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EXAME NACIONAL DO ENSINO MÉDIO ESSA É A COR DO SEU CADERNO DE PROVAS! MARQUE-A EM SEU CARTÃO-RESPOSTA

1º DIA CADERNO

3

BRANCO

2010 PROVA DE CIÊNCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS PROVA DE CIÊNCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS LEIA ATENTAMENTE AS INSTRUÇÕES SEGUINTES 1 Este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES contém 90 questões numeradas de 1 a 90, dispostas da seguinte maneira: a. as questões de número 1 a 45 são relativas à área de Ciências Humanas e suas Tecnologias; b. as questões de número 46 a 90 são relativas à área de Ciências da Natureza e suas Tecnologias. 2 Marque no CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, no espaço apropriado, a opção correspondente à cor desta capa: 1-Azul; 2-Amarela; 3-Branca ou 4-Rosa. ATENÇÃO: se você assinalar mais de uma opção de cor ou deixar todos os campos em branco, sua prova não será corrigida. 3 Verifique, no CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, se os seus dados estão registrados corretamente. Caso haja alguma divergência, comunique-a imediatamente ao aplicador da sala. 4 Após a conferência, escreva e assine seu nome nos espaços próprios do CARTÃO-RESPOSTA com caneta esferográfica de tinta preta. 5 Não dobre, não amasse, nem rasure o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Ele não poderá ser substituído. 6 Para cada uma das questões objetivas, são apresentadas 5 opções, identificadas com as letras A , B , C , D e E . Apenas uma responde corretamente à questão. 7 No CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, marque, para cada questão, a letra correspondente à opção escolhida para a resposta, preenchendo todo o espaço compreendido no círculo, com caneta esferográfica de tinta preta. Você deve, portanto, assinalar apenas uma opção em cada questão. A marcação em mais de uma opção anula a questão, mesmo que uma das respostas esteja correta.

8 O tempo disponível para estas provas é de quatro horas e trinta minutos. 9 Reserve os 30 minutos finais para marcar seu CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Os rascunhos e as marcações assinaladas no CADERNO DE QUESTÕES não serão considerados na avaliação. 10 Quando terminar as provas, entregue ao aplicador este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES e o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. 11 Você somente poderá deixar o local de prova após decorridas duas horas do início da sua aplicação. Caso permaneça na sala por, no mínimo, quatro horas após o início da prova, você poderá levar este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES. 12 Você será excluído do exame caso: a. utilize, durante a realização da prova, máquinas e/ou relógios de calcular, bem como rádios, gravadores, headphones, telefones celulares ou fontes de consulta de qualquer espécie; b. se ausente da sala de provas levando consigo o CADERNO DE QUESTÕES e/ou o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA antes do prazo estabelecido; c. aja com incorreção ou descortesia para com qualquer participante do processo de aplicação das provas; d. se comunique com outro participante, verbalmente, por escrito ou por qualquer outra forma; e. apresente dado(s) falso(s) na sua identificação pessoal.


2010

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2010 Questão 17

Questão 19

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Questรฃo 22

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2010 Questão 27

Questão 29

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2010 Questรฃo 32

Questรฃo 34

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Questรฃo 33 Opiniรฃo

Questรฃo 35

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2010 Questão 36

Questão 38

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2010 Questรฃo 40

Questรฃo 42

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2010 Questรฃo 44

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2010

CIÊNCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS Questões de 46 a 90 Questão 46

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2010 Questรฃo 49

Questรฃo 51

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2010 Questão 53

Questão 55

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2010 Questão 57

Questão 59

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2010 Questรฃo 61

Questรฃo 62

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2010 Questão 64

Questão 66

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2010 Questรฃo 67

Questรฃo 68

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2010 Questรฃo 73

Questรฃo 75

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2010 Questão 81

Questão 82

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2010 Questรฃo 83

Questรฃo 84

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'XUDQWH XPD REUD HP XP FOXEH XP JUXSR GH WUDEDOKDGRUHV WHYH GH UHPRYHU XPD HVFXOWXUD GH IHUUR PDFLoRFRORFDGDQRIXQGRGHXPDSLVFLQDYD]LD&LQFR WUDEDOKDGRUHVDPDUUDUDPFRUGDVjHVFXOWXUDHWHQWDUDP SX[iODSDUDFLPDVHPVXFHVVR

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6HDSLVFLQDIRUSUHHQFKLGDFRPiJXDยฟFDUiPDLVIiFLO SDUDRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVUHPRYHUHPDHVFXOWXUDSRLVD  HVFXOWXUD ร€XWXDUi 'HVVD IRUPD RV KRPHQV QmR SUHFLVDUmR ID]HU IRUoD SDUD UHPRYHU D HVFXOWXUD GR IXQGR  HVFXOWXUD ยฟFDUi FRP SHVR PHQRU 'HVVD IRUPD D LQWHQVLGDGH GD IRUoD QHFHVViULD SDUD HOHYDU D HVFXOWXUDVHUiPHQRU  iJXD H[HUFHUi XPD IRUoD QD HVFXOWXUD SURSRUFLRQDO DVXDPDVVDHSDUDFLPD(VWDIRUoDVHVRPDUij IRUoDTXHRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVID]HPSDUDDQXODUDDomR GDIRUoDSHVRGDHVFXOWXUD  iJXD H[HUFHUi XPD IRUoD QD HVFXOWXUD SDUD EDL[R HHVWDSDVVDUiDUHFHEHUXPDIRUoDDVFHQGHQWHGR SLVRGDSLVFLQD(VWDIRUoDDMXGDUiDDQXODUDDomR GDIRUoDSHVRQDHVFXOWXUD  iJXD H[HUFHUi XPD IRUoD QD HVFXOWXUD SURSRUFLRQDO DRVHXYROXPHHSDUDFLPD(VWDIRUoDVHVRPDUij IRUoDTXHRVWUDEDOKDGRUHVID]HPSRGHQGRUHVXOWDU HP XPD IRUoD DVFHQGHQWH PDLRU TXH R SHVR GD HVFXOWXUD Rascunho

&1ยžGLD_Caderno 3 - BRANCO - Pรกgina 26


2010 Questรฃo 85

Questรฃo 87

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6FLHQWLยฟF$PHULFDQ%UDVLO$QRQยž DGDSWDGR 

(VVD DยฟUPDomR EDVHLDVH QR XVR GH FLPHQWRVROR PLVWXUDULFDHPFiOFLRTXH  LQLEHDWR[LFLGDGHGRDOXPtQLRHOHYDQGRRS+GHVVDV รกreas.  LQLEH D WR[LFLGDGH GR DOXPtQLR UHGX]LQGR R S+ dessas รกreas.  DXPHQWD D WR[LFLGDGH GR DOXPtQLR HOHYDQGR R S+ dessas รกreas.  DXPHQWD D WR[LFLGDGH GR DOXPtQLR UHGX]LQGR R S+ dessas รกreas.  QHXWUDOL]DDWR[LFLGDGHGRDOXPtQLRUHGX]LQGRRS+ dessas รกreas. Questรฃo 86 'HVHMDVH LQVWDODU XPD HVWDomR GH JHUDomR GH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD HP XP PXQLFtSLR ORFDOL]DGR QR LQWHULRU GH XP SHTXHQR YDOH FHUFDGR GH DOWDV PRQWDQKDV GH GLItFLO DFHVVR$FLGDGHpFUX]DGDSRUXPULRTXHpIRQWHGHiJXD SDUD FRQVXPR LUULJDomR GDV ODYRXUDV GH VXEVLVWrQFLD H SHVFD1DUHJLmRTXHSRVVXLSHTXHQDH[WHQVmRWHUULWRULDO DLQFLGrQFLDVRODUpDOWDRDQRWRGR$HVWDomRHPTXHVWmR LUiDEDVWHFHUDSHQDVRPXQLFtSLRDSUHVHQWDGR 4XDO IRUPD GH REWHQomR GH HQHUJLD HQWUH DV DSUHVHQWDGDV p D PDLV LQGLFDGD SDUD VHU LPSODQWDGD QHVVH PXQLFtSLR GH PRGR D FDXVDU R PHQRU LPSDFWR DPELHQWDO"  7HUPHOpWULFDSRLVpSRVVtYHOXWLOL]DUDiJXDGRULRQR VLVWHPDGHUHIULJHUDomR  (yOLFD SRLV D JHRJUDยฟD GR ORFDO p SUySULD SDUD D FDSWDomRGHVVHWLSRGHHQHUJLD  1XFOHDU SRLV R PRGR GH UHVIULDPHQWR GH VHXV VLVWHPDVQmRDIHWDULDDSRSXODomR  )RWRYROWDLFD SRLV p SRVVtYHO DSURYHLWDU D HQHUJLD VRODUTXHFKHJDjVXSHUItFLHGRORFDO  +LGUHOpWULFD SRLV R ULR TXH FRUWD R PXQLFtSLR p VXยฟFLHQWHSDUDDEDVWHFHUDXVLQDFRQVWUXtGD &1ยžGLD_Caderno 3 - BRANCO - Pรกgina 27

Revista Promoรงรฃo da Saรบde da Secretaria de Polรญticas de Saรบde. $QRQยžGH] DGDSWDGR 

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2010 Questão 88 'LYHUVRVFRPSRUWDPHQWRVHIXQo}HV¿VLROyJLFDVGRQRVVR FRUSR VmR SHULyGLFRV VHQGR DVVLP VmR FODVVL¿FDGRV FRPRULWPRELROyJLFR4XDQGRRULWPRELROyJLFRUHVSRQGH DXPSHUtRGRDSUR[LPDGRGHKRUDVHOHpGHQRPLQDGR ULWPRFLUFDGLDQR(VVHULWPRGLiULRpPDQWLGRSHODVSLVWDV DPELHQWDLVGHFODURHVFXURHGHWHUPLQDFRPSRUWDPHQWRV FRPR R FLFOR GR VRQRYLJtOLD H R GD DOLPHQWDomR 8PD SHVVRD HP FRQGLo}HV QRUPDLV DFRUGD jV  K H YDL GRUPLU jV  K PDQWHQGR VHX FLFOR GH VRQR GHQWUR GR ULWPRGLDHQRLWH,PDJLQHTXHHVVDPHVPDSHVVRDWHQKD VLGRPDQWLGDQXPDVDODWRWDOPHQWHHVFXUDSRUPDLVGH TXLQ]HGLDV$RVDLUGHOiHODGRUPLDjVKHDFRUGDYD jVKGDPDQKm$OpPGLVVRGRUPLDPDLVYH]HVGXUDQWH RGLDSRUFXUWRVSHUtRGRVGHWHPSRHKDYLDSHUGLGRD QRomRGDFRQWDJHPGRVGLDVSRLVTXDQGRVDLXDFKRX TXHKDYLDSDVVDGRPXLWRPDLVWHPSRQRHVFXUR

Questão 89 7UrVGRVTXDWURWLSRVGHWHVWHVDWXDOPHQWHHPSUHJDGRV SDUD D GHWHFomR GH SUtRQV SDWRJrQLFRV HP WHFLGRV FHUHEUDLV GH JDGR PRUWR VmR PRVWUDGRV QDV ¿JXUDV D VHJXLU8PDYH]LGHQWL¿FDGRXPDQLPDOPRUWRLQIHFWDGR IXQFLRQiULRVGDVDJrQFLDVGHVD~GHS~EOLFDHID]HQGHLURV SRGHPUHPRYrORGRVXSULPHQWRDOLPHQWDURXUDVWUHDURV DOLPHQWRVLQIHFWDGRVTXHRDQLPDOSRVVDWHUFRQVXPLGR

%5$1'­20/3VLFR¿VLRORJLD6mR3DXOR$WKHQHX DGDSWDGR 

(P IXQomR GDV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV REVHUYDGDV FRQFOXLVH TXHDSHVVRD  DSUHVHQWRX DXPHQWR GR VHX SHUtRGR GH VRQR FRQWtQXR H SDVVRX D GRUPLU GXUDQWH R GLD SRLV VHX ULWPR ELROyJLFR IRL DOWHUDGR DSHQDV QR SHUtRGR QRWXUQR  DSUHVHQWRXSRXFDDOWHUDomRGRVHXULWPRFLUFDGLDQR VHQGRTXHVXDQRomRGHWHPSRIRLDOWHUDGDVRPHQWH SHODVXDIDOWDGHDWHQomRjSDVVDJHPGRWHPSR  HVWDYDFRPVHXULWPRMiDOWHUDGRDQWHVGHHQWUDUQD VDODRTXHVLJQL¿FDTXHDSHQDVSURJUHGLXSDUDXP HVWDGR PDLV DYDQoDGR GH SHUGD GR ULWPR ELROyJLFR QRHVFXUR  WHYHVHXULWPRELROyJLFRDOWHUDGRGHYLGRjDXVrQFLD GHOX]HGHFRQWDWRFRPRPXQGRH[WHUQRQRTXDOD QRomRGHWHPSRGHXPGLDpPRGXODGDSHODSUHVHQoD RXDXVrQFLDGRVRO  GHYHULDQmRWHUDSUHVHQWDGRQHQKXPDPXGDQoDGR VHXSHUtRGRGHVRQRSRUTXHQDUHDOLGDGHFRQWLQXD FRP R VHX ULWPR QRUPDO LQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWH GR DPELHQWHHPTXHVHMDFRORFDGD Rascunho

/HJHQGD3U36&±SURWHtQDVGR3UtRQ 6FLHQWL¿F$PHULFDQ%UDVLODJR DGDSWDGR 

AnaOLVDQGR RV WHVWHV , ,, H ,,, SDUD D GHWHFomR GH SUtRQVSDWRJrQLFRVLGHQWL¿TXHDVFRQGLo}HVHPTXHRV UHVXOWDGRV IRUDP SRVLWLYRV SDUD D SUHVHQoD GH SUtRQV nos três testes:  $QLPDO$OkPLQD%HJHO$  $QLPDO$OkPLQD$HJHO%  $QLPDO%OkPLQD$HJHO%  $QLPDO%OkPLQD%HJHO$  $QLPDO$OkPLQD%HJHO% &1žGLD_Caderno 3 - BRANCO - Página 28


2010 Questรฃo 90 'H  D  GD iUHD GH XP FDQDYLDO SUHFLVD VHU UHQRYDGDDQXDOPHQWH(QWUHRSHUtRGRGHFRUWHHRGH SODQWDomRGHQRYDVFDQDVRVSURGXWRUHVHVWmRRSWDQGR SRU SODQWDU OHJXPLQRVDV SRLV HODV ยฟ[DP QLWURJrQLR QR VROR XP DGXER QDWXUDO SDUD D FDQD (VVD RSomR GH URWDomR p DJURQRPLFDPHQWH IDYRUiYHO GH IRUPD TXH PXQLFtSLRVFDQDYLHLURVVmRKRMHJUDQGHVSURGXWRUHVGH VRMDDPHQGRLPHIHLMmR $VHQFUX]LOKDGDVGDIRPHPlaneta6mR3DXORDQRQยƒMXO DGDSWDGR 

$ URWDomR GH FXOWXUDV FLWDGD QR WH[WR SRGH EHQHยฟFLDU HFRQRPLFDPHQWHRVSURGXWRUHVGHFDQDSRUTXH  DGHFRPSRVLomRGDFREHUWXUDPRUWDGHVVDVFXOWXUDV UHVXOWD HP HFRQRPLD QD DTXLVLomR GH DGXERV LQGXVWULDOL]DGRV  R SODQWLR GH FDQDGHDo~FDU SURSLFLD XP VROR PDLV DGHTXDGR SDUD R FXOWLYR SRVWHULRU GD VRMD GR DPHQGRLPHGRIHLMmR  DV OHJXPLQRVDV DEVRUYHP GR VROR HOHPHQWRV TXtPLFRV GLIHUHQWHV GRV DEVRUYLGRV SHOD FDQD UHVWDEHOHFHQGRRHTXLOtEULRGRVROR  D TXHLPD GRV UHVWRV YHJHWDLV GR FXOWLYR GD FDQD GHDo~FDU WUDQVIRUPDVH HP FLQ]DV VHQGR UHLQFRUSRUDGDV DR VROR R TXH JHUD HFRQRPLD QD DTXLVLomRGHDGXER  DVRMDRDPHQGRLPHRIHLMmRDOpPGHSRVVLELOLWDUHP D LQFRUSRUDomR DR VROR GH GHWHUPLQDGDV PROpFXODV GLVSRQtYHLVQDDWPRVIHUDVmRJUmRVFRPHUFLDOL]DGRV QRPHUFDGRSURGXWLYR Rascunho

&1ยžGLD_Caderno 3 - BRANCO - Pรกgina 29

Rascunho


2010 Rascunho

Rascunho

&1ยžGLD_Caderno 3 - BRANCO - Pรกgina 30


Gabarito Prova Branca  

Gabarito,prova, Branca

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