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A I P O T U

SCENARIO 1 — COMMUNITY FARMERS VS. FIGHTERS Utopia

COMMUNITY/UTOPIA REFERENCES:

committed to living and creating in n Detroit Detroit. t..

Urban Farming – International non-profit headquartered

Ivan Illich – A philosopher pher who critiqued institutions nstitutio nstitution stitut titu

SCENARIO 1 — COMMUNITY Dystopia

in Detroit which intends to eradicate hunger while

rnization nization zation and ppr promoted ote deschoo oted oling o ng and and modernization deschooling

KEYWORDS: reciprocity, bottom-up, grass-roots, self-

The experience of economic hardship creates fear

Hit hard by the breakdown of auto industry, and no

increasing diversity, motivating youth and seniors and

education. informal e edu du duc ucation.

help, anarchism, ad-hoc collaboration.

and feelings of insecurity. As a result community

reliable welfare system offering help, people take

optimizing the production of unused land for good d and and

John anarchist Joh J hn F.C. Tu TTurner Tur rn ner – An an nar n arrchistt arc arc ar architectt who whose

development slowly leads to sectarianism.

matters in their own hands and create new community

alternative energy.

research rese sea ear arc rch since nce e the 660s hhas focused sed ed on the hee sspontaneous

organizations. They start using empty spaces to

The Power House Project oject j t – An off the th grid model mod dell home

start-up autonomous collective activities like urban

National Guard intervenes but can only temporarily

by Jean-Luc Nancy stating how our attempt to

an ideal community make an ‘avowal’ of membership

KEYWORDS: gated communities, gangs, tribalism,

keep groups separated.

design society according to pre-planned definitions

which is a violation of the terms themselves.

sects, rivalry, balkanization

frequently leads to social violence and political terror.

Communitas (1998) – A book written by Roberto

COMMUNITY/DYSTOPIA REFERENCES:

He searches to approach community in a non-religious,

Esposito presenting an original counter-history of

Dogville (2003) – A film directed by Lars von Trier which

non-utilitarian and un-political exegesis.

political philosophy starting at the etymological source

Collaborative ethos is lost to petty mentalities as

explores the price of goodness in a community.

The Unavowable Community (1983) – A book written

of community: cum munus. It states that community

organization organ niza ni zaa ation of sslums and poor settlements. ttle nts Forr his h

localism, survivalism and primitivism take over.

The Truman Show (1998) – A film directed by Peter Weir

by Maurice Blanchot, which makes an inquiry into

isn’t a property, nor is it a territory to be separated and

and social supplies al art project ctt by Design 99,, w wh which supp pllieess the

praise e off poor ind individual’s capacity tto establish sself-

Communities turn aggressive to outsiders and exclude

in which Truman finds out his whole life has been false

the nature and the possibility of community by asking

defended against those who do not belong to it. Rather,

farms and they engage in charitable enterprises for the

neighborhood hb borhood rhood with elect electr electricity.

networks, enthusiastically help ne net n tworks, his workk has been en tw

‘aliens’. Building communities further fragment the

and is in fact a reality TV show.

whether there can be a community of individuals that

it is a void, a debt, a gift to the others that also reminds

weakest members of their own communities.

YES Farm arrm – A group or arti artists art and urban ban an ffarmers

appropriated World Bank as a legitimation of approp app appr prop opriate ed by the Wo

city and militia type conflicts rule everyday life. The

The Inoperative Community (1982) – A book written

is truly ‘communal’. He argues that the very terms of

us of our constitutive alterity with respect to ourselves.

SCENARIO 2 — ART HIPPIES VS. YUPPIES Utopia

ART/UTOPIA REFERENCES:

City of Amsterdam. Its role is to find and develop more

their tthe heeir consequences ons onse ns ces ess on built b environ environm environment.

affordable studios and live/work spaces for artists and

SCENARIO 2 — ART Dystopia

ART/DYSTOPIA REFERENCES:

The Rise of the Creative Class (2002) – A book written

Neil Smith - The New Urban Frontier rba Fron ontier ntier ier er (1996) - Smith Sm h

Andrew Her Herscherr - From SoHo to Det Detro? A Hersche He Detr r (2009) -

by Richard Florida asserting that metropolitan regions

alternative cultural entrepreneurs.

The art hype attracts new investments – bars,

challenges wisdom, ess the conven convent conventional conventio wi w iisdom, sdom, dom, which holds

speculates intentions of artists Hersher spec pec tes es wetherr good g intent

Attracted by easy access to housing property, creative

with high concentrations of high-tech workers, artists,

galleries, foreign art agencies – in specific pockets of

gentrification gentrification gentrifi gentrific tion to be e th the simple ooutcome utcome tcome of changing changin

forces gentrification. are able to hol hhold ho d off the force

individuals from all over the world settle down in

musicians, lesbians and gay men, and a group he

KEYWORDS: creativity, bohemian, intellectual,

the city. Land rent rises and the oldcomers are push pushed us d

growing middle-class e c e-cl tastess and an a growi ing ngg demand for urban urba urb

Detroit to a new type of engaged art focused on the city’s

describes as ‘high bohemians’, correlate with a higher

freedom, liberal

out of their neighborhoods. Young, ng, g, urban professio professi professionalss

gentrification living, and emphasizes ess iin instead gen entrification ntrification rification ification as ppar part art of

KEY KEYWORDS: simulacra, fake, kitsch, camp, trompe

injustices. Artists prove themselves altruistic community

level of economic development. Florida posits the

are interested in buying ying g pprop propertyy in n this culturall culturally

larger a much large rger shift in the he ppolitical economy onomy nomyy and and culture

l’oeil, nostalgia, gentrification, culture industry

leaders who were committed to the socio-economic

theory that this creative class fosters an open, dynamic,

dynamic neighborhood. ghhborhood. orhood. Finally Finally, the th original iginal ginal artis artists who

of the late twe tw ttwentieth entieth century. ntu ntur

uplifting of their communities and others. General

personal and professional environment.

settled in the neighborhoods pushed ne eighborhoods ighborhoods ghborhoods are pu ushed out utt and an the

David Harv Harvey (2001) - Harvey explores D arvey rveyy - The Art rt of Rent (200

standard of living rises via jobs in a new service sector.

Bureau Broedplaatsen – Department set up by the

neighborhood be becomes ecomes comes omes uniform an aand d wealthy.

the global gglobalization globalization i and ccommodification of culture and

SCENARIO 3 — SPECTACLE WILDLIFE PARK VS. THEME PARK Utopia

imagination of Detroit as the city of wilderness enables

structure of linked transformable structures raised

legendary idyllic beach, untouched by tourism.

won World War II and now occupy the US seaboards.

KEYWORDS: the sublime, nihilism, nostalgia,

above the metropolis and populated by home ludens

Into the Wild (2007) – A film directed by Sean Penn in

SCENARIO 3 — SPECTACLE Dystopia

SPECTACLE/DYSTOPIA REFERENCES:

the birth of new forms of playful game park-life.

Unabomber Manifesto (1995) – A book written by

Midland America has been devaluated to a souvenir

melancholy, disneyfication, paranoia

(playing man), who had discarded the bourgeois

which a young man leaves his middle class existence

KEYWORDS: arcadia, noble savage, primitivism,

Counter-aesthetics of Detroit as the ruined or deserted

Theodore John Kaczynski a.k.a The Unabomber

shop; a historical reserve of a passing civilization.

The long-lasting economic crisis produces a most

SPECTACLE/UTOPIA REFERENCES:

shackles of work, family life, and civic responsibility.

in pursuit of freedom from relationships and obligation.

romanticism, new age, existentialism

city prove to be marketable. The city becomes branded.

asserting that the Industrial Revolution and its

Giovanni Battista Piranesi – Italian artist famous for

peculiar environment: a spectacular aesthetic of ruins

Homo Ludens (1938) – A book written by Johan Huizinga

This post-revolutionary individual would wander from

Giving up his home, family and all his possessions;

The environment and the history of the city are marketed

consequences have been a disaster for the human race.

his etchings of Rome’s ruins and his own fictitious

and wilderness. Some leaders in the city decide to strive

discussing the importance of the element of play in

one leisure environment to another in search of new

he embarks on a journey throughout America and his

and offered to film studios against reduced taxed.

Thus, we should revolt and discard all technology and

renderings, which are dominated by a sublime esthetic

for a new balance between housing and ecology, the

culture and society.

sensations.

eventual aim of Alaska to spend time with nature, with

Eventually, Detroit ruins are preserved or created

return to nature.

of monumentality and decay.

green city. Animals reclaim parts of the city; underground

New Babylon (1959-1974) – A utopian art project by

The Beach (2000) – A film directed by Danny Boyle

‘real’ existence and away from the trappings of the

artificially. Less impressive areas are turned into parking

The Man in the High Castle (1962) – A book written by

rivers and wetlands are recreated. An artistic re-

Constant Nieuwenhuys; New Babylon was a mega

following the adventures of a young man in search of a

lots. The city becomes a playground for tourists.

Philip K. Dick in which the Nazis and Japanese have

welfare state abolition policies in third world countries.

A I P O T S Y D

modern world.


We Almost Lost Detroit