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MUSIC REVIEW Joe Higgs (born Jose ph Benjamin Higgs, 3 June 1940 – 18 December 1999) was a reggae musician from Jamaica. In the late 1950s and 1960s he was part of the duo Higgs and Wilson together with Roy Wilson. He was a popular artist in Jamaica for four decades and is also known for his work tutoring younger musicians including Bob Marley and the Wailers and Jimmy Cliff. As a solo performer, Higgs' success was intermittent at best and his work appreciated mainly by hardcore reggae aficionados. After spending the early part

of his career singing as part of a duo with Delroy Wilson, Higgs went solo after Wilson left Jamaica for America in the late '60s. But, it wasn't until 1976 that he released his first solo album, Life of Contradiction, a title that accurately summarized Higgs' career up to that point. The follow-up album,Unity is Power, was equally good, but as impossible to find. It wasn't until 1985 when Alligator Records, a label best known for blues music, released Higgs' masterpiece Triumph. After that time, he kept a low profile, issuing a record every now and then, his work revered by reggae fans around the world. The greatest reggae artist you've never heard of, Higgs died on December 18, 1999.

Music Review Horace Swaby (June 21, 1954 – May 18, 1999), know n as Augustus Pablo, was a Jamaican r oots reggae and d ub record producer, me lodica player and keyboar dist, active from the 1970s onwards. He popularized the use of the Melodica (an instrument at that time primarily used

in Jamaica to teach music to schoolchildren) in reggae music. His album King Tubby Meets Rockers Uptown (1976) is often regarded as one of the most important examples of dub. Pablo was born in St. Andrew, Jamaica, and learned to play the organ at the Kingston College School. At that point, an unnamed girl lent him a melodica. Through the fascinated by the instrument, Pablo rarely put it down. He also met Herman Chin Loy, who after working at his cousin Leslie Kong's Beverley's record shop, had set up his own Aquarius store in Half Way Tree. Swaby recorded early tracks including "Higgi Higgi", "East of the River Nile", "Song of the East" and "The Red Sea" between 1971 and 1973 for Chin-Loy's Aquarius Records. Chin Loy had previously used the name Augustus Pablo generically for keyboard

instrumentals recorded by Lloyd Charmers and Glen Adams, and Swaby took the name for this recording. "East of the River Nile", a unique blend of East Asian and Jamaican sounds, became a moderate hit. He soon joined Now Generation (Mikey Chung's band) and played keyboard with them while his friend Clive Chin began his own career as a record producer. Pablo and Chin recorded "Java" (1972) together, as soon as Pablo quit Now Generation and Clive was able to obtain studio time. This instrumental was a massive hit and launched Pablo's solo career. He recorded with Chin and others including Lee Perry and Chin's uncle, Leonard Chin. Pablo scored another smash hit with "My Desire" (John Holt).

Pablo formed the labels Hot Stuff, Message and Rockers (named after his brother's soundsystem , Rockers), and released a steady stream of well-received instrumentals, mostly versions of older hits from Studio One. In spite of his success with Rockers, Pablo's 1974 album, This Is Augustus Pablo was recorded with Clive and Pat Chin. This was followed by a collaboration with the legendary reggae engineer King Tubby, 1975's Ital Dub. Pablo produced a steady stream of hits in the late 1970s, including the hit "Black Star Liner" (Fred Locks). He also worked with Dillinger, Norris Reid, I-Roy, Jacob Miller, The Immortals, Paul Blackman, Earl Sixteen, Roman Stewart, Lacksley Castell, The Heptones, Bob Marley, Ricky Grant, Delroy Wilson, Junior Delgado, Horace Andy and Freddy

McKay. This period was eventually commemorated with a series of critically acclaimed LPs including King Tubbys Meets Rockers Uptown (1976) and Hugh Mundell's classic Africa Must Be Free by 1983. This was followed by East of the River Nile (1978),Original Rockers (1979) and another acclaimed hit album, Rockers Meets King Tubbys in a Firehouse. In the 1980s, Pablo's career slowed significantly. In 1980, he appeared on the soundtrack of the documentary D.O.A. He had begun to establish an American audience and released Rising Sun in 1986 to good reviews and sales. Pablo also produced memorable hits, including "Ragamuffin Year" (Junior Delgado), "Humble Yourself" (Asher & Tremble) and "Far Far Away" (Ricky Grant). In addition, he toured extensively throughout the world, recording a memorable live

album in Tokyo in 1987. That same year, Rockers Come East re-established his career and he began to release a series of favorably reviewed though somewhat inaccessible albums in the 1990s (including Blowing With the Wind), while producing such records as Dawn Penn's "Night & Day" and Yami Bolo's "Jah Made Them All". Augustus Pablo died as a result of a collapsed lung on May 18, 1999. He had been suffering for some time from the nerve disorder myasthenia gravis.

Music Review Don Carlos a.k.a. Don McCarlos (born Er vin Spencer, 29

June 1952) is a Jamaican reggae singer and composer. He was born and raised in Western Kingston, Jamaica in a very deprived district known as Waterhouse. Many talented reggae artists such as King Tubby The Jays,Junior Reid and King Jammy are also from this area. He began singing in 1973 as a member of Black Uhuru. He sang alongside Garth Dennis and Derrick Simpson the leader of the trio. Don played a key role in the recordings of the highly acclaimed Love Crisis album, produced by Prince Jammy in 1977 which was later rereleased as The Black Sounds of Freedom. After some time finding his sound as a soloist Carlos blossomed in May 1981 releasing the heavy cultural roots album Suffering for Negus Roots.

He has since become very popular in the live scene and has released twelve solo albums working alongside Gold, his backup vocalist and co writer. Some of his most notable albums include Harvest Time, Day to Day Living and Them Never Know a Natty Dread all released in 1982. Spread Out also released in 1982 commonly known now as Laser Beam also became a fan favorite. Though Carlos' solo peak period was during the 1980s dancehall craze he still maintains his roots flavor and awesome melodies to this day. In 1988 he recorded "Jingle Bells� with Glenice Spenser on A Reggae Christmas on RAS Records. In 1990 he re-united as the lead vocal for a Black Uhuru album. Don continues to grow in popularity and still performs all over the world.

S & JM Jun 2014  

First trial article from ska and jamaican beat music