CHAPTER ONE Fate and Destiny (Al-Qadaa wa Al-Qadar)1 There has not been a topic that is more likely discussed, argued and debated as that topic of Al-Qadaa wa Al-Qadar. That’s because everyone wants to argue it, whether one is knowledgeable or ignorant about it. And a question being always asked is whether everything happening to us is pre-destined? So why is the call to Account then? And can I do anything that is not by the will of Allah? The questioning goes even further; if this is the truth, where I can’t do except what Allah has determined for me, why Allah punishes me by sending me to Hell? Is it just to be called to Account in the Hereafter? You will find that, this question is asked only by those who has transgressed against their souls and disobeyed Allah. On the other hand, you will not find anyone saying, that since everything is pre-determined by Allah, then why will Allah bless me with the Jannah2? Definitely, that is a question that you never hear. You always hear people saying that the call to Account is unjust, because our actions have already been pre-destined by Allah. Allah (SWT3) has given man the freedom of choice throughout his life. From here came the debate; that is some people would think that the freedom of choice given to man conflicts with the consent of Allah in His universe, which i s very far from the truth. And those people refer to Al-Ayaat Alkarima4 <<But ye will not, unless Allah wills; for Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom>> Ayah 30 from surat Al-Insan They also refer to the words of Allah (SWT) to Al-Rasoul (PBUH)5 <<Verily,you (O Muhamed PBUH) will not be able to guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills>> Ayah 56 from surat Al-Qasas And Allah also says
Al-Qadaa wal Qadar: Arabic-pronounced words meaning Fate & Destiny. Jannah: Arabic pronounced word meaning Paradise. 3 SWT: Arabic pronounced praise for Allah, Sobhanaho wa Ta’alah. 4 Al-Ayat Alkarima: Arabic pronounced word meaning the generous verses in Qura’an. 5 PBUH: Praise for Prophet Mohamed, Peace Be Upon him. 2
Published on Nov 27, 2011
AL-QADAA & AL-QADAR By Mohamed Metwalli Al-Sha’rawii www.islambasics.com 2 Fate and Destiny (Al-Qadaa wa Al-Qadar) Allah (SWT They also...