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<otuyhw;Wj; njhlu;fl;Liu

Fkupj;jkpod; Kjy; <oj;jkpod; tiu

Fkupf;;fz;lk;

01


kdpjhpd; Rftho;tpw;F NghjpasT epj;jpiu ,d;wpaikahjJ vd ahtUk; mwpNthk;. Mdhy; ehnshd;wpw;F vt;tsT Neuk; J}q;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gyuJ Nfs;tp?


A.N.Z.A.C vd;gJ mT];Nuypa kw;Wk; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazp (A.N.Z.A.C stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.) 1915 Vg;uy; 25k; jpfjp JUf;fpapy; cs;s fypNghyp vDk; ,lj;ij mile;j mT];Nuypa kw;Wk; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazpf;F ,g;ngau; toq;fggl;Ls;sJ. A.N.Z.A.C ehs; xt;nthU tUlKk;

Vg;uy; 25k; jpfjp nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ. ele;J Kbe;j ,uz;L cyfg;NghupYk; Nrit nra;j ,uhZt gilapdiuAk; NkYk; gy Kf;fpa ,uhZt tPuu;fisAk;> mT];Nuypa kw;Wk; epa+rpyhe;J kf;fs; epidj;J mth;fis Nghw;Wfpd;w ehNs ,e;ehshFk;. jkJ ehl;bd; Rje;jpuj;jpwf ; hf ,g;Nghupypy; gyu; jkJ ,d;Dapu;fis jpahfk; nra;jNjhL gyu; fhaKw;wdu; vd;gJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. A.N.Z.A.C

vd;gJ epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazp ntspehLfspy; elj;jpa KjyhtJ Nghu; my;y. 1899k; MzL njd;dhg;gpupf;fhtpy; gpupj;jhdpaUf;Fk; Nghau;fSf;Fk; ele;j Nghupw;fhf epa+rpyhe;J ,Ue;J gilazpfs; mDg;gpitf;fg;gl;ld. NkYk; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazp> KjyhtJ cyfg;NghupNy gpuhd;]pYk; kw;Wk; kj;jpa fpof;fpYk; rz;ilapll ; J Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Mdhy; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazp jkJ Nghu;j;jpwid jplkhf ntspapl;lJ fypNghyp NghupNyahFk;. fypNghyp ngdpRyh vDk; ,lj;ij ifg;gw;Wjw;fhf gpupj;jhdpa gilfSld; Nru;eJ ; mT];Nuypa kw;Wk; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazpfs; mDg;gpitf;fg;gl;ld. ,q;F mike;Js;s kiyahdJ fUq;fliyAk; kj;jpajiuf;fliyAk; gpupf;Fk; llhu;dpay;]; ePuPiz ftdpg;gjw;F Vw;w ,lkhf mike;jpUe;jJ. ePuPiz Clhf nry;Yk; fg;gy;fis ftdpg;gjw;F fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; Vw;w ,lkhf mike;jpUe;jJ. fypNghyp Nghu; xU kpfg;ngupa NguopthFk;. fLk; Jg;ghf;fpr;Rl;bw;Fk; vwpfiz tPr;rpw;Fk; eLtpYk; ghiwfs; epiwe;j mr;rupthd kiyapy; gpupj;jhdpa gilfs; njhlu;e;J Kd;Nduhky;> Nkl;Lepyq;fspy; ,Ue;j JUf;fpa gilapdu; njhlu; jhf;Fjiy elj;jpdu;. ,jpy; mT];Nuypa kw;Wk; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazpfs; gaq;fukhfj; jhf;fg;gl;L ,Wjpapy; gpd;thq;fpdu;. kpfg;ngupa Nguopit re;jpj;j mNj ehspid xU epidT ehshf njupTnra;jij xl;b gyu; tpag;gilayhk;. mT];Nuypa kw;Wk; epa+rpyhe;J ,uhZtg; gilazpfspd; JzpTk; jpahfKk; xU Njhy;tpahdhy; Fiwe;JtplhJ. Mdhy; jkJ ehl;bd; milahsj;ij ntspgg ; Lj;j mtu;fs; Nghubdhu;fs; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.


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87% new zealanders voted no Do You Support The Anti- Smacking Law?

always hit il parents will m Ta w la no hen there I think law or e them. But w lin ip sc di to n e criminals their childre are looking lik s nt re pa it t k time is a law agains I just don’t thin n. re ild ch r ei Most kids in front of th O TV? Really? N , ds ki to h naughty out does muc their room. Are in ss ce ac r te you say go have compu to you, when n te lis to g in spend 3 kids really go You probably ? om ro ur yo little and stay in in the room. A em th ep ke to ppy. Plus hours trying d all will be ha an y cr t or sh a ed to stay smack and you are punish e lik be ill w s kids out 30 most parent s, but let their ur ho 3 r fo your child in your room se than hitting or w is is Th r. hing wrong, minutes late you do somet if , at th e lik t as life is no nished. you will be pu t-From Mt Alber

,d;iwa fhyfl;lj;jpy; td;Kiwfs; fl;Lf;flq;fhJ mjpfupj;Jr;nry;fpd;wJ. ,g;Nghf;fpw;F Kf;fpa fhuzpfspy; xd;whf ,t;tifahd mh;j;jkw;w rl;lq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. gps;isfis ed;ndwpAld; tsh;g;gjpy; ngUk; gq;F tfpg;gth;fs; ngw;Nwhh;jhd;. gps;isfs; jtwhd topapy; nry;Yk; NghJ mth;fis ey;topg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf fz;bg;gJ vd;gJ mtrpakhfpd;wJ. ,r;rl;lq;fshy; ngw;Nwhh; gps;isfs; jtwhd topapy; nry;tJ njupe;Jk; vJTk; nra;a ,ayhjth;fsha; ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. md;ghy; jpUj;jKbAk; vd;W tPz;thjk; nra;ayhk; ,J rpdpkhtpy; rhj;jpaglyhk; mdhy; [jhh;j;j tho;f;iff;F ,J rpwpJk; rhj;jpakw;wJ. jtwpiof;Fk; NghJ fz;bg;gjd; %yk; mth;fs; tpUk;gpNah tpUk;ghkNyh kPl;fKbAk; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; fz;bg;gpd; md;ig Gupe;Jnfhs;th;. mth;fis ghJfhg;gjhf nrhy;fpw rl;lq;fs; vd;d nra;fpd;wd mth;fs; Fw;wk; Gupfpd;w NghJ jz;bj;J r%fj;jpy; Fw;wthspahf Kj;jpiu Fj;jg;gLfpd;wdh;. ngw;Nwhupd; chpikia jLf;fpd;w rl;lj;Jf;F ,t; chpikia nfhLj;jJ ahh;?. ,d;iwa ehfhpf Nkhfj;jpy; rpW tajpy; kJ> GJg;GJ rPh;Nflhd fyhr;rhuq;fs; vd;W ,sk; guhak; jk;ik mbikg;gLj;jp tUfpwJ. khw;wk; vd;gJ mtrpakhdfpwJ. ,e;j mh;j;jkw;w rl;lk; Njitjhdh? rpdpkh kw;Wk; jj;JtQhdpfspd; fw;gid cyif tpl;L [jhh;j;j tho;tpy; rpe;jpAq;fs; Njhoh;fNs!!!.

,q;Nf ng w;Nwhu;fs ; gps;isf toq;FtJ Sf;F jz rl;luPjPah ;lid (m d Fw;wk; rw;Nw mj b) ’ vd mwpe pu;e;J NghN ;j NghJ dd;. Vd; ngw;Nwhu vdpy; vkJ ;fs; gps;i ehl;by; sfSf;F toq;FtJ jz;lid vd;gJ m (mb) idtUf;F tplak;. gps k; xU rhj ;isfs; j huz tW nra;j nfhz;L j h y; mtu;fi pUj;jNtz s md;G ;Lk; vd;w e Vw;Wf;nf y;nyz;z hz;lhYk ; mJ mi j ;ij midtU dj;J Neu f;Fk; ngh q;fspYk; Ue;jhJ. Nehf;fpy; xUtiu j nfhLf;fg pUj;Jk; ;gLk; rpW j vd;nwd;W z;lidf k; jtwhf s; hJ. xU r gbg;gpy; e kak;> rpW hl;lkpy;y t d; xUtu; hky; guPl;i kjpg;ngz rapYk; F ;fis ngw i we;j ;W te;jhd ,J gw;wp ;. mtdplk ed;F vLj ; ngw;Nwhu ;Jiuj;jd mJ gw;wp ; u;. ,Ug;gpD ve;j tpj m k ; mtd; f;fiw ,y mjid f ;yhky; ,U tdpj;j n e;jhd;. gw;Nwhu; m mb nfhL tDf;F j j;jdu;. m F e d ;j ;wypUe;J m ehl;lKs ;stdha; k r;rpWtd; fy;tpapy; hwpdhd;. , mj;jz;l jw;F fhuz id %yk k; ; mtDf;F MfNt n Vw;gl;l ga gw;Nwhu;fs N k ; jk; gps;i ahFk;. jpUj;jKb sfis m ahj epiy d;G nfhz apy; mb n vt;tpjj;j ;L fhz;L jpU pYk; jtwpy j;JtJ ;iy vd;gJ vdJ fUj ;J.

d as a child I wasn't smacke d an , ds ki y m k ays has done I don't smac nd does, she alw ie fr y m t bu ) m ved, because (even in Eela ren are well beha ild ch r he hy w ked as a child and says that's k. She was smac ac sm a t ge ey ty of if they aren't th k there are plen rmed her. I thin ha r ve arn le ne n it re ys ild and sa ur ch out smacking. O ith w e ey do lin th ip n sc he di them w ways to ample if we hit ex r fo , hat do w e t w ge t nique to from wha learn it as a tech ey th , eir th ng s ro ke w rten ta something child in kinderga a if e pl of am ex rm r fo some they want, fo hit them, or use ly ite fin de ill e, w nc toy, your child know the differe BAD they won’t or D she will O g O G in . do ce en am viol like what I t n’ es do um m else (including they just know if e what someone lik t n’ do I if so hit me, . I should hit them mum) is doing, Mum From Mt Roskill

j;jpy; rhj;jpak;. tsu;g;gJ vt;tpj hf u rP ; y hk f ; bf ,J epr;rkhf xU mb $l m ngw;Nwhu;fSf;F J ; e ; gps;isfis xU ho t J e; U , NghJ mtu;fs; r%fj;jpy; fs; rz;ilapLk; u; t Kf;fpakhf vkJ ha; rpW U , . k; F UtUk; mikjpa hfNt ,Uf; b Nghl;lhNy , m U fbdkhd nray , F f; S J f kP u; Nwhu; f;fptpl;L mt xU gps;is ngw; ,UtiuAk; tpy Uk; mwpe;j Kiw. t d ntdpy; mtd; i d ; m vd k; k; eh z;Lk;. fhuz Nt ,Ug;gu; vd;gNj f f; U td; , k; py; mj;jtiw m d;wp gaj;JlD kPJ cs;s gaj;j u; md;Gld; kl;Lkp wh N w; ; ng ha hJ d ;yt KidAk; Ng hf;Ftjw;Fk; ey jtWfs; nra;a ;isia ey;ytd gps wJ xU fp Nt kh rpa vd . ; t k; m nra;akhl;lhd ;Gld; $ba mbA jpUg;gjw;Fk; md j; t i J ; e u; hl nj


,t;thW jkpou;fspd; tho;thjhuq;fis mopf;Fk; nray;fs; ,uj;jk; rpe;jhj ,d mopg;G Kaw;rpfsd;wp Ntnwd;d?. Nghu;> ,df;fytuk; vd;w ngau;fspy; elhj;jg;gLk; ,uj;jk; rpe;jp jkpou;fid gLnfhiy nra;Ak; ,d mopg;Gf;fspy; ‘Ks;sptha;f;fhy; ,dg;gLnfhiy’ Kf;fpakhdnjhd;whFk;. Gyk;ngau;e;J thOk; midj;J jkpo; kf;fSk; gw;gy Nghuhl;lq;fs; elhj;jpa NghJk;> gy jug;gl;l mOj;jq;fs; nfhLj;j NghJk; cyf ehLfs; vk; kf;fs; kPJ rPwpyq;fh muR Gupe;j ,dg;gLnfhiyia epWj;jKbaTk; ,y;iy. epWj;j Kaw;rpff ; Tk; ,y;iy. jkJ nrhe;j eyd;fis Kjd;ikg;gLj;jp Gyk;ngau; jkpo; kf;fSf;F ngha;ahd thf;Fwpjpfis nfhLj;Jf;nfhz;Nl rpq;fsj;jpd; ,dg;gLnfhiyf;F ghu;itahsu;fshfNt ; cyf ehLfs; ,Ue;jJ.

ePz;l fhy <o tpLjiy Nghul;lj;jpy; vkJ kf;fs; mDgtpj;j Jauq;fSk; rpj;jputijfSk; Vkhw;wq;fSk; vd;Wk; nrhy;ypylq;fhjit. ,tw;wpy; 2009k; Mz;L itfhrp khjk; vkJ jhaf kz;zpNy vkJ ,dj;jpw;F ele;Njwpa nfhLikfs;> mtyq;fs; ahTk; ,d;Wk; Ie;J Mz;Lfs; fle;Jtpl;l NghjpYk;> midj;J cyfj; jkpou;fspd; kdq;fspy; ,it Mwhj uzq;fshf ,d;dKk; typj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,d;W 21k; Ehw;whz;by; fhyb vLj;J itj;J ,Uf;Fk; kdpjd; xU kpUfkha; tho;tij tpLj;J ehfuPfj;Jld; $ba kdpj Fykhf khwp tUfpwhd; vd;W ngUkpjj;Jld; $wpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; khe;ju;fspd; kdq;fis cYf;fp “,y;iy eP ,d;dKk; kpUfkhfNt tho;e;J tUfpha;” vd;W Mokhf czu;j;jp epw;fpd;w kpf nfh^ukhd Ngutykha; ,Ug;gJ <oj;jkpopdj;jpd; kPjhd rpq;fs Ngupdthjj;jpd; Ks;sptha;f;fhy;-,dg;gLnfhiy. ,yq;if murpd; Kfj;jpiuia fpopf;Fk; tpjkha; rdy; 4 ,y; ntspte;j ‘,yq;ifapd; nfhiyf;fsq;fs;’ cyfk; KOtJk; mjpuT ; fis Vw;gLj;jptUfpwJ. jkpopdj;ij mopf;fNtz;Lk; vd;w ,dntwp nfhz;l rpq;fs muRk; uhZtf;fl;likg;Gk; elhj;jpa kpf nfh^u nraNy ‘Ks;sptha;f;fhy; ,dg;gLnfhiy’. jkJ cwTfs; ,uj;jKk; rijAkha; kz;zpy; tPo;e;J fplg;gijAk;> jdJ rNfhjupfs; khdgq;fg;gLj;j gLtijAk; > rpd;dQ;rpW rpwhu;fs; gq;fUf;Fs; gaj;Jld; xope;jgb myWtijAk; NeupYk; fhnzhspapYk; fz;l jkpou;fspd; fz;fs; Jhq;fkWf;fpwJ. rpq;fs murpd; ,d mopg;G Ks;sptha;f;fhypy; kl;Lk; ele;jjhf $w KidtJk; mg;gl;lkhd ngha;ahFk;. ,yq;if 1948k; Mz;L Rje;jpuk; mile;jJ. Mdhy; jkpou;fs; ,Jtiu Rje;jpukw;w xU tho;itNa thoe;J tUfpd;wdu;. jkpou;fspd; tho;epyq;fs; gwpjJ ; rpq;fs FbNaw;wq;fis cUthf;fpdu;. nghUshjhuk;> fy;tp >Ntiy tha;gG ; > Ntiy cau;T Mfpa midj;J chpikfSk; jkpou;fsplk; ,Ue;J gwpf;fg;gl;ld.

Ks;sptha;f;fhy; gLnfhiyapd; 5k; Mz;L epidtpy; jkpopdk; epw;Fk; nghOJ $l ,d;Wtiu ek; kz;zpy; ,Ue;J fhzky; Nghd vj;jid Mapuk; kf;fspd; epiy vd;d MdJ? mtu;fs; capUld; jhd; cs;sduh? vq;F cs;sdu; ? vd;gjw;fhd gjpy; ahuplKk; ,y;iy> mjid ; cyf ehLfs; rPwpyq;fh muir tw;GWj;jp Nfl;fTk; ,y;iy. Nghu;f;Fw;wk; vd ,dg;gLnfhiyia tiugLj;jp jkJ eyd;fSf;F Vw;g rPwpyq;fh muir gzpaitf;fNt cyf ehLfs; Kaw;rpff ; pd;wd. jkpkPoj; jhafj;jpy; epWtg;gl;bUe;j jkpoPo murpid 2009k; Mz;L Nk-18k; ehSld; ntd;Wtpl;ljhfTk;> jkpoPok; vd;w <oj;jkpou;fspd; murpay; ngUtpUg;gpid Ks;sptha;f;fhy; kz;zpy; Gijj;Jtpl;ljhfTk; rpq;fsk; ntw;wpf;fspg;gpy; ,Uf;Fk; ,t;Ntisapy; jkpoPok; Nehf;fpa vq;fsJ tpLjiyg;ghijapid cyf ehLfs; Kd; njspthf Kd;itg;gJld; Ks;sptha;f;fhy; gLnfhiy kl;Lky;y jkpopdj;jpd; kPJ rPwpyq;fh muR Gupe;j ,dg;gLnfhiyf;fhd epahaj;ij cyf ehLfsplk; njhlu;e;J typAWj;JNthk; vd cWjpG+z;Lnfhs;Nthkhf.


epArpyhe;J jkpopd mopg;G epidT ehs;; - 2014 jkpopdj;jpid mopf;Fk; Nehf;fpyhd nfh^u nray;fs; muq;Nfwpa ehspid epidT $Wk; tpjkhf epArpyhe;J jkpou; xUq;fpizg;G FOtpdhy; xOq;fikg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l jkpopd mopg;G epidT ehs; epfo;Tfs; Nkkhjk; 18k; jpfjp khiy 6.30 kzpastpy; kTz;l; nuh];fpy; ,d;ukPbal; ghlrhiy (Mount Roskill Intermediate Scholl hall) kz;lgj;jpy; nghJr;Rlu; Vw;wYld; Muk;gkhfpaJ. ,e;epfo;tpy; epArpyhe;J ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fspd; ciufs;> rpWtu;fspd; ftpijfs;> fhnzhspfs; vd;gd eilngw;wd. ,Wjpahf vOr;rpg;ghly; ,irj;jYld; epfo;Tfs; ahTk; epiwTngw;wd.

THE TYO DOVE TYO NZ launched a Dove Campaign to remember those who perished in May 2009, Task was to make a dove using the template on our Facebook page and post a picture of it on Facebook with the message your dove carries. Below are some examples of the doves our members posted with their message. Who will you send your dove to? Download and print the template on Facebook and get the next generation involved. My dove is to the world, there is no oil in Tamil Eelm , but that doesn’t mean the crimes committed within our borders can be ignored.. This is not poverty that you need to spend your well earned cash to help them live. this is genocide, your voice is enough, a voice raised together is enough to stop them

I want to send my dove to those parents who sacrificed their sons/daughters. "your children's dreams will come true in the rise of Tamil Eelam. We have not and will not forget their sacrifice and dream"

My dove is going to our heroes, who sacrificed their lives for Tamil EELAM. “We won’t give up on ur dreams. We won’t give up on Ur hopes. We will get OUR TAMIL EELAM !

My dove is going to the students who survived from the war, and it is carrying a message that “we always pray for you. Don’t stop your study because education is the more powerful weapon for changing the world.”


I think fish is a mothers favourites, soft flesh is easy for children to eat, affordable and very nutritious. However this fish becomes a child’s Nightmare when they swallow their first fish bone. This dish was one of my favourites, full of flavour; this is not your typical fish curry. Although if you are a non-veg fan, you may want another gravy curry to accompany this fry.

1 1 stem ½ tsp ½ tsp ½ tsp 1 3 clove 3 1 ¼ cup 2 tbsp

Thirikkai (Sting Ray) Fillet Curry leaves Mustard Seeds Fennel Seeds Turmeric Power Medium Onion – Sliced Garlic Chopped Red Chilli Dry Red Chilli Grated Coconut Vegetable oil Salt (to taste)

1.

Cut your fillet into 3-4 portions

2.

In a sauce pan cook the fillet, ½ teaspoon of salt, ¼ teaspoon of turmeric, and 1 cup of water.

3.

Once the fillet has been cooked for 5-7 minutes, strain the water

4.

Peel the skin and remove the bones, using a fork flake the fish into a bowl.

5.

Add the grated coconut and a sprinkle of turmeric powder, a small amount of salt. Stir gently (Do not mash the mixture)

6.

Heat the oil in a frying pan.

7.

Add the seeds, wait for the mustard seed to pop

8.

Add the onions, chillies, half of the curry leaves, and the chopped garlic. Wait for the onions to become golden brown

9.

Add in the Fish Mixture and Stir Fry.

10. Add salt to taste and add the remaining curry leaves.


Mf; f pyhe; J rikay; Mf; f pyhe; J rikay; ntq;fha g[;[p ntq;fha g[;[p

Njitahd nghUl;fs; Njitahd nghUl;fs; 200g 200g 3 3

fliy kh fliy kh (ePskhf ntq; fhak; ntq; f hak; skhf my;yJ tl;(eP lkhf my; y J tl; l khf ntl;baJ) ntl; aJ) Nfw;g) cg; Gb (Njitf; cg; G (Njitf; g) tpUk;gpdhy; rpN wfw; pjsT tps Ufha; k;gpdJ}s; hy; rpwpjsT kp kpsfha; Nrh; j;Jf;J}s; nfhs;syhk; Nrh;j;Jf; nfhs;syhk;

nra;Kiw nra;Kiw  

fliy khit fl;bapy;yhky; mhpj;njLj;J mjDld; fliy khit fl;bfapp y ;yhky; jLj;J mjDld; cg;G Nrh; j;J fyf; jz; zPhmhp ; tplj;L;nNjhir kh cg;GjNrh; ;J fyf; fp jz;zPh; tpl;L Njhir kh gjj; pw;F j fiuf; fTk; gjj; jh;pwxU ;F fiuf; fTk;  gp d;d rl;bap y; vz;nza;ia nfhjpf;f itf;fTk; gpd;d xUnfhjp rl;bapjy vz;ntq; nza; a nfhjp f;fy itf; fTk;  vz; nh;za; ;j; Jk; fi haj; ij khtp ; Njha; j;J  vz;nza;anfhjp j;jJk; ntq;d fphaj; inghhp j khtp ; Njha; j;J py; Nghl; L nghd; wkhf jy ;njLf; fTk; vz;nza;apy; Nghl;L nghd;dpwkhf nghhpj;njLf;fTk; kpf FWfpa Neuj;jpy; (15 - 20 epkplk;) nra;af;$ba Ritahd xU kpw fW Neuj;Nghy jpy; (15 - 20 epk lk;>)fj; nra; Ritahd rp ; FWfp z;ba . ,Nj thiof; fpha; jhpaff;;f$ ha;ba > cUisf; fpoxU q;F> rp w W ; z; b . ,Nj Nghy thiof; f ha; > fj; j hp f ; f ha; > cUisf; f p o q;F> fwpkpsfha; Nghd;wtw;wpYk; nra;ayhk;.

fwpkpsfha; Nghd;wtw;wpYk; nra;ayhk;.


Microwave

Pancakes Makes about 8 pancakes Serves 2-3 people

1 cup all-purpose ďŹ&#x201A;our 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder 1/4 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons caster sugar (you can use normal sugar) 1 large egg, lightly beaten 1 cup milk 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted Plus extra melted butter for greasing the pan. 1. In a large bowl whisk together the ďŹ&#x201A;our, baking powder, salt and sugar. 2. In a separate bowl whisk together the egg, milk, and melted butter. Ma a well in the centre of the dry ingredients and then pour 3. Make in the egg mixture, all at once, and stir. The batter should have some small lumps. (Do not over mix the batter or the pancakes will be tough.)

MICROWAVE CHOCOLATE MUG CAKE (NO EGG) All purpose flour - 3 tbsp Coco powder - 1.5 tbsp (unsweetened) Sugar - 3tbsp (I used powdered sugar) Baking Soda - 1/8 tsp Salt - 1/8 tsp Cooking oil - 3 tbsp Milk - 3 tbsp Vanil a Essence - 1/4 tsp Choco chips - 1 tsp(optional) 1. Add maida,coco powder, sugar, baking soda and salt in the mug, mix well. Add oil, milk and vanil a essence. Mix well and make sure there are no lumps. 2. The batter should be creamy and in flowing consistency. Then top it with chocolate chips.Microwave at 600W for 1 minute. Then switch the microwave to highest power and microwave 1 more minute. The cake rised over the top but went down a bit when the microwave turned off. Scoop on some ice creem and serves as a classy dessert.

4. He Heat a frying pan over medium high heat until a few sprinkles of water dropped on the pan splatter. Using a piece of paper towel or a pastry brush, lightly brush the pan with melted butter or oil (or spray with a non stick vegetable spray.) s Using a scoop /spoon, pour about 1/4 cup of pancake mixture onto the hot pan. When the bottoms of the pancakes are brown and bubbles start to appear on the top surfaces of the pancakes (2-3 minutes), turn over. Cook until lightly browned (about 1-2 minutes). Brush the pan with melted butter or oil between batches. Serve with butter and maple syrup.


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We’re all aware of the importance of a great first impression. A cover letter provides the employer with their very first glimpse of you, so it’s crucial to get it right. Taking the ‘one size fits all’ approach may be tempting, but this could seriously jeopardise your chances of securing an interview. So how do you grab the employer’s attention and convince them that you’re the right candidate for the job?

KNOW THE COMPANY

PERSONALISE IT

We often emphasise the importance of research when job searching and you cover letter is no different. It proves you have a genuine interest in the company. Research will also help you to ensure your cover letter is relevant to the job role throughout, so as not to waste the time of the employer. Placing the job advert/description in front of you will also help you to make sure it’s relevant as you can refer to it whilst composing your letter. Furthermore, if you’re aware of what they do, you will be able to convince the employer that you would be good fit for the company.

Just as your CV should be tailored per job role, your cover letter should be personalised for each company. Hiring the wrong person costs companies money, time and productivity therefore they want to make sure they hire the best candidate for the job. If you can be specific about why you want this job and why you would be a good cultural fit, you will undoubtedly impress the employer and convince them that you will not leave them in the lurch in a few months’ time. A clear giveaway that you bothered to personalise your letter is not starting with ‘Dear Sir/Madam’. By taking the time to find out whom to address your letter to, it shows your initiative and genuine interest in the company. Search their website to find relevant person or the head of the relevant department - you could even ring the company first to find out.

SHORT AND SWEET

SELL YOURSELF

Ideally, like your CV, your cover letter shouldn’t exceed more than one A4 Pages. Recruiters and employers will not have time to read your life story – yours will certainly not be the only cover letter arriving at their desk. Therefore make it as easy as possible to find your accomplishments and discover why you’re the best person for the job. If you can, try to keep it to three paragraphs; the first should be an introduction of yourself and how you discovered the role, the second about your achievements and why you’d like to work there and in the third, emphasise what you could provide for the company and express your request for an interview.

You need to get your sales head on while you’re writing as you’re trying to convince the employer to invest in you. Rather than giving them a long list about why you’re so fantastic, focus on how the company will benefit from hiring you. Give examples of work you’ve completed to prove your ability- just remember to pick the best examples rather than listing everything you’ve ever done.

FIRST JOB COVER LETTER TEMPLATE Use the black font and select from the options in red text to customise a letter to your own personal circumstances Dear [title and surname of hiring manager], I am writing to express my interest in the role of [job title or job reference number] as advertised on [Where did you see the advertisement?]. As you can see from my attached CV, I have achieved in my studies and hobbies and am confident I have the skills and motivation to succeed as [job role]. My work ethic is strong and I have gained valuable workplace skills and experience during Saturday jobs and holiday work. These include: [List skills learnt on the job, such as excellent customer service, meeting deadlines, managing different priorities and working in a team. If you were given additional responsibilities or achieved something specific, then say so] Your vacancy appeals to me because I am very interested in working for a [large/small retailer/non-for-profit organisation/whichever kind of company it is] because [it is a fast-moving environment/positively changes our society/ I admire your technology product/name the reason]. I trust I have convinced you that I have the qualities and commitment that will make me an excellent employee at [name of company]. Please don’t hesitate to get in touch if you would like to discuss my application further. Yours sincerely, Your name Your phone number


SPOT 16 DIFFERENCES

MATHS CHALLENGE Try to fill in the missing numbers. Use the numbers 1 through 9 to complete the equations. Each number is only used once. Each row is a math equation. Work from left to right. Each column is a math equation. Work from top to bottom. Send us a photo of your answer to eelachchudar@gmail.com and go in a draw to win.

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1. Too Good to Last 2. Pat on the Back 3. Life Behind Bars 4. A Touching Moment 5. Look Before You Leap 6. Three Wise Men

WUZZLE

WUZZLES are very common in schools and they encourage you to think outside the box. Creativity is something that cannot be easily taught. These brain teasers are the most common tools NZ primary school teachers use to bring out the creativity in kids. Each box of images will words actually represent are common phrase. E.g. The one on the left has ‘DEAD BODY’ written on top of (over) the word ‘MY’, it portrays the common phrase “Over my dead body”.


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vd;W $wpath; Nr mePjpia fhZk;Nghnjy;yhk; nfhjpj;njOe;jth;jhd; Nr FNtuh. 1965 ,y; fpa+gh FbAupik> gjtpapid Jwe;J “mNahf;fpah;fshy; my;yy;gLk; ,d;ndhU Njrj;jpw;F vdJ Njhs;fs; Njitg;gLfpwjhk; vdNt gazg;gLfpNwd;. gj;jpukhf ghh;j;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fs; ek; fpa+g kf;fis ntw;wp ekNj” vd gply; fh];NuhTf;F xU ePzl> neba czh;r;rpkakhd fbjk; vOjp vOJNfhiy fPNo itj;Jtpl;L RLNfhiy Ve;jpr;nrd;whh; Nr FNtuh. nghyptpa ,uhZtj;jplk; 50 nfhupy;yh tPuh;fSld; nghyptpaf;fhl;Lf;Fs; Nghuhbf;nfhz;bUe;j Nr 1967 xf;Nlhgh; 8 md;W gyhpd; rjpfshYk;> JNuhfj;jdj;jhYk; fhl;bf;nfhLf;fgLfpwhh;. ,Wjptiu Nghuhb fhypy; tpOg;Gz; mile;j epiyapy; nghyptpa ,uhZtj;jplk; gpbgLfpwhh;. gioa gs;spf;$lnkhd;wpy; rpiwitf;fg;gLfpwhh;. jdf;F czT toq;f te;j gs;sp Mrpupiaaplk; “,J ve;j ,lk;”; vd;W Nr Nfl;fpwhh;. gs;spf;$lnkd;W mth; $w “gs;spf;$lkh Vd; ,j;jid mOf;fhf ,Uf;fpwJ” vd tUj;jg;gLfpwhh;. rhtpd; tpspk;gpYk; Nr tpd;,jaj;ij vz;zp mg;ngz; tpae;J Nghfpwhh;. Nr it tplhky; Juj;jpa mnkupf;fhtpd; rp.I.V aplk; Nr 1967 ,y; xf;Nlhgh; 9 md;W xg;gilf;fg;gLfpwhh;. mnkupf;f muR Nr it Rl;Lf;nfhy;YkhW cj;jutpLfpwJ. kupNah N[kp vd;w ru;[d; mf;fhupaj;Jf;fhf gzpakh;jj ; g;gLfpwhd;. “ Kl;b Nghl;L caph; tho;tij tpl epd;W nfhz;Nl rhtJ vt;tsNth Nky;” vd;ghh; Nr FNtuh. kupNah Nfhioiag;Nghy Rlj; jahuhfpwhd; jd;id epw;fitj;Jr;RLkhW Nr Nfl;f mij myl;rpag;gLj;Jfpwhd;. “NfhioNa RL! eP RLtJ Nr it my;y xU rhjhuz kdpjidj;jhd;.” ,jak; fpopfF ; k; tpopfs; kpd;d cyfk; GfOk; kdpjd; nrhd;d filrp thrfk; ,Jjhd;. kjpak; kzp 1.10 f;F kdpj Fy tpLjiyf;fhfj; jd; tho;ehnsy;yhk; Nghuhba khkdpjid Nehf;fp Jg;ghf;fp jpwf;fpwJ. Xd;gJ Njhl;lhf;fSs; xd;W mtdJ ,jaj;Jf;Fs; CLUtpaJ.,dk;> nkhop>Njrk; vd vy;iyfs; fle;J ghLgl;l cyfpd; xNu tPud; ,Njh tpilngWfpwhd;. ve;j mnkupf;fhtpd; Nkyhjpf;fj;ij vjph;j;J jd; tho;ehs; KOtJk; NghuhbdhNuh mNj mnkupf;fhtpy; mjpfk; tpw;gidahtJ Nr FNtuhtpd; cUtk; gjpj;j b\h;l;fs;jhd;. mtupd; Nghuhl;lk; gw;wp xU gjptpy; nrhy;yptpLtJ fbdk;. ,J ntWk; epidNte;jy;jhd;. Nr FNt

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The National Government is allowing trade to trump human rights, by doing deals with a regime accused of genocide and crimes against humanity, the Green Party said today. Tuesday, 18 May 2014 Press Release Contact: Jan Logie MP

The Green Party's human rights spokesperson, Jan Logie, has released details of a meeting held in Auckland on May 8 between Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully and the External Affairs Minister of Sri Lanka. The meeting, to advance dairy joint ventures, was held despite the UN Human Rights Council's recent vote in favour of an investigation into alleged war crimes and human rights abuses in Sri Lanka, and ongoing concerns about human rights abuses there. "The Minister kept the meeting quiet, and I can see why. It is morally wrong to help a regime that has been accused of genocide and war crimes," said Ms Logie, who was detained in Sri Lanka last year for speaking out against human rights abuses. "Extending our relationship at this time undermines international efforts to hold the regime to account." OIA documents released to the Green Party, and detailing official advice given to Murray McCully ahead of last year's controversial CHOGM meeting in Colombo, again show the National Government putting trade ahead of human rights. Despite warnings that "the human rights situation [in Sri Lanka] remains problematic", that "freedoms for civil society and media are increasingly restricted" and that there is "ongoing discrimination against the Tamil minority" and "discrimination against other minorities as well", the briefing documents say "CHOGM presents an opportunity to sign the New Zealand-Sri Lanka Dairy Cooperation Arrangement" and stress the importance of bilateral meetings to further the deal. "The Government is not only ignoring the human rights situation in Sri Lanka, but it's going a step further and providing diplomatic support to the Sri Lankan regime," said Jan Logie. When New Zealand was asked to co-sponsor the motion at the UN for the international war crimes investigation it declined to do so. At the meeting in Auckland, Sri Lanka's External Affairs Minister thanked McCully for refraining. Today marks the fifth anniversary of the Mullivaikkal Massacre in which tens of thousands of Tamil civilians were killed, maimed and displaced in the final days of the Sri Lankan Civil War.


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nghUsjhu xj;Jiog;G kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jpf;fhd ehLfSld; xg;gpLifapy; epArpyhe;J ehl;by; kJ kw;Wk; Nghij gpur;rid xU kpfg;ngUk; gpur;ridahf cs;sJ. taJte;jtu;fspy; (14 tajpw;F Nky;) 15-18 rjtPjkhNdhu; Nghij nghUl;fSf;F mbikahfpAs;sdu;. Nghij nghUl;fSf;F mbikahtJ xU NehNa jtpu> xU elj;ij Fiwghly;y. ,e;Nehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fs; jkJ Rarpfpr;ir %yk; rhjhuz xU tho;f;if tho;e;J nfhz;Nl ,e;Nehia fl;Lg;gLj;j KbAk; vd;w xU ngha;ahd ek;gpf;if nfhz;Ls;sdu;. ,e;Neha;> mtu;fis njhlu;e;J Nghij nghUl;fis ghtpg;gjw;Fk;> rl;ltpNuhj nray;fspy; <LglTk;> ez;gu;fs; kw;Wk; td;Kiwfs; > jw;nfhiy vz;zq;fs; ,Wjpapy; kuzk; Nghd;w jtwhd nray;fis nra;tjw;Fk; Jhz;btpLfpwJ.

The Retreat NZ

The Retreat NZ epWtdkhdJ> jdpegu; xUtu; jdJ Fbg;gof;fj;jpypUe;J tpLglTk; Gjpa Rfhjhukpf;f tho;it njupTnra;aTk; ,J cjTfpwJ. NkYk; mtu;fspd; FLk;gq;fSf;F Fbg;gof;fj;jpd; jd;ik> mjid Fzg;gLj;Jk; Kiw Nghd;wtw;iw fw;Wj;juTk; ,tu;fs; cjTfpd;wdu;. njd;Nfhsj;jpy; cs;s ,t;tifahd xNuNahU epiyak; The Retreat NZ epWtdk; kl;LNkahFk;. NkYk; ,tu;fs; ghuk;gupa kw;Wk; gaDs;s khw;W rpfpr;ir KiwfisAk; toq;Ffpd;wdu;.

,tu;fs; ehl;by; cs;s gy Kf;fpa tpUe;jpdiu tuNtw;W mtu;fSld; njhlu;Giltu;fspd; Nghij gof;fj;ijAk; mDgtq;fisAk; $wp kf;fis tpopg;Gzu;tilar; nra;fpd;wdu;. ,t;tpopg;Gzu;T kw;Wk; fy;tp %yk; Fbg;gof;fj;jpw;Fl;gl;Nlhupd; Njitfis mwpe;Jk; mtw;Wf;fhd topKiwfisAk; Jy;ypakhf vLj;Jf; $Wfpd;wdu;. Nghij gof;fk; cq;fisNah my;yJ cq;fis Nerpf;fpwtu;fisNah ghjpf;fpwjh? fPNo xU Nfs;tpj; njhFg;G cs;sd. ,J ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jpw;F mbikahfpAs;sPh;fsh vd mwpa cjTk;. 1. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jhy; cq;fs; Ntiy Neuj;ij ,of;fpd;wPu;fsh? 2. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jhy; cq;fs; FLk;g re;Njhrj;ij ,of;fpd;wPu;fsh? 3. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jhy; cq;fs; ew;ngaiu ,of;fpd;wPu;fsh? 4. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jpw;F gpd;du; vg;NghjhtJ the;jp czu;it czu;e;Js;sPu;fsh? 5. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jhy; nghUshjhu f\;lq;fis mile;Js;sPu;fsh? 6. Fbg;gof;fk; cq;fs; FLk;g eyd; kPJs;s ftdj;ij Fiwf;fpwjh ? 7. ePq;fs; xU Fwpg;gpl;l Neuj;jpy; Fbf;f ehl;lk; nfhs;fpd;wPu;fsh? 8. ePq;fs; fhiy Neuj;jpy; Fbf;f ehl;lk; nfhs;fpd;wPu;fsh? 9. Fbg;gof;fk; cq;fs; Jhf;fr;rpukj;jpw;F fhuzkha; cs;sjh? 10. Fbg;gof;fk; cq;fs; jpwid Fiwf;fpwjh ? 11. ePq;fs; typapy; ,Ue;J tpLgLtjw;fhf Fbf;fpwPu;fsh ? 12. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jpw;F gpd;du; epidT kwe;j epiyia czu;e;Js;sPu;fsh? 13. ePq;fs; Ra ek;gpf;ifia fl;bnaOg;g Fbf;fpwPu;fsh ? 14. ePq;fs; Fbg;gof;fj;jpw;fha; vg;NghjhtJ itj;jparhiy nrd;Ws;sPu;fsh? ,f;Nfs;tpfspy; xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l Nfs;tpf;F Mk; vd gjpy; mspj;jhy;? ePq;fSk; kJ gof;fj;jpw;F mbikahtjw;fhd rhj;jpaf;$Wfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

0800 291 306


WAR CRIMES

Captured combatants are entitled to respect for their lives, dignity, personal rights and convictions. They must be protected against all acts of violence and reprisals. They must have the right to correspond with their families and to receive relief.

Civilians under the authority of a party to the conflict or an occupying power of which they are not nationals are entitled to respect for their lives, dignity, personal rights and convictions.

Everyone must be entitled to benefit from fundamental judicial guarantees. No one must be sentenced without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court. No one must be held responsible for an act he has not committed. No one must be subjected to physical or mental torture, corporal punishment or cruel or degrading treatment.

Parties to a conflict and members of their armed forces do not have an unlimited choice of methods and means of warfare. It is prohibited to employ weapons or methods of warfare of a nature to cause unnecessary losses or excessive suffering.

Parties to a conflict must at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants in order to spare civilian population and property. Adequate precautions shall be taken in this regard before launching an attack.

War and international humanitarian law

Armed conflict is as old as humankind itself. There have always been customary practices in war, but only in the last 150 years have States made international rules to limit the effects of armed conflict for humanitarian reasons. The Geneva Conventions and the Hague Conventions are the main examples. Usually called international humanitarian law (IHL), it is also known as the law of war or the law of armed conflict. International humanitarian law is part of the body of international law that governs relations between States. IHL aims to limit the effects of armed conflicts for humanitarian reasons. It aims to protect persons who are not or are no longer taking part in hostilities, the sick and wounded, prisoners and civilians, and to define the rights and obligations of the parties to a conflict in the conduct of hostilities. Because it is law, IHL imposes obligations on those engaged in armed conflict. Not only must they respect the law, they have an obligation to ensure respect as well. It is not acceptable to turn a blind eye.

Soldiers who surrender or who are hors de combat are

entitled to respect for their lives and their moral and physical integrity. It is forbidden to kill or injure them.

The wounded and sick must be collected and cared for by the party to the conflict which has them in its power. Protection also covers medical personnel, establishments, transports and equipment. The emblem of the red cross, red crescent or red crystal is the sign of such protection and must be respected.

The International Committee of the Red Cross is regarded as the “guardian” of the Geneva Conventions and the various other treaties that constitute international humanitarian law. It cannot, however, act as either policeman or judge. These functions belong to governments, the parties to international treaties, who are required to prevent and put an end to violation of IHL. They have also an obligation to punish those responsible of what are known as “grave breaches” of IHL or war crimes.


Acne Acne is a skin condition that arises when oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hair follicles become blocked with oil (sebum) and dead skin cells. The build-up of this in the facial pores and/or bacteria causes the variety of different lesions/pimples common to acne. As well as on the face, common sites of manifestation include the back, neck, shoulders and chest. These include: -

Whiteheads: Pimples which are small and exist under the skin. Blackheads: Black in appearance and visible on the surface of the skin. Papules: Usually, small pink bumps visible on skin surface. Pustules: Pus filled as the name suggests, and have a reddish base.

Acne is quite a common condition, around 75% of people between 11-30 years old will develop acne at some stage. However, acne is most common in adolescents and it is thought to be because of the rise in the hormone levels; androgen during puberty. This causes excess production of sebum which makes the follicles more likely to become blocked. There may also be a genetic link.

Pretty soon, the farmer was amazed as the donkey stepped up over the edge of the well and happily trotted off! Life is going to shovel dirt on you, all kinds of dirt. The trick to getting out of the well is to shake it off and take a step up. Each of our troubles is a steppingstone. We can get out of the deepest wells just by not stopping, never giving up! Shake it off and take a step up.

Severe forms of acne (persistent and not resolving over time) will require treatment, however, most cases of acne resolve with time. Lifestyle and Home Remedies -

Good, basic skin hygiene is encouraged as it helps resolve and prevent future outbreaks. Refrain from popping and touching pimples as this can cause further infection as well as scarring. Wash your face with soap and warm water on a daily basis (morning and night).


15 Unusual Facts about the Human Body 1.

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TONGUE PRINT Don't stick out your tongue if you want to hide your identity. Similar to fingerprints, everyone also has a unique tongue print! SHEDDING Your pet isn't the only one in the house with a shedding problem. Humans shed about 600,000 particles of skin every hour. That works out to about 1.5 pounds each year, so the average person will lose around 105 pounds of skin by age 70. BONE COUNT An adult has fewer bones than a baby. We start off life with 350 bones, but because bones fuse together during growth, we end up with only 206 as adults. NEW STOMACH Did you know that you get a new stomach lining every three to four days? If you didn't, the strong acids your stomach uses to digest food would also digest your stomach. SCENT REMEMBERING Your nose is not as sensitive as a dog's, but it can remember 50,000 different scents. LONG INTESTINES The small intestine is about four times as long as the average adult is tall. If it weren't looped back and forth upon itself, its length of 18 to 23 feet wouldn't fit into the abdominal cavity, making things rather messy. BACTERIA This will really make your skin crawl: Every square inch of skin on the

human body has about 32 million bacteria on it, but fortunately, the vast majority of them are harmless. 8. SOURCE OF BODY ODOR The source of smelly feet, like smelly armpits, is sweat. And people sweat buckets from their feet. Pair of feet have 500,000 sweat glands and can produce more than a pint of sweat a day. 9. SNEEZE SPEED The air from a human sneeze can travel at speeds of 100 miles per hour or more -- another good reason to cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze -- or duck when you hear one coming your way. 10. BLOOD DISTANCE Blood has a long road to travel: Laid end to end, there are about 60,000 miles of blood vessels in the human body. And the hardworking heart pumps about 2,000 gallons of blood through those vessels every day. 11. SNORE LOUDNESS By 60 years of age, 60-percent of men and 40-percent of women will snore. But the sound of a snore can seem deafening. While snores average around 60 decibels, the noise level of normal speech, they can reach more than 80 decibels. Eighty decibels is as loud as the sound of a pneumatic drill breaking up concrete. Noise levels over 85 decibels are considered hazardous to the human ear. 12. HAIR COLOUR AND COUNT Blondes may or may not have more fun, but they definitely have more hair. Hair colour helps determine how dense the hair on your head is, and blondes (only natural ones, of course), top the list. The average

human head has 100,000 hair follicles, each of which is capable of producing 20 individual hairs during a person's lifetime. Blondes average 146,000 follicles. People with black hair tend to have about 110,000 follicles, while those with brown hair are right on target with 100,000 follicles. Redheads have the least dense hair, averaging about 86,000 follicles. 13. NAIL GROWTH If you're clipping ur fingernails more often than your toenails, that's only natural. The nails that get the most exposure and are used most frequently grow the fastest. Fingernails grow fastest on the hand that you write with and on the longest fingers. On average, nails grow about one-tenth of an inch each month. 14. HEAD WEIGHT No wonder babies have such a hard time holding up their heads: The human head is one-quarter of our total length at birth but only oneeighth of our total length by the time we reach adulthood.


Earthquakes Science & Safety

People of Christchurch are still recovering from the terrifying earthquakes that took many lives. Auckland did give a lot of sympathy and support to those in Christchurch but werenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t under the threat of expressing something similar up here. After Christchurch came the Wellington earthquake, although not as damaging as the Christchurch one it did provide a wake-up call for many that earthquake preparation is a necessity. After all, how much do we really know about earthquakes? And what are the steps to prepare for and react to one? As recently witnessed, earthquakes are both unexpected and devastating, emphasizing the need for earthquake education and preparation.

The science behind an earthquake What is an earthquake and when does it occur? An earthquake is the slipping of two plates at the surface of the Earth. The surface of the earth can be described as large, rigid plates that move relative to each other; tectonic forces (the forces applied to the Earth because of the movement of plates) eventually cause the rock to break, creating an earthquake. Earthquakes radiate seismic waves, which shake the Earth.

How is the first jolt detected? Earthquake waves travel in two forms: P waves and S waves. P waves are the compression waves, which are fast-moving and sudden, whereas S waves are slowmoving but contain the most energy. P waves are the first sudden jolt, and any P waves with high amplitude and Low frequency can be detected to trigger a warning. Combining data from several seismometers, scientists can detect the P waves and thus locate the epicentre of an earthquake.

Can an earthquake be predicted? Though an earthquake cannot be predicted before it occurs, there are ways to detect the first slightest motion of the earthquake. Early warning networks can detect the first subtle motions of an earthquake and predict how strong and widespread it will be. Earthquakes generally occur in two parts, the second of which is slow-moving and causes the most damage. The detections of the first sudden jolt potentially provide a few tens of seconds of warning that could be issued to people in danger.

Make sure you talk as a family, about how to handle natural disasters. Remember events like this do not always happen when you are all together, so discuss about places you could meet up if separated.


PREPARATION: What to do epyeLf;fk; (g+fk;gk;) Vw;gLtjw;F Kd; jw;fhj;Jf;nfhs;s nra;a Ntz;ba Kf;fpakhd 3 gb Kiwfs;. 1.  

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g+kpahdJ FYq;f Muk;gpf;Fk; NghJ mjid vt;thW vjph;nfhs;tJ. ePq;fs; tPl;bDs;Ns ,Ue;jhy;  cq;fis %bathW cl;Gw RtUf;F vjpuhf Nkirapd; fPo; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.  fz;zhb [d;dy;fs;> ntspg;Gw Rth;fs; kw;Wk; cilAk; epiyapy; VNjDk; nghUl;fs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;iwAk; tpyj;jp ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

ePq;fs; ntspapNy ,Ue;jhy;  ntspapy; epw;gJNt rpwe;jJ mj;Jld; fl;blq;fs;> kuq;fs;> njUtpsf;Ffs; kw;Wk; gad;ghl;L fk;gpfs; (UTILITY WIRES) cs;s ,lq;fs; Mfpatw;iw tpyfp epwf ; Ntz;Lk;.  ePq;fs; efUk; thfdj;jpy; ,Ug;gpd; thfdj;ij Kbe;jtiu ghJfhg;ghd ,lj;jpy; Ntfkhf epWj;jTk; mj;Jld; fl;blq;fs;> kuq;fs;> gad;ghl;L fk;gpfs; (UTILITY WIRES) cs;s ,lq;fs; kw;Wk; Nkk;ghyq;fs; Mfpa ,lq;fis jtphf ; ;fTk;.  ePq;fs; mbghLfSf;Fs; rpf;fpapUg;gpd; efu Ntz;lhk;> cq;fs; Mil kw;Wk; iff;Fl;il nfhz;L cq;fis %lTk;. mUfpy; cs;s Rth; my;yJ Fohia jl;Ltjd; %yk; cjtp rkpf;iQ nfhLf;f KbAk;. ,Wjp KbthfNt fj;jTk; Vnddpy; fj;Jk; NghJ J}Rfshy; Rthrpg;gJ kpFe;j rpukkhf ,Uf;Fk;. cq;fs; FLk;g mq;fj;jth;fSld; ,t;thwhd ,aw;if NguopTfis vt;thW ifahsNtz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wp fye;JiuahLq;fs;. mj;Jld; xd;iw epidtpy; nfhs;Sq;fs; ,t;thwhd NguopTfs; vg;NghJ Ntz;LkhdhYk; elf;fyhk; ePq;fs; midtUk; xd;whf ,y;yhj NghJk; elf;fyhk; vdNt ,t;thwhd NguopTfs; Vw;gl;lhy; mjd; gpd;dh; vt;thW re;jpj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wpAk; fye;JiuahLq;fs;.

AFTER an earthquake:

post- earthquake hazards Aftershocks Aftershocks can be classified as small earthquakes that occur after the main shock. Aftershocks almost always occur in a predictable distribution. Aftershocks can continue for weeks, months or even years depending on the magnitude of the earthquake

Liquefaction Earthquakes can cause waterlogged soils to temporarily lose their strength and stiffness, an event known as liquefaction. The soils loss of coherence is dangerous, as it can lead to buildings sinking into the soil

Tsunami a tsunami, such as the one Japan experienced is caused by surface faulting on the floor of the ocean. These causes the water levels to rise, the water bulge to burst and eventually propagate in all direction. For this reason, the coast of Japan was strongly impacted by a large tsunami, and other coasts were also mildly affected hours Later.



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