ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO VOLUME II EDWIN LAM 2016/2017
PERSONAL DETAILS EDWIN LAM CHOR MENG
BLOCK 643 PASIR RIS DRIVE 10 #02-30 S(510643) TEL :
+6598788002 EMAIL : INTRODUCTION I am a outgoing and enthusiastic person who likes to excel when given a certain tasks. I have a strong passion for both architecture and fitness. In architecture, I wish to be able to create spaces that sets people thinking and touch their emotions and feelings. I learnt that architecture can be approached in many ways after going through my journey in year 1, but I solely believed that architecture should be approached through the genius loci after my first project which I had a chance to be exposed to hence I aim to develop and explore this further in the future. Thank you for your consideration, EDWIN LAM
RUBYMOON9898@HOTMAIL.COM WEBSITE :
2015 - 2016
Poly Foundation Programme
2016 - 2019
Diploma In Architecture
Singapore Polytechnic Singapore Polytechnic
TABLE OF CONTENTS
01. PROJECT 1 : DWELLING
02. FINAL THOUGHTS : REFLECTION
PROJECT 1 - DWELLING INTRODUCTION Project 1 calls for the design of a double storey single dwelling unit that is inspired by a given client. It focuses on the translation of the clientâ€™s specialty or any influences into an architecture, depicting a possible influence in the spatial qualities, tectonics, circulation systems, or design of the skin of the building. The macro part touches on the technical parts of the project such as detailing of spaces as well as working plans and presentation drawings.
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CLIENT The client is an environmental artist who devotes his whole life to nature and creates land art, sculptures, installations and various type of artworks that are often involve with nature. His work often represents the site or an event that happened before there hence showing the hidden reality of nature in the site too. Those work are usually site specific which uses the materials found on site to create his artwork hence he often have a strong relationship with the nature of the site.
He uses the environment and blends in his own found objects like leaves and incorporates complimentary colors. IMAGE
He uses natural things found in nature, and translate it to a 2 dimensional sensor of a camera.
From handheld to the size of a football field. He is not afraid to patiently sculpt a field or mimicÂ a rock formation.
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SITE CONTEXT The project site is located in a tranquil plot of land in the middle of cantebury road which is located in the heart of Alexandra area. One will be taken away by its view and state of tranquility when at the site because ruralism and nature takes over here hence it allows many opportunities for architectureand nature to interact with one another.The site is also filled with british air due to its history hence giving a country side feeling. Due to the amount of vegetation, the site serves as a good place to receive ventilation as well as providing privacy and good amount of shading from the sun.
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Vegtation helps to reflect noise away emphasizing a different reality of place. SITE NODES
The parks and the traditional houses make the site a rural place. SHADING
Heavily vegetated hence cooling down the site more easier. VIEW
Site provides good view and exposed to the openess of nature.
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SITE ANALYSIS The provides a very good area for protection against the hot sun from the back and the sides and also helps cool of the heat transmission due to large numbers of vegetation surrounding it. On the left of site A, the vegetation rises up in an undulation and continuity movement which gives a sense of protection while on the other side the trees get higher as well allowing much privacy and protection in this area. Hence with how the nature grows around it, it seems like its embracing the site. Site B is surrounded by openness which allow many possibilities but for site A, it is being hugged by the vegetation around it giving a very good area to get closer to nature. The embracement of the nature is in curvilinear movement which allows protection.
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DESIGN CONCEPT Design drivers is being extracted out by his artwork while genius loci is being extracted out by his method of work and concept. The keywords extracted are used to drive the form of the architecture in a certain order and is being shifted by responding towards the site.His work, thenest, clay is metaphored as life of a bird nest and it is understood that clay is the source of life as it allows a tree to exist which allow the nest to exist hence this is related back to the site whereby the dwelling can only exist because of the site and the site exist because of the genius loci. Hence the concept of the dwelling will be the metaphor of the genius loci in the.
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Linear form is offset into a set of volume DIFFUSION
Volume diffuses into the spaces of dwelling CONTINIUTY
Volumes are tweaked to show a sense of continiuty ASYMMETRY
Some volume are shifted to respond to site UNDULATION
Height of volume changes according to site LIGHTNESS
Volumes are lifted off to touch the earth lightly
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GENIUS LOCI IN ARCHITECTURE Part of what makes landscapes unique is the “genius loci”, a Latin phrase we use in architecture design meaning “spirit of place.” Identifying or describing the genius loci of your property is essential to creating a timeless landscape that best suits you. The concept of genius loci dates back to 18th century England, when it was first described by poet, classical scholar and gardener Alexander Pope. In a place and time when it was most fashionable to recreate French and Italian gardens, Pope advocated for a landscape style that considered the inherent qualities of a place first and foremost. In other words, let nature be your guide. The easiest way to understand genius loci is to tap into your 5 senses. Touch, taste, smell, sight and sound all contribute to spirit of place. Considering these aspects should help with more concrete parts of the decision-making process involved in any architectural projects. Part of my research of the genius loci is also influenced by Christian Norberg-Schulz Genius loci towards a phenomenology of architecture.
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GENIUS LOCI IN CANTEBURY The genius loci of cantebury is being researched to understand better as it will drive the design of the architecture and also research is done outside of cantebury to understand its relationship with surroundings.
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Hilly with many steep and shallow slopes. FEATURES
Many forests with gardens, parks and agricultural farms. SOUNDS & SMELL
Very quiet and rural, only sounds of the nature can be heard. ARCHITECTURE STYLE
Colonial Malaya Black & White Bungalows. NEIGHBOURHOOD
Lots of trees and vegetation on a hilly terrain and valley. CIRCULATION
Many winding streets built to circulate the terrain.
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Sense of peace and tranquility, escape of urban reality. HISTORY
Houses were used as POWs site during Japanese Occupation. DISTINCTIVNESS
British air filled with memories and full of greenery. ESSENCE
Farms, plantations, conservations, parks and nature. ECOSYSTEM
Many rare species of trees and flowers under conservation. VERNACULAR
Peaceful neighborhood, building style are most black and white houses. PANTHEISM
Brings bad memories for the locals due to site have bad history of the war. CHARACTER
Countryside and the past.
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ALEXANDRA IN GENERAL Alexandra area is considered the first satellite town as it has the most development in the earlier days. It also has the most conservations due to the culture and history it has provided for Singapore. Through the development, those conservations have been considered thoroughly in the planning whereby new and modern infrastructure are integrated with the old stuff hence the result of different typologies in this area but yet they still fit well together. Hence with the integration of many different things, Alexandra area embraces its differences
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HISTORY OF ALEXANDRA Today, Alexandra area is one of the most integrated town in Singapore which almost everything Is nearby to each other from residential, commercial, industrial, recreational, transportation etc and this was the result of intense and successfully urban planning back in the past. Because of how integrated the town is, the community spirit is also very strong hence there is great unity in this area. Even though it is still developing, this area has lots of conservations of the past which includes the British buildings, post war old buildings and memorials to remember the past and celebrate the diverse culture and heritage it contains. Apart from the strong history and heritage it has, Alexandra area also contains parks and agriculture and also a special area in Canterbury road. It is well known that the parks promotes gardening activities and knowledge for everyone hence there is a strong sense of green culture over here too.
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PRECEDENCE - BASTE MASI Montauk, NY, possesses unique characteristics that imprint lasting memories. These characteristics embody the “Spirit of Montauk” and the clients challenged the architect to design a house that would embody and capture this spirit in the architecture. The house responds to the site context and strengthens the “spirit of place.” Formerly a horse ranch, the rolling green pasture of the site is located at one of the highest elevations in Montauk.
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The conventional Montauk building typology of the low-pitched gabled roof is modified by the geometries of the allowable building envelope and height restrictions of the site. For the occupant there is no prescribed path of circulation, encouraging different encounters much like the social experiences of Montauk. The house celebrates the “spirit of the place” of where it is located. With the rise of technology and rapid transmission of information through the internet, the identity of place can be lost. This project explores regionalism and the project evolved from the community it is located.
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BLACK AND WHITE HOUSE Part of the genius loci calls for respecting the site’s typology hence precedence is being done on the black and white house for its typology. The term ‘black and white’ itself affectionately refers to the primary use of dark timber beams and whitewashed walls that characterize these buildings. Its numerous adaptations including the Plantation House Style and Tropical Edwardian Style stem from a range of varying influences such as the ‘Tudor Bethan’ revival style, the Arts & Crafts movement, and in its later years, the Art Deco Movement. The ground floor is open and spacious, while the main living quarters are on the upper floor. The reason is to isolate the living space from wild critters, as well as ensure the house is above any flood waters. In addition to the high ceilings and vents, the bungalows feature plenty of balconies, open spaces and louvered windows to amplify cross ventilation.
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EDGELAND HOUSE Part of the genius loci also calls for integration of nature and architecture together hence precedence is being done on edgeland house and for its way of integrating with nature of the site. ItÂ is a unique, triangular home that is built into the earth and covered with a thick layer of sod. Because it is an earth-sheltered home, the Edgeland House is highly efficient, and it can stay warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer from the added thermal mass and insulation.
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This approach addresses the climate of central Texas and utilize thermal capacity of earth to regulate temperature, while the linear courtyard down the center allows fresh air to flow between the bluff and the river below. Both visually and functionally, It touches on architecture as site specific installation art and as an extension of the landscape. The program is broken up into two separate pavilions, living and sleeping quarters, and requires direct contact with the outside elements to pass from one to the other. This project sets new standards for sustainability while providing great aesthetic qualities through its small footprint and integrated mechanical features. The courtyard is a theater for observing migrating humming birds, monarch butterflies etc, heightening one’s awareness of nature in an urban setting.
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DESIGN STRATEGY Through the research, the genius loci of cantebury road is being represented by 10 different qualities which will become design strategies that drives the quality of the space, ambience and other factors of the architecture. Therefore the design intent aims to reconnect architecture and nature by capturing the genius loci of the site, embrace it and enhance it hence making the site become a place.
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SITE STRATEGIES The house is also being designed to harness the siteâ€™s wind to the deeper part of the house to create a heat stacking effect and also to cool down internal space via cross ventilation, which is done by creating strategised opening locations as well as placing spaces such as double volume and courtyard in strategic locations. Overhangs and sun shading device such as timber fins is created through the form at strategic locations to shade the spaces from the sun while creating a certain ambience.
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MATERIALITY The structural system of the house will be strictly made up of concrete post and beam system as the concept requires materials to be naturalistic hence steel beams are not used. Most columns are flushed with the wall and also have free facade hence allowing spaces to be maximized. Material wise, a mood board is inspired by the site which is part of the concept and its translated to a material board that is made up of natural materials and is applied to the spaces base on certain ambiences.
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HARMONIZING THE GENIUS LOCI One will be greeted with a structure that is similar to the black and white house in the site but only more contemporary hence one will sense expect to see modernism in the architecture but as they get a better view of the space, the courtyard will change the impression which implies nature in modern architecture as captured by one of the qualities of the genius loci in the site.
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PROCESS MODEL 1
Process massing depicts how the form is derived and transformed. PROCESS MODEL 2
Design strategy is applied to the concept of the form. PROCESS MODEL 3
Various massing to support the design strategies and concept. MOCK UP MODEL
Rough concept of showing the spaces and volumes. FINAL MODEL
The model embraces the site such as the trees and terrain
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The bridge overviews the conserved tree as part of the genius loci.
The roof garden is the result of integration with nature and architecture.
THE JOURNEY The journey of the house begins in the car porch and enters to the living spaces where most of it frames a certain view of the nature hence allowing one to experience nature and different viewpoints emphasizing that nature has take over the house.
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One will have to experience indoor before understanding nature. LIVING ROOM
The space is open towards the view and also the vegetation around it. KITCHEN
Buffer zone for heat and also maximises the vegetation on the outside.
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Provides a good view of the surrounding and captures wind. DINING ROOM
Interior courtyard is also here to enhance the nature experience. COURTYARD
Central courtyard for the client to create his artwork.
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Patio overlooks the courtyard and surrounding allowing nature to be seen. STUDIO
The studio frames certain view and connects to the courtyard for the client. BATHROOM
Timber fins are used to create views and also ensuring privacy. POWDER ROOM
Timber fins facing prominent views to bring in nature. BEDROOM
Client will end his day here where the space overlooks the terrain.
FINAL THOUGHTS : REFLECTION PROJECT 1 CONCLUSION Through this project 1, I finally had a chance to do a real project compared to the previous ones. This project has also allowed me to be more sensitive towards architecture space planning and also a series of technicalities. Over the time, I also better understand how to develop architectural design concepts based on various inspirations that are given to me. I learnt that there is still many more opportunities to explore in designing a house and thus this project is a starting footstep towards greater projects in the future.
FINAL REFLECTION Year 1 has been a tough yet fruitful journey to me, the projects we did cannot be compared to those when we go into the working industry but it has allowed us to grow and nurture our architectural skills better such as gaining more interest in this journey as we explore and discover more opportunites such as finding a better way to design than before. Before I stepped in, I always thought that architecture is just about designing for aesthetics but after a year, I have matured and see architecture in a different perspective. Hence, over the year I have picked up my own beliefs and ideas in architecture whereby I feel that architecture should be design in a complex way but the result has to be simple and clear but sets people thinking about the complexity of it. With the sensitivity and expertise I gained, I hope that I can discover my own language one day throughout this journey too.
ARCHITECTURE DESIGN PORTFOLIO VOLUME II ARCHITECTURE THAT EMBRACES ITS EXISTENCE
A process documentation of the main project work by Edwin Lam during his first year of study in Singapore Polytechnic, Diploma in Architectu...
Published on Feb 28, 2017
A process documentation of the main project work by Edwin Lam during his first year of study in Singapore Polytechnic, Diploma in Architectu...