and Taxation at the Louvain School of Management and the Institute for European Studies at the University of Louvain. Silke Uebelmesser is Professor of Finance at the University of Jena. Gérard and Uebelmesser are both Research Professors at the Ifo Institute for Economic Research. Contributors Nicholas Barr, Elena Del Rey, Susana Elena-Pérez, Gabriel J. Felbermayr, Ana Fernandez-Zubieta, Luisa Gagliardi, Marcel Gérard, Alexander Haupt, Tim Krieger, Thomas Lange, Elisabetta Marinelli, Richard Murphy, María Racionero, Isabella Reczkowski, Silke Uebelmesser, Linda Van Bouwel, Reinhilde Veugelers, David E. Wildasin January — 6 x 9, 368 pp. — 27 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02817-2 CESifo Seminar series

The global financial crisis has prompted economists to rethink fundamental questions on how governments should intervene in the Analytical and empirical financial sector. Many perspectives on the countries have already interplay of taxation begun to reform the and regulation in the taxation and regulation financial sector. of the financial sector— in the United States, for example, the Dodd–Frank Act became law in 2010; in Europe, different countries have introduced additional taxes on the sector and made substantial progress toward a banking union for the eurozone. Only recently, however, has a new field in economics emerged to study the interplay between public finance and banking. This book offers the latest thinking on the topic by American and European economists. The contributors first explore new conceptual ground, offering rigorous theoretical analyses. Contributors then investigate the behavior of financial institutions in response to various forms of taxation and regulation, offering empirical evidence that is vital for policy design. Ruud de Mooij is Deputy Chief in the Tax Policy Division of the International Monetary Fund’s Fiscal Affairs Department. Gaëtan Nicodème is Head of Unit in the Economic Analysis, Evaluation, and Impact Assessment Support unit of the European Commission’s General Directorate for Taxation and Customs Union and a Lecturer at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management at the Free University of Brussels. Contributors Thiess Buettner, Jin Cao, Giuseppina Cannas, Gunther Capelle-Blancard, Jessica Cariboni, Brian Coulter, Ernesto Crivelli, Ruud de Mooij, Michael P. Devereux, Katharina Erbe, Ricardo Fenochietto, Marco Petracco Giudici, Timothy J. Goodspeed, Reint Gropp, Olena Havrylchyk, Michael Keen, Lawrence L. Kreicher, Julia Lendvai, Ben Lockwood, Massimo Marchesi, Donato Masciandaro, Colin Mayer, Robert N. McCauley, Patrick McGuire, Gaëtan Nicodème, Masanori Orihara, Francesco Passarelli, Carola Pessino, Rafal Raciborski, John Vickers, Lukas Vogel, Stefano Zedda January — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 48 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02797-7 CESifo Seminar series

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ECONOMICS/FINANCE environmental economics

econometrics

Climate Policy and Nonrenewable Resources

Empirical Model Discovery and Theory Evaluation

The Green Paradox and Beyond

Automatic Selection Methods in Econometrics

edited by Karen Pittel, Frederick van der Ploeg, and Cees Withagen

David F. Hendry and Jurgen A. Doornik

Recent developments suggest that well-intended climate policies—including carbon taxes and subsidies for renewable energy— A detailed and rigorous might not accomplish analysis of the effect of what policy makers inclimate policies on climate tend. Hans-Werner Sinn change that questions has described a “green the empirical and paradox,” arguing that theoretical support for these policies could the “green paradox.” hasten global warming by encouraging owners of fossil fuel reserves to increase their extraction rates for fear that their reserves will become worthless. In this volume, economists investigate the empirical and theoretical support for the green paradox. The contributors consider whether rising carbon tax rates inevitably speed up climate change; the effects of the design of resource markets, the availability of clean substitutes, and the development of new technologies; and the empirical evidence (or lack thereof) for the green paradox result. They consider extraction costs; sustainability and innovation; timing, announcement effects, and time consistency in relation to policy measures; and empirical results for the green paradox phenomena under several alternative policy measures. Karen Pittel is Director of the Ifo Center for Energy, Climate, and Exhaustible Resources and Professor of Economics at Munich University. Frederick van der Ploeg is Professor of Economics and Research Director of the Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford. Cees Withagen is Professor of Environmental Economics at VU University, Amsterdam. Contributors Julien Daubanes, Corrado Di Maria, Carolyn Fischer, Florian Habermacher, Michael Hoel, Darko Jus, Gebhard Kirchgässner, Ian Lange, Pierre Lasserre, Volker Meier, Karen Pittel, Stephen Salant, Frank Stähler, Gerard van der Meijden, Frederick van der Ploeg, Edwin van der Werf, Ngo Van Long, Ralph A. Winter, Cees Withagen September — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 49 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02788-5 CESifo Seminar series

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Economic models of empirical phenomena are developed for a variety of reasons, the most obvious of which is the numeriA synthesis of the cal characterization of authors’ groundbreaking available evidence, in a econometric research on suitably parsimonious automatic model selection, form. Another is to test which uses powerful a theory, or evaluate it computational algorithms against the evidence; still and theory evaluation. another is to forecast future outcomes. Building such models involves a multitude of decisions, and the large number of features that need to be taken into account can overwhelm the researcher. Automatic model selection, which draws on recent advances in computation and search algorithms, can create, and then empirically investigate, a vastly wider range of possibilities than even the greatest expert. In this book, leading econometricians David Hendry and Jurgen Doornik report on their several decades of innovative research on automatic model selection. After introducing the principles of empirical model discovery and the role of model selection, Hendry and Doornik outline the stages of developing a viable model of a complicated evolving process. They discuss the discovery stages in detail, considering both the theory of model selection and the performance of several algorithms. They describe extensions to tackling outliers and multiple breaks, leading to the general case of more candidate variables than observations. Finally, they briefly consider selecting models specifically for forecasting. David F. Hendry is Professor of Economics and Director of the Program in Economic Modeling, Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford. Jurgen A. Doornik is James Martin Fellow, Institute for New Economic Thinking, at the Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, and a Director of OxMetrics Technologies Ltd. August — 6 x 9, 384 pp. — 47 illus. $40.00S/£27.95 cloth 978-0-262-02835-6 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures series


ECONOMICS/FINANCE sociology/economic history

economics

Similarity in Difference Marriage in Europe and Asia, 1700–1900

A Primer on Auction Design, Management, and Strategy

Christer Lundh, Satomi Kurosu, et al.

David J. Salant

Since Malthus, an East–West dichotomy has been used to characterize marriage behavior in Asia and Europe. Marriages in Asia were A study of marriage in said to be early and preindustrial Europe and universal, in Europe late Asia that goes beyond and non-universal. In the Malthusian East–West Europe, marriages were dichotomy to find variation supposed to be the result within regions and comof individual choices monality across regions. but, in Asia, decided by families and communities. This book challenges this binary taxonomy of marriage patterns and family systems. Drawing on richer and more nuanced data, the authors compare the interpretations based on aggregate demographic patterns with studies of individual actions in local populations. Doing so, they are able to analyze simultaneously the influence on marriage decisions of individual demographic features, socioeconomic status and composition of the household, and local conditions, and the interactions of these variables. They find differences between East and West but also variation within regions and commonality across regions. The book studies local populations in Sweden, Belgium, Italy, Japan, and China. Rather than a simple comparison of aggregate marriage patterns, it examines marriage outcomes and determinants of local populations in different countries using similar data and methods. The authors first present the results of comparative analyses of first marriage and remarriage and then offer chapters each of which is devoted to the results from a specific country. Similarity in Difference is the third in a prizewinning series on the demographic history of Eurasia, following Life under Pressure (2004) and Prudence and Pressure (2009), both published by the MIT Press.

Auctions are highly structured market transactions primarily used in thin markets (markets with few participants and infreA guide to modeling and quent transactions). analyzing auctions, with In auctions, unlike the applications of game most other markets, theory and auction theory offers and counterto real-world auction offers are typically decision making. made within a structure defined by a set of rigid and comprehensive rules. Because auctions are essentially complex negotiations that occur within a fully defined and rigid set of rules, they can be analyzed by game theoretic models more accurately and completely than can most other types of market transactions. This book offers a guide for modeling, analyzing, and predicting the outcomes of auctions, focusing on the application of game theory and auction theory to real-world auction design and decision making. After a brief introduction to fundamental concepts from game theory, the book explains some of the more significant results from the auction theory literature, including the revenue (or payoff) equivalence theorem, the winner’s curse, and optimal auction design. Chapters on auction practice follow, addressing collusion, competition, information disclosure, and other basic principles of auction management, with some discussion of auction experiments and simulations. Finally, the book covers auction experience, with most of the discussion centered on energy and telecommunications auctions, which have become the proving ground for many new auction designs. A clear and concise introduction to auctions, auction design, and auction strategy, this Primer will be an essential resource for students, researchers, and practitioners.

Christer Lundh is Professor of Economic History at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Satomi Kurosu is Professor of Sociology at Reitaku University, Japan.

David J. Salant is IDEI Associated Researcher and Member of the Toulouse School of Economics (TSE). An auction consultant for more than twenty years, he was the primary auction strategist for auctioneers and bidders in dozens of telecom and spectrum auctions around the world.

December — 6 x 9, 520 pp. — 28 illus.

November — 6 x 9, 184 pp. — 3 illus.

$50.00S/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02794-6

$35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02826-4

Eurasian Population and Family History series

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ECONOMICS/FINANCE economics

Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time Jianjun Miao

A unified, comprehensive, and up-to-date introduction to the analytical and numerical tools for solving dynamic economic problems. October 7 x 9, 720 pp. 68 illus. $70.00X/£48.95 cloth 978-0-262-02761-8

This book offers a unified, comprehensive, and up-to-date treatment of analytical and numerical tools for solving dynamic economic problems. The focus is on introducing recursive methods—an important part of every economist’s set of tools—and readers will learn to apply recursive methods to a variety of dynamic economic problems. The book is notable for its combination of theoretical foundations and numerical methods. Each topic is first described in theoretical terms, with explicit definitions and rigorous proofs; numerical methods and computer codes to implement these methods follow. Drawing on the latest research, the book covers such cutting-edge topics as asset price bubbles, recursive utility, robust control, policy analysis in dynamic New Keynesian models with the zero lower bound on interest rates, and Bayesian estimation of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models. The book first introduces the theory of dynamical systems and numerical methods for solving dynamical systems, and then discusses the theory and applications of dynamic optimization. The book goes on to treat equilibrium analysis, covering a variety of core macroeconomic models, and such additional topics as recursive utility (increasingly used in finance and macroeconomics), dynamic games, and recursive contracts. The book introduces Dynare, a widely used software platform for handling a range of economic models; readers will learn to use Dynare for numerically solving DSGE models and performing Bayesian estimation of DSGE models. Mathematical appendixes present all the necessary mathematical concepts and results. Matlab codes used to solve examples are indexed and downloadable from the book’s website. A solutions manual for students is available for sale from the MIT Press; a downloadable instructor’s manual is available to qualified instructors. Jianjun Miao is Professor of Economics at Boston University.

Also available

Student Solutions Manual to Accompany Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time Yue Jiang, Jianjun Miao, and Fan Zhuo This manual includes solutions to the odd-numbered exercises in Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time. Some exercises are purely analytical, while others require numerical methods. Computer codes are provided for most problems. Many exercises ask the reader to apply the methods learned in a chapter to solve related problems, but some exercises ask the reader to complete missing steps in the proof of a theorem or in the solution of an example in the book. October — 8 1/2 x 11, 136 pp. — 9 illlus. $28.00X/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-52690-6

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ECONOMICS/FINANCE economics

Lives of the Laureates Twenty-three Nobel Economists Sixth Edition

edited by Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson Lives of the Laureates offers readers an informal history of modern economic thought as told through autobiographical essays by twenty-three Nobel Prize laureates in Economics. The essays not only provide unique insights into major economic ideas of our time but also shed light on the processes of intellectual discovery and creativity. The accounts are accessible and engaging, achieving clarity without sacrificing inherently difficult content. This sixth edition adds four recent Nobelists to its pages: Eric Maskin, who illustrates his explanation of mechanism design with an example involving a mother, a cake, and two children; Joseph Stiglitz, who recounts his field’s ideological wars linked to policy disputes; Paul Krugman, who describes the insights he gained from studying the model of the Capitol Hill Babysitting Coop (and the recession it suffered when more people wanted to accumulate babysitting coupons than redeem them); and Peter Diamond, who maps his development from student to teacher to policy analyst. Lives of the Laureates grows out of a continuing lecture series at Trinity University in San Antonio, which invites Nobelists from American universities to describe their evolution as economists in personal as well as technical terms. These lectures demonstrate the richness and diversity of contemporary economic thought. The reader will find that paths cross in unexpected ways—that disparate thinkers were often influenced by the same teachers—and that luck as well as hard work plays a role in the process of scientific discovery.

Autobiographical accounts by Nobel laureates reflect the richness and diversity of contemporary economic thought and offer insights into the creative process. December 6 x 9, 448 pp. 23 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02796-0

Roger W. Spencer is Vernon F. Taylor Professor of Economics at Trinity University, San Antonio. David A. Macpherson is E. M. Stevens Professor of Economics at Trinity University, San Antonio. The Laureates Lawrence R. Klein • Kenneth J. Arrow • Paul A. Samuelson • Milton Friedman • George J. Stigler • James Tobin • Franco Modigliani • James M. Buchanan • Robert M. Solow • William F. Sharpe • Douglass C. North • Myron S. Scholes • Gary S. Becker • Robert E. Lucas, Jr. • James J. Heckman • Vernon L. Smith • Edward C. Prescott • Thomas C. Schelling • Edmund S. Phelps • Eric S. Maskin • Joseph E. Stiglitz • Paul Krugman • Peter A. Diamond

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URBAN STUDIES urban studies/environment

The Fabric of Space Water, Modernity, and the Urban Imagination Matthew Gandy

A study of water at the intersection of landscape and infrastructure in Paris, Berlin, Lagos, Mumbai, Los Angeles, and London. December 7 x 9, 256 pp. 42 illus. $30.00S/ÂŁ20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02825-7 Also available Concrete and Clay Matthew Gandy 2003, 978-0-262-57216-3 $26.95T/ÂŁ18.95 paper

Water lies at the intersection of landscape and infrastructure, crossing between visible and invisible domains of urban space, in the tanks and buckets of the global South and the vast subterranean technological networks of the global North. In this book, Matthew Gandy considers the cultural and material significance of water through the experiences of six cities: Paris, Berlin, Lagos, Mumbai, Los Angeles, and London. Tracing the evolving relationships among modernity, nature, and the urban imagination, from different vantage points and through different periods, Gandy uses water as a lens through which to observe both the ambiguities and the limits of nature as conventionally understood. Gandy begins with the Parisian sewers of the nineteenth century, captured in the photographs of Nadar, and the reconstruction of subterranean Paris. He moves on to Weimar-era Berlin and its protection of public access to lakes for swimming, the culmination of efforts to reconnect the city with nature. He considers the threat of malaria in Lagos, where changing geopolitical circumstances led to large-scale swamp drainage in the 1940s. He shows how the dysfunctional water infrastructure of Mumbai offers a vivid expression of persistent social inequality in a postcolonial city. He explores the incongruous concrete landscapes of the Los Angeles River. Finally, Gandy uses the fictional scenario of a partially submerged London as the starting point for an investigation of the actual hydrological threats facing that city. Matthew Gandy is Professor of Geography at University College London and was Director of the UCL Urban Laboratory from 2005 to 2011. He is the author of Concrete and Clay: Reworking Nature in New York City (MIT Press), recipient of the 2003 Spiro Kostof Award from the Society of Architectural Historians, and has published widely on urban, cultural, and environmental themes.

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URBAN STUDIES urban planning/environment

Rail and the City Shrinking Our Carbon Footprint While Reimagining Urban Space Roxanne Warren The United States has evolved into a nation of twenty densely populated megaregions. Yet despite the environmental advantages of urban density, urban sprawl and reliance on the private car still set the pattern for most new development. Cars guzzle not only gas but also space, as massive acreage is dedicated to roadways and parking. Even more pressing, the replication of this pattern throughout the fast-developing world makes it doubtful that we will achieve the reductions in carbon emissions needed to avoid climate catastrophe. In Rail and the City, architect Roxanne Warren makes the case for compact urban development that is supported by rail transit. Calling the automobile a relic of the twentieth century, Warren envisions a release from the tyrannies of traffic congestion, petroleum dependence, and an oppressively paved environment. Technical features of rail are key to its high capacities, safety at high speeds, and compactness—uniquely qualifying it to serve as ideal infrastructure within and between cities. Ultimately, mobility could be achieved through extensive networks of public transit, particularly rail, supplemented by buses, cycling, walking, car-sharing, and small, flexible vehicles. High-speed rail, fed by local transit, could eliminate the need for petroleum-intensive plane trips of less than 500 miles. Warren considers issues of access to transit, citing examples from Europe, Japan, and North America, and pedestrian- and transit-oriented urban design. Rail transit, she argues, is the essential infrastructure for a fluidly functioning urban society.

An architect makes the case for rail transit as the critical infrastructure for a fluidly functioning and environmentally sustainable urban society. October 6 x 9, 360 pp. 17 color illus., 35 black & white illus. $35.00S/ÂŁ24.95 cloth 978-0-262-02780-9 Urban and Industrial Environments series

Roxanne Warren is an architect and the principal of Roxanne Warren Architects in New York. She is the author of The Urban Oasis: Guideways and Greenways in the Human Environment.

Contents Perceptions of Cities and Rail, and a Changing Paradigm The Parking Challenge to Compact and Affordable Transit-Oriented Development Transit Options, and the Unique Features of Rail Easing Access to Rail Different Speeds for Different Settings Urban Design for Pedestrian- and Transit-Oriented Cities A Market to Match Ecological Truths

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ENVIRONMENT environment/political science/philosophy

environment/political science

Engaging Nature

Earth System Governance

Environmentalism and the Political Theory Canon

World Politics in the Anthropocene

edited by Peter Cannavò and Joseph H. Lane Jr. foreword by John Barry Contemporary environmental political theory considers the implications of the environmental crisis for such political concepts Essays that put noted as rights, citizenship, political thinkers of the past justice, democracy, the —including Plato, state, race, class, and Machiavelli, Hobbes, gender. As the field Wollstonecraft, Marx, and has matured, scholars Confucius—in dialogue have begun to explore with current environmental connections between political theory. Green Theory and such canonical political thinkers as Plato, Machiavelli, Locke, and Marx. The essays in this volume put important figures from the political theory canon in dialogue with current environmental political theory. It is the first comprehensive volume to bring the insights of Green Theory to bear in reinterpreting these canonical theorists. Individual essays cover such classical figures in Western thought as Aristotle, Hume, Rousseau, Mill, and Burke, but they also depart from the traditional canon to consider Mary Wollstonecraft, W. E. B. Du Bois, Hannah Arendt, and Confucius. Engaging and accessible, the essays also offer original and innovative interpretations that often challenge standard readings of these thinkers. In examining and explicating how these great thinkers of the past viewed the natural world and our relationship with nature, the essays also illuminate our current environmental predicament. Peter Cannavò is Associate Professor of Government and Director of the Environmental Studies Program at Hamilton College and the author of The Working Landscape (MIT Press). Joseph H. Lane Jr. is Hawthorne Professor and Chair of Political Science at Emory and Henry College, Virginia, and coauthor of The Deconstitutionalization of America. Essays on Plato • Aristotle • Niccolò Machiavelli • Thomas Hobbes • John Locke • David Hume • Jean-Jacques Rousseau • Edmund Burke • Mary Wollstonecraft • John Stuart Mill • Karl Marx • W. E. B. Du Bois • Martin Heidegger • Hannah Arendt • Confucius December — 6 x 9, 344 pp. $28.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-52656-2 $56.00S/£38.95 cloth 978-0-262-02805-9

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Frank Biermann Humans are no longer spectators who need to adapt to their natural environment. Our impact on the earth has caused changes that A new model for effective are outside the range global environmental of natural variability governance in an era of and are equivalent to human-caused planetary such major geological transformation and disruptions as ice ages. disruption. Some scientists argue that we have entered a new epoch in planetary history: the Anthropocene. In such an era of planet-wide transformation, we need a new model for planet-wide environmental politics. In this book, Frank Biermann proposes “earth system” governance as just such a new paradigm. Biermann offers both analytical and normative perspectives. He provides detailed analysis of global environmental politics in terms of five dimensions of effective governance: agency, particularly agency beyond state actors; architecture of governance, from local to global levels; accountability and legitimacy; allocation of resources; and adaptiveness of the governance system. Biermann goes on to offer a wide range of policy proposals for future environmental governance and a revitalized United Nations, ranging from the establishment of a World Environment Organization and mechanisms for strengthened representation of civil society and scientists in global decision making to systems of qualified majority voting in multilateral negotiations. Drawing on ten years of research, Biermann formulates earth system governance as an empirical reality and a political necessity. Frank Biermann is Professor of Political Science and Environmental Policy Sciences at VU University Amsterdam and Visiting Professor of Earth System Governance at Lund University. He is the author, coauthor, or editor of fifteen books, including Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, published by the MIT Press. November — 6 x 9, 296 pp. $27.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-52669-2 $54.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-02822-6 Earth System Governance series


ENVIRONMENT environment/political science

environment/international relations

Transparency in Global Environmental Governance

Post-Treaty Politics

Critical Perspectives edited by Aarti Gupta and Michael Mason Transparency—openness, secured through greater availability of information—is increasingly seen as part of the solution A critical assessment of to a complex array of whether transparency is a economic, political, and broadly transformative force ethical problems in an in global environmental interconnected world. governance or plays a The “transparency turn” more limited role. in global environmental governance in particular is seen in a range of international agreements, voluntary disclosure initiatives, and public-private partnerships. This is the first book to investigate whether transparency in global environmental governance is in fact a broadly transformative force or plays a more limited, instrumental role. After three conceptual, context-setting chapters, the book examines ten specific and diverse instances of “governance by disclosure.” These include state-led mandatory disclosure initiatives that rely on such tools as prior informed consent and monitoring, measuring, reporting and verification; and private (or private-public), largely voluntary efforts that include such corporate transparency initiatives as the Carbon Disclosure Project and such certification schemes as the Forest Stewardship Council. The cases, which focus on issue areas including climate change, biodiversity, biotechnology, natural resource exploitation, and chemicals, demonstrate that although transparency is ubiquitous, its effects are limited and often specific to particular contexts. The book explores in what circumstances transparency can offer the possibility of a new emancipatory politics in global environmental governance. Aarti Gupta is Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Policy at Wageningen University in the Netherlands. Michael Mason is Associate Professor in the Department of Geography and Environment at the London School of Economics and Political Science. August — 6 x 9, 368 pp. — 4 illus. $28.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-52618-0

Secretariat Influence in Global Environmental Governance Sikina Jinnah foreword by Oran R. Young Secretariats—the administrative arms of international treaties—would seem simply to do the bidding of member states. And yet, Sikina An argument that Jinnah argues in Postsecretariats—the Treaty Politics, secretariats administrative arms of can play an important international treaties role in world politics. On —are political actors paper, secretariats collect in their own right. information, communicate with state actors, and coordinate diplomatic activity. In practice, they do much more. As Jinnah shows, they can influence the allocation of resources, structures of interstate cooperation, and the power relationships between states. Jinnah examines secretariat influence through the lens of overlap management in environmental governance—how secretariats help to manage the dense interplay of issues, rules, and norms between international treaty regimes. Through four case studies, she shows that secretariats can draw on their unique networks and expertise to handle the challenges of overlap management, emerging as political actors in their own right. After presenting a theory and analytical framework for analyzing secretariat influence, Jinnah examines secretariat influence on overlap management within the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), two cases of overlap management in the World Trade Organization, as well as a case in which the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) secretariat failed to influence political outcomes despite its efforts to manage overlap. Jinnah argues that, even when modest, secretariat influence matters because it can establish a path-dependent dynamic that continues to guide state behavior even after secretariat influence has waned. Sikina Jinnah is Assistant Professor of International Relations in the Global Environmental Politics Program at American University’s School of International Service. November — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 1 illus.

$56.00S/£38.95 cloth 978-0-262-02741-0

$26.00S/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-52655-5

Earth System Governance series

$52.00S/£35.95 cloth 978-0-262-02804-2 Earth System Governance series

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INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS

international security/nuclear policy

computer-human interaction/design

Unmaking the Bomb

Situated Design Methods

A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation

edited by Jesper Simonsen, Connie Svabo, Sara Malou Strandvad, Kristine Samson, Morten Hertzum, and Ole Erik Hansen

Harold A. Feiveson, Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, and Frank N. von Hippel Achieving nuclear disarmament, stopping nuclear proliferation, and preventing nuclear terrorism are among the most critical A new approach to challenges facing the nuclear disarmament, world today. Unmaking nonproliferation, and the Bomb proposes a new the prevention of nuclear approach to reaching terrorism that focuses these long-held goals. on controlling the producRather than considering tion and stockpiling of them as separate issues, nuclear materials. the authors—physicists and experts on nuclear security—argue that all three of these goals can be understood and realized together if we focus on the production, stockpiling, and disposal of plutonium and highly enriched uranium—the fissile materials that are the key ingredients used to make nuclear weapons. The authors describe the history, production, national stockpiles, and current military and civilian uses of plutonium and highly enriched uranium, and propose policies aimed at reducing and eventually eliminating these fissile materials worldwide. These include an end to the production of highly enriched uranium and plutonium for weapons, an end to their use as reactor fuels, and the verified elimination of all national stockpiles. At the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, Harold A. Feiveson is Senior Research Policy Scientist in the Program on Global Security, Alexander Glaser is Assistant Professor (as well as Assistant Professor in Princeton’s Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering), Zia Mian is Research Scientist and Director of the Project on Peace and Security in South Asia, and Frank N. von Hippel is Senior Research Physicist and Professor of Public and International Affairs Emeritus. Von Hippel is a former Assistant Director for National Security in the White House Office of Science and Technology. September — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 37 illus. $30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02774-8

All design is situated—carried out from an embedded position. Design involves many participants and encompasses a A handbook of situated range of interactions design methods, with and interdependenanalyses and cases that cies among designers, range from designing designs, design methods, study processes to and users. Design is understanding customer also multidisciplinary, experiences to developing extending beyond interactive installations. the traditional design professions into such domains as health, culture, education, and transportation. This book presents eighteen situated design methods, offering cases and analyses of projects that range from designing interactive installations, urban spaces, and environmental systems to understanding customer experiences. Each chapter presents a different method, combining theoretical, methodological, and empirical discussions with accounts of actual experiences. The book describes methods for defining and organizing a design project, organizing collaborative processes, creating aesthetic experiences, and incorporating sustainability into processes and projects. The diverse and multidisciplinary methods presented include a problem- and project-based approach to design studies; a “Wheel of Rituals” intended to promote creativity; a pragmatist method for situated experience design that derives from empirical studies of film production and performance design; and ways to transfer design methods in a situated manner. The book will be an important resource for researchers, students, and practitioners of interdisciplinary design. Jesper Simonsen is Professor of Participatory Design at Roskilde University and the coauthor of Participatory IT Design (MIT Press). Connie Svabo is Assistant Professor in Performance Design at Roskilde University. Sara Malou Strandvad is Associate Professor in Performance Design at Roskilde University. Kristine Samson is Assistant Professor in Performance Design at Roskilde University. Morten Hertzum is Associate Professor of Computer Science at Roskilde University. Ole Erik Hansen is Associate Professor in International Regulation and Environmental Planning at Roskilde University. October — 7 x 9, 416 pp. — 75 illus. $45.00S/£31.95 cloth 978-0-262-02763-2 Design Thinking, Design Theory series

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COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS robotics/cognitive science

computer science/engineering

Developmental Robotics

Modeling and Analysis of Communicating Systems

From Babies to Robots Angelo Cangelosi and Matthew Schlesinger Developmental robotics is a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach to robotics that is directly inspired by the developA comprehensive overview mental principles and of an interdisciplinary mechanisms observed in approach to robotics that children’s cognitive detakes direct inspiration velopment. It builds on from the developmental the idea that the robot, and learning phenomena using a set of intrinsic observed in children’s developmental principles cognitive development. regulating the real-time interaction of its body, brain, and environment, can autonomously acquire an increasingly complex set of sensorimotor and mental capabilities. This volume, drawing on insights from psychology, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, and robotics, offers the first comprehensive overview of a rapidly growing field. After providing some essential background information on robotics and developmental psychology, the book looks in detail at how developmental robotics models and experiments have attempted to realize a range of behavioral and cognitive capabilities. The examples in these chapters were chosen because of their direct correspondence with specific issues in child psychology research; each chapter begins with a concise and accessible overview of relevant empirical and theoretical findings in developmental psychology. The chapters cover intrinsic motivation and curiosity; motor development, examining both manipulation and locomotion; perceptual development, including face recognition and perception of space; social learning, emphasizing such phenomena as joint attention and cooperation; language, from phonetic babbling to syntactic processing; and abstract knowledge, including models of number learning and reasoning strategies. Boxed text offers technical and methodological details for both psychology and robotics experiments. Angelo Cangelosi is Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Cognition at the Centre for Robotics and Neural Systems at the University of Plymouth, U.K. Matthew Schlesinger is Associate Professor of Psychology and Adjunct Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Southern Illinois University. January — 7 x 9, 408 pp. — 99 illus.

Jan Friso Groote and Mohammad Reza Mousavi Complex communicating computer systems—computers connected by data networks and in constant communication with Rigorous theory and their environments— real-world applications do not always behave for modeling and analysis as expected. This book of the behavior of introduces behavioral complex communicating modeling, a rigorous computer systems. approach to behavioral specification and verification of concurrent and distributed systems. It is among the very few techniques capable of modeling systems interaction at a level of abstraction sufficient for the interaction to be understood and analyzed. Offering both a mathematically grounded theory and real-world applications, the book is suitable for classroom use and as a reference for system architects. The book covers the foundation of behavioral modeling using process algebra, transition systems, abstract data types, and modal logics. Exercises and examples augment the theoretical discussion. The book introduces a modeling language, mCRL2, that enables concise descriptions of even the most intricate distributed algorithms and protocols. Using behavioral axioms and such proof methods as confluence, cones, and foci, readers will learn how to prove such algorithms equal to their specifications. Specifications in mCRL2 can be simulated, visualized, or verified against their requirements. An extensive mCRL2 toolset for mechanically verifying the requirements is freely available online; this toolset has been successfully used to design and analyze industrial software that ranges from healthcare applications to particle accelerators at CERN. Appendixes offer material on equations and notation as well as exercise solutions. Jan Friso Groote is Professor of Computer Science at the Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands. Mohammad Reza Mousavi is Professor of Computer Systems Engineering at the Center for Research on Embedded Systems at Halmstad University, Sweden. September — 8 x 10, 392 pp. — 65 illus. $50.00X/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02771-7

$60.00S/£41.95 cloth 978-0-262-02801-1 Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series

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COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS computer science/programming/design

Processing A Programming Handbook for Visual Designers and Artists Second Edition

Casey Reas and Ben Fry foreword by John Maeda

The new edition of an introduction to computer programming within the context of the visual arts, using the open-source programming language Processing; thoroughly updated throughout. January 7 x 9, 720 pp. 21 color illus, 597 black & white illus. $55.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-02828-8

The visual arts are rapidly changing as media moves into the web, mobile devices, and architecture. When designers and artists learn the basics of writing software, they develop a new form of literacy that enables them to create new media for the present, and to imagine future media that are beyond the capacities of current software tools. This book introduces this new literacy by teaching computer programming within the context of the visual arts. It offers a comprehensive reference and text for Processing (www.processing.org), an open-source programming language that can be used by students, artists, designers, architects, researchers, and anyone who wants to program images, animation, and interactivity. Written by Processing’s cofounders, the book offers a definitive reference for students and professionals. Tutorial chapters make up the bulk of the book; advanced professional projects from such domains as animation, performance, and installation are discussed in interviews with their creators. This second edition has been thoroughly updated. It is the first book to offer in-depth coverage of Processing 2.0, and all examples have been updated for 2.0 syntax. Every chapter has been revised, and new chapters introduce new ways to work with data and geometry. New “synthesis” chapters offer discussion and worked examples of such topics as sketching with code, modularity, and algorithm. New interviews have been added that cover a wider range of projects. “Extension” chapters are now offered online so they can be updated to keep pace with technological developments in such fields as computer vision and electronics. Casey Reas is Professor of Design Media Arts at UCLA. Ben Fry is Principal of Fathom, a design and software consultancy in Boston. Together, Reas and Fry cofounded Processing in 2001. Interviews SUE-C, Larry Cuba, Mark Hansen, Lynn Hershman Leeson, Jürg Lehni, LettError, Golan Levin and Zachary Lieberman, Benjamin Maus, Manfred Mohr, Ash Nehru, Josh On, Bob Sabiston, Jennifer Steinkamp, Jared Tarbell, Steph Thirion, Robert Winter Praise for the first edition “This long-awaited book is more than just a software guide; it is a tool for unlocking a powerful new way of thinking, making, and acting. Not since the Bauhaus have visual artists revisited technology in such a world-changing way.” —Ellen Lupton, Director of the graphic design MFA program at Maryland Institute College of Art, Baltimore, and author of D.I.Y: Design It Yourself

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COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS mathematics/computer science

computer science/finance

Category Theory for the Sciences

Spreadsheet Implementation Technology

David I. Spivak

Basics and Extensions

Category theory was invented in the 1940s to unify and synthesize different areas in mathematics, and it has proven remarkably An introduction to category successful in enabling theory as a rigorous, flexible, powerful communicaand coherent modeling tion between disparate language that can be used fields and subfields across the sciences. within mathematics. This book shows that category theory can be useful outside of mathematics as a rigorous, flexible, and coherent modeling language throughout the sciences. Information is inherently dynamic; the same ideas can be organized and reorganized in countless ways, and the ability to translate between such organizational structures is becoming increasingly important in the sciences. Category theory offers a unifying framework for information modeling that can facilitate the translation of knowledge between disciplines. Written in an engaging and straightforward style, and assuming little background in mathematics, the book is rigorous but accessible to non-mathematicians. Using databases as an entry to category theory, it begins with sets and functions, then introduces the reader to notions that are fundamental in mathematics: monoids, groups, orders, and graphs—categories in disguise. After explaining the “big three” concepts of category theory—categories, functors, and natural transformations—the book covers other topics, including limits, colimits, functor categories, sheaves, monads, and operads. The book explains category theory by examples and exercises rather than focusing on theorems and proofs. It includes more than 300 exercises, with selected solutions. Category Theory for the Sciences is intended to create a bridge between the vast array of mathematical concepts used by mathematicians and the models and frameworks of such scientific disciplines as computation, neuroscience, and physics. David I. Spivak is a Research Scientist in the Department of Mathematics at MIT. October — 7 x 9, 304 pp. 30 color illus., 30 black & white illus.

Peter Sestoft Spreadsheets are used daily by millions of people for tasks that range from organizing a list of addresses to carrying out complex A guide to innovative economic simulations. spreadsheet implementation Spreadsheet programs technology, accompanied are easy to learn and by a free software platform convenient to use for experimentation. because they have a clear visual model and a simple efficient underlying computational model. Yet although the basic spreadsheet model could be extended, improved, or otherwise experimented with in many ways, there is no coherently designed, reasonably efficient open source spreadsheet implementation that is a suitable platform for such experiments. This book fills the gap, teaching users how to experiment with and implement innovative spreadsheet functionality and introducing two software platforms for doing so. Along the way, it draws on and illustrates software technologies and computer science topics that range from objectoriented programming to compiler technology. Spreadsheet Implementation Technology surveys a wide range of information about spreadsheets drawn from user experience, the scientific literature, and patents. After summarizing the spreadsheet computation model and the most important challenges for efficient recalculation, the book describes Corecalc, a core implementation of essential spreadsheet functionality suitable for practical experiments, and Funcalc, an extension of Corecalc that allows users to define their own functions without extraneous programming languages or loss of efficiency. It also shows the advantages of automatic function specialization and offers a user’s manual for Funcalc. The Corecalc and Funcalc software is downloadable free of charge. Peter Sestoft is a Professor at the IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He is the author or coauthor of several books, including Java Precisely and C# Precisely, both published by the MIT Press. September — 8 x 9, 328 pp. — 62 illus. $35.00S/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-52664-7

$50.00X/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-02813-4

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COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS human-computer interaction/psychology

Positive Computing Technology for Well-Being and Human Potential Rafael A. Calvo and Dorian Peters

A case for building a digital environment that can make us happier and healthier, not just more productive, and a theoretical framework for doing so. November 6 x 9, 296 pp. 16 illus. $30.00S/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-02815-8

On the eve of Google’s IPO in 2004, Larry Page and Sergey Brin vowed not to be evil. Today, a growing number of technologists would go further, trying to ensure that their work actively improves people’s lives. Technology, so pervasive and ubiquitous, has the capacity to increase stress and suffering; but it also has the less-heralded potential to improve the well-being of individuals, society, and the planet. In this book, Rafael Calvo and Dorian Peters investigate what they term “positive computing”—the design and development of technology to support psychological well-being and human potential. Calvo and Peters explain that technologists’ growing interest in social good is part of a larger public concern about how our digital experience affects our emotions and our quality of life—which itself reflects an emerging focus on humanistic values in many different disciplines. Synthesizing theory, knowledge, and empirical methodologies from a variety of fields, they offer a rigorous and coherent foundational framework for positive computing. Sidebars by experts from psychology, neuroscience, human– computer interaction, and other disciplines supply essential context. Calvo and Peters examine specific well-being factors, including positive emotions, self-awareness, mindfulness, empathy, and compassion, and explore how technology can support these factors. Finally, they offer suggestions for future research and funding. Rafael A. Calvo is Associate Professor of Software Engineering and Director of the Positive Computing Lab at the University of Sydney. Dorian Peters is user experience designer and online strategist for the Faculty of Education and Social Work at the University of Sydney and Creative Leader of the Positive Computing Lab there.

Sidebars

Contents

Timothy Bickmore

Part 1

Jeremy Bailenson

The Psychology of Well-Being

danah boyd

Multidisciplinary Foundations

Jane Burns

Well-Being in Computing Research

David R. Caruso

A Framework and Methods for Positive Computing

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Felicia Huppert

Part 2

Mary Helen Immordino-Yang

Positive Emotions

Adele Krusche and J. Mark G. Williams

Motivation, Engagement, and Flow

Jane McGonigal

Self-Awareness and Self-Compassion

Jonathan Nicholas

Mindfulness

Don Norman

Empathy

Yvonne Rogers

Compassion and Altruism Caveats, Considerations, and the Way Ahead

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COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS

MACHINE LEARNING

machine learning/statistics

machine learning

Practical Applications of Sparse Modeling

Advanced Structured Prediction

edited by Irina Rish, Guillermo A. Cecchi, Aurelie Lozano, and Alexandru Niculescu-Mizil Sparse modeling is a rapidly developing area at the intersection of statistical learning and signal processing, motivated by the age-old Key approaches in the statistical problem of rapidly developing area of selecting a small number sparse modeling, focusing of predictive variables on its application in fields in high-dimensional including neuroscience, datasets. This collection computational biology, describes key approaches and computer vision. in sparse modeling, focusing on its applications in fields including neuroscience, computational biology, and computer vision. Sparse modeling methods can improve the interpretability of predictive models and aid efficient recovery of high-dimensional unobserved signals from a limited number of measurements. Yet despite significant advances in the field, a number of open issues remain when sparse modeling meets real-life applications. The book discusses a range of practical applications and state-of-the-art approaches for tackling the challenges presented by these applications. Topics considered include the choice of method in genomics applications; analysis of protein mass-spectrometry data; the stability of sparse models in brain imaging applications; sequential testing approaches; algorithmic aspects of sparse recovery; and learning sparse latent models. Irina Rish, Guillermo Cecchi, and Aurelie Lozano are Research Staff Members at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, New York. Alexandru Niculescu-Mizil is a Researcher at the Machine Learning Department at NEC Labs America, Princeton, New Jersey. Contributors A. Vania Apkarian, Marwan Baliki, Melissa K. Carroll, Guillermo A. Cecchi, Volkan Cevher, Xi Chen, Nathan W. Churchill, Rémi Emonet, Rahul Garg, Zoubin Ghahramani, Lars Kai Hansen, Matthias Hein, Katherine Heller, Sina Jafarpour, Seyoung Kim, Mladen Kolar, Anastasios Kyrillidis, Aurelie Lozano, Matthew L. Malloy, Pablo Meyer, Shakir Mohamed, Alexandru Niculescu-Mizil, Robert D. Nowak, Jean-Marc Odobez, Peter M. Rasmussen, Irina Rish, Saharon Rosset, Martin Slawski, Stephen C. Strother, Jagannadan Varadarajan, Eric P. Xing

edited by Sebastian Nowozin, Peter V. Gehler, Jeremy Jancsary, and Christoph H. Lampert The goal of structured prediction is to build machine learning models that predict relational information that itself has structure, An overview of recent work such as being composed in the field of structured of multiple interrelated prediction, the building of parts. These models, predictive machine learning which reflect prior models for interrelated and knowledge, task-specific dependent outputs. relations, and constraints, are used in fields including computer vision, speech recognition, natural language processing, and computational biology. They can carry out such tasks as predicting a natural language sentence, or segmenting an image into meaningful components. These models are expressive and powerful, but exact computation is often intractable. A broad research effort in recent years has aimed at designing structured prediction models and approximate inference and learning procedures that are computationally efficient. This volume offers an overview of this recent research in order to make the work accessible to a broader research community. The chapters, by leading researchers in the field, cover a range of topics, including research trends, the linear programming relaxation approach, innovations in probabilistic modeling, recent theoretical progress, and resource-aware learning. Sebastian Nowozin is a Researcher in the Machine Learning and Perception group (MLP) at Microsoft Research, Cambridge, England. Peter V. Gehler is a Senior Researcher in the Perceiving Systems group at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Tübingen, Germany. Jeremy Jancsary is a Senior Research Scientist at Nuance Communications, Vienna. Christoph H. Lampert is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria, where he heads a group for Computer Vision and Machine Learning. December — 8 x 10, 456 pp. — 84 illus. $55.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-02837-0 Neural Information Processing series

October — 8 x 10, 272 pp. 14 color illus., 40 black & white illus. $55.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-02772-4 Neural Information Processing series

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MACHINE LEARNING machine learning

Introduction to Machine Learning Third Edition

Ethem Alpaydin

A substantially revised third edition of a comprehensive textbook that covers a broad range of topics not often included in introductory texts. August 8 x 9, 640 pp. 192 illus. $60.00X/ÂŁ41.95 cloth 978-0-262-02818-9 Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning series

The goal of machine learning is to program computers to use example data or past experience to solve a given problem. Many successful applications of machine learning exist already, including systems that analyze past sales data to predict customer behavior, optimize robot behavior so that a task can be completed using minimum resources, and extract knowledge from bioinformatics data. Introduction to Machine Learning is a comprehensive textbook on the subject, covering a broad array of topics not usually included in introductory machine learning texts. Subjects include supervised learning; Bayesian decision theory; parametric, semi-parametric, and nonparametric methods; multivariate analysis; hidden Markov models; reinforcement learning; kernel machines; graphical models; Bayesian estimation; and statistical testing. Machine learning is rapidly becoming a skill that computer science students must master before graduation. The third edition of Introduction to Machine Learning reflects this shift, with added support for beginners, including selected solutions for exercises and additional example data sets (with code available online). Other substantial changes include discussions of outlier detection; ranking algorithms for perceptrons and support vector machines; matrix decomposition and spectral methods; distance estimation; new kernel algorithms; deep learning in multilayered perceptrons; and the nonparametric approach to Bayesian methods. All learning algorithms are explained so that students can easily move from the equations in the book to a computer program. The book can be used by both advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It will also be of interest to professionals who are concerned with the application of machine learning methods. Ethem Alpaydin is a Professor in the Department of Computer Engineering at Bogaziçi University, Istanbul.

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now in TRADE paper business/management

Logistics Clusters Delivering Value and Driving Growth Yossi Sheffi Why is Memphis home to hundreds of motor carrier terminals and distribution centers? Why does the tiny island-nation of Singapore handle a fifth of the world’s maritime containers and half the world’s annual supply of crude oil? Which jobs can replace lost manufacturing jobs in advanced economies? Some of the answers to these questions are rooted in the phenomenon of logistics clusters—geographically concentrated sets of logistics-related business activities. In this book, supply chain management expert Yossi Sheffi explains why Memphis, Singapore, Chicago, Rotterdam, Los Angeles, and scores of other locations have been successful in developing such clusters while others have not. Sheffi outlines the characteristic “positive feedback loop” of logistics clusters development and what differentiates them from other industrial clusters; how logistics clusters “add value” by generating other industrial activities; why firms should locate their distribution and value-added activities in logistics clusters; and the proper role of government support, in the form of investment, regulation, and trade policy. Sheffi also argues for the most important advantage offered by logistics clusters in today’s recession-plagued economy: jobs, many of them open to low-skilled workers, that are concentrated locally and not “offshorable.” These logistics clusters offer what is rare in today’s economy: authentic success stories. For this reason, numerous regional and central governments as well as scores of real estate developers are investing in the development of such clusters.

How logistics clusters can create jobs while providing companies with competitive advantage. September 6 x 9, 368 pp. $16.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-52679-1 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01845-6 Also available The Resilient Enterprise Yossi Sheffi 2007, 978-0-262-69349-3 $20.95T/£14.95 paper

Yossi Sheffi is Elisha Gray II Professor of Engineering Systems at MIT and Director of the MIT Center for Transportation and Logistics. He has worked with leading manufacturers and logistics service providers around the world on supply chain issues and is an active entrepreneur, having founded or cofounded five successful companies since 1987. He is the author of The Resilient Enterprise: Overcoming Vulnerability for Competitive Advantage (MIT Press) and Urban Transportation Networks. Honorable Mention, 2012 American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence (PROSE Award) in Business, Finance, & Management “Fascinating and very useful insight.” —Supply Business, “Best Read” “Yossi Sheffi succinctly summarizes the major current developments in worldwide logistics in this well-written book.” —Frederick W. Smith, Chairman & CEO, FedEx Corporation “As much as anyone I know, Yossi Sheffi has advanced the cause of logistics as an academic discipline. . . . In his book, he gives us an account of the broader impact as opportunities emerge and business models change because of the timing advantages that come from close access to air transport and overnight connections to most any place in the world.” —D. Scott Davis, CEO, UPS

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now in paper history/current affairs

Why America Is Not a New Rome Vaclav Smil

An investigation of the America-Rome analogy that goes deeper than the facile comparisons made on talk shows and in glossy magazine articles. September 7 x 9, 240 pp. 57 illus. $16.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-52685-2 cloth 2010 978-0-262-19593-5

America’s post–Cold War strategic dominance and its pre-recession affluence inspired pundits to make celebratory comparisons to ancient Rome at its most powerful. Now, with America no longer perceived as invulnerable, engaged in protracted fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan, and suffering the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, comparisons are to the bloated, decadent, ineffectual later Empire. In Why America Is Not a New Rome, Vaclav Smil looks at these comparisons in detail, going deeper than the facile analogy-making of talk shows and glossy magazine articles. He finds profound differences. Smil, a scientist and a lifelong student of Roman history, focuses on several fundamental concerns: the very meaning of empire; the actual extent and nature of Roman and American power; the role of knowledge and innovation; and demographic and economic basics—population dynamics, illness, death, wealth, and misery. America is not a latter-day Rome, Smil finds, and we need to understand this in order to look ahead without the burden of counterproductive analogies. Superficial similarities do not imply long-term political, demographic, or economic outcomes identical to Rome’s. Vaclav Smil is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba. He is the author of more than thirty books, including most recently Made in the USA: The Rise and Retreat of American Manufacturing (MIT Press). In 2010 he was named by Foreign Policy as one of the Top 100 Global Thinkers. In 2013 Bill Gates wrote on his website that “there is no author whose books I look forward to more than Vaclav Smil.” “A concise and persuasive scientific demolition of the Rome-America parallel, totally deflating the usefulness of the analogy as a tool of historical analysis.” —Paul Demeny, Distinguished Scholar, Population Council, New York

Also available

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$27.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-0-262-01938-5


now in paper art/biography

medicine/ethics

When Marina Abramović Dies

Thieves of Virtue

A Biography

When Bioethics Stole Medicine

James Westcott

Tom Koch

When Marina Abramović Dies examines the extraordinary life and death-defying work of one of the most pioneering artists of her generation—and one who is still at the forefront of contemporary art today. This intimate, critical biography chronicles Abramović’s formative and until now undocumented years in Yugoslavia, and tells the story of her partnership with the German artist Ulay—one of the twentieth century’s great examples of the fusion of artistic and private life. In one of many long-durational performances in the renewed solo career that followed, Abramović famously lived in a New York gallery for twelve days without eating or speaking, nourished only by prolonged eye contact with audience members. It was here, in 2002, that author James Westcott first encountered her, beginning an exceptionally close relation between biographer and subject. When Marina Abramović Dies draws on Westcott’s personal observations of Abramović, his unprecedented access to her archive, and hundreds of hours of interviews he conducted with the artist and the people closest to her. The result is a unique and vivid portrait of the charismatic self-proclaimed “grandmother of performance art.”

Bioethics emerged in the 1960s from a conviction that physicians and researchers needed the guidance of philosophers in handling the issues raised by technological advances in medicine. It blossomed as a response to the perceived doctor-knowsbest paternalism of the traditional medical ethic and today plays a critical role in health policies and treatment decisions. Bioethics claimed to offer a set of generally applicable, universally accepted guidelines that would simplify complex situations. In Thieves of Virtue, Tom Koch contends that bioethics has failed to deliver on its promises. Instead, he argues, bioethics has promoted a view of medicine as a commodity whose delivery is predicated not on care but on economic efficiency. At the heart of bioethics, Koch writes, is a “lifeboat ethic” that assumes “scarcity” of medical resources is a natural condition rather than the result of prior economic, political, and social choices. The idea of natural scarcity requiring ethical triage signaled a shift in ethical emphasis from patient care and the physician’s responsibility for it to neoliberal accountancies and the promotion of research as the preeminent good. The solution to the failure of bioethics is not a new set of simplistic principles. Koch points the way to a transformed medical ethics that is humanist, responsible, and defensible.

James Westcott has written on art, architecture, and politics for numerous publications including the Guardian and the Village Voice, and was editor of artreview.com. He now writes and edits for AMO, the think tank and publishing unit of Rem Koolhaas’s Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in Rotterdam. “Westcott has almost certainly produced what will be considered Abramović’s definitive biography, at least of her first sixty-five years. There is likely much more to come.” —Robert Mock, Theatre Research International September — 7 x 9, 344 pp. — 100 illus. $24.95T/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-52681-4 cloth 2010 978-0-262-23262-3

Tom Koch, an international lecturer and consultant on bioethics, gerontology, and public health, is the author of fifteen books, including Mirrored Lives: Aging Children and Elderly Parents. “A robust, refreshing and informed reflection on philosophical bioethics from an ethical and clinical boundary rider.” —Sarah Ferber, Social History of Medicine September — 6 x 9, 376 pp. — 29 illus. $19.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52678-4 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01798-5 Basic Bioethics series

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now in paper science/space exploration

current affairs/politics

Working on Mars

Being Nuclear

Voyages of Scientific Discovery with the Mars Exploration Rovers

Africans and the Global Uranium Trade

William J. Clancey Geologists in the field climb hills and hang onto craggy outcrops; they put their fingers in sand and scratch, smell, and even taste rocks. Beginning in 2004, however, a team of geologists and other planetary scientists did field science in a dark room in Pasadena, exploring Mars from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) by means of the remotely operated Mars Exploration Rovers (MER). The MER created a virtual experience of being on Mars. In this book, William Clancey examines how the MER has changed the nature of planetary field science. Clancey investigates how the design of the rover mission enables field science on Mars, explaining how the scientists and rover engineers manipulate the vehicle and why the programmable tools and analytic instruments work so well for them. He shows how the scientists felt not as if they were issuing commands to a machine but rather as if they were working on the red planet, riding together in the rover on a voyage of discovery. William J. Clancey is Chief Scientist of Human-Centered Computing in the Intelligent Systems Division at NASA Ames Research Center, and Senior Research Scientist at the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. Winner, 2014 Gardner-Lasser Aerospace History Literature Award, given by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics “Anyone who wants to understand how this fiendishly complicated mission worked, and why it worked, should read this book.” —Steve Squyres, Goldwin Smith Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University September — 7 x 9, 328 pp. 25 color illus., 24 black & white illus. $19.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52680-7

Gabrielle Hecht Uranium from Africa has long been a major source of fuel for nuclear power and atomic weapons, including the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. In 2003, after the infamous “yellow cake from Niger,” Africa suddenly became notorious as a source of uranium, a component of nuclear weapons. But did that admit Niger, or any of Africa’s other uranium-producing countries, to the select society of nuclear states? Does uranium itself count as a nuclear thing? In this book, Gabrielle Hecht lucidly probes the question of what it means for something—a state, an object, an industry, a workplace—to be “nuclear.” Hecht shows that questions about being nuclear— a state that she calls “nuclearity”—lie at the heart of today’s global nuclear order and the relationships between “developing nations” (often former colonies) and “nuclear powers” (often former colonizers). Hecht enters African nuclear worlds, focusing on miners and the occupational hazard of radiation exposure. Could a mine be a nuclear workplace if (as in some South African mines) its radiation levels went undetected and unmeasured? With this book, Hecht is the first to put Africa in the nuclear world, and the nuclear world in Africa. By doing so, she remakes our understanding of the nuclear age. Gabrielle Hecht is Professor of History at the University of Michigan. She is the author of The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II (MIT Press). 2012 Martin A. Klein Prize in African History, American Historical Association 2013 Robert K. Merton Book Award, American Sociological Association “This book helps change permanently how we think of nuclear topics.” —Itty Abraham, Technology and Culture September — 6 x 9, 480 pp. — 53 illus.

cloth 2012 978-0-262-01775-6

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$21.95T/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-52686-9

mitpress.mit.edu

cloth 2012 978-0-262-01726-8


now in paper economics/current affairs

In the Wake of the Crisis Leading Economists Reassess Economic Policy edited by Olivier Blanchard, David Romer, Michael Spence, and Joseph Stiglitz In 2011, the International Monetary Fund invited prominent economists and economic policymakers to consider the brave new world of the post-crisis global economy. The result is a book that captures the state of macroeconomic thinking at a transformational moment. The crisis and the weak recovery that has followed raise fundamental questions concerning macroeconomics and economic policy. These top economists discuss future directions for monetary policy, fiscal policy, financial regulation, capital-account management, growth strategies, the international monetary system, and the economic models that should underpin thinking about critical policy choices. Olivier Blanchard is Economic Counselor and Director of the Research Department at the International Monetary Fund. He is the author of Macroeconomics, among other books, and coauthor of Lectures on Macroeconomics (MIT Press). David Romer is Herman Royer Professor of Political Economy at the University of California, Berkeley, and author of Advanced Macroeconomics. Michael Spence, co-recipient of the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics, is Professor Emeritus of Management at Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business and Professor of Economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business. He served as Chairman of the Commission on Growth and Development from 2006 to 2010 (the life of the commission). He is the author of The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World. Joseph Stiglitz, co-recipient of the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics, is University Professor at Columbia University. He served as Chairman of the U.S. Council of Economic Advisers in the Clinton administration, and from 1997 to 2000 as World Bank Chief Economist and Senior Vice President in Development Economics. He is the author of Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy, Globalization and Its Discontents, and other books.

Prominent economists reconsider the fundamentals of economic policy for a post-crisis world. September 6 x 9, 256 pp. 36 illus. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-52682-1 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01761-9

Contributors Olivier Blanchard, Ricardo Caballero, Charles Collyns, Arminio Fraga, Már Guðmundsson, Sri Mulyani Indrawati, Otmar Issing, Olivier Jeanne, Rakesh Mohan, Maurice Obstfeld, José Antonio Ocampo, Guillermo Ortiz, Y. V. Reddy, Dani Rodrik, David Romer, Paul Romer, Andrew Sheng, Hyun Song Shin, Parthasarathi Shome, Robert Solow, Michael Spence, Joseph Stiglitz, Adair Turner “An important road map for new thinking in the field of economics and policy that will affect all of us for years to come.” —Booklist “An absolute must-read for anyone wondering how much we do and do not know about economic policy.” —Natacha Postel-Vinay, LSE blog

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95


now in paper finance

economics/Africa studies

Guardians of Finance

Reforming the Unreformable

Making Regulators Work for Us

Lessons from Nigeria

James R. Barth, Gerard Caprio Jr., and Ross Levine

Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

The recent financial crisis was an accident, a “perfect storm” fueled by an unforeseeable confluence of events that unfortunately combined to bring down the global financial systems. Or at least this is the story told and retold by a chorus of luminaries that includes Timothy Geithner, and Alan Greenspan. In Guardians of Finance, economists James Barth, Gerard Caprio, and Ross Levine argue that the financial meltdown of 2007 to 2009 was no accident; it was negligent homicide. They show that senior regulatory officials around the world knew or should have known that their policies were destabilizing the global financial system and yet chose not to act until the crisis had fully emerged. Barth, Caprio, and Levine propose the establishment of a “Sentinel” to provide an informed, expert, and independent assessment of financial regulation. Its sole power would be to demand information and to evaluate it from the perspective of the public—rather than that of the financial industry, the regulators, or politicians. James R. Barth is Lowder Eminent Scholar in Finance at Auburn University and Senior Finance Fellow at the Milken Institute. Gerard Caprio Jr. is William Brough Professor of Economics and Chair of the Center for Development Economics at Williams College. Ross Levine is the Willis H. Booth Chair in Banking and Finance at the University of California, Berkeley, and Senior Fellow at the Milken Institute. Honorable Mention, 2012 American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence (PROSE Award) in Business, Finance, & Management “This is a timely, well-written, and nontechnical book by established experts in the field.” —R. Grossman, Choice September — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 2 illus. $16.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-52684-5

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Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala is Nigeria’s Coordinating Minister for the Economy and Minister of Finance. “This is an essential guidebook for reformers everywhere.” —Bono “An outstanding memoir about [Okonjo-Iweala’s] experiences at the helm of Nigeria’s sometimes unwieldy economic restructuring.” —Joel Krupa, LSE Review of Books September — 6 x 9, 216 pp. — 11 illus. $14.95T/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-52687-6 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01814-2

cloth 2012 978-0-262-01739-8

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Corrupt, mismanaged, and seemingly hopeless: that’s how the international community viewed Nigeria in the early 2000s. Then Nigeria implemented a sweeping set of economic and political changes and began to reform the unreformable. This book tells the story of how a dedicated and politically committed team of reformers set out to fix a series of broken institutions, and in the process repositioned Nigeria’s economy in ways that helped create a more diversified springboard for steadier long-term growth. The author, Harvard- and MIT-trained economist Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, currently Nigeria’s Coordinating Minister for the Economy and Minister of Finance and formerly Managing Director of the World Bank, played a crucial part in her country’s economic reforms. In Nigeria’s Debt Management Office, and later as Minister of Finance, she spearheaded negotiations with the Paris Club that led to the wiping out of $30 billion of Nigeria’s external debt, 60 percent of which was outright cancellation. Reforming the Unreformable offers an insider’s view of those debt negotiations; it also details the fight against corruption and the struggle to implement a series of macroeconomic and structural reforms.

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now in paper history/economics/Russia studies

finance/economics

Russia

Competitive Strategy

A Long View

Options and Games

Yegor Gaidar translated by Antonina W. Bouis foreword by Anders Åslund

Benoît Chevalier-Roignant and Lenos Trigeorgis foreword by Avinash Dixit

It is not so easy to take the long view of socioeconomic history when you are participating in a revolution. For that reason, Russian economist Yegor Gaidar put aside an early version of this work to take up a series of government positions—as Minister of Finance and as Boris Yeltsin’s acting Prime Minister—in the early 1990s. In government, Gaidar shepherded Russia through its transition to a market economy after years of socialism. Once out of government, Gaidar turned again to his consideration of Russia’s economic history and long-term economic and political challenges. This book, revised and updated shortly before his death in 2009, is the result. Gaidar’s account of long-term socioeconomic trends puts his country in historical context and outlines problems faced by Russia (and other developing economies) that more developed countries have already encountered: aging population, migration, evolution of the system of social protection, changes in the armed forces, and balancing stability and flexibility in democratic institutions. This is not a memoir, but, Gaidar points out, neither is it “written from the position of a man who spent his entire life in a research institute.” Gaidar’s “long view” is inevitably informed and enriched by his experience in government at a watershed moment in history.

Corporate managers who face both strategic uncertainty and market uncertainty confront a classic trade-off between commitment and flexibility. They can stake a claim by making a large capital investment today, influencing their rivals’ behavior, or they can take a “wait and see” approach to avoid adverse market consequences tomorrow. In Competitive Strategy, Benoît ChevalierRoignant and Lenos Trigeorgis describe an emerging paradigm that can quantify and balance commitment and flexibility, “option games,” by which the decision-making approaches of real options and game theory can be combined. The authors first discuss prerequisite concepts and tools from basic game theory, industrial organization, and real options analysis, and then present the new approach in discrete time and later in continuous time. Competitive Strategy provides a rigorous yet pragmatic and intuitive approach to strategy formulation.

Yegor Gaidar (1956–2009) was a Russian economist and politician and a key architect of economic reforms in Russia’s transition to a market economy.

Benoît Chevalier-Roignant has been a management consultant for several years and currently is in a management position in the finance department of an international airline company. Lenos Trigeorgis is the Bank of Cyprus Chair Professor of Finance in the School of Economics and Management at the University of Cyprus and Professor of Finance at King’s College of the University of London. He is the author of Real Options (MIT Press), Strategic Investment, and other books.

“The analysis is remarkably sharp and succinct, devoid of self-exculpation, and informed by an astonishing array of Russian and Western sources.” —Robert Legvold, Foreign Affairs

“For readers interested in the theoretical underpinnings of competition and strategic choice, it’s an important contribution to the field as well as an engaging book.” —Phil Rosenzweig, Strategy + Business, “Best Business Books 2012: Strategy”

September — 7 x 9, 568 pp. — 44 illus.

September — 6 x 9, 520 pp. — 129 illus.

$25.95T/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-52683-8

$30.00S/£20.95 paper 978-0-262-52671-5

cloth 2012 978-0-262-01741-1

cloth 2011 978-0-262-01599-8

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97


now in paper digital humanities/software studies

10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1)); : GOTO 10 Nick Montfort, Patsy Baudoin, John Bell, Ian Bogost, Jeremy Douglass, Mark C. Marino, Michael Mateas, Casey Reas, Mark Sample, and Noah Vawter

A single line of code offers a way to understand the cultural context of computing. September 6 x 9, 308 pp. 69 illus. $20.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52674-6 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01846-3 Software Studies series

This book takes a single line of code—the extremely concise BASIC program for the Commodore 64 inscribed in the title—and uses it as a lens through which to consider the phenomenon of creative computing and the way computer programs exist in culture. The authors of this collaboratively written book treat code not as merely functional but as a text—in the case of 10 PRINT, a text that appeared in many different printed sources— that yields a story about its making, its purpose, its assumptions, and more. They consider randomness and regularity in computing and art, the maze in culture, the popular BASIC programming language, and the highly influential Commodore 64 computer. Nick Montfort is Associate Professor of Digital Media at MIT and the coauthor of Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System (MIT Press, 2009). Patsy Baudoin is Digital Humanities, Media and Film Studies, and Women’s & Gender Studies Librarian at MIT. John Bell is Assistant Professor of Innovative Communication Design at the University of Maine. Ian Bogost is Ivan Allen College Distinguished Chair in Media Studies and Professor of Interactive Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology, a Founding Partner at Persuasive Games LLC, and the coauthor of Newsgames: Journalism at Play (MIT Press, 2010). Jeremy Douglass is Assistant Professor of English at University of California, Santa Barbara. Michael Mateas is Associate Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Mark C. Marino is Associate Professor (Teaching) and directs the Humanities and Critical Code Studies (HaCCS) Lab at the University of Southern California. Casey Reas is Professor of Design Media Arts at UCLA and coauthor of Processing: A Programming Handbook for Visual Designers and Artists (MIT Press). Mark Sample is Associate Professor of Digital Studies at Davidson College. Noah Vawter is a sound artist. “Though 10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1)); : GOTO 10 is occasionally whiplash-inducing in its headlong rush through history, the connections it makes are inspired.” —Geeta Dayal, Slate “10 PRINT is a creative adventure in reading source code as a technical object and cultural icon, as well as a window onto the ways in which technical and artistic practices mingle. . . . A romp, a scholarly exposition, and an experiment in writing in a collaborative authorial voice, it is a delight not to be missed.” —N. Katherine Hayles, author of How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis; Professor of Literature, Duke University

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now in paper computer science

design

Quantum Computing

The Design Way

A Gentle Introduction

Intentional Change in an Unpredictable World

Eleanor G. Rieffel and Wolfgang H. Polak The combination of two of the twentieth century’s most influential and revolutionary scientific theories, information theory and quantum mechanics, gave rise to a radically new view of computing and information.Quantum information processing explores the implications of using quantum mechanics instead of classical mechanics to model information and its processing. Quantum computing is not about changing the physical substrate on which computation is done from classical to quantum but about changing the notion of computation itself, at the most basic level. The fundamental unit of computation is no longer the bit but the quantum bit or qubit. This comprehensive introduction to the field offers a thorough exposition of quantum computing and the underlying concepts of quantum physics, explaining all the relevant mathematics and offering numerous examples. With its careful development of concepts and thorough explanations, the book makes quantum computing accessible to students and professionals in mathematics, computer science, and engineering. A reader with no prior knowledge of quantum physics (but with sufficient knowledge of linear algebra) will be able to gain a fluent understanding by working through the book. Eleanor G. Rieffel is Senior Research Scientist at FX Palo Alto Laboratory. Wolfgang H. Polak is a computer science consultant. “How do you describe a masterpiece in a page or less? This is the pleasant problem I am facing in writing a review of Quantum Computing: A Gentle Introduction by Eleanor Rieffel and Wolfgang Polak.” —Valerio Scarani, Physics Today “A masterpiece that should be read by all who are interested in quantum computing.” —Colin Price, Times Higher Education September — 7 x 9, 392 pp. — 79 illus. $25.00S/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-52667-8 cloth 2011 978-0-262-01506-6 Scientific and Engineering Computation series

Second Edition

Harold G. Nelson and Erik Stolterman Humans did not discover fire—they designed it. Design is not defined by software programs, blueprints, or font choice. When we create new things—technologies, organizations, processes, systems, environments, ways of thinking—we engage in design. With this expansive view of design as their premise, in The Design Way Harold Nelson and Erik Stolterman make the case for design as its own culture of inquiry and action. They offer not a recipe for design practice or theorizing but a formulation of design culture’s fundamental core of ideas. These ideas—which form “the design way”—are applicable to an infinite variety of design domains, from such traditional fields as architecture and graphic design to such nontraditional design areas as organizational, educational, interaction, and healthcare design. The text of this second edition is accompanied by new detailed images, “schemas” that visualize, conceptualize, and structure the authors’ understanding of design inquiry. The text itself has been revised and expanded throughout, in part in response to reader feedback. Harold G. Nelson was 2009–2010 Nierenberg Distinguished Professor of Design at Carnegie Mellon University and is currently Senior Instructor in the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy at the Naval Postgraduate School and President of the Advanced Design Institute. Erik Stolterman is Professor of Informatics and Department Chair in the School of Informatics and Computing at Indiana University Bloomington. “The second edition of The Design Way is the most useful and enjoyable book on design that I have yet read.” —Roger Martin, Dean, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto September — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 102 illus. $20.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52670-8 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01817-3

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99


now in paper economics/finance

finance/economics

Financial Innovation

The Great Recession

Too Much or Too Little?

Lessons for Central Bankers

edited by Michael Haliassos

edited by Jacob Braude, Zvi Eckstein, Stanley Fischer, and Karnit Flug

In assigning blame for the recent economic crisis, many have pointed to the proliferation of new, complex financial products—mortgage securitization in particular—as being at the heart of the meltdown. The prominent economists from academia, policy institutions, and financial practice who contribute to this book, however, take a more nuanced view of financial innovation. They argue that it was not too much innovation but too little innovation—and the lack of balance between debtrelated products and asset-related products—that lies behind the crisis. Prevention of future financial crises, then, will be aided by a regulatory and legal framework that fosters the informed use of financial innovation and its positive effects on the economy rather than quashing innovation entirely. The book, which includes two contributions from 2013 Nobel Laureate Robert Shiller as well as a discussion of Shiller’s “MacroMarkets” tool, considers the key ingredients of financial innovation from both academia and industry; and how future innovationlined crises might be avoided. Michael Haliassos is Professor and Chair of Macroeconomics and Finance at Goethe University Frankfurt, Director of the Center for Financial Studies and of the Center of Excellence SAFE, and Research Fellow at the Center for Economic Policy Research (CEPR). He is a coeditor of Household Portfolios (MIT Press) and Stockholding in Europe. Contributors Josef Ackermann, Nicholas C. Barberis, John Y. Campbell, Karl E. Case, Robin Greenwood, Michael Haliassos, Otmar Issing, Alexander Popov, Robert J. Shiller, Andrei Shleifer, Frank R. Smets, Susan J. Smith, Maria Vassalou, Luis M. Viceira September — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 35 illus. $20.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52672-2

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Jacob Braude works in the Bank of Israel Research Department. Zvi Eckstein is Dean of the School of Economics in the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of Israel from 2006 to 2011. Stanley Fischer is former Governor of the Bank of Israel and has been nominated as Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve. He is the author of IMF Essays from a Time of Crisis: The International Financial System, Stabilization, and Development (MIT Press). Karnit Flug is Governor of the Bank of Israel. She previously served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of Israel and Director of the Bank of Israel’s Research Department (2001–2011). September — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 156 illus. $22.00S/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-52673-9 cloth 2012 978-0-262-01834-0

cloth 2012 978-0-262-01829-6

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The recent financial crisis shook not only the global economy but also conventional wisdom about economic policy. After the collapse of Lehman Brothers in September 2008, policy makers reversed course and acted on an unprecedented scale. The policy response was remarkable both for its magnitude and for the variety of measures undertaken. This book examines both the major role central banks played in the crisis and the role they might play in preventing or preparing for future crises. The contributors, central bankers from around the world, focus on monetary policy, the new area of macroprudential policy, and issues of exchange rates, capital flows, and banking and financial markets. They look at the experiences of both developed and emerging economies, considering why some, including Israel and Australia, suffered only mild effects while others—Ireland for example—plunged into severe financial crisis.

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now in paper technology/political science

biology

Protocol Politics

Naked Genes

The Globalization of Internet Governance

Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Laura DeNardis

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa translated by Mitch Cohen

The Internet has reached a critical point. The world is running out of Internet addresses. There is a finite supply of approximately 4.3 billion Internet Protocol (IP) addresses—the unique binary numbers required for every exchange of information over the Internet— within the Internet’s prevailing technical architecture (IPv4). In the 1990s the Internet standards community selected a new protocol (IPv6) that would expand the number of Internet addresses exponentially—to 340 undecillion addresses. Despite a decade of predictions about imminent global conversion, IPv6 adoption has barely begun. Laura DeNardis’s key insight is that protocols are political. IPv6 intersects with provocative topics including Internet civil liberties, US military objectives, globalization, institutional power struggles, and the promise of global democratic freedoms. DeNardis offers recommendations for Internet standards governance, based not only on technical concerns but on principles of openness and transparency, and examines the global implications of looming Internet address scarcity versus the slow deployment of the new protocol designed to solve this problem. Laura DeNardis is a Professor in the School of Communication at American University, Washington, D.C., and the coauthor of Information Technology in Theory. “In this lucid work, DeNardis weaves a wonderful tale about Internet addressing—demonstrating the wider thesis that the arcane world of standards setting is a site of some of today’s great questions, and that we as citizens should understand and be engaged in these debates.” —Geoffrey C. Bowker, Professor, School of Information and Computer Science, University of California, Irvine September — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 16 illus. $18.00S/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-52675-3 cloth 2009 978-0-262-04257-4 Information Revolution and Global Politics series

The molecular life sciences are making visible what was once invisible. Yet the more we learn about our own biology, the less we are able to fit this knowledge into an integrated whole. Life is divided into new sub-units and reassembled into new forms: from genes to clones, from embryonic stages to the buildingblocks of synthetic biology. Extracted from their scientific and social contexts, these new entities become not only visible but indeed “naked”: ready to assume an essential status of their own and take on multiple values and meanings as they pass from labs to courts, from patent offices to parliaments and back. In Naked Genes, leading science scholar Helga Nowotny and molecular biologist Giuseppe Testa examine the interaction between these dramatic advances in the life sciences and equally dramatic political reconfigurations of our societies. Considering topics ranging from assisted reproduction and personalized medicine to genetic sports doping, they reveal both surprising continuities and radical discontinuities between the latest advances in the life sciences and long-standing human traditions. Helga Nowotny is former President of the European Research Council and author of Insatiable Curiosity: Innovation in a Fragile Future (MIT Press) and other books. Giuseppe Testa heads the Laboratory of Stem Cell Epigenetics at the European Institute for Oncology (IEO) in Milan and is the cofounder of the interdisciplinary PhD program FOLSATEC (Foundations of the Life Sciences and Their Ethical Consequences) in Milan. “Never before have I encountered such a clear combination of natural-scientific accuracy and societal interpretation.” —Peter Gruss, President of the Max Planck Society, Munich September — 5 3/8 x 8, 152 pp. $18.00S/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-52676-0 cloth 2011 978-0-262-01493-9

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now in paper cognitive neuroscience

philosophy of mind/evolutionary psychology

Mind and Brain

The Evolved Apprentice

A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

How Evolution Made Humans Unique

William R. Uttal

Kim Sterelny

Cognitive neuroscience explores the relationship between our minds and our brains, most recently by drawing on brain imaging techniques to align neural mechanisms with psychological processes. In Mind and Brain, William Uttal offers a critical review of cognitive neuroscience, examining both its history and modern developments in the field. He pays particular attention to the role of brain imaging—especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)—in studying the mind-brain relationship. He argues that, despite the explosive growth of this new mode of research, there has been more hyperbole than critical analysis of what experimental outcomes really mean. With Mind and Brain, Uttal attempts a synoptic synthesis of this substantial body of scientific literature. Uttal considers psychological and behavioral concerns that can help guide the neuroscientific discussion; work done before the advent of imaging systems; and what brain imaging has brought to recent research. Cognitive neuroscience, Uttal argues, is truly both cognitive and neuroscientific. Both approaches are necessary and neither is sufficient to make sense of the greatest scientific issue of all: how the brain makes the mind.

Over the last three million years or so, our lineage has diverged sharply from those of our great ape relatives. Change has been rapid (in evolutionary terms) and pervasive. Morphology, life history, social life, sexual behavior, and foraging patterns have all shifted sharply away from those of the other great apes. In The Evolved Apprentice, Kim Sterelny argues that the divergence stems from the fact that humans gradually came to enrich the learning environment of the next generation. Humans came to cooperate in sharing information, and to cooperate ecologically and reproductively as well, and these changes initiated positive feedback loops that drove us further from other great apes. Sterelny develops a new theory of the evolution of human cognition and human social life that emphasizes the gradual evolution of information-sharing practices across generations and how these practices transformed human minds and social lives. Sterelny proposes that humans developed a new form of ecological interaction with their environment, cooperative foraging.

William R. Uttal is Professor Emeritus (Engineering) at Arizona State University and Professor Emeritus (Psychology) at the University of Michigan. He is the author of many books, including The New Phrenology: The Limits of Localizing Cognitive Processes in the Brain (MIT Press). “A fascinating book and an important contribution to the field of cognitive neuroscience.” —C. L. Iwema, Choice September — 7 x 9, 528 pp. — 24 illus. $30.00S/£20.95 paper 978-0-262-52665-4

Kim Sterelny is Professor of Philosophy at Australian National University and Victoria University of Wellington. His books include Language and Reality (with Michael Devitt; second edition, MIT Press). CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title, 2012 “The Evolved Apprentice is a book to be discovered and to be developed, a tome to struggle and engage with, a volume whose margins should not remain blank but must rather be filled with many doodlings and scribblings.” —Mirko Farina, Phenomenology and Cognitive Sciences September — 6 x 9, 264 pp. $20.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-52666-1

cloth 2011 978-0-262-01596-7

cloth 2012 978-0-262-01679-7 Jean Nicod Lectures A Bradford Book

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now in TRADE paper urban planning/transportation

Changing Lanes Visions and Histories of Urban Freeways Joseph F. C. DiMento and Cliff Ellis Urban freeways often cut through the heart of a city, destroying neighborhoods, displacing residents, and reconfiguring street maps. These massive infrastructure projects, costing billions of dollars in transportation funds, have been shaped for the last half century by the ideas of highway engineers, urban planners, landscape architects, and architects—with highway engineers playing the leading role. In Changing Lanes, Joseph DiMento and Cliff Ellis describe the evolution of the urban freeway in the United States, from its rural parkway precursors through the construction of the interstate highway system to emerging alternatives for more sustainable urban transportation. DiMento and Ellis describe controversies that arose over urban freeway construction, focusing on three cases: Syracuse, which early on embraced freeways through its center; Los Angeles, which rejected some routes and then built I-105, the most expensive urban road of its time; and Memphis, which blocked the construction of I-40 through its core. Finally, they consider the emerging urban highway removal movement and other innovative efforts by cities to re-envision urban transportation. Joseph F. C. DiMento is Professor in the School of Law and former Director of the Newkirk Center for Science and Society at the University of California, Irvine. He is coeditor of Climate Change: What It Means for Us, Our Children, and Our Grandchildren (MIT Press). Cliff Ellis is Associate Professor in the Graduate Program in City and Regional Planning at Clemson University.

The story of the evolution of the urban freeway, the competing visions that informed it, and the emerging alternatives for more sustainable urban transportation. September 6 x 9, 384 pp. 53 illus. $22.00S/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-52677-7 cloth 2013 978-0-262-01858-6 Urban and Industrial Environments series

“An authoritative addition to the scholarship on the rise of the automobile-oriented city in the United States that charts the rise of urban freeways from genesis to fruition.” —Christopher Wells, Environmental History “This work is deeply researched and subtle conclusions are illustrated by insightful case studies.” —Martin Wachs, Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, and UCLA; Senior Principal Researcher at the RAND Corporation “This timely book provides a rich historical account of how shifts in urban priorities, disciplinary mindsets, and regulatory climates have shaped and reshaped the designs, roles, and images of America’s principal channel-ways. . . [A] must-read for anyone who cares about the planning and design of American cities, past, present, and future.” —Robert Cervero, Professor, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley

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JOURNALS arts and humanities

arts and humanities

The Baffler

ARTMargins

John Summers, editor

Sven Spieker, executive editor Karen Benezra, Octavian Eșanu, Anthony Gardner, Angela Harutyunyan, editors

Baffling the consensus since 1988, the magazine ridicules respectable business leaders, laughs at popular consumer brands as souvenirs of the cultural industry, and debunks the ideology of free-market nincompoops. Triannual, ISSN 1059-9789 March/July/November 160 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/baffler

IJLM: International Journal of Learning and Media Tara McPherson and Holly Willis, editors The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM) is a groundbreaking online-only journal devoted to the examination of the changing relationships between learning and media across a wide range of forms and settings. While retaining the rigorous peer review process of a traditional academic journal, IJLM provides opportunities for more topical and polemical writing, for visual and multimedia presentations, and for online dialogues. IJLM is published with support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Quarterly, ISSN 1943-6068 • Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall Online only http://ijlm.net http://mitpressjournals.org/ijlm

PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art Bonnie Marranca, editor PAJ is admired internationally for its independent critical thought and cutting-edge explorations of performance, video, drama, dance, installations, media, film, and music, integrating ideas from theatre and the visual arts. Triannual, ISSN 1520-281X • January/May/September 128 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/paj

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ARTMargins publishes scholarly articles and essays about contemporary art, politics, media, architecture, and critical theory. The journal is devoted to art practices and visual culture in the emerging global margins, from North Africa and the Middle East to the Americas, Eastern and Western Europe, Asia and Australasia. Triannual, ISSN 2162-2574 • February/June/October 128 pp. per issue — 6 x 9, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/artmargins

Grey Room Zeynep Çelik Alexander, Lucia Allais, Eric C.H. de Bruyn, Gabriella Coleman, Noam M. Elcott, John Harwood, Matthew C. Hunter, editors Grey Room brings together scholarly and theoretical articles from the fields of architecture, art, media, and politics to forge a crossdisciplinary discourse uniquely relevant to contemporary concerns. Publishing some of the most interesting and original work within these disciplines, Grey Room has positioned itself at the forefront of the most current aesthetic and critical debates. Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3819 • Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 128 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 9 5/8, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/grey


JOURNALS arts and humanities

arts and humanities

Computer Music Journal

The New England Quarterly

Douglas Keislar, editor

Linda Smith Rhoads, editor

For over three decades, Computer Music Journal has been the leading publication about computer music, concentrating fully on digital sound technology and all musical applications of computers. It is an essential resource for musicians, composers, scientists, engineers, computer enthusiasts, and anyone exploring the wonders of computergenerated sound. Quarterly, ISSN 0148-9267 • Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 128 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/cmj

The Exhibitionist Jens Hoffmann, editor The Exhibitionist is a journal focusing solely on the practice of exhibition making. The objective is to create a wider platform for the discussion of curatorial concerns, encourage a diversification of curatorial models, and actively contribute to the formation of a theory of curating. The MIT Press manages trade sales in the U.S. for this title. Biannual, ISSN 2038-0984 • January/June 
 72 pp. per issue — 7 1/4 x 9 1/4, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/exhb

October Rosalind Krauss, Annette Michelson, George Baker, Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Leah Dickerman, Devin Fore, Hal Foster, Daniel Heller-Roazen, Denis Hollier, David Joselit, Carrie Lambert-Beatty, Mignon Nixon, and Malcolm Turvey, editors At the forefront of art criticism and theory, October focuses critical attention on the contemporary arts—film, painting, music, media, photography, performance, sculpture, and literature—and their various contexts of interpretation. Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2870 • Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 160 pp. per issue — 7 x 9, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/october

For more than eighty years, The New England Quarterly has published the best that has been written on New England’s cultural, political, and social history. Contributions cover a range of time periods, from before European colonization to the present, and any subject germane to New England’s history. Quarterly, ISSN 0028-4866 • March/June/September/December 192 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/neq

TDR/The Drama Review Richard Schechner, editor TDR traces the broad spectrum of performances — studying performances in their aesthetic, social, economic, and political contexts. Long known as the basic resource for current scholarship in performance studies, TDR continues to be a lively forum. Quarterly, ISSN 1054-2043 • Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter 192 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org.tdr

African Arts Marla C. Berns, Allen F. Roberts, Mary Nooter Roberts, Gemma Rodrigues, and Doran H. Ross, editors African Arts presents original research and critical discourse on traditional, contemporary, and popular African arts and expressive cultures. Since 1967, the journal has reflected the dynamism and diversity of several fields of humanistic study, publishing richly illustrated articles in full color, incorporating the most current theory, practice, and intercultural dialogue. Quarterly, ISSN 0001-9933 • Spring/Summer/Autumn/Winter 88-100 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/aa Published by the James S. Coleman African Studies Center, UCLA, and distributed by the MIT Press

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JOURNALS arts and humanities

political science/international affairs

Design Issues Bruce Brown, Richard Buchanan, Carl DiSalvo, Dennis P. Doordan, and Victor Margolin, editors The first American academic journal to examine design history, theory, and criticism, Design Issues provokes inquiry into the cultural and intellectual issues surrounding design. Special guest-edited issues concentrate on particular themes, such as humancomputer interface, service design, design for development, and product design methodology. Quarterly, ISSN 0747-9360 • Winter/Spring/Summer/Autumn 112 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/di

Dædalus Phyllis S. Bendell, managing editor Drawing on some of the nation’s foremost scholars in the arts, sciences, humanities, and social sciences, Dædalus, the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, presents new perspectives and multidisciplinary research on topics central to American life. Quarterly, ISSN 0011-5266 • Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 144 pp. per issue — 7 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/daedalus

Leonardo/ Leonardo Music Journal Roger F. Malina, executive editor Nicolas Collins, editor-in-chief Leonardo is the leading international journal in the application of contemporary science and technology to the arts and music. The companion annual journal, Leonardo Music Journal (including CD), features the latest in music, multimedia art, sound science, and technology. Six issues per year, ISSN 0024-094X February/April/June/August/October/December 112 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/leon

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Global Environmental Politics Stacy D. VanDeveer and Kate O’Neill, editors Global Environmental Politics examines the relationship between global political forces and environmental change, with particular attention given to the implications of local-global interactions for environmental management. Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3800 • February/May/August/November 164 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/gep

International Security Steven E. Miller, editor-in-chief Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Owen R. Coté Jr., editors International Security publishes lucid, well-documented essays on the full range of contemporary security issues, including the growing importance of environmental, demographic, and humanitarian issues, and the rise of global terrorist networks. Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2889 • Summer/Fall/Winter/Spring 208 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/is Published by the MIT Press for the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University

economics Coming early 2015!

American Journal of Health Economics Frank Sloan, editor-in-chief The American Journal of Health Economics (AJHE) will provide a forum for the in-depth analysis of institutional health care systems and individual health behaviors. The journal will be published by the MIT Press for the American Society of Health Economists (ASHEcon). Subjects of interest include the impact of the Affordable Care Act, pharmaceutical regulation, the rise of obesity, and the influence of aging populations, and much more. Quarterly, ISSN 2332-3493 • Winter/Spring/ Summer/Fall 144 pp. per issue—6 x 9


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index

Advanced Structured Prediction, Nowozin 89 After Phrenology, Anderson 48 Agreement and Its Failures, Preminger 56 All for Nothing, Cutrofello 22 Alpaydin, Introduction to Machine Learning, third edition 90 Anderson, After Phrenology 48 Andrachuk, Perspecta 47 17 Ansolabehere, Cheap and Clean 8 Architecture of Error, Hughes 16 Art of Insight in Science and Engineering, Mahajan 45 Austin, Zen-Brain Horizons 23 Barth, Guardians of Finance 96 Being Amoral, Schramme 55 Being Nuclear, Hecht 94 Bennett, Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness 51 Beyond Imported Magic, Medina 58 Beyond the Big Ditch, Carse 59 Biermann, Earth System Governance 82 Biopolitical Screens, Väliaho 69 Blanchard, In the Wake of the Crisis 95 Brandt, Interplay 14 Braude, The Great Recession 100 Cahuc, Labor Economics, second edition 74 Calvo, Positive Computing 88 Camarata, Late-Talking Children 9 Cangelosi, Developmental Robotics 85 Cannavò, Engaging Nature 82 Carse, Beyond the Big Ditch 59 Categorizing Cognition, Halford 49 Category Theory for the Sciences, Spivak 87 Changing Lanes, DiMento 103 Cheap and Clean, Ansolabehere 8 Chevalier-Roignant, Competitive Strategy 97 Choreographic, Joy 18 Clancey, Working on Mars 94 Climate Policy and Nonrenewable Resources, Pittel 76 Cognitive Neurosciences V, Gazzaniga 50 Cohen, Human Subjects Research Regulation 71 Collision Course, Higgs 32 Competitive Strategy, Chevalier-Roignant 97 Computer Games for Learning, Mayer 52 Connected Code, Kafai 63 Conscious Mind, Torey 24 Cortázar, Fantomas Versus the Multinational Vampires 38 Costanza-Chock, Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets! 61 Criqui, ON&BY Christian Marclay 19 Cubitt, The Practice of Light 68 Cutrofello, All for Nothing 22 Danks, Unifying the Mind 51 Day, Indexing it All 70 de Mooij, Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector 75 DeNardis, Protocol Politics 101 Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines, second edition, Wilson 46 The Design Way, second edition, Nelson 99 Developer’s Dilemma, O’Donnell 58 Developmental Robotics, Cangelosi 85 Dezeuze, Thomas Hirschhorn 36 Diamond, Pathways to Fiscal Reform in the United States 73

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DiMento, Changing Lanes 103 Disconnected, James 28 Dunbar-Hester, Low Power to the People 57 Dyson, The Tone of Our Times 68 Eagle, Reality Mining 3 Earth System Governance, Biermann 82 Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time, Miao 78 Ehn, Making Futures 69 Empirical Model Discovery and Theory Evaluation, Hendry 76 Engaging Nature, Cannavò 82 Engelland, Ostension 55 Erlmann, Reason and Resonance 44 Ervolini, Managing Equity Portfolios 7 Evolved Apprentice, Sterelny 102 Exhibition, Steeds 21 Fabric of Space, Gandy 80 Fantomas Versus the Multinational Vampires, Cortázar 38 Feiveson, Unmaking the Bomb 84 Field, Touch, second edition 31 Financial Innovation, Haliassos 100 Fischer, Lurching Toward Happiness in America 34 Flanagan, Values at Play in Digital Games 71 Flash, Salter 30 Fodor, Minds without Meanings 54 Gaidar, Russia 97 Gameful World, Walz 70 Gaming the System, Salen Tekinbaş 65 Gandy, The Fabric of Space 80 Gavil, The Microsoft Antitrust Cases 67 Gazzaniga, The Cognitive Neurosciences V 50 Gérard, The Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled 75 Gerrans, The Measure of Madness 53 Global Activism, Weibel 12 Globes, Sloterdijk 37 Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching, MacSwan 57 Great Recession, Braude 100 Greening the Global Economy, Pollin 33 Groote, Modeling and Analysis of Communicating Systems 85 Guardians of Finance, Barth 96 Guattari, I, Little Asylum 40 Gupta, Transparency in Global Environmental Governance 83 Gusfield, ReCombinatorics 47 Guyotat, In the Deep 41 Haber, MOOCs 25 Halford, Categorizing Cognition 49 Haliassos, Financial Innovation 100 Hecht, Being Nuclear 94 Hendry, Empirical Model Discovery and Theory Evaluation 76 Hentea, TaTa Dada 13 Higgs, Collision Course 32 History and Obstinacy, Kluge 43 Hughes, The Architecture of Error 16 Human Subjects Research Regulation, Cohen 71 I, Little Asylum, Guattari 40 Ikoniadou, The Rhythmic Event 67 Imaginary App, Miller 2 In the Deep, Guyotat 41 In the Wake of the Crisis, Blanchard 95 Indexing it All, Day 70


index

Innovator's Hypothesis, Schrage 1 Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption, Preston 49 Interplay, Brandt 14 Introduction to Machine Learning, third edition, Alpaydin 90 James, Disconnected 28 Jiang, Student Solutions Manual to Accompany Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time 78 Jinnah, Post-Treaty Politics 83 Jones, Sexuality 20 Joy, The Choreographic 18 Kafai, Connected Code 63 Kenvin, Surf Craft 4 Keynes, Temin 6 Kinskey, We Used to Wait 63 Kluge, History and Obstinacy 43 Koch, Thieves of Virtue 93 Kuchinskaya, The Politics of Invisibility 60 Kveraga, Scene Vision 47 Labor Economics, second edition, Cahuc 74 Late-Talking Children, Camarata 9 Leckman, Pathways to Peace 48 Lefebvre, The Missing Pieces 39 Legate, Voice and v 56 Life of Reason or The Phases of Human Progress, critical edition, Volume 7, Santayana 54 Lives of the Laureates, sixth edition, Spencer 79 Logistics Clusters, Sheffi 91 Low Power to the People, Dunbar-Hester 57 Lundh, Similarity in Difference 77 Lurching Toward Happiness in America, Fischer 34 MacSwan, Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching 57 Mahajan, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering 45 Making Futures, Ehn 69 Managing Equity Portfolios, Ervolini 7 Marketplace of Attention, Webster 5 Mayer, Computer Games for Learning 52 Measure of Madness, Gerrans 53 Medina, Beyond Imported Magic 58 Miao, Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time 78 Microsoft Antitrust Cases, Gavil 67 Miller, The Imaginary App 2 Mind and Brain, Uttal 102 Minds without Meanings, Fodor 54 Missing Pieces, Lefebvre 39 Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled, Gérard 75 Modeling and Analysis of Communicating Systems, Groote 85 Montello, Space in Mind 52 Montfort, 10 PRINT CHR$(205+RND(1)); : GOTO 10 98 MOOCs, Haber 25 Music and the Making of Modern Science, Pesic 62 Naked Genes, Nowotny 101 Nelson, The Design Way, second edition 99 Nilsson, Understanding Beliefs 26 No Future for You, Summers 10 Nowotny, Naked Genes 101 Nowozin, Advanced Structured Prediction 89 O’Donnell, Developer’s Dilemma 58 Okonjo-Iweala, Reforming the Unreformable 96 ON&BY Christian Marclay, Criqui 19

Oreskes, Science and Technology in the Global Cold War 61 Ostension, Engelland 55 Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets!, Costanza-Chock 61 Papapetros, Retracing the Expanded Field 15 Pathways to Fiscal Reform in the United States, Diamond 73 Pathways to Peace, Leckman 48 Peled, Traversing Digital Babel 66 Peppler, Script Changers 65 Peppler, Short Circuits 64 Peppler, Soft Circuits 64 Perspecta 47, Andrachuk 17 Perspectives on Dodd–Frank and Finance, Schultz 73 Pesic, Music and the Making of Modern Science 62 Pittel, Climate Policy and Nonrenewable Resources 76 Play Matters, Sicart 29 Politics of Invisibility, Kuchinskaya 60 Pollin, Greening the Global Economy 33 Pornotopia, Preciado 42 Positive Computing, Calvo 88 Post-Treaty Politics, Jinnah 83 Practical Applications of Sparse Modeling, Rish 89 Practice of Light, Cubitt 68 Preciado, Pornotopia 42 Preminger, Agreement and Its Failures 56 Preston, The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption 49 Primer on Auction Design, Management, and Strategy, Salant 77 Processing Inaccurate Information, Rapp 53 Processing, second edition, Reas 86 Producing Power, Schmid 60 Protocol Politics, DeNardis 101 Quantum Computing, Rieffel 99 Rail and the City, Warren 81 Rapp, Processing Inaccurate Information 53 Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word, Rosoff 72 Reality Mining, Eagle 3 Reas, Processing, second edition 86 Reason and Resonance, Erlmann 44 ReCombinatorics, Gusfield 47 Reforming the Unreformable, Okonjo-Iweala 96 Retracing the Expanded Field, Papapetros 15 Rhythmic Event, Ikoniadou 67 Rieffel, Quantum Computing 99 Rish, Practical Applications of Sparse Modeling 89 Rosoff, Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word 72 Rothfuss, Topless Cellist 11 Rouse, Understanding and Managing the Complexity of Healthcare 46 Russia, Gaidar 97 Salant, A Primer on Auction Design, Management, and Strategy 77 Salen Tekinbaş, Gaming the System 65 Salter, Flash 30 Santayana, The Life of Reason or The Phases of Human Progress, critical edition, Volume 7 54 Scene Vision, Kveraga 47 Schmid, Producing Power 60 Schrage, The Innovator’s Hypothesis 1 Schramme, Being Amoral 55 Schultz, Perspectives on Dodd–Frank and Finance 73

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index

Science and Technology in the Global Cold War, Oreskes 61 Script Changers, Peppler 65 Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness, Bennett 51 Sestoft, Spreadsheet Implementation Technology 87 Sexuality, Jones 20 Sheffi, Logistics Clusters 91 Short Circuits, Peppler 64 Sicart, Play Matters 29 Similarity in Difference, Lundh 77 Simonsen, Situated Design Methods 84 Situated Design Methods, Simonsen 84 Sloterdijk, Globes 37 Smil, Why America Is Not a New Rome 92 Soft Circuits, Peppler 64 Space in Mind, Montello 52 Spencer, Lives of the Laureates, sixth edition 79 Spivak, Category Theory for the Sciences 87 Spreadsheet Implementation Technology, Sestoft 87 Steeds, Exhibition 21 Sterelny, The Evolved Apprentice 102 Student Solutions Manual to Accompany Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time, Jiang 78 Summers, No Future for You 10 Surf Craft, Kenvin 4 TaTa Dada, Hentea 13 Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector, de Mooij 75 Temin, Keynes 6 10 PRINT CHR$(205+RND(1)); : GOTO 10, Montfort 98 Thieves of Virtue, Koch 93 Thomas Hirschhorn, Dezeuze 36 Tone of Our Times, Dyson 68 Topless Cellist, Rothfuss 11 Torey, The Conscious Mind 24 Touch, second edition, Field 31 Transparency in Global Environmental Governance, Gupta 83 Traversing Digital Babel, Peled 66 Understanding and Managing the Complexity of Healthcare, Rouse 46 Understanding Beliefs, Nilsson 26 Unifying the Mind, Danks 51 Unmaking the Bomb, Feiveson 84 Uttal, Mind and Brain 102 Väliaho, Biopolitical Screens 69 Values at Play in Digital Games, Flanagan 71 Voice and v, Legate 56 Walz, The Gameful World 70 Warren, Rail and the City 81 We Used to Wait, Kinskey 63 Webster, The Marketplace of Attention 5 Weibel, Global Activism 12 Westcott, When Marina Abramović Dies 93 When Marina Abramović Dies, Westcott 93 Why America Is Not a New Rome, Smil 92 Wilson, The Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines, second edition, with a new preface 46 Working on Mars, Clancey 94 Zen-Brain Horizons, Austin 23

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