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+Executive Team Editor in Chief Varun Gupta Associate Editor Sudhanshu Shrivastav Special Correspondent Vinayaka Fulara Bureau Offices Madhaya Pradesh Mr. Pramod Maheshwari (09165719419) Chandigarh Mr. Mohit Walia (08533022222) Gujrat Mr. Pankaj Sanghavi (09033776462) Punjab Mr. Gurudev Singh Saini (09876323965) Jammu Mr. Sunil Sharma (09419116411) Production / Circulation Nagma Siddiqui (8588844164) Puneet Kumar Goswami (Sales, Criculation & Mktg.) Design & Layout Ajay Kumar Singh Editorial Team can be contacted at: A-3/22, Khichri Pur, Delhi-110091 08130303330/ 08588844161 Subscription & Corporate Sales contact : Sudhanshu Shrivastav Mobile : 08588844161 All information in iConnect is obtained from sources that the management considers reliable, and is disseminated to readers without any responsibility on our part. Any opinions or views on any contemporary or past topics, issues or developments expressed by third parties, whether in abstract or in interviews, are not necessarily shared by us. Copyrights reserved throughout the world. Reproduction of any material of this magazine in whole, or in part (s), in any manner, without prior permission, is totally prohibited. The publisher accepts no responsibility for any material lost or damaged in transit. The publisher reserves the right to refuse, withdraw or otherwise deal with any advertisement without explanation.All disputes are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of competent courts in New Delhi only.

­Unpredictable­Direction of­Politics­in­India


ndian history has it that the first time a group of social-workers (or so they call themselves as) formed a political party, and within a year of its establishment, the party formed a government by contesting elections. However, it is unfair to not give due credit to the historic achievements of the Aam Aadmi Party, formed by now-so-popular politician Arvind Kejriwal, who seemed too firm on his ideologies to be distracted until the results of the recently concluded Delhi assembly elections came out. The success of Arvind Kejriwal and his party is a result of constant efforts. Picking up some eye-cathing points such as Jan-Lokpal and RTI, along with countless number of other issues, at important times, and then placing the issues before the public in a good manner, aided Kejriwal in winning the trust of people. Consequently, he has been crowned as the chief minister of Delhi. Still, the task of Kejriwal or his Aam Aadmi Party has not finished. Instead, being Delhi’s CM has tightened the ropes on him. The numerous promises that he made, prior to the elections, about providing an all out face-lift to the lives of common people, are yet to be fulfilled. These promises like cutting the cost of electricity and providing 700 litres of free water every day seem to be far from being realistic, and indicate that AAP had the least thought of forming the government. Now, as Kejriwal has become Delhi’s CM (whatever had been the turn of events), he has been placed in a situation that he may get his name written in golden letters on the pages of Indian history, or the public will have to bear the consequences. It will be interesting to see the moves of Kejriwal, who has already stunned the public on many times with his smart moves. The public, here, has plenty to loose, while Kejriwal and his AAP has plenty to gain, depending on the actions taken to fulfill the pre-election promises of the party formed by people who call themselves as social-workers. Public expects a lot from Kejriwal and AAP. It can be noted from the history that public has been made to pay for trusting new people and handing them the reins to drive the country. This is not expected of AAP or Kejriwal, even if their politics is being tagged as opportunistic politics and a politics of comfort. Politics is also a matter of dedication and sacrifices, something that Arvind Kejriwal may need to learn, sooner or later.

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Swaraj the new way of politics locality. Though it deems to infringe on Central Government's control over law and order of the national capital, but in reality it is an step towards collective responsibility and collective sharing. The key features of the finalised draft of the Delhi Nagar Swaraj Act 2014 are as follows...


t is the irony of our country that, we the people of India now struggling of those basic rights which were used to be the major causes of India's independence. Swaraj was the dream of Mhatma Gandhi, mission of B. G. Tilak and spirit of every Indian during the freedom struggle which ended 65 years ago. But, why the historic speech of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru 'Tryst With Destiny' which used to enthuse a common man that time sounds unrealistic today to majority of deprived, underprivileged and hapless citizens. The paradox is bitterly appalling; the largest democracy of the world is among those five unfortunate democracies which do not have constitutional provisions of the direct participation of people in the policy making. The unprecedented move of the Aam Admi Party ( AAP) in the initiaton of Swaraj Bill reminds the golden stand in the Indian Constitution which happened 40 years ago. Yes, The Panchayati Raj Bill that is milestone decision to empowers to local self government in our constitution. AAP's Swaraj Bill is seemed to be another ray of hope in this regime, something we all have been desperately waiting for the last four decades. The purpose and objective of Swaraj Bill which is drafted by AAP is to create a transparent political system where politicians will be accountable for each and every actions not only before the law but, in fact before the common man who elected them. Following the footmarks of The Father of Nation, AAP'S vision is to translate the dream of SWARAJ that Gandhiji had envisaged in our real practices. People are not seeking or expecting hypothetical democratic sovereignty, they



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want to feel and see an established democracy where the power of governance and rights will be in the hands of the people of India and they shall no longer we restricted in the hands of few influencial groups like political parties, bureaucrats and corporate honchos. In a recent development in Delhi, the AAP Government seems determined to decentralise the power through the formation of the Swaraj Bill. In January, 2014 the Delhi government has finalised the draft of Swaraj Bill, a legislation aimed to the decentralisation of power which was promised by the Aam Aadmi Party in its election manifesto. The highly exclusive feature of Swaraj Bill is the formation of Mohalla Sabhas. These Mohalla Sabhas will be entrusted with many unique powers and the prominent among them is the 'power to recall councillors'. These Mohalla Sabhas will also be able to recommend police action against miscreant in the particular

1. After the final enactment of Swaraj Act, each ward shall be divided in minimum eight and maximum 12 mohallas. 2. Each Mohalla Sabha will have one Mohalla committee consisting of one woman and one man. Transgender will be equally treated and it is up to their wish to project themselves as either male or female. 3. At least one meeting in a month is required by each Mohalla Sabha. 4. The tenure of Mohalla Sabha will be five year, that is equal to Municipal Corporation. 5. All of the Mohalla Sabha meeting will be video recorded. 6. And these recorded meetings of the Mohalla Sabha will be telecasted on local cable networks and aired on radio stations. 7. All of the representatives of Mohalla Sabha shall be liable to abide by the rules of Mohalla Sabha. 8. Mohalla Sabha will have the discretionary power to recall the councillor. In this regard ten percent or above of the total registered voters­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­

JANTA CONNECT should have a consent for the recommendation and 2/3rd of the total voters should be unanimous to approve the recall, that is the removal. 9. In case of removal, it is the duty of State Elections Commission to conduct fresh election within a month for the selection of a new councillor. What the society will expect from these Mohalla Sabhas ? AAP envisioned some core functions as well as duties of the Mohalla Sabhas. The prime focus shall be on the education for all in their respective Mohallas, the next objective or concern will be the health care facilities in the Mohalla Sabha. Appropriate arrangement of food and eradication of hunger is of course a major and indispensable objective behind the formation of Mohalla Sabha. Among the other major duties and challehges of Mohalla Sabha is the arrangement of shelter for the homeless, protection and welfare of the senior citizens, physically challenged people and other vulnerable sections of the society.

Powerful Tools of Mohalla Sabha: 1. Shall have powers to get any information from any state government official or municipal body. 2. The shall be able to hire a consultant if required. 3. Authorise to allocate and distribute resources and incur expenditure. 4. Shall be entitled to impose penalties or impart rewards to govt officials working directly under the Mohalla Sabha. 5. Right of direct confrontation with the Delhi Development Authority, no conversion of any land shall be allowed without consultation of affected Mohalla Sabha. 6. Mohalla Sabha will have power to stop the operation of liquor shop opened without the approval of Mohalla Sabha. 7. Closure of existing liquor shops if people found unwholesome environment there. 8. The most instrumental and powerful tool will be that they can compel the police to register an FIR, that is direct confrontation with the Delhi Police.s 9. In case of any arrest from a Mohalla, then police shall be liable to inform


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the Mohalla Sabha within 2 hours. All in all a great initiative of the AAP government to bring positive and

drastic changes. The beginning of new era which will bring equality, justice and above all the rebirth of Swaraj.


Delhi’s Janlokpal

Centre’s Janlokpal

Selection process Seven member selection panel: CM, leader of oppn, 2 HC Judges, 1 Ex-Lokpal Member, 2 others

Selection process Five member selection panel: PM, leader of oppn, speaker, CJI, Jurist

Investigative powers Can suspend probe officer, recommend punishment amounting to dismissal, removal or demotion

Investigative powers CBI (under centre’s administrative control) will probe complaints

Whistleblowers In case of threat to whistleblower, probe will be fast tracked and completed within 3 months

Whistleblowers No mention of whistleblowers’ protection or citizens charter

False Complaints If complaint found to be malafide, court can impose fine upto Rs. 5 Lakh or Jail upto 1 year

False Complaints 1 Lakh fine or jail upto 1 year for frivolous/false complaints

Grievance Redressal Penalty of up Rs. 500/- day but not exceeding Rs. 50,000 to be recovered from salary for nondelivery of service

Grievance Redressal No accountability attached to grievance redressal officer­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



Taxes for Common Man Responsibility or a Burden Direct tax collections Rs 4.29 lakh crore period in 2012-13 I

ncome tax is the tax levied by the government on the aggregate income of an individual or company at the end of a fiscal year at the rate determined by the government. There are different income tax slab that are divided between different income sections like upper class and middle class. The revenue collected by the government through the income tax is the biggest source of funding for a country. It is through the funding of income tax revenue that the government carries out its various public welfare activities and other duties. The Indian government impose tax on all the taxable income for HUF’s (Hindu Undivided Families), individual personals, associations, corporate, firms, companies etc. The tax levied by the government is different for every category. This is stated under the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. In India, middle class or the working class is the main contributor of the income tax revenue to the government. The main brunt of the income tax is always carried out by the middle class or the working class. They are bent by the large slab of the income tax that is weighed down by numerous day to day taxes that are paid by them apart from the fixed taxes on the taxable income. Ten to sixty percent of the income is put to the national treasury in the form of one tax or the other. A middle class salaried person pays thirty to fifty percent of his or her salary in taxes annually on an average. In the beginning of every fiscal year, working class is hopeful that the budget will bring something new and hopeful for them. They expect the government to reduce the tax slab. In the recent couple 06


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of years, the middle class is more hopeful as it is facing a very high rate of inflation as well. Higher taxes and high inflation are the sore woes of an average working middle class Indian. Inflation has taken on a new dimension in the past year. Common house hold commodities have soared so high that it has become increasingly difficult for the average Indian to meets the basic living requirements. Everything from electricity to onions is expensive. Government is adding taxes every day. Indian democracy

is very disappointed in the ruling government and is expectantly waiting for the elections. The middle class especially is hopeful that the new government will bring about changes that will grant them relief from the huge tax slab and eventually the extra ordinary inflation that never ceases to strike terror in the heart of a honest working class. It is becoming increasingly difficult to eat a proper meal with increased rates of edibles as well. The government is taking undue advantage of the citizens in the name of modernization and development. In the

last budgetary speech, it was revealed by the finance minister that only about forty three thousand people in India have declared income of over one crore annually that is taxable. India is a economy that has the tax payers base f around four crore individuals and only 400, 00 individuals pays income tax on income exceeding twenty lakh. This constitutes only sixty three percent of total tax payers base that consists of around four crore. it is seen that brunt of paying tax is settled on the middle class salaried persons as they cannot evade tax, as it is cut directly from their salaries or in the form of TDS. While the people who pay minimum of tax are encouraged to file tax returns. Thus, it is seen that it is the middleclass only that is in dire need of freedom from this ever tangling net of tax that is becoming a hindrance in their financial development as well as saving initiatives. They are left with nothing to save. After settling the taxes and fighting inflation, a middle class salaried person is left with empty pockets. It is the responsibility of the government to give relief to the major class that is the main contributor to the tax revenue. The tax slab for the middle class should be reduced so that an average person can think ahead of taxes and plan the future saving for the children’s education, housing finance or other personal plans. The only hope of middle class is now on the governmental change that may occur in the upcoming elections. One of the main contenders for the post of India’s Prime Minister, BJP’s Mr. Modi, recently spoke about the financial­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


Central Value added Tax (CENVAT) Rate is 12.36% Silk and Silk Products


Increased in Custom Duty on Raw Silk from 5% to 15%

Service Tax - 12.36% on 40% of Bill)-  4.94% VAT- 5% to 20% (Depending on States) Service Charge- 5% to 10% (few restaurants do not charge)

Branded Non-allopathic Medicines Increased 35% Excise Duty

Mobile Worth Rs. 2000 Increased Excise Duty 6%

Telelvision Set Top Boxes Increased 5% to 10%

Imported Jwellery Duty Free Limit on 50000 in case of male and 100000 in a Case of Female issues at a public function in Delhi. He promised an exemplary reform in the present tax system. He said that this reform will be targeted specially towards the working class or middle class, as they are the main victims of the system. He said that reform is direly required at this point of time and he will make sure that this reform is brought about when he comes into power. Not only this, BJP’s main contender for the Prime Minister’s post even gave hints of totally abolishing income tax. He stated that if he comes into power, he will change the present system as what good it would be if he can’t change the existing system. Well, it is music to the Indian population that is thirsting for the change. In its two term governance, the ruling government has managed to bring tears to the middle and lower class who is struggling to make end meets in the face of such high inflation. This vision statement made by the Prime Minister’s post candidate has made an average person hopeful. But it should not be forgotten that to turn the events around and win the post, radical promises and propositions have to be given to the voters to gain their confidence. But, will this proposal, also lighten the burden of inflation too. This has to be seen. According to the fiscal policy, increase in the tax is the direct way of reducing the inflation as there is not much disposable


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household cash left with the consumers after paying the taxes. So, if an average salaried middle class person is hopeful of getting relief from taxes, can he or she also be sure that inflation will decrease. After a considerable break, as promised by Mr.Modi, if he comes to power, middle class will be left with more disposable income. Its spending power will increase and it will in turn increase the demand. Increased demand paves the way for increased production. Thus a chain is created that will increase the rates of commodities and inflation is likely to go up. The reduction of the tax slab may not very strongly affect the inflation that is the main concern of the middle class Indians at present. Although inflation is another matter that government has to tackle in other ways, the question is that should government reduce the tax slab for the middle class or not. The answer is very simple. Yes. As it is the middle class India that is the largest tax paying base, it deserves a tax break. The rich or upper class does not have to contend with taxes levied on salaries, as their main income is not from salaries but from other sources of savings, dividends and bonds. Reducing the tax slab will provide the much sought after relief and middle class persons can think about personal savings. It will also increase their spending power as they will have increased disposable

Royalty tax Increased from 10% to 25%

Cigarette and Tobacco Increased Excise Duty by 18%

Sports Utility Vechicles Excise Duty Increased from 27% to 30% income. This will directly affect the Indian economy as increase in demand will increase the production as well. At this crucial time bracket of impending elections, the hopeful candidates for forming the new government of India have a very powerful tool at their disposal. An average Indian is patiently waiting for radical changes as the back breaking inflation and huge tax slab has bewildered them. By reducing the tax slab for the middle class, the government will lighten some of the burden. At least, a salaried person will have enough disposable income at hand to meet the inflation. Higher taxes and still higher inflation is the sure shot recipe for dissatisfaction among the masses. The common man deserves a tax break. More than half of what they earn is consumed by different tax that they are liable to pay, where as the rich or upper class do not have to pay as much tax as their salaries are comparably lower than the middle and lower middle class salaried persons. Most of their income is sourced from alternative means that provides them tax relief. But the money earned by middle class is the white money that cannot be camouflaged in any form and tax is paid honestly. Thus, it is the duty of the government to provide amendments in the tax system that will make the common Indian realize that government really cars for them.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



News Updates Academician regulating sex racket Delhi

Rajasthan University (RU) has ravaged the director of Centre of Ambedkar Studies, Ramesh Chawla, 42, for his

alleged participation during a sex racket busted on January sixteen. Chawla was conjointly serving as prof. of politics at Maharani's school. "Police have submitted a report that confirms his involvement. He was discharged from his duty now underneath the Rajasthan University Act," says Dev Swarup, VC of University. Acting on a counsel, Bhankrota police said raided a house in JDA colony and caught guilty 2 Delhi-based ladies with two-middle aged men, together with a university prof. "We were aghast to be told concerning his personality," says Umar

Singh, SHO of Bhankrota station. He continued that originally, the prof has said that he was real estate authority. Reportedly, he conjointly command numerous organisational posts in Congress and used his influence however did not slip out. The racket key player, a lady, house owner were also in remission. A judicature has rejected the bail application of the defendant on grounds of influencing the case. His arrest has return as a shocker for the eight analysis students operating underneath him at the Centre of Ambedkar Studies.

Allegation on MMTY University Chancellor The Chancellor of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi sacred text University, Girish Chandra Verma, has been inactive and sent to judcial custody in Bhopal for allegedly sexually exploiting a former lady teacher since 1998.The woman, who was an prof. with the group's Vidya Mandir faculty in Ratanpur close to Bhopal, has alleged that Verma blackmailed her and sexually abused and raped her for fifteen years. She has additionally alleged that once she reported the concern faculty authorities, she started receiving death threats. Later, the lady approached the State lady Commission and therefore the police in

March this year. 9 months later, in August, Verma, who is additionally the secretary of the varsity during which the lady tutored, was interrogated and was finally inactive. However Verma has say it a conspiracy and said, “It's a conspiracy against me, some of my ex-employees are involved. I have documentary evidence of this which I will submit in the court. Very soon I will make email conversations public, revealing the truth. And also filed defamation case against her.” z Victim’s husband has alleged that Verma vulnerable his married person to administer in to his desires or he can frame

her husband in associate defalcation case. the person additionally says that the Chancellor reportedly recorded her in objectionable position and blackmailed her. The husband even suspect Verma of making an attempt to sodomise him once, reported

PTU MOU with University of California

Punjab Technical University (PTU) has proclaimed that it's signed a note of Understanding (MoU) with University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) for putting in associate Institute of Excellence (IOE) at Chandigarh. Sukhbir Singh Badal, Deputy Chief Minister, Punjab, said, “I welcome this initiative. Besides, I invite University of California state to line up 08


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their field in New Chandigarh Education town that we tend to area unit turning out with in 2000 hectares that shall have accepted education institutes of national and international repute. I assure foreign institutes of all attainable facilitate – be it permissions, sanctions and clearances; or infrastructure together with land. The government shall bear all the value. As of currently Old Delhi is that the education hub within the North but we tend to want to vary this and gift Punjab as a stronger various. If we tend to area unit to export workforce to developed countries that have for the most part ageing population, our youth ought to be competent enough to contribute during this globalized atmosphere. For this would like

establishments here that impart quality education.” Sunil Kant Munjal, Chairman, Board of Governors (BoG), PTU (Joint decision maker, Hero Moto Corp) same, “India may be a nice chance for foreign universities as we've got the biggest variety of scholars – 54per cent of country’s 1.3 billion population is below twenty five and 30 % is below fifteen years old-time.” Dr. Rajneesh Arora, administrator, PTU United Nations agency has been operating firmly for creating Punjab a world hub for education and innovation wise, “This isn't a note of Understanding however a note of Commitment. it's if truth be told one amongst the best samples of Indo-US collaboration once it involves furthering technical education.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


UGC verify 44 universities and submit report

The Supreme Court of India has asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to look at

educational standard of forty four establishments aforesaid to possess poor academic standard. The court additionally ordered the commission to recommendation the central government on the standing of those universities within the next 2 months. A bench of Justice K.S. Radhakrishnan and Justice Vikramajit fractional monetary unit aforesaid it had been solely involved with the lawfulness of the continuance of deemed university standing with regard to the forty four establishments. If the individual institutes are found to possess educational standards and infrastructure so much below the expected level, the institutes are in risk of losing their deemed university standing. The apex court in its order aforesaid that there was "some conflict" between the report ready by the University Grants Commission (UGC) which of

the professor. P.N. Tandon committee. Noting that there have been 3 reports - one by the Tandon committee, another by the UGC and still another by the committee of officers, the SC aforesaid that the UGC "had no occasion to examine" the Tandon report and also the alternative report has not been placed before the UGC. The court aforesaid the UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) laws, 2010, permits each the central government and also the UGC to examine the establishments that are deficient in terms of educational standards and infrastructure. It additionally directed the UGC to look at each Tandon's and also the alternative report. The court aforesaid establishments were "free to lift their objections against the reports" and also the UGC needs to take into account identical and take a call in accordance with the law.

Promoter can't be chancellor: UGC In a move that's unlikely to travel down well with the heads of deemed universities, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has set to stay to its earlier declare-d position that promoters or holders of the societies that promote deemed universities, can't be chancellors of such establishments. The commission passed a call to the present impact at its meeting organized on January 10 once the HRD ministry had forwarded a bunch of projected amendments to the UGC (Institutes Deemed to be Universities) rules of 2010, following a feedback exercise it

undertook with the stakeholders. Prof. Ved Prakash, UGC chairperson guided the meeting, which was attended by vicechairman H Devraj, secretary U Basu, director Vikram Sahay and ten members. UGC Regulation on appointment of Chancellor: Among the authorities of the deemed to be universities, the Chancellor shall be appointed by the sponsoring society or the sponsoring trust. He/she shall be Associate in nursing eminent specialize or a distinguished name aside from the president of the sponsoring society or his/her shut relatives.

Education Standard need to be Improved: Pallam Raju Dr M M Pallam Raju Union Minister for Human Resource Development (HRD) has known as upon the State Education Boards to assume responsibility for rising the


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standard of education and infrastructure in their areas. Launching e-content courseware on seven undergraduation subjects at Consortium for Educational Communication (CEC) premises, Raju stressed that there's pressing want for rising quality and for upgradation of infrastructure for improvement of instructional system in Bharat. CEC had initiated the assembly of e-content below the National Mission on Education

through ICT (NME-ICT), an inspiration project of the Ministry of HRD. It develops e-content courseware in numerous subjects as per the UGC model curricula for college man students together with its twenty two media centres. The digital content will be transmitted over the pc network world wide and will be accessed over web anyplace, anytime. Presently, CEC is engaged in developing e content on nearly ninety UG subjects, reported­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



new Uchchatar Shiksha 02 National Mission on Education through Information 03 38 Polytechnics Abhiyan (RUSA) is a flagship and Communication Technology (NMEICT) launched have been programme that has been launched with in 2009 has provided connectivity to 403 Universities and operationalised an outlay of Rs. 25000 crores under the 20,685 colleges. Under the Mission, Virtual Labs has been under the scheme XII Plan, ending 2017. The programme launched and more than 967 courses in 23 disciplines have of setting up of is aimed at strengthening and reforming been developed that include Web and Video courses. 50 Polytechnics. State Higher Education. Under this DTH channels are being launched shortly. scheme, 278 new universities will be set up. 05 Around 25 lakh students will be 06 The University Grants Commission (UGC) has benefitted from an Interest Subsidy made accreditation of universities and colleges of over Rs. 2231 crores released on (other than technical institutions) mandatory so as to 04 A Single Educational Loans. Under the scheme, ensure and enhance their quality. Common full interest subsidy is provided during Entrance Test the period of moratorium (i.e. duration for engineering of a recognized professional course plus a n d 1 year, or 6 months after employment – 07 A new National 08 Over 84000 persons have management Mission on Teachers participated in the nonwhichever is earlier) on educational programmes and Teaching (NMTT) is formal, short term, skill loans availed by all students belonging has been being launched to address development programmes under to economically weaker sections from implemented so the shortage of faculty, the Community Development scheduled banks under the Educational as to reduce the training and capacity through Polytechnics (CDTP) Loan Scheme of the Indian Banks’ stress of several building of teachers. scheme till 30.11.2013. Association (IBA). admission tests. 01 Rashtriya

UGC for Degrees AICTE for Diplomas University Grants Commission's takeover of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is complete as so much as degree-granting technical institute’s area unit involved. UGC has formally notified the rules to be followed by technical institutes connected to universities. UGC's rules are available in the wake of a Supreme Court that negated AICTE's power to grant approval to technical schools connected to universities. With new rules in place, it's unlikely that AICTE's hope of obtaining its power repaired through change of AICTE Act is going to be complete anytime presently. However AICTE will still regulate diplomagranting establishments. As the change route was obtaining delayed, HRD ministry tried to avoid the SC order by asking law ministry "if rules 10


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are often notified beneath section twenty five of the UGC Act to authorize AICTE to accord approval to technical education establishments within the same manner because it did before the SC judgment". However, the law ministry shot down the proposal. UGC regulation makes it

09 10 Model Degree

Colleges, 6 new polytechnics and 25 girls hostels sanctioned in Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) in 2012-13.

obligatory for a college to 1st look for affiliation from the university before beginning educational activities. A new college proposing to supply technical education are often created by introducing one or additional programmes housed either in one or separate buildings. The new institute shall be granted affiliation once it's on one contiguous plot of land aside from those in northeastern and alternative cragged states wherever it will unfold into 3 items of land, shortly from each other, not more than 1 kilo meter. Apart from a bunch of rules, technical institutes can need to keep fifty percent staff from general shift for the evening shift. Every part-time course is going to be managed by twenty percent core.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


Schools to Refund Extra Fees- Delhi Govt.

The committee found that in around 100 schools, either no records were maintained or the accounts were fudged. It counseled strict action against these schools. The Delhi high court directed city government to implement recommendations of a panel on the unaided non-public schools' fee structure that has asked nearly 250 establishments to come back the "excess amount" to the parents with 9% interest. A division bench of Justice bachelor's degree Ahmed and Justice Siddharth Mridul told the Delhi government that the committee has submitted four reports

supported examination of fee structures of unaided non-public faculties and its "free to implement the recommendations". "The government is permissible to implement the recommendations as per the reports of the committee on the faculties mentioned within the reports. Delhi center government is absolving to do a similar," the bench said in its order. The Justice Anil Dev Singh Committee, which made the

recommendations, has thus far examined the accounts of 605 unaided private schools out of a complete 1,172 establishments. Till now, the committee has counseled that 242 faculties ought to come back excess fees they need collected from the parents with 9% interest from 2008 to 2011. The committee found that in around 100 schools, either no records were maintained or the accounts were fudged. It counseled strict action against these schools. Advocate Ashok Aggarwal, who filed the PIL against fee hikes, said: "Now 242 faculties need to come back excess fees and as per recommendation, action are taken around one hundred faculties found not maintaining correct accounts." Many of the faculties within the town were in operation while not even a checking account and year once year they were granted recognition, the committee report has aforementioned. Several of the faculties haven't been maintaining correct accounts and weren't obtaining their accounts audited as needed by the law, and were additionally not filing annual returns, the report aforementioned. After the implementation of the Sixth Pay Commission, the schools raised the fees, citing further monetary burden thanks to raised salaries of academics. In August 2011, the court gave directions for fitting a three-member committee to audit the accounts of every of the faculties to determine if the fee hike by them was needed. This order came on a petition filed by nongovernmental organization Social Jurists, through advocate Agarwal, which alleged that schools had hiked the fees "unreasonably" however they did not pay the salaries of the teaching and nonteaching workers as per the pay panel recommendations.

NAAC accreditation must, says Gauhati University The Gauhati University (GU) has asked all the institutions related to it to use for National Assessment and certification Council's (NAAC) recognition while not creating from now on delay to confirm continuation of funds within the individual colleges from the University Grants Commission (UGC) and different central agencies. The GU plea to the universities


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comes at a time once over half the universities related to the GU are nonetheless to receive NAAC certification, albeit in 2013 the UGC had urged schools related to universities within the country to urge the NAAC certification shortly so none of them are underprivileged of the central funds and funds assigned by various agencies. | E-mail: I February 2014



UGC: Not a proper Supreme Court Issued a notice to UGC


upreme Court has asked University grants commission (UGC) to inspect about the 44 deemed universities which are derecognized. To the surprise, UGC itself has prepared a report regarding this issue but has not gone through the reports prepared by Prof Tandon. The time duration given by the SC to UGC is just two months to acknowledge all the matters regarding this and give a valid documentary for the respective. This inspection is just for the sake of legal aspects of the respective deemed universities as confirmed by the justice K.S. Radhakrishanan and Vikramjit Sen. If the legal boundation are crossed to a greater extent by any of the institution, then it may result a bad result for the default institution as they may lose the status of deemed university status by the central government. Punjab and Haryana court had issued apprehension to UGC and Haryana government regarding the retirement age of the teachers in government colleges (58 years) and private colleges (60 years). Similar notice was issued by SC to UGC and Bihar state government with respect to the petition filed by the faculty of Dr. B R Ambedkar Bihar University to escalate the age of superannuation from 62 to 65 years. It has become the obligation of Supreme Court and High Court to indulge them in the matter of UGC to sort out the issues which are generated by UGC itself.

Inception of UGC: The University Grants Commission (UGC) of India may be a statutory organization created by the Union government in 1956, charged with management, determination and safeguarding standards of university education. It provides affirmation to universities in India, and disburses funds to such perceived universities and faculties. Prof. VedPrakash, a noted academician and education administrator, is that the present 12


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There is nothing wrong with the universities, information centers and other bodies, but the problem is with the managing authorities which do not bear the responsibilities properly. A Educationist can explain the things in the best way. India is a democratic country and we have got the right to decide about us. As per democracy student has got the right to take admission in any of the state and university. Chairman of UGC, India. It’s headquarters square measure in Indian capital and 6 regional centers in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore.

Activity and Functions of UGC: It caters funds to the varied higher instructional institutes. It carries out the performance of coordination, determination and maintenance of standards in enactment of upper education. Endorsing and coordinating university education. Determining and cultivating values of teaching, examination and analysis in universities. Framing laws on minimum standards of education. Monitoring development within the field of body and university education; disbursing grants to the colleges.

Serving as a momentous link between the Union and state governments and foundation of upper learning. Advising the Central and State governments on the measures necessary for improvement of university education.

Universities as Disasters

Chandra Mohan Jha (CMJ) University was entrenched in Meghalaya in year 2009 as a private University and started functioning from 17 October 2010. Shri C M Jha is themselves-­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


controller regarding 44 deemed Universities appointed chancellor of the University. The university flares in the headlines for awarding 434 Ph. D degrees in one educational year. The case against University was filed in High court. A writ petition was filed for the re appointment of new chancellor. Meghalaya high court ousted the writ petition of CMJ against the proposal of appointment of new chancellor. The university has been prominent for selling the degrees even. In September Supreme Court sent away the petition of the chancellor and forwarded the order of governor to dissolve the university in three months. It is not the lone case. Another case is of EIILM University. EIILM

University is established under the Sikkim state legislature act no. 4, 2006. It is the first university to be awarded with the prestigious ISO 9001:14001 certification by UKAS. After receiving this award even what the university did? It started running it’s off campus study centers, Distance learning centers, in technical and various other courses tampering with the notification issued by UGC on 27 July 2013 that no private university can run it’s off campus center. Neither Universities nor UGC suffer has to deteriorate in any case but the victims are the students. With so many dreams and a characterized aim, a student takes admission in a university so that after getting a certificate he/she will get a prudent job. But what if the student has taken admission in a university like CMJ, or EIILM, GLOBAL University? At the end either their university course will get stuck in between or their certificates will


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be proved invalid. After dissipating three to four years, handful amount of money, life & career, what they get- nothing. This happens because the concerned authorities (UGC/ AICTE/ MHRD) do not take the responsibility of the universities earnestly. There is no action taken on the complaint against the university and their working procedure? May be this is the only reason because if the stride would have taken on the very first day then the situation would not have levitated. The case of CMJ, EIILM and GLOBAL University degree violation is not the matter of one day only, it had started years back but the authorities took months to grasp that something is erroneous. During these years, so many RTI’s are filed by students and parents to discern about the admission procedure related to the courses (VALID OR NOT), but UGC hardly answered and transferred it to DEB (Distance Education Bureau). Even if we will visit the website of UGC to find out the facts about the Universities, hardly we will find outright information about any university. Only the Name of the Website of the university is present over there. If any student or their parents appetite any information you have to explore on your own. If the expert statutory authority cannot update its own website what else can we expect. In spite of the fact UGC is always found saying that each information is provided on our official website.

World may Perceive Many students visit abroad in quest of jobs and there they enact our culture and also our educational system. Suppose they are the students of CMJ university and their degrees are proved as uncertified. What other countries will perceive about Indian educational system. How they will certitude on genuine things later. It is not only about CMJ or EIILM but many other Universities are also pursuing this pattern. Bountiful many Private

universities are running part time mode with the name CIB, IBL, IIBL, etc. UGC always issue different notification but do not try to find out whether Universities are following the regulation it or not. UGC issued a notice on June 2013 that no private university can sprint off campus study center and examination center. Is this the proper way of UGC to issue a notification and not to take action in order to constrain the activities of Universities? Will the universities stop awarding the power to the information study centers? If the off campus or study centers will be banned than what will happen to the future of thousands of students and where the level of literacy go, because educational study centers have played a vital role in enhancing India literacy level. They help in overcoming the financial resistance of the students. Many private Universities are running their off campus study centers. UGC is having information about it but currently they will not look into the matter but will wait for the circumstances to become worse. These kinds of university degrees (CIB, IBL) allotted to students are not accepted to be valid and when the student’s complaints regarding the same, they themselves get the expostulation for not verifying about the university before taking admission. But no one notify them from where they can take the factual information. FOR EXAMPLE: It is same that a fake doctor without degree is sitting in a big clinic and giving prescriptions to the patients, when the patients are not benefitted and complain, they are only blamed for not verifying about the doctor. Is this the power of the patient to ask for the MBBS degree of the doctor or the liabilities of the Government? A student name Rajan Prasad (changed name) was waiting outside UGC to probe about a university which is situated in Rajasthan. He gave the information that The University is “Established by Rajasthan State Government Legislature by the Act No. 29 of 2013” (as per the website) and has not got the affiliation to be a university but it has started its functioning as a university. When he inquired, they replied that they will get the affiliation for the university after 6 months. Rajan Prasad has informed University Grants Commission (UGC) about that university through an RTI. And when he­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


FUTURE CONNECT didn’t have the echo for the RTI, he came here to know. Prasad find the reply that UGC is not responsible to give any kind of information about regular of Distance course, the question emanates over here is that if the University will not get affiliated after 6 months than what will happen to the future of the students? If the request is revoked then who will take the responsibility of these students life? Working of an authority like UGC should not be like this. How can a educational institute commence operation as a University without approval? The fact is that UGC is already mindful with this but is sitting mutely and waiting disasters to happen.

Acumen behind the incapability of the UGC Prof. Ved Prakash is the present chairman of University Grants Commission. He is acclaimed academician and author of a number of books and he has also worked as the vice chancellor of National University of Education Planning and Administration (NUEPA) from 2005 to 2009. He is also a visiting faculty at University at university Windsor and Harvard institute of international development (HIID) in United States. He was also the head of NCERT. He ratified Shivaji University center for Distance education. Instead of all these achievements there were many questions raised on the selection of Prof. Ved Prakash as the chairman of UGC. In year 2012 Society for values and ethics in education had filed a writ appeal in the High court of Delhi against the selection of Prof. VedPrakash as the vice president was acting as president for 18 months when the seat of chairman was deserted. Before this the seat had not remained vacant for more than 6 months and even the current chairman was jilted 14


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for the post by the search cum selection committee. Finally UGC got its chairman after facing so many challenges on 18 January 2013 appointed by government of India. Prof. VedPrakash again came into limelight under the charge of getting Ph. D degree for his wife Mrs. Shimla illegally. On the petition of an NGO, Supreme Court issued notice to VedPrakash, His wife and JamiaHamdard University (Delhi) which cateredher degree. In the petition it was mentioned that Mrs. Shimla lacked in the minimum educational qualification to apply for Ph. D. She hadn’t even scored 55% marks in MA (English). When she was in look out for Ph. D at the same time she was working on full time basis at YMCA University of science & Technology in Faridabad. If you are frenzied to meet the UGC chairman in order to deliberate relevant facts and educational issues than do not worry because you can meet him very handily as the process is very transparent. You just need to drop a mail on the e mail id – chm.ugc@gmail.comand then continuous follow up is prescribed for more than 1 or 2, month time and every time you will receive the same answer that when he will get time will call you but that time will never come hit. We always curse the institutions, Universities for not to listening to our

problems. But it’s not their fault because the concerned authority is not interested to listen to the queries. Some Universities are not following the Proper track, no doubt, but what is the reason behind, it is the slack of the University Grants Commission. It provides the space to the educational institutes to go wrong. Notifications are issued but it is never looked after whether those notifications are worked upon or not. Audit of universities is a thing which we can imagine only in our dreams.

Study centers are helpful for the students There is nothing wrong with the universities, institutes, study centers, information centers and other bodies, but the problem is with the managing authorities which do not bear the responsibilities properly. Information and study centers are helpful for the students as they provide the information to the students in a proper way. A counselor can explain the things in the best way. India is a democratic country and we have got the right to decide about us. As per democracy student has got the right to take admission in any of the state and university.

Suggestions: State govt. along with UGC should check the record of the students in the university in proper way. They should have the complete information about the courses running in the university. 2 Visits in a year in the universities from the side of the government and UGC should be done, cross reification is also necessary if we really want to secure the future of the country youth.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


INTERVIEW Sh. S.B.K.Singh (IPS) Joint Commissioner of Police Crime Branch

How has been your journey from an IPS to crime commissioner? t has been wonderful. I did my graduation from St. Stephen’s college in physics honours. After that I took up the exam for IPS and got selected and was allotted the UP cadet. I have worked in Delhi, Arunachal Pradesh, and Pondicherry. My first posting was in Delhi and I started as ACP Karolbagh. Do you think change in government affects the education system of our country? According to me, change in government do not have any effect on education system because aim of education should be the same for every government. Foreign Universities are going to enter in India. Where our education system doeslies at international level? It is not about Domestic or international education but it is about the importance which we should give to the education. Being literate and being educated are two different things. It is about the parameters on the basis of which you are judged. These parameters could the skills which helps you to adjust under all circumstances in a society, empathy towards others which motivates you to move ahead. Everybody lives for themselves but Education should teach the people to live for others as well. Let me clear one thing, whatever one learns in school and colleges forget within a year or two. There are very few people who are employed in their area of specialization. In real world practicality is required rather than learned knowledge, reason being we forget majority of the learned knowledge, but a part always remains in us that is the real knowledge. Is any change required in our education system? No comments on this because research should be done on this topic, certain parameters have to be fixed as what is the main goal of being educated? What is going on in the schools, colleges, and Universities? What curriculum they are



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following? What is there mission and vision? We need to find out the answers of these questions in order to take a decision. Without research it would be immature to reply. We should be aware about the tools required to live life. Very few people take the initiative. If we will talk about the arts students, they don’t require to possess the knowledge of computer application but they should know how to send a mail. For learning this thing they need exposure and facility and this should be the part of our curriculum. With the increase in the stats of criminal activities and corruption, everybody should be made aware about how can they safeguard themselves, things they should remember while travelling, how to create a password and protect it. These curriculums should be added as optional courses along with facilities and exposure to those facilities. We are having regular courses, as per you vocational and optional courses should be added as well? Not vocational, but optional courses which should be linked with daily requirements, these optional courses should be targeted towards making the citizens of the country responsible, self-dependent and humble. If we talk about facilities, Rural India lacks in that instead of having so much talent. How can we make the facilities reach rural India? It has to start from somewhere, even at all the places. For that we need to put efforts. While selecting a candidate it does not matter whether he is from a city or a village, what matters is their exposure, value system, interest, capability, eligibility, aptitude, and also your destiny. I want to know about the vocational training facility program started for the police and youth by police department? This training programme named UYVA has been started for the youth of the country to prevent them from going into wrong hands. After completion of training they get the chance to work also if they are interested. If children of any policeman want to take the training, they are also welcome. Before starting the program we realized that the youth of India has got the ability to work and they need money, we planned to channelize their energy in doing something

constructive, in order to protect them from falling into the gulf of crime. We provide them with classes, training and employment. What are the safety parameters decided for the women constables? Each organization has anti sexual harassment committee. If she feels harassed, she can file a complaint than the committee looks after the matter. During training these constables are encouraged to take armed is not exactly judo karate but simpler to that. They are provided with self-defence training and are explained about what sort of action should be taken under what circumstances. Their confidence level is high. Why there is a gap between common men and police department? There are many reasons behind this. The Colonial hangover that is embedded in our inner side could be one of the reason, Presentation of police department through Movies and TV serials, Insensitive behaviour on part of some police persons of ground level are also the reasons behind this. There is a gap between the expectations of the mass and the expectations that police can fulfil according to the law. If we want to bridge this gap than we need to clarify the laws to the common people. They should be made aware about their rights, they should know the procedure of coming to the police. The difference between bail able and nonbail able offences should be made clear. Police department should also try to change its image by changing their attitude. I am sharing my Meerut PHQ visit experience with you, everything there was synchronized, everybody was well mannered, but in the local than scenario was just reverse. When we (media) did not received proper response over there than how can we expect that common person will get proper treatment? That’s what I have been telling you. The police personals are not manufactured in some other factory, they are also the part of this society only. In a year training only we can impart a few skills to them but changing somebody’s inheritance in one year is next to impossible. If he has put on the dress, it does not mean he has become different. We can just teach them but the thing that needs concentration is the upbringing part that we need to focus.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­








1 Police officer suspends every 3rd day UP CAPITAl

DefenderTurning Violent

Uttar Pradesh Police A

police officer is an official person of the police force whose duties are assigned by the Central Government to protect the citizens of the country from any kind of harm and danger and make the environment Crime free. It helps in maintain the peace and detects any type of crime in the area. The police officers have the special powers given to them by the federal government according to his or her position in the hierarchy of the police force department. They are the saviors of the common citizens of the country and even some outsiders visiting our company for any reasons. Officers are made to react differently on various situations and take measurable actions against the defaulters. Undoubtedly the job of the police officers is a difficult one as compared to the jobs of other field as it may involve the 16


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risk of life sometimes. In 1977, the National Police Commission set up few rules and regulations to be followed by all the officials of the police force department in a hierarchy. The Rules and Regulations are explained below: l To investigate for crime in the country l To preserve and promote the public orders and commands l Identify the deep root reasons for the activities leading to crime of any kind l Identifying the crime areas and ponder upon the effective actions and plans to prevent any such kind of crime in the society. l To cooperate with such agencies and societies that merge together for the betterment and welfare of the common people and the groups trying to implement the preventive measures for the crime

l l

l l

l l

To support the people who are in mental or physical torture or any harm. To create a feeling of stability and security among the citizens of the country The ordered systematic movement of all the bodies and vehicles and people To resolve any type of conflicts and issues that are uncontrollable at their own level and the conflict arises above the personal level. Providing relief services and assistance to people in distress Eliminating the issues disturbing the peace and integrity of the country.

But from last few years, another face of the Uttar Pradesh police force is getting revealed. The negative aspects of some of the police officials have been exposed in recent times. The media has covered­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


various cases of Uttar Pradesh violating the rules instead of reforming the people they themselves are opposing and using their powers in a wrong way. Uttar Pradesh has always been a state when laws are taken in the hands of police officials. They wear their police uniform as a weapon to dominate over the citizens and even the officials working under them. Every other day, a bad face of the UP police is being shown in the newspapers and televisions. Recently only on 14th January 2014, news came from Firozabad where late night a women was beaten ruthlessly by three cops for protesting against the dead body lying at the highway. For sure, the cops were suspended afterwards but this bad face of the police force was being shown to the people. Ghaziabad subinspector Vikas Yadav was arrested by a team of Delhi Police for allegedly sending pornographic clips to a woman journalist. Taking action against the sub-inspector, Ghaziabad police today suspended him with immediate effect. Woman journalist had filed a complaint against Vikas Yadav for sending obscene video clips on her mobile phone."Accused sub-inspector, who was posted at Brijvihar police post, was arrested by a team of Delhi Police. The police officials at higher level do not give respect and importance to the persons working under them. Sometimes, they insult and make them do such thing which humiliates the person from inner core for the life they are living. A case was filed by a constable in September 2012, when a constable in Uttar Pradesh complained against ASP (Additional Superintendent of Police) that the latter forced the former low division constable to tie his shoes laces. This is clearly the misuse of the powers given to the person for the security of common people but not to dominate the lower division constables. One more case in Ghaziabad, Six Uttar Pradesh police constables were suspended with immediate effect for their alleged involvement in extortion. Senior superintendent of police Dharmender Singh took the decision to suspend the policemen, including a traffic constable, after several complaints reached his office, a senior police officer said here. The SSP's office got complaints that these policemen were indulging in extortion. A departmental inquiry was conducted and they were found guilty. All six policemen were suspended with immediate effect. Varanasi: A Station House Officer


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According to SSP Ghaziabad-“The reason behind the suspension of police officials is hiding themselves from their responsibilities and 1% suspension is the outcome of their involvement in unlawful activities. To be privileged they take shortcuts in their life.” Stats say that the number of suspended police officials in year 2010 was 171, in 2011 was 136, in 2012 was 113, in 2013 was 128, in January 2014- 10 have been suspended, out of which 4 has been fired. (SHO) has been suspended for alleged laxity in probing the murder case , Aniruddh Singh, SHO Cant, was suspended for his laxity in probing the deputy jailor murder case," Senior Superintendent of police (SSP) Rajesh D Modak said, adding that even ten days after the incident, the investigations have not reached any conclusions. 367 suspension orders were issued during this period. While 516 police officers were suspended, subsequent action was followed against only 223 policemen. Senior officers completely forgot 287 policemen (56 per cent) after suspending them. Out of these 223 officers in which subsequent action was taken, 36 were found not guilty and thus only 187 policemen (around one-third of those suspended) were finally punished in any manner," In her plea, she had said that in a number of orders the Supreme Court and Allahabad High Court have clearly stated that suspension of officials should not be a routing exercise but a step taken in extraordinary circumstances after studying complete facts. In her letter to the DGP, she said two-thirds of the suspended

police officials were not found guilty and were reinstated which raises question marks over the decision making process of the senior officers. "One ASI Vinod Kumar was suspended within 20 days reinstated. He was again suspended after 40 days on May 19 and was reinstated in two months. What was the reason behind suspending an officer twice in five months and reinstating him, “point is this? There are numerous cases that show the true colors of today’s police force in Uttar Pradesh and even the other states of India. But, we cannot deny the fact that in this time also there are some honest and responsible officers who know their duties well and even perform them with their best efforts. They stake their lives at risk to save the common man. But, due to some of the corrupt and defaulter cops, the image of the whole police force is being destroyed in the eyes of the common citizens. Instead of being the saviors, a common man is saving himself or herself from the UP police force. They do not find themselves safe in the hands of this official department. A policeman single handed on duty can devise or demolish the entire image of­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


REALITY CONNECT the Uttar Pradesh Police system. Why gap between police and public? There is a difference between how we want our police to be, how Uttar Pradesh police are and how they really want to police us. There is a widening gap between the common people and police services. Obviously, the faith of the people on police has been lost. When the one official is found in any of the scam, the whole of the department is judge don that basis only. The budding anomaly between the two is a worrying situation in the future. The major reason behind this gap is the minimum interaction of the people with the police department. The distrust of the UP police is so much that people prefer to live with the crime situations than going to the police officials for any support. But to maintain the commanding government of India, there is a necessity to reform the Indian police force. An eye is needed for the accountability of the officials of the police department. Accountability of Indian police: There is a lack of commanding bodies to keep a check over the police officials. According to the Central Government of India, the Supreme Court has ordered that: l There is an authority for the lodging of complaints against the police officials up to the rank of Deputy Superintendent of India. l The authority has also the rights to investigate against any police officials in any case. l In India, we have 18 states police complaints authorities. l A serious action will be taken against the officials found guilty and the court will give a decision for the big crimes committed by any. l Internal investigation can also be done by the superior officials to every movement of the officials working under them. l Internal mechanisms are more effective’s one than the external mechanism since the internal officials are known with the structure and culture of the police department. l The complainants can directly sue any official who has assaulted them in any way. l There is accountability for the police officials through the civic bodies, government agencies or court or legislatives. l Courts can give the decisions for the 18


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default police officers of their fault are proved by any person. The parliament of India can take a measurable action by giving a legislative for any kind of misconduct of the police official for any common citizen or the lower division officials. They can pass a unique budget for the resource allocation to the officers taking in concern all their activities so that they need not go for any other means. Government can create awareness among the people about the laws made for the misconduct of any police official and encourage the common citizen to initiate and take a step against the crime. Independent statutory bodies are made for the reinforcement of laws made for the corrupt police officers and human rights violators. Through these agencies, more cases of scams come in to limelight. There is a constant push from some external agency; more probability is there for the following of the laws. The establishment of independent commission works with the police department only but they oversee the activities carried by each state police department for the upcoming problems and if any complaint is lodged against any state department police, investigation is done on the basis of the complaint.

Choosing a particular strategy to reform our police department is a bit peculiar ones because not any one reform or law can mend it all way. Each law has its own positive and negative points. The cases upheld in the supreme court of various officials are still pending form various past years and the faulty officials are still enjoying their independence and the suffering body is once again the common man. The management of any independent body is not efficient enough to catch the crime of the officials. The range of matters is an incomplete approach for any government or civic body. The independent bodies are either unresourced or understaffed. The dissatisfaction of the public with the lodging of complaints of corrupt officials is another issue to be resolved. If we take in to account, there are various issues that are to be solved and resolved by the Government. A proper management is needed to strengthen the relation between police officials and citizenry. We must make such laws and amendments that make our country’s security the best one and renowned one in the world. Every person of each age group must feel safe whether it is a women or any other citizen. The police officials are dissolved themselves in the viscous circle created by the police department.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


Effective Personalities of Gautam Buddhnagar Surendra Singh Nagar MP of lok Sabha (BSP)  Besides being the Joint Managing Director of India’s most successful conglomerates – The Paras Group and serving as joint managing director of Paras Dairies, he is also the MP of Lok Sabha. From a successful entrepreneur he is also the BSP’s candidate contesting for Lok Sabha’s elections from Gautam Budh Nagar. He has brought business-like approach to problems and provides quick solutions, efficient planning and public administration. He was actively involved in the upliftment of backward class and developmental activities in his 6yrs tenure after being elected as MLC in 1988 in UP. He was re-elected in second MLC’s Election with a huge number of votes.

Ashok Kumar Chauhan Chancellor of Amity University Haryana After finishing M.Sc in Chemistry in the year 1963 and working for about 3 years in a renowned industrial group and contributing successfully in building up of an industrial complex from grass root level, he left for Germany in 1966. And since then he has never stopped achieving success. He is known with various names, the Man with Midas Touch, the Barter King, and the people who know him closely describe him as an entrepreneur, an educationist, a philanthropist, a doctor, a priest, a psychiatrist and a humble person-all in one. Dozens of prizes and awards nationally and internationally have been bestowed upon Dr. Chauhan. He is the Founder President of Ritnand Balved Education Foundation. He is the Chancellor of Gurukul Mahavidyalaya, Jwalapur, Haridwar. He is also the Chancellor of Amity University Haryana.

Dr. Mahesh Sharma MlA & Owner of Kailash Group Being a resident of Noida for decades, Dr. Mahesh Sharma was proud to become its first ever MLA in the month of March, 2012. As he promised his ‘Janta’, people can see him living up to their expectations. Though he owns Kailash Group of Hospitals, he still goes out and meets people and try solving their problems. His main focus is on working on the development projects and bringing in transparency.

Sri N. P. Singh President of FONRWA Sri N. P. Singh is the president of Federation of Noida Residents Welfare Association (FONRWA). His main focus is on things like nanotechnology, biosimilars and bio-pharma. According to him money could have been better utilized for generation of electricity when he was asked for his views on NOIDA Park.

Ashok Srivastava Social Activist Ashok Srivastava is a well known Social Activist and a role model for those who believe in selfless good work for the society. He is a person who has revolutionized the definitions of social worker and has spread the concept of “Individual Social responsibility”. In other words, he has truly justified saying of Mahatma Gandhi.

The Gautam Budh Nagar SSP, Preetinder Singh is also a MBBS doctor has joined at a time when crimes against women are showing a rising trend. Going with the flow, he listed his priorities in fighting crime Senior Superintendent of Police against women and children as well as decreasing response time to SOS calls. The hi-tech integrated control room will be set up at Sector 14A police control room, he said, adding that this will help in reducing response time. The cyber-crime police station will be set up in Noida with one ASP, 2 DSPs, one IT specialist, 2 Assistant IT officers, 5 data entry operators, one inspector, 5 sub inspectors, 5 head constables and 30 constables. The stations will be at Sector 71 (Noida Phase 3 police station) and Sector 128 (Expressway police station). Each police station will have one inspector, 4 sub inspectors, 19 head constables, 73 constables, 3 class IV employees and 3 console operators.

Preetinder Singh


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Swaraj is my right.

The path is dark but nobody can stop you from lightning a lamp.


ccording to constitution of India, Prime Minister is the chief of government. He is basically appointed by the president as the chief advisor to the latter. He is also the head of the Council of Ministers as well as the leader of the majority party of Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India. He directs the executive branch of the Government of India. The Prime Minister of India has an authority to select as well as dismiss other members of the cabinet. QUAlITIES OF A PERFECT PRIME MINISTER

t x e n

Being the head of the Parliament, Prime minister of India must possess assorted qualities. Some of them are mentioned below: A PROGRESSIVE THINKINGAn authentic Prime Minister should have clarity of vision. He should first visualize his constructive thoughts and then should get a blueprint prepared in his mind as the first step towards the development of the nation. He must set his ideology to become entirely a part of the process of nation building. He should have compassion for humanity and sincerity towards society. He must not believe just in planning, in fact he should be the one to effectuate his postulates. 22

CREDIBIlITY- We have seen in the past, the best leader is the one who has maintained good credibility throughout his journey in politics. Prime Minister must have that


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understand what is in the interest of the people and the country and make all the efforts to accomplish them. GOOD POlITICIAN- To be the Prime Minister, one should first be great politician. If he comes out to be an outstanding politician, then only he can make others believe that politics is not a nasty game. He could change the ideology of people about politics by setting an extraordinary example himself. He should have capability to remain in power not for the personal goals, but for the interest of the country and its people. lEADERSHIP QUAlITYPrime Minister must have an ability to form and conduct an effective team of capable people. He must have the ability to choose the right people in his team not just the popular leaders should comprise his team. He must be able to make each member to work as a team and can manage all the affairs under his charge. UNDERSTANDING OF ISSUES- Any country must maintain relations with other nations as well and to deal with international issues, Prime Minister must have that perceptive. He should have an insight to deal with the issues within our country as well. Understanding the problems or the issues is the first step towards policy making and


credibility to make the promises and deliver them on time. It means if he stands for one thing, he should maintain his integrity with the common man of India. He should­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­

Single vote matters implementing the laws. He should be the one to come as a savior if our country falls in any of the economic, political or social crises. He must have personal courage to take many tough decisions for the country and maintaining cool at the same time. APPROACHABlE- The head of the country should be one who is distinct but at the same time he could be approached by the common people. He must be unique individual, distinguished from us but still should understand the situation of common people and can be easily approached by them in their need. He should maintain the perfect balance. HOW PEOPlE WANT TO SEE FUTURE OF INDIA India is an ancient land, where rays of wisdom stroke first before it made its way to other countries. But if we talk about present, problems hovering over our country are more complicated than any other country. It’s mainly because of diverse religions, languages, cultures, traditions. On the other hand, they can become the ideals of the national unity. As we have entered twenty first century, Indians compare their country with one of the most developed and developing nations like America, China, Australia. They look for stable economy unlike today's shaky economy of the country. People of India want to see a picture of tremendous progress and prosperity. They want that standard of living of people must be raised in the coming years. Problems of employment,


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poverty, illiteracy should be eradicated from roots. Indians also look for a safer India where every individual feels secure specially women whose safety is at risk these days. People aspire for highly educated, young, dynamic, energetic and dedicated leaders to run their country in the future. They want that voice of united India would be heard with utmost attention throughout the world. A developed nation is the mission that Indians want to take up, it’s not mere a vision in their minds. Indians should take decision of selecting new Prime Minister on the following basis: Prime Minister must have a unique personality. He should be well educated person with the pleasing personality. He must have the lineage to represent our country in the foremost councils of the world. He must have innovative ideas to take the country on the progressive path. The most important thing that he should be the role model and should not have any kind of criminal record ever in his past. He should have the caliber to take up the challenges and fulfill them on time. It would be better if people go for a candidate who has already ruled a province or a state as he would have the right ideology to run the government because he has already gone through various situations although on a lower level. But definitely he would have an idea how to deal with them. The Prime Ministerial candidate must have proved himself earlier and should not be just the one who make false

promises. One more quality which people must look for in the candidate is that he should be grounded and would not be a high headed person. He should be such a person who would take responsibility of the country and its people. He would lead the country from the front and show his caliber by his work not by just mere words. Now it’s up to us how we choose our Prime Minister.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



Narendra­Modi A­Political­Sensation


arendra Damodardas Modi, better known as Narendra Modi is the current Chief Minister of Gujarat and also the BJP's Prime Ministerial candidate for Lok Sabha 2014 elections. He was elected as chief Minister of Gujarat on October 7th, 2001 and is serving the state as its chief minister till now. He is the longest serving chief minister of the state by completing three terms successively and currently elected for the fourth constituency term as the chief minister in 2012. The Gujarat's Chief Minister and BJP's Prime Ministerial candidate has gone through a life swaying like pendulum to and fro with so many ups and downs but still he stands like a tenacious public figure. Let’s peep into the life of such a personality who is admired by so many people today.

TERMS AS CHIEF MINISTER After Shankarsingh Vaghela left BJP, the Chief Minister seat was taken by Keshubhai Patel. But times were not in favor of the government. Due to weak handling of the after effects of earthquake in Gujarat in 2001, Keshubai Patel was dismissed and Modi was brought up by the party to take the seat. Even though lack of experience in governance, he took the responsibility with open arms and proved his competences

EARlY lIFE Narendra Modi was born on September 17, 1950 in Vadnagar, a town in Mehsana district of Gujarat. He was born in the family of grocers as the third of six children to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and his wife, Heeraben. Mr. Modi completed his schooling in his town itself and was an average student then but was a keen debater as mentioned by one of his teacher. He completed his master’s degree from Gujarat University in Political Science. During his teenage, Modi along his brother ran a tea stall on Ahmedabad bus station. He joined Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS) and became its full time pracharak (campaigner). He was given some training in Nagpur for an official position in RSS and then was given charge of its student wing, Akhil Bhartiya Vidya Parishad (ABVP) in Gujarat. POlITICAl CAREER IN EARlY STAGE During his student life itself when he was working for RSS, Modi's abilities and leadership qualities were seen. After working full time with them, his name was nominated for BJP. He did partnership with Shankersingh Vaghela and began a strong personnel base in Gujarat. He had an image of being introvert and drudger. Then in 90's, party started gaining attention. Due to his electoral strategies, BJP came to power in Gujarat in 1995. Mr. Modi became the General Secretary of the BJP. Then he was assigned behest of party's activists in Himachal and Haryana, therefore was transferred to Delhi. In just three years i.e. in 1998, he became National Secretory of the BJP. 24


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well. In July 2007, political history of Gujarat added one more event of Narendra Modi being longest serving Chief Minister of the state. Then again in 2012 Gujarat Legislative Assembly elections Modi was elected as the Chief Minister of the State for the fourth term. He was appointed as member to the BJP Parliamentary Board, this year in March. QUAlITIES OF NARENDRA MODI ANAlYzER- Long term planning and clear focus is what made Mr. Modi and the biggest example is Gujarat. He has an extraordinary role in the development of the state which could never be possible if he didn’t analyze the problems at that time. Moreover by analyzing the stuff, he knows when and how he can make deep impact on people as well as media. We call it game plan or what but Modi maintains his brand value like no other politician could make. SElF-MADE MAN- Modi is the admirer of Gandhi and he himself says there's no greater inspiration than Mahatma Gandhi for taking the lessons on brand building. From his biography it is clear that he has started struggling at such an early age and now he has reached to such heights only by his own efforts and struggle. From tea-seller to Prime Ministerial candidate, graph of his life has seen many ups and downs. But what made him was his belief in him. The party explains that the ideologies he holds are out of his experiences and people listen to him with rapt attention. CHARISMATIC SPEAKER- Narender Modi disseminates power and authority and trained himself deliberately to speak in public. He makes the right punch lines, right pauses and got the right delivery. The manner in which he delivers content, public get easily attached with the sentiments of speech as he deliver it at their wavelength. lEADERSHIP- Modi is a great bureaucrat. He acquires all the qualities which a true leader should have. He is a tough task master and he knows very well how to conduct his team. He is the man of masses and an inspiring leader who is honest enough to stand in the filthy game of politics. He is diffident; however he knows the fact how to get his work done by his teammates. POSSIBlE PRIME MINISTER CHAIR HOlDER In the coming elections for Prime Minister post, Narender Modi has the chance of winning as stated by news channels and magazines that conducted opinion polls. National Democratic Alliance (NDA) could gain five percent increase in share, if Mr. Modi is envisaged as Prime Minister Candidate. As he has proved himself a phenomenal leader in Gujarat by taking it to all the heights of development, Modi has gained support from many by now. By virtue of his qualities, he has become most trusted public figure. He fulfills all the adequacies for the position of Prime Minister who can shape the future of India. He is an honest and secular leader as mentioned by Rajya Sabha MP goes without any saying. By his splendid achievements he has proved many times and development of Gujarat is the biggest example. Other public figures such as Jagdish Bhagwati and Arvind Panagariya have also become the fan of Modi's economics. As the time is drawing near, people of India are looking for the elections of Lok Sabha and their new commander as the Prime Minister of India.


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Rahul­Gandhi­ Hope­of­Young­Politics R

ahul Gandhi is a name known to every citizen of India whether it is a child, an old person or any common man not interested in the issues of politics but is known with this name. Well, to your introductory, Rahul Gandhi is the son of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Congress Leader Sonia Gandhi and if we go more deeper than the grandson of late Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi and the great grandson of the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. Basically, the boy was born in a political environment since the birth. Early life history:

The little boy Rahul was born on 19thJune, 1970 in Delhi as the first child of two children of Rajiv Gandhi. The by attended the St. Columbia’s school Delhi and then the further schooling in Doon School in Dehradun. For undergraduate degree, he went to Harvard and but due to the assassination of his father during this time, he shifted to Rollins College in Florida and complete his graduation after which in 1995, did M.Phil. in development studies degree was done from the Trinity College, Cambridge. Being a bright and intelligent student, he worked as a financial consultant in London before shifting to India. After the father’s awful demise, the whole family and even the people were in terrible shock which makes the first initiative of Rahul towards the political issues. In 1999 after leaving his job, Rahul joined his mother and elder sister for the Lok Sabha’s elections and insuppressibly he went to various meetings and became an important part of National Congress Party. Rahul’s elder sister Priyanka was very popular in politics and a recognized name, everyone expected her to takeover his father constituency at Amethi currently under the charge of her mother. But, a sensation passed in the parliament with the news of final yes from Rahul to stand for his father’s constituency in Uttar Pradesh. Among India’s youthful citizens, the fortunes of the Congress party were changed invariably. And he influenced the people and till the time he commanded over the hearts of the Indian people and at last won the elections. Career in politics: The prominent figure was appointed as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee on 24th September 2007 and the journey did not halt then. His works for the welfare of the people were getting recognized and he was getting appraisals from the governing bodies of other countries also for his clear vision and a new ray of hope 25


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in the Indian politics especially among the youth. The Indian youth was much revolutionized with the activities of this youth icon because of his young age talents. Finally, on 19 January 2013, Rahul Gandhi was declared as the Vice- President of the Congress Party and was second only after his mother. The Union Law minister visualized this young politician as the idolizer for the political parties and an eye awakener for some ruthless politicians. Till this time, the young revolutionary man, Rahul was the most searched celebrity on the social networking sites such as Facebook, Orkut and Twitter. The youth were fan of this young generation of Gandhi family. The media was telecasting every little move of the politician and one of the journalists proposed the idea to make a book on the life of young politician. But, Rahul denied because he thought it is too early to make a book on his life. There is still so much he needs to do and make the country rise from its lagging corners. One journalist wrote some lines on the Gandhi’s family, “Gandhi family is one of the most opaque politicians of the country. They do not interact with the media so frequently but when they do so, they create a mirror image to each and every other matter and give a clear vision to the issues of the country.


Personal life: Rahul Gandhi is not married till date but unhesitatingly he revealed that he possess a Spanish girlfriend, named Veronique Cartelli who lives in Venezuela. She is an architect in her profession. The Gandhi family boy does not likes to reveal much about his personal life to the media. Views for the country issues: Rahul Gandhi views that the Lokpal must be accountable to the Central Government and one man cannot change the deep root cause of any problem. All the citizens of the country must unite to bring a drastic change in the thoughts of the people. On this, he was opposed by the political leader, Anna Hazare to be made the bill ineffective and weak. The criticism was undoubtedly on heights for Rahul also. Awards and Achievements: Rahul Gandhi is undoubtedly the youth icon for the Indian youth and got the award for the same. He was awarded as the person of the year by CNN-IBN. At a young age of 43, Rahulwas awarded with the junior Bharat Ratna award. This award ceremony for junior Bharat Ratna award was started by UPA government to encourage the young talents and Rahul Gandhi was the first Indian to be awarded with this award for his excellent reforms and activities for the country. His shear dedication towards the religious and political issues made the government to reward him with such respect and awards to uplift his spirit of patriotism. As a future political leader: The country hopes to see the Congress leader with effective missions and plans for the betterment of the country and eradicate the lacking points of the country. His seriousness for the issues of the country can be seen by his visits and meeting with all zones of people of various professions, fields and varied castes and religions to acknowledge their problems and made them understand their rights and his constituency in a better achievable way. No doubt, criticism will not leave his way from any budding politician, he hope to see Rahul Gandhi as the new face of the Indian politics and a great reformer like his elders in the past times.


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rvind kejriwal, a name which is recognized well in all over the India is a social activist who was born on 16thJune 1968 undoubtedly led a noteworthy journeyin all the phases of his life. A boy was born in the wintery lanes of Bara Mohalla in Hisar situated in Haryana under the shed of the parents named Gita Devi and Govind ram. No one knew that time that this boy will be a revolutionary politician in his future that does not consider any particular religion, power, caste or breed but the power of a common man. He has really proved the power of a common man in the country.

Early life of Kejriwal Kejriwal lived on the outskirts of hisar in an are meant by the Jindal’s company for the employees working in it as his father was an electrical engineer in the respective, Arvind Kejriwal was from a simple family with sustainable earnings and only necessary assets of the life. From the childhood only, he was fond of brainy practical games like chess and reading books rather than playing games outside with friends. His upbringing was a religious child who follows the same routine everyday with vigor discipline and punctuality in every aspect of the life. The sense of responsibility and righteousness was deep rooted in him from a young age only as his close ones tells that once kejriwal was having high fever and next day he was to represent his team in a debate. When no one expected for his arrival but he was very responsible child and wrapped in a blanked along with his father came to school and successfully did his work. Transition from Job to a Social Activist Kejriwal studied mechanical engineering from Indian institute of technology, Kharagpur and then was placed in Tata steel company being a bright student. After cracking the civil exams of Indian Revenue services, he joined the Income Tax Department as a Joint Commissioner. The life changing movement of Arvin’s life was his meeting with Mother Teresa and worked with her in the Ramakrishna mission in Kolkata. 28


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Work done by Delhi CM 50% Cut in electricity tariffs for households consuming up to 400 units of electricity per month. l 58 Night Sheltres Made. l 5500 NCR Permit for Auto Rikshaws. l Nursery helpline was made and it is getting a positive feedback. l Corruption, bribing has reduced. l

After few years, he started a NGO called Privartan, with a belief that “Change begins with small things”. The NGO revealed various fake scams in the country and thus Arvind Kejriwal came in the limelight and the attention of the people for his contribution to the country. In December 2005, he along with other fellow members established the Right to Information Act at the national level. In July 2006, he started a campaign for the awareness of the common people about the act and the result is that RTI system is used nowdays in various areas such as electricity board, Municipal Corporation of India, income tax department and all other government formed bodies. During the implementation of this program, kejriwal realized that there is a need for the law to punish the corrupt people found default during the RTI act. He immediately along with other members drafted a bill, now called as Jan Lokpal Bill. This billwasactually started by Anna Hazare but Kejriwal was the main supporting being behind this movement. Various rallies and hunger strikes were conducted to convince the government to pass this bill. After various activities, three points were accepted by the central government drafted in the bill. This man knows very well how to make common make get his right with an apt way.

Budding of political career With this, the rumors were on height that Kejriwal will be a political sensation in the forthcoming times and his political­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



career will be a remarkable one. He was the most searched political sensation on the social networking sites such as Facebook, orkut and tweeter. The youth of the country was following his ways and wanted his shear involvement in the constituency of India. His view was that how the political actions are taken in the country are not the accurate ones and since then he formed his party called “Aam Aadmi Party.” The only motive behind the foundation this party was that he wants to make our country a corruption free country with equal rights to the people of any caste, breed, religion or power. On December, 2013 kejriwal officially declared that he will form a party in Delhi and make the state corruption free with his moves. Taking in concern the past activities of Kejriwal, the common people of Delhi were in hope that something better will happen within their state with


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such a leader. People welcomed him with great support and vigor. He won the chief minister election in Delhi by defeating the strong political body Sheila Dikshit not with little number of votes but with a margin of 25.864 votes. Kejriwal was declared as the secondyoungest chief minister in the Indian history and a political hung in the country. He basically give the supporting hand to the socialists of the country who want to do something for the welfare of the people but are demotivated because of the one or other political or personal reasons. During all his moves, he got unexpected support and love from the people and no doubt the criticisms are always there with a man who does something good in our country. Becoming a youth icon, Arvind Kejriwal is the blooming hope of the common people of our country. Arvind kejriwal has a clear vision of what he

wants our country in the future and a better measure of the ways to implement it also. Recognition with awards and appraisal: In 2004, being awarded as Ashoka Fellow in Civic Engagement. In 2005, awarded with a Satyendra K. Dubey Memorial Award in IIT, Kharagpur for his awareness campaign. In 2006, being awarded with Ramon Magsaysay award for Eminent Leadership. In 2006, being awarded as Indian of the Year in Public Service by CNN-IBN. In 2010, recognized as an icon for the corporate excellence along with other fellow members. In 2011, appraisal by NDTV as the “Indian of the year”.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


An­Overview of­Indian­Laws The crime rate can be marginally decreased in India if each and every citizen of India knows his or her laws and know how can we implement it in the best way. Even the criminals will be scared of the common man if the citizens will know their rights and the power they are having in their hands


law is basically the rules and regulations made by the governing body of any country for the common as well as all residing citizens of the country which are meant to be implemented to the every being living under their area. In India, laws are the system of rules and guidelines made in the Constitution of India. The laws of India consist of some of ideas from the European and American influence. The law book of India was made after concerning various law books of other countries and then the Constitution of India was formed after the filtration from the law book of Ireland, United States, Britain and France. The refined set of rules and regulations was formed in the fairly family law book of our country. The laws were made keeping in mind all the religions, breeds, caste and their restrictions. The law system in India is evolved from a religious prescription to a constitutional and legal law book that we have today and according to which every minor or major activity is being carried out. There are about 1221 laws scripted in the Constitution of India. For any society, which is looking for a peaceful environment and problem free country, the law implementations are very important.

Importance of laws in Society: l Protecting the society: It protect our society from any kind of harm from the people of our country only. The appropriate investigation is being done against the person harming you either physically, socially or mentally. If the person is found guilty against the victim, certain punishment is given to the convicted and he or she is made to suffer liable to their crimes. Various 30


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types of courts are made to deal with distinct cases of crimes. To oversee the actions of all: When in today’s life, every being is busy in their self-interests, no one concerns for the society ethics and other valuable issues, the law book constitutes various official bodies for the secure working of every department or field in a positive way. There are governing agencies in each field to overlook if all the things are going in a write way or not. Elaborate us our rights: The law book elaborates the human rights made for all the citizens of India. The power that is residing in our hands to fight against the wrong. It encourages us to mend the ways of others who are doing or getting the things done by illegal

means. Various laws made by the government of India for the welfare of common people are given as below: l Criminal law l Civil law l labor law l Income tax law l Nationality law l Family law l law enforcement How laws effect the crime rate? The crime rate can be marginally decreased in India if each and every citizen of India knows his or her laws and know how can we implement it in the nest way. Even the criminals will be scared of the­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


Must Know Section Section 302 Section 307 Section 482 Section 498A Section 420 Section120B

Section 406 Section 468

Section 379 Section 306

Section 116

Section 151 Section 420



Punishment for murder Attempt to murder

Imprisonment for life, fine. Imprisonment, a term which may extend to ten years. Punishment for using a false Imprisonment one year, or property mark with fine, or with both. husband or relative of husband Imprisonment for a term which may of a woman subjecting her extend to three years and to cruelty shall also be liable to fine. Cheating and dishonestly Punished with imprisonment inducing delivery of property which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine. Punishment of criminal death, 2[ imprisonment for life] conspiracy conspiracy other than a criminal conspiracy imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or with fine or with both. Punishment for criminal Imprisonment for a term which breach of trust may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both. Forgery for purpose of cheating Imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine. Punishment for theft Imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both. Abetment of suicide Punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be .liable to fine. Abetment of offence Imprisonment for a term which may extend to one-fourth part of the longest term provided for that offence; or fine or both Five or more persons after it has Imprisonment for Six months, or been commanded to disperse with fine, or with both. Cheating and dishonestly Punished with imprisonment of either inducing delivery of property description for a term which may extend to seven years, fine.

common man if the citizens will know their rights and the power they are having in their hands. Maintaining criminal justice is the duty of the governing bodies of the country but letting it implement in the society or not is really in the hands of a common people of the country. Crime occurs in the society occurs when


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these factors merge together and let the crime to commit: l The individual has a desire to participate in a banned or illegal matters l The tools required to commit that crime l An opportunity or the weak persons for the crime to be acted upon One cannot change the thoughts or

desires of any being but definitely we can make ourself aware of the powers and rights that our constituency has given us to fight for ourselves and our near and dear ones. Government is trying their level best to protect us from crimes as much as possible by one or the other way but we must try from our level to fight against any crime and take a stand for ourself. With the modern technology, the ways of policing and other law enforcement techniques are changing but the need of the hour is of the awareness among the common man. There is a need for sure by the government also to mend the laws much more in a better way. The tasks of the police force are amended in the following areas: l Preventing any type of crime l Security of VIP’s l Investigation of crime and find the true evidence l Collation of intelligence l Prevent the illegal means and works in the country like smuggling l Monitor the border areas and railways Most of us are not aware of our rights and sit silently accepting it as the God’s will power. But there is a great saying of some great persons that God help those who help themselves. So, instead of relying totally on the governing bodies, it’s better to take a stand for yourself and try your level best to protect yourself from any kind of cheat, fraud, dispute and discrimination by raising a voice for yourself and make a landmark history for other people also who are silent just because of the fear of the consequences. Indian being a democratic country adheres to the problems of all but the need is to make the government listen to your issues through the means of media since we have the weapons of modern technology in our hands. There is need of the campaigns and news channels to promote the laws and rights that are made for the humans instead of wasting time. Strict adherence to the people working in government agencies is required so that they employ their effectiveness in the service of the people but not in their self- interests. If certain amendments are made, we can hope for a better vision of our country and make it a reliable and developed country within few years only.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



Cybercrime offense­beyond­the­coding

Virus Intruders In this type of crime, virus or Trojan attaches to a file. When a user downloads or sometimes even opens a webpage with whom the virus is attached, the virus itself gets executed on the system of the user and eats the space and infects even the hard disk of the system. These types of virus generally multiply itself once situated in the system and keeps on multiplying until the whole system is being crashed. It also harms the personal and relevant data stored in the drives. The virus does not need any host to be executed but they are executed with a certain webpage only.

Salami attacks These types of attacks are prevalent in the financial institution for the financial crimes. These types of crimes are so small that it does not come in to notice easily.


e it any street, any class, politics, any office or organization or some technology, the violations are always found in every corner of the world. In today technological world, internet is used in every field and by each age group people. Every single day, computers have long lasting effect on the lives of people because of its utilization. But not everyone uses it with the best motives. If a new invention is for the beneficiary of the common people, then those common people only make it an offensive act. Similar is the case for internet. Internet is today used in every field and it eases the person in every way. But along with its prosperity comes the obstruction also. The major obstruction in the internet world is the “Cybercrime”. Cybercrime if we describe in a simple language is basically the criminal exploitation of internet. The grouping of computer, internet and the human brain for the lousy motives leads to the foundation of Cybercrime. Whereas if we



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define it in technological definition, Cybercrime is defined as the offences committed against a person or a group to disservice them physically or mentally by their criminal motive using modern technologies of internet like chat rooms, emails, notice boards or groups etc. such violations can harm not only the integrity of any individual but even the security of any country. In these crimes, basically any private information is being hacked by violators by unlawful means and unauthorized intruders. Cybercriminals use computer technology to access the private data, business proposals, spread virus in the system for malicious purposes. The individual or the groups of individuals who perform such offensive tasks are called as “hackers”. This insecurity of the information technology has led to the doubt that if this much development of the technology is really beneficial or not. The hacker’s success in their hacking with the help of following modes explained below:-

Cybercrimes are very common in every part of the world. Attack at on January 2012 is one of the major attacks by the criminals when the credit card numbers, billing and other shipping information of the clients was being revealed. Similar was the case in in 1970 when millions of money was robbed through internet from someone’s saving account in a bank from high security constraints on the user’s accounts. Likewise, there are numerous Cybercrime cases occurring frequently in every corner of the world by the hacker’s mind. These crimes are mostly for the money only but recently some cases have been found in which the hackers revealed the personal data of the people because of their personal conflict and hate and in a lure to insult them. Cyber law in India As there is a well saying that criminology will go in every field where the opportunity will prevail. Indian government keeping in mind the increasing depth and rate of cybercrimes in the country has made certain amendments to reform and halt these criminals to safeguard the common­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


Internet Usage Rob

Data diddling

In this, some other person who is not authorized to use the internet gains the access of the network of some authorized person by acknowledging the login id and password of that victim. This basically means that one person is paying for the internet bills and other person is enjoying its services in free through cheat and fraud.

This techniques involves the modifying the raw data before the processing of the data and then again altering it after its processing. The major victims of this Cybercrime are the electricity boards and telephone exchanges. People cheat the government so as to pay less electricity and telephone bills by altering the data and management of the admin panel of the websites.

Web Jacking This involves the hi-jacking of the website of some other person unlawfully by illegal means and then making any changes and modification of the hacker’s choice. This can be due to some personal hatred or the greed of money.

with them, then can immediately complain about this issue. An act is formed by Indian government to take strict action against them.

Email Bombing


This is a technique in which the attacker sends the email to the victim again and again and hence at last once the user will respond to that mail and therefore leading to crashing of the data.


Stealing of Private Data The unauthorized intruders commonly attack at the personal relevant data of the people. The data stored in electronic media such as computer hard disk, storage cards. This theft can be done either physically or some virtual connections through internet. l

people of the country. But most of us are unaware of the “Cyber Law”. The Cyber Laws are the laws implemented for the security of user’s data and relevant data with all the activities concerning the transaction, shipping and internet usage, the World Wide Web and every other usage by the computer or mobile phones. Some of the points every citizen must ponder upon are: l The issuing of any data connection must only when the customer’s full



identity proofs are given. The hosting companies must be very strict with these issues. The online transactions are the most commonly targeted areas by cyber criminals. So, the online payment gateways must be managed with great security and concern. The online payment must be done with very secure sites only. Every citizen must know his or her rights for the data protection. If the user find something wrong happening



Protection of Sites from Hackers: All of us are well known with some social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter and various other websites in which transactions takes place. There are various points upon which a developer or even some naïve person making any website must keep in mind while developing the code: We must test our modules differently before making the site online or updating any module to the live website. Testing of each module is very important. There are certain secure codes and limitationsprovided in each language that does not allow the easy hacking and cracking of the login ID’S and passwords. The developer must acknowledge those codes for their respective languages and software’s. There are various tools available in the market to check the weak points in any code or the modules like Yasca, Parasoft for checking the source code of any language. One can also defend the code by giving sufficient buffer space for each input data. If you trust your data blindly, then your data may be at risk. The regular check-ups with your databases is mandatory. The coder must avoid cross-site scripting as it may arise various issues like flaws in the current web page or SQL injections.

Mobile Banking Transfer your relevant banking application on the mobile device rather than exploitation the browser. If your bank's app isn't on the market, use a secure browser, particularly on android phones. Also, get software system updates to avoid exploitation of software system loopholes. Ensure that your mobile device has remote wipe put in or enabled. This can be in order that if you lose your phone, you'll delete all info you had keep on your phone. Give notice your bank in order that no texts or mails are going to be sent to your mobile device. Avoid utilization of public wireless


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networks to try and do your banking. They’re unsecure and hacker’s typically lay traps exploitation such networks. Connect solely through secured or personal wireless network. Also, don't hook up with another device once banking.

Banking applications can prompt for a login word on every occasion you log in. If you discover any uncommon behavior, report it to your bank right away. The app may need a bug once put in your mobile. Cover your tracks. Some banking applications store sensitive and confidential information in plain text. Check for information traces left behind after each dealing and delete it. Always lock your phone once not in use, it to stop unauthorized user access. Check your phone settings and change the auto-lock feature. This can conjointly obtain you your time if your phone is taken.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­




make­it­reach­classes If we know our rights, we can deal with any situation or difficulty in a better way. Instead if we are totally ignorant of the laws, anyone can dupe us make us traverse on a wrong path. We must know our rights from the school level only so that the right ethics and values are embedded in us from the budding stage only.


n order to establish any group or any big organization, laws are the basic amendments. To structure any organization certain laws are required to be made and to be followed, then how can a country work without any laws. For the peaceful environment and smooth running of any group, certain rules and regulations are needed to be implemented. Laws form the foundation of any system. Laws basically are a system of rules and regulations that are to be enforced by the federal government of any country. The law establishes limitations to every field for the welfare and better working in any field.

Why laws are important? The laws in India are merged together 34


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in the Constitution of India. This is the lawbook of India in which all the laws and offences are written and the one opposing any of the law is being punished accordingly. The laws in India are made after a long research on the law book of various countries. The influence of Ireland and Spanish laws can be seen clearly in the Indian Constitution. There is no any discrimination of religion, breed or caste in the foundation of any of the Indian law system. There are near about 1221 laws embedded in the Constitution of India. The importance of laws in various sectors is explained below: l Security from any kind of harm: The law protects us from any kind of harm that may be physical, mental or social. After the acknowledgement of any kind of crime by any citizen, referred

investigation is being held for the crime and if the person is found guilty for any kind of crime, he or she may be given certain punishment or fine to be paid to the government. It not only protects the citizens of the country bit also aids in the development of the country. For every type of crime, distinct courts are being set up by the government. l Acknowledge us with our rights: If we know our rights, we can deal with any situation or difficulty in a better way. Instead if we are totally ignorant of the laws, anyone can dupe us make us traverse on a wrong path. We must know our rights from the school level only so that the right ethics and values are embedded in us from the budding stage only. If we are naïve of the­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



weapons of laws, how can we use them in any way but if we at least know that our government has given us certain powers we can at least think of using them in an effective way to protect our self from any kind of harm. They are important for the security of families and enhance the way of life. To overlook the smooth running of groups: For any department, there is a urgent need to supervise it in better and effective ways, but the points is who will supervise these agencies and organizations since every being is busy in their own works. For this deed, government has made the various agencies and bodies to overlook the smooth working of these departments. Certain laws are made to be followed by all these agencies and the employees working under the respective for the service of the common people. Laws are implemented to carry out number of functions and promote the good common and resolve the conflicts between various departments and groups.

law education in schools: We can reside the laws in the coming generations so that till the time they grow up and become a responsible person, they are well equipped with the facts what is wrong and right for them. But the thing is how law education can be implemented in the schools and colleges. Various ways and facts through which laws can be implemented are given below: l In schools and colleges, students are most receptive to learn new things and shape their values accordingly. So, if we give little bit of law education to the students, they can become a responsible citizens. l If we teach students to not break any law at their school and college law, they will gradually understand the importance of laws and the consequences of breaking those laws. l The schools deal with various types of deals and contracts to purchase any goods. The students must be illustrated with such examples to acknowledge them with the aspects of contracts and the after effects of winding up the contracts in between. These little issues help them to get the knowledge of simple tactics of law that will help them understand the complex law afterwards in a better way. l Discipline is the most important


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requirement in the smooth functioning of any organization. Pupils must be taught to live and work in discipline. Since various people are being employed in the schools or universities, the authorities must not be biased in any way with any worker of small or big division. This teaches the students ti be fair with every being and not to discriminate the beings on any basis. If we take a simple example, when a student cheats in any exam, we just punish that student but no one ponders upon making the student understand that why cheating is bad for him or her or how this effect can later in their future.



Common laws for every citizen: There are certain laws that every citizen of India must know. Some of them are explained below: l Criminal laws: these laws are made for any being who commits any type of crime. The federal government has made certain laws for the degree of crime committed by the humans. These laws made the humans secure from any harm that may be physical, mental or social. The proofs required to prove the accused the criminal must be very certain. Even a single doubt does not lead to the final decision. l Contract laws: This law regards the employees hired by any big or small organization. The liabilities of the employees are taken in concern. The law is divided in to various subcategories such as wages, bonus pay, working hours, working environment and many other factors that influence the life of an employee. Various acts are being made for every specific category. It regards the legal documents and contracts being signed between two groups or between an employee and boss. The law implements personal implications and obligations to the each contract that may be private or government approved. l Tax laws: Various laws are prescribed by the Indian government for the assets belonging to them. Income tax, sales tax and property taxes are being implemented on the citizens of India. The Income Tax Act was made in 1961 for all the people residing in the country to pay certain amount of earnings to the government for the maintenance and creating the public assets for their welfare only. The tax


rules and notifications are clearly given on the official and various other sites created by the government soas to acknowledge every citizen with these laws. labor law: This law deals with the employment regulation in India. Till date, more than fifty two laws are being made for the employees on the national or state level. It focuses on the protection of workers that may be working in some private or government firm. Certain laws like minimum wages, working hours are being limited by the government for every employee. Civil laws: the civil laws deals with the disputes between any family members or even two groups for any personal or professional or social reasons. There are civil courts in all major states to resolve the issues of that particular state. For nay filing of case in civil courts, there is a certain procedure to be followed by every citizen. These are not criminal offences. The disputes are mostly for the financial property or some usual fight between two bodies. The burden of proof is less in civil cases as compared to the criminal cases. Family laws: These laws deals with the family matters such as divorce, marriage, dowry, domestic relationships, unions or any disputes in the family. If we say in one sentence, family law is the one dealing with the breaking or making of a family. Adoption case and child custody also comes under this category. Bailable and Non-Bailable offences under law:

The offences committed by any accused are of two types: Bailable and Non-Bailable, both of which are explained below: Bailable offences: If the person is detained or arrested without any prior warrant or information to the accused to the police station. Non-bailable offences: in these offenses, the case is investigated for the refuse or grant of the bail to the accused. If any strong grounds are found for the person to be guilt, the bail is being refused. On the other side, if it is found that the accused case is strong, he or she can be granted the bail for few days or till the nest hearing. In this case, the officer or court doing so requires jolting down for his grant or refusal of bail.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­



Education­-­My­Birth­Right Right­of­every­child,­haq­se­maango...


he Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a fundamental right in such a manner as the state may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

The RTE Act provides for the: (i) Right of children to free and compulsory education until achievement of basic education in neighborhood school. (ii) It clarifies that ‘compulsory education’ means that obligation of the suitable government to produce free basic education and guarantee 36


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required admission, group action and completion of basic education to each kid within the six to 14 years. ‘Free’ implies that no kid shall be at risk of pay any reasonably fee or charges or expenses which can stop him or her from following and finishing basic education. (iii) It makes provisions for a nonadmitted kid to be admitted to associate degree age acceptable category. (iv) It specifies the duties and responsibilities of acceptable Governments, agency and parents in providing free and required education, and sharing of monetary and alternative responsibilities between the Central and State Governments. (v) It lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours.

(vi) It provides for balanced employment of teachers by making certain that the required pupil teacher ratio is maintained for every faculty, instead of even as a median for the State or District or Block, so making certain that there's no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings. It conjointly provides for prohibition of employment of teachers for noneducational work, aside from decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief. (vii) It provides for appointment of suitable trained faculties, i.e. faculty with the requisite entry and educational qualifications. (viii)It prohibits (a) physical social control and mental harassment; (b) screening procedures for admission of children; (c) revenue enhancement fee; (d) personal tuition by academics and (e) running of schools while not recognition,­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­

EDUCATION CONNECT (ix) It provides for development of syllabus in consonance with the values enshrined within the Constitution, and which might make sure the comprehensive development of the kid, building on the child’s data, potentiality and talent and creating the kid freed from worry, trauma and anxiety through a system friendly and child centered learning. RTE Act came into effect on 1st April 2010 and has done a little in increasing the literacy rate. India, being home to 19% of the world’s children, needs words of awareness more. About one third of its population (around 48 crores, according to the 2001 census) is below the age of 18, and around 74% of this population lives in countryside areas. The population in the age group of zero to twenty five is 56 crores, which in turn is 54% of the country’s total population. Indeed, India has the world’s largest number of youngsters. Diversity in Languages can be said as one of the biggest challenges in implementing RTE Act. Around 1,618 languages, 544 dialects and 1,942 Local tongues are spoken in India; schools impart education in 148 different modes. Some 27000 small and big newspapers and magazines are published in the country. All of this poses a huge challenge to India to produce educated and empowered young citizens. India has one third of the world’s illiterate population – a worrisome trend (2011 fig. 74.04% of people above the age of 7 are literate). Male literacy level has reached 82.12%, whereas female literacy level is 64.46%, the difference being that of 16%. The total literacy growth of 12.6% (from 1991 – 2001) has declined to 9.21%. The unawareness of RTE Act, 2009 can be blamed for increase in the child labour level. It would cost $760 billion over a 20-year period to end child labour (over 60 million children are found doing labour). The estimated benefits in terms of better education and health is about six times that - over $4 trillion in economies where child labours are found. Some children are forced to work up to 18 hours in a day, often never leaving the boundaries of the factory or loom shed depriving them of their rights to Education! RTE Act for 2014-15, a survey presented that it was a droop show in Karnataka in the past two years. The main cause of the setback is that many private


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schools are not even aware of the rules. RTE requires all Private/Government aided schools to reserve 25% of seats to children (to be reimbursed by the state as part of the public-private partnership plan). Kids are admitted in to the private schools based on caste based reservations. It also prohibits all unrecognized schools from practice and makes provisions for no donation or capitation fees and no interview of the child or parent/s for admission. The act also provides that no child shall be detained back, barred or required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education. There is also a provision for different training of school drop-outs to bring them up to par with students of the same age. Bishop’s, St. Mary’s and SV Union schools had filed a petition against the 25% Seats for children from financially and socially challenged sections of society. They filed this petition on behalf of the Supreme Court judgement on 2012 according to which RTE should not be applicable on the unaided minority schools. But even if these schools do not get any support from the government in financial terms it does not mean they are not aided because they get concession in property tax, lease, and other charges. This way they also come under the aided minority schools and indirectly under the RTE act. Delhi's Education Minister Manish Sisodia had lamented that of the 2.65 lakh students who badge out from schools in

Delhi only 90,000 succeed to get into Delhi colleges. He proposed 90% seats be reserved for Delhi residents in DU colleges that which are fully funded by Delhi government. This decision has disappointed the students from across India, including the North-eastern students who flock to Delhi for Quality education. In a survey in 131 Delhi schools it was found that they were not working as per the norms of RTE. As per the act 40 students should be there in one class but there were round 80 to 100 students in every class. Proper drinking water facilities are not there, few schools are lacking in outdoor facilities. UNICEF states that for every 30 students there should be a competent and trained teacher, but our education system lacks in that too. As per 2011 census Kerala was praised for having the highest literacy rate 93.9% but the situation was reverse in Bihar with just 63.8% literacy rate. According to 2013 survey Tripura has left Kerala behind by attaining 94.65% literacy rate. Instead of these factors 287 million Indians cannot read or write, and that counts to be 39% of the world’s illiterate adults. We need to find out the shortcoming in the RTE act and should try to improve them in order to make our education system best in the world. India is blessed with the average number of youngsters during this time so we should try to utilize this advantage by making them eligible and compatible.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­


Qualities of Businessman advertising and promotional campaigns and web site. Additionally, you need to grasp who your customers are within out and the other way up.

Do what you relish hat you get out of your business within the style of personal satisfaction, gain, stability and delight are going to be the total of what you place into your business. Therefore if you do not relish what you are doing, all told probability it's safe to assume which will be mirrored within the success of your business--or subsequent lack of success. In fact, if you do not relish what you are doing, chances are high that you will not succeed.


Plan everything Planning every aspect of your business isn't only a requirement, however conjointly builds habits that each business owner ought to develop, implement, and maintain. The act of business designing is therefore necessary as a result of it needs you to analyse every business state of affairs, analysis and compile knowledge, and create conclusions based mostly in the main on the facts as unconcealed through the analysis. Manage cash wisely The lifeblood of any commercial enterprise is income. You would like it to shop for inventory, procure services, promote and market your business, repair and replace tools and instrumentality, and pay yourself so you'll be able to still work. Therefore, all business owners should become wise cash managers to confirm that the money keeps flowing and therefore the bills get paid. There are 2 aspects to wise cash management. Focus on Customer satisfaction A Businessman should concern about his/her customers, or clients. After all, your customers are those that can ultimately decide if your business goes boom or bust. Everything you are doing in business should be client centred, as well as your policies, warranties, payment choices, operative hours, shows, 38


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Project a positive business image You have however a passing moment to create a positive and unforgettable impression on folks with whom you propose to try and do business. Business owners should depart of their manner and create an aware effort to invariably project the foremost skilled business image attainable. The bulk of home business house owners don't have the advantage of elaborate offices or elegant storefronts and showrooms to wow prospects and impress customers. Instead, they need to place confidence in imagination, creativeness and a spotlight to the littlest detail once making and maintaining an expert image for his or her home business. Produce a Competitive Edge Every business should have a clearly outlined distinctive marketing proposition. This can be nothing quite a flowery manner of asking the very important question, "Why can folks favor to do business with you or purchase your product or service rather than doing business with a rival and shopping for his product or service?" In alternative words, what one side or combination of aspects goes to separate your business from your competition? can or not it's higher service, an extended pledge, higher choice, longer business hours, a lot of versatile payment choices, lowest value, customized service, higher client service, higher come back and exchange policies or a mix of many of these? Invest in yourself Top entrepreneurs obtain and browse business and selling books, magazines, reports, journals, newsletters, websites and business publications, knowing that these resources can improve their understanding of business and selling functions and skills. They are a part of business associations and clubs, and that they network with alternative proficient business folks to find out their secrets of success and facilitate outline their own goals and objectives. In short, high entrepreneurs ne'er stop investment within the most powerful, effective and best business and selling tool at their

immediate disposal--themselves. Be Accessible We're living in a very time once we all expect our aliment lunch at the drive-thru window to be prepared in just minutes, our clean-up to be prepared for pick-up on identical day, our cash to be accessible at the ATM and our pizza pie delivered in half-hour or it's free. You see the pattern developing--you should create it as simple as you'll be able to for folks to try and do business with you, in spite of the business you use. Be Participative Always depart of your thanks to become involved within the community that supports your business. you'll be able to do that in some ways, like pitching in to assist native charities or the bank, changing into concerned in organizing community events, and obtaining concerned in native politics. It is a proven fact that folks wish to do business with folks they grasp, like and respect, and with those who do things to assist them as members of the community. Grab attention Small-business owners cannot waste time, cash and energy on promotional activities aimed toward building awareness alone through long, perennial exposure. If you do, chances are high that you may go stone-broke long before this goal is accomplished. Instead, each promotional activity you interact should place a refund in your pocket so you'll be able to still grab a lot of attention and grow your business. Master the art of negotiations The ability to trade effectively is certainly an ability that each business owner should create every effort to master. Follow-up perpetually Constant contact, follow-up, and follow-through with customers, prospects, and business alliances ought to be the mantra of each home business owner, new or established. Constant and consistent follow-up permits you to show prospects into customers, increase the worth of every sale and shopping for frequency from existing customers, and build stronger business relationships with suppliers and your core business team.­| E-mail:­­I February­2014­

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iConnect News magazine (referred here as we) are firm believers in the promulgation of ultimate right to education.