10 The Venture
La comunidad hispana de Houston es afectada por la violencia en México POR MIGUEL CORTINA La violencia en México en los últimos días ha causado que cientos de mexicanos que residen en Estados Unidos dejen de visitar su país debido a la inseguridad. Durante los cuatro meses que de este año la violencia en las carreteras y en la frontera con el país norteamericano ha incrementado drásticamente. El Departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos ha publicado varias alertas a sus ciudadanos de no visitar México debido al incremento en la violencia relacionada con el narcotráfico que se vive en aquel país. Lucía Ayala, estudiante de relaciones públicas y ciencias políticas tuvo que regresar a Houston debido a la inseguridad que se vive en Monterrey, ciudad que visitó. “Mi tía no me dejaba salir de la casa, porque en algunas colonias había balaceras”. En las últimas semanas Monterrey ha sido una de las ciudades más golpeadas por el narcotráfico. En las vialidades más importantes de esta ciudad regiomontana, los narcotraficantes han asaltado camiones de carga para bloquear las avenidas y así tomar control de las calles sin que la policía o el ejército los puedan alcanzar. Además, la balacera que se llevó acabo el 19 de marzo enfrente de las instalaciones del Tecnológico de
Foto El Espectador Monterrey, dejó a dos estudiantes ejemplares muertos. Jorge Antonio Mercado Alonso y Javier Francisco Arredondo Verdugo, fueron sorprendidos por los balazos cuando iban salieron de la biblioteca. Los alumnos fueron reconocidos por sus familiares después de que el gobierno mexicano identificara los cadáveres como sicarios. La ciudad fronteriza de Reynosa se ha caracterizado por ser una de las más inseguras del país. Los
periodistas en esta ciudad fueron amenazados por el narcotráfico y ahora ya no pueden reportar los hechos relacionados con este tipo de delincuencia. El diario Milenio mandó a dos periodistas a la ciudad fronteriza donde fueron levantados y amenazados de que no regresaran. “El periodismo en esa zona simple y sencillamente no se puede hacer”, dijo Ciro Gómez Leyva, director de Milenio Televisión, sobre
el tema. La única forma de obtener información relacionada con el narco es a través del gobierno del Estado y por su página de Twitter. Estos hechos llevaron al departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos a publicar una alerta a sus ciudadanos de no viajar por carretera a las ciudades de Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa y Monterrey. Los propios habitantes de Monterrey piden a sus amigos y familiares que no viajen a esta ciudad
por vía terrestre. “Tenemos noticias de amigos en Monterrey que nos recomiendan que no viajemos en coche por la violencia que se vive en las carreteras. Se habla de que te puede tocar algún fuego cruzado o algún retén falso en la carretera”, dijo Cecilia Cortina, quien vive en Houston. En la ciudad de Durango diez jóvenes fueron asesinados por narcotraficantes después de que no se pararon en un retén de los sicarios. Los jóvenes eran estudiantes ejemplares que iban a recoger sus becas por parte del programa federal Oportunidades. “Mi papá iba a ir a Monterrey cuando los narcos cerraron las carreteras y detuvieron el autobús en Laredo, les dijeron la situación que había en Monterrey y él se bajó y se regresó a Houston”, dijo Ayala. La situación en Monterrey ha llevado a cerrar antros y bares en la ciudad. Ahora los jóvenes se divierten en sus casas por miedo de salir a las calles durante la noche. “Antros a los que siempre íbamos ya los cerraron. Realmente ya nadie sale en la noche”, comentó Ayala. “No es el Monterrey con el que yo crecí, donde podía ir a casa de mi abuelo a ocho cuadras de mi casa. Yo me iba caminando sola cuando tenía diez años. Es triste, es realmente triste”, concluyó Ayala.
Hablemos sobre asalto sexual
POR FRIDA VILLALOBOS
Son las tres de la mañana, un domingo y voy de regreso a casa después de la tercera visita en 24 horas. La tercera visita a un hospital donde se encuentra una mujer que ha sido asaltada sexualmente. En los Estados Unidos cada 2 minutos alguien es asaltado sexualmente. En la ciudad de Houston se reportaron 750 casos de violación en el 2008. Esto suma a un promedio de por lo menos ocurren 60 violaciones por mes. Un dato de gran importancia que capta la triste realidad a pesar de que la mayoría de violaciones no son reportadas. Un 60% de los casos de asalto sexual no son denunciados. Abril es el mes de concientización de asalto sexual y el Centro de Mujeres del Área de Houston invita a la comunidad a crear conciencia y educarse sobre el tema. El asalto sexual o violación no es un tema fácil de discutir pero uno del cual se debe de hablar más a menudo. El violar no es un acto sexual, es un acto de poder y control del cual cualquier persona puede ser víctima sin importar la edad, apariencia, sexo
u orientación. El abuso sexual deja a su paso consecuencias irreparables, como físicas, psicológicas, morales y el mal recuerdo para aquella persona que ha sido víctima. Uno de mis trabajos con El Centro de Mujeres del Área de Houston es visitar a personas que han sido victimas de asalto sexual o violencia domestica que se encuentran en hospitales. Por su mayoría los casos han sido de asalto sexual. Desde una niña de 13 años que se salió sin permiso para ir a la fiesta del vecino en donde alguien le puso drogas en su jugo de naranja, hasta la mujer de 34 años atacada por él que se decía ser su mejor amigo. Las chicas de edad escolar tienen cuatro veces más probabilidades de ser asaltadas y agredidas sexualmente. Casi la mitad de estas victimas son menores de 18 años. El 73% de las víctimas de violación conocen a sus agresores. También debo mencionar al hombre al cual me costó ver a los ojos al saber que lo habían secuestrado y violado por horas. 1 de cada 33 hombres será víctima de asalto sexual a lo largo de su vida, la mayoría no lo reportara.
Son historias reales, de personas reales, sobrevivientes de asalto sexual. Es por eso que es importante hablar acerca de esto. Es importante educarse acerca del tema y al mismo tiempo educar a otras personas. El asalto sexual es cualquier forma de actividad sexual forzada con la cual no se está de acuerdo y esto abarca desde tocar hasta penetrar. La violación es un crimen. Aúnque conozca a la persona que ataca, incluso si es su cónyuge, otro miembro de su familia, un amigo o alguien con quien trabaja. Es un crimen aún si no hubo resistencia, es un crimen aún si la persona estaba tomando, usando drogas, si le dieron drogas o si estaba inconsciente. Cualquier persona puede ser violada hombres, mujeres, niños y gente anciana. Muchos sobrevivientes de asalto sexual no lo reportan a la policía, porque temen a volver a ser víctimas por medio de procedimientos médicos y legales, represalias y exposición a los medios. Tal vez sientan pena, vergüenza y culpabilidad por lo sucedido. En varias ocasiones la víctima siente que de cierta manera que lo sucedido es su culpa. Muchas veces los amigos y familiares que
no entienden el trauma culpan a la persona por medio de preguntas y prejuicios. Preguntas como: ¿Que estabas haciendo allí a esas horas de la noche? ¿Porque ir solo a ese lugar? No debiste salirte de casa sin permiso... Una persona que ha sido asalta sexualmente no pide ser violada solo por salir con alguien a una cita romántica, casarse, vestir ropa sexy, tomar bebidas alcohólicas o quedarse fuera hasta tarde. La persona no provoca, él violador siempre debe de ser responsabilizado por la violación. Las tres mujeres que mencione al principio fueron violadas por alguien conocido y bajo la influencia del alcohol. El alcohol es la sustancia número 1 usada en violaciones que suceden durante citas. Es accesible, barato y efectivo. Es difícil que una persona intoxicada evalué el riesgo y se resista a un asalto; también puede causar desmayos y pérdida de memoria. Violaciones durante una cita involucran algún tipo de droga o sustancia como la forma más común de violación- un 78% de las violaciones suceden durante una cita. Si sospechas que haz sido drogado (a), busca ayuda. El cuerpo asimila estas drogas muy rápidamente
por lo que se debe realizar un análisis de orina tan pronto sea posible. Se debe conservar toda prueba material y someterse a un examen de asalto sexual. Ya en el hospital una consejera del Centro de Mujeres puede brindar apoyo, un cambio de ropa y algo de comer. El centro de mujeres ofrece apoyo confidencial y gratuito a cualquier persona que ha sido victima del asalto sexual y también a familiares. La línea de Ayuda de Asalto Sexual esta disponible las 24 horas del día El asalto sexual sucede más de lo que nos imaginamos. No es un tema atractivo como la noticia más reciente de Ricky Martin en Twitter o como el capitulo más reciente de nuestra novela favorita pero es un tema importante. Es importante que nos eduquemos y hablemos sobre esto con nuestros amigos (a), hijos y familiares. Si desea más información sobre los servicios que ofrece el Centro De Mujeres del Área de Houston por favor llame al 713-528-7273. También nos puede encontrar en línea www.hawc.org en Facebook y en Twitter @hawctalk
The Venture 11
Cara a cara con Bernardo Fallas POR JOSE SANTOS El ser bilingüe fue un punto principal por el cual Bernardo Fallas se convirtió en reportero del Houston Chronicle. Graduado en el 2004 de la Universidad de Houston, Fallas ha aplicado los grandes conocimientos que aprendió durante sus años colegiales, con profesores que él elogia por sus enseñanzas y técnicas de periodismo. Fallas encontró la oportunidad de no comenzar desde abajo, sino que empezó en el más alto ámbito del periodismo como lo es el Houston Chronicle. David McHam recuerda a Fallas con cariño, ya que él vio siempre un potencial en él. “Me sorprendió la manera que él escribía, siendo de Costa Rica manejaba muy bien el ingles, entregando las tareas casi perfectas”, dijo McHam. El no se demuestra sorprendido al ver a Fallas como reportero de los Astros de Houston. “El se lo merecía, lastima que los Astros no están muy bien en la liga, pero se que él hará un buen trabajo”, dijo McHam. El describe a Fallas como una persona de gran actitud y siempre le recuerda que disfrute su trabajo y agregó que todos los años Fallas lo felicita en navidad lo cual se ha convertido en una costumbre. Con la ayuda y apoyo de Charlie Crixell, Fallas comenzó en el Houston
Foto Bernardo Fallas Chronicle editando. “Un trabajo que iba a hacer de una a cinco de la mañana donde seleccionaba las historias que aparecerían al día siguiente”, dijo Fallas. A finales del 2005 el futbol profesional llego a Houston con el Dynamo, Fallas se hizo voluntario para cubrir juegos amistosos de la liga mexicana de futbol. Después de haber demostrado
el profesionalismo al momento de escribir, el Chronicle le ofreció la oportunidad de ser el reportero de los Houston Dynamos. Fallas hoy en día trabaja como reportero de los Astros de Houston, siendo una inspiración para estudiantes colegiales del periodismo. Los momentos que Fallas recuerda más durante su carrera, han sido el llegar a su casa y poder festejar con su mamá el hecho de
haber conseguido un trabajo en el Chronicle. El momento que más recuerda en su trabajo, fue cubrir el Daytona 500. “A sido una de las cosas estelares en mi vida, una experiencia muy buena”, dijo Fallas. Fallas nunca pensó en ser reportero de deportes. “Yo siempre me veía como un periodista en Irak, Colombia o Haití, más recientemente ese es el tipo de
Delicias para el paladar
Foto Crave cupcakes
POR IVAN CASTILLO El dulce aroma de chocolate, vainilla, fresa y otros deliciosos sabores alimentan el olfato con tanta intensidad, que se te hace agua la boca. CRAVE Cupcakes abrió sus puertas en el 2008 por tres amigos Peter Cooper, Elizabeth Harrison y Brad Dorsey. Que con su idea original de tener una fabrica de pastelillos, les traen alegría a los paladares de los habitantes de Houston. Los tres amigos, viviendo en Los Angeles, tenían la idea de traer un nuevo concepto emocionante de panadería a la ciudad de Houston,
en un centro exclusivo, rodeado por negocios y edificios residenciales. Sugerido por un compañero de trabajo que le gusta viajar alrededor de la ciudad de Houston, este paraíso de pastelillos es una gran diferencia a cualquier otro sitio en la parte fina de Houston, a donde la gente va en busca de riquezas únicas hechas a mano. Al entrar a la pequeña panadería, uno se sorprende con la elegancia del lugar y el personal servicial, siempre con una sonrisa y listos para tomar la orden. Las ventanas de cristal que rodean el local, permiten que gente vea el proceso y la hermosa preparación de los deliciosos
pastelillos. El personal bien organizado e alegre, se asegura de que cada pastelillo esté hecho a la perfección. Dependiendo del día, uno puede elegir de hasta veintinueve pastelillos deliciosos, de manzana a chocolate oscuro, el favorito de Regina Perkins el pastelillo terciopelo rojo. “La única razón porque regreso a esta linda panadería es por el terciopelo rojo, es de verdad un suculento regalo al paladar”, dijo Perkins. Ana Pérez estudiante de la Universidad de Houston y empleada de CRAVE, goza trabajar allí y le gusta probar los pastelillos
estacionales, pero sin duda, el pastelillo de fresa es su favorito. “No sólo es dulce pero esta hecho con deliciosa fruta real”, dijo Pérez. También, Patricia Peresanta, una estudiante de la Universidad de Houston de primer año y empleada actual en la pastelería CRAVE, no puede obtener suficiente pastelillos oscuros de chocolate, con grageas de chocolate, aunque su menos favorito, el colibrí, que esta hecho de plátano, piña y nueces, seguramente es el preferido de muchos. Incluso el popular escritor, Jasone Baragas, de la pagina Web Houstonist, afirma que simplemente, Crave hornea los mejores pastelillos.
periodista que yo quería ser, informar a la gente en zonas peligrosas”, dijo Fallas. “Si se me presentara la oportunidad de cumplir mi sueño no le diría que no”. Fallas tiene una pasión por futbol. “Costa Rica es un país donde el futbol es la locura, es el deporte que me a dado los mejores momentos”, dijo Fallas. “Uno de ellos es el Mundial de Italia 90 donde Costa Rica calificó por primera vez”. Fallas proviene de una familia donde el futbol a sido el deporte favorito, él recuerda a su abuelo siendo entrenador en las ligas menores en Costa Rica. “Creo que de ahí viene mi pasión hacia el futbol”, dijo Fallas. Fallas mencionó estar entusiasmado con el mundial en Sudáfrica, ya que siente alegría de que un país africano sea el anfitrión. Fallas espera que México haga un papel y que Estados Unidos se recupere de las lesiones que a sufrido con sus jugadores. El pronóstico que nos dio fue el ver a España como campeón del mundial. Fallas recomienda a todos los estudiantes de periodismo leer, hacerlo un habito. Mencionó que el escribir constantemente te hace mejorar como periodista. “Siempre trabajar duro, porque nunca sabes quien te esta mirando”, concluyo Fallas.
Mejor que el de mamá. Mejor que los de la abuela. Crave es más que una panadería, de acuerdo a Brad Dorsey, la panadería también ofrece una gran variedad de servicios para ocasiones especiales, como cumpleaños, eventos y bodas. “Incluso se puede alquilar una torre personalizada que permite guardar hasta trescientos pastelillos”, dijo Dorsey. Otro servicio único que ofrecen, es el poder personalizar tu elección de decoraciones comestibles y especiales que complementan los pastelillos. Cada delicioso pastelillo varia en el precio, de $3.25 por uno, a $36 la docena. Para complementar los pastelillos, la panadería CRAVE también ofrece bebidas de buen gusto, como una grande botella de leche fría, una taza de café con su receta original o un chiller de café de CRAVE a un precio razonable. “La panadería CRAVE se ha convertido en la platica de la ciudad, hasta incluso los famosos artistas como Slim Thug, Tyra Banks y Jerry Seinfeld han hecho su aparición por un pastelillo”, agrego Pérez. Con tanta gente deseando más de estos deliciosos pastelillos, CRAVE esta abriendo un nuevo local en West University, cerca de 5600 Kirby Drive. Por lo tanto, si alguna vez se encuentra con la necesidad de satisfacer su antojo de algo dulce recuerda que no puede perderse de los mejores pastelillos en Uptown Park y próximamente en West University.
8 The Venture
LIFE & ENTERTAIMENT
A stroll down memory lane
LIFE & ENTERTAIMENT
BY SINAI TIRADO
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
BY ANDRE HABET “Hey! Wait up!” “No way. You shouldn’t be walking so slow,” Jordan told his little sister, Jessica. “You know what dad said he’d do if you left me behind again Jordan ‘You do that again and I’m taking away your Nintendo!’” Jessica said
in her best impression of her dad’s gruff voice that he reserved for only exceptionally angry tirades. “Well if he knew how slow you walked he wouldn’t be saying that” Jordan muttered, tapping his foot slowly waiting for Jessica to hurry across the street. Jessica and Jordan were on their way to their dad’s clinic from elementary school. Just ten blocks
Jordan would normally race to the clinic in order to play computer solitaire while Jessica faltered behind most days, being eight years old and prone to stopping and gazing into stores as she passed by them. Certain recent events however prevented that from happening again though, at least for the time being. You know I’m scared ever since they found that fourth grader, Jackie,
cut up in small pieces and left close to Uncle Bryan’s house, Jessica cried. “Well if you really were scared then you wouldn’t be walking so slow every time we leave school. Besides, remember the principal said at the assembly that we didn’t have to worry as long as we didn’t get into a stranger’s car if they offered us candy and a ride home.” “But what if Jack decides to just grab me and pull me into his red pickup?” said Jessica, the fear of such a possibility punctuating every syllable. “Then just keep up with me and we’ll run if we see a red pickup.” With that Jessica remained quiet for the next two blocks, falling back occasionally not able to keep up with her older brother’s large strides. Jessica finally broached the subject again, halfway to the clinic and now in the seedier part of the neighborhood. “Why do you think Jack is so mean?” inquired Jessica. Jordan mulled it over, giving her sister’s question more thought than he usually did. “I guess cause he’s crazy. I don’t know Jessica. Why are you asking me? Do I look like I pull girls into cars and do all those things everyone at school said he did to Jackie and all the other little girls?” Jordan fumed, upset that he couldn’t invent something quickly enough to impress his little sister with his superior 7th grade knowledge. As they continued walking along the portion of their route where the homeless people stalked the streets
and liquor stores and bars were only separated by Asian-owned grocery stores, Jordan looked down and noticed his lacings were loose. Not one to risk tripping and embarrassing himself, even on a street devoid of anyone but the homeless at that hour, Jordan got on one knee and proceeded to tie his lacings in his trademark awkward manner. Jessica stopped and waited while her brother performed this intricate ritual. “Go ahead. I’ll catch up with you in a second,” Jordan said as he focused on rubbing his lacings free of lint before tying them. “I don’t want to!” Jessica exclaimed, startling a man they had just refused to give a dollar. “Jessica…” Jordan groaned in his best impression of their mother’s voice when her patience with them was about to collapse into a zillion fragments. “Fine!” yelled Jessica and she stomped ahead. What seemed like moments later Jordan sighed as he got up satisfied with his work and what was sure to be a knot that would last him another week or so. It took him a minute however to realize Jessica was not only a few yards away as he expected. In fact, she wasn’t in his view at all. Jordan ran down the block and all the while thought about whether Jessica was right and that Jack did just come out of his red pickup and grab her. He also wondered what he’d tell his dad if he couldn’t find Jessica and was lost for any sort of excusable explanation. And even though he never admitted it, he also thought about how much he’d miss his brat of a sister. At the next intersection Jordan gazed left. No Jessica. Prolonging his neck’s movement to the left he finally completed the turn and got a look at Jessica, licking a Popsicle she had just bought from a stationary ice-cream truck. Without a word he grabbed her hand and held it until she grew old enough to get upset if he tried and her fear of Jack, like his victims, had decomposed to bone and dust.
Interesting insight Independent movies find home from the net BY RUTH MONTANEZ
Contribution of Jennifer Owen
The Venture 9
Mosquito repellents don’t repel. They hide you. The spray blocks the mosquitos’ sensors so they don’t know you’re there. No piece of paper can be folded by halves more than 7 times. Every second, Americans collectively eat 100 pounds of chocolate. The average CEOs’ salary in the US is 475 times greater than the average workers’ salary. In Japan, it is 11 times greater; in France, 15 times; in Canada, 20; in South Africa, 21, and in Britain, 22. Most dust particles in your house are made from dead skin. In your lifetime, you’ll shed over 40 pounds of skin. A typical full-time worker in the US with a four-year college degree earns about $50,000. This is 62% more than a worker with only a high-school diploma. One of every seven people in the US is of Hispanic origin. The Hawaiian Alphabet only contains 12 letters: a, e, i, o, u, h, k, l, m, n, p and w. Every word ends with a vowel. Your stomach has to produce a new layer of mucus every two weeks otherwise it will digest itself 1 in every 4 Americans has appeared on television You burn more calories sleeping than you do watching television Each King in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from history: Spades = King David; Hearts = Charlegmagne; Clubs = Alexandra the Great, Diamonds = Julius Caesar 111 111 111 x 111 111 111 = 12345678987654321 On average, women say 7,000 words per day while men manage just over 2,000 words. Laughing lowers levels of stress hormones and strengthens the immune system. Six-year-olds laugh an average of 300 times a day. Adults only laugh 15 to 100 times a day.
Independent Film Channel, Film Movement, and The Criterion Collection have come to be notable website sources in which movie audiences may obtain a selection of documentary, classic, foreign and independent films in an assortment of genres that were unattainable in the past. These sites can be considered suppliers of an art comprised of pictures, movements and sounds that were previously screened for a limited amount of festivals, events and personal screenings and can now be accessed by mass audiences. Independent Film Channel places the focus of its work on independent films and programming with the support of its network. According to the IFC website, the network operates under the mantra ‘always, uncut,’ meaning that it remains true to the longevity and reality of the material that it showcases. As its name dictates, IFC offers
movies through a channel-24 hours a day without commercial interruptions. IFC Films on Demand, IFC Film and IFC Productions have also financially supported independent films projects that have reached noted success such as “Kimberly Pierce’s Oscar Award Winning Boys Don’t Cry” and the release of My Big Fat Greek Wedding. However, not all film companies strive to be as recognized but rather desire to reach consumers directly so that the works which they support will continually reap a constant as well as a new fan base that seeks to explore outside the “Hollywood fare.” Film Movement role is based mostly on the distribution of a variety of films, not solely independent but also foreign for the North American region. It attempts to move away from the limited selection of movies that are produced and supported by major studios. This movement has anchored the accessibility of films from numerous countries and almost every continent is seen in the Film Movement catalog. These films can
be obtained for viewing by signing up to the Film Movement subscription for a monthly fee and in exchange receive an award winning movie every month and discounts on other Film Movement movies. For lovers of more particular topics, The Criterion Collection provides a database comprised of classic and contemporary films from masters such as Kurosawa, Fellini, Tarkovsky and Hitchcock. Many of the Collection’s films have been transcribed for publication in various technological aspects which sustain the original characteristics of each work as desired by its creators. The Criterion archive allows audiences to either purchase DVD’s, Blu-Ray versions or streaming the movies online thanks to the generous archive. Whether it is an idea or a different art form which the creator attempts to transcend, consider the possibility of seeing the world through someone else eyes in an unconventional, abstract or even majestic vision.
6 The Venture
World Cup trophy visits Houston
Contribution of Official World Cup Trophy Website
BY ANTONIO CRUZ TREJO Coca Cola and FIFA are making a World Tour for the World Cup Trophy before it goes to South Africa. Houston, and particularly the University of Houston, was chosen to host the last stop of the Tour. The event will take place on May 2 at the
University of Houston’s Intramural Field, located in the corner of Cullen Blvd, Elgin Road and I-45. “Since the University of Houston has such a large international student body, we are very excited to be the last stop of the FIFA Trophy Tour,” University of Houston President Renu Khator said. This event will be a rare
opportunity to be close, and even have a picture taken with the trophy, a privilege that not even the majority of the players at the tournament will have. Soccer fans will enjoy a lot of activities such as the Celebration Parade where Zakumi, the official FIFA World Cup mascot, will be introduced, the exclusive FIFA
World Cup 3D movie, and fans will also have the chance of playing the official EA Sports FIFA World Cup video game. There will also be soccer clinics, and plenty of fun for the entire family. The main attraction of course is the trophy exhibition, where fans will have the chance to have a picture taken with the real World Cup trophy.
Musical performances include Somalian singer K’NAAN, the singer of ’Waving’ Flag the Official FIFA World Cup theme, and Latin pop star David Bisbal. Since this event is sponsored by Coca Cola, the admission ticket is one of the special marked cans that are on sale now, or you can pick up a ticket at stores such as Best Buy, WalMart and other partners. Fans can also print a ticket from the website www.mycokerewards. com/celebration. Most games and events, including the World Cup exhibition, will be held from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. the concert is scheduled from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. For those planning to attend, beware it’ll be a first come, first serve The FIFA World Cup is played every four years with the Jules Rimet Trophy being awarded to the winner. Juler Rimet was the former FIFA president and founder of the first World Cup in 1930. The Jules Rimet Trophy was awarded to the winner of the World Cup until 1970 when FIFA decided to give it to Brazil, winners of the 1970 World Cup. In 1974 FIFA commissioned Italian artist Silvio Gazzaniga and the firm Stabilimento Artistico Bertoni with the task of creating a new trophy. The FIFA World Cup Trophy is 14.4 inches tall, has a base diameter of 5.1 inches, a weight of 13.6 pounds from which 11 are pure 18 carat gold. The new design trophy was first awarded to Franz Beckenbauer and the West Germany national team in 1974, followed by 8 other captains from 5 nations in the past 36 years. This is a big opportunity for non-soccer fans to be part of the celebration or Jabulani, as it said in the Zulu language. The 2010 FIFA World Cup is being held in South Africa for the first time with the tournament scheduled from June 11 to July 11.
CONCACAF World Cup expectations BY EDGAR VELIZ The World Cup is less than a two months away and the CONCACAF region will have three teams Mexico, Honduras, USA looking to steal the show. Honduras will feature in the World Cup for the first time since 1982. The “Golden Generation” as the Honduran press calls them will have a tough task in South Africa. Many have predicted Honduras finishing last under Spain, Switerland, and Chile. Honduras will rely on veteran players like David Suazo, Wilson Palacios, and Carlo Costly to lead Honduras out of the group stage for the first time. “Honduras has a young team, and if I learned anything from the Confederations Cup it’s that Spain can be beaten and miracles can happen,” Accounting sophomore Anita Rizvi said. Honduras will play Chile in their first World Cup match in over 25 years on June 16 in Nelspruit, followed by the much anticipated match against Spain on June 21 in Johannesburg. Honduras finishes group play look against Switzerland on June 25. Mexico has the highest
expectations from the three sides as they have had the most success internationally. The road to the elusive 5th game will place Mexico against France, who has struggled yet a world power nonetheless, Uruguay a two time World Cup winner, and the host nation South Africa. With a core of European player’s Mexican manager Javier Aguirre will rely on Rafael Marquez and Gerardo Torrado to lead El Tri past the group stage and deep into the tournament. “We look to make history,” Aguirre said. Looking forward to South Africa, Mexico will look to improve and finish teams off in the initial 90 minutes. South Africa will prove to be a formidable opponent as Mexico opens the group stage and the tournament June 11 in Johannesburg against the home nation. Come June 17 Mexico will battle the French in Polokwane, possibly for the first place slot and Mexico will end the group stage against Uruguay in Rustenburg on June 22. “Chicharito will score the first goal of the World Cup, and Mexico will represent CONCACAF proudly see CONCACAF, page 7
Title IX blocks UH soccer team Online: uhelgato.com
Contribution of UH Soccer Club
BY JESUS ACEVEDO The University of Houston has 16 sports programs, but one of the sports programs not featured at the university is a NCAA Division I Men’s Soccer Team. NCAA rules and regulations mandate how an education institute uses its funding for athletics which leaves any chance of UH obtaining a men’s soccer team at slim to none. “NCAA Operates under a rule called title IX where there has to be an equal number of scholarships for men and woman athletes,” Coach of the UH Men’s Soccer Club Michael Grinsfelder said. “Texas is driven by football, basketball and baseball and so you have a large number of scholarships that come under those sports and then it becomes difficult for schools to fund equal number of woman sports
that can create enough scholarships to where you can have scholarships for the men’s soccer team.” According to the NCAA website there are three key components to how Title IX is applied to athletics. Participation: requires that women and men be provided equitable opportunities to participate in sports. Scholarships: requires that female and male student athletes receive scholarships proportional to their participation. The other benefits include: equipment and supplies, travel and daily allowances, medical and training facilities, scheduling of games and practice time, as well as housing and dining facilities and services. “At this point in time we have a lot of needs in insuring that the current 16 sports program we have are funded and have the correct resources available to them,” UH Athletics Director Mack Rhoades
said. “Our priorities first and foremost are to make sure we take care of the 16 sports programs and those student athletes. If we can ever go beyond that than certainly we would consider adding the sport of men’s soccer.” Rhoades said that there are two different types of sports programs. Head count sports programs and equivalency sports. Head count sports programs like men’s basketball is one scholarship per individual with each athlete receiving one full scholarship. An equivalency sports program like woman’s soccer receives 14 scholarships, but each student athlete may not receive the whole scholarship only a portion. “You could potentially have 28 people on that team [women’s soccer] that are receiving a half scholarship to equal the 14,” Rhoades said. Houston is a diverse city and the
community where the university is located in is a perfect breeding ground for fans. The Houston Dynamo of the MLS play their home games at Robertson Stadium and every home game is full of soccer craze fans from all over the city. Susan Bush the coach of the Women’s UH soccer team said that if the university were to have a men’s soccer team it would increased the exposure of soccer in the local and university community. In Texas there are currently two NCAA Division I soccer programs, Houston Baptist University and Southern Methodist University. The closest that UH comes to having a soccer team is the UH Men’s Soccer Club, which Grinsfelder has coached for three years. “It’s not UH athletics, it’s under the recreations department,” Grinsfelder said. “We’re governed by a different entity entirely, we
2010 World Cup first round schedule CONCACAF Continued from page 6
IVAN CASTILLO The Venture
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Contribution of Official FIFA Website
in the quarters, maybe even semis. Can the USA say that?,” Daniel Huerta said. The United States robbed many spectators of the dream final between Spain and Brazil last year in the Confederations Cup, yet the Yanks impressed on a global stage and look to repeat this summer in South Africa. Like Mexico the United States will rely on a core of European players and hopes a few injured players return in time for the anticipated June 12 showdown with England. The game will feature Landon Donovan against the best players in England. A feat he accomplished on his loan at Everton before the start of this year’s MLS Season. Donovan said about the other two teams that he does not know a lot about Algeria. The only game the USA national team is focusing on is England, from previous encounters England contains the advantage yet they are optimistic. “We think back to the game in Wembley. A game where we learned a lot but did not play as well as we
follow different rules and have different restrictions and have different support. Where they get funding and scholarships, ours it’s an extracurricular activity for our students.” Grinsfelder said that his team plays the major Texas state schools and Houston schools which consist of the Lonestar College network of schools, the Houston Community College network of schools, as well as Rice and Lamar University. Beginning in the fall his team will join a new league called the Texas Collegiate Soccer League. “We’ll be in the lower division of the league where the University of Texas, Texas Tech, Texas A&M and North Texas plays,” Grinsfelder said. “Its national but it’s still just club soccer.”
can. We have grown a lot since then and it’s a tremendous way to start,” United States manager Bob Bradley said. Regarding the rest of the group the USA national team will look to use its speed and skill to get to the knock out stages. Bradley stated that the opposition was a “good group, a fair group.” The USA will face Slovenia June 18 at Ellis Park Stadium and will close group stage against Algeria on June 23 at Loftus Versfeld Stadium. CONCACAF is widely underestimated yet the three teams heading to the World Cup will look to make history and improve on their previous performances. The USA national team showed us that anything can happen. Mexico has shown us that “Si Se Puede” after their 1999 Confederations Cup victory. Honduras will take a “golden generation” and seek what many deem impossible. These three teams are walking into the tournament with the same dream that the other 29 countries have, to stand on the podium come July 11 holding the World Cup trophy.
4 The Venture
Educational advocate promotes rebellion
BY ERIKA ANDRADE Are all Hispanics in the United States members of the Conformists Party? This is not always by choice. Because of economic, psychological and cultural issues, we allow ourselves to fall behind the rest in educational achievement. The 2000 Census projected that by the year 2050, one out of four Americans will be of Hispanic origin. However, according to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 1999, only 4 percent of master’s, 3 percent of doctorates, and 5 percent of “first professional degrees” were awarded to Hispanics. It also reports that in the years 2006-07 Hispanics received 34,822 out of 604,607 master’s degrees, compared to the 399,267 by Whites, and 62,574 by Blacks. Whites received 34,071 doctoral degrees, blacks 3,727, and Hispanics only 2,034 out of the 60,616 awarded that
same year. Although the percentage of Hispanic enrollment and completion of higher education degrees has increased in recent years, we still lag behind our white and black counterparts. Considering population changes, in 2007, the government amended Title V of The Higher Education Act and implemented the “Promoting Postbaccalaurete Opportunities for Hispanic Americans Program,” which provides funds to Hispanic-serving institutions to “expand and enhance” their programs. According to the U.S. Department of Education, Hispanics are more likely to receive financial aid for education because of lower income. The aid is available, we have only to realize and accept it. There are splinters that cripple our educational success. First, there is the economic issue. Most of us do not come from affluent
families and, despite government grants and scholarships, still need to work full or part time jobs while attending school. This stressful situation, shared by many college students, of trying to make ends meet while getting an education forces many to drop classes or take less hours per semester merely to have more time to work and make money. If we do not have the resources to move out, live in a condo, or buy a new car, why do we do it? The luxuries should come after graduation, when we can get better jobs, and can afford to reward ourselves! The second issue impeding educational success is psychological. University of Houston Spanish professor, Dr. Guadalupe Quintanilla, is a firm supporter of higher education. She encourages all of her students to get a doctorate degree. “Hispanics are smart,” she said. What keeps us from continuing
our education is the ignorance in the postbaccalaurete process we have never being exposed to as first generation students. Ignorance sometimes means fear, and thus we chose to conform with a bachelor’s instead of pursuing a m asters or PhD. Because we may not have relatives or friends who understand, relate or can advice us about the pressure of going to school, we may get discouraged or feel incompetent. Our pessimism is no excuse to surrender since there are many academic counseling services and workshops pertaining to graduate education. It is about eliminating the doubt and fear, and making a move that will benefit our future. The last inconvenience is probably the most influential to Hispanic students: our culture. I am by no means degrading our customs; I am merely highlighting some outdated traditional thinking. Since many of our parents and family
did not attend college, they tend to devalue education. My father, for example, constantly reminds me that it is experience and personality, not book-smartness, which bring success to a person. Although I agree to some extent, I also know that education greater enhances those qualities. While I have not stepped up my pet peeve to intolerance, I wince when a young person does not pursue an education, expecting her significant other to support her economically. Realistically, it probably is easier to find a job with an artistic major in this economy than finding someone who is willing to maintain you for a lifetime. Education is power, and we should never surrender ours to another. I admit that advanced education is not everyone’s goal, or calling, but I do encourage those who want to pursue it to do so without anxiety and with understanding that the choice is a wise one. It’s your vote.
S T A F F
S P E A K S O U T
“It’s important for students to read The Venture to support their fellow classmates, but also to get informed about what’s going on in their community,” Ruth Montanez said.
“The Venture is going to be the voice for the Hispanics who can’t speak for themselves and for those who simply want to be informed,” Giselle Bueno said.
The Venture 5
“It’s going to send a message to all Latinos and let them know what is going on in their community as well as on campus,” Norma Vasquez said.
“It’s important because The Venture is going to cover stories in Spanish and in English and cover a variety of Hispanic issues,” Julieta Paita said.
“The Venture will give people a different view on the news and its something innovative that will give people an insight into the community that’s usually not portrayed in mainstream media,” Raymond Ruiz said.
“We are dedicated to the growing Hispanic community and we are the only newspaper in colleges and universities that is going to write in Spanish,” Brisehyda Martinez said.
“It gives people a choice, people love choice by nature, and it’ll be news that the regular media isn’t trying to cover,” Jesus Acevedo said.
“It’s bilingual and its something new to the university,” Ivan Castillo said.
“It’s a newspaper that will expand the coverage of Latinos in the media,” Jose Santos said.
“It’s going to cover a lot of issues that other newspapers on campus across the country don’t cover and its somehting unique,” George Lupercio said.
“It’s a good interactive way to know what’s going on around campus and Houston as a whole,” Carlos Valenzuela said.
“It’s a different point of view of what’s happening in the world,” Antonio Cruz Trejo said.
“It’s a second option for students to read,” Sonny Ha said.
“I think it’s important that Latinos start getting representation in all forms of communication, whether if be through conventional medio or grass roots media,” Cesar Espinosa said.
2 The Venture
April, 2010 Houston hosts annual Cinco de Mayo festivities that draw hundreds of thousands of celebrants; these are some of the activities: Cinco de Mayo Festival at the Miller Outdoor Theatre When: May 2, 2010 Time: The festival starts at 3 p.m.; Performances at 6 p.m. Description: Every year the Miller Outdoor Theatre gives our community a taste and experience of our culture with local talent such as dancers, singers, performers, musicians and more!
Continued from page 1 my family and I was amazed by the mock-battle representation. That was the first time I realized the importance of this celebration,” Almazan said. The story of Cinco de Mayo began after the Mexican-American War of 1846-48. In the 1950s Mexico faced a national crisis and went bankrupt. On July 1861 Benito Juarez, president at that time, decided to stop debt payments for two years with the promise of paying after this period. England, France and Spain did not agree with President Juarez and decided to invade Mexico and make them pay. England and Spain
Contribution of Marisa Roman eventually departed, but the French refused to leave. Their objective was to create an Empire under Napoleon III. The French began to advance on 1862, but poorly equipped Mestizo and Zapotec Indians defeated them under the command of General Ignacio Zaragoza on the battle known as the Batalla de Puebla. “With this victory, Mexico demonstrated that Latin America is willing to defend itself of any foreign intervention, that is a reason to celebrate and to be proud, so let us know and educate ourselves more about our culture and happily celebrate this Cinco de Mayo!,” Almanza said. Many descent of Mexico celebrate this holiday in the U.S. because they see it as an opportunity to celebrate Hispanic culture, but unfortunately, they confuse the Battle of Puebla
with the Mexican Independence which was on September 16, 1810. “I celebrate Cinco de Mayo by getting all my family together along with all the food and beer we can drink!” Johnny Lee Soliz, a 20 year old student descent of Mexico, said.. “Cinco de Mayo is the Independence of Mexico,” Soliz said. Soliz is not the only student who thinks that way, many other students were asked the same question and gave the same answer. “Schools in the United States should begin to emphasize the importance of these types of holidays so that students know what they celebrate and why, especially holidays like Cinco de Mayo because the Hispanic population is very significant in this country,” Almanza said.
Children’s Museum of Houston celebrates CINCO DE MAYO WONDERWEEK! When: April 29 – May 5 p.m. Description: Children and their families will learn about Cinco de Mayo with activities like storytelling and crafts Special Events: Watch Las Americas Ballet Folklorico celebrate Cinco de Mayo with traditional Mexican dances on Thursday at 6:30 p.m. during Free Family Night, and Saturday at 2 p.m. Cinco de Mayo at Reliant Park When: May 16, 2010 Description: For more information visit www.reliantpark.com Cinco de Mayo in Houston with Traders Village When: May 2, 2010 Description: Trader’s Village is once again throwing their Cinco de Mayo Festival. You will see performances, dancing, music, exhibits, games and activities. Enjoy great Mexican food, margaritas and beer.
Enough is enough!
BY CESAR ESPINOSA Throughout the recent months the United States has seen an increase in the anti –immigrant sentiment. Recently the Arizona state legislature decided to approve the worst antiimmigrant bill in US History 1070, which declares it a state crime to be in the state without legal status and grants local authorities to apprehend you. But, this does not deter the community. The support for comprehensive immigration reform has been steadily growing. There have been coalitions springing up all over the United States and people beginning to organize in places that were not organized. People are beginning to come together as communities and are beginning to convince other people to join them to the call of comprehensive immigration reform. “It is for the good of the country,” Pablo Castro and undocumented college student from Guatemala, said. “People cannot live in fear. I live in fear of waking up one day and seeing my future gone,” Castro said. It is this reality that many people face and it is for this reason that something has to be done. On March 21st 2010 there were
HISPANICS Continued from page 1 “We can’t blame individuals like these because over the last 15 to 20 years but particularly over the last 10 years, we have seen the persecution of undocumented immigrants,” Cano said. There are $400 billions that need to be distributed once the data Census has been collected; however, if undocumented migrants do not participate on it, federal aid will not be uniformly distributed. This could impact the amount of federal funds that public schools are going to get or not going to get,” Cano said. Ruth Rodriguez, student at UH, said that filling out the Census would provide the population with the maximum amount of benefits. Local television station have been broadcasting that the information obtained from the census is protected by law and cannot be released to Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Participation among Hispanic communities has been low. “I want to make sure my community receives whatever we need,” student Paulette Vargas said. “Others feel it’s important for all citizens and non-citizens of the Houston area to fill it out. It helps them to have a voice,” Rodriguez said. But the undocumented population still has concerns about their information being exposed to third parties. “In theory the United States Government and all of its agencies, whether they are the Immigration Enforcement agencies, are not suppose to use the information, names and addresses of anyone who fills out the Census,” Cano said. “They are not supposed to use this in trying to locate individuals or particularly groups of individuals,” he said. The results from the Census will help immigrants. It should help everyone even if they are undocumented. Obviously, if they have children that go to school because will benefit from different federal programs,” Cano said.
CESAR ESPINOSAThe Venture more than 350,000 people that marched on Washington D.C. at the “March for America”. This was the largest mobilization since the Obama Administration took control of the White House. Yet, the mass media failed to shine a light on this historic event. Instead they focused on the smaller “tea party” rallies that were mad at the healthcare reform bill. All of this is occurring while millions of people are getting deported. “I am afraid of my mom and dad not coming home one day,” Jaime Lopez said a Houston area teen. He is a citizen but his parents are undocumented. “ I stare out the window and wait for them to come home and sometimes when I hear a noise at night I think that it is immigration coming for them”. But Lopez has decided to join one of the hundreds of thousands of people who will stand up for their rights and the rights of their families on May 1, 2010. He will take part in one of the 300 activities planned nationwide. “Enough is enough! We have to stand up for our families we can no longer be silenced,” Lopez said. In Houston There is an Activity planned for more information you may visit www.houstonmarches.info.
Letter from the Director The El Gato Media Network is a Hispanic news organization created to counter the prevailing media image of Latinos. To some media outlets Latinos are only newsworthy when crime and immigration are involved, but our community is dynamic, beautiful and should be shared with the world. It is obvious that if we want our stories told, we must tell them ourselves and not rely on companies that lack diversity in the newsroom. Mainstream media does not have the resources and knowledge to cater to this complex demographic, and EGMN steps in to fill this void. Our staff hails from over six Latin American countries (seven if you count the Chicano who is convinced that Aztlan is a country) and they bring the diversity needed for us to succeed in what has been mistakenly
called a niche market. The Venture is EGMN’s latest undertaking. We have created a print publication that effectively utilizes both English and Spanish articles that cover a variety of topics. Why call it The Venture? It’s simple…. We are daring to expand to multiple universities in an effort to unite and inform Latino students through a central information resource nationwide starting right here at UH. Opposition and resistance lay ahead, the media is a powerful tool that has never been effectively leveraged by a mass group of Hispanic college students. We are taking the risk of challenging the traditional college newspaper model by vastly limiting our coverage of campus events, an area the Daily Cougar has excelled at for over 70 years, and operating independently from the University without the use of any student fees . Our endeavor is bold, filled with uncertainty, and ambitious.
We have already had our critics, some coming from within the Latino community, but our committed staff has pressed on with great successes. The most notable of these is EGMN’s nomination for the 2010 Associated Collegiate Press Online Pacemaker Finalist in its first year of existence. While we are a young organization and our staff consists of all volunteers you can rest assured that we will not hesitate to take bold actions and stances when necessary. This edition of The Venture is our pilot issue. We want your feedback! Want more Spanish articles? How about cartoons, news, or opinion? What do you think of the design/ layout? Let us know what you want to read about. Fall ’10 will be the official launch of The Venture, and based off the feedback from you the reader, expect many improvements. Regards, Raymond Ruiz
Blood on the streets
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Zoning in on zoning laws Online: uhelgato.com
Contribution of Associated Press
Animal heads at the doorsteps of government officials seems as if it’s a scene from a mobster movie instead of the reality of the citizens of Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. Drug cartels such as the Zetas, the Gulf Cartel and the Arellano Felix Cartel have been terrorizing Mexico since 2006. Asides from ruthless killings, cartel members have placed mangled bodies at the borders of major Mexican cities to make their presence known. In one instance, a man’s face was sown to a soccer ball and placed at the border of Tijuana. It is not unusual for government officials, soldiers, police officers and even citizens to be threatened in Ciudad Juárez, one of the largest cities on the U.S. – Mexico border. These threats are from the drug cartels that are scattered throughout
Northern Mexico. According to Canal 44 of Ciudad Juárez there have been over 650 reported murders in Ciudad Juárez alone for the first four months of 2010. This number is dwarfed by the 22,700 people who have been killed in Mexico’s drug violence since 2006. With statistics like these, even the mayor of Juarez, José Reyes Ferriz lives in fear. He currently resides in El Paso, Texas – the city directly located across the Rio Grande River and is the third safest city in America. So far the cartel related violence has not migrated into the United States but Juarez residents, including Farriz, are moving to El Paso. The most recent census has reported that 13,000 people have migrated from Juarez to El Paso. This has led to a boost in the economy for businesses throughout El Paso. Erica Valdez, a shop owner in downtown El Paso, has noticed the increase and that people from Juárez are coming over the shop every weekend. The income of business has
increased by 50 percent. Another shop owner who will only be identified by the name Lousia is also seeing more customers. “Customers feel safer here because it’s a little bit more dangerous now,” Lousia said. The election of the Mexican President Felipe Calderon and his decision to utilize the Mexican military to combat the drug problems has caused the violence to escalate. Cartels throughout Mexico have been using violence and threats to assert power through fear in the country. After the murder of three American citizens outside the American consulate in Juárez on March 13, cartels are attempting to do the same in the U.S. The U.S. is doing its part in assisting Mexico in its drug war. It has already given $1.4 billion for equipment such as helicopters and President Obama is seeking another $310 million for Mexico. This has given hope to the citizens of Juárez that their city will be restored to what it once was.
Antonio Cruz Trejo Brisehyda Martinez Carlos Valenzuela Frida Villalobos George Lupercio Giselle Bueno
Ivan Castillo Jaime Martinez Jazmin Gonzalez Jesus Acevedo Jose Santos Julieta Paita
Norma Vasquez Paulette Vargas Raymond Ruiz Ruth Montanez Sinai Tirado Sonny Ha
Special Thanks to:
COPY EDITING Antonio Cruz Trejo, Brisehyda Martinez, Edgar Veliz, Frida Villalobos, Jose Santos, Julieta Paita, Norma Vasquez and Sinai Tirado PRODUCTION Giselle Bueno, Ivan Castillo, Jesus Acevedo and Sonny Ha
El Gato Media Network DREAM Continued from page 1 Contact Us Director Raymond Ruiz (713) 478-5948 email@example.com
Manager/ Spanish Editor Giselle Bueno (713) 702-6576 firstname.lastname@example.org
Photo Editor Ivan Castillo (832) 868-9655 email@example.com
Sports Editor Jesus Acevedo (832) 798-5538 firstname.lastname@example.org
Editor in chief Anna Gallegos (713) 478-5948 email@example.com
Sales Manager Carlos Valenzuela (832) 445-6655 firstname.lastname@example.org
because of no success in finding a job, graduate student didn’t sit around and do nothing. He is pursuing his career to differentiate himself from the crowd and if things are the same when he receives it, he will become an entrepreneur and provide for himself. “Don’t let the situation discourage you from starting or finishing your education because at the end of the day material things can be taken away but knowledge lasts forever,” graduate student said. For more information on the Dream Act visit www.dreamactivist. org and www.fielhouston.org
Contribution of Houston Chronicle
BY LA FAMILIA
The 2008 housing crisis had a near devastating effect on much of the U.S., however, the city of Houston was spared from much of its ill effects thanks in part to its informal zoning ordinances. New York, Los Angeles and Chicago enforce zoning laws, but Houston prevails without them. The controversial measure was up as a ballot initiative on three previous occasions; the last one, in 1993, was rejected by a 53-to-47 percent margin. This distinction has allowed for the development of multiple business and mixed-use districts throughout the city such as the Energy Corridor, Uptown, Midtown, the Texas Medical Center, and most recently the redevelopment of The Heights along Washington Ave. “Land here is abundant, and the city has some of the least restrictive land use and construction rules in the nation,” Harvard economist Edward Glaeser said. “Those factors help supply to keep pace with demand and keep prices within reach of a broad range of potential buyers.” In a study conducted by Builder Magazine in 2008, Houston issued 42,697 building permits in 2009. The city was also ranked first in the list of healthiest housing markets in 2009. “There are certain restrictions in terms of how a square footage of a lot has to be,” Associate Director of the Center for Mexican American Studies Lorenzo Cano said. “We have certain regulations about how wide certain streets have to be; how long certain blocks have to be. Ultimately, a lot of this actually works because we are a car city,” he said. “Like other cities’ zoning codes, Houston’s municipal code creates auto dependency by artificially spreading out the population,” Assistant Professor Michael Lewyn of the Florida Coastal School of Law said. “The city’s statute nevertheless insures that many residents will be unable to live within walking distance of a bus stop, which in turn means that those residents will be completely dependent on their cars.” Lewyn said that under Houston’s
city code, virtually every structure in Houston must supply plenty of parking, virtually supplying 1.25 parking spaces for each efficiency apartment and 1.33 parking spaces for every bedroom. The Second Ward (Segundo Barrio) of Houston has been a community that has felt the effects of the lack of zoning law ordinances. “We see that now in Segundo Barrio coming from the development of the old warehouse districts near downtown,” Cano said. “We saw developers buying land relatively cheaply several years back.” Recycling plants Hahn & Clay and Derichebourg Recycling USA in the East Side of Houston are two plants that take advantage of the lack of zoning laws. Cano said that the presence of these companies has allowed for harmful effects to endanger the surrounding community. “It’s a health hazard because of the rusted metal particles that come up into the air,” Cano continued. “These issues can be addressed. These are issues that don’t necessarily have to be resolved by strict zoning.” Residents near Rice University reacted quickly to a development they felt would cause major traffic problems. The proposed Ashby High Rise, a condominium that would have been located along Bissonnet, drove concerned citizens to air their grievances before city officials. After more than two years of legal wrangling between the Boulevard Oaks Civic Association and Southampton Civic Club on one side, and Buckhead Investment Partners, Inc., the result is a $40 million lawsuit against the city filed last month for its 11 denials for a building permit. To organize their efforts, the group created and maintained a website to inform residents about what steps needed to be taken to prevent the construction. Cano said that it is this organized effort from members from affected communities that is needed to capture the attention of local elected officials. “In reality, what we need to hear is the power of the working people of the city,” he said. “People have to begin to learn the process of influencing the decision-making of whoever’s in power.” “I’m a proponent of having more regulation, but only if our community is empowered,” Cano said.
12 The Venture
Pursuing your DREAM
BY JULIETA PAITA
All inhabitants living in the United States, including citizens, non-citizens and undocumented people need to be counted during 2010 Census, so federal aid can be distributed in needy areas that is why the Census Bureau is asking everyone to participate by filling and sending out the Census form. The data collected from the census is used to decide the number of seats in the House of Representatives and to distribute the federal aid to needy areas. “There have been public services announcements in locally Hispanic television stations that are promoting the importance of participating in the Census and filling out the Census forms,” Associate Director of Mexican American Studies at University of Houston, Lorenzo Cano said. “The Hispanic population who might not have a legal status may feel a little more concern about filling out the Census data,” Cano said. By providing their personal information such as their address, age and date of birth, undocumented workers fear that immigration may separate their family by deporting them. Undocumented workers are not the only ones who feel unsecured if they fill out the Census; family members of these undocumented workers who may have a legal status also might think that if they participate in the Census, it could affect their undocumented family and could get deported, so they prefer not to participate in the Census. There has been so many “redadas” that puts undocumented population on alert that undocumented migrants do not want to participate in the Census. see Hispanics, page 2
INSIDE CONTEXT OPINION Educational Advocate Promotes Rebellion
IVAN CASTILLO The Venture BY NORMA VASQUEZ We all face the same routines, waking up early for that 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. job, going to class and the list continues. But for some students, they would appreciate earning a paycheck. Currently in the Houston Metropolitan area there are about 8,000 undocumented students enrolled in schools. Students are able to attend school because of the 2001 law passed called House Bill 1403/ Senate Bill 1528 “The bill states that an undocumented student can go to any public school in the State of Texas, including colleges, universities, and community colleges,” President of FIEL Cesar Espinoza said. This law allows students to attend an institution of higher education but when they graduate they are left in a limbo because they are job less. “I have been in the United States for 10 years, when I first arrived I faced struggles from language
barriers, discrimination, and it was hard to accommodate and integrate myself to a new culture,” Mechanical Engineering undergraduate who wishes to remain anonymous said. “I chose to attend UH because I want to receive a higher education and be able to be more successful. I have no idea of what I will do when I graduate, I am in high hopes of the DREAM Act to pass, if not I will have to move out of the United States back to Mexico and start a new life again.” There is financial aid help that is offered. Organizations such as FIEL offer it, just as well as help from state grants through the TAFSA application. With help and all it should be reasonable for students to strive to continue their education. “I think the immigration system is broken. It is unfortunate that our immigrant youth have to pay for a decision their parents made when they brought them over to the United States,” Espinoza said. “There are a lot more cases now than in past years. The immigration
“My parents also had a key to it, they always stressed the importance of education, they told me the reason we came to the United States was to better ourselves and you better yourself through education,” graduated student said. “When I graduated UH, I felt proud and good, I made my parents proud. At the same time I also felt confused about what to do next because I was unable to start my career. I tried finding a job and two companies were interested in hiring me, until it came to the application, since I didn’t have a social security number companies were unable to hire me,” he said. “I knew I was unable to start my career, but having an education is not just about finding a job, it is about enlightenment, awareness, and to better yourself. And with your education be able to one day help others achieve what you have achieved.” Coming back to get his masters
BY BRISEHYDA MARTINEZ
we would do what we call Los Honores a la Bandera (Pledge of Allegiance). We would also have a short presentation called Las Efemérides de la Semana (important holidays of the week). That way kids would grow with a good learning about the important celebration dates of Mexico.” In Mexico students do not go to school and people do not work. The event is commemorated in the most important cities of Mexico, but the more colorful celebrations are in Puebla with parades, festivals and a mock-battle. “I remember I once traveled to Puebla to enjoy the holiday with
see DREAM, page 3
Clearing up Cinco de Mayo
SPORTS University of Houston to host the FIFA World Cup Trophy Tour Finale
LIFE & ENTERTAINMENT A Stroll Down Memory Lane
Cara a Cara con Bernardo Fallas
problem just keeps growing and there is nothing the federal government is doing to stop it,” Espinoza said. But I strongly believe in the DREAM act because it would help a large sector of the immigrant population and these kids know nothing else. I also believe in comprehensive immigration reform so that families can maintain unity. A graduate student, who wishes to remain anonymous, is returning for his masters said that his mom was working on becoming an auditor and his father was an engineer but since they had no papers, only restaurant jobs were available, they have been low income since. “I chose to attend UH, because since third grade I have been interested in business. I would sell people candy, and then in high school I wanted to be a businessman,” graduated student said. “Graduating and maintaining a 4.0 GPA, should be incentive enough to pursue your career, but it’s not just about a job but the knowledge you receive behind your education.”
Contribution of Marisa Roman
The Cinco de Mayo holiday is not the celebration of the Independence of Mexico as many people assume in the United States. It is a commemoration of the victory of Mexican peasants over the French army at The Battle of Puebla in 1862. This holiday is celebrated in the important cities of Mexico and it has obtained recognition in US cities that have a large Hispanic population. “I grew up in Mexico and learned about this holiday when I was in kindergarten and elementary,” Armando Almazan, who lived in Mexico for 35 years, said. “Every Monday in the morning
see Mayo, page 2