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week after being introduced into the blood stream. The researchers have hypothesized that the saliva either kills the cells that produce cytokine, an essential signaling protein in immune cells, or inhibit its production by those cells. Understanding this mechanism better will aid in the development of an infection preventing vaccine for these types of viruses where none now exist. The pathogens that have evolved to piggyback unto the mosquito’s saliva and use its formidable methods of attack might be finally thwarted by a study of the family martial art secrets of Culicidae.

Once the mosquito has gotten her full draft of blood she must make her getaway. This ultralight but durable flying machine, however, travels in a scale world very unlike what we humans experience. In this world of the very small, drag and surface tension are physical forces that humans, concerned more with the effects of gravity and inertia on our large masses, do not appreciate. She will fly at an ultrafast wingbeat frequency of 700 Hz in a flat amplitude of only 40 degrees. Interestingly, she will not get her lift, like most other flying organisms, by leading edge vortex, but by the trailing edge. She will be able to fly in the rain, with

Mosquitoes survive raindrop collisions | Andrew K. Dickerson, Peter G. Shankles, Nihar M. Madhavan, David L. Hu | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Jun 2012, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1205446109. | https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XWyoy44oV3Q

Zygote Quarterly 28 | vol 2 | 2020 | ISSN 1927-8314 | Pg 21 of 140

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zq28 (zygote quarterly)  

ZQ: Our mission is to establish a credible platform showcasing the nexus of science and design in the field of biologically inspired design,...

zq28 (zygote quarterly)  

ZQ: Our mission is to establish a credible platform showcasing the nexus of science and design in the field of biologically inspired design,...

Profile for eggermont

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