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Education Since 1987 | Volume 31 Issue 2 | w: | t: 01-8329246 | e:

See your career going places...

The ESB Networks Apprenticeship Programme Is your institution prepared for the ePrivacy Regulation? Why we can't overlook the importance of sleep | Opportunities in Tourism An alternative, fully funded avenue to accountancy Field trips and school tours | Suppliers Guide | Reviews

Transform Your Knowledge Empowering educators to inspire students.

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Education Volume 31 Issue 2 Editor Niall Gormley Production Michael Farrell Publishers Ard Education Ltd. Tel: 01-8329246 Email:


News: Mixed results for Irish universities in international league table


News: Over 90% of teachers agree unidentified dyslexia damages children’s self-esteem; 3,000 international students in UL


News: Seven universities launch joint charter; DCU unveils the 'U', a €15m state-of the-art student centre


News: Students, staff and administrators make funding crisis call; Traveller awards in October


Apprenticeships at Cork Training Centre


See your career going places with the ESB Networks Apprenticeship Programme

Design Real Issues 086-8986827


Choose business at UCD Quinn School


Community spirit at MIC sets it apart from other colleges

Printers Nicholson Bass Ltd.


ICHAS - promoting positive mental health in the community


Employment-focused courses in business, computing and hospitality at Griffith College Limerick


FEATURE: Is your institution prepared for the ePrivacy Regulation?


Moate Business College - a hugely effective career stepping stone


Make your move to Sallynoggin College


Tourism - a world of opportunities in an exciting and global industry


FEATURE: Burning the candle at both ends: Why we can't overlook the importance of sleep


Want to go to college? Don’t have enough points? Sorted...come to DFEi


Crafting careers in the hospitality sector at the Hospitality Education and Training Centre


An alternative, fully funded avenue to accountancy with Accounting Technicians Ireland


Passion for the trade of carpentry and joinery at John G Sisk Training Centre


High quality thesis printing and binding service at Thesis Direct


Offering quality educaation choices, new skills and confidence at Dunboyne College


FEATURE: The new Tech Apprenticeships at FIT


Robert Chambers Academy providing professional training for Irish and international students


Getting your Debs plans together with Debs Republic


The Erasmus experience Blackrock Further Education Institute


Study for your university degree in the North West


Horticulture as a career path


Petersburg Outdoor Education & Training Centre


EPIC and Glasnevin Cemetery school tour combination


Museum and stadium tours at Thomond Park Stadium


Day and residential trips to SHARE


Lullymore - exciting new venue for field trips and environmental tours


Love2learn Language School


QQI - Learning as you earn

At the time of press information in Education is believed to be accurate and authoritative. However, some information may change due to circumstances beyond our control. Acceptance of advertisements, does not constitute an endorsement of products or services by the publishers.


FEATURE: Education trends internationally


Delivering skills and knowledge to progress at St Louis Community School


Reviews - recently published books


Education Suppliers Guide

©2018. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. ISSN 0791-6161

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NEWS ................................................................................................................................

Mixed results for Irish universities in international league table category while Maynooth University rose uted to higher spending on third level institutions across the world and a hangoto the 351-400 category. NUI Galway fell two categories to 301- ver of underspending in Ireland. The Government and the Department of 350 while the University of Ulster dropped into the 601-800 grouping. Queens, UCD Education were anxious to head off the impression of drift saying that the sector and RCSI all held their 201-250 rankings. There was some despondency in the had an additional €100 in spending while commentary over the figures as the rank- more than €2 billon was earmarked in a ings for Irish universities appeared to be capital funding programme for the next 10 heading downwards. Some of this is attrib- years. Students I'national Female Overall Industry I'national Ranking Institution Students :staff Students :Male score Teaching Research Citations Income outlook 120 Trinity College Dublin 16,293 21.6 28% 59:41 59.2 43.7 47.0 79.8 43.4 93.3 201–250 Queen’s University Belfast 17,657 16.9 35% 55:45 49.5–53.0 27.5 32.6 87.6 38.7 96.3 201–250 University College Dublin 22,081 23.5 27% n/a 49.5–53.0 30.7 36.6 76.4 40.6 91.3 201–250 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland 2,202 19.1 68% n/a 49.5–53.0 30.7 24.5 91.3 45.7 91.5 301–350 University College Cork 16,578 22.2 18% 57:43 44.0–46.3 25.8 28.4 68.9 49.9 80.1 301–350 National University of Ireland, Galway 13,888 26.8 18% 57:43 44.0–46.3 27.5 30.9 71.9 44.9 80.5 351–400 Maynooth University 8,768 27.6 12% 56:44 41.7–43.9 20.8 27.7 73.1 37.1 78.9 401–500 Dublin City University 9,748 27.3 14% 50:50 37.1–41.6 23.5 28.5 52.0 48.8 78.7 501–600 University of Limerick 13,969 21.4 17% 48:52 33.5–37.0 19.2 21.9 52.1 38.3 83.3 601–800 Ulster University 17,919 18.9 8% 56:44 26.0–33.4 19.8 18.2 39.5 35.2 75.3 801–1000 Dublin Institute of Technology 15,288 21.0 20% 41:58 19.0–25.9 14.3 11.9 34.9 35.0 73.4

THERE was mixed results in the Times Higher Education world university rankings for 2019 for Irish universities. The top Irish university, Trinity College Dublin, slipped back marginally from 117th position to 120th. TCD's marks had actually improved but increased competition had put other institutions ahead. Two Irish universities actually gained places: UCC moved up into the 301-350 (091) 556 755

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Over 90% of teachers agree unidentified dyslexia damages children’s self-esteem THE Dyslexia Association have launched research findings to mark Dyslexia Awareness Month in October. The study found thatteachers and parents agree that unidentified dyslexia damages children’s selfesteem and mental health. Teachers also lack adequate training in both identifying and supporting children and young people with dyslexia in school. Teachers would also like to see early screening for all students (81%), schoolbased assessment of dyslexia (68%) and greater access to supports within the schools from relevant agencies, e.g. NEPS, NCSE,

SESS (81%). Some of the headline findings were: • 93% of teachers report that they need training on dyslexia. • 88% of parents want mandatory training on dyslexia in all teacher training courses. • Only 22% of students feel confident that their teachers understand their dyslexia and know how to support them. • 71% of adults with dyslexia worry about disclosing their difficulty to their employer. The survey also noted some of the strengths that people with dyslexia possess. Some 94% feel that

people with dyslexia have hidden potential. 60% feel that having dyslexia has helped them to develop their skills in other areas. However, 57% said that if they had the choice they would prefer not to have dyslexia – indicative of the persistent challenges many face in school where their dyslexia is not being addressed adequately. Donald Ewing, Head of Psychological and Educational Services of DAI, added: “Without a significant commitment to improving teacher training on dyslexia, there is a real risk that the needs of those with dyslexia will continue to go unnoticed and unmet.

3,000 international students in UL UNIVERSITY of Limerick will welcome almost 3,000 international students from 100 countries to the campus this year. The international cohort includes students attending the university to take bachelors, masters and research degree courses as well as students visiting for one year, a semester or the summer under the Erasmus exchange and Study Abroad programmes. The growth in international students at UL has exceeded 190% over the last seven years. Tthe international programme will this year bring an economic injection estimated in excess of €21m to the Limerick region.

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Online career assessment WE have been asking our clients for 36 years to finish the following sentence: “I would love a job that………………” The most common responses have been: ……would enable me to help others …...would allow me to use my strengths …...would be interesting …...would offer me a challenge …...would not be the same every day …...would pay well Our new, online Career Fit programme provides our clients with a personalised list of the jobs that will fit those criteria based on their individual mix of interests and aptitudes as well as unfolding job opportunities. What is Career Fit? Career Fit is a scientifically-validated online career assessment created by ETC Consult. At ETC Consult, our Managing Director Pat Shortt and his team have 35 years of experience of using aptitude and interest assessments to help thousands of people find their ideal job and career. If you are looking for a professional, accredited and inexpensive career guidance assessment to help you find the practical jobs that are ideal for you, then Career Fit is just the right approach for you to take. However, Career Fit not only tells you what jobs are right for you, it also advises you about the best way to go about getting into them. FIND OUT MORE: I

Career Guidance Online þ Innovative combination of 21 st Century Occupational Interests Inventory and Aptitude Tests þ Covers all ranges of ability and motivation þ Incorporates STEM and traditional careers, and guidance on how to get into them þ Simple to use with instant personalised report þ Suitable for CAO, PLC and Apprenticeship Career Options þ Developed by Ireland’s leader in Career Guidance since 1983 | Education 5

NEWS ................................................................................................................................

Seven universities launch joint charter IRELAND’S seven universities have committed to what they say is a charter to grow and develop the university education system for this and future generations of students. 'Ireland’s Future Talent – A Charter for Irish Universities' commits to transform capability and performance across a range of key criteria to deliver a sustainable, competitive university system for Ireland’s foreseeable needs. The Charter identifies six central objectives and commits to delivering a fit for purpose university system for the evolving demands of society. Its target is to enable the Irish education system to become the best in Europe by 2026, thereby achieving the Government’s ambition for the national education sector. The development of the Charter, the first of its kind in third level education history, has been engineered by the Irish Universities Association and was launched in September.

DCU unveils the 'U' - €15m state-of the-art student centre

A NEW state-of-the art student centre dedicated to enhancing the student experience at DCU and preparing graduates for the 21st century was officially opened in September. Funded completely by donations, the ‘U’, a purpose-built facility housing a broad range of activities and support services, will serve the needs of DCU’s rapidly growing student community, now numbering over 17,000. Key features include a Student Leadership and Life-Skills Centre, Performing Arts and Cultural spaces for students and the wider community, an Entrepreneurship and Innovation Hub for national and international student initiatives, and a Global

Village celebrating the diversity of the University, with more than 115 different nationalities in DCU. It is estimated that, in the coming decade, over 50,000 students will avail of the facilities and services on offer at ‘the U’, a complete venue for the cultural, social, creative and international aspects of the student experience at DCU. Located at the heart of DCU’s Glasnevin Campus, the stunning new facility cost €15 million to con-

struct and was entirely self-funded through a student levy providing €8 million, with the balance provided by the Tony Ryan Trust, Bank of Ireland, and DCU Commercial activities. The ‘U’ is also home to a specially-commissioned sculpture ‘Emergence’ by artist Liam O’Neill. The 3 metre high piece, which is carved from the wood of a 180-year old copper beech tree that had to be felled on the Glasnevin campus due to disease.

The one stop shop for your musical needs X MUSIC is home to Ireland’s largest selection of musical instruments – guitars, basses, amplif i e r s , k e y b o a rd s , d r u m s & p e rc u s s i o n , microphones and PA systems, recording, studio monitors and interfaces, accessories and much more. Their purpose built Red Cow megastore, opened in 2008 has over 20,000sq feet of musical equipment. Regardless of your ability, genre or aspiration, X Music is your 100% Irish owned musical instrument paradise. Also, opened in 2016, they now have a satellite store on Exchequer Street, Dublin 2 covering the needs of the working musician about town. As the biggest musical instrument store in Ireland, they are the leading supplier for all your favourite brands. From the all new Gibson USA 2018 updates, to the largest selection of electric guitars from brands like Fender, Ibanez, Epiphone and PRS. They stock everything for the budding guitarist to the seasoned professional, with a vast selection of acoustic guitars, guitar amps, pedals, cables, accessories and strings and also offer a guitar and drum repair service along with impartial and expert advice. For the drummer, they have one of the largest drum departments in Europe, at the Red Cow Store, with acoustic drumkits on display

from brands such as Tama, Roland, Gretsch, Natal and Pearl, as well as all the latest electronic drumkits, hand percussion, cymbals, sticks, drum skins, parts and accessories. Their range of digital pianos from Roland, Casio and Nord is the biggest in Ireland. They carry a unique collection of synths from Moog, Korg, Roland and Novation. If you want to record there is a wide array of digital interfaces by Presonus, Audient. RME and Roland; studio monitors from Genelec, M-Audio and Yamaha and microphones from Shure, Sennheiser, Aston, RODE and Neumann; as well as handheld recorders from Roland. Whether you are just starting out or an experienced pro, all bases are covered at X Msuic, digital desks, compact PA systems, powered mixers, cabling and mic stands. Their PA department has sound systems from brands such as QSC, Yamaha, H&H, Toppro and Bose. Staffed by industry professionals with a combined experience of over 100 years in musical instrument retail, recording, gigging, repair and maintenance, stage technician and sound engineering, X Music really is the one stop shop for all your musical needs – from a plectrum to advice on the best solution for your music program.

XMusic, Unit 1, Red Cow Retail Centre, Ballymount, Dublin 22 | 01 4111100 XMusic City Centre, 4 Exchequer Street, Dublin 2 | 01 4111100

6 Education

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................................................................................................................................ NEWS

Students, staff and administrators make funding crisis call IN an unprecedented move, unions representing students and teaching staff have joined forces with the representative bodies of universities and institutes of technology to call on the government to respond to the growing crisis in higher education funding. In this first ever such move, students, staff and the higher education institutions have come together to warn the government that continued delay in addressing the deficit in third level funding is no longer acceptable to them. The statement says that Department of Education and Skills has accepted the findings of the detailed analysis of the scale of the funding deficit that

was carried out by various expert groups on their behalf. The joint statement requested an immediate move by Government to address the funding crisis in Budget 2019 or risk an irreversible slide in the quality of the third level system. Urgent action The statement continues: "They clearly know what the problem is; now, they need to start fixing it. If urgent action is not taken, there’s a real risk that today’s 7 and 8-year old primary school students will not have sufficient college places available to them in 2030 when the demographic bulge peaks with an additional 40,000 students seeking to access third level.”

Traveller Awards in October NOMINATIONS are now open for the annual Exchange House Ireland National Traveller Education Achievement Awards. The award is presented to Travellers who have recently completed the Junior Certificate, Leaving Certificate, GCSE, A Level exams or Third Level Courses, in recognition of the commitment shown by the recipients in reaching their goals. The Exchange House Ireland National Educational Achievement Award is a celebration of the success of the recipients providing a chance to congratulate people on their success. The Award highlights role models for others who may be considering formal education and is proactive in promoting the value of formal education. All nominees who attend the event will be entered into a draw for fantastic prizes Exchange House Ireland National Traveller Service has over 35 years’ experience providing Traveller specific, professional, front-line family support, crisis intervention, education, training and services for children and young people in Ireland. For information or to nominate see

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CORK Training Centre deliver training courses which provide people with the skills and competencies to secure employment or to upskill those in employment. Training staff work closely with local businesses to ensure that courses reflect current industry needs and that the learners obtain matching skills and competencies. New courses are constantly being developed to meet the rapidly changing economic environment. The Centre offers a wide range of full t i m e c o u r s e s i n A d m i n i s t r a t i o n , I T, Engineering, BioPharma, Manufacturing, Healthcare, Security, Hospitality, Quality, Tr a n s p o r t & L o g i s t i c s , B e a u t y a n d Apprenticeship. Courses are delivered on a full time, parttime, evening or on-line delivery. These courses are available to everybody. You do not have to be in receipt of a payment from Social Welfare to attend these courses. All courses are fully funded leading to Internationally recognised qualifications from QQI, City & Guilds, Microsoft, Comptia and many others. Learners are supported throughout the period of their studies to successfully complete their training course. Courses are run in the Cork Training Centre in Rossa Ave Bishopstown and their Biopharma facility in Carrigaline and in various locations around Cork City & County. For further information on these courses and how to register you can visit or If the course you need is not listed please contact the training centre for assistance.

Cork Training Centre, Bishopstown, Cork | t: 021-4856200

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See your career go ESB Networks Appren “M

Y apprenticeship journey so far at ESB Networks has been hugely rewarding and I would encourage anyone looking for a great career where they can make a difference to consider an apprenticeship for an exciting and rewarding training experience” Joseph O’Sullivan, a current ESB Networks apprentice. In 2015, ESB Networks announced a five-year plan to recruit new apprentices as part of a large-scale recruitment and development programme. Since then, over 200 apprentices have been recruited. This year’s ESB Networks Apprenticeship Programme recruitment campaign received 6,400 applications, highlighting the level of interest in the programme and a career that is diverse and challenging. As an Apprentice Network Technician (Electrician), recruits receive on the job training, working as part of front-line teams, as well as classroom-based learning. Apprentices benefit from varied work experience, working indoors and outdoors, and learning about technology, customer service, and delivering results under pressure. They learn a variety of electrical and practical skills and, upon completion of the programme obtain a QQI Advanced Level 6 Electrical Trade Certificate.

Laura Regan carrying climbing irons, 4th Year Apprentice

10 Education

Training on and off the job The ESB Networks Electrical Apprenticeship is SOLAS standards-based, consisting of 208 weeks over four years. During this time, there are seven SOLAS phases and ESB Networks off job training, including phases 1, 3, 5 and 7 are on the job, working closely with a qualified Network Technician on varied sites across ESB Networks. The SOLAS phases 2, 4 and 6 consist of off the job training modules, with phases in a SOLAS Training Centre and one of the IT Colleges around the country. Finally, there are 24 weeks of ESB Networks off the job training which takes place in the ESB Networks Training Centre, Portlaoise. Having completed the four-year programme, apprentices will have gained experience working with a leading utility company. ESB Networks serves 2.3 million customers in Ireland, providing a safe and reliable electricity supply to homes, businesses and communities throughout the country - ESB Networks apprentices play an important part in delivering this service. Customer service is at the heart of ESB Networks, through their experience, ESB Networks apprentices will be at the fore in delivering and providing services to our customers. True to the fact that no two days are the same in the programme, apprentices will be assisting and dealing with a wide range of customer’s needs. In their day to day work activities they can be responding to faults and fault finding to maintain customer supply, connecting new customers, both residential and commercial to the electricity network, replacing and maintaining electrical

oing places with the nticeship Programme assets and installing new elements to the electricity network including overhead wires and underground cable technologies. A critical part of the ESB Networks Apprenticeship Programme is the training and peer support given to the apprentices. Throughout the programme, apprentices work alongside and closely with experienced Network Technicians. ESB Networks greatly fosters and encourages the idea of creating a team and peer support network. Application For those, who are interested in becoming an ESB Networks Apprentice, the programme will open to applicants in the spring of 2019, which will see a further 70 apprentice opportunities available. The programme is open to individuals over 16 years of age on 1st June 2019. At the time of application, candidates must have obtained the following minimum educational qualifications: Junior Certificate (Ordinary Level): Grade C or higher at Ordinary Level (or Grade D or higher at Higher Level) in the Junior Certificate (or equivalent) in the following subjects: 1) Irish or English 2) Mathematics 3) Science* 4) Any 2 other subjects * If you have not obtained the required grade in Science, Grade C or higher at Ordinary Level in any one of the following subjects is acceptable: Technology, Art Craft and Design, Technical Graphics, Materials Technology (Wood), Home Economics or Metalwork. OR Leaving Certificate: Grade D / O6 or higher at Ordinary Level in the Leaving Certificate (or equivalent) in the following subjects: 1) Irish or English 2) Mathematics 3) Science Subject (Agricultural Science, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Physics & Chemistry) 4) Any 2 other subjects *If you have not obtained the required grade in any of the above Science subjects, the following is acceptable at Leaving Certificate Level (Grade D/O6 or higher at Ordinary Level) : Art, Construction Studies, Design and Communication, Graphics, Engineering, Home Economics, Technical Drawing and Technology.

Pat Naughton ESB Executive Director Human Resources & People & Sustainability, Avril Kennedy, Laura Hanrahan, Chloe Doyle, Natalie O'Reilly All 1st Year Apprentices. Keith Kavanagh Competence Development Manager ESB Networks.

Serving all electricity customers

INTERESTED IN A CAREER PATH THAT CAN TAKE YOU ANYWHERE ? If you would like to earn while you learn, train for real jobs and join a team that will help you develop then please log onto: to express your interest.

For further information on the ESB Networks Apprentice programme and entry requirements, visit Yo u c a n a l s o f o l l o w u s o n Tw i t t e r @ ESBNetworks and Facebook at esbnetworks, here you’ll find updates on the ESB Networks Apprentice programme and share stories of our current ESB Networks Apprentices. Education 11

Choose Business at UCD The world of business is ever evolving and UCD Lochlann Quinn School of Business is evolving with it. Our up to date curriculum, excellent teaching facilities and world class academics ensure that our students are prepared for the future, wherever it may take them. THE Lochlann Quinn School of Business is the only triple accredited business school in Ireland. Accreditations are important indicators of the quality of international business schools and provide our students and alumni with access to networking, travel and educational opportunities with a host of leading business schools and universities worldwide. 2019 sees the opening of our new Future of Learning Wing. This ambitious project will enable new ways of learning for new times and new generations. The Centre will contain active learning classrooms, digital collaboration spaces, a showcase auditorium and extensive co-working zones, providing ideal settings for real world problem-solving. Range of Programmes Whether students have a strong quantitative aptitude, excel in languages, like solving problems or creating new ideas, there's a degree to suit everyone. The range of fulltime undergraduate programmes offered at the Lochlann Quinn School of Business include: • DN650 Bachelor of Commerce • DN660 Bachelor of Commerce International • DN670 BSc Economics and Finance • DN610 Bachelor of Business and Law We aim to offer students a truly rewarding experience, and as part of our programmes students have the opportunity to pursue studies abroad w i t h s o m e o f o u r p re s t i g i o u s exchange partners. Students registered to selected programmes have the chance to acquire work experience through a 12 Education

university supported internship year with companies ranging from multinational professional services firms to local enterprises. To find out more about choosing business at UCD, visit our website Visit us Why not come along to an on-

"Whether students have a quantitative aptitude, excel in languages, like solving problems or creating new ideas, there's a degree to suit everyone"

campus event or connect with us digitally to learn more about our programmes. Interested students will hear from university staff, current students and graduates about what life as a UCD student is like. A range of events take place throughout October and November and we hope to meet you there.

UCD Quinn School Open Evening Monday 15th October

VISIT US! • Meet our lecturers • Tour our campus • Get detailed information on our courses • Get a taste of university life at Quinn

OTHER EVENTS: UCD Open Day Saturday 3rd November Commerce and Commerce International Webinar 14th November @ 6PM

To register email:

Economics and Finance Webinar 12th December @ 6PM

OR WE CAN VISIT YOU! School visits – Let us come to you to talk about our range of courses and student life at the School. To arrange a visit email

School Tours

Explore the 1916 Easter Rising & Modern Irish History in the historic GPO

1916 1918

18 - 0 6 -19 16

In the crackdown that follows the Rising, the authorities arrest 3,430 men and 79 women, a greater number than had fought in the rebellion. 1,424 of these are released within a fortnight. San fheachtas géar póilíneachta a leanann an tÉirí Amach gabhann na húdaráis 3340 fear agus 79 mbean, níos mó ná mar a throid san Éirí Amach. Scaoiltear chun bealaigh 1424 dhuine acu laistigh de choicís.

Public opinion begins to turn in support of the Rising and the rebel leaders. The RIC inspector general reports that republicans enjoy the support of most people in the towns. Tosaíonn an tacaíocht don Éirí Amach agus do cheannairí na Reibiliúnach ag fás i measc an phobail. Tuairiscíonn Ardchigire an RIC go bhfuil an chuid is mó de na gnáthdhaoine sna bailte ag tacú leis na poblachtaigh.

1921 The Irish Civil War ends on 24 May as Frank Aiken orders the anti-Treaty IRA to ceasefire and dump arms. Tagann deireadh leis an gCogadh Cathartha ar an 24 Bealtaine nuair a ordaíonn Proinnsias Mac Aogáin don IRA FrithChonartha scor de lámhach agus lón cogaidh a thaisceadh.


Efforts to prevent the Treaty split leading to conflict fail in the summer of 1922. On 22 August Michael Collins is killed by anti-Treaty forces in an ambush at Béal na Bláth, County Cork. By the end of the same year, on 6 December, the Irish Free State comes into existence. Teipeann ar iarrachtaí chun stop a chur leis an gcoimhlint mar gheall ar an scoilt a chruthaigh an Conradh i Samhradh 1922. Maraíonn fórsaí Frith-Chonartha Mícheál Ó Coileáin ar an 22 Lúnasa i luíochán i mBéal na Blá, Contae Chorcaí. Faoi dheireadh na bliana céanna, ar an 6 Nollaig, tagann ann do Shaorstát na hÉireann.

Dáil Éireann is proclaimed an illegal assembly on 12 September. Fógraítear gur tionól dleathach í Dáil Éireann ar an 12 Meán Fómhair.


The Custom House is burned down by the IRA on 25 May. Almost one hundred Dublin Brigade members are arrested. Dónn an tIRA Teach an Chustaim go talamh ar an 25 Bealtaine. Gabhtar beagnach céad ball de Bhriogáid Dóiteáin Bhaile Átha Cliath.

The Irish Civil War begins on 28 June. A massive National Army is created and over 11,000 anti-treatyites are jailed under draconian laws. After the anti-Treaty IRA resort to guerrilla tactics, including assassination, the pro-Treaty government executes 77 anti-Treaty prisoners. Both sides commit atrocities. Cuirtear tús leis an gCogadh Cathartha ar an 28 Meitheamh. Cruthaítear Arm Náisiúnta ollmhór agus cuirtear níos mó ná 11,000 duine atá i gcoinne an Chonartha i bpríosún faoi dhlíthe draganta. Tar éis go nglacann an tIRA Frith-Chonartha cur chuige treallchogaíochta, lena n-áirítear feallmharuithe, cuireann an Rialtas 77 bpríosúnach Frith-Chonartha chun báis. Déanann an dá thaobh gníomhartha uafásacha.

Dáil Éireann approves the Treaty by 64 votes to 57 on 7 January. Anti-Treaty republicans refuse to accept the outcome, leaving the Dáil. Numerous attempts to find a political compromise fail. Glacann Dáil Éireann leis an gConradh, 64 vóta i gcoinne 57, ar an 7 Eanáir. Diúltaíonn poblachtaigh Fhrith-Chonartha glacadh leis an toradh agus imíonn siad ón Dáil. Teipeann ar an-chuid iarrachtaí chun teacht ar chomhréiteach polaitiúil.

The Government of Ireland Act of 23 December partitions Ireland, devolving power to a Northern Irish state. Déantar Éire a chríochdheighilt leis an Acht um Rialú na hÉireann, a thugann cumhacht do stat Thuaisceart na hÉireann.

The War of Independence is ended on 11 July by a Truce between IRA and Crown forces. Cuirtear deireadh le Cogadh na Saoirse ar an 11 Iúil le Sos Cogaidh idir an IRA agus fórsaí na Corónach.

Recruitment of ‘Black and Tans’ to reinforce the paralysed Royal Irish Constabulary begins on 2 January. Ar an 2 Eanáir tosaítear ar ‘Black and Tans’ (Dúchrónaigh) a fhostú chun Constáblacht Ríoga na hÉireann, atá ina ciseach, a athneartú.

Éamon de Valera arrives in the United States of America on 22 June, where he remains until December 1920. International support proves vital to the outcome of the conflict in Ireland. Tagann Éamon de Valera i dtír i Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá ar an 22 Meitheamh mar a bhfanann sé go dtí Nollaig 1920. Tá an tacaíocht idirnáisiúnta ríthábhachtach i dtoradh na coimhlinte in Éirinn.

Dáil Éireann commences a boycott of the Royal Irish Constabulary on 10 April. Cuireann Dáil Éireann tús le baghcat ar Chonstáblacht Ríoga na hÉireann ar an 10 Aibreán.

1922 The Anglo-Irish Treaty is signed by Irish plenipotentiaries at 10 Downing Street on 6 December. Síníonn lánchumhachtaigh Éireannacha an Conradh Angla-Éireannach in uimhir 10 Downing Street ar an 6 Nollaig.

21 November becomes known as Bloody Sunday when 41 people are killed throughout Ireland. Tugtar Domhnach na Fola ar an 21 Samhain nuair a mharaítear 41 duine ar fud na hÉireann.

The Sinn Féin Lord Mayor for Cork, Terence MacSwiney, dies in Brixton Prison on 25 October on the 75th day of his hunger strike. His fate receives international attention. Faigheann Traolach Mac Suibhne, Ard-Mhéara Chorcaí ó Shinn Féin, bás i bpríosún Brixton ar an 25 Deireadh Fómhair, ar an 75ú lá dá stailc ocrais. Tarraingíonn a bhás aird idirnáisiúnta.

The Great War is ended by armistice on 11 November. Cuireann an sos cogaidh deireadh leis an gCogadh Mór ar an 11 Samhain.

General election results are announced on 30 December. Sinn Féin triumphs in Ireland, winning 73 seats. Unionists, dominant in north-east Ulster, win 26 seats. The Liberal and Conservative coalition secure a large majority in Britain. Fógraítear torthaí an olltoghcháin ar an 30 Nollaig agus beireann Sinn Féin an bua in Éirinn nuair a bhuann siad 73 shuíochán. Buann na hAontachtóirí atá i dtreis in oirthuaisceart Uladh 26 shuíochán. Faigheann comhrialtas na Liobrálach agus na gCoimeádach tromlach mór na vótaí sa Bhreatain.

An anti-conscription pledge is signed at Catholic church-gates throughout Ireland on 21 April. Although the Irish Party have withdrawn from Westminster to protest the Military Service Act, the campaign against conscription turns Sinn Féin into a mass movement. Sínítear gealltanas i gcoinne an choinscríofa lasmuigh de gheataí séipéal Caitliceach ar fud na hÉireann ar an 21 Aibreán. Cé go bhfuil Páirtí Parlaiminteach na hÉireann tar éis tarraingt siar ó Westminister mar agóid i gcoinne an Achta um Sheirbhís Mhíleata, cabhraíonn an feachtas i gcoinne an choinscríofa le Sinn Féin a éirí ina mhórghluaiseacht.

1919 An Irish parliament, Dáil Éireann, and a republican Dáil government is convened at Dublin’s Mansion House on 21 January. Two policemen are killed by Irish Volunteers at Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary. Tionóltar parlaimint Éireannach, Dáil Éireann, agus rialtas poblachtach Dála i dTeach an Ard-Mhéara i mBaile Átha Cliath ar an 21 Eanáir. Maraíonn baill Óglaigh na hÉireann beirt phóilíní ag Sulchóid Bheag i gCo. Thiobraid Árainn.

On 8 April the Irish Convention fails to agree terms for introducing Home Rule. Its final report is overshadowed by the crisis on the Western Front. Ar an 8 Aibreán teipeann ar Chomhdháil na hÉireann teacht ar réiteach maidir le Rialtas Dúchais a thabhairt isteach. Caitheann an ghéarchéim ar Chathéadan an Iarthair scáil ar an tuairisc dheiridh.

Early 1918 would see the Germans break through British lines, while in Ireland the Irish Party were defeating Sinn Féin in by-elections in South Armagh, Waterford and Tyrone East. In April a Military Service Act with the provision for conscription in Ireland is passed in Westminster. Go luath sa bhliain 1918 briseann na Gearmánaigh trí linte Briotanacha agus, san am céanna in Éirinn, buann Páirtí Parlaiminteach na hÉireann ar Shinn Féin i bhfothoghcháin in Ard Mhacha Theas, i bPort Láirge agus i dTir Eoghain Thoir. In Aibreán ritear Acht um Sheirbhís Mhíleata i Westminister lena bhforáiltear an coinscríobh in Éirinn.

“ Father, I am a

broken-hearted man.

John Redmond’s last words before he dies in a London nursing home on 6 March. Focail dheireanacha John Redmond sura bhfaigheann sé bás i dteach altranais i Londain ar an 6 Márta.

The Peace Conference opens at Paris on 18 January. Sinn Féin’s representatives are excluded from its deliberations, which frustrate hopes for a democratic new world order. Cuirtear tús le Comhdháil na Síochána i bPáras ar an 18 Eanáir. Ní cheadaítear d’ionadaithe Shinn Féin a bheith páirteach sa phlé a chuireann an dóchas maidir le hord nua domhanda ó rath.

On 8 January President Woodrow Wilson addresses the U.S. Congress in his Fourteen Points speech, advocating a new post-war order based on national self-determination. Foilsítear Ceithre Phointe Dhéag an Uachtaráin Woodrow Wilson ar an 7 Deireadh Fómhair, a mholann ord nua iar-chogaidh atá bunaithe ar fhéinriail náisiúnta.

The Irish Volunteers announce the election of a new executive on 22 May. It signals a more cautious strategy by making clear that members ‘will not be called upon to take part in any forlorn hope’. Fógraíonn Óglaigh na hÉireann go dtoghfar feidhmeannas nua ar an 22 Bealtaine. Léiríonn siad straitéis atá níos cáiréisí nuair a chuireann siad in iúl: ‘[members] will not be called upon to take part in any forlorn hope’.

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The first anniversary of the outbreak of the Rising on Easter Monday leads to a riot on Sackville Street. Déantar cothrom lae aon bhliain ó thosaigh an tÉirí Amach a chomóradh ar Luan Cásca nuair atá círéib ar Shráid Sackville.

Convicted Irish rebels are released from British jails on 16 June. They are greeted as returning heroes at mass rallies throughout the country. Scaoiltear chun bealaigh reibiliúnaithe ciontaithe ó phríosúin sa Bhreatain ar an 16 Meitheamh. Cuirtear fáilte rompu ag ollchruinnithe ar fud na tíre mar laochra ag filleadh.

At 2.30 p.m on 29 April, Patrick Pearse, President of the Irish Republic, surrenders to Brigadier-General Lowe. Pearse signs a general order at 3.45 p.m. instructing the other rebel garrisons to surrender. Ag 2.30 i.n. ar an 29 Aibreán géilleann Uachtarán Phoblacht na hÉireann Pádraig Mac Piarais don Bhriogáidire-Ghinearál Lowe. Síníonn an Piarsach ordú ginearálta ag 3.45 i.n. a deir leis na garastúin reibiliúnacha eile géilleadh freisin.

Imprisoned rebel Joe McGuinness, a reluctant candidate, narrowly defeats the Irish Parliamentary Party in a by-election in South Longford on 10 May. Cé go bhfuil sé i ngéibheann agus go bhfuil drogall air dul in iomaíocht don suíochán, buann an reibiliúnaí Joe McGuinness ar Pháirtí Parlaiminteach na hÉireann le tromlach beag i bhfothoghchán i Longfort Theas ar an 10 Bealtaine.

The battle of the Somme begins on 1 July. The 36th (Ulster) Division endures some 5,000 casualties on the opening day, with almost 2,000 fatalities. The 16th (Irish) Division suffers around 1,200 fatalities in September. Cuirtear tús le Cath an Somme ar an 1 Iúil. Tá tuairim agus 5,000 taismeach ag an 36ú Rannán (Ultach) ar an gcéad lá agus básaíonn beagnach 2,000 acu. Maraítear thart ar 1,200 duine ón 16ú Rannán (Éireannach) i Meán Fómhair.

Seán Mac Diarmada and James Connolly are shot by firing squad on 12 May. Badly injured, Connolly is propped up in a chair before his execution. The plight of the executed leaders begins to arouse sympathy and consternation. Lámhachann scuad lámhaigh Seán Mac Diarmada agus Séamus Ó Conghaíle ar an 12 Bealtaine. Ní mór Ó Conghaíle a chur ina shuí i gcathaoir sura mbásaítear é toisc é a bheith gortaithe go dona. Tosaíonn cás na gceannairí básaithe ar thrua agus alltacht a spreagadh.

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Speaking at the House of Commons, John Dillon commends the ‘three thousand men’ who faced ‘twenty thousand with machine guns and artillery’. He denounces the executions: ‘It is the first rebellion that ever took place in Ireland where you had the majority on your side . . . and now you are washing out our whole life work in a sea of blood.’ Agus é ag labhairt i dTeach na dTeachtaí molann John Dillon an trí mhíle fear a thug aghaidh ar ‘twenty thousand with machine guns and artillery’. Cáineann sé na básuithe: ‘It is the first rebellion that ever took place in Ireland where you had the majority on your side… and now you are washing out our whole life work in a sea of blood.’

Hunger-striker Thomas Ashe dies on 25 September after force-feeding following a campaign for prisoner of war status at Mountjoy Prison. His fate generates immense support for the republican movement. Ar an 25 Meán Fómhair faigheann an stailceoir ocrais Tomás Ághas bás tar éis beathaithe iallaigh, seo tar éis dó feachtas a chothú chun stádas príosúnach cogaidh a fháil i bPríosún Mhuinseo. Cothaíonn a bhás an-chuid tacaíochta don ghluaiseacht phoblachtach.

25 -10 -1917

At Sinn Féin’s convention, the more moderate Arthur Griffith is replaced as president by Éamon de Valera. Despite Griffith’s reservations, Sinn Féin commits itself to achieving an Irish republic. The party avoids adopting a position on the use of violence. Aontaíonn poblachtaigh Éireannacha le náisiúnaithe forásacha atá níos measartha ag comhdháil Shinn Féin ar an 25 Deireadh Fómhair. Glacann Éamon de Valera ionad Airt Uí Ghríofa mar uachtarán.

Count Plunkett, the father of executed rebel leader Joseph Plunkett, is elected MP for North Roscommon on 3 February, comfortably defeating the Irish Party. Toghtar an Cúnta Pluincéid, athair an cheannaire reibiliúnaigh Seosamh Pluincéid, ina bhall parlaiminte do Ros Comáin Thuaidh ar an 3 Feabhra nuair a bhuann sé go bog ar Pháirtí Parlaiminteach na hÉireann.

Roger Casement is hanged for high treason at Pentonville on 3 August. The British authorities circulate extracts from his diaries detailing his homosexual activity to undermine the campaign to secure the commutation of his death sentence. Ciontaítear Ruairí Mac Easmainn i dtréas agus crochtar i bpríosún Pentonville é ar an 3 Lúnasa. Scaipeann údaráis na Breataine sleachta óna chuid dialann a chuireann síos go mion ar a chuid gníomhaíochtaí hómaighnéasacha chun an bonn a bhaint den fheachtas chun an bhreith bháis a mhaolú.


“ The government is

getting very cold feet and are afraid. They are at me every moment not to overdo the death sentences. I never intended to but some must suffer.

As Pearse is surrendering, a three-day German poison-gas attack on the Western Front ends. Over 500 Irish-born soldiers are killed. Equipped with faulty respirators, the Royal Dublin Fusiliers’ 8th Battalion lose 368 out of 946 men. Agus an Piarsach ag géilleadh tagann deireadh le hionsaí gás nimhe Gearmánach ar Chathéadan an Iarthair. Maraítear níos mó ná 500 saighdiúir a rugadh in Éirinn. As na 946 fhear a bhí san 8ú Cathlán d’Fhiúsailéirí Ríoga na hÉireann cailtear 368 acu mar gheall ar análaitheoirí lochtacha a bheith acu.

By the end of the Summer of 1916, as War continued to rage in Europe, 16 of the leaders of the Easter Rising had been executed, almost 2,000 people were being held in prisons in Ireland and Britain and the centre of Dublin city had been almost destroyed. Faoi dheireadh Shamhradh 1916 bhí an cogadh ag réabadh leis san Eoraip, bhí 16 cheannaire an Éirí Amach curtha chun báis, bhí beagnach 2000 duine á gcoinneáil i bpríosúin in Éirinn agus sa Bhreatain agus ba bheag nár scriosadh lár chathair Átha Cliath.

“ You cannot extinguish the Irish passion for freedom.

Patrick Pearse tells the court as the first courts-martial take place at Richmond Barracks on 2 May. 186 men and one woman are selected for trial. A deir Pádraig Mac Piarais leis an gcúirt nuair a chuirtear tús leis an gcéad armchúirt ag Beairicí Richmond ar an 2 Bealtaine. Roghnaítear 186 fhear agus aon bhean amháin lena gcur ar triail.

Military governor General John Maxwell complains to his wife on 9 May. Gearánann an gobharnóir míleata an Ginearál Maxwell lena bhean chéile ar an 9 Bealtaine.

The first of the leaders, Pearse, Clarke and MacDonagh, are executed by firing squad in the stonebreaker’s yard at Kilmainham gaol on 3 May. Cuirtear na ceannairí tosaigh chun báis trí scuad lámhaigh sa chlós briste cloch i bPríosún Chill Mhaighneáin; is iad siúd an Piarsach, Tomás Ó Cléirigh agus Tomás Mac Donnchadha.

• Links to the History Curriculum and various other curricula • Activity Sheets Available • New for 2018 – See the First Permanent Exhibition on the Irish Flag

To Book a Visit Email: Tel: 01 8721916

Education 13

Welcome to our biggest and best day of the year!

Trinity College Dublin

Open Day 2018

, y a d r u t a S 10th er b m e v No 2018 0 3 . 5 1 0 09.0


Campus tours for class groups and individuals through the year


Visit Trinity – make our world-famous campus… your campus!


Hear all about the Trinity Experience, course choices and student life… trinitycollegedublin @tcddublin

u Course presentations

Clubs & societies u Tours u Meet students and lecturers, and so much more… u

Bring Trinity to you! We would be happy to visit you and your students for school presentations or careers fairs, or to send you our prospectus Contact:

Community spirit at MIC sets it apart from other colleges MARY Immaculate College (MIC) has many features to recommend it as a great college. Not least among them are leading programmes in the liberal arts, theatre studies, primary and post-primary teacher education and early childhood degrees, two state-of-art campuses in Limerick and Thurles, and a reputation for excellence in learning and research. However, for new students entering MIC this September one of the biggest benefits to them will be the excellent student support services and the community spirit that exists throughout the College. With a student population of just over 4,500, unlike some bigger colleges, MIC gives students a home-from-home feel and a close knit community experience. According to Dr Geraldine Brosnan, Director of Student Life at MIC; “MIC prides itself on our high quality student experience. The College's support services are extensive and of very high quality. Part of our mission and vision is to create a com-


munity of scholars where staff and students work together and our aim is to provide services, activities, and resources that maintain the College’s educational enterprise while also supporting our students personally as they learn, grow, and change through their time at MIC”. MIC Campus, Limerick offers: • BA in Contemporary and Applied Theatre Studies (MI001) • Bachelor of Arts (in conjunction with UL) (MI002) • Bachelor of Education (MI005/06) • BA in Early Childhood Care and Education (MI007) • B. Ed in Education & Psychology (MI008) MIC, St. Patrick’s Campus, Thurles, which currently offers a number of postprimary teacher education degrees – all with unique content and subject combinations is delighted to announce the introduction of a new Level 8 degree – the BA in Education, Mathematics & Gaeilge

(MI013) – new for entry in September 2019. The full suite of programmes include: • BA in Education, Business Studies and Accounting (MI009) • BA in Education, Business Studies and Religious Studies (MI010) • BA in Education, Irish and Religious Studies (MI011) • BA in Education, Irish and Business Studies (MI012) • BA in Education, Mathematics & Gaeilge (MI013) Open Days • MIC Campus, Limerick: Thursday 18th & Friday 19th October 2018 and Saturday 12th January 2019 • MIC, St Patrick’s Campus, Thurles: Saturday 24th November 2018 Further Information: Admissions Office, MIC, South Circular Road, Limerick. T: 061 204 348 • E: W:

Mary Immaculate College


Choose from Liberal Arts & Education programmes offered at undergraduate & postgraduate levels on our Limerick and Thurles Campuses. MIC, South #HelloMIC Circular Rd, Limerick T: 061 204 929 E: Education 15




DUBLIN’S NEWEST SMALL CONFERENCE AND EVENT CENTRE Your ultimate event venue. Special rates for public sector organisations Tel: 016640645/9 | Email: /

Promoting positive mental health in the community ICHAS (Irish College of Humanities & Applied Sciences) are delighted to be involved in Limerick Mental Health Week, promoting positive mental health in the community. We will be hosting a number of talks at the College Thursday 11th October from 6pm to 10pm. If you would like to attend the evening please send an email to dolores. to register your interest. Simply include your name and that you would like to attend. This event takes please at our Limerick Campus: Walton House, Lonsdale Road, National Technology Park, Castletroy, Limerick. 6.00 – 7.15pm: Joseph Forde – Youth well-being in the Digital Age 7.30 – 8.00pm: Jay Vaughan: LGBTQ+ Youth journey to 2018 8.15 – 9.30pm: Christine Beekman - Supporting Children and Adolescents with Anxiety If you would like a talk at your school please contact the college directly and one of the staff members in the office would be delighted to deal with your query. Headstart As part of its ongoing commitment to providing flexible and affordable education, ICHAS (Irish College of Humanities and Applied Sciences) will continue its Headstart initiative for our Degree and Masters Programmes commencing January 2019. This programme sees students commence some modules on our Degree and Masters programmes between January and May 2019. The remaining modules can be completed between September 2019 and May 2019 for year 1 of the programme. This initiative allows students to study at a flexible pace to fit in with their busy working lives. An information evening will be held in November. For more information please contact or 061-216288 for further information.

M.A in Addiction Counselling ICHAS recently launched their M.A in Addiction Counselling, this programme meets the educational requirement for professional accreditation with Addiction Counsellors Ireland and Counselling Membership of the Association of Professional Counsellors and Psychotherapist.

"Ongoing commitment to providing flexible and affordable education"

The Programme has recently been validated by QQI (Quality and Qualifications Ireland) and we are delighted to announce this addition t o o u r r a n g e o f M a s t e r ’s Programmes. For further information please go to or contact

Masters Programmes M.A in Leadership & Management M.A in Childhood & Adolescent Studies M.A in Counselling & Psychotherapy M.A in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy M.A in Counselling & Pastoral Care M.A in Clinical Supervisionin Professional Practice M.A in Addiction Counselling Degree Programmes B.A in Counselling Skills & Psychotherapy Studies B.A (Hons) in Counselling & Psychotherapy B.A in Counselling Skills & Youth Studies B.A (Hons) in Counselling & Youth Studies B.A in Counselling and Addiction Studies B.A (Hons) in Counselling & Addiction Studies Certificate Programmes Dublin | Limerick | Cork | Waterford | Tralee | Ennis

Limerick Campus

Dublin Campus

ICHAS (Irish College of Humanities and Applied Sciences) Walton House, Lonsdale Road, National Technology Park, Castletroy, Limerick Tel: 061 216288 Email: Website:

Griffith College, South Circular Road, Dublin 8 Tel: 01 4150429 Email: Website:

Education 17

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Junior Cycle History Textbook, Combined Skills Book and Research Portfolio Book, Teacher’s Resource Book, Free eBook & Digital Resources

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Junior Cycle Irish Second and Third Year – Higher Level Textbook, Portfolio Book, Activity Book, Aural CDs, Teacher’s Resource Book, Free eBook & Digital Resources

Leaving Certificate Politics and Society Textbook, Combined Skills Book and Reflective Journal, Teacher’s Resource Book (online), Free eBook & Digital Resources

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Griffith College Limerick

Employment-focused courses in business, computing and hospitality GRIFFITH College is the largest thirdlevel independent college in Ireland with 7,000 students across its campuses in Dublin, Cork and Limerick. Students can make CAO applications for Griffith College Limerick’s employment-focused Business, Computing and Hospitality qualifications. The Limerick campus offers a three-year Honours Degree in Business Studies, which is available with a Human Resource Management stream. Business Studies is also available at Higher Certificate level over two years, which can be carried forward to a Level 7 Ordinary Degree. Also available is a Computing Science Degree and an Honours

Degree in International Hospitality Management. 2018 was a year of great enhancements at Griffith College Limerick with ongoing upgrading of the campus buildings to further enhance our student’s learning experience. These include a new study room, student recreation room and new state of the art computer labs. Student success At the Limerick campus we promise our students that they will not be lost in the crowd. Highly qualified lecturers and staff are fully committed to our student’s success. Griffith College Limerick CAO Courses (all QQI): • Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in

Business Studies (Level 8) • Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in Business - Human Resource "2018 was a stream (Level 8) year of great enhancements • Bachelor of Arts (Ord) in Business Studies (Level 7) at Griffith College Limerick • Higher Certificate in Business Studies (Level 6) with ongoing • Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in upgrading of International Hospitality the campus Management (Level 8) buildings to further enhance • Diploma in International Hospitality Management our student’s (Level 7) learning • Bachelor of Science in experience" Computing (Level 7) For more information check out or phone 061-310031 for more information

Education 19

Is your in prepared ePrivacy Re With GDPR regulations just bedding in, the new ePrivacy MANY schools and colleges are finally starting to draw breath after a hectic year preparing for the arrival of GDPR. Large businesses and multinationals have been able to divert significant resources towards ensuring data protection compliance. However, this is not the case for most educational institutions, particularly at primary and secondary level, who are trying to cope within existing budgetary and staffing allocations. A recent survey of privacy professionals showed that 96% of organisations had begun their compliance journey, with 74% expecting to be fully GDPR compliant by the end of the year. While this is encouraging, it is important not to lose sight of another key piece of European legislation in the pipeline. The ePrivacy Regulation, now likely to be introduced at some point in 2019, will have wide-ranging impact on the area of electronic communications. The Regulation will replace the existing 2002 Directive, also known as the ‘cookie law’ and is part of the EU’s strategy for a digital single market. While the GDPR applies to all 20 Education

categories of personal data, the ePrivacy Regulation will apply specifically to electronic communications and seeks to harmonise rules in this area. The Principle of Confidentiality At its core, the Regulation seeks to ensure providers of communication services handle data so that data subjects’ privacy and rights are always protected, adhering to the principle of confidentiality. This principle states that “information exchanged between parties and the external elements of such communication… is not to be revealed to anyone other than to the parties involved in a communication." Educational institutions should be mindful of a number of key aspects of the proposed legislation. Streamlining Cookie Rules Education websites will be required to meet streamlined rules regarding cookies. We are all familiar with the consent pop-ups that greet us upon arrival to a new website or when we return to a site after having cleared our existing cache. Adopting GDPR’s principle of privacy by

design, it will require web browsers to give users a range of cookie options and tracking controls.

Steven Roberts is Head of Marketing at Griffith College and a Certified Data Protection Officer. He writes on marketing, GDPR and data protection issues.

The opinions expressed are the author’s. They are not intended as a substitute for seeking professional legal advice.

Direct Marketing Online and offline direct marketing are still key components of most university and school student recruitment strategies. Under the proposed legislation, unsolicited electronic direct marketing by any means will be prohibited where consent has not been given. An opt-in will be required in all types of electronic marketing save where email details have been obtained in the context of a sale or service. Education marketing teams should note that while postal direct marketing falls outside of the Regulation, it is covered within the scope of GDPR. Similarly, any institutions reliant on phone marketing will be required to display their phone number or use a special prefix number that indicates it is a marketing call. Legal Persons are also covered In addition to individuals, businesses as legal entities are now covered by the definition of ‘end

nstitution d for the egulation? Regulation is next on the agenda. Steven Roberts reports. user’. This is a significant change. One of the Regulation’s objectives is ‘to ensure an equivalent level of protection of natural and legal persons’. This will pose difficulties for many firms as the principles outlined under GDPR were designed with an individual’s personal data in mind. This lack of clarity is likely to prove problematic as firms implement compliance programmes. Content and Metadata Privacy will be guaranteed for metadata as well as for the core content of the communication (i.e. text, voice, image and sound-based content). Examples of metadata include the location, time or date of a communication or the type of device used. This metadata must be anonymised or deleted unless the user has given their consent for it to be retained or it is required for delivery of the service, such as billing. Substantial Fines Fines will be set at the same eyewatering levels as under GDPR, with a maximum fine of 4% of global turnover or €20 million, whichever

is the greater. The Data Protection Commission will oversee monitoring and enforceReplacing the ment in Ireland. ‘cookie law’ As with GDPR, compensation will and part of the be available for those who have suffered material or non-material EU’s strategy damages. for a digital single market. What actions can your While GDPR institution take at this point? applies to all If you are already GDPR compliant categories of or are on your way towards complipersonal data, ance, it places your institution in the ePrivacy good shape for the arrival of ePriRegulation vacy. However, as we have seen, the will apply new Regulation poses a number of specifically additional challenges. Start by assessing your school or to electronic communications college’s current cookie policies. Get legal and technical advice on the and seeks to likely requirements under the new harmonise Regulation. rules in this Talk to your web agency about area. early adoption of best practice in terms of the flexibility and the range of options you will need to offer visitors to your site. Ask yourself, are you clear on the timelines that will be required for any development work and implementation should the new Regulation go live earlier than currently envisaged?

Ensure your marketing and student recruitment teams review existing direct marketing activity, particularly e-direct marketing communications. Examine how you currently process and retain electronic communications data. In particular, examine how metadata is used and retained within the organisation. Is it core to the service you are providing and will consent have to be sought from students or applicants in future? Undertake an audit of what data belonging to legal persons is processed. Would this meet compliance requirements under the new Regulation? Consider what level of training will be needed across the organisation. Could this be built into existing GDPR training programmes? The next step is to then develop a risk matrix and identify actions, owners and timelines. While much clarity is still required around the new Regulation, taking early steps alongside GDPR compliance measures will ensure your institution is prepared to meet the challenges and opportunities that the new regime will present. Education 21

Waterford College of Further Education COURSES FOR 2018-2019 Find us on Facebook & Twitter!

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Psychology Level 5 - (5M4468) Animal Care /Dog Grooming - (5M2768) Accounting Technician Apprenticeship- 2 Years Part-Time Journalism And Photography - Journalism (5M 2264) Art And Design Portfolio - Art/Craft/Design (5M1984) Photography And Digital Media - Photography (5M2094) Advanced Certificate in Photography - Level 6 Sound Engineering and Music Technology - Sound Production (5M2149) Advanced Certificate in Audio/Visual Media - Level 6 - Media Production (6M5130) Beauty Therapy Year 1 Beauty Therapy Year 2 Hairdressing Year 1 - Hairdressing (5M3351) Hairdressing Year 2 Alternative Therapies Business Studies (5M2102) Construction Technology (5M5010) Computer Systems and Networks (5M0536) Multimedia - Multimedia Production (5M2146) Electronic Technology (Celtx) Health Care Support (5M4339)/Healthcare Skills (5M3782)

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Nursing Studies (5M4349) Pharmacy Assistant- Community Health Services (5M4468) Childcare - Early Childhood Care and Education (5M2009) Special Needs Assistant - Intellectual Disability (5M1761) Advanced Certificate in Childcare - Early Childhood Care and Education (6M2007) Applied Social Studies (5M2181) Community Addiction Studies - Applied Social Studies (5M2181) Advanced Certificate In Social Care - Social and Vocational Integration (6M2218) Tourism and Travel Industry Studies - Tourism with Business (5M5011) Sports, Physical Fitness and Massage - Sports and Recreation (5M5146) Sports Recreation and Exercise (5M5146) Fitness and Health – Sports and Recreation (5M5146) Advanced Certificate in Sports Therapy and Injury Management – Sports and Recreation (6M5147) ADULT ACCESS Business and IT Studies Social, Community and Healthcare Youth and Childcare Studies Nursing Studies


A hugely effective career stepping stone "MOATE Business College functioned as a hugely effective stepping stone for me, bridging the gap between secondary school and university. Having finished my leaving certificate at just 17, my parents were reluctant for me to progress to college at such a young age. "Moate Business College transpired to be the best thing I could have done! It enabled me to defer my bachelor degree until I turned 18, while gaining a skill set that was invaluable moving forward with my education. Writing abilities "During my Sport and Leisure c o u r s e , I d e v e l o p e d e ff e c t i v e research and report writing abilities, which translated seamlessly when it came to assignment writing in uni-

versity. I chose Sport and Leisure Fetac Level 5 at Moate Business College as I was going on to complete a BSc. in Sport and Exercise Sciences at UL. "The course gave me the foundations in anatomy, class instruction and principles of training I needed to excel in my bachelor, along with certification in Occupational First Aid, Life Saving and both FAI and GAA coaching qualifications, to name but a few. Erasmus+ Project "I was also very fortunate during my year at Moate Business College, to be accepted for their Erasmus+ Project. Through the project, I completed a 3 week exchange to Northern Italy, where we were hosted by amazing Italian families. It





is to date, one of the best things I've ever done! "I completed my work placement in a gym setting and learned the local language, all the while, making friends for life and becoming familiar with the art of producing homemade pasta.

Aisling Reid was a student at Moate Business College and writes about her expierence at the college

Helped me to grow "Moate Business College helped me to grow in various ways and I would recommend it to any student who is unsure about what they want to do, or are thinking of trying something different, or in my case, are just not ready for university yet. "The wide range of courses and career advice available are excellent and are complimented by approachable and knowledgeable staff members on campus."




T: 090 64 81

8 7 1 1 8 4 6 0 T: 09

E: A: Lake Rd, Moate, Co Westmeath

E: A: Lake Rd, M

Education 23


Sallynoggin College of Further Education Check us out @ Art, Craft and Design • Photography • Commercial Floristry • Dance • Performing Arts/Theatre, Film & TV Acting • Fashion Industry Practice •

incl Buying, Styling & Merchandising

Fashion Design • Hairdressing & Beauty Specialist •

Fitness Instruction & Exercise

Personal Training & Sports Therapies/Strength & Conditioning

Yoga Teaching

Childcare Training incl. Special Needs Assistant

Social Studies

Youth Work & Community Studies

Tourism, Travel & Airline Studies

Tourism, Hotel & Leisure Operations

Sallynoggin College of Further Education Pearse Street, Sallynoggin, Dún Laoghaire, Co. Dublin Tel: 01-2852997 Fax: 01-2848437 Email: Website: Coláiste Breisoideachais an Naigín Sráid an Phiarsaigh, An Naigín, Dún Laoghaire, Co. Átha Cliath Fón: 01-2852997. Facs: 01-2848437 R-phost: Idirlíon:

Make your move to Sallynoggin College FOR over 50 years, Sallynoggin College has earned a well- deserved reputation for excellence in the area of Further Education with many students having achieved international recognition in the areas of Sports, Fashion, Art and Photography to mention just a few. We offer a diverse range of courses outside the CAO points system, leading to higher education or employment. The friendly and supportive environment at SCFE along with the qualifications provide students with a strong foundation when entering higher education institutes, universities and or employment. Our college facilities are continually upgraded and refurbished in order to develop and enhance the delivery of our courses. All courses, either of one or two-year duration and run from September to May, are quality assured and certified by national and international examination bodies including QQI at level 5 & 6 and ITEC. In response to current trends both nationally and internationally, the college continues to expand and develop these courses.

Newly introduced Yoga Teacher Training Course This year, due to demand, we introduced a Yoga Teacher Training course including Wellbeing and Holistic studies. This exciting new course also offers training in reflexology, massage and nutrition. Other recently developed courses in Childhood Education and Training include Special Needs Assistant, both Social Studies and Youth Work Studies include Criminology and Addiction Studies and Performing Arts now offers Dance and Music Performance. OPEN DAY Sallynoggin College OPEN DAY is the one to look forward to on Wednesday 21st November 2018 from 10am to 2pm. There will be a range of presentations, demonstrations and exhibitions and college staff and students will be on hand to answer any queries. All courses are recognised for the SUSI Grant and Higher Education Authority (HEA) fund for learners with learning difficulties. Social welfare applicants may be

entitled to the Vocational Training Opportunities Scheme (VTOS) including Free Childcare and or the Back to Education Allowance (BTEA) and information and advice will be available on the day. SCFE welcomes applications from all including school leavers, mature students, graduates, international students and those who are recently unemployed. Second chance opportunities are also offered to those without the Leaving Certificate who are looking to up-skill, progress to higher education or retrain for a new career The college, located within walking distance from Dun Laoghaire, is well served by public transport and free secure parking is available to students. Application is free, no CAO points are required. Check us out at and on Facebook at SCFE - Sallynoggin College. Sallynoggin College of Further Education, Pearse Street, Sallynoggin, Co. Dublin. Tel: 012852997 | E:

Education 25

Tourism – a world o an exciting and TOURISM is Ireland’s largest indigenous industry employing 230,000 people nationally, one in every ten of the labour-force. The industry is twice the size of agriculture and far bigger in employment than the construction industry, the IT industry, or the financial services sector. It crucially cannot be outsourced or off-shored and its economic benefits are felt both in our cities but also throughout rural Ireland. On a global scale, growth in tourism is most significant outside of our normal markets of Europe and the USA, with significant business growth in Asia and Africa. Tourist profiles are changing and those working in tourism now require a set of skills that reflect the global nature of the industry. Why study a programme in Hospitality, Tourism or Culinary Arts? Career opportunities, both here in Ireland and abroad, are almost limitless in the sector. The structure of all our programmes allows students to undertake work placements and internships at home and overseas, so that they are best placed to enter the world of work on graduation. The School of Tourism continues to develop its professional network to facilitate and support students in selecting their career paths. When choosing a career in the tourism industry, you are setting yourself apart from the many thousands of individuals who work in the industry on a casual basis, either while studying for other careers or while between jobs. Graduates of specialist programmes are destined for senior career roles, many of which are new to the industry. Non-traditional roles such as Digital Media

Managers are now as common as traditional roles such as Food and Beverage Director, Revenue and Reservations Managers or Destination Travel Executives, and programmes are designed to open up opportunities in a range of industries with links to tourism, from Finance, IT, Media and Marketing and Outdoor / Extreme Travel Experiences. Why choose LYIT School of Tourism, Killybegs, Co. Donegal? According to Dr Ciarán Ó hAnnracháin, Head of Department of Hospitality, Tourism and Culinary Arts, LYIT School of Tourism, formerly the Tourism College Killybegs, is the oldest campus outside Dublin dedicated to education and training in Culinary Arts, Hospitality Operations and Management, and Tourism. Established in 1969, and looking forward to celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2019, the campus has produced graduates who are renowned all over the world, ensuring that today’s graduates will be recognised as having received the education and training required to reach the top levels of the industry. Our education offering is expanded through a range of academic partners throughout Europe, where students can choose to study for a semester, supported through Erasmus+. We have partners in Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Malta, Romania and Turkey, and we are constantly enlarging our network to benefit our students. On completion of a programme of study at the School of Tourism, you will be perfectly placed to take the first step on your career, which will inevitably be exciting and fulfilling.

Graduate case study - taking opportunities available GIRTS Mihalkins graduated in 2016 with a BA in Hotel, Restaurant and Resort Management. As a student he stood out as a consummate professional, displaying a flair for perfection in practical settings. He gladly took the opportunities available to compete in a range of national and international competitions, winning gold medals and acclaim from industry mentors. This extra-curricular activity allowed Girts to work with the Capella group, at home, but also for his third year internship, at their Washington DC property in the USA, managing their rooftop bar operation. He returned to Donegal to take up the 26 Education

position of Assistant Conference and Banqueting Manager at Co Donegal’s only 5* property, Solis Lough Eske Castle. He is now ready for his next challenge and is happy to seek the assistance and support of the School of Tourism. In September 2018, he enrolled in the BA (Hons) in Hotel Management, and on completion of this one-year, add-on, programme he will be ready to take on a senior role in a luxury hotel anywhere in the world. Should you wish to visit the School of Tourism, we are happy to facilitate visits by Schools and welcome class visits to this unique and well-respected campus.

of opportunities in global industry

A WORLD OF OPPORTUNITIES AWAITS YOU! LYIT School of Tourism has been providing worldclass education and training for the tourism industry since 1969. Today it is a thriving specialist campus offering a range of full and part-time programmes in hospitality, tourism and culinary arts.

Full-time Programmes •

Higher Certificate in Arts in Bar and Restaurant Supervision

Higher Certificate in Arts in Culinary Arts

BA / BA (Hons) in Hospitality and Tourism

BA / BA (Hons) in Culinary Arts

BSc / BSc (Hons) in Culinary Science

Part-time and CPD Programmes •

Diploma in Restaurant Operations Management

Hotel Revenue and Digital Media Management

Tourism Destination Marketing

Professional Cookery Traineeship and Immersion

Primary Food Hygiene and Management of Food Hygiene

For further details contact: Dr Ciarán Ó hAnnracháin, Head of Department of Hospitality, Tourism and Culinary Arts T: 07491 86603, E:,

LYIT_Press Ad_School of Tourism_Reservations Diary.indd 1

12/07/2016 14:05

Education 27

Burning the cand

Why we can't overl IN September Apple released the latest upgrade to its iPhone and iPad software - IOS 12. As usual, they made a hullabaloo over its new features and updated apps aimed at changing your life. This time, they also emphasised their attempts at keeping the smartphone out of your life. At part of their Bedtime app, used to help the user get their quota of sleep, they added the Do Not Disturb feature. Now, during the night, the phone will not beep with messages or notifications and will not light up. All of the tech companies are responding to criticism of the impact that smartphones are having on their users, particularly their young users. One area is of particular concern, that smartphones are depriving teenagers and college students of sleep. And sleep, as the research is increasingly showing, is a vital part of human life. Physical and mental health Writing for RTE's online Brainstorm website Dr Samantha Dockray from the School of Applied Psychology in UCC says that insufficient sleep and consequent daytime sleepiness contributes to a number of physical and mental health issues. She cites estimates that less than half of adolescents are getting a healthy quota of sleep. This won't surprise most people, especially parents and teachers, as there has been much commentary over the years as to the impact of first TV, then PCs and on to games consoles and now smartphones, which are now combinations of all the others. But that vague feeling that overstimulation and lack of rest wasn't good for young people is being replaced by science and research showing a wide spectrum of problems associated with chronic sleep deprivation which robs the young of the ability to concentrate, to learn, to relax and to recharge. Dr Dockray says that the links between sleep, wellbeing and disease are still not clear but academic performance declines. "It increases the risk of emotional instability, anxiety, childhood depression and learning difficulties. In general, teens who don’t get enough sleep have poorer overall wellbeing." Established patterns Once a poor pattern of sleep has been established it can be hard to reset. In a study published in the journal 'Nature and Science of Sleep' a research study showed that 70 per cent of college students reported that they were getting less than the recommended eight hours sleep. The study identified the lack of 'Sleep Hygiene' as a 28 Education

major factor. Sleep Hygiene is all the habits and practices associated with preparation for sleep and the time spent asleep. The major component of good sleep hygiene is having a consistent sleep pattern and the avoidance of caffeine and alcohol before sleep. The box on the right shows the various pieces of advice that experts give to people experiencing sleep disorders, and now being proffered to a broader swathe of the population. Most of these points could have been given 50 years ago but one area of sleep hygiene in particular applies to more recent times. A hard day's night The blue light emitted from smartphone screens, games monitors and PCs interrupts the production of melatonin, which is the hormone that controls the sleepwake cycle of the circadian rhythm. The circadian rhythm is the 24 hour cycle that humans, and all other living creatures, evolved with over millions of years. It is internal to us but it can be modified by external influences such as light and temperature. With the onset of the industrial revolution and latterly the coming of the electric light, humans have been messing with their circadian rhythms and now it looks as if evolution is catching up with us. The science tells us that there are clear patterns of brain wave activity, hormone production, cell regeneration and other biological activities linked to the daily circadian cycle. The question is: what are the consequences of sleep patterns outside a normal circadian rhythm? Dr Dockray at UCC writes that: "While people manage to get through the next day following a night of poor sleep, they have more anxiety, more anger, poorer impulse control and experience changes in how they interact with others. They are also somewhat less able to think rationally." "Insufficient and poor sleep in adolescence directly affects academic performance. The less sleep the teen has, the more likely they are to be stressed and the greater the number of health risks we can see in their bodies, including blood pressure, cholesterol and weight." Not just a bad mood Grumpiness is a feature of people who get a bad night's sleep. But the ongoing seriousness of the problem is now being given numbers. In the study in Nature and Science of Sleep there is a terse, stark statement: depression and sleep are interrelated. One of the most important features of depression is disturbed sleep. In

dle at both ends

look the importance of sleep college the study reported that 15 per cent of students suffer depression and 11 per cent have suicidal ideation. The hours of sleep missed is called sleep debt. In a study of female college students a sleep debt of 2 hours per night or a bedtime after 2am was associated with greater depressive symptoms. There was also evidence produced to show that improving sleep patterns improved reported depression. How to change the patterns The research into the consequences of sleep deprivation goes on but the negative outcomes are in little doubt. Interest is now moving on to what to do about the problem. The launch of the first initiative to tackle sleep problems in young people was held in March 2018. The Sleep Programme was published by an inter-agency group in Wicklow including Crosscare and the HSE. The booklet, described as a toolkit, was developed by a team of professionals who noted that sleep deprivation was a key factor affecting school attendance, school retention and concentration levels when attending school. The Sleep Programme is a practical tool which aims to address poor sleep habits among young people. It is recommended for young people aged 12-14 as an education and prevention programme and provides teachers and youth workers with the tools to support young adults improve or maintain their sleep routine. The programme sets out ways to prevent sleep becoming a problem. It addresses areas like stress, diet, physical activity, drug and alcohol use in young people and encourages changes to poor sleep hygiene. It provides practical information for young people, which they can then implement in their day-to-day lives. The project was funded by the National Youth Council of Ireland (NYCI) and Ailish O’Neill, NYCI National Youth Health Programme Manager, said: “Sleep deprivation is a growing issue for so many young people. It’s high time it became part of the national conversation and this toolkit is a great first step towards framing that discussion in terms of positive sleeping habits.”

By Niall Gormley Tips to establish healthy sleep habits (for everyone) ■ Keep a consistent sleep schedule. Get up at the same time every day, even on weekends or during vacations. ■ Set a bedtime that is early enough for you to get at least 7 hours of sleep. ■ Don’t go to bed unless you are sleepy. ■ If you don’t fall asleep after 20 minutes, get out of bed. ■ Establish a relaxing bedtime routine. ■ Use your bed only for sleep and sex. ■ Make your bedroom quiet and relaxing. ■ Keep the room at a comfortable, cool temperature. ■ Limit exposure to bright light in the evenings. ■ Turn off electronic devices at least 30 minutes before bedtime. ■ Don’t eat a large meal before bedtime. If you are hungry at night, eat a light, healthy snack. ■ Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy diet. ■ Avoid consuming caffeine in the late afternoon or evening. ■ Avoid consuming alcohol before bedtime. ■ Reduce your fluid intake before bedtime. Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Young people feeling better The sleep problem is part of broader issues of wellbeing for young people. There is a growing realisation that many of the problems are interconnected. There is evidence that some young people have been using alcohol or cannabis to help them sleep which only reinforces a cycle of overstimulation, stress, exhaustion and underachievement. Sleep is going to a key part of how well the education system can serve young people. Education 29

Want to go to college? Do WHEN summer is over, seaside towns have more to offer than icecream cones and candy floss, and the Victorian seaside town of Dún Laoghaire is no exception. In the quiet end, bordering on leafy Monkstown, a restrained revolution is playing out in a modest building on Cumberland Street. The warriors are students and teachers carrying the banner for that educational sector that does not receive the same media attention as other educational sectors; extraordinary when you think that it is Further Education colleges like DFEi that are very real channels into third level institutions for school leavers who are disappointed with their Leaving Certificate results, and mature students who are looking to improve their prospects. It’s what a casual observer would call a win, win situation in the educational stakes. Personal missions So, let’s dust off our imaginary satchels and go inside the building where we will be met by a veritable ant colony – stairs and corridors filled with students of all ages and from diverse backgrounds, each focused on their own very personal mission. The short-term mission might be getting a seat in the canteen; the longer term one will, of course, be getting a place in a third level college or finding employment; but students always work better on a full stomach, so, while the queue for the canteen moves at its own pace let’s take a quick tour of DFEi. IIf you are lost, Kieran at reception will point you in the right direction, so don’t hesitate to ask him. Perhaps you would like to see the Learning Centre, and why not? It is a very bright and attractive space, specifically designed as a study hub replete with banks of computers. It is also 30 Education

on this corridor that you will get that recognisable smell of newly sawn wood. If you dream of designing and making your own furniture, or making and repairing musical instruments, this is where you need to fulfil that dream. Or perhaps you look at the bigger picture – the buildings that house the furniture and the musical instruments. If this is the case, you need to look at DFEi’s Architectural Te c h n o l o g y & D e s i g n o r Construction & Engineering Technology courses. STEM cells It may seem insincere to say that STEM is a ‘no brainer’ but when you think about it, it’s true. Courses related to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics have proven to be reliable and sustainable routes to gainful employment. DFEi’s Pre-University Science courses in Laboratory Techniques and Food Science & Nutrition are the perfect first steps to a STEM career. Indeed, the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs has identified a dearth of graduates to fill available scientific jobs. If you are more attracted to the binary than the organic, a bit ‘nerdy’ perhaps, or a fan of the IT Crowd, you need to check out DFEi’s Computing & Electronic Technology or Software Development courses. These courses are supported by FIT (Fast Track into IT); a unique IT led initiative giving students the opportunity gain the skills that lead to employment. It’s true then; STEM is a ‘no brainer’. ‘Front of house’ roles Of course, while the STEM people are beavering away in the background, other personality types like to be ‘front of house’, or managing situations. If you fall into this category you should consider DFEI’s courses in Marketing & Event

Management, Business Studies with Law, or Police & Security Studies. If your desired theatre of action falls into the medical sphere, DFEi’s Community & Social Care course will get you started on the path that will enable you to work with dementia sufferers, or people with disabilities, mental health or social issues. If your heart is set on the nursing profession, you need to consider DFEi’s very popular Nursing Studies course. The success rates from this course are very high for progression to third level nursing degree programmes in Ireland and the UK. Some people are attracted to the unconditional love of animals; and where would the world be without domestic pets, farm animals and wildlife? Delivered by practicing professionals, DFEi’s Animal Health Care courses boast state of the art facilities and provide regular field trips. On occasion, you might be surprised by a preponderance of dogs around the building; probably a clue that the animal grooming class has gone ‘live’ or the canine obedience class needs willing woofters. You will be relieved to learn that the large farm animals do not stalk the corridors of DFEi but are instead receive visits from the animal care students. Going digital The doings of humans, animals, and machines make for an interconnected machine in a complex world; a world that needs to be interpreted, entertained, investigated, and reported on. We’ve got it all covered at DFEi with courses in TV & Digital Film, Digital Radio Production, Journalism for the Digital Age, Sound Production, and Music Production. The Higher National Diploma in Music Production is taught by working professionals. On each of these courses you will use industry standard equipment and software. You can do your own

on’t have enough points?

me to DFEi recording in the sound studio, broadcast your own show in the radio studio, or edit your own programme in the TV studio. Why not tune in to 107.8fm and listen to DFEi’s very own radio station, The Wave? You will find an archive of accomplished documentaries. Of course, nothing goes unnoticed by journalists, and the journalism students in DFEi are given every opportunity to report on the doings of the humans, animals and machines that make for that interconnected machine in a complex world. Having visited the Criminal Courts of Justice and listened to the evidence in a murder trial, sat in on a Dail debate, or grappled with the spectres of Brexit and Trump, the journalism students have plenty to write about. Showcasing talent The academic life of DFEi is punctuated by a vibrant calendar of social events showcasing the talents of the students. If you like an audience, there’s a captive one in DFEi. Sound Production students compose their own material to audition for the annual college album release. The skills of the Event Management, Office Administration and Security students are always sought for college events. Gigs, concerts, and talent shows are enjoyed by both students and staff, usually in the canteen, also known as The Hub, which as well as providing hot food, is equipped with a stage, sound booth and acoustic panelling.

will be taught basic research skills, referencing systems, and general academic conventions across all courses. Experience at DFEi has taught us that every student does not learn in the same way or at the same pace. If you have particular learning support requirements, they will be met at DFEii. A tried and tested way DFEi’s quality assured courses are open to anyone who is seeking the knowledge, skills and competencies to enhance their employment opportunities or educational progression. If you did not get enough points for your chosen third level course, consider spending a year in DFEi. It’s another tried and tested way to get a place in college, as incidentally, is our legendary Arts, Culture & History course – an excellent foundation for pursuing an arts degree in

"The academic life of DFEi is punctuated by a vibrant calendar of social events showcasing the talents of the students. If you like an audience, there’s a captive one in DFEi.

NUI. With subjects like archaeology, folklore and local history, this course is perfect for those of you who want to use your fascination with the past to propel your academic career forward. The formula is simple – eight QQI Level 5 or Level 6 modules with as many distinctions as you can get. But it takes work on your part. You need to come to class, complete assignments on time and prepare for exams. The teachers are there for you every step of the way if you are there for them. Find out more Look at our website on www.dfei. ie; it’s really rather attractive and the menu is quite tempting; our brochure is not bad either. We don’t offer ice-cream or candy floss but we do offer a fine education. Our Information Day is on November 22nd 2018. Come along; experience

Ladder to a third level DFEi’s courses are designed to meet current industry standards. Students are taught the fundamental skills and survival techniques that will put them on the ladder to a third level qualification. You will be taught how to present work in written and oral format. You Education 31

INFORMATION DAY Wednesday 21st of November, 10.00am - 4.00pm

Visit DFEi to see the facilities in action




17 Cumberland Street, Dún Laoghaire, County Dublin • • (01) 2809676 32 Education

Hospitality Education & Training Centre

Crafting careers in the hospitality sector The Hospitality Education & Training Centre delivers specific skills and training directed at finding future employment in the hospitality industry. The centre offers a range of full time courses such as: • Bar Skills (8-10 Weeks) • Hospitality Skills (8-10 Weeks) • Culinary Skills Level 4 (8-10 Weeks) • Career Traineeship Programme, Diploma Level (6 months) • Level 5 Professional Cookery Course (1 year) The full range of courses offered by the Hospitality, Education and Training Centre enables learners to avail of current and future

employment opportunities right across the hospitality industry. The Centre's mission statement says that through a partnership based approach between the community, state and industry, the training centre provides a range of hospitality related education and training programmes which offer opportunities for employment and/or further education and which recognise and prioritise the needs of learners. For more information on their courses check out their Facebook page, email the Centre at or call 061-400660.

Hospitality Education & Training Centre

Go Places In Tourism Release Your Potential - Ireland's Only European Centre of Excellence in Training and Specialising in Hospitality and Tourism. Commis Chef Apprenticeship is new to our suite of programmes being delivered with the head industry stakeholders in IHF & RAI and supported by Failte Ireland. This programme consists of 2 days in class and 3 days working; summer months 1 day in class and 4 days working. The Level 6 Commis Chef Apprenticeship is a 2 year programme. Enrolling Now: • National Commis Chef Apprenticeship Programme & Pre Apprenticeship Programme • National Career Traineeship in Hospitality, Tourism & Food and Beverage Level 2 City & Guilds Diploma • Professional Culinary Skills Level 4 & QQI Level 5 • Patisserie & Confectionery Level 3 City & Guilds Diploma • Bar Operations, Barista & Hospitality

Call 061-400660 | e:


Education 33

A career you can count on Budding accountants – here’s a great opportunity for you! The Accounting Technician Apprenticeship gives school-leavers the chance to jump straight into a paid, funded, work-based learning programme when they finish their Leaving Certificate. This two-year programme leads to a Level 6 Advanced Certificate in Accounting and full membership of ATI. Graduates can develop their career as a fully qualified Accounting Technician, progress to study with Chartered Accountants Ireland (or other professional accountancy bodies) or get advanced entry to a range of business degree programmes. We have a range of employers recruiting Accounting Technician Apprentices in the Greater Dublin Area, Cork, Galway, Limerick, Monaghan, Waterford and Wicklow. If you are interested in becoming an Accounting Technician Apprentice, let us know by registering your interest at

Apprentices: • • • •

Earn at least €18k a year and pay no college fees Are mentored in both college and the workplace Put learning into practice Earn a sought-after qualification and gain solid work experience 01 649 8126 GENERATION APPRENTICESHIP

Level 6 Advanced Certificate in Accounting

Accounting Technicians Ireland @AccountingTec Accounting Technicians Ireland

An alternative, fully funded avenue to accountancy T H E A c c o u n t i n g Te c h n i c i a n Apprenticeship is a new and practical pathway to a career in accounting, which offers school-leavers and mature learners the chance to take part in a fully funded work-based learning programme. A c c o u n t i n g Te c h n i c i a n Apprentices get paid at least €18k per annum, pay no college fees and enjoy generous study leave in the run-up to exams. The programme leads to a Level 6 Advanced Certificate in Accounting, full membership of Accounting Technicians Ireland (ATI) and access to a fast-growing jobs market in the sector. Graduates can also pursue f u r t h e r s t u d y w i t h C h a r t e re d Accountants Ireland, other professional accountancy bodies and higher education institutions. Apprentices work in the office four days a week, and study one day a week at a local college, putting learnings into practice over two years. “I was instantly drawn to the fact that I could work in the accounting environment and study at the same time. It is a great way of learning,” says Eamon Landers, who’s working in the Finance Department at Ballyhoura Development in Limerick and studying at Cork College of Commerce.

Apprentices are mentored in both college and the workplace, which helps to ensure that they can keep up with the demanding routine. “The support I receive from my college and workplace mentor is second to no one,” says Eamon. “My college mentor is there for any issues with college work and he is very approachable and understanding, while my workplace mentor plays a massive role in my development and progression throughout the programme.” The programme is currently available through ATI partner colleges in Cork, the Greater Dublin Area, Monaghan, Waterford and Wicklow. Local employers range from large professional services firms to small practice, and from large businesses to SMEs. There are also opportunities to become an Accounting Technician Apprenticeship in the public sector. Apprentices learn a vast array of in-demand skills, such as bookkeeping, accounts preparation, regulatory frameworks, business ethics, tax management, payroll and budgeting, meaning their Level 6 qualification supported by two years’ work experience and the MIATI designation will open up great opportunities for them when qualified. ATI, the leading professional body for Accounting Technicians in Ireland, is the programme co-ordinator, and apprentices complete its syllabus and work-based learning modules. ATI also assists employers in recruiting their apprentices by screening all applications and

providing employers with high-calibre applicants who’ve met the programme entry requirements and passed a telephone interview. "Local “The Accounting Technician employers Apprenticeship provides another range avenue to accountancy to individuals from large looking to start a successful career in professional services firms accountancy, which is both practical and supportive,” says Niamh to small Dowling, HR Assistant Manager at practice, and BDO Ireland, a leading professional from large services firm. businesses “The apprenticeship blends proto SMEs. fessional studies and exams with There practical work experience, which is are also very beneficial to both the student opportunities to become an and the firm,” says Niamh. To find out more about the Accounting A c c o u n t i n g Te c h n i c i a n Technician Apprenticeship Apprenticeship visit in the public sector"

Education 35

Passion for the Carpentry and J JOHN G SISK TRAINI THE Sisk Training Centre was set up over 40 years ago by John G Sisk who had a passion for the trade of Carpentry and Joinery and realised the importance of developing our own talented craftsmen and future foremen. Sisk are currently recruiting and interviews will take place midOctober, they will recruit 10 new carpenters and 10 new joinery candidates Many of our current foremen/site agents commenced their training at the Centre and their loyalty and commitment to the Company is a true measure of the success of their training. The Centre enjoys a positive reputation throughout the industry and is well regarded amongst the local community, educators, design consultants, clients and others. This Centre is unique as it is the only family owned stand-alone Training Centre of its kind in Ireland, steeped in the company’s history and with a goal of Delivering Excellence, in line with the rest of Sisk. Community engagement Over the years the centre has played a significant role in community engagement in areas such as supporting and encouraging young people to take up a career choice in the construction industry and the current apprentices go out to local schools and colleges to tell their stories to the next generation coming up with a view to encouraging them to make a positive choice into the construction industry. During its formative years, the Centre benefited from Government training grants but these grants are no longer available and the Centre has sought to become more selfsufficient working for many of the current live Sisk projects in Ireland and the UK. The Sisk family have a great affinity for the Centre and are 36 Education

trade of Joinery

NG CENTRE / JOINERY WORKS hugely supportive of its core training objectives. Services provided by Centre The Centre is substantially supported by our Eastern Region contracts and annual workload would typically comprise of all types of bespoke joinery & cabinetry works making this a “Training Centre of Excellence” In addition to providing a regular joinery supply service, the Centre also carries out the following additional services: ➢ Selection and recruitment of apprentices on a yearly basis. ➢ Promotion and selection of future trainee foreman for Sisk & the greater industry with some past apprentices going on to teach or work with other contractors, or indeed to owning their own business and working abroad at senior level in the industry. ➢ Participation of apprentices in the annual National & World Skills Competition. We have enjoyed success down through the years and this has a huge benefit for the individuals, the Company and the industry. ➢ Preparation of joinery tenders and the sourcing of external work to help support the Centre. ➢ Provision of back up service to our construction sites, late call on

materials near handover, including more recently with our Sisk projects in the UK. ➢ Provision of assistance to site management teams with joinery issues and to resolve with the most suitable solution. ➢ Sourcing of information for site management, for example, queries on details, product failure etc. ➢ Forging strong relationship with suppliers on new products and industry trends. Good buying power for quality based FSC hardwoods, softwoods, sheet materials also benefit the Company. ➢ Promotion of the Christmas Toy making initiative which is greatly appreciated by people in need. This community engagement is over 40 years in existence with huge rewards to all involved. Making connections The Manager at the Centre is an active member of the CIF Manpower, Education and Training Committee reporting to the executive body of the CIF which represents the Industry on apprenticeship issues, numbers, changes in syllabus etc. This group also reports to SOLAS and other government bodies. We are also active members on the Regional Skills Board which is a collaborative approach with all stake-

The Apprenticeship Process

The Company’s annual intake of apprentices is on the increase where we see Sisk as the employer of choice through our own training centre. The apprenticeship process comprises seven phases, three off-the-job (SOLAS- ETB’s / College) and four on-the-job (with Employer).

Phase 1 - With employer on the job/ minimum 3 months Phase 2 - SOLAS/ETB Training Centre/ for up to 20 weeks Phase 3 - With employer/ minimum 6 months Phase 4 - Institute of Technology or College of Further Education/ 10-11 weeks Phase 5 - With employer on the job/ minimum 6 months Phase 6 - Institute of Technology or College of Further Education/ 10-11 weeks Phase 7 - With employer on the job /minimum 3 months

holders to get people off the live register and back working in full time job employment. Regional Skills West with GMIT have recently established the Irish Wood and Furniture Manufacturing Network - IWFM Network, through a strong group of industry partners including the Sisk Joinery Centre, to promote the wood industry. Sisk, through the Training Centre is supporting the launch of Irelands' first certified training course for Formwork and Steel Fixing. The launch of these courses will help ease industry shortages which is becoming more evident as work picks up. Bringing people back into the industry is vital in the long term for its sustainability and competitiveness. Links to education Sisk Training Centre sponsors and s u p p o r t s t h e Te c h n o Te a c h e r s Association to encourage potential school students to enter our industry. Local school engagement with students – visit schools to promote the trade route as a career path and also encourage schools to visit our training centre to see first-hand a live workshop with apprentices at work. These workshops visits are essential for students to appreciate and value the craft of the woodworker. We remain true to the guiding principles of the founder, John Sisk, who in 1859 wrote “Building and contracting is in essence about people, their skills, their training and their motivation” For more on John Sisk & Son follow us on Twitter @SiskGroup or on LinkedIn at John Sisk & Son Ltd. If you are interested in more information on apprenticeships with Sisk email David Tracey on

Education 37

We are the largest trainer of mechanical & electrical apprentices in Ireland

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Education 39

Offering quality education choices, new skills and confidence IN September Dunboyne College of Further Education commenced its 16th year of offering a quality education product to Meath, west Dublin, north Kildare and surrounding areas. We have grown to over 800 students doing QQI level 5 and 6 courses at our campus in Dunboyne Business Park. As well as being the only dedicated PLC further education college in County Meath, west Dublin, north Kildare and the surrounding areas, over 90% of the students who have achieved a full QQI level 5 award with Dunboyne College in recent years have received third level offers and countless others have proceeded directly to employment. The feedback on the courses from students has been excellent in terms of the new skills and confidence; students felt they received the confidence to go on to future learning, to build up their skills, and to access job opportunities.

Courses are increasing in popularity with this year over 2000 students applying for 800 places. Ideal way to pursue a course One year QQI level 5 Programmes like the majority run in Dunboyne are an ideal way to pursue a course in an area of interest and to access a third level course. By having a day a week in work experience students can also put into practice their skills and assess their competency. The flexible options in Dunboyne allow students to sample various modules in September to make sure they are pursuing the correct course choice. DCFE also runs a week of short courses in subject related skills to make sure everyone is equipped to fully engage in their programme. Students often do far better at further education level as they are now studying in an area of their passion and aptitude like nursing, sports, computers or science rather than in the Leaving Cert where Irish English Math’s etc were compulsory. As students also learn referencing, research and self-directed learning they tend to stay the full third level course afterwards, unlike many who go straight from leaving cert and not be fully sure of their options. Dropout rates of less than 3% at higher education for those who do a further education course like those in Dunboyne College first, can be compared to an average of 8 to 10% drop out rate in the universities and 20% in the IT colleges. A range of places There are now a whole range of places available to Dunboyne College graduates in certificate and degree courses in Maynooth U n i v e r s i t y, D C U , D I T, I T Blanchardstown, DKIT, UCD, TCD, and with many other institutions

40 Education

around the country through the QQI Links Scheme. This year over 270 of students received offers including 80 to Maynooth University, 126 to IT Blanchardstown and 70 to DIT and 19 to DCU among others. Also this year our college introduced Psychology, Sports Injury Prevention, Liberal Arts and Human Resource Management to add to the courses in Equine Business, Airline Studies, Hairdressing, Pharmacy Assistant, B e a u t y T h e r a p y, O f f i c e Administration, Retail Studies, Employability Skills, Computer Systems and Networks and Creative Media introduced over the last two years. Dunboyne College continues to run its very successful original courses in Nursing, Social Studies, Art, Pre University Business and Pre University Arts and these programmes have been added to over the years by students studying Childcare/Special Needs Assistant, Health Service Skills, Pre University Science, Food Science, Animal Care, Creative Digital Media, Sound Engineering, Sports Science, and Sports Management. The college continues to run a whole range of level 6 second year programmes in childcare, health care, multimedia, hairdressing, cookery and beauty therapy. Expanding into new areas Dunboyne College of Further Education will be expanding into many new areas of educational opportunity in the coming years and anyone wishing to obtain further information on these opportunities should find us online at or on Facebook or Twitter. There is an on line enrolment ongoing, our open night is the 17th January with interviews on the 28th January, 15th March 1st May, 28th May and late June 2019. Late applications will be taken until late September depending on availability on the courses. School leavers, mature students, lifelong learners and those who want further opportunities to progress in their jobs will all benefit from these QQI programmes in Dunboyne College. PLC should never be thought about as an extra year, but as a year to explore what you really want to do and the opportunities out there, and achieve a qualification that makes it all possible. Find out more information at Education 41

The New Tech A

Redefining the concept of ‘Hire Education’

ICT Associate Professional is the new National Apprenticeship Programme for all tech enthusiasts wishing to pursue a career in Ireland’s buoyant technology sector. Over 12,000 jobs are currently available in tech – as highlighted by the recent FIT ICT Skills Audit. 75% of these roles can be facilitated through tech apprenticeship programmes, providing immediate employment opportunities for job seekers and students.

Who is the programme for? Age: Programme is aimed at 1825 year olds but all adults (18+) can apply. Qualifications: A minimum of Leaving Cert (or equivalent). All candidates have to meet Aptitudes Assessments administered by FIT. Attitude: All candidates should be energetic tech enthusiasts with a determination to work in the ICT sector. The first six months of the programme involve intensive off-the-job training in a dedicated technology training centre. The remaining 18 months are a combination of on-thejob experience supplemented with training centre instruction. All training costs of the apprentices are covered by the State. FIT manages all aspects of the programme and co-ordinates employer input. Participating companies employ the apprentice throughout their apprentice-

ship and facilitate the on-the-job application of learning. Apprentices hone their skills while contributing to product development, technological advancement and talent development. Apprentices employed under contract receive payment to the value of €260 - €290 p.w. in the first year and €340 - €385 p.w. in year two. On successful completion of the programme, qualified apprentices typically progress into full-time positions within their sponsoring companies. This enhances the talent portfolio while increasing productivity and competitiveness in those enterprises. What is the ICT Associate Professional Apprenticeship programme? This new programme adopts a learning-by-doing format of ICT skills development, giving new meaning to the concept of 'hire education'. Over a two year period the programme combines off-the-job skills training with on-the-job application, and culminates in the

"This programme brings experience and thinking and has enabled us to broaden our talent pool to shape the workforce we need to help clients succeed" Hilary O'Meara Managing Director, Accenture Ireland

attainment of the ICT Associate Professional Apprenticeship Award. Participating companies are keen to recruit smart people with smart skills and this new programme will enable participants to 'earn while they learn'. In September 2017, FIT was appointed by the Apprenticeship Council to deliver two technology apprenticeships at Level 6 on the National Framework of Qualifications (NFO). A pilot programme was 'road-tested' by over 150 leading technology companies who sponsored 249 candidates over a two year period. The feedback from these tech companies on the calibre of talent they attained was exemplary. What are the key benefits to companies? • Widen your access to highly motivated tech enthusiasts with bespoke skills • Grow tech-savvy teams efficiently • Bring fresh thinking and energy to new technology and product development

How does the programme work? Employer is approved and apprentices registered. Tech company recruits apprentices for a 2 year programme in either Software Development or Network Engineering.

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• Free up your more experienced staff to do whet they do but • Fast-track access to new tech skills What are the key benefits to apprentices? • Gain direct experience In a realtime technical environment ensuring increased productivity • Acquire an in-depth understanding of the latest technologies supporting Innovation • Develop business and interpersonal skills such as teamwork, customer-facing skills and project management The Tech Sector Wants YOU! People with tech skills are in demand not just in the IT sector – more and more jobs across industry require various levels of proficiency in IT.

A trend which is anticipated to grow as increasingly companies utilise technologies to manage their activities, market their products, communicate with their customers and increase productivity. Emerging Internet of Things (IoT) technologies are creating daily, new industrial sectors, way beyond the prospects of driverless cars, delivery by drones etc., resulting in the creation of new roles, skill sets and career paths across all sectors of the economy, which are expected to grow exponentially in the coming years. Tech sector needs more women Tech sector employers are keen to point out that they are seeking more female entrants. Gender balance is seen as key to the future success of companies and they are reaching out

"Internet of Things tech is creating new sectors, way beyond the prospects of driverless cars, delivery drones... ...resulting in the creation of new roles, skill sets and career paths across the economy"

to females who can expect to benefit from great work environments with an emphasis on a team approach and support for continuous professional development. The career opportunities in tech are both varied and rewarding and there is a strong demand for more women creators, team builders, business developers and leaders. So join in and create the future! FIT ICT Associate Professional - Software Development The primary role of a software developer is to be able to build, test and modify high-quality code. A developer will typically be working as part of a larger team, in which they will have responsibility for some of the straightforward elements of the overall project. >>> Education 43

The developer will need to be able to interpret design documentation and specifications. Examples of work include information databases, programs that control robotic systems, and cloud and mobile applications. With experience, you could become a senior developer with responsibility for project management, planning and research, or move into areas, such as systems design, IT architecture and business systems analysis. Partnership Approach P e t e r D a v i t t , C E O o f F I T, explained that the new tech apprenticeships were as a result of a strong partnership approach between government, the tech sector and the national education & training system. He praised the role of the Department of Education, the Apprenticeship Council, SOLAS and QQI for providing the policy and implementation structures necessary to enable new apprenticeships to flourish. In particular he acknowledged the key role of Education and Training Boards who are partnering with FIT throughout the country in the delivery of the training elements of the tech apprenticeships. FIT Associate Professional Systems & Networks The primary role of a network engineer is to design, install, maintain and support communication networks within an organisation or between organisations. Network engineers need to maintain high levels of operation of communication networks to provide maximum performance and availability for their users, such as staff, clients, customers and suppliers. They understand and work in areas such as network configuration, cloud, network administration, security and performance management, and are able to give technical advice and guidance. Professional Recognition Award: Portfolio of evidence (e.g. logbook, work-related project report) of professional development and applied learning in the workplace mapped to award standards. Internationally recognised industry certification selected to match the workplace technology environment e.g. A p p l e , C i s c o , C I W, CompTIA, HP, IBM, Linux, Microsoft, Oracle, SAP, VMware etc. 44 Education

What does an apprentice receive? Apprentices attain an Advanced Certificate in Computer Programming (Software Developer) or Computer Networking (Network Engineer).

"Apprenticeships will play a crucial part in providing access to a new pool of people with the right skills that are in demand in industry now" Liam Ryan Managing Director, SAP Ireland

Developed with the support of industry champions:

Robert Chambers Academy

Providing professional training for Irish and international students FOUNDED in 1982, The Robert Chambers Academy is the foremost hairdressing Academy in Ireland. Robert Chambers is himself an icon of Irish Hairdressing fame. He established the first formal teaching Academy to provide professional training for Irish and international students, paving the way for many talented hairdressers to learn and hone their craft. He recognised that learning ‘on the job’ was not the most efficient way to teach students the intricacies of cutting, colouring and styling. In this he was very much ahead of the field. The core Academy course, the 16 month Diploma Course, admits students three times a year, usually March, July and October. Although students do not need to have any previous experience a passion and energy for hair is essential. This is a full time course and professional teachers with years of experience and expertise in hairdressing lead the students through the intensive, comprehensive modules. Creative career ‘Our aim is to educate, stimulate and motivate our students by improving technique, precision and technical discipline,’ explains Tamar Chambers, MD of the Robert Chambers Hair Group. ‘Nurturing our students is very important. This is a creative career underpinned with discipline. We want our students to learn the professional way to cut, colour and style hair, to build confidence and have a solid understanding of modern hairdressing.’ The course covers the foundations of hairdressing before finetuning the core strengths. Modules cover aspects of theory, practicalities of blow-drying and dressing hair, Up styling and GHD styling. Perming and its opposite, permanent straightening, are covered as are advanced colour, highlighting and colour techniques. Thorough grounding ‘All our students get a thorough grounding in the theory and application of all hairdressing techniques,’ says Tamar. ‘In particular we teach the best cutting techniques with the most modern approaches. All our students graduate as professional cutters – the cornerstone of all quality hairdressing.’ The Academy also covers the less tangible aspects of hairdressing that are essential for future career growth. It is vital that the stylist interacts with his/her clients, assessing their needs. In addition to salon etiquette, customer service is taught, with an emphasis on fully meeting, and exceeding, the expectations of the customer. The new term begins in October 2018. Future dates to be advised. All interested students should visit www.robertchambers. ie for more information and to schedule an appointment to apply for a coveted place. ‘Our students are the celebrity hairdressers of the future,’ says Tamar.

A Career with style

Ireland’s Premier Hairdressing Academy!


Education 45

46 Education


Getting your Debs plans together PreDebs The Ultimate Guide CAN'T wait for your Debs? Why not throw a PreDebs to whet your appetite in the meantime! This can also be used as a fundraiser for your actual Debs! Whether you're looking for a formal occasion or casual event from Christmas Parties to Valentine's Balls, here at Debs Republic we've got you covered with a variety of packages to help make all that planning quick, easy & stress-free. Themes Why not think outside the box & choose one of our unforgettable themed nights... Halloween Ball: Book our Halloween Ball if you dare! With private use of the haunted Manor, frightening food, creepy cocktails & a DJ who will ensure the party doesnt stop, this will be a spinetingling night you'll never forget... Christmas Ball: 'Tis the season for

the sesh! And what better way to get in the festive spirit than by rockin' around the Christmas tree at our Christmas Ball? Enjoy Santa's VIP grotto, Candy Cane cocktail upon arrival & our fantastic Photobooth complete with Santa hats, antlers, red noses & lots more... Valentine's Ball: Love is in the air here at Debs Republic & how better to celebrate than by getting struck by Cupid's arrow at our Valentine's Ball! Fall in love with our delicious menu that is made for sharing & capture the night in our Photobooth loaded with roses, love hearts & other romantic gestures... Extras It's your night, so why not make it extra special? Here's just a handful of the Extras that we offer at Debs Republic. If there's anything you'd like that isn't listed then let us know - we love a new challenge!


How to set up your Debs Committee (and what to do next...) IT’S easy to set up your Debs Committee, plus there are loads of advantages to being on one. You get to call the shots, pick the venue, the date and whatever extras you want! The sooner you get set up, the better. You will be competing with every other school to get the best venues and with so much other work to do for your leaving cert year, it really pays to get booking early! Your committee should represent DR Tip: your entire year and needs to be Set up your committee responsible enough to handle in 5th year to get a money and make important decisions. No problem though, book head start on all other schools and avail of with Debs Republic and we’ll be the best venues and there every step of the way to help dates! you out! There are 2 steps in forming your committee. Nominations: Make a list of everyone in your year interested in joining the Debs Committee. People can nominate themselves or someone else can nominate them. Make sure everyone on the list actually wants to be part of the committee! It’s important to open up nominations to your whole year and encourage as many people to put their name forward as possible. Voting: When you have compiled a list of nominations, you need to vote in the top 6 candidates. You can find a sample ballot sheet here. Fill in the blanks and photocopy as DR TIp: many times as you need. Hand out Don't have any more the sheets in the morning or during than 6 people on your lunch break and count up the votes. committee- too many The top 6 candidates will form the opinions can make it new Debs Committee very hard to make After you have formed your comdecisions! mittee, set up a Facebook or WhatsApp group to keep in touch with other members easily. Then contact us here at Debs Republic! We will meet up with your entire committee and run through a number of options for your Debs. We will organise a FREE viewing of your venue or venues of choice so you can see exactly what's on offer. There's no obligation and we are on hand 24/7 to ensure you have the best Debs experience possible!



Tel: 086 222 8677 Education 47

48 Education

The Erasmus experience THE Erasmus + programme is the European Union programme for Education, Training, Youth and Sport. It provides funding and support for organisations like Blackrock Further Education Institute to operate projects which will allow students to travel within the European Union and to experience and encourage a different level of learning. BFEI was delighted to receive funding to offer this to our Beauty Therapy students. March 2018 saw the first group of our Beauty Therapy students travel to Tenerife to avail of this programme and what an experience it was for both them and the Institute! They gained wonderful work placements in 4 and 5 Star Spas and Salons in the Las Americas region of Sunny Tenerife. For some of the students it was to be their first time living and working in another country and the Erasmus experience gave them an opportunity for enhanced

"There was great excitement within the college as the girls jetted off to Tenerife to start their Erasmus Experience and we are looking forward to offering this opportunity to many of our students over the coming years"

learning and a chance to explore a new culture. The memories and character building that they encountered should last a lifetime. The students received full funding for flights accommodation and spending money. In preparation for this they were given an opportunity to do a Spanish language course to enhance their own experience. There was great excitement within

the college as the girls jetted off to Tenerife to start their Erasmus Experience and we are looking forward to offering this opportunity to many of our students over the coming years. We hope that they will gain valuable work experience and many contacts through this programme should they want to travel and work in both Spain and further afield!

We are situated 5 minutes from Killester Dart Station which is two stops from Connolly Station.

All our courses range from QQI(FETAC) levels 4, to levels 5 and 6. They are accredited by Quality and Qualifications Ireland (QQI). They are qualifications in themselves but can also be used to progress onto Third Level. We welcome all ages from school leavers to Mature students.

PLC Grants; Back to Education Allowances; Vocational Training and Opportunities scheme (VTOS) are available. If you are an early school leaver, unemployed, wanting to upskill, seeking to go on to Third Level-we offer you a platform.


Study for your university degree here in the North West ON the shores of Lough Gill, and still only minutes from Sligo Town, St. Angela’s College, Sligo offers a wide range of undergraduate degree programmes. A college of NUI Galway, the St. Angela’s College programmes are accredited by the University, offering the only university-level education in the region. Academic Departments include Nursing, Health Sciences and Disability Studies (offering Nursing Degrees) Education and Home Economics (offering programmes in Home Economics Teacher Education; Nutrition, Food and Business Management). CAO programme on offer for 2018 entry include: • Bachelor of Applied Science with Nutrition, Food and Business Management • Diploma of Applied Science in Nutrition, Food and Business Management (Level 7) • Bachelor of Arts/Professional Masters (Home Economics Teacher Education)

apply for direct entry to full-time degree courses at St. Angela’s College or NUI Galway. HEAR/DARE routes also available.

• Bachelor of Nursing Science (General/Intellectual Disability) Foundation Studies The College also offers a Diploma in Foundation Studies for school leavers and mature students who wish to study at third level. Participants who successfully complete this Access Course are eligible to

  

For more information on St. Angela’s College, Sligo contact Seán Kelly on 071 9195512 or schoolsinfo@ stangelas.nuig a l w a y. i e o r v i s i t w w w. s t a n g e l a s .

   

                          

 

 -


 

 -

 50 Education

  

Teagasc College of Amenity Horticulture

Horticulture as a career path THE Teagasc College of Amenity Horticulture is located in the National Botanic Gardens in Dublin’s northside suburb of Glasnevin. At this location we teach full time courses in Horticulture at Level 5 (Certificate, 1 year), Level 6 (Advanced Certificate, 1 year) and Level 7 (Ordinary Degree, 3 years). We have approximately 200 students from all over the Dublin, the greater Leinster area and beyond. Fantastic outdoor classroom Students who enter the courses have the ability to learn in the fantastic outdoor classroom which is the plant collection of the National Botanic Gardens complimented by the new state of the art college teaching facilities which were completed in 2014. We have the added benefit of students being taught by top class Teagasc and OPW staff of the Gardens who take students on prac-

tical work experience during their studies in the college. Our qualifications are fully accredited and suit people who wish to follow the area of Horticulture as a fulltime career path. The basic science of horticulture is covered in all courses, soils, plant science and plant identification and then students can further study areas like Landscaping, Sportsturf, Nursery stock and Food Crop production. These subjects give people the foundation to build a strong career in the horticultural sector. Degree course Students can enter first year either by applying directly to the college for the Certificate course or through the CAO for the level 7 degree course (WD097). We have a partnership w i t h Wa t e r f o rd I n s t i t u t e o f Technology for the delivery of the d e g re e c o u r s e i n t h e B o t a n i c Gardens.

"The basic science of horticulture is covered in all courses, soils, plant science and plant identification and then students can further study areas like Landscaping, Sportsturf, Nursery stock and Food Crop production

This year students can also study part time modules in Horticulture at level 5 and level 6. This will enable people who are working to drop in to partake in modules that are awarded as components of the major award at level 5 and level 6. This year we are offering Level 5 modules on a part time basis - see list below for summer courses and courses within the academic year. We also offer Level 6 modules on a part time basis, for those working in the industry. The college is holding a Career and Course information day on Thursday 4th October 2018 from 2.004.00pm and all are welcome.

FIND OUT MORE: Teagasc College of Amenity Horticulture, National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 01 8040201 or 01 8040202 Email:

A Career in Horticulture... Situated in the National Botanic Gardens Glasnevin, the Teagasc College of Amenity Horticulture offers a range of courses in Horticulture. This wonderful setting provides the unique blend of the finest park setting in the capital coupled with the experience of the staff of the gardens and the Teagasc staff. All students can avail of work experience in the Botanic Gardens as well as in parks around the city and other placements further afield. Graduates of the college are leaders in the field of Horticulture and develop clear career pathways. Careers in landscape design and construction, parks, garden centres, fruit and vegetable production are all followed by the graduates. Part time Courses: Academic Year: • Plant ID and Use • Plant Propagation • Landscape construction & Maintenance • Plant Protection • Fruit and Vegetable Production • Horticulture Mechanisation • Plant Science • Soil Science

OPEN DAY: Thursday 4th October 2018 @ 2.00-4.00pm CAREERS IN HORTICULTURE: meet the employers/companies for employment information COURSES IN HORTICULTURE: meet the college staff for course information Venue: College Building in National Botanic Gardens (All welcome – no prior booking needed) Application details on all courses can be found at: Telephone 01 8040201 or email: Education 51

52 Education

Petersburg Outdoor Education & Training Centre

Learning from the outdoors petersburg

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PETERSBURG provides quality programmes using the outdoor environment as a catalyst, and experiential learning as a process, to aid personal development, enhance lives and improve an understanding of the natural environment and encourage conservation values. This is our mission statement and the programmes provided at Petersburg have various elements including adventure sports, team tasks and a residential experience. Adventure sports involve risk, a l t h o u g h w h a t i s p ro v i d e d a t Petersburg is really a perceived risk due to our standard of safety and our experienced, qualified staff. What we are trying to do is to introduce students to activities and experiences which bring a greater ‘buzz’ than any amount of alcohol or drugs, giving them a natural high that encourages them to develop these experiences into potentially life-long leisure activities. A sense of well-being Most young people today do not exercise enough and many are not interested in team sports. Even if they participate in team sports they rarely continue after their twenties but there are many people participating in outdoor activities into their middle age and older. They cite the healing power and


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Outdoor Education Centre

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the sense of well being that comes from nature and being outdoors as encouraging fitness and contributing to a healthy lifestyle. The natural environment encourages mindfulness and can be an antidote from the stresses of everyday living. We try to get students to disconnect from mobile devices and social media while at Petersburg. The team tasks elements include icebreakers and activities that encourage individuals to work as part of a team. It also encourages problem solving, lateral and creative thinking and allows participants achieve a sense of satisfaction through the completion of tasks. Independence and maturity The residential experience is often the first opportunity young people experience away from home and is a step on the way to independence and maturity. Groups tend to form a temporary community while they are here and bond together while completing communal tasks such as setting tables and washing dishes. Young people remember the Petersburg experience much more and long after the shine has gone from any medals and cups that might have been won in other sporting endeavours. It is often cited as the highlight of their school experience. Why not give them this

"The team tasks elements include icebreakers and activities that encourage individuals to work as part of a team. It also encourages problem solving, lateral and creative thinking"

opportunity to build memories that will stay with them through life? At Petersburg the following programmes can be provided: • Adventure sports programmes residential and day groups • Transition Year, Leaving Certificate Applied and Gaisce award programmes and Junior Cycle Programmes • Field studies in geography and ecology • Team building programmes • Skills courses in kayaking, mountaineering, orienteering and canoeing • Camp craft and Expeditions • Cursaí trí Ghaeilge • Summer camps Petersburg is located on the southern shore of Lough Mask in County Galway and operates under the auspices of Galway Roscommon Education and Training Board. For anyone interested in their child having an educational, rewarding, enjoyable and most importantly safe experience contact the centre at the address below for a brochure or visit the website for more information.

FIND OUT MORE: Petersburg Outdoor Education and Training Centre Clonbur, Co. Galway | E: T: 094-9546483 / 094-9546416

petersburg Outdoor Education Centre

Clonbur, Co Galway 094-9546416 e: • Education 53

EPIC & Glasnevin Cemetery School Tour Special Combo EPIC The Irish Emigration Museum and Glasnevin Cemetery Museum have joined forces to offer school groups a fantastic day out! Our Schools Special Combo combines cross-curricular exploration, innovative education, and a fun day out for the whole class.

Entry to EPIC The Irish Emigration Museum and Glasnevin Cemetery from

€11.50 per student To organise this special day out for your class, please call us on 01 906 0861 or email For more information, please visit 54 Education

Opened in 1832, Glasnevin Cemetery Museum offers exciting and engaging education programmes and activities for students of all ages. Students and teachers can explore a variety of key issues and personalities from Irish history. The museum and its educational activities explore the diversity of Irish life since 1800 through the stories of the famous (and not so famous!) people who are buried there. Witness daily re-enactments of key moments in Ireland’s past, and learn about the men and women who shaped a nation and see Ireland’s history carved in stone! Opened in 2016, EPIC The Irish Emigration Museum takes students and teachers on a journey of discovery in the world’s first fully digital museum. The museum has 20 interactive galleries and explores global Irish history and identity from many angles – whether your students are interested in politics, science, art and design, music, engineering or sport. With ties to the schools curriculums, your students will learn something new, and have loads of fun – all at the same time! Shortlisted for European Museum of the Year 2018.

Museum & Stadium Tours at Thomond Park Stadium - an ideal stop on your School Tour Day THO M OND Pa r k i s th e h o m e ground of Munster Rugby, one of the most successful and best supported rugby clubs in the world. The famous venue, renowned internationally for its unique history and atmosphere, has been redeveloped and now boasts an increased capacity of 25,600 plus an extensive range of conference & banqueting facilities and state of the art Museum that have further enhanced its glowing reputation. Thomond Park Stadium can offer a truly unique experience including a visit to the fully interactive Munster Experience Museum, plus a stadium tour that offers an exclusive chance to follow in the footsteps of your Munster heroes by taking a look behind the scenes at the historic Thomond Park Stadium

Located close to many attractions in the Shannon Region, why not take in some sporting history as well as Irish history?! The visit begins with a guided tour of the spectacular Thomond Park Stadium, from a seat in the home dressing room to a walk down the tunnel. Interactive museum Also included is a visit to the interactive museum and specially commissioned film that showcases the proud heritage of Munster Rugby. The specially commissioned film, ‘We are Munster’, portrays the tradition and history of the club, and the unique bond it shares with its loyal supporters. The stadium tour takes you to places usually only accessible to play-

"The specially commissioned film, ‘We are Munster’, portrays the tradition and history of the club, and the unique bond it shares with its loyal supporters"

ers and officials. Reasons to visit Thomond Park Stadium & Munster Experience Museum? • Fully guided tour with experienced Tour Guides • Experience the history of Munster Rugby through visual aids & images • Test your skills in the interactive game zone • Ample car parking and easy access to all major routes • Perfect for both Primary and Secondary schools. • Tour Time: 1 hour 15 minutes approx Quote ‘Education Now’ when booking for €5 per pupil on 061 421100 or email: museum@ to claim this special school tour rate

Education 55

Inflatable Water Park Kayaks SUP Boarding Banana Boad Pedal Boat

Aqua splash is a water based activity zone centred in Dromineer on Lough Derg. Our water activities are suitable for all ages, families, groups and individuals.

Aqua Splash, Dromineer Quay, Dromineer, Co. Tipperary Phone: 083 831 2594 | Email:

Day & Residential Trips to SHARE!

“A wide range of water and land based activities, based in a rural location. The staff are experienced and friendly.” Quote from Martin Flynn – Santa Maria College, Dublin 16, Sept 2016 ✔ Over 30 activities onsite ✔ Day Groups ✔ Residential Groups ✔ Group size 8 - 1000 ✔ Full Board Packages ✔ Wheelchair friendly accommodation ✔ Swimming pool and gym onsite ✔ Playpark ✔ Tailor made programme to suit your group's needs.

SHARE Discovery Village is Ireland’s largest residential activity centre based in the beautiful County Fermanagh on the shores of Upper Lough Erne. SHARE has 35 years of experience working with a large number of school groups and Further Education College students, of all ages and abilities each leaving with their own special memories. The Centre can cater for groups in numbers from 8 – 1000. A group can come just for the day or for a residential. SHARE offers over 30 activities onsite. Activities i include water, land and arts activities. The Centre is open all year round, meaning that you do not need to restrict your trip to the summer months. A large Arts Arena providing indoor activities means SHARE can be enjoyed whatever the weather!

All activities are led by a qualified instructor and all equipment required is provided including wetsuit and buoyancy aid if on the water. Accommodation Groups staying onsite can opt for a full board package including accommodation, meals, activities and a meeting room. Guests will stay in either Bedroom or Chalet accommodation, each providing bedrooms with 4 beds with an en-suite. All accommodation is wheel chair accessible. If you are thinking about organising a student trip to SHARE for a day or residential. SHARE staff would be more than happy to meet with you onsite to give a tour of the facilities offered and discussing the needs of your group. Every group having their own tailor made programme!








Dinghy Sailing


Marble Arch Caves

T shirt Painting




Enniskillen Museum

Modroc Sculpture

Combat Corps

Keelboat Sailing

Swimming Pool

Shopping in Enniskillen


Mountain biking


Scavenger Hunt


Film making

Team Games



Circus Skills


Banana Skiing



Raft Building


Gorge Walk

New Water Park


Education 57

Lullymore - exciting new venue for Field Trips and Environmental Tours LULLYMORE Heritage & Discovery Park in Rathangan, Co. Kildare is now offering Leaving Cert Biology Field Trips and Environmental Tours designed for Junior Cert / Transition Year Geography / Science students and can also be adapted for Third Level students. The Park, set on 60 acres of ancient woodland and rehabilitating peatland, won Best Environmental Innovation at the Irish Tourism Industry Awards in 2017 and is renowned for its biodiversity and unique combination of mineral soil and acidic peatland habitats. Exploring plant and animal life Students will get the opportunity to explore the plant and animal life present on these habitats and get a comprehensive insight into the peatlands and the people who have lived around them for millennia. The Field Trips immerse students in a woodland habitat and cover mapping, biotic / abiotic / qualitative /quantitative (quadrats) / line & belt transects / adaptations / food webs and prepare students in a very practical way for exams. Workbooks are provided for each Field Trip student. Cost per student is â‚Ź13.00 for Field Trips and â‚Ź12.00 for Environment Tours. Cafe on site can cater for up to 200 for lunches. To Book call 045870238 or contact Ray by email Website:

LOVE2LEARN LANGUAGE SCHOOL Love 2 Learn is a language school offering quality and fun language programs for young learners, families and adults. Our school is in the heart of Waterford City, with bright and spacious classrooms. All our teachers are native and qualified to teach. Our group classes are only of maximum 8 students, making sure every student receives personalised attention. We make sure that our classes are interactive and fun maximising language exposure.

Languages: English | Spanish | French | German | Irish | Chinese We offer classes for: Leisure | Business | Official Exams Preparation | Leaving Cert & Junior Cert Preparation

We can also tailor classes to suit your needs.

ENQUIRE NOW Tel: 051 841496 | 083 865 0808 | e: 58 Education

Learning as you earn RECENT developments in apprenticeships have resulted in exciting opportunities for both school leavers and learners to simultaneously gain a qualification and work experience over a two to four-year period. Apprenticeships are now offered from level 5 to 10 on the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ) in industry sectors such as hospitality, Information & Communications Technology, engineering and construction. Other learning opportunities will be available in areas such as: healthcare, equine science and agriculture, providing even more possibilities for people to gain a qualification while in employment. In short, more prospects to earn while you learn. There are many benefits of undertaking an apprenticeship in Ireland: • Apprenticeships are industry-led by groups of industry and education partners; • Apprenticeship programmes provide at least 50% workplacebased learning; • Flexible delivery – online, blended, off-the-job learning in increments/blocks; • Preparation for a specific occupation; • Pathway to an award at Levels 5 to 10 on the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ). The NFQ was developed by Quality and Qualifications Ireland

(QQI). The Framework was designed to bring greater clarity to our national system of education and training qualifications. Since its establishment, the NFQ and its 10-level structure, have become a visible and well-recognised feature of the qualifications that are available in Ireland. Reflecting a shared understanding of what the holders of qualifications are expected to know, understand and can do, the NFQ represents a mark of quality that means qualifications are recognised at home and abroad. Apprenticeships can now see how their qualifications relate to other national awards and map a course for future education and training opportunities. About QQI QQI is the quality assurance agency for all further and higher education and training in Ireland, including apprenticeship. It is an awarding body and is responsible for maintaining the National Framework of Qualifications and for developing and monitoring access, transfer and progression policies for learners within the system. QQI has a statutory function to promote, develop, implement and review the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ). Education 59

Education trends internationally Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators is the authoritative source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances and performance of education systems in OECD and partner countries. This is an edited version of the report summary. Executive summary

The impact of socio-economic status on equity in education tends to build throughout life Despite significant expansion in educational attainment over the past decade, those people with loweducated parents, a proxy for low socio-economic status, are less likely to participate in early childhood education programmes, complete upper secondary school and advance to higher levels of education than those with at least one tertiaryeducated parent. While two-thirds of 25-64 yearo l d s w h o s e p a re n t s h a v e n o t completed upper secondary are expected to attain a higher level of education than their parents, most of them attain upper secondary vocational education. The story is similar at the tertiary level: across OECD countries with available data, 18-24 year-olds whose parents have not attained tertiary education represent only 47% of new entrants into bachelor’s, long first-degree or equivalent programmes, although they represent more than 65% of the population of that age group. T h e s e i n e q u a l i t i e s a re t h e n reflected in the labour market: those who have attained only upper secondary education are less likely to be employed and earn 65% as much as their tertiary educated peers.

THE JOURNEY THROUGH EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT What influences an individual's education and employment outcomes?


Employment rate


Educational attainment

among women, men and foreign-born individuals who leave school before completing upper secondary education

among 25-64 year-olds whose parents had not completed upper secondary education (2012 or 2015) Below upper secondary

37% 14%


25-64 year-olds




25-64 year-olds


Upper secondary – general Upper secondary – vocational Tertiary

25-64 year-olds

Employment rate among tertiary-educated women, men and foreign-born individuals



The gender gap favours girls in education, but men in the labour market On average across OECD countries with available data, boys make up about 60% of secondary-school grade repeaters and are less likely to complete that level of education than girls. 60 Education



25-64 year-olds

89% 25-64 year-olds

of those with tertiary education

USD 2 364

Average annual tuition fee for a bachelor’s degree


More than of students in countries with the highest tuition fees benefit from financial aid

81% 25-64 year-olds Tertiary-educated women

26% less

earn than tertiary-educated men.


Tuition fees and financial aid

Education at a Glance 2018: OECD Indicators © OECD 2018

As a result, a larger share of girls than boys graduates from this level. Men are also less likely than women to attain tertiary education: 38% of men aged 25-34 were tertiary-educated on average across OECD countries in 2017 compared to 50% of women the same age, and this gap has been widening over the past 10 years. Despite better educational attainment, women still have worse employment outcomes.

among entrants into and graduates from bachelor’s or long first-degree programmes in countries with available data. Foreign-born adults who arrived in their host country at the age of 26 or older also tend to participate less in formal and/or non-formal education than their native-born peers or than those who arrived before the age of 25, because they are less familiar with the education system and language of the host country.

Foreign-born adults and those with an immigrant background are less likely to participate in education and to succeed in the labour market First- and second-generation immigrants are under-represented

Despite increases in public spending, a significant share of total funds for tertiary and preprimary education comes from private contributions Between 2010 and 2015, expenditure per student increased by 5% at

pre-primary school

Relative earnings of lower secondary teachers and school heads compared to other full-time tertiary-educated workers




primary, secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary 91%

69% public + international



among women, men and foreign-born individuals who completed upper secondary education




Employment rate


repeat a grade in upper secondary general programmes


tertiary education

School heads

Male teachers

Female teachers



Those who completed upper secondary education earn


of them are boys


82% 68% 25-64 year-olds

25-64 year-olds


as much as tertiary-educated workers

25-64 year-olds

Who is likely to participate in tertiary education? Gender

Parents’ education

Immigrant background

Young men are less likely than women to earn a tertiary degree

Young adults without tertiary-educated parents represent almost two-thirds of all 18-24 year-olds but less than half of new entrants into higher education

First- and second-generation immigrants are under-represented among new entrants to tertiary education.

50% 38%

47% Population

The teaching profession still

Executive summary suffers from large gender

A significant share of total spending on tertiary education is privately funded

Male teachers earn less than female teachers relative to tertiary-educated men and women, although school heads earn significantly more


These inequalities are then reflected in the labour market: those who have attained only upper secondary education are less likely to be employed and earn 65% as much as their tertiary educated peers

the primary, secondary and postsecondary non-tertiary levels, and by 11% at the tertiary level. Educational institutions are still predominantly publicly funded. In 2015, 90% of funding for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education and 66% of funding for tertiary education came from government coffers. Since a larger share of funding for tertiary education comes from households, countries have implemented financial mechanisms to support families. At least 75% of students in countries with the highest tuition fees benefit from these loans or grants.

imbalances Nearly all pre-primary teachers are women, but fewer than one in two tertiary instructors is a woman. Over the past decade, this gender gap has widened at the primary and secondary levels, and narrowed at the tertiary level. Attracting male teachers to the profession is particularly difficult: while the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other fulltime, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 77% and 88% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men. However, between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data, statutory salaries of primary and secondary teachers with 15 years of experience and the most common qualifications in their country, have increased by 5% to 8% and are back to pre-economic-crisis levels. Teachers also have strong incentives to work to become school leaders: the actual salaries of school heads are at least 35% higher than the salaries of teachers and at least 20% higher than the average earnings of other tertiary-educated workers. Other findings Regional disparities in participation in education tend to widen as the level of education increases. In half of the OECD countries and economies with available data, school heads and teachers working in a disadvantaged or remote area are rewarded with additional compensation.

65% New entrants

26 Education at a Glance 2018: OECD Indicators

Education at a Glance 2018: OECD Indicators © OECD 2018


Education 61

What will your next challenge be? Community life as a priest or brother will allow you to learn and grow as a person. As you come to know yourself, you will discover who it is God created you to be. Matt Ganey

Institute of Charity

Rosminians 62 Education

Help us make a difference in difficult times.

St Louis Community School Delivering skills and knowledge to progress ST LOUIS Community School in East Mayo has been offering PLC courses for over a decade now and more than 1,250 graduates can testify to the benefit of returning to education and achieving a level 5 or level 6 award there. Today’s PLC courses are very much focused on delivering the skills and knowledge needed to progress both in further education and the workplace. Great emphasis is put on honing practical skills, applying theories, encouraging self-motivation, developing personal skills such as communications, and gaining real insights from work experience. This is reflected in the PLC facilities at St Louis CS which now include dedicated beauty and hairdressing salons, exercise and cardio vascular rooms, IT rooms and internet access with networked printing for research and project work. Off-site access to course resources and information is also available. The courses on offer in St Louis CS are in sport, education & training, childcare, business/IT, nursing, community care, healthcare

support, hairdressing and beauty therapy. In addition St Louis CS is an approved centre for four awarding bodies: QQI, DES (trade examinations), City & Guilds and ITEC. This means that industry leading qualifications in hairdressing, beauty therapy and fitness instructing are all available at one location in East Mayo. St Louis CS is the only approved ITEC centre for Sports & City & Guilds centre for hairdressing in Mayo. All the further education courses at St Louis are open to people with a leaving cert or St Louis has invested in high equivalent qualification or significant voca- quality dedicated PLC facilities tional experience, although it’s important to check individual course entry requirements. “The PLC route is as important a way into the third level system as any other and the skills they bring with them are very much sought after by colleges, universities and employers alike,” says Suzi, FE Coordinator at St Louis CS. “To find out more contact me by email or telephone 094 9381228”

Missionary Sisters of St. Columban

The Community of Hope Center The Community of Hope Center had been under the administration of the Missionary Sisters of St. Columban since 1985. And to date it has served more than a thousand children and young adults with autism, cerebral palsy, down syndrome, club foot cleft lip and palate, hearing impairment and those who are mentally challenged. This is one example of Columban Sisters' work of empowering people on the margins worldwide. If you would like to know about us contact us at: Education 63


Ballinderry is just a 15 minute walk to Mullingar town and a 10 minute drive to several beautiful walks such as Belvedere Gardens and Lough Ennell. FRANCISCAN HOUSE OF SPIRITUALITY & HOSPITALITY

For more information on booking a day, week or weekend contact: Sr. Clare Brady, Franciscan House, Ballinderry, Mullingar, Co. Westmeath Tel: 044-93-52000 | Email: | Email: “Come away and rest a while” Mark 6:31


Are you searching for a life that’s: e Rooted in Lov

Christ Centre



In Service of Other Challenging Risk T aking

Meaningful Contact: Sr Marion Dooley FCJ at 087 268 8561 Email: FCJ Young Adult Network 64 Education



La Verna Centre

RECENTLY PUBLISHED ...........................................................................................................

A Template for Understanding Big Debt Crises By Ray Dalio ON the 10th anniversary of the 2008 financial crisis, one of the world's most successful investors, Ray Dalio, shares his unique template for how debt crises work and principles for dealing with them well. This template allowed his firm, Bridgewater Associates, to anticipate events and navigate them well while others struggled badly. As he explained in his New York Times Bestseller, Principles: Life & Work, Dalio believes that most everything happens over and over again through time so that by studying their patterns one can understand the cause-effect relationships behind them and develop principles for dealing with them well. In this 3-part research series, he does that for big debt crises and shares his template in the hopes reducing the chances of big debt crises

happening and helping them be better managed in the future. The template comes in three parts provided in three books: 1) The Archetypal Big Debt Cycle (which explains the template), 2) 3 Detailed Cases (which examines in depth the 2008 financial crisis, the 1930's Great Depression, and the 1920's inflationary depression of Germany's Weimar Republic), and 3) Compendium of 48 Cases (which is a compendium of charts and brief descriptions of the worst debt crises of the last 100 years). This unconventional perspective of one of the few people who navigated the crises successfully this book will help people understand the economy in revealing new ways. Bridgewater • Free as Pdf or from Amazon

On Tuesdays I'm a Buddhist

Expeditions in an in-between world where therapy ends and stories begin By Michael Harding

ONE day in the summer of 2016, Michael Harding's wife brought an unusual gift home from Warsaw. The meaning he had found through years of engagement with therapy began to dissolve. In On Tuesdays I'm a Buddhist, Harding examines the search for meaning in life which keeps him fastened to the idea of god. After many therapy sessions focused on an effort to uncover personal truth, and long solitary months on a one man show, Harding is led to an artists' retreat in the shadow of Skellig Michael. Mixing stories from the road with his Irish Times columns, On Tuesdays I'm a Buddhist is a powerful book about the human condition, the narratives we weave around the self, and the ultimate bliss of living in the present moment. Hatchette • Around €9

Hugh Lane 1875-1915 By Robert O'Byrne BOYS don’t keep diaries - or do they? The launch of an exciting and innovatively illustrated series narrated by an unforgettable kid every family can relate to. This is a biography of the art dealer and patron Hugh Lane. Born in Cork in 1875 - the descendant of a former lord mayor of the city - and after an unsettled childhood marked by much moving and little education, Lane made his way to London and apprenticed himself to an art dealer. His discerning eye for quality and unflagging energy and ambition led to his opening his own gallery soon after. Hugh Lane was a man of great social energy who befriended and sometimes crossed swords with the leading cultural figures of the day: Yeats; Gregory; Orpen; Augustus John; Rodin; Beerbohm; and many others.. The Lilliput Press • Around €20

Markievicz: Prison Letters and Rebel Writings By Lindie Naughton

THE Prison Letters of Countess Markievicz were first published in 1932 as a classic of feminist literature. Now restored to their original form by leading Markievicz expert, Lindie Naughton, this new edition features previously unpublished letters that Markievicz sent to family members and friends, offering a unique insight into her extraordinary life. After escaping the firing squad for her part in the 1916 Easter Rising, she was sentenced to life imprisonment and transferred to Mountjoy Jail and later sent to other prisons including Holloway in London and Cork Jail. These letters recount her feelings, political beliefs, opinions on world events and the minutiae of her domestic life. Irish Academic Press • Around €20

The Man Who Moved the Nation: A Daughter's Story By Lisa Jennifer Collins "I wish I was an actor, because if I was an actor, I’d be acting about dying. But I’m not an actor. I am dying. I’m dying from cancer as a result of smoking." – Gerry Collins So said Gerry Collins in early 2014, moving words which carried across the nation. This was due to his central role in the ads for the HSE’s QUIT campaign, which sought to convince people to give up smoking. The Irish nation saw a brave man warning others, trying to save people from making the same mistake that he made. But Gerry was also a family man. A father. For Lisa Jennifer Collins, her dad had always been ‘her person’. She simply couldn’t imagine a future without him. In The Man Who Moved the Nation: A Daughter’s Story Lisa guides us through this turbulent period in her life. Mercier Press • Around €10 Education 65


Education Software and Systems

ICT/Computer Services


Databiz Solutions

Wriggle Learning

Ecclesiastical Insurance

Unit G6, Calmount Business Park, Ballymount, Dublin 12

Block F2, Eastpoint Business Park, D3

Ard Iosef, Moycullen, Co. Galway 091 556755


Sean Mulkerrins

Gary Hoey

Databiz Solutions provides software solutions for library management and book rental schemes to a range of education providers in Ireland.

MIT Education Solutions Arclabs Research Centre, WIT West Campus, Carriganore, Waterford 051 834150; 051 834151; 051 834153

At Wriggle, we pull all the pieces of the puzzle together. Technology, content and pedagogy are the three essential elements required for progressive teaching and learning in the 21st Century. By providing all of the necessary tools and support for teachers and students, Wriggle guides schools along their journey to equip students with the skills and proficiencies demanded of them today.

087-6873933; Trevor Murphy Computing and Coding Teacher Training Specialist. We aid primary & post-primary schools implement and deliver computer science modules.

STAC First Aid Unit 11A Ballycummin Village, Raheen, Limerick 061-595290 Trevor Ryan Elasnik and Technology4schools work as your IT partner, keeping your systems working well, so you can concentrate on teaching and running the school. I.T Supplier to over 30 schools in Cork and County.

Cleaning Services Crystal Cleaning & Maintenance Services Ltd Dublin & Cork (01) 4578850 / (021) 438488 Mobile (087) 2896088


66 Education C/O Brennan Insurances, Construction House, Canal Road, Dublin 6. 01-4989090 Pupil cover team. has been the market leader in the provision of School Personal Accident insurance since 1986. The combination of a dedicated underwriting / claim teams provides unrivalled service.

School Meals/Catering The School Food Company Firhill, Parteen, Co. Clare 087 9005196 Ken Providing healthy food solutions for schools.


James Lovett


CCM are top class providers of services in the Dublin & Cork areas. Services include daily school cleaning/floor polishing/carpet cleaning/Window cleaning First Aid Training Specialists, delivering First Aid Training nationwide. Always finding solutions, first aid courses at many levels, PHECC Recognised Institute.

Ecclesiastical, an A rated insurance specialist in schools, colleges and universities owned by a charity and supporting communities all-across Ireland.

Ivy House, Park, Wexford

John Devitt

021 4700507

Market Square, Kinsale, Co. Cork

Seamus Morris


Elasnik Computer Network Ltd. MIT provide Admissions Management Systems, Payment Systems, and eLearning Solutions for schools and colleges.

01 6190300

To list your company in the Suppliers Guide, please call

Tel: 01-8329246 or Email:

46/47 Cross Avenue, Dún Laoghaire, Co.Dublin. A96TF99 01 2300501 Paul Flood/Jim Wade Celebrating 50 years supplying uniforms to some of Ireland’s best-known schools, businesses and sportsclubs!

edia Scene Technology


Interactive Touchscreens Why buy an Interactive Whiteboard system when you can have a MiTouch? MiTouch has been on the Irish market since 2011 and is known for value and reliability. Service is provided by Media Scene who are part of Guaranteed Irish, supporting schools since 1997. Can be Wall mounted or Portable with Optional Trolley No Projector means no lamps to replace, no filters to clean, no major degrading in quality. No Projector Shadow or shine in the presenters eyes Suitable for the brightest of rooms Long lasting meaning lower cost of ownership. Much higher resolution and clarity Low Maintenance MultiTouch, like a huge Tablet Robust and not easily damaged No need for a dedicated pen Choice of 55”, 65” or 75” 5 Year On site Irish Warranty Many also with built in Android Replacement lamps, Visualisers Etc. We understand that many schools and colleges cannot upgrade all systems to the MiTouch and need to keep existing systems running. We can supply replacement short throw projectors or lamps at a low price and with 2 year warranty. Also ask us for pricing when it comes to visualisers, laptops and PCs.

Call us on 01-2755800 for a quote Email with any queries. Websites: MiTouch: IQBoard:

Education 67

Explore your future in STEM From designing video games or medical devices, to improving food science and sport, and even saving lives through cancer research, students need real insights into the many exciting and diverse STEM career opportunities in Ireland.


Irish STEM industry facts Keeping up to date on the many career paths available in STEM isn’t easy. It’s a fast-moving area, with multiple routes to entry and a high demand for graduates. As a consequence, students need insights into STEM career opportunities in Ireland.

250 medical technology companies employ 25,000 people in Ireland

Visit to read any one

9 of the top 10 global pharmaceutical companies are located in Ireland

of more than 150 STEM career stories,

The top 10 multinational technology companies are in Ireland

career infographics. Filter your choices

Laboratory technicians are needed in the biopharma, food and medical devices sectors



watch videos, and download posters and based on your interest. You might be surprised which careers will interest you.


Smart Futures provides access to STEM careers information and role models to students, parents and teachers. It is managed by Science Foundation Ireland. 68 Education

Education Magazine 31-2i  
Education Magazine 31-2i